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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, January 25, 1922, Image 1

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VOLUME XXXVII. LAURENS SOUTH CAROLINA WEDNESDAY, JANUARYNUMBER 28
PR[SIDNI SP[KS
Of FARM PROBLEMS
Says Farmer Must be Giv
en Aid
OFFERS PROGRAM
FOR HIS RELIEF
About 825 Lenders Gather in Washing
ton to Discuss Problems of Agricul
ture. President Suggests Extension
of Co-operative ' Bodies and More
Capital.
Washington, jan. 23.-Development
-of a thorough code of law and busi
iess procedure, with the proper ma
chinery of finance, to assure the farm
er as generous a supply of working
-capital on as reasonable terms as is
granted to other industries, was ad
-Vocated here today by President Hard
ing in opening the national agricul
Atural conference.
"An industry," the 'esident said,
"more vital .than any 'er in which
nearly :.. - the naUion a wealth is in
vested. can be reM :.t o! on for good se
*curity and certain iettoins."
Declaring that in Ilhe matter of what
may be called flxedi um-estment capital,
'the disadvantage of the farmers so
Impressed p!ublic opinion that the fed
-eral farm loan board was established
to meet thp need, the president said
the farmer still needed some provision
for supplying -hit* with working capi
tal.
"Compared with other industries,"
'be continued, "the wonder Is that ag
Ticulture, thus deprived, of easy ac
cess to both investment and acdommo
"dation capital ha's prospered even so
Lines on what financial support for
agriculture may be organised, Mr.
'Harding said, are suggested in the
-Plan of the federal farm loan board
and in those rural finance societies
-which have been so effective in some
European countries.
"The cooperative loaning associa
tions of Europe have been effective
Incentives to unIted action by farm
ers," he cotinued, "and have led them
directly into cooperation in both pro
-duction and marketing, which have
contributed greatly to .th3 stabiliza
tion and prosperity of agriculture."
The president told the conference
that "concerning the grim reality of
the present- crisis in agricultur e there
can be no differences of opinion among
informed people."
"The depressions and discourage
ments," ho continued "are not pecu-.
liar to agriculture and I think it fair
to say there could have been no avoid
ance of P. great slump from war-time
excesses to the hardships of readjust
ments. We can have no helpful un
derstanding by assuming that agricul
ture suffers alone, "but we may fairly
.recognize the fundamental difficul
ties which accentuate the agricultural
'discouragements, and menace -the
Shealthful life of-.this basic and abso
lutely necessary -industry."
The far'mer, the president declared,
'from the very mode of his life is.indi
'vidtflallstic and therefore "because he
ibuys and sells as an individual it is his
fate to buy in the nearest and sell in
'the cheepest- market."
NeI contrasted with this the corpora
tion which, lie said, could effect eco
n~ics and acquire for itself a power
ln the markets by combinations.
TPhe president said there was a mis
conception regarding the -financial sta
'tus of agripulture.
"It can hot be too strongly urged
that the farmer must jd ready to 'help
biself," hie added. "This cionterence
r0ii14 do mpst lasting -good if it would
*nd ways to-impress the great mass' of
tArners'to 'avail. themselves of the-hest
wthods. By .this I mnean that, in the
last analysis legieslation, can do littid
tridgeo than give'*eefarmei' the chance
tto organize snd--help 'himself."
,'eseident tio referre to ce~
Qptiv arktIdi 1 glnot'o grul
titij i ollteniaiti for th#ku
~J ~ a'ni 4sg~tiinatiott of useful
MOVIES HIT HARD
BY NEiW TAX BILL
Facts and Figures Furnished to Show
Effect of Motion Picture License Bill
Motion picture theatres ihl South
Carolina will be hit hard 'by the pro
posed tax -bill before the General As
seinbly at Columbia levying $5 on each
1,000 feet of dilm shown, according to
the following facts and data concern
ing the "Fifth Estate' in this state:
"The atx of $5.00 per thousand feet
on motion picture films Is theoretically
aimed at the distributors (exchanges)
but since there are no distributors in
South 'Carolina, the tax will inevitably
be passed on to theatres, in the shape
of increased rentals.
"The total filn rental (income) of
the 19 distrIbutors serving South Car
olina, amounts to $383,933.68 per year
and the proposed -tax would amount to
$83,200.00, or 21 per cent of the dis
tributor's income.
".It is the announced intention of the
distributors, in case this bill becomes
law, lo shift this tax on .to the thea
tres .by increasing the cost of pictures
20 per cent to 25 per cent.
Of the 135 motion picture theatres
operating in Sou-th Carolina, 68 are in
towns of 6,000 or less; 24 are mill and
Y. .M. C. A. theatres; and 17 are negro
theatres. During the 'past twelve
months 50 theatres 'have closed theirl
doors, due to financial losses, and last
week 7 more ceased operations.
"These 68 small theatres cannot bear
the burden of increased taxation in
this form, lnor can they successfully
increase admission prices 25 per cent.
The tax would mean that approximate
ly 50, theatres must close.
"The tax as proposed against the
distributors cannot be equitably pro
rated among the theatres becaanuse on
ly 6 of the '19 distributors hold con
tracts With as many as 30 to 55 thea
tres.
"'Three serve-26-thentres; two serve
15; two serve 10; three serve 8; and
the remaining 3 exchanges serve 6, 5,
and 3 theatres each. But the tax on a
picture which plays in 5 theatres wilt
be the same as the tax which plays in
65 theattes. This means that not on
ly the small theatres served by these
exchanges must close, but the 12 to 15
small distributors must stay out of
South Carolina. Thus a virtual monop
oly is established by law.
"The tax cannot but result in poor
er -pictures, since the theatre 'which
used to pay $10 for a program, cannot
afford to pay $10 plus 25'per cent, but
must -seek cheaper pictures. The av
erage film rental in South Carolina, is
$8.26 to $10 per program. *e pro
posed tax on original (new) prints
alone, excelkinig duplicates, would
amount to 20 'per cent of this cost
price."
DEMONSTRATOR RESIGNS
Farm Demonstrator J. E. Tretathan
Goes to Gloutester, Va.,
J. E. Trevathan, arm demonstrator
for this county, has just announced
that he has banded in his resignation
tQ take effqct at once. He states that
he' expects to move to Gloucester, Va.,
where he has already engaged cm
*pldyment of a similar nature,
The resignution of air. Trevathan
comes closely upon the decision of the
county delegation to provide only $500
per year for this work to -supplement
the anotint furnished 'by the state and1
federal goa ernments. Mr. Trevathan
had pwblicly. stated that he watild not
remain in the county at a.salafry of
less than $8,000 and the amount agreed
upon by'the dqleg'ation would not have
provided tha,t muepi.
R'epresentatevo Carroll D. Nance,
while in the city Monday, said that a
meeting of -the delegation was held
last week 'to decide as to 'how much
woul4 -be alloweil in the supply bill
for this worek, He said tha~t he voted
for' $760, 6eniator Goodwin and Repre
sentative (W111lis 'voted' for $500 per
year and 'Represenitatiye Babb did not
attend the nmeeting. As two out of the
three votin' Wei'e in itayvoW of *the
$500 provision this amoui was adopt
ed4 Mr, Babb, h~ maid, agreed to this
an on hn seeh after the meeting,
Funern fo Child
The reinnfFhoma~s Addison
DallQe, the jtOroe far old child of Mr,
andMrs. N A. Dallas, .of Witmington;
N ., 'wer-e Wrought hoe ox but 14
ienesda~y, the fullex tal g placi
ni the iaos eeetery ~t 1foolhk
soth ooti'ediat tl e 'ho1n $ nt ar
'J9 . Ildntn:ori
TEMPERANCE SOC
STRICTER Pi
Gray Court Wonien's Christian Union
Writes to County Delegation Asking
for Chain Gang Sentence for Boot.
Leggers.
Asking that the county delegation in
the legislature do all it can in secur
Ing a law inflicting a chain gang or
penitentiary sentence without -the al
terative of a flne for persons convicted
of selling whiskey, members of the
Women's Christian Temperance Union
of Gray Court, have addressed the fol
lowing letter to the delegation -in Co
lumbia:
Gentlemen:
Feeling sure that each one of our
state legislators have gone to Colum
bia this session realizing the respon
libility and opportunity that is his,
and having resolved and determined in
his mind to serve his people to the
best of his ability and recognizing his
arduous task and special duties at
this crisis in our state history, we, a
band of .temperance wprkers -in His
name in our little town and communi
ty, come to you, our representatives in
the house and senate at this session of
SUNDAY PREACHES
TO GREAT CROWDS
apacity of Tabernacle Not Adequate.
MrS. Sunday Speaks.
Spartanburg, Jan. 22.-The people
f upper South Carolina, white and
black, literally stormed the doors of
ie tabernacle here today in which
he Rev. William A. Sunday is preach
Lng, and at the afternoon and night
iervices it is estimated that as many
Nere turned away as gained entrance.
While 1,r. Sunday 'was speaking to
'men only" at the tabernacle this at
ernoon, Converse college auditorium
vas 'filled to overflowing -by the we
men of the city, wlio heard Mrs. Sun
Jay speak to them. The mornin-g ser
vice of the day was for negroes and
!rom the city and from the county they
mine by the hundreds. During the day
Vlr. Sunday has grasped the hands of
nore than 1,000 persons who bave
,onie forward to pledge their lives to
he cause of Christ.
Tonight his text was the words of
ilate: "What shall I do with Jesus?"
Phis qtiestion he applied to the indi
idual ' essifig it with dramatic force
Ind energy throughout the hour until
it one time when he called for all
.-hose w-ho accepted Him to stand, the
vliole audience seemed to rise.
The afternoon meethig for "men on
*y" found crowds encircling every en
:rancc and standing throughout the
iour to hear *%r. Sunday's sermon from
ne text, "Let the sinners,be consumed
ut of the earth and the wic'ked be no
nored' from the 104th Psalm and the
i5th verse.
Today's sermons lacked some of the
ipectacular but increased in earnest
iess, revealing the -power of the
3peaker in the direct appeal to human
-eings.
Mir. Sunday and members of hisI
party are going to 'Rock Hill tomor
row, *'leaving here at 7:35 o'clock in
~he morning._ H-e expects to speak
tWice in that city and return to Spar
Lanl$urg tomorrow night. Tuesday 'he
foes .to Greenville for a mor'ning ser
non in Textile hail. The service will
e resumed at the tabernacle Tuesday
sternoon and continue through the
eek.
DOCTORS MET MONDAY
r. W. T. Pace, of Gray Court, lElected
President of County Medieal Society
The Laurens County 'Medical Society
eld its monthly mneeting Monday
morning in the offices of Dr. U. E.
[lughes, in this city. The meeting was
largely attended and much Iiterest
as displayed in the discussion df med
cal topies.
'his being the annual meeting for
~he election' of offieers, the following
were elected. for the ensuing year:
President, .Dr.*W. T. 'Pace; VicedPres..
dent, Dr. 3. W. Davis, Clinton; Seere
Lary and Treasurer, gflr. 3. W. Beason,
ertiy Court; Censor, Dr. BQ. 0. Whit
en, Clinton; Correspondent, Dr. T. L.
V. 'Balet Clinton, Delegates to the
3outh Carolina Medical Soiety iwere
ledted as follows: 'Dr. W. T.-Pace, 'Dr.
difiei m. Hfughes; Alternates, Dr. B. 0.
'he neoxt reptiar rneeting will be
eld.e 9f fourth,. Monday in ?ebr'u,
IETY ASKS
hOHIBITION LAWS
the legislature, asking your kind and
careful consideration of our special
request and earnest plea.
It is a known fact, if we had no
source of information other than the
daily press, bootlegging is rife in our
country, and so long as a man convict
ed of this offense may suffer punish
ient in the form of a light fine or even
a heavy one, bootlegging will continue.
It is doing so. Cannot our state have
a law and see to its enforcement, to
administer a punishment adequate or
equal to the terrible offense or the
crimes resulting from this awful prac
tice.
Won't you do all you can to make
this ruin against manhood and woman
hood of our nation punishable by a
sentence to serve certain lengths of
time on chain gang or in the peniten
tiary and not leave it to a fine or fines
optional with the presiding judge?
We thank you, and pray God's guid
Ing hand to keep you.
MRS. ALVIN CU'RRY, Pros.
MISL AULIE BAB, Rec. Sec.
Gray Court, S. C.
LAURENS TEACHERS
HOLD ME'ETING
County Association Enjoys a Luncheon
i@ven by Civic League.
The January meeting of the Lau
rens County Teachers' Association was
held Saturday, the exercises opening
at 11 o'clock at the court house. As
suggested by the program committee,
the meeting was featured by demon
strations and dircussins by depart
nients on the subject of "Dramatiza
tion, anl aidl in teaching literature."
For the high school Miss T. Craig
Hunter, )of the Gray Court-Owings
school, led the discussion; for the
grammar grade teachers Miss. Azile
Wofford, principal of the New Pros
pect school, was the leader of the
theme, and for the department of pri
mary teachers Miss Aliene Franks,
teacher of the first grade of the Lau
rens city school, led the discussion on
the subject of "The Value of Phonics."
The teacher were the guests at a
luncheon given by the Laurens Civic
League, an dat the recess hour a dram
atization of "The Lady of the Lake"
was given by the eighth grade pupils
of the Laurens city school, under the
leadership of Miss Kate V. Wofford,
of tho Lauremb school faculty.
Prof. George Olison, of the faculty
of the University of South Carolina,
was the guest of the Laurens teach
ers and delivered a very helpful ad
dress at the meeting at the conclusion
of the departmental exercises.
TEXTILE WORIERS
MAY LEAVE JOBS
Strike Talk Follows Wage Cut Orders.
Rhode Island Mills.
Providence, R. I., Jan. 22.-Follow
ing announcement 'by a 'majority of
Rhode Island textile corporations last
week of a wage reduction averaging
20 per cent., and effective for the
most part tomorrow, the United Tex
tile Woi'kers' council today voted to
authorize a strike on a statewide
scale.
More than 20,000 operatives are af
filiated withl tile parent textile union,
and while 40,000 other operatives are
unorganized, a campaign was at oned
begun which has already brought sey
oral ,hundred of them into the various
local unions.
No date was set for the strike ac
tion, the council delegating to Thomas
F. McMahon, its president, authority
to call out .union workers iwhenever
he considers the moment opportune.
The strike voted followed the recent
action of the Uinited Textile Workers
In declaring the organisation unralter
ably opposed to further wage reduc
tions.
Rhode Island textile plants, in an
nouncing wage reductions last week,
declared that Southern compietition
and a 'collapse of the tire fabriQ mir
ket were contributing factors -i a
condition making the cut nedeteary.
Bro'wndelnage
Miss Mary Brown, daughter of Mdr.
Albert Rkamage, who liv's betweoz
-hero and Clinton, and Mr. T. Plus'
grown, well known young f~armer o1
the couinty, were happily married 'lasi
Thuirsday afternoo, Th.~ey are noiw
tesidz at the h)ome of the groom os
1111)8 ILECEIVED
FOR STREET WORI
Columblia Concern Lowest Bidder foi
Proposed Brick Paling on Lauren
and Church Streetf&
The General Road, iDrainage an
Construction Company, of Columbia
was the lowest bidder when proposal,
were opened in City Council 'Monda:
night for the proposed brick pavint
on Lauren.s and Church streets. Th
bid el this concern was $16,268, th<
rext lowest bidder being G. C. Odiorne
of Clinton.
The specifications as 'drawni up foi
this work and submitted to the con.
tractors called for brick the entir<
length and width of Laurens streel
not already paved and for a twent)
foot driveway of .brick in the centei
of Church street from Main to Hamp.
ton.
The Council did not take action o
the bids Monday night because of th<
enforced absence of its engineer, N
C. Hughes, Jr., who w 5 confined tc
hlis home on account of sIckness. Mayoi
Franks expects to call an extra meet
ing as soon as Mr. Hughes is able tc
attend, when a finaal disposition of the
matter will be made.
The president of the General Road
Drainage and Construction company
the lowest -bidders, is Mr. W. Shackel
ford McCrady, who with his brother
Mr. Edward McCrady, and Mr. Henry
Cheves, of Charleston, lived In this
city a few years ago and conducted hn
engineering office here under the nane
of 'lcCrady 'Brothers & Cheves. Mr.
McCrady was here in person to place
his bid and received a cordial greet
Ing from former friends.
The list of bidders and their gross
bids were as follows:
General 'Road, Drainage and Con
struction Co., Columbia, $16,268.00.
G. C. Odlorne, $16,650.00.
Southern Paving & Construotior
Co., $17,643.00.
Slatten & Henry, $18,046.00.
ATUIENDED SUNDAY MEETING
Laurens Laymen's League Showi
Special Courtesies at Bly Sunda)
Meeting Thursday.
In spite of 'the inclement weathei
eighteen members of the Laurens Lay
men's League -braved the rain and slip
pery roads last Thursday to attend the
Billy Sunday revival service in Spar
tanburg. The members of the party
had seats speciallyreserved for theni
and were given a notable reception
,when they were called on -to stand be
fore the services began.
Though the meeting itself was thor
oughly enjoyed by the Laurens dele
gation, the trip to and from the Spar
tan city had its drawbacks. Road:
were very rough and hard to follow
especially on the return trip. The pro,
verbial difficulty of getting out o:
Spartanburg without getting lost wa:
experienced by several of the parties
in their endeavor to find the .best road.
'back .to Laurens, some drivers won
away out of their way and other tool
short cuts that 'brought them to grief
iPolicemen repor't that the pilgrims re.
turned to Laurens at all hours of th<
night, from anidnight to 7 o'clock.
For the past few days local peopli
have .beeni endeavoring .to secure
special train to carry a Laurens crow4
to the meeting the latter part of 'thi
nyeek, but last reports yesterday indi
cated 'that .the attempt wvill be vain.
Mr. E. P. (Minter, a member of thi
-party Thursday, said that an invita
tion to Rey. Sunday to visit Laurena
was extended 'through his secretary
Mhough no definite response was se
cured, the local people are confidentl:
expedbting that Mr. Sunday will accep
the invitation.
Davis a Wonder
'Davis, "TPhe Master Magician," whi
appeared at the Opera 'House Frida:
night on the Lyceum course, had a:
enthuslastic reception from an audi
ence 'which had 'braved the elements t1
witness his performance. 'Tho conson
ams of'-opinion was that his perform
a'ace was 'the best of its kind ever pu
on in Laurens, the audience being al
ternately amnused or mystified by 'hi
'humor and dexoterous tricks,
Masons to ~partanburg
ILocal Masons ar1 looking forwar
with ititerest to the pecial Command
ery greeting to be 'hl 4in Spartanbur
eatifrday, January 28. Special -provy
sion -has 'been made ibr the Masons a
the Dilly Sunday tabernacle and a
many Masons as can possibly arrang
to be. present are expected to assembi
at the Spaftanburg court house at
0bl90C1td41 4e afprno0th
CONRIOfTING STORIES
Of WAL[R'8 D[ATH
Question of Aggressor Is
In Dispute
DEATH BLOW
BEHIND EAR
Local Ment Attendhi.,g Funeral of
Frank Walker in Iliackville Hear
DIfferent Stories of Encounter from
That (Aiel to the 'aily Press.
Frank J. Owings and Hicks F. Ow
ings, father-in-law and brother-htr-law,
respectively, of W, Frank Walker, who
died In a Columbia hospital Saturday
morning as the result of a difculty
da Blackville Friday afternoon, ro
turned to the city MIonday after at
tending the funeral of Mr. Walker in
'llackville.
The story of the killing, as brought
back from Blackville by these men,
conflict at various points with the
versions given in interviows in the
daily press.
31r. Frank Owings was in the city
yesterday and talked freely of what he
had heard in Columbia. According to
his statements, the death of 'Mr.
Walker was due to a .blow behind the
ear instead of over the temple ana
was evidently dealt from 'behind.
Bad feeling had existed -botween Col
lum and Walker, said IMr. Owings,
since Walker, acting as a deputy for
the sheriff of the county, had prose
cuted Collum for violation of the pro
hibition law. Some .time after this
took place, continued Mr. Owings, Mr.
Walker was asked by the sheriff to
give up his badge as an officer and did
so. Only the day before the killing,
he said, Collui had met up owith
Walker and agreed to bury their dif
ferences and be friends. But Friday
afternoon, Mr. Owings said he was
told by prominent citizens of Black
ville, when Walker was passing along
the street Colluni called him in the
store and as lie passed in Fanning,
Collum's brother-in-law, grabbed him
from the back while Collum attacked
him with a bottle in front. There is
a difference of opinion' ii Blackville,
said Mr. Owings, as to whether the
death -blow behind the ear was deliv
cred with a bottle or with the knucks
alleged to have been found after the
fight. Mr. Walker, according to Mr.
Owings, never carried knucks and his
wife had never seen him With any.
-'Mr. Walker, said Mr. Owings, -had
been elected a member of the city
council on a law and order ticket fol
lowing a strenuous campaign in which
the twomen took a prominent part.
The first owife of the deceased was
a daughter of Mr. Owings. She died
a number of years ago and Mr. Walker
later married in Blackville. He is sur
vived by his wife and three children.
.At one tine he was a member of the
police force of Laurens. For con
spicuous 'bravery at the time Police
man McDuffle Stone 'was killed by a
yeggmlan in the local freight yards,
Policeman Walker was given a gold
watch by citizens of the 'towvn. In a
pistol duel between him and the yegg
man, the yeggman was killed.
3 The following account of the Walk
- er killing occured in The State Sat
-W. Frank Walker, -prominent farm
er and member of the city council of
'Blaekcville, died at the Baltist hospital
at about 1 o'clock this morning of in
juries received, according to informa
tion reaching Columbia, in a fight with
A. V. Collum,%lac'kville merchant, and
Belton Fanning, Collum's brother-in
law. Walker was said to have 'been
struck with a cold drink bottle.
- Mr. Walker was brought to Colum
bla at- about 10 o'clock last night and
was immediately carried to the hospi..
- tal where ho was operated upon in a
t vain effort to save 'his lifle.
- 'Details as to the dimfiulty were
a meager and the cause of the fight
shrouded in a maze .of conflicting
stories. The affray, which ocourred
just in front of Mr. Collum's store on
the main- street of 'Blackyille at-about
-2 o'clock yesterday afternoon, accord
ing .to Sheriff C. K. Ganders of Barn
-well, who was reached at 'his -home by
Stelep~hone last night, was said by somne
a to be the culmination of long'standing
6 differences between the two men, it
was not kcnown who was the aggres..
0Continuection Paire Three.) ,

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