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NEWBERRY, S , RSDAYAUG-UST20 1885.
V OL. XXI. N, T_U_-_
[The HERALD AND NEWS hs noW the
official organ of the town.]
Officers- Newberry County.
J. A. SLIGU.
. L. SCIII *I
'V. W. i-:St.
Clerk of he Court:
.1.AS. Y. MCFALL.
G, G: SALE.
E. C. LONGSlOUE.. 'OHN A. CI:,1-it, A. J. Lv
Clerk Doard County Commissioners:
J. K. 1'. GOGGANS.
JOHN N. BASS.
W. W. HOCSEALL.
A. U. WUEELCR.
oUy S AIt, U H. BLEAS1i: J. S. BEID.. K S. D.\
VspNN, J. I. O'N. HOLLOWAY, W. G. PETEILt
SON, JAS. 11. IBY, J. B CAYIPBELL. W. W.
WALLACE, CHAA. DICKERT,JO11N
L ETPS, B. B. hAIR..
.1. .. JOIISSTONE.
Ward 1 -i. U..CLINE. Ward .-O..MAYEt.JIt.
Warl :.-C. A. BOWMAN. Ward4.-J. K.t E
C. & T. T. C. N.
JOHN S. FAIR.
- Chief of Pollee:
JOI[ti It. CHIAPPELL.
E. P. lItAI)LLY, II. I. FItANKLIN, W. T RtUCK,
Superintendent of Stree's:
W. T. JACKSON.
FOR LADIES ONLY.
A REMEDY endorsed by the best Physicians
and Druggists at its home.
A REMEDY that Mr. C. W. O'Neill, Good
water, Ala., says raised his wife from an
invalid's bed, ard he believes saved her life.
A REMEnY of which a prominent Atlanta
merchant said : "I would havegiven 8500 as
soon as I waald a nickle for what two bot
ties of your medicine did for my daughter."
A N T In w1ich,..-J. Cassell's
31.is, st ia D-'~ 8ay: I
recall inst in whichaffrded relief
after an the tsaal remedicehad" fEled
..:,& gg yabout which Dr. E. B. Ferrell,
, Ga., writes. -' haraused for the
A ~Y about whieh Dr. Joel Branham,
Atlanta, said: "1 have ex:ammncui the re
cipe, and have no hesitation in advising its
use. and ccnfidently recommend it."
A REEDY which the Rev. H. I; Johnson,
near Marietta. Ga., says he has used in his
family with the -utmost satisfactiOn" and
recommended it to thatee families --who
found it to be just what it is recom
Dennison say: '-We have been selling it for
many years, with constantly increasing sales.
The article is a stapie wit.h us, and one of
bso lute merit." . s La
As REMEnY of whic-h Lamanr. Itankin &L
yn ner sod i .i vn pl-e but wati
A..sy::crdone of the mo obsti
at e s of VICAItIOUS MENsTnUATtoN that
ever came within my knowledge, with a
A REED o.f whichb Dr. J. C. Huss. Nota
suga Ala.. says: I r.m fully conyinced that
it is unrivaled f or that clas of diseases which
it claims to cure."
A EEDY about which 31sj. John C. Whit
ner, of Atlanta, well and favorably known
all over the United States as a General In
surance Agent, says: --I used this remedy
before the war, on a large plantation on
a great number of cases, always with abso
A REMEDY about which 3Ir. J. W. Strange.
of Cartersville. Ga.. certifies that.one bottle
cured two members of his fanily of men
stual irregularity of many years standing.
This Great Remedy is
send for Treatise on the IIe-alth and Ilappi
ness ofWomfan,. mailed free.
BADFIKLD RE.GULATOI: Co.,- Box 28, At
lanta. Ga. Sep. 25-1t.
The wild phantoms and shrieking cries of
worthleSs humbug can make money by it
posing upon the credulity and ignorance of:i
honest public, and the supply of this speci
of work seems more than an adequate detman
The cnunciation of facts-facts that ha
tood crucial tests-facts proven by brain for
and t::ngible evidence, ,hould satisfy- all h.
lable enterprises; but the execrable habit
teaching foisc ideas and doctrines for self:.
grandizem'-nt is truly reprehenyible-, and shor
t;e sconed by all classes
When we tell the pub'l th at U..B. i-,
ret Blood Poison Reimedy, contamts lodA
of Pot;sha as one of its ingredients, and wi
we, as old members of the medical profes-sa
say that Iodide of Potash is no' a po:son.
think it very presumptive for meni outsid(
the pro-ession to as-ert that tt ts a poison. I
f:cts do not warrant suchl at conclusion, an
taoe who make the asser:ion :h.t Pota ht
poison dlo not know b,et'er. they ::re a se
AO a soid foundation of heavy mnaso
has been built for it. B. B., ttpon wiica i
now proudly perched-theC b oken arches:
fallen columns of brazm hunmbugs will s
he in search of frey-h' cock and bull" sto
and more printers' ink, hut me,rit canno
downed. Although B. 1U B. k only a year
vet its effect-its magie:nl andi peerless p0
over all blood, skin and. iir.cy diseases.
,ecen indelibly enstatnped( up,on the tablet
the memory of thtousantds hele at home.
h:v been e~ured after havinga u<cd hundred]
hottles of other remed ies.
Compared to other-i remedies. B. i- B. is
rtdiant sur.beami of midday, flingng its ghi
in g -lare to saddenedC. he-arts, wolie other:
ate mnonbeiam s, p sh i ngab'I ig tdu-ough n
t.sew ol daik ness, in se:,rch ot somet
the can cure.
it~ -trce U!cod D)iseawe, itn I t;iso:', Cat:
0:d Ulcers, Scrofuh' henoit"im-i. skin
eases. Kidney troubes .e I, n we
a 2p::ge boo~k full ot ev:.di.e e-Aatit:
deu tce-tat canntt lbe duuhtcd. pr oving a
claim. Our crtifica:c, a:e i.ott p iantasi
orical, n'r far-fetched.btt are volun'ay
huttt of meni andl womnr ot A't lmt a.
Sol in Newherr'. S. C. hy DI. 5. F. F.
Oct. 10 S4 12.
UNEl-A NEW\\lmRRY IIOTi
cut hnair. -share an:d sha:mpo' itn
latest styles an:d with: ne.atness atnd
BY ROBERT BUCHANAN.
THE 4.MBDE.ED" MANc!
Yes, it was the artist himself, looking a
little pale and carrying one arm in a sling,
but otherwise, to all appearance, in good
Monk had strong nerves, but he could not
prevent himself from uttering a wild cry of
horror and wonder. At the same moment
Matt went to the young man's side, and with
an air of indescribable trust and sweetness,
took his hand-the hand which was free-and
put it to her lips.
4?"he propf is here," he said, calmly, "here
upon my person. I am not quite dead, you
see, Mr. Monk, of Monkshurst, and I thought
"I am not quite dead, you see, Mr. Monk,
I should like to bring it you myself. It con.
sists, as you are aware, of Colonel Monk's
dying message, written on the fly-leaf of his
prayer book, and of the marriage certificate
of his wife, both these having been placed
upon his child's person, concealed by the un
suspecting and illiterate Jones, and found by
me after alapse of many years.
Monk did not speak; his tongue was frozen.
He stood aghast, opening and shutting his
clenched hands spasmodically, and shaking
like a leaf. Reassured to some extent by the
sound of the voice, unmistakably apper
taining to a person of flesh and blood,
William Jones gradually uplifted his face,
and looked in ghastly wonder at the speaker.
"You will be anxious to ascertain," pro
ceeded Brinklty, with his old air of lightness,
"by what accident or special Providence I
arose from the grave in which you politely
entombed me? The explanation is very sim
ple. My young friend here, Matt, the found
ling, cr:slI should rathers al'her, Miss Monk,
of Monkshurst, came to my assistance,
attended - to my injuries, which were
not so scricus as you imagined, and
enabled =e, before daybreak, to gain the
'dysh iter of my caravan. Tim and a
T,- ah . ,IamEorrf
to keep my promise-to fere
yu Iitl tragmas f you- per
As he -poke Monk uttered a savage oath
and rushed toward the road; but Marshall
was after him in a moment, and sprang upon
him. There was a quick struggle. Suddenly
Monk drew a knife, opened it, and brandished
it in the air, so that it would have gone ill
with his assailant if the herculean Tim, com
ing to the rescue, had not pinioned him from
behind. In another moment the knife was
lying on the grass, and Monk was neatly
andcuffed by the detective.
"Now, governor, you'd better take it quiet
yl" said Mfaxshail, while Morrk struggled
and gnashed his tee&h in I,.potent rags.
'You're a smart one, you are, but the game'
up at last."
Monk recovered himself ana laughed
"Let me go! Of what do you accuse mel
It was murder just now, but since the mur
dered person is alive (d-n him!) I should like
to know on what charge you arrest mie0f
"Oh, th2re's no difficulty about that!" said
Brinkley, looking at him superciliouA.:. "I
the first place, you have by fraud and per
jury possessed yourself of what never le:al's
blonged to you; in the second pla ze, yoe
attempted murder, at any rate. But, upon
my life, I don't thin~k you are worth prose
uting. I think, Mr. Marsa11, you might
.let him go."
''It's letting a mad dog loose, sir," re
plied Marshall. "He'll hurt somebody."
"What do you say, MissMonki'saidBrink
ley. "This amiable-looking person is your
father's cousin. Shall I release your bride
groom in order that you may go with hinito
the altar of Hymen and complete the cere
"I~hate him!" cried Matt; "I should like to
drownuhini in the sea."
"Your sentiments are natural, but un
christian. And the gentle Jones, now, who
is looking at you so affectionately, what
would you do with him ? Drown him in the
a "No no, Matt," interposed William Jones,
Iabjectly; '-speak up for mue, Matt. I ha
been father to you all these years."
Matt scemed perplexed what to say. S
re Brinkley again took up the conversation.
ee "On refleetion, we will refer William June
u- to his friends' the 'coastguard chaps.'
of' Think he will be puishe"d enough by the die
-tributionr of his little l.roperty in th.- can
hJoin's only wrung his bands and wailet
de thinking of hi precious treasure.
en "And so, Matt," coatinued Brinkle:
m, '.here will be no wedding after all. Ir
we afraid you're awfully disappointed?"
of Ma:t replied by taking his hand again, lif
he ing it te Ler lips, and kissing it fondly. T
v oung main turned his head away, for 1:
eves had suddenly grown full of gratel
I MTtale is told. The adventure of t
C"'ravan has ended. Little more remains
heMon, of Mongshurst, w.as not brought
Id,I 'rl for his iniquities, but he was sort
'er enoungh punished by the loss of his ill-gott
h a e ::.o.Before the claim of the foundi
'.of w: lly p,roved he left England, never
hr:n.Whether he is alive or dead I c
bemnt.i A severer retribution came upon 1
1:e seizure and dlispersal of the hoards
i'stv 1:: great cave. Sou sorely did he take
ine lo to heart that hcriept tolas bed and:I
a.n a: .nek of brain fever. When he re
rrh. l,xard on the sc'ene of his eld plunderings
Dis' iztelect was weakened, and he showed <
jold 10:: ev'idencs of i:n.beelity. But the ru:
Sp:ssi:.n re:uaiued strong 'within him. I
him only last suralner, rambling on the
out' shore, talkinig incoherently to hiuself,
watching the se'a in search of wreckage a
--Well, her title to Monkshurst anid the p
ert'. was fully proved. For a long time
dillnot realize her good fortune, but g
of m:o:er. Chancery stepped in lik
,L seer 10oter-pareCnt, and sent her to scl
There she re:uained for several years;
Charle.s Brinkley, who had first taker
-handI the vindir:ationx of her claims and
Inever ceased to be int.-re'ted in her, sat
t - fro:n ti:n to tie and tojk particular
etzr o her improvement in her grammlier ani
- Matt," he said, when they met last C]
rue in Lonidon._and v.henjre.w before
uiistead of a towsy girl, as briglt and buxom
s young lady as ever wore purple raiment
tad fine linen, "Matt, you are 'growed up' at
Matt blushed and hung her hea i with a
touch of her old manner.
"Yes, I am grown up, as you say. I won
Mer what William Jones would thin' if he u1
saw me now." h,
"And if he noticed those pretty boots, Matt,
mnd heard you play the piano and prattle a it
little in French. Upon my word, it's atrans d
'ormation! You always were a nice girl.
"Do you really think so ?" asked Matt shyly.
"Did you abcays think so?"
"Even when I told you Iliked youso much,
and you told me 'it wouldn't do?'"
It was Brinkley's turn to blush now. It ix
was clear that Matt, desite other changes, e1
still retained her indomitable frankn e.
"Even then," he replied, laughing. "But I ii
say you were a precocious youngster. You
proposed to me, you know!"
"I know I did," said Matt, "and it wasn't tl
leap-year then." a
She added still more slyly:
"But it's leap year now!" d
Their eyes met. Both blushed more and t
"Matt, don't! It won't do, you know!
Yes, I say so still. You're a rich won:an, and
I'm cnly a poor devil of a painter. You must
marry some great swell."
But Matt replied:
"I shall never marry any one but you "
"You won't? Do you mean it?" h
"Of course I do."
He caught her in his arms.
"My darling-Matt-yes, I shall call you by
that dear name to the end of the chapter.
You love me, then? I can't believe it!"
"I have loved you," she answered, laugh
ing, ver since I first came-'to be took!'"
And she rested her head on his shoulder, c
just as she had done in the cld days, when a
she was an unsophisticat3d child of nature.
"So there's to be a wedding after all," he
said, kissing her. "Matt, I've an idea!"
"When we marry, suppose we arrange to a
spend the honeymoonin-a CAHAVAx!" t
Handwriting of the Presidents. f
In the executive office of the United States
senate there are preserved all the executive
messages of presidents of the United States c
from the foundation of the government.
Though not often referred to, some of these
documents are becoming worn, and recently e
the secretary of the senate caused selections
to be madn from the files, with a view to
preserving some of the interesting auto- t
graphs in a cabinet by themselves. It ap
pears from this collection that none of the
presidents, with the exception of Washington
and Jefferson, would be marked above 50 for
penmanship by a civil service commission.
Washington's first contribution to the collec
tion embodies nominations for judges, mar
shals and attorneys for the districts of New
York and New Jersey; and at theund of the
same documents are the nominations of
Thomas Jefferson, Edmund Randolph and
Samuel Osgood, for secretary of state, attor
ney general and postmaster general respeo
tively. The signature is witt,aa
care of theme1es The docunents,'as
a wole, fall far below the present standard
of clerical excallenes.
It Was Sent to Her House.
Albany Ar us.
A certain pretentious shopper, af
ter teasing the clerks of a dry goods
store beyond the forebearance limit,
pompously ordered a spool of thread
to be sent to her house. It was
agreed that she should be made an
example of, and a warning to her
kind. She was surprised, and her
neighbors were intensely interested,
shortly after she had arrived at homde.
A common dray drawn by .foar
horses, proceeded slowly up to her
door. On the dray, with bare armr,
were a number of stalwart laborers.
They were holding on vigorously to
some object which she could not see.
It was a most puzzling affair. The
neighbors stared. After a deal of
whip.cracking and other impressive
ceremonies, the cart was backed
against the curb. There, reposing
calmly, end up, in the centre of the
cart floor, was the identical spool of
thread which she had "ordered." It
seemed to be coming all right. With
the aid of a plank, it was finally
rolled, barrel fashion, safely to the
sidewalk. After a mortal struggle
it was "up-ended" on the purchaser's
doorstep. The fact that the purcha
ser same out a minute later and kick.
ed her own property into the gutter
detracted nothing from it.
THE FAITH CURE.
L A correspondent writing from
,Johnston's to the Columbia Register
t. I write this morning simply to con
e firm the article copied in J'Te Registe;
' some time ago from the Mot itor ir
a reference to the faith cure in om
town. 1 called to see Mrs. Morgam
yesterday and find her more improv
ed than wvhen that article was writ
ten. I wish I could write her stor
to as she tells it, straightforward, plai:
:y yet convincing. She says: "D)o yo
demand proof that I am improved
See here !" and throws a hand ove
- her bead that has lain useless at be
side for over three years and a hal
tor again kicking out her foot whic
in has been moved by another for eqi
his ally as long. Her spine was fearfi
ly cro0ked. so much that she coul
a put a pillow under her back and n<
:ur- touch it ; nowv it is perfectly stra'gL
ing Mrs. Morgan has not walked a st<
"W for years until within the past fe
u days, but she fully a.pects to walk
sof church very soon, being able now
walk over the house by resting o1
finger on her daughter. She 2
r marked to us yesterday that "I la
rad- the weight of one ninger of navi
in perfect faith."' Truly all things
tnZ possible to him that believeth
but Bucklen's Armed Salve.
I in The Best Salve in the world for Cuts. Brui:
whc Sores, Ulcers, Salt Rhenm, Fever Sores. Tret
i her ChaDPed liands, Chilblains, Corns, and
note Skin Eruptions, and! positively cures P iles
teno pay required . It is guaranteed to give
iefeet satisfaction, or money refunded. Pric<
cents per box. For sale by Dr. S. F. Fa
rs t- N ...err.... C. 7-2-11
For thc HERALD AND NEWS.
In certain places, there is diffused
roogh the air an exceedingly min
,e quantity of a substance which
)s a powerful effect upon the hu
an system, and frequently produces
It is this which gives rise to levers
ad to maladies of a more malignant
This substance is found in
arshy and low places where veg
table matter of an aqueous character
in a state of decomposition.
But the winds which pass oyer
iese swamps transport the malarious
uvia to a distance and thus ren
er whole tracts of country unheal
The corpuscules of this substance
ppear to adhere to the molecules of
,ater and are elevated with the latter
y the ascending currents of air to
eights which vary in different re
Around the Pontine marshes in
taly it disappeared at the height of
700) feet. While in America, ac
ording to some chemists, it is fourd
t an elevation of 3,000 feet.
It is also observed, that humid air,
rhich transports miasma, is deprived
,f this noxious material by passing
roughtrees, and that in many cases,
n the same community, a screen of
oliage is sufficient to produce a
narked difference between two places
>therwise similarly situated.
The diffusion of malaria in still
ir, is exceedingly slow, and hence
rees or buildings that tend to in
errupt the current will much retard
ts -transmission. Even whisker,
Miasma in perfectly dry air is is
uch small quantities as to be unacces
ible to investigation, but also insut
icient seriously to affect human life
It is otherwise in air cooled by th
-adiation of the night.
At this time it is taken into th,
ystet by swallowing respiration an
>erhaps by absorption in sufficien
In such places, therefore, cautio
should be taken against exposure t
evening precepitations and evapor:
ions of the humidity of the atmo!
Whatever may be the cause of m
asma, experience ha- indicated ti
following precautions to those expo
ed to its influence.
1sT. Use boiled water in prefe
ence to any other, or pure rain-w;
2N1. Plant trees between yol
home and the low ground so as
interrupt the damp wind from ti
focus of emanation.
SunD. Provide the windows
your parlor and bed room wvi
screens of gauze.
4-rh. Use disinfectants abo
your home. Carry chloride of lir
abotut your person.
5-rr. Wear flannel next the bot
which tends to stimulate the si
and prevent the deleterious effect.
6-rr. Do not go out in the moi
ings until you take some slightly 4
citing drink-such as coffee or tea.
7-ru. Avoid as much as possil
going out before the dew has eval
From all facts it appears that1
substance called miasma is an org
ized body endowed with life
generated by the decompositior
Its introduction into the circi
lation of animals is a real innoci
tion affecting the nervous system.
It appears that the malarious
fuence is produiced at a certain t
perature, and that it is favore<
marshy places by the heating of
water in shallow ponds.
1We give the above that it may
read, and thus prevent many a
day. Yours sincerely.
Beth Eden, S. C. 3
I - -
has written his resignation as Al
man from Ward 4. Mr. W atson:
l that lie endeavored to discharge
d duties as Alderman from Ward
>the best of his ability, and regrei
tsever the pleasant relations w
have hitherto existed between liin
and the Mayor and Aldermen.
to Mr. WVatson has also written:
to ter to thme President of Ward 4(
2e Capt. Geo. A. Shields, stating
.fact of his resignation andI exp
ck ing the opinion that the Ward
acted rather hastily in calling fo
.re resignation without giving him a
portunity to be heard in his owi
hal f. -Colud>but D(lHy R?eord.
SPresident Cleveland. after
an1 G rant funeral on Saturday last,
rGeni. IHancock, Secretary Bayar<
others, called on Mr. Tilden, a
A GOOD SERMON.
[tIhis communic tion'a-, written for lase
MiR. .EDIToR:--O0 last Sabbath
my leading organof thought, that
great motive pawdrof man, prompted
one to go to hear ti,t eminent Meth
odist preache J. A. Clifton.
I When the melod s tones of the
church bell. were I wended my
way thitherwar disappointed
in not hearing fton. yet I was
not disappointed ring an able
and powerful. e" m Rev. Dr.
Stec of the_L urch.
IN hen Dt. in his dis
course, my 1 . gan became
quito active, b he lesser or
gans to be ac follow the
speaker through of his dis
course. IIe beg 7iouncing the
Romans 8 3 hat we say to
these things? I -be for us, who
can be against
The present is a wor:d of
conflict. We .everywhere,
and in almost e g with which
observation riak familliar In
the sphere of iat d wars with
wind, storm.. h storm, and
wave lashes war commotion.
Yet out of all t ood is
evolved. Witho " mosphere
would becomeso hatit would
the lower or r' 'ials to live.
Passing over of grace
we find confl 's, when
Isaac, the cli was E.orn,
there was a _ ersecute
it : and as, wl . sborn,
iere was a ito seek
the young child'.' a per
son is born -spiritua
kingdom, he n conflict
which will r
things work t
them that love t arE
called accord o
whom he did
image of his
who_ fled them re als
loriff - t shall we say to tles
? things .s I be. for us, who ca
Here W e
i-A cl g tr: th-"(;od is fc
e II-An :- ourayint.I in/iencc -
otirt u s
r- -B h ,d, o nlihtny us
~ regardto sa ta lhivgs
ir ordto n~ nertio, wencii
~o tio'. an eetnes forn,e
iNs Sn, t~ cryon h s biaorn,
ut ministerifl ~spiritual tht
5-Byi pred rvdna er,
Ali th t;~wv seve e are totes
t ings inds ibe.fd ork togeherc
~ I ocnbe agai ns
HereS asoinenc- h Aii
toA cit gru-"Gd hiioe r s fc
cshals rt s rmtelv
--So as rt, onigennus ushi
reard 3-o al things, u etw~
Sil,ad isdtie moeetnes o hea
n-Bgntil, h hentenlyedlPrescence
f ifcaSon Tat chn his meinteri
h or in tinhd le. yalo i
4-By towaeras ncyid . Ang
omindsterteprid, sen fort go mi
eietemtaion btheis fsaivtilln.
7 l heveuimevrtsveri ary bl
n 1ing indSteckis o Oi andghe
clld to them harg lofeod.
'CI-urc an hseit abount us.e
a1-o Ait fenhe agohe Aleng
ty hsreigathisoe which was? "e
leshaltoseay,ate s ano thle pove
2-o "nsaso cndem out ? hea o
b cl erhat cindeth &c?tr*'hior
doctrineas tof hind curh etasce i
let,,,, .sayIh~e vrhadi
he ave subhain contaie fin ik
awhClh1mno ist Sabbafrenth asalyg
ra-hi ledk whink thrpiatin wra
with mth inprpriate liesoe pre
in) tin.at tie 'eny caloqunta.
m- iainThacting s inae
inti nt and ebeay Cllwghse f
heto waver srDio id, o ants.
an v he tpttic butphis fait ewit e
t hiavest adpmrtanin the. p
hir.fSiedk is projecteo and
Churopei hs been enotiregie y
GRANT'S GRIM SECKE .
THE SENSATIONAL STORY OF AN EX-SE
CRET SERVICE OFFICER ABOUT AN AL
LEGED CONSPIRACY TO EXCITE A
REVOLUTION, BY TIE ASSASSINA
TION OF PRESIDENT LINCOLN.
Special to the New Yolk Herald.
PIIILADELPIIIA, Aug. 3--"Yes- I
understand what Gen. Grant refer
red to in speaking to Mr. Depew of
the imminence of a second revolution
in the nation," said an old ex-secret
service officer at the Continental IIo
tel to.night. "It is a secret that has
been well kept, though it hovered for
months over the Washington Govern
ment. After Lincoln's assassination
it'would have divided the North on
new and tei rible lines. It would have
brought England into the trouble be
yond a doubt. because of Canadian
complications. It would have been
fatal to our Government and would
have resulted in indiscriminate butch
"What is this secret!'
"It relates to the assassination
plot," was the reply. "That conspir
acy was batched before Lincoln was
inaugurated the second time. It con
templated the abduction of Lincoln
for the benefit of another man. I re
fer to Vice-President Johnson. He
was to be made the great man of the
war. Lincoln was to be got out of
the way. Johnson was a Southern
man ; the struggle was then an ad
mittedly hopeless one for the South
but it was desirable to have a man
who could be depended on for satis
faction, as Lincoln, with Stanton be
bind, could not be expected to be
lenient. Remember, I do not sty
that Johnson was a party to the con
spiracy, but, I ask you to read Gen.
Butler's arraignment of John,on dur
ing the impeachment trial. Read it
carefully betwcen the lines, and see
what it means. I tell you only this.
that the list of men privy to the ab
duction of Lincoln would, if printed
to morrow, convulse this nation to
its centre. I have seen myself a note
from -Johnson to John Wilkes Booth
asking him to meet him at the Kirk
wood House. Don't draw any infer
ences ; I merely mean that they were
on intimate terms.'
"When and where was the conspir
acy organized ?' was asked.
"It was the outgrowth of Seward a
direct interposition in the case oi
Beal, the man convicted of theplol
to. liberatejhe 'soners$Jonso!
D should not (lie. Seward personal;
interfered :.nd finally secured Beal'
execution. A meeting was held a
St. Catharines, Canada, a few week
afterward. The plot was hatchet
there. It was born of personal mal
r ice more than Southern sympathy
The Beal case, and it alone, account;
for the attack on Secretary Seward
But this malicious scheme of a smal
cabal of vindictive men grew into
widely ramified conspiracy. Mos
dreadful of all, it became know1
aamong large circles in Washingtor
There were plenty of them int
me Capitol on March 4 who went ther
a- to hear a different man from Lincol
. make the inaugural address. It
terrile even now to think how ro
ren the heart of the political cent:
of this nation was. The surrend
al at Apppom]attox was a crushit
blow. It came sooner than was e
Is pected. Lincoln's death had been r
solved upon and the date fixed. B1
n-only a comparatively few knew tb:
this change had been made in tl
s- "I have often wondered if Ge
"rLee had not obtained an inkling
orthe terrible crime in contemplati
ano hastened the capitulation. I
never would have sanctioned a d:
tyy tardly act. After the shooting, t
'ho abject fear manifested by some p
Ie in Washington who had not be
"'attacked is remembered yet. T,
many people were hanged or I
is enough. The most experienced ii
in the service were put on the ca
to But one by one they were withdrav
I was detailed for special duty, I
stuck to the conspiracy. I found
ere was shadowed by other people
o have always suspected there was
nd conference one very dar-k night
tween Stanton, Wade and Grant t!
reeried to the secret information
es- taned about the conspiracy. I '
"" not present, though I was in1
ri- house when it occurred. The
it chives of the IIouse judiciary c
olo-mitte3 contain, or did contain, sc
>de of the most startling testimony
deaginable. Gen. Butler aind Geo
-ive S. Boutwell knew all that Gen. Gr
,hat knew. If either man would tell w
ritthhe knows, though it is not all
story, we might have the revelat
vet. What I have mer-ely hinted
was-shows how wise Gen. Griant was
rann keep this awful secret so long,
cars how indiscr-eet he would have beer
redd confide it to anybody."
ted.eT be Easley M1e.s-enger has the
owig: "We look upon JIeffer
her. Davis as being the greatest hs~
well statesman in the United States,
andwe hope his life may be prolon
an years yet to come, but we have t
sothinking what would some of the
that tos of the South say about him,
was to die soon, who haye recei
ser indulged in so much 'gush
Land-General Grant's death. The
tuyme were the antipodes of each
Indications of an Absolu
--P." said a little boy. 'what
ire- absolute monarchy?'
the "I can't explain it. my son,' so
rtt of you can comprehend it. Wait
p totoyou get married, my son, then y
1. up. -G:i IN depe lent.
FRO'I1 THlE 01.';A\ OF THlE M,UGWUMP&.
The leading editorial in the New
York Times, August 12th.
TI1E REFORM OF AISE.S.
One of the strongest arguments in
favor of a change in the political con
trol of the National Administration,
not only in the last Presidential can
vass. but in two or three that preced
ed it. was the necessity for a thorough
overhauling of the affairs of the vari
ous departments and the exposure
an:d correction of such abuses as
might be found to exist. In twenty
four years of uninterrupted control
by one party,.and especially in view
of the circumstances which during
that period had presented unusual
opportunities and strong temptations
to administrative abuses, it was inev
itable that they should have grown
up and become strongly intrenched.
For years they were known to exist,
but the party in power was too close
ly identified with them to make their
correction easy, even if it was possi
ble. The exposure of the Indian
agency frauds under Secretary Belk
nap, and the prosecution of the whis
ky ring by Bristow, furnished an il
lustration at once of the abuses that
existed, and of the difficulty of deal
ing with them so long as the party
responsible for their exi:tance was in
power. A more promising effort at
reform was made when Postmaster.
General .James attacked the star
route contractors who had long been
plundering the Governuent, but the
result of this effort showed how dif)i
cult a task it was for a political par
ty to deal effectively with the wrongs
that had grown up under its protec
It was evident that a complete ex
posure and a thorough correction of
abuses could be expected only when
the books should be opened to the
opposing party and the Administra
tion should pass into the hands of
those who had no interest in conceal
ing anything, but every incentive fom
making a complete exposure. It wa:
necessary that the work of reforn
should be undertaken by those wh<
would be strengthened, and not weak
ened, by the exposures that it wa
needful to make and who could gai
and not lose prestige by making tho
ough work of it. The force of th
argument was acknowledged, but
fadl of its purpose so long as tr
dele;could be convinced that the
tanfer of powerF the "'fJeocra
Party. At last that party took su
t ground aad named such a candida
that in the changed condition of pu
lic affairs the people decided to tal
- the risk.
The result thus far has fully jnst
3 fled the popular judgement. Them
- has been so much contention ov<
1 offices and appointments that ti
t work of reforming abuses has attrac
t ed much less attention than it woul
1 otherwise have done. But the wol
1. has been begun, and if we take ti
e trouble to look over the record v
e will find that very substantial pr
gress has been made. The Secretal
s of the Navy has taken up his sha
t- with special vigor. He has not allo
-e ed any question of appointments
ir office to hinder or delay him. iIe hi
g treated that as a mere incident of I
r- work and has dealt with it ont
e- same business-like principles ti
2 have characterized the rest of his
at forts He has taken up the contrad
ae for the construction of vessels for t
purpose of enforcing their requi
n. ments with a strict regard for the
ot terests of the Government. He I
>n taken the navy yards out of polit
Ie and is still engaged in ferreting
is- the corruptions and irregularities
he long concealed in their recesses.
so- has shown up the gigantic frauds
en petrated in the repairs of vessels,
20 bids fair to put an end to the rott
tot ness that has infected alike the
en sels of the navy and the adminis
se.tion of the department.
n The way the Administration
>uttaken hold of the Indian troul
I and the abuses of the Land Office
I anotner indicationi of its purp<
Sa and its probable achieviments
be- ultimate causes of the trouble
3attthe Indians have been inquired1
ab- and a determination has been sh<
ass to remove them. Dishonest ag
hee are displaced and intruders upon
ar- Indian lands are firmly taken in 1h
im- and sent out of the reservati<
me Those who have fenced in the
nim-areas of public land to graze herd
rge cattle upon without a shadow ol
art gal right are notified to remove t
hae fences and find pastures without st
the in them. A beginning has I
ion made toward rectifyinig the enorm
at abuse of their rights by land g
to railroads, which have kept sett
ind from large sections of the public
I to main to which the corporations
acquired no legitimate title.'
work of reclaiming the publie li
fo- from interlopers and thieves
sonbarely begun, but the spirit exhit
so nin this beginning gives promis
nnd great results before it is finished
gca The Treasury Department has
een covered the rottenness of the C
edi Survey Bureau and begun the
f h cess of cure. it has been eng:
atly for some time in examining into
>veer irregularities of the customs ser
twoo and promises to bring order 01
oth- chaos in the business of appra
merchandise. The Secretary of
has found an opportunity for the
e rrection of old abuses in sending
to their regiments officers who
been permitted year after year t
s ann cupy attractive p)ositions at Was
ton on accounit of the social an
thhat litical influences exerted in thei
tililhalf and giving others a chanc
no11l an areeable change. Trhe Pres
h.s been working in the sa.me hi
ences in favor of appointiyncivilians
to army offices. Thus we see that the
long-desired reform has been taken
up in a manner that gives promise of
the correction of old abuses and the
purification of the administration of
public affairs. Enough has been ac
complished in five months to give
earnost of what may be expected be
fore President Cleveland's first-term
The Record of a Week.
According to the Baltimore Man u
facturers Record, the last month of
summer shows in its opening week a
very promising condition of affairs in
the inddstrial growtht of the South.
As week after week passes by with a
steady improvement in the prospects
for magnificent crops in the South,
there is a decided change for the
better in the outlook for increased
activity in trade and financial circles.
It is now almost assured that the
yield o the two great staples. cotton
and corn, will be the largest ever
produced, and while business men
are disposed to wait a few weeks
longer, until the crops are beyond
the possibility of damage, yet there
is already an improvement noticea
ble. The prospects could hardly be
more enco-araging than at present for
the South's entering upon an era of
the greatest trade and industral pro
gress ever seen in that section. In
the list of new enterprises for the
pass week, as published in the Man
ufacturers Record of August 8, there
is a $500,000 company organized in
Montgomery, Ala., which has already
purchased an immense tract of land
-running up into the thousands of
acres-in and around Calera, Als.,
with the intention of developing its
vast mineral wealth and of building
up another manufacturing town in
the State; in North Carolina there
has been a sale of a large body of
wood land at a reported price of
at out $250,000. the purchase having
been made for the purpose of cutting
the walnut on it. while in Tennessee
one tract of land of 2,000 acres and
re one of 5,000 acres of pine land,hav
I erect saw miiDs,
has been organized in Washington,
b D. C.. to furnish heat and pow.r, and
negotiations are now pending for
their plan; West Virginia has a $35,
000 coal company that has purchased
a mining property and will prepare
to put out 800 tons of coal a day, a
. $100,000 boom and lumber company,.
.d and a $12,000 company to mEnufac
kture metallic roofing; machinery has
been purchased for the cotton seed
oil mills to be built in Waynesboro
and Athens, Ga., and in Atlanta an
re immense fertilizer factory is being
Vput up; a company has been organ
asized in Tneset'> work tLe litho
ss graphic-stone quarry in Arkansas pre
he viously mentioned; a $50,000 copper
at mining company has been organized
ef- in Maryland, and a $25,000 ice man
s ufacturing company in Florida;
e ground has been purchased at New
i- port News, Va., for extensive asphi
as alt works, involving a.n investment
cs, reported at $175,000; Brunswick, Ga.,
has contracted for gas and water
He works; a site has been secured in
)r- Louisiana for an extensive tile fac
nd tory; a New York cigar manufactar
en- ing firm are negotiating for the re
s- moval of their factory to Jackson
ville, where they would employ 300
has or 400 hands, while of fiour 'mills,
les lumber mills and grist mills there is
is quite a large niumber reported. The
es Camperdown Cotton Mills, of Green.
vt ille, S. C.. have been purchased for
ut $70,000, mainly by local capitalists,
wn headed by Cal. HI. P. Hammett, a
nts very successful cotton manufacturer.
nd Sufficient cash commercial capital,
s stated to be about $50,000, will be
at put in, and the mills will again be
sf started up. This purchase demon
e-strates that those best able to judge
ea- are still willing to back their faith in
cen Southern cotton mills with their mon
as ey. In addition to these enterprises,
-at there are in prospect a $50,000 flour
do mill and a $25,000 soap factory in
ad Alabama, a car-wheel foundry in
[hs Texas, an icc factory in North Caro
ns lina. &c.
Wife (at the breakfast table:) Whbat
unt time was it when you came in last
ro-d n,sea .(with an aching head:)
e' Well-er. i dont know exactly.
the e.Wife: It must have been 3So'clock.
ct Were you detained at the office?i
inaHusband: Er yes.
mgWife (anxiously:) I'm afraid you
caar-ae workinig too hard, dear. You
back ought not to confine yourself so
ac closely to business. I am not sur
avc-prised that you have a headashe oc
in. casionally in the morning. Y ou
Sreally must take better care of your
r e-health. Byv the way, dear, can you
- orlet me have twenty dollars?.
t tHusband : Certainly, with pleas
zi inure.-New York Snt.