Newspaper Page Text
A ;AiE1. FO1 TilE Il'EOPLE.
TlIe lIer:;" is in the lii:hest reapet a V:r.i
ly Newsp:per. "levot.I to tir rat-ril ui "
ter. tof the peoPple- of11 his (;o nty :u Sltr
State. It rircilxtex exterisivety. and as an
A. v<-rti,itr, me--ntimri otTe rr s iin ivaltI'. :tci
V:. rot:;"s. Ior T.tri , see fi r1 I):t:lc.
NEWBERRY, S. C.
TilISI)AY, AUG UST 27. 1S:
Recent events have brougiht the Cit.
adel Academy prominently before the
pubiic. It is not our purpose at pres
ent to speak further of the late ac
tion of the Board of Visitors. or tc
refer to the troubles developed in the
discipline of the in-,stitution. Nor dc
we consider that the inefficiency of
the faculty or of the Loard of Visi
tors. if inefficiency there be. has any
thing to do with the question "Is the
Citadel a necessity ? If it is -n imn
portant and valuable part of our ed
ucational system, let any abuses that
may exist be corrected. and any de"
But have we any use for military
education and if we have, does the Cita
del afford it? It is a well known
fact that our national military school
is turning out every year numbers of
trained officers who have to seek em
ployment in civil life, and it is anoth.
er well known fact that many of the
best generals on both sides in the
late civil war were men who had nev
er seen inside of a military school,
while many others were graduates of
West Point who for years had been
in civil life.
Now granting that military educa
tion is needed. Does the Citadcl
Academy afford this kind of an edu
cation? Is there anythi.g taught
about gunnery. about military engin
eering, about the science of w.lr? The
only feature that distinguishes the
Academy from any other college
with a business or scientific curricti
lum is, that the students wear a uni
form, are under a sort of military
government, and l3arn something
about the manual of arms andI the
evolutions of a company.
The military part of the cducation
which thle student acquires at the
Citadel, we venture to say can be as
thoroughly acquired in a f2w months
-by an intelligent member of any vol
unteer militia companyii ill tile State.
What, then, is it that renders the
Citadel so important and necessary
a part of our educational system ?
And yet the St ate pays $20,000 per an
num to keep a few young men in brass
buttons and gold lace, while that
institution which should be tile glory
of our commonwealth, and which
should offer to her sons opportunities
for the broadest and highest culture,
both scientific and p)rofe,siona!, lan
guishes upon a p)lane which brings it
into competition with our little de
nominational colleges, and into con
tempt with everybody.
The $20,000 per annum now appro
priated to thle Citadel augmented by
tuition fees would place the Univer
sity in a position to accompllish in
part its true work. and would give us
an institution second to none in the
The Georgia Legislature will no
doubt adopt the suggestions contain
ed in the report of the special comn
mnittee appointed to investigate the
workings of the railway commission
of that State.
Thie committee recommendo a pro
vision allowmng appeals from the de
cision of the comnmission to the courts,
andl the appointment of a special law
officer to conduct suc-h aippeals withl
out cost to any citizen or coimmuiini
ty carrying upl an ap)peal.
It fut thter recommends that tile
powers of the cntnuission be so re
strained as to c-eouraae itestme~nt
oft capitadl in Georgia railwayvs.
The committee after careful inqui
rv is of the opinion that tIe I,resent
railroad law of Georgia has and
will prevent the mnvestmient of1 capi
tal in railroad c-onstruction i that
The railroadI law of this State is
very similar to that of Georgia, and
samne particulars. If the next I egis
httire d~oes not take sonme action of
this kind, tIe commission h:vei better
be ab)olished(. and thle whole law re
The Miississippi D)emnocr-ats have
nominated the following State ticket:
Governor, Robert Lowry; Lieut.
Gov., G. D). Shlands; Secretary of
State. Geor-ge 31 Swain; Tlreasumrer,
Stone; Attorney General. F. ML Mil
ler; Superintendent of Education. J.
Thle reports of the cholera ravages
in Spain are fearful. Almost daily
ot er 4.000) new cases occur. and from
1,200 to 1,500 deaths. The disease
hlas a strong hold in Southern Franice,
aid is spreadilng into Italy.
Mr. B. 0. Duncan has written a let
ter to the Newberry Observer on the
proper inter,'retation of the much
discussed words, --free and open."
Mr. Duncan goes. very properly, to
the -Proceedinigs o' the Convention"
which framed the Constitution, in or
der to ascertain what was the mean
inrr and intentioti of that body in the
use ot' the words abo% e quoted. It is
indeed singular. as Mr. Duncan re
marks. that amid all the discussion
on this subject no one should have
before resorted to this means of in
terpretation. There is i o rule of
construction so common orso author
itative as this. In the Federalist and
in every other discussion of the Con
stitution of the United States con
stant reference is had to the records of
the body which framed the instru
ment, and from this source is derived
the v'ry best light by which to read
Mr. Duncan was a memnter of the
Constitutional Convention. took an
active part in its deliberations, and
was the leader of tie opposition to
that section of the Constitution in
which occur the words 'free and
open." lie is therefore in a position
to speak authoritatively as to the
meaning and intention of the Con
le tells us, what the words of the
section taken together strongly :i
ply, that the whole thing had refer
ence to the admission of black and
white alike to the privileges of the
University, and that there was no
reference to or thought of the ques
tion of tuition.
The argument on the section in
question bears cut Mr. Duncan's
statement, and leaves no doubt as to
the proper meaning of '-free and
That those who are conducting the
discussion in favor of free tuition
will be convinced by this letter is
not for a moment to be expect
ed. for the simple reason that a man
convinced against his will is of the
same opinion still, but any unbiassed
mind must be persuaded that there is
no Constitutional warrant for free
tuition in the State University.
The question of the suppression of
criminal vice, and the protection of
young girls is still stirring London.
There was a monster demonstration
at IIyde Park on th Aug.2,the crowd
being estimated at 150,000. The
P<dl Mull Gazette. however. has some
what lost its influence by opposing
the attemlp, to raise the age of con
sent to 18 years, upon the ground
that fixing the age ortconsent so high
would interfere with the business of
hlorse jockeys are coming into fau
vor now with wealthy voung ladies
of a romantic disposition, and the
coachmen will have to look out. Miss
Anna McKeen, the eldest daughter
of President McKeern of the Vandalia
Railroad recently eloped with her
father's horse trainer-.
D)r. Ward who is with President
Cleveland in the Adirondack Moun
tains. has summoned Dr. Conant
Sawyer to consult with him about a
patient. and it is rumored that Mr.
Cleveland is the patient.
In thme absence of the ladies whlo usu
ally play the organ amnd lead the singing
at the pray-er meeting, little Hattie Pitts
presided at the organ last Sunday night.
and played and sang sweetly, assided
by little Misses Kilgore and Bishop, and
a young gentleman andl lady. It was re
freshing andl inspiring to look upon the
Our good old German friend, Geor-ge
Leonhir-th, is building a shop on his
place to be opened for the repair of fur
niture, &c., and not blacksmithing.
M1r. B. F. MceGraw's children-only
nine-were on a visit last week to their
aunt, MIrs. Ann 31illigaLn.
We have heard severlI per-sons say
they would like Helena to be a post of
iee,and we don't obiect. It would cause
the cars to slack up or stop, perhaps,
everyday ; and a citizeni desiring to tra
v-el quickly between stations, might be
accommodated. And, besides, IIelena is
not so insigniticant azs to be sneezed at,
anylway, by tihe cars. Why, our little
"Balie wick "is Ilanked by two ilourish
ing colored haimlets--Wilsonville anid
W igh~tville. thet aneizensi of wichel take
patpers and wvrite letters, thlen whya
-lhouldn'it we~ have a po0-t-otlice y "We
pIul it for a rely."
Mir. du Ilienl couldn't stalld tile raLct
of the youngsters t.o have thle iink openm
t hree- tnimes a wveek instead of twice'. So
Totm Reagini is thet village authtIorit y (on
ilh- mloon's phases.
M1r. Richard Scruggs hams lef t 1Ielena
for- Gr-eenville. where~ he is at work in a
MIiss Sophlie Brownt is visitinig 3Mies
M1iss Laurens Glenn1 iS visiting" frienids
in Laure-tns County.
Mr-s. Ella Lane return-ed yesterdar
from a visit to) friends in the Connty.
MIiss Nora Lake is onl a visit to the
hospitable mnansion of her kinsm:tu, Mi.
MIiss Beulah Gre-ne-ke-r is visiting MIrs.
John L. Speake.
A nice birth-day cake wals sent to a
younglnmnat Pr-osperity last Tuesday.
With thlie exc-eption of a fewv cases of
slighit ilIem-s amnong. oure'oloredl citizenis,
theL hltlh of the village is good.
'Thousands May -so.
Mr. T. W . .itkins, Girard, Kan.. writes: "I
never ihesitate to reconizend your Eletric
liitters to my customers, the.v give entire sat
isteection and are rapid sellers ." Electric Bit
ters are the purest and best medicine known
and will positively cure Kidney and Liver comn
plaints. Purify the blood and regulate the
boweks No family can afford to be without
them. They will save hundreds of dollars in
doctor's bills every year. Sold at fifty cents a
HIGH SCHOOL MEET.
At a meetluin of the stockholder- of
the Prosperity High SJbool Association
Wednesday ni,iht, among otlher buai
nes- tr"an-acted, at c":mtmittee conistlug
of C. F. Boyd, 11. C. Moseevy -.:nd L. S.
Bowers wa, appointed to look after the!
gent:t"ral inte e-t of the A.demy building.
Such as remewing the insurance. putting,
up the p:ir:ition. fixig lp and replae:n;.
de-k,:tndl if fund:tl en<t. I left to p:tt
tle buildinr. So you .,e" we have ntot
lo-t any inter.-t in our -elool. w"]hi'tc we
take great plesure in reCOinui ng to
ally one wishing to -end their elildren
off to a 1irst-clas, high -eliool. Prof.
Seheatz. the prineipai of the sehotl.1 ha
arrived, adl the other Iteaelr will be on
hand in a few day; read fur work. lTe
school opels the first 3Mo:t3ay in Spl
tember. whici is the 7th day of the
month. Wehopt" to -ste a full attetue
at the opefnitg.
The Town Council who are all repre
sentative men feeling tlhat it would he
greatly to the ::dvanttage of the towin of
Pro=perity for the Narrow Gauge Rail
road from Augusta to Newberry by way
of Edgetield C. II.. which i-: now agitat
ed to a great ex'enlt, called a meetI ng of
the citizens of the town and s,urrotimding
community tI convene in Council Chant
her on Monday night Aug. 24th. ISS>, at
$. o'clock. At the appointed time the
meeting was called to order by appoint
ing 1r . 31. Wyse Chairman, and 31r.
A. II. Kohn Secretarv. Mr. L. S. Bow
ers as one of the dehgation who attend
ed the Denny's Cross Ro:ad- meeting
was called upon to report concerning the
mueeting, which lie didl. It was resolved
that the Chirinan appoint a cotnmmittee
of nine, whose duty it shall be to look af
ter the interest of the town in this pro
posed road, to confer with tht- authori
ties of the read, &c.
There are a great imany of imiprove
tmets going on at this time in our towin.
Three neW dwellintg houses ar e going up.
Dr. HIarman's, I)r. Luther's and Mr.
Godfry. lessrs. Wheeler & MIosele's
large brick building will be completed
and ready to be occupied by 15th of Sep
tember. This building when eoimpleted
will be one of the most substantial ones
in the up country. B.
FAC'S AND FANCIES FROM 3MT.
The fait that TiE HERALD AND
NE I.C circulated considerably in this
vicinity, caused us to fancy that a few
dots from the mountainous regions of
Newberry would perhaps not be amiss.
Farmers are p)ieking cotton, but their
anticipations have greatly lowered with
in the last two weeks in regard to the
quantity that was expected to be gath
ered. August has so far passed without
any rain at all, here, and unless we get
rain in a very short time cotton will
gather very little. Corn is very line, the
best for mnany years.
Rev. J. A. Sligh will, in company with
Dr. Hawkins, go to Glenn Springs the
latter part of this week. for a few d:ys'
'I'he readers of THE IIERALD AN\)
NEWS fully sympathize with the venera
ble editor who ha- laid down the con
mand of the oldest coity paper. after
having been identiled through a whole
life of usefulness to his State, County
and fellow man. It is to be hoped that
rest may have the desired effect, and lie
may yet live many years to enjoy the
sweets of his labors.
Thle people of 3Mt. T1abor areO awake to
education, aiid to bring abottt better ed
ucational advantages they' wvill. on thme
first MIonday of October, open a high
school with Prof. E. 0. Counts, princi
pal; the assistant to be elected bet ween
niowi andi the school opening
31r. W. K. and i3Iiss Lillie Sligh will
close a very successful nine months
schiool here on Friday lie 1tuh of Sepi
tembter, with ain exhibition aiid pic nie.
The public is invtd anid to yon, Mfr.
Editor, we exteiid a cordial invitation,
and if circumnstanices wilt :sdmit we want
you to rise in the City of Newbherry', sail
down through Prosperity, and light oti
the summilt of M1t. T1abor, whlere we will
p)romiise to (10 all in our po'er for your
enitertainiment antd pleaisure. Sorry we
can't promise to give vout some music,
but you know "'we are inet thme fidler, '
but if vou desire it, wvill introduce von
to a friend who wvill take great pleasure~
in assisting y'ou to get a wife.
We are needing ra'in baidly. Cot ton is
burning upi and( opening very~ fast. It
will all be openi by the latter part of
T1urnip seed that were sowrn :nizi that
caime up are dying very fast.
Gardens are drying up and every de
scription of vegetable is burning up.
The colored people are having at camip
meetiiigat MIt. Olive Church,and a ver*y
large number were p)resenit last Sunday.
The crowdl that came by Jalaipa had a
nice time drivimig on wagon amid buggy
ties. You would have thought that a
new town was being built ; the hammier
and axe could be heard from 3 o'clock
to the late hours of night.
Dr. Clark has been sick, but is some
Fever is veiy prevalent thirotighi the
conumtry. Dr. Evans of Kiniard's, says
that thiere is much sicknes ini that viei
Jatlapa wanits aL narrow guiage railr'oad,
but she wants it to connect with New
York via Smnokey Town and to go by
Santneck on Broad River. We wvill have a
"call'" meeting in a short time. provided
it don't rain soon. JAN.
NEW mtElRR Y, S. C.. A ug. fI. 1885.
Mr. hlan Johinstone. P'resideni Ae'eberr'q
A lpiculhtra'l 6- Xeehuiania ssocialion.
DE.\R SliR :-The Newhierrv Stock
Breeders AKsociation desire to ofYer the
following speci:il preiiums through
your Association to b' awvarded at your
Fair, Oct.:2S-30O, 1885. mialer the r'ules
of the Association governinug the awardi
of piremiumis of like class, providedl there
are as tmanyu as lifteen entries therefor:
First-Fo r be-t coltI sired~ by Aiieriean1
Clay, Jir., $.20.00. Second-For second
best eolt sired by Amerier,i Clay. Jr..
815.00. Third-For third ;best colt sired
byv Ame'rican Clay, .Jr., 810.00. Fourth
-For fourth best colt sired by American
Clay, Jr.. 85.00O. Yours truly,
J. D. 8311T Hf.
Prtes. Ne wberry Stock Breeders As-'n.
NEWIERRY, S. C.. Auig. 23. '85.
3lR. ED.tToR-t-Plea-e puibhilih the fore
going letter whieb explains itself. I
hope every owner of an American Clayv
colt will eompltete for thiese premiiuhms. I
request owners to make entrnies at onuce.
GEO. S. MIOWER.
See. Newherry A. & 31. Aesoc.iation.
For Se:>temtber containhs the follow in;t ini
teresing and v.:ried table of cont ts:
"Mind and Motion,'" by George T. Rto
manes; "Romani Life and Chiaracter," by T'.
Marion Crawrord; "Footprints: "London : 1.:
"Trongues in Treec," biy T. F. Thiselton D)ver:
"A Chinese Ascot;" "A Swain of Arcady '
by Rev. Dr. Augustus Jessopp; "Tbe E nrIish
Aristophanes;" "The Work of Victori Hugo,"
by Algernon Charles Swinburne;" "' e Al g.
hans or U1e Lost Ten Tribes, by His High
ness Abdur Rahiman Khan, Ameer of Afghan
iytan; "A Birothier of tihe Misericordia;""What
is Public Opinion ?" by I1. D. Tril; "PIride,"
by3 tihe Cardinal Archbis~hop of Wiestminster
"To Wtithin a Mile of Khartoum," hy Capt.
F. T. Gascoigne; "The Earl of bencon Ifeld" ''
A Smudy; "I'he Primitive Ghost and Is ReIa
lions," by James 0. Frazer; "Beeket," and
the usual variety of foreign literary niotes, va
rienies and miscellanv'.
Published by E. ~R. Pelmon, 25 Bo)nd Screet
Newv York. Terms, S5 per year; sing!c num-.
bers, 45 cents; trial subscription f or 3 months,
..ir. WI. L. G:iry, at one tiuim -cnne.
ed with R. C. Shiver & Co., at Cohin
bia anid N-vherrv. died ii thiSiaty (iin
the 221 inttlant.
.Tan. II. XfcInto.h. .Tr., 't. J. I".
Gary, E. A. S:ott and X!i--es JThttit
JIceCa;uglirii and SAllie Grceker, ci
Newberry, :l - A . ire and
J. .1I. .Joinoi. of Pro-prity. wtere int
tie ei:y ilurl in. the pa-;t week.
.aIr. W. T. TIarranut : nil laughter. of
Newberry. J Iefr. . _'..if-tley andi .
I'. Wi,-el.r, of /'ro-perity. and E. I'.
Ilipp of 1'omlari: , pat=ed1 throigh thie
ci: t ont d h 2-ti, en (N/r for New York.
I'Iila<lblphia :ani ltmt iattr.-. for fall and
retairy Lip.ecomb, in exz: uiing the piipe-,
&t'., ini the ba s-emlenit of tht" St:ate IIo:t=e.
by placin., a l:itern in-ide of a large
pip e. di;co veil tn der th "e roo:n of the .
Chief-('h-rk of he Comup-Ge 'l. 1.0)1 to
1,2(h .ranjIite blutrwhb atihe
State 815 each.
C.att..TJa. N. Lip:ctimbi h:a= beeni invi
t -d to attendl the intetr-S:ite l'ientic of
P'entia.. WC. V'a., a. d,N.Jad
I)]aware. :it. W'illiani-' Grtv,, P'en ::..
on .-t. :31-t o sept. 5. :211 to aihires
the amtblare on the afternt:,o:i of lite
3rd. Twenty-ive State- will he repr
-ented :an tuntan- th:ui 1,' it1hundreel thou
-and personi- :-:e t"xpectedl to be presenit.
There will be an exhibition of stoelk,
farm l>trodntet-. miiath 1inery of :all kiunil
Clare:nlon ha; orgamnzed ti At.
''he farnirs of Bennettsville think
of estaillshing a fertilizer factory.
Th: new MIasonic hailing at Wal
halla will be comupletel and reay for
occupation by September 1st..
I)arlington and the WVestern part
of the County, was visit.cd by a storm
of wind and rain during the plast
.lohi Oldham conltempI)lates bil.
ing( a Cotton seed oil mill at Creen
wtood and other parties a sash and
Ir. IIirami Lee. of 1arion, coi
Sui te. snicide by taking ltdanun a
few days ago. HIe leaves a wife :1i
1lc' crops of eomne portions of
U nion. Laurens. Kershaw. Spartan
burg and Lexington have been suf
fering for want of rain
Joe McGriffin who was awaiting
his trial f.r selling whisky without
license died suddenly in Greenville
jail on the morning of t lie 21st.
Normal Institutes are getting
quite popular. Marlboro. Lexington
and Richland Counties each were
trying to make their Institne a .,n,
cess during the past week.
Mr. A. 11. Mowrv is suggested by
the C'rlti Sp);"art as 1lailroal
Commissioner in as much as Ir.
L. (-. Walker has been given the
appointmient of chief clerk by the
Collector of the Port of Charleston.
in the Unitedl State- Coart at
G Ceenvil le on the~ 19thI instanflt the
Grand J1nry retoinedl tue' 1'il
againzt .J. .J. Cooley an l A. Suni tt,
of .\Williamston, eh: ged wi th coun
ThI'e si.!iry of t le cotleet ,ai n7
port of Charlies:un. i i h;iamunt of
fees collectedl providedl tb y do not
exceed 90.000; all ablove thiat amiounft
ma:st lie p)aid ilntoi the 1'. S. Treas
ur-v. in 1 t'2 the fees annon i l to
M.872.45. 1 ast ye ar (1 88-i) to only
82.4G4 .4 2.
Thbe wife of Mir. .John Sanders of
Aiken Countv. b.ecamie s4 inifaituat1ed
with llerv Mlorr is a laborer on the
place. that she left ler home with
him and wvere' making to) reaeh some
somfe pla1ce w here John Sundlers would
not be in the wav, whien they wtere
a:rested and their pilan s spoiled.
In a d1ifliculty between 31r. B F.
Welsh. merchant and14 Mr. WV. C
Mloore at Lancaster C. 11 , on Satur
lay evening last. the latter was
killed-they were so close thttt the
jtigws burned by the pistil.
It is said thiat Mloore was drinking.
lie leaves a widow andl two small
D'ick Foremunt. (col ) whio imrdered
Jo mi Nowe!Is in Pickenms County in
1882, and wilo iled the State. was
)rrestedi in that city on tie 20th
nst. by the IDeputy Sheriff. .\ regni
siuion will be sent for him as soon as
hte vecessa--y paplers can be placed
n the hands of the Sheriff of Piekens
Jounty. A reward for his arrest
was off'ered by the Governor shortly
i'tcr the miurder in I1882.
O.ne of the most furious sto mns oc
>uredl in Charleston. S. C., on the
r.orning of th'e 25th thlat has visitedl
;ht city since 1854. One fourthu
>i the houses in the city were un
~oofed. Parts of the spire of St.
MIichael Church are destroyed.
wharves and warehouses are badly
'iamaged, Ashley River liriidge was
swep)t away. Fourt vesseis whlichI
irrived yesterday are wrecked. Tlhe
loss is estimated at one million diol
ars. On Sullivanis Is!:mud the dlam
vge was vecry gzreat. A tinmber of
0ouses wereC blw away. Th'le Caslino
~onnectedl with the New Brighton
I lotel wvas blown down while the
Tiuests wvere at breakfast. Th'le main
buntild ing of the hotel is intact having
stood1 the storm without serious dam
age. The loss to theC new liitont
will hie $30.000.
RI'v J'mies L. l'ieree, of Oxford, Gi., 'at:i'
y wife 1rom early girtlhood ha:s been suffer
ingL f rm rhecumaitism. She buis tried m:myi
rem d ies, anil I imust frankly mayv has deriv'ed
mnore benit iromn Sini'- Specilic than all the
>hiers 'arter tong anid fa i:thful trial.
1r T. L. Aniderson, a1 prominent business
rnazn of Temple, 'Texias, underd ate of' February.
8,1685, writes: I can only certifv without
Iesitaitionl tha-t the mcd icinie known ats Swift's
pecifie ie be-:t blood purifier I h are cver
('ol. A. J. ltrooks, of lRound Rock, Texas,
ander date of Feb. 18, 185., .Oay,: I hlave heen
affileted "liih a bilood humor'aind ildigestioin
'or Itfteen yeairs. I ha:ve used va:riou- medi
zines, bitt winth little purpo<e . I have re
zeived more benefit from Swift's Specific (S. S.
'.) than anything el,e I have itkeni. It is !Jwt
;est blood puritier on the market.
Riev. W. R. Kirk, a membecr 0f the At.abamau
Conference, M. E. Chnrebc, South, savs:
I'irough gratitude to the propretiors of' Swif't's
specific, and at desire to atid sutffering htumamy,
[ hearnly recommend S. S. S. as the best rein
:dy I have found for rhenmatism, wi,th which
have suffered for years. By' the use of this
fledicine I was itiabled to rcsume my pastoral
xork mn October hast. fori' hiehi I had been dis
ibted for two or three years by mheumatisrm.
Mr., l'. J. [eite, 01' Wacissa. Fhu., writes:
Swift's Specific has cured a cancer on my face
tnd hzas almost made a new mam of me.'
'Ireatiise on Bilood and Skin I)bsease4 m.iled
For sale by alt Druggists.
TrHE SwiFT SPECIFIC ., Co., D)rawer 3, A t
, Ga. New York, )57 WX. 23rd St. it.
The Citadel Trouble. bn
.1 C.it, FROM GE:NEIAL .JOUNSON HA
Gool). CIAIRIMAN OF THiE BoARD OF oil
1 Itav1:L.. Awu,oust ->1. 18S5. if"
Tr' i the E'(!It') !, ( ao'>rl: Rtils,i, J?" t.cr .-t
;,*-At -its session it, Charleston th'
B3oarn. of Vi.i;crc of the State Miii
tarv Ara -my, wi:ii a flt!1 attendance
of its mibtte,crs, had to deal w' i th
c.>ri:clIitate!d and delicate matters a 1
affecting tie weifart of the Academy i
as well :t- il:vilrg tle righs anl tai
feelings of individual .n
11,.yv acted1 upon the i:slus pre
seitted. g:ing to the pub" at the t
tiCe in as brief terms as possible the
resuits at wlici they haL ;trrived;
proposing also to themselves 111 (111@ of
course to lay befor( the Lerislattrr. ta
iii h.:lr th r null I-p ).t. a frli state
merit of the facts andII reasons uponfu
which their action w;s b,ased. This
is the u1stWWti c)ilSe in obediteuce to
the uaudate of the Act of -\ssenl
e-tablishing the military school. that tic
the :oard n eacth ani eveiy vear e
make a minute and fall n,! -port of ihe
SConditirtlont ;11n,1 iMalgeel:l]t of sand Cil
school to t i G'v-r hcor, !o be by mrim:l :a)
tl bid efo:. tlit, I.t isattilt.
Another considc:ation induing the
rel-nee of the Board at the time of
its action was a sinc-rt: tltsire to in
11%i, jJwounIig tlie~ fee.lcgs oC inli- t(
vidnals by giving 1nnecessaly nOo
riety to %hat hld been dne in th;e be
conscientions tl;i"he;rge of painfll of
duty. . an
1i1111i v-Ne spaper disculosoun cou
tempora.y wiIth the exercise of dis- b
ciplne 1iInst. howiv er temnpeiat lv
conducte.1, injl iously affect a miii
tarv instillution. A standing order
of the A1cadeny forbids it to officeis th
and(l cadets while they sustain that
relation : atd should the Board vol
untarily embark on such a com1 se and
the range of the discussion by pos e
sibility involve these persons, there
would he preseited the ungenerous th
spectacle of its criticising in the pub- sh
lie priuts those who by it wel e for ta
bidluen to rep!_ through that chan th
siuc"e the adjourinment of the de
Board. c,mli,unications have gone to hi'
the press from individuals affected. in
o1 from th.( ii friends, whicb the
meagre statement officially made by oa
the lioaid, have b-en made the basis g
of widespread discussion. or
This discus,ion appeais to me to he
be based in part upon a mnisappre
hension of face.s, and I kn)w it to be a
without fall knowledge in the matter. ed
The Cihairmnan. while the executive
offieeir. i." only one lmtember in sev< n to
of the Board. and they are gentlemen
of individual record and the habit of tr
individnal assertion. Ile must carry
out its policy as indicated to him
until the Board sitting as such itself
changes it. That botdy ncessaril.
ineets to pass upon applications for e
the beneficiary vacacnci. s in the Aca ll
demy in abot)it three wi.eks. It wvill
th:en be open to thiem o eil tI
whethetr to retaiin thceir first p)osition,l
or, "ii'ler pr~essent circuistanices. to
'ie to t he public. in advance ot their
IAparIt .> the fa-i;pslTtur. faitl
statemnent of theC facts anti reacsons
which conltrolledi its atIjion in mat ters
whieb hcave been so :enerally com
men tedul ion inl the >ress of the
State. Whbatever c-on clusion is reae be
ed will he dicta:ted by the interests
of lihe Acadiemy as thmey see it
Let mie add. ini conlumsion, that st
the Board of \isitors. individutally
and collectively, fe-el ihe gravity of tb
the duty wiichl they have been in
stinucted in the mlaungemlent of one
of the ehceif edaeational institutions Cc
of the State ;and they recognize. to
the ful'est extent. their rerponsibility b
to the people of Somib Carolina for T
the wisdomc and fidelity of thatw
manag-eiment In reporting to the
Legislature they- obey the lawvt
unnder which thtey ar apon-i
ed. and repodrt to thle peo
pe thirough to-or repjrese-ntati v(S. ta
They shrink fromi no ec itiPtsmi. If
just: it mu lst I edotund to the b enefittE
of the Academy . which withI themt is
above personal consideration ;if un
just. thbey haive conftidenice in thie so
briet y of second thoughit to nmake I e
paratin. It is not the first time as~
sons of the State that they have been
called upon to do their (duty to her til
irespective of consequnences to them- 8
selves. .JJNssoN l.wooD. -
C hai rman.
Fur ice IEIAlD.AND Nr.ws
NA RROW GA UGE R. R. 8~
Mci:ssi:s. l';rrions :- I haivc iet n ~
for sometime watchcing theumovements I
of the leaders of lice Narrow G;anAe
Rairoad fi ow Aug ust a via Edgefield
to t his lace. lihe phmi Iproposed ,)ml
does apea to~ me lim iaet ica bht- The en
road can and mcust bec 1-ut fir the
benefit of the young l)emocracy of
the noble old counties. fThe goodl to __
111, in.di vid ually would be small, lice
sands of life ac e too nr icr mun out,bu .
I wish to see myv Stale i ise to a F.
standard ignal to that dhe maintain
ed whenD I was 11 oung. I will, in a
short article. d e~vise a plan,. which I c
deem altogether- ftnsible, for thle not1
speedy constructic n oif I his road. got
ls-r. The distance from AUunsIIa ada
to Edlgefield 23 mles. thence direct Io0
to Newbierry GO mliles, bcy Pros.perity s
60 miles. then fr-om Newheri y to Un- -
ion :32 miles, thence to Glen Springs IN
15 miles. from thiere to Spar tan burg
2xo. In regard to r aismug funds,
it is all nonsense to talk of raising an sulJ
amount sufficient to buib'l thbe roa- byan
sbscription. It cannot be accm- ! IfO
plshed, thbe people ar-e too limited in
their- means. They are not cincam- hli
staced as they were when thie C. & nI
(. Road wals built. Then many of Ifor
the people of Newberry were abhle,
and could and did take fircm $10,000
to $20.000 in stock~ each, and they
paid it. The writer was am hiard work-f
er with tile great and good Judge
O-Neal in that enterprise.
thRi. The route from A ugusta to*
Edgefield is a good one, thence on to
Prosperity, the line is a most favora-'
ble one. only Saluda to cross. a nar
row stream with fine banks. Then -
on to Newberryv the ronte will be al
most a dead level, with no stream to*
cross- This brings us to Newberry
the garden spot of South Carolina. tino
We culA well nifnrd to stop here, &
ISQUTH'~ CA1 py,INA
TrHE BOAR~D(I. isrr'oPs~
. BENFFICIARY 'A
Th'ie follo DB e ot Crln
CANCIES exist i the Siu1 C:rwilled
Military Academy'. whiie- will be iled
I ycu etitir 1c"xaan:i:,at iotis h-fore
by comp t i ,: tlit- respe tivye
Bouardl' to a- cuilt " ti",- a 1 l m
(;ountie. at tl ( :0u1nty
The forms of :Ippli(ation for l wil-b
sion1 to apl)pear before s.aiI Io:lrd aill 'e
ftni-hied ont appl ic-attitt to t( "Coin
tndinr Of1i-er of tl: Citidtl, i h: rtit
leston. These forms must be till he1
aiid retrned to the Chairmuanl of t I
Board of Viitors, at Barnwell, on or he
fore the 12th day of Septeiber.
Abbeville, . - 1 Newberry, - -
Aiken, - - - 1 Oconiee, - -
Anderson, - - l Picken=. - - -
Chester, - - . I Richland. --
Colleton, - - - 1 Spartaihu1ri, -
Greenville. - - I S.umter, - -
(;eorg etow;ii. - I Union, - --1
("reliaWr - -1 Villiani >urg. - 1
-S-21-3r Ch'n Board of Visitors.
LFoun.led by the Baptist State Conventioi of
aouth Carolina in '54.
GREENVILLE, S. C.
The Thirtieth Annual Sessio, will be
gin WEDNESDAY. September 1(.
Splendid advantages in Musie. Green
ville Conservatory of Music its nin.ie de
partment. In Art, including Drawing,
Sketching, Painting, Kensington Deco
rative Work, superior instruction. The
Principal of this Department is a grad
uate of the Chicago Art Institute. Fif
teen instructors. Number of students
in attendance last session 210.
The President will be in Columbia on
the 15th of September to meet pupil=
coming by that route to the College.
Send for new catalogue.
,-,0-4t A. S. TOWNES, Pre.ideit.
Exorcises begin first Monday in Octo
her. Careful moral training. Thorough
teaching.. Best facilities in Music. Instru
mental and Vocal. French and Paint
ing. TerIns unusually low. Whole cost
of Board and regular Tuition for year,
$165.06. For Catalogue. apply to the
President. J. P. KENNEDY,
7-23- Due West. S. C.
DUE WEST, S. C.
Organized in 1S39. Holds to a regular
College curriculum. although provision
iA made for those who prefer a Special
Course. Total expenses for the entire
year, $'05. Faculty complete. Send for
Catalogue. W. 31. GRIER,
E.W.& W, R.SMITH,ofthe
_________ COMMERCIAL COLLEGE
Kentubky University, Lexington, Ky.
.ovcation*Ti*me't." .mlcc te :ui Dplma Enucs
Coarse about l1) weets. Average total coat, Including Tnl
tion. Set of B.mks. and te rd ita a tal..390.Te gr hy
Phrnograec yei Witn 6peuli gdamw
se.fo a tate . Ioatntini 1.r.tiet and Inii
imparted be 10 teacher.. Special couar.e for Techcers ad B
- neas Men. University DiplomDa pressented to Its graduates.
.This beautiful city I. nrdtauar i-ats licaLhfultacus and society, ad
ison lendln:r r,iirna.,
The Text-Book which r'ceived the hi;:hest award at the
World's Exposition for haitsaensive. Practicai. and Com-.
ebnsaive areu. of Rau-inqs Elocation. is used only atthis
ng. tlathe tiheape- t College seith the highest emdem.
as. or it antE .i - -tiuit. adle' its yd5l
WILBUR H. SMITH. Tcxinrton. Eg.
REQUIRING TIlE BOARD OF 1IEALTII OF
THE TOWN OF NEWBERRY TO R'SGIS
TER A LL THE BIRTHS AND DE ATIIS
OCCURRING WITIUN THE COR
PORATE LIMITS OF TIIE TOWN
Be it ordained by the Mayor and Al
der men of the Town of Newberry, in
Council assemibledl, antd by aulthority of
the same :
SECTION 1. That o:i anid after the
publication of this Ordinance, it shall be
the duty of the Board of Health for the
Town of Newberry, to keep a registry of
all births and deaths occurring within
the corp)orate limits of the Townx of New
SECTrION 2. Th::t .aid registry shall
contain the niame, age, sex and color, to
gether with the number of the WVard in
which each child is borii or the cause of
the dleath), with the numb:.rof the MVtrd
in which each death may occur.
.SECTION 3. That every Physician, Mid
wife, or other person who may profession
ally assist or advise, at any birth, shall
make a report threof, gi ving the tinme and
place of such birth, and the sex and col
or of the child born, to the Secretary of
the said Board of Health, within (0) six
days after such birth, and atny one who
shahl omit or refuse to make report of
such birth, for six (lays immediately suc
ceeding the saime, shIall lipon co-i
victionl therefor before the Mavor
and Aldermen of the said Town'of
Newberry, or any one I of themn, be
sentenced to pay a tine not exceed
ing (*50.00) tifty dollars. or to be im
prisoned in tihe guard-house of tIhe said
Town of Newberry-, for not more than
(30) thirty days.
SECTION 4. That ever~y undertaker, or
other person, who sha:ll bury or cause5~ to
be buried, any person dying withiin the
corporate limits of the Town of Newber
ry, shall report the age, sex, color- anid
cause of death of eachi person dying to
the saiid Secretary of the Board of'Health.
withmi (13) six days after su1' h burial, and
ally one.. whioshiall omit or refuse to re
port such burial, within thr!ee days im
medi-ately succeeding tIle s.mine, -ihall
up)on coniviction thereof before thIe 31iny
or and Aldermen of the said Town of
Newberry, or aiiy one of them, be se-n
tenced to pay at tine of no more than
8*50) fifty dollars, or to be impr~lisonedt in
the guaird-house of thte saidh Town of
Newher-y, for not more thiaii (31-) thirty
SECTION 5. T[hat every physician who
may attend ai person dying in the Tow
of Newberry-, S. C.,'shall report th
name, age. anid cause of death,toth
Secretary of the Boar-d of Health, witih
six days thereafter, andit eve-r~-hySc-a
whio shall fail, or refuse to'rltstcha
sameit, shall upon coniton befport the
Mayor andl Alderimein or any one of 11t he
piay a ine of not more thlan 850.o 00 t
be confinmed in the guard-hous~c f.or nto
miore than 30 days. o o
.SECTION 0. Th.-t the Boardl of lIen) th
is hereby authorizedl to enact allrle
and regulationis, nlecessar* to :rrulesu
e11ectually the (5). live p~reciedii
Done and ratified by3 the Mavor and Ai'
dermen of the TOwn of Newer- i
Council assembled. on the 15th a
of August, in the year of our Loray
one thousand '-ight .hundretd aord
eighty--five and initestr andl. he*
[L.s.Iof, I, John'M1. .Johnsstmon awheyr
of the said Town of Nasberyor
have heretnto set my3 hand n bery,
fixed the corporate s~eal of thand af-id
T1own of Newb-errv. the d:'id -
year above written. . a and t
JOHN M1. JOHINSTONF
May-or of the Town ofNebi.'
1_o-2t - ewbr - .
C, & E. L. IERRIS
r.. II ASEL ST.,
(IIARLES')ON. . :
BLACK & COLORED DRESS"6O
LIES. I OS I ERY, &c.
IN LARGE VARIET
.1LL.. ORI)Egg' WILL IEGEIVE PROMPT
c.1tEFL: ATTENTION. CASH ORD
AMOUNTING TO TEN DOLLARS OR
OVEi:. WILL BE DELIVERED I
jTIIE COUNTRY FREE OF CHIA
C, & E. L. KERR/S01
S.0-1v CHARLESTON, S.
BAGGING AND T
50c. Per Bale
J. N. MARTIN & CO'
C. F.Jacksoll, Manage
-(F TH E
CASH DRY GOODS STO
Gives n:otice that he is now receivinga '
of NEW GOOD&
Fo.r Fall and Wintei, viz :
Dry Goods of all kinds.
Clothing and Iiats.
Gents' an-d Ladies' Under GarmentF.
All the Ne Notions and FaneyG
foi- the Season. In fact all goods kep
in a first-class dry goods store, which
w,ill be sold at a very sin:11 advance
And allow no other house to under set:
him in the cit;. Keepig up with his
C. F. JACKSON
TiIE LEADER OF Low PRICE.
120 MAIN STREET,
8.20.6m Gelumbia, S. C.
Get bewmildered, so to speak, midst t
many guide board- all po:iting in de
enit directions. yet all professing to
rect you1 to the destination-the b~
place to buy. Or don't you read ad'
tisemnents? In1 that ease von make
greater mistake than the carelessre
of too many, since in the effort to a
a wrong or wrong direction you sn
your eyes to the right one. Honesty
be easily recognized in advertisements~
in everything else. It only requires
little care in the looking.
And how niear do myi p)rofessions
to the honest truth? i l answer
question first. I p)rofess only what I
prove, what you yourself can prove, wa
my goods of themselves prove. Now
tirst question,. what do I profes3. T
keep Clothing that is honest in make
reliable in material, fashiionable in cut,
stylish ini appearance*, neat in 1i
perfect in lit. I guaranltee all goods s
represented. I wiil n:ov call your at-.
tention to garments for
Such as Caissimneres. W(orsteds, Ds
D'Ete, Seersucker, Alapaca, Linen,
Also a line Gents Underwear of Indi
Gauze, Lisle Thread and Balbrigaa'
Half-hose iln Faney Lisle Thread. Sil
Gents Fine Shoes at sp)ecialtv in Coon
gress Gaiters and Low Quarters in Calf
Skin, Goat and Matt Kid in all the le*ad
iag Styles, Slippers and DancingP
for gentlceen, ini fact everything a
tleman needls can be found at this E
poriunm of Fashjioni. All orders promptly
M. L KINARD),
TO IIETTERt PROTECT THlE HEALTH O
TIlE TOWX OF NEW R ERRY.
B:' it ordained by the Mayor and Al~
lermenl of the towin of Newberry, and4
by authority. of the same:
SECTIoN 1. That on and atfter thepaS
sage. of this Ordinance, it shall be a1 mis
lemlean:or for any person to conistrnet a
pit or simk or well under a privy or wa-,
ter closet wvithin the corporate liinits of'
:he Town of Newblerrv, and( anly pesoS
>r persons, who shall'he founid guilty of.
melh misdem~e.inor, 0n1a ii2riatl before thei
Ha:yor and Aldermnen, or any one ot
hem, shall be sentenicedl to payja finee
lot more thtan (W>3.00) lift dollars, or*e
.unplrisonled ini the guard h2ouse of the
aidl Town for not more than12 thirty daysW
D)one and ratilled by the Mayor and
dernmen, iln Counzcil assembled,
.2 he~ t hirteenth dayv of A
m h" yb.ear~ of Jor Lo-. one
and1( eighlt hu2ndred :and( ei
L 15.1Jand( in testimnony~ where
MI. Johns.tone, als May
i'own .of Newvherry
set miy h and1 and(
d:ly :an1d y
LMayor of the TI.
'rte o:ii o uuL
e'quiring lannd own owners to thela'
eir lani all tras of watero,
er dluringo themo srftant
eptembl' 121 each vea& of March and
shonid the road be extended,
m there to Kennerly's tLere would
found a me st excellent line, and
>.vith nothing to irmpede till we
nU to Enoroe jier. Th}is stret-im
i he Eanv pse ti-'n on t.) tn
Lthe cointy is ;i h "tct:i'tll h-vel.
r.e.v to G!rnn Springst the country
il:v. hut bein: 1n1il. ean be east.
Nt t hrough, NIi enly one ztiteam,
it Forrt-st. t- pass. From Glenn
r ing: to Snartanht:r. the route i
U. al=d:, oniv one st ream in the way,
eccn I c;ossieg of Fair Forres, be
-nee, ssary. The people of Spar
oI111g right wish to tin on to Gaff
- Citvy, to that thier conld be nloob
til: as it would give a Co..it)n a
n of te ntrrow gI line on
L.t l,wl 'd.
IT I Now as to the piobable cost
th. road. if -nilt through. a dis
ic (f 12 mi iles. It is a tixed fact
t" ::i:row a ige r:=als :-an ie built
-4.t000 per mile. The cost of 142
les wold th< n be $568.000. This
M Wonid also equip the road.
5rh. Tbe most IolmnrentOUS quEs
n Ier(! is..y. llow is this mon
to be ),aised " We nle of the opin
ithat the most equitable and jdti
us plan it to raise it by taxation,
nortioici abhout as folio' s. Say
igusta laise $200.000, Edgefield
50,000. Newber, y $75.000, Union
5,000 and Spartanhnrg $50,000.
king $550,000, which we think
aild take the road to Spnitanhig.
T'he first step in tie matter v.onld
to have .s early as ,ossille a vote
the counties on the si-ject of a ta,
c that should he done speedily.
wb. rry would vto the tax, Union
s already (lone so.
Now we thirk it may he safely as
ted that after the first year, the
Dple would not have one cent of
a tax to pay. The bonds could be
iced on the market and sold as
>ev wonul he needed. They can
sily be sold at par to ru:: 20 or 25
arv, )earing 7 per cent interest.
Men of our own State would buy
se hond;; )os an investment. if they
onld not, Northern men will gladly
e them. My readers will see. t.,at
a length of this road has been giv
. the estimated cost and what is
emred the most feasible plan for
iltiin; it. We would have von bea
mind that the narrow guage road
s many advantages over the broad
nive. They can run much steeper
ades, and make short curves, but
the p,ropused line there will be no
avy grades or short curves.
Grn. The question will natnrally
se as to where abor can be secur
to buibl this ioad? This might
arranged. by making applicatior
the Legislature for convicts, and
t them on the road. Under good
atment. and at such pi ices and on
2h temuis as the State could ariord.
We are not given to boasting. but
i venture to say. to the friends of
sad. that if they will place thio
terp)rise in amy hands, thait is to
ike mue t he head of the road, and
ri out the sugg?estions as to ra-a
n. amnd give me two active mfen as
sist aits, and phl nty' of labor. I
mil 'orn plete thme read in t weltve
20 ths f. om the li: o.t ':f .laint i next.
vol .la~ce the~ entile ioad uinder
. tract. To do t his it w'ould ie
ire two) oxpe: t enigineis. Tihe
p"' of Prosperity will. doubtless.
willing to submit to additional tax
on to biuild the <-xtra six miles of
id. Th.is route was suggested] b)y
lawy er of this p'ace ;his views
neck me very forcibly.
T'he income of t lie road would more
in pay thme in'terest on the l.onds
the tim:e they come to muatuiy.
ho is to lie beneofite d by this road ?
rtainly the farmers.
It is all nonsense to say that thbe
n fit will all be with the met chants.
is road will create competition
ich will lessen freights, this will
ble the merchant to sell his goods
Lt much less to the farmer. h ence
vilI be eaisily seen that th1e farmers
a class are thle men who should
e the greatest interest in this en
pise. J1. P.. K.
Piano for Sale !
t good -ec md-htnel Piano for sal1e for
-27-tf R. Y. LE AVE LL.
Horses for Sale.
Lt !ecaie's Stable three combined
d one tine :Brood Mare. S-27-!t
50 Bbls. Virginia Lime.
ni-t received, and warranted larger
I el- and i: urer limte than anmy in this~
rket. Al wiys buy the best, wheni it
ts no more than a poorer article at
S. P. BOOZE R'S,
eO?wherry,'V S. C., Aug. 25. 8-27-4t
he Fall Session will open Wednies.
, September :30. In the Central city,
anit bulilij g, beautifully- situated,
edI for h,ealthfuln:ess, W-ell 1inrnished,
ci table, capable teachiers, superior
anutages mi Music and Art. Rates
.For eataloguie apply to
0. A. D)ARBY, D. D., President,
-27-5r Columbia, S. C.
ewberryr Building and
'he Commzitte.e appointedl to solicit
senpltions$ to the Newvberry Building
lLoan Assoc'iation, havin~g obtained
re tIhan five hundredl shares. notice
ereby given, that a mie'eting of the
ekolders of saidl Association ill be
in McCangrin's Hall, Wedneday
day of Septemiber, ait 4 o'clock r. xr.
te purpose of orgatniz.ationi.
.11 StockholdeNr arc requested to be
~et. .J. 0. PEOPLES, Ch'n.
N. MARTIN & CO.
SUM MERS GINS.
1a week at bomne. $5 (00 outfit free Pay
absolutely sure. No risk. Capital not
required. Reader, if you want busl
ness at which persons of either sex,
1g or old, can make great pay all the
they work, with absolute certainty,
for pirculars to H Hanlett & Co .