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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 06, 1886, Image 1

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'Pub. and Proprietor.A Famnily Paper Devoted to Literature,Tliscellany Xews Agricutr.Mrkt,ec
-'L XXII. -**NEWBERRY, S. C ., WEDN-ESDAY, JANURI,L86
- ----
TRE BALD AND NEWS.
ON PUBLISHED
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desiring the address o
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OF ADVERT5G.-$I.0 pe:
he first Insertion, and 50 ets. pei
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AiEVELAND'S MESSAGE.
as REPORT OF HIS VIEWS O
HE NATION'S 'A1RS.
-Me
ATI O;N SLVEE COM3
C OTANT MAT
to ( 8 ON THE
an .
Cola
. age FROM LAST WEEK.]
S ARY ACADEMY
Cha regrded as being in
B & o efficiency and wel
The - satisfactory accom.
& Loa 'e purposes of iti
ney0
Hall a fact that the
7t 1 - year is an
constrained
loint u 0 spit
Th. seeend 1l s'ia the
jethoiA
eld at. civil life so that such
rday, as exist in these places
preachi
D. eSmer"ed for such graduates
Sisnot probable that there
At cost.ngh vacancies to provide
fo for them all when the t
ness, military school.
ware;. th prevailing. lawr-.:
one sse not thus assigned to ddty
1- vely enter the military
? It is snested th :1 .ai
ubject le change*:thal
Rel,hese yenmg me8.sre not
R ssigned to duta ter grad.
SC Say be retarned as secon
7.3, ts in the army if they,desire
dagcurs and under proper rules
-ority of selection. The ex.
oth;s on account of the.military
Y for the last fiscal years ex
TIMf the sum taken for its pur
,?m appropriations for the
on're $290,712.07.
it t approvet: March 3rd, 1885
a y to comnpgnsate offcers and
of ' men for loss or private
3"e while in the service of the
sin;tates, is so indefinite in its
Thid apparently admits of s0
(ims, the adjustment of which
bu-.; have been contemplated,
ois to remain ut pon the stat.
T'4t needs amendmar:.
N IGATION MATTERs.
gualionld be a general law ol
1' ohibiting the construction
1-ver navigable waters in
eas to obstruct naviga.
goc ovisionls for preventing
SIt seems that under the
tatutes the government can
ene to prevent such a cor
when entered upon without
't, though when such con
tcdand granted upon con.
ce authority to insist upon
~ition is clear. TIhus it is
M*d that while the ofb'cers oI
nment are with great care
f(Lgainst the obstruction of
'by a bridge across the
>i river at Saint Paul, a
for a bridge has been b'xilt
thsplace, directly in the
channel Qf the river. I1
sare to be permitted, a
Cument is presented against
>riaition of large sums o1
"' mprove the navigation ol
~ther important highways ol
OUR NAvXY.
~rt of the Secretary of the
Sa hisi.ory of the opera
s department and the pres
ion of the work committed
ge. lie details in full th<
sued by him to protect th<
~he government in respeci
vessels unfinished at th<
:i accession to office, and
erni.ng the dispatch boal
d aimed to be completed and
he acceptance of the de
No one can fail to se<
I s contained in this report
S the operation of business
- has been insisted upon ii
ent of these subjects, and
ver controversy has ariscr
rIby the exaction on th<
.ie department of contrac1
~s as they were legally con
case of the Dolphin witi
tice to the con:tractor. At
* has been entered into
for the ascertainment by a
-. nir of the ani
partial compliance with the contracr
in her construction, and further pro
vidingfor an assessment of any dam
ages to which the government may
be entitled on account of a partial
failure to perform such contract on
the payment of the sum still remain
ing unpaid upon her price in case_b
full performance is adjudged. Thi
contractor, by reason of his failur
in business, being unable to com 1
plete the other three vessels, the3
were taken possession of by the gov- I
ernment in their unfinished state
under a clause in the contract per
mitting such a course, and are now
in process of completion in the yard
of the contractor, but under the su
pervision of the navy department.
Congress at its last session author
ized the construction of twq 'addi
tional new cruisers and two gunboats,
at a cost not exceeding in the aggre
gate $2,995,000. The appropriation
for this purpose having become
available on the first day of July
last,-eteps were at once taken for the
procurement of such plans for the
construction of these vessels as would
be likely to insure their usefulness
when completed. These are of the
utmost importance, considering the
constant advance in the art of build
ing vessels of this character, and the
time. is not lost which is spent in
their careful consideration and selec
tion. All must admit
THE DIPORTANCE OF AN EFFECTIVE
NAVY-]
to-a nation like ours, having such an
extended sea coast to protect, and
yet we have not a single vessel of
war that could keep the seas against
a first class vessel of any important
power; such a condition ought not
longer to contiue T}e_nation that
t ano t g essRon is cons;aitly
iee to it. Its foreign policy"is
of necesiAf weak, and its negotia
tions are conducted with disadvant
age be'ease;itis not in a condition
to enforee the rms dictated by its
sinew of right and justice. Inspired
as Inam by the hope showed by all
patriotic citizens that the day is not
very far distant when our navy will
bi sac hsb.odnetndingsmno
the nations of the earth and rejoiced
at every step that leads in the direc
tion of such a consummation.
I deem it my duty to especially
direct attention of Congress to the
close of the report of the Secretary
of the Navy in which the humiliating
weakness of the present organization
of his department is exhibited and
the startling abuses and waste of its
present,wethods are expressed. The
conviction is forced upon us with the
certainty of mathematical demonstra
tioni that before we proceed further
in the restoration of. a navy we need
a thoroughly reorganized Navy De
partmnent. The fact that within sev
enteen years more than seventy-five
millions of dollars have been spent
in construction, repairs, equipments,
and armament of vessels, and the
further fact that instead of an effective
and creditable fleet, we have only the1
discontent and apprehension of a
nation undefended by war vessels,
which added to the disclosures now
made, do not permit us to doubt that 1
every attempt to revive our navy has
this far, for the most part, been mis
directed, and all our efforts in that
direction have been little better than1
blind groping and expensive aimless
follies.
Unquestionably, if we are content
with the maintenance of a navy de
partmnent simply as a shabby orn a
mnent to the governmient, a constant
watchfulness may prevent some of
the scandal and abuse which have
found their way into our present or
ganization and its incurable wastes
Imay, be reduced to the minimum, but
if we desire to build ships for present
usefulness instead of naval remind2ers
of the days that are passed, we must
have a department organized for the
work, suppalied with all the talant and
ugniyour country affords, pre
pared to take ad.vantage of the expe
rience of other nations, systemnatized
so that all effort shall unite and-leadi
in one direction -and fully imbued
with the conviction, that war vessels,
though new are useless, unless they
combine all that the ingeuity of man
has up to this day brought forth re-i
lating to their construction. I earn
estly co-nmend this portion of the
Secretary's report devoted to tis
subject to the attention of Congress
in tfie hope that his suggestions
touching the reorganization of -his
department may be adopted as the
first step toward the reconstrurtion of
on: navy.
THE POSTAL SERVICE.
The affairs of the postal service are
exhibited by the report of the Post
master General, which will be laid
before you. The postal revenue;
whose ratio of gain upon the rising
ty of 1882 and 188hoststrip.
aed the necessary expenses of our
rowing service, was checked by the
eduction in the rates of letter post
ige, took effect with the beginning of
he act in the latter year, and it
liminished during the two past fiscal
rears $2,790,000 in about the pro
)ortion of $2,270,000 in 1884 to
'520,000 in 1885. Natural growth
md development having in the mean
,ine increased the expenditure, re
>ulIng in a deficiency in the revenue
o meet the expenses of the depart
rent of $5,22b,000 for the year 1884.
:rd $8,133,000 in the last fiscal year.
The anticipated and natural revival
>f the revenue has been oppressed
u.d retarded by the unfavorable busi
ess; condition of the country of
lIM the postal service is a faithful
S1c4tor. The gratifying fact is
;how, however, by the report that
>ur eturning -prosperity is marked
r gain of $880,000 in the revenue
>f-tlt latter half of the last year over
he crresponding period of the pre
edin; year. The change in the
weigh of first class matter which
nay h carried for a single* rate of
ostap from a half ounce to an
unce,and the reduction by one-half
)f the rate of newspaper postage
which ?nder recent legislation begun
with th current year, will operate to
estrainthe augmentation of receipts
which therwise might have been
,xpectet to such a degree that the
;cale of -xpense may gain upon the
evenue ad cause an increased defi.
:iency to)e shown at its close. Yet
ifter no ing period of re-awakened
)rosperity by proper economy it is
onfidentl.anticipated that even the
)resent lo rates now as favorable
is any coutry affords will be ade
luate to estain the cost of the
Eervice.
The opeition of the Postoffice
)epartment s for the convenience
mLd benefit tf the people, and the
nethod by wich they pay the charges
f this usefularm of this publie ser
ice, so that i shall be just and im
)artial, is of 1ss importance to them
han the ecoomical expenditure of
he means thc provide for its main
enance and tl' due improvement of
ts agencies, s(that they may enjoy
ts highest use:lness. A proper at.
ention has bee directed to the pre
,ention of wzxtor extravagance, and
rood results ap)ar from the report
o have already>een accomplished.
-approve the retmmendation of the
?ostmaster Gen'al to reduce the:
:barges on domesc money orders of;
%5 and less from' cents to 5 cents.
['his change will uterially aid those:
>f our people who2ost of all avail
hemselves of thinilnstrumentality,
>ut to whom the ement of cheap
ess is of the greest importance.
Withi this reduction te system would
till remain self-supirting.
The free delivery 'stem has been
~xtended to nineton additional1
,ities during the yeaand 178 now
njoy conveniences. xperience has
~ommended it to thostwho enjoy its
>enefits, and further ldgement of
ts facilities is due tother commu- 1
ities to which it is adated. In the
ities where it has bee established,r
aken together with the cal postage,
t exceeds its maintena~e by nearly I
~1,300,000. The limit which this
ystem is now confined.y law has
>een nearly reached, ant.he reasonsC
iven justify its extensit, which ist
roposed. It was decid, with my
~pprobation after a suffimnt exami
iation, to be inexpedit for the 1
?ostoffce Department to ntract for f
arrying our foreign mnailhnder thet
Additional authority given; the last
longress. The amount liited was1
nadequatc to pay all Thini the t
urview of the law the f rate of t
ifty cents per mile, andt would a
save been unjust and unwi to have r
riven it to some and de d it to e
>ters. Nor could contr s have Il
een let under the law toil at at
ate to have brought the tiregate I
vithin the appropriation iwitlit such r
>ractical pre-arrangement ofrms as e
vould have violated it. Th'ate of C
ioa and inland postage, wilb was r
>roffered under another Intute, s
~learly appears to be a fair vpen. v
ation1 for the desired servic eing 1
bree times the price nece y to i1
ecure transportation by other sels E
pon sny route and much bey< the t
~harges made to private pers for V
ecrvices nmot less burdensome.
Some of the steamship comp. es, u
pon the refusal of the Pbstr er n
seneral to attempt by the r. s o
irovided for, the dlistributigin o}es
sum appropriated a. an extra in. r
>ensation, withdrew the serjiefof'a
Lheir vessels and thereby oc .iid a
slight .inconvenience, though o-'n. 3
miderable injury, the*
been dispatched by '1
Whatever may be
fled that it should not be done under
cover of an expenditure incident to
the administration of a department,
.nor should there be any uncertainty
as to the recipients of the subsidy,
or any discretion left to an executive
officer as to its distribution. If such
gifts of the public money are to be
made for the purpose of aiding any
enterprise in the supposed interest of
the public, I cannot but think that
the amount to be paid, and the bene:
ficiary, might be better determined
by Congress than in any other way.
The international congress of del
egatea from postal union countries
convened at Lisbon, in Portugal, in
February last, and after a session of
some weeks the delegates signed a
convention amendatory of the present
postal union conyentiorn in some par.
ticulars designed to advance its pur
poses. This additional act has had
my approval and will be laid before
you with the department report. 1
approve the recommendation of the
Postmaster General that another
assistant be provided for his depart
ment. I invite your consideration to
the several other recommendations
contained in his report.
THE JUDIcIARY.
.The reportof the Attorney General
contains a history of the conduct of
the Department of Justice during the
last year and a number of valuable
suggestions as to needed legislation,
and invite your carefnl attention to
the same. The condition of busihess
in the courts of the United States is
such that there seems to be an im
perati""e necessity for remedial legis
lation on the subject. Some-of these
courts are so overburdened with
pending causes that the delays in
determining litigation amount often
to a denial of justice. Among the
plans suggested for relief is one sub.
mitted by the Attorney General.
Its tnain features are the transfer of
all the original jurisdiction of the
Circuit Courts to the District Courts
and. an increase of judges for the
latter where necessary, an addition of
judges to the Circuit Courts, and
constituting them exclusively courts
of-appeal and reasonably limiting
appeals thereto, further restrictions
of the- right to remove causes from
the State to Federal Courts, permit.
ting appeals to the Supreme Courts
from the courts of the District of
Columbia and the Territories only in
the same cases as they -re allcwed
lfrom the State Courts, and g;uarding
~gainst an increasing number of ap.
?eals from the Circuit Courts. I
approve the plan thus outlined, an~d
ecommend the legislation necessary
For its application to our judicial
system. The present work of com-.
ensating United States Marshals
md District Attorneys should, in my
>pion, be changed. They are al
owed to charge against the govern.
nent certain fees for services, their
neome being measu red by the
Lmount of such fees within a fixed
imit as to their annual aggregate.
['his is a direct inducement for them
o make their fees in criminal cases
Ls large as possible, in an effort to
each the maximum sum permitted.
~s an '.:ntirely natural consequence
mscrupulous marshals are foundi
arcouraging- frivolous prosecutions, I
trresting people on p)etty charges of <
rime and transporting them to dis-.
ant places for examination and trial e
or the purpose of earnimg mileage
ndl fees; and district attorneys use- r
essly attend criminal examinations I
ar from their p)laces of residence for
he express purpose of swelling their j
ccounts against the governmnent.ia
he actual expenses incurr-ed in these
ransactions are also charged agrain sfl;
he government. Thus the rights
nd freedom of our citizens are out- t
aged and public expenditures in- t
reased for the purpos of furnishing
ublic officers p)retext for increasing t
be measure of their compensation. n
think marshals and district attor
eyhhol e paid salaries, aidjus
d by' rules, which will make them t
ommnensuraie with services fairly t
endered. In connection with this o
ubject I desire to suggest the ad- n
isability, if it be found not oh:ox- c
us to constitutional objection, ofp
ivesting United States Comnmission- t
rs with the power to try and de
ermine certain violations of lawi
rithin the grade of misdemeanors. c
uchi trials might be madle to dependa
pon the option o1 the accused. The
1ultiplication of small and technical s
Kenses.especially under the provi- t
ions of our internal revenue laws
~ider some change in our present t:
ystem very desirable in the inter-r
sts of humanity as well as economy. r
'he district courts are now crowded It
rith petty prosecutions involving a',
runishmenit in eases of conviction of
nly a slight fine, while the parties y
ecused are harassed by an enforced I
linane upon courts held hun-,
dreds of miles from their homes. If
poor and friendless, they are obliged
to remain in jail during months, per
bsps, that elapse before a session of
the conrt is held and are finally
brought to trial surrounded by stran
gers and with but little real oppor
tunity for defense. In the meantime
frequently the marshal has charged
against the government his fees for
an arrest, the transportation of the
accused and the exrense of the same
and for summoning witnessn before
a commissioner, and district attor
neys have also made their charge
against the government. This abuse
in the administration of our criminal
law should be remedied. and if the
plan herein suggested is not practi
cable, some other should be devised.
THE MoIRMON PROBLE3M.
In the territory of Utah the law of
the United States passed for the sup
pression of polygamy has been ener
getically and faithfully executed du
ring the present year with measurely
good results, a number of convictions
have been secured for unlawful co
habitation, and in some cases pleas
of guilty have been entered and a
slight punishment imposed upon a
promise by the accused that they
would not again offend against the
law nor advise, counsel, aid or abet
in any way its violation by others.
The Utah commissioners express
the opinion based upon such informa
tion as they are able to obtain, that
but few polygamous marriages have
taken place in the. territory during
the last year. They further report
that while there cannot be found up
on the registration lists of voters the
name of a man actually guilty of po
lygamy, and while none of that class
are holding -office, yet at the last
election in the territory all the offi
cers elected except in one county,
were men who, though not actually
living in the practice of polygamy,
subscribe to the doctrine of polyga
mous marriages as a divine revela
tion and a law unto all, higher and
more binding upon the conscience
than any human law, local or nation
al. This is the strange spectacle pre
sented of a community protected by
a Iepublican form of government to
which they owe allegiance, sustaining
by their suffrages a principle and a
b;lief which sets at naught that obli
ation of absolute obedienee to the
aw of the land, which lies at the
oundation of republican institutions.
The strength, the perpetuity andl the
iestin~y of the nation rest upon our
iomes, established byv the law of God.
uarded by paren tal care, regulated
>y parental authority and sanctified
y parena love. These are not the
inmes of p)olygamny.
The mothers of our land, who rrle
he nation as they. mould the charac
ers and gTuidle the actions of their
ons. live according to God's holy
>rdinances. and each secures happi
iess in the exclusive love of the
ather of her children, shades the
varmn light of true womanhood, un
>roverted and unplolluted upon all
vithi n her pure and wholsome family
ircle. These are not th.: cheerless,
rushed and unwomanly mothers of
olygamyv. The fathers of our famn
lies are the best citizens of the Repub
c. Wife and children are the sources
f patriotism, and conjugal and pa
ental affection beget devotion to the
ounitry.
The man who undet(led with pliu
al marriagze is surrounded -in his sin
le home with his wife andl children
as a stake in the country which. in
p)ires him with respect for its laws
nd courage for its dlefense. TPhese
re not the fathers of p)olygamlous
milies. There is no feature of this
ractice or the system which sane
ons it which is not opposed to all
iat is of value to our institutions.
There should he no relaxation in
le firm but just execution of die law
onv in operation, an :! I should be
lad to app)rove such further discreet
gislation as will rid the coun try of
iis blot upon its fair fame. .Since
meclpeople upholding .polygamy in
ur territories are reinforced by im
du~ration from other lands, I rec.
ammend that a law be passed to
rever:. importation of Miormons into
ie country.
OV;R AGICIULTURAL INTEREsTs.
The agricultural interest of the
untry demands just recognition
ud liberal encouragement. It sus
dins with certainty andl unfailing
~rength our nation's prosperity by
le products of its steady toil, and
ears its full share of the burden of
nxation without-complaint. Our ag
culturalists have but slight personal
apresentations in the councils of
ie nation and are generally content
'ith the humbler duties of citizen
hip, and willing to trust to the
ounty of nature for a reward of-their
abor, but the magnitude and value
f this industry is appreciated when
the statement is made that of our
total annual exports more than three
fourths are the products of agricul
ture, and of our total population
nearly one half are exclusively en
gaged in that occupation.
The department of Agriculture
was created for the purpose of acqui
ring and diffusing among the people
useful information respecting the
subjects it has in charge, and aiding
in the cause of intelligent and pro
gressive farming by the collection of
statistics by testing the virtue and
usefulness of new seeds and plants
and distributing such as are found
desirable among agriculturalists.
This and other powers and duties
with which this department is invest
ed are of the utmost importance, and,
if wisely executed, must be of great
benefit to the country. The aim of
our beneficent government is th(, im
provement of the people in every
station and the amelioration of their
condition. Surcly our agricultural
ists should not be neglected. The
department established in aid of the
farmers of the land should not only
be well equipped for the accomplish
ment of its purpose,' but those for
whose benefit it has been adapted
should be encouraged to avail them
selves fully of its advantages.
The prohibition of the importation
into several countries of certain of
our animals and their lproducts, based
upon the suspicion that health is en
dangered in their use and consump.
tion suggests the importance of such
precautions for the protection of our
stock of all kinds against disease as
will disarm suspicion' of dcnger and
cause the removal of such an injuri
ons prohibition. If the laws now in
operation are insufficient to accom
plish this protection I recommend
their amendment to meet the neces
sities of the situation, and I commend
to the consideration of Congress the
suggestions contained in the report
of the Commissioner of Agriculture
calculated to increase the value and
efficiency of this department.
TIE CIVIL SEIVICE COMMISSION.
The report of the civil service .com
mission, which will be submitted,
contains an account of the manner in
which the civil service law has been
executed during the last year, and
much v:luable information on this
important subject. I am inclined to
think that there is no sentiment more
general in the minds of the people of
our country than a conviction of the
correctness of the principles upon
which the law enforcing civil service
reform is based. In its present con
dlition the law regulates only a part
of the subordinate public positions
t,broug'out tiie country. It aprplies
the test of fitness to applicants for
these places'hy means of a competi
tive examination, and gives large
discretion to the commissioners as to
the character of the examination, and
many other matters connected with
its execution. Thus the rules and
regulatione~ adopted by the commis
sion have much to do with the prac
tical usefulness of the statute, and
with the results of its application.
The people may well trust the Com
mission to execute the law with per
feirness and with as little irritation
as possible. But, of course, no re
laxation of the principle which un
:lerlies it, and no weakening of the
safeguards which surround it, can be
expected. Experience in its admin
istration will probably suggest the
amendment of the methods of its ex
ecution, but I venture to hope that
.ve shall never again be remitted to
the sy-stem which distributes public
positions p)urely as rewards for par
tisan service. Doubts may well be
mntertai ned whether our government
could survive the strain of a continu
anee of this system,' which, upon
every change of administration, in
pires an immense army of claimants
for offce to lay siege to the patron
age of the government, engrossing
the time of public officers with their
reportunitieCs. spread inrg abroad their
contagion of their disappointment
and filling the air with the tumult of
their discontent.
The aliurements of an immense
number of officers and places exhib
ited to the voters of the land, and
the bestowal in recognition of parti
:ari activity, debauches the suffrage
ad robs political action of its thought
'ul and deliberative character. The
evil would increase with the multi
>)lication ot officers consequent upon
our extension and mahiia for office
holding, growing from its indulgence.
.would pervade our population so
enerally that patriotic purpose, the
support of principle, the desire for
the public good and solicitude ?o
te national welfare, woul'
banished from t -.
grace ful str .-de5
of office and public place.
Civil service reform, enforced by
law, came none too soon to check
the progress of demoralization. One
of its effects, not enough regarded,
is the freedom it brings to the politi
cal action of those conservative and
sober men, who, in fear of the confu
sion and risk attending an arbitrary
and sudden change in all the public
offices with a change of party rule,
cast their ballots against such a
change. Parties seem to be neces
sary, and will long continue to exist;
nor can it be now denied that there
are legitimate advantages, not dis
connected with offiee-holding, which
follow party supremacy. While par
tisanship continues bitter and pro
nounced and supplies so much of mo
tive to sentiment and action, it is
not fair to hold public officials in
charge of important trusts responsi
ble for the best results in the per.
formance of their duties and yet in
sist that they shall rely, in confiden
tial and important places, upon the
work of those not only opposed to
them in political affiliation, but ao
steeped in partisan prejudice and
rancor that they have no loyalty to
their chiefs and no -desire .for their
success.
Civil service reform does not ex
act-this, nor-does it require that those
in subordinate positions who fail in
yielding their best service, or who
are incompetent, should be retained
simply because they are in place.
The whining of a .clerk discharged
for insolence or incompetency, who,
though he gained his place by the
worst possible operation of the spoils
system, suddenly discovers that he
is entitled to protection under the
sanction of civil service reform, pre,
sents an idea no less absurd than
the clamor of the applicant who
claims the vacant position as his
compensation for the most question
able party work. The civil service
law does not prevent the discharge of
the indolent or incompetent clerk,
but it does prevent supplying his
place with ti.e unfit party worker.
Thus, in both these phases, is seen
the benefit to the public service, and
the ' eopie who desire good govern
ient having secured this statute,
will not relinquish its benefits with
out protest. Nor are they unmind
ful of the fact that its full advan
tages can only be gained through the
complete good faith of those having
its execution in charge, and this they
will insist upon.
I recommend that the salaries &f
the civil service commissioners be
increased to a sum more nearly com
mensurate to their important duties.
THlE CONGBEsSIONAL LIBRARY.
It is a source of considerable, and
not unnatural, discontent that no ad
equate provision has yet been made
for accommodating the principal li
brary for the government. Of the
vast collection of books and p)amph
lets gathered at the capitol, number-.
ing some 3,700,000, exclusive of man
uscripts, maps and the products of
the graphic arts, also of great. vol
aine and value, only about three hun
:lred thousatnd volumes, or less than
balf the collection are provided with
shelf room. The others which are
ncreasing at the rate of from twenty
Wve to thirty thousand volumes a
ear, are not only in.accessible . to
he public, hut are subject to serious
lamage and deterioration from other
~auses in their p)resent situation. A
~onsideration of the fact that the li
rary of the capitol has twice been
lestroyed or damaged by fire, its
laily increasing value and its imnpor
ance as a place of deposit of books
mnder the law relating to copyright,
nake manifest the necssity of
>romnpt action to insure its proper
recomUmodation and protection.
DIsTRICT OF CoLC3IBIA.
My attention has been called to a
:ontroversy which has arisen from
he condition of the law relating to
ailroad facilities in the city of Wash
ngton, which has involved the Coin
nissioners of the District in much
innoyance and trouble. I hope this
lifficulty will be promptly settled by
ppropriate legislation. The Comn
nissioners represent that enough of
he revenues of the District are now
)m deposit in the Treasury of the
Jnited States to repay the sum ad
ranced by- the government for sewer
mnprovements under the act of June
10 1884. They desire now an ad:
rance of the share which ultimately
should be borne by the District of
he cost of extensive improvements
f the city. The total epen
hese contempltedJ
stimat
be nade, the,
reimbursed for
rebe t e
b4t that these
be made much h p
gether and p
general plan..; The
in force within the~ e
cientand .uncerts Fa S
provisions, and ogtto the
Tne.Commissionersa. e: L
reason, the necessi
building for the; use. e o
government, which ra ave
eure the safety p 1
its valuable books and
THlE Pr1ESIDE~&
The present eon
relating to the
Presidency, in
disability or removal
Preside4t and Vice
as to require ummdate 1.
This subject has
sidered by eC
has, been
mentabldethfi
and v
all other ocei
fanctvans
hacfidaed'
demand th
permi t.
I COIDI d rion,
I commeind..t
thoughtfrl test
welfre al
gent and geetmu
ordinate these: t,
tages of partisuhip
plishment of selsh
late the pepi'
the people's Si.te *
tridual sense-f " ~ ler &
-p*t;of eachof
mination to
mnst give ue a
-ho have aie
generation .to4
perity of ourtou
Washingon,5ing down
INew L;egIiS C# thfuulness
~ ~ A~ewand have not
SO L or WO .. jetermnined to
SOIIE~~~~ OF(l O~~j~ uring the
Iese
oth th p
Pleae a'
Countyo. _e& _j -1
e issios ro oaof
reherby, -* rrn actio
vieesynznde rer ec.tO=:-. _
tw tndred olr o setmblind
forlervs nd:;' ' 15c
ionty. lac esi fo 14
uts iy
Nane of a te Y_ uo ----0
Sectizi I Tha whenver.seAe
sent of the nt.fO
An Acttoim~ir koih
the Fee PblieS. C.g'.
comber 2d.. ' ler &~
theriges of oups.
amende by srlthoutoua
-is Seto oprice Acof
the io-l.wtiggldown
That fego s andfulnessh
Act it shalnnhavbeot
eighteenyeatsrmfagedtto
An Act -pkto g - 5e
ofonaofpecias M.c - 5e
Sesn Secion1.gha"
acs tende an om Fi
por the die
Psand ne.r 15ofie .
beCnt -n ay out-.
suoital son.t- - a
wha the reuroonuctbo
Auircd to rpp;ms.t 4&e;
twatndreitoRars4o rat frce
and serices. eton ~ Ta
impr praints plihessellos1
-resany ineook5,,o 1ly
pinte paipeers otb
ptcturecod agnd okr decita ma and I soe 1m
ofayut ofr estrodes nto 3 Giv
scaole may aplace euato,o aes and
prcues,t te cvergsi hs ho Chid50
or whenn ana
seantaysc ok,pph, e of theno
pinatd paper,ipituey bal. enar
thigh ether fo th my mreb
hmadeo t ad oteisn a iao, -, UW
intet to itrt't e th
ceber 22shd by lmr8on
tedag to pypais ora . R'
pubib e hoss
A.oD18, i n theto
firstpecto of siaid:
the colloges de
That from ad* afte -f n the~
rAct be, salnod hef eee
whod isls .ha i
ithe fre.ubi
seac. Sein. That
~perform teea das
be vaarit n anyCount

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