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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 13, 1886, Image 1

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A. C. JONES, Pub. and Proprietor. j Family Paper Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, A riculr, Markets 85c. B
VOL. XXII. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANTARY 13, 1886.
THE HERALD AND NEWS.
PUBLISHED
EVERY WEDNESDAY AT
Xewberry. S. C.
TERMs.-One year, $2; six month
$1; three months, 50 cents; two months,
35 cents ; one month, 20 cents ; single
copy, 5 cents, payable in advance.
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Forward the money for renewal at leasi
one week in advance.
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their paper changed must give both the
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square the first insertion, and 50 ets. pei
square for each subsequent insertion.
A square is the spacer of nine lines
of solid brevier type.
Notices in local column 12jc. per line
for each insertion for one month, longei
at Inch rates, w.th 25 percent added.
A reasonable reduction made for ad
vertisements by the three, six, or twelve
months.
The Source From Which the
State Derives Her Revenue.
1,740,281 acres of land and build
ings thereon, valued and. returned at
$58,449,207. Real estate in cities
- and towns, $29,199,935. Personal
property, $47,060,875. Railroad
property, $15,263,348. Total amount
of taxable property, $149,973,365.
On - this amount a tax of 51
mills is levied fvr State pur
poses, which should yield $787,
360.16j. It is estimated that
the Phosphate Royalty will yield
$150,000. Total ince returned
and estimated, $937,360.16j. Of this
amount Newberry County will be
called upon to pay $23,178.09, on a
taxable property divided as follows:
373,165 acres of land and buildings
thereon returned at $2,288,480; real
estate in city and town, $556,580;
personal property, $1,398,330, and
railroad property, $451,254; total $4,
416,779. The total net receipts of
the State treasurer, for the year end.
ing October 31st, 1885, were $968,
383.63, which after paying the ex
penses lor the year left a surplus of
$234,191.75.' In addition to the
State tax of 5t mills, Newberry will
be required to pay the two mill Con
stitutional School Tax, and for
County purposes as follows :* *
Except in the County of New
berry, where it shall be three and
one-fourth mills; of which the pro.
ceeds of two and three fourth mills
shall be applied for ordinary County
purposes; of which the proceeds of
one-half mill shall be'applied to the
payment of the funded indebtedness
of the County." Making a total of
10) mills for all purposes, a reduc
tion of 1} mills on last year's levy.
Where the Money Goes.
GOVERNOR'S OFFICE.
Salary of Governor.......$3,500
Private Secretary .1,500
Messenger........400
Contingent fund........ ... 4,000
Stationery and stamps. 250
LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR.
Salary of................ $1,000
- OFFICE sECRETARY OF S>TATE.
Salary Secretary of State. . $2,100
Clerk .............. 1,500
Contingent fund............250
Stationery and stamps.. .. ....250
OFFICE COMPTROLLER GENERAL.
Salary of Comptroller Gen'l. $2,100
Clerk.. .. .. .. .. . .1,500
Bookkeeper....... 1,500
* Contingent fund .. .. .. .. .. ..300
S Stationery and stamps.. .. ....250
7 Printing blanks, &c. .... .....200
For examining the books of
County Auditors and Trea
surers.... .... ..........600
OFFICE STATE TREASURER.
Salary of State TIreasurer . .. $2,100
Clerk............ 1,500
Bookkeeper....... 1,500
Bookkeeper Loan
a:>;,Department . . .. 1,500
Contingent fund............250
Stationery and stamps... .. .. 20
sTATE HIOUSE AND GROUNDs,
Salary of keeper. .. .. .. .. ....$500
J.nitor.............160
Two watchmen. 800
Repairs state house. ..... ....200
Improvement State House
grounds................. 200
OFFICE ATTORNEY GENERAL.
Salary of Attorney General. $2,100
Assistant Attorney
.General. .. ......1,500
Contingent fund. ...........200
Stationery and stamps. 60
Expenses of litigation .. .. ....4,000
OFFICE sUPERINTENDENT OF EDU
CATION.
Saayof Sup.rintendent of
Education. ..............$2,100
Cotngn fund............200
Sttoeyand stamps. 150
Books and blanks for pubile
schools.*.... .... .. .. ... 80
Expenses State Board Exam
-iners.... ................30(
4tonducting Normal Institutes 1,50(
ADJUTANTGENERAL'S OFFICE.
layof Adjutant General. $1,50(
State armorer. . ..0. 50
Ordnance Sergeant 400
Contingent fund ........... 150
Stationery and stamps...... .150
Expenses Adjutant General's
Office........ .......... 1,000
Maintaining, militia........ 14,000
Confederate rolls.......... 500
JUDICIARY DEPARTMENT.
Salary of Chief Justice..... $ 4,000
2 Associate Justices 7,000
8 Circuit Judges... 28,000
8 Circuit Solicitors. 12,500
Clerk Supreme C'rt 1,000
State Reporter.... 1,000
Librarian Supreme
Court.......... 800
Messenger Spm. Ct. 250
Attendant Spm. Ct. 250
Contingent fund Supreme Ct. 500
Books Supreme Court ...... 1,000
STATE LIBRARIAN.
Salary of State Librarian .. $625
Contingent fund........... 200
Stationery and stamps...... 200
Purchase Supreme Ct. Rp'ts. 450
REGISTRATION AND ELECTION.
Salaries Supervisors Regis
tration.... ............. $7,000
Blanks for general election. . 800
Books and certificates super
visors registration....... 2,000
Commissioners and managers
of election for per diem
and mileage ............. 20,000
HEALTH DEPARTMENT.
Salary health officer, Charles
ton........ ............ $1,800
Health officer, Hilton Head. 800
St. Helena... 800
Georgetown. . 500
Keeper at Lazaretto hospital 400
Buildings at Port Royal. . .. 200
State Board of Health...... 3,000
Maintaining quarantine.. . . 1,600
Repairing keeper's building
at quarantine station at
Charleston........ ..... 2,575
PENITENTIARY.
Salary of Superintendent. . .. $2,100
'Thysician . . . . . . . 1,200
Clerk............ 1,200
Captain of guard. . 1,200
Chaplain......... 600
LUNATIC ASYLUM.
Salary of Superintendent. . .. $3,000
Per diem and mileage, regents 2,000
Insur -,ce of buildings...... 3,000
Support of................ 70,000
Purchasing books for patients 50
Centre building............ 41,110
Repairs on new building. .. 700
SOUTH CAROLINA UNIVERSITY.
Salary of librarian .......... $ 500
Repairs on buildings.. .. .. ..1,000
Insurance on buildings.. .. ..1,000
Support of schools. . ... . ...15,000
Salary of assistant professor
of agriculture........... 1,700
Salary of professor of applied
mechanics....-..........-300
Equipping department of ap
plied mechanics..........1,200
soUTH CAROLINA MILITARY ACADEMY.
Iusurance Citadel buildings. $ 400
Support beneficiaries....... 20,000
DEAF, DUMB AND BLID ASYLUM.
Support of............... $10,000
Insurance on buildings. 331
Drainage... . ... .. ..... .. ..200
Purchasing organ... .... ... 1,200
CATAWBA INDIANS.
Support of................ $800
LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT.
Per diem, mileage and sta
tionery certificates.. .. .. $30,000
Pay officers and employees.. 5,000
Contingent expenses, Senate 400
Contingent expenses, House
of Representatives. .. .. ....600
Engrossing and enrolling de
partment........ ....... 2,500
Public printing........... 15,000
MISCELLANEOUS.
Civil contingent fund...... $1,500
S. C. Agricultural Society. . 2,500
Columbiai water works. ..... .1,000
Repairs executive mansion 700
Completing consolidation.. 1,000
Harbor master, Charleston..- 1,100
State board o'f equalization 1,000
Muster roll of soldiers of
the Revolution............300
Artificial limbs............ 9,000
Interest, consols. .. .. .. .. .352,796
deficiencies... .. .. 27,028
Ag. College scrip. . 11,508
Claims passed............. 3,000
County Auditors' salaries. .. 21,900
Total amount of State taxes
$932,144. To this must be added
the County taxes and 2 mill school
tax.
"What is worth doing at all is
worth doing well," and this is true
in legislation as in other things.
There is too much hurry at the capi
tal just now, and there is also too
much bowling about the people's mo
ney. The people are perfectly will.
ing to allow reasonable time for the
Ibusiness of legislation, and they
will have to pay expenses too. The
superlative anxiety about their mo
Iney is altogether with the politician
the man who is afraid that he has
Inot merit enough otherwise for re
Put the Blame Where It Be
longs.
If orr respected contemporaries,
the Greenville News and Newberry
Observer, will point out to Governor
Thompson how he is to get the mo
ney to have the enumeration made
with the Constitution so explicitly
commands and the Legislature has
so persistently refused to comply
which, we have no doubt the Governor
will be more than willing to obey the
constitutional provision. He ex
pressly called the attention of the
Assembly at the session before the
last to the necessity of providing for
the enumeration, and it refused to
appropriate a dollar or to make any
law for the taking of the enumera
tiou, leaving the method provided by
the General Statutes in that behalf
without a dollar to put it in execu
tion.
When the time passed for the reg
ular discharge of the work, and it be
came the duty of the governor under
the Constitution, so requiring him, to
have an enumeration made, he sx
pressly asked such an appropriation
at the hands of the legislature rs
should enable him to obey the law.
In connection with this matter the
Governor said:
"The Attorney General advised
me that 'such enumerations cannot,
under existing laws, be made in ad
vance of an appropriation by the
General Assembly to defray the ex
penses.' The Constitution imposes
upon the Governor the duty of hav
ing this .numeration made, and I I
recommend that such suin be appro
priatad as may-4be necessary for the
purpose."
What more could the Governor do ?
What more can he do now ? He has
no right to draw a dollar from the
Treasury without an appropriation
granting it.
The Constitution says, Article 2,
Section 22:
"No money shall be drawn from
the Treasury but in pursuance of an
appropriation made by law."
Again, singularly enough, it re
peats in Article 9, Section 12:
"No money shall be drawn from
the Treasury but in pursuance of ap
propriations made by law."
Section 10, same Article, provides:
"No scrip, certificate or other evi
dence of State indebtedness, shall be
issued, except for the redemption of
stocks, bonds or other evidences of
indebtedness previously issued, or
for such dlebts as are expressly au
thorized by this Constitution."
Article 16 of the Amendments pro
vides: "To the end that the public
debt of South Carolina may not here
after be increased without the due
consideration of the people of the
State, the General Assembly is bore
by forbidden to create a further debt
or obligation, either by the loan of
the credit of the State by guarantee,
endorsement, or otherwise, except for
the ordinary and current business of
the State, without first submitting the
question as to the creation of anf
such new debt, guarantee, endorse
ment, loan, or loan of its credit to
the people of the State at a general
State electinn."
In view of all this, what right has
the Governor to raise any obligation
against the State, or to draw a dollar
from the Treasury to de'ray the ex
penses of the enumeration? Is it
not p)lain that the Legislature's re
fusal to appropriate the money need
ed has precluded the possibility of
the Governor obeying the precept of
the Constitution? And who would
consent to do this work without a
tittle of evidence showing the indebt
edness of the State for the service
rendered, and to rely for payment on
a Legislature which had already re
fused to grant a dollar for the work?
The Governor may execute a law, he
can't make one. And if the people
of the State fail to send a Legisla
ture here prepared to obey the com
mands of the Constitution, the Gov
ernor can't make them do it. He
may veto an unconstitutional law,
but he cannot force the Legislature
to enact a law, however needful it
may be, to enable him to discharge
the functions of his office. This is a
grave matter, in which the Governor
is in no wise to blame, and the people
may as well understand at once where
the blame does lie. A greater out
rage was never perpetrated on lawful
government than the persistent re
fusal of the Assembly to comply with
the Constitution in this solemn par
ticular, going to the very foundation
of all rightful government under a
popular representative system; and
the whole State is called upon to re
buke it, and to rebuke it utterly; but
let the blame be put where ih proper
ly belongs.-Columnbia Register.
Newspaper advertisments are.read
while the adveartisers aleep.n
Avoiding the Issue.
Our esteemed cotemporary at
Charleston is a splendid and remark
ably cool editorial humbug. It has
printed an article on the census ques
tion in which it meekly remarks that
the census should have been ordered.
It then proceeds to show that the
census should not have been ordered t
with this argument: "Reapportion
ment of representation could not
have been reached so as to affect the
elections this winter by any action
taken at the legislative session now
closed. Under no circumstances
the legislature having failed to pro
vide for taking the census this year
could the reapportionment go into
effect at any:election earlier than the
general election to be held in No
vember 1888. The election next
year will be upon Lhe present basis, I
and we cannot suppose that it will be
desired in the winter of 1886 to un
dertake an entirely new census in
1887, two years after the proper
time, or to reapportion representa
tion for 1888 on the basis of a cen
sus which will then be eight years
old."
When the census would produce
its effect is not legitimately part of <
the discussion. The only question is
whether or not the constitution re- 1
quires it to be taken, and nobody
who can read and understand Eng
lish can have a doubt on that. The
constitution required the legislature
to order the census and requires Gov
ernor Thompson to order it now. If
h6 fails to do it the legislature of
1888 wiil be an unconstitutional
body not representative of the peo
ple and powerless to perform any
legal acts. That condition of affairs
will cause endless confusion and dis
aster, for which the men who voted
against the census in the house and
senate and the governor will be re
spGnsible.
Waiving that, what is the relief
from the existing conditions of fraud
ulent representation on one side and
a defrauded people on the other?
No subsequent legislature can con
stitutionally order a census to be
taken. Nobody has the right to
adopt any other census than that re
quired by the constitution to be made
as a basis for reapportionment. Even
in 1895 there will be no remedy for
the chain of census years will have
been broken. By the News and
Courier process of reasoning the
present apportionment will be per
manent and if Greenville has a hun
dred thousand and Charleston has
fifty thousand people fifteen years
hence, Greenville will have four
representatives and one senator and 1
Charleston will have twelve repre- 1
sentatives and two senators.
We are not willing to believe that1
Governor Thompson will grive his aid<
to defiance of the constitution andi
the defrauding of the people who
have been his fast friends and put
him where he is againsi the will andi
ifluence of Charleston and her al
lies. He is an honorable and in
telligent man, and we can not under
stand how an honorable an~d intelli
gent man can doubt what the gover
nor's duty is.-Gr-eenville News.
Well Paid for their Patriotism.
If any body of meni on earth were
ever paid, as far as money can pay,
for defending their country, the ave
rage yankee soldier has had value re
ceived. Enormous bounties were
given to induce him to enlist, he
was well p)aid and fed while in ser
vice, and since the war closed, the
amount ot taffy giv-en him is beyond
computation. In addition to all this,
a steady stream of gold, some years
as much as $75,000,000, has been
flowing into Northern soldiers' pock
ets from the National Treasury, and
still they are not satisfied, but efforts
are being made to push a bill through
which will give a pension for life to
every person who enlisted in the
Federal army for as short a time as
two weeks. Now when it is remem
bered that an overwhelming majori
ty of Northern soldiers were foreign
ers and bought as verily as any slave
in the market was ever bought, and
that the question of patriotism or
love of country had absolutely noth
ing to do with their becoming soldiers,
we can understand the wonderful
amount of clap trap in this cry of
gratitude to our 'Nation's defenders.'
Of course the South is the sufferer in
all this, as she pays her portion of
the tax, ',but receives nothing in re
turn. The North had some men to,
the marror born in her army who
fought from a conviction of duty and
for sincere patriotism but the num
ber was wofully small in proportion
to the number of the other class.
Sna-e Watchwan.
On Both Sides.
The ILegislature, which has just
oncluded its session, while a hard
vorking body, can scarcely be ac
redited with the accomplishment of
my great amount of public good.
Ul along it has evinced a disposi
ion to avoid large undertaking, and
o split the difference on smaller con
roversies. so as to be as near on both
ides as possible. In the very be
;iuning it killed the Bill to provide
'or the assesinent and taxation of
)roperty, when no measure could
)robably have been passed that was
alculated to afford the people
reater relief than a properly de
ised assessment law. There were
lefects in the pending Bill, but with
mendments it could have been made
most grateful measure to the honest
axpayers of the State, by equalizing
he burdens ot maintaining the gov
rnment. For instance, the people
)f Anderson County are now pay
ng taxes on real estate valued high
r than any other County in the
tate outside of Charleston, and yet
he market value of our lands are
iot as high, probably, as those of
;evCral other Counties. Many ine
unalities exist in the assessments of
,he several Counties which ought to
e corrected. Some measure looking
.o the relicf of our judicial system
hould have been adopted, though
t must be admitted that it is very
)eplexing to ki;ow just what would
)e best to be done. The Legislature,
e think, made a grave mistake in
-epealing ihe law exempting new
iianufacturing companies from tax
tion for ten years. It is practicaly
vithdrawing an inducement for the
rection of factories in our midst.
rhe inducements extended under the
aw were not excessive, and were not
merous to the people. Their repeal
s a step backwards in the line of
rogress and development in South
arolina. The action on the Lien
aw was the result of halting be
ween two opinions. The sentiment
)f .the Legislature was in favor of its
-epeal, but the Senate was afraid of
lireet repeal. It therefore resorted
;o the indirect attack by which the
aw is made uncertain and con
'used. The direct repeal of the law
vould, we thiuk, have been better
ban the amendment which prevailed.
-Anderson Intelligencer.
Violating the Constitution.
It was wholly wrong for the Leg
slature to violate the Constitution
n not providing for the Census. It
ras wrong in the members to have
een unmindful of the oaths taken
>y them to support that Cgistitution.
:t is a wrong to the whole people of
.he tate to thus preserve an une
ual and unjust representation; and
t is an inexcusable wrong to the
>ople of certain counties to be sub
ected to taxation without represen
ation. But does this great wrong
ud there ? No ! It will permeate
he entire political fabric of the State,
md like all legal frauds, will vitiate
~verything it touches. Let us see
low ?
Next Summer tne State Demo
ratic Convention will meet to for
nulate a policy for the State for the
msuing two years, and1 to nominate
i Governor an I numerous State
ficers to carry out that policy.
'here are imp)ortant questions di
'iding the p)eople of the State, and it
s imporlant, as it is just, that only
~hose should be ,nominated to fill
:hose oflices who are in sympathy
ith the views of a majority of the
arty. The low country will go into
,hat Convention with large dlelega
ions based upon the fictitious rep
esentation now of foree in the Leg.
slature; the up country will go
~here with small delegations, and thus
t may happen that the future poli
y of the State may be dictated and
ill the State officers selected by
,hose who represent an actual mi
mority of the people. Charleston
will go int.o that Convention with
28 delegates, although really entitled
o only about one-half that number.
reenville, Spartanburg, Laurens,
Edgefield and other, counties must
ake back seats.
But will the wrong stop there ?
No ! This legal fraud will go into
he Congressional Conventions and
hus pollute our Federal represen
~ation. In the First Congressional
District Convention, Charleston will
o in with nearly a double represen
~ation and absolutely dictate to
)rangurg and Lexington who
heir Congressman shall be, whereas
hose two .counties would have some
voice in -the selection were it not for
he fictitious basis upon which tkut
onvention will be organizedl.
This is likewise true of the Sec
nd District Convention. Tn the
Fourth District Convention Richiand
County goes in with a fictitious dele
gation, while Laurens, Spartanburg
and Greenville I.,tween them are de
nied the votes of six delegates in
choosing their representative in Con
gress.
Thus this great'wrong deepens as
it goes, and per forre must remain
so until tLa Census of 1895.
Is].there no remedy:? Have the
people no 'rights which the rulers
will respect? The Legislature has
willfully violated its duty to them.
'Will the State Democratic Execu
tive Committe at least urge the
State Convention itself take the bull
by the horns, turn out all improper
delegations and give seats to dele
gations according to the number of
people in each county.-Abbeville
Med im.
Did Not Dare to Cope With th e
Question.
It is true that there was a demand
on the part of some for the repeal of
the lien law. Whether or not it
would have been wise to repeal that
law it does not now need to discuss.
The last Legislature did not repeal
it. On the contrary they tacked on
to it an amendment that we do not
hesitate to say savors strongly of a
return to feudalism in that it puts
the poor renter and laborer in the
power of the landlord. There are
numbers of men, white men, who do
not own land and who are compelled
to rent. To such the above amend
ment is a cruel blow, It puts them
absolutely in the power and control
of the landlord. For no merchant is
going to advance to them upon the
security of a lien, whilst the land
lord holds this almost unlimited pow
er over them, 'We recall that it was
said privately in Columbia during
the Session that this Act Was intend
ed to make the lien law odious so
that its repeal might be the more
easily accomplished hereafter. If
this be true it was a weakness on
the part of the Legislature, which did
not dare to cope with the question.
That the amendment was not made
in the interest of the poor and labor
ing man is shown by ihe Act itself.
After providing that laborers who as
sist in making the crop shall have a
lien next in priority to that of the
landlord, Section 2, provides "that
no writing or recording shall be ne
cessary to create the liens of the
landlord." It will be observed that
it was not said that the lien of the
laborer need not be recorded or writ
ten. On the contrary it would ap
pear that provision was purposely
omitted. So that under the guise of
protecting the laborer, he really un
der this Act stands on no better
ground than others whose liens are
written or recorded.
Above all the Act throws open the
door to traud. At the end of the
year by collusion and connivance be
tween a dishonest laborer and his
landlord the whole of the crop may
be gathered up and pocketed from
honest creditors by claim of a ficti
tions verbal lien of the landlord.
Upon the whole it seems to us the
amendment is unwise and pernicious.
If the experience of the country
proves that the lien law has ceased
to be useful then let it be repealed in
full. Amendments in the nature of
that above set forth cannot be of any
avail.-Abbeville M3essenger.
Abundant Cause for Regret.
From the tone of the papers in the,
upper Counties, there is great dissat
isfaction with the recent Legislature
because of its failure to pass the cen
sus bill. We publish a few extracts
from those papers on our first page
and if they represent the feelings of
the people. those who are responsi
ble for the failure will have abundant
cause to regret their action. One
and by no means least, of the
unfortunate results coming from this
discreditable affair will probably oc
cur at the next State Nominating
Convention. There will almost cer
tainly be two widely diverging senti
ments represented in that body and
if a nomination should be made by a
narrow majority coming from those
Counties whose representation is
greater than it should be, it will
arouse antagonisms in the Counties
which feel they have been debarred
their inst rights. A nomination may
be equivalent to an election in this
State, and then it may not be. It
depends entirely how that nomina
tion is mnade.-Sumter Watchman.
O'Hara, the colored me
North Carolina, has offer
are to reimburse depo 'p
Freedmen's Savings ao
to be done by
rhe Governor Has Done His
Duty.
Some of our State exchanges are
irging Governor Thompson either to
,ake the census und-r the constitu
ional provision, or to call an extra
ession of the Legislature to prov;de 1
'or taking it. The Governor canndt, V
3nder th advice of the Attorney t
CGeneral, have the census taken, for
be is forbidden to contract any debt,
under very heavy penalties, that is
not provided for in an appropriation
by the Legislature. We lad inclined
to the opinion that the constitutional
mandate to the Governor to have the
census taken, where the Legislature
fails to comply with the provisions of
the Constitution in regard thereto,
would be ample authority to the Gov
ernor, ari would override any stat- I
ate, either direct or implied, and
must confess that we have not been
convinced by the able and carefully
prepared opinion of our accomplished
Attorney General; but our friends
must recognize the fact that the Gov- 3
ernor is bound under the circumstan
ces to be governed by the advice of i
the highest law officer of the State.
Governor Thompson cannot, with
any propriety, proceed to have the
census taken now, even though quite
a number of lawyers think he hashthe
right to do so. Neither would any
practical advantage be derived from
calling an extra session of the Legis
lature. The Senate refused to con
sent to a census, at the risk of defeat
ing the general appropriation bill,
which would have necessitated an
extra session of the General Assem
bly. It is practically certain that no
census bill could be passed at such a
sesMon. The Governor could bring
the Legislature together. but h could
not make them pass a bill. It would,
therefore, be useless to incur the ad
ditional expense of an extra session
that would do absolutely no good.
The Governor has fully performed
his duty in this matter, and shown a
readiness to have the census taken if
possible. He has presented the mat
ter to the Legislature twice, and has
consulted-the legal advissr given him
by the people as to his right to take
the census, and has been distinctly
informed by the Attorney General
that he has no authority to'dd W,.
It seems to us therefore, that the
census cannot, under any circum
stances, be taken until after the next
election. The people should see to it
that the candidates for Senate and
House of Representatives are pledged
to give their votes for taking the
census next time.-Anderson Intelli
gencer.
Will Sectionalism Never Die
Out?t
It does seem that it is about time
for the spirit ot sectionalism in
South Carolina to die out. The low.
country is, in many respects, different
from the up country, but no sensible
reason can be assigned why one sec
tion should strive to rule the other.4
During the last session of the Legis
lature, this spirit of jealousy, this
desire for supremacy on the part of
the low country, was plainly mani
fested. Charleston is South Carolina
in the eyes of a Charlestonian. By
what system of reasoning the Legisla
tur.a irrived at the conclusion that
Charleston County is entitled to re
tain two Senators, and every other
county one, we do not know. One
of the fundamental principles under
lying the American government, and
one that marks its superiority, is,
that in the lower house the represen
tation shall be in proportion to the
population, but in the other house
the little States of Delaware and
Rhode island have as much power as
the Empire State. This is one of the
checks which the framers of our or
ganic law have seen wise to make,
and the same principle should be
recognized in the State. This may
appear to be a small matter, and
really, we might allow Charleston
two, Senators if she would be satis
fed, but not content with this, the
low country has defeated the census
bill because by it our representation
would be increased in a greater pro
portion. When it comes to cheating
us of our rights and allowing greed
such sway that the plain provisions
of the Constitution are disregarded,
then, not even for the sake of harmo
ny, and at the risk of stirring up
sectional animosity, we must enter a
positiv e pro'test. It is gross injustice
and an insult to the State. Let the
representatives t,e appointed fairly
according' to the principle of equity,
6P to have een
It has ibeen saldbj'uy
iendation that the
onservative and passed o
ry legislatio6, but May
iembers will doubtless
they had been a little Ss
anary they would have fes
pprobatiin at the hands -
le. Considering the
ur people appropriations a
beral and taation is e
igh. Free tuition in the
an unnecessary, 4sak
nwarrantable expese
ot be allowed t
Dnger. The Citadell.
Xpensive luxury. It ras
inder the representatholl
ropriation made would be
D the State out of ZXOS
e recovered from the FIWO
2ent, after whIeh it
rther approprIatons B
gainst the govenm ba
Pet been recoveredi-- -
ions go on fom yeito
f the State could gt get
ut the .Citei m Ale ns -
imbia Cmmt, Is a
hat will dobtealy -
noney than thp:
it of it. Even:If
rofitabe iynveuutidib 1
to right totax the
o speculate withi; Tr:
kas been carried on wiTa -
if the penitenti & -
if the penitentit
he treasury-to iigbsA
if taxation. The ftite:a
)erfect farce, and a gi
n that line are
hese and many,adnar
he treasury shod h
hecked in order thath
night be made as ligh
Various prohibition
rere before the .
here seemed to be-aw
erminstion not to dIaa -
lug statutem, except &hi.'
)conee County where tbie
rt was repealed. T R.iii
ride. for an electmOn -on
if prohibition it AndermsS.
as defeated in Uh.
ehd.the Seste
As uawnsnC y -
asconusnned-with
f incorporation. 4" 5
or ,he Legislatureto free.
his burden,bt a
sken on a'fixed line wodla . 7
beck agrowing eviL.
Altogether, the late g -
night;be considered. gfair -
re suppose, snd-pobbi
ommendable thingstr1
ourn instead of taking a
he approach of Christmas -
on Journal.
"Just my danged inekV'
passenger on a train dowa%
Ibelieve I am the rnal
n earth, anyway. & this
ight with me and. Ja h
"What's the intter now?' -
"Well, you see, I hav
ost-master down at the
gh On twelye yearaM
named Ulysses Grant
econd, Rutherford B.
he third James GadfieldS&
ast week we took-pny fw
shurch and had. him.cg)i Ie
re Cleveland. Snyders r p.'
editor of oiur country pay%
>ut in along article about it
i copy or two marked to
Washington."
"But where does the ;bit
:ome in?"
"Why, the next day after
~hose papers I got an ofBoJl
rrom the department. It .
dscharge, and now thefto
measily Democrat in my pla
Many of those who have f
he course of the present
of this State will doubtlesa^
of the task with indlgnation.
fatigued. The untiring au
os efforts that have beemi I
ly in behalf of clate In Ij
monstrous attempts to atae~~
whole subservient to a part Isa 'Y
guite sufficient 'fo Impriess
the great truth which becoe
clearer as a man grows oldsu
patience is a cardial iW~
York~ Herald.
Advertising i. the- p
stone that turns a man's
gold.
A few gallons of priteYsJ
spread over a newspaper WIll
the services of an army ofd

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