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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, January 27, 1886, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067777/1886-01-27/ed-1/seq-1/

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: IVOLA. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ - mm i R F? S.C ,W II,- =SA. oJP
DE VERALO AND NEWS.
PUBLISHED
FEVERY WEDNESDAY AT
Newberry. S. C.
4mm.-Oue year, $2; six mont
-,-O rmonths, 50 cents; twomonti
cents; one month, 20 cents; sinp
5eents, payable in advance.
-z._;ZphvAons.-Look at the print
Sen the paper; the date there,
wa when the subscription expir
the money for renewal at lef
ne week In advance.
Subscribers desiring the address
paper chauged must give both t
and the new address.
_',imu op ADvmTISrNG.-$1.00 p
gijere the first insertion, and 50 ets. p
for each subsequent insertio
A square is the space of nine lin
brevier type.
Notices in local column 12jc. per i
each insertion for one month, long
i.,1neh rates, with 25 per cent added.
kreasonable reduction made for ii
ments by the three, six, or twel
nths.
THE FIRST STEP.
- ZPEOPOSED NEW RAILROAD--CO
MIA,NEWBERRY AND LAURENs..
The first step in everything, if we
means a great deal in the a
l,enplishment of a purpose. This
scnliarly the case with a railros
rise dependent upon comm
tubscriptions. We must moi
nake things move. The Colur
b Newberry and Laurens Railwa
dsa -very liberal charter. T1
is allowed to organize wil
,'z.OOObonafjde subscriptions.. Ti
people immediately at interest, vi
Richland, the three Fork Towi
Newberry and Laurens, si
t 100,000, and if among thei
they cannot raise this small sum,
might as well be accepted ai, once f
a lost charter. But it is too valuab]
property not to attract attentioi
For the present P90,000 wil! keep oE
hundred convits at work for tb
ear,with $2,000 to spare. At sixt
-cents per day for hire ar d food, W
see an expenditure of $18,000 for tb
eree hundred days. TMs hundre
convicts, well used, should grade tb
thirty-eight miles air line from her
Newberry within the year. Th
ceossties, at 4,300 to the mile, put o
bed, at30 cents to the tie woul
cost $1,290 per mile. Forty to
steel -ail would call for 70.4 tons t
the mile, which at $35 per ton laid o
the road shows $2,464 per mile. Thi
shows $3,654 per mile for rail an
ties. With convicts the grading ca
be done quite possibly for $750 pE
mile, and by allowing $150 per mil
for such slight struictures as the roa
requires, we see per mile :
Grading and construction. . . .$ 90
Crossties.................1,29
Rail........ .... .... .....2,46
Total........ .... .....,6
This shows a total cost to Ney
berry of $276,852, and with $30),00
for bridge across the Broad we se
some $206,85.2.
* There is no reason why an inch <
Kroad should be lost from here t
Newberry. Western builders az
willing to pay $35,000 for every mil
saved. This is the.standing order t
engineers. Should we allow but ha
this sum for our roads it would pa
the road to expend $140,000 extra I
save eight miles of road from here 1
Newb3rry.
We see it stated that the preser
Newberry and Laurens road can I
incorporated with the new line. TI
old road straightened can be reduce
to twenty-eight miles in lengtl
This work, and relaying the ror
with forty pound steel rails shu
cost some $80,000.
The next step should be to get ti
Greenville and Laurens road sL'
scribed to the system, securing to tt
Central system the same rates at
accommodation at Laurens as ti
new system would enjoy. Then fro:
Greenville to the North Carolina lin
via Pickenis Court House, for Frani
lin, N. C., we would have some thirt;
eight miles of road, with a costi
round numbers of $300,000. W
would thus find a road to border 1i1
of some 140 miles, with an expend
ture of $600,000 in round numbersi
addition to subscription value of ti
two links incorporated into new lin
From here to North Carolina ti
five counties and three Lexingt'
townships immediately at intere
contain not less than 150,000 inhm
itants and $25,000,000 of assessi
values. A subscription of 21 pl
cent. would give $625,000. The di
tance from the North Carolina lit
to Franklin by an available route
twety-five miles. This link at
average cost of $15,000 per mi
would call for $375,000. Some:
per cent. on $25,000,000 of assessi
values would amount to this $375,0(
-exactly. The route can thus be ce
ried to Franklin, N. C., at a cost of
million of dollars, or exactly 4 p
cent. of assessed valuation of Sou
Carolina counties and townships
interest, in addition to stock of NIe
berry and Laurens .and Greenvil
and Laurens roads, which would I
something like $400,000. Frankil
to Knoxville is some ninety miles I
TeiAnessee river and Maryville lin
h3 This would possibly cost son
is,
Ple $720,000, which, with Tennessee an
North Carolina subscribing $500,00
D would complete the line from Colun
's- bia to Knoxville as follows:
LSC Mile
of Columbia to Franklin .......... 16
Franklin to Knoxville .......... 9
er
(,r T otal ...................... 26
n.
es But it is claimed that this rout
can be sh-ortened twenty miles b
er taking a route across the Smok
Mountains, by, we believe, the Fr:
zier river route. This would reduc
the distance from Columbia to Knoi
ville, say to 240 miles, at a cost of
Columbia to Franklin. ... .$1,400,00
Franklin to Knoxville .... 720,00
Total ............... $2,120,00
11 Leaving $220,000 to be made u:
c- in individual subscriptions or kep
is as a fixed charge on the system.
Ad Now let us see what this new rout
LI- means in competition with the Geoz
re gia and Atlantic route. Find it:
MileE
'y CLattanooga to Charleston ...... 441
,e Chattanooga to Knoxville.. 110
Knoxville to Columbia. .240
e ColImbia to Charleston. . . 1P7-48
We see here a competing line evei
- with Chattanooga. But it is 51.
miles from Knoxville to Chiarlestoi
via Atlanta, and by the Franklih
route it is but 392 miles, going roun<
e the Tennessee bend and by M&
connection. This shows a saving o
1. 0
126 miles, and comparing it with thi
Asheville and Morristown route w<
see a saving of 34 miles, and with th<
shorter route from Franklin we set
a saving of 141 miles on the Georgit
e 0
d route, and 49 miles on the Asheville
But with the road finished t(
e Laurens, and operating with road,
e converging to that point, we see
road from Greenwood to Columbi.
d 88 miles against 84.3 by the Green
dn
vilie railroad route. From Green
ville to Columbia 102 *mles agains
142.5 by Greenville railroad. Fron
Spartanburg to Columbia 101 agains
s 93 by present route.
Take it all in all, the Columbla
n
r Newberry and Laureus road come.
e into the field fully prepared to tak(
ee
d care of itself.
Should the Cumberland Gap and
0 Chicago route ever come into activ4
0 operation, the new road would tap i
4at Pickens Court House, with th:
shortest route from thence to Charles
4ton, drawing through the heart of thi
Stat~e, and making at the same timi
0a close connection with the Centra
esystem at Laurens for Savannah ani
at Columbia for Wilmington, with:a
saving of some eighty miles on thi
Georgia route from Louisville t<
Savannah, and of ninety-five mile,
e from Louisville to Wilmington.
e
But as a route reaching a coal cen
tre this new road would put Colum
fbia 255 miles from coal, Newberr'
S217, Laurens 187, Greenville 153
against Columbia 394, via Augusta
o Greenville 298 by Atlanta, Lauren:
t 324 by Greenville, and Ne wherry 35~
iby Laurens-showing~ a saving o
eColumbia of 139 miles in her coa
d transportation, Newberry 135. Lau
rens 135 and Greenville 135. W<
'see, then, that the Columbia, New
d berry and Laurens means busines
every way, and only wants $20,000 t<
put the ball in motion. We canno
believe the people of Columbia, thi
Fork, Newberry and Laurens wil
dhesitate in putting their shoulder t
dthe wheel without delay. And leti
be understood that the subscriber
become the stockholders and mnanag,
their own affairs. At all events, le
us begin the work without delay
olumnw Registr,19th.
e One of the excuses for killing th
census rmendment to the approprit
tion bill in the Legislature is thati
was a rider. We heard no such argu
lement used when an appropriatio:
e. was made for the pay of an "assist
eant professor of agriculture" in th
nUniversity. This was in effect era
tating at new office and providing fo
-hip pay. Why did those men whi
(1who were. so jealous of "riders" intei
pose no objection? There is no at
sswer that can be mnade.-Abevil
eC elium;.
ni"There is a story told, I think, c
le1 Drs. Chalmers and Stewart, wb,
Sargued ou the street corner on somn
iknotty point of theology with Scea
0tish pertinacity, until it was time fo
.r- them to separate, when one of ther
a remarked, 'You will find my view
er very well put in a certain tract,' c
th jwhich he gave the title; upon whici
Bt jtohiS8urprise, his Antagonist replie(
le Farming as it Is-Was-May Be.
>e -
n CAUSES OF THE PRESENT DEPRESSION
REMEDIES.
ly
. Editor Chronicle: We ask a can
ie did and unbiased bearing in the
d statement of a few facts. To some,
our views may, on casual survey, be
i- displeasing, but bear with us. The
picture, though dark in one aspect,
s. has yet a bright side, rendered the
5 more striking by contrast. It is
0 with a sincere desire for the amelio
- ration of the conditioin of our class
5 'that we make this presentation of a
,e few unaeniable facts as to the status
y of the average Georgia farmer of to
y day. - We deem the present a most
t- favorable season to attempt some
e change for the better. We would, in
the opening, put the question, "Of
what real weight or influence is the
0 farmer of to-day, as a class?" You
0 answer-we vote-"Yes," and in
- common with every Arab on our
D streets. Apply the only true test
,p that of finance. What is the farmer
t in the financial world? As a class,
almost a blank. And yet agricul
e ture is the great industry of our sec
tion. Why is it thus? Don't an
swer that the tiller of the soil was
doomed to bear the sweat and bur
3 den of the day. The curse is uni
versal. It seems, however, as if the
farmer of the south is trying to make
Fa monopoly of it. There is a reason,
however, briefly given in the fluctua
tions in the price of cotton. Hoping
that it would stand at a good figure
we devoted all our time and capital
to the staple. The vast west, with
its virgin soil gradually opens, at
tended by a great increase in yield
without corresponding demand, prices
fall, our land the while ridden of its
fertility by the wasting system of
cotton culture, until at last we have
an average yield of something like
1-5 bale to acre, with 81 cents as
quotations for middling grades.
With these figures before us, it is a
useless waste of time. to state our
condition. Poor, wasted, reduced
soil; wretched, tottering cabin; slow,
bony, antiquated mule; a few head of
cattle and swine, if any at all, that
cast no shadow from leanness; half
filled or entirely empty barns. With
such for inspiration no bard of our
south-land can ever sing in the strains
of Scotland's son:
"With joy unfeigned brothers and sis
ters meet
And each for other's welfare kindly
The social hours, swift winged, unno
ticed fleet;
Each teUs the uncos that he sees or
he' rs;
The paients, partial, eye their hopeful
years;
Anticipation forward points the view.
The mother wi' her needle and her
shears,
Gars auld claes look amaist as well's the
new,
The father mixes a' wi' admonition due."
The rural hearth, proverbially the
abode of peace and plenty and hap
piness is, alas, too often but the scene
of squalid misery and almost despair
in our fruitful sunny land. The very
comparison with cold, bleak, barren
Scotland should stir our blood and
arouse us to a determination to turn
to profit our rich heritage of sun and
rain, soil and climate. Few coun
tries are favored like ours did we but
avail ourselves of our natural advan
Stages. We know our statements ap
pear paradoxical, but hear us out.
-Just here we would ask you bear in
mind that we are discussing the con
dition of the farmer; we have not to
deal with the financial state of our
section. We are not attempting an
answer to the question, " es farm
ing pay?" If asked, 2might re
1 turn an affirmative answer to that
Squestion, but would retort, "Whom
does it pay?" Look at the wealth,
3 yea affluence of every country town
as compared with the poverty of our
t dilapidated country homesteads and
the answer is given. Why this great
difference? Why is the producer
poor, the middle classes wealthy.
To answer briefly, we exchange too
much, attended as it always is by
t friction and expense. We raise too
much cotton. I have stated but one
2evil when I mention expense incident
to exchange. Another that ranks
Shigh is the necessity for rotation. It
is contrary to the theory and practice
r of all scientific or well directed agri
culture to grow the same crop succes
sively for years together on the same
-soil. The perfect system would b)e a
change every year. I don't discourse
on the price of cotton. its over-pro
duction, &c.; that is too vast a ques
ftion; its culture extends over too
D wide an area. To say that we could
8 get as much for five as for six mil
-lions bales would be a waste of
r breath. We will be more than grati
a fled if we can show how the cost of
s production can he materially lowered
f in our own section. The answer is
,~ in the adage "Live at home," and by
~so doing meet the demands of com
mon sense, nature and political econ
omy. By so doing you lessen the
expenses, and so the cost of produc
tion. If we are tedious-bear with us.
It is our sincere desire to offer our
mite to the betterment of our condi.
tion. We are of the claMs. Every
blow given-if such any of our re.
marks be deemed-fall equally on
our head. Let us be led no longer
by the deceptive sophism that so
much cotton means so much net cash.
Your children, your land, nature,
economy protest its fallacy. Follow
ing the present system we will soon
er or later learn to judge our indebt
edness rather than wealth by the
number of bales we make. Do you
then advocate no cotton ? By no
means. After making a bountiful
supply of provisions for your family
and stock bend every energy, strain
every nerve, to make every lock of
the staple you can. Then will we
have a "Land of equal laws and hap
py men."
We hear the whisper of many to
the effect that the story you tell is
old, hoary with age.. We will attempt
to make some specific suggestions to
relieve the generality which always
falls unheeded. We cannot he as
specific as we should like, owing to
the fact that circumstances govern
cases, the best mode of procedure
varying with every change of condi
tions. In general terms, we would
say that we should always look upoti
cotton as the most expensive crop on
the farm, requiring vastly more hu
man labor than almost .f, noL any
other. We woult strongly advise
the large sowing of small grain
wheat and oats-time of sowing to
be determined, in a great measure,
by the seasons, of course. Safe to
have oats in before the middle of Oc
tober; if not then, by January. If
seasons favor put some in in August.
Try and get at least ten acres sown
to the mule before Christmas. Sow,
say, four acres in wheat tothe family
in November. Manure both these
crops as far as you can. Don't sell
your cotton seed, but put them on
small grain. Economy points to ma
nuring of grain in the South, rather
than cotton, because iG is broadcast
cheaper than drill manuring; further,
the certainty is much greater of an
increased yield both in bushels of
grain and in vegetable matter, which
our soil. above all else, needs. I
know your oats have been killed. So
have ours. Whose fault was it?
Yours, generally. Rushing after cot
ton we neglect the sowing of grain at
the proper season, and it has barely
time to sprout and show itself above
ground before a killing freeze carries
it off. Especially is this true in lands
long run in cotton and so divested of
every vestige of vegetable matter.
Did you ever note that grain is rare
ly killed after corn? So when you,
by rotating, incorporate vegetable
matter in your soil, you will rarely,
if ever, have grain killed. '-To them
that bath shall be given, and they
shall have abundance, but from them
that hath not shall be taken, even
that which they have.." In general
then, we agree to sow 15 acres to a
mule in oats-4 in wheat may be con
sidered too much-had better err on
this side. We have then made pro
vision in the main for food for mule
and flour for self. According to our
conditions we can supplement the
provision crops, with peas, sorghum
or cane, chufas, ground-peas, pota
toes, a few acres of upland and bot
tom corn. The peas, chmufaus, &c., are
for the hogs. Every family should
raise at least 600 to 800 pounds of
meat. This we can do at a nominal
cost. We know cholera visits us oc
casionally, but not often, when prop
er attention is given. Sorghum is
es:hausting, but is a large and cer
tain yielder on almost any soil. The
seed are worth as much as corn on
poor land. Several neighbors could
have a mill, which is cheap, together.
The early amber cane ripens in Au
gust, before the cotton is ready for
picking. If you have natural advan
tages of pasturage keep some good
stock-cows and blooded mares
both will pay if properly treated.
Sow half an acre in drill or broadcast,
if the land is rich, to mule, in corn
for forage. Supplement this with all
the hay, fodder and peavines you can
save. Be sure to hQve an abundance
of long food if you wish your stock
to thrive. Can p)lant peas after your
grain is harvested, and in the fall
you will have a fine stand of oats on
the ground. Think what a cheap
crop this is.
Oats will cost us about 15 cents
per bushel, and yet we have given as
high as 60 cents for oats and $1 for
corn; thankful to get it at all. You
may object to oats, owing to the fact
that they have to be harvested at the
busiest season of the year. It in%ier
feres with the working of the cotton.
Learn to say : cotton interferes with
harvesting. When we learn that le
son we will be a more prosperoi
people. With very little difficult
we can prepare our land for the real
er. A club can buy one. Use yot
brood mares for this purpose. Li
the mares rest. except busiest ploN
ing seasons, spring and fall, an
while harvesting. The colt will mor
than pay for her food if you make i
and von will have her when, withot
extra help, you wouhl suffer. A ftf
due attention is paid to food crop!
devote your time to cotton. You wi
find that you can work from 20 to 3
acres in cotton with prospect of fror
6 to 8 per cent. or more, according
grade of land.
With barns well filled. bountift
provisions for man and beast an
eight bales of cotton to your credi
in bank, certainly this is not a pic
ture of starvation, nor are the fact
overdrawn. What I have said ap,
plies especially to the small farmex
Think or, it. It is no dream of :
wild visionary, but the sober reflec
tions of common sense.
Let us resolve once for all to bi
no longerin the hands and power o
another. Let us assert ourselves a
our class should and have a Heaven
born right to do. Let us be indus
trious, frugal, thoughtful, indepen
dent. If so we act, po3terity wil
call us blessed, as our class will thei
not only be the sinew of the Nation
but a most important element in thi
world of financo. Then will we hav
a head in a Cabinet minister-we wil
no longer ask but dictate terms.
The Effect of ElecLing Bad
M en.
There is, and for some tiLne pasi
there has been, a wide-spread com
plaint of the prominence of dishon
esty, both in politics and commerce.
of glaring defalcation and malfeas
ance on the part of persons in po
sitions of trust-of sinister legisla
tion. where bribes, direct and indi.
rect, are given. and received, influ.
euce and votes bought and paid foz
in money. That there are some
grounds for such complaints is gene
rally admitted-and why is it so'
Simply because a majority of th(
people elect bad meii to office and a,
long as they continue to do so thes(
results will follow. The public con
science needs to be awakened-fully
and keenly awakened. Our safety
as a peopfle does not depend simply
on our intelligence and virtue in har
moniotus combination ; and so long as
bad men put b)ad men in oilce-sc
long may we expect bad results tc
follow.
Then there are instances where
good moral men-professedly Chris.
tian men, manifest glaring inconsis
tency by pleading and praying for s
good government and good rulers.
then turning around and voting for
notoriously bad men. A case ini
point: We once heard a Christiar
denounce a candidate for office, a
sober, upright man, but denounced
because he was not prohibitionist
and the same minister sustained thE
opposing candidate who was a noto
rious drunkard. The secret was thE
drunkard was of the preacher's party
the opponent was not. p'ie ! upot
such quibbling and trifling !-St
Louis Advocate.
Interesting Record.
An interesting record is that o:
severe droughts, as far back as th<
landing of the Pilgrims. How man)
thousand times are observations mad<
like the following: "Such a cokc
season !" "Such a hot season?'
"Such wet weather !" "Such higi
winds or calms," etc. Read the fol
lowing list, showing the number o
days without rain in the Summer o
each year given :
In 1621, 24 days. In 1741, 72 days
In 1630, 41 days. In 1749, 108 (lays
In 1657. 75 days. In 1755. 42 days
In 1662, 80 days. In 1762, 123 days
In 1674, 45 days. In 1763, 80 days
In 1688, 81 days. In 1791, 82 days
In 1694, 62 days, in 1812, 28 days
In 1705, 40 (lays. In 1836, 24 days
In 1713, 46 days. In 1871, 43 days
In 1728, 61 days. In 1875, 23 days
In 1730, 92 days, In 1876, 26 days
It will be seen that the longes
drought that ever occurred in Americ
was in the Summcr of 1762. No rai;
fell from the 1st of May to thme 1st c
September. Many of the inhabitant
sent to Englanid for hay and grait
Some of the brethren of the pres
can not get over that census matte:
It seems that if the counties entitle
to additional representatives woul
elect men twice as able as those con
ing from the count~es with an ove:
plus, the inequality would be somn
what remedied. This is electio
year and it will not hurt to try th~
plan Carot~taSparait
s I Senator Butler.
LS -
Y A COMPLIMENTARY PEN S~KETCH OFONE
)- OF SOUTH CAROLINA'S SENATORS.
ir -
t The New York World of Sunday
prints a standing picture of Senator
d Butler and says: Senator Butler is
e certain to become very prominenut in
' the debates of the next two or three
t years. le is one of the ablest and
r clearest-hcaded men on the Demo
cratic side. le has never taken
very much part in the debates, but
yet has spoken often enough to show
that he has unusual powers as a de
bater, whle he has that aggressive
quality and steady courage which is
so necessary to make a successful
leader. He is very quiet and gentle
in his m.nners. He is one of the
best bred men in the Senate. He
' wou:d never begin a quarrel, but
- would be the last man in the world
to run away from- one. He has had
a number of very sharp tilts with
Senator Edmunds in the executive
sessions cf the Senate. It is said of
him that he has held his own very
well against the savage thrusts of
the keen-witted Vermonter. The Sen
ator is very nearly fifty years old.
He was educated as a lawyer. He
lost a leg in the war of the rebellion,
where he rose to the rank of a Major
General in the Confederate army.
He was one of the earliest of the
Southern men to accept the results
of th ar, and has always been a
conse, ative. He was one of the
few 'hite Democrats in South Caro
lina who opposed the black code,
which his State Legislature adopted
soon after it was readmitted to the
Union. le has always been a peace
maker between the warlike factions
of his State. Through partisan mis
representation for a time he was
emade to appear in the North as a
leader of the whites at the Hamburg
massacre. Yet, it was clearly shown
afterwards that he went there only
after the fighting began and in the
interests of peace. Through his per
sonal efforts alone, a great many in
nocent lives were saved.
The Senator is very courtly in his
manners and is one of the most ac
curately dressed men in the Senate.
He is very fond of social life and
was a great favorite with President
Arthur. The latter was always anx
ious to have the Senator among his
guests and was more ready to pay
him attention than to almost any
other representative of the South.
The Senator for a number of years
was a very warm friend and supporter
of Mr. Bavard. Now Senator Butler
does not go to the State Department
and wou not unless officially re
quested ,. (10 SO. Secretary Bayard
lost this good friend last summer
through a nervous fit of irritation, in
which he saw fit to lecture the South
Carolina Senator like a schoolboy
for something he had not done.
There was a remarkable coinci
dence of events in the lives of Jeff.
Davis and Abe LincolQ until each
approached the climacteric of his
public career. They wcre both born
in Kentucky, Davis in 1808 and Lin
coln in 1809. They were both r;
moved from their native State in
childhood, Davis being carried to the
Southwest and Lincoln further on to
the Northwest, then so-called. Both
of them began their political career
at the same period, in 1844, Davis
being then a Presidential elector for
Polk, and Lincoln an elector for
Henry Clay. Both served in the In
dian wars of the West, and both were
elected to Congress about the same
time, 1845 and 1846. And lastly, in
the parallel, in the same year, and
almost on the same day, they were
both called upon to p)reside over
their respective governments, Davis
as President of the Confederate
States and Lincoln of the United
States. -Lou isville Courier Journtal.
Of course, journalists and printers
are sup)posed to know the full value
of printer's ink, and to make the
most out of it. The timie has come,
-however, when people in general ap
preciate the importance and advan
tage of advertising. The man who
is too modest to let the world know
something about his business and
tthe inducements which he can offer
a to the public to trade with him is in
fallibly certain to have very few pur
chasers. Competition is one of the
s great agencies which give life and
.spice to the modern busy world. It
I works great good for buyers, and it
I self gives rise to new industries and
:- furnishes employment to many. But
: when men begin to run races with
y- each other, woe to the man who is
itoo dignified or too lazy or too mod
test to quicken his speed.-Aikeni
Journq4l and Rev,iew, 20th.
"Can the Reader Tell How it I
Done?"
The monopolizing companies an(
combinations of this country, in theb
haste to be rich have gone on, and
on, indulging their grasping propen
sities, oppressing the agricultural
and laboring interests until they arc
now about to overreach themselves.
The high tariff for which they have
so persistently contended and which
by some means or other, they have
succeeded in having maintained, is
now working out its legitimate re
sults abroad as well as at home.
France and Germany have already
established retaliatory tariffs on our
exports of pork, lard, etc., and
England talks seriously' of put.
ting a tariff on our beef and bread
stuffs generally. England believes
in free trade, but does not believe it
should all be on one side, and thinks
relative measures perfectly justifiable
and proposes to act on that principle.
The constantly increasing'supplies of
meats received from Australia, and
of wheat from India, make England
more and more independent and of
course better prepared to adopt such
measures as proposed. Then she at
tached upper Burmah to her domin
ions. Tle resources are varied and
abundant and it is well known that
one leading reason for desiring that
country was the abundance of its
timber and the apparently exhaust
less supply of oil it could afford. A
railway is being constructed by which
this oil may readily and quickly find
its way to the coast and thence to
any desired port. This oil will be
landed on the Pacific coast of this
country and compete with the Ameri
can productions there, and thence by
means of the Canadian Pacific be
able to supply all the Province of
Canada. Because of the monopolies
of the mines and the railroads,
English coal can be, and if reports
be true is now being delivered on the
wharves of New York and Philadel
phia, at a price less than that deliv
ered from the Pennsylvania mines.
Facts like that ought to open the
eyes of the people.
If retaliatory measures should be
adopted by England, in regard to ex
ports of beef and bread'stuffs, ic will
work a great hardship pa-thr-wheat
growers and cattle raisers of the West,
a class of people, who, whatever hap
pens, find no tariff for their protec
tion. yet many of the,h in their parti
san zeal will persist in electing men
to Congress who are pledged to sus
tain the very tariff that oppresses
them. "They lick the hand that
strikes the blow." A free people
who thus indirectly support the op
pression which they suffer, deserve
no better fate, nor do they deserve
pity. The power is in their own
hands, let them use it, and free them
selves-else cease their complainings.
One or the other they should do,' for
the sake of consistency, if for no
thing else. In the language of Mr.
Story in his Ode of Salem, let them:
"Cleanse the Augean stable of politics,
Of its foul muck of crafts, and wIles and
tricks.
Break the base rings, where commerce,
reeks and rots,
Purge speculation of its canker spots,"
and all will be well. How is it that
Congressmen can lire expensively,
in costly houses with costly furniture,
and costly living every way, on $5,
000 a year, and yet accumulate large
fortunes ? Or State Legislators ac
cumulate considerable sums above
expenses on a per diem of four or five
dollars, and that only when the Leg
islatures are in session? Or City
council-men, with no other business,
support their families in style on a
salary of $300 a year? Can thA
reader tell how it is done? If not
let him guess, while we pass on.-St.
Louis Advocate.
Above the Law.
Like ancient Gaul, the S. C. Uni
versity is divided into three parts,
the Citadel, Clafiin and Columbia.
Section 1041 of the General Stat
utes provides that the number of pro
fessors in the University (plainly
meaning all three of its branches)
shall ntot exceed ten. This law has
been contemptuously degraded and
defiantly violated. The law is not
worth the paper that is wasted in
printing it. The trustees seem to be
above the law. If they can violate
its provisions with such temerity, i
it just to punish small offenders? An~
"assist:mrt professor of agriculture'
at Columbia is to receive $1,700 pei
annum. There are not a dozen stu
dents in agriculture at tlat college
The idea of having two professors tc
teach the dozen is preposterous. The
legislature, however, is in some de
gree- responsible for this waste o:
money.-Ab)beville Medium.
Runragt*
Philadelphia, tod&k.
that anybody can rn
and started one. -
change, and not
himself in newpaper
duced some ot his
same. Of coarse that-"
was bound to sncceed.
connected -with it *a ew
about journalism; b t
that? Anybody can bez_.
and a manager of a,pew
he has to do is to board free
eat free lunches ad,ibi
theatre on free passids
the railroad cars, go-to
Saturday and draw hie
that the cashier. payse".
He dreams about. M4
night and Auds them in
under his pillow.
ready for-the printer.,-_,
and assistant editors ..am
himself.: They ave#o
asything. A. newyser
daisy thing for tboseW&
been initiated inoia
This is the
-ture,.but there is a.
The legitimate editor
that nineteen hours ..t
four are required for r
frei passes,, it is,trae
often he can find time,
and they are geuerauy.a74 --
ble." Invitations to-sep
ner often come wbene
petite, or when the -
printing-departmentint
a large supply of - -
When he contmenes -
torial on which-he -
himself, some one isU
on important business -r'
talking until the'1e4.
as he intended, har
paper must be Rpid -
matter, and be m t
how.
'He must furnisi rice
torial each day, endre
down
subject or not. -- ne
difference to the
he gets it or 1;
data from; they.in
with legitimate
rials or they Wil
He must know wha
the paper aswell
This knowledge
filling of the
of rejected mn
people who know bw
paper.
The PhilaIepi --
ducted entirely' gj ----
know how to ran.sn
cluding the May&
ought to have known'
anybody else, lived
days or nearly three -
"It tasted of life's
Refused to drink-the
Turned its little hesa
Disgusted with thets(
It cost those "wfo
run a newspaper" -
services. What the Ook i%
other expense will
have not learned asy --~
sympathize with y&.
his friends in the -
The loss we know the~
but the grave will ati
dead and the TrbnA
peaee. It takes a bdy
learn a trade, but --
editor and run a ne_
and in the ground.
cord.
Will Up-Country
be Required to Sit ii
Gallery?
The question of the
Charleston's doubler
see' to be creating a
throug'out the State. As -
have obseved we think the ls
osition of Charleston to e
further representea?!;in bene
"wealth and inteigne'~
meet with any consider -
favor among the poor wt.
the up -country, who have
and but little intelligeic~
d ies seem to be a gresaty "
poor white trash of the
should have as much -
those elegant preople o
try who are so cultivat-d
It is time that the -
were beginning to r~
Those city folk magg -
and intelligent" that hT
even want their ~
sit on the same floor e
Assembly with --
horns. ,We are now
of those aesthetic -oc'
low country to propose
of a gallery for, tbhe
of up-country poor bcp.
cratic members need not
ated by the touch of the --
country delegate'.

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