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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, February 03, 1886, Image 1

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A. C. JON ES, Pub. and Proprietor. A Farnily Paper Devoted to Literature, .1iscellany, News,ArctueMaks,i.
"OL-. xxii. N W ER,S. C., WEDN-ES1DA-Y, FER-AY,186
THE HERALD AND NEWS
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ontbs.
Let the Truth Be Told.
What General McCrady says i
his letter to the Greenville New
touching the census embroglio, i
true, and emphatically true. Cha
leston, so far as her Representative
in the House are concerned, or an
expression of her people is concerne6
is in no way responsible for the fai
ure to provide for making the enu
Meration required by the Constitt
tion and the codified law.
The cry of "up country" and "lo,
country" in this matter is a gros
piece ot unscrupulous demagogism
There is no truth. in it. The lov
country, as General McCrady truti
fully claims, is not chargeable as
section with avoiding the'command
of the Constitution iii this matter t
serve its own political aggrandize
ment. Every bill framed for th
purpose was framed by a low coun
tryman, and among the most earnes
advocates for obeying the Constitu
tion to the letter and taking the enu
mers.tion commanded were low coun
trymen.
Nor was the Governor in any waj
responsible for this dereliction. He
expressly recommended in his mess
age to the Legislature of '84 as fol
lows:
"It is provided in Article 2, Section
4, that the enumeration of inhabi
t,s of the State for the purpose of
ikning the - RepresentatiVes be
made in 1875 and in every tepth
year thereafter. This enumeration
should, therefore, be taken the next
year, and I recommend that such ap
propriation be made as may be ne
cessary for the purpose."
This is as clear as language can
put it.
Now, as to the earnest advocacy
of low countrymen in this behalf, we
remember well being in the House
when this matter was under discus
Fsion in 1884. The house seemed at
first demoralized with the idea of the
heavy expense involved in taking an
elaborate census, and, if we mistake
not, refused to accept the bill report
ed towards that end, although that
bill held in contemplation the Fed.
eral aid promised. But finally a less
* expensive bill, looking to an expend
iture of something like twenty thou
sand dollars, was passed. We re
member Mr. McCrady's earnest
speech advocating an obedience to
the Constitution, cost what it may.
He said there was no other way to
have a regular government. With
him it was not a question of will, but
one of solemn obligation. What did
the constitution require? He then
r read the provision and said no ration
- al mind could fail to see that it re
'.quired an enumeration to be made in
1885. What did the oaths of memn
bers obligate them to do? 1He .'en
read the oath and said he felt the
binding obligations of that oath, and
he was free to say that he would pre
fer that Charleston should be repre
sented by a small delegation that all
would admit to be legitimately hers,
under the organic law, than to have
a large delegation the legitimacy of
which was questioned. He was sure
the small delegation under such cir-I
eumstances would exercise a better
and larger influence. Mr. Hutson,
of Hampton and other low country
men followed in the same line of
thought.
But when the House passed the
census bill in 1884, it was killed in
the Senate. W hen Senator Mauldin,
of Greenville called it up, Senator
Maxwell from Abbeville moved to
strike out the enacting clause. It is
true Senator Smythe from Charleston
opposed the bill, belittling the Con.
stitutional requirement, which, lie
said, might be construed any way the
members might choose to take it, and
that the census would cost a great
frdeal to little or no purpose-to giveI
Sone or two counties in the State a
little more representation than they
now had. The bill was met in the
same way by other Senators oppos
ing it. Senator Moody, for one, dis
covering the astounding fact that the
Con.stitution itself was unconstitu
tioal.
The motion to strike out prevailed
by 19 to 15. We have been at the
pains to take this vote as we find it
in the Senate Journal. Those voting
l to strike out the enacting clause were:
! Lp Country-Bieian of Oconee,
m Black of York, Coker of Darlington,
Maxwell of Abbeville. Moody of
Marion, Munro cf Union. Wallace of
D I Richland, Wingard of Lexington.
Woodward of Fairfield-9.
Low Country-1-Benbow of Claren
i. don. -Buist of Charleston, Byrd of
s Williamsbrg, Howell of Colleton,
e IzIar of Orangeburg, Moore of lamp
ton, Reynolds of Beaufort, Simmons
of Berkeley, Smythe of Charleston,
e Youmans of Barnwell-10.
For the motion: Up country, 9;
low country, 10-aggregate 19.
Those opposed to striking out the
n enacting clause were:
Up CouAry-Bell of Aiken, Bobo
of Spartanburg, Clyburn of Lancas
ter, Field of Pickens, Leitnerof Ker
s shaw, McCall ot Marlboro, Mauldin
of Greenville, J. B. Moore of Ander
son, Patterson of Chester, Redfearn
of Chesterfield, Sligh of Newberry,
Todd of Laurens, Talbert of Edge
field-13.
Low Country-Smith of Horry,
Williams of Georgetown-2.
Against the motion to strike out:
Up country, 13; low couotry, 2-ag
gregate, 15.
- Now, if up country and low coun
try had anything to do with it, why
were nine up countrymen found vot
ing to kill the bill? We see that
. there was a difference of only four in
the vote; and if even-the three Pied
mont belt Senators, Biemann, Black
and Maxwell, had voted for the cen
. sus bill of the House, the vote would
- have stood: for the bill, 18; against,
16. And if the nine up country Sen
ators voting against the bill had
voted with the thirteen up country
men sustaining it we see 22 votes
for the census bill to 12 against it,
even allowing all the low country
Senators to vote together. How vi
ciously absurd it is to talk, then. i
about the defeat of the census bill
being the work )f the low country
when we see that about half the vote
killing the bill was an up country
vote.
Put when the House found their I
bill (efeated and no appropriation f
had been made for the enumeration,
whilst some members thought it wasI
useless to contend further with the
co-ordinate body in opposition, there
were yet those who advocated taking ~
a recess and coming back to insist ~
on the legislation necessary for mak
ing the enumeration.
'We find that the v-ote in this behalf ~
stood : For the recess, 33; against it,
46. Let us see who these thirty- ~
three men were who were willing to P
come back in January, '85, and fight t
it out for the constitutional enumer
ation. We call the names from the c
Journal of the House as follows: I
Upper Counties-Messrs. Ansel of 1b
Greenville, Clyburn of Lancaster, c
Graydon of Abbeville, Mason of Spar- C
tanburg, Simpson of Laurens, S>nith b
of Spartanburg, Thompson of Spar- a
tanburg, Williams of Greenville, 0
Stanyarne Wilson of Spartan burg-9. n
Midland Counties-Messrs. Aldrich h
of Aiken, Brooker of Lexington, rt
Hardy of Newberry, McIver of Dar- te
lington. McKissick of Union, McMas- ti
ter of 1Richiland, Pettigrew of Dar- n
lington. Pope of Newberry, Ray of le
Rlieblandi, Ready of Edgefield, Rice T
of Union, L. F. Youmans of Rich- se
fand--12.w
Low Country Counties-Messrs. p:
Baxter of Georgetown, Harvin ofn
Clarendon, Hutson of Hlampton, Lee bi
of Snater, Macusker of Georgetown, b<
Maher of Bnrnwell, Mears of Char
leston, Mitchell of Beau fort, Padgett. eC
of Colleton, Richardson of. Horry, ft
Robinson of Beaufort, J. W. Sim- m
mnons of Orangeburg-12. o
Here, then, we see nine votes from *
the upper counties, twelve from the bI
midland. andl twelve from the lowT
country counties, making up this for- c~
lon hope for saving the enumeration ri
and apportionment at any hazard. t
With these facts of record, what shall "
we say of the unscrupulous cheek of P1
those who would now raise a cry 0o
against the low country for the failure e~
of that which simply failed for the to
want of up country votes. Pish ! e*
This is of a character with some ru
more of the stuff which is now being M
voided on the people of the~ State._ th
Colu&>ia Register. m
The damage to the orange inter
ests of Florida as a result of the I 9
freeze is estimated at $-2.000,000. ur
We run for office and our friends an
manage for us and spend our money, ev
and behold we cometh out badly Wc
scooped and crushed financially. wJ
~t
A Georgia Farmer.
Mr. Robert Rood is a youtg far
mer. Thin browned, all fiber, slow
and easy of motion, self-reliant and
independent-he is a fine type of the
young Southern farmer.
"The earth is a gold mine," he
says, "to any man that works it dil
igently."
It has certainly proved to be one
to Mr. Rood. In seven years he has
made over $40,000 in farming-not
by speculating-for he has lost $to.
000 by that method. But by the pa
tient tilling of the earth, and the
slow transmitting of sunshine, rain
ani sweat into corn and cotton. The
story of his work is significant, and
it may be improving, so here it is in
paragraphs coaxed from his own
lips.
'-My father said to me about seven
years ago, 'My son, I'm going to die,
and I leave $6,000 in honest debts
that you must pay.' In six weeks
he was (lead and I took the planta
tion in Stewart County on the Chatta
hoochie River. I mortgaged the
place for $4.000 and went to work.
I darned my own socks and patched
my own clothes as they wore out..
When I went to Eufaula I put a bis
cuit in my pocket, and when I got to
town tied my horse to a rack and 4
saved hotel bill. I ran a plough
myself, leading the way for my
hands. At night I lit up the forge i
and did my own blacksmithing, learn
ing as I went. I never left my farm2:
a day- and slept only six hours a
ight."
'.That must have brought sue- s
ess ?"
"Of w;rse it did, as it would have t
brought it in any other business.
n two years I had paid my debt and v
ad money in bank. I have made in* f
Dtual money over $40,000. This is b
ny poorest year and yet I will clear f<
>ver $3,500. I would not give any y
nan $5 to guarantee me $3,000 a a
-ear on my ten mule farm for the a
iext ten years. Farming is the n
afest business a man can engage in t
f he goes at it right." s
'-What are the rules by which yon tl
rork ?" f(
"First. I raise my own provisions. tL
now have 1,000 bushels of corn, y
,100 bushels of oats, 800 bushels of a:
eas and 400 gallons of syrup now w
or sale. I raise much of my own r(
neat and would raise it all except tr
at my climate is too warm to cure
. I never saw a man who did not p<
ise his own corn that made money w~
n cotton. I never saw a corn raiser c<
at wasn't a prosperous farmer. b:
ou can often figure out that you cc
an buy corn cheaper than you can f
ise it,' but that is only on paper. b:
~orn-raisers prosper-the others fail. bi
y cotton crop is always a cash .ur- sl
lus. I make my other crops carry pr
e farm. at
"Next to raising my own coraI, I st
>unt personal attention to business. -
sow ev-ery bushel of oats myself,
cause I never found a hand that
uld do it right. This fall I worked
even hours a day with a three peck Tl
sket on my arm and sowed oats of
ead of twelve plows until the ends pl
f my fingers were bleeding. In
aking syrup I got along with four hc
>urs sleep in twenty-four, and the b~
~sult is perfect syrup. I superin
nd every detail of my farming as
is. Every back strap of my har- t
~ss has a bag of moss sowed under W
ather to protect the mule's back.
bread wouldnt do for that sort of o
~wing, as it would rot. Iron wire
ori
uldn't for it would rust. So every
d is sewed with copper wire. I An
A
ver had scald back or a piece of
oken skin on a mule since I've
bil
~en farming. -f
'-Next to a personal supervision is f
onomy. Nothing is wastedl on myg
r-m. I have 120 tons of home- co
de manure composted now, and
e ton of composted manure is cal
rth three tons of guano. Not a w
de of grass is burned on my place.
at with the refuse of my sugar do
ne even is turned under and en- a
hes the ground. It is small things
t make or ruin the farmer. My kn
ighbors use two or three sets of so
wlines a year-mine last me two un
three years. Every night I 'il
'ery wagon on my p)lace using cot- ea
1 seed oil. Once a month I have firs
ry axle cleaned and the old oil me
bed off. This saves my wagons.
stock and crops are all protected gn
same way. The poorest house on tirr
r place is the house 1 live in." der
"How about your labor ?" pat
"Better than slaves. I pay them -
a month, half in cash every Sat- si
ay night, one ration and allow par
h hand a half acre for potatoes at
d an acre for corn and allow them
ry Saturday afternoon. They
irk because they know I know it not
ien they shirk. They began steal- ath
ing from me. I slept on the ground
every night for three weeks, bagged
three of the thieves and now I am
safe. When they are well I make
them work and when they are sick I
give them medicine from my own
hand. In short they know I watch
them and they work."
"You find the life a happy one ?"
"The freest, happiest, most iude
pendent Rfe in the world. I have
not been sick a day in eleven years.
When I lie down I sleep. I ask ,o
man any odds. My broad acres are
there and they are exhaustless. The
best bank a farmer can have is hi
land. Every dollar he puts there is
safe and will pay him interest an
principal. Many farmers sell their
cotton seed. This is robbing their
land. I buy cotton seed, for with
acid phosphate and stable manure
it makes the best fertilizer. The far
mer is the one independent man."
"I can not understand," Mr. Rood
ent on to say, "why a young fellow
ill stay in the city and clerk at a
5mall salary with no future when a
.armer's life is open to him. No
nan could have had a much worse
tart than I did. Now, in spite of
narkets, weather or anything else, I
:an live a free man's life, with
iealth, open air, exercise, and at the
md of every year put from $3,500 to
)5,000 in the bank. This is not
hiance. It is certainty. And there
s nothing in me except hard work,
tention and a little common sense.
f fifty young clerks were to go to
tewart County to-day and farm just
.s I do, each one would reach the
ame result. It is no experiment.
t is the most certain of- c'ertain
hings."
And away the young farmer went
rith a gang of friends who had called
or him. Why may not he prove to
e a type? Why may not there
>)low in his foot-steps a race of
oung farmers, sturdy and self-reli
nt, with smooth brows, clear eyes
nd strong arms ? Why may they
ot come to the rescue of our sec
on1 from the domination of western
moke-house and cribs, and win for
ie South amid their corn rows a
iller and better experience than
1eir fathers fought for twenty-five
ears ago ? There is plenty of land
ud more to come. Mr. Rood started
ith 2,000 acres which he has al
ady cut down to 1,200. He con
acts his arabla once every year.
[ntensive farming," says he, "is thei
>licy of the future. There is oner
ar cry under which the South can
>mmand the situation. That is a I
ile to the acre, full corneribs, a big
>mpost heap and home on -ther
rm !" Frankly now hasn't this
oad shouldered young fo'rmer, with
s steel-like sinews, this untroubled
eep, come nearer to solving the1
'oblem than those cf us who, aiming ~
glittering heights, are fighting and
umbling along the uneven way.
Atlnta G'onstitution
A Pslan- of Life.
t
There is but little in life to live for. t
ie world is a hollow mockery full a
troubles, trials and bad piano a
ayers. 11
We go forth in the morning full of h
pe and come home at night full of
.d whiskey.
We dabble in politics and bet all
r wealth on the leading man, and s
e other fellow getteth elected andt
U
are left to mourn.
We marry for wealth, and our girl'sa
man assigns.
We deny ourselves many things in a
:ler to lay up some cash in the bank,
d the cashier fleeth unto Canaan.
id in an evil bour when we dream C
t of it the merchant presenteth a
1 for our wife's ne w bonnet, and the
~m and the stock goeth under inort.
ge to pay it.y
Woe unto man ! Of how little t
asequence is his joy. ,a
[n fancy he is full -of colic and '
~nip, and in youth he goeth aboutg
Lb a thorn in his heel,.
[n the evening of life he lieth t
wn full of rheumatism, aches and ~
e-bilious pills.W
The places that once knew him "I
ow him now only by the promis. T
y notes and accounts he has left sr
paid. And this is the end of man. HI
[n youth he dances into the ring h:
;er to knock somebody out, but the it,
t thing he knoweth hc is orna- es
nted with a black eye,.h
Lie cometh forth in black raiment is
I a standing collar, and at noon
e he goeth about with one suspen. ke
-and with the seat of his pants H
;ched with an old sock. th
31e carrieth a torch in the proces- hi
n, and whoopeth it up for his ti:
-ty, and behold the man who staid dc
home is appointed to office. th
uch is the career of man. h
>o! in an hour when he dreameth m
of it, a breechy mule kicketh him se
wart the center, and he dieth. in
Truth Stranger than FicLon,
The experience uf almost cvery
man has coivinced him of the truth
of the old maxim that "truth is often
stranger than fiction." We read with
interest of the bloocurdling adven.
tures and hair-breadth escapes of the
heroes of romance, and though im
possible they may sometiims appear,
vet there is nothing which the im
agination of the author has invented
that has not been accomplished in
real life. Woniers never cease and
strange things are continually hap
pening. The trouble with many of
us is that whatever we cannot under
stand, especially things which seem
improbable, we are apt to receive
with distrust. If you try to explain
to an unlettered man, who haq spent
his life in ,he backwoods, that the
water lie uses by abstraction or loss
of heat becomes solid and by heat is
converted into steam, and that it is a
compound of hydrogen and oxygen
two measures of hy.lrogen gas and
one of oxygen gas -and that oxygen
is an electro-negative. basifying and
acidifying elementary principle, and
that hydrogen is an aeri:orm fluid,
extremely inflammable and fatal to
animal life, he is very apt to tell you
that you are a fool; that water is
water and has got nothing but water
in it. The analytical chem.ist, how
ever, knows differently in spite of all
the unlettered man can say to the
contrary. W h;at is true of the unlet
tered portion of humanity is also
true of the better informed majority
who are not inclined to superstitiou.
They must have substantial proofs of
very phenomenal happening before
they will believe. In this practical
age of science aad evolution the
ays of miracles with the masses
ave passed. Nothing but a proof
ke that which Thomas of old re
eived when he put his fingers in the
rints of the wounds of the -Messiah
rvill satisfy them.
When a statement is made through
he paper that a certain person has
ecovered suddenly from a certain
lisease that has baffled the skill of
hysicians, the information is cer
ain to uc received with distrust, and
he few who acknowledge their belief
n it will be set down as superstitious
anatics who will believe anything.
hose who will not believe the state
nent, because they cannot under
tand how anything outside the regu
r laws of nature can happen, are
tional sages in their own estima
on, but really ttiey are not very un
ke the backwoods boor who will
ve it that water is composed of]
thinp- but water because he has
ever hIad an ocular demonstration
fits analysis.
Just at the present time there is
~uch excitement manifested over
e "boy preacher" of North Carolina,
ho1 was suddenly stricken blind andi
hose sight was restored in a strange
anner. The boy claims that his
ss of sight was of divine origin;
at he knew it would happen and 1
at the restoration of sight was a
iracle. His sermons are described
being remarkable, and with but
tle if any instruction in music he
s been known to perform on the
gan with great skill.]
For fear of being regarded super
~itious, we wi'll not state p)ositively<
lat this an-d other phenomena are I
iracles, but if they are not miracui- I
s exhibitions of God's power, what
e they ? Will some of the materi
istic p)hilosophers explain? It
ill not do to say they are not true. t
he evidence in this and many other C
~ss of the kind is too convincing. 1
d why can they not be true ? Isi
e arm of the Almighty any weaker v
)-day than it was nineteen hundred s
ears ago ? Cannot Hie who created p
e world, and the sun, and moon, a
d stars, and starry systems, and t:
o even created us, made our eyes, s
ive us sight and hearing, take them h
'ay and restore them? Certainly n
se who refuse to believe this are a
ore irrational than those who are tl
lling to believe. Some will say, V
3ut God dont work in this way." n
hat's just what the back woodsman h
s about water. How do you know h
dont work this way? What proof h
ve you got? You have never seen '
Neither has tihe backwoodsman b
er seen water analyzed, and until ti
does he will never believe that it l.1
composed of anything but water. w
God has declared that whosoever p
eps His commandments and loves te
m with heart, soul and mind, and si
n asks anything in his name, to I
such will be granted. The Chris- n
n who does not b'elieve this either ni
ubts God's word or does not believe re
t He can do what he says. Per- ir
ps, if the doubting Christian will li
ke a careful examination of him- ni
lf he will find that he is not keep- IE
, God's commnanlments';amd if not, p
the graces and promises, of course,
cannot apply to him. Because many
of us are weak and fall into divers
sins, let us not say that God does
not do what He has promised. Bec
ter for us to be thankful for the bless
inugs which are daily bestowed upon
us than to question the powersof the
Onipotent, whose ways are past
finding out.-Columbia Record.
The Census Again.
Those Legislators who defeated
the appropriation for the Census, (lid
a far groator amount of mischief,
thain they probably thought for. Be
Sades thle bad effect of shov-ing at
disregard for the Constitution of the
State, and the aot of monumental in
justice to many counties, by tius de
priving them of equal representation
in the 'Vgish;ture, they have stirrld
up a very strong feeling on the sub
ject in many sections.
T'his subject is agitated every week
by the Press of the up-country es
pecialy, and the discussion waxes
warmer and warmer. This feeling,
bitter and strong, seems to be get
ting sectional. We do lot blame our
brethren for crying out against this
wrong, for we sympathize with them.
We are sorry however to see any
thing like bitterness manifested. Tne
question will not down, though, and
as the next caioaign draws near, it
will become more and more interest
ing. It will no doubt be a very dis
turbing element in the campaign,
and whatever of bitterness and dis
cord it produces, the Legislature
will be to blame. It will be made an
issue in the next State Democratic
Convention by those counties that now
consider themselves defrauded out of
their just representation in the Leg
islature.
Those counties that now have an
undue representation in the Legis
lature will have an undue advantage
in the State Convention in nomi
nating State officers, and in determ
ining the policy of the Democratic
Party.
The same thing will be felt in the
Congressional District Conventions.
To illustrate how this thing will
work, as matters now stand, we will
say that Charleston will have in that
Convention 28 delegates, while the
two counties of Spat tanburg and Ab
beville combined, which have about
twice the population of Charleston,
will have only 20 delegates.
. This is altogether unfair, and the
people of the up-country are not
~oing to submit to it tamely, from
present appearances.
We would rejoice to see this bitter
reeling allayed, yet, afteF all, are not
hie people of some of the counties
somewhat to blame in this matter
romi the fact of their sending an en
irely new delegation to the Legis
;ure almost every term ? These
1ew men have to contend, to their
great disadvantage, with men who
1ave been there before and have been
;rained in Legislative work.-Surnter
4dvance.
!n Editor Unmasks--His name '
not Henley but Hearn.
The last issue of the Wadesboro' c
ntelligencer, says the Charlotte Ob- t
erver, contains a three column ac- 1
ount of the life of its editor, who t'
ias heretofore been known as S. W.
lenley, but whose real name is given c
.s Sperry W. Hearn. His story con- b
ensed, is, that he is a native of Tap
iabannock, Va., and began life in 1:
hat town as a compositor in the office o
C the Ese Gazette. Hie fell in s
ove with a school girl and after pay. i
ag her attention for some time. he I
ras snubbed by the girl, who be- i
towed her favors upon a rivail in the 1.
erson of aNortherner. Hlearn made 1
n attempt at suicide, which was frus
-ated by friends, and after vainly ti
eeking to draw his rival into a duel, li
e decided to exile himself from his it:
ative town and people. He slipped li
way from Tappahannock, assumed 3
ie name of S. W. Henley, and after q
-andering about for several years, fi- 5,
ally drifted to Wadesboro', where e,
e established the Intelligencer, and y
ad worn his mask successfully until fr
e revealed his romance last week. y
'he people of his native town had t!
elieved him to be dead for a long it
me past. This revelati'n was part- n
rbrought about by a controversy D
hich has been waged for some time
ast between the Times andl the In- tc
~ligencer and was published to fore- o
all a publication in tbe Timnes. Mr.p
earn has evidently endeavored top
ake a clean breast, and gives the B
ames of many Virginians who can be h4
~ferred to by the incredulous. Hay- in
tg thrown off his mask and revealed k'
s whereabouts, Mr. Hearn an
>unces -his intention of shortly pay- ct
ga visit to his old friends in Tap- sc
shannnn1r
Fighting the Inevitable.
The most startling thing in modern
history is the stalwart way in which
England, the Mother Land, has re
sisted the progress of civilization.
In spite of all this, however, the
growth of Democracy in England has
been sure. --Henceforth," says a
well known writer, "England is Dem
ocratic." She must be. The tide
has set in that way with all th3
warmth and steadiness of the Gulf
stream. The electoral system ha-3
been growing for centuries. Tb
last reforrm has increased the voting
constituency forty per cent. Rotten
boroughs have been cut off; titled de
peudants retire,!; public education
has becn moving the right way.
Legislation upon internal matters
grows more enlightened, the policy
of foreign invention gives signs of
becoming more guarded and conserv
ative, and the church question is fast
toning down into lines of common
sense. All of England's political in
stitutions are improving, and as Mr.
Andrew Carnegie wisely says:
"The child now lives who will see
every English speaking community
living under institutions founded
upon the extremest views of the
rights of man, as formulated in our
Declaration or Independence, with.
out a vestige of privilege from birth,
without king or aristocracy, without
united church and state, without
great standing armies, unhampered
by primogeniture and entail, with
equal electoral privileges * and equal
districts."
Indeed, if w2 except legislation
upon Irish land, which is only justi
fied upon the plea of "necessity," it
would be difficult to point out any
change made in the laws of Britain
during the past twenty years which is
not in the direction of republican prac
tice. And why should not Irish land
be liberated? Why suffer feudalism
to linger there when liberty reigns
everywhere else? This is the last
lesson which England learns, and in
fighting against Irish freedom she is
simply resisting another cne of those
reforms to which she must finally
submit.
What has England done to Ireland?
It is difficult to pass over the arraign.
ment by O'Reilly, which the Chroni
e has already alluded to, in a cf
rent magazine. In the twelfth en
-ury England invaded Ireland, pros
erous and happy under King Bre
2an, and reduced the country. Her
~esources were confiscated, her laws
lisregardedi and her courage wasted.
Finally, the alliance with S.cotland
md the liberation under Edward
Bruce. Another century, IrelandI
>rostrate once more, gagged and
nanacled. Irish law framed in Eng- ~
and-"all rights reserved"-schoolst
Lnd churches thrown down. Another
undred years-the reforming pro
ess under Henry VIII.-the bullet,
ope and the slaveship. Seventeenth
entury and still the deathless fight
rish growing weaker, English strong- n
r. Cromwell makes "peace and si- c
ence"i i reland at the sword's edge. I
'hen came an unexampled atrocity in '
be name of "civilization;" four-fifths p
f the entire island, every acre held c
y the native Irish, who were Catho- ,
ics, was confiscated and handed over b
o Cromwell's disbanded army. This g
ras the beginning of the Irish land d
uestion that Michael Davitt has ti
een hammering at for years. p
The eighteenth century found Ire- d
mnd in the depths after six centuries
f wasted blood and scattered trea- d
ure. Then Grattan gets the Irish
parliament and Ireland, according to
ord Clare, advances unprecedently
1 trade, manufacture and agriculture. te
nglish -merchants demand that Ire- m
md be destroyed as a competing
ower. English landholders, always a:
2e crowning curse, cried out, "our $:
ves and religion in danger." Cas- m
ereagh buys out the Grattaa Par- A
ament. TI's rebellion is crushed, it
obert Emmett hanged, drawn and hi
uartered. "Then Ireland lay down at
her misery, even God had appar
2tly forgotten her in the night."
'ext, Daniel OConnell won the er
anchise for the Catholics. The 1W
oung Ireland of '48 was put down, H
ien the famine wit h thousands dying C<
the soil. Twenty yeare later Fe- th
tanism and the rule of the Royal OG
ragoon.
What is England doing for Ireland C<
4-day? Fastening upon her the grip gs
the alien landlord and loading her L
~oducts with high rent. Closing her gi
>rts by discriminating in favor of Ce
ristol and Southampton. Checking S<
ir political and commercial advance th
a thousand ways; for England a!
iows, as John Boyle O'Reilly says: lis
"Every ship going through an Irish lis
mnal was in danger of forgetting the in
amthern English ports, Bristol and of
yuthampton. Every mill built on en
an Irish stream' would ded
the profits ofLancashire.- E
of coal or other mineral dug int
land lowered the prices I i
ham, Sheffield and the Black*
If the Irish farmers' children
get work in mills and mines
shops, their earnings would,
their parents independent of
lords, and rents would have i
lowered. It~was clear that I
advance must be stopped, on
would become a dangerous
or and democratic example 'fr
Britain.-Agusta chroxicle.
That Census Matter.
We have no hesitation In
that we think the Legislature
mistake in not providing for
the census. Nor in saying"
inequalities in representatia
to be corrected. But we fal
why this failure on the put
Legislature to discharge itb
should be made the grotirdo
casion for inflaming the
one section of the State
other. Unhappily there
in the State afeelingof"up-j
and "low country."
deplored and healed-suha
mented. In the di
census question, it strikes
is immaterial whether thi
"low" country prevented thk
of the proper law fore;
mandate of the Consti .
i matter of fact, MjOr
ley in his letter to tho'
'he Medium shows that46&
)ers from the lower oodftp*
2o more responsible for th
ire to pass-the census bill
.rom other sections. This
sectionalism we think*
leprecated.. The inte
ection of this comin u
lissolubly bound up with -4
very other section.
nony in all their relt1W
nore to the public adii
ickering and theinces
nity.
A frank, free and emd
ion of this question isMg M
riew of carrying out the
ive to each eomty,-..I
ion to yhich it is endtie4&!
nts and schemes .o
epresentation upon a b
rty and population, ori
sanner than upon the
4bitants, are ialse in
s of the essence of the
ur form of government thatba
,nd infiuence of every et
otential in all public aftra 1
f every of r citizen, wh
toperty be measured bya
irs or by thousands. ~p
ne this question amust be7
nd it will be one of much'
ae next session.-4betilt
New York Jtte ,
The New York prosecutb
ey is working like two
crnvict Holland, the
lavi,' the sawdust
The" Davis, who is a sl
rofessional swindler, is
cited at all. Even if
as indicted, he would
e convicted. He has the
enuine money which wak'
ecoy. There is a little
te rounds that is very ar
aint. A man who ha!
icted said to a prominent
"I know I've not got -n
efense, but Eve got momne~~
"How much have you
"I've got $10,000."
"You will never get 4nt
ntiary as long as yod'"..
uch money."
The lawyer was right. It was
ter the lawyer had ngie
10,000, and the accused had " -
oney that he got justice -
s long as "The" Davis has
is no use thinkingabu
m,so the New York
torney thinks.-S
The Confederates -
t House this term
heeler, of Alabamf
.) Forney, of Alabamna~
ax, of North CarolM
e Senate they arb-n
eneral Maxer, of'i9 ,
'althall, of Misissipp~
ckrell, of Missouri; G
~n, of Alabama; Generglgi
uisiana; General Mahoa%n
nia, and General Reanmc
irolinia. South Carolin h
>uthern State with two -
e Senate. She hasGetirl
id Hampton. General .8
tms known as "Cerroi 4ordo"3
ins, recently representedKn
the Senate, and General81s,
Georgia, was suceeded )y
io ronwn.

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