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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, February 10, 1886, Image 1

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C. JONES, Pub. and Proprietor. A Family Paper Devoted to Literature, Miscellany, News, Agriculture, Markets, c.
VOL -xxI. NwBER3, S. C. WEDNESDAY, FEBRTARY 10 1886.
THE HERALD AND NEWS,
PUBLISHED
EVERY WEDNESDAY AT
'Newberry, S. C.
TsxaMs.-Oae year, $2; six months
three months, 50 cents; two months,
35 cents; one mc.'-h, 20 cents; single
5 opy, cents, payable in advance.
pirations.-Look at the printed
Iabel on the paper; the date thereon
shows when tbe subscription expires.
rorward the ioney for renewal at least
one week in advance.
Subscribers desiring the address of
their paper changed must give both the
old and the new address.
TEE=s OF ADVEBTISING.-$1.00 per
square the first insertion, and 50 ets. per
uare for each subsequent insertion.
A square is the space of nine lines
of solid brwrier type.
Notices in local colupin 12je. per line
for each insertion for one month, longer
at inch rates, w'b 25 per et added.
A reasonable reduction made for ad
z.F! vertisements by the three, six, or twelve
montbs.
The Presentment of the Grand
Jury.
To His Honor J. B. Kershaw, Judge
Presiding:
At the close of their labors for the
present Term, the Grand Jury would
most respectfully submit the follow
ng as their report:
We have carefully considered all
bills given us by the Honorable So
licitor.
In the further prosecution of our
daty, we have examined the
JAIL AND COURT HOUSE.
We find the Jail, to all appear
ances, moderately well kept; yet we
are of opinion that a liberal applica.
ion of boiling water and soap to the
c.*els would be quite an improvement
to the comfort of the inmates. The
prisoners look to be well fed, but we
g. find, as other Grvd Juries have done,
that no means have been adopted -for
mitigating the rigors of winter. This
matter has been so often reported
that it seems needless to report it
again; yet we must think that
more should be done for' the comfort
of'those who are so unfortunate as to
be confned there. Other times Ju
nes have reported the Jail as being
insecure; but we are informed the
0ounty Commissioners have made a
contract to have new cells built in
the-Jail, which will make it more se
e if not entirely safe. There is
Leed of other repairs on the building.
n the lower story, occupied by the
Sheriff; the plastering has fallen from
overhead in many places. This
should be repaired. The wall around
the Jail yard is down in part. The
stables are in a tumble-down .condi
-tion, and, .together with the wall,
ab~sou.ld be repaired. In other re
Sspects all in or about the Jail and
-yard shows that much care is given
~ o neatness and cleanliness.
We find everything in the different
V coUNTY OFFICES
to commend.
The Probate Judge's office is or
d erly, and everything well arranged;
the papers all properly filed.
The Clerk's office is also in proper
order; books and papers all arranged
~as most convenient for use or refer.
ence. The Clerk has on his books
~684 judgments unrecorded, and 10
' udgment rolls missing from the office.
These rolls were reported missing at
Sthe last term of this Court, and as
yet the Clerk has been unable to find
~them.
SIn the Sheriff's office we find every
thing in order. The safe in this of
flce should be repaired or a new one
Spurchased.
The Treasurer has his office in ex
cellent condition.
SThe Auditor was absent on official
business; but everything in his office
had the appearance of order.
We also find the books and papers
in the School Commissioner's office
in proper order. We were very munch
pleased with our visit to this official,
and the explanation given of the op
erations of his business.
We must greatly commend all our
county officers, and, while not dis
posed to detract from the merits of
others, we must express the opinion
that the County never had a better
set of officers.
In some of the offices and in the hall
way of the Court House the plaster
ing has fallen from overhead, while
more is likely to fall. T1his should
be repaired as required for comfort
as well as the appearance of the of
flees.
We think the Court Room sho5l
be kalsomined anew, and the bar fur.
nished with new and suitable furni
ture. The.present desks or furniture,
besides being unsuitable, is - unsight
ly and not in accord with the wealth
or progress of the County.
THE FOOR BOUsE
Was visited by a committee of our
;-number. This committee report the
buildings, with one exception, in
dbd order. The floor in one of the
h6ses is very open ;too much eo to
be ciomfortable. The inmates pre
a wretched appearance, as if
they have received little care. Th
feet of two of the paupers look as i
they were badly frost-bitten. Th
toes and part of the foot of each on
look like they were entirely dead
1and ready to drop off. The commit
tee saw no .dicine or anything tha
would go to show that they had re
ceived any medical attention. Thei
sufferings have been undoubtedl;
very great, and somq relief should b
given, if possible. This we regar(
as a most serious matter, and shoul<
receive the immediate attention o
this Court or the County Commis
sioners. If the Physician employe(
'or the purpose receives pay for visit
ing the paupers he should be hel<
strictly to account for any derelictioi
of duty. The clothing and beddinc
of the paupers'appeared to our com
mittee very scant and of a very in
ferior quality. There should be mor
blankets or other covering. Human
ity demands that such a condition o
affairs should not longer continue
It looks to us that the County Com
missioners and Keeper are not entire
ly excusable for this sad conditioi
of the paupers.
The Grand Jury are well awar
that good
ROADS
cannot be expected at this season o
the year; yet when roads have no
been properly worked before this
bad roads is sure to be the conse
quence. Many roads and portion
of roads in the different township
are reported as especially requirinc
attention. The following are men
tioned: In Township No. 5, th'
road known as the Beasly road is i1
bad order and needs work. We re
commend that a bridge be built i
Indian Creek on this road. The rua
from Indian Creek to the Lauren
line is also in very bad condition
The bridge at Miller's mill on Bus
River is in need of repairs very bad
ly. A lady was seriously injured :
short time since while attempting t(
cross. this bridge. The roads in No
11 are in bad condition, especiall;
the road known as the Ruff road, run
ning to Hughey's Ferry, also the roa<
from Dr. Halfacre's to the three mili
post. From the Ruff place to Mut
Creek the road is bad. The road a
Cannon Creek and the rise to th
bridge one and a half miles north o
Pomarla is needing work. The roa(
in No. 10, known as the Pomariaroa(
is in want of work. We think mor
han<s should be allotted to this road
The Epps hill in Nd. 10 requires in
mediate attention. The road know:
as the Jolly Street road is in bad 01
der at Cannon Creek. The roa<
from Levi Livingstou's to Benso:
Counts' needs work at Cannon Creelk
On the line of No. 8 and No. 9 th
road on Timothy Creek and Booze
Branch should be worked at once
The bridge at O'Neall's old mil
needs to be repaired. The bridg
over the railroad cut in our eit
should be rebuilt, as it is the duty e
the Railroad company to do. Thei
attention has been called repeatedi;
to this bridge, but without being nc
ticed.
Wge nxuld most earnestly insis
that overseers of roads be required t,
have good ditches cut in all roads, a
least on the side that would mos
drain the road; in many places hot
sides should have good1 ditches, a
good roads cannot be had withou
good ditches.
WVe find a general absence of sign
boards all over the County. Thi
should be remedied, and overseer
should be required to have sue:
boards put up, as a convenience ti
the traveling public.
We would advise that the
sUPERVYISORS AND OVERsEERs
be held to a more strict account fo
the condition of the roads in their di
visions.
The roads are in many places be
lng encroached upon by having rul
bish and other obstructions throw:
into them. In many places plows ar
run out into the road and dirt i
dragged into the ditches, filling ther
up and runAing the water into th
road, causing in many places grea
damage. The immediate attentio:
of the proper officers is called to thi
matter. The roads are for the put
lie, and belong to the public, ani
should not be thus trespassed upon.
The Grand Jury have received
report from the
BOARD OF IIEALTH
of the city of Newberry in regard t
the health of the city, by the obstrut
tions across the two branches c
Scotts Creek within the city limitE
This report we submit and ask to b
made a part of this report; and w
would ask that such order, be gran1
ed by this Court as will secure th
enlargement of said culverts, or thei
entire removal, so as to prevent watt
from being backed upon the low land
nn said creek.
3 We would call attention to the ob
f structions being put in the different
3 streams in the county, especially
Bush river, Cannon creek and Indian
creek. The atte-ion of the County
Commissioners is called to this mat
t ter, and we insist that the law be en
- forced.
r We have examined the office and
r management of the office and busi
ness of the Board of County Commis
i sioners, and find everything entirely
satisfactory. We think them good
f and efficient officers.
We have received valuable aid
I from J. S. Reid. and ask that he be
- paid the sum of five dollars for such
I services.
I All of which is respectfully sub
r mitted.
Thompson Conner, Foreman; G.
M. Singley, Jefferson Quattlebaum,
J. M. Glymph, N. F. Johnson, James
C. Moore, Samuel Brooks, John M.
f Livinston, Andrew J. Livingston, L.
B. Eargle, J. Yancey Floyd, James
A. Riser, W. C. Derrick, G. S. Mer
chant, J. G. Miller, Jackscn Taylor,
i W. P. Johnson.
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF HEALTH.
Tbe Board of Health of the city of
Newberry, S. C., feeling the respon
sibility resting upon them as -to the
f proper supervision of all matters re
lating to the health of the said city,
and deeply desirous to do their duty
- in this matter, have considered the
proper drainage of the city as one of
5 the indispensable requisites to pro
tecting the public health. Finding
such necessary drainage to be inter.
fered with and obstructed by the cul
vert of the C. & G. R. R. across the
North and South branches of Scott's
Creek, the same being within the cor
I porate limits of said city, they
brought the matter several times to
the attention of the city authorities,
who called the attention of the Pres
ident ot the C. & G. R. R. to the sub
L ject, with the request that he take
> such steps as would abate the nui
sance.
Nothing having been done by the
- Railroad authorities to carry out the
I suggestions of the Board of Health,
made repeatedly during the last tp,
I years, the Board of Health have re
t quested the City Council to institute
1 such legal proceedings as may be ne
f cessary to remove the existing nui
I sance. And to show to your body
I the necessity for such procedure (1)
3 would call your attention to the fact
.that much of this land needing drain.
-age lies right in the heart of the city,
1 arnd is being built upon at this time.
-And, furthermore, would state that
I it is a well acknowledged fact that
to properly drain land for agri
.cultural purposes, a depth of three
3 feet drainage is barely sufficient; and
r to properly drain land for human
-habitations such a depth is not suf
1 ficient.
3 2. That the culvert over Scott's
7 Creek just above the depot, is above
f the natural level of the creek, as is
e clearly shown by the fall at the lower
7 side of said culvert.
-3. That said culvert is so much of
an obstruction that in the dryest
t summer season, in the bottom land
>adjoining the jail and in the rear of
aF. H. Dominick's shop, the water
t cannot be drained so as to make a
1 depth of soil above the water level of
3 more than nineteen inches.
t 4. That said culvert is of such
small capacity that any heavy fall of
-water cannot pass through it, and is
a consequently backed up all over the
3 adjoining low lands, leaving the same
1 covered with a deposit that cannot
be otherwise than conducive to ma
larial fevei every time it occurs in
warm weather.
5. That the same condition exists
in a great measure as to the culvert
- over the South branch of Scott's
Creek.
- 6. That the fall of the creeks be
- low said culverts is sufficient to se
1 cure any depth of drainage that
3 might be desirable.
3 See Exhibit A of a survey of the
fall in the creek at depot.
3 All of which is respectfully sub
t mitted to your body, with the prayer
1 that you take such steps in the mat
ter as will allow of necessary legal
- proceedings being had to relieve our
city of this vexatious nuisance, which
is an injury to the public health, an
obstruction to the success of our
schools, and a hindrance to our com
mercial prosperity
> JA3IES MCINTOSH, Chairman,
- EDWIN C. JONES,
f W. T. TARRANT,
. JNo. C. WILSON,
3 A. M. BOWERS,
G. A. LANGFORD,
-W. H. HUNT,
e:Tos. S. MOORMIAN,
r 0 O L. SCHIUMPERT.
r Board of Health.
s EXEImIT A.
Difference of level from bottom oj
culvert under railroad to various
points on the creek:
From bottom of culvert to
ledge crossing creek in
Langford's Field. . . 3 SC9-1000
To just below Gaunt Street 5 860-1000 C
To where a small creek enters 9 526-1100 m
To McWhirter and Factory
line . . . . . . . . 9 789-1000 1r
To Island Ford Road . . . 13 816-1000 eI
To Elmore and Stevens' line 17 356-1000 ti
SPECIAL ORDERS.
TiIE STATE OF S6UTII CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY. A
February Term, 1886-In the Sessions.
On hearing the presentment of the
Grand Jury made at this Term of the F
Court, and on motion of D. R. Dun
can, Solicitor, it is ordered that copies o
of so much of said Presentment as tb
refers to the comfort and condition
of prisoners in the county jail and
the repair of the jail and the out
buildings, the condition of the safe iC
in the Sheriff"s office, the proper re- tr
pairs necessary to be made upon the
Court House building, the condition
of the inmates of the poor house, the
public highways and bridges, the put
ting up of signboards, the clearing
T
of obstructioi.s in the different creeks,
be served upon the Board of County
Commissioners of Newberry County,
and that said Board of County Com- d
missioners are hereby ordered to tb
shew cause on the first day of the
next Term of this Court why the mat- N
ters herein referred to have not re
ceived their attention, and especially cb
so far as said Presentment may refer
to the poor house and its inmates.
That a copy of so much of said C
Presentment as refers to Railroad Ct
crossings and culverts in the town of ot
Newberry be served on the town au- tb
thorities and the Superintendent of T
the C. & G. R. R. Co.
And it is furthor ordered, that the
said Commissioners do shew cause
on the first day of the next Term why
they should not be indicted for a
breach of official duty for their al
leged neglect of the reasonable com
fort and care of the paupers, inmates
of the poor house, as charged in the
Presentment of the Grand Jury at L
the present Term.
J. B. KERSHAW,
Presiding Judge.
February 3d, 1866. w
Conditions of Success in Life. at
Y
In a recent address before the
Georgia State Medical Association, ri
Dr. Searcy stated that the physiol- zi
ogical conditions of success in life il
depend mainly upon a vigorous, g
healthy action of the brain and ner- 1[
vous system. It follows, therefore, |ci
that the structural integrity and fune- e:
tional capacity of the brain are mat- fa
ters of the deepest importance, and [
their preservation and improvement T1
are of vital moment. The author W
believes that much would be accom- p
plished, could we discover the ways u
in which the brain capacity is in- ti
ceased and lowered. The problem 8
is a most delicate one, for up to a
certain point the receptivity of the IL
brain is directly proportional to the t:
strain already brought to bear upon s
its capacities. An even balance be- Il
tween the brain functions is an es-"
sential clement. The superior man E
must have the ability, not only to e
comprehend, but, in equal degree, to ~
discriminate; he must be able to se- E
lect for a purpose. Besides the ti
ability to learn, a man, to be suc- a
cessful, needs the power to verify his v
learning, to deduce his own conclu- n
sions, and to execute his purposes si
with persistence. n
A simply erudite man is not ne- 2
cessarily successful. On the con-8
trary, he is often the reverse, a per
fect failure, for lack of the saving b
virtue of common sense. The ca- ti
pacity to receive is of small value ii
unless it be coupled with an ability e
to adjust, arrange, and impart. It a
frequently happens that a man who i~
is simply a scholar and nothing else p
is at an absolute disadvantage in the is
presence of an unlettered man who e
is blessed with an inherent excel- b
leuce of capacity in three depart- a
ments of brain action. One need a
not be educated to possess this trait, 'I
though it is the addition of educa- a
tion to such natural gifts that t<
brings distinction. It is not an exag- '
eration to say that many a man of a
eminence has had occasion to envy I
his humbler associates the possession a
of those so-called commoner merits a
which would have given his own at- h
tainments a greater availability. l~
Nature apparently requires a cer- e
tain amount of the concrete to main- il
tain a mental equipose. The man li
who can learn, reason, and execute I
with equal facility possesses the ele
ments of success, even though his I
qualities be of but an inferior order; 1
while one 'who has any of these fac
ulties abnormally, developed at the e
expense of the others will always be 1
crippled by the absence of the essen
tial features of a successful life. i
Literary Review.
(Conducted by the Southern Critic.)
The February number of --Outing"
intains several special articles of
ore than usual interest. Ice Yacht
gs. with descriptions of late.l mod
s, and illustrative diagrams, is a
ijely paper by Col. Chas. L. Norton.
>hn Hyslop itributes an admira
e yachting article, --The Lesson of
merica's Cup Races," with which
)pears a superb frontispiece illus
ation by lalsall. "Croquet in
lyrla," illu4trated. is a description
the winter and summer rink of a
oquet club in Elyria, 0., by one of
e menbers. The last paper of the
uropean Series of Thomas Stevens'
ur appears in this issue, very fully
ustrated, and takes the narrator to
mnstantinople. Leland Howard con
ibutes an interesting billiard article.
)uting" is without doubt the most
utifully illustrated and complete f
all American periodicals dovoted (
the purposes. Published at 175
renont St., Boston Mass., $3 a
ar.
The current issue of the "Brooklyn
agazine" contains the symposium
scussion, heretofore announced, of t
e wisdom and desirability of an- i
xing the critics of Brooklyn and
ew York. As already stated, the
mtributors to this consideration of
e subject includes Hon. J. S. T.
ranahan, Gen. Henry W. Slocum,
on. Fred. A. SchroLder, lon. Wm. t
. DeWitt, lion. Joseph Wilson and i
hers, thus presenting a varied array
opinion from different standpoints
at cannot fail of interest to all.
be same number also contains the I
nelusion of the Rev. Robert Coll- i
r's delightful juvenile story, an en
rtaining article on "The Glad New
ear" by Miss Arnie C. Sage, and
ntributions by Donald G. Mitchell,
. K. Marvel), Hon. George H. Bo
r, Mrs. Dahlgren, George Birdseye,
rs. Henry Ward Beecher, Gen. J.
eredith Read, Wm. Struthe: , Mrs.
sle Lester and others. The maga
ne is unique in having all its arti
es full of general interest, so that
hoe ver Lakes it will be likely to read i
rerta1a-ng-n_--Publi&hed_nthlWy,
106 Livingston St., Brooklyn, N.
Terms $1 per annum.
"The Domestic Monthly" for Feb
iary is very attractive. This maga
ne has now taken rank with the best
[ustrated magazines; its wood en
*avings are by the best artists and
the best manner. The table of
ntents for February is very inter
sting and instructive, and as to a
shion magazine it has no equal.
he opening article, "The island of
rinidad," with six illustrations, is
orthy of perusal. There are several
>ems of considerable merit, and nu
erous short articles interesting and
mely. Published by Blake & Co.,
53, Broadway, New York.
The current issue of the "St.
ouis Magazine" has a very valuable
ble of contents. It opens with per.
nal recollections of Washington
~ving. with portrait and illustrations.
Xn Episode on the Arkansas" by
Parmer, "Rachel Wayne: A West
n Country Story" by Margaret
[adden, are of no little interest.
elle Beach has a 'sweet' poem en
tid "Kiss Me Sweet," on which
ay comment is unnecessary. in
ariety, freshness and excellence of
atter this magazine is not easily
irpassed in this day of unrivalled
agazine literature. Published at
13 N. Eighth St., St. Louis, Mo.,
1.50 per year.
"The Art Age" for January has
een received, and is the most beau
ful periodical of its kind published
this country. Its aim is to present
Kamples of American art as they
re produced by our professional art
ts, sculptors, architects, decorators,
rinters and engravers. In each
sue it expects to present one well
recuted full-page illustration of the
est recent work in p)ictorial art, in
rhitecture, in interior decoration
nd in fine printing or bookmaking.
'hese four subjects of illustration
re to be accompanied by adequate
st, which will acquaint the reader
ith the highest achievement of the
rtist, architect, decorator or printer.
tis this broad policy of presenting
uly the best professional art work,
d of emphasising its merits that
s given the "Art Age" its estab
,ed character and value. The lit
rary contents is superior in quality,
teresting and instructive. Pub
shed monthly by Turnure & Gillis
ros., 75-79 Fulton StL, New York.
"The Woman's Magazine," an ii
astrated monthly devoted to art,
terature, biography, homue science
rd woman's work in industries, mis
ions, charities and reforms, is not
ehind former issues in timeliness
,nd general interest. The current
ssu opens with a beautiful frontis
iece picture entitled "A Study."
Erances E. Willard has a paper on
,The New Chivalry;" Isabella I.
,rish presents us with the fifth chap
erof "Rambles in France and Italy."
;arah Pratt Carr has a paper on "Old
Uaids," which is not to be glanced
)ver. The "Editor's Nfotes" are to
le point. Edited by Mrs. Esther
r. Housh, Brattleboro, Vt., $1.00 a
,ear.
-Queries." a monthly review of
iterary, art, scientific and general
ducational questions of the day.
)uring the short period of ten months
ueries has attained an unparalled
uccess, and the number of its readers
Lt present is unsurpassed by few lit
rary publications in America. It
ias met with cordial acceptance
vhIerever introduced, and its interest
Lnd excellence has been generally
Lcknowledged. Teachers, students,
iterary circles and individual readers
nd it entertaining and instructive.
. L. Sherrill & Co. publishers, 274
Iain St., Buffalo, N. Y., $1 a year.
The "Art Ameteur," a monthly
ournal devoted to the cultivation ot
rt in the household, ha. no equal.
he February issue has several beau
iful "supplement designs," and the
lustrations throughout are the finest
e have seen on the subject. The
arious departments: "My Note
3ook," "Music and the Drama,"
Gallery and Studio," and others too
iumerous to mention, are well sus
ained. No cultured home can do
:ithout it. Montague Marks editor
Lnd publisher, 23 Union Square, New
'ork, $4 a year.
We welcome to our desk that excel
ent monthly, "Leisure Hours," which
s a family magazine in every respect.
rhe contents for January are unusu
illy entertaining, instructive and
musing reading. It now appears in
new and attractive dress of type,
;hich, while adding to the appearance
-f this popular magazine "For the
Folks at Home," must greatly in
rease its value to subscribers by
eason of its legibility of character.
he beauty and clearness of the
printed page reflects credit on the
type-founders and the printers. The
lnstlote-ae-rikingr This im
provement, together with the fact
that some of the best and most popu
lar writers in the English language
will continue to contribute to its
pages, makes "Leisure Hours" the
cheapest and most valuable publica
tion of its kind in America. Pub.
ished by Edward Records & Co.,
92 Broadway, New York, $1.60 per
anum.
Magazines received : The Century,
t. Nicholas, Atlantic Monthly, Mag
zine of American History, Demo.
est's Monthly, Godey's Lady's Book,
eterson's Magazine, The Chautau
au, The New Moon, Our Little
nes, Johnston's Journal, Art and
ecoration, The New Princeton Re
iew, The English Illustrated Maga*
ine, Dixie, The New England Maga.
ine, Overland Monthly, Magazine of
estern History, Eclectic, Lippin
ott' s Magazine, Electra, Donahue's
agazine and the Bookmart.
Mark This.
The editorial page is the least read
of any page of the paper, yet those
ho do read it are the men who de
the thinking for the community,
irect its enterprises and control its
destinies.-Lynn, Mass., Union.
There is a very large percentage ol
:ruth in the above paragraph. The
ditor ial department of a well con
dcted newspaper, is that to which
the thinking men of any community
instinctively turn. Here they loob
for discussion and argument on all
questions of public or general interest
With such men the paper is approyec
or condemned on account of the
views entertained and advocated by
its editor.
The editor's opinions are generally
criticised closely, and in this way
furnish much food for thought. The
editorial department of a family news
paper is a very potent factor in giving
direction and shape to public opinion.
'he editor of a paper, to be a succest
as an editor, must direct and leac
public opinion, and not simply refieci
it. A man may reflect public opiniox
and still be but a poor apology for ax
editor.
Many people look to the editorialb
of their newspaper for guidance and
help in all public matters. The mei
who do the thinking for the commu
nity, give, close attention to what
their editors have to say. This beine
so, makes the position of an edito
one 'of much greater responsibilitj
than is usually supposed, and h4
should be.very careful what he says
and how he says it.
lie exercises a great, and often
tims unconscious, influence over the
minds of men.-Sumter Adrance.
Home Markets for Farmers.
In a recont pointed editorial article
in the New York Star entitled, "Lift
ing up the South," we find the follow
ing suggestive paragraph:
"The great obstacle to Southern pro
gress has heretofore consisted in its
almost superstitious adherence to a
single industry. Blinded by the tra
ditions of a century and allured by
the exciting features of the pursuit
itself, the Southern people have. from
time immemorial, devoted themselves
exclusively to cotton growing, and
have concentrated upon each recur
ring crop their energies and their
fortunes. Inhabiting the richest ag
ricultural region in the civilized
world; enjoying a climate most gra
cious and henefcent; relieved by na
ture of nine-tenths of the obstacles
.against which the sturdy farmers of
the North have to contend, they have
stood still in all material respects
wLile their less-favored brethren have
prospered and advanced. Possessed
of surpassingly fertile grass lands,
they have reared no cattle; occupy.
ing tracts infinitely superior to any in
the Northern States for fruit and veg
etable growing, they have neglected
both. They have clung desperately
to the old regime, paying for their
loyalty in hardship and dependence,
toiling year after year at the cruel
and inexorable treadmill, while the
North has grown rich selling them
the necessities of life. The Missis
sippi or Louisiana farmer, dwelling
in the midst of eternal pastures and
owning land siniply peerless in fertil
ity and resource, gives the whole year
of his labor and care to the task of
raising cotton to pay for the Western
corn and hay with which he feeds his
teams, and the Northern bacon and
cornmeal wherewith he furnishes his
family bread. If successful, he keeps
even with the world. If any misfor
tune befalls him he takes a fresh step
towards bankruptcy and expatriation.
That is all. The problem of his life
has no further possibilities."
Now, the facts here stated by our
esteemed contemporary are worthy
of attentions, but the attempt to ac
count for facts themselfes' is some
thing of a faiire. For instance, the
impression which the Star leaves on
its readers is that lack of thrift and
enterprise is at the bottom of the
failure of the Southeyn farmer to take
advantage of the unsurpassed fertil
ity of his soil-that he has "clung
desperately to the old regime," and
the all-cotton theory simply because
he prefers the old methods.
But nothing could be more unjust
or more untrue. The Southern farm
er is precisely what his condition
has made him; his enterprise-or his
lack of it-is precisely that demand
ed by his environment. Under simi
lar circumstances the Northern farm
ers who have tried the experiment in'
this section do no better than the
Southern farmer and many do not
succeed so well. The great trouble
is that Southern farmers lack ade
quate home markets. At the North,
and even at the West, the farmers
have home markets. They find a
ready demand for their milk, their
butter, their poultry, their vegetables
and all the other products of a well
managed and well-regulated farm.
?hey find markets that will pay them
profitable prices for their products,
and the wise editors who see this sort
of thing going on at the North can
not understand why the Southern
farmer should not be enjoying a sim
ilar degree of prosperity.
There is but one obstacle in the
way, and that is the lack of home
markets, such as the farmers of the
North and West enjoy. To measure
the energy, the thrift and the- enter
prise of the Southern farmer against
the solid prosperity of the Northern
farmer is to yoke what is unjust with
what is ridiculous. If the Northern
farmer were compelled by inexora
ble circumstances to give his whole
time and attention to raising one ar
ticle for market, we should find few
er unjust comparisons between the
farmers of the two sections.
The farmer of the North-west de
votes his entire attention to wheat,
and the far Western farmer raises
wheat and corn. Are they more pros
perous than the Southern farmer,
save where the resources of capital
are employed to overcome the diffi
culties that lie between them and the
.markets of the world? The South
ern farmer plants cotton because it
is.a cash crop-because there is a mar
ket for it wherever it grows-a mar
ket at his door or on the other side
of the world. He has no more pre
ference for cotton than he has for
cabbages or sweet potatoes, but for
the one he finds a market at his door,
while there is a very limited demand
for the others. The necessities of
the situation-the lack of adequate
nome marzers ior mt oumr
-drive him into the raisig.
ton whether he will or no.
The Northern farmer has
rich because.he has markets
his door for all the truck an
can raise, while the Southerni
is compelled to depend on
which he is sure of a marke
fact constitutes the onlyI
between the prosperity of
ern and Southern fainer.
markets for all his prodrets
other has a market for c.
Under the system of std
South was compelled to
to agriculture on a large
was no opportunity for ind7t
velopments. But sin'eethe
has been a great change.
dition of the Southern
slowly improved. He is
perous than he has'ever
reason is not far to seek
facturing industries,oT
have increased a hundr*4
ring the past twenty yerAM
aggregate result has beenfe.
farmers moreand better
and, just in pr6pdrtIon a
kets increase, just in thit
will our farmers prosper
Consttutio..
The Priority of Li
Scare-Crow...z
The Lien Law ag
State since its adoptio
had an annual p
of its repeal has
in the General.
nual session -since
"What will wo do
silenced at the re
what is called the o
We proposeto'
there need be no '
the part of anybody
recent enactment.
1866, Section 23 7,
gave a lien oi all
vances fcr
Acts of 1875-g ,
gave to the
preferred 11ien
ces;At of 186,
eral Statutes,
"pW": he,P,
shares o- other .
tion. Thus dood .
the legislation o
sembly of 1885
The law has b en
formly so as to give,
rent -and payment,
preference to all otheI
crops raised on leased
borer, wherever be Ijs.
edy, has had his lien
upon .the crop, against.
ing advances. In one CSR
this construction haihben
the Statutes, and tielb
of our ablest Circuit Jue s,
without appeaLA
Now, if we are rightincm
the law as it stood wkn
lature recently convened,
been no "new depatwsr"
tilla of change, and thb~e
of cer4ain of the Ep
who cry out that our
sstem isto be revolu
warranted. The recent
ly be construed as decIrit
law as it stood, or Itadii
discussion and passage was
by its supporters as ?,
those who appeared "faaly
repealing the whole bs
party making advances
same rights and resiede
to afforded. Besides, ifC
Law is to stand .on tWe
Books, it is as shoild be.
lord ought tobe secured l
less it be resolved that2i
own agricultural land,N
extent he can cultvanig
own hands. The lia
secured, unless it is date,bi
he should be drives from
try. In cases where the '
farmer, whiecFimplies tht.
family perform the farm
risk of making advances id'
Where advances are';gd
ant, as in the case of a
landlord, the advancingd
look well to the among
limed.
We only proposed the'
showing that there has
change in the Lien La4
hope of silencing the eryot
that may doharm to Abs1
tenant and laborer.-.ans
JL young lady -mar yenm
when she -makes ir flrst~
into society, and,she m
she is entirely blessed 4
pating ,her enggm t
first' time, but these ~~
and fade when
preme delight, the
with whichi she, when a
crawl from her tn
with cold, or igta.!
or noise, and n4
mother's heart.
dren of small or lre
have a mother togoo-a~
itle tmonh1.an mEe 0

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