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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, March 10, 1886, Image 1

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VOLC. XXIIS,Pb. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCI- 10 1886.N
Vol-J.~~~No10 S.C,W=qIW SDZ"
THE HERALD AND NEWS.
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tertisenents by the th ree, six, or twelve
months.
Parties Stronger Than Presi
dents.
No one has a right to say that Mr.
Cleveland's administration is already
a failure. It is barely a year old. It
has the foundation of honesty and
good intentions. It commenced
work destitute of national experience.
It would have been phenominal if it
had escaped mistakes. It has ample
time in three years to correct the
errors of one year.
But even if it should be a failure,
as the Republicans insist it is and
will be, it is not true that it would
mean inevitab!e disaster to the Dem
ocratic party.
First, because what is on trial is the
new departure from, not the old De
mocracy.
Next, because experience and his
tory teach that parties are stronger
than administrations.
Grant's adiministration was a fail
ure. It had B,lknap, Robeson and
Williams in the cabinet. It had
Babcock in the White House and in
the whiskey ring. Its features were!
impeachments, indictments, jobs and
-f avoritism. Judged only by the work
of the administration the Republican
party would have been swept away.
Yet Hayes received his party support,
and although the Democratic majority
really elected .Mr..T4e.-Hayes re
ceived a sufficiently large vote to
prompt the successful attempt to
count him in.
The administration of IIav-es was
a failure. It was despicable in its
petty dishonesty, meanness and hy
pocrisy. It was ridiculed, condemn
ed and detested by the Republicans
themselves. At its close it consign
ed the fraudulent President to nitiful
obscurity. Yet it did not bring dis
aster on the party, which was strong
enough over to elect such a man as
Garfield even a man as pure and unas
sailable as Hancock.
On the other hand, measured by
the standard of~ Republican Presi
dents since Lincoln, th,e Arthur ad
ministration was a success in its way.
It was by no means brilliant in its
accomplishments. But it was safe,
conservative and clean, and was an
agree able surprise to the Republicans
themselves and to the whole country.
It was thought that Dorsey's asso
ciate, the eulogist of "'soap" in elec
tions, the head of the New York
machine ring, would have made a
strongly partisan administration con
S trolled by the worst political ele
mehts. This opinion was pleasantly
disappointed. The Arthur adminis
tration satisfied the business men
and conserv-ative Democrats, espe
cially of this city..
In fact there never was a President
who entered the office under such a
cloud of clistrust and party unpopu
larity as Gen. Arthur, and who went
out with an indorsemuent more cheer
fully given by all parties.
Yet what followed? The Repuli
can party, under its boldest and most
brilliant leader, was defeated by a
candidate inexp)erienced in national
affairs and unknown except to local
* No. An administration may a.dd
stren gth) or imp)art weakness to its
party beyond doubt. But when it
comes to the crucial test a p)arty de
pends upon itself-upon the ideas
and sentiments it stands for, and
stands against at the last (lay of the
election.
This is especially true now, be
cause MIr. Cleveland has hardly given
the real old-fashioned Demnocraev a
* full, fair trial. IIe was nominate~d to
secure Republican votes that no
other Democrat seemed able to get.
e did receive that Republican sup
ort, and is, naturally. to-day lookingl
it and leaning upon it. This
tst, present and prospective Repub
an support has undoubtedly influ
a I oi 1f he hall call i t
olN leae~of the Democratic a rt
to his CoUn.Sls; if lie h11 made thie
Nes tor of the organization ipn
Ile for the course of his a-hiir
t on; if he had been guided by pre
ci!et; ih ha- recognized govern
ment by party as the accepted spirit
of our syst.n then indeed it mirht
have been diflicult for the p,rty's
fortunes and tho;c of the administra
tion to be separated.
But has lie done this? i as not
Mr. Cleveland made a ne-w depart
ure? Were not indifference to party
and independenc! of its obligations
regarded as the startinu poit I-dI
jewels of his ad-ninistratio::? Wh1i 1e
his chosen advisers are h-n-oralle.
upright men. are they not for the
most part a; inexperienced in na
tional tairs as himself? While use
ful and influential as local leaders.
did they take into the Cabinet with
then national representations? Were
Daniel 31anning. V. C. Eudicott.
William C. Whitney and William F.
Vilas as well known to the nation as
such predecessors as Albert GriMtin,
IIenry Dearborn:Robert Smith a'
Gideon Grange! under Jefferson's
administration; as William II. Craw
ford. John C. Calhoun, Smith Thormp
son and Return J. Meigs under Mon
roe; as Louis Mc.Lane, Lewis Cass.
Levi Woodbury and Amos KendIill
under Jackson; as Robert J. Walker,
William L. Marcy, George >ancroft
and Cave Johnson under Polk; as
James Guthrie. JefTerson I)avS.
James C. D)obbin and James Camp
bell under Pierce?
Secretaries Manning. Endicott.
Whitney and Vilas have vet to Cs
tablish their statesmanship and their
permanent title to national lealer
ship. They are comparatively ycung
men. caPable men, respectable men.
But it is no disparagement to them
to say that the best known, the
oldest and most (distinctive elements
of the Demoeratie party at this time
have not had a full(hance to show what
capacity they hal for carrying on
the government; that now. more than
ever, the party must stand independ
ently of auy f*ailure or success of the
administration, because the best
proved brains of the party, becaus
the best proved character of tle
party. because the best tried methods
of the partv, be1-cause the best tra
ditions of the party, as represented
by Thurman, Tilden, Seymour. Ilen
dricks, MceClellan and IIancock
were not callId upon to share or
advise in the Admistration's poli
cy.
And thus we believe that. no mait
ter how many mistakes the admainis
tration may make, when anoth er
President is to be elected the con
siderations we have mentioned will
have their dhue weight. and the elec
tion will be decided, not so much by
what Mr. Clcveland's adinristration
shall have failed to have done, as by
what the new candidate of the Dem
ocratic p)arty will be and p)romise.
and what, from his character, capue
ity- and good faith. he can be trusted
to peform.-N\e< York WVorM'. Ma'rch
Ath.
Time to Call a Halt.
It is seldom thait weC give advice toj
anyvbody it the f armners, and we are
particularly careful ic>t to obtrude
our views upon the editorial frat-ern
ity- as to the conduct of their jour
nals. Perhaps it is hecause we have
been favored with so niuch: advice
ourselves that did no good. Then
advice is a chienp commodity and
niost people are furnished with a full
stock of it ready for any- occasion or
subject. We thb:k. however. the tm
has come whiec we mar veniture afe
suggestions toi our esteemed contem
poraries, the News and Courier and1(
the Register. as to thle quacrrels of the
colored churches. Of late there has
been too much in their papers about
these unseemly wrangles. Too much
digniity and impjortance have been
attached to them andi too) nmuch space
devoted to them to the e'xcluion of
more imlportanit macters. A mnan
must have a singuuar taste to read
the recital of these troubles dar after,
day, without becomaing nausea tel.
They are not edifving. Their ten
dency is far from advanciing
morals of the pueopile and do not p ro
mote mental imiprovement. Indeed.d
we can see nod good to bde derive'd
from such pulications5. If continued~
our contemaporaries ;vi becom Ofs
obnoxious to god ta-t eand manners '
as the Southern l'resby vterian ww
it inflicted upion its readers the odi
ous controversy abodut ~evolution."
We say this much out of kindness
to our contemaporaries. It is time to
call a halt. -Such reading will never
make any man better. It is a waste
of time and money to print such
inar.--Au ri! IiLram Feb 18th>
NO--HIS REASONS FORt THE
FAJTH THIAT IS IN I.
OF .I'lsoTh--N EMi!ATIC NI
AII'i. To Tl!E g's iN
Maio I.IDJ I i .'tgL!ita Chroncle.)
Fe bru rv 2~. 1 SS0.
Etri:s Cnix ixi i.: Your le'ttC
of the 24th inst. received. You caI
my attention to the views of '1rof. 1.
C(. Wite, Occupying the chLir 0
vhemistry and aricultural seience a
the University of eor-;ia, as se
forth in an address before the Stat
farmers in Columbus. (a . ami in a
ntrvi w with the Chronile ii
August. Pro!. White. it aippears
has made up his miid that the nerr
is a flilur(. and what the South. o
L-corg-ia, most needs is an intelligen
p)esantry-seientifiC and skille(
laborers. In your first question vo
5av: --I would ask you for you
>pinion about the negro as a laborer
Andl of the race a3 a peasantry fo
le South. Do you belicve that w
nust look for a new class to suppli
is place on the farm. and are scier
ific and intensive farming and north
rn and foreign immig-ration the bes
mbstitutes for the present labor syS
eim in the South"
I answer emphatically I do not
nd I base my answer upon it:
-ears' experience. Prof. Whitc to th
ontrarv. notwithstanding. The nc
ro is lazy, so is the white man; f
-ourse, we see honorable exception
u both races. oftener in the whit
-Ce because they have more pride o
:haracter and more sense. T1he ne
go sees and feels this, hence hi
villing-ness to be guided and directe
)y the white man. It is wrong,
hin 1k, to blan:e the negro tor li4
'ailure on the farm where the lam
>wner rents to him and turns hin
oose to shift for himself. 1I i
)roken when he beains, and but fe
vhite or black men rise. So rare i
t, that when one succeeds it is an
o be noised about that somebodl
uis suffered. The negro as a labore
>n the farm, since freedom. deserve
redit instead of censure. Th
-hange from slavery to freedom wa
cry great. It actually killed a goo,
nany before they found out t1a
reedom would not do to eat. Thle,
he frenchise was extended to theu
vben they were profoudly ignoran
>) what it meant. But what raec
mation or tribe would have behave<
s well under similar circumstances
o. sir, the negro is not a failure o1
he farm. Take any county in Geoi
~ia. and where vou find the most nc
troes there vou will find the mos
~otton made, and that is the troubl
md( has (done more to cripple th
arming interests than biadl abor.
vonld not be understood to say thu
>ur labor sy stemn is a good one, lint
lo say it is the best we can get, ani
vithi concert of aeti m among th
'armers, could be made thle bes
abor for thle South to be hiad, eithe
'rom the old or new worlds. Th
2egro) is easily satisfied. iIe ca
stand the hot sun. God Almight,
ius put a sweat pad up)on hits hien
vhich saves him from sun-stroke, an
ias gilven him a constitution in ever
w.ay suited to thei South. Upon thm
mubject of his education,. I would sa)
irst edlucate himn to speak the trut
mal try to teach lhin that in the~ gree
'uture cien OIwill be puishediC( an
:irtue rewarded, and that a gob
:buaracter is worth something, eve
nu this wo(rld1. Secondly. educat
ihnl la the use of tools. tue plow. th
10e. thie axe. T[his. I think. is or
luty. When it comes to books K.
ii m win his spurs and wear theum;
nan is always better helped w2
ilps himnself1. An ecclesiastiet
>oliticlin lias said that there ar
leven millions of negzroes lhere t
stav, and most of them uneducate
lnd will remain so unless they gc
lpj. It may be safely said the
here are fourteen miilions of our ow
-ace here to star, who are unedn
:ated and 'will remain so unless the
ret help. I am disposed to stick t
mr own race andl help them if we ca
eip at all. until they get out of th
neshes of ignorance, and then. ;;it
better irrace and stouter heart. hel
be regro if lie still needs help.
kink it was 3Ioses's idea to stick to hi
wn race when lie slew the Egyptiai
h ecause 'doses had been impose
pon. but because thc Egyputian ha
mp]~osed on one of 3Ioses's raet
Georzin. whlen it, was first settlet
wvas known as and called an asyhm
orn the poo(r. I would not, if I coul<
prevenlt the por bunt honest and1 ii
Iustrious eimarant from the Nort
or West or Europe from coming, .
long as we liave room. but to invit
them here to take the pilace of the nv
gro as laborers, I am opposed to tha
What wouil heoe of the negrer
? Ilov longf beorV( ) I mean now f the
ealngre ws mzlade" t he farmer woui
b uced to a strike? I, the
ne ro was to gt I) a strike it is
highly probal- that le woul h1e
,ruck and h-i(*: all thi. ner es
and ag-woring iwlites never tid
act along well twgether. In 11y
opinion. it woul be unwise to un!er
take to make the change. with the
neZro here in sufcient numnbers to do
th work. e.pc.iall )isl r was
supplemented with the white race.
and thus let the white man feel tha.
it is incmbent upon hm to see that
the lab,.or or the 11'gro is intelligently
andnustriously vdirected. until the
niero becoles sufliciently skilled to
lI throuL himself. A few are do
1 *
ing that now, and the numbcr is
increasing.
In justice to the negro. let miz, Say
r
that for ten years before the war be
twceen te States I was engaged in
iing lessons i in metal-welding and
temperi n(g steel. soldering. platin.
&c. I also proposedl among farmers
who owned slavcs to take a sprightly
'man (negro) from the farm. and in
ten davs teach him to do the most of
the plantation work, such as making
ant pointing plows. ironing liames,
singletrees. screws and taps, &c., &c.
For this I charged one hundred dol
!ars-no cure, no pay. I succeeded
in at least nine cases out of ten. I
often instructd poor white boys in
this way, and somie rich ones, whose
parents wanted to develop their mus
cle and give them the use of tools.
I founl the negro amost destitute of
in entive genius. but a g-enius of im
itation higly Oeveloped. I succeed.
ed better with neuroes than with
whites; not because they were as
smart, but because they were willing
111( anxious to learn, and not afraid
of* work. The white man's hands
would blister, and it was very rare
that I could get one to cure the tlis
ter by raising another under the one
already formed. I can still show a
"ood inyiv blacksmiths. white and
black. instructe(d as above described,
Within a day's ride. and some in
Augusta. who were slaves, and in
structed by me in this county in 1"57
and I 1 5. In conclusion, I would
say, give .the negro a chance. le
hias had t hard road to travel since
he left hi6 heathern wilds. and al
1ough he was enslaved for two cen
turies or more his contact with the
white mnan and civilizatian has made
the little bunch here worth moure
than 'ill the balance of negrodomi put
torether.
1Three Things Shown
1Y i lE D)IS(EsION 01' TILLMAN MovE
31ENTi-TIiE AGiIi(:ULTrUiR. so
CI( ETY OF 0i1.\NGIEUG.
We plaice before our readcrs this
weeck a r eport of the discussion of
Agricultural Society, at their meet
Ling on last Saturday. Mlost personis
have read the letters of Mr. Tiliman,
especially his letter published in the
ti
News and Courier some time ag~o,
rand are. therefore. familiar with his
purpo~s andl the modes lie suggests
to carry them out. Ini the absenlce
of a better leader. Mr. Tilhnan will
not remfuse to be the farmers' Moses
to leadi themi out of their present
troules. at least until a conmventioni
cain meet' and perfect organizationi.
The discussion of last Saturday andl
its results sem to) settle then follow
n~g points, so far as the members of
thaLt Society are concerned:
1st. The State administration and
most of tile oflicers belonging to it
hav~e thec entire confidence of a very
large majority of those present on
rthait occas3ion.
ud. The movement thioughl favored
as a hoe or in part by many, will
mneet with~ sufliint opposition to
maike its success exceedingly doubt.
e ful. Thle plans of Mr. Tillman arc
not generally approved, nor is lie the
properlman to lead in a movement of
I d.A separate agricultural college
doe. not seem to be needed in South
Cairolina~ by the farmers; nor has the
Souith Cairolinia College as many op
. posrs ais our p)eople were led to be.
alieve. Its Agricultural D)epartment
ie is~ deemed. by manv. to be sufficient
bto meet the formwrs' needs if proper
ly matnag.ed and confined withuin its
ler1itimate sphere.
It is thought a State Convention
s' wil be held in the near future. and
in thiat case our couiity will be repre.
sented so the interests of its farmers
may\ be properly looked after. Fur
the'r discussion of this riestion. how.
-ev. i needed and oughXlt not to endu
L until the, farmers of the country arc
a per f ctly an d permanently organized,
alnd, like othier professions, place
'themselves in a position to defend
-their variedi interests and to make
b eir power felt as a controlling fac
stor in the government of the State.
eThis is natural and it is righ t, be
cuethe agricultural interests of the
ouhis the chief corner stone of our
1 aio a rer.. i.t...: - /".r ,.w7i .
NO RADICAL D!FFERENCE BE
TWEEN CARZOLINA P;:OPLE.
(v[TINi:D Dist>sCLoI( N of Sit'Til *A,)
LINA POLITIC.-A LL TR4)UiLE LYING
IN (l'.\IULE.TON-THE ('(NTE:TS
OF T17 E Po ITICIANs-Iil NG OUT
THE IN,;4.
(Cor Irsponlont Au;gu-ta Ch,rouicle.)
SPAIvrA'NBV;. S. C.. 'March ;.
special.]1he ale and well Uied
editorial of tile Chronicle of Satur
day. the 27th. suzgsts some thouhlits
which may not be inopportune just
at this particular time. One who.
like your correspondent. Las lived in
different )arts of the State, and is
thoroughlV acquainted with her peo
ple. Canl Say with Collfidene th'at
there is really no radical (tifference
between them; and[ whatever preju
dices that may have existed were
largely, if not entirely. destroyed or
obliterated by the war. They have
the same State pride. and are gene
rally the same straight out. white
supremacy Democrats. though the
middle and up country are somewhat
more Democratic. properly speaking.
requiring every man, as some one
says, to "take circtunstances as
tiie arise, and stand on his own bot
tom" instead of relying on the name
and fame. or the prestiC. as it is
called. of some one else. The mid
(ile and up country realize that there
is a splendiId pO)uIation in Charles
ton and along the low country who.
though so greatly in the minority in
their own section as to be of but
little assistance to the party. are as
I patriotie. and a: m:ous for the pro
gress. advancement. and g,oof grov
ermient of the State. as any one can
be. and therefore as fully deserve
reconriiition and protection. There
are seet!emen there too, such as Col.
Wi. Elliott. of Beaufort. who deserve
and are capable of properly filling
almost any position within the gift
of the people.
-To show thie dispositio: of the up
country. it is only necessary to recur
to tile August Convention. of 17G.
in which. after tile strai(It-oLt Demn
ocracy of the middle anI up coun
try had triumphed over the fusionists
or C hamberlainites of Charleston, in
stea,I of Laking everythingf to them
selves. they divided the state posi
tions fairly, (en G ary declined the
Spomsition of Attorney-General in favor
of Ge(n. Connor. who was then the
leader of the oppositionl.
TilE TRoU~nLE: LiEs IN CHIARLESToN.
As soon as thle D)emocratic party'
went in'to) power theC Charleston p)oli
ticians. somie of whom were accused
of beiing closely associated with tile
Radicals. conmnenced their opera
tions for tile <iirectionl and control of
affairs in the State. both to secure
p)olitical powver and pIosition. and for
other pu1rposes. to put it mnild, of a
more dloub4tful character. T1he first
contest was over the bond question.
in which thiey triuimphed. not by
Decmocratic votes. but by using the
Radical negro votes in the Legisl,a
ture to force the bond compromise.
bywihthe question was relegated
to tile Supreme Court. wich; was or
ganiized. to diecide it as they desired.
The same p)arties next organized the
educational institutions in the inter
est of Charleston and Columbia with
out regard to the laws or thle Const i
tution. and without regard to the in
terests either of tihe larmners or tile
denominational colleges of the State.
We find them controlling the State
Executive Commlittee and tile State
conventions. and refusingr to recogz
nize tile claims or services of Generai
Gary, thioughi he hlad conceived and
inaugurated th~e straight-out move
mcient whlih redeimed the State. and
rendered many othler invaluable ser
vices. both ats soldier and citizen.
Thie next triumph of these wily eo
conspirators in seekingr their own
gain and advanceiment, as well as the
nerpetuation of power, was in the
I reat railroad contest. whcn, within
a twelvemonthi. for the first time in
tile history of the State, a South
Carolina Legislature went dIown be
fore the lobby and was forced to vir
tually repeal a law before it had been
tried, and did not have tile courage
to abolish a commission, whose andls
were tied and left worse than useless.
because an unnecessary expense to
tile State.
All of these things aind the defeat.
of the census in the last Legislature,
were accomnplished by the samie in
ituences. Chlarleston and her allies in
Columbia and other places. wjiding
an influence by virtue of her undnae
representation. and in the bond and
railroad matters, by making use of
the Radic al negro ; tes in tile i louise
and the Senate. The defeat of th:e
census was accomplished more adroit
ly, by- bringing the iniluence to bear
on asm11 hnrdy lke the Senat o ne,n
where some middle and up country
Senators allowed themselves to bE
or 1uped into acquies
cence. T aking evervthimz into con
sideration. one might safely say that
we have been a patient and long sufL
ferin ipople. and it is a worder that
we have Ilot rebelled before this.
RING OUT TiE RINGs.
The masses are nearly always right
at heart. (and so are the people in
South Carolina. both of the up and
low cour; but- they are naturally
si) loyal A unsuspectingf, and they
have been manipulated so adroitly,
that it has taken them a long time to
realize that they were being gLoverned
by a ig) rinz. which is supported by
smaller rings in the State. It is true
that there may not he any regular
r-ganization. with a certificate of
membership, in these rings, but they
exist nevertheless; feel the touch of
the elbow. and know upon whom to
rely. Look at the national appoint
ments for South Carolina to positions
at Washiington, abroad and in the
State. and it is easy to see who has
struck hands, in order to take care of
their friends. connections and favor
ites, some of whom are utterly with
out merit and little better than po
litical mendicants.
GOV. TI SO 'N S ADMINISTRATION.
Any severe criticism of Governor
Thompson's administration would be
unjust; as, in the first place, the State
ticket is composed of very good men
against whom but little can be said,
some of whom do not at all approve
of the wa afftirs have been conduct
ed heretofore. As previously stated,
his nomination was a compromise,
on a good man, but the trouble has
been that it repr-esented no well de
fined policy, and has accomplshed
no reform in any of the affairs of the
State.
THE NEWS AND COURIER.
Newspapers in this day and time
are indispensably necessary to make
or mar -the well laid schemes o' mice
and men." and the able editor of the
News and Courier, who may be called
the Michaeveili of South Carolina
politics, soon came to the front as the
ally of the leading influences in the
State, and ere long became a recog
nized power. as a member of the State
and National Executive Committees.
At one time. on the railroad question,
it seemed disposed to become the
champion or the people, but seemed
to be a mere sham. as it turned up on
the other side at the next session, in
its usual role as a -whipper in" for
thle rinzs.
Tlhis is a simp)le statement of the
generail course of affairs in South
Cairolina. and in my next I will try
to show how "a farmers' convention'
might somewhat relieve that pressure,
and restore the freedom of the peo.
plle. Yes?
"Thxe nmuntanins look on Marathon,
And Mairathion loks Oil tile Sea:
Anid musling there an hlour alon%,
I dreamed that Greece mighlt still be
fre"
Bunt tile Rings h,ave called on Dawson.
D)awson on thle Sea.
And D)awson said: "Ill tickle yon
And you'll1 tickle mc."'
SP'anTAN.
A Word to Fools and to Farm
ers.
SOM1E PLAIN $1PEECII FRoMI A PLAIN
PIIACTICA L M1AN-TWENTY YEARs (IF
sal) EXP'EIENCE ')N ONE SA D LINE
-rTHE M1AN WHo' B3EG> AND)THE
M1AN WHoD)IEYS i IUSREAD)
UoTHI ARE sLAvEs.
StArr: Rocic, CoixUMnIA Co.. Feb.
2.-Editors Chronicle: The time
is near at hand for p)lanting the crop
of 188G. Will last years experiencE
make any changes for tile bletter!
Experience is a lear school, but fools
will learn in no other. Now, I wouli
ask, in the name of reason andl com
mon sens-e, have we not beeni foob
long enough? No farming comnmu
nity- in any age or any country eve]
got along and (lid well who dtepended
upon one p)roduct. irginia tried il
with tobacco and failed. Souti
America tried it with indigo and
failed. The cotton belt tried it witl
cotton and failed. and
THEl ALL COTTON P'LAN
of farming. if continued much longer
will eat np the plantation, dirt an/
all. A good deal. of late, is said ani
written about the inef!iciency of la
bor on the farm ; still the farmeri
stick to cotton, which reqjuires mor<
labor than anythiing we grow. Cot
ton will not do to eat. Labor fol
lows meat andl bread. and when ti<
farmer makes cotton to exchange fo:
all the necessaries of the farm. whici
must be hauled a thousand miles. 01
more at his expense, and often sold
on time at oneC hundred per cent. ovct
first cost. isit strange that the cottor
crop 1ail or is exhausted before all
the in' a re paid? We have a farm
cr in the Republic of Columbia as
pLucky and energetic as can be found
any where. who has stuck to cottor
thrnnah eyil and good report for ser.
enteen years-he was strictly an all I
cotton man. Last year he made fif
teen bales to the plow, but failed to I
pay out by two or three thousand dol- i
lars, and now offers his farm for sale. 1
It is to be hoped that some one will .
purchse who has better farming E
sense to begin with.
Another neighbor tried cotton for
two years and declared that he got
nothing but the seed. He did most 1
of the work and pulled through until f
three or four years ago he
CH1ANGE) THE SCHEDULE, li
and began making his own supplies.
Ile is now able to declare small divi. 'I
dends every year. All that saved a
him during the cotton mania was, he t
run on cash, and, as lie described it, e
"cut close and squinched his thirst." r
Another farmer in an adjoining coun. r
ty mortgaged his farm to a merchant p
to get supplies, at $6 per acre. He a
was also a cotton man. In two years Y
he ate up the farm, besides all the c
cotton he could make, and was bad- b
ly in debt besides. I speak of these s
things to show how foolish it is for 1
the farmer to continue the all-cotton n
plan of farming-which makes the6 Y
credit system a necessity and then t
leaves him at the mercy of the mer
chant, forgetting that there "is policy
in war, but no friendship in trading."
No legitimate business known to
civilized man c"n live to pay the t
credit price for meat and bread and
almost everything used upon a farm. v
Better rub out and begin new, and, u
in case of death, will what we have 3
to the merchant, and recommend our h
families to mercy. I- fact, no man is a
exactly free who either begs or buys t,
his bread. and when bought at credit 1
prices, lie is a slave indeed. It is d
not surprising that our Southern '
farmers are slow to catch on to I
TUE CHANGED CONDITION OF LABOR. s
The change was very great, but still t
the negro as a wage working people b
is the best labor we can get. What
race of white people would work for s
thirty or forty cents a day, a peck of v
meal and three pounds of meat a b
week, and retire to his cabin at night. r
happy and contented the year round.
If the farme-rs of Georgia would leave t
the old rut this spring and plant f
plenty of everything which. can be t
raised on the farm consumed by man f
or beast. and then plant enough cot- c
ton to keep all hands employed when t
not engaged with the provision crop;
and then resolve that, all, both white
and black, who are able to work,
must go at it and stick to it until the
cro'p is made and gathered, it would
almost raise Georgia farmers from a
dead level to a living perpendicular. 1
1 believe the old adage is: "A wise
man sometimes changes his opinion,
a fool never.'' - It would appear that,
after
TWENTY YEARs' SAD EXPERIENCE
in cotton, we might learn to be wise.
It is confidently believed that cotton
is now below the cost of production,
even for those who can run the farm for
cash, soil and labor, &c.. considered,
I mean now the all cotton men; and
for those who are trying on time
farewell. world. I did want to say a
few things on the subject of
INTENsIVE FAIDIING,
and although my letter is long, will
risk one or two thoughts, and, to be
gin, let ime say that farmers are not
agreed upon this subject; for instance,
one of my neighbors prepared the
land and set out his potato slips; he
manured highly and got in the grass
generally, and when lie went to work
out the patch the grass had such a
firm hold he found it impossible. lHe
quietly prepared another p)atchi, pulled
up the slips and transferred them to
patch No. 2. This lie called inten
sive farming. I t is said that much
is the mother of money, may it not
be said that labor is the foundation
stone?. As labor is now, this is a
rolling stone, the bed rock is not
steady nor reliable. hence the farmer
can hardly risk setting all his eggs
in one nest. but had better climb the
ladder a round at a tim.e-begin
the intensive system on a small scale,
and -that for cash, depend more upon
Ihis own muscles, wrestle on, toil on,
and may be after a long, dark night,
day may break in full view of the
promised land. TRAVELLER.
ANoTIIER VIEW.
CALHOUN, GA., Feb. 21.
Editors Chronicle: I have read
with muchJ interest the interviw with
-lrof. Wh ite, published in the Au
us"ta~' C hronicle, I think his position
inconitrovertible, his argument unan
swerable. A man of observation
ca~ 't find a word of untruth in what
lie said in that talk as printed. There
are, of course. a few exceptional
cases amongst the negroes, but they
are "few and far between," and these
exceptions are found in the old,
slave, who had an intelligent; hu
mane master, who worked him sys- 1
1'I
ematically and not mechanically.
[hese negroes are now the most- re
iable laborers we have, but they are
lapidly passing away, and will soon
)e extinct. The "new issue" negroes
Lre absolutely worthless and irre
ponsible. They work only- as a
natter of necessity, and when an op
ortunity presents they drift into the
ities and towns, where they soon
ecome "scabs" on the body politic,
urnishing abundant material for the
ourts, jails and chain gangs. They
:now no such word as steal-they
take" things and are soon "taken."
'hey are so much driftwood; they
re a burden on the courts, the coun
ries and finally the State.- They are
onsumers now where they were for
erly producers. 1 will die out with
3y old slaves, but a day of white
easantry is coming; it must come:
nd under proper circumspection it
rill prove a blessing to our Southern
ountry. The negros' days are num
ered; colonization or extinction
tares them in the face. I will. not
1t a negro of the new edition live on
iy premises; I supplant the old ones
ith poor white men peasantry of
e American variety.
Vhat is said about Capt. Lip
scomb's Letter.
In reply to a letter from a friend,
ie Hon. James N. Lipscomb has
usitively refused to take any part
rhatever in the farmers' convention
nder the control or leadership of
fr. B. R. Tillman. Mr. Lipscomb
as always taken an active part in
nything that would advance the in
!rests of the farmers of the State,
ut like every w;se farmer ought to
o, he fails to see things as Mr.
'illman does, and in his own words
e says you can count him out of
ny convention with the "Agricul
Liral Moses" as a leader.-WL
oro News and Herald, 2nd.
We cannot but admire Mr. Lip
comb's bold manner, and think he.
rill lose nothing by tb plain.
e has written. If there is one thing
3ore than another that we heaitil
etest in a public man, it is the fe
o express honest opinions, lest a
ew votes be lost thereby. This
bing of running with the hare
arking with the hounds may suc
eed for a while, but the day of re.
ribution will surely come and all
[ec.itfulness certainly be exposed.
t requires a man of great moral
ourage always to express his opin.
ons, boldly and fairly, without any
Iilly-dallying, but he rises in the
~cale of moral worth just in propor
ion as he does so. The writer is
20t a p)olitical admirer or Mr. Lip
scomb, but does not hesitate to ex
ress his admiration of his course in
he Tillman boomerang.-Abbeville
a1essenger.
We publish in another column a let
~er without signature addressed to
RIon. J. N. Lipscomb from some one
3vidently bearing confidential rela
ions to Mr. Tillman, in which the
writer states that Tiliman regret ted
biaving to "scratch'' Seeretary Lip- -
scomb and he invites him to join in the
novement which the writer thinks will
'sweep the State," and he cautions
MIr. Lipscomb that unless he does,
"I fear gou will get left." T he whole
benor of the letter indicates that the. -
Tillman agitation is pollitical in its
bearings and objects, and that the ~
advacement of agi-iculture is only
uised as a plausible excuse for the
attempt to array the farmers as a
:lass faction against every other in
derest in the State. The letter of
Col. Lipscomb is a strong, manly
and scathing rebuke of all the de
agogical clap-trap and should be read
by every farmer in the State, and
then they should make up their minds
whether they are willing to follow
the "H amburg Moses" in his bitter
and insulting arraignment of all other
professions and occupations.-Aiken)
Recorder, 2nd.
"Score No. 1 for the Agricul- I
tural Bureau."
Some of the fertilizer companies
are howling because the Agricultural -
Bureau has placed their goods on the
List of frauds. Score No. 1 for the
Agricultural Bureau. If the chemi
:al analyses of the goods, as found ~
by the State chemist, are correct, ,
:hey deserve to be published, and
the companies should seek to rem
ady the same instead of howling
when their goods do not come up to
bhe standard.-Marion Star, 25th.
King Thebaw bas four queens.
England has only one, but with her
navy revolvers she will take the pot
all the same.
"Does your family play ball?
was asked of a little shaver. "Me A
mnd mother does," he replied. "I
awl aned she makes the base hits*

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