Newspaper Page Text
A. C. JONES) O,.
E. H. A UL LJ
NEWBERRY, S. C.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 18S8
N3WBERRY HERALD & NEWS
AT NEWnERIRY. C.
ONE YEAR. - - .
SIX MONTHS. - 1.00
THREE MONTIS. - 50
A. C. JONES, Proprietor.
The Augusta Chrenicle some time
ago published an interview w:th Prof.
White of the University of Gc-orgi.,
in which the Prof. takes the position
that the negro is a failure as a labor
er, andi that the great need of the
South is a peasantry of the white
population. The same paper is pub
lishing opinions from practical farm
ers in South Carolina and Georgia on
the same subject. We publish on
our first page this week an article
from Mr. McDaniel on the subject,
and we will publish in our next a
letter from Mr. B. R. Tillman on the
Mr. McDaniel and Mr. Tillman
both take the position that the negro
as a laborer is not a failure, but on
the contrary, is peculiarly adapted to
our Southern country and the best
labor that we can get.
We agree with these gentlemen
that negro labor, properly managed,
is the best labor that we can get in
our Southern country, and it is the
cheapest. The negro, as a rule, is
satisfied and contented and will live
on much less than the white man.
But the negro is here and he is here
to stay, at least for some time to
come, and whether he is the best. labor
or not, we will have to make the best
out of our surroundings. This is a
big question, and probably would be
better let alone just now. .
1swrng, as Mr. McDaniel say-s,
-' to blame the negro for his failure on
the farm where the landowner rents
to him and leaves him to shift for1
himself. He has nothing to start
with and has less than nothing when
he winds up at the end of the year.
It should be remembered that it is
only a little while since the negroes
were slaves, and that they have no
experience in mnanagemen tor any
thing else, except to labor as direct-i
ed, and if properly directed and I
managed, we believe the negro is the 1
best labor ior this country.
Mr. Tillman says: "-Whenever we
learn our people to farm instead of
plant, there will be no further trouble ~
about labor. The need of the South
is not labor but better directed labor.
The negro is here and he is here to (
~s'ay." There is much truth in this.
Better directed labor and for the peo
ple to learn to farm and not plant, as
Mr. Tillmnan says.
We need immigration, but as Mr.
Tillman says, if it~comes it will come
to work for itself and not for us. In 3
fact that is the only kind of immigra
tion that we want or need. The pau- y.
per immigrants who have come into
this State, as a rule, do not make r
near as good labor as the negro. V
We commend these articles to our
readers. Let the farmers industri- E
ously and intelligently direct the i
negro laborer and learn to farm and
not plant simpllly, and the condition
of the white man and negro will both
be improved, and there will he lessa
cause for complaint.
Mr. A. K. McClure, of the Phila-i
delphia Times passed through Char- C
leston the other day on his way e
South, and while in the c'ty was in- ~
tcryiewed by a representative of the i,
Ne~ws and Courier, on mtatters of x'
national issue. iIe has great
faith in President Cleveland and his
administration and thinks that be
f.re his termi is half out lie wtill be h
pronounced the strongest President
since the war. iIe thinks the Pres
ident will be sustained by the Sen
ate in his position on the subject of
Col. McClure thinks there ill be e
no-revision of the tari nor suspen
sion of the, silver coinage by the g
He regards the prospects of the 10
South as very bright indeed. Capi
tal, he thinks, is sure to come this
Sway and help us build up. Ie says,.
"There cannot be anything molre in. i
sane than the raising of cotton here
in the South. where vou have the hit
benefit of a splendid water power N
that never freezes, and where every- ii
thing tends to cheapen production, P
and then to ship that cotton away to
bleak New England. and there to
have it spun and woven. That sys
tern cannot last in the New South. hE
Whenever capital comes South. or
- where it is bound to come, there iM
will be a revolution and it cannot be It
far distant." c(o
President Cleveland has appointed
. W. 'Matthews. a colored man of
New York. to be. recorder of ieeds
.or the District of Columbia. There
6ere a nubIner of white Domocrats
)i* the District who wante(d the posi
,ion and applied for it. lie wanted
to give he office to a colored Dem
:erat andl as there was no such in the
District he appointed Matthews. it
has created some (1ssatiSfaction
among the loca Democracy. This
osition was held by1 Fred Dol. lass
a colored republican. This position
seems to be a r one for colored
lights of both parties.
The Blair ed-,cational bill has
passe(i the Senate by a very good
uIijority andl it is now thought that
it will pass the louse. It has been
very mulll amen d but it is still
in such silipe as to be of great bene
fit to th"e dua:io'al interests of the
South if it is only moie a law at this
Lipscomb vs. Tilliman.
No s' this a pretty kLtt:e of lh
Q:arny-r Timinan iring to oryanize tho
farmii.rs, an(l Farmenr Lip-comb, ti:e
MIater of Wh s-auo Grang, t:thiting
agais hi:. Well nay tihe average
iarier stop and pt,ler, U:ier whIcl
liag" -or to use the llore modern ieta
phr of omr Charleston cotempory,
Into 'Which agiutrlWagOnl"!
We pi 'r Lipscomb's letter in this
u As Mr. Tilliman's letter apipeared
so. tine agio and m'lay not be rememi
berd dis:inctly now, it is only fair to
remark Mit 1r. Til!man did not desire
or expect to be a Ioxes, or leader,
wlheii t. lc1ean the disetn-sioln; but Ili
letters gave him a certa:I prminelice
in the illovelelt, am: lie was tirged for
ward without any self seeking. In this
position, Ie had to do one of two thing.;
assume the responsibility of leadership
until a convention should meet, or else
baek down and let the movemlient drop.
Ile took the responsibility. That was
iia -ly. Ile had nothing to gain. Ile is
lot seeking or wanting any office. IIe
is therefore tnzeltish. Ilaving criticised
some of Wr. Tillman's lulblished expres
sions quite frely . we feel that it is only
fLir to him to say this mneh, without
entering at all i:it) the nrits of the
controv!rsy bletwee:i him and Ir. Lips
Ir. Tillman i may reply to Ir. Lips
coib. and he may 1ot. If le should,
the readers of the Observer shall have
the beonefit of his reply. These things
inake interesting reading; but we don't
see any good to colie of it to anybody.
Our di-interezted opinion is, it would be
wisee for all partie concerned, and bvt
ter for the farmier: elpecially, and there
fore for tliz Statv, to let the whole thing
Ip. It is a UselICSS gitat I t has
for its object the organizition of the
Farmers into a political boiy-a thing
rong in principle awl pohey. There
as never been aL p4iTcal class organi
ation in South Carolina. and never
hould be-whether of iarmors, lawyers,
nerchait , mechanies ori what not. And
-ve p)rediet there niever will be. Even
nany' who are punshint. tihe proposed
'Farmer's' Convention'' so ze'aloutsly
low, will, upon0 sober second thaought
'ce the folly of the' thinig. and abandon
he idea. And let it be remembered
hat there is no evidence whatever that
he farmers at lairge want to organize
hiemselves itt a pjolitical farmers' coni
-enion. Only a few men ar'e making
li the nxoise--anid "there are 00,000 far
LIers ini the S:ate."--Newerry Obser'rer.
Ever since farm:r Tillmain publishied
iS open1 letter in the News and C ourier,
e has hatd hot shot p)ouretd in to him
rocm all siile'. IIe now say that his
tr wns miiseon.tued. That is a
retty l:une way to ":tet out 0f it."I lie
ter was written in pr'ettyV platin En
lish, and wihen he says that it hast be-en
I isconist rued lie eertainuly~ ives the
ewspaper editors of South Carolina
redit for veryV little 5enfe.
II; i)' ov i' wXeakeninig, and will not
.sweepi the State"' by a very ''large ma11
T lie f irmer is of Orng ebur.g held :a
:outy .i' Covenioni a few. days- ago, and
Ilon. J. N. Lipscomb, ini a letter pub
lhed in th' Columibia Register, last
k, repudiates 3Mr. Tillmain first, last
uid all the tune.
A gentleman told us the other day,
lat no one with any degree of self-re
peet who attendetid thii Joint Summer
leetinig at Ben nettsv.ille, last August,
oubl follow 3Mr. Tillmani's lead.
The gentleman wvho told us this is a
ractical planter of our countyV.
MIr. Tillman, we inmagin e is beginning
> id out that lie is inot tile great "Ag
cultural Mloses" that lie thought lie
If ever ain ovemnent headed by 3Ir.
. R. Tiliman suci:ceds ini South Caro
n, it will be in "the sweet subse
iently" not now.-Siunter' Adcance,
We e:m see little of reason or argu
wat ini Col. T j)psiomb' letter. lie ap~
roves if the .rganizat in of farmers
:ildl inite< ,he belief that it is need
.1: but he objniets o jot iiin anyvthiing
nder the leadlershiip of 3Mr. B. Rt. Till
In :u t h in k< the grange, of which lhe
grami maiister, cain do ail that. is need
With is usual fran kness, Co1l. Lips
nmb shows the~ res:'nument lie evident
- eels a;Zain 1t MIr. Tillmani and i tellIs
- thei i'ea:'oni for it-M1r. Tilliman has
eludiedh C'ol. Li pscom b in his sweepinig
ohlbittter <hme:inition of the powers
mit be. Th e re-cent metnt is natural and.
rhap i. pro:per, ui:lei' thle cireuni
:.ees bui t it rib, Colonel c Lipseomb
the pwr to' I)con sider the mantter im
irtiallIy :andi reason ablyv, andi deprives
5 oi:aiionui regatrding 3r. Tlillm:iii :iuul
iythiing lie is conniectedl with oif
hie.--Grhi nreil.Ye .
W' aire not 'omplletenit to lass juidg
'in; on 'u - ''Ies Tiliii:i,i but when
eh meni as .Se-ret :i y of State Lips
mb sayV what the lido, andl from (tiher
its iihat we have heaird, we t hiink it
iie to stilp hiurr'ahinig for TIilhinn, :il
>for ,omeli mior' soilidl farmer than be.
Ii. Lii s (omb 1 is a sate lea dir in al
aters o'f an iagrieitiradlil ntire. Fol-1
W1hat Next? ?
i'. Bein. IR. Tilhnan's "new deal"
partutre hats never' had imuchl vitality.
ii all tie asidui ii: v of numeri'louis nurs5es
libeen unabile ti. keep it fromt1 shiuliing
L this muortalI coil. Farmers geiierally t
.e senlibly refus~ed to take stock ini it,
ii I ltIe 01 en letter fromi Coloniel ..
Iipscomb, MIaster of the State Grange, (
' given an' effectual quietus to thec
imy bi:i:t ling. 31a itest iln peaic.
liat noext ?- BanaOrd1 Pcoj7l'. Ma'rch 4. C
An Enterprising, Reliable House.
1r. ' F. ':m n: al ways b' relieii uipoin. nlot [
t to ('I cur he:;eneir. to' suchl airtiles as .
C ve el-known'~i inierit and aire poplai with
Speople. therteby51 sutaiingli the reptttion C
beiing a.wayVs en1teris~11iui. and ever relia
mpioni, wvill selH it on a p)ositiv.e guaraintee.
wi iiiu reliCur any andi eve'ry att'ection of
rint. Luina' andl Chelt,t and 'to show our
nliiee, we invite you to call aiid get a
Division of Fractions.
If there is any one word more
troublesome to the average school
boy than anot!:er, it is the monosylla
ble ?Il. ie i rarelv comfortable
when he susp(e:s his teacher may ask
the reason of some process, fr.(l is
always pleased to escape the pains
which an answcr may infliet. Blut
this experience is not alone confirked
to scnool-novs. It is even a source
of frequent annoyance to the teacher
and the professional man in general.
Because the question is a trouble
som one is a sure indication that a
correct answer is invarialv worth
the effort to give it. And he
fatally errs who evades the labor nec
essary to a complete solution of
every difliculty this question may
throw in his way.
We have been led into inaking the
abve remarks by r-aflecting that a]
most every one finds serious obsta
cles in the way of his understanding
the reason for the process of invert
ing the divisor in dividing- one frac
tion by another.
Now, that all difficulties may van
ish, it is only necessary to under
stand the exact significance of the
denominator and the numerator of
the fraction. Suppose we are re
quired to divide 2 by J. The denom
inator of the divisor i shows that
each unit of the dividend is to he
divided into 4 equal parts. There
will, however, be 4 times as many
equal parts as there are fractional
units in 3. The numerator 3 of the
divisor shows the number of equal
parts to be taken each time. Now
it is clearly reasonable that if a num
ber of equal things be divided into
groups of 3 each, there will be . as
many groups as there are equal things.
But to follow this reasoning, we must
multiply by the 4 ard divide by the
3. This, however, is the same as to
invert the divisor and multiply; hence,
Take another view of the case.
Reduce the 2 and i to a common de
nominator, thereby making them
have a common fractional unit. We
shall have 8-12 and 9.12. Now, each
being twelfths, the question is, how
often will eight fractional units con
tain nine fractional units of the same
denomination? Evidently as often
as 8 will contain 9. But this is the
same as to invert the .divisor and
multiply; hence, the rule.
Again, suppose we arc required to
:ivide 15 by 3- Does this not mean
that we are required to divide 15
units into groups of 3 units each?
Will there not be i as many groups
as there are units in 15, or i of 15?
Is this not inverting the divisor and
multiplying? May we not express
very division in the form of a frac
ion? Does not the rule of inverting
he divisor and multiplying ap)ply to
ll cases of division? If we under
stand the one ease, then why not the
>ther? We end as we began, why
s a troublesome word.
At what time during the daily ses
ion of your school do you find your
upils most restless? Our exp)eri
mnee has been that they are most
estless immediately after recess.
Lhey want to brush their coats, c'ear
heir throats, wipe the perspiration
from their faces and do many other
ittle things that seem almost una
oidable, and yet somewhat disturb
he teacher. In other words, when a
oy has given himself up fully to
>!ay for an hour, it takes several
ninutes for reaction to take place
uliciently for him to settle down to
ard study. Would it not be weil
or some exercise of general interest
o be introduced at that particular
>eriod? In two schools we know of,
en or fifteen minutes immediately
fter recess are given to singing.
apital idea that, we think. Ch1il
ken like to sings. It quiets their
~erves, calms their buoyant spirits
nd prepares them for the work be
ore them. If the teacher cannot
ing himself, let another exercis~e take
he place of the music : let ten muin
tes be devoted to mutual criticisms.
et any grammatical error or words
aisused on the p)lay-ground be re
orted and corrected. Let the error
ndl the correction be written on thme
lack-board, if you have a board toi
pare for that p)urp)ose, and let themi
emain until the close of the evening1
ession. While the child is settling
imself down to work you may be
enefitting him in some way. Take
~are of the moments.-Teacer's C(3l
m ha in Anfdersonl Inteijencer.
[We are in full sympathy with the
~bove, and earnestly recommend its
onsideration to teachers. A fter
pupi! has been taking a vig
rous exercise (during the noon re- 1
ess, he is entirely unfit to (do some
f his school duties well. One part
f his work for which he is peculiarly
1 prepared is the daily exercise in
enmanship. We all know how ner
ous one becomes after taking vigor.
us exercise, and it is plain to see
at the effort to execute a neat letter
nder such circumstances will prove
bortive. A pupil should attend to I
ease. Again, boys have ccaner!
hands before than after recess. unless
tbey are required to wash thcn.
If you lo not fln It practicable to t
have an exercise in.sin . why then i
Vou may call your pupil into t'
school room anit requidre tienm to Sit'
down and join with yon in social con
v. rsatioln. I his requiremn t wi lli 1t t
be 1oui:' necellr u:re than oe(.
Pupils cannot hielp 'oving t::ir teach
er, if he show them any .teni n (
an iti t!: eacher has an immensc
power inl his fa'vor wvhen he wm"Is the
love of his pup1i1S.
Le" this be a d:y exercise, con
s i.g i le minutes i preparin. t
for work. ''his will al"ord you full I
opportunities to inculcate pClit'ns
and refinement. and you may learn
much of the na*ur2 of your upils.
Try it. and let us know the resulti.
The blackboard as colyow us-ed
is inljurious tO tih health, espcCially (
to that of the teaecer. I have often
woolred how ti-- has ed the i
authors of books on te.iing. W e
:.ave abundant varn in as to the un
healtiil ef Ct 01 ston -c'lttin11z.
neet'lle - grnding. grain - shovel!ig.
etc.. but I have never read a line or
heard a sentence of caution as re
gards blacChoar,is. I have watched
teachers of inf*ant classes, masters of
Public and( hi-1h sehools. tutors anl
professors in co:lege, teaching ti.,r
classes or lecturing to their stuicnt.
chalk in hand. speaking continuially
aml'id a Ienlse Clou 1 floatin cbak
dust, which at ev'er breath pas;ed
directly to the delicate ling1 celi.
What wonder that astima is ahost:
universal amo i- aged teahers ? Can I
the prevalence of consmptu ion, bron.
chitis, etc.. be consi.dered remarka
ble among those who arc breathing t
chalk-dust so cosIitantlyl ? lie or- 1
dinary plaster-of-Paris crayons
greatly aggravate the evil. To one
engaged in teaching arithmetic or I
mathematics several hours a day. the l
consequences are inevitable. The t
prev.alent mistake lies in tile suppjo
sition that water applied to a black
board will spoil it, whereas a gw)d
board is greatly benefitted by being
well washed every day. The dus, t
nuisance may bie greatly abatt by
the careful use of the sponge.
have for ten years pas: constantly
usel a large sponge, or a ball of (
woollen cloth. which does not require
wetting more than once, or at
most twice a day. I have for
ten years plast constantly usedh
a large sponge, (Cr a ball ofL
woollen cloth, which does not re
quire wetting more thani once. or at
nmost twice a day. A very few drops
sprinkled skilfully over the surfacea
are sufficient to keep thle (iust down. t
No time is lost in waiting for the
board to dry. for one end is gene
rally ready for use by the time the s
brush has reached the other. There
is no reason in tihe nature of things
for constantly inhaling this dIev,iy
dust, and suffering the coloquences.
I f the dlamp sp)onge is kept at hanad,e
the f'ace of the bhoard kep)t free from
accumulations, a ni brushes wel1l ~
dusted every- day. the cvii mayi be re
duced to v'ery small compIiass. Thieb
matter is worth thle attention of aill p:
It would pay any te-ichler to re
coat a rough board. rather than suffer ti
the effects of chalk-dust. Let any e:
teacher dbserve, two hours after dis- ec
mission, the thiek covering of chalk- I
dust which settles down on the
desks and( seats of an ordinary s
school-room on the afLtrno In of a n,
cold 'day when tihe windows have been n
kept closed. and reflect whether the h
unavoidabile impurities of the school- rt
room air are not suflcient without h
the addition of p)reventible ones.- w
(Canwba School ,JoOemil.t
[If the teacher will air his room 1
frequently-andl this is necessary for u
3thler reasons as well-lhe will rjid mj
himself of' much of' the dust, and by -
nsing p)atent erasers he~ collects '
much more of' it. Now take thec
precautions given ab)ove, and1 you I
will hav'e no trouble whatever.
One may fill the room with dlust hi
averytimne lhe rubs the board or hie
may avoiCd Cdoing so to a larg~e C x-t
A mistake occurred last wek A uin
regard to Miiss Annie Giren;ik'r's as
sisting in the school at IIelena. It si
shouldl have been 3Miss Laura Grene- Je
ker, as the former is teaching i
Edgefield County.- Arrangements
iave quite recently' been maCde allow- r
ngM iiss Benu1ah1 a small remnuncra- 51
,ion for her assistant. [We are
,leased to make the al ov-e correction.
I'he remuneration spoken or is emi
iently- proper.] fri
We hope to ha~ve our second ari- sa
,ice on EngIli graimmar ready for st:
mr issue of next week. But if you s
vill send us a comimunication, it in
hiall have precedence. d
Soui may expect the pro)grammuie oCf th
he Association to appear next week. u
POCsT OFFi-:,X Ni:ni-:1Y.s5. <'.h
List. ofr 1etCters uneaine andCI1CCI:' dvert:(ti
larch IC. I48J.
roplen. Mirs. D)olly-ak.o,Se
iroghen. MCClansel C('iV . . i
trCziC'y. IlaninC( IS -it." a
lutler. A manLfda Mi C' 1C
)avi-s.- E lliabethCC:I1 llC
lenn. .\r1 -' - CI.C1.'J 1
reen Ell/ izai,.th-aCeli o
olen. Snie iCi:c,.1.C
inyard, Jane Wis, -oF 10
Per~on c-hi eneody,tics. L.U pia 10~y
ilNeilsin. aac herintitid
sutn J I13I . J. (2 .l
.GRCvULT1-RAL CoLTErX G NES
These are the tw:o kinds of insA:u
Uns WhiAh Capt. Tilba:n is labor
11 hA anny intelime:A mmn. who is
t aK aQu'Ainted-,1 h h intiuence
mi bWnAiidal ruts suC ititu
bS in states where they exAt A
ud I:an t0wr&)mr L11:rAY Unalke to
;'m'rehenld the !bittor opposito t.o. , -
apt. Tillan's ideas. even amo:
ids o the !rmors.
My prent heC htowvern Wtp
i ve a WIt r ie nimph Stateant W
At such instiuiony nre. wh:'
iey 1iih be xp lt piet with!
'0 llege. -,Iy own Idale (. suh,Lc l
e ,ir that it shoiu1.1 be rter
1utilor polytecviv si.uol. wvvr'r
.>t oy1v !-'the.I t all toe various
idusthies. such as engminoring. ar
h1tecture. mining. Diremtrp. &e..
I I b: tsemAt. Int I dm ith
Ap . Tillman. thintt (.,the e
vintao o( r tat,L is; n tre- uitural
wbimd. mnd !Sat thw other imNtria
imartments oul he : . inier. as
bt %yould be foun t0hy b"qvmne:rv.
si W S mua woulb nl iodId.
Thepu lan! Wmmomnt, Qr
6ialy gri:.ted by tns were
'rani aiural an miechnical Au
-ation. lit the C. .:0 i t
fr agorculture says the pior m t
0a was to educate fArers. u o Tere
1011d be no question twn as t the
egin,ae use o that hind to stein
Licua Boi ut the lt
itilliacy of turling it inlt te ful
r toe use of the State IlivolrSity. as
t pesent. mnny wN Wl KMhe e d in
ue s,Ltion. That Institln htold be
mstnine by the State, and I cer
aillv . not one ofa -ose, it su
here be. whii wouht! wlihdraw 1f:om it
nL1 the supor necessar to make t
nore worthy the poisitionir it pretends
h Occupy. But 1 do() contenlId it
bhoulld not be allowc(I to suvk the
ffe-blood from other worthy ntiu
ion.s. or to abs orb funds that were
qypropriated by the g'enernl govern
nent for t ee pecial education of
rmr Thatf un i ieliive
hounts to about 65.7i50 per in. is
to this wc zahl he 4,20o.000. I bee
ieve now ahnost usclessly spent fn
ho Cit:lel Academ in or Ciharleston,
as WOUld h tav d perhaps a sullidet
uno to eustain a irst ca armers'
'ollege, after the farm was houdt
( the ne(esariy buildac ings eet.
esldes. it s bcb remrio-mhhera-d
hat a farmers o:c!etooucuti as
t Should hl. WOUbP bes to 1a COnsidera
ile extent sel-supporting. It woul
ale not be nheesary to give
uition entirew free t arocure stu
t.ents. as Seems now to be the Case
ith the State eniversiyc.
T'hougL h the deispp for is
olI r ea r I ut weleve
'e.Le inormsti: sith it. alrad
ar ri thy mad ro seen whaem.
kinreo n oO ea well a 1ood fartm
rrs college oul avein huh
ot e inuall Ioeattrion. Itesoides.t
n. Lerorats. -wonow have a lie0
cre soamewhe are in oo culativa
reon 01heb ale asturai g. A 0
amlerf stock willtbe f10.00 there
l)y. Wiri e otsell ml ad beefs to
itutens munting to ovIerh500per
deth wolde cesery to succeas,
Caply onith said iemn for ourhi
uelttersht tle prleene wover
rther freete wererin
hilesth insmtites wre rir" for
iFrmtset geeatiosn.S wha a
:ue og iscoeerlwell Ic(10uctd
rmers cithlie.e iwouht ha henI
nehessfl opteatolle. Itaod notii
yit famansbe ent oe.o
ublic fundsr ho sustainot it. cus
oudbgn ppopriton wodhae tiobea
lade for the fpurc he oul prouia-l
vrmisiteherlee imhe ppe art-o
10s wtat,a itouldi say. and fo h
rectoni hoa sitable uildins. Ap
>i eaLe sart of thefudhe
>lemg be eobtaine byg odisposrkig
ith inhg and groundspof the
itadel ad sem.s Buthne the in
ou lage arpriation thaon ri now
nas won e npseessary to sustain
Capt. Tillma is ai suins Tne ohis
thint lte ies ha the ollg wul
us rand forthei herxt geneIn
hile thr!er intttwre orl:gteiredtfor
uni pgren fencesation. o whar as
;r atre -i. Iu insistr tha th
oefulnte of te cllge thnid edei
ntas. Inr horultuei we once.
oldgn i frilt ateonce by what
astat trserengon an by coerme ns
ad nrse ofar 5fle woub roba
yc viWtte willeg:ie twmele and wit
rawhat wais inteoing o and o
Ge. Leaye h oftisissipi
tege are e blsatn. outno th etrk
at seed? fame will be she tohenl
wt in.h a college oul exprince
iflures ad.succcssis for the benefit
)lo 'u farmers. .rudou am
nd aoe lpeteai. Lee says
*eaie feinri a su esh Teuch
in andsohorouseh k1nswledtge. upt
ihi nd thnicamll, of the clenesi
uri fairmr ariure.bln ther s;ntok
nninhewrfeincs aroulen what was
ipse to beu tei weornl our lands.
rse patre, esl. Lastcrear has
yoved thrbughe oine sout huereads
on ship foruit0 r es. We have 0
:l ANfilCr or tie 1- . SCNg a,
t, nel:c: 3f taciS.
..an 13:titu n! a.! ourf.rn s
5m1 MA edcton! Mo the > to.
* 3 3) CI,i..itJ38 11-'- I 'or tlio
1.-; Whereas. t van with "Aee tul.
tio: 3 bit Czw can ashi to send
th .i' son.. zo e0 Qtt10 University.
an, he there :t, %-ouh'i rb bynot
bw Cz-r fron corroct to yt:.. they
:it e : 3 r- the ina.. I ,Iave
. I . 'se r on o!*f CMi ( he is
A:. mllvp.. Ine:US2 it S'emd t1
in,~to gin'a norn exact Mid of th
kini f c llge wi! neced h iri.
I ' h ( r i -.hn a :thI I C o' 1
-ive. In th' :
'E Iarm ers wan ::ei a AN:e that
won: (:l:s h [:l prae'eal ai;
:O.-i. Ou Ir 1 tate ca:m t air
larg sum forit soppot. nd Comn.
Lv v v0til 'ew o otr ill irr coId -
a o sn t
ive insti::tion. ;it nearly al
coal) a;brd:-:) to8103 ayear to
33vte t:ir sons :h' iol of a enion
necstsur !o ip"l:. e l suc)eSS0l
ts " a m -s Itd e :m o m t a
or r.1'b:iso arm:ers: ando tha-t
ouarmers on t b ate to unit
in de:nn.fin iohe n">mling oSuch
Not ts :: oui r N . re:a r.i
enr.t3 I'inu 'l-th.)1 un e ern to a 'is:e s 0:
a3 co t,un it f 3,3ners' n 3tia:e '3s-wh:I
they are :uni wte ae - :Wst,ed
to ac sh ' I ave I befi> e me w
2:oum o o LrI.M) ':e--ie
thio Awriuhral Rep.o* Wor I4.
liv far the most in i nandl tuse
nAl Lart of this volu is heA report
oI the fameC ins"tit:t -a Hi,s co-.
bists of lectr-s on delred bofretheo
aIariers ti.n irouhout ttepro
ansor andi other~ exander:ectd
for tLe pups.on everyvareyo
suject thatc e ofoi! '1i t cto
the f"armier. We have. fAn instance.
lectures on nmlodieases and h:o
to prevent thm;onI injsect,th
harm done by thom and howVo get
rid of th:u; Ga '"1 M leakas, or
how to Save timec. labor, mannure%, &:C.,
on , tFarh; 1n the car' of orebiardls;
a t*ar1;r s wife. her du td to herself
tn<l fuaniy. 1y .t!rs. Alexnder; but
ter :aki ; eed rntions; r hat, shll
e dnewitl h the sewage; IruIt CUL
tire; retd 0!over; clover as a natcre;
bee culture: liome o- coi-or.. hv
'des. yockev: 1arml economnv taxa -
tion; tet renova:Lon G clay sails;
the tormr vIntall and fuit gar
den; tile drainaJ.ge and,k itsef-ts
thioe orItan ization of farinm!rs; watvfh
farn:ers tOut to know: rotati,on in
erops')7n mfrino shc(p ; the care and
breeding of poultry; e herry pAtch;
ijs tai in that SoarmeCrin
th,es tosho thei grthn varthet aind
vtalueIS ow farme. Nndrthat [c anii
io. ith suh an org~anizaon of thee
le:rers takes suhw lestring' :3osi
vauas it womie t tuh Carolina
with. wil moayc brienothinyfthe kind,
tands by lor. ainu thaster fmin
(.shso rolie rande unprheodct i?
might by 1analyzin any one315 of these
lectures.o sor howL inpSutione anId
valae hi wulde to heOfarmer.
tare byn vMr. li han.r Mansteresfthe
iO his stat Grn.on: the3' "''rganiza
cXion5 of oers \sselly app,Old
o3pesy h Os addes a folows:tini --We
have m11ran ver 'ioan I inlj0~te
bines geatern-ie growing acontrt
noriy kindle nleofwieb s inepwor
shons ofha thoe wheelounigit; S~ad
tepesie of'cothers. All!I shold be
aosterod cherLd proetef' tnd
prborerl. and heCse arliculturithe
tofarm brntgs ani diess eery
bus iepl ss I the. Luhie abndntUC
harestsu insure gra anl prosiy
shops,[I unchinte wheeIX anJtspread
the silosi of-omere. Whon p.lenty
thid gword wheero to thoe ofnth
laor )3 erand sursus anCd prosperity
to manufa ters nds businessti Ce.
Iow imitat, then. tha ail -tre
the fodtone. of'.- all'1 prerty
uiciously:'3't3 fotered.lVHl( LI) sall-d
his workt?l is wue lo to thosei :inen
ro;' oerei lursuits. we shalnuindr
hem5 all ful ouie. w)I~it n time
oc neote tov th n of' agiculture.
'I- l wouiad that 1thes. ar all 111ullyer
>wit hiot et ' . "Il tu 13)1 is an r C CInt of
weadones. ithm:- er thnbLy g the armIrs
ICCheselve.' tile thenC roes nr:anto
10howS t len ath atedvatag to 01 1
:rue(IC to f the'vrer kirom 1i~ t orfgher
ie nitioa n: onere n.atividal er~(
:o-ptate. Iecs sue o end3 irnailre
io.3( thoughn5 farmnrs ay ourtnember11
TVt or o)r3)3'anztion.ster thersi
vithoutnioraiaj tionet is ant Lelen Lof
raknes ofthr ithanif sthength. If
31e3 cnsier te owerfu1)1. n'l orni
irns w onfOmanufatuerslandof mk
iotolieo every k1id,II andy h
hterl r interest ~usallningt
'ry ao protectadfs their own u
nte1s against bear taifs.and unso
uest thisutoqual th :tieourn beo'es
tilnoretos appaent.S Let. thn the
morovhe thelir;- coat In and efreI
heaie vitewson ourt leIslt make c
o.t thoe iln oppostXion thean
ter claor asIa cuinteretdl to
seand e tectan cterir o n If our
olitind s caInn o er thes.n I sus
itter opoitilav ong Card il:ed's
ainst;nc t o is ahrty in evey
I thin p-ertainitng to progress and lib
eralit. Gov. Thompson's effort
in the cau.e of popular educatio
should endear him to every intelIh
-clt n in the State. For Col
R icha:<11. Col. Upscomb am Com
issioner.i litler I enteriain ver3
Siner.e respect. I have no ide:
there Is any just ground to accus(
an11Y o our State ollicers with cor
ruption in any fori. But while I d
not belie therei has iecn all cor
ruptionL. I do believe thnt much mo
nev ias been unwiseiy appropriated
and that it could have "beer us(
more judiciously for the good of th(
people. But for this our Legislator,
and not our State oflicers were chiefl%
:o blame. This can he prevented it
the future bv sen(ling more capabl(
men to the Legislature; an: by th(
farmers organizing and insistingr on
their ri(rhts and interests being prop
vrl. respected. Nor do I join in th(
imUe ani cry in favor ofa -new deal.'
This is contrary to my ideas of civi
service reormI. When we have f
".od mn n o!ice. I (o not believ(
n iurning hin out merely to put ,
ew and tUntried one in his place
Bt as cian.c seems to be the ordei
of the dar. I should like to see solm(
Ci nciina~tus !bund to take fror, tho
nm a ut to i!ll(I the hel o
ate. t nd :his I think is due tb(
m'ost important interests in our Stat
-farn:iiu. B. 0. D.
i F)' - If C llS
SiLVER PLATED WARE,
Pocket and Table Cutlery,
Watch Reparing a Specialty.
Newberry, 6. C. 1-13-f.
0.00 ou:alt warranted steel plow -
I5 pai bet eulity hin tra(.e.z,
:5 doz. hawilled. blades and planters
:cas .-teel hoes.
50 Fergaso::.s plow s:oekz.
:1 a complete and general asort
nqt of everything pertaining
to (jur line of business
IAt lo,west mnarket rates at
S. P. BOOZE R'S
Hardware and S:ove S:ore.
U. BARIT &C00.
C:HARLESToN, s. C.
Theli larg-est imnporters of Fruit in the
South. Omh-r for sale a well selected
nA NANA s. COCOANUTS,
DItIED FIGS. R AISINS,
POTATOES, CA BBAG ES,
ONION5 AND PE AXUTS,
And evthing else that a First Class
Wolesale Fruit HIouse should have.
Country orders filled with dispatch.
IN FORMA TION.
Now~ i the timec for economical buyers
to sceare bargains att the Emp)orium of
Falhio n. in Os er Coats, Suits and Pants
fr 3Ien, Youths and Boys. Having de
cided to elose r,Ut the balamee of my
il aniti winter stock at reduced prices
n preferencie to c-arryi n them over- uni
til next seasoni. a I desire to make room
or my N~ew spring S:oek. Rememuber
u:v line of Sis are cut.,f mide and
rammei equal tC cany custom ma-le work
ail will g;uatrantee a periect lit, every
garmenmt being warranto i as represecnt
ed. MIy well seleeted stoek of Boy's Clo
thing is includedi in thzis li.,t of Bargains
I am now olYering. There is hardly a
g-n tlemu:mn bu t what needs a pair of
paml a :t this time of the season and they
wuild cionsulit t heir ownI interests by
cal ling and see-in g thiis beaut iful line of
pasns at pirics for less than half of the
ot of having a pair mad-. Every thing~
in this stock of Clothing w ill be sold at
these B:argai n pr ices. Now if there is
anything yoiu need ini tI lin iue this is
itu opportuiinity to seure them at a
nameth less pr-ice than yon wvould be able
t) do in the season. Call and learn the
ptices that are moving these goodls from
31. L. KINAR~D.
I- -f. Couimbia. S. C.
Al lp--n indebteri to S. F. Fant by
inoiie or riecounit will please settle the
s:nne with II. Hf. Bleaise. Trial .Juistice,
it nce. av the sam,- are left with him
W. D. Hoyt & Co.. wholesale and retail
rrgists of liomue, Gia.. bay: We have been
elbng Dr. Kinas New D)iscoverv, Electric
Bitters and Buckien's Arm:c. Sal~ve for two
renre. 11ave never huandlled remecdies that
ydas wel., or g ive such univ-ersal satisfaction.
here heve been s-me wondlerfut cureS efrect
ad by these medicines in this city. Several
-aes 0f pronouncedl Consumiption have been
-n.:rly cured bytte useC of a few bottles of
Dr Kng's Newo Di-scovery, taken in connee
:ion it Electric Bitters. We guarantee
hm .wa...S..d byasn. Dr S F- Fso 1
FRIESH r,ISH N 1)
ArrivingI eve-rY (1ay by ex%pre s at
Orders promptly illed for families,
and delivered in any pnrt of the city
free of ch irge.
Also on hand, and sold at reasonable
prices. eilher by the ton or barrel.
We 'will also keep on hand a suflcient.
To supply the town and the surround
Te rms ca:.h.
W. H. HUNT, Agt.
2-3-t f Newberry, S. C.
COLU.4B1.1 11CHIN SHOPS.
NEAIR UNO DEPOT, COLUMBIA, S. C.
Tozer & DIal, manufacturers of Flour
and Grist Mills, Saw 3ills and all kinds
of foundrv work in Iron and Brass.
A.gricultiutl and Stationary Steam En
Igines. Repairs of all kinds promptly.
made. Estimates and bids will be made
for any work in our line on application.
Fir.t cass work alid fair prices.
A. I. DIAL,
Executrix of Geo. L. Dial, Survivor of
Tozer & D:al.
THOS. B. LEE,
OFFICE BOAItD OF HEALTH,
-NEWBERRV. 3arch 2, 18.
By order of the Board of Health all
persons having in their possession or
under their control any land lying upon
either the North or South branch of
Scott's Creek and tributaries thercto
within the corporate limits of the city,
are hereby notified to clean out all
ditches and drains upon the same, and
have the same thoroughly drained by
:th April prox.
Also. all lot owners or lessees of same
are hereby notified to have their premi
ses cleaied up and drained by April
15th prox. By order of the Board.
JOHN S. FAIR,
At their next regnlar pieoting, April
6th, the Board of County Commissioners
will receive sealed bids for erecting a
brick wall around the jail. Further in
formation can be had from the County
Commissioners or their clerk.
J. K. P. GOGGANS,
Wil bemailedFE to 2: aP-'fcan: to ecns.omersof
las' year without orde.ing it. h con-ins about 10 pages,
600 iLrations. i - ces, accurate decmriptions and valuable
directens for pi.nt anl varieties o. VEGETABLE
and FLOR ER SEEDs BUI.RS, etc. Invaluable
to all. espwcially to Market Gardeners. &end for it.
D. M. FERRY & Co., Detroit, Michignr
STATE OF SOUTII CA ROLINA,
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY-IN
Richard.S. Whaley et al. vs. Laura A.
Whaley et al.
The creditors of the estate of Ann
Whaley, deceased, arc hereby req uired
to rendecr to the Master an'd establish on
oath their respective demands, within
sixty dlays from the date hereof, or~ they
will be tihereafter preel (led.
SILAS JOHNSTONE, Master.
M!aster's OfIice 24th February, 1886.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY-IN
Geo. Felt man vs. Geo. V.
and Anne Beam. defendants. -
Call for creditors of late George Felt
man to render in demands by 1st
Thue creditors of the e-taLte of the late
George Feltman, (deceased, are hereby
required to render before the Master
and establish oir oath their respective
demande, 01n or before the first day of
A pril, 18S0.
SIL AS JOHNSTONE, Master.
3I:ster's O;lice. 24jJ February, 15S6.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
By Jacob B. Fellers, Probate Judge.
WHEREAs, James Y. McFall. C. C. P..
hath. made suit to me to grant him Let
ters of A'hniinstration of the dereliet
estate and efreets of isham Greenwood,
These are, therefore, to cite and ad
monich aill and singular'the kindred and
creditors of tihe saiid Isham Greenwood,
decased, th at they be and appear before
me,. ini the Court of Probate, to be held
at Newbherry Court House on thle 12th day
of MIarch next, after publieL.tion here
of. at 11 o'clock in the forenoon, to shew
cause, if any they have, why the said
Aministration Shldf( not be granted.
Given under my Hand this 20th day
of January Amio Domini. 188->.
J. B. FELLERS, J. P. N. C,
STAT'r OF SOUTII CAROLINA,
By Jalcob B. Fellers. Prob)ate Judge.
WIHERtEAS. .Jamecs Y.'31eFall, as C. ~C.
P.. haith mnade suit to me to grant him
Letters of Administration of the derelFet
e-tate and effects of William HI. Ruff,
Th"se are. therefore, to cite and ad
mon ishi all anad singular the kindred and
creditrs of the said William HI. Ruff,
deceased.5eg that they be and( appear be
foe e. in tie Court of Probate, to be
held' at Newherrv Gom-t House on the
:31t day oft March next. after publi
cation huereof. at 11 o-elock in thle fore- -~
11oon, to shew~ ean.se. if any they have,
why the said Ad:hnnstration should not
Givenu under my Hand this 17th day
of February Annio Domini 1886.
J. B FE LLE RS, Jr. P. N. C.
Notice of Final Settle
ment and Discharge.i
I will manke a settlemlent 01n the es:ate
of .James B. Wilson. deceased, ill tile
Probate Court for Newberry County,
South Cirolina, On 3Monday the 22(1 day
of Irch.188G. and itmediately there
afe apply for a tinail dlischarge as e xoe
utor of the will of said decea:sed.
POSITIV ELY BURNS
- o crude petroiut.
- proc. but ts a comn
pso'id, whsich. if put In
- -.' the stanr.p and set liro
*to, williburn it,
ROI PC~S ArNDALL,
\ .**...~, ~C.E2aI OR DREY
Pene(l~trative to burn -
*~ )~#'~ 1rreor lc'smallstun ,
"Si 'Satisfactlion guarante'
- i.'~~r..'a, funded. Send forL L
- tratert cIrcular, &c.
[f . Agents Wanate
- 1r4 Adress &
S Nw Carlisle