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A. C. JONES, Pub. and Proprietor. Litera , JIllay, NewsDv,oricture, MlarkreWts, &Sc. RS$'f XOHS
VOL. XXII. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 24, 1886.
NEWBERRY HERALD & NEWS
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The Farmers' Convention.
OPINIONS OF THE STATE PRESS.
Send Conservative Men.
One thing is plain. The farmers
of South Carolina are to have a
"Farmers' Convention." The call
has been issued; it is published on
the firse page of this week's Index.
To our mind another thing is equally
clear. This convention will be large
ly attended. The causes which have
led to this convention are not so
clear. On the part of Mr. Tillman,
through whose instrumentality this
convention has been called, the cause
for it is the mismanagement of the
affairs of State and, as he charges,
the oppression of the farming inter
ests of the State. That there may
have been mismanagement in the
State's governmental affairs, may not
be successfully denied, but that there
has been any legislation which has
had for its object the oppression of
the -agricultural interests of the State,
is a downright slander upon the good
people of the whole State. It is a
slander upon the farmers, because
they -have composed a majority of the,
Legislature since the Democracy
came into power, and upoi the bal
ance of the citizens of the State, be
cause agriculture is the backbone of
all other business in this State.
There may be wisdom in calling the
convention, and much good may re
sult from it. There are many eco
nomical and industrial reforms which
this convention may suggest and take
steps to carry out, and on this account
we favor~ it. But the Tillman idea of
cutting up root and branch the pres
ent order of things, of coming out
and being separate from all other
classes of the citizens of the State, is
the rankest folly, and if attempted
will set the white people of the State
by the ears. Nor could this conven
tion do all these things even if it so
desired. It can never get anything
like a majority of the farmers to Co.
operate in any such madness. , If it
did, such a course would cause a
clash between the white people that
- would give the State back into alien
hands. No, the trouble is, the bad
crop years for three years past and
the low price of cotton, has produced
rather a stagnation in farming inter
ests, and, like a man suffering from
some dreadful malady, they are look
ing about for a remedy, a panacea for
their troubles and are ready to be
taken in by any patent medicine
quack that may pass by. Dr. Moses
Tillman has passed by and many of
them are ready to invest their last
dollar in his medicine. Let them be
ware that they do not follow his lead
blindly. As the convention is to be
~5 held we would advise the farmers to
hold meetings and send their most
conservative men to it. Don't send
cranks, who think that right now the
agricultural millenium is about to
burst upon them, for it is not. Send
thinking men, that may think and
act for themselves. In our opinion
the convention called is a serious
matter and from its action important
results may fiow.-Pee Dee ifdex.
* Should Have Organized Long Ago.
Elsewhere we publish a call for a
convention of farmers to be held at
this place on saleday in April. It is
signed by a number of our best citi
zens who believe that the farmers
shiould organize, not for political pur
poses, but for the advancement of
their interests and the promotion of
their welfare as tillers of the soil. In
all sections of the State a similar
movement is taking place. So2h an
organization should have been made
years ago. The Grange was, perhaps,
rather too complicated and had the
objection of secrecy to many persoLs.
It has been allowed to go down and
some concert must be badl among the
farmers. If the proposed plan meets
:with favor and is attended with suc
~rcess, every other calling in life must
be benefitted. We trust there will beI
a full attendance and that a solid and
permanent organization may be ef
fected.-Abbecille Medium.
Cannot Oppose It.
There was in the outset considera
ble opposition to such a gathering of
the clans-the ins probt.bly snuffed
blood on the tainted breeze; but such
opposition has practically disappear
ed, at least so far as appears on the
surface of things, for no man and no
newspaper coidd oppose the assem
bling of the farmers of the State for
the purpose of discussing their inter
ests and instituting means and
adopting measures to redress their
wrongs, if there be any such, and
that there are wrongs to be righted,
there can be no question, if the clai
or we hear from every county and
from almost every precinct in the
State, be any indication of it.
Edgefield Aucertiser.
Farmers' Convention.
On the first page of this week's
paper we print the call for a farmers'
convention to assemble in Columbia
on the 29th of April. We hope Lan
caster-will send a full delegation, and
that it will be composed of her most
intelligent and progressive farmers.
-Lancaster Ledger.
A New Constitution Wanted.
The only relief for the whole of
South Carolina is a convention to
make a new Constitution and abolish
about one-half of the public offices,
and cut down the salaries of the re
mainder.-Lancaster Ledger.
Nobody Objects.
Let all the farmers organize and
send delegates to the convention, and
have their wrongs redressed.-Edye
fleld Uo-Qnicle.
Farmers in the Legislature.
In the address recently issued '-To
the Farmers of South Carolina," call
ing for a Convention to be held at
Columbia on the 29th of April next,
he following statement was made:
"We constitute the State and yet we
lo not govern it; nor are the laws
administered in our interests, and
ew are passed for our benefit. We
pay taxes, but there is no further use
ror us."
This address was signed by ninety
wo persons- a majority of whom are
ract.ical farmers.' The declaration
vhich we have quoted above is a re
teration of a complaint which has
>een heard from time to time during
he past eight or ten years. In fact,
here has not been a time in the his
ory of this State for the last fifty
ears when a similar claim has not
een made on behalf of the farmers.
We simply wish now to call the at
ention of the farmers themselves,
mnd of all others who may be inter
~sted in the movement for a "new
leal," to some facts which should be
nown to every person in the State,
mnd to say again, as we have said he
fore, that, "having 76 per cent. of the
'population of the State, and at least
alf of the remainder being directly
lerdent upon the farmers for the
neans of livelihood," the farmers
hemselves have it within their power
o correct all the evils from which
~bey now suffer. There has not been
~legislature in South Carolina since
876 which was not elected by the
farmers. There has not been a Gov
~rnor, or Congressman, or State offi
~ial elected in South Carolina since
876 who has not been elected by the
farmers. That is to say, without the
otes of the farmers no public official
~ould have been elected in this State
xcept in the County of Charleston.
Let us see what representation the
farmers have had in the executive
ffices of the State Government. In
876, when the Democrats were re
~tored to power, there were three
farmers on the State ticket. Hlamp
on, the Governor, Sims, the Secre
ary of State, and Hlagood, the Comp
roller General, were farmers.
In 1878, the comptroller general
~nd secretary of State were farmers.
In 1880, the Governor. the secre
ary of State, the comptroller gene
cal, the treasurer and the adjutanvt
~eneral were farmers.
In 1882, the secretary of State, the
~reasurer, the comptroller general and
he adjutant general were farmers.
In 1884, the secretary of State, the
~omptroller general and the adjutant
~eneral were farmers. The commnis
~ioner of agriculture, since the es
ablhment of that department, has
een a farmer.
It will be seen that the farmers
ave had a fair representation in this
lepartment of the State government.
The farmers have also had two
ble representatives in Congress
;ince 1876-Col. D. Wyatt Aik-en
rom the Third District, and Col.
1eorge D. Tillmnan from the Second
)istrict.
The House of Representatives is
~omposed of one hundred and twenty
'our members, and we give below a
;tatement showing the number of
nembers from each counzty and the
mber of farmers who have been
amber from the voer 1880 down to
the present time. This information,
which we give in tabular form, will
be of considerable interest at the
present time, and will dispel, we
hope, the claim that the farmers of
the State have iot had a fair and just
representation in the lower House:
Counties. Xembers. 1 84. 1SS2. 1880.
Abbeville...... 5 2 3 2
Aiken......... 4 3 2 1
Anderson...... 4 3 2 2
Barnwell....... 5 2 1 3
Beaufort...... 3 1 2 1
Berkeley ... . 5 4 5 0
Charleston. .12 2 2 5
Chester........ 3 3 3 2
Chesterfield .... 2 1 2 2
Clarendon..... 2 1 2 1
Colleton....... 5 5 4 4
Darlington. 4 3 3
Edgeffeld...... 5 4 5 4
Fairfield....... 3 2 1 2
Georgetown.... 2 1 0 1
Greenville ..... 4 2 3 3
Hampton. ....3 1 1 0
Horry.. . 2 2 2 2
Kershaw....... 3 3 3 1
Lancaster...... 2 2 1 1
Laurens........3 2 2 2
Lexington...... 2 2 2 2
Marlboro'......2 2 1 1
Marion........ 4 3 3 3
Newberry...... 3 2 2 2
Oconee. ...... 2 1 1 0
Orangeburg..... 5 4 3 4
Pickens.. 2 1 1 2
Richland....... 5 2 3 2
Spartanburg.... 4 2 1 3
Sumter........ 4 3 2 3
Union......... 3 2 1 2
Williamsburg.. 3 3 2 2
York......... 4 2 2 3
Total ...... 124 78 73 71
This statement, which is approxi.
mately correct, shows that in 1880-81
there were in the 1-louse of Repre
sentatives 71 farmers; in 1882-83, 73
farmers; in 1883-84, 78 farmers. It,
will be seen that there has not been
since 1880 a single session of the
Legislature in which the farmers
have not had a safe working majority
in the lower branch of the Legisla
ture. In the Senate, in 1880, there
were 17 Senators who were farmers.
In 1882 there were 17 farmers, and
in 1884 there were 16 farmers in the
Senate. It will be seen that in this
branch of the General Assembly the
frmers sifice 1880 have had an equal
representation.
And now a word about the work
of the Legislature. In 1881, 340 Acts
were passed, of which 46 directly af
fected the agricultural interests. In
1882 the total number of Acts passed
was 179, of which 16 were upon sub
jects appertaining to agricultural in
terests. In 1883, 283 Acts were
passed, of which 37 were passed for
the benefit of farmers. In 1884, 181
Acts were passed, of which 18 were
passed for the benedit of farmers. In
1885, 257 Acts were passed, of which
35 were for the benefit of farmers.
For the five years ending in Decem
ber last, 152 acts have been passed
by the General Assembly for the
benefit of the farmers, an average of
more than 30 Acts a year. All of
these Acts, in fact, were passed di
rectly upon the petition of farmers,
r upon representations made to the
members of the General Assembly
that the agricultural interests de
manded the legislation provided in
these Acts. Having a clear majority
in the General Assembly, and being
able to secure whatever legislation
they demanded, it is evident that if
the farmers had desired more or any
other legislation they could have se
ured it. It should also be remem
bered that a majority of all the Acts
passed by the Legislature have been
Acts for the incorporation of rail
roads, and manufacturing and other
industrial enterprises in which the
farmers have been as much interested
as any other class of citizens.
It is assumed that the farmers who
have been sent to Columbia were
the best reprerentatives that could
be found in their various sections.
They were elected as farmers, were
elected by the votes of farmers, and
if they- have failed in any way to do
their duty to the farmers, it necessa
rily follows that the farmers them
slves are to blame for any lack of
such legislati, n as they needed or
required.
IIaving, as we have already shown,
and as the leaders of the farmers'
movement claim, a clear majority of
all the voters in the State, it is evi
dent that, working within the lines
ot the Democratic party, and con
trolling the election machinery in all
of the counties, the farmers have the
remedy for their wrongs safely with
in their own hands.
The Lancaster Review has made
an investigation as to the occupa
tions of those who have filled the of
fices of Senators and Representatives
from that county since the year 1832.
During that time Lancaster County
has had ten Senators, nine of whom
were farmers and one of whom was a
lawyer by profession. D)uring the
same period Lancaster County has
h ad twenty-seven Representatives,
of which number twenty-one were
farmers and six were lawyers. It
would be interesting to know just
how the record stands in the other
counties.
These facts are given in order that
the people may have a clear concep
tion of the relative strength of the
farmers in the General Assembly,
and also in order that they may judge
for themselves as to the merits of the
movement which is now in progress.
-rAw and cfourier.
HAMBURG EDGINGS
FOR SECRETARY OF STATE LIPS
COMB'S CLOTHES.
MR. TILLMAN HIlTS BACK .\ND TELL
ABOUT TIlE-FARIIERS' 3D)VEMENT.
To the Editor oJthe Nes (td Cou
nier:
Since the publication of my recen
"open letter to the farmers of th
State," I have been the recipient o'
many courtesies from the newspaper.
and their correspondents. I am lik<
King Lear. "The little dogs and al!
Tray, Blanche and Sweetheart. See
they bark at me." I have been ae
cused of nearly every sin mentione'
in the decalogue, and many other5
besides, and I doubt if ever a columr
of plain and lucid English has heer
so variously construed or had sc
many different interpretations pul
upon it. There has certainly been f
"ring" firing at me, whether there bE
a political "ring" in South Caroline
or not-and I seem to have pinched
many people's toes of whom I was
not even thinking. Such a broad.
side from politicians and pap-suckerr
has not been heard in the State in
many a long day. We farmers can
now locate the enemy and govern
ourselves accordingly. But I feel
under lasting obligations to the gen
tlemen of the press for so liberally
advertising "a farmer's convention"
gratis. "The agitation of thought is
the beginning of wisdom." Farmers
need only to think, to wake up, and
all will be well. They are doing this
I hope and believe, and I am there.
fore more than satisfied with the sit
ation.
The firing has almost died away
and things are growing quiet. But
hush, hark ! what deep booming
sound is it that breaks the stillness
at this late hour of the bombardment?
Hamburg Moses," "Moses Tillman,"
slanderer," "crank," "dreamer" and
"demagogue," who somehow feels
neasy at being the innocent causr,
of all this turmoil, and who is trving
to make out why a simple suggestion
to the farmers to organize and de
mand a redress of grievances should
create such a commotion. "Moses"
picks himself up, shakes, feels for
his head, and finding he is not hurt
looks around to see by whom this
"air gun" was fired. There was no
bullet in it, or certainly Edgefield
would have a funeral on her hands.
A burly form as fat as a porker on
>fficial pap, and as red with impotent
age as a turkey gobler, stands ready
o claim that he killed "Cock Robin."
-Moses" has been begging with tears
n his eyes for some "Richmond"
from the agricultural bureau to
aswer his arguments and disprove
is facts; but our belated warrior who
t this late day appears upon the
scene and fires the gun it has taken
im three months to load, ignores ar
umer t, pays no attention to facts,
ishes out abusive epithets like a fish
vie, claims to be thc only original
ad possible "Agricultural Moses,''
ad winds up with a pitiful appeal to
he farmers and people not to punish
im because he refuses to accept
Moses TIillman as a leader." Oh how,
hese men who are sucking the pub.
ic teat begin to squeal when they
eel or fear they are about to lose
heir hold ! It is heart-rending. Col.
ipscomb has been nursing his wrath
o keep it warm and it is certainly
ery hot, but it does not burn "Moses"
ecause he has only told the truth,
ad Col. Lipscomb must disprove
he charges of incompetence, extrav
gance and inattention to duty made
gainst the board of agriculture be.
ore he can injure "Moses" by fling.
ng mud. I shall not descend in4o
he gutter and fight this doughty
ranger with his chosen weapon. A
ero can beat us both on that line.
[ prefer decency and courtesy, al
hough I am accused of "outraging'
oth. Col. Lipscomb must prove
hese charges ere they will harm me.
have been severe but parliamen
ary, 'and have always attacked the
oficial acts of men and not the men
hemselves; and although my words
were thus interpreted by many. I
ave never said anything about the
State officers except the agricultural
ureau and their administration o1
their trusts. They are not the ' ring'
o which I alluded, but mnay and
oubtless do form a part of it, and
Col. Lipscomb's ready anger at the
mere suggestion of such a thing
makes one suspect that his con scienc<
accuses him. "The wicked lice wher
o man pursueth, but the righteouw
is bold as a lion."
I voted for Col. Lipscomb for sec
retary of State in the State convyen
tion in 1882, and have never deniet
that his motives are pure. But th4
ossession of office has strangel;
emasculated and silenced the sturd'
eadvct who was wont to make the
welkin ring while lie (1epicted the
wrong,s and abuses heaped on farm
ers. IIe spoke for my resolutions at
Bennettsville. but it was with bated
breath and in gseneral terms. IIe
was mild. very mnild; and- while I
have written nothing since which was
as severe as that speech, no farmer
enjoyed it more or complimented it
so highly as lie dlid. Let him deny
this if he can. and explain why lie
has since changed front. I said little
there about the board of agricult,re
and only sought to enlarge it and
incrpase its usefulness. Tiat is
what I propose now, and my efforLs
are not bent towards "pulling down
and destroving everytiiig and every- 1
body.** &c., but tow.ards Iuilding up,
encouraging anld protecting our agri
cultural interests. We want : real
agricultural college. We want a
large and renresentative hoard of ag
riculture cinposed of live, progress
ive farmers. We want farinrs' in- f
stitutes to teach our people how to
do better and increase the general
prosperity. We want fewer laws andm!
better ones; we want fewer officers
and more efficient ones; we want a 1
government of the people by the t
people and for the people; and as '
the people are, by a large majorit. (
farmers, farmers have a right and it r
is their duty to govern the State, and c
"if this be treason make the most of r
it." Such a government does not by C
any means imply that only farmers c
ought to hold office or that other c
classes are to be excludel altogether
or imposed upon. Only a dreamer h
or idiot would Imagine such a thinga
and only a narrow-minded, selfish
higot would want it. The assump
tion that this movement has any sreh
object is entirely gratuitous an( only t
emanates from those who seek to
bamboozle farmers and (-bscure the
real issue. -Divide to conquer" has
ever been the tactics of our enemies. s
and the same old dodge is being tried t
now. It may succeed but I hope for 1
better things.
C,A. Lipscomb felt obliged to ac
knowledge that a farmers' convention
a
is a right and proper thing and ad
vocates it, but lie objects to it be
cause he did not suggest it and cannot
"boss it," and is silly enough to say
it will be called, controlled, appointed
and organized by Mr. B. R. Tillman.
Z I s
He does me too much honor. I have t
called the convention in common
0
with those who endorsed the idea
and sent mec their names. It will as
semble and choose its own otlicers
and will. I trust result in great good1
to the State and entire people. I
will endeavor to get it to adlopt some
measures which I deem highly im
portant to our welfare as farmers;
only this and nothing more. and the
s
idea that it will be comnposedl of pupi
pets to be --bossed" by anybody will,
I think, be only too clearly disprov en
when it assembles.
It will be no joint summer meeting
of politicians to --make a slate.'t
There will be no "free nasses." and
lacking these two familiar features.
perhaps C'ol. Lipscomb does well to
turn his back on us. 'Tis a pity, but S
I suppose we common people must
perforce do without him. Let thie
farmers of this State see that groodt
and true men, not politicians or of
fice seekers, are sent to this conven
--tto and it will mark an epoch in the
history of South Carolina. I' amny
r
county can find a better man who is
not a farmer than it can among farrm
ers, by all means let the farmers of
that county send him. We want the I
brains and patriotism and hionesty of
the State to come together and take
charire of it. B. RI. Triu3.x.
Hamburg, S.- C.. M1arcl 6th. ISSG.
The Augusta and Newberry aj
Coming.
Las,t MIonday the D)irectors of our
narrow gauge i-ailroad met in Au- :
gustam and it was (decided that a suir-4
vey should be made at once and
twenty per cent of the amount sub
scribed will be called in at an early
(late. Col. George A dams of Augus
ta was elected secretary and treas
urer of the road. We may confi
fidently look for tihe survey to lie2
madle next month and the grading
will be comnmenced soon.-EDpijebi1
Chronicle, March l1i.
Better reach the Saluda, tnen
Suggest.
Suppose when the A. E. & N. R.
R . reaches the Saluda River, New
berry (declines to aid in carrvinr it:
on to Newberry v-illage ? It ha i
been suggested that a town be built
on this side of the river, a bridgec
- built across and the good people of <
- Newberry County- invited across toi
the new town. Of course this is on
ly in case the money aire-s out at the
Saluda and( our frie:ds on th:e otheri
side do rnot help us on.-1K/yv/iU :
Arin>rtiser.
What a Farmer has to say
as to the Farmers' Con
vention.
Wilo IS LUNATIC ENOIH TO BELIE.VE
THAT A F.\ii.EI CONVENTION CAN
i11:,VENT A sU-CESSION OF BAD
E*A SONS. IT UP THE IPICE OF
(oTTON. ol IELIEVE THE
wI)E--SPREAID DEPRE4
sIk;N OF TR.\)E ?
F.\C'TS.M R. G IA I)
R (INID, FACTS:
The -News and Courier published
the 1.t1h instant a call for a far
!wrs' convention with some hun
Ired names appended. 'te adress
tates that. though the farmrs com1
rise seventy six per cent. of the
)opulation. and largely support the
emainder, they "do not govern the
tate, nor are the laws administered
n our interests. and -fe: are passe(l
or our benefit."
Since we came into power in 1876
ve Gove'rnors have held office, three
f whom. Hampton. IIagood and
eter were planters or farmers; Gov
rnor Simpson was a lawyer and land
wner, and possibly farmed some;
overnor Thompson was selected by
he farmers themselves, at least we
iust suppose so. in preference to
reneral Bratton, a Simon-pure far
ier ! There are now four State
fflicers, Lipsconih, Richardson, Sto
ey and 'Manigault. who are land
wners and farmers. So much for
tate officers. Scores of county
flicers are farmers also.
The House of Representatives,
aving about seventy-six farmers
gainst thirty lawyers. (who have the
iisfortune of being accused of every
pecies of trickery, &c., by our polit
:al economists.) and very nearly a
xo-thirds majority of the whole
odv, they surely ought in all rea
on. to be something of a power in
?gislation. Do not these seventy
ix men annually come fresh from
eir respective counties, where they
ave had opportunites of gaining
forination on various points on
hich legislation may be asked,
s well as to imbibe some
rtion of the wisdom apparently
ionopolized by those who have not
ad the privilege of iiring their tal
nts in the public service ? If these
en are incompetent, how is it that
o many of them have sat here con
nuously since 1876, and many
thers for two and three sessions,
nd who sends them ? Do seventy
ix farmers in every one hundred
oters just sit still and have no voice
1 such a matter ? I have never
itnessed such a case, and am sure
nulh a thing would be impossible in
nv community. We are bound to
dmnit, then. that the farmers them
elves selected and elected these
en who have been very indiscrim
. tely charged with *misrule,"
robbery" and "corruption," their
ssailants, however, taking good care
> ignore special charges against a
inle individual.
In the se'cond paragraph of this
call" it is said -thousands are over
eing their ou'a plantations for their
Ictuals and clothes." As I am no
enius, I would like a little light on
is to ime. rather enigmnatical sen
?nce. Does it mean that these
thousands" have been so incompe
2nt, idle or improvident that they
iiled, and other thousands have
ented their pliaces. and feed and
lothe them, like prodigal sons, to do
or others what they were incap)able
f doing for themselves ? OJr does
:mean that they have sold what was
heirs, and are now simply working
or other thousands, who, we must
uppose, for want of proper laws.
:c., must inevitakv follow the same
own ward course ? 3ut how did they
'et the money to buy the land ?
The third paragraph commences
ry candidly. if not very flattering
. by asserting that *-an insane sy.
:a of f rming largely prevails, and
ur lands arc growing poorer year by
'ar * * while the landowners.
'iving no thought to themselves and
ildren, stand idly by. or assist and
irect this skinning of a State, *
hieih might be made a veritable
arden of Eden." Continuing, it
ays: "lBut nothing is done by our
~egislature or its creatures (!) to stop
, or to try to teach the people a
etter and wiser- system." Would
hee gentlemeu, if elected to the
aegislature, take any steps to stop)
he hotelkeepers and storekeepers
rom sup)plying them gratis with
nything they called for? Th'ley
night call thiem "insane," but they
ould not consider them keepers of
m asylum. nor would they -or their
~reatures" he loath to profit by other
copjle's fol!y. "I--rty~thousand dol
tr$ :re spo? ainnuaolly in the State.
brefouthsof it paid by the far
n rs. to ednetet men for profes
!0ons and otlher p)ursuits; the fermers
et nlotheina, and are left to grope
their way in ignorance and poverty.
--Even the pittance donated to edu
cate farmers by the United States
rovernnent is taken from us and ap
propriated to sustain the institution
at which our future masters are be
ing trained." Is this statement
true ?
I Now, these are some rather start
ling statements. and if true, certain
ly n ren;e(y should be applied at
once b,oth for the admitted "insan
ity" and the misapplication of the
funds. So far as the "insane sys
n m aoes. this is .:u< to be a free
sountrv and every man can do as he
lkes wAith his own. You may put a
Sunatic iaIn asilm but you cant
warrant a cure, neither can any legis
lat"i CnrC a vicious or insane system,
or more correctly, the want of any
system of farming. It is charged
that the farmers pay 830,000 annu
ally for college, &c., and that "-they
.jt vsthiny." Is this a mere flight of
rhetoric, or is it intended as a state
ment of facts capable of proof?
Will these farmers. or the compo
sers of the "call," he blind enough
to tell their fellow farmers if there is,
or ever has been, any discrimination
practiced against the sons of farmers
when entering the College or Citadel ?
Do not ther stand on the same
plane as the sons of other citizens
who are to become "our future mas
ters ?" Don't the farmers in every
county in the State know of farmers'
sons receiving as good education as
any one else, and making as good re
cords ? In making this charge. they
surely must have forgotten that
there are now in the South Carolina
College solme eighty frmer- sons.
pure and simple. and some ten to
twenty more whose fathers combine
some other business with that of ag
riculture ' And there being no limit
to any class, there is no reason why
the farmers should not send a hun
dred more, the only cause to pre
vent it. I am afraid, being the lack
of means. At the Citadel there are
thirtv-two beneficiaries, the sons of
farmers, representing twenty-two
counties, three of them being from
Edgefield.
"Again, we pay ;25,000 annually
by specific tax, which comes out of
the farmer alone, to sustain a De
partment of Agriculture." Is this a
fair and true statement ? My idea
is that this tax of twenty-five cents
per ton is.paid by the manufacturers
of fertilizer-s, for which sum each one
of them receives a number of tags,
one of which is required to be affixed
to ev-ery hag sold, as a guarantee
that the article is really what the
ai:alysis rep)resented it to be; and in
ease fraud should be detected iti any
samples the manufacturer would be
liable, not only for hieavy pensities,
but also to loss of business. WVe|
might possibly, get our fertilizers
twenty-five cents per ton cheaper
were there no tax tag, and njo security
aginast frandl, but even that is very
doubtful; and as it cant be proved
that we pay the 525,000, why let us
keep what protection we have.
Now. fellow-farmers, do you find
the '-words of truth and soberness''
in this "call?" Can you conscien
tiously endure the deductions, state
ments and language in which this
matter has now been carried on for
some time? Do you believe that
-'four bad crops out of five" are the
results of bad legislation, dishonest
oficials. &c? D)o you, as a mass, plead
guilty to p)ursuing '"an insane system
of far-ming. as you stand charged in
this call? If vou have been oblivi
ouS of that fact until now, are you in
a condition to be helped by fellow
lunatics: because, if we are come to
this pass. where are we to find any
body sane enough to take care of
himself, much less of his fellow-suf
ferers?
Can a convention do any good?
It may do harm by antagonizing
different classes- Can it raise the
price of cotton, or create a demand
for manufactured goods? Can it
start the wheels of trade and com
merce throughout the world, in every
quarter of which stagnation and low
prices are the rule? Can a conven
tion convince a people of the neces
sty of --living under their own vine
and fig tree," and eating their own
home-raised food, and can it provcide
mone?y to pa!y th'ir back dlebts and
--run" themn for a year pe-e of charge,
so as to give them a fair start? Even
if it nroved. to an absolute certainty,
that it is not only cheaper to raise
than buy our own horses, food,
&c.. but imp)eratively necessary, in
order to save the State from bank
ruptcy, why, it could devise no
m ethod nor supply any means for at
tainin'g an end so desirable. It would
be as near accomnpl.ishmnent as the
mytnical --forty acres and a mule" of
twenty years ago for thle negro !
nhere is no denying- that the con-1
dition of the bulk of farmers is criti
cal in the extreme; and it is equally
plain to find the cause-bad crops,
low prices, enormous sums spent in
guano, labor and food ! Can a con
vention or legislation change the
whole system? Not a tittle!
What does a negro and family cost
a planter per annum now, as com
pared with ante bellum days, and
what does he produce? He will now
be paid, with a working family, some
thing like $200, won't he! Formerly,
when most of his food and clothing
were made at home, he woulr
not cost more than $25 to $30 per
haps, and each plow would probably
produce six bales, about the average
now. It takes six good bales to
bring .240 this year, so that the
wages of one hand and family, with
interest on rnule, would swallow up
the whole proceeds, leaving nothing
for rent, food, taxes, plow, ginning,
&c. Is there any wonder that pov
erty dogs our daily operations? Of
course this is only the aggregate,
many making much more.
We are constantly urged to assert
and maintain our "rights." What
are they, and who has deprived us of
any? I see some farmers' meetings
trying to define what is a "farmer."
Some will admit to membership a
parson, but no doctor or lawyer need
apply! The latter class seem to be
the incarnation of evil, and "blue
laws" may be looked for in order to
suppress their diabolical practic.
En fact, every class is represented as
being in league against the unfortu
nate farmer! Lawyers have usually
been credited with more than ordi.
nary sagacity and some ability to see
through a wall, but it would seem
they are failing in wisdom, or they
would give the poor farmer a rest
nurse him up, get a little flesh on his
bones and some money in his pock
ats, and there would then be more'
pleasure in "squeezing" hirdT -T.
[s neither pleasure nor profit now for
merchant, doctor, lawyer or parson,
ecause he is out of money, out of
emper, and almost void of hope.
With no wish to impugn the mo.
ives of any man, I would ask the:
armers to carefully study all the ut-.
erances, both in the "call" ad pre
ious letters and am satisfied that an
mportant and coG1 examination of
he mass of charges, assertions an
retended facts will convince thei
hat the farmer's welfare is quite a
socondary matter, and that their so
:alled convention, if held, will sun
ply he a political caucus of some as
pirants for offices for which theyjmay
>r may not be qualified, and whi.d
hey hope to reach by throwing dust
n the eyes of a class whom they call
nsane. It remains with the farmers
o decide whether or not they . will
~ttend a convention called under
such flattering terms and full of mis
statements. Can they, without sacri
icing all self-respect, join such a body -
when its organizers have declared
again and again that for ten years
past a farmers' Legislature and ex
ecutive officers, and the "minions'
of both, "many of whom are farmers,"
ave been robbers, incompetent, cor
rupt and oppressive? Are the ...
charges true in any single case? If
not proved, will the mass of honiest
farmers tamely submit to such an in
sult to themselves and to the men
whom they have chosen from tm,to
timer Will they actually join hands
with their traducers and help to place
them in office? These questions
deserve our serious attention, .and
no doubt have occurred to thousands2
before this will meet their eye.
A. FARM3n
Early Nominations. -
The Marlboro Chronicle has~nomi
nated Hon. Win. A. Courtena o~%
Charleston-for Governor.
The Summerville Herald proposes
Hon. Jennings W. Perry, of Sum
merville, for Lieutenant-Governor.
"New Deal," in the same paper,
announces~ Hon. M. P. Howell for
Congress from the first district.
The Columbia correspondent o'
the News and Courier says: "The
friends of Col. Richard Singleton, of
this county, have determined to sup
port him for the position of State
Treasurer in case the present in
cumbent, Col. John Peter Richar'
son, is not a candidate for re.ec
tion."
It has been decided that a navsa.
cadet who throws kisses at a girl ii
guilty of ungentlem~anly conduct
Quite right. He should carry them~
to her and place them gently on her
lips. \:
Beauty is not confined to one par
ticular rank in life, nor yet is home- :
liness, but we want somebody to tell~'
us of a young lady with a million in
her own right who hasn't a good

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