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A Letter from Congressmar
CoESBURY, March 22, 1886.
Editor Press and Banner:
Your issue of the 17th containet
an article under the signature o:
"Backwoods," in which I find the fol
lowing expression: "Taxes are a,
high now as they were in radica
If the newspapers of the State aro
to be credited, there is considerab<
unrest amongst the majority class o:
our citizens. Conventions, botl
county and State, are advertised t<
be held and the farmers at least pro
pose by this means to right theii
wrongs, if any there be; but, sir, i:
these wrongs are of a kind suggestec
by the remark quoted above fron
"Backwoods," it would be far bettei
that the farmers should not convene
That writer either did not pay taxe
in radical times, or be has lost hi
radical tax receipts. I suppose I
10as not taxed differently from othei
en, and yet my radical tax receiptf
vaty from $254.00 under Scott tc
$289.00 under Moses; whereas not s
tax receipt since 1876 has gone be
yond $110.00, whilst in all thesE
years my taxable real estate has beer
the same, and the personalty ha
been changed but little.
I think it well the farmers should
meet in convention to make knowr
their grievances; but let them do sc
in calmness, and with truthful fact!
before them. Let them consider the
Lien Law, and see how an act con.
ceived in charity has bee.i by long
abuse executed in extortion. Let
them inspect the Assessors book's
and see whether taxes are equitably
levied throughout the State. Let
them estimate the amount and value
of property which by law, justly o~
unjustly, is exempt from taxation.
Let them investigate all the mino1
taxes, and see whether they do not
in the aggregate amount to a griev
one hurden. For instance, why
should a farmer feed his cattle or
cotton seed meal exempt from taxa
tion, whereas, if he feeds his crops
on the same article he is taxed fo:
the privilege. Let the farmers look
into the Agricultural Department of
the State and learn whether or nol
it is worth the money paid for it.
-If it is not, make such necessary al
terations in the administration of il
as will ma'ke it an honor to the State.
These and many other topics, pe
culiarly agricultural, are legitimate
subjects for investigation by farmers
at the same time no other interest
will be in the least antagonized. Foi
the farmer to array himself agains
other classes would be such fol'
that 1 do not suppose that such step!
will be'tolerated in any of the con
ventions now soon to be held.
D. WAr-r AIKEN.
Another Letter From H on. D
COKESBURY, S. C-, March 25 80
Editor Press and Bantner:
In addition to the questions, enu
merated in my note to you last weel
as legitimate topics of discussion by
farmers in the State Convention, i
appears to me that our commno
schools afford another subject equally
within the purview of such Cont en
tion. We all know that a very larg
amount of money is collected for th
support c f these schools and we lear
much money is monthly paid for
first or second-class teacher, but
question very Inuch whether thE
Schol Commissioner or the Schoo
/Trustees, or anybody else, can assen
unequivocally, that this money is dis
bursed in the most economical man
SLet me illustrate, if I smn correctl:
t rformed, any intelligent, beardles
nth may secure by successful e3
amination. a first or secount grad
teaclicrs certificate, and when the
time comes, open up a free school
composed of the children of his com
munity. and teach them as long as
the free school fund lasts. When
that is exhausted, this teacher.
perhaps, attends as a scholar some
public school at the nearest depot,
Court House, or elsewhere. whilst his
former pupils are turned loose upon
their parents for the next eight or
nine montlis to grow up like noxious
weeds without cultivation or care.
t That this system does prevail in some
r sections of the State, I am quite sure.
and the question is, should it be al
lowed, or can it not be improved? it
appears to me that if these little
shams upon anything worthy of being
called a school, were disallowed. and
these children encouraged to attend
the nearest public school, these ag
gregated pittances of salaries, going
into the treasuries of said public
schools, would so enhance the income
of its~manager that he would be in
duced to give a lo:ger term of tuition
to these non-paying pupils than they
can possibly get from the common
.rue, it would force a number of
them to travel a much longer distance
to reach the public school, and for
this reason this questior is a vital
one to the farmers, for it i- their chil
dren, who from the very 7,ature of
the case, would have to splash
through mud and dirt and brave at
all times wind and weather through
these increased distances.
-Imagine one of these little three or
four months tuition schools situated
two miles North, South, East or West
of Abbeville Court House, each pa
ing to his own teacher one hundred
dollars; if they were all closed up
and these four hundred dollars added
to the treasury of the high or public
school at Abbeville Court House,
would it not secure for the pupils of
these four small schools tuition for
a session or perhaps a term? This
is a question well worthy the consiC
eration of the people and especially
of the farmers of the State.
D. WYATT AIK:N.
In Reply to D. W. Aiken.
HON. A. P. BUTLER GIVES IIS VIE'S A*ND
COLUM131A, S. C. March 29, 188S0.
.Editor' Press and Banner :
I have just read Col. Aiken's comn
munication in your last issue. Per
mit me to say that like him I am
strongly in favor of a farmers coin
vention,-not one but many conven
tions. Public meetings of the far
mers will do more real good for their
cause than all the buncombe speeches
made in congress in a century. I
heartily approve Col. Aiken's sugges
tions concerning thie State depart
ment of agriculture. I am prepared
to say that any suggestions from an
organization of farmers or from in
dividuals, for the improvement of the
department will be most gratefully
received, but I trust that an investi
gation of the work of the depart
ment will show that it is already "an
honor to the State." Col. Aiken sug
gests that if the department is "-nOt
worth the money paid for it" such
alterations in its administration
should be made as will bring it op
to this standard. I also cordially
endorse this patriotic sentiment.
Col. Aiken asks "why should a farm
er feed his cattle on cotton seed
meal exempt from taxation, whereas
if he feeds his crop on the same ar'
tiele he is taxed for the priviliege.
I will tell him. The~ Legislature
passed an act authorizing the de
partmnent of agriculture to analyz al
fertilizers sold in the State. W ..
cotton seed meal is "fed to the
crops" it becomes a fertilizer and as
such is subject to inspection, as it is
liable to adulteration, and is conse
quently taxable. As stock food it is
not subject to inspection by this de
partment. I fear Col. Aikens sugges
tion in regard to this tax was in
spired by the fact that he recently
purchased a lot of meal that was not
tagged in accordance with law.
through his own or the manufac
turers negligence, and he was some
what inconvenienced thereby. It may
-be wise to repeal all the laws of
South Carolina p)assed for the pro
tection of the farmers of the State.
Iwhere they conflict with Col. Aiken's
interest, but I must be p)ar(doned for
saying that I do not think so. T he
department of agriculture is not only
Iwilling but anxious to be investi
gated by the farmers of the State.
It was created speccially to advance
their interest and if it is not fullfill
ing its purposes the farmers should
know it. As it seems to be in order
for every body to make suggestions
-tthe convention which is to as
semble in Coumna o1 the 29th
i will exercise the same pri
Ileg h others are taking anl nu
rest to the farmers that they shou
rennmcr that -,r Congressmen a
ot out of reach of investigatio
L,t tie work of these Riepresent
L,ves be exmnined and let the fari
e.is earn whether or not they ai
wor'i the money pail for then a:
. the,V are not nakc such alter
tions in our Congressional deleg
tion as will naake it an .onor to ti
State A. P. Burr.
Merting of the Y. M. C. A.
ComaA. S. C.. March 25th, 188(
To thi Assuem. --ms ie C:rolia
TLe Ninth Annual Convention
the (7oung Meu's Christian Associ
tions of this StN wi!l be held in ti
city of Columbia, openeing at S.C
P. M. Thursday, April 15th, ISS
and closing with farewell exereis(
April 1Sth. The Associations of th
State are earnestly requested to sen
three or more delegates to this Ai
nual Meeting. Towns having n
Associations. but desirous to lear
about the work with a view to o:
ganizing an Association, are ri
quested to send one or more deli
'ates. Associations should not oi
ly send as delegates their exp<
rienced men, but also some of thei
members who are not so well a
quainted with the work, but wh
give promise of usefulness.
I Entertainment will be provided fc
the d(egates during the Conventio
by the friends of the Associatior
of the S.- C. Colleg' and of Colun
bia. The nawes of those expect.
to aitendl shoul be forwarded t
Prof T. D. . Johnson, President Cit
Y. M. C. A., Columbia, S. C. 2essr
L. 1. Wishard, K W. Watkins an
C. K. Ober, Secretaries of the Inte:
national Coinmittee, and other Chri!
tian Workers. are expected to b
present with us on this occasion.
You are earnestly requested t
unite with us in fervent prayer ic
the presence and guidance of tL
Holy Spirit in the deliberations
the Convention, that it may be a
instrument of great good to tb
young men of the State.
J. M. McBryde, Chairman, Colun
bia; A. C. Jones, Secretary, Colutr
bia; Geo. W. Mciver, Charieston ; E
G. Scudday, Anderson ; John .
Carwile, Newberry ; F. S. Dibbhi
Orangeburg ; BM E.Boaddus, Can
den; Wmn. H. Lyles, Columbia; D). I
Johnson. Columbia; L. B. Hayne:
Columbia ;IL. C. Oliver, Spartanbur;
Jas. Farie, Jr., Treas., Charleston.
Even the chronic croakers are ge
ting tired of harping on one string
hard times and money scarce-anl
are beginning to realize the fact the
"it is better to be laughing than er:
ing.'' They are about to find thU
the dark cloud that has so long ove:
shadowed them has a silver linin!
that may involvc a bright side, chee:
ig and refreshing to contemnplat
Monev, as well as some other con
forts and conveniences necessary
the successfuil running of well reg:
lated families, it must be acknow
edged, is not always as convenientl
in reach as we could wish, but til
average man and woman, with tl
cildren -thrown in. seem to war
nothing. and are comprativ:ely happ
and contented. Wec are speaking fc
our town and immediate vicinity, an
et we do not krnow that we ha,
muah in the way of this wolds ble
sings that the blneof the coun.a
ges us wvith a ::ii. with herie an
there an excep'tion: in somer mnorY
bebeor or dsapp)ointed ofW:e seeke
I d 'we have precious few of eithe
A large: ~umber of onr ihs and ai
igs are self intieted, and we are ti
autboi s of our troubles, which v
could avoid by accepting the situ
tion as inevitable and making ti
best of ourl surudns Wayvwai
humanity is croo.ked and depraved:
best, and disposed to go out ofi
way to tread on corns and( run again
sharp corners: yet our vanity is not
var with truth when it prompts1
to say that Johnston has about
little of that spirit which would I
in the face of fate and "drag ange
down" as any place of its size an
opportunities. We care conservati'
and law abiding, and determined
mindL our own business, unless
vited to help a neighbor who lh
more than he can attend to, and
out of our wayv to keetp on the rig
side of everybody and everythin
We do not use the word "wve,'in th
connection, *eeiti snn
nmumber senve. but as a collective pr
noun, if there be such a thing. incl
Iding the town ada community. Ti:
much for -'Hard Times'' if we di
wander a little from our text, f
which we have high authority.-am
illustrious examples.--Johnston Mc
'f The Evangelsts' warew11
r. LAST DAY OF3100MY ANDSANKEY
31ornina ser-vice, 9 A 31
The text of r. T1ood ys i
was taken from the first eiLht
of the 2th ehapter of Exodu.
whi1ch ~te Lrk poke unto \I()ss.
ayng i Uenk unto thLC Clil'dol
of Israel. tiat they Orimr me an of-er
ng, of every man that givctii it wil
lin(rA A,t~ 11-, IQr. ~~slui L
any o ffeIin. And this is the offr
ing which ye shall take 0t them, goid
and silver, am brass and blue and
purple. and scarlet and fine inen.
and aoats' hair. ani let them make
mc a saTCtuary that I maIV dwell
e This chapter, said the s, eake.
corresponds with the 25th chapter of
Matthew, and the same idea brought
s out in tile days of Moses was brought
out by Christ at a later day. and
d when the Lord spoke unto "Moses
saying, Spea unto the children of
' Israel that they give ine an offering
a le meant that they aive it willingly.
It mattered not whether it consisted
of gold or silver or goats' hair, it was
just as acceptable to God so long as
it caine from their hearts. God
wants the service of the heart. The
r Almighty. in IIis wisdom, wanted
every man, woman and child to take
0 part in the building of the tabernacle;
and that, said the speaker, is just t
r what is wanted here to-day. Every t
man and woman here to-day shoubl t
s take a hand and do what they can in
building up God's kingdom. If meii
and women are willing to call upon
0 Gwl for the strength to serve Him
Y they can aet it. o dL has the strength
- of a lion, but Gos lion is a hamb.
When Christ died le died as a lamb.
but He rose as a lion. When we are
lanibs God can use us. One drop of .
c God's power is worth more than the
wealth of the whole world. It was
Sthils power of God that enabled Ioses
r to deliver the children of israe! from
e Egyptian bondage and conduct them
in safety to the promised land. It,
n enabled Samson to slay his ene:nies
e with the jaw-bone of an ass, and
helped Joshua to capture tie town of
Jericho by blowing a rans horn.
I If God could use the jaw one of
- an ass or a ram's horn to accomplish
what He wishes, IIe can use you sad
me, continued the speaker, and in
6 working out IIis will all that we have
- got to do is to do as 3Moses and
. Sampson and Joshua did-use what
-we hav-e got. TIhe church would be
~stronger to-nay if we could get tihe
lukewarm and the doubters and the
unbelievers out of the way. It is.
they- who are keeping the cnurch
back to-day. Why, some one has
- told me that you have got over one
a hundred saloons right iere. If you
.t will only throw off indifference and
punite against them and keep out of
t them yourselves. we will soon close
them up and make the people get out
of their hellish business. Whyli, in
.one place that I went to, said MIr.
. Moody. I found a christian mau en
.gaged in the liquor business. hut heI
o said it didnt make any difference be
.- cause lhe was in the whoiesaie busi
l. ness. I told him that the manwh
y retailed whiskey was like a man go
e ing around with a big pistol shooting
e people hlele and there, but that lie
t hlad a great Gatling guni and was just
sweep)in'g themi down right and left.
r What we want is for the Church of
God to advance in solid1 colun.
Ibearing in mind God's promnise to
G iieon. that one shall chlase ' thou
atnd. tw o shiil put ten thousail t
Ilih1t. That we w:nt is for tie p&o
ple to look up and take what the
have got. renmemb) eing that nothi
is 'nmail that is done for God. Do-t
b)e tatlinig about you cant do anyv
.thing. D)o you believe that this
e a christian in this Louse who could
a not irinig a soul to Chlrist if lhe want
ed to do it? If some or those w~ho
e re here would begin now to brin~
dsouls to Christ there would be a thou.
sandl converts in Charleston before
long. Christ has left us down~ here
ato represent Him. I have often
~fthought that if we had as poor a rep
sresentative in heaven as IIe has on
searth, we would have a very poocr
Ly jintermediator there.
Is I et us make up in the future for
-our neglect in the piast. Let us a
.owhat we can. never mind ho0w miai
iisLet tihe young men offer 1i ii
s elves a livina sacrifice to God, 'a
o let themI unit.. with tihe old in saing,'
IIere is my- body; I lay it upon the
s alter of Jesus Christ; take me.'
WXhatt joy ' What a blessinga it is to0
0be able to lead souls to Christ!
Aftzrnoon service, 4 P. M.
d wsy~: wonDs TO WoNiEN.
nd the early part of the service .?r.
~Sankey sang two hymns of exquisite;
au-ty and pats The first was,
he cogregaion listcne terti
-:-ing~~ th aigo his. song a nl
S !losu sat as If spell bo.nd
h irst song acte lil: de
htu s.ell upon ti.L p l. he
o. wssimply a revltion. --The
n : nine" was Sung in the
ricuuhural, 1,1,ll yester(lay as the
)COPli o Charleston !ave never
xnrd it su!g before. In thC first
erso, as Mr. Sankey san tI words.
~AW.11 Gl 7.k 0 :4 I sl
are," is - ic li eed ofl on
:e word "away" and 'te muiec
ealized whaa long ~i t? distune it
Iielnit-Iow far away it w that th1
>st seCp had sVin:ye.
cau?i ful hyn Mr aky eae
Is origin. it night be interesting,
e said. for those who love this hymn
> know all about it. It was when
-e were in Scotland 'in 1871. We
-ere going from i asaw to in 11 1 -
urgh, and I bought some papers and
ooks to read on the train, and in
ne of the papers I found this hymn.
t was just what I wanted, so I
ipped it out and p-ut it away in my
ocket. I had no music to it, but
Lat night at the meeting I just laid
e clipping on the orgau anti I sang,
The ninety and nine' as you hear
to-dav. I found out who wrote it
fterwars-a Miss Melrose-and
lie was (lead then. but some of her
iters heard it and they told ime af
rwards how glad they were when
l heard the hymn suqg which
ieir dear sister had writtLn. God
ssed that hymn. and 1 pray 1 im
)less it again to-lay.
.0ir. Moody's text, was taen from
, ! th verse of the 4th Ciapk,r of
,c 1st Epistle of John. --Iie that
veth not, knoweth not God ; for God
love. I want to call your atten
on to that one text, -God is love.
do not think there are three words
i th1e Bible that Satan is more anx
is to blot out than those three.
here is not a truth in the ;'. hole
ible that lie is more afraid of, and
i nothing has lhe been more success
il than in making people believe
.at God does not love. A great
may people imagine that God lo-,es
lyh d. But, my friends.
hey never made a bigger mistake.
f God Oil y loved good people. there
ould not be many to love. God
>ves us all, good C.nd bad. Ile loves
s, and a great deal more than we
an love Ilim. You love your chil
ren, and when they do wrong they
re just as clear to your heart as ever.
'OU hate the wrong. but you love
Godi loves the sinful and will pun
sh the sin, f'or sin is ihateful in the
ight of God. but IIe loves the sinner
1 the same. Oh. that T could prove
the world this fact. that Hie loves !
low any one can read and believe
le Bible and yet doubt this truth is
rat mystery to me. You might
Lsk mec why God loves the unlovely,
it I dont know. L.only know that
Ii (oes. It's God's nature to love,
Lud lie'll love to the end. JIesus
oved IlIis disciples. and even on the
iight that Peter swore he "did not
ow the man," .Jesus gave him a
ving look, and I believe that that's
vhiat changed Peters heart. When
[udas betrayed the Son of Man with
kiss, I believe it was the loving,
orowfti look that ,iesus gave him
hat sent J1uidas Iscariot down to a
uicdes grave. .Jesus loved Peter
tud Judas a great deal more thani
hey had ever loved lim h. No child
ver loved its mother as its mother
8v:s it. Thle difference betweecn hu
ani and divine love is rust thu
rii' iloves forever: menf <ion-t.
'ads that you h:ie yeaers aoo
,o se:ireel y speak. to to-diay; you
o love them now.
r. Mioody then compllared God's
ove to a mothers love. There is
1otingZ stronger than a mnothiers
ove for her child. There arc a great
riany thiings that will separate a man
'rom his wife. Brothers and sisters
ay quarrel and separate, but there
s noting in the world Chat can sep
irate a mother from her child. Of
ourse there are unnatural mothers
n;others who have lost their reason.
i may turn away from their own
asrig But we are speaing of
ru mothers; their love is imnmeas
:ahe. So the prophet uses tins ar
unt: -'Can a mother forget her
~ukig habe?" Yes, shn may, but
1 nevcr forget yo.)eep and pow
rful as is a mothier's love. God's5
love is deeper and more enduuring.
.ou may b)e the bilackest crimimal
m earth. and y-our motheri would
uove you still. The whole world mnay
urn against you, but your mother
will stand by you still. And God's
love is deeper, broader. higher than
ny mother's love. If I can only
nak~e you -now and feel this fact,
his will bea blesed meetinz. Oh,
that (:o4 mayt open' ur ne:ts :iA;u 1
pour .1 iov e rgt in. iith re is a a
woman in t is autlnce that ;oes la
own TH gr-ve wihot tLis love. y
it will be c s"" sc sp)urns God's
love. No matter how far you have C
strayed 'n.'nr, hone; no lmlatter Low a
ilackened your life may be. i you'il h
only come hone to-day. oh. how g1ad i
God wil be Do Vol wu:Aler God nc
will forgive you? Why.-n: inds, fo
t":s just what Ie is writing (nd ti
1o:-in, to do. Ilenut --~e I
won't iu colo and .. n aI
Thec izither of tha.t wanering' chh su
did not wait to b tol a
bn.d 0on: al the wiCk ed1e :c ad wi
been gui1:ly of. That Po- or.v a
--Fatar I h E ga t f Iten is
and in t1hy siglit." and that father su
stopped him an( forgave hin before I
lie gt int) the house. That father's hn
heart only wanted to forgive his boy. th
And if that earthly father could be N
so glad, oh. what joy there will he in 'N
I Ieaven when the last wandermin m
children come home? w1
I pity the fatherless. but more the dr
motherless. G od help tihe orphans ! pu
My friends, if you want to make a or
reat stir in heaven and give jo to tai
the angels, colie homyle to-day. It Ti:
Look more love for G od to scud m(
Christ into the world to (lie for us trL
than it did for Christ to die. You mi
would rather sui'er yourself than to wi
see your child suffer. Abraham ofl'er- th
ig up Isaac was ju'st a background of
lr CaIv ary; just an advance picture Ci:
of the great sacri'ice. Abraham
didn't know what prophetic words lie to
was utAtering when he st.id. 'God willh
prov,i-e limslf a lamb for the ofler
iu." and how any one can (ro to be
Cal ,r nd witness that scene and h.:
:otubt God's love is a mystery to me. 'do
What mere could God do to show du
TJis love than IIe did? lie gave
l is own dear Son to die for us. th
Von't you let the'love of God come w(.
into your heart? Ile loves the un- bi
lovel v. He died for the ungodiy; by
for the impure. not the pure; for sin- H,
ners. not the rMghteous. My friends. os
this is a wonderf.ul love; let us get tri
the benefit of it. TLre. is no fact on
that will bring nore comf(;rt to your re
heart than the fact that God loves kr
the unlovely. LIe loves me in spite te:
of my sins, in spite of my failings, sh
and I would sooner doubt my own ci
existence than doubt the fact that w
God loves ie. t
I want to add another text to C
that One. It is this: "Come unto me w<
all ye that labor an1d are heavy laden, af
and I will give yon rest." God th
knows the sorrows and sins of each sp
one of us. and, my friends, he knows lit
that we want rest. You could not D)
make a greater mistake than to shut hi
Ilim out of youir hearts, and you ed
could not do a wiser thling than to bt
open your hearts to-day, and just ra
take him in. d
May the Spirit of God unite these w]
texts upon tihe heart of each one of hi
At the close of the services a great II
many stood for prayer, and after a n<
short and earnest prayer meeting the Ii;
congregation was dismissed. b:
Night Service'. cc
-TIIIF LAST Wo)IDS. p
The closing~ meetingr of tile series w
of revivals inaugaurated last-Wedlnes- it
day was lheld last night, and was a w
fttig endi to thme work~ which has m
progressed with such increase of fer- E
vor and earnecst enthuisiasmm. The li
end crowned the work. The vast w~
conourse of citizens which assemn- at
ied in Auricul:tural Illall on this last dU
occasin shows bjeyond a doubt that el
at least t wo-thris of th pele of t:
theL .v :m. rOml Ine to time, II
hear: theI fa:on pro c urs who have :I
work i s.ical n-:0lers l. thle idist of .
halve Zattended( theC whole series of pi
ilctrings. Every audlien;ce was all m
immlIense, one. and up to the last hour ti
it was sident that tI e interest in theC tl:
reat cause for whlich Mcssrs Moody ti
and S3anker have endeavored to en- bi
it thme sympathy of thle peCople here J<
was perceptily gv~atheringa strength e:
from day to day. It was expcted, .
of course. thait the fact of the meet- b:
in b,eing thie last to b e held in Char. J,
leston would attract to thle IIall a ti
tremenous crowd. No one's expec- B~
tation was disappointed. I
'The exercises last nighit were it
opened with pray er by the Rev. Dr. ft
WI F.ir.kin. iiii p)rayer was fol- ti
ow;ed by two sol) hymns lby Mr. th
wanke. Before entering upon his E
ser'mon Mri. Moody took occasion to 1]
addirs tihe young men and boys t<
p)articlarly on the subject of the ne- a
cesity of identifying~ themselves n'
(jle On : 'i subjec .or. .Moody L
said : Ii ; ou are not a Ch.ristian put a
yoursel! it' t'e wvy where you can. be,'
met by people who a're religiously- in- Iti
tion is to flee from it. It is only
mockery of God to pray to him to
-ep off temptation when you throw
murself in its way.
l believe that the Young Men's
;ristian Association of this city is
noble and useful organization, and
s materially assisted in the success
ticse meetings. I hope the busi
ss m'en of the city will soon put up
r them a substantial building of
eir own. It is the place to which
would advise the young men to go,
U where they will be sure to be
trounded by religious influences
A out of the way of the seductive
les of sin. The associaion has
ne much to break down sectarian
n. Tlbe young men of this city are
bject to hundreds of temptations.
ie saloons are gaping wide; the
rlot walks the streets. I believe
at it was rum that carried down
>ah and the five cities of the plain.
>w, if Noah was the only righteous
in and succumbed to the rum devil,
.at must the rest 4ave been? Chil
en and young men must have a
re religious atmosphere to breathe,
they will become corrupted and
uted by the surroundings of sin.
at is a first essential towards
>ral or religious education, and I
ist that the good men, the true
n, the noble men of Charleston
l do al, in their power to further
,ir aims and increase the influence
the Young Men's Christian Asso.
Mr. Goody then adJressed himselt
the text which lie had selected for
discourse. and which was as fol
vs --And when Jesus saw that
answered discreetly le said unto
n. Thou art not far from the king.
in of Cod. And no man after that
rst ask him any question."
In the chapter of Mark from which
text is taken, said Mr. Moody,
have the evidences of the com
ned attack made upon Jesus Christ
the Pharisees and Sadducees.
e answered them, but the very fact
His ability to meet their sophis
es engendered in them for Him
ly a deeper hatred and a thirst ,for
venge. Ie knew that they did not
ow the difference between the in.
rnal and the external from the wor
ip of God. They relied on the an
mt prophets, but only upon the out
ird form of their teachings, and
is kind of religion at the time of
irist was a characteristic of the
rship of the Jewish doctors. But
ter the colloquy between Christ and
e. Pharisees the scribe spoke, and
oke so much in accord with the re
ion which Christ taught that the
vine Master spoke to him and of
m the words of the text as record.
i by St. Mark. But why do we go
ick two thousand years to point the
oral of the text? There are hun
eds, perhaps thousands, of men
bo may be said to be just upon the
rder land of salvation. The world
full of them. Take, for instance,
erod. I once believed that he had
> just idea of the necessities of re
ion, but my opinion was changed
7 the statement he made that he
>uld find nothing evil in the life or
-eaching of John the Baptist. There
as something, indeed, very startling
the preaching of John and there
as much in his appearance that re
nded the Jews of their old prophet
ijah. lHe came announcing the
indom of Christ. Yes, that Christ
as at the door. I can imagine him
idressing one of those ancient au
ences swayed under his thrilling
o1iuence like the tree-tops under
me 1'orcem of the wind. I can imagine
:ro driving up to such a meeting
d the thought passing through
>ns mmd that he. too, would be
)vincelUd hy his preaching. I can
tangne. too, the effect of John's
eaching on Hlerod himself. What
ust we believe from the statement
at He rod --observed John and saw
at he was a holy man." Little
on did Hlerod believe that he would
the instrument of the death of
>hn. But Hlerod's spirit was not
tirely cleansed. He had one sin,
a he compromised with that. He
ino one to tell him all his sins.
hn was an uncompromising Chris
an, and lie told the whole truth.
ut it was a dangerous undertaking.
can imagine those around him tell
ig John that it would not be wise
>r him to tell Hierod what he told
e people when -he characterized
em as a "generation ofi vipers."
ut John openly and boldly told
[erod that it was not lawful for him
>live in adultery. Then Herod's
imniration for him ceased. Ah!I
hat might not the result have been
ad not Herods secret sin dragged
im down to hell! He might now be
pith the apostles and the Lamb.
here is a true saying to the effect
hct every man has his price. Some
men el1 their all, father, mothe
brother, sister, all, all, for rum, and
others for other things of this world.
I believe that even Pontius Pilate
was once on the verge of the King
dom of God. Did not he say that
he had examined into the case of
Christ, and that he found in hini no
sin; that he was a just man, but that
he would chastise him? Has the
world ever heard of such a decision
as this? But Pilate wanted to be
popular. He did not have the back
bone to say, "I'll never let that man
be crucified." And the Jews cried
out, "His blood be upon us and our
children." Oh, I would that that
should be the cry all over the land.
May his blood be upon us and our
So again Judas. Is it possible to
believe that he was not at some time
near to the kingdom of Christ ? But
he fell, and when he repented of his
crime it was too late.
Then, again, consider the case of
Felix. We do not know what kept
him back. I dodt think that Paul
was ever so eloquent as when he
pleaded with Agrippa, who inter
rupted him to say, "Paul, thou al
most persuaded me to be a Chris
tian." Oh, how many of us are like
Agrippa! We are "almost persuas
ded !" But let us remember that
life is short. Now is the time to
ask who and what you are. Stand,
if you please, and look back upon
your lives, my friends. Do you not
see there in them some spots, per
haps one, two, three or more, when
you were just on the point of giving K
yourself to God ? It may have been
at the bedside of a dying mother that
you resolved to lead a better life,
and perhaps when, time and again,
you visited her grave to water -it.
with the tears of sorrow and affee
tion. Are you now as near the King
dom of God, as at that time, my
friends ? Or, perhaps, it was at the.
grave of your child or your friend
But what has become of all these
resolutions ? Neglect to follow out
such resolutions has hardened your
hearts. Why is it that we are so
often "almost persuaded ?" Why are
there so many of us ike
Felix and Agrippa ? How often are
we cut off on the very threshold-of
Heaven, just in the very bloom of.
our life and religious aspirations!
It is fearful to contemplate how thin
the veil is that often has divided
us from the'joys of eternity. Just a
day, perhaps an hour, that might
hav'e been utilized in theprer
spirit, is the short space that
killed our souls forever. But we
should not forget that there is al-.
ways hope and that that soul may
be saved at even the last moment.
Jesus Christ has often knocked3 q
the doors of many a heart which has
hardened, and then the sinners may.
imagine that there is no use to pray.
They think as they have abandoned ~
Christ that He has abandoned them.
They live to realize the fact that the
summer of life is gone, the harvest is
passed, and yet we are not saved '
I beg, to entreat of you to affirm your.
decisicons manfully, boldly. There
is no time like th.e present, The
spring time of life is alreafy gone.
Let not the harvest pass. - Iimplore
you to -see to it that you have
not cause to repeat the lamentation
of the prophet that, when the life
which God may allot to you has been
surrendered back to Him you hav
"not yet been saved."
Speaking of war horses last week
set -us to thinking and we regall the
large grey which Gen. McGowan iode'
at the battle of the Wilderness. Of
necessity he was a horse that could
carry weight. He was not so styliT
as he was serviceable. On the second
day of the battle Grant advancdj~
dawn and threw our lines into gr'
confusion. As Gen. McGowan sat
upon his giant steed in the middle of
the plank road trying to hold the
line firm it was a picture that fur
nished a correspondent of the Lon
don Saturday Morning Review with
a subject for a magnificent letter.
The sun was peeping through the
trees as our position was reached.
A solid line of blue pressed through
the thick undergrowth and came on .
in countless numbers. Pandemonium -
was let loose but the rider and his.
grey surrounded by our men stood.
out in bold relief until the hostile "
army was within twenty steps and9
the air was filled with the missiles of
The grey was within a few .~7
of the death angle at Spottsylvasia
when his master dismounted, lifted:
Ben Chiles, shot through the bd~c~
into the saddle and sent him to te'
rear. He was killed at Reams
tion and Gen. McGowan replaced
him with an artillery horse which he
rode bare-back through the balance
of the battle.
Col. A. C. Haskell ro.de a trim
built bay in the first fight when he'
commanded cavalry. The horse was
hit seven times but survived the
war. At Fredericksburg a beautiful
pointer dog followed at his heels
through the battle and was nof