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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, April 14, 1886, Image 1

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A. C. JONES, Pub. and Proprietor. y. C.,er- WEDE AY API 1it88.NoC
VOL-. xxii. _ 1.BFR~ S. C. _WENSAY APRI D~ T36 EISID N. 5
PUBLISHED
EVERY WEDNESDAY AT
:erberry, S. C.
TERMs.--One year, $2; six months
$1; three months, 50 cents; two months,
35 cents; one month, 20 cents; single
copy, 5 cents, payable in advance.
Expirations.-Look at the printed
label on the paper: the date thereon
shows when the subscription expires.
Forward the money for renewal at least
one week in advance.
Subscribers desiring the address of
their paper changed must give both the
old and the new address.
TERMS OF ADVERTISIG.-$1.00 per
square the first insertion, and b0 ets. per
square for each subsequent insertion
X&'A square is the space of nine lines
W of solid brevier type.
Notices in local column l2fe. per line
for each insertion for one month, longer
at inch rates, w:th 25 per cent added.
A reasonable reduction made for ad
vertisements by the three, six, or twelve
months.
ROTATION IN STATE OFFICES.
A Few Explanations for the Attention
of the "New Deal" Kickers.
COLUMIx, S. C., April 7.-Possi
bly some of our friends who wanted
a new deal have not thought how
many new deals we have had since
1876. It may interest them to know
that we have had five Governors,
which makes an average new deal
every two years; we have had three
Lieutenant Governors, three Attor
'f ney-Generals and three Adjutant and
Inspector-Generals, or an average
change every three and a third years;
we have had four Comptroller-Gen
erals, equivalent to a change eve'-y
two and a half years, two Treasurers,
two Secretaries of State, and two
Superintendents ot Education, an
average change every five years. It
has been said by some who favor
a new deal, that the State offices
since 1876 have been filled by nearly
the same men. That is, that they
fve been promoted from one office
to6nother. The only instances of
\ this kind are the following: Gov. I
-Simpson and Jeter succeeded
Governor Hampton and filled the 1
office for a few months; Governor I
Hagood was promoted from the i
Comptroller's office, and Governor :
Thompson from the position of Su- 1
perintendent of Education; Comp- I
troller General Stoney was a book 1
keeper in the office he now holds,
and was promoted solely on account
of his well known ability and effi
ciency. In all, therefore, the eight
State offices have b'een filled, since
1876, by twenty-one different men,I
and only five promotions have oc
curred within that time, and exclud
ing Governors Simpson and Jeter,
there have been only tbree such pro
motions. It is well to bear these
facts in mind in connection with the
discussion concerning the new deal.
-Richland int the Augussta Chtronicle.
Firearms at Fort Worth.
W.hilst earnestly sympatizing with
the wrongs of labor, we can see no<
good likely to arise from a reorto
Winchester rifles for relief.I
It cannot be questioned that the<
strikers at Fort Worth put them-.
solves in the attitude of aggressors.
It .cannot be questioned that they 1
held the train about to move out un-]
der hostile surveillance, and it can-<
not be questioned that they rose from
Stheir ambush with arms in their
~-~ids. It is useless to comment on
all this. It has but one meaning,
and that meaning is that the strikers<
claim the right to make private war 1
against the authorities. This the
people cannot, dare not permit. In 4
this case it requires no prophet to
tell where the striker will find him
self at the end of the conflict. He
may glut his vengeance, but he will
surely feel the omnipotent arm of:
society, too strong to be resisted by 4
any class.
The flashing of the fire arms at t
Fort Worth was fatal-fatal to the
honest cause of labor, and a source I
of unmingled regret to all who recog- 4
nize peaceful society as the first
necessity of all men of all classes.<
-.Colu&>ia Register, April 6th.
Correct.
It is a small matter, as to the
amount involved; but it is neverthe
less a gross wrong that the last leg.
islature appropriated $150 for a cer
tain newspaper-the Carolina Teach
er, published at Columbia. The ap
propriatin..eap :'i on the recoin- 1
me" - ' '-ndent of Ed
re~ back the hair frote State isa
G0o the parting 't o o tono
then Parker's HaallCaino
ridgtti than olilbenefit one
I n cze:did. .Mary Swans~.'r'
StI -as highly recomn2ided to .
tf . heard of a single instance I
1is etrect a speedy cure of S y
wmn. Paisley, Dobyv-ille, 9
44-I 4
BILL ARP TALKS.
HITTING THE NAIL ON THE HEAL
-THE HONEST TRUTH.
What "Bill Arp" has to say on the Sit
uation.
Hon. Patrick Walsh, Auguxta Chr(micke
DEAR SIR-I have just received
your circular letter, inviting answers
to a few questions concerning Presi
dent Cleveland's mode of administer
ing the Government. I read Mr.
Randall's letters from Washington
every day, always with pleasure, and
of late with absorbing interest, for it
looks like there is trouble in the
camp and I am seeking to learn who
is to blame for it. It seems now that
there is little or notriing in politics
save offices and spoils, and the ques
tion is, Who shall till the one and
be filled by the other ? I thought
that question was settled long ago at
the polls and that all of us would go
into office or get something outside
and be happy. I think that Mr.
Cleveland is a great and good man.
but he misunderst-,.d the bove when
he heard them shonting. -Turn the
rascals out." and now he has been
thirteen months hunting for the --ras
tais" and heariu evidence on both
sides; and the way he is progressing
it will take him thirteen years to get
through. Well, that is a kind and
charitable viev to take. It is a hard
duty to turn a good, honest man out
of office when the office is his chief
support. But time about is fair
play and fair play is a jewel and
twenty-five years of "inns" ought to
satisfy any reasonable party or part
san, whether offensive or defensive.
[ believe that our boys would enter
into a solemn covenant, right now.
that if they were allowed to stay in
[or tb next twenty-five years they
would all step down and out
ind give up the lease and make
no claim for betterments. Personally,
[ will do that and give security.
Now, if there were any great national
Inestions that divided the parties
luestions like the tariff or the Blair
bill, -or the silver business or the
Uormons, or the heathen Chinee
;here might be room for party con
;ention for control of the Govern
nent. But the parties are split up
ind mixed on all these, and there is
>ut one single issue on which the
)oys can form a straight line, and
;hat is the offices. Mr. Cleveland
;vas elected cn that single issue:
'Turn the rascals out," by which we
neant turn them all out. Not that
avery mother's son was a rascal, but
,he honest ones were scarce and in
)ad company and under bad control,
tnd had to play shut mouth and be
tccessories after the fact like a re
:eiver of stolen goods.'* The leaders
said if you love me you must love
ny dog, and the dog said if you love
ne you must love my master; and so
me bunched the whole concern to
;ether and called them all rascals.
But suppose there are no rascals and
all are honest and capable and de
;erving. How long is a man to hold an
>ffice, a public office that belongs to
he people ? Is not twenty-five years
ong enough when there are a dozen
>utsiders who want - it ? Why, we
Democrats here of the Solid South
von't let a Democrat stay in half
hat long. Rotation is the word.
Rotate. If there are ten pigs and
mnly five teats let them suck time
bout. That is reason enough.
I used to have some grand Uto
>ian ideas about reform. and I
hought that may be the good men
>f the whole country could get
ogether and make a new party that
wouldn't steal, and they could lie
lected and run the machine on thme
>ure and honest principles of our
'refathers, but I have abandone:l
ich hopes. The public treasury is
Sthing to be plundered. and it will
dlways be plundered. The maebhine
,ould easily be run on two hundred
nillions, but it takes five. The other
hree hundred millions are for mar
in, and th ere is a power of public
and to be stolen yet. So I want Mr-.
lleveland to give our boys a chance
-give it to them quick. lest this long
lelay shall bring their gray hairs in
orrow to the grave. Hope deferred
naketh the heart sick. Reform is a
ood word, but in politics it don't
nean anything-not a darned thing.
L few years ago I sent a boy to An
apolis to stand an examination for
Splace. There were 140 candidates
mnd only 2f> to be taken. The boy
vas smart, very smart, and thorough
y prepared, but he was a Democrat
mnd got number 27. The 25 taken
vere all Republicans.. every motl,er's
on, and som~e of thenm didn't have
ense enough to get out of a shower
>f rain. But their fathers, or their
mcles, or their cousins were Repub
ican members of Congress and
ansive partisans to boot. Offen
n~artsns! Well that is the
)onorest excuse in the ;worl to turn
man out for. Wher. is tic reform it
turning onle o1eive partisan out tc
put another oiensivc partisan in
We are all offensive partisans. WE
holler hurrah for our side, and wc
fought to. TUe people turned Arthui
out, and made Blaine take a back
seat. and that meant turn them all
ot evcn down to tic postmasters at
"Tv Tv and "Too-nigh" and "Ilard
times. WL,ose aflices don't pay fifty
d.), rs a year. Turn the Republi
canls out is the word. If they had
the modesty and the high tone of the
Engli politicians they wouldn't
wait to bu, turned out-ther would
all resig,n in a body. That's the
way they d1 in old England, when
the people rebuke the Ministry
at the polls. The Ministry resign;
subordinates go with them. I ad
mire Mr. Cleveland for many things.
but he can't run with the rabbit and
bark with the hounds. His Adminis
tration has got to be Democratic or
nothing. Those Republicans have
held the public offices so long they
r-aliv believe they have a warrantee
title or fee simple to them and their
heirs forever. They don't confess to
a quit claim, and theyN won't quit
claiming eitl:er. Why it pretty near
takes the military to get them out.
Mr. Cleveland ought to wake up from
his 1topian dreams, his "obnoxious
desuetude" and shake his ambrosial
locis and say -file left march." lie
will lose so.,e good inen and get
some bad oncs il tlheir places, but
we can't help that. The country
can't be worsted. L is hig4 time
that a new set were in training_. It
will take our boys ten years to get as
expert in the spoils business as the
Republicans are now. It will take a
year or two for their natural difil
dence to wear off and to get fan iliar
with all the avenues and nigh cuts
to the overflowing Treasury; but they
will ler.rn in due time. They will
first look, then linger, then embrace.
But any change will be for the pub
lic good, and if our boys go to plun
dering, it will give a wider spread of
national favors and( save filing a bill
for distribution. Sdo let Mr. Cleve
land reconsider his ways and be wise.
I would like an oflice myself, a sort
of' a sine qua non; but I see no
chance. There used to be a way of
creating an office just to fit a man,
but I don't hear of it now. Mr. Le
Duc and Mir. Loring did remember
me and appointed me agricultural
correspondent for my county, but
there is no pay attached to it-no
thing but a few turnip seed and to
[baeco seed-and that is the way all
over the South. The Democrats fill
these sort of oflices and the Republi
cans the others. What we all ex
pectedl was a change-a change unan
imous and ubiquitous. We wanted
to see the whole grand army of one
hundred thousand office holders pack
up and come out and fall into line,
and Mr. Cleveland to stand on the
(ome of the Capitol, with his wandl
in his hanid, and hear him exclaim in
a voice of thunder: "Now, let the
procession proceed." Mr. Cleveland
has got an idea that lie was elected
President over the whole people, and
that now he is no longer a partizan
or a Democrat. That is true, so far
as executing the laws is concerned,
hut no f'urthe:. The truth is, lie is
not the whole people's President.
JIust half and a small fraction ov'er
elected him. Tie others didn't want
him, and they don't want him niow.
ile is not their President; they- don't
claim him. Ingalls skins him aliv'e
and the party is (delight4ed, and with
one accord exclaim: "11Iit him again.
Ingalls; hit him hard." So far as
fav'ors are c'oncer'nedl, Mr. Cleveland
is the President of those who votect
for him. and the offices ought to he
so app.or'tioned~. This would give the
South a1 good shiowing, and she is en
titled to it. She has not had one
twentieth part of the oflices, and now
she is entitled to half and a few over.
She wvent solid for Cleveland. and heC
should go solid for her. Leo Slher.
man howl. and Ingalls hate, and Lo
gan wavec his carmine integumnent;
what (does that matter? We have
got used to it. In fact. we like it.
It shows that the ,snake has bit him
self, and is dyingz of slow poison.
Wh, sir the North got rich ofT of
tihe war-imimensely rich-and the
South I ot poor-inten selv poor-and
the woul keep us poor forever
if theyC cold. I waxnt a pension.
~riht now. to make me f'eel
friendly and they won't give it.
And i' Mr. Cleveland don't hurry
up with the oflices, our peCople won't
care a biauh)ee who is President. No
thing from nothing, and notiiing re
mains: and if we are to get notiiing,
what is the inducement? As Cobe
says, when he don't care how a thing
goes: "It's all optionary with me."
CriAs. H. S3IrT.
How Does South Carolina Compar')
A distinguished friend from the
eastern pat of the State writes to
ask the rates of tax levies of the va
rious States of the Union so as to
sbow how South Carolina stands in
comparison with her neighbors in the
matter of ta:ation. He wishes the
people to see, along with the recent
conplaints touching the taxation of
flhe people of the State, exactly where
they stand in comparison with their
nei:hbors.
It is very difficult to make a satis
factory comparison with a different
basis of assessment. We will en
deavor, with the facts fornished by
Spofford's American Almanac, page
105, to collate such a statement for
the ten cotton States as shall make
the fairest comparison possible. The
statement of the Almanac claims to
have been derived from the oicers
of the State themselves. As there
is manifest error in the last column
of the tabulated statement I)urport
ing to%give the tax rate on the hun
dred dollars, either occurring from
misprint or otherwise, we have car
ried the actual amount raised in each
State to its total assessed property,
and calculated for ourselves the rate
of tax taken expressed in mills on the
dollar.
Table A shows each State, in pop.
ulation, its total assessed property,
its assessed property per head of
population.
Table B shows the debt of the
State, -the amount of tax raised, the
mills on the dollar of assessed values
necessary to make the same, and the
mis on the dollar requisite to meet
the interest on the debt at 6 per cent.
per annum.
TABLE A.
state Populil Assessed t'o. nc
in 1580. Property I I
Alabama - - $.85.55 .14 1 ;
Arkansas - - - - 89 2,5325 ;,31,11 I I
Floida - - - 2G9.4: 112= " )
Georgia - 1,542.1,0 317. G'1271
.ouisiana - - 9: 1A.9).!14 1 1' 05
Miss,issippi. - I.:i 597
N. "arolina - 1,3.I.751 11;9.7 ,; I 'N
S. Carolina - !rj5.5-7 14!973,30:0 1
Tenne.see - - 4.512,5 9
Texas 1 21,591,749 5 .5 1; 1:1
T~B~ 12. ,lri184
Amt. Mil,2s Total Milsto
taxes to :tate dioIllu
raised. dol3ar. de t. f05 mt
L.ouisiana $1,714,W-t 1 $,145.,9:13 1. 0
Texas -:- 2,5 1, .74
Albuina 1,100.0 4 .5 12
Arkansas !"6.00 7.6 ,11S043
TennlesCe 101, 42 Z12,34 1
U orgia Sit.!]1 2.7 S.0..185
S. Carolina 622.421 45 6,522.IsS 2
Mississippi 4!".17 J8 3 2.9W..2s2
N. Carolina 414,649 2.5 15.422.015
Floridla 37,,-40 6.3 1,347,zl 1.:
This $622,423 taxes raised in South
Carolina covered the e-.pcns.s of'
tState dgovrrnment, i ng all State
terest o tilelSate det ude ao nt.
It i evdenttha.th :t512es' rased.
byoridae377e and .3rth:Carolina1can
nThpiblyGm,4t txes itrasd n Sothi
Crlnse toveet the inexpes ofe
debt, andernmemillsntoudhegdolla fort
NorthCaolinstotutions, ntherest
teet of ehe State dbt.wfngd er n
cet.i vdn httetxsrie
not posiblyme the,euio interest hi
Tennresse,oe the in rters o htaer
debt,and 55 mils tothe dollar.o
oth Carolina to mee he 1nerst
Thi isbtil fah Stae ran of peratO
Weunn, aseasw ecanusovineresto
theagesth followin rete bf Stat
Rto dolar.
Arkats Faer as t o S.
Texas whc ha -ee cale to .2il
Coui istetheherate of ri,aweion
thensace n oas firstnpdiscoverfrom
wih"What 'a Farmer' Has To Say
Aopos t of said rrs Conven- iiti
Coumabia, thelstr of Apric, the make.
The letter though somewhat
lengthy, is "mighty interesting rea(i
ing." for it is chiock full of facts and
unanswerable argument; andl ma:kes
the fur fly at every lick.
It goes for the Tillmian cruze with
a vengeance and cuts "goiing andi
The letter is worthy of all th:e
more consideration, because the P,eg
ister assures its readers that it is
written by a farmer who is a farmer.
and not a manufacturer of facts.
Read it. anid see how it '-merciless
lt dissects tihe call to the unconverted.
andt rhow.s it up as a humbug of the
first water."-S"t,er A'lcunce. Jpril
Coldly professional: "Can you set
a broken arm?' old Gummer asked
Fangs, the dentist. "No," repliedI
Fangs, "but I can harm a broken
set." And then he went right ahead
and spoiled the one he was trying to
~-BRoon ln Eagle.
.JE F,ERSON DAVIS AT 11OME.
A Characteristic Notefrom the Ex-Con
federate Chieftain.
DEAuvoIm. MIss., April I.-TLe sia
tion of Beauvoir was created on the
line of the Louisville and Nashville
Railroad simply because Jefferson
Davis lived there. When he, too,
goes to join the silent majority there
will be-nothing left to Beauvoir ex
cepting the fact that Mr. Davis once
did live there. Tbe name is so tho.
roughly identified with that of the
former leader of the Confederacv
tLat when the passengers read -Bea
voir on the little frame building
which serves as the station they
crowd upon the car platforms and
thrust their heads from the car win
dows, trying to catch through the
intervening trees a glimpse of Mr.
Davis's home. But they fail iu this
and go back to their seats to rumi
nate upon the very effective retreat
that he has selected.
A corrospondent of the World was
the only one to leave the train at
Beauvoir this morning, and was di
rected by the station agent to follow
a lane through the trees and towards
the Gulf until be came to Mr. Davis's
house. It was a pretty walk of a
quarter oi a mile over a sandy road.
A hut, around whose door the negro
inmates were lying in the sun, stands
at the head of the lane. On the lelt
hand is a piece of land belonging to
Mr. Davis, devoted to grape culture
and surrrounded by a high wire fence.
Nobody is Iwarned" to keep off this
ground ncr threatened with "the full
extent of the law" if he does not keep
off, but two or three notices catch
the eye and the fancy, too, which
read: "Please do not trespass." The
tone of these simple signs alo;- the
lane is n keeping with all that one
hears about Mr. Davis from his neigh
bors in Beauvoir or his admirers
elsewhere. He is nothing if not gen
tie.
On the right is a wood just touched
with green from the hand of spring.
There are tall pines, live oaks, with
handfuls of Spanish moss clinging to
theii' branches, and here and there
a magnolia living in sweet retire
ment. The blue forget-me nots are
peeping out in places by the side of
your path. Whatever you see-the
very voice of the birds you hear
seem to be tinged with a romantic
sadness, and the whole place seems
haunted by the memories of a cause
that was lost. The lane suddenly
brings youi to the top) of a bluff, over
looking the blue waters of the Gulf
of Mexico, and there is the home of
Mr. Davis. Th:-re are half a dozen
frame buildings of varions sizes scat
tered irregularly over four or five
acres of ground, the whole enecsed
by a high board fer.ce. The many
trees arec not in rows; there are flow
ers, but not in beds; there are paths,
but they are neither straight nor
curved. Everything is as nature
made it. A very old colored servant,
who was currying a correspondingly
old horse, doffed his hat to the cor
respondent from a distance which
only Southern courtesy could span.
The residence fronts upon the Gulf
a squnare, two-story, old-fashioned
frame dwe:ling, with five pillars
stading solemn guard on its broad
veranda. It was called a mansion
once and by courtesy is called so still.
The veranda commands a beautiful
view of the waters of the Gulf, with
Cat Island lying low on the right.
A few easy-chairs are scattered near
the entrance. all old-fashioned and
comfortable, and the easiest looking
of themn all bears thre anme of "Mrs.
J. Davis"
Tihe door stood open and a young
ngro boy led the correspondlent into
a wide hall filled with lounge-s aind
oil paintingS and orrnments, but no
thing was new~ or bright or modern.
All belonged to that rather indefinite
peioo which the Southern man re
frs to as "before the war.'' The
boy said Mr. Davis was not very well.
and had not left his roomi that mnorn
in-an event that is not uncommon
with him who is close upon four score
years. The correspondent wrote a
nt'expressing regret at Mr. D)avis's
indisposition, and asking him if he
would at some later (late oblige the
World with a chat upon the affairs of
the South, political and otherwise.
A fter a few minutes the messenger
returned with Mr. Davis's regrets
that he was unable to entertain his
visitor, and with the following note:
30th March, '86.
Dzan Smn: I am not well enough to
leave my chamber or I would orally
reply to your rcquest ? y opinions,
that I am not in ofice, am not a can
didate for official position. therefore
have a right, as it is my wish, to lead
he Li nf retirement in which the
will of others as wc as my own h:
JrITE'SON Dhvis.
Mrs. Davis and their daughte
Varina A. Davis, are the only occ
pants of the old homestead. Ti
correspondent met the latter
comely and winning, but wholly UL
pretentious girl Cf three and twent:
From the house to the big green gat
that opens on the blui over the Gu
is the walk of a minute, and who
the correspondent -erged from th
shade of the tali pine trees he fe
like one awaking from a revrie
dream.- Nw: Yor1: WVord.
Grumll.ing.
If these lines should fall beneat'
the eye of any one who is given tc
the habit of grumbling and complain
ing, we ask his serious attention t<
what follows.
Grumbling is certainly one of the
worst habits that any one can becom<
addicted to.
It makes the grumbler dissatisfied
with everything. go-d or bad; ani
makes him miserable.
If this were all, it would not be s<
bad. The habit of grumbling makes
the grumbler sour, morose, disagree
able, and unpleasant to all with whom
he comes in contact; and, as a conse
quence, his society is not sought
after, but rather avoided.
The habit of grumbling and com
plaining continually, is not only very
unpleasant but positively wrong.
In the first place, it does no possi
ble good, and it is the duty of every
one to make himself agreeable ani
help to make others feel pleasantly
It seems to be a second naturc
with some people. They grumb<
about everything, and nothing suitc
them. If tLings are one way to-day
they grumble. and to-morrow i
things are the reverse, they grumbi
still.
They rften see it does no good
but they keep on grumbling all thU
same.
There are many ki,ids of grumblers
but we cannot discuss them all here
Some grumble because it is hot
others because it is cold. In dul
times some grumble on that account
When times are good, others grumbl
because they are not better.
Some grumble because-perhap
they can't help it.
All forms of grumbling are ba
enough, but one of the worst form
of grumbling that we know of, is ai
employer always grumbling and corn
plaining at an employee. Let an em
ployee be ever so faithful, and striv
ever so hard to please, still we sup
pose ther e are some employers whi
grumble still.
This class of grumblers do a grea
deal of wrong. They make them
selves miserable and inflict needles
mortification and punishment on oth
ers.
We never knew a constant grum
bier and fault-finder to make th,
world any brighter for himself, o
any (one else.
Grumbling never yet helped one'
own cause or business. Grumblin;
never yet helped to build up publi
or private enterprise. It never ha
been known to do any individual
town. or community any good.
Constant grumiblers and fault find
ers are a.1 aflliction to any commo
nity'.
And yet, and yet, and yet. som
will go on grumbling and complain
ing and finding fault with everything
private or public, good, bad, or ir:
different, with or without reason.
Mainy do this no doubt from fore
of habit. never t hinking. and, pci
haps, never earing. abont the ur
pleasantness they are making fo
thiemselves and others.
There are some really good peopi
who grumnb}e and find fault wit
everything. How imarch good is at
stroyed ini this war. We sometime
wonder iwhyi there are any grumbler
at all, and we suppose it is becaus
t takes every sort of people t*o mak
a world.
Howv much happier the world woul
be if all th3egrumblers should sto
grumblg.
We are sorry for grumblers.
A minister, having taught his litti
girl the Lord's I raye r. was Surp)risc
to hear her repeat it with the fo!!ow
ingz variation: Giv us this da
our dlaily bread. or b)useuit and honey
if you please."
Little 'Tommyn McG(ill camne in t
his fond mother the other day with
back eve and a hole stove in his lij
and relieved her by telling her the
he'd been getting acuine wit
the little boy who had just moved o
the street.
ts Primary Elections for all Ofm:ees.
We publish in another column
r, what our respected contemporary.
1. the Newberry Observer. says in ad
e vocacy of "-noninating State officers
a and Congressmen by primary elec
.- tionS."
Whilst we synpathize most heart
e ily with the priiary election plan.
I wherever it 6,n be effectually used.
a we do not see how it will do for the
e nomination of State ,ilic:rs. It seems
t to us that the only wty in which the
people of a whole State can effectual
ymoe together is in a State Con.
vention.
Should tihe people in their prima
ries choose their own [:!leaates to
, represent them in the general con
sultation for naming the candidates.
would not this most effectually con
sult the popular wish ?
On the contrary, with primaries
held all over the State for the noni
ination of State officers. would it not
be next to 1IpossiblC to get that con
centration of sentiment among the
people necessary to make ajadicious
choice ? In all likelihood there
would be a swarm of aspirants. Un
der these circumstances, and the plu
rality rule being necessary to any
choice at all, we see that the whole
thing would be a mere matter of ac,
cident. The fortunate candidate. ob
taining only the support of a Land
ful, might be a very unfit man. and
one who would have stood no chance
at all before the people in direct
competition with any one of the de
feated candidates.
If this be possible, the primary is
n ot a safe method of making the so
lection of State offleers.
Let the delegates come to a State
Convention chosen directly by the
people in their primaries, and we
can't see a safer more conservative
and surer way of getting just such
men nominated as the people them
selves want.
There is r.o use for the interven
tion of a county convention here at
all. Let the people elect and send
hither their own delet!ates responsi
ble directly to them. Now, for all
county offices, members of the Leg
islature, and perhaps members of
Congress. it might be highlv desira
ble to have a diree: popular vote in
making the nominatiol.s. tantamount
to an election.
We may appear to be inconsistent
in advocating the primary plan for
the offces indicated whilst favoring
the convention plan for the State
-offices. We do not mLean tohbe so.
We recognize here a diffierence in
-degree, which is an essential thing in
itself. It may be possible to have a
fair consu.ltation,. by the people in a
county, or even in a Co::gressional
District, which would not he possible
to the people of the whole State in
the choice of a State officer. And if
we attempt to choose by primaries
-we would be obliged to accept the
plurality rule. in order to get any se
lection at all. Otherwise there might
be no determinate rcsult reached, and
it might reqrire two or three or more
votings before the choice was made.
Now in default of the pecple being
able to consult each other over the
State. the result would be to have a
slate fixedl up between the most un
scrupulous and self-seeking politi
cians. who would agzree to work to
gethier seb rovsa and thus impose on
the popular choice men of their own
ilk. The word wo;uld be whisperedI
round. eertain mn yoked in, and the
people would vote the foregone
ticket blindlv.
This is the way we look at it, and
as we want the true populaar choice.
or men who really and truly are
more thorouably alongside of the
best interests and sympathies or the
people, we are constrained to think
that a State convention composed of
dlelegates chosen by~ the people in
jtheir primaries, is that plan whichi
will more faithfully express the pop
sular wish in selecting candidates for
Sthe State o(iilees. We are not after
serving ti.e interests of any- set of
men. We are only intent onl that
which will best express the true pop
ular wish in every case.
With thec greatest respect fur the
intelligent opinion of our Newberry
contemporary,.we yet cannoti but think
that such a State conventioni as we
have indicated wili iest subserve the
purposes5 which the 2 Aerver and the
IRegister have in vni:mon. to wit. '0
let the people get such men as te
"-Terrible thing, that attempt to
blow up~ Gladstone. wasn't it?'' said
1 one cow county deic.tate to another
Sat Sacramento the other <!a-. --Awful:
t Awful ' said the other St:nesman,
Swith a snudder, -I wondiC which of
3us they wihi get after next." -Derrick
Dodd.
Doesn't It Look Like a Job?
We sef that we are to get the hard.
pine necessary for the roofing of the
State House from Baltimore at $28
per thousand. This is very extra
ordinary in a State producing as
good hai d pine as the world contains,
and covered with saw mills on every
road rrnning into oar city. How
does this fact look for a State consid
ering it of srrleient importance to
go to the expense of making an ex
position of her valuable woods, as
was done at 1.0 New Orleans Expo.
sition. and where South Carolina
made the best exhibit of woods of
any State in the Union? With these
facts before us, what does this con
tract made with Baltimoe contrac
tors mean? Could there be any difi
ulty in placing that contract at ar
Df our first class mills or lumber mer
chants at $15 a thousand? Is it pos
sible, with all the building going on
0ll over the State, that the very b6st
CAled and seasoned lumber could
ot be placed here at less than $28
thousand? If not, it is a most ex
raordinary condition of things.
It is no answer to say the Charles
on milling merchants were written -
o and refused to give any figures.
Why should they? Was the contract
>ffered to the public and bids asked?
Why should these Charleston millers
Ir merchants give away their figures
xvithout the opportunity afforded to
bake the contract? There was no
business in it. Can it be supposed
1hat Charleston is less anxions to
lispose of its lumber than Baltimore?
knd if it can be believed that Char
leston merchants were unwilling to
ill such a contract, were there no
other places in the State to do' it?
Was the contract offered to the public?
We don't care about the money in
olved in the transaction, though
that is a matter not to be overlookd
but it is the atmosphere of the whole
thing that we don't like.
Again, we are told that no con
tractor has put in a bid to set the
stone on the wall. And Lbe reason
assigned is, that in vie%; of the pres
ent strikes, contractors
unilling to enter into any co
Does anybody believe that work has
..een stopped in New York or Phila
delphia or Boston or Baltimore for
the want of contractors who have
been scared off from entering into
any engagements by the strikes?
Does anybody believe that this state
of things exists anywhere else than
at the South Carolina State House? -
These are questions we cannot
answer satisfactorily to -on'rselvese
and if the ncxt step should be an
other Baltimore concern coming her
as a matter of favor to us to set the
stone on our walls, somebody will
have to stand from under. This is
all of it, and this is just what we
mean here.-Colmbia Register.
Batmore Hard Pine for the State
House.
T, the Editor o-f the C'olumbia Register:
It is with much surprise that
earn through the Register of the 6th
inst. of the giving of the c'ntract to -
H. James & Co., of Baltimore for
furnishing 75,000 feet of lumber for
the State House roof. It is all the
more surprising, in view of the fact
of the recent exhibition of the State's
lumber resources at New Orleans,
which led one to believe we had the
best pine in the world. And, too,
the price is astonishingly high, N
twenty.eight dollars per thousand.
I do not know a mill in Soeth Caro
lnL wi.chas had such aprice in
ten years for its most difficnlt proc
dut. Charleston is not by any
means the only place in the State-t
look for such a bill of lumber. There
are mills located along the lines of
the Wilmington, Columbia and Au
gusta Railroad, South Carolina Rail
road and Charlotte, Columbia and
A uguata Railreaa, which are turning
out the very best lumber in the
State, am which are nowz shipping to
Baimiaore. Philadelphia anid New Z
York: a large quantity of jaet such
lumber as M1essrs. H. James & Co.
will supply the architect of the State
House.
I do not know of any publication
in the State calling for bids and giv
ing speifications of the lumber. - It
should by all means have been oe
Sending from South Carolina to Bal.- .
timre, MIaryland, for lumber, is like
sen ding coal to New Castle." The~
State House Commission had better '
undo this thing, or give good reasons
why it was the correct thing to do. *
A poet says5: "-There is always
sunrise somwhcre." This is com- -
forting. To the man who is just
going to bed there comes the happy
consolation that somnebodyJias toge&
up and go to work.

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