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VL. XXYI. NEWEBERY, S C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28. 1888. No. 17
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vertiseinetsby the three, six, or twelve
mon t h.
Culled from the State Press.
The trouble which is upon us is
not one of intention on the part of
any class of our people, but it re
sults from the fact that agriculture
is the coutrolling and leading in.
dustry of our State, and a system has
been established. under the stimulus
of high prices for cotton succeeding 1
the war, which has been sapping the
resources of the planters of the State
until a very large proportion of them
have become embarrassed, and in
their embarrassment have crippled
all the branches of business with
which they deal. It is almost im
possible to check the evil which
comes on us from this syst%m. To
prosper, we must raise our supplies
at home, and not depend on buying 1
t them out of a cotton crop that hardly i
sells for enough to-pay the expenses
of raismg it.
orANGEBTURG TDIES AND DEMOCRAT.
-No community can flourish with
teerd straight highways, andi
" tevel and hard beds. The fu
ture prosperity of Orangeburg d"e
pends as much or more upon com- i
mon highways as upon railroads, be
cause when the former are good it is
cheaper to haul farm produce than to
use the rail and pay freight. ThIh
is the experience of every growingt
town until it b.ecomes a commercial
mart, when extent of territory andl t
railroad connections becomes a ne- j
cessity. There is no truer exponent r
of the progressiveneCss of a country
than its common highways, and there
is r.o better way of enlarging our
capacity for business and securing a
sure supply of bus iness than by these
methods, together with a cheap and s
Mr. Tillman's course is a very
*strange .one for a mnan that does not
want oflice ? When and there has
he opened his imouth, or gone into
print since the first of August last,
except upon the subject of politics ?
When has heC written and published ai
single article or made one speech
that the burden of his 'song was not1
colitics ? Where has lhe pointed out jt
o the farmers of the State the errors r
n the present system of farmuing or
*ade them ai offer of a better sys- r
in than they are now pursuing ?
Weiave not seen anything like this.
Mr. Tillmnan seems to ascribe all our
s to the want of legislation ori
'roper legslaton. Now will ie or
mel of iis friendis p)oint out to usa
*e legislation that has worked det
ment to the farming interest or (1
y oth er inteCrest in the State ?
W,e suppose less interest ha's been
antfest in the matter in York thain
.v other county, and the apathy i
av b.e attributedn to tie fact. as our
ople construe thle subject, tha the
te Government is managed with
bonomy and a due regzardl for tne
est interest of all classes ofcitizens.
hile the movemenft may be viewed e
it tust by some of our agzri
ultra citizns as a mere political
ovmn for the advancmenht of i
rtain aspirants to ofhice, who wis
reach their goal on the ever pop.-~
ar cry of 'farmers' rights."
' Et has been shown that in all p)roh-l
bilimv the money received by South
~arolina' undecr th'e Blair bill wouhi
9ost her at least $5,00)0-00 Itis
ot for t.hose who point out this
Srave objcCtion to the schemei to (le
Sonstrate how much less the State
ga toI th Ge neral Govern
inL th e absence of the Blair bill.
oncugh for thenm to show, as far
.e he c that it will cost'
w than it will be worth. One
tf s crtan Ths mil if
: man re:uction a) ie tar:: 'nd N
r svral eS all e1nr S
mnt of~ t :C expe:., ofthe ( Go r s
n nt:e other hand. i it is de- rt
a t. rc is at ieas I :e :
: (o. and opportuiky ior sl'ci
retrIch.Inf. So that ift olr taxes s
shoul not :. .:ess, there wie 1c no t
re,-on or excuse for the failure to th
:nake them~ so. ti.
t'or the niany 00.1 reasons con
tanei in the s!nop.'s of his -e
which we %ubli-hed yesterday. Sel
ator Butler is convinced that ther
is no use anA no necessity Cor seret
se ins of the Senate. except when
COPns.ering reatis witiu tragn na-i
t o)s R(presCntng the freest peo
ple in the world, Unite! Statr's
>Cnators o mvie wn h those oi Mexico
aloin!the reproach of hiding fro-n
the pcople when passing upon ues- C
.' , 7 . Cie
tions o!* pblic interest and im,110r
tance-. S-nator 11utlr did not quite
commit himself to the assr-rtion that P
the secre- of the ex,cutive se'l:
is only useful as a cloak for the1
frivolous character of tic grounds on
which -action is refused on nomin. co
Lons. but he intimated very >laii N
that it has not served any better pur- 1
oQ during the present scssion. I an
should have notiIUa to conceal. and
vould have notins i its actions
xere desizned solelv for tILe good ot
:he whole peope. Secrece tends ta
And tempts to conspiracy, as has
;een, (emonstrated bl the events of
he Ia*s few months, and the present l
s as good a time as any other to let
n upon the Senate also the who'e
;(nme ligt of puh!City. No honesL
>ublic servant s7ould fear to he
1H is conduct know. end everv
)rotest against g,iving tne eol
niler knowledge of the managien-2t
>- icir own afairs is but an addi
'on: arument wy they snoul:l (te.
nand and have that knowledge. o
[urn on the light
Y EIS AND coran.
If any evidence were needed to
n'Jvince the thining public of thc.
nnoCence of Attornev General Gar
and il the Pan-Electric telepho is
natter., his own evidence before the co*
.1vestigatil' con ite on Lnay ct
bould0 proe conclusive. lie As th
ever nuuale2 any attempt to conceal co1
.s connection with the aIfair. and his on
Chole con:i1et as been th'at of a "v
horou/bh- honest an': conscientious ki
ian, djespite assertion and mn]iiuenuo S
ro theO Contrary. Jie inlvested in Pan- -4
:lectric stock as a punrely business
atter. had never taken stock as a T
t. and righ:tl regarded that, in
eing connected with: thle company.o
e was not uilty of any greater ima-CC
ronriety lion wouldl ::.tt: to an)- u
iembner of. Co rss hob.l:a2 rauroa
toe.i or practicing jor mnoney 1n thice
:nited States Supremne Court.
.It I r.\s upo t 1( :nLp.anc .
Te Chosnicle wouie to tu heChi..t
wotslfa ful II' '- to1( AtOut onehi
nc oist uon the1 mporne . rofI
adth completIcaSin o the narrow : .
0)u1e ralroa to wonerie.mam t'o
.sC5 exeson isin tConas tof the .
t woulti make s he ctenre is ane of .
aeamost pl ele al noisig il
ai e prie ' n h SCoth,a :.1
iul rab atth two~ etrte the
c'..:ed cnie in hes two Sta es
andesvi!e enoneide nd
ewer .on 'o the er,i nai
on.'s n t h saertile atmrs
aonbl o . The r ay secion re
ea nAgua. iiE ~c; : ur h( ni:dbr
m.iC . ou tributiayt teyre re
We hav la n thae paisd to a4c- h
e '\ lcrim v e o o inon .a
xpes the es~.. a hearil t-ire
ConvUteim an~d iare pernxiou o n
entions Kere .IhaveC faiewe ti o
zr caxatin North andW Suthd yb
ouhtofa othern Stat e..::an'- Thsshw os
mc Southrn :. ates in favor of the ITn
ttrr. Among the Southern States
orth Carolina is the lowest, being
.37 per head. and Virginia at $3.07,
'he highest. South Carolina is
ed at 1).85 per head. Among the
ew England States Vermont, at
.25. is the lowest. and Massachu
tts -413.94, is the highest. Amon
e Western States Kansas, at 5, is
e lowest. and Illinois. at SG.24, is
e highest. Among the Pacific
ates Oregon. at Sp.37, is the lowest,
I California. at S 14,G0 per capita,
the highest. These statistics have
en taken from the last census.
G(R E FN VI L .E N E VI.
'ile special comgressional coM
ttee on the strikes is getting into
ep water in its inquiries concern
the present condition of trade
It will reach after a while the con
ision that there is now more of
ervthing men make than there is a
nand for-than man has increased
power of producing beyond his
wer of consumption- The popula
ion of the known world cannot
rease more than twenty per cent.
a decade. and machinerv and dis
ery have increased the power of
b. individual to make what is
eded by himself and others for life
J co:.fort many hundred per cent.
The remedy is hard to find. It
ist be reached by natural processes.
can noL be made but it can be re
ded by laws and artificial devices.
As the ground is the source of all
have and is the only thing we
r).v having in itself the principle
life and the poxer to give and
intain life, it may be that the
:it problems now before the world
I be solved by a stupendous reac
;-that multitudes of men will be
cei to return to the first principlies
1 dependecce for food and clothes
the results of their individual cul
e of the earth. It is easy to see
v such a result might come.
The -Miseries of Large Cities.
3ome of the miseries of London low
are p.ainted in ghastly colors by
agents of a citizens society which
naking efforts to supply -balls and
ee houses in various parts of the
It is pointed out. for example,
t out of 2.290 persons living in
secutive houses at Bow Common
y eighty-eight adults and forty
en children ever attended any
d of Suny services. while in one
:et, Leicester Square, containing
ifamilies, only twelve are said to
represented in church or chapel.
Ssqualor and degredation, the
and wretchedness of the "homes"
hese people is shocking beyond
iprehiension. The poverty of
ny who strive to live honestly is
eriieti as ap)palling. In St.
>Jrge's-in the -East large numbers
women, and children as y ugas
en years, are employed at sack
king at a cent apiece. Shirt fin
ers who earn sixpence a dlay think
v do well.
ivery great city has to tell just
b stories as the above. There is
Sas miuch miserv in Paris as in
]don. Bunt. class for class, the
abitants of the French capital are
ser more cheerful than their
ghbors across the Channel. TLhe
-isian artisan of little higher rank
n tile people just referred to has a
ed deal of amusement in the course
is life. For the majority of
-kmen, Sunday once a month is a
idny. On the afternoon of "pay
]dayv tile free-handed laborer is
to take his family beyond the
rier for a walk in the country.
yy have a simple dinner at a cheap
.iuranit, and wander in the woods,
king flowers in their season and
e.rally enjoying themselves. Sat
ay evening is the favorite time f or
thieatre. On Sunday a few visit
aalleries, Further down the
he there is, of course, dissipation
~er than enjoyment in a rational
.The dance halls prove the
of many youths. It is but a
from them to the haunts of crime
the -"mysteries of Paris" about
ch sensational authors write.--I
e York Dsptch.
'he outlook for free trade in the
tth does not look encouraging.
:th Carolina denounces free trade
rice; Louisiana in sugar ; Ken
*ky in whiskey; Ohio in wool; Al
ma in iron: ; iriniaL in tobacco.
I against the repeal of the tariff
raw cotton, which keeps the In
a and Egyptian product away
n the New England mills, thieeo
South would rise in arms to op
e and resist. Free trade is a
utiful theory on paper only, but
gore a man's ox with it and see
-he rushes to his protection.
~tsrille ( Ala) 3lmmiry
TIIE NARRUW G A;G RMADS.
A Quteer Talk by Presidient 31itchell
'is" "Greenville Brani0" and
What he Proposes to do wit h
it--R1imarkaWe Gas or
bad IN-port ing!
"Yes. all the Red Line roads in the
Carolinas will center at Aiustn.
said Col. "Iitchell to the Evening
How will the scarlet line run?
asked the News man.
i-The first or main sten will run
from Augusta to Edgefield C. .. ther
there will b.c a branch road from that
point 50 miles to Abheville, another
110 miles to Greenville. and the
straight line to Newberrv 70 miles.
I have just returned from the latter
town, where I was tendered $50,000
in seven per cent. twenty year bonds
to aid the construction of the Au
gusta, Edgefield and Newberry."
Will that road terminate there?
"I think not. I was met at new
berry with a proposition from Union
County to extend the line to Union
court house and to Yorkville in York
County. Both these counties pro
pose, I was told. to issue bonds for
,100.000 each. These bonds can
readily be sold at above par, and Au
gusta would thus have about 1.33
miles of narrow gauge ruuning al
most direct north through a very rich
What about the Greenville branch?
"It will be 110 miles long, and
grading is now progressing rapidly
on that line, and to-day I received a
proposition from Polk county. N. C.,
to extend it through that section.
This county proposes to issue $50..
000 of bonds to aid the extension.
Now. if you will examine the map
you will see that one of these roads
would eventually have Knoxville as
a terminus and the other Charlotte.
N. C. in all there are 351 miles of
road projected, all Lavlng Augusta
for their objective point. Some of
these roads were projected to cut
Augusta off by passing through Ed,ge
field court house and on to the At
lantic coast, but by some manage
ment we have succeeded in turning
them all to this city.
The red lines are many it seems?
-Yes, and they are all proper back
ing to float a 6 per cent. hond at par
and interest. These lines are like
the A.. G S.. intended as feeders to
Augusta. They pass through the
richest counties of the South.
They would bring us more trade
than we could obtain in any other
direction. 'You may not be aware of
it, but lands in westei-n South Caro
lina are the finest in the State and
readily sell, in six t.o eight miles of
a railroad, at $20 to 8:30 per acre.
What is Augusta's chief needl now?
-Trade. She needs patronage
from as many persons as can be
brought here. We can get all the
goodls we want if we can sell them,
andl the sure cure for discriinntions
in freight rates is to sell goods sufli
cient to make it an object to freight
agents not to discriminate adverse
When will you begin grading on
the Newberrv road?
"-I shall start an engineering corps
in about two weeks. and if you will
cast your eye, about that time, to the
top of Schumltzs Ilill, you may see the
flags of Caroliina and Georgia float.
ing over the camp. By Junc 1st we
will have finished the grading on the
Sandersville roadl, and then the two
hundred men now working beyond
Gibson with a splendid equipment
will attack the Carolina hills."
What have the citizens of Augu.staj
subscribed to the Newberry road?
-Thirtv-flve thou-sand dollars to
date. I want fifteen thousand ulol
lars more from the people of A ugusta,
and the subscription list will stand
as follows; Augusta, $50.000; Edge
fild. SGG,000; .Ne wberry. $50.000; a
total of S106.000, or about $..400
per mile, which forms a pretty good
basis for an issue of only 9824.000
of per cent. bonds. You will ob
serve that the issuc of bonds is about
double thle stock list, or 2 to 1. and
before the war such an issue of bank
bills beyond the capital was consid
ered good banking. llence the Red
Lines, as you call them, ask our peo
pIe to invest, not to gi ve."-Anyus/a
Cuttings of roses. heliotropes, etc.,
will grow better if taken off at the
junction of the old and new wood,
and should be cut off just below a
joint or bud, as the roots start from
that point, and if a bud is not left
nmear or close to the base the cutting~
is liable to decay in the soil.
.-The~ farmer, says au exchange,
"is the most independent man on
earth." Just so. See how lie works
all summer. and( steps5 into a bank in
the fall and p:.ys the interest omf his
CIVIL SERVICE REFOIDI.
Opinions Expressed by Reprent lye
Men in Augusta Chronicle of
LE--EN 1n10' 1oN. JOHN !;. 'uNAT ::i,
1on. Patrick JVdsh.
) n Sm :-In response to yours
of the 24th inst.. I have the honor of
answerinV your interrogations as fol
1. What do you think of t1he Civil
service policy of President Cl,-v;
1. 1 do not hold President Ccve
land responsible for the Civil Service
law. At was introduced by a Demo
crat; passed by Dem(owratic votes;
embraced in the Democratic Plat.
form of 1884-"We favor honest
Civil Service Reform.~
2. Was not the election of Presi
dent Cleveland a rebuke to the Ad
ministration of the Government by
Republican methods and oflice.hold1
2. Unquestionably the eleetion 0
Cleveland was a rebuke to a party
that had abused its pow-Ur:which had
lost the confidence of this country.
3. Did not the election imean that
the Republican office-holiers were to
be turned out and competent Demo
crats entrusted with the offices in
every department of the Government?
3. Although believing personally
that Democrats should reap the bene
fits of their victory, there would he
an inconsistency in turning out pro
miscuously without cause. The Civil
Service law and Tenure of Oflice act
seems to preclude that.
4. Has the Administration of'Pres
ident Cleveland met the fmul expecta
tions of Democrats in your State?
4. The Administration of Presi
dent Cl6veiand (in my judgment) has
met with the approval of a large ma
jority of the Democratic party, of
Missouri. "Where there nre appoint
muents there will a!ways be disap
5. Is President Ceveland's policy
calculated to strengthen the party
and insure success in he comingr
5. 1 have cofideiee that the wis
(lom of Mr. Cleveland's course will
be approved in the future. and that
it will he beneficial to the Democratic
party. There is no doubt that there
is a feverish, unsatisfied feeling
among manny Democrats. irought
-as I believe-by a misunderstand
ing~ of the Prsdn' inltentio)ns to
wards the party. which time and a
better understandingr will remoive.
Yours. v-ery respectfully.
IJTNs G. PIarrIn.:n.
D)emocrauic Nat. Com., for Mo.I
1:rrEn Fuo.M HION. D. P. D)UN.\N.
UNION., S. C.. A pril 12. 1885.
Ioni. Patrick fVl:/h. Aamin.sta. Ga.
M1 r Di:.un Smi :-Your c:ircular let
ter was duly received. Whilst not
caring to offer any meaningless ex
cuse. yet I will take occasion to say1
that I am not in the habit of writing
for the public prss and this is why
I have not rep)lied to simuilar commu
nictions I have received from your
lBnt as conti nued( silence would in
dicate indifference or show want of
interest in questions of great pulic
moment. I have forwardled you the
enclosure on your questions on the
Civil Service law, which you may use
as you deem prop)er. My under
standing on the question is that
-civil service is a general namec for
all the duties rendered to and paid
for by the State or general Govern
ment other than t hose relatin&g to
naval and military matters." All
positions of honor. trust or of emo)i
uent under our formi ofI governmn.nt
are held either by ele'ction or appoinot
Ilistory teaches us that the salv 1
tion of republics are their different
parties. Without strong competition
one party will soon become corrupt.
Witness the Republicanu party. that.
by its long conitiniued su1cceses in
ofice, by its great financial amd n
merical strength, had grown to be
lieve that might was right and thatI
none could hold it responsible, no
matter what its excesses might be, or
who they might puit in office-hence
the nomination of Mr. lBlaine in 1884.
It was at this juncture that the
Democratic p)arty, aided in somel
masure by the conservative l'epub
lican element. defeated tie Republi
can party at the election of 1S44. and
mde Mr. Clevecland President.
Now, if a party has a~ priniciple or
a policy not the same or in keeping
with the doctrines of another party.
is it natural or to l)e eXpecCted tha:t
the party in power should select mia
terial from the opposing element to
carry out and perform its duities
On the other hand whilst tihe elec
ti. of Mr. Cleveland meant 1)emo
eratie rule and in on2 sense offices to
be filled I DCnocrats. vet it is not
to be denied tiat with his pledge to
maita-i and see Carrid out the so
called civil service law, "Mr. Cleve
!an has not. neither could he, turn
out evory inncriihe;it at the wish and
call of every oflice-seeker, without
any consieration as to their going.
I believe the Prsident is a true Dem
ovrat. and that he truly wishes to see
every (41;ee in the gift of the Govern
inent filled by true and honest Dem
ocrts. andt that. with but few excep
s.it will be so before his term of
As fir as I am able and capable of
judging. I believe the :iministration
of the President has given satisfac
tion! in this State. Our people be
lieve if he has made mistakes it is
1)ecanse he has been misled by his
;isers from among our own publie
In my humble judgment, the trouble
at the root of the whole matter is the
civil service law, which I consider
mure or less a great humbng, and
should be repealed. If I had no
other reason than the way the Repub
lican party has tre ted the South as
regards Federal appointments, I
should say let it go. Who have
been appointed to office in the South
since the first days of reconstruction?
11as not a dishonest Republican, a
scalawag o-r carpet-bagger been al
ways preferred to an honest Demo
crat? )id not this policy give to
the country Mahone. Longstreet and
Mosbv?-a few in this State and
several in Georgia who were tarred
with the sanc stick-men who in the
davs of our a,versitv were ready for
an oflee to betraN ad sell out their
own peorle and State. It is not of
ten that a desolated nation writhes
under the blows of its children and
the cruelties of its own offspring, and
vet these were men. who, amid the
graves of their kindred. amid the an
g.ish and despair of brave men in
their crushin, overthrow, amid the
grien fields and blue skies of the
land of their nativity. were ready for
some Federal appointment to'betray
and iesert Dhe emocratic party. and
now when (le day of our political
prosper:ty is at hand they would
hold on under the sham of this civil
service iaw-as witness Mahone's
eih on as to appointments in Virginia.
And dare say this is the trouble with
the Savannah po-t oflee and the ens
tomi louse crew.
Let this law be repealed and I
have nio fear but what President
Cleveland will answer your five ques
tion in a very satisfactory man ner
to I he whole country.
D). P. DUNcax.
i..T I Ti:o IA1.. . .L. FA1RLEY.
S u:!T.uNncI:. A pril 15.
D::,\n S::-Inv answering your
quio s to the civil service policy
of l'resident (icveland, and whether
there should he a complete change of
olie holders. I will :reat the -subject
generally inisand of taking up th e
liin amnong those who had no
well dehined opinions on the civil
service reform, and willing to wait
unitil time, observation and experi
enee has enabled me to come to a
conclusion. I have watched without
prejudice the p)rogress of events, and
read with interest the discussion,
both pro and con. finally arriving at
a decisionl which is satist:tctory tol
my mind, at least.
TIhe civil service idea is a very
good on.* as at mere theory, b)ut is not
suited to a gtovernment like ours.
being -ct rar v to the D)emocratic
spirit of all of its institutions. Com
narativye exa:ninvations are no fair
test of merit, in the first place, and
the holding of uulfce "for life or good
behavior" is a principle which ought
to be repudhiatedi in this country-, ex
cept. perhaps. for offices of a judicial
character. All society has an aristo
cratie tendency, and one of the great
est dange~rs of every- republican gov
ernmnent is this tendency to a strong~
governimenit. or tyranny on the one
hand. which, when allied to the of lice
huoding and money power, is apt to
biecome too strong to he resisted. IfI
the perfect f reedom of American in
stitutions. and of the American peo
ple, are to b)e maintained, we mu,st
resist every tendency towards givirng
p)erni:anent po)wer or position to any
sort of nen. who will soon, under any
na'r:elome interested in the con
tin uationi of the existing order of
thing~s. Wh at more powerful class
conld a gouvernment create than a
wcll- paidl ofmee-holdding class, "for'
life. or od b,ehaior,' wielding an
inflcence. by' vi rtue both of acctumu
lated wealth and of oflicial power
and patronage. and likely to become
ire;s.i at sme time in the future?
If --for life or good behavior" is to
be the rule. how easy it will be for
the son, with proper training, to suc
ceed the fath'-.r, and for office to be
come a part of the family inheritance;
and is not such an arrangement as
good as a favored aristocratic class?
The English government, where fa
voritism under the name of civil
service has so long prevailed. will
not do for an example.
GOV ERNMENT BY PA.TIE.
It is unphilosophical to rail at par
ties, party spirit or govcrnment by
parties, for these are the natural and
legitimate outgrowth of our system of
Lovernment. There is a certain sort
of philosophy. or sense of justice, on
the part of the people which makes
them grant a sufflcient lease of power
to every party in control until it has
fulfilled its destiny and become cor
rupt, which (as has been humorously
indicated by Bill Arp) seems to be
the ultimate fate of all parties. Un
der such a state of affairs, and with
new id!,as and issues before the coun
try, what is more reasonable than
that the old party-like the dead
[eaves of a forest-should be thrown
ff altogether. so that the new re
forms could be carried out witlout
being retarded by the indifference.
anwillingness. demoralization, or hos
'ility of the old?
Not only every office holder, but
!very member of a party in power,
hould be made to feel the responsi
Ailitv resting upon it, to give the best
?ossible government, and when, after
. long lease of power, and of office
lolding, the party abuses its trust
ind becomes corrop. it should be
urnied out. with all of its followers
ind influence for example sake.
Party fealty, as an incentive to ac
ion, is next to reliious zeal with
Ae average American citizen.
It has become-the fashion to decoy
ind declaim against the desire for
Affice. and -the civil service reform,"
for life or good behavior "competi
ive examination" idea is be.ng held
ip as the only true remedy. When
wve remember that honor, -power and
)osition are the rewards to be held
>ut by a free people to those who dis
-lay the highest publie spirit and pa
riotism. and the "noblest self sacri
ice and heroism, in war or in peace
ill of which are far better tests of
nerit than any competitive examina
Aon. Then we begin to see that the
struggle for oflice is not such a great
3vil after all. It is. indeed, one of
:he greatest ir.ducements for some
etofaithfully serve h epe
~ho otherwise might have abused
~heir power, or been indifferent to
~heir praise or blame. Will not this
>e the tend.ency when men hoh'i their
>ositions *-for life or good behavior.
ind are not dependent upon a party
>r the people for their ccntinuance in
People generally. p)articularly in
:he D)emocratie party. believed that
L Democratic success meant that a
somplete change was to he made. ex
3ept, perhaps. in some of the dloubt
'ul States, where the Independent
;ote was to be conciliated. Consid
~red from a p)hilosophical stand point,
t is to be feared that the civil ser
,ice policy is wrong in p)rinciple,t
'ase in policy, and likely to prove
njurious, not only to the D)emocratic
yarty. but. if per-sisted in, to the
4hole country. HI. L. FAIrLE.
A Parisianl 3iilionaire's Bed.
A Parisian millionaire, M. Lang,
ias recently had made for him a
vonderful bei whichi is certainly one
>f the most luxurious pie'ces of Ikurni
nre we have vet iheard of. If only
t could become universal, what 'a
>ooni it would be to early risers
[he description makes one envy the
anfortuinate posessor. The bed
tself is a model of comfort; and the
ollowing devices hav'e been adopted
o render rising fromn it as little un
lesat as possible. Whein it -s
im ogtup. a chime of bells rings.
[he occupant continues to sleep.
Suddenly a candlie is lit by a clev-er
nechanical arrangemnent. The sleep
3r rubs his eves. and an invisible
iand p)roceedls to divest him of his
mightcap. B:.' means of electricity
i spirit-lamp with coffee-roasting ap)
>aratus ailxed next begins to burn.
[lie water soon boils, and the smell
>f cofcee soon fill!s the room with
leliciouis frag~ranice. Lu xuriously re
;eling in a crowd of agreeable sen
ations. the occupant.- now just be0
~inning~ to awakl.e. is soothe~d by
ound's proceed ing from a costly mu
lec box. AM length the bells ring
>t another merry pea!, and at the
'cot of the bed a card with "-Levez
rous" (-'Get up") inscribed on it ap
ears. If this invention is without
affect a powerful mechanism lifts the
>ccupant bodily from his bed and de
)osits him on the floor.-Chca'go
The Trouble with the Tilmanites.
The Tillman. or Farmers' Move
ment. may be said now to be under
fp:ll sil. The different counties in
the State have had meetings and
chosen delegates to represent them
in Columbia. As such delegates
thev are chosen under the addresa
sent out some time ago by B. R.
Tillman, and signed 'by quite anum
her of farmers from diff-.rent sections
of the State. Going to the Conven
tion under that call, they are pledged
to certain lines of action. Of course,
Tillman will ride his Agricultural
College hobby, and since by resolu
tion numbers of the Carmers "do in
straightforward terms endorse B. R.
Tillman in his movement to redeei
the farmers of the State from the
thraldom under which they are now
laboring; and since Tillman believes
that salvation lies alone in an Agri
cultural College, therefore the farm
ers' delegates will mount the same
hobby, and follow where their
'Moses' will be pleased to lead
them. They will therefore have to
devise ways and means for the es
tablishment of an Agricultural Col
lege. It is to be feared that they
will not see far enough into the fu
ture, to see that money will be re
quired year after year to run the col
lege. A Legislature composed of
farmers, however, could easi;y make
an appropriation annualfy, of the
public funds to rua it, although such -
annual appropriation might not ligoten
the burden of taxation now com
plained of. And then the delegates
from all the counties will wish to re
duce the taxes. In order to accom
plish it, they --desire a more econom
ical disbursement of the taxes;" they
"wish fewer offices both County and
State;" in short, they wish to elect a
legislature pledged to the calling of
a Constitutional Convention by
means of which they propose to over
turn our present system and rev a
tionize the whole State government.
And yet strange to say, at nearly all 4
the County meetings, the farmers
hre by resolution, disclaimed the
movement to be political j*its nature
and "express their confideR'e a
fealty to the Democratic p
Stranger still. no resolutions bearing'.
(ir-ctly upon the agricultural inter.;
ests of the farmer, without some po
litical significance. have been voted -
unon in any of the County meetings.
le conclusion is. therefore, irresist
able, that the movement is strictly
political in its nature; and at the
risk of being called a "liar," I mildly..1
ver.ture the assertion, that Tillman
expects a place for himself, and like
wise his most active subalterns in the
m~ovement have th'-ir eves longingly "
lxedi upon some place that they havc ___
beretofore sought and not found.
The County meetings held through- ~
>ut the state, as a rule, have been
ittended by small crowds of farmers.
Flhe conclusion then is, that quite a
respectable mnajority were at home
iauting co.tton and corn, and there
rore not yet thinking of politics or -
larmers' movements, (so-called). But
,his majority who have been at home,
many of them, can tell you from ex- i
perience, what is the trouble with the
rilhnaniites. They will tell you $hat
~he trouble is not in the State Con
stitution, not on account of high taxes,
tot for the lack of an Agricultural
Dollege, but chiefly because the farm-A
~rs are in debt and without money.
Phe Farmers' Movement (so-called),
~hey say, will not raise mortgages,
~ay debts. and put money in their
?ockets; but more bountiful provision
~rops, and strict economy, with cot
on as a surplus crop weill do it.
In conclusion, the Farmers' Move
nent as a political move, will have
~o deal with the negro question,.
1'heir action at Somerville showed~'"
,bat they were wide awake, and of
yourse ready for any emergency.
Phe Republicans are looking on with
nuch interest, hoping many things.
-A(;tucor.A, in Marlboro Democrat.
A Goose Farm.
A goose farm is one of the curi
,sities of agriculture on the eastern
shore of Virginia. Within an area of
atbout 3,000 acres live 5,000 geese, of
several varieties, attended by herders
and regularly fed. with corn, etc. The
>)bject is th~e collecting of down for '
p~ilts and pillows, and oncein about
six weeks a plucking takes place.
Only the breast and the sides under
Ahe wings are plce,and it re
-uires the yield of nearly 100 gees
Lo weigh a pound. The raw feather
are sent to Philadelphia for cleaning
WVhen skim milk or buttermilk can
be secured at from two to three cents
per gallon, it is one ~ he cheapes
foods that can be given to chickens.
It may largely take the place of
flesh, and will induce them to lay
early and often.