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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, May 05, 1886, Image 1

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VOLJ. xxii. N*TE:W:B:EFJ R=?Y", S. oC WED rT--SD A, Iv5 aS
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EDIT IALS FROM THE STATE
PRESS
On the eve ofthe Convention-A Col
lege for the Farmers.
As the impression has been made
upon the minds of many people in
the State that the plan of combining
the State College proper with an ag
ricultural college, if not peculiar to
South Carolina, has be-en rarely
adopted elsewhere; and, as the sub
ject of the connection of these col
leges in South Carolina is likely to
receive some attentio from the
Farmers' Convention 6ch assem
in Columbia to-morrow, it is be-'
lieved that a statement'of the facts
relating to similar joint colleges es
tablished and now being conducted
in other States will be of interest and
value.
In the year 1861 Congress passed I
an Act providing for the endowment
of a college of agriculture and me
ihanic arts in each State. of the
UVnion, by making a large grant of
TUblic lands for that purpose. The
.uaitity apportioned to each State
al to 30,000 acres for each
enator an a nCon.
gress, to which such State was re
spectively entitled by the apportion
ment under the census of 1860. The
Act provided that the whole of the
money received from the sale of
these lands should be invested in
safe securities, and the interest only
used for the maintenance of the sev
eral institutions. 'rie States were
required to furnish the necessary
land for the colleges, and no portion
Sof the fund could be spent in the pur
*chase, erection or repair of any
*building or buildings. These must
be supplied by the State or by the
iberality of the town and cities near
hich the institutions were to be
oated.
Tile University of California ob
ined the agricultural land grant on
udition that special departments
the teaching of agriculture and the
hanic arts should be established
maintained there. The annual
me from the proceeds of agricuit
Acollege lands is $39,226, a large
rtion of which is devoted to
cultural teaching and experimen
ork. Lectures, combined with
ical instruction, are given
ricu pr, ihorticulture, botany,
a chemical laboratory is
ydevoted to agricultural pur
Connecticut, the Sheffield Scien
$Kl which is one of the de
enot Yale College, received
agricultr-iand grant on condi
of providing competent instruc
in agriculture and the mechlanic
The fund from land sales
ts to $135,000. The institu
s situated in' New Haven.
Delaware, the agricultural de
ent of the Dela%ware College is
d at Newark. Its endowment
:is 883,000, and its total income
-The college does not own a
'but courses of lectures are
in the principles and practice
riculture and kindred sciences.
Georgia State College of Ag
re and Arts is a branch of the
LnivrSi> ad is located at
s. Its endowmfenit fund is $Q42,
nd its annual revenue about
0, of which amount the college
ereceives $3,00, the re
equally divided among
r agricultural col
U ieent parts of tile State.
T O sl utruction inl agricu
Ssubjects
] r - ~~_
3pound ~ rosperiy
5 cents, at obodl s
the nicest sroUilu1 abu
There ar.ms rave,to whom a
one foot in the gruld domoe o
Parker's TOf o nd mdicne 87~oo
the doctorsan dineteyb
used.
$60.000 to .70,0( per annum ofI
which the teaching staff receives
about SS,000.
The School of Agriculture in In
diana is one of the departmients of
Purdue Universitv, located near La
fayette. The endowment fund from
lan( grants is about $345,000. The
course of study is very practical,
and associated with two hours Work 4
each dav either on the farm or in F
the workshops. The farm is so man
aged that the revtne more than
covers the exnenditure.
The Iowa State Agricultural Col
lege is somewhat peet!i:r in t"e re
spect that students are not obLe(d
to take an agricultural course. but are
at libertv to choose between a general
course, including m,ost of the tm
portant branches of learniinig. or one
of several special courses. among
which is agriculture. A curious fact
is that at this agricultural college, of
a great ag-ricultural State. the larger
proportion of students take the gen
eral educational course, and of a
total number of about 300, only 80
are reported as taking the agricultu
ral course.
The State University and Agricul
tural and Mechanical College of
Louisiana is situated at Baton
Rouge, and is the result of a com- (
bination of the old State University,
formerly at Alexandria, with the Ag
rcultural and( echanical College.
The annual income derived from the
eudownment fund is *14,500 to which
is added an annual State approprHa
tion of about $10,000, making S
500.
The College of Agriculture and t
Mechanics Arts in Minnesota is a
department of the State UniversitV.
and a full course of instruction is
iven, embracing both thecretical
and practical agriculture. The stu
dents have here, as in other States t
where the colleges are united, the t
full benefit of the library and appara- t
tus of the university.
The Agricultural p.nd 'Mechanical
College of M1issouri has been or
anized as a department of the Uni- r
versity of the State, located at Col
umbia. The college farm comprises r
S -The interest from the C
endowment fund is about r0)
which is supplementeu by State ap
propriations.
The Agricultural Coil-ge of Ne- r
braska is a branch of the University a
f that State, and is situated at Lin i- t
oln. The institution is sustained
y annual appjropriationls from tihe e
tate, as most of the agricultural b.
ands app)ropriated for this purposee
are vet unsold.
The Agricultural College of Neva
dv has not yet beeni organized, buta
s proposed to be established in con
ection with the State Univer-sity.
The New Ilau;pshire College of
griculture and 3lechanic Arts is b
ssociated with l)artmouth College.
he revenue derived from the end~ow- C
nent fund is $6.000, to which thie e
State adds S:-.000. t
The New York State Coliege of r
griculture and MIechanic Arts is
associated with Cornell Unive-rsity.
L special course in agriculture ise
provided, under an ale staff of pro- I
fessors. Students are rcquired to Ff'
spend three hours a day on two days t
in each week in farm work. d
The State University of North C
arolina received the agricultural
land grant, and gives instruction in a
the brauches of learnong related toIt
griculture and the mechanic arts. t
'he interest on the endowment fund s
s $7,500. State appropriations and
other revenue adding nearly SI12.000 o
more. The expenses of thec teach
ing st-' fr are e lI.n0
The Agricultural College is asso
elated1 with the st.ate University of
ohio. A cou1rse of forty lectures isa
iveu each year for farmers, the timne o
cupied by the course being two
weeks. The ir -omel from the eni- 1
dowment fund 1s $:32.700. certain t
fees and State al 1propriations adding t
but $2:3,000O.
The procceeds '.i the land grant for C
Oregon have bet a given to Corvallis
College. The :. anunal i ncome- is)
SG,00.
Th'ie land gr:e.t for Rhiode Islanda
a bestowed uij fn 1;rownl Universi
,and a dlear: meut of agriculture
nd mechanie :. ts has been organ- f
ized.i
Te Univers:; of Tennessee re
eived the en lowment of publi t
lands. A cours. oflectures is give
n agricutltural - sbjects. and a fe'rm
f 60 acres is devoted to expe'r-t
mental p)urpo;ses
The State U :iversity and Agrri
:ulturai College ofi Vermo~nt are comn-(
id. Agrieu:ttre is taught in a I
~ourse of lectn:.es. There is no ex-t
pnrimental far::: connected wvith the -
ollege. I
Tbco West Y :::inia Universityvre
ceie the la -rant. The annual
incone is $6.500. to which the State
ais about $16,000 more. The ag
ricultural course consists of a series
f lectures. covering two years.
The West Virginia University re
,eived the land grant. The annual
ncome is $6,500, to which th.- State
ds about $16,000 more. Tle ag
icuiltural course consists of a series
)i lectures. covering two years.
The Agricultural College of Wis
onsin is a department of the Uni
-ersity of Wisconsin. The interest
i the land grant fund. $11,500, is
livided equally between the Agri
uitural Col:ee and Claffin Univer
It is shown by this list that, so far
rom South Carolina standing alone,
)r nearly alone, in respect of coni
ining its University and Agricultn
al College, it has followed the plan
Ldopted by twenty-two of the thirty
ight States in the Union, including
oie of the wealthiest and most
dvanced of the whole number
tates in which the greatest attention
ias been given to both general and
pecial education, and in which the
nost satisfactory progress has been
nade in agricultural development.
THE FAIMER': CONVENTION.
The proceedings of the Farmers'
,onvention which is to meet in Co
umbia next week will be watched
vith great interest by the people of
he State.
What good will it accomplish?
nuch. every way, if it devotes its at
e(ntiol to the proper subjects.
Withli reference to legislation, the
hriers of tile State have had a con
roliing majority in the Legislature
inc 187G. What more can they
;ant in that direction? Nodiuing
ure!y.
If the laws enacted have not been
uch as were needed by the farmers,
hey can certainly blame no one but
hemselves. Perhaps the reason of
his is because they were not united.
If the Convention will result in
niting the farmers on some definite
ian of action it will accomplish
s uch.
But after all, the Convention must
ot look too much to the enacting
f laws to accomplish what is most
eede(d by the farmers.
The improvement of the condition
f the farming interests of tile State
inst be accomplished on the farms,
u(I not on the floor of the Legisla
Lre.
The practical questions that con
ernis the farmers of the State must
e solved upon the farms, in tihe ex
rise of sound judgment and well
irectedI effort.
No Statute "in such cases made
nd provided" can correct tile present
insane system" of farming.
Good seasons, big crops, high
rices, full barns and full smoke
ouses cannot be had by legislation.
As citizens of the State, the farm
rs have the unquestionable right to
onsider and present to the people of
.e State any measure of govern
1ental reform that they may think
ill be for the good of the State.
As farmers, they have the right to
ome together, unite, considler and
ropose such legislation as will be
>r the advancement ot the agricul
aral interests of the State, with a
uie regard to the rights and interests
f others.
If' the farmers of the State have
niy grievances, or have any legisla
v-e needs, they have a perfect right
> p)resent them, and no man dare
ay nay.
Blut a general arrangement of the
meials of the State, charging them
ith --corruption," "robbery." &c.,
ithout proof will do more harm than
l assertions, as to the misman
emeint of thle governmental affairs
f theO State, not fully sustained by
acts, will go for nothing. Any
wasures that the farmers Conven
on may inaugurate, that will tend
athe improvement of their condition
ill be hailed with dlelighit by every
lass of our citizens.
Such measures will redound to tihe
eneit of the whole people.
To array one class of our people
gainst all other classes, will do in
nilte harm.
For the past several years. the
arers of the State have trod a
reary road, with the sharp rocks of
dversity and misfortune cuttingz
heir feet at every step; and if their
wakening and coming together to
osult for their own good will help
hem (as we believe it will) we bid
hem God speed.
The indications now are that the
:onvention will be very largely at
ended. as it should be, and we trust
hat every delegate elected, will go.
so county should be without her rep
eSenltatives.
As far as we have been able to
iern from the reports of the press
all over the State. n-arly every pri
mary assemblage of the farmers has
been characterized bv a wholesome
conservatisin.
This means that the Convention il
will be composed. in thle main, of
level-headed. conservative men.
In such a Convention, manufactu
rers of facts. fanatics with one idea, I
cranks and demaogues. will have to
take back seats. da)
We feel deeply interest-d in the
Convention and trust great good will cO
flow from it to our whole people. ne
May it be so.-Y /lr .
April 24th. 5o
- of01
An Important Deeision by the Si;ipe:e al
C:otrt.
bre
U
The defendants. Rawls & Wilhalf, fro
made the notes p-aya1le, to the plain- til
tiff. Januarv 24. 1883. lefore deliv
erv thev were endorsed by the other sq
defendants. one of whom, Mrs. Ag- ne
new, was then aad is now a married w
woman. The notes were gven in lai
n Aen in
discharge of a lien held by the plain- Ap
tiff on tle stock of goods belonging wal
to Rawls & Wilhalf. Mrs. A(-new T
I the
had no interest in the stock of goods
and received no consideration for her dal
ekdorsement. She was. practically. Ho
a mere surety for the debt of another.
The sole question raised by the ap- in
peal is, whether she, being a married hor
woman, was capable of making such
i.d
a contract. n :
The Supreme Court deciies as fol- r
lows At common law she had no
such capacity. The Act of 1870, in
corporated in Chapter C of the Gen- era
eral Statutes of 1872, p. 482, Section by
3, conferred upon inarried womien [ "
the power to make any contraet "
which a fj-e soll could make, even
to the extent of becoming surety for
her husband. See Pelzer, lo(1gers
& Co. vs. Campbell. 15 S. C., 581, o
Clinkscales vs. Iall, i5 S. C., 602. 1 alo
But at the next session of the Legis- as
- jPrP
lature the law was altered so as to '
limit the power of a married woman the
to contract. By tie law as it for- ent
4
merly stood it was declared that "a wi
married woman shall have tile rigit As
to contract and ()r
be contracted with in the same man- on
ner as if she were unmarried," but ri
by the law as it stood at the date of of t
the alleged contract in this case. and M
still stands, it is declared. that "a me
married woman shall have the right tr
to contract anl As;
be contracted with (s to her wpurldt M
properl/y in the same manner as if i Co
she were unmarried." tile five words
italicized having been inserted as an
amendlment to the law as it formerly Br~
stood. So that, now, the contract ee
which a married man is authorized to lo
make is as to her sep)arate p)rop)erty, M
and must concern her separate propi- gia
erty. Thie Legislature intended. to "
limit the p)o~ie of a married woman s
ais to the kind of contracts wihichl she the
was p)ermitted to make, viz: to thos~e the
in relation to her separate property. d
Before a married woman can be tur'
made liable for the breach of a con- sol<
tract alleged to have been made b,y roll
br, it must be nmadle to appear, either lad
from the inherent nature of tile conl-e
ract, or otherwise, that the contract
was made in relation to or concerned Wit
er separate proplerty. Even if she p
eclares, in express terms, her inten
I of
ion to bind her sep)arate estate, that
alone will not be s:afliciert to render erc
the contract valid; for the question tan
is as to her power which is to be die- *o
ermined by tihe nature,of the (on- qu
tract itself, and not to her intenton the
to bind her separate p)rop)erty. p
Judgment below allirmed. O)pin- si
ion by' M'cIvecr, A. J.
McGowan. A. .J.. is of the op)inion wa
that the insertion of tIme words. '"as
to her separate estate," was not in g
tended to defeat a married womn's G
pcwers, but to limit the power to SOi
such contracts as exprenss an inten. cee
ioni to bindl the separate p)ropertyv, ag~
suCh as are made with express refer.-GI
ence to her separate p::operty.
Filed March 25, 1886. be
Messrs. Sloan. Lyles and Ilaynes- I lE
worth, for appellant. Mr. Ban.skett i"'
for respondent wal
Spare the B3irds.o
The February number of Science aw
asserts and demonstrates that in thme onl
frihtful destruction of our birds the
chief object is to Supply the (demand ing
for decorative purp)oscs. and then
says: "Of all the means to be de
vised for checking tihe present bird the
slaughter, the awakening of a p)rop)er sCe
public sentiment cannot fail of being b)r
tile most powerful. Without thlis. all th
otler mneans would prove-to a great atc
degree-ineffectual. Laws, however thl
good, cannot bec enforced unless it
backed by publ.lic opinion." to
- __-.~.. pr
"T. B. Aldrich, editor of the At- tre
latic, lives near a grave yard. IIe onl
says he has excellent neihbors; thiey an
never send in any mannscript. IC
"OUTHE IN S114) (~W
E 31ONUMENAL CEIE3lONHES
AT 3ONi (0rEoA.
e Corner-Stone of the Confederate
lonument Laid by the Y.x-Prcsi
(lent on the Spot Where the New
Nation Began Its Short Life.
doNT-,ie:ty, A,., April '..
3 Capitol grounds at 11 o'clock to
- presented an animaied scene.
L- whole hill top and premises were
ered with people gathered to wit
s the laying of the corner stone of
Confederate Monument. or. as
ic expressed it, --the of'lei1 burial
the Confederacy Tie skics
ve were clouIless, and pleasn!m
ezes wafted the breath of lowers
n the city. The loundation ofr
monument only was ready. pre
ting a surface of thirty-five fet
are. Near at hand stood the cor
-stone, on which in raised letters
the inscription -Corner-stone
i by ex-President Jefferson Davis,
ril 29th, 188G." Opposite this
a large platform for the speakers.
procession formed in front of
Exchange Hotel. "Mr. Davis. his
zhiter, ex-Goveruor Watts, and
n. II. L. Tompkins, Chlairian of
Committee of Arrangements. were
t carriage drawn by four white
ses. each led by a negro in livery.
next carria!e contained General
Mrs. Goerdon, his daughter. and
Clement C. Clay, and was sun
nded by the survivors of the sixth
Jbama and other Confederate vet
as. The procession was prec,e
a cavalry and artillery escort and
further made u) of other local
itarv,I the unifornieJ rank of the
Ights of Pythia,. the Grand Com
dery of Knights of Teiplar and
sonic lodges from different parts
the State. The demonstrations
g the route were as enthusiastic
they were yesterday. The ex
sident was, as is usual whenever
people catch sight of him. cheered
husiastically. He took his seat
the Committee of the Mlemorial
ociation behind him, 3irs. Gor
and Misses Davis and Gordon
his left, General Gordon on his
it. Ex-Governor Watts, officers
he sixth Alabama and others were
the platform. The Sixth ReIgi
it was present also. as were the
Atees of the Sohtoiers' Monument
sociation. Colonel V. L. Brag.rg.
yor Reese. General W. W. Allen.
one! W. W. Screws and Governor
eal.
~efore the ser-vices begzan Colonel
pgIresented Mr. D)avis with an
ant basket of flowers from 3lnjor
ing Hall. who lives near- the city.
jor Iall is a descendant of Geor
s Lyman Hall. iIe was a noted
onemnt to secession, but hiad eighit
s in the war, seven of w homn gave
r lives to the Cor.federacy, and
eighth carries lead in him as evi
ce of his devotion. A pretty pic
Swas witnessed when some old
lie brought forward muster
of the Sixth Alabama. andl two
es, Misses Gordon and D)avis,
mined it with his assistance.
ol ;eteran standing near swelled
. gratification and pardonable
x-Governor Watts, the presiding
er of me occasion, opened the ex
ses with reference to the impor
ce of calling down the benediction
ieaven on the occasion andl re
sted Rev. Mr. Andrew, p)astor of
Methodist Episcopal Church. to
y. The prayer was earnest and
x-Governor Scott then spoke and
followed by Mr'. D)avis.
'he scene as Mr. Davis arose and
sped the hand of his old Attorney
-eral was very affecting. .it was
e moments before he could pro
d. as the cheers were again and
n repeated. When there was
icient quiet Mr. D)avis said:
It is deeply gratifying to me to
presented to you by one on wvhomi
aned for advice when advice was
~ted-whoese sterling qualities al
s made me sure that the judgment
as drawing was from the bottom
s heart. When you called him
ty the place was missing which he"
e filled, and I have alway's desired
ay my hand on him again. [D)o
so. Applause.] T1hus it was
a we met the other night. af'er*i
Lrs of separation, some pecop)le ini
room gave a sardonic smlile to
two old weather-beaten men em
c. but our hearts wer'e young,
ugh our heads were old. Associ
d here with so many' memnories
illing and tender, I have felt that
vere dangerous for mec to attempt
speak to you as my heart wool 1
>pt me; not that I amn always
asuring up bitterness against any
, but I am overflowing with love
I admiration for our b;eloved ipro
rLong applause- To avoid,
therefore. nvthing which ihi!t be
p Irmpt i bY the full n ess of my heart,
for I bes'eI :e case-h.4r,lened in
that4)" lidtono on-cItizeniship
whiebJ lave, very lit;le to fear [p11).
as for 1he purpose of guarding
oters rattier thani mayself. I have
pir'eparu.il n.tes that I might
read whmc- ould nt emnfin any
tive or hurtGul. [ oices 'Go on;
,iwa vou iYase. -You are in
te I(tue of1 y olur f*riends.') Mv
Iria is. part ners in joy and in sorrow,
, m rini. I have come
to i y vim in ti.e i,,urfor-mance of' a
sa:red task -- to Ziv the foindation
of, a moma::t at the cradle of the
* lerate Go' vermntient whieb shall
1a galant soils of
Alabaa whito dictd for their country.
Who gave their lives a free will offer
ig io i: feuse of the rights of their
s1res won i the war of the Revolu
til 1111 the state sovereignty. free
dom aid independence which was
le,t us as an inheritance to their pGs
tcritv forever. These rights, the com
paet of union. was formed not to de
stroy. int better to ireserve and per
pet ute. Whoso denies this cannot
have attentively read tli articles of
C1! federation or the Constitution of
the United States. The latter was
'ormed and designed better to effect
the purpose of the first. It is not my
purpose to dwell on the events of the
war. They were laid before you yes
terdav by t!d great soldier in so able
a ianner as to rkquire no supplemeint
from m . They were !aid before you
vv one who. like A,neas. 'Cal,eta 9Jo
rf 1ii Ptall i.f(,1P ;'rs ra.' Gene
ral .-oh-n Al. o was a soldier
who when our times seemed darkest
at Peter.burg was selected by his
chieftain Lee as the bcst man to lead
the charge to repel the besieging
armv. to make the sortie and attack
in flank and rear. to double up Grant's
ar.mIy and. if I mav say so in his
presence here, lie failed. but his fail
ure was duc to the failure of' his
guides to carry him where he pro
posed to go. Again. that man and
gallant guict was the one person
wlom Lee called at Appo-enattox
when he wanted to know whether it
were i:Sible to break the line that
obstruct d his rctreat towards the
motintain.s of VirgIinia. Ile answered
that it was impossible; that after
four years of imardI fighting his di
visin was W;.r (.owi to a ragment.
It being then impossible to break the
linie th at ob st rue teli his mrchre to the
mounat ains. Lee. li ke Washmington.
wit hout knowing perh aps that WXash
ingtoni ever used the expression. said
f IL could reach the mountains of
airina he could continue the war
for twenty years. But when lie
foun.1 the I ue whichi obstructed his
rtrat. coulI hot lbe broken he said
the~re wais i noting to do b ut suir
rndjer. Bie it remiemnberedu. however.
tat Lee waLs not a main who contemn
plamted surrenider as5 long as he had
theC power to fight or retreat, and
when he camne to the inst moinent of
surrender he said1 to General Grant
-ihave comec to treat with you for
the purpose of surrender; but, Gen
eral Grant. understand I will surren
der. noting!L th:at refleets upon theC
honor of my army.' Grant. like a
man. said lie wanted nothing that
woubll have that effect, and Lee
mighlt draw up the papers himself.
It is not myI pur'pos either to discuss
pol.tical qunestions, on whichl my
views have elsewhlere andl in other
tmes been freely expressed, or re
view the plast except in vindication
of the ebharacter andt conduct of those
to whom :Ihproaposed to do honor on
this o;Ca in. That we mal:y not he~
misunaItrston- by vuch as are not
w illfu!!y~ bil,i it nay be proper to
state in the :oregr-ouxnd that we have
no desire to feed the fires of sectional
hate, while we lo not seek to avoid
whatever responsibility attaches to a
helief in the righteousness of our
cause or the virtue of those who
risked their lives to> def. nd it. [Long
aldause a nd cheers.]
--Revenge is not the sentiment of a
chvalrous peole, and the apothegm
tat forgivene.aS is more easy to the
injurLd th'n to those who inflict an
injulry has never hadt a more powerful
iustration than in tihe present atti
tule ofthe two sections towards one
anothecr. Polcy, in the absence o
maignan imity. would have indicated
that in a restoredi 'nion of the States
thereshold hliave ibee a afull restora
tion oft me (riaality. piiee n
bene:s a the hadpre-existed.
Thoug thishas ot been the case,
yet' yo hv '*-ithfuly kept your re
si ie . iaton as ci itizens, and in
your~ impo'verishment have borne
eqalbrdn w 'Iot cqual benefits.
I'' am proud of you, my country men,
.:irthi- 01dd'itional proof ofvour fidel
ity. and pray God to gfive von grace
Ito .:uffer an?d be strong.~ When your
children's childr.-n s!all ask what
means this monument. there will be
the enduring answer: -It copimicm
orates the deeds of Alabama's sons
who died that you and your desceid
ants should he what you and your fat;
ers in the War of Independence left
you. Alabama asserted the right
proclained in the D(e-caration of In
dependence as belonging to every
people. She4 "ound tht the compact
of union had been broken on one
side and was therefore annulled;that
the government ( thie Lnit(d States
(lid not answer the ends for which
it was int endedi. :m. with others of
like mind procee(ied to form a new
conflederation. organizing its powcrs,
in the lang"ug:e-C of the Dlc'-aration of
Independence. in such form as seemed
to them lo(th likelv to (f1ect their
safety and happiness. This w:as not
revolution, because the State govern
ment. having charge of all domes
tic affairs, Ioh of person an(d of
property, rcmained 11ChLLed. To
call it revolution is a tross solecis:!i.
[applause] as sovereigrns never rehel
and as only sovereigns can form a
national leaue. If the State had not
been sovereign, there could not have
been a compact of union. [Applause.]
That the South did not anticipate,
much less desire. the war, is shown
by the absence of preparation for it,
as well as by the efforts made to se
cure a peaceful separation. A suc
cssful party always holds the defeat
ed responsible for the war, but when
passion shall have subsided and rea
son shall have resumed her dominion.
it must bc decided that the general
governnent had no constitutional
power to coerce a State and that a
State had the right to repel invision.
it. was a national and constitutional
right. [Applause] From the early
part of the century there had been
prophecies and threats of the dis
solution of the Union. These began
at the North on the question of pre
serving the balance of power and cul
ruinated during the - war of 1812 on
the decline of their trade, though the
war was waged for the protection of
sailors' rights. In the course of
years the balance of power passed to
the North. and that powcr was so
used that the South. despairing of
the peaceful enjoyment of their con
stitutional riglts in the Union, de
cided to withdraw from it-th:s with
out injury to thei*r late associates.
The ri-uribt to withdraw was denied.
and the North made ready for war.
The distant muttermg~s of the storm
were readly understood by the people
of Alabama. Grav haired sires and
and beardless boys. all unprepared
as the-v were. went forth to meet the
storum ere it burst LIPon their
homes or their abtars. It reqjuiredl
no D)emnosthienes to arouse them~
to the duty of resisting the in
vaders; no Patrick H enry to.p)rep)are
them for the altern;ativ- of liberty or
deCathl. It was the peopile. not the
leaders, who resolved and acted. One
sentiment inspired all classes. Yet
I believe there were very few who
did r.ot regret the necessity which
heft thetm no alternative between
fighting for their State or agzainst it.
:Mothers, wives and daughters, cho;k
ing back their sobcs, cheered them on
the path of honmor and duty. With
tearless tread thse patriots, untrained
to war, advanced on many battle
fields to look death in the face.
rhough Alabama, like Niohe, must
mourn her children in death. vet is
woe temperedl by the'glorious halo
which surrounds their memory. For
more than a ce-ntury after his dleath
it was saidl that Philip D)evolognes'
name v:as born on the roll of G rena
diers to whom~ he belonged. and
when his name was called it was an
swered from the rank1s -mor/ - er
chcemp' d'honnenr.' Long very. long,
would be tile list which would con
tain the names of Alabamas sons
whose valor and fidelity would usti
fy the same response. To name a
few would be unjust to many. They
are all therefore left where they
securely repose-in the hearts of a
grateful people. This mon umnent
will rest upon the land for whlich
thydid and p)oint up~ward to the
Father who knows thel motives as
well as the deeds of his children, and
and at last restinmg in a land where
the justice many be ren.iered which
may have been denied themlf here.
In conclusion. permit me to say-,
Ithough the memuorv 01 our gforioums
p)ast must be ever dlear to us. (luty
poin)ts to the present and the future.
Alabama. hlaving resue her-plce
Iin the Union, be it yours to fulfill all
the obligations devolving upon all
good citizens seeking to restore the
g eneral government to its pristine
p)urity, and, as best yon may. topr
mote the welfare and happiness ol
your common country. [Lnga
plause.] Citiser.s of Alabama aid
laics-_facin the ladi.e on ih
stand)-for to whatever side you
may belong it is your sex that has
been true always in war and deso
!ation. We hear of valor and virtues
and the enduring naines of Spartan
inoters, but tell me where in all the
history of nations was ever such a
spectacle seen as was witnessed in
the valley of the Shenandoah ? How
the tide of war ebbed and flowed
Soinetimes the Confederates retreat
ed and sometimes they pursued.
Those people who claimed to be our
brethren had burned everything ex
cept the fences." [Ex-Governor
Watts interrup:ing. and they would
have hurned them had they not been
stone.]
Mr. Davis turned and smilingly.
continued
"And why do you suppose they did
not burn the fences-because they
were stone. [Loud applause.] And
yet there never was a time when a
Confederate body of troops marched
down that valley that the ladies did
not hang out little Confederate flags
from their windows and give bread
to the hungry soldiers. [Tremen
dous applause.] I have promised
that I would not speak extempora
neously, and I will not do it. God
bless you, one and all. I love you
all from the bottom of my heart, and
give thanks now for your kindness."
[Tremendous long continued ap
plause and cheers.]
Hints to the Farmers.
The convention of the farmers,
which will be held on the 29th inst.,
continues to attract wide spread at
tention. It has boen suggested to
the Disphtch that there are some
specially important matters that
should excite debate. Thoughtful
citizens are of the opinmion that the
farmers should resist the system of
swindling, called protection by the
North, and demand a broad and de
cided reduction of the tariff taxes, as
the farming interests are those on
which that system most laPgely feeds.
They should also insist on the pri
mary plan of nominations in each
county, as the one only available by
the people, and the farmers particu
larly. in order that the proper con
trol may be exerted over political af
fairs. As the farmers claim that
they are shut out from the advant
ages of credit, through the existing
baitking system. the legislature should
provide for a State Bank for their.
use. And again, that the farmers
should earnestly interest themselves
inI internal imiprovemdents. and see to
it that they are obtained.
The above' are a few hints that
have been suggested as matters of
esp)ecial importance to agriculturists,
and also to citizens generally. They
are the views of a thoughtful writer
and thinker, and may be discussed
with profit by the convention.-Char
lenton Suaday Di.spatch. April 25th.
A Georgia Farmer Who Loans Money
M'r. John W. Busby, who lives on
the Lincolnton road, ownes one hun- -
dred acres of common ridge land.
lie paid two dollars an acre for it,
and he pays taxes on it at this rate.
iIe made in 1885 eight bales of cot
ton, 120 bushels of wheat, 300 bash
els of oats, 125 bushels of corn, be
sides peas, potatoes, &c. He did all
the plowing and hoeing himself with
the exception of twenty-five dollars
paid out for extra labor, most of
which was for saving grain. He
cedared two hundred doilars above
expenses and has loaned out the mo
ney. He says that in 1882 he cleared
one thousand dollars on this place,
and never fails any year to clear as
much or more as lie did last year.
IWhen he bought the place some of
the old farmers, with an ominous
shake of the head, said he would
soon have to quit such a poor place
or else starve. The secret of jiS
success is that lie makes all of his
supp)lies at home. The value to a
country of such farmers is inestima
ble.- WasMngton Gazette.
Progress of the Statue of Liberty.
The pedestal for Bartholdi's great
statue has now been completed. The
last p)iece of stone has been put in
place, and the last of the large iron
girders to which the statue will be
fastened is ready for duty. When
completed, the statue will look even
grander at night than in the daytime,
as its electric illumination will give
the figure greater prominence. It is.
proposed to place four large lights at
the base of the statue, one at each
corner of the pedestal, and a power
ful shaft light on the torch, so ar
ranged that its beams will shoot high
into the heavens. The lights at the
base will be so placed as to illumi
nate the statue and bring the figure --
into bolti relief on the darkest night.
The light of the torch will be 300 feet
above water, and should be visible
n r about twenty-five miles at sea.

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