Newspaper Page Text
NEWBERRY, S. C.
WEDNESDAY. MAY 5. 1880.
A. C. JONES, E)rro:.
NEWBEPRY HERALD & NEWS
ONE YEAR. - - - S.00
SIX MONTHS. - -
THREE MONTHS, - - 50
A. C. JONES & CO.. Proprietors.
THE FARMERW C ION
- The principal attraction during the
past week has been the Farmers'
Convention, which had been calle to
meet at Africultural Hall in Colum
bia, April 29th at 12 M. On Wednes
day preceding the Convention, about
thirty delegates who had been invited
by Capt. B. R. TillIan, to meet him
in caucus at the Grand Central Ilo
tel at 3 o'clock p. m.. to discuss mat
ters that would be considered by the
Convention, met and considered the
plans mapped out by Mr. Tillman for
the organization and work to be done
during the session, and took a recess
until 8 :30 o'clock, p. m. When they.
with a number of others. selected
from among those who had just ar
rived on the evening trains, assem
bled again in Capt. Tiihnan's room,
No. 9, of the G rand Central. to com
plete their plans for the following
day. The proposed address. resolu
tions and other matters presented at
the afternoon meeting were again
considered, and after agreeing upon
the line of action. decided to submit
their plans to another caucus to he
composed of two delegates from each
county, to meet the morning of the
Convention at 9 o'clock, and at 12 :30
p. m., adjourned. Let us say here.
that at one time during the caucus
on Wednesday evening, a large llum
ber of the delegates who were not in
vited to the caucus. were very much
wrought up at the idea of a few men
undertaking to cut and( dry the work
they came here to have a voice in.
And had there been a desire on the
part of t,hose who were not in sym
pathy with the move. the plans of
the caucus could have been kntocked'.
into atoms. It took a great deal of
-persuasion to prevent several dele
gates from leaving for their homes
on the next train. but this condUitionf
of affairs was communicated to the
caucus and steps taken at once to
satisfy the discontented element and
concessions made which prevented
further trouble. We understand that
the plans first prepared by MIr. TIll
man were modified somewhat, so as
-to conform more to the sentiment of
-the more liberal members of the del
egation. His address which he had
prepared before coming was about
the most extreme of' any advanced
upon the floor 6f the Convention, and
the tone of this was more liberal than
his former utterances. Th le Conven
tion was composed of delegates from
the counties as follows : Abbeville
11, Aiken 11, Anderson 10, Berkeley
1, Charleston 4, Chester 8. Chester
field 1, Clarendon 12. Colleton 2. DJar
lington 2, Ejdgefield 1:3. Fairfield 10.
Greenville 6, IHampton 5. Kershaw
11. Lancaster 5. Laurens 2:3, MIarion
12, Marlboro 20, Newberry 15. as
-follows: J. A. Sligh. J. C. Goggains,
* T. Connor, RZ. T. C. Hunter. TI. .J.
~Hunter, Dr. R. C. Carlisle, Col. E. S.
Keitt, Frank MIoon, J1. T. Duncan. .1.
W. Scott. T. W. HIollowav-. Hi. C. 1
Wilson, Phillip Koon,. Dr. A. WV.
Tally; Oconee 4. Orangeburg 17.
Pickens 4,. Richlani 14. Spartauburg1
8, Sumter 14. Union 10. Williams- t
burg 16, York 6, Total 275. an d were,
to a large extent practical farmers. Ai
few of the Professions were repre- ~
sented, and several members of the
Legislature were present as dielegaZtes.
Newberry occupied a proinent
place in the Con1ver;tion. and through
her delegates wielded a conser'cative
influence over that body. Th 1e dele.
gates of the Conv~ention~ who attralct
- ~ed the most attention were 1. .
Tillman, the leader of the m:o'emn t.
WV. W. Russel!. ex-candidate for -
Lieutenant-Go,vernor and C ongrs
on the Greenback ticket. anm' (Geo.
Tupper, of Sunmmerville. the ,-ade'r
of the army who are c'ryng Newv
Deal. Mr. Hlendrix leLane wa
present but not a delegate. We giv
below a number of resolions wh'ih
were adopted. which will enal tyou t
to form sonme ica of the work~ of the
Convention, and would call vow'at
tentioni to our supplemient wichi con
tains the most comte~* 'acount of
the Convention tha~t is givn.
.The Comnmittue o R-i-m hav. n
reported favoraby 'on ihe -eri. s f re-- b
lutionrl-ubmitr~:t d by. Ti e. o
TVhurdaey, theiy wer t ri'. up :- c,e
the vra Cou;te, . ,o:yh A>o u: '
proceed'l ei the i:, eof thre sam e .bon: h4]
become a fond. the int--r--t ,n wihv
shoulid be used to aui-:air a: a::r'ic::r.' t
and mechanlical tdie;:e f : he.
of the indm:rial ce,.- in ech S:a:e -
accepting said donation;r and whereaC s
South Carolina acepted this fun.! and S
entered into a onitra:vt w:th the Uni:ed o
2.:io -of .:tid2. t ru,t. but12 ha- llied t J CI
o;and wh,ereai the 1angui2hing agi u
tural iter.tF of zhe S:::e are in '-re 2
ne oi 1 -, i n st, tutin1wni-: : 1(n woi fl - . -.-II
nieh a mor p1' r: I) :ie l am. :2?2 eien 2i!tie ir:n i
inlg at leS Cost t., theO' nho ho sir to t
f.'llw farmn111 th:: (.nn n.-ow be ob- i:
tal:::e'. wih-I at th'' -2ame' tIin' mapping1 I
gicultpr: and wh- re;:' a pIra .'(al
know: I . - 1 ti m ohni alr t
am2ng 02ur' ownl Ifle a 11-t be ha I hc'
lffo' '2'. C2:; I21y11 f.:r th::t d1iv*'r',- of
pur,ite nd ntem icion o mo f N,
tIrint -o :e.,.,::tto thet" pro(!e1(y 41 :
o-n- ag.ic:ltur by. giving a mnarkf't fo'ri
(,ther far'a prrode.a h!I-d--- C'tt 'n.
1. TIha: 'u e re-'p('e:'Hni urg the L:-g- 1
ht nur to Ul,it-ei - s'on a2 poslule
a2 r:21 :a'rie:2ilturalt a:I m--Chluu:ea e2 !
b-2.'l.-, . ip":r:e ' : d diti: t fre. thefII
South (Caro'n C(le::I :iiul tuieled
uift-r thiee of Ni2higa un ::'-li-s:s-ippi
2. ]'..* ' 11c2L ' V 1:,t
1212l2~f'IiI'It n- , wh:-1 -h2t2al c2 l l 2
tillh hv.:11 t a t t!h,i. 1110-t ?tw : ic
liw:s cn)ui- e t b e :i:e bt IL t ill
ki Vdin'h! e U t.- : :i- . a ! 1
C2. 1.'r . That' t o:e Le:- !;r am
mr mI-m of it- Lcut r. a
tha'ni olegeIt to p- th bill ito
d, 1f' 1" 'Mr. 1I.Itc.h. and2 nfow 1,c!l(II1-.
w1dril .O1A1-rit-r, whi5.0b amahalll to '
C.i":: S'ht. o r !hl- 1 .e d at wat in
wirse o wIt .v)1a:iclua n
m 'ehan"I n :c:lee t:~iw (:nn'esto be tn
n-re -11 1 .har jo i :." c l t
V,. . .mre. Jr
e and be it ,!;a"'A) 1-C pa !e i)l intro
of tbl - r IIS(autCtch and ow p heir ti
w-i h I .- a tp ia p-t- .ho1 .- teil It n u S- t
ehe'te fr2 t'his purp .:':nd tMore- a
o-er I, we arc to ave an agricmnlt itial
t 'i tur l a n(. at C0l apiror:1 is o
of coiI utc t t ':s : Colle.1 1 holes tj
oIf I1'o-an(Id pirt. 10ut we 10"no
atiic':1eO:: ti ::st hw hem to1 o is- 1'
biever1 na il i tr : Iv.. e tic ontrol I at
o e i , 1re to 1111 1 INt c iltl urat .
colleg' a all,n . bevry ' 1 ja Ju es i r
11"( 1,r- e'0 it a1a tithat t t(
tierirl.; 1n1 n o'tiatiol C l Ils t o
to21111 ' coned it we - etlem n t k t o 11
Tizu 12 ortieri th at our I
utr C urt l. We0.0 tll' : ttht thOne t
leg::,1 f--eibilt pois est, at 02 of L
Cthban. au e-:i lutation 2epPSeithisV W:ho 5
an d2wea fwant eac i hoeate to -tiC2k1 ton
b.t:: SPI.0'I. .'l.hat 51ll1 or1'(' a11t22ollt v
21 ricu'ltur ' iCl;el atlnliain Coityrha (li
for tl aI s alr~ 'as : p osie2 from2 olit il
bEl):1. teit In-ife t 2oerir:he21 ou al mporan d- i
Lent to. 1 -, ion oretat we uI may seC2- t
cho2en tby the "gi'la'Ct t r thewb eleet-y
ed byt ai Cf'-ahrer it ' onntii. 'omp.oued I
trlsCiety.22 wi5~Ch shall m11 t annu:d(Iiti' t1
in)21' Nheni>' of ea2ch 21ear2 latoumi ilOSf
for 0222 pr- 2 or. h intP.ion ouht it
terW of9 li-t i n afi'e.2CO tin o ur i!2 agicul1- t<
222:2l C'nteres:2a(I pme:2a such ieom-S sI
milldation to )iiII 22. theLe i pti a~iO't the
mye ti *p~ower to. eIlt i -I2(r o excIeu
ive. lIe r oir Sc retary. 2 - who,i le datis [
'reset cl onais' Iner.:uIl their':( dutis -
02u11 b1:2 ti2' sam;'ieg. s 0 the ipo'e in
bIy would havC2~e control f1. the agrcl i
rGes, 21.. buili u'rp :uid kop wal.e h
:2veral tOf Countiy2' 2o-i -ti11 :2011 farmers' is
7.IIi tinlr f: ~T ::\t1 in onk-r 2a to ti til
utv given2t f' e:ogh i,t fri> . h a m :a
S.br'11T1:t the me-yb ilig221Cwe1 recom tr
'ffrti iz er'I h1e' Il; hh-..et\o :The1 Board in
Co:l th2 n :21 -t an~ icra of over22:22 L-t- tf
*0 p 2rye. ' ' th .wth t- 22.00
et a! . etlzr and hol farmers' 12f
a'stitut':2: without f( a i tional txaio: sor
xcet 1a 'mall 'ndire1 tax on-pCtf guano.
i2h the'P ftrnr will w2.2iingly (ay to1th
S2.' / -lr ht the'I f''' in 10r.e ti'n C f. tr2
til z -r2'i: ow1 I.fetlie :md22( un'I :iti - la
2ctor am'l to : o:t e punif2: hn:entI for o
.1h : 2bil 1.a i t::i-la 2io : h wi ll e nre t
2tur .a:: 22al IIf 2)2iizr' !' otton?a ( if f
10222nw2 . 122:r od: ,okfo- r t
f0rtll:1r.-2o Ibtn p c 2- a it
':n ::o' 21u22 tjhe': :1 lIti 2:2l charg':ce t th
C12u-- "III) \imi-':(' -22C (' ureOf atic22l1. ta
12.112f22,2r-1 V, T f1l t c the 'tad rei A.at- a
ndic'f that'' Ii m:c ofI~ 1he mot now ap- i l'
222::: ,'!mc ia 2!:: : s t2.' mak'1 . i:(( a (':
t : y 1oilr ab drawing room bu t :2t
:nmonw(I.f!!b2PIho)es no 'tai itsl'
ucr 122 u nwc'2I-~e ti......I e t r. :.
eft to th-ir own reountrce-. to aid in (S
abli-h;ng an indu-tril college for fe
l- in (ur St ate like that at Columb..
,Iiji-7ppi If the cann,lot s.:C-ure thla
,rohibifto vhieh -woIl bani-l alcohol
hcy can 1.lpi to b,inl t1;t prohibi:ion
In'rance. wlli(!'l _vwI wI:r tln-ir ix It
his Staite frwtm all onz:.ation, exep
en~ ing, t:in. a1.. ! N ork*In in fa':
]i. A si" . Th:. :ta co-)!.mi:t, 4,
rit, be alpp0i:I: -! b)y the Cha'. wh<t
( nce to (our t pre-('nn: ivcS at Wash
n: and that the -.il connitte
ha!!pn-p:rI)ili.Z .:1(l have th-- S,it
:rofn1ed in tI I nc xt Generai A --em
,l. cain :l th.' vplit al prpo
l*thee.r1lu-iion!. Furthermore, tha
i ohlluit-el alil go to Colmllbi.
i,lezn the Le --;*slatur!e mll.-t-; tall mal:k
1tch a pr. C-tatin of fa.t. and argt
itas Will kllp to senre tliir la-z
The follon :' relus i n -tt ]odt,1o
y- e ittIe were ::d,pted:
S1 7r--l, Thnt the pre-n: 'liti I
ionl t:e 'tat' does not ilret the re
t'Iemient.; an"! colditions- of our Iwo
e. andi in some respec'ts is buirdentsomi
ud oppre-ive. e therefore urge th
iture to vall a Const !Ilrional Con.
e Ioat th carlit-t praf-ticabli- (Ia
1NN ieltsaid to Oll
R<eld,T. ieni Law ha-: inl om
pinion. wewn mo' p".rIiciou in its ef
cis on the ngriviultural iteres;ts of t h
talIe, entiving- people :9n debt, enc(-Ourl
ging extravagane, iderrniiinlig that
urdy indI ependencee and el f-relianlce S(
'ectr th' 1igh1 m1orale of any peoo
. 4 a Inw. rtecolIenId itz repeal.
R r cl. We belh've the indepen
'nee and (lli':eney of or -judiciar\
Ill be byie:ed inaking thnir t
Ire (if olovr d!nrin- --(oodbeavo l
> Cvevent V NC:r.
Rodrc. We belitve that a Le-isla
Ire anxiou, to be econoiical can lesser
xatilin by aboli-hing usele-s oille
ud many minor expelleQ, which in thl
frfre-rate :ilonlts to tliwiQal1 of dol.
The Coniiii"ttee oin Permanent Organ
ations recoimieiids that an oraniza.
on be formed to be known as "Tho
,yrieultural Asso(iation of South Caro.
1"; 1 that the mtembers of this a-ssocia
On sh:ill con1-it of deltgates electel bn
Iw CountyA sciations onl the basis oj
Ie repre- e: :t ation of each in the Gene.
il A-snmnbly of t lie State, said del1egatc
be ele.cted oil sales-day in October
ad to hold otlice for ole Ve:rt or till
W:ir itCessors are elected, the first
tetiing of the association to meet in
o-umbia otn thw econd Tueday in No.
Buit thi coimuit tee respectfully sub.
it, that they have not suflicient tiic
urittg the sit ting 'of the convention tc
raift rule~ :i regulaLtionls for the gov.
Ilmentt (If said aiMoeiatioli, as they
'enm thtat a mat tet of tOO tu ich imipor~
ine to beO hast ily drafted, and they re
teet iliv recoimmetid that the Pre&ihent
ti ilConiven t iOn ain~it a commhuitteey
-ceven, rne frotn each Congressional
itrlict. to draft 1;ules and reguhit ions
'r the governmnent of said association.
be submitted to the 1irst meeting of
we State association. T1he committee
irt her recommei.nds th:at the delegations
li e c lnventiotn from the Cotunties that
ive no organiizat ion take steps looking
lie formifat ion of su chi organ iz:ttions
>that all thle Coutmties may be r'epre
.nted next Novetmber.
EC. T,X STrAcwrorsE. foir Ciommittee.
Tlhie f)llowing wats offeued as an
iientdment to the aibove.
Thait ant Executtive Commit tee of oneC
(oil ('eh Connty iie a1ppoitntel by lie
re-i Init at his leisure, uho shl!l take
e unecessary steps to organtize' the
rimers of tin-ir respetiivei\ Count ties,
Itintinninlg the present ita~ttionl till
tet tile hext elect ion, 50 ais to Secture a
;ti-laiture wh'uichi will carry out otur
.ltr'e as5 expressed in this convention.
Mi. Sligh,. of Newblerry, ollered the
llowving resolution, which was ad.opted:
lR-olred, As the senise of this eoniven
>n, That the tariff ought to be reduced
low as possile, consistent withI the
tal ii-een.ities of the government,
selVa :il e:coniomt~iall alhnii stered:
at, as far as possible, raw nnt erial
d the primne tnecessa:' ies of life and
iportanit indtust ries ought to be aidmiit
I free of ditty;:aid t hat for Cotngres
-be req u'sted to ulse thiejr be-t ci
:. t all timies atid oni :illI occa:ion0s.
securie thle mioliticat ion, inl thiis sense,
ourP present inost ub!jutt amnd burd'tent
b\Ir. Dollaldsoiin,of G;reenville. oll-ed'
e followini, which were adopt ed:
WVhireas the report (If the Comip
>l.'er G;em-ra:l show a most uneqtind
'I un.'int~ dliStibutiont of the btuthens
taxation, through at want of proper
miiliza: ion of tihe pro't(prt y oi thel Staie
th re,l ail p)ersonail; and whier:ts, it
alb) "hown thait ia ige per cetitnt of
Sptropertyv of the State i- tnt retutrneid
taixaittin. and that the property r'e
rud il ot ais essed at its tia:rket
Iue, thutt depriving the Smate of lir
i revtntes. atid inicreasinig the bitt
- (of tho(e who IihneSt ly pay their
~e :i anl whereas, the 1b?rt hiens of tax
- te:nilily mteeam amount (If the
:d1niie to the S:ate for nona
'1. :wretes. uponml which there is
.1<n:ad whicht land whib:' wle/
tno . 'x41, r''nmam s im the possessionl
ti, inl part. :I lea-t, to a defective
:emi (If taixation: tiwrefore, he it
.~. lTha t the ta:xipavers oif till
te have'~ a righit to dl'maindi :h
-senit taix lawi~s as wi!! cort'': tlh' de
.'rJ /. Thait it is thm' sen-e oIf this
I Venion a that thle lhiws of ithe St ate
mi4li e sol amen'!dId as to elt'et parl?
tiar'!y the fol lowitng retsults. to wit:
lt et anll compi~lie!er r'etturi of pecr
alh pi"opety; a nmore correct v:t aluo
dil i'ro(Iertly. real and personal; 5uch
I.qualiz.ationu of thle vailnation (of prop
eas wil l ix th iasssd valute. and
shll ig]price t hi' u1hout itthei State
each County only its .n-i prmportion 0:
- taxe: and -uch a di-.--itio):n f the for.
feitel a of wt S:ate :as will secur
the taxe; Mie on thAm a.d retore then
to the tax book:z. na - 'Ni'l I lrovid: a
reinl-dr for t1hi-: evil ili ti:e Jl'u,.z,
I l 10SOb-7. That m:;til firnl- l talk.
mot- int.:re-t i.1 an Ia'nIe mor' know1
eipge of the, a0b, of AhN n rth iort:am
iTdnprl nt of tiv- g,neronnwnt I -tw wi'
not rn:]ize i. 11-Vev1t A 'e:ait l.: :
-finlofsa11-n: An- lltr aiu11t1
h;eaion:un exp: i.: i4Wo the wvor1
r ind of , them: lht wblieve thai
tlei'u r,- .111' l l -i 1::nlourt11t~
-t o thene T AKn h A p:tI. MO. t mmr1
ta l' l corret: . an. :e 'v ci :ISa . 0: t.
14: Sta:o lin t ur (:--lt o : -or y n: i .
-iiilary al.' . te ti. to 11141. ins~tIItlt 0 tI4'
inra-lare meaf ur.o to i . n fon
;a'I~ :. il t'I14 p l'tilchiOl ;,n Itl ll"t l tt
o,I tQ e ti l bit': o If t ' f l te 1111 0i
him to tx ois; in.and.: i tr- stwel'
af taxla r wel!t I c " |'on evi 1y I
-iv be-liiti'e Cthe( Liiture to i intVIorn
-C '( himsl 1po n ti ,4 fubiii :n'l to d1 vo
tel tilnt ti t. -h-A u of t u f
ANlihere a:;. Tel vvta :( re:zeresas'lil h
11of 1 1a Ia' : it y : i n-:tof il .:... .C
of thle StantI are attrIlil i b- mahh:t - t) t ie fol.
lowing can: istlni. th<oaboof
pris of eott' erops; smond. ruinon,
systemn 4_4 te t ry21 : til-dt. aI I'lllOU:
sy..t. m .f farmling w.ithou" Can,e f,,r tht(
p v-4erI atin o if t e :"fortility of t,. s -.1il:
fourt', al car eIvs?.; :.11 wvillf11i l g 'vi.
away1 of hard-41a1rd ml y frwr:l.
com I:t fertiliz -r. : fif:h. Ih" lhan
1il ' ne-!lv of rais*ingth n!c!:-vrytsu
plies for- himie emnsmintion ; -Ixl! htIN
care - : i u bi nnin ::vro:
m:anaging fin ie nd( cfontr:i-lim;.
dvbts - Seventh. th- gr,at w:mi of prace
tical1 fellw hip 1 m.nAl our fullon
Earnmrs : NiQh th.the ne::Pet eAin
Stock inficen LoIpl - 111r .
P"s"Ier!. TIhat wve earnw-stly .app--al I(
lhv farm er- , the Slate o pb.nt l(-!
(-otton; to direet nmvr Af their enirqie
tdieto eprdtion of cor.n. wV heat. on.zS.
Ika; and y omm-Oe.
Sfle.r'That we lut-e eve1ry 0 mvi :vll'V
tu cbange the mb-tm of annlual ntiml
to leasing, that tho ten1anti; may havc
moriell lencourgmenttoimvrove thlt
farmli iipon wvhich they'. HIve. andA tha1
reCntsZ do nlot be' paidenrly inI cotton,
bu:I th:! th11 n:..':y pyre tsi
s:bJ crolps as heca.. o:* m1:iyriwmr
chletply. 11ha, ik to Ic.!t h-a:d w e
taie re inl com:en. c:n. wi at. m:,
The i a e thle fI!-ml s oi
thle S:ato to ts, l econmimer-cial fertill.
zer4 and give more of t1!h- time andl
mnoncy to the improvemeunt of thv*,l
farml.; anid lt-w production (.f bInIle m:111t
Ifert ilIizvi z, to rsdintv vrops ani If irmi m Iorf
C. W. WELCH. A. 3.. EDITOR.
With this issue my connection
wiz the editorial department of this
colvon ceases. Mr. Arthur Kibler
Wi succeed me. He has been elect
e by the Teachers' Association. So,
w. thi column is the official organ
Association. It becomes
nre tan ever the duty of every
inewr of the Association to lend
his support to its success.
.1v withdrawai is, in every way, of
-the most pleasant character, and is
done with regret. but I find it im
practica1le to devote to this depart
inent so much of my time as is neces
ry to accomplish the work that was
dsignel to be effected in opening
this column in the IIEIALD AND
The proprietors of the HEiRALD
.. ':w. have consented to allow
the Asociation the same space that
I have been editing (luring the last
four months. My best wishes are
still for the success of this new un
dertakin. and I pledge my best --f
forts whenever needed.
C. WV. WELCI.
--:eming -:2kesthe Realy '_?an.-*
In this department I think there is
lar_-e room for improvement, espe
cial;y in our country schools. Teach
ers. as a. general thing, in their ef
1ort to train their pupils to read cor
reeLyd and fluently, seem to lose
sight ol :he far more important ob
j'ect nme'ly, to make the child in
terstel in the subject matter of its
Lse-ons. ftnd to stimulate within it a
desire to read from other sources than
thjat of the text book. Now, in a town,
very few children need such a stim
ulus. From the libraries, picture
books. gaudy advertisements. etc.,
they become fascinated enough with
tie delightful accomplishment. There,
tle trouble lies in educating them up
to a taste for i.Nolesome literature.
In the country, however, matters are
difierent. Here. the scarcity of
hooks and papers. bad lights at night,
and a separation from the current
news of the day, all serve as a
da:m;per to any latent desire to read.
With the same se'ool advantages, in
proportion) to their ages. I believe
that an average town Loy or girl of
tw,Ive vears can read better and
more uind erstandingly than the ave
rag~e country boy of sixt.een; and all
for the want of interest and practice
in theO latter case. A part from the
advantages to be derived from read
ing. in itself, it has been my ex
perience and no doubt, the ex
perienc~e, of every toeacher, that those
pupils who have the greatest fond
ness for reading-reading at home
a re th1e most liruficient in their other
studies. The reason of this is quite
obvious The mental powers are
kept in constant exercise, a vocabu
lary is acquired. and the nature of
WOr-is and the structure of senten
ces are better understood, all of
which lead to a m.ore ready compre.
hen sion of grammar and mathemat
In one of my grammar classes
there was a boy, about sixteen years
old. who, after lhe had recited a few
lessons. astonished me very mnch by
tihe ease with whiicb lhe mastered the
duties assigned. The text book
usedl was -Reed and Kellogg's
IIhler G;ramnmar," and though thuis
boy was going through the work for
the first time. yet in the analyses of
sentences. lie never failed to detect;
the most dlelicate shades of meaning
inivolved. and exceedingly seldom 1
was it that he required any' aidl in his
diagr'ams. I felt that I was doing -
the boy injustice in keeping him
hack with the class and so I told him i
one day~ that lie might go on by him- I
setf as fast as he was able. Nor was
his ability due to any special talent<
for gramnmar alone, for he was
e'qually atpt in every one of his othecr
studies. I naturally became very
much interested in this youth and
began to make inquiries as to his
prviu educational advantages. I
was tuhl that lie was the oldest son ]
of a widow in very limited circum
stances. that he had been to school a
but little and very irregularly and 6
that lhe p)aid for his schooling him- y
self by working in a brick-yard.
This indicated a pluck, a determina- E
tionl to succeed, as rare in one of his T
chances. as fountains in a desert, &j
stll. it did not account for his singu- t
la abhty. One diay, however, I(
iearned thiat he was a great reader;
that' he hiad been taking the "-Youth's e
Coimpanion" for a number of years
anid tha~t he literally devoured, di- E
I sested and assimilated every line of c
its contents. Ah ! here lay tile whole t
secret. Th le mystery was solved.
llere I beheld his school, his teacher, s
his text books. and the source of all I
his insphirationi. The paper was I
about all that lie had to read, yet lie
read and remembered. I spent the t
nighut with him once and within his
mnother's little log cabin before the c
blazing hearth. On that January
evening, we talked of Calhoun, Web- t'
ster, Burr. Preston, Stevens, Toombs, I
Gladstone and others and I found
him as conversant as an average
college graduate on the leading i
topics and distinguished men of the
day. As the conversation turned I
upon the classics in a liberal educa
tion. he said; "Wait, I will show
you an article on that subject." and
taking a little blank hook from his
coat pocket, he begai running over a
long index. turning leaf after leaf.
until he came to what he was looking
for. Then. going to o:ne corner of
the room where there was a box full
of his papers carefuIIV preserved. he
drew out a copy from near the bot
tom and showed inc the article to
which reference was made. Boys.
girls, teachers, professors. how often
do you find such spirit. such energy.
such germs of inevitable greatness
in your experience ? I have read of
such, but I never had the privilege
of coming in contact with such be
fore. Let the world waz as it may.
pluck like this will clear its own path
to the front.
Fellow teachers. endeavor to make
your pupils interested in good read
ing, so that they will read at home.
This will stir up their dormant ener
gies, and make them anxious to ex.
cell. It is true, as I have said be
fore, that there are a great many
drawbacks in the country to tht ac
complishment of this end. yet much
good can be done with perseverance.
In my i-visiting round," as we peda
gogues call it, I find that the average
library of my rural friends consists
of about a half dozen books and as I
glance at the title, I can read be
tween the lines of most of them.
-Book Agent, Book Agent, Book
Agent," and in these titles I heheld
more substance. than upon the leaves
of the volumes to which they be
Then, one thing for a teacher to do
is to try to interest his or her pat
rons upon the subject of reading and
prevail upon them to subscribe to
some suitable paper for their chil
dren, or purchase for them suitable
books. Then we should talk to the
children upon the subject in school,
read to them the most interesting
selections that can be found, and
draw liberally uipon one's own stock
of common sense and judrnuent for
other available means.- W. G. Bike.
in C(rolinat Sr.
T:le 337ay .Neefin- Oft I:t i-j;~ Ax
About twenty five teaeirs arsem
bled at the usual placc of Imeeting on
last Saturday morning, for the pur
pose of attending to thle work of' the
May meeting of the Teachers' Asso
ciation of this County. MIr. A. S.
Scheetze, of the Prosperity IIigh
School, read a very interesting and
instructive paper upon the subject
--How to teach English G;ramnmar."
The discussion of this subject occu
pied the Association nearly two
hours. MIr. J. L. Bowers was absent.
He will be expected to read his pa
per on the first Saturday in June.
We thus score another successful
meeting. Very few- new faces were
seen; but nearly all of the veterans
The committee app)ointedl to recomn
mend a series of text-books for ado.p
iion so as to secure uniformity in our
school-books reported as follows:
Appleton's series of Readers.
Swinton's series of Spellers.
Robinson's series of Arithmetics.
Maury's series of Geographies.
Read & Kellogg's series of Gram
Webster's series of D)ictionaries.
Swinton's series of Ihistories.
Spencer's system of Pennmanship.
The committee could not go be
pond tihe text-bo3ks adopted by the
state Board of Education. On mo
,ion it was agreed tihat the rep)ort
hould be considered at tile June
neeting. thus giving a month for
uggestions and corrections, if
hought necessary. Now. if you are
iot pleased with this report, send
'our criticisms to tihe editor of thlis
olumn that he may publish them.
~ist of Text Books AdIop ted for use in
the Public Mehools of South ('arE)
lina for the Ternt of F-ive Years~
Rleaders.-A ppleton's, McGnfTey's,
teynolds'. Swinton's; supplemental,
Tonteith's Popular Science Readler,
ohonnot's Geograp)hical Reader.
hepherd's IIistorical Reader. Ap
leton's Reading Charts.
IIistories.-Davidson's Ihistory of
outh Carolina, S-vinton's Primary
nited States and Condensed U nited
tates. Derrv's E..nitedl States. Swin
on's Outlines of Universal IIistory
n two parts.)
Geographies.-A ppleton's Stand
rd Series, Maury's Revised Series.
anford's Common School Analvti
al, Sanford's Primary, Sanford's In
armnediate, Venable's Practical.
G rammars.-Sill's Practical Les
ons in English. with Whitney's
:ssentials (for HIighest Classes),
teed and Keliogzg's Series.
Djiction aries.-W~'ebster's. Worces
Writingr Books.-Reyvnois', Spen
Spellers.--Swi nton's Primier. Swin
>n5's Word Primer. Swinton's Word
ook, Swinton's WXord An alysis.
Drawing.-Krusi's, Bartholome w's.
Music.-SonglDells. Song Wave,1
*. r. - <
aQi wel as c istro-lelg cC D Pyiain*a
t n =ds. I r ndpri :'t-tio.. aud d.
tor e ofan d a t e pare th o
SR. e tDeclae a
ints fof ~>0ton Bel,000. aints
p e , c et.pperie annum.th miilt-! ifo
Frv furhe T. fomtihoo,d aply t
JOHNt Beom- luc tmr. PALER &sN,:
ar nioaorE. . vey OWentenir,
3--: Tae neherytd, .%- C.
TLr &ADao,mauf actrs o
a ndrk Grist ofaies f.aw Mil an alltion.-io
ofiondry work 'In IyP1or n andiue Br
Agricltur~l an Statonar Stm
gicl. Rairs ofaetll kueindrs prpt~i
Foad, Estimat.es and binds wie be,J tmai
Fis la ss workpete and air ie.sdt.n f
.rem- I . IpA'
Ex2lcuix osGedBos on .BDita, cr stav
perent h oS B. LnEE
Weue has ve tse dak fn n,ed ao opi
erip fistor hfe rueation ppof to
'HERA AND nWb aLdER doi,
thed tor anyames on A.s.C. oe & C.
Wr 6. . S. VRROWN.
3-24-9t Newberry, S. C.
COLUMBA -IACHINE SHOP
5NEA11. NIO DEPOT, COLUMBIA, S. C
Tozer & Dial, manufacturers of Flo
and Grist Mills, Saw rlls and all kin
of foundry work in Iron and Bra
A'pricult.ril and Stationary Steam E
gile-. Repairs of all kinds prompt
made. Estimates and bids will be ma
for aniy work in our line on applicatio
Fir-t cahe work an n fair prices.
A. I. DIAL.
Exitrix of Geo. L. Dial, Survivor
Tozer & v Dal.
THOS. B. LEE,
We have this day fm#p ed a opai
Sership for the publicWtion of t]
APPRALD AND GEWS and for doin
aeneral job printing business, und
te firm name of A. C. Jones &C
A. C. AONES,
W. S. BROWN.
Neb=,S C., Ap)ril l7th, 188
ITlIDELITY 31UTUAL LIFE ASAUCIATIO:
;).W40 MiEMBERCS-$12.000,000 INSURANCE
PolicieA have paid up val after fi
yeariz awl a ca.,h salrrendecr value of
peW cent. at old age. Assessments
Colleted every four months through t
Uion Tr .. of 1 hil.d.lp. iBI, Sn
Pncket sad Tabcyorlevida Cter
OWpohite Gnodi tre er SttHaman<r
BekatSrp,Centr. C.Tenssee. HaS
Cmke B amsTn OxT&ue,COn
CrHadN.R.MLsesTO, Java LaCya. n
Th Cfees Fnest imprernan oon uTensi
outh.itcher forbsletJ ell lec it
B-2 AAS. COO Newery,S.,
DRE ir, RAstINS,oorwe
An eray,npehning eleohandFrst C.
Whlsl rit Houaseste shulpstp th
Curboiy o,ders af ieder ofithe stomch
the.:-:rc,iuis c 0UiE
J eelry,ia Clcs,
Pohesaet an Tbe Ctlr
Watnh,w -ep rig aSpecalt
TWO HUNDRES ROLLS
IECEE-D AT THE CARPET
J. 1, . DA tS,
C OLE.i:UBEA . C.E
Also, a full line of Wall -Paper,
Bordering and Ceiling Decorations.
I One Ilundred (ifferent styles of
r Window Shades. wounted on best
Spring Fixtures. from Fifty Cents to -
i Five Dollars a Window.
The usual fine selection of Body
Brussels, Tapestry Brussels, Extra
Super Three Ply and Cotton Chain
Carpets, at p)rices that will compare
with any market in the States.
If you are in want of any of the
above naned articles.- cal', or corres
pond with J. II. DAVIS,
9.17.1v. Columbia, S. C.
C. & E. L. KERRISON,
-0 and -2 UASEL STREET.
CIARL ESTON : : : S. C
10 STABL m
Faney Dry Goods
3 Button Kid Gloves, S1.03 per Pairj '."
Preparatory to .purchasing Sp2e,
r Goods. we have recently made1ne
Is large reductions in the prices of
n' -- AND OTHER
of WINTER 600DS.
Cash order., amonutng to $10.00 or
over, will be- delivered in the country
- free of charge.
All orders promptly attended to.
C. & E. L. KERRISON,
a 1 8-20-ly CH A R L EST0 N, S. .
esGO TO KINA RD'S
as loR YoUR
ti- SRN L TI
My beautiful line of Spring and Sum
mer Clothing is being placed Oni the
Scounters for the inspection of cnstomers
who dlesire to inspect tis nlew and splen
did stonk. The most fashionable gar
e mnent for Spring will be the One Button
Cutaway, it is a perfect fitting garment,
and lays closely to the figure, showing
the form. -I have these suits made in
the celebrated patent square shoulder
and for get up and trimming, will corn
pare with any custom garment. The
goods these suits are madle from are im
ported wvhip-cord, cork-screws, and the
finest chteviots of the latest patterns and
colors. In sa'nk suits you will find the .
same grade of goods, and the sacks are
c,eut square and cutaway. I would men
tion here that for sack suits the cheviots
is will take the lead this Spring, .and the
e. finish of these sacks with the swell
and saddle seams make them very at
tractive, in fact they n.ust be seen to be
My st (of Stit' Hats for Spring has
never isurpassed in this city. #hey
are very light ini weight in ord~er. to be
comfortable for hot weather. The shatpes
are entirely different fromi anything I
b have ever had in stock. aind vou cannot
help being pleased with tnem. You can
hae he in colors of black, brown,
granite mixtures a:: pearl. Ask fo
my $3.50 pearl eassim1ere beaver whie
is sold every where for $53.00). Call earl
and examine this fashionable stock a
the Emnpormmi of Fashion.
M. L. KINARD,
S 2-24-tf- Columbid S. C.
can learn the e '
of any proposed line
advertising in Ameri
papers by addressi
Geo. P. Rowell & C
Newspaper Advertising Burea
10 Spruce St., New York.
Send 10cts. for 2OO-Page Parnp
SuIffrin Wolilell ! I
Read what the Great Mtethe
Div ine and Eminent ?hy
sicjin ys or
Bradfield's Female Regul
years ago I examninedi the~ recexpt of
Regulator. amuI carefully~ stu led an
in regard to its complonents and then
as nlow) prononce it to b.. the mtost scj
and( skillful co:nination of the rr-ally ret
remedoia! vegetable ag'nh.kntown to sc~
to act dtirectly . n the wo, a and
guns, and the organs amd pareye:
directzy withi these; aLnd. therefore
a specille remLedy for adsesta .,of
andl of the adjacent organs andl
JESSE 1;ORING, M.
bysege ithe'se t.o ithi quac
,0 'r Jack.sonville and points on th
iver;al-o with Charleston an.
of a.ilroad to and from sav'a
>ints in F lorid.
6' at Augusta with Georgia
.irods to and from all poi
well Railroad. Through --
[o a tcUE,Agent, Co
JOH N B. PECK, General
n. C. A LLEY, Gen. Pass. t