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The Newberry herald and news. (Newberry, S.C.) 1884-1903, June 09, 1886, Image 1

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} i+ CV 1 EHT 111 OiP1tWS
w S.BON Publi.iers and Proprietors. / Fain i171' 1 (r Der,-o/'d to r f eratultre, elliscellan y, Xvews, 1 1'gicul~te vaie~,4.___ -- ~*-sxMNH
VOL. XXI INEWBERRY, S. C., WED NESDAY, JUNE 918 o 3
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vertisements by the three, six, or twelve
months.
DE10CRATIC VILAS MORE BITTER 1
TOWARDS THE SOUTH THAN
REPUBLICANS.
The Register Gives Him a Good Rap.
We have received two orations de
livered in New York city on Decora
tion Day, May 31st. One of the ora
tions was delivered by the Hon. W.
F. Vilas at the Academy of Music,
and the other by the Hon. John A.
Logan at Riverside Park. We have
read both of them and do not propose
to publish either, as they are by. no
means addressed to the Southerner.
We note, however, as somewhat sin
gular the fact that Senator Logan,
whilst eulogistic to indiscretion to
the great Union Captains. as we
think, says not a word which will
grate on Southern ears, Mr. Vilas,
on the contrary, seems to go out of
his way to say much that was neces
sarily offensive to the South and
whill it was not necessary to say on
such an occasion. Take for instance
the following utterance :
"In veneration of the fathers they
mustered in the name of Union, con
tent to save what the Revolution had
planted; and lo ! the angel of Liberty.
In shning presence. led their battle
vond the fathers' ains, to finish
ie work they left undone and win a
brighter crown. They blotted from
The Constitution the covert meaning
of that abhorrent word the voice of
freedom refused to utter there; they
scourged from her temple the mon.
ge4ig of nmotaers and babes"
Where is the necessity of saying?I
this or the truthfulness thereof, when
Lin~coln's proclamation to the Suuth
aFn S&ates so unequivocally promised
that slavery would in no way b,e in
terfered with if the South would lay
down its armns and recognize the au
thority of the government of the
United States? Again. is not Mr.
~ ilas .gwqre of the original terms
~eed upon by General Sherman
and Johnston, in which it was agreed
that the States of the South shoald
noi.ge bacl; with all theic political
p ights and rights of property undis
turbell in view of these faets we see
no good reason for thrusting this
a mongerin g of mothers and babes"
into the teeth of the people of the
jSouth. when Lincoln himself would
~have made term~s and permitted this
oWlering~ to g4) 011 m~li $herman
ctu-ally did make terms leaving the
ongering"' where it had always
od urnder the Federal Constitgtionl
1 age)Pair enough to bind,
themselves
There are othtiitUS fulr
esad useless olTenSiv'feine Mr.
s jl' address which are as untruth
ol ~ thear inbad taste. lIe
can .t .h ,Oti ilsili theI p re
ard for the f rvy whin h ot
a rganze and arm for the field.
wjito des notknow that the
~ ih --6 ared~e~ f o e eonl
casthe South with ever - th~
et asl as well as numbers on
irg~. 'hey had theC recognized
ir si e- n ay , all
.ernfMel ti inzfg a great
apphiances edste huad
unteer forCe,'eie th wtais then
ore for the fild. - hlth
th fe u t al l e r in s o m
CSto t ke th lace of arms
es tbYcof he got. Mn" "'m
withco - 1LinIl sticks, to
Sthe alr m sI (o lah
Stle he sam Sp1rit preva1ils it
addre' with ddes
lie!' dCI honor ~ '
In vIe" "!th j,a uoe nd0 ~
'Is ddress we WOUf O1" ~ 1
s '~ ~hs OWlors, which sem to
som unfitly wrt . uci that was
necessarib~ LcrortI ft
addrss Iiih. hilt honoring
noble Union dead, might very
voided anythiing savoring of taunt
or insult to others. Let Mr. Vilas
speak :
"-Reproaches for deed-s beyond re
demption. for conditions gone for
ever; sig!is for hopes once enter
tained, but long turned to ashes; may
be worse than folly. they may become
a crime. Whoever gives his voice or
his example to light or fan a flame of
sectional d iscord among the fraternal
people. aiis at the nation's peace
ard life. lie b:.s spoken treason
though not dared to act it. wio from
the one side flings vaii taunts and
scoffs. the dingering demons of the
past. or on the other sentimentally
prates of the resurrection of that
mouldenng mumnini, the 'Lost
Cause.'
Who wants to "resurret." the
"Lost Caus',?" Why, the very
phrase itself shows that it, is dead
and buried. though it he buried in
high honor. Why, allude to it
more then in any other light than
that whieb has gone forever, never to
be resurrected. None but a pitiful
demagogue would make capital out
of a sneer against a cause which all
admit and receive as "lost," thougih
its memory lives in the hearts of as
true men as ever strode to the fore.
front of battle, and as noble women
as ever sent their husbanus and sons
and lovers to lav down their lives for
a cause still dear to them, though now
no more. This sentiment in no waS
disturbs a single man's devotion to
the Union to-day any more than love
for the honored dead may disturb re
spect for the living.-Colmn%)i Re/
ister.
MISERY IN WEST IRELAND.
What a Visitor Saw at Carraroe.
I reac: ed Carraroe on Saturday
evening; and on the next day I iap
pened to meet the Rev. Walter Con
way, who was on his way to attend
some sick calls on one of the islands
which make up his straggling and ex
tensive parish. Being anxious to
see as much of the condition of the
people as possible. I gladly accepted
his invitation to accompany him.
I was by no means prepared for
the scenes I witne;scl that Sunday
afternoon. Such poverty-stricken
people. such wretched hovels. such
misery and patient suffering I never
saw before, and T hope I shall never
see again. There was scarcely a
house but had some inmates lyin.
downi with fever brought on. I was
assuredl by the local doctor. by. hun.
ger er the want of sufficient food. it
was pitiable in the extreme to see
the emaciated features of mnost of
them, and the look5 ot' famishiing de
spair on their countenances as they~
lay huddled together on the bare
earthen floor or staggered laout the
hour,e like d.runkcn people from sheer
exhaustion.
While the good priest wy's admin
istering the last sacrament a, a few
of the wVorst cases. I inspected ser
eral of the houses alone. I was q1uite
unexpected, and iudeed I tequlire no
other evideoce thtan the chiaraicter of
the cabius and( the woe-b)egoneap
pearance of thle inmates to conlvinice
me that theO gaunt spec' r' of famine
had already appeared. I shall never
forget ihe sight I behe91 in one0 house.
Father' Conway had preceded menb
several yards. On his pushing the
door of this house open I gbgerved
him re'et backwardi and looi; as if he
.werc goieng to faint. The fever.laden
atmosphere of the onte.r'ogmed hnulse
ed outward was overpower
e timou beftore he
could enter. -, o ol
age to follow ! n'~ ckoned mc
to comec on.
Iha.d som;e difienlt', inr ~..
the fear'ful scene her e mec.O!
boys in a1 state~ of u nconscminsne:s
and alumon sTh b i h bicn
lay their tw') sisters in the same piti
able condition. F"ol lowi ng the <irec
tion indicated by the priest. I olh
served the mother of theCse foul Ohi!
dren, a few reet: o'?i, a corpn)s !
were lyinf on the bare' floor. with
few sca'nty' rags their ilnly cov.ering
Ihlastened from liihe hense nver
fe' lings were canl he ett'': is n
than described. The j'ri.'t reminn
og a conit.erah1e :oni inl th eabii
cutt'i' v.ff the girls ' with a..i oi
after a clo~e searcht. Tfhe next da'
h ietvi=itedl tiS stricken famtli
. oid( publicity-tw~o 'f his ow;
blankets with whichl to cov1;er tL
po ril anid the i ' brothers. - nl
T~ he word 'pnlpit.'' like "'hrr.h
and "outlandish women." oe:ors one'
in the BiAble. It was Ezra who wa
ine t he pulpit.
'l I1 ('HA N( E OF' GAUGE.
WVIIAT im ILILIROAD)S HAVE
DONEI I TFN DAYVS.
Iiow the Work is Io Ile Done-.oore
Than Thirteen Thou:sund Miles of
Road to Be Changed in Two
Days.
A1thonzh much has been written
arid puMblished in thc newspapers for
some mr :i;tbs on the subject of chang
ing the auge on the Southern rail
roads. there is n vast. numnh'er of the
readers of the Re(ist.er who vet have
a very indefinite conception of what
it all means. With a view to give
these an intellirnt, idea of the nature
and extent of the work which this
change involves, and the method by
which it is eietetd. we have compiled
from the Augnusta E;vening News-and
the Charlotte ()hserver, two of our
inos.t valued exchanges, the following
clear statements. which will give the
fullest information on the subject.
"The. railroads in the South are
now in tUe miist of a great revolu
tion, and Ifrom to-day to the second
day of June each line will be a bee
hive, or rather a long iron line of la
hor. One oz thegreatest railroad
movements ever knownn will in fact
be achieved when th.e present work
of changing the gauge of some thir
teen thousand miles. of railroad in
the South is completed. -
--The standard gauge is now adopt
ed all over the North, and uniformity
has long been desired. The. South
ern gauge has for many years past
been a source of endless expense and
inconvenience to ail the railroads
South of the Ohio and Potomac
Rivers, and while the advantages of
a uniform gauge have long been seen
its adoption has now come to be an
imperative necessity. The time has
at last arrived for the Southern roads
to correct the unfortunate mistake
made when the five foot gauge was
adopted. and when the change has
been accompiished all 'of the impor
tant railroads in the United "States
will correspon(d sufficiently in gauge.
to have the running gear tlroughout
the country alike and transferalile in
every State.
"A meeting of the representatives
of the several Southern roads inter
ested in the change of gauge was
held in Atlanta on February 2, and
all the details of the change were ar
ranged. It was 7tecided that Mon
day, May 31, and Tuesday, June 1,
he et apart for the work. and that a
uniform 'aug~e of 4 feet 9 inches be
adotedin ieuof the strndiard gauge,
wh ich ' is, e S., inehes. The i foot,
9 inch gaug~e is considtered muore con~
v-enient, aiid as a certain amount of
iateral pla.y is allowed on all tracks,
it is sTli'ientl) near the Northern
auetn permit of a unifo-rm wheel
~auge all. over the country.
It is saidl that mrany .if the rail
ro:ad (enpanies seeing that the
cange mnst have come eventually,
coi:mmencedl to prepare for it a.q early
as three~ y ears an and such -is the
power of' organ ized labor and the deC
mandc of busine.s that nearly 13,~.000
m~iles of railror,d will be changzed i,o
the urniform gauge inside of about
twlehurs, and without interp
tionm in the ruinning' (A -many of the
important trains even on the day that
the eimnge Lakes place.
-Techange of <.9'gge wiii .Lake
pacen ajmo'st eCry-ratodduth
tendng o eat;., I',2 luiles of
r ailway, moade up as h)llows: South
Caroliua 1,320 miles, North Carlia
50 Geourgia 2,413, Floridla. I.250,
Luisiana: :31l8, Ken tucky' 1,118, Ten
ne"ssee 1,8S, and Virginia 9%t tfl
"The( I folo.ing liceu will changie
on Mr. 31st:Louisville and Nash
-ile) Cattanooga. 'i an St. Louis,
hi and C;hi'egten, i'abama
G?a so~utheru, CAi inat, Selm~a
a.nd M\ole, bieuntgomery aind Eu
iaula. Northeasternm of Gecorgia, Pen
sacolai andl Atlanta, F~lorida Railway
mi ines chang'e on1 June 'st.
"Tecagn of th giu e?1'r of the
all-' i n three inces without disturb
'ig tic other rail a't all The prepa
rat ions for ebagin the road h)ed
Lor cig the tie to muoth and
eve surface w~itlte base of the rail
and . cleaing awa any~ obistructionis
even i with '2e top of the tie for a
soeeo not le than five inches
eron the. rail that is to be mnoved in,
'otht whlen the change is made the
*beavrin of the track will not be dle
stroyed. All spikes not absolutely
necessary will be drawn out before
hand. The rail is fastened to each
acrosstie by two spikes. one on the in
s sidle andi the other on the outside.
All insi spikes will be drawn ex
cept the spikes in every third cross.
tie on tangents, and every other tie
on curves.
"By means of a template to mess.
ure the distance that the rail is to be
moved a great deal of valuable time
can be saved by riving the inside
spikes beforehand. Inside spikes
will be set with templates in every
third tie, and will project suffiCiently
above the surface of the tie to receive
the base of the rail. When the
ebla,Pge actually takes place, 'there.
fore. all that will be necessary to be
done will be to draw the few inside
spikes that have been left to keep
the rail in position, shove the base of
the rail under the spikes that have
already been driven on the inside of
the new gauge, and then secure it by
driving in the outside spikes, leaving
the old outside spikes to be drawn at
leisure. This arrangement will also
save the necessity for measuring the
gauge and changing the bearing on
the day of the change.
"The distribution of forces for
work on the Richmond and Danville
lines ou the day of the change will
be, for each squad of fifteen men,
three men drawing inside spikes, two
men throwing rail, one man with
hand car, one man driving down
'stubs. seven men driving spikes, one
water boy. The list of tools for each
force will be seven spiking hammers
and seven extra handles, four claw
bars, one stub punch, one monkey
wrench, one standard track gauge,
one water bucket. ono tin cup, two
lining bars, one axe, one track
wrench, one adze, one water barrel,
one lever car 4' 9" gauge, will be pro
vided. The foreman who belongs on
the sub-division will use the lever
car, and let the foreman from the
other section use his wide gauge pole
car. It will not be necessary to drive
any inside spikes on the day of
change of gauge except to drive home
those that have been set back and
drive inside spikes at joints. Out
side spikes are to be driven at joints,
centres, and quarters, on tangents and
at joints, and in every other tie be
t ween"joints in curves. When the
work of change of gauge is com
menced, the first object to be attained
is to get the main track in condition
to pass trains with safety. To do
this, forces will work regardless of
section limits until they meet forces
working in opposite direction. As
soon. as forces meet, they will then
return, over the track they have
changed andI full spike curves, and
then full spike tangents. AMTr this
work is completed, all sidings that
have not already beeni changed will
be brought to 4' 9'' gauge. Compen
sation allowed each foreman for work
on day of change will be three dol
lars, a.ud eacth laborer one dollar and
fifty cents and rations.
"All railway forces have been in
creased to at least double their ordi
nary numnber, and on the day of the
chanuge of' gauge there will be at least
three ien assign~ed to each mile of
track, 'rho men will be scattered
along the whole line, and the work
will be in progress nn ery mile of
the toa at the same time. The
squads go out from each section
house, and two squads beginning in
the middle of a~ inl tey work in 01)
poshe dig.eetio.ns antil. they meet the
next squad. In this way the dis
tinca wll casily be covered in a day,
and the whbole track changed in gauge
with only one day's trains off the
track, 'The work will be done be
tween 3.30 A. M. and 4 P. M., during
which time thec running of all trains
will have to be suspiended. After
4 o'clock, howyen the anin of
the was will h,e resumed.
~he ch ,uge of gauIgt of coiurse,
necessitates a compnlete change in the
runmnjig ge of thme rolling stock,
and this is an immense job. This
work has been in progress for
months, however, and all the trucks,
wheels and axles not on t~iii gbo
lutely geceigry fu the every day
business of the roads. have ben in
the Shops getting ready for~ their ne
work. The trigim new in use have
been~ iped so that the wheels can be
pushed three inches nearer together
with ease and expedition.
"A great many of the roads have
delayed gZetting new locanatives un
til phe chag~e i., nade. and they have
b;een ordered to suit the new gauge.
This is especially the case with the
South Carolina Railway Company
which will replace a great many 01
the locomotives with the new ones
Even with the locomotives now ir
service there will roct be any greal
diificulty in making the change. Al
of those that have been purchasec
during the past three years have beer
made with the tires of the driving
wheels se parat a from the main portiot
Iof the wheels, and all that will b<
e~.cessary will be to press them in
litleoan each side
-The change of gauge will, of
course, necessitate the expenditure
of a vast amount of money, but this
will be compensated for many times
over by the immense advantages
which will accrue from the adoption
of a uniform gauge throughout the
entire country.-Col'imbia Regi.ter.
Primary Elections.
This question is attracting much
attention at present, especially in the
upper counties. An effort will be
made for primary elections. not only
in the choice of county officers, but
for the nomination of Congressional
and State officials as well, and in
some of the Districts the Democratic
County Chairmen have been request.
ed to consider what arrangements
will be necessary in making this
change.
We are not sure that the people
would, if the plan were adopted, en
dorse it a second time, The ma
chinery of elections involves consid
erable expense and time, and where,
as would almost always be the case,
two or three would have to be held
to decide the nomination, the burden
of expense would be heavy; and
while the results would, apparently,
indicate the will of the people that
would not necessarily be the case.
Srppose in the contest for Congres
sional honors in a district with five
counties, there should be a candidate
from each one. Nine-tenths of the
voters would most apt cast their bal
lots for the candidates of their re
spective counties; and the result
would of course, be no nomination.
A second primary is ordered, all the
candidates being ruled out except
the two receiving the highest number
of votes, and they would with tolera
ble certainty be from the two most
populous counties. The voters in
the three counties which have no
candidates would to a certain extent
stay home, and the matter of nomi
nating a candidate for the District
would be left to two counties, with
the chances all in favor of the larger
one. So we see that there are seri
ous objections to primaries even out
side the questions of expense and
time, which will militate against
their unanimous adoption; and we
are confident that a District Conven
tion composed of representative dele
gates would please a larger number of
the voters than a primary would
whenever a large number of candi
dates.were before the people; and
not because the delegates knew bet
ter than the people how to vote but
for the simple reason that the people
cannot get together and vote as can
the delegates.
In county matters it is different.
The people know, by reputation at
least, all the candidates; they are
personally interested in having
county officials whom they like, and
in whom they have confidence, and
will work and vote for them as ear
nestly in the second as the first pri
mary. We think with proper regula
tions1 the primary system is the fair
est by which candidates can be nomt
inated for oounty offieers, but for
Judicial, Congressional oi- State nomn
inations it would be a delusion and a
snare, mainly from the fact that the
machiuery for the same would be too
cumbersome and expensive, and inci
dentally'-fromn the latter cause-he
cause the people would not give the
attention necessary to so important
a matter.
Still if the people want primaries
they ought to have themu, If they are
willing tp give the nteeded time and
imoney absolutely required for carry
ing~ theiu out properly, no man should
say them niay-but we are not at all
sure they want them, except for
county nominations.
We will outline a plan in our next
issue which will combine both the
primary and ennycotion plan, and
which will elhiinate the more objec
tiongble features of both.-Suder
Religious Fanaticism.
A terrible murder and suicide oc
curred in Lincoln County. WVest Va
ginia, on last Monday mybht, Mrs,
Margaret iuonan, a widow, became
ingne f'rom religious fanaticism and
imagined that she had beenm called on
by the Lord to sacrifice the lives of
herself and her three children to the
Divine wrath, Early in the afternoon
she threw herself upon her knees and
spent several hours in wild ravings,
She then arose, and arming herself
with a large, sharp carving knife,
made her way to a room occupied by
her three daughters, aged twelve, ten
and eight years, cut the throat of
each child and plunged the blade into
her own heart. The bodies were dis
covered yesterday by neighbors, who
state that the room was so bespattered
with blood as to bear a strong resem
bmnce to a slanghter house.
We Will Figh.t it, out. on ihis Line if 1
Takes :aII Sumrner.
A farmer friend asked us, a fe,
days ago. why The People was not
disciple of Capt. B. R. Tillmar
That's aln easy question and we hay
no hesitancy in answering it franl<
ly.
According to our understandin;
an editor sustains a semi-oficial rels
tion to his readers. It is his duty
in return and payment for the sup
port given hin, not only to collat<
facts on which arguments that lea(
to correct conclusions may be basc'
hut to criticise men and measures. in
terpret their rneanin'g an; whenevei
and wherever he su:5peets the con
cealrnent- of a cat in the meal tub t<
cry aloud and spare not. The Ieo
ple is n ot edited by "a young mar
of the name of Guppy" and while i
may be wrong. it is backing its judg
ment and prefers the risk of beinf
proven mistaken to the certainty o
being a time-server, afraid to havt
and express an opinion of its own.
It is a friend to the farmers and
all other bread-winners. The3
have had hard times since the wai
and it's no wonder that frequent re
curring disasters have made their
despondent, heart sick and ready t<
take any road that promises deliver
ance. According to the loud as
sertions of the supes of the melo.
drama the right road has been founc
but we don't read the sign board,
that way.
To emphasize our analysis of thf
convention of the 20-30th April, le1
us draw a home parallel by supposing
that a county convention had beer
called to meet at Barnwell. tc
consider and recommend reform
and retrenchments in the counts
government. And when the con
vention assembled, delegates werf
recognized miscellaneously, Allen
dale sending one, Three Mile twen
ty-three, Blackvi:ie five. and so or
for all the townships. - And the con
vention organized and made speeche:
I and considered measurs entirely out
side the purview of the call. meas
ures that had not been considered al
all by home constituents and that in
creased instead of diminished the
burdens of taxation. And no mattei
how good the intentions of the con
vention and the measures it advised
the people at home would not regarc
its actions. that was beyond the
scope o~ its authority, as binding
anybody except its own affirmativt
membership. And that's the way
the Columbia convention worked
The representation from the dirTeren1
counties was irregular and unequal
Charleston sendingz five'. Lauren
twenty-three. Berkeley one and so)
We have been told that one gentle
man was unanimouslv elected by the
votes of a half a dlozen of his owr
employees and we presume, frotn the
proceedings, that there were man)
Jack-inm-the-box delegates, who ham
no ideas of their neighbors to re pre
sent and who simnply popped up as
members of Capt. Tilhnau's comn
pany. (Our published record shows
that The People favored the electiom
of delegates by a representativ'
meeting lbut opp)osed the assumpiom
of that right by copmoral's guard meet
ings. And the inharmonious, tin
seasoned phl: torm adoptedl by th<
convention was the idiosyncratic ac
comiplishment of one man and no
the delilberate wo&rk of a real repre
sentative convention. It was abiou
as bad as the farm mangement cif thm
educated and unsuccessful theorist
but we shall try to beinm to inspec
it next week.
We will not. say tihat the~ disorgani
izationi 0f the I )emiocratic pairty ha:
bieen deliberately pl annedi. but tiher<
is d anigor of the loiss of its elbow toucl
that redeemied thme State and sakve<
its civilization. ten years ago. Ther:
are always mecn desroums of nev
things, reckless spirits, as reamdy fo
revolu.ion as the gamester is to risi
his all on tIhe th;row of a dice,. an<m
whmen trouble comes they appear. jus
as thme petrel pr?eedeCs the storm. Wi
thinI we have seen somei of th en
recently.
The D)emocratic party has heel
very good to us and we can afford t<
trust it yet. It has taken good eart
of us an,i whatever reforms are uneed
ed or wanited can bie best secure<
within its lines, If the people wan
a new dleal or the faLrmners want mori
complete control of affairs tIhey ca:
get them in the party. Let us firs
find out what we oughlt to doi an<
then do it. If the new political doc
tors can convince the people than
much phlysic is better than goot
nuing.m The People will take a:
muh memne as any body. and maki
no ugrly faces about it and help t
administer heroie doses to all wh<
decline to partake, but until th
Iwill of the majority is ascertained
we refuse to have the pellets, sugar
coated though they be, forced down
our throat. We have perfect faith
v in the sublime manhood of the An
a glo-Saxon race. Tbrough all the
eventful centuries it has been a dy.
a nasty of conquerors and victory has
followed its flag along every parallel
of latitude. all arcund the world.
The world can't get along witout its
supremacy and the good Lord has it
in his special keeping. And it will
yet solve the problems confronting
us and give the New South a future
far brighter than its prosperous past.
Mistakes can delay but they cannot
defeat its eventual triumph.-Barn
w:ell P'r-ple.
-Save Your Cotton Seed.
-Economy" in Winnsboro Herald
and News says:
"The stands of corn on the low
grounds are very fair, yet I heard
of a few having to plow bottoms up
and plant over. The stands of cot
ton are not as good as the farmers
would like to see; the ground ap
pears cold and the plant is coming
up very slowly. The weather for sev
eral days has been warm and clear.
It is to be hoped that it may remain
so, for if any disaster were to fall on
the cotton crop now, there would not
be seed sufficient in this vicinity to
plant a two-horse farm. The whites
as well as "Cuffy" sold their seed
last fall. The roads in the fall and
up to spring were constantly trav
eled by wagons, from an ox-cart to a
four-horse team, loaded with cotton
seed, and if the question was asked,
"where are you going ?" the response
nine out of ten would be, "gwine to
Swygert's or Dawkins depot." It
is an astr nishing thing that the far
mers countenanc the sale of such a
fertilizer, which by rights should re
turn to the land, thereby improving
it, instead of draining the very life
out it, thereby impoverishing it, and
naturally enough bringing the hard
times that are now-the blame of
! which the farmers ard trying to lay.
at the door of lawyers and laws,
while the same fraternity are re
futing and charging the farmers
with the blame, they being in
the ascendency, or holding the ma
jority of power in the goverunment.
Just im:ugine twenty cars of cotton
seed' containing 800 or 900 bushels,
shipped from Dawkins depot from
one crop. In round numbers 16,000
bushels. which at twenty bushels to
an acre would manure 800 acres of
wheat. Now it is reasonable to sup
pose th;at we would get ten bushels
of wheat per acre iu return at harvest
time; this yield on 800 acres would
be 8,00'0 bushels of wheat at the low
price of one dollar pcer bu.shel; would
be $8,000 the farmers deprive them
selves of, andi the i mprovment of
lan thrown in. Now itt us se wa
the 16.000 bushels of cotton seed as
a mierchantable article will bring3
them and find the net losses, 16,000
bushels cotton seed at fifteen cents
per bushel, (for that was the price)
woul be $2',400 received for their cot
ton seed. and the improvmient of the
land. Now make the difference and
you find th-e farmer sustaining a
,loss of $5.00O0 from one crop of seed.
on only 800 acres at that. Is not
this ruinous! Who gainsay it is
not ? XV by the banks with all their
-financierinug powers could not stand
that depreciation long, much less an
im poverished people, whose crorps
are sold long before harvesting. Le:t
them get out of the old rat and raise
b ogs hominy and small grain at
home, instead of receiving them
fourthi-hanided from Baltimore and
St. Louis. Then I venture you will
not see or hear of one class arraign
ingz the other for the hidden causes
of "hard times."
Alsss Editors, this cotton seed
statement is only one of the leaka
ges in the farmers' ship; it is or looks
r so smiall that they apparently over
.look it. Would it not be wise to)
make a careful examinaLtion, and
while chinking lar-ge holes -seeming
ly'' stop the minor ones ? For like
an old sore. if let alone, will even
tually destroy the body to which it is
:attached."
A gentleman recently calling at a
ho:,'ing house, left his umbrella in
-the hat-rack with a cardt, onl which
Iwas the following : "Belongs to a
man who strikes a forty-pound blow.
Will be back in five minutes." When
he returned, the umbrella was goneC,
b ut in its place was a1 scrap of paper
b earing the words: "Taken by a
- man who walks five miles an hour.
Swon't be back at all."
Seventy girls went out on Satur
3 day last at Aurora, Ill., for an ad
vance of twelve cents per dozen on
the corsets they were making. They
a got it, and so did 500 others in the
same factory.

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