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VOL. XXII. $s -Iu +vr NEWBERRY, S. C,, W1)NE:SDAY, S E11EMBER 8 1886. - usi
''IJE TOWN OF1 NEWflHE lY.
TIIH. TIHADE AND BUSINNCSS DONE'
DURtING TIIIC Y10A1t--COT1
A List of the IBusiness iiouses in New
berry---Tho Factory, Bank awl
Other Institutions of Our Town
--A Good Showing In Spite
of Hard Times.
The story of Newberry's settle
ment as told by Judge John Belton
O'Neall in his Annals of Newberry
is so well known that the 11 :ii.n
AND NEWs,- on this oceasion, need
not refer at length to the little group
of houses which clustered around the
spring near the present jail a hundred
or more years ago. Nor is it neces
sary to record the minutiae of the
growth since that time, of the young
city in whose progress all her citi
zens are so deeply interested. We
are not writing a history of New
berry; we wish to place before our
readers, Newberry as she stands to
day, commercially and bidustrially.
But we may pause a moment to ex
amine the early history and settlc
ment of the county from which New
berry draws her support and which
looks to her with pride as its metrop
olis and center.
The County of Newberry is situ
ated within what is known as the
Piedmont region of South Carolina.
It is bounded on the south-west. by
Saluda River, which divides it from
Edgefield; on the north-west by an
irregular line leading from the old
Island Ford on the Saluda to O'I)ell's
ford on Enoree and running north 31,
east 511 miles, which divides it from
Laurens; on the north and east by
the Enoree River as far as Avery's
ford, thence by the road to Cren
shaw's ford on the Tyger River and
down that river to its junction with
Broad,-all of these lines dividing it
from Union County; on the east by
Broad River as far down as ltul"s,
which divides Newberry from Fair
field; and on the soutl-east by a
straight line drawn from 1Iughey's
ferry south 17", west 16 miles, untii
it intersects the Saluda opposite
Rocky Creek and a little above Buf
falo Creek, which separates it from
Lexington. The county is about 24
miles square and contains 368,G-10
square acres. The soil is well suit
ed to the production of cotton, corn,
wheat, oats, tobacco, pens, potatoes,
sorghum and other produets common
t) central South Carolina.
The town of Newberry, situated
near the center of the county, con
tains a populntion of about 2,800.
The population in 1840 was _00; in
-1850it was 509; in 1870, 1891; in
~~ 1880, 2 342 T1he town is in latitude
9'4 deg. 10 minl. 37 sec., and longi
fude 0 deg. 41 mwin. west o f Columbia.
It is on tile C. &. 0. 1I. 11., 47 miles
from Columbia, and 96 miles from
Greenville, and hlas an elevation
aibove tile sea level of' 502 feet. Trhe
pr1incipal buildings of Newblerry- areP
the opera house, court house, jail,
market, Newberry hIotel, Cr-otwll
hotel, tile factory buildling, andl tile
*new ware hlouse necar the dep'Iot.
Most otf tile stores ar'e of brick, while
tile residlences are generally of wood.
Bothl will compare very favorably
withl those of any town in South
The assessed value of p)rop)erty
within tihe town of Newberry is, r-eal
estate, $804,040, and personal $5.1 ,
400. Th'le city tax is two inills on
tile dollar, and an adlditional revenue1
of $2,800 from licenses. A (bt of'
$22,000 was incurr-ed in 1881 for
building an opera house. Fo(r tile
paymnent of this diebt bonds haIve
been issued, andi a tax of' one ill i has
been levied to secure' tile initerest
Thell town Is governIedl by a malyor
and four aldermen, whlo serve without
pay. Tile presenlt mayor is Geo. 11.
Cromer, Esq., and the aldermnen are
B. H. Cline. Geo. I.- McW irtmer, .J .
B. Goggans and Eduar-d ScholItz.
John S. Fair, ECsq., is clerk and
treasurer of the council.
TheLl police force of Newberry' con.
sists of a chiief anid four nIlicers. A t
this time tihe chlief is .John ii1. Chmap
nell. who has held his oc nuIrly
four years. The remaining oficers
of the (orve are I11. I I. FII ankin, I:.
I'. l::irey. J. 1). Brown and W. Y.
Mille r. There has never been a time
in the history of Newberry when
bet.ter order was kept or the town or
dinanees imoire strietly eniforced than
iIO EssIONAL. atts.:N
The trial justices in New berry are
II. II. 13lease and Jos. S. Reid, Esgs.
) attorneys and physicians New.
berry has a full quota. The follow.
ing are the practicing lawyers : E. II.
Aull, Harry 11. 13lease, J. F. J. Cald
well, M. A. Carlisle, Geo. B. Cromer,
.J. Y. Culbreath, M. Foot, Jr., J. K.
1'. (loggans, 1). 0. Ilerhert, W. II.
I1unt, J.1, co. Johnstone, L. J.
Jones, L. W. .Jones, Jno. 13. .Jones,
T. S. Aloorwan, Geo. S. Mower, Y. 1
. 1'ope, G. C). Sale, 0. L. Schumpert,
C. II. Suber.
The Physicians are I)rs. Co.
field, C. W. Garmany. .James K. Gil.
der, W. G. IIouseal, James M. Kib
ler, 0. B. Mayer, Sr., 0. 11. Mayer, t
.Jr., James llclntosh, S. Pope, P. B.
Ruff. The city is proud both of her
la wy ers and her doctors, some of
whom are among the most noted in 2
'1hc dentists are: Drs. Jno. R.
Thompson, 1. C. Jones, TIheo. John
stone and T. A. Sale.
BOlARD OF liA.H
Chairmlan.-Dr. James MlcIntosh. t
Ward 1. Jno. C. Wilson, G. M.
WVard "'. T. C. Pool, Dr. WV. G.I
W1'ar'd :. Dr. .Jas. 31. Kibler, 1)r. E.
\ardi -1. W. M. Lane, Ceo. A. i
I ang,1ord. 9
There are six churches for whites i
in Newberry, a list of which is seen I
below. As a rule the structures are 1
creditable. All are su)pplied with I
organs, thrcee having very fine pipe
organs. Iotth churches and Sunday
schools may be described as in a
good and growing condition. t
''h following is a list of churches i
Lutheran-A. 13. MlcMlack in.
\leth :-list-II. F. Chrietzberg. t
la p' i - t-C. '. Scott.
A. R. 'resbyhterian-E. P. MeClin.
Elpiscopal- V. II. IIanekel.
Presbyterian-No pastor at pres. I
The colored people have three I
churches, Baptist, Methodist R 1 1l
Presbyterian. These also are in a I
flourishing condition. c
Newhierry College.---One of the I
leading edIucationial inistitutions ofi
Southi Carol ina, and1( indeed of the
whole South, is Newberry College. I
It was ehmaitered( in 1856d and opedned c
at Newherry in 1858. Tb'c war causedt
it to suispendI o[perations anid left itt
n a ciippled condition. Immedi-.
ately af'ter the cessation of hostilities
the co0llege was reS 'opene~d, andl it has(
coniti )nued t.o do excel lent ser'vice in 1
thie c'ause of' education since that
time. It was mnoved to W~alhatllat in
1 G8, but in 1877 returned to New. I
beirry, wher'e the liberality of citizens
had provideCd a college building cost- I
ing $20,000. Thius building is situ.
ated on an eminence overlooking the<
town, and contains ev'ery facility
needed for the priosecuttion) of the
work f'or which it. was (designed. Its I
intei'ioi' is well alrra'iged, the class
roomis being large and well lurnishied,i
and the dlormnitoi'ies comnf'ortable. I
Thirary conitainus (;,000 v'olumies,i
anud the Iwo l iteraruy societies con.
11(cted( wit. th ie co lle (ge lhave' each in
addition1 well rele' cd libraries of
I.hir own. A monmg other facilities
tor' stid and~ u' ciultiire we may men.
tin the athelmuin which is wvell sup.
jlied wiithi c'orr1entI )iPper and p)eri.
a r'e'enlt aegu (i dtiinii andul the Sibley
musieum which conuitainis fine collec
tions in the depar'tmenits or natural
Thei'!'' '(.i re iremn for adm iissioni toi
thie ('(llegi 4'(1e ' dear'tmentI are very
rii,In the varI'Ous coursesC for (de.
gr'ees t horogh Thei standIardl of
the ons't r'ew '(On'
The President of Newberry Col.
lege is Rev. G. W. 11olland, l'h. 1).,
who has ably filled the position since A
1878. lIe is a Virginian who gradu- te
ated at Roanoke College in 1857. .J
studied theology at Gettysburg, Pa , &
and afterwards at Union Seminary, A
New York. lie lost an arm in the TI
Confederate service at lFairfax Court 1)
[louse, Nov. 5th, 1861. Dr. Holland .J.
tau.lht in the colbego for several \V
"ears before he became its president. IN
lie is a man of broad culture, liberal K
views and a kind heart, and is great
ly respected and admired wherever
ie is known. His assistants, five in 1B,
iumber, are all men of culture and L,
ibility. The influence of such a ra
ody of men engaged in educational ra
work in Newberry cannot be over. Br
Connected with Newberry College se
s the Theological Ieminary of the 11
I4vangelical Lutheran Church South.
L'his time.honored institution, whose
dlumni now fill so m any pulpits &
hiroughout the South, has a corps of W
nstructors consisting of )r. 1Iolland,
.1ev. A. G. Voight, A. MI., and Rev.
lolmes )ysinger, A. M. Several Si
roung men are now in attendance 1),
>reparing themselves for the minis- I.
ry of the Lutheran Church.
THEIE FEMALE ACADEMY.
This is one of Newberry's oldest O'
nstitutions, having been incorpora- C.
ed in 1807, and there is none in I
vhich she takes suc.h a pride. It has
lways depended wholly upon fees
or its maintenance. The present Ja
ourse of study embraces all English
ranches, Latin, Greek, French and
xerman, special attention being P.
iven to mathematics. Among the
upplementary studies are vocal and
nstrumental music, painting, draw- MI
ng and calisthenics. Capt. A. P.
if'er has been principal o" the New
ierry Female Academy since 1871.
Ie is a Virginian by birth, a fine
cholar, an accomplished gentleman, Ii'
.nd a successful teacher. Three is
istant teachers arc cmployed and
he a^,ademy is in a flourishing con
NtwnErY MALE AIDAI:1 Y.
The (late of the real foundation of' l.
he Newberry Male Academy extends
ack farther than the memory of the
Idest Inhabitants, but the building,
o which this term is applied to-day,
vas erected in 1871, and was occu
ied in that year by Mr. J. C. llardin,
eho had been teaching in a small Imv
iu iding which stood near the present
.cademy. In the fall of 1872 Mr. .J.
I. Brooks took charge of the acad.
my, and taught there until 187G,
vhen Mr. R1. Il Clarkson took charge.
) uri ng Mr. Clark son's occup)ancy,
ni 1879, the academy joined f'orces
vith the p)rimnary department of New.
erry College; and Mr. Clarkson, in
harge of this department, taught in
he college builing. In 1881 the T~
rustees of the academy dlecidled to
vithidraw their force from the college,l)
mnd, under the charge of Miss Nora C
ofleld, again openecd in the academuy
milding. Miss Cofield having re
igned at the close of the last session,
dIr. James P. Kinard, a recent grad. y
ate of the South Carolina Military 1),
icademy, has been elected princip)al, jk
mnd the academy will open this~ '.0ll M
vith bright prospects of a pr'osp~er.
THiE HlOGE 5(711001..
T1his school for colored children is
ias long been in successful operation. an
\. two story building costingr $l,500 sn
S occipied, four teachers are em- ab~
>loyed, and the average attendane
s about 175. The pri ncipal f'or the ge
mnsuing session 1has not yet beeun co
in addition to the i nstituitions just th
nentioned,. theCre are other'I schools in re
\wberry for small-r children. I uu
L'hcse are well patronized. im
Thue I3uslnessq H[ouses or Newbe(rry3. cl
There arc seventy live huouses do
ng business in Newberryv,--about se
,he same number as that of last year. red
LIelow we have arranged the names w'~
f firm~s with regardl to the variety of mI
oiids handled. VTe mixed stock of' dI
tomeI( makes repectition necearyli~.
i'he names are given at ranudom,i w~i
without regardl to the (compalraftive en
standing of' each -'l
r Todd. Suniner Bros., Sami 1
ines, (). 11. 1'. Fant, J. N. Marti
Co.. 11... lanage, T. Q. Boozei
M. Blowers & Co., 1I. C. Summers
hos. F. Hlarmon, GeCo. MlcW\hirter
AI. Ward & Co , It. E. Williams
S. lisell, 13. 11. Lovelace, 1). It
heeler, Joln )onahue, 0. Klettner
II. 1Iarris, A. II. llease, A. L,
M\. S. l'pstin, 'Minter & Jamieson
J. ltamage, C. & G. S. Mower. C
llavird, J. 0. llavird, V. T. Tar
nt, 1). C. Flynn, It. 11. Cline, Tar
nt & Alartin, 1). 11. Wheeler, Jos
own, Thos. F. llarm non, J. Mann
Mlittel, B. 11. Lovelace, J. S. Ituq
II, .Joln )onahue, 0. Klettner, A
Blease, Al. Foot, ,Jr., & Co.
Peoples & Johnson, S. P. Booze
Son, .(. N. Martin & Co., 1).
W\right & J. W. Coppock, Cloud a
titli, M. S. ICpstin, W. T1. Tarrant
C. Flynn, .Jos. Brown, J. Mann
J. R. G reen, 'T. (. Boozer, Barney
)onnell, A. M. lowers & Co., I I
Smumers, ). M. Ward & Co., (
Wooten & IMlchirter, Minter o
mieson, R. Y. Leavell.
W. l'.. Pelham, Colicl(1 & Lyons
itCild A No $T.\ToNi:itY.
astll & l.i.un1. .1 . W. Chapinan,
'. (. ; rel.r.
L-.d. Schultz, ,J. W. Montgomery.
ST'VlEs AND TINWAti'.
ScoCtt Bros., A. ,. Sproles, S. P
I". II allett & Co., S. B. Jones.
I.I \' I-:I; V rraVs.l.: .
1. I). Smith. 11. 11. Blease.
It.\ -:11, .:s.
T. Wright, Louis Crede.
A l IIONl.:1:ts.
l". V. 'T'honason, .1. 1'. Kinard.
1t'umii:s AND wAOOONS.
1. N. Martin & Co., .1. Taylor.
Newhierry, Crotwell, lilease, Ea
Leavell & Speers.
T. %. Salter.
it. C. Maybin.
N. 1B. Mazyck.
K. I). L,ake.
e 'Trnele4 ort Newbewry, Nep,. I , I ;I
to Neplt. I, INSfi.
neies I... .. . ... .. .. ..$366,004
y Goods ... .. .. .. .. ....210,004
lunors... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 67,004
trdware, Ilicludlinig Stoves
and Tiin ware. .. .. .. ...2,004
irnitnre..... .. .. ....32,004
'oks and Stationery .... 12,004
seelan ous . . . .. .. .. . 60,004
Total. .... ..... . .$919,004
Unde(lr thie head of mniscellaneou:
incluldedI jeweliy, the mnarble yart
(1 the mar'ket receipts, beCside:
1111 itemls whichl we have beeni un
le to classify.
In Ispi)te of hiard~ tiimes' and LIhI
n era1 buiess depression8101 of tI
nr,we are glad to say that wi
t but onel N ewberry imerchanit wh<
miiplainedpC tihiat his~ sales were les:
rtn those of the pireviouis year. Man;:
Ior a consb1lerabCle iincrease in th<
muniit ofi a's andi that, too1, whiei
>I t:s-s C f goods hav'e b)ee'
cal erLI han :i pa 1lst years.
liTel~ a ggte, 9 $9,00. rer
nts what $1,250,000 woulId hiav'
presenitedl ten years agoC); inI othie
Irds th L Ie first amounl11(1 t i now
Ths iCr, wei hav no il ( doubt
II sem(iI bh;e. LI .lal, 1( i i.
rate (in round numbers) as it is pos. litti
sible to make them. As already re. the
marked, taking into consideration med
the fact that everywhere the cry of infg.
hard times is heard and that corn. neal
plaints of business depression arc 'Tl
well nigh universal, this showing folh
should be satisfactory to those who 551
are carefully and anxiously studying goes
the progress of Newberry from year mer
to year. ''hat she is advancing there no s
is not the least doubt., of tI
In1 the "good old days" fifteen MI.
years ago Newberry had a larger cot- pres
ton trade than she now enjoys. Nev
Wagon trains from the counties of asso
. Union, Laurens and Cdgefield- then wor'l
filled our public square during the has
, busy season, and the hearts of the year
cotton men were made glad. But mill
new railroads, an increase in the of y
number of' markets and buyers, and of w
various other causes have combined to w
to divert some of these streams of patrt
trade; and the stations of the Lau- 1
rens and the S. & (T. and C. lailroads men
now receive and ship many bales of ises
cotton which, fifteen years ago, would Irid
have gone through Newherry's hands. upor
Newberry, however, has held her seve
own with the other cotton markets of of a
the State outside of Charleston, as Th
te tabulated statement below will '
show. In reading this statemont it New
must not be forgotten that the crop ban1
of last year was short, and besides a an1d
part of that marketed here has gone the
through the looms of the Newbrrry valu
cotton mnill. Til
It will not be out of place to insert of N
here a list of the cotton buyers, both Mc(
those who reside here and those who 1al:
Collie for the season regularly frol Cash
other points. The list is as follows Cai
.1. N. Martin & Co., I. N. (i:ry, A . 1owi
Singleton, .1. W. ( ary, W. J. Lake, tihe I
ltowmuan & Lake, C. B. liuist, ,. V. McI
Matthewes, Jr., W. T. 'T'arrant, W. II. Mar
Ilunt, Wm. I[. Stapleton, of New w'ile
York, 0. McIR. Holmes, of' W1ilming. wiel
ton, N. C., and W. H. Davis, of Co. Tr
lumhia. is a
.Atmlouln or ('otton Sol in N wberr't 80 fi
Fronm Sep. 1. 11,0. to Sepl. 1, Ifil. squag
Cotton Sold ........12,957 Bales. liee
" lIsed by Factory :3,100 ", ar
- ~ : hotu
Total ..... . ... I G,057 - I- ('I
The Newberry Cotton 3I111. iltld
This enterprise. one of the greatest vtaul
magnitude ever undertaken ill New- ,
berry, was set on foot in 188:3. In
May of that year the Newberry cot. i
ton mill company was organized and ii
the building was begun. It will be Obsj
remembered that this was a time
when the business interests of the F
country were greatly depressed. 0iv
Notwithlstanding tis fact the undler. mi
taking was successfuil, and1 tihe fac. S'l
tory stand(s to-day, a mlonlumenQlt to I
thle enterprise andl businiess acumlen
of' its organizer's. Thel butilin g is a
thlree story structure of brick with Ove1
granite stepis, facings anid foundation. U. S
'ilTe brick used( in) its construlctionl of
were made at the yard of Mr. ,J. P'. nm<
) Pool, about 0110 mile f roml town ; and WI
)the granite, for' which Newherry is Rleal
famous, was quarried withlin three rut
miles of the city. TFhe building is pa
wvell lighlted1 and1 venitilaited, conitain u '
a steami elevator, and is secuired liini
against destruction by fire by a sys-. ra
temi of water' pipes~11 rumng through Sje
it, tanlks ho11lin anl abunidance of' 'Lex
wvat,er, and a full s 1 upl of hose 'p
whlich can be used with ad vantage in eln
any plart of' tile structiure at a 1m1
menOIts notice. de,
T 1he subscribed capital is at piresenIt
$250,000. Six thlousand Sile ls
anld 200 Ioomis are no0w runnlinlg, (ap
whIiichl wvill sooni he inlcreasedo to 1 I0,- S r'I
000 spindle s and :(0 loms. the0 full a
Capacity of tile Illill. AnI0 eng ill0' oIf
800 hlorse powrner -.jilies the0 mlotive Ihl
force. All tih' Imachii'y, whieb'l is toi
of tihl most5 appriUIor pa:tterni and li'
celebrlatA d mill enlginleers, boekwoodi(l(.
G'reen &. Co., of1 l'ro v id lnce, . .
Thie mill1 at pres(ent conslu,ne(5sI
albouht tent hales of coitt OI dail y, ma11k- T
Sinlg 14,000 yds5. (if brlown shee ~ tinigs tl
a111( sh~iilngs. The, valuhe of the udaily ine
factuire is $750. Thie (operaftive VIemC- 945
plaiyed nutmbewr I150. Th'ie mlcreased 1bo1
' tahinerICiy iillOncess5itte the~ Cm- of g
- ployment ,f 75 addlitiontal hatnds. per
e village of cottages, all built on
same plan, which is situated im.
lately west of the factory build.
The factory hotel, which stands
by, enjoys a good patronage.
he rate of wages paid daily is as
)ws: Male, average, 941c.; female,
and this sum, most of which
through the hands of Newberry
Thants every saturday night, is
mall factor in the annual trade
se town. ,
lie president of the company is
U. L. McCaughrin, who is also
ident of the National Bank of
berry, and whose name has been
ciated intimately with every
.,y enterprise which Newberry
lndertaken (luring the last twenty
s. The superintendent of the
is Mr. C. W. Holbrook, a native
vew IIampshire, and a gentleman
ide experience in the business
hich he has devoted the greater
of his life.
nder such intelligent manage.
L the Newberry cotton mill prom
to be a great success. Newberry
.1s herself, and very justly too,
a the native energy, tact and per
ransce which have made her dream
few years ago a reality.
I. National Bank or Newerry.
sis is another institution in which
berrians take a just pride. The
was organized in July 1871,
to-day it ranks second among
)anks of South Carolina in the
e of its stock.
i officers of the National lank
ewberry are : President, 11. L.
'aughrin, the founder and princi
hiiare holder of the institution;
ier, T. S. Duncan; Assistant
ier, '1'. .J. AlcCrary. The fol.
ig Iamed l;entlemen comprise
,oard of 1)irectors: Drs. James
Utosh and it. C. Carlisle, J. N.
tin, C, II. Suber, John B. Car
John T. Peterson, .Jno. S. Ren
,1t. 1 i. Wright.
to building occupied by tihe bank
substantial brick structure, 25 x
et, located on the courthouse
re. In the front part is the of
vbere four competent employees
.'onstantly at work during ofllce
s. In the rear are two large
ing's Safes of improved pattern,
a spacious fire and burglar proof
6 fitted with a time lock.
inc idea of the condition of this
tution may be gained by insert
here its last oflicial statement,
i we take from the -Newberry
rver of' Sept. 1st.
leport of the Condition
rnE m NATIroNAL BANKC om. Nixw
iHRY, S. C., ATI N'iwaEnny, IN Tm:n
Al T( 1" Smurr CARoLTNA, A'1 T'I E
.4)8 ?F 41 USI(8NESS, Iii nSD1 A Y,
lITEM IER 181', 1880
'rfs ' ' ' ' ' 12,123 01)
.li Hads to secuare circuI
ion ' ' ' ' ' ' ' 50,000 0(0
r stocks, bonds, anid
w'tgamges ' ' ' ' ' 12,000 -18
from State Bainks dudl
('sitte, furnmi.itr, ani d
0 t ls ' ')2' ' ' ' ' 10,25(0 00
idC 1* *1 ' 'eli ' ' ' :,i5o t1.
nium pai' ' ' ' ' : 1,000 00(
of ther bns ' ' 5 :,250 (0.
mnpt ion innid with UT.S.
.lasurer (5 per 1cenIt. cir'
alioni) ''' ' ' ' 2,250 00
Ier' tha 5111 per~ cent. r'e
mllption fund ' ' ' ' 81,0.10 (00
TLotal, ' ' ' ' $01 I,103 06;
I a1 stock pidt ini ' ~' 150,00l0 0!)
Ias inntmd * ' ' ' ' 0,000 0(1
'122l1 11ank Iote's ouit
LInlin1g ' ' ' ' ' 123,010 00
41he(k ' ' ' ' ' - 130,857I 32
ii (1tIher Nal2ti1nal Banmks <l0,9f2 02
pa4yal '' ' 20,000 001
To a - . ' ' $iu11,-193 00
i)ING. AN) I.O.\N ASSOCIATION.
bis Ilouarishinag institution was or
z/.ed about a year ago. It, is
Ling every expectation of its
1(ds. There hans been paid in $1 1,
for whtich thle association holds1
Is and mortgages to the amoutt
1 6,600-thme profit being aboti%dO
'cant. T1hae oflcers are as followkn -
ox'im(E)oN SEVEN'1m l'm(1J