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s XIIr I.ur13 OTS NEW BERRY, S. 0., W EDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1887.A..JOE,Pblorad roito.N 7
The Grange E4caupment.
The following letter will be sent
to the Masters of the State Grancs
of our sister States by our Grange
Dear Sir and .Bro:
The State Grange of South Caro.
lina at its recent annual sessipn (2d
and 8d Feb., 18 7) appointed the un
dgrsigned as commissioners on its
part to meet similar commissioners
from the States of Alabama, Georgia,
Tennessee and North Carolina, to
form and arrange a board 'of man=
agement and supervision of the Inter.
State Grange Encampment already
agreed upor by these respective
State Granges, through the masters
of the same. Ample grounds with
all needed buildings, railroad sidings,
water facilities, etc., etc., have al.
ready been contributed free of cost
by the liberal and public spirited
patrons and citizens of the enter.
prising city and county of Spartan.
burg. Direct and quick railroad
transit has been secured at the most
favorable rates allowed to any others.
This is to respectfully request that
you will at once arrange for the
three commissioners (yourself and
two others) from your State Grange
to meet similar ones from the other
four States at the city of Spartaii.
burg, S. 0., on the 6th day of April,
1887, then and there to organize the
said fifteen commissioners into a per.
manent board of management of the
said Inter-State Grange Encamp.
ment, and to make all by-laws, rules
and regulations for conducting and
governing the same. The State of
South Carolina has instructed her
Commissioner of Agriculture to make
an exposition of this department at
the Encampment, and appropriated
$1,000 to build a hall for the same.
The ground for this hall has been
donated by the Encampment com=
pany to the State, and the same will
be doi,ated to any of the other States
desiring to make exposition of their
resources. We most respectfully
and earnestly -urge that your coin
missioners'shall meet the others at
the time arid place stated without
fall, for it is of vital importance that
everything shall be promptly done,
and in time to have the first annual
Encampment fully advertised in all
the Grange newspapers throughout
the Union. Let us hear from you as
soon as possible.
Very respectfully and fraternally,
JAS. N. LIpscoum,
A. P. BUTLER,
J. W. WOFFoRD,
Commissioners of So. Ca. State
Grange for the Inter-State . Grange
What the Inter-St%to Incanpment is
Expected to Accomplish.
Carolina Spartan, Feb. 9th.
Many people do not yet fully com.
prehend what the encampment is in.
tended to accomplish, and as it is a
new thing in the South, it may be
well to state a few of the benefits
contemplated by- the originators of
the scheme. It is to be an annual
meeting of farmers and manufac.
titrers, lasting one to four weeks
* as the interests of the occasion de.
mand. It'will embrace all the fea.
* res of an agricultural fair and
stock show. Sp,ecimnens of farm, gar.
den and orchard products will be ar
ranged for exhibition. The p)rodlucts
of the "forests will also be there.
Then the State exhibit, whiich ini it.
self is a big show, will be sent here.
Manufacturers of all sorts of agricul=
tural implements will have samples
of their work on hand. if the farm.
cra Qf this arnd adjoininig cotinties
take a lively interest in the matter
and build tents and move in for a
week or two, then the manufacturers
and stock men from abroad will con=
gregate here.' They look upon a
large encampment as the very best
place to advertise their goods. Apart
from the exhibition and sale of agri=
* cultural implements and fine stock.
threrce will be Qther feattires that will
look more to the education of the
farmers. In the course of time there
will be lectures from men who unite
science with practice. Suggestions
will be made to farmers, which will
set them to thinking. Then there
will grow out of this a school fol
cookery in which ladies may learn
how to cook and what to-cook. Itils
expected that the social feature oh
these meetings will pay for all the
trouble of camping for a week or
two. Farmers and thmele fqmilie
from different counties and States
can meet here and become acquainted
with each other. Tis In itself will
be an Important factor in the educa
tion of the young. It will afford r
vacation for tired wives. After wor
rying over the cooking and washing
and cleaning of the family for seve.
ral months, it will b'e better than
medicine for her to move out to this
encamapment where she can~ mingle
With her sisters and conrpare notes
~nd live a week or two without being
bnrdened by household cares. The
association has bought' thirty acres
of land on the Air Line road just
outside of the incorporation. They
are now clearing this off and will
soon erect a tabernacle, with shingle F,
roof, that will accommodate a large l
crowd. A house will also be erected.
Lots will be assigned for tents. The
grounds - will be laid bff regularly
and the Air Line road will put in all 1e
necessary side tracks. The first meet- th
ing will be next summer. The- coin. pr
mittee asks citi-4ens of the county to PI
give material help in this matter. A CO
share in the association is only $10. in
It is not expected that the stock. gr
holders will make money, but if the ro
enterprise should fail the land will sl+
belong to them. Atter it Is once th
started it will be self-supporting. lb
Our people should give all the assis. bF
tance liossible in starting the en. at
canmpment and placing it on a per. T
inauent. basis. th
Presentment of the Grand Jury. to
To His Ionor A. P. Aldrich, Judge m
Presiding : se
The Grand Jurors, at the close of wl
their labors for this term of Court of o
General Sessions, would most re
spectfully report to your Honor- cn
That they have carefully consid. to
ered all bills handed them by Solici.
tor Duncan; and in the further dis- nc
charge of our duty, we have made a It
full and careful examination of the m
jail and jail yard and buildings. We ta
find that the plastering is off in to
many places, that the glass is out in th
a number of windows. This s' uld th
all be repaired at once. The sight tu
ning rod is down and-should be re- nc
placed very soon, so as to give pro- ti,
tection to the building. We recom
mend that the entire inside of the
jail, especially the cells, be thorough. Ci
ly repaired and cleansed. The clean.
ing is very much needed. The T<
kitchen is very much in need of re- at
pairs. There should be a new stable so
and a privy built on the-jail lot, and be
we think this should be done at at
once. We recommend that the Coun. tr
ty. Commissioners, without delay, cc
have boxes, one for each cell, not at
less than one foot square, made-and pr
placed in the cells, such boxes to be
filled with sand; and that the pris- in
oners be required to spit in those wl
boxes, and that the sand be changed w
as often as required by cleanliiess. in
We recommend that the jury rooms w,
be repaired and cleans'ed,-nnd that wl
some plan be adopted for heating cc
these rooms, and that such furniture sl
be placed therein as would conduce b3
to the comfort of -the jurors while wl
confined there for deliberation. wi
We also recommend that good of
substantial cast-iron banisters be CO
placed on the steps in front of the ri
Court House. ril
We advise that all public high. sh
ways be kept open the entire width b3
required by law, and that all roads gu
be worked by uniform plans and a
specifications; also that the County th
Commissioners be required to furnish
Overseers of Highways with all such
tools as may be needed to facilitate
work on the roads, and that each
overseer be held responsible for all
tools given him for use on his road.
'rie Commissioners shiold be re
quired to keep an inventory of all ut
such tools to be made and kept, and in
that such inventory be handed to the lic
Grand Jury at each term for verifi- th
cation, and that such tools be used th
for no other purttpose than working th
the p)ublic roads. fa
The County Poocrhouse was ex- or
amined by a committee of our body, to
who report that they find every- hi
thing in and about the Poorhouse in thi
fair condition ; the building, bedding bI
and all tihe paupers seemed to be mn
clean and fairly kept, We advise 'r
that no more wood be allowed to be hc
cut from the Poorhouse farm, as all al
will be needed for the use of the qi
We allow our clerk, J. S. Reid, m
thiree dollars fof- services rendered, Iz
and advise that it be paid. ei
H. C. Moseley. Foreman; WV. P. ei
MicCullomigh, 13. 1'. Can non, Pat Bol- Io
and, T. 8. Blair, O. Wells, Lamnbert to
L. Moore, Calvin K. Baker, David er
Pitts, C. C. McWVhirter, J. D. A. pi
Kibler, P. B. Warner, John Baker, ril
G. WV. Bowers. t
. SPEcIAL ORDEIRs. Cc
On hearing the presentment of the hm<
Grand Jury, and on motion of D. R. te
D)uncan, Solicitor, it is ordered that is
a copy of so much of said present. 'T
ment as refers to the Jail of' said ct
county, the Courthouse steps, the et
highways and tools to work the ri
same, m}nd the wood land of the 10
County Poorhouse, be served on the
Board of County Commissioners of gi
Newberry County.- -ti1
A. P. A unucir. p<
8th February, 1887. St
Cot. Cowvard Appointed Postofmee In- al
Col. A. Coward, of this place, has be
recived'the appoIntmient .f postollce q
inspector and will enter upon the at
discharge of his duties in a few te
days, though lie does not know Just ti
now to what.territorty lie will be as
signed.--orkvil/c nquimm ai
WHAT 18 NEEDED NOW.
'om Address of Prof. J. J. McCain of
rakine College Before the Y. M. C.
A. of Due West.
The Christian gentleman is much
eded now. He is needed to take
e place of defaulting cashiers and
esidents of banks; to take the
ace of absconding treasurers of
unties and States. He is needed
the balls of Legislaure and Con.
ess. He is needed in the school
om and at the editor's desk, to as
t in moulding a public sentiment
at will frown upon whatever is dis.
nest and corrupting, and that will
the best preserver of the liberties
id the institutions of our country.
hie world recognizes this fact; and
e confidence which it places in men
sound Christian character is its
stimony to the influence of the
ristian religion in making true
en. It pays to buy this truth and
11 it not; and I pity the young man
Io does not make it a part of his
itfit for a successful life.
Another truth to which I wish to
l attention is that our oppor
nities are the visits of angels to us.
e know not what we do wh,.n we
glect them, or fail to improve them.
is right here that so many young
en make the mistake that proves fa
l. They neglect their opportunities
.day, but they expect to improve
em to-morrow; they neglect them
is year, but they are determined to
rn over a new leaf and do better
xt. But while they delay, precious
ne slips by never to be recalled.
Co-morrow, and to-morrow and to-mor
eeps in this pretty face from day to
the last syllable of re<orded time":
d thus neglected opportunities lie
attered along the track of their
rren life as the bones of perished
imals and men along the caravan's
%ck in the desert. Neglect be
mes habit, habit becomes nature;
d the fairest opportunities then
esent themselves in vain.
It is by granting opportunities to
en that God demonstrates to the
rld the worth of some and the
)rthlessness of others, since noth.
g shows more plainly the stuff that
3 are made of than the manner in
sich we .seize upon and turn to ac.
unt our opportunities. 'Casar
owed the stuff that ho was made of
regarding it an opportunity for
-iting his commentaries when he
s tiding in his carriage at the rate
a hundred miles a day, over
untries without roads and over
ere without bridges. Elihue Bur
t one of our own countrymen,
owed the stuff that he was made of
learning no less than forty lan.
ages while working at the trade of
blacksmith, illustrating in this way
e very truth of the poet's words,
"Thus at the flaming forge of life
Our fortunes must be wrought;
Thus on its sounding anvil shaped
Each burning deed and thought."
Senseless War Talk.
A great deal of unnecessary and
founded war talk has been indulged
during the p)ast week by the pub
ation of abstracts frrm a report of
a adjutant general of the army on
e condition of tile Stater militia
roughout tihe country. Tihe mere
ot that a report on this branch of,
auxiliary to, tihe army should go
Congress at this time appears to
yve been all that was necessary, in
e light of the agitation of a poss5i
e urush with Canada, to provoke
1101 talk of an Imminent dillcultv.
tie fact is, that there is less likeli
od of trosuble now with Great Brit
n, or any other country, tihan for a
iarter of a century.
Tis report on tbe condition of the
ilitia, showing that there are organ
ed and ready for service nearly
ght millions of men, is sent t->
ory Congress by statutory provis
n and has never attracted any at
ntion before. It has been consid
ed but a dusty paragraph for the
'ess associations and has never
ien to tile dignity of attracting at
ution or comment from the special
rrespondents. Just at this time,
>wever, anythling which can be dis
rted Into a subject of war comment
grasped at like fish take a fly.
hIe reader should understand this
undition of affairs here and take the
atemnents thley see about the prepa.
tiona for war withl the grain of al
iwanco that they deserve.
It is the belief of the men in Con
es and the departments that since
e United States have shown a dis
>sition to strike back and demon
ratedl a willingness to prepare to
shit, that we will have peace withl
id fairness at tile bands of all na
ene. In the event we get some gun
>ats andl fortifications we can, it Is
~lieved, command respect in all
iartere of the globe ; but there
'e nIlany nations which will expec
rate at us till we are able to resent
"We can go to war with any na
on on earth," aidl Serntor Uanmm.
of Michisan, discussing, recently, the
possibility of a dilffculty with Eng
land. "And besides," he continued,
"we can maintain our financial status
and keep up a war which would bank
rupt any other nation. When I was
in England last year I was asked by a
a lord what sized army we could Ju
raise, and you ought to have seen his w
eyes pod when I replied that we U
could organize and equip four mil. ll
lions of soldiers, and have enough dc
men left at home to keep up our con- d
mercial and agricultural interests.
The fellow could not comprehend it. pr
But it is true. The United States th
has the most courageous and saga. se
clous warriors in the world, and when
they fight from patriotism they exer
cise a judgment known to no other Ci
soldiers. I don't think we will have lc
any fighting with England, but if we Li
do she will fall as sure as fate, for
we can whip her anywhere."- Was..
ington Correspondence News and Co. fo
The Columbia Record on the Wrong
'cc Dee index. nN
The Columbia Record has arrayed le
itself s: the wrong side in defending .
the action of the City Council of al
Columbia in -licensing a cock-pit. It al
is a reproach upon the State at large C
that a custom so repugnant to the he
refined sensibilities of the people of or
South Carolina should find even one m
apologist and defender among re- n
putable journals of the State.
The Council of Colutnbia is grasp- T1
ing and rapacious and in sore need
of money when it seeks to fill its
empty coffers by licensing what the
whole enlightened people of the
State have condemned in unmeasured C
terms as a blondy and barbarous C
and disgraceful sport. d
According to the Record cock w
fighting is allowed only because it is o
a source of revenue. The sporting o
fraternity, it says, will have its diver- ti
sion of this kind anyway, so it is bet
ter to license it, levy a tax on it and tb
make is one of the city's regular, un- t
failing sources of income.
As a means of money making the ai
city council might add to the other a
attractions for sporting characters gi
the further attractions of hull-baiting ni
and- gladiatorial contests. If one, a
why not the other ? 'Their difference e
is in degree, not in kind. t
Of all places in the State, Colum- pt
bia should be the last to sanction a
practice so opposed to theamorals of
our civilization. The seat of the di
famous South Carolina College and Id
of the Columbia Female College, the
proud capital, of a cultured people, it
should be free from the evils which
drag down and imbrute young man.
hood. The good people of Columbia w
owe it to themselves to repudiate this at
action of their cour,cil. Tle Regis
ter has done so, but we have yet to
see that the warfare which that able
journal is waging against the hideous tr
vice is supported and maintained by
the people of Columbia. generally.
If it is, the council must either re- t
form ttheir ways or step down and
out and make room for good mei
more in sympathy with the refine-r
ment and culture of the age.
TFhe Sailvation Army in Spatrtanb urg. v.
Carolina Spartan, Feb. 9th.
The niethiods used are such as are th
common me:'ings of the Methodist w,
church. Every moment of the time ar
is taken up and they pass5 rapidly M]
from one exercise to another. These fo
officers seem to be good earnest peo- h<
pIe whose chief desire is to save M1
p)eople from their sins. As to p)ublic
opinion here some of our p)eop)le
think the. Salvation Army a postive
injury to Christianity and they will
not .even hear them. '[here are few St
in this class. Many of our church ar
people approve this work, or any p1
evangelistic work, whether done by w
man or woman, that gets after the is
non-church goihg p)eole. Here in ",
Spartanbur~g there Is rooJm for these p1
officers to do good and effective w
work. '[he pulpit with its orderly gi
and systematic ministrations does ul
not reach out a friendly hand to the di
street loafers who stand on the street ct
corners on Sunday. The regular mini- w
ister cannot attack sins in low (lens hi
of vice, lie cannot enter certain hi
p)laces and p)lead with fallen and out- p,
cast classes. Of course there are p
many thoughtless persons who will b1
go out to hear these people just to t[I
have a laugh, or make sport, but Ia
earnest, honest enthusiasm, utn ited
with pure lives, will soon put such
men to silence.
rThe New York JJer-ald did a bril- ai
liant piece of work in publishing a a
fnll criticism of the fIrst perfor- tI
mance of Verdi's new opera of n<
"Othello." '[he performance closed pi
at 1 A. M. Sunday morning at Milan, se
Italy, and the Herald published the re
same morning an authentic and able si
criticism, written by "Vitor," who at
had sat through the perfrmane. a
AN HONOR FOR HASKELL.
is Blade U. S. Direotor of the Pa
The Administration continues to
ower its favors on South Carolin
is, the latest beneficiary being
dge A. C. Ilaskell, of Columbia,
io has been selected as one of the
iited States directors for the Pa
lc Railroad Company. He was en
,rsed-by the entire South Carolina
legation, and at one time was
ominently mentioned for a commis
mnership under the provisions of
e Inter-State commerce bill. There
ems to be no question about his
pointment, as the President has
rormed members of the South
irolina delegation that he has so.
ned Judge Haskell, and Sucretary
imar says he has directed the ap.
intment papers to be prepared.
South Carolinians continue to come
rward and present their claims for
cognition on the Inter State com
prce commission, bqt there seems
be but little prospect of one of the
e rich plums coming our way, at
nst that is the impression of the
muth Carolina Congressmen. Be
les, if the President should eventu.
ly turn to our State for one of the
mmissioners, .he would p)robab)y
lect Ex-Governor Bonham, who
a been strongly endorsed by the
tire delegation and other promi
ut members in the State.- Wash
glon Colr. News and Courier.
ie Temperance Lecture of lon. John
B. Finch in Greenville.
The ladies composing the Woman's
iristian Temperance Union never
d a better thing for the cause in
iich they are so deeply interested
an when they secured the services
Hon. John B, Finch to lecture in
reenville. Mr. Finch was an en
re stranger to nearly every one in
ir city, but he has completely won
e regard and esteem of our citizens
merally. His lectures are filled
ith common sense and practicality,
d his logical presentation of the
eat truths advocated by him can
>t be refuted. Wit and anecdote
e used by him with splendid
rect, but they never obscure
e argument he is making, nor
ish aside the main point at which
is aiming, which is to convince
s hearers that the liquor traffic is
unmnitigated evil, and that it is the
ity of Christian men and women to
bor unceasingly for its extermina
The first lecture was delivered by
r. Finch on Saturday evening,
ien the Opera house was comfort
0iy filled with an iintelligenb au
ence, and for nearly two hours the
oquent lecturer depicted the evils
the, liquor business in this coun
7. On Sunday afternoon, when
e audience was greatly increased,
id a number of persons were unable
get standing room in any part of
e house, the lecture was mainly
votel I a consideration of the
medics .or the great evil of Intemn
rance. In both lectures there was
Sabsence of abuse and (denuncla.
n. and an earnest efTort to con
nce the understanding and per.
ande the attentive listeners to right
tion. In order to accommodate
e people from the country, who
are here In large numbers, It was
ranged for Mr. Finch to lecture on
onday afternoon, andI the demand
r his services was so general that
was compelled to lecture again on
on .. ay night.
Very Mucha Needed.
The WVhite Cross Society has
artedl out to- suppress profanit.y
1(d indecent language In the pubIllic
aces of New York. The crusade
ill bie against such story telling as
alwa~ys mark.ed by the presence of
nen only." Thie White Cross peO
e 'say tihe young man nowadays
bo can tell thme nastiest story is re
Lrded ats a great hero) and Is a pop.
ar fellow, and that the comnmer
al traveller's return to a store in a
untry place is oftentimes awaited
th Interest because of the stories
carries with him and leaves be
nd to be told and retold (luring the
~riod of his absence. T1he society
oposes to swoop (down on all such
r' appealing to employers first and
en to the men who use Ihe had
The Rlight Mana.
News and Courier.
We hope that our WVashington
rrespond ent is correctly informed,
id that Col. A. C. Ilaskell is to be
>pointed Government dlirector of
e Pacific'- Railroad. There couldl
>t be a better choice for so imn.
>rtant a position, in which It Is Cs
ntial, above all things, that the
presentative of tihe Government
all be familiar with railway affairs
ad be likewise absolutely upright
For the IEIALD AND NsWs
Thoughts for the Thoughtful.
DY TIHE OLD QNE:.
INTO IIEI SUNSuINE.
How much better it is to be in the
sunshine than under the cloud. We
remember reading of the little boy
who was blessed with the kindest of
fathers. in the other hand this lit
tle boy had a cross aunt', who always
made it a point to reprove and scold
lhim for any and every fault which
lie committed, but who never gave
inm a word of encouragement or
)raise for any good or meritorious
%ct which he did. The boy naturally
was only happy in his father's pres
moe. And so it is with all of us,
young and old. Soft words are much
etter than unkind or harsh ones.
Jne of the most reprehensible habits
a that of continual fault flnding.
B3etter far to praise and encourage
youth to noble and praise-worthy
leeds than, by the reverse, to bring
ut in them the worse sides of hu
The man or woman who is guilty
Af gossiping is to be dreaded by all
ruthful minds, for the practice of it
works infinite harm. It is hurtful to
he sensitive mind. The confirmed
ossip is nearly always malicious or
guorant. The young should shun it
by the most thorough culture, and
relieve themselves from temptation
to indulge in it. It is low, frivolous,
and too often a dirty pastime. There
are some neighborhoods where it
rages like a pest, and like an excres
cence mars the beauty and excel.
lence of the human character. Of all
characters, rid us of the gossip; no
one admires him or her. It is an tin.
happy dommunity where the practice
of gossiping exists. As we have
said, it can be cured by culture.
THIE UIF'I OF IUMIoIt.
The next fault to gossiping is the
exercise of h'umor, and it may be
doubted whether this gift to a child
at its birth is a good or an evil one.
The child thus gifted can hardly
reach an eminence at anything-if
he has it his career is barrel in many
directions. When a man has both
earnestness and humor in great
measure, the latter is always trip
ping him up. le will always be
perplexing or offending his asso
ciates, who are too dense to appre
ciate or understand him. Humor
makes more enemies fora man than
friends, for what is not understood
seems hostile and dangerous. After
a long life, full of various experience,
we have found that but few persons
can take a joke, and particularly
when told with a seriousness natural
to one given to humor or the expres
sion of Jokes.
CONSCIENCE AN AVENOEIi.
What an avenger is conscience 1
It is always ready to vindicate the
majesty of broken law. "Conscience
makes cowards of us all." Sin is re
buked byeit, and a stern voice passes
sentence on the sinner. You cannot
flee from conscience-one may as
well call upon0 the mountain to cover
him uip andl hide him as to attempt
to avoid his offence being discov.
ered. Your sin shall surely find you
out. It is a knawing worm, which
secretly preys on your vitals. Though
It may for a timne be hidden or cov
ered up, and we may seem to pros
per, while engrossedl in the excite
ments of the world, the time will
come when the dlebt must be paid,
andl with interest too. Sin not Is the
dlivinie command. Some time that
Qiutraged friend, conscience, will r'ise
upl and dto its ofhice, and the avenging
hand be lifted up.
PRIAIsE OF A wIFE.
The good1 wi fe, the fai thlful comn
p)anion, the sharer of our trials and
our woes, seldom gets the praise
which her virtues and her self sacri
ficing sp)irit merit. Looking over an
old paper lately we cambO across the
following beauti ful rep)ly mnade by
the late D)aniel O'Connell in re
sponse to a toast given in comupli
ment to his wife, who was the object
of his long attachment. Tihe English
language could furnish nothinzg more
touchingly tender and gracciul:
"Trhere are some top)ics of so sa
credl and sweet a nature, that they
may be comphrehlended( by those who
are hIappjy, but they cannot p)ossibly
be described by any human being.
All that I shall do is to thank you in
the name of her who was thme disin
terested choice of my early youth;
who was the cheerful complanion of
my manly years; and who is Lthe
sweetest solace of that "sere and yel
low leaf" age at which I have ar
rived. In her name I thank you;
andI this y'ou may readily believe;
for experience, I think, will show
to us all that man cannot battle and
struggle with malignant enemies uin.
less his nest at home is warm aud
comfortable-unless the honey of hni
man lhfe is presented by a hand that,