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QI XIII. I;nT ?,oinANM EB 00tIS I8MNT NEWIERRIY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRIUARIY 23, 1887.,.C OE.Pbihr tdJrpitr O
Att IMPORTANT DECISION OF THE
STATH SUPREME COURT.
Thb Jurisdiction of Trial Justices in
Cases of Petit Larceny.
HE ZNTWs AND COURIER BUitEAU,
101 MAIN ST., COLUMBIA, Feb. 16. }
Quite a sensation was caused in
the legal circle of Columbia to-day
by the announcement that a decision
hd .been filed in the Supreme Court
that trial justices had no more juris
46iton.in cases of petty larceny any
more than they had in cases of mur
der. A representative of the Bureau
acoertained that such a decision had
been fled, and as it is of importance
tpf very trial justice in the State, lie
obt ted a copy of the document.
Hereafter every person charged with
petty larceny and brought before a
trial justice will, if the evidence is
Bumotent, be sent to jail to await trial
lb the Court of General Sessions, un.
less a,bond in given. The jails, of
course, will- soon be overstocked.
The following is the decision :
- he State of South Carolina -In the
,Supreme Court-November Term,
1886--.The State, respondent, vs.
lftobert Jenkins, appellant.
OPINION-SIMPSON, C. J.
The appellant was indicted for
perjury, charged to have been com
mitted by him in a previous prosecu
tion against him for petit larceny be.
fgre a trial justice. The Judge was
e ested to charge that a trial jus.
stl had no jurisdiction in cases of
petit larceny, and therefore that per
jury could not be committed in such
- a case.
Tis request was refused, where.
upod the defendant was convicted.
The only question in the appeal is,
was it error for the Judge to refuse
appellait's request, which raises the
question whether or not trial justices
have jurisdiction in cases of petit lar.
Section 19, Article I, ot the, Con
stitution, provides, that. justices of
the peace, or other oflcer authorized
tyf' law, * * * shall have juris.
diction in all cases less than feloi.y
where the punishment does not ex
coed a fine of a hundred dollars, or
imprisonment for thirty days, and
'that such offences shall be summarily
tried by them. a a *
There is no doubt that a trial jus.
tice falls undhr the terms "other of1.
per authorized by law," and that he
has all the powers conferred by this
section of the Constitution. State
v& Fillebrown, 2 S. C., 404. It is
apparent, too, that this section con
fere'upon him juriediction in all of
fences under felony where the pun.
Si slament does not exceed that men
Section 4,498, General Statutes,
deolafes that larceny of goods * * *
l elow the value of twenty dollars
shall be -a misdemeanor and consid.
ered a petit larceny. We suppose
the previous prosecution before the
trial Justice was for a larceny . of
goods below the value of twenty dol.
, ,It was, therefore, a misde.
meanor, and consequently less than
felony, and to that extent having one
,of the elements necessary to the ju
rhadiction.of the trial justice.
The other element, however, is
equally necessary, to wit, the charac
ter of the punishment, the limit be
ing thirty days imprisonment and
one hundred dollars fine. Is that
the punishment of petit larceny?
There seems to be no punishment,
strange to say, affixed to this offence
by our Statute. Section 2,498 supra,
describes the offence, to wit, the steal
,ing of goods * * * below the
value of twenty dollars, and declares
that if considered to be a misdo.
*meanor and petit larceny, but omits
Nor have we found any other Act
aiing punishment Shereto. Under
:these circumstances .we must look to
:the common law for the p)unishment.
Misdemeanors at ibommon law are
* punishable by fine or ingprisonment,
or both,.according t9 the degree.1
Russell on Crimes, jpage 45. But tihe
limit is not flied. No that there is
no express law either found in our
Acts of Assembly or in the common
law which limits th,e punishment of
this offense to a line of a hundred
dollars and lrmpri%onment for thirty
days. un the cpntrary the State vs.
Williams, 18 S. C., 11, expressly (10.
thbat it inot so limited, and on
h. that.ac unQnt kat case holds that the
Court otIeO oral Sessions has jurns.
dicotion, o 'rruling the case of the
State v. H 1,rper, 6 8. 0., 464, which
held that tha Court of General See
sins had n o Jurisdiction in .petit
larceny, thee jurisdiction beingex
cluslvely In Courts of trial justices.
Ir, then, thPi unishmient is not 1im
Ited, which w nave se en in the case
groan ap e,/ mination of both tihe
State and the elb'enmwon law, and which,
as We-have said, above, has been cx
~ressly so decI, ed in tihe case of the
A vs. WIlIl~ ams, supra, we do not
SEeQW triaI/' justices can have any
Jarledigion7~ as the second clement
neesa to4 such jurisdiction is
vaht7i . he certainly cannot take
jurisdiction under Article I, Section
19, of the Constitution, as the juris.
diction there conferred is conditioned 2
expressly upon the fact that the judg
ment does not exceed the limit men.
Article IV, Section 18, of the Con.
stitution, confers on the Courts of (
General Sessions exclusive jurisdic.
tion over all criminal cases "which
shall not be otherwise provided by
law." Now when the Constitution
was adopted with these two sections I
in it. inasmuch as justices of the r
peace or other cfilcers authorized by 1
law could have jurisdiction only in
cases where the punishment was lim
ited, as specified in Article I, Section
19, and inasmuch as the punishment
of petit larceny was not thus limited,
the jurisdiction of petit larceny, "was
not otherwise provided by law" and
consequently under Article IV, Sec
tion 18, the Court of General Ses.
sions had exclusive jurisdiction. 1- as
that jurisdiction been lost since the
adoption of. the Constitution? It
could only have been lost by some
provision of law enacted since the
adoption of the Constitution con.
('erred jurisdiction upon -some other
Court, because Article IV,-Section 18,
provides that the Court of General
Sessions shall have exclusive juris.
diction in all criminal cases "which
shall not be otherwise brovided by
Has there been such provision?
If the General Assembly had since
limited the punishment of petty lar.
ceny as mentioned in Arti^,le II, Sec
tion 19, they, under the language of
the Act, would have conferred ex
clusive jurisdiction upon trial justices
and consequently would have ousted
the jurisdiction of the General Ses
sions, as by such Act punishmen't in
such cases would have been "other
wise provided by law." But no such
Act has been passed, and because no
such Act has been passed this Court
decided in the State. vs. Williams,
that the Court of General. Sessions
still has jurisdiction.
Section 826 of the General Stat
utes, however, expressly confers ju
risdiction in cases of petit larceny
upon trial justices, notwithstanding
the fact that the punishment has
never been limited to a fine of $100
and imprisonment to,thirty days. If
this Act is of force it has certainly
enlarged the jurisdiction of Trial Jus
tice Courts beyond its constitutional
provisions. Can this. be done? It
might be that it would be competent
for the General Assembly to confer
incidental po-ers, and perhaps ad.
ditional duties upon a Court organ
ized under the Constitution, besides
those mentioned therein, but it could
hardly enlarge its powers as to the
matters for which it was expressly
constituted. Here the Trial Justice
Courts have been organized under
the constitution, with certain. powers
conferred by that instrument in crim
inal cases, this'risdiction being de
pendent upon the' character of the
punishment to be inflicted. This, it
seems to us, is in effect confining
these Courts to such cases, and the
General Assembly would have no
pIower to extend their Jurisdiction be
yond this constitutional boundary. C
But It may be said that the Act
conferring the jurisdiction on Trial
Justices necessarily--proprio rizgore.
reduces the punishment of' petit lar
ceny to the limit mentioned, because
the trial Justice cannot, under thme
Constitution, sentence beyond that
limit. This is met again by the
State vs. Williams, supr'a, which, as
as we have said, decides that the pun.
ishment has not been reduced, and
consequently the Court of General
Sessions has jurisdiction. So that
if the two positions be correct, we
have the strange anomaly of the same
offence being snbject to two different
punishments. dep)ending upon the
Court in which tihe prisoner may hap.
pen to be tried and convicted. Upon
the whole our conclusion is, that.
trial justices, in the absence of any
law limiting t'.me punishment to $100
flne or thirty days imprisanmient for
petit larceny, and without jurisdic
It is the judgment, therefore, of
this Court that the judgment of the
Circuit Court be reversed.
Mr. H. C. Patton, who is a grad.
uate of the South Carolina College
law class, and who was admitte A to
the Bar a year ago, took this caseI
before the Supreme Court. iIe rep.
resented tihe defendant, and as the
result of his argument the Court ren
dered this important decision'.
W. E:. G.
A Bakery for Lauren.
Mr. Henry Wright and his brother
T. RI. Wright, who has been runnine
a bakery in Newberry for several
years past, will establish a first-class
bakery in Laui-ens some time next
week. Such an enterprise is needed
here and should receive a full share
of patronage.-Laurenville Herald.
If You Wanwt a Good Article t
Of PLUG TOnACCO, ask your- dealer for .
"01 OlUip." te
PROGRESS FROM POVERTY.
Ir. Edward Atkinson's View of the
New York 'Pmes, February l0th.
If the members of the Ninetenth
,entury Club and- their friends do
ot awake this morning after a night
u which statistics have played an
nportant part in their dreams when
be interest which they displayed
%st evening while Edward Atkinson
soled off numbers to them for an
our didn't mean what it seemed to
neau. A theatre party could have
een hardly better pleased, and
hen Mr. Atkinson made his parting
ow he was rewarded in a way that
ertainly would have compelled an
ncoro under other circumstances.
Ie came here on an Invitation to talk
efore the club on "Progress from
'overty." When the lecture began
he attendance more than filled the
arge hall at the American Art Gal
eries and overflowed into the corri
Tne speaker did not partake of the
ommon belief that 68,000 votes for
Jenry George indicated dangerous
ymptoms, but rather a wholesome
gitation. Laboring men had no
vish to destroy the country, for had
hey been so minded they could have
lone it long ago. Mr. Atkinson
lrew from under his desk a stone
xe, cut by "prehistoric man," and a
nodern fifty-cent hatchet. They gave
ilm his text.
The maker of the axe was a greater
apitalist than the hatchet maker.
L'he latter saved labor. If a capi.
alist saved what would otherwise be
vasted, of what harm was the capi
alist. Of old he kept everything to
iimself; now he had to allow others
o share the benefits of his work,
dore than 90 per cent. of the peo
>le enjoyed substantial equality now.
L'he rich had more clothing, but the
oor wore out more. In fuel they
vere equal consumers. The greatest
lisparity between the two was in
helter and in the control of their
ime. Subsistence was now so
bundant that there was complaint
f overproduction. There was more
apital than could be used.
A great cry went up eternally
ibout the railroads. For his part he
vould rather have the Vanderbilts
arry his trunk than to carry it him.
elf. They could do it cheaper. All
nodern agitation led him to con
lude that social and political con:
litions were to be imp)roved by evo.
ution, not by revolution. There was
iot an art in which the profit was not
ess than the waste of twenty.five
rears ago. The margin of profit had
eccome very small. If men became
ich by saving the waste and apply.
ng it to the benefit of labor, who
uffered ? .
Experience showed that the great
emedy for Socialism was the devel
cent of the individual and the ed.
ication of the young. Labor was
ast learning that diminished profits
nd prices went hand in hand with
Igher wages and lower cost.
~he earning power of capital had de
reased since 1860 from 8 to 4 per
ent., while labor's condition had
mproved. The very poor were not
core numerous than formerly, in
lie organization of labor was
ound an attempt to equalize the
lisparities of modern conditions.
ligh wages were the corelative of
ow cost. Pauper labor was to be
eared only by those of pauper in
eligence. Mr. Atkinson said lie
and investigated fifty arts. T1hey all
howed progress developing from
overty; high wages with diminish
d profits, and on all sidea an ap.
roach to more equal conditions of
lie employer and laborer.
WVhen Mr. Atkinson rolled tip his
harts and settled himself comforta
ly amiong the audience, his paper
as discussed by Prof. .Edmund L.
ames of the University of P'ennsyl.
~ania and by others.
BILAINE'S NEW IIOPEc.
ecling Ills WVay to the White IIouse
T1hrough the Question of National
AUaUS-rA, ME., February 15.-It
as leaked out that Mr. Blaine is en
eavoring to make peCrsonal and
Party capital out of the coast do.
enees and the increase of the navy
Bllaine believes that the country is
Ipe for promplt action on the part of
)ongress, and lie thinks that failure
o consent to a comprehensive sys
em of fortifications, as well as a
onsiderable enlargement of the
anvy, will react on the Democratic
With this idea in his mind lie has
'assedi the wordl to his followers at
Vashington to (10 all in their power
o cause that class of (.he Demio.
ratio Congressmen who oppose lib.
ral appropriation to persevere in
bher course, and to allow the pro.
osed measures now before Congress
o go by dfaulnt.
The exact manner in which the
astute aspirant for the Presidei.cy
expects his scheme to be accom
plished does not appear, but the
truth of.the above statement there is
It is understood here that the
speech of Mr. Reed of Maine, in the
House of Represe3tatives a few days
since, in -vhich he challenged the
Democrats on the subject of coast
defenses, was in accordance with Mr.
Blaine's plan of action.
Mr. Blaine utterly refuses to ex
press himself to newspaper repre
sentatives. When the card of a
member of the press is sent to hii
he writes on the back, . "Not in.
J. U. B."
NIPPED IN TiHE 3U).
Opinions of the Press on the Preal
dent's Voto of the Great Pension
From the Neto York World, Dem.
The President has performed his
duty and met the expectations of the
country in vetoing the so-called
"Dependent pension bill." The rea.
sons which he gives for his action
are cogent and conclusive.
From the New York Herald, Ind.
The veto will gratify every honest
soldier and every taxpayer. The
President has done himself honor
and established a fresh claim to the
confidence of the country by it.
From the Wash. National Republican, Rep.
This country to-day has the re
makable spectacle presented of a
Democratic President vetoing a gen
eral pension law in order to enable
Congress to reduce the war taxes,
and a Democratic Speaker of the
Democratic House of Representa.
tives using his power to gag Con
gress to prevent the removal of the
war tax )pon tobacco.
From the Savaanah Neus, bern.
The President vetoed the depend
ent pension bill, and in doing so he
showed that he has more moral conr
age than either the Democrats or Re
publicans in Congress.
From the Colutmbus, Ga., Inquircr-Stun,
If the President does nothing else
during his term of office, this act
alone earns his salary.
From the Petersburg, Va., Index-Appeal,
The President has not disappoint.
ed the people, so far as the twelve
dollars-a-month pension grab is con.
From the Mtontgomcry, Ala., Advertiser,
Cleveland will be the next Presi
dent. his veto of the pauper pen
sion bill, which would have taken un
told millions out of the treasury and
made the American pension roll
larger than the actual roll of any
standing army of the world, entitles
him to the united support, not only
of his party, but of . all patriots of
every party. It is not once in a
century that a man so firm to do
right gets into the service of the peo0
From thse J)altimsore ,Sun, Dem.
In returning the dependent pen
810on bill to Congress without his ap
proval the President justified the es
timate the country has formed of his
intelligence and patriotism. A more
dlemagogue would p)robably have
signedl the bill, bad as it is, hoping
for p)rofit to I)imself and party from
winning the so-called soldier vote.
But President Cleveland was proof
againset the muotives thlat swayed tihe
maljority of tile Senate and of the
House, and dared to take the sound
position that the large class of per
sons to be benefited by the baill were
not entitled ?0 penfsionls.
From f/he New Yor,k T'ime., Rep.
It is plain that hIe has been in
fluenced by a sense of dluty, and thlat
he ns disregarded some p)olitical
considerations wvhich, with a weaker
man, or one less loyal to his convic
tions, might have had much weight.
From f/he Washsington P'osl, Dem.
He will hear from it-in thec snarl.
ing censure of miere p)artisanls whlo
have complacently learned to regard
the war as their p)ersonal legacy, and
in the praise and npproval of tile
great mass oh the commou p)eop)le of
all sections, alike theo tax-p)ayinlg
civillian and thle honest and honored
Fr,om f/he New York ,Susn, Ind. Dems.
At last Mr. Cleveland hlas written
"I forbid" Onl a bIg peOnsion steal.
Good for Mr. Cleveland.
F'rom f/se Bltimore Ierald, Recp.
President Cleveland hlas vetoed tile
",paup)er pension bill," and thle coun
try will not be apt to find fault with
Ihim for so doing.
Fro the Ausgosfa, Ga., Eccening' News.
President G;levclanid had theO nerve
andl manShoodI to veto the in)famlous
dependent pension bill, notwithI
standing this proposed huge robbery
hlad passed both houses0 of Congress.
It was infamously wicked and cor
rupt, and every member of Congress, Ti
especially from the South who gave
it his support, should be held to a
strict account by his constituents.
Mr. Cleveland was too honest and
patriotic to put his signature to such
"rom thef Au/usla, Ga., Chronicle, Dem. i'
The President deserves and will 1c
receivo the applause of the over- li
whelmin g majority of his country- n
1men1 for his veto of the dependent Oi
pension bill. A more daring and to
outrageous raid upon the treasury be
was never perpiCtrated. It was time ex
to call a halt upon these pension it
swindlers, and we are glad that Mr. mn
Cleveland had the nerve and con. c
science to do so.
A Break in the Cabinet. )III
VAsiIINo"ToN, February 17.-The tli
resignation of Secretary Manning wi
breaks that unity in President Clove. "n
land's Cabinet which he had hoped f
to preserve to the end of his term. Urc
President Pierce alone of all the gr
Presidents kept his Cabinet intact fm
through the four years of his admin.
istration. W ashington had two Post. she
masters General in his first term. l
Jefferson, through his second .term, ti
had two Attorneys General; Monroe, si
during his second term, two Secre
taries of the Navy; John Quiney Le
Adams, two Secretaries of War. Mr. '1
liayes, who was going to keep his tal
Cabinet officers together through the A
four years lie was in the White I louse, a
had two Secretaries of War and "
Navy and two Postmasters General. m
Even during the term of Franklin pi
Pierce there was no Vice.1'resident, cam
Mr. King having died six weeks af. tal
ter the term began, so that there has .
has never been an administration is
that ended as it began. There
were two Presidents pr,o len of the
Senate between 1853 and 1857, the
time Mr. Pierce was President. S<
Serious Results of a Joke. M
A few days ago a young white man
named Cureton and a colored man .i
named White, both butchers, impro.
vised a guessing match at the weight th
of' a cow and each backed his judg
ment to the amount of one dollar.
The stakes were placed in the hands
of E. A. Carter'. Mr. Cureton won c
and demanded his money, but Mr.
Carter declined to deliver it and (I
spoke of having the parties prose
cuted for betting, his purpose, he M
says, being only to tease them. At
last a warrant charging him with G
breach of trust was sworn out and
the case was heard by Justice Earle G
on yesterday, W. A. Williams, ap.
pearing for the prosecution and J. T. T
Nix for the defense. After hearing
the evidence and and arguments the G
Justice decided to send the case up
for trial. Mr. Carter offered to hand Cl
over the stakes if the prosecution
would withdraw the case, and the
Trial Justice would remit the costs.
The prosecution was willing, but Mr. of
Earle thought that as the costs under
the new law go to the county, he had i
no right to remit them, and tihe case
was sent up, tile defendant giving
bail for his appearance.-Greenville '.
Decath of Solicitor JBlonham.
Trhe anniouncement of tihe death of
IRichard 0-. Bonihami, whlich occurred
aut 3.415 o'clock yesterday afternoon,
was received with universal sorrow.
Mr. Bonham had been in failing
Ilealthl for some time, andl fears had co
been felt for his recovery, but the re
andl was oiy none thought to beC so 50
Mr. Blonhiam was in thle 38th year in
f his age. Born in Edgeflel, lhe th
abere received his early education, co
20mpleting it at the Unaiversity of' cc
Virginia. HeI was admitted to thme ha
mar in 1870, and1 practiced in copart- gr,
aership with his father Ex-Governor te,
MI. L. Bonham. In 1880 hie wvas m<
Zlectedl Solicitor of' the Fifth JTudicial In
Wircuit, andl was rceeectedl ini 1884f. we
I'hc diuties of this ofice he dischniged bu
lrmly, faithftully and elleiently. In 00
hie course of his ofilcial Ilfe, Mr. N<
Blonhmam had -frequent occasion to 5j3
visit Columb,ia, and( lhe made here a 00
large circle of' friends driawin to lhin Cir
by his warmth of heart aind his hiighi "r
sharater.-Colanm>ia ReCcord(, IFe>. 16. C
Y. M. C. A. ln
Pastors and Christian workers in sa,
hie v"arious towns andl cities of South tra
Warolina, interested in I le work of to.
le Young Meni's Christian Asso. it
iation, and who are dlesiious to un- ce
lertake speciah hristian work in sI(
~heir communities in behalf of' young l)C
nen in conlnectio)n with that organi- ca
sation, are earnestly requested to
sonulnuniicate with me at once. I jej
lesire to devote a monthm's time pri\.
aedinig our next State Convention,
wlhch convenes in A pr'il, in organ.-'
zing and visiting existing Associa. in
Ions, andl stiimulating thle wvork pr'
~enerally throughout the State. ap
. II. 0-. ScunDAY, in
ae Connantttee l.ocate the tiun1ding
for the South Carolinn Exhibit.
On Tuesday evening Col. Butler, Con
sslonor of Agriculture, Col. Duncan,
'esident of the State Agricultural and
,chan ical Society, Col. LIpscomb,
tster of the State Grange, and Mr.
che, arrived on the Columbla train to
,ate the building for the South Cairo
a exhibit at. the Grange Encamp
!t. The building is to cost $1,000.
Wednesday morning they went out
the Encanmpment ground w.ith a numn
r of our citizens. The grounds have
on cleared of all the forest growth
cept such as is Intended Onr, 'tade.
wonld be hard to 1111d In th b,ato a
>e) suitable place for the Encamp
mt, ani the commissioners were
armed with it. There Is nearly a
arter of a mile front along the rail
id--perfectly level. It Is along thia
e the building will all be erected.
bro'id avenue will be made between
se bui;dings and the railroatl, and
LI be extended around the Encamp
mt, forming a charm lug drive anl a
e course for the display of speed by
t, horses in addition their will be it
>ad avenue down the centre of the
minds. - This vill lead t.o the stalls
animals in the rear.
l'he "Tabernacle'' will be a largo
,lter 80 by 100 feet. It will be thIe
ice for the speeches and lectures, and
11 he locatedl near the the centre of
Encampnetit, oni a ground Just
ping enough to give every one an
y view of the speaker. 'Taniler &
umaster ht.tve alreatly contracted for
build<ing of the Tabernacle for $2-15.
ethree shares whieh they agree to
Swill m:ake the net outlay only $215.
pile of logs has already I.een hauled,
aw mllI is to be brought there, andi
rk will be coniIced ini a few days.
hMe visit ing gentlemen seemed greatly
lresst'd wil ii tlhe advantages this
Ice will oler, not only for the E '
npment:, but also for the experilmen
at aLlon, which is to be establishel ia
hort time. There is no doubt that, thi.;
the place for it.
The Royal Arch Masons.
The Grand Council of R1oyal and
lect Masters met in annual assen
y yesterday, at 10 o'clock, at the
asonic Temple, Charleston. Most
ustrious Grand Master W. W.
umphries, of Anderson, S. C., pre
After the reading of the address of
e Most Illustrious U rand Master,
d the presentation )f reports from
c Grand Treasurer and G rand Re
rder and Lhe several committees to
mom the several paper3 were re
'red, the following officers were
eted to serve for the ensuing year.
G. T. Berg, of Columbia, M. I. 0.
A. H. White, of Rock Hill, Dep.
W. 11. 1). Gaillard, of Pendleton,
, C. of Works.
C. F. Jackson, of Columbia, G.
Zimmerman Davis, of Charleston,
Rev. J. M. Boyd, of Chester, (.
J. E. B3razeale, of Anderson, G.
Ed. Scholtz, of Newberry, G. Capt.
W. T. Branch, of Abbeville, G.
inductor of C.
Alex. Lindstrom, of Charleston, G.
L. F. Mcer, of Charleston, G.
Thie grand officers b)eing dluly in.
dIled, the Grand Council was closed
0 Inc(rease in the Conusumptlonm of
Theii PnwnciaLl Choronicle, wh li ch is
uisidered authority on all matters
ating to the cotton trade, p)resent8
mec facts regarding the consumip.
'i of the stap)le which arc of some
,crest. T1hie stat,iotics p)repared by
it pulblication indicate that the
ulsump)tion has materially in.
~ased, and is now larger' than it
s been ini any previous year. T1hec
>wth ini consulmmption in] the past
years has been relatively much
>re rapid inm thae Southern States,
1 87't the conisumiptioni in the South
s reported at G3,000,000 porund(s,
t ini I88G it was no less than 155,.
),000. T1h,e consumption in the
>rthecrnI 1m1is has ri sen from~ about
7,600,000 pounds iln 1876 to 756,
3,000 pound(s in 1886. The in
mase ini this eonutry also has been
later than ini Great Britain or on the
iltinenit. Since 1873 the increase
consuminptioni ini Great Britain has
eni 20 per1 cent., on 'lhe Conutinient
per cent., amnd in time UJnited
rites 741 per' cent. As this couni
sends abroad a quantity of' cot
1 goods not materially greater thant
exp)ortcd, then this increased per-.
stage i mplies a remarkable expan
mu in the consuming powler' of' our
oie arnd in their coiansntion per
naed $1,00 for Vioantinug Pr'ohlbltioni.
AnA,.NTA', G ., February 16(L.-J.
lircser, who was 01ned fifty (dollars
the Police Cour't, for violating the
Shib)ition laws several weeks ago,
pealed to the City Court, and1, be.
4 convicted to-day, was ined $1,000
Judge IIowarr1 Van Eppn'