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NEWERR .: C., HRDY UUT487
E S T A B L I S H IE D I N 1 8 6 5 .N E W B E R R Y , S . C T H U R S D A Y , AGUST1
A PROSPEROUS AND PROGRES
Charming the Visitor-Railway Feed-.
ers-The Cotton Factzry-Banks
The Colleges and Churches-A
Hard Place to Leave-The
People Wide Awake.
Staff Correspondent News and Courier.
NEWBERRY, July 20.-There has
been nothing phenomenal in the
growth of this city. It has gone on
steadily and constantly on the lines
and in the channels of improvement,
and has now reached that stage from
which the future appears bright with
the promises of hope. The city,
during its embryonic period, had not
the :3cal advantages that have made
other cities rise to eminence in a
abort period of time. Until - quite
recent years a boom was an unknown
factor in its progress, but in the
meantime the city kept on growing,
developing itself on its own merits,
until it has now become a justly proud
competitor of the many rising cities
in northern South Carolina.
With but one railroad, the Colum
bia and Greenville, up to the present
time, it will be admitted that New
berry may not be charged with com
ing to the front by slow or uncertain
steps. Like most of the cities of the
State, the period of prosperity and
progress began only ten years ago.
Since then, Newberry, with its af
fairs in its own hands, has moved
along in many respects at equal paces
with its generous rivals,'and in many
others has outstripped them on the
road to success along all the lines.
Nature has been bountiful in her
'gifts to the coantry of which New
berry is the distributing centre of
trade. The place around and about
the metropolis of the county is fertile,
and as a consequence it is populous.
For miles and mil-es around there is
an endless succession of farms and
plantations. Cotton, of course, is
the crop of the farming community,
and never has there been a time
when the harvest promises to be more
abundant than at present. The good
fortune of the farmer has naturally
brightened the skies of his neighbor
in the city, and there are everywhere,
"in town" the signs of good times,
past, present and future.
PLEASANT TO VISIT.
A visit to Newberry under such
-circumstances and conditions must
necessarily be a pleasant one, and
one of which to print the- record is
almost irresistible. Very little, per.
haps, need be said of the city itself
in the way of a description of its
streets and buildings. These are
familiar to all good South Caroli
nians. It is a charming place to go
to, a charming place to stay at, and
most especially a difficult place to
leave. Its streets are something
unique, however, co~mpared with
those of modern cities which have
been laid out with the .engineer's
chain and transit. .They are not as
wide as tbe avenues of the city of
Magnificent Distances, nor are they
as narrow as the alleged streets of
Cairo or Aavana. They are, most of
them, merely Iurrow enough to be
somewhat remarkable. But with
their long lines of shade trees, the
general neatness of the private resi
dences, and the cleanliness of the
pavements and roadways, there is
nothing in the State to compare with
these delightfully cool, albeit narrow,
streets of Newberry. The city itself
is, as it were, verdure clad, and at a
distance looks like some sequestered
town nestled among hills and forests,
with here and there a prominent fea
ture of its architecture rising above
the tree tops and speaking of an ac
tive, bustling city below. Approach
ing the city either way along the rail.
road, two prominent buildings loom
up that are especially suggestive of
the present spirit of Newberry. One,
its cotton factory, the other its beau
tiful opera bouse-or industrial ac
tivity and social education in its
most pleasant phase.
As in all the cities of the State.
the cotton market of Newberry is the
mainstay of its commercial life. The
feeders of this market are the Colum
bia and Greenville Railroad and the
Laurens Road. Byv these it is esti
mated that at least two-thirds of the
cotton product of the county finds its
way to the coun,ty seat. The terri
tory covered by the Laurens Road is,
however, very shtort, it being only
about fifteen miles to the- line of Lau
rens County, with the town of Lau
rens as a formidable competitor.
The cot:on brought to Yewberry by
these roads in 1885-86 was about
16,200 bales, and for 1886-87 (to
September) the estimate is about the
same number or bales. With the
present prospect it is expected that
the yield for the season of 1887-88
wil1 be in the neighborhood of 25,000
It is very much in the nature of
commercial things that Newberry
should have turned its attention,
with much enthusiasm, in the direc
tion of more railroads. For this rea
son the city and country are now
largely interested in the building of
the Columbia, Newberry and Lau
rens Railroad, which will cross the
county line near thriving Prosperity,
and thence to Newberry. Nineteen
miles of this road have already been
graded in the direction of Prosperity.
When this line is completed the
northeastern section of Newberr~y
County will be within rapid connec
tion with the county seat. The ulti
mate design is to extend the road to
Spartanburg. The people of New
berry generally are building great
hopes also on the branch of the Three
C's Road, which, it is expected, will
run from a point between Black's
and Yorkville to Newberry, and
thence to Edgefield and Augusta.
The part of this "branch," from New
berry to Augusta has already been
graded for a narrow gauge, with the
exception of about seven miles. It
is understood that this part of the
branch-"Mitchell's old road"-has
already been relieved of its indebted
ness and consolidated with the Three
C's. The hope at least is entertained
that the Newberry and Augusta di
vision.will be in running order dur
ing the next season. The comple
tion of this line will add about
twenty-six miles of country, hitherto
untraversed by a railroad, to the
market of the city. When these ad
ditional highways of travel and
freight traffic are built it will be only
a question of time-and a very short
time-for the county seat to assume
larger proportions and importance.
The county seat with these new com
munications will be the natural ob.
jective point for the farmers of the
county, either as buyers or sellers.
THE COTTON FACTORY.
Newberry's cotton factory is an
eminent characteristic feature of the
enterprise of the city. It is a fine
imposing building overlooking the
town on the4 west of the Colunbia
and Greenville Railroad, and began
operations in the fall of 1884. Since
then its career has been exceedingly
prosperous. The original 6,000 spin.
dles were increased to 10,000 only a
few months ago, and the looms to
320, the mill being now run to its full
capacity. It gives employment to
250 oparatives, wiiose pay roll
amounts to about $50,000 a year, of
which the merchant community of
Newberry receive almost total bene
fit. The officers are: President, R.
L. McCaughrin; superintendent, C.
W. Holbrook; treasurer and manager,
Henry C. Robertson, formerly of
Charleston, and secretary, George S.
Mower. Mr. Robertson, on the visit
of the correspondant to the factory,
took evident pleasure in going over
the mill and exhibiting the work that
had been and was being done.
Trhe operatives are comfortably
quartered in .fifty-six houses, to which
"aggregaf,ion" the name of McCaugh.
rinville has beesn given. The mill
has now on hand plenty of material
to support its wants until October
next, and the product finds ready
sale, through its excellent quality,
in the Northern markets. It was
stated on good authority that since
the erection of the mill one dollar
had been added to the value, to the
producer, of every bale of cotton
brought to Newberry. The factory
consumes about five thousand bales
annually. The facilities for hand.
ling material to and from the miil]
are excellent, owing to its nearness
to the depots of the city. The paid
in capital stock of the factory is
The only other important manufac
turing enterprise is the sash and
blLd factory of W. T. Davis & Co.
the supplies of yellow pine for whici
are obtained both from Newberry
and Lexington Counties.
The cotton mill of itself is, how
ever, indicative of push and progress
But there are other institutions whicl
point in the same direction. Amnong
these is the National Bank with
capit.al stock of $150,000, surplu
fund of $30.000, undivided profit!
$108,500 and deposits $I68,000
The officers of the bank are: Presi
dent. Rt. L. McCaughrin; cashier, T
S. D)uncan; assistant cashier, T. J
McCrary. There is also a building
and loan association which has al
ready paid in twenty-two assessment!
on its 1,000 shares of $100 each
The affairs of the concern are expect
ed to be wound up in about one hun
COLLEGEs AND cHURCHIES.
that may be noted are its colleges
academies, opera house and churches
When it is considered that the popu
lation is only 3,125, it will be con
ceded that the record of the city it
these respects is satisfactory and
gratifying in the extreme. The cen
sus was taken carefully three months
ago, and shows an increase of 57t
within the past three years. The in
crease is largely due to the establish
ment of the cotton factory.
Of the literary institutions th
Newberry College, under the direc
tion of the Lutheran Synod], stand,
easily first. It is under. the presi
dency of the Rev. George W. Ilol
land, who is assisted by five profes
sors. Last session there were in at
tendance sixty students with be
tween forty and fifty in the prepara
tory department. Attached to the
institution is the Lutheran Theologi
cal Seminary. Of the merits of th<
institution, which are widely known
it is scarcely necessary to speak at
The Newberry Female Academy is
another flourishing institution, the
attendance at which last session num,
bered one hundred. The principal
of the Academy is Prof. A. P. Pifer
under whom are three assistants
The atten'ance at the Academy i
perhaps the fact that speaks its besi
There is besides these institutions
a male academy, which is taught by
Mr. James P. Kinard, a graduatE
from the Citadel Academy in 1886
The condition of-the academy is high
ly encouraging, the attendance lasi
session having been forty students
The poorer classes are also well pro
vided with the means of education it
the free commGn schools, of whicl
there are a number in the city.
The churches are the Lutheran
under the pastorate of the Rev. H
F. Shealey; the Baptist Church, pas
tor C. P. Scott; the Associate Re
formed Presbyterian, pastor 'E. P
McClintock; the Episcopal, the Rev
Mr. Ilanckel; the Methodist, the Rev
J. L. Stokes, and the Presbyterian
the Rev. J. S. Cosby. There ar<
c>lored churches of all the denomi
nations just mentioned.
The opera house is a handsomE
building which cost $30,000, and was
completed in 1881. it is under the
management of the city council, bu
as a theatre has not been a financia
success. The lower part of the build
ing is occupied by two stores, guar
rooms, the mayors office and the cit.)
council chamber. :Near the opera
house, which fronts on the publit
square, is a well kept 'and well filled
city market, which furnishes to thE
city an annual revenue of $600.
The~government of the city is con
trolled by the Mayor Geo. B. Cromner
and A dermen B. H1. Cline, Geo
McWhirter, Eduard Scholtz and B
F. Goggans. All of these, it it
worthy of remark, are young men wh<
are now serving their second term o:
office. The taxable property o:
Newberry, real and personal, amounts
to about $1,300,000, on which ther<
is levied a tax (general) of tw<
mills; one mill to pay interest oi
OperaHouse bonds; and one mill at
a fire department tax. Besides this
revenue, the seven barrooms of th<
city pay an aggregate tax of $2,800
The volunteer fire department il
equipped with a steam engine, hanm
engine and a hook and ladder com
pany, the outfit costing $10,000. Thi
department is thoroughly organize<
The police department is compose<
of Chief John H1. Chappell and fou
privates, a number quite sufHlcient t<
preserve the order of the-municipal
iy. The chief receives a salary o
$50 per month and the privates $4'
each per month.
The street department is unde
the charge of Mr. W. T. Jackson
whose salary is $45 a month. Tb
work of this department is evidenti
very thorough. According to the re
port of the board of health the an
nual death rate for the year end in,
November. 1886, was .as follows
White and colored per 1,000, 18.1
White population (1,700) per 1,00C
14.4; colored population (1.500) pe
1,000, 20. The health of the cityi
very largely due to its topography
there being nothing necessary bu
surface drainage, which finds a nat
ural and easy outlet in a wate
course on two sides of the city. Ther
is in charge of the police sanitatio:
of the city board of health, of whic:
Dr. James McIntosh is the chail
The business houses of Newbsrr
are of a very superior character, an
especially those on the pnblic squar
and Caldwell arid Adams street!
These are invariably of brick, an
are as attractive and showy as sim
larger amount of business is done,
The aggreg-ate of this business will
doubtless reach this year about $S00,"
000 or $900,000.
The city is well lighted with oil
A light of quite another kind i,
furnished by Newberry's two pro
gressive journals, the HERALD ANE
NEWS, edited by Messrs. E. 11. Aull
and W. P. Houseal, and the Observer
the proprietors of which are Messrs.
W. H. Wallace and J. H. M. Kinard.
The editors of both of these livE
newspapers told the correspondent
confidentially that their papers were
good investments and in other word,
that they were paying institutions.
If they are not, they should be, if for
no other reason than the characteris,
tic courtesy of the gentlemen of the
A visit to Newberry would scarcely
be complete without a call at the In.
nisfallen Dairy Farm in the suburbs
The establishment is being run undei
lease by Mr. I.'W. Walter, a formex
Charlestonian. The dairy has beer
in :)istence only about two years,
and has not yet become self-support.
ing from. the dairy farm products.
This is expected to be achieved,
however, during the next season
The revenue of the dairy is almost
exclusively derived from the sale of
milk to the citizens of Newberry
the butter feature being yet undevel
oped. The proprietor will ever
during the present season go far to
wards maintaining his stock fron
ensi-lage, having just completed hi,
silos for the standing crop. Mr
Walter's enterprise is one which i,
being regarded with much interest
by the neighboring farming com
The hotels of Newberry are botl
numerous and excellent. The "New
. berry Hotel," under the managemen
of Mr. Jones, is now one of the
favorite:stopping places for transieni
travelers. This is the result of the
splendid appointments of the hotel
its good table and the unvaryinr
courtesies and attention of its proprie
As already stated, Newberry is f
difficult place to leave. Going
away from the city, however, it it
almost impossible, with a'knowledgE
of what it contains of material and
l energy, to escape the conviction thai
-it has received of late years an im
pulse that it will end only in th<
achievement of greater and bette.
things. The people are wide awaki
to the emergencies of the hour; thi
field of action is wide enough and
broad enough to permit of the mos1
golden prophecies, and with the as
surance of a speedy verification.
-! .F. T.
The Oldest Episcopal Rector Dies.
Baltimore American, July 25.
The Rev. Dr. Robert Piggot, th<
oldest Protestant Episcopal ministe)
in the United States, died at his res
idence, at Sykesville, on Saturda'
night at 11.15 o'clock. He was borr
-in New York, May 20, 1795, and wa:
at the time of his death in his ninety
third year. He was ordained hb
Bishop White, November 30th, 1-23
He bad several charges in Maryland
and Pennsylvania, and was called t<
Sykesville in 1869 as rector of Hola
Trinity Church, which einbraces parts
of Baltimore, Howard and Carrol
Counties. lHe attended to the du
ties of their district up to within foul
years of his death. He retained t<
a wonderful degree all his faculties
IHe was an artist and engaver of n<
mean ability, and some of his engrav
'ings have been ,nuch admired.
C The Obstinate Juror.
San Francisco Bulletin.
r A Tacoma (Washington Territory
,jury failed to agree upon a case o
a deadly assault, and eleven member
rsigned a paper stating that "thi
- eleven do not consider the one obsti
-nate a qualified juror. That hei
Sessentially lacking in certain quali
:fications necessary to constitute:
.good juror. We would, thereforn
, ask that in making up the jury list i
r tuture for this county his name b
s left off."
Selling a Wife in Indiana.
VINcENNES, IND., July 29.-A p(
r culiar case came up in the Mayor
e Court yesterday. Charles Bohn hai
2 J. II, Bunch arrested for taking aWa
a Bohn's wife and living with lie
Bunch is a blind pensioner and ha
quite a sum of money. Mrs. Boh
7* had a strong liking for the blind ma
Sand she left her husband, but it no
e appears that Bohn really sold hi
- wife to Bunch for $300 and hel
& Bunch's note therefor. The sale ws
Leffected, but the note was never pail
A SUBJECT OF INTEREST.
The Facts about Mississippi Agricul
tural College Put In a Nutshell.
Re. .Dr. Grier, in A. R. Presbyterian.
My visit had to do mainly with
this institution. It is attracting an
unusual amount of attention just now
in South Carolina and other South
ern States. This and all other agri
cultural colleges in the South are the
creation of the general government,
not directly, but indirectly. The
proceeds of certain governnent lands
were ap)ropriated to the endowment
of colleges in the respective States,
in which institutions agriculture
should be mainly taught. It has
been a serious question in the minds
of many thoughtful persons, whether
an institution devoted to this one in
terest of agriculture could succeed.
All the experiments of a union of the
literary and the agricultural have
proven comparative failures, and
many were ready to say that an ag
ricultural school is a humbug. It
was in the face of such doubts that
the college at Starkville was estab
lisld. The first step was to sepa
rate it entirely from the State Uni
versity, at Oxford-having a different
faculty, a different board of trustees
and a different location. The col
lege has now been in operation for
seven years. The attendance has
steadily grown, until, for the past
two years, the faculty have been com
pelled to reject a large number of ap,
plicants, the rejections amounting
last year to 215. The patrons of the
college are the farmers of the State.
It has cost the State, all told, about
$379,000. - This covers the cost of
the farm, buildings, and the annual
appropriations. The farm consists
of 2,200 acree. . When it was pur
chased niuch of it was regarded as
poor land. Now, the entire place is
in excellent condition. We were
shown a field which had been thrown
out, at the time of the purchase, as
worthless. Some parts of that field
will produce this year, it is thought,
fifty bushels of corn to the acre.
This restoration has been without
the use of commercial fertilizers.
The buildings are large, tasteful, and
substantially built of brick. Nearly
all the students board in the college
buildings at a cost of $7.70 per
month. The maximum expenditure
for each student is put at $100. This
includes everything. The work ol
the farm is done by the students.
They are required to work three
hours a day. If they work longer
than that they are paid extra for it.
In this way many of the students
pay, in part, their expenses. The
-president stated that the actual cost
to some of the young men the past
year was not more than $50, because
of extra labor j.erformned.
The crops grown on the farm are
corn, peas, oats and grasses. There
is no cotton planted, if we remember
correctly. Much attentton is paid to
the grasses and dairying. The herd
of cattle numbers 276, most of them
Holsteins. The butter product of so
large a herd is quite remunerative.
The creamery of the college is
the first ever built in the Gulf
States and has worked a revolution in
dairy husbandry. There are now, we
think, six creameries in the State of
ofssissipi, all of them the offispring
Gen. S. D. Lee, the president, is
the ruling spirit of the institution-a
fine Christian gentleman. His whole
heart is in his work and he is justl'y
proud of the success of the college.
So far as we could judge, and we
were careful to inquire into the work
ings of the college, it is doing just
what it proposes to do-to give a
thorough and practical training in
3MONEY IN 3MELONS.
BFifty Thousand Dollars a Year Put In
the Pockets of Farmers Around
BlackvPle by their WVatermelons.
Special to Newes and Cou>ier.
BLACKVILL, July 23.-A few
years ago the man who would have
ventured to suggest to the farmers
along the railroads in this county
that more money, per acre, could be
made planting watermelons than
could be realized from the old staple
would have been regarded as a
-crank. Many of them would have
looked upon it as almost desecration
to utilize the fine cotton lands that
border the South Carolina Railway
-on both sides, from Midway to White
tPond, for melon-growing. To one
like myself. who has been deeply in
nterested in the development of the
wmagnificent agricultural resources of
S this county, and talked it and written
d of it on all proper occasions, and as
.5 certained in tha't way how deeply
, the one idea of cotton-growing was
fixed in the minds of our planters,
it is almost incomprehensible to note
the change that has come upon
them in the section mentioned. It
is, however, as refreshing and grat
ifying as it is hard to understand.
What an interest now is mani
fested in melon-growing. What an
industry it has become. What life
and animation it throws into busi
ness circles at this otherwise dull
season of the year. For the last
three weeks this town and those
above us and below on the railroad
have exhibited a scene of life and
activity that is not equalled, in some
respects, in the busy cotton months.
Buyers and soli-citors for commission
houses from all parts of the North,
East and Northwest have filled up
our towns and go from place to
place by every train, and actively
compete with each other in their en
deavors to secure as many carloads
as possible. The telegraph operator
is kept busy sending and receiving
dispatches as to the state of the
market from all points. The South
Carolina Railway is kept busy mov
ing the crop. Buying and selling is
active every afternoon when the
cars, which have been loaded all
along the line, have been massed
here. The farmers, merchants and
buyers from abroad are all alike
filled with the desire of big profits
and a fragment of the spirit of Wall
street seems to have been turned
loose here. The result this season
has been greatly beneficial to our
section. The planters have realized
good prices, and all who have
handled the crop are satisfied with
the profits realized. The crop is
easily made, rapidly marketed, and
the universal verdict is that the
profits far exceed, per acre the best
But the beauty of it is that it does
not interfere with the cotton crop in
any way. It is so easily made that
the cotton crop need not be decreased
to any great extent. It is marketed
at a time when pla:,ters have little
else to do, and brings cash into cir,
culation at a time money is greatly
needed.. Some of the small farmers
tell me that they have already
in pocket as much money~as thei.
cotton crop will realize, at one fiftt
of the cost, and at the same time ex.
pect to make as much cotton as they
usually make. It is safe to say tha
the water-melon industry has passed
the exprimental stage in this section
It did not prove near so remunera
tive at first, owning to the tact thai
the movement was new and oum
planters 1nexperienced and did nol
understand how to market the croi
to the best advanta'ge, and conse
quently glutted some markets whil4
others went unsupplied. The ar
rangements for freights had not beer
systematized and in many instances
consigners were swindled by un
scrupulous parties, who sold meloni
in many of the markets. But these
matters have all been overcome and
this season's crop has . been we]
handled and prices have been ver:
satisfactory all the time. It is esti
mated that the orop of this season
which has now been mostly mar
keted, will put at least fifty thousan<
dollars in the pockets of our peopli
in this section of our county.
But while the money realized fron
melon-growing is very gratifying il
itself, yet the result of the experi
ment is much more far-reaching. Th
most encouraging feature connecte
with it is that our farmers hav
made a break from exclusive dotto:
planting as a money crop. Othe
agricultural experiments are nos
sure to be ma.de which will lead to
development of the wonderful an
untold agricultural resources of ou
State. With soil, climate and ever;
natural advantage for successful as
riculture there is absolutely no res
son why our State should not be th
garden spot of our great country
Break our people away from the err<
neous idea that cotton is the onl
msney crop we have, and the wor
will be fairly be begun. Whby may nc
the watermelon culture in Barnwe
County prove the turning point
Equally as great results nave ha
their origin in a smaller cause.
A Fatal Duel Between Two Colore
CmIcaOo, J'uly 27.-A special froi
New Orleans says:
"A fatal duel was fought yesterda
evening on the banks of the Yazc
River, opposite Greenwood, Miss
between George Evans and Bud Ea:
ris, both well-known colored me:
The men selected double-barrelle
shotguns loaded with buckshot. On]
two paces apart they stood, the mu:
zies of the gury almost touching
When the word was given to fire bot
responded almost ab the same m<
ment. Evans fell dead, his breat
torn to pieces, and Harris was fatal]
THE POOR BOY'S CHANCE. to
He Makes It Himself-The Gates of
Success Wide Open in this Country.
Atlanta Constitution. fo
Commenting on President Cleve- m
land's recent visit to Clinton, the b
Springfield Republican says:
"An American president rambling tr
among the scenes of his boyhood is 8
always significant of one tremendous
fact in our national life-and that is ri
the essential democracy of our insti- Ci
tutions and the practical eqrality of
all men in this country in their po
litical capacity. Dr. McGlynn and di
Henry George and Mr. Powderly and as
all other agitators may talk about
the slavery of the American working- nt
man, and the vast difference between
the poor laborer and Jay Gould-but a
after all the fact is and cannot be ai
denied that the poor man's son is p
more likely to rise to the highest seat
of power in the nation than the son
of any man of wealth. Nor does u
this favor rise from any demagogic s<
hostility to the son favored by p:
There is a great deal of truth in
these words. They state the situa- o
tion fairly. In no country on earth w
has a poor boy so much to hope for n
and to aspire to as he has in the cc
United States. Not only in politics st
but in every profession and every p,
business the gate is wide open for tt
him on the road that leads to the ei
highest honors. b
The humble origin of nearly all w
the presidents of the United States gi
is familiar to all. It is a remarkable ls
fact that the. strongest characters 2
among them, were those whose boy- b
hood and youth were passed in pov- s
erty and hardship. a
The poor boy has been'as pre-emi- o
nent in business as in politics. A
big majority of the millionaires in p
the United States to-day were born b
either in poverty or in moderate cir- m
cumstances. The foundations of b
the greatest fortunes in this country w
were laid by poor men of this or the S
past generation. Most of our boast
ed "old families' are poor. The fI
learned professions tell the same old u
story. Most of their leaders are men I.
who fought their way up from the i:
common level of American citizen- w
ship, men who did not have the ad- tc
vantage of an honored family name, o
or the aid of powerful family eon- t
There are people in the United is
States who boast of their ancestry, S
and we sometimes hear of "the aris- a
tocracy." This sort of talk is the ii
source of comfort and pleasure to
those who indulge in it, and, as it
does nobody any harm, there is no
reason for objecting to it. But the
fact remains and grows clearer every
day, that the common people rule
. this country. They control its poli
tics and direct its thoug-ht. In~their'
humble homes, in their unpretentious
lives, in their hard brawn and their
brave, simple hearts lie the hopes of
the republic and the genius of its fu
I ture greatness.
I We s>metimes hear people say,
S"Give a poor boy a chance." That
is a good sentiment, but it is the
,glory of our history that in every
- generation there have been found
i poor boys who made chances for
a themselves, who became great and I
good men and left names which their
country holds in honored memory.
SRemarkable Growth of a Kansas
IC.Town-An ExampTe of Blowing
Your own Horn.
r Atlanta Constitution.
rBefore you cook your rabbit you
must catch him. A town that ex
Spects to prosper in this'country
must so spread its nets as to catch
live men-energetic men, progressive
men. A town with any natural ad
vantages at all will succeed if its
citizens are energ-etic and enterpris
in.Fra community of live men
will not sit down and whittle white
pine and allow the town and its in
terests to stand still. A town may
thave natural commercial advantages
1 in the world, and yet not prosper if
.its citizens are so constituted as to
be willing to look after only their
own individual affairs.
Wichita, a Kansas town, is an ex
Sample of what can be accomplished
by the energy, the enterprise and the
united public sprit of its citizens.
Wichita has grownn in a year or two
from a comparatively insignificant
y little town to a gre at trade and rail
o road center. There has been an in
., crease of over one thousand per cent
-in the value of real estate, and an
i. increase of over 20,000 in population.
d Lots in the town sell for more than
y $2,000 'a front foot. What is the
5- secret of this wonderful progress ?
E- Let a business man of Wichita tell
h the story:
"We organized. We held almost
y nightly meetings, and among the first
things we areed upon was to hang
gether and stay by each other
rough thick and thin.
"We advertised by hundreds (f
ousands of circulars. We set
rth all our advantages in such a
anner that strangers who were led
r our circulars to give us a call
ere not deceived, but, on the con
ary, agreed that we had not put it
strong as we might.
"Every town in the east of noto
sty was not only servep with our4
rculars, but our newspapers. And
e. newspaper advertising did double
ity. Our people made it a rule to -::
k all their friends to advertise.
"We then subscribed for a large
imber of copies, loaded with local
vertising and great advantages;
d we found by eonversing- with
Lrties who finally came here pros
,cting that the full advertising col
nns of our papers which they had
en did more than all else to im
ess them with the growth and iM r
>rtance of the place.
"We found then we could, not'
rerdo this thing-that the moe'
e paid out or these purposes the
ore were our profits. Every new-.
>mer was a customer to most ofour -
ores, and while their advertising Z'
Lid to them rich returns, it served -
te double purpose to impress the.Y
Lstern man who .had an eye to:"
siness with the fact that Wicht
as a rising town, and thus we. have
>ne on until we have added popu a
tion since f came here of over=.:
),000, and property has increased
isiness places more than a thoua:.
ind fold, and in the country roQnid .
)out us the appreciation has beei
er 400 per cent.
"I know as well as you can know
inter's ink is the best capital to
)om a town. Had we not usedit
asparingly Wichita would not have f
aen larger than Carthage. As is is
e will soon outrank any town: .
This is characteristic; there is -
imiliar twang about it that reminds
3 of a home, sweet home, as it we
1 other words, the Wichita:
lks like an Atlanta man, and the :
onderful growth of the Kanss t;
>wn is paralleled by the - eztra
rdinary growth of Atlanta during
le past fifteen years.
The moral of this is obvious. Thre
not a town in Georgia, nor in the
outh, that cannot achieve a reason- .
ble degree of prosperity by blowing
s own horn.
MUSTNT WEAR BUSTIsES.
L Lively Row Developing Neai
Clarksville Over the Xatter.
CLARKSVILLE, (iA., July 27-Th
que woollen mill has forbidden
ny of their female employees to
rear. bustles while at work in the
actory, for the reason that there is
anger of their dresses beiig caiit
a the looms. On yesterday-morn
oga young girl went to her work
rith a bustle on. Her boss scolded4
mer, and it is said, spoke very rough
y to her and put her out of the
ouse. While passing the house of
he girl's father, the boss was hailed
iy her brother and another man. He
efused to talk to them about the
ase, and they knocked him down
wice, <ne with a rock, and as he was
etting up he was maocked back with
stick. The men left at once and
ave not been heard from.
'RE FATE OF A NEBRASA'
)avld City Crushed by a Cycloute
LIXcots, NEB., July 29.-Meagre *
>articulars have been received of a
lisastrous tornado that passed over
he town of David City at 6 o'clock
One mian was killed and over half
he buildings in town demolished,J
ncluding the Union Pacific and the
3urlington and Missouri depots. A
arge brick school.house, the Metho- '
list and Congregational chur'ches and
several stores and many dwelling
iouses wrecked. The damage is es
imated at $200,000.
Coereing a County.
LOUIsVILLE, Kr., July 29.-i-United
tates Marshal Gross returned from -~
Laylor County to-night, where he went
ith a mandate from the Federal
lourt to collect the railroad tax.
The marshal, although boycotted 5
y the people of that county, sne
eeded in making several hundred
Levies, He reports it as tough work.
Th citizens put every obstacle in
bhe way and refused to pay.
One man, who was about to pay'
bis taxes, it was rumored, was lynched .
and others have been threatened.
rhe oods have not been sold yet, .
and doubtless will have to be shipped
:ut of the county before purchasers
'an e found.