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ESTABLISHED IN 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., THURS)AY. JANUAR 5 1888. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
SUMTER'S SCARLET STAiN.
T.ae Bowman-Keels Fead Ends in a
Special to the News and Courier.
SUMTER, Deceaiber 30.-The Bow
man Keels feud, which has been creat
ing some ex,itemeut in this county
during the past two weeks, reached a
terrible and bloody culmination at
about 2 p. m. to-day in this city.
While a number of the parties in
terested were in the omice of Trial
Justice Haynsworth this afternoon,
preparing to give bond to keep the
peace. a shooting and cutting affray
was precipitated. which resulted in
the wounding in a more or less dan.
gerous manner of John R. Keels, awl
his "father. D. E. Keels, K. Penning
too. P. G. Bowman anD Walter J.
Harby, and in the death of Trial
Justice George E. Haynsworth.
The affair is undoubtedly the most
terrible of the kind that has ever oc
eurred in this county, and is made
doubly so by the high standing of
all the parties engaged in it.
Your correspondent was absent
fro-.n town when the affair occurred.
having gone to Bishopville to ascer
tain the facts in the shooting affair
of last week. He returned, however,
a short while after the tragedy and
proceeded immediately in search of
the facts and circumstances attend
ing the terrible occurrence.
When he reached the trial justice's
ofice, at about 4 o'clock, the parties
participating in the shooting had all
been carried off by their friends, and
the almost lifeless body of Mr. G. E.
Haynsworth, the trial justice, was
stretched on a pallet on the floor in
the front room. He was soon after
wards removed to the residence of
his brother on Calhoun street, where
he lingered until a few minutes past
six this afternoon, when he breathed
his last. It is impossible to say .by
whom he was shot. His death of
course was accidental. He was struck
just under the right eye by a pistol
ball, which it is thought penetrated
the brain lodging near the base bf
the skull behind the right ear.
There was not a man in Sumter
County more highly esteemed by
every one than the deceased, and his
untimely and tragic end has cast a
deep pall over the-entire community.
He was a graduate of the Citadel
Academy just at the beginning of the
war, and was the man who fired the
first shot of the war at the "Star of
the West," as that vessel was seek
ing to relieve Major Anderson at
When your correspondent reached
the scene of the shooting this after
noon the excitement was so intense ]
that it was almost impossible to gain
any definite information concerning t
the affair, and even after the first
flush of excitement had died away it
was hard to gain anything positive
about it. The whole transaction took
place so quickly that the gpectators
hiad but little time to take in the de
Your correspondent visited all of
the wounded men this afternoon and
got their statement of the affair.
WHAT THE ELDER KEELS SAYs.
Capt. D. E. Keels was found at his
son's residence in bed, although none I
of his wounds are of a dangerous na
ture. His statement is about as fol
lows: He came to town this morning
with Mr. K. Pennington, from Lynch. <
burg. He went to his son's office, on 1
Main street.. and was there informed I
by two policemen that P. G. Bowman
was waiting at his office for him with I
a gun. He staid at his son's office
until about 2 o'clock, and when he
was about to go to dinner Sheriff
-Sanders, Polipemian J, T. Hurst and
Mr. Pennington oanie in and arrested
him and his son, John lKeels. for thei
purpose of requiring them to giv'e a I
peace bond. They left their pistols
in the office, and went to trial jus-.
tice's. As they entered the ofie
Mr. P. G. Bowman was walking up
and down the floor, and as he passed
him Bowman turned with, a drawn
pistol and fired at him three times.1
The first shot struck him in the leg.
j- As he rose from his seat a policeman
struck Bowman (:n th~e head, knock
tug him down. Just then Mr. Wai
ter J. Harby, who was standing
across the roomn by the fireplace, fired
at him. He rushed across at Harby
and grasped his pistol, preventing
the further use of it, not however be
fore Harby had struck him in the
"ace with the butt of the weapon. In
the excitement and confusion which
.foflowed he could tell nothing more
that was going on.
Mr. Keels says he was unz.rmed
the whole time. lie was wounded
on the inside of the. left thigh, was
shot through the lef't wrist and in the
left hand, besides some other severe
5T.4TEMENT OF THE JUNIOR MIt,
Mr. John R. Keels, who is in the
bustody of tne police, was seen at
the city Guardhouse, Hle received a
slight flesh wound in the left arm.
Eis statement was substantially the1
same as that given by his father.
Hie said that when arrested he ob
-.jected to going to the trial justice's
ofliee unarmed, fearing an attack.
but the sheriff insisted on his giving
up his arma and he acquiesced. WVhen
they reached the office of the trial
justice P. G. Bowman was walking
up and down the floor. A fter a 'no
ment or two lhe turned suddenly with
a pistol already drawn and at a
distance of about five feet fired three
times at D. E. '-Keels and once
at him, J. R. Keels. Somebody then
-knocked Bowman down and the de
ponent ran out of the ottice to his
,own office and came nack with four
pistols, but was stopped before lhe
had reached the scene of the shooting,
and was armeted,
P. G. BOWMAN'S ACCOUNT.
Mr. P. G. Bowman was found a
his residence suffering considerabl3
from his wounds, the most serious of
which was a scalp wound, the othei
two being in the right hand. Mr
Bowman's statement was about a
follows: '"I had heard of threatf
that Mr. D. E. Keels had made about
making me bite the dust the next time
he came to Sumter, and this morning,
as I was standing on Main street in
front of my office, Keels rode up the
street in an omnibus, glaring at me
in a most threatening manner as he
passed. I walked across the street
to my office steps and was standing
there when Mr. Keels and Mr. K.
Pennington came walking up the
street very hurriedly.; I stepped
down on the sidewalk, expecting an
attack. but he turned into his son's
tlice before he reached me. About
half an hour after th;s I was arrested
and taken to Trial Justice Hayns
worth's office, where I was told that
I would be required to giva a peace
bond. While the bond was being
prepared Sheriff Sanders brought in
Mr. John R. Keels and his father, D.
E. Keels. As he entered the room
be fixed his eyes on me and put his
band in his breast. There were sev
aral persons standing between us,
and he waited until the way was
lear and then drew a pistol. With.
)ut awaiting any further develop.
rents I drew my pistol and com
nence I firing is rapidly as I could.
[ was anticipating "trouhle, but did
ot want anyone else in it. I would
]ot let brother (W. A. Bowman) go
o the trial justice's armed. He was
resent at the shooting altogether
WHAT 1R. HARBY sXYS
Mr. Walter J. Harby was met on
he street late this afternoon with
is head bound up. He had received
,everal cuts in the affray, but none
iertous. Harby said that when the
hooting began Penningtoi drew his
)ietfil and opened on Bowman. He
was standing near Pennington, ..
-ushed on him and grappled wit...
iim. Pennington turned with a knife
n one hand,a pistol in the other. Har
)y then drew his pistol and com
nenced firing at Pennington, who
losed on him with a knife, .utting
uim on the head and neck. D. E.
eels then closed on Harpy, press
ng a pistol against his body. Harby
aught the weapon and turned it
iside as it went off. He was holding
Pennington off when they were dis
irmed by the police.
EVIDENCE OF EYE-WITNESSES.
Other particulars of the affair were
)rocured from Sheriff Sanders,
dessrs. G. C. Bacon, J. A. Schwerin,
Lnd others who were eye witnesses to
he shooting. It seems that Sheriff
>anders was standing by the door as
ln R. Keels ran out. As Keels
assed the sheriff he wrenched the
atter's pistol from him, and running
ut of the door, fired up through the
lash of the east front window twice.
Ut whom these shots were directed,
Lnd whether they took effect or not,
t is impossible to say.
Mr. J. A. Schwerin, the trial jus
ice's deputy, was the first person
who reached Mr. Haynsworth after
e was shot. He says he, did not
~ee him fall. Policeman Sam Hurst
lays i e fell right over on his face.
le was struck while sitting in his
~hair. His last words were addressed
n Messrs. Bowman and Harby, who
rere being put under peace bond.
le had then prepared the neces
ary papers and turned and asked:
Gentlemen,. are you ready.?" Just
Lt that moment the promiscuous firing
>egan. Hie was totally unonscious,
Lfter being shot, until his death.
Eenningtonu could not be round to
night. He was shot thrGugh the
>ody, but fortunately without any
erious effect. All the parties en-.
aged were arrested this afternoon.
'. G. Bowman and W. J. Harby
w-ere released on giving bond to keep
be peace in the sum of $1,000 sach.
['he other parties will probably be
>ailed out early in the morning.
EHE mTsUoPVIL4LE sHOOTING A4FFAiRi.
Vursuant to instructions your cor.
espondent went to Bishopville yes.
erday to ascertain the facts in the
Bow:nan-Keels shooting affair of the
9th inst. He visited Mr. P. G.
Bowman, Jr.. the wounded mian, who
ave the "'ollowing statemnent, which
s corroberated In all points by~ the
-Ion. W. 1). Scarborough, Messes J.
). Shaw, S. H. Kilgore, F, P, Mc Lane
md other eye-witnesses:
Mr. Bowman said that he had
)eard of threats which Mr. Jon R.
Keels had made against him and had
repared himself for a difficulty, al
;hough he intended to avoid it if
:>ossible. On the 19th of D)ecemiber.
SIr. D. E. Keels came to Bishopville
"arly in the morning., and his son
John Eeels came up later in the day
[rom Sumter. About 2 o'clock
Sam H. Kilgore and( T. P. McLane
:ame in his store and told him that
hbe Messrs Keels were in town, and
isked him to walk out on the -street
~o let them see he was not afraid. He
h)ereupon walked down the street
and met John R. Keels about thirty
feet from his store. Keels advanced
n him saying, you, I have
seeii looking for you and now T've
got you, and struck at him. H-e
warded off the blow and struck Keels,
whereupon the latter drew his pistol.
Bowman immediately drew his, but
A. S. Barrett took Keel's pistol, and
he gave his up to S. H. Kilgore.
Keels then agreed to fight. it ont fair
and advance on Bowman. who, with.
nit advancing, struck him back three
Limes. At the third hlow Keels drew
a second pistol and fired twice, one
ball taking effect in Bowman's left
hip. Mr. D. Keels jerked Bowman's
pistol from Kilgore as the firing be.
gan. Bowman was rquarmed and una
ble to defend himself. Public senti
ment at Bisbopville is very much
against the course pursned by Keels.
- as the people consider that he took
an undue advantage of Bowman in
attacting him with a pistol when the
latter was unarmed.
The sequel of this affair, however.
which occurred in the Trial Justice
Court to-day, eclipses in horror the
above narrated happenings. all in
terest being centred around the last
scene of the dread tragedy.
The Most Beautiful American Woman.
From the Cincinnati Gazette.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 19.-When
the snow began Mrs. Cleveland was
shopping on the avenue. She was
walking from store to store with one
of her guests, whom she.always takes
along to make a contrast with her
own prettiness. She is a fast walker,
and made her friend trot to keep up
with her. She was plainly dressed
in a tight-fitting suit, with -small,
modest hat and no *raps. In the
gown and jacket her beautiful figure
st owed off to perfection, and even
with her slender waist and girlish
contour one seeing her upon the
street can hardly believe her own
statement that she weighs 170
pounds. But she is a large woman,
and taller than her husband, and
when with him looks taller from her
erect carriage and well proportioned
figure, and his enormous girth and
general wealth of adipose tissue.
Once Mrs. Cleveland- paused to
enter into business negotiations with
an urchin selling peacock feather
ornaments. She handled the differ
ent bunches, and asked the prices.
Her friend became nervous ba
cause of the gathering crowd and
startling eyes, and said, "Come on,
Frankie; don't you see what a crowd
you are collecting ?
"That's all right' was the cool re
ply. "-I can't help it."
She selected a bunch, paid a dime
for it, taking the money from a gold
ornamented alligator-skin pocket.
book as long as a policeman's club,
and the two ladies sloped into a sad
dlery and horse millinery store, and
began examining horse blankets, stir
rups, and bits, while the crowd slow
ly melted away. When they were
all gone, Mrs. Cleveland and her
friends again ventured out upon the
street and walked until another
crowd gathered. and then they took
final refuge in a- jewelry store.
From there, as the snow began
coming down faster, they took a
herdic to the white house, and Mrs.
Cleveland passed up her fare to a
colored man to deposit in the box.
Neither the colored man nor any
body else in the herdic had any idea
who the young lady was,' but the
whole party becnie very wide awake
as to her identity when she and her
companion alighted at the white
house and scampered up the broad
walk through the fast falling snow.
Mrs. Cleveland at once made things
hvely in the white house. There
was ringing of bells and hurrying of
servants and grooms, and within half
an hour the big old white house
sleigh, which has been stored away
unused ior several years, was brought
out, with horses and bells and robes,
and Mrs. Cleveland and party jumped
in and started out on a gay trip to
Oak View and Grasslands, just as
the sky cleared and. the new moon
To be young and healthy, and
pretty and wealthy, and the first lady
in the land in the foremost nation in
the world, and 'at the same time to
take .a sleigh ride with soft robes,
gliding runners, musical bells, and
the silver cresceb.t of a new moon
showing happily over her right shoul
der, is not given to many women in
this life. Yet, the Lord bless her,
the people, whether they take kindly
to her husband or not, are glad to
see so much happiness condensed
into one young and innocent life.
Gireenville Votes a Subscription of
$200,000 to the Railroad.
GREENvILLE, December 28.-The
restult of the election in this county
to day on the question of county sub
scription of $200,000 to the Carolina,
Knoxville and Western Railroad,
was a grind victory for the railroad.
The city voted solidly for the sub
scription, the total vote in the city
being 2,445, of which only forty-three
were against. the subscription-and
mnost of these were by voters from
the country, who came in the city and
v-oted. Reports received to night
from most of the townships in the
.onnty for the subscription is not
less tb in 3,000, and probably more.
Ther is great rejoicing in the city
to-night at the result. The contract
for grading the entire lin~e from here
to Knoxville has already been
signed, and it is understood that the
work will commence next month.
The building of this road will make
the railroad facilities of Greenville
The Coast Line Vestibule Train.
Thie famous '-vestibule train" of
the Atlantic Coast Line is now ready
for its initial trip and will start from
New York for Jacksonville. January
9. It will pass Ashley Junnction at
8.40 A. M. on the 10th an'd reach
Jacksonville at 3.45 P. M. the same
day. That trip will be the first of
the regular trips from New York.
This train will make the southward
trip every Monday, Wednesday and
Friday. Returning it will go north
on Tuesdays, Thurs lays and Satur
days. The train is said by the
northern papers to be the finest eter
not on a rilwnw'
A STRANGE CAREER.
A Cherokee Who Fought Under Robert
E. Lee-Exciting Experience.
Olympus Monroe Wilson is the
heterogeneous name of an Indian
who has been in Nashville for several
weeks, says the American. le has
been connected with some or the
most stirring events in the west dur.
ing the early days when settlers car
ried their lives in their 1ands. IIe
was horn fifty-eight years ago, near
Tahlequah, the capital of the Chero
kee nation, the son of a full blooded
Cherokee woman and a halt-breed.
He has since his twelfth year, when
he enlisted in the Texas rangers,
been scout, soldier, trapper miner,
and now in his old age, has turned
his face from the lone star State to
the far-away home of his youth in
He has been three times married,
has buried each wife and five cliil
iren, and now seems to want to live
nly till he can once more see his
nly son in the forest where he was
born. He is afflicted with heart dis
ease and realizes that he may die
any moment, but his fortitude
never deserts him, and although
suffering from a terrible wound re
ceived in battle furty-five years ago,
tnd from other injuries which kept him
in a hospital four years stripped
in recent years of the small prop
rty he had acquired, he bears
bis misfortunes with the characteris
;ic Indian stoicism. He is not slo
venly or dissipated, as the popular
mind pictures the Indian redeemed to
partial civilization, but a fine look.
ing, sober and remarkably intelli.
ent man. When a young man he
went to California as a gold miner.
One day a heavily-laden wagon
ran over his body, and he was con
ined for years to a hospital. His
life was despaired of. but the con
stant attention of an English physi
:ian who became interested in him
inally restored him to partial health.
During his sickness his kind nurse
aaght him to read and write,
ind for years he has read a
treat deal, as his conversation shows.
When a mere lad he fought the Com.
mnche Indians who depredated on
he Texas border and served under
Ben McCullough, who afterward be
;ame a federal general. The Chero
cees were the first Indians with
whom the colonists became ac
luainted, and since the founding of
lamestown. Va., have been the. most
ractable of the Indians, so that
t was scarcely to be wondered
it that this young son of the
ribe, who had white blood in
is veins, should have been found in
cliance against the Comanche ma
Lauders. The first battle with them
n which he took part was in 1844,
>n , the spot where San Antonio now
tands, and fifteen red skins bit the
lust. At one time he fought under
Robert E. Lee, who was then colonel
>f the Second United States dragoons.
Lee was in pursuit of a hand of Comn
iches who had committed serious
lepredations, and caught them on a
ributary to the Colorado river. The
ngagement was sharp and brief, Lee
orcing the Indians to the lills and
illing over t.hirty. His f<,tree was
sixty men, while the Indians out
aumbered him ten to one. Wilson
aid to an Amnericain reporter that he
'emembered Lee distinctly, that lie
was even then, a young man, remark
ibly self-possessed in battle and
Inick to execute plans, fearless and
intiring, qualities which were four
locades signally displayed on many
Wilson is ripe in Indian los and
aa evidently been a calm studenit of
~heir history in recent years. lie
-emarked in illustration of the rapid
lisappearance of the Indlian. "War,
estilence, and whisky are pursuing
;heir deadly work with astonishuing
ffect. In 1843 there were 20,000
3manches, the last census shows
mly 2,500. In fifty years I do not
delieve that there will be an organ
zed Indian tribe in the country. The
paches are about the only wild In
ians. You can find the red-skins in
ill of the territories, but the tendency
a to collect in Indian territory, or as
we call it, the Four tribes. In 1832,
hat region, then a part of the -terrn
ory of Arkansas, was made the
property of the Choctaw, Cherokee,
Dhickasaw and Creek indians. and
so it has remained."
In defense of Mr. Cleveland, who
da been charged with inconsistency
in removing stockdealers from the
Arapahoe and Cheyenne reservations.
and allowing the Kansas Stock comn
pany to continue to use that of the
latter tribe had many years ago, in
sonsideration of $300.000, given the
Kansas company this right, while the
raders were on the Arapahioe and
heyenne lands through illegal con
tracts made by government agents,
nd which Mr. Cleveland has justly
A negro man went into MIr. E- -'s
>ffice for the 1aurpose of instituting a
divorce suit against his wife. 3Ir.
E- proceeded to question him as
to his grounds for complaint. No
ricing that the man's voice failed him,
Mr. E-looked up from his papers,
nd saw that big tears were running
down over the cheeks of the applicant
"Why," said thie lawyer, "von seem
to care a great deal for your wife.
Did you love her ?"
"Love her, sir ? I jest (Inalyzedl
This was more than professional
dignity could withstand, and MIr. E.
--laughed until the negro, ofiendecd,
SATTl E WITIE A %EA IONTE.
A Finbaek Whale Kills Three of the
Crew on a Whalin:rgteamer.
I row the Boston Globe.
The whaling steamer "Lizzie N.,"
Captain West, which has been en
gaged in the finback whale fishery on
the eastern coast this season, on Oc
tober 6, when about fifteen miles
east south east from Sequin islan3,
off the coast of . 'aine, a large lone
whale of that species and attempted
its capture. A boat was lowered and
manned with Captain West, his mate
and four seamen. Captain West,
with a large heavy whaling gun in
which was an explosive bomb lance,
took the breach of the boat, while the
mate steered. Upon approaching the
whale it was seen that he would be
an ugly customer to deal with, as be
showed no inclination to run, but
kept slowly milling around, evidently
WAITING TO BE ATTACKED.
When the boat was near enough to
warrant a shot, Captain West fired
the gun, but as the sea was rough the
motion of the boat destroyed the ac
curacy of the aim. The whale was
badly wounded, but not in any vital
part. The whale then made for the
boat, and in passing under it struck
it with his flukes, throwing it some
thirty feet into the air with its crew,
throwing the men out. As the boat
descended the whale again struck it
with his tail and completely demor
alized the boat, killing one of the
crew, Jacob Klock. cutting him com
pletely in two. The whale then com
menced to bite and strike with his
tail at the pieces of the boat, killing
two more men, Neil Oken and Chris
Johnson, who were supporting them
selves on pieces of the wreck.
While the whale was engaged in
destroying the boat, Captain West,
the mate and one fortunately secured
an oar apiece and swam away from
the place. On board the steamer the
mishap was seen.
ANOTIIEIR BOAT WAS LOWERED
and *the three men picked up and
taken on board much exhausted.
Nothing daunted, Captain West re
solved upon capturing the fish. Every
thing was got in readiness; two guns
were loaded, each with the explosive
lance, Captain West taking one and
his mate the other, and taking their
positions in the bow of the steamer,
word was given to go ahead. The
whale in the meantime was tying
still among the debris of the wrecked
boat, occasionally throwing his flukes
into the air.
As-the ship neared the monster,
he left the wrecked boat and made
for the steamer, with the evident in
tention of striking her on the port
how. By a quick turn of the rudder
the steamer cleared him by a few
feet. but with no chance for a shot.
The whale then turned and again
made for the steamer, coming down
fr9rm the windward for about mid
ships of the vessel. Captain West
saw that the whale evidently intend
ed to breacii on to the vessel, and
word was given to go ahead at full
speed. So the whale
REARED ITs HULGE HEAD) AND BODY
into the air, the little steamer sprung
ahead, and the whale fell into the
water with a terrific noise, and just
cleard the steamer's stern by a few
feet. When the whale struck the
water it made such a heavy swell
that the men were unable to stand on
Seeing that it was impossible to
get a shot at the monster without,
great risk to the steamer and crew
another plan was resorted to. A
large, strong water er.sk, holding
about 250 gallons, was emptied of its
contents and then bunged tightly.
The steamer was once more headed
for the fighter, and as she approached
him he agaiD came to the attack. The
cashm was thrown overboard to attract
his attention and the vessel retreated
to a safe distance. The whale in
stantly went for the cask, throwing it
high in the air with his flukes, but
such was its strength and buoyancy
no darnage was done to it. After
several futile attempts to smash the
cask with his flukes, he commenced
to swim slowly around it, occasional
ly striking it with his head and at
tempting to bite it. evidently forget.
ful of the ship, which was
WATCHING Ils EVERY MOVEMENT
This was Captain West's chance,
and silently but swiftly the little
steamer glided up behind him at a
short distance from his tail, and be
fore he was aware of its approach he
received the contents of both the
whale guns, the bomb lances explod
ing in his lungs. The steamer sheer
ed off to a place of safety, the whale
forged ahead about 100 yards and
commenced to break and lash the sea
into foam in its frenzy and dying
struggles, throwing high in the air
large quantities of blood, showing
that he bad received his death wohnd.
A fter about five minutes' struggling,
he commenced to slowly mill around,
and finally giving one last breach
into the air, came down on his side
The steamer then went alongside
and fastened to him with harpoons,
and strong ropes and chains secured
him to the vessel, by which means he
was towed into the harbor, where
crowds collected to see the monster
and congratulate Captain West on
his skill and daring in capturing tbe
whale, this being the first one brought
into that place.
The whale is upward of sixty feet
in length, and would probably weigh
between seventy and eighty tons. It
is one of the largest of the species
ever captured, and would yield about
thirty barrels of oil.
FARXING THAT PAYS.
d Fifty-nine Bales of Cotton from
About Fifty-one Acres.
e Aiken Journal and Reciew.
h Mr. M. T. Holley, Jr., a most
e successful young farmer of the
r Levels, at our request has given us
e for publication the result of his farm
y ing operations this year. His farm
lies about two miles south of Aiken,
- on what is known as the Levels. He
r planted in cotton last spring, using
the Peterkin seed, between fifty and
fifty-two acres, manuring with fertil
izers, compost and cotton seed, and
, off this he has gathered fifty-nine
f bales averaging 467 pounds of fer
a tilizcrs, and compost and 30 bushels
s of cotton seed to the acre, and from
a this he gathered twenty-four bales,
e which goes to prove that heavy ma
e nuring pays, evon on our uplanda.
On the balance of his cotton land be
t put only about 300 pounds of fertili
zers and 15 bushels of cotton seed.
e With the exception of four bales
, which Mr. Holly still holds, this cot
e ton has all been sold to the Granite
a ville Manufacturing Company, where
a doubting Thomases, should there be
any, can verify these figures. both as
t to the number of bales sold and their
Mr. Holley is a firm believer in the
use of ferterlizers, and next year he
proposes to reduce his acreage and
increase the quantity of fertilizers,
s thus backing up his judgment by
s his actions.
0 In addition to this fine yield of cot
s ton, Mr. Holley has made all the
corn and fodder that will be necessa
ry for him to run his farm another
D What has been accomplished byMr.
n Holly can be accomplished by others.
His lands are no better than bun
D dreds of acres that surround him, but
he used manure freely and pushed
l his crop instead of letting his crop
push him. He has made money, and
e we wish we had his permission to
D give his net profits on his farm this
year, but that we have not, although
the figures are in our possession.
Suffice it to say that with him farm
A New Departure.
The South Carolina Methodist
Conference resolved that "an attend
dance upon the theatre circus, or
any professional'or in r aramat
ic or impersonating exhibition, is in
a consistent with the obligations of a
Christian profession to renounce the
world, the flesh and the devil."
"This," says the Augusta Chronicle,
"is a pretty wide scope of condemna
9 tion. The theatre and the circus
have been the immemorial targets for
f ecclesiastical censure, but the con
ference adds all forms of dramatic or
impersonating exhibitions, whether
professional or. amateur. According
~to this, a dramatic reading or a tab
leau, even by amateurs, is equally
.the child of sheol with the clown and
r the ballet danie'. What is to become
of school May-day cantatas, where
one little girl represents the lily,
another the rose, a third a violet, and
f so on? This is an 'amateur imper
n sonating exhibition.' What, again,
d of the tableaux, where pretty misses
e represent Faith, Joan of Arc. the
3. Genius of America, etc? These are
i, exhibitions, and impersonating exhi
i. bitions at that. We at first thought
, the good brother who wrote this reso
ll lution inadvertently drew it too
r, strong, and that the conference un
d advisedly adopted it just as it came
, from the committee, but a second
. resolution makes it appear as if the
. reading, the'- cantata, the tableau,
s even for church purposes, must go.
31 The resolution says: "We will dis
e countenance and discourage a resort
,to all questionable means of raising
-. money for church purposes by other
means than a straightforward and
ihonest appeals to the sense of reli
gious obligation.' The church fair
.1 must, therefore, go as well as the tab.
leau and cantata. Farewell to the
~, fish pond. and grab-bag, and postof
,flce, and Rebecca's well, and the
.chicken-salad made out of antedilu
vian rooster. A long and glad fare
The Razor-Back Hog.
. Tobe Hlodge, in American Magazine.
f "Evolution : They are great travel
~, ers, and always go in a trot. Their
.t quadrupedal locomotors are in some
e way connected with an internal grunt
rI ing arrangement. This capability
i- for locomotion, and their innate sin
s fulness, scientifically explain their
existence in West Virginia and their
e ancestry. There is no authority for
t even supposing that all the swine
e historically described as going down
t into the sea or lake with devils in
e them were drowned. The Sinaitic,
f Vatican and Alexandrian MSS. say
a "choked"; so I stake my scientific
e reputation upon the assertion that
-the Razor-back Hogs of West Vir
I ginia are descend from the survivors
'of those owned by the A. D. I. pork.
, raiser.', for the reason that they have
e more deviljin them than can possibly
a be compressed into modern pork,
h ave cloven feet, a long tail, and
e never miss an opportunity to upset a
, bucket, eat a week's washing, of
.-squeal when the baby is asleep.
1 A Peculiarity of 1888f
-Next year (1888) will be a pecu
i liar one-in this respect-that the last
' three numerals which compose it will
a be the same figures, a circumstance
-: which can occur only once in a cen
B tury, or, more strictly speaking, once
B in every 111 years. as it will be 111
I years before another "three of a
Skind" (1999) will be reached.
ONE YEAR AT TiE SOUTH.
A Wonderful RIecord of Progress an
BALTIMORE, Decemler 29.--Th
Manufacturers' Record will publis
this week its annual review of th
industrial growth of the South ft
1887, which is in many respects tb
most remarkable year in the histor
of that section, as more was accon
plished for the progress and pro
perity of the whole South than eve
before in the same length of time.
From Maryland to Texas the pr<
gress was remarkable, covering a
most the entire range of industr3
and there is scarcely a single line c
manufacturing or mining business i
which the number of new enterprise
reported during 1887 is not more tha
twice as large as in 1886. Of th
fourteen Southern States there ar
only four in which the capital it
vested in new enterprises was nc
double tne amount invested last yeaw
While the number of new furnac
companies increased from 28, in 188(
to 29 in 1887, the number of machin
shops and foundries increased frot
68 to 103, and miscellaneous iro
works, rolling mills, pipe works, &c
from 56 to 71; so that the increase c
enterprises to consume pig iron wa
much greater than of furnaces to pr(
Agricultural implement factorie
increased from 11 to 25,1flour mill
92 to 135, furniture factories 23 t
55, gas works 24 to 35, water work
:42 to 88, carriage and wagon fact<
ries 16 to 44, electric light works 3
to 83, mining and quarrying ente:
prises 174 to 562, cotton mills 9 t
77, wood-working concerns 448 t
726, ice factories 50 to 95, cannin
factories 13 to 82, brick works 53 t
169, cotton compresses 13 to 35, col
ton seed oil mills 4 to 18, naturs
gas companies 21 to 53, and misce
laneous enterprises 419 to 913. Th
total number of 1887 was 3,43
against 1,575 in 1SSC.
The ainount of capital, includin
the capital stock of incorporate
companies organized during 1881
was : Alabama $47,982,000, Arkansa
$24,466,000, Florida $2,736,000, Geoi
gia $15,361,000, Kentucky $40,053
000, Louisiana $8.218,000, Marylan
$15,187,000, Mississippi $4,771,001
North- Carelina $9:767;i00,' Sout
Carolina $3,895,000, Tennessee $35
861,000, Texas $16,430,000, Virgini
$23,255,000, West Virginia $8,766
000. Total $256,298,000 in 1886.
In cot on manufacturing there ha
been great activ.ty-and seventy-seve
new have been projected, many c
them being now under constructiol
which is the largest number of ne
mills ever reported in one year. Co
ton mills are reported as havin
largely over-sold their productioi
and many old mills are being er
larged to meet the demand for thei
Trhe increasing diversification <
Southern industries is illustratedi
the fact that Alabama alone secure
(luring the year the location of fiv
large car-building plants, two at D<
catur and one each at Birminghan
Anniston and Gadsden. The Ai
niston works will cost $1,000,004
employ 1,000 mechanics, and wi
turn out twenty complete cars a dal
from freight to passenger, parlor an
sleeping cars. The entire worl
from making the wheels to upho
stering. is to be done in these shop!
One of ti-e car plants at Decatur
being built by the Louisville an
Nastiville Road and the other will 12
the large works now at Urbamne
Ohio, which are to be removed to D4
catur. In the building of rollin
mills. pipe works, machine shops an
foundries the same activity is seer
while furniture factories, agriculture
implement works, flour mills,.gas an
electric works, canning factories
wood-working establishments. &c
are being started all over the Souti
Sad and Sudden End of a Congress
man's BricIe of a Month.
W AsIINGTOx, December 2.-Mrn
Eunice Bosworth Taylor, wife c
Congressman E. 13. Taylor, of Ohi<
died this afternoon of apoplexy i
the Providence Hospital, where sh
bad been removed on being foun
unconscious in the street. Her ident
tv was unknown for several hour
after her demise.
Mrs. Taylor left her late residenc
in the i'norning, apparently in perfe(
health, to do some shopping. Sh
was on her way home, within abou
two blocks of her residence when sb
fell on the pavement at the corner c
Cnnecticut avenue and L. street, i
what seemed to be a spasm. Sb
was removed unconscious to a neigh
boring drug store, and there bein
nothing except the word "Bosworth
on a handkerchief in her pocket t
disclose her idenity, an ambulanc
was sumomoned and she was taken t
the Providence Hospital. Here, nol
withstanding all that could be don
for her, she died in about two hours
without having r:gained con scious
A bout the time her friends bega:
to notice her absence they read i:
the evening papers a paragraph de
scribing a lady whose name couli
not be learned, having been taken ta
the hospital, and mentioning th
handkerchief with the name of Bos
worth upon it. Her husband at onc
went to the hospital. hut found hi
wife dead. They had been marries
The Woolfolk Tragedy Eclipsed.
ALBANY, Ga., December 27.
News reached this city to-day of a
tragedy in Lee County, which almost
rivals the Woolfolk tradegy in the
number of victims, and eclipses it in
that. the criminal added his own
dead body to the funeral pile. The
scene as described is shockiig in the
Nathaniel Read was always at
outs with his family, which consisted
of a wife and six children. He was
of a sullen nature, extremely jealous,
and highly passionate. His wife
lived in dread of him, and his chil
dren cowered in his presence, and
always sought some place where his
eye could not rest upon them.
On Sunday, according to a I*
who staid with the family, Read wa
taciturn and angry. He would sit
for an hour at a time with an ugly
looking dirk in his hand, which he
would pass over his other band, as if
in the act of strapping it. Whenevier
the children would come near him-4e
would grit Lis teeth and mumble
After dark he feigned sudden sick
ness, and told the boy to go for a
doctor. The boy ran, and it was
several hours before he returned ac
companied by a physician. They
were astonished to. find the house a
mouldering ruin, while the stench
from the roasted corpses was unen
durable. Not much could be done in
the way of investigation until day
light, when about fifty neighbors
were drawn together.
The bloody knife wa9found beside
the well. It was evident that Read
must have cut his victims' throatst
seven in number, as they slept, and
then set the house on fire. In the
well Read's body was found. A
frightful gash was in his throat, which
must have been inflicted just as he
jumped into the well.
The remains were all gathered to
gether and buried near by. Great
The Blackwell Railroad.
A special meeting of the directors
of the Blackville, Alston and New
berry Railroad was held at the Ger
man Artillery Hall on Tuesday night,
President George A. Wagener and
the following directors were at the
meeting: W.'H. D.ua.n
Mke Bow ini5 nn einy
.CaptF. W. Wagenec aad Mr.gam
Simons, both of whom tare.lrge
stockholders in the company.were
also present by invitation.
It was decided by the directors-to.
call for bids. for grading the road..
from Sallyville to the Kaoline mine '
with a view to extending it to that
point as soon as possible. Mr. J. H.
Averill, the superintendent of the
road, was instructed to order two
new locomotives and the necessary
cars for the passenger trains,. Mr.
Crawford Keys, a well-known civil
engineer, has also been engaged to
select the location and arrange for
the erection of several depots and
water tanks along the route.
Mr. J. H. Riley, of the firm of Sal- '
ly & Riley, merchants at Sallyville,
was in the city .yesterday, and re
ports that the road will be compled
to Sally ville to-night, the track-layers
being now within a short distance of
the town. This will permit the im- -
mediate operation of the road be
tween Sally ville and Blackville, a
distance of about fifteen miles.
Mr. Riley has three thousand bar
rels of naval stores, and his firm has
one hundred and eighty bales of cot
ton now waiting at Sallyville for ~
shipment to Charleston as soon as
the road is formally opened by the
Quinine Will Break up a Cold.
It is surprising, says a family
physician, how certainly a cold may
be broken up by a timely dose of
quinine. When first symptoms make
their appearance, when a little lang
our, slight hoarseness and ominous
tightening of the nasal membranes
follow exposure to draughts or sud
den chill by wet, five grains of the
useful alkaloid are sufficient in many
cases to end the trouble. But it must
be done promptly. If the golden
moment passes, nothing suffices to
stop the weary sneezing, handker
chief using, red nose and woe btegone
looking periods that certainly follow.
How to Get Rich.
- From the Detroit Free Pr-ess.
"it's what thee'll spend, my son,"
said a sage old Quaker, "not what
thee'll make, which will decide wheth
er thee is to be rich or not."
John Jacob Astor used to say that
a man who wishes to be rich and has
saved $10,000 has -won half' the battle
-is on the highway to fortune. Not
that Astor thought $10,000 much;
but he knew that in making and sav
ing such a sum a man acquired hab
its of prudent economy which would
constantly keep him advancing in
Sherman Will Oppose Lamar.
SPRINGFIEL.D, Ohio, December 27.
-In reply to a communication from
the Buckeye club, of this city, pro
testing against the confirmation of
L. Q. C. Lamar as associate justice
of the United States supreme court.
Senator Sherman, in a letter, says:
"I take the same view of the nomi
nation of Mr. Lamar as stated by .
your Buckeye club. You may be
sure I shall do all I can to. prevent
his confirmation. I regret to say.
however, that I fear my efforts will