Newspaper Page Text
ESTABLIIIED 1865. -NEWBERRY, S. C., TIILRSDAY,MAC_918.
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STORMS IN ALL DIIRECTIONS.
S,vere in the State-Great Dextructi.)n i
Georgia and East Tennessee-The Snow
[ByTelegraph to the News and Courier.
GREENvILLE, March 21.-Reports re
ceived from the country to-day, homw
ever, indicate that the storii was tht
outer edge of a cyclone, which pacse<
in a northeasterly direction through th<
county, touching in several points, antt
blowing down great nunl)ers of trees
fences and small outbuildings.
At F.asley, Pickens County, tit
house of Dr. Cureton was unroofed an
a mile away a house was unroofed an'
a Mrs. Barnes injured. A negr<
cabin was wrecked near the city and :
negro woman hurt. At Greer's tht
Methodist Church was danage(d an(
the roof of a saw mill was blown away
The storm was accompanied by thn
terrible deep roaring of a regular ey
clone and produced dismay and eon.
consternation in its path. The fact thal
its progress lay through a thinly settle(
section is the only explanation of tht
comparatively small dainage.
EIGHTEEN SMALL 1IocsEs niLow
SPARTAN BURG, March 21.-Abou
3 o'clock this morning a violent stori
with much thunder and liglitning
passed over the county. A tornad
passed just north of town, not far fron
the experimental station. -About eigh
teen small houses, mostly occupied bn
colored people, were blown down, son t
of them being levelled with the ground
Ed Motley a colored inan, was sevcrelN
hurt. The encanipnnt and experi
mental station buildings are uninjured
The wires are down between here anu
Union and no conununication is ha
over that line. The line has been re.
paired where the torn; do crossed ii
near town. It is turning colder fasi
SEVERE IN ANDERS0N.
ANDERSON, March "1.-A fearfu
storm, amounting ainu.,t to a cyclone
visited our county this morning abou1
" o'clock, doing considerable damnage t<
property in sonic sections. Six mile:
west of this city Mat Chamble's gin
house was blown down, Bob Chamnble':
dwelling-house lost ona or two chini
neys and several outhouses were blow
down. So far we have heard of no los:
of life. One wing of the UniversitN
building in this city was unroofed.
THE DAMAGE AT ALSTON.
ALsTO , March 21.-Judge D. S
Murphey reports that his dairy was de
molished bythe storm and all fences tori
down ; his garden blown down ; heav
cedar posts twisted off at the grouns
hke straws. The wind lifted the col
ored Episcopal Church from its foun
dation and did other damage. Report,
are coming in of a severe storm firt
miles from here.
A CYCLONE IN NoRiTiI (A ROINA.
CHARLOTrE, MIarch 21.-A special t(
the Chronicle from Shelby says :
"A small cyclone passed over a pari
of Rutherford and Cleveland counut ie
and at 3 o'clock this morning, ~oim
pletely destroying b,arnxs and b,lowing
down outhouses. Two dwellings al
Delight, Landrunm's and Bridge's an'
one between Mlooresboro and( Henri
etta, wvere struck by lightning amn
totally destroyed. No lives yet re'
ported lot." SI E(1GIA
I>ESTRL-CTIoN OF RrTI>DIN(a IN VA
ATLANTA, GA., M1arch 21.-A terni
ble electric storm enivelop.d the Stat<
last night, beginning about 10) o'(loCt
and lasting until after nmidnmight. Ii
Fairburn both colored churches wer<
demolished; the Courthouse chuimne.3
was torn~ off, shade trees wvere up)rooter
and other damage was done. Newu
Austell a house was blowvn on a negr<
blacksmith, killing him. Newton MIoss'
barn was blown down, and three horse
and a cow killed.
Reports of the storm ini andI aroun<
Gainesville show that while it was noa
so severe, much damage was dlone. MI
.A. Loden had his house lifted from it
foundation and moved from wherei
stood. The colored Baptist Chmurel
was completely demolished, M1r. ('y
pus, living near Gainesville, had hi
house and all out buildings blowni a way
and one of his children wa serious!'
A CYCtONE A T c.uLrocN.
L K, CHA TTANOOGA, March 21.-A specia
j tG the Times reports a terrible wiw
natCalhoun, Ga., last night
nisninety miles from Chattta
(a o the Atlanitie andW esl .
r..port4el bult four 'r Iive'' pers~ w4*r
The~,gi Ztorilwa *innehi andr -Iina
fr \e~ tei repored ! -iii n- toha
Trnued. aU nhorthstery drci
trougho f(x N rh ;oa, andu ito a.ui
rernte frm- railom1 t ele:.ZV .:rapitI
was mown as with a great scythe. The
eyeloIne had a whirling, rotary motion,
leaving a scene of desolation and
des' ruction in its path. Large trees
twisted from their trunks and others
torn up by roots. A heavy bureau
was found a mile from the house that
had contained it.
The list of seriously wounded men
:d children in London County is very
large. Andy Worley, his wife and eight
children were every one injured. Sonic
of them will die. The station at Cal
houn was unroofed and the colored
porter received injuries which may
prove fatal. Several houses were car
ried a distance of half a mile. Tele
graph wires were prostrated and a
number of cars were thrown from the
track. The loss in Calhoun alone will
ATLANTA, March 21.-Calhoun sutle
red the iost of any place in North
Georgia. It was visited by a terrible
funnel-shaped cyclone, which cut a
swath seventy-five yards wide through
the middle of the town, taking in the
courthouse and station. The cyclone
bounded down on the little town sud
denly, and after doing the work of de
struction, lifted from the earth to
strike again no one knows where.
Every dwelling. in its path was either
destroyed or damaged. The streets
are full of shingles and the debris of
The storm played eccentric pranks,
in one instance cutting a house in half.
Then it tore down a house around
sonic women and children without
harming a hair of their heads. The
Baptist church was demolished and
the colored Methodist church was
razed. The railroad station was hadly
dai aged and a farmhouse near the
station, belonging to the State, was
totally destroyed. Jackson & Logan's
umber stable was badly damaged. C.
T. Graves's business house, a frame
building, was totally destroyed, and
another wooden building, occupied as
an _xpress office, was totally deniol
ished and the goods were ruined by
The brick store of Harrel was badly
damaged. The front end of Hughey's
grocery store was pulled away from the
building and the roof of J. M. Neal's
grocery store is off and his goods dam
aged. The roof of N. J. Boaze's busi
ness house is off. The parapet wall of
Rives & Malone's brick store was torn
off and the whole outside leans to the
street, making the building worthless.
Chimneys were blown off of Foster's
brick building, and the vacant resi
dence of A. W. Reeves was blown to
pieces. The wagon and buggy man
ufactory of M. E. Ellis is completely
destroyed. Mrs. Foster's residence was
destroyed but no one was hurt. Mrs.
Bailey with five children occupied a
residence which was destroyed and yet
nuone of the famiily was injured.
A FATAL CYCLONE AT LUMBER CITY.
SAVANNAH, GA., March 21.-A cy
elone struck Lumber City, Ga., this
mxorning. B. V. Holland, of the firm
of Holland, Striekland & Co., and WV.
B. Whiddon, of the firm of Whiddon &
H-olland, both promiinent men, were
killed. Whiddon residled at Eastman
and Holland at Dublin.
HAvo(c AND DESTRUCTION wROUGHT
A LoNG TH E TENNESSEE RIVER.
KNOXVILLE, TENN., March 21.-A
terrific wind aiid rain storm swept
across East Tennessee last night about
mnidnuight, thirty to forty miles west of
Knoxville. M1any barns and farm
houses were demolished, and farinmers
have lost considerably in the destruc
t ion of buildings and killing of stock.
T1he stormi was very severe alonig the
Tennessee River. The house of Joseph
H. Williams, ex-trustee of London
County, was bloiwn down and a young
man named Smith was killed and sev
eral others of the family injured. No
other deaths are reported, but many
persons were injured. The storm was
severe ini Knoxville, but no0 dlamage
A an*:AT SToRM IN TIE FARC NORTu
RN;MAN, A. T., M1arch 21.-It
snoiwed. all dlay yesterday in this see
tioni. There has b.eeni no such storm of
wind anid snow for miany years. The
snow drifted to the depth of mainy feet
fro man places. Cattle suffe~r greaitly
frmthe unusual cold.
EAr CLAIRE, Wins.. Mfarch 21.---One
of the worst snow .storms of the winter
prevailed over northern Wiscon,'in
yesterday. The .q'now was wet and of
th TNtxure, andl sonie 1-> to 18
,.4,ehie- fell, miuch of it melting as it
'.ame' down. The result has been the
ruin o,f the roads in miany of the log
Idistriets, and1 little hjauling can be done
n a t li there comies a solid freeze.
p):max INA, 1)CK, M1arch 21.-One of
t he severest storms of the winter set in
he're last evening. The fall of snow is
r' .-ndeous, and the damp, cold wind
hurled it about at such a furious rate
Ihit it was imposssible for pedestrianis
to~ r'nmaiun on the streets. Passengers
ih sout.h-bounud train report the
e~m worse unorthi of here. The weather
I riwin~g e'ilder, and4 it is feared there
be o:' - uiflife oni the prairies.
iv. \' I eO:NT, M INN, MIarch 21.-The
u rtso torzm (it the winter set in
'4erdayi' aftr.noon, and farmers wh.lo
rdi tiwni were obliged to remnain
r niah4t. Thei. riadIs are b'ecomiig
- an flh,nE. "n Alonday night anid
* iniiued thmrough moist oif yesterday
I t was he cworst snow storm, of the sea
1 n. 'IIh w4ind is from, tihe sonlthwest
and1 has idriftedl the snow hadlyaln
lie ro ads and the t raek oft he N>utri1
high wind from the southwest, snow
began falling last night. and is the
deepest of the year. The wind blew a
hurricane for several hours. Sheep in
range are scattered, and it is feared that
the loss will be great.
A SNOWED IN TRAIN.
MINNEAPOLIS, MINN, March 21.-A
passenger train on the Chicago and
Northwestern Road is said to be snow
ed in letwecn Havana and (lareiont,
M inn, with between 150 and 200 pass
engers on board. Provisions are ex
hausted and supplies were sent this
afternoon from Owatonna, there being
no prospect of getting a train out.
THE OPPOSING ARMIES.
How Many Men Lee Surrendered---Com
parative Figures of Fighting Forces.
[From the Augusta Chronicle.]
A valued correspondent of Sehna,
Ala. forwards the following query:
A few days ago I read in The Chron
icle the speech of Mr. Ingalls, of the
Grasshoppar State, and in it he states
that Gen. Lee surrendered to Gen.
Grant over 73,000at Appomattox. Now
I say that Gen. Lee did not surrender
one-fourth of that number, by throw
ing in tne old artillery, horses and the
few mules we had in the bargain. Now,
Mr. Editor, will you please decide this,
who is right and give me the exact fig
ure as near as you possibly can.
It is very difficult to reach the exact
figure, as the Confederate army was
very much crippled and scattered at
that time. Mr. Stephens in his "War
Between the States,'' gives the force
that surrendered at Appomattox at
less than ten thousand men. President
Davis in his book vol. ii, p. 658, says
when Gen. Lee left Petersburg, April
2d, 1865-exactly one week before the
surrender-his command numbered
but 2x,t00 men. Soldiers and horses
were all reduced below the standard of
efficiency by exposure and insufficient
supplies. Every day the army was
wasting away or being scattered so that
we are prepared to accept the statement
of Gen. Lee's biographer, Thomas Jor
dan, that his command at Appomattox
numbered 27,000 men, about 8,004) of
whom were armed. On the 5th of April
Gen. Sheridan reported that Gan. Lee's
army-horse, foot and dragoons-as
20,000, much demoralized, and Gen.
Grant expressed the hope that in a few
days this could be reduced onehalf.
Gen. Horace Porter, in the Century
sketches, gives the number at 28,000.
Senator IngalPs estimate of 73,000 is,
of course, false and absurd. The whole
Confederate army at the close of the
war lid not number niucli over that
amount. General Johnson's army in
North Carolina numbered 37,4)00; in the
Georgia, Florida and Alabama depart
ments, about 30,000, and in the Trans
Mississippi about 10,000. This -onm
prised the available forces of the (Con
federacy in April, 1865. General Grant's
forces in Virginia alone would huave
Thue extendIed scale upon which the
great national drama was enacted will
surprise the compiler of future histo
ries. The war department of the Fed
eral government spent two and a half
billion dollars, about half as much in
four years as Great Britian sp)ent in
twenty-three years in her wars aguinst
the French and Napoleon. In the
Franco-Prussian war the out lay or
both sides was not a b,illionu dollars
not more than one-third the American.
outlay. 'rhe total number of mncale
into the Unioni armies between 184;]
and 186-5 amounted to 2,759,049D mn.
The total number called into the Con
federate armies was about 3,100,04), o2
nearly 4,000),00(1 men-n drawn fronm a pop
ulatlon of thirt y-two million. Germany,
with a population oif 41 ,(),0(), canm in
time of war furnish an army of 1,250,
0(1 men.1. France, with a popuhlaltionn oj
30x)0,0001, cl:aimas to be~ ab,le to et. 1,
50),(1(1 afield. Th'le area over which 11la
civil war was fought was as large :1
;iermanOIy, France, Spaini, Por't uagal.
Belgium and Holland com bined. I t
estimaited! th at inl the' eivil war 4:
Ajmerien halfa aillion maeni lid dowi
A 'r,udigy on thme PlIano.
[ From the New York Evenuiung Suun.
LoNooN, .Marchn :30.-Onme of the nu
youthful p,aino,forte prodigies made I hi.
apearanhce before a er itiuaIl private and1(
a-nnce his.t naiglht. The mnme of~ th
child is O)tto Hegnecr, a little fellow ii
a black velvet Knick-rboe-kcr suit. i1
is of G ermian ext rart ion , andl alt(i bougl
only ten years of age, has thle con ii
dence and bearinag of1 a mian of 1 huirty
He has been trained froum infancy foi
the muusical p,rofessioni, and' his tuit iou
has been based upon lines of thorotgI
pactical work rather than on the det
sire for early mnaturity.
Yesterday's expierimlent reveatled thla
little wonder, if anythaing, superior t<
young Hofmanmn. lHe is fully equal t
that child. In mieehanical p)recisionh
ad' ini dealing with techical dIillicul
ties he may be considlered his superior
In thorough musical knowledge he is :
long way beyond Hofmiann. He hw
been trainied, first, by his father, unuti
6 yeaas of age, and after that by Fran
Fricker for four years. Since that tim<
he has been under the direction of Hanw
Huber, the distinguished composer o
lasIe, while Alfred Glous gave th
child prac-tical andr theoretical train
ing at the samue time. Experts n'v
say that the child is a linished pianist
His rendering yesterday of (lhopina'
study ini a flat was5 considered perfect
while in IBeethuoven's sonata in B fix
hesoeI mai:rvelous degree of muo
GEORGIA COTTON SEED SENT TO 1
The Cotton Growing Sections of the Do:n
of the Czar-Five Thousand Miles 1
Within the past few days the M:
W. Jollnoll Seed ("omilpaily, of this ci
has sold to the czar of all the Rus:
tw o hundred bushels of cottoll s
This seedl is to be :.used in the prli
tion of the cottonl-growing inidustr)
Russia's Asiatic provinces, and
another year Ueorgia seed will be he
ing fruit in the regions about the (
The order came from M. Routk
sky, technological agent of the Russ
government at Washington city,
the seed was shipped to the Rus,
vice-consul at New York, to be by 1
forwarded to Europe.
The fact that cotton is grown in li
sia tends to give sonic idea of the
extent of the Russian enpire.
name Russia brings to the inind of
average American reader visions of
Petersburg awd 3oscow as they
usually pictured, with snow and
everywhere. To think of cotton gr
ing in that same Russia will seen
that reader an absurditv.
But it does grow in Russia, and w
proper facilities Russia would be on
the foremost eotton-growing c(ount
in the world.
General P. M. B. Young, who
consul-general at St. Petersburg
probably the best-posted man in 1
country upon the subject of the eu
vation of cotton in foreign lands.
"Oh, yes, there is considerable cot
grown inl Russia,'' he said to a rel
sentative of The Constitution. "I
grown in the region to the far sot
east of St. Petersburg, in the provir
bordering upon the Aral and ('asli
seas. I think the greatest amoun
grown inl Turkestan and okh.
There is a section of country fullb
large as Georgia, 'South Carolina, 1
da and Alabama eoibined and wit
climate very much like that of (G-or
probably a little warmer than (=e<l
in stuunner. Here cotton has b
raised for iany years, but on a sr
scale. The trouble is that there ne
have beenl any facilities for transport
their cotton. You see they are six th
sand miles from St. Petersburg ;
about five thousand from Mose
which is the market. Now that
Traus-Caspian railway has been
ished through to MervVit is likely t
an attempt will be made to culti\
cotton oi a much larger scale."
"What is the quality of the cat
raised there now ?'?
'-Tle greater part is black se
long staple cotton, and of a rather
ferior quality. I have, however,
upland cotton, of excellent qual
fron Rokliara. The inducements
going into the business have not, u
nlow, been very strol ig. I refer]
tieularly to transportation fac ilit
Think of carryinig your cotton) 71
800( mriles, on the back (If mules, be
reaching a pIublic conveyance, anid t
thousands of mi les before reachini
market ! Not Miuch ploetry about 1
sort of work, is there ?"'
"'I learned a grood deal abl out t
method of raising eotton fronm
birothier of the sultani of Bokhtar
great chief who came to St. Peterst;
oni somie nuiission to the czar. He e:
to see mue, anid through thet mnediul
two initerpreters, we mnaged to et
oni a lively conIversationl. I jud(ged f:
whauit lie toldl mei thaft thie ultivatio
e(ottonl is carried 01n mi a very si
way; that eachl fariiner had his I
pIatch of a few acres. Hiesells or tn:
lihe pIroduci4t of his field to the t radt
thle necighbol(rhoii, and( lit forw:
it oin nules towaurds 3iIlsco)w. I
lLunha:Lssadlor, withI whomi I talked,
m imi t h111le lived six hun'ireud i
from at raiway, aind when, ini respi
hiow long4. thle jouirniey ohik
said' I hiat if everythin g wvas faivoral
roubihl reacoh his homeii thlirt vdaiys:
I l-lt St l'trsbuLrg." "1Ilive I
anyi~ ginls, or bow dlio they' cleanm I
" Ilii l ii'sI JIIires- -or iii:liii oIf t heii
least --t hie seed is plickedl out by~ h:
Tl1hi hve alsoi siin:ill hiaii ginls.
ltokhlara 4chief wais great ly surIl
when4iI 1 1hl4 hinii ofI Ihle iniaginittui
thle (*ottonl liindstry of th l' I
Statfes. lIe s:aid flil I hev were auix
the worik :iii1 inlst riuft the niv
t hie monre civn,.'i iiu n-hiods. I tal
ariil ifs lproduicts.. I jinilge that
Mection is the greate!- I*t ifritgr
sectioni (If thle worl. Thiey al. e
vale silk, awil silk is, in fact, (hei
thaini c(If tonl. Thelv are*4 .\li:iuiii' d
and14 thle inoit tempejirat e prop
ii hIligratheyn alet , 1flie.v n'
miiake wvine ir intoiating ji ri
11h4n, t oo4, I biy raiis. hoir'-a nd 1
i reat ahi24han-2e. \Vhyli, v. 4
ebeni:per ini ltokhara it Ihan roti ion iS I
It is rat her funny tol see the niiiIti
oIrate silk nilbroid ery uponIl a en
baickgroutndl, butt thait is wha:t youi 4
see ini Russia.
"I f the ltussiani goivernmilent,"
tiinued G enueral Yo unzg, "is ta:k in
p 1roblably wvithi a desire to have e
vated the vaIst tracts (If ih 1:
wvhieh are now unicuiltivatedl an<1
furnish empilloymnt't to the thouIs:
of no-n1 no(w idlle.
R~emuia ei tha nt Wrigh t & J . W.<
isoc k gi ve a d i-coun111t (If teln pe V
fromii r-gular hirie on all e11n*5h sa'is.
5- Cuffee in the New South.
[From the New York Tribune.]
u It grows clearer every day that if the
New South doesn't lose her head she
has got a great and paying future be
tore her. If she can stand prosperity
she is bound to prosper. A special to
t the Tribune yesterday from Blackshear,
Ga. showed what great progress the
valise-carrying industry has made in
tha t State of late. The dispatch stated
that a well-known New Yorker "paid
a negro lad $4) yesterday for carrying
his valise to Blackshear, a distance of a
mile." There is nothingg going to prove
that the negro boy in qlustion possessed
any particular genius for valise-carry
an(i ing. He is not referred to as the Hof
mann of valise-carriers, as though he
.an were a prodigy. It is safe to conclude,
therefore, that it was an ordinary every
(lay nego boy that received $40 for ear
rying a valise to Blackshear, a distance
of a mile.
the That boy has got a nighty good thing
o <f it if business doesn't fall off. Say he
at. carries four valises an hour, only works
.cre ten hours a day, and allows himself a
month vacation in the watermelon sea
toson. That would give him $1,60) a day;
or $9,600 a week; or $38,4f0) a month; or
it 422,40O a year. It is clear from these
e of figures that the Blackshear negro boy,
. in case he abstains from 'policy," is on
the highroad to fortune. How few per
sons, engaged in the same branch of
business outside the -New South belt,
can make $422,4)0 a year ! It is also
is clear from these figures that if trade
]ti- generally, in and about Blackshear and
the rest of Georgia, pays as handsome
tol a profit as valise-carrying, everybody
W~ must he feeling first-trate, and all sorts
t is of business prospects, including town
lots and alligator pocketbooks, must be
enjoying a imiost gratifying boom.
Young nan, go South.
tra. MIORMONS MAKING CONVERTS.
Elderu Boldly at Work in the South Gath
ering in the Women.
'gia [From the New York Herald.
"en Bl iil \n AJM, ALA., March 10, 1888.
udl -.Before the late war a few Mormons,
ve missionaries from Utah, visited various
ing sections of the south and made a few
ou- converts to the religion of Joseph
hndl Smith, but the work was not prosecu
", ted with much vigor.
the Soon after the close of the hostilities
tin- the, work was resumed in a spasmodic
hat way, but it was not until sonic eight or
-ate ten years ago that the attention of the
church was drawn to the fruitful fields
tonl to be found in the backwoods sections
of the states of Tennessee, Alabama,
l or Georgia and North Carolina.
.in- In 1878 Elder John Morgan, of Salt
cen Lake, a prominent pillar in the church
ity and the author of a widely circulated
for work on Mornionism, established his
til headquarters at Chattanoogo, Tenn.,
ar- and assumed charge of the work in the
is. aboved named state. The mountain
(,or regions of East Tennesee and western
fre North Carolinta p)rov'ed most fruitful
lien fields for the work of the Mornmon
hat The siile 1role of this sectioni wer
easily deceived by the smiooth talking
eir and plausible elders, and embraced Mor
limonisni i the hope of bettering their
a pecuniary condition ini the home prom
igised them in Utah. From Chattanooga
the cider radiated in every direction,
ofand reaped rich harvests of converts,
trwho were at once sent off to Ujtah. At
last the people became aroused, and
~ the lyn ching of two elders in Tennessee
anlatd the severe tiogginig of several in
ttle North Carolina stopped their work ini
L those states for awvhile. The headquar
' r ters at Chattanooga were niot abanldonl
rs ed, however, and the elders sought new
tis tiebis inl G eorgia and Alahai.
two wVoRKiNG Gt(ItoGIA.
his In North Carolina they established
tohl several chulrches and carried on their
il(es work without trouble for two yers In
muSe t his fieldl they were very successful, and
ked ait one t ime sent a batch of seventy eon
he' verts to Utah. Finally the better and
le Iiiniore intelligent citizens rose in armis
flert andit drove the elders front the neigh
hey hitrihiood. TIhiey rep)orted( to Elter Stor
h~ ir gain, alt ('hattanooga, and a counicil of
wart was btehi. It waLs decided to seek
i, t ew4 lields5, aind thet elders wmere sent
tnl. pro'msect ing ini Ahahiania.
l'is IiTe counlt ites o,f Chy, I leburniean
isdi ltaiiilop. inl norithea.st A\haii:in, werV,
4'f 44 ill ii ree lt lv, rellot e trimilt rai Itatds
it \ ir hot Ii jioor ai ignomllt.IlS~.e
U . ,iit l t uroved :t fe rt ti gm' .14( 11r t t
|| tim' ii limtis iti'la r i mt i.i irl ti1 'mmn
ii:i, Ii 'if i i i a ii e 1'iitlit >s,4)lt ei itii
ri' m iedi tinalto Salt I.ak e t't, ua here
heleit'd th e .\or t lolttticha. sole
beniitmillche . lltit ri hell &'litel
hi)ai iieel dr4)iveltl fivi h ort'llr t'2 it i,
fTciISens,1)4 ai ileyerg i, llige wasde
I haisd atoi invde .\th ina, totry,414 ho1
g a hs rilnat t5salit tie,k ity, wale Iir-i
derf to re'ptw iot a ihtanooga'l. wliei
catle, am'i'4 :Ilorg:'41 ordre itil iti .r
an exped41iations TtS.i toAl ht tl:ttenll
-ihe e tablisiet of'4i a church, orire
*eru 'iting ltatio. ill ootry~ mmlltV 'atta
ci asisand went I ie ct to hiroobi hist
af heieitivest scats trd,bu t he hs or-e
Mon mission in the south, and so bold
have the elders and their converts be
come in that section, they defy those
who seek to drive them away. Mootry
had left Randolph County a poor man;
and by his careful worded stories of the
wealth acquired in Utah and the purity
of the Mormon religion he had no ditti- I
culty in inducing nearly all his old
friends and relatives to embrace the s
faith of the "Latter Day Saints." Elder It
John Morgan left his office in Chatta- I
nooga to visit the mission of Clay coun- I
ty, and he was so well pleased with the I
situation that he ordered all the elders 1
to remain in that vicinity and gradual- I
ly extend the work as the number of I
converts increased. So quietly was the t
work carried on that it was nearly two
years before the Mormon settlement
was heard of beyond the immediate
vicinity of their mission. In the mean
time about one hundred converts had
been made and the force of elders in- i
creased to ten.
READY TO FIGHT FOR TiLE FAITH.
When driven from other sections the
elders had never dared resent the rough
treatment they received," but when
they became so firmly established in
Alabama they displayed more nerve.
Having aroused the indignation of the
better citizens by some of their peculiar
religous rites, the first trouble in Ala
bana was brought about some two
years after the mission was established
at Oak Ridge. A committee of citizens
waited on the elders and ordered them
to leave the neighborhood at once.
"We will not leave and we defy you,"
was the answer made the committee
by Elder Stevens. When the newly
made converts learned that the elders
were in danger they were up in arms
at once. One of the boldest converts
was Hiram Harrison, who had em
braced Mornionism, together with his
family of five daughters and two sons.
The elders spent much of their time at
the house of Harrison, and a few nights
after the first warning was given the
citizens' committee, headed by a man
named Bolling, called again. This time
they simply posted a written notice on
Harrison's gate, that all Mormons, el
ders and converts, must leave the neigh
borhood within ten days.
Next day one of Harrison's sons shot
a pistol ball through this notice and
then wrote beneath it on the same pa-.
per, "Come to our house another night
and some of you will eat breakfast in
hell next morning." He then carried
the notice and posted it on the gate of
Bolling, the leader of the committee.
That day the elders and their converts
armed themselves and awaited develop
ments. The citizens were awed by the
warlike attitude of the Mormons, and
made no attempt to drive them from
GATHERING IN THE WOMEN.
Since that time the Mormons have
continued their work unmolested in
that section, and have made many con
verts. Several of the elders have gone
into othler counties and in several places
were forced to leave in a short time.
About three times a year the converts
from the different mlissions are gather
ed at Chattanooga and sent to Utah in
charge of one or more elders. The ma
jority of the converts are young women,
andl inl one instance knowvn to the wri
ter a wvoman left her husband and two
children to join the Mormons and went
to U.tall. The work is going on quietly
ini several places ini tis state, but, no-.
where else in the south have the elders
gained such footing as at the mission
described above. Half a dozen elders
are nowv at work there, and it is said
anlother squad of twenty-five recruits
will be sent to Utah in a short time.
A Groundi Hog C'ase.
[From the Richlmonl State.]
The piresenit cold wavec is an unwel
*onite visitor, and seems to suggvest that
the wily ground hog, the harbinger of
balmny spring, remains in his hole, sub
sisting~ on diuninished rations. A propss
of the gtrounti hog, here is a story from
the New Orleans States: "A traveler
riding through a lonely mountain di.+
trict in North ('arolima was startled to
see a pair of No. 1:a cowhide boots stiek
inig uip out of! the ground necar the road1
side, and stopp'ing his horse lhe gazLed
at them closely, when suddenly' they
cnun-meied slow lv to sink into' the
eart h. Jumipitig fronm his horse the
raveller ratt to the spot, anid, gr'asping
tte of' the I.oois, pulled Mi ith all tt:s
strvtngth. atId fitnally siuecrwd int drawi
lng oult of the eartht atnd inito thle Iigh!t
Noth I'aro'lita bo'y ab out si feet lotny.
'W\hat the devil na' you de~itig in t hat
hole'." gasped t he '.u r pnsed t a' eler.
fell y er. Ther't tuis ha.s g\ ouit ati' thter
to be a grabblle for a groundt. hog t'r
A tirightf lte...
fDr. .\. It. ('ab.ani's is aiuthority for
then sftory' in t he We'.sftern h'e'order e. ni
e'erninlg a c'hurc'h inl ai ertalin towit in
Kentneiky', wIhh was muc.h dic hiedl on
t.h' organt t1uesfton. O tte of' the ituem
hers was In the habit of' gohng Iinto the'
ani ortgan t ite ehnreh.'l. li a ien
sitin of' il' slllhjt'e' be. sa:t ''1' " v('nl
biring fthat 'rg:an in here,. it uill split
saying:~ "'1 c'an pre'tach eit her withI or
wit hout the. orig:an in fte c'hurch'. It is
a m;aftt'r of' indIifllerencie to met. IBut ais
sonme say~ it will dlrh e thtent otut of t'ie
c'hur'ch, I t hink the wisest course for uts
is to put the or;an in the sailoonr and14
see if it won't keep our membelhrs 'ott of
BREAD RIOT IN RICHMOND.
story of the Late Civil War by an Eye
Witnea, of the Occurrence.
[Dixie in Washington Post.] N
It was in the early part of the war, in, B
think, the second -year. Our armies fu
the confederate) had been generally tl
uccessful, and there was as yet little of il
hat great suff'ering to which the peo- o
)le of the south were afterward to be w
educed. The death of men in Rich- of
lonoud made it necessary to employ a I
arge force of women in the various de- w
>artnents of the government, a great rc
nany of them refugees, and many from bs
he ablest and wealthiest of southern fr
Lristocratic families. ti
The treasury department occupied on tl
3road street in Richmond, a large store, it
mld in that store a number of ladies
vere occupied in numbering and sign- o4
ng coupon bonds, and others in signing of
mud numbering the one and two dollar R
iotes with which t'ie confederacy was sl
One afternoon there was a rumor in it
Richmond that a body of disorderly o,
svomen and boys had assembled on the s
;,apital square, clamoring for bread. It a;
xas asserted that Governor Letcher ir
md the mayor of the city had address- G
d them in the interest of law and or- S
ler, and promised theni relief.
But as yet little was known for cer- f<
ain, and I gave the rumor little '
-hought, as I walked up Broad street g
he next morning toward the depart- .
nent, now only a few squares off. ti
"Bread, bread; give us bread!" amid
i. pandemonium of yells, startled me. s
As I turned in alarm, a scene met my fi
yes that I will not soon forget.
Pouring out of a side street a motley C
.rowd of women and boys surged up in r
nmy wake to the very building that was b
ray goal. It was a striking and unique s;
ight-not a man visible, but every wo- t)
[nan in the city seemed to be there, c
y elling for bread.
For me to be thus the unwitting lead- s1
r of a mob was anything but a pleasant r
sensation, and, hastening my steps, I h
reached the department just before it c
was closed against the mob. Halting in
rront of the building they vainly sought
oo force an entrance. Fearing that they
night have firearms our chief had giv
mn orders that the ladies should keep o
-lear of the windows. But Mother _
Eve's vice got the better of us, and we o
agerly watched the crowd as they l -1
tered at the doors, at the same time de- n
nlanding that the money should be i
riven up to them. Foiled in their at- t
:empt to obtain the government's cur- c
rency, they turned their attention to 1
)ther more accessible plunder. A mil
Liners shop and a shoe store were
juickly sacked and their contents ap
propriated. Decked with the unlawful l
spoil, they next proceeded to break in ]
3. bakery and appease their famished l
stomachs by emptying the flour int>
the streets and trampling tihe bread be- ]
neath their feet. While employed in
this congenial occupation they were in-]
terrupted by the arrival of a detach-c
nent of soldiers sent by the governort
to disperse the rioters. The troops open
ed fire with blank cartridges, with no
other effeet than causing a laugh and
jeers from the mob, who seemed amus
ed. The plundering continued, and
there seemed no0 way of dispersing them
without using bullets, which the sol- 1
diers were unwilling tr do. Finally, by
charging with the b iyonets, the mili
tary managed to stampede the crowd
without, however, wounding any of
them. They returned to their homes
and gave no further trouble. To the
credit of the womlenl of the south, it
should be said that the women who i
spired the riot, though in the south,.
were not of it, but the wives principally 1
of foreignetrs, who, l hen the war broke
out, went north, leaving their wiives to
carry on their market poilens and shiops
in Richmond. and thereby save their 1
property. Thie leader of the riot, a mar
ket gzardener, was' said to be' worth $10,
&0 in gol1d. Manyv of the patcpns
werv known to be alhuest as rich. but
their victims were rniulasi to powr't
Thew leader of the riotcs was~ sema\
to thme penmitentiary. It ws agh
the i aivouw tha tace it to th a'~
er who~ apoed it ome fu t>te 4.in
taend liarmony toaves whoisno
fee'.tug goo ove how he.nA auuendY
w\ hen the sherit const t u.
!lV'rif. F.XX 4i.' o.e tls usi of ah ar
twotof twn h ovs aind 1oneI1I oftwi a
girls otaI M often do three ts of tIw' insi
rceiveao~4 int.to rom thenti ia:une
Goi'i south,'i Youn, Mn, go b sthri.ei
['om te Phildelph:m,ianuietr.]
Thrl s a ort une dore seod i ti
r2:eive ar do h uma e san e(
The Flames in Anderson.
[Special to the News and Courier.]
ANDERSON, March 22.-The two
oreroom, owned by Col. Jesse W.
orris, and occupied by Brownlee &
rown, grocers, and S. M. Van Wyck,
rniture dealer, were consumed by fire
is morning. The fire was discovered
Van Wyck's cellar about half-past 5
clock. A perfect gale was blowing
ien the alarm was given, and in spite
the heroic efforts of the fire depart
ent, the building and its contents
ere destroyed. Fortunately the two
oms were on the eastern end of the
ink range and the wind was blowing
om the west, but notwithstanding
is advantage it with very great effort
at the flames were kept from spread
Masonic Hall, adjoining the rooms
eupied by Brownlee & Brown, caught
ace or twice, but was saved. The
ough and Ready colored company
,ent the entire forenoon playing a
ream upon the debris and extinguish
1g the fire whenever it would break
at, as it was constantly doing in con
quence of the gale that grew stronger
the morning advanced. The build
g, valued at $2,500, was insured in the
erman-American for $1,500. S. M.
an Wyck had in furniture $4,000, and
as insured in the Connecticut of Hart
rd for $2,500. Messrs. Br-o l&
rown had on hand about $4,000 of
roceries, which were insured in the
ferchants' of Newark for$1,000 and in
>e Connecticut of Hartford for $1,600.
About 3 o'clock this afternoon Mr.
amuel Brown's dwelling, a two-story
ame house, was consumed by fire.
Ir. Brown lived about a mile from the
ourthouse, and before help could
zach him the fiames were entirely
eyond control. All his furriture was
ved. The fire was first discovered on
e roof, which is supposed to have
aught from a spark from the chimney.
It is thought that the burning of the
orerooms was the act of an Incendia
, Mr. Van Wyck had not had fire in
is store for two'weeks. Trade has been
ompletelydemoralized all day.
'TTe'St. Louis Convention.
ST. Louis, March 22.-John G. Priest,
f this city, has received a letter from
r. P. 0. Prince, of Boston, secretary
f the National Democratic committee,
a wleh it is stated tiiab-eom
aittee of the National committee has
een appointed by Chairman Barnum
o come to St. Lonis to arrange, in
onjunction with local committees for
olding the Democratic National Con
ention here early in June. The sub
ommittee is composed of Chairman
arnum, Secretary Prince, Col. J. G.
)rather of Missouri, Senator M .W.
:ansom of North Carolina, Ex-Senator
1. C. Davis of West Virginia, Ex-Sen
tor W. A. Wallace of Pennsylvania,
~. H. Kelly of Minnesota, and 0. W.
~nlloway of New H umpshire. Mr.
-arnum has not yet called a meeting
f the sub-committee, but he is expected
o arrive this week.
One of'Poverty's Horrors.
EW YORK, March 24.-Minnie Lieb
uecht, a German widow crazed by want
Lnd the fearof being separated from her
bree children or seeing them starve,
dministered poison to them at her
uome. No. 153 West 28th street. Two
lied, Anthony, aged nine, and Charles,
ged seven. The third boy, three and
half years old, named Christopher,
as still alive and was removed to the
~ew York hospital. She herself report
i her act at the police station at 2
'elock this morning. The mother was
aken to the Jefferson market police
tation to-day and thence sent to the
aruer's office where she was commit
ed to the Tombs. Befo~re being taken
> prison she drew phtotraphs of her
t firi m her pocket and asked if
!.e wou!d be peritted to keep themi.
ibn dd:at she could retain them
2 :2 ex niy '"They wanted
tak myetir. M me,\ but they
n': a: ' l-: ' Xt O wway deputy
r ex 2: n.! aped the opin
.a 6.' & a N fg M acute
A same evA m'veacfndo oivs
L te ex eve fn them gowing ?
'hey' se t' gnv. lvrection on the
o $ maori' There are sev
s: awn giwng at I)ungenness, the
me the cirwie. on Cumuberland
.Ind, tYmi w hich over one1 hundred
\1ne o tiit nr" shipped and sold in
ne seas'n. There are many points of
it ervst atent this romantic spot. It
vas the home preented by the State of
:oriai to' Gen'ferl Nathaniel Greene,
hc revoutionary hero, whose burial
hav, stranige to say, no one knows.
irs Greene and family lived there a
umber of years, and it was there that
:li W hitney perfected his invention of
lie cotton gin- "Light-horse Harry"
4ee, lie father of the Confederate Gen
'r., Robert E. Lee, is buried there.
The ruins of the old Greene residence
-ere destroyed and the present palatial
esidence of Mr. Carnegie erected on
he site. It is the finest residence and
piost beautiful grounds in the South,
ad1( will amply repay a visit.
Senator Cameron is one of the dark
orses in the Republican race for the
'residential nominlationl. The Phila
-lphia Times savs : "It is now entire
within the ra'nge of probability that
einnsylvania will voluntarily p resent
is name as the one likely to develop
ie greatest strength in the States where
ecre is the greatest need of popular