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ELBERT H. AULL, Proprietors.
WM. P. HOUSEAL, p
NEWBERRY. S. C,
THURSDAY, APRIL 2, 1888.
Mr. John MeMaster has been ap
pointed Trial Justice in the city of Co
lunibia in place of Col. J. Q. Marshall,
Secretary of State.
There are suggestions in the address to
the farmers published by the Executive
Committee worthy of consideration.
Read it and think over it.
The farmers of Newberry, where an
expression has been had, favor a pri
mary for nominating officers from Gov
ernor to Coroner. They realize that it is
the cnly way they have of expressing a
choice in the selection.
The eneginecring corps of the Three
C's are working between here and
Edgetield. They have passed Edgefield
Court House. We hope they will soon
have the line permanently located be
tween here and Augusta and will go to
work putting down the track.
The opinion seems to be almost uni
versal among Denocrats that President
Cleveland will be nominated at St.
Louis for re-election by acclamation,
and without opposition. Very little as
vet has been conjectured as to who
shall occupy the second place on the
Rev. Sam Small is canvassing Geor
gia in the effort to organize a third
party,whichwill have for its main plank
prohibition. The prohibition plank is
going to be a big question in the polities
of this country before long. It is hardly
probable that Mr. Small's third party
will do much in Georgia this year, but
there can be no question that the pro
hibition party is gaining ground in this
country, and the members of the old
parties had as well acknowledge the
fact. What will be the end we cannot
We publish this week the address of
the Executive Committee of the Far
mers' Association of South Carolina.
The address is mild, and the main ob
ject seems to be the establishment o1
an Agricultural College. A comparison
sive basis. It may be proper to reduct
the salaries of judges and State officers
but we are not convinced that it would
be good policy. A reduction of salary,
however, will not reduce the numiber
We think now with the Clemson be
.quest, that the Agricultural College
will be established, if the acceptance of
the bequest does not involve and im
pose on the State too many conditions.
We agree with the address in two
things, that there is too much legisla
tion, and The Herald and News has
spoken of this before. And wey think
we should have a canvass before the
nomination of a State ticket, or let us
have a primary election to nominate
The delegates to the County Demo
crat ie Con vent ion from Trownshnip No.
8 conme uninstructed. This we think is
p)roper. The club after refusing to in
struct the delegates proceeded to discuss
the issues that are likely to come up in
the Convention, and an expression of
the sense of tihe club was thus had and
the delegates come to the County.Con
vention without having their hands
tied by a set of instructions, yet know
ing the sentiment of those they come
to represent, and as true representatives
will act in accordance with the wishes
of their constituents. We think this
at good and proper plan in the seleetion
of delegates to a County or State Con
vention. Let your delegates know
what you prefer-what your wishes
are-and elect men of good common
sense, buL not bind them up by a set of
instructions and make mere machines
out of thenn. They may be unable to
carry out the instructions of the clubs,
andt then they should feel at liberty to
(10 the next best thling their wisdom
suggests, without fear of violating the
instructions of tile club. The qJuestions
thait will likely c.omfe up inl the County
or State Convention for action should
be (discussed by the Towvnship clubs so
tihat the delegtates may knowv tile wishes
of the mlemlbers, but we dlislike to see a
Iree man bound by a set of rules, which
mtay wear a different app)earance in the
C'ounty or State Convention to what
they had in the Townshlip club. Select
the best men who can be trusted as del
AN IMPOXITANT sUBJECT.
A writer in the Railway Gazette
sas:"Our forests are rapidly disap
pearinig, and but few people realize that
it eary tkes500000acres of forests to
Uited States. We have to-day ill the
Unlitedl States over 150.0M miles of rail
roads. 1886J sa nearly 8000 miles laid,
and abeut 14,000 miles more were built
in lSsi. The construction of 14,000~(
miles of road at 27IN0to tile mile, mieans
the cutting of 37,5400,000 nlew ties, while
one-fifthi of thle 138,000) miles already
con st ructed m iust be renewed, takin'gi
at samne rmte 74.50,000P more, a total oft
11,;00,kMJ new ties drawn from our<
staninig timiber in the past year for
railroad tiles alone. F'or all purpoPses tile
forest anrea of Atmerica is suject to an
a:nnual decrease of over 50,750.000 acres, (
or at the rate of 139,000 for every day, 4
which, if concentrated, would lay bare 1
an1 area erlual to tile State of Rhode Is- t
lanmd in five days, or of the common
wealt i of Massachuset ts in thirty-seven
WVe clip the ali o.re fr-om the columns
of rlhe A ugusta Chronicle. Thlis subject r
ready, an important sutbject, and yet
in the face of this great demand yearly
for this one object made upon our
forests, so many of our people cut and
destroy the best of timber with a wreck
lessness that is almost ".tartling. There
is too great destruction of our forests
simply to get the timber off the land.
Those who are thus destroying it may
not feel the damage thus done in their
day but the next generation will have
to plant trees in order to get what in
many cases is now being destroyed just
to get it off the land.
And our forests should not be thus
destroyed simply because the timber
will be needed by the next generation
but for the influence it has upon our cli
mate, the rains and so forth. There is
plenty of land in cultivation for present
demands if properly cultivated without
clearing more "new grounds." This
subject should demand the attention of
those who own the lands upon which
this timber is.
THE CLEMSoN COLLEGE.
Farmer Tiliman's Plan of Campaign-A
Tail with One of the Conferees
of the Committee.
[4pecial News and Courier.]
CoLMBIA, April 21.-It was very
gratifying to the News and Courier Bu
reau to ascertain to-day that its report
of the proceedings of the executive corm
niittee of the Farmers' Association, be
tween 11 oclock last night and 2.30
this morning, was so accurate.
The committee adjourned shortly
after 3 a. in.
No meeting was held to-day, the
conferees dispersing to their homes.
Late this afternoon a representative
of the News and Courier interviewed
Mr. B. 0. Duncan, one of the friends
of the conmmittee, who had participated
in its debates and action. Mr. Duncan
was aifable and not uncommunicative.
He said that against his wish the com
mittee had designated him to draft the
address, and that he had spent some
time to-day in revising with Capt. Till
man the paper discussed and acted on
last night. The words he said were
Capt. Tillnan's, which corroborates the
supposition telegraphed last night. He
hoped to have duplicates prepared by
Mond.ty or Tuesday, and would send
copies simultaneously from Newberry
to the News and Courier and the Green
ville News. This would be done by the
direction of the committee, who, on ac
count of the course of the Columbia
Register, would not consent to supply
that paper with the address. He es
timated that the address would occupy
a colui and a half of ordinary print.
Some of the clauses of the document
originally submitted had been stricken
As to the purport of the address, Mr.
Duncan spoke with equal freeness and
it is interesting to note how distinctly
it was foreshadowed in the News and
Courier this morning. Its principal
points are as follows:
"The farmers are urged to organize in
their interest and demand the Agricul
tural College provided for by Mr. Clem
son's Fort Mill bequest. The organiza
tions in each of the Counties are recom
mended to require pledges from all
candidates to support retrenchment and
reform and the Agricultural College
according to the plans of the advanced
Tillmanites. Nothing is said as to State
officers, but the people are urged to
eleet only such delegates to' the State
Convention in May as will be in- favor
of postponing the nomination of State
officers until a later period.
with the movement than the present
iThe issue of retrenchment and reform
ist emade prominent, and in the
address "the deadly parallel" is to be
dmawn in regard to the salaries of State
officers in South Carolina, North Caro
lina, and Georgia. This position is
taken, so the explanation goes, not only
because it is believed to be a popular
one, but because a great point was made
against the separte college scheme in
the last Legislature by the argument
that it meant additional taxation.
The object of the movement is to ef
feet retrenchment and reform in order
to provide supp)ort for the Agricultural
College. Nothing is said in-the address
about 'the Citadel, proving that the ad
vice of a member against antagonizing
that institution until the Farmers' Col
lege should be firmly established, was
Mr. Duncan went on to say, however,
that it was with regret that sonme of the
conferees consented to postpone the
attack on the Citadel, and this bears
out the report made to the News and
Courier that the movement is unques
tionably hostile to the Citadel.
As to the university, the address will
declare that it is the desire -' the farm
ers' movement to maintain it on its
present liberal appropriations, 'and to
make it a high institution, after cutting
off the agricultural college feature.
Mr. Duncan said that in the Confer
ence very little hostility was manifested
toward the university as a classical in
There will be no demand for the
abolition of the experiment stations at
Spartanb)urg and Darlington, the fear
of opposition in those counties evidently
deterring the committee fromattacking
these establishments, but the Columbia
station is expected to go with the agri
cultural college branch of the university.
The address will demand the endow
ment of the Agricultural College at
Fort Mill by the devotion to its sup port
of the Hatch fund of $1.5,000, one -half
of the interest on the Agricultural Col
lege scrip and the whole of the privilege
tax on fertilizers now used for the sup
port of the agricultural department wit
its departments of fish culture, weather
service, veterinary surgery, &c.
These three funds will provide, it is
estimated fifty thousand dollars a year
for the support of the Fort Mill College.
The Clemson bequest, amounting to
about a hundred thousand dollars, is
considered sufficient for the equipment
of the college without State aid.
WVhen asked what fate was proposed
for the department of agriculture when
left withboat support Mr. Duncan said
it was proposeu to turn its business over
to the trustees of the Agricultural Col
lege, a majority of whom, it will be re
rembered, were appointed in advance
by Mr. Clemson. The experimental
stations are to receive the same disposi
ion. All the analyses of fertilizers and
rop experiments are to be made by the
stat'of the college.
According to the plan of campaign it
will be. seen that the proposition soon to
e p)lacedl before the people is, in brief,
me to turn over the entire agricultural
vork of the State, executive and educa.
ional, to seven citizens selected by Mr
.leson wvithout consultation with the
State authorities or endorsement by the
The Raleigh Rogues Released on Ikr.d.
Ruswn1, N. C., April 22.-Cross I
nd WVhite, the defaulting President
nd ('ashier ofthie State National Bank t
f this c'ity, confined in jail here two ~
ve' ks to await trial, gave bond and
vere releasedl from jail last n=ght at
niidinight. The bond was $1.5,000~ each.
)ne ofWhite's bondsmen is U). H. f<
irves, in whose name one of the for- -a
eries, for which ('ross and White are a,
be tried. was c'ommitted.d
IISTRFESS A FTER E.'iTING.-When at v
s season of the year you eat some 'n
mt or vegetablks, y,.u feel a disturbed Itl
mdition about the stomach or bowels,
elieve it at once by using Dr. Biggers' sa
AN ADDRESS TO THE FARMERS.
A Separate Agricultural College and How
to Get it.-Comparative Statements
of State Expenses.-Too Much
To the People of South Carolina:
The Executive Committee of the Farm
ers' Association, feeling that it is in
cumbent upon them as the representa
tives of the organized fariners of the
State to outline a policy of retrench
ment and reform in consonance with
the aims and purposes of the Farmers'
Movement; and to explain the grounds
upon which we shall ask the support
and aid of our Democratic fellow-citi
zens in the coming election, would call
the earnest attention of all persons in
sympathy with our aspirations for
agricultural education and amore econ
omical and efficient government to the
facts herein set forth.
We claim only our just share of edu
cational advantages for the agricultural
and industrial classes; and that the
same shall be placed within the reach
of the average farmer's son and not, as
is now the case, we be compelled to
support only such institutions as are
inaccessible to most farmers, and which
do not furnish the cheap and practical
education needed. We make. no war
upon the South Carolina University as
a place for obtaining a scientific and
classical education, and reiterate our
desire to see the South Carolina College
liberally supported and to become areal
university worthy of our State. But we
assert without fear of successful contra
diction that farmers cannot be educated
ih a city and rcnaiu farmers; and that
in all efforts to mix practical and liter
ary training the first has been over
shadowed; the agricultural students
have been few and the attempt an utter
The demand for better facilities for
cheap and practical education for farm
ers has been heretofore refused on the
plea of expense,. and the opposition has
not hesitated to scare the taxpayers with
largely exaggerated estimates of the
probable cost of a separate agricultural
college. With consummate cunning
and unblushing inconsistency they
have taken advantage of the agitation
for a separate agricultural college to
build up that wonderful ten-students
"annex", and while crying out against
duplication of plant and teaching force,
have actually increased the taxes be
yond what the Farmers' Association
ever thought ofasking for. Not satisfied
with robbing the "industrial classes" of
the benefits of the "land scrip" fund,
they have stretched forth their greedy
hands and grabbed the Hatch fund
also; and a State which two years age
was too poor to support any experi
mental station at all now supports
three, with their duplicated attaches,
thus frittering and wasting the funds
appropriated for scientific investigation.
In 1885 the University, including
Claflin and the Citadel, had an income
of about $50,000, and the Trustees claim
ed that, as then constituted, it afforded
all the practical training for farmers
needed by the State. Its income is now
approximately $97,000 per annum, but
as an agricultural school it is only a
bigger and more costly deception.
But while our efforts to obtain a
recognition of our rights and needs have
hitherto failed to secure a college for
educating farmers, fortune has unex
pectedly smiled on us. The munificeni
bqnest of Mr. Clemson, whose af'ectior
for his adopted State and wise insighi
has removed the great stumbling-block
in the way of providing a suitable sit4
and farm for the college, gives us the
coveted opportunity. By this, beques1
not only do the farmiers come into pos
sessiou of property valued at well migt
$100,000, but also of an estate emmnentll
suited for the purposes for which it i.l
p~lhs~nw~d bythe sacret
$tephen .Lee or saymng tat y ,00
is ample for building and equipping
school like the Mississippi college.
Without counting anything donatec~
by Mr. Clemson except the Calhour
homestead, we propos to shmow how thE
needed money can beobtained withoul
increasing the taxes one single dollar
and while many have believed that thE
building of a separate agricultural col
lege was and.is -the only vital issue rep
resented by the Farmers' Movement,
we shall call attention to other reformis
which we regard as of equal or greater
Th uchsn power of money is
much greater than it was ten years ago.
The taxpaying power has not increased
at all, while the price of our main
money crop--cotton-has hovered very
near the cost of p roduction. The reduc
tion of expenditures when possible
must then appeal to the common sense
as well as.the pockets of our people, and
no good reason can be given why sala
ries in our State should remain fixed
highet than in North Carolina and
Georgia-both larger and wealthier
States. We invite the careful attention
of taxpayers to the following figures
taken from the Comptrollers' reports of
the three States:
N.C. ;S. C.
Executive Department..........' 5,200 $ 9,.'00
Compiroler-General'b Dep't....3,500| 5,800
Educational Bureau...........3,100 450
Judicial Department (counting.
only8Sou tof12 Judges)... -...37,000. 56,750
Board of Health............... 2,000~ 9,100
State Department............. 400f 4,100
Tresur Deart ent............ 60001 7,100
Ad't& Inspr eeral's Dep't...~ 1,300; 4,400
State House Keeper.............. 750r 1,550
Total............................ 7,:00 $115,90
Difference for doing the same work. 45,600
Then here is another table of inistruct
n jS9Gogi' asesmnt:s
in r unj u be s............. 2 500 ,0
n 1 8 8 7 ..... . ...... ...... .. .... . ..... ..... .... 4 , 0 , 0
Gani-elh nnn er..$0,0,0
Sot Caoia nte otay'a
ained nothig, but los. Bt ugn
>yte a o nyipadnslre,
a (eduction of pay woulbri,ng nasto
i'cheap" mer howoldbeineficen.
(,at jding byalth ie scramble *IU0over
Sikou Carolinas cn sfely nrrey has
rting juthig bu lo. ofiials judthey
)o gt o the sme money paid lais
oth weare,ina lng Goddsgia. ices
Withmost prospeou inof thegurewe tateit
>re gantedy caithruat i asylum
ffetrgn abe oannerals thn othri
epa Nrtnthe onearoliavtin urgreata
ucton tof hpayeulris,i ande orf
ieldgingn incme thoug itram ight over a
iae tou tpayes ca0,00 sael rery 1
dengens s goode ffiialent. he
owvge if the same isone epadtr :y
s in North Carolina i-. adopted. The I
privilege tax on fertilizers amounts to
over $30,000 yearly. The work done by
it can and ought to be done by the Ag-, T
ricultural College. Here then is $75,000
to build and equip the college, without.
either touching Mr. Clemson's money [
or resorting to new taxation. If then
we leave the University the $4,500 now
appropriated and the tuition fees, and d
relieve it of the expense of trying to t
educate farmers and mechanics in an t
uncongenial atmosphere, it can acconi- t
plish its needed work in a more efficient a
manner, and be better for getting rid of l1
these bones of contention; while after I
the Clemson college is built, it would
have the following income without 1:
looking to the taxpayers at all-it and t
the experimental stations: i:
Land scrip fund.......................................$ 3,75) I
Hatch fund................................................15,(M t
Priv iege tax, say.........................................o 00
Total............................................... $ 750 1;
With this sum we can keep up an ex- i
cellent agricultural school at Fort Hill, l
worthy of South Carolina, worthy of f
Calhoun, and last, but not least, wor- f
thv of Mr. Clemson. e
but there are other reforms and I
economies imperatively demanded be- b
fore we can lift the burden of taxation
to any marked degree. We have too s
much and too hasty legislation, and we d
believe it would be economy and wis- v
dom to have the Legislature meet bien- I
nially instead of annually as at present, a
and to change the date of its session. 1
That the burdens of taxation are not
equally borne is too evident, and those
taxpayers who are honest in their re
turns are grievously imposed on.
Gov. Hagood long since pointed out
that our county governments are both I
inefficient and extravagant; nearly at
much being spent on them now as in
Radical days. We are handicapped and
cut off from any improvement along
that line by our Radical Constitution,
while our very existence as a free peo
ple is jeopardized by the ignorant horde
of voters watching and praying for a
split in our ranks. We earnestly urge
the importance and necessity of a con
stitutional convention to secure needed
economy in county aflhirs, the abolition
of useless offices, and to throw stronger
safeguards around the citadel of white
supremacy, before the seeds of discord
shall sprout and grow.
To accomplish all this our people
must arouse themselves from their leth
argy, and take a more intelligent and
active interest in political affairs. And
here we would warn them to see to it
that a set of greedy politicians and
office-seekers shall not again, as in past
years, nominate a State ticket out-of
hand, without havinga canvass or even
an expression of sentiment on these
and other important issues. Public dis
cussion is not only the best means of
educating the masses, but is also the
chief safeguard of our liberties and the
only guarantee of our rights. In be
half, then, of the farmers whom we
represent, and as one of the best means
of bringing about these reforms, we in
sist on a canvass by those who aspire to
control the State government during
the next two years, before they are
nominated, so we can know just how
they stand. Recognizing the ability of
the present incumbents, and in no wise
intending to cast any reflections upon
them, we yet feel that if they seek re
nomination they could spend some of
their leisure during the summer most
profitably in discussing before their
constituents these and any other ques
tions of public interest. Thus they can
show wherein we are wrong if they dis
agreetwith us, or give us the advantage
of their approval if they approve? See
to it then, fellow-citizens, those of you
who sympathize with our objects and
aims, that no tricks be played upon us
in the May convention.
Farmers are too busy to give much
thought to their public duties. But
they can and should at least demand,
anid thus they will obtain, the right to
select their officials knowingly, arz;
both of establishing the Agricultural
College and of making the much
needed reforms and economies in the
State Goverjnent rests with the com
ing Legislature. Our experience with
the one just adjourned teaches us to be
ware of demagogues and fence-strad
diers and weak-kneed individuals with
out firmness of character or any con
victions of their own. We would there
fore advise and urge the absolute im
portance of selecting candidates of
nlrmness and cap)acity, and of requiring
them to define and explain their posi
tions. If a candidate is too good or too
unfixed to pledge himself to ally line of
policy demanded by the people, he can
and should be left at hlome; and when
a candidate, after having pledged him
self and been elected breaks that pledge,
as did a goodly number in the last Leg
islature, hie is no longer worthy of the
confidence and respect of any~ intelli
Appealing, thenm, to the good sense
and patriotism, not of farmers alone,.
but of all classes of our people, to aid us
in our efforts tose ure equal justice and
equal advantages to all, and to purify
and elevate our politics and to bring
about a more economical and efficient
government in State and County,
We are resp)ectfully,
D). I. NORRIS,
B. R. TILLMAx,
H. R. THOMAS,
W. Q. M. BERLEY,
E. P. MOORE,
J. H. MOnRIsox, t
Ex. Comn. Farmiers' Association.
Columbia, S. C., April 21, 1888.
Farmers are hard at work. .
Mr. E. S. Hendrix has about 10 acres
of the finest corn we have seen this I
While two of our boss fishermen, a
Messrs. J. B. and B3elton Stockman, ~
were fishing on the Saluda last Thurs- ~
day they caulght a sea turtle; it had a v
soft shell andl was spotted like calico., a
Burr said he had seen them while in.
Florida, blit had never seen any of them.
caught in any of the streams~ about
here; it was our first. Fishing has been
extensively carried on in this commu
nity. A great miany of the fishermen S
comes fromn Prosperity; sonie caught i C
great many while others (caught almost
nothing. . e
Mr. H. P. Boland, of the Mt. Tabor 01
sectior , visited this community a por
tion of last week.0
There will b,e p)reachiing at Zion A
church thec fifth Sunday at half past 10 '
&'clock a. mn. F
One of Prosperity's young men seems
to like to visit this community very F.
rnuch; he comes about every t wo weeks.
We think erc long we can give his
samne in ful!.
We have been asked to ask some kind pt
xditor if there is any road law, and if sc
o, what it is. Sonme have paid their
wo dlollars wvhile others have~ not paid, eii
ecithier have they worked the roads, \X
md we want to kniow where to take dIi
iold to matke themi work the roads.
['hey arc very anxious to know, and1( of
iope the kind editor will answer, or
omne one else. DOUBLIN' Te
To A PARENT.-Why is a riddle
vhiich is very clearly discovered like a Jo
etter wvritten by a child to its mother? Y(
t is tooi apparent (to a parent.) It is dr
pparent to every mother who has ty
ured her child of eroup wvithi Taylor's ov
~herokee Remedy of sweet Gum and Ti:
Julleini thait it should be~ kept l-y aill kil
ABLAZE AT UNION.
he Alarm Sounded at Midnight-A Block
of Buildings Destroyed.
:orrespondence of The Herald and
UN IoN, April 2.-On yE"..rday (Sun- 1
ay) morning our town was aroused be- f
veen the hours of 12 and 1 o'clock by ]
ie dread alarm of lire. It was some 1
.me before the citizens were fully t
roused to their danger, and the fire 1
ad gained pretiy good headway before t
iany of the citizens arrived upon the <
yenle. The fire originated in a woodens <
uilding near the center of a block of j
wo brick and several wooden build
igs. The entire block was consumed.
t was a remarkably ealin night. Had
here been any wind, it would have
cen almost impossible to save the tine
lock of two-story brick buildings that
ere separated from the destroyed i
lock by a space of about thirty-live i
ot. The nearest building was saved ]
rom catching by the hard work of the
itizens with the aid of wet blankets. I
he last building burned was occupied
v Reuben Gee and owned by Mrs.
I. A. Briggs. It c:auld easily have been
aved had there been an organized fire
lepartnient, as Mr. Gee's entire stock
as saved except what was in the cel
ar. The remark was made here that
"11 Gee's goods had been taken out and
he store sprinkled and swept.
The fire is supposed to have caught
rom a stove.
The total numberof buildings burned
has seven, includiigsnie small wooden
varehouses in rear of the stores. The
)arties were insured, but the insurance
vill not cover the loss.- M. A. Bri rgs'
)ick building, occupied by I. T. 'ee,
naured, for $1,200, about half value;
lohn Rodgers, .ooden building, occu
>ied by J. H. Rodgers, hardwa re-loss
52,000, insurance $1,000; J. H. Rodgers,
dock of goods, loss $3,000;. insurance
1,500. H. M. Grimball's loss was three
Xoodeii buildings valued at $2,000, in
:u red for $700.
The negroes worked like Trojans
Iarr. ing water and working the hand
ngil. and carrying out goods.
'Tlie town is sadly in need of a fire
oinpany and a water supply. The
rand engine could only be worked by
water which was brought in buckets
and emptied in the tank. It made me
wish that our boys and "Young John"
had been present with a water supply.
How nicely and quickly we could have
i enclied the flame. Notwithstanding
tie late hour there were many ladies
nresent to witness the conflagration.
Union should have a good fire com
pany. It would cost something it is
true, but the buildings that would be
saved, and the reduction in insurance
would soon overbalance the cost of an
engine and a water supply.
QUITE AN OLD RASCAL.
Kentucky's Defaulting Treasurer Began
his Work in 1868.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., April 22.-The
amount of ex-treasurer Tate's defalcar
tion, with all credits made, is now
placed at $150.000. It is learned that
just before leaving Tate sent a negro
porter to the bank for a large sum, saying
he wanted it to pay a school claim. As
no school claims were due, this is made
evidence that he took with him $75,000
The commissioners found that the
defaleation runs back many years, and
one of his I. 0. U's is dated 1868, the
year Tfate camne into offiee. In settling
from year to year Tate balanced his
books for December 31st, and presented
his banik balances for the. end of the
first week in .January. In the settle
menits, twelve years ago, what appear to
be forgeries have been found.
SForgery is extraditable, and it is on
amount to -$50,000. e - ~nmen
hope to get off without paying. Several
have their property in their wives'
DETAILs OF THE CHINESE EARTH
Many Vilnages Devastated anid Thousands
of People Crushed to Death - A Partial
List of the Towns Visited.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 23.-The
steamer City of New York, which arriv
ed yesterday from China, brings details
f an earthquake in Yunnan. The Pre
fet of Lini An, with Chi Hens of Ship
Ping and Kien Shui under him, have
jointly reported to) the Governor of Yun
nan as follows: From the second day
f the twelfth month of last year till
he third day of this year there were
>ver ten shocks of earthquake, accom
panied by a noise like thiundler. Ya
mend in the cities of Ship Ping and
Kien Shui were either knocked down or
iplit right down, and the temples like
ise. In Ship Ping eight or nine-tenths
f the houses in the South are falling
lown, and half of those in the East; in
he .Northwest thousands are being
:racked or bent out of perpendicular.
l'wo hundred people--men and women,
>ld and young-were crushed to death,
Lid over 300 were wounded and injur
At Tung Hiang over 800 were crushed
o death and about 700 or 800 wounded.
At Nang Hang there are over 200 dead
Ltd over 400 injured.
At Si Hiang there are over 200 (lead
nd over .500 injured.
At Peh Hiang about 100 were killed
nd the same nuniber injured.
[The four places last named arc su
In the town andi suburbs over 4,0
eople were either killed or wounded;
ight or nine-tenths of the houses had
illen down and the rest were cracked
nd leaning over.
In Mien Shin, in the city, seven were
illed and many wounded; in the
ortwest suburb 300 to 400 houses
-era overturned, 249 people were killed
nd 1.50 or 1(10 woundedi.
The World Takes Shape.
A charter has been issued by the]
ecretary of Statr- to "The Word-Budget<
ompany," of Charleston. The return -i
the corporators, Octavus C. Cohen
i A. M. Cochran, shows that the<
itire capital stock of $2.5,000 in shares
'100 each, has been subscribed by thei
etavus C. Cohen....................100 t
.M. Cochran (in trust).......... 2.5
m. A.Courtenay and E. L. Halsey.. 2.5
m. E. Huger........................ 10
-ancis J. Pelzer, .Jr................
S. Rodgers......................... 5
The return lurther shows that 440 per
tt. of the amount subscribed has been
.id i; that on the 16th of April sub
ribers representing all of the shares
ken met and1 organized the company
ad >ting by-laws and( electing Fran-i
S.J odgers, W. A. Courtenay and
m. E. H uger directors, and that these
-eet rs, at a subs:quent meeting, elect- e
Francis S. Rodgers president and
m. K. Pelzer seret.ary and treasurer
rrible Redsult ofa Foolhardy Exper:ment.
DETRoIT, April 2.---Ani Evening
rnal special fronm Marquette says: t(
sterlay afternoon a party of hog mi
vers on a log drive in Ilaraga Coun- se
attempted to thaw some dynamite m.
er a cooking stove in their shanty. el:
e result was a terrific explosionwhich
led three men and severely injured
A Father's Appeal.
Samuel W. Brooks, father of Hugh
1. Brooks, alias W. H. L. Maxwell,
onvicted of the murder of Preller, has
vritten a long and touching appeal to
he American people to help him save
us boy from the gallows. The appeal
ills nearly seven columns. The elder
3rooks gives his reasons for asking pub
ic assistance: The injustice of his son's
rial and the hardships of Missouri state
aws, which operate entirely in favor of
he lower courts to the exclusion of the
iefendant's challenges; the conipetence
)f the jurors; the errors in the criminal
udge's instructions; the failure of the
,ourt to admit proof of the accused's
rood character; the suppression of evi
lence, and particularly the frequently
lenounced Dingfelder plot, by which
tn alleged confession was obtained from
Brooks, ti rough a detective incaree
ated in the St. Louis jail, are all urged
,n measured and respectful, but strong
language. The tone of the appeal is
well tempered, and its terms are calcu
lated to touch the hearts and win the
iympathy of the public. Brooks, se
nior, asks sympathetic citizens to send
letters to Governor Moorehouse asking
him to interpose his mercy between the
boy and the gallows, The United States
Supreme Court has refused Brooks a
re-hearing, and when the mandate
epmes down at the end of the May
term, probably he will be re-sentenced
A cotton factory is to be erected at
Danville, Va., with a capacity of 32,00(
yards of cloth per day.
I WILL sell on saleday, in May next
a first-class McCormick Harveste
and Binder, if not sold at private sal
before that time. Apply to the under
sigued. Terms cash.
0. L. SCHtUMPERT,
25 April, 1888. i
IN accordance with an Ordinance
the Town of Newherry, the stalls ii
the Public Market will be rented to th
highest bidders at 12 M., Monday, Ma;
7th, 1888. By order.
J. S. FAIR,
2t C. & T. T. C. N.
:=:1O' IS A GO' T'lE::
PAINT YOUR HOUSES
Whitewash Your Fencing
While the weather is pleasant and
Painting Material Cheap.
Try our "RED SEAL" White Leac
at only $7.50 per hundred pounds, c
our Ready Mixed Paint, in Pure Whit
or 20 different colors, at only $1.30 pI
O e Cr Load, 100 bls. pure fres
Lime, received this day, at
S. P. BOOZER'S
Hardware and Paint Store.
O)N the 10th of May next, at 11 ~
M., the Board of County Commi
sioners will let out the contract fc
building a bridge over Cannon's creel
near Jno. J. Kinard's, on the roa
leading from WValter Ruff's to Prospe
ity. The Board will be present at tla
ti'me and place named, with suitabl
plans and specificaticn3. The Boar
-reth ve rnht t reject any and a
On t It oa aynext, at 1 .
teBoard will meet at R.'T. C. Hum
ter's to consider the opening of
public highway "leadingr from the S
Luke'sroad, near R. T.C. Hunter'
to the Ridge road, near Geo. H. Mo
r-is', jr., passing by Geo. H. Morris, sr
Jacob B. Fellers, T. B. Morris an
Andrew Nichols, by the most practiet
On the 15th of May next, the Boar
will meet at Dr. D. A. Cannon's to 14
out the contract for building a brid~
over Beaverdam creek, on the Boul
night Ferry road. Plans andI specifies
tions to be exhibited at the time an,
placed named. The Board reserves th~
right to reject any and all bids.
Border of the Board of Count
GEO. B. CROMER,
COUNCIL CHAMEERS, )
Newberry, S. C., April 17, 1888.j
N OTICE is hereby given that on th
26th April, 1888, at 5~ p. in., th
TIown Council will hold an election fo
the following officials : Clerk and Treas
urer ; Chief of Police and Policemen
and Overseer of Streets.
All applications for Police must be it
the applicant's hand-writing. Appli
cations to be filed with the under
JOHN S. FAIR,
Clerk & Treas.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
NEWVBER RY COUNTY-IN PRO.
WV. A. Fallaw, as Adm'r , &c., and iri
his own right, plaintiff, vs Aikeri
Fallaw, et al., defendants.
Complaint to sell land to aid in pav
muent of debts, injunction, &c.
BY VIRTUE of an order passed or
L)28th March, 1888, in the above
stated case, I will sell at public outcry
in front of the Court House in said
U'ouinty, on saleday (7th) in May, 1888,
ull that lot of land situated in the vil
lage of Helena, in said County and
State, containing seven acres, more or
ess, and bounded by the Laurens Rail
moad, by lands of J. 0. Meredith,Mrs. J.
3.Wilson and others, it being a part of
she real estate of which Mrs. Elizabeth
Fallaw died seized and possessed. This
and will be sold in several lots of one
>r more acres each, plats of which will
~exhibited on day of sale, prior to
rhich time they can be inspected in the
>ffice of the Juage of Probate.
Terms-One half cash, with the priv
lege to pay all cash, and the balance in
welve months from day of sale, with
egal interest, and secured by a bond of
he purchaser and a mortgage of the
>remises sold. Purchaser to pay for
>apers. J. B. FELLERS$,
Judge of Probate, N. C.
28th March, 1888.
iTATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
NEWBER RY COUNTY-IN COM
MON PL EAS.
Cancy Warner et al., vs. Frank Kibler.
Complaint for Partition.
B3Y ordler of the Court herein, I will
sell before the Court House at
'ewherry, in said State, on the First
flonday in May, 1888, all that lot and
arcel of land, situated in the Town of
rosperity, County arid State afor-esaid,
'taining One-Half of an Acre, more
r less, andl bounded by lands of J. A.
[armon, J. C. Bloyd, and others, and
onting 33 feet on the Holley Ferry
.oadl, anid running back of same width
feet. It being the land of which
eily fAnn Kibler, died, seized and
>sscssed arnd sold for partition.
Ternms: One-half cash, with privilege
'pay all cash, and the balance in 12
onths, with interest from day of sale
cured by a bond of purchaser and
ortgage of premises sold. Pur
raser to pay for papers.
SIL AS JOHNSTONE,
18 April 1888 Master.
For The NERVOUS
PIF 1)O.'r AR I.NE ROUJrE
Richmond and Danville Railroad.
Columbia and Greenvmsse Division.
Condensed Schedule-In Etrect April 22. 188
(Trains run on 75th Meridian time.)
To. tNo. tNo. tNo. N -
NRTHBUN. 3.;53. 2153. 51.11
PJ' ........ A31j A31 PM
Lv Charleston ............ -.-.---.- 6- ---
Lv colu ubia............. 145 . 11 .. il 10
ArAis ton .............24 - . 00
Lv Alston ................... .-- - 2-4- 12-05 A
Ar Union...............-.-- 4 -....
Ar Spartanbur.. .... . 6 4 ......
Tryon................ --.. .--- ---- --
Saluda ................... ... . - .
Flat Rock............... .----- .----- .---' .
Hendersonville.. ... ...... .. .. ...... 653 I
A sheville ...............A........ -------- --- .--- - ---
Hot Springs......... ...... - - 00
P M . P31
Pom aria ................. 2 58 .............- 12 -. .
Prosperit y.............. 3 23 ...... ....... 123 I.
N ewberry .............. 4 u0 --.. ------. ....--.
r G old vil le ................ 5 111................... -
Clinton .................. 5 35 ........ ....... .....- .---- -
Laurens ................ 6 _0 .... ...... ...
-inety-Six .......... - - 2,.'
(ireen wood. ...........3..- ....---...... 3 02
Abbeville............. .... .... . ..5
Belton . .................... I.. . . - -- 4 -- --
- Lv Belton..................... ...... '10 ' --.----- 4 -. .
Ar Williamuaton .............I10 44 . -:....
Pelzer ....................l........ 11 51 ....... 4 -5 --..
Piedm ont............. ..... 11 1 ........ 5 17....
Greenville ........... :.... M ........ 6, ..
A nderson............ .... ........ ........5 .
ceneca ........................... ... ......... 6 12
W alhalla ............... .........--------........ 6 5 .
:1 A tlanta................... ... .............. 0 40
30UiTHO.i2.30. 22. 4. 52:
Lv W alhalla............. 7 50 ----- . .--- . ------
Seneca.................. 8 30 ...... . ......- .
Anderson............... 9 42 .... . .
A shbev ille............... 11 101. .. ------- --.
Greenville........... 9 -0 .... ---- - - 2 0
.Piedmont ............... 10 t ....._.---.- ---.... 318;
Pelzer......................10 51......... "........-..---. 3 35
W illianston ..........10 58 ......................
Belton.....................II11 26; ........ .......-.... 4 t"5
Greenwood ...........12 57 ........ ..... .
Belton . ......126
Ninety-Six .......... 1 44 --...- ----- A- . ------
Laurens.............. --...---.. --- -......
(.linton .... .... ....
Goldville 6 ....
Newberry.............. 3 a5'........ ....... 7 ------
Prosperity ............. 2 ' -- -------- 7 46 ......
Pomaria ................. 3 45......... 8 0 -.....
1, Ar Alston................... 40 .----- .
r Lv Alston . .................. 4 05 3. ...... . -. --
Hot Springs......... . .50 .....
e Asheville .............. ..... 9 I..----- -- -------
r Hendersonville.... 11 07 ...---- -------.
Flat Rock............. 1123;.................
.aluda.................. ......:11 53 ........ ............
'A M; --...
Tryon .............. .......1234;A M:........-.....
Lpartanburg.... .....I 2 12 6 00 ....... ......
nion..................... 3 521 8 50. -
Ar Alston............. 5 40112 20 ..........
PM PM'AM .....
Columbia............... 5 07 6 3u Y2 20 9 15 .......
Augusta.................. 9 10.10 30 ..............
harleston- I --..
(viaS. RR) 9 45 1 i00'....... -----.
Savann P .------------.
3 (via c &S)........:653..:.......-..
. Daily. tDaily except Sunday.
d TIIROUTGH CAR SERVICE.
r-On Trains Noa. 51 and 50 Pullman Sleepers be
te tween Charleston and Hot Springs, N.C., via A.
C. L. Columbia and Spart.anburg. Through
ePassenger Coach between Charleston and Mor
dristown, via S. C. Railway, Columbia and Spar
.TiIkets _on sale at principal stations to all
1D. CARDW ELL, Asst Gen. Pass. Axt.,
a Columbia, 8. C.
SOL. H AAS. Traffic Mauaager.
r- X-.A. CARLISLE, IANES 3.LANE,
Late lEeal Estate Agent,
-a Attorney at Law. Philadelphia.
' IRLISLE & LINE.
de Real Estate Agents.
e vE have formed a partnership of
vthe above style and firm name
fo iheprps of buying and selling
dReal Estate, renting lands and collect
e ing rents, and hereby solicit the patron
age of land owners.
WE HAVE FOR SALE :
1. One house and lot in Helena, S. C.
Price, $600. Possession given January
,4. One plantation of 60.5 acres,on Indian
Creek,in farming condition. Price $6000.
.5. $8.50 for six room cottage and lot
in Newberry-one-third cash; balance
in three anluual instalments.
S6. $3,5.30 for 1 two story brick house
e in Newberry town, Newberry, S. C.
rFOR RENT: One six-room diwell
- ing, in town of Newberry, owned by
M. A. Carlisle.
'These lands will be sold oni favorable
terms, and tihe house will be rented on
- easy ternms to a good tenant.
.CARLISLE & LANE.
THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLI
NA, COUNTY OF NEWBERRY
IN PROBATE COURT.
William A. Fallaw, as Administrator of
the estate of Elizabeth Fallaw, de
eeased, plaintiff, against Aiken Fal
law and Clinton Fallaw, Defendants.
All creditors of the estate of Elizabeth
Fallaw, deceased, are hereby required
to render in and establish their denmands -
before this Court onl or before the 30th
day of A pril, 1888.
J. B. FELLERS,
HJAVING just received a delayed c
ILcargo of material, which we 'are a,
now mlanufacturing, we are prepared to
fill orders promptly for our
Manipulated Guano a
Orders by telegraph will receive
TH E WILCOX & GIBBS'GUANO CO., si
1.38 EAST BAY STREET,
Charleston, S. C. A
Meeting of Stockholders. ~
NE w n EiRR, S. C., A pril 18th, 1888.
TH E Annual Meeting of tile Stock- p1'i
h.lolders of the Newberry Cotton dlt
Mills will be held in Knights~of Honor mi
Hall, at Newberry, S. C., on Wednes- "I
day, the 2d day of May, 1888, at eleven
o'clock in the forenoon, for the election
of Directors for the enisuing year, and
for the transaction (of other business. is
Please attend in person or by proxy. W
GEO. S. MOWER, th
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT !
XTOTICE is hcrebv given that I will, ih
on the 12th day of May, 1888,
make a final settlement of tile estate of 89
Charles Gallmanl, deceased, before the I
Probate Judge of Newberry County, pi
and will on that day apply for a dis
charge as administratrix of the said
estate. CHANEY GLENN,
A NERVE TONIC.
Celery and Coca. the prominent in
gredients, are the best and safest
Nerve Tonics. It strengthens and
~uiets the nervous system. curing
e frvous Caness, lysteria, IeeP
It drives out the poisonous htmonrs of
the blood purifying and enrichin; it.
and so overcoming those dise=ses
resulting from imnpure or impove,
it cures habitual constipation, and
prootesaregular habit. Itstrength
ens the stomach, and aids digeston.
In its com-osition the best and most
active diureticsof the MateriaMedica
effective remedies for diseases of the
kidneys. It can be relied on to give
quick relief and speedy cure.
gIIadredeof teeti=onflshsvebeen received
Epo ns who have used this remedy rith
r leeet. Sendfor circulars.givin
price $1.00. Said br DrugsittS.
VELLS, RICHARDSON &CO., Prop's
A GOOD MiLL.
WE lave, perhapS, as fine set oI
Mill Recks as ainy in the State
Ve make meal equal to any Water
ill. We grind any time we get 4 or 5
usheks of corn. When the Mill is not
unning, we keel) Meal Chops and
xrits of our grinding to exchange for
ornl, or to sell.
FREE DELINEJiY I -' .
With cor<ial thanks for the liberal pa
ronage received in our opetitig, we
vould respectfully inform our patrons,
riends an<d the pbthiie generally that we
ire constantly atling it - ms to our stock.
Ve now keep our special line complete
ttiti yot can alw:v fin<d whatt we adver
Our Dress Goods t.on con-it of Can4
meres, Nis Veiling, H;"nrietta's Almos
3ea-topol, Flat nels, Tri"c, d an<l at
ythler woolen gtu<ds i:ow f:t-hionable,
silks. Vatervd Silks and S-<tins. Gintg
ams and d.:,atslic Pl::ids anl Calico.
Knit Goods for Ladies :and Mi-ses aid
'hildren Jersiy-. Lu''rvesT. P.tttta
tt;d Skirt, ulso. G,"nt- Unidtrve-ts.
We cat gie you a fttii "Btitlal Out
i'i as eel; p a . oN ca:m t,nv and make
hemi. Why ! hen, all th.n": rt uble amd
rexativil of g:thvrirg up an<d nking.
when we have them reatly ar your door?
Fuli line of nicey tiniibe<d and embroid
'red Und rnear in full stni:s-at prices
to stit :all.
Corset- anl B:-tits o. all size- aid at
Ladies, Misses :unl Childrens' Hose,
and Gent- Half Hose.
Ladies and Gents Handktrehief-.
Linen, Lawnu,and Silk.
Ladies I.itten Collars an<d Cuti.
Full line .of Tri,ming Goods in all
the latert an<d inost fashiotalale goods
viz: Furs, Sat it, Silk.Velv. t.Velveteen,
Gimp, Gallo:n, Ilereil<-s Brai.l, Coi's
Briad, Beade*I S-i t-. (1am d m.de) Beaded
Trimintittg in all colors. Domie-tic Home
spn. Bleachel and Unhleached Tick
it.g-, Flannels. etc'.. in fact evert..hing
usually foun:! in a tit-tcla-s Dry Goods
All Millinery Gootd- nwill now be sold
at big <list cunt,, prt I a.atory to Sprit.g
Agenrc for "Brobai d's Window
Holder," or Lock, t-efil and safe, t:o
Burglar cau enter w hc"re this lock is ap
plie-new on exlaibition in front of
store. Call arnd e'xanuine..
TIhree nice roomos, imo,riediate'ly over
store, fot' rent at reasoniable prices.
Mi-s- L.'lie Ri'es. M:dn'e Metts anid
Stes Ie Bowers are st ill w ith uis anid will
take pl,-asuire in shiowirni <.ur new and
select stock of ia.hiontable goods to their
macny friends anrd eirstomrtrs genterailly.
Again thankirrg .von for the~ liberal
patronage extetnded andl solicitirng aeon
tizuanfce of the same, we are
illi, & iliS, T11O8, F, 'iIR AAT,
Main street. New berryv, S. C.
I. D. SHOCKLEY. J. D. SIIOCKLEY
- Contractors -
Builders. * ~
WMBER, D00RS, SASH & BIINDS~
NEWBERRY, S. C.
MANU'FACTU7RERS of Bracketse, Sawed
.and Turned Balus'trades. Hand Rails.
Mlantles, Columns, etc. Estin.at-S sade on
buildings in town or country. PrIces reasou
ble. Planing .Mils and Shops in Ironrt of
ail. Call and see us.
lea4e0 .0 p m
CdB~i.,i ?r~ ar s r C~re
hi. dNT1's)e8a'~~freao att
be Ckg, eger5oligF
rtu , huaPaeBufe
' 14 and 23 bfet orept Ca
eaton and glot S pro N ca s ha
eas General Pas
hae' eui ve contrscts of theni n a
er in all sIzes, to fit tall men, short men.
mni and leani men.
Gents' Furnishing Goods
e now In their place, and awaitinig your In
ection. The tine of l'niderwear for. sring
id summner consists of nit gratdesmof India
suz,-. lnhriggatn. Lisle Thread and Merino
Iso. half hose in the sanme ttate'ril, in plaina
A Beautiful Line
Gents' Neckwear. The larest assortment
aave ever shown. The patterns and designs
these novelties are entirely new this
ason, and I am offering thetm at rickes that
:11 nake thetm move.
Gents' Fine Shoes
r Sorng and Summer we-ar. have I ""n
e'e-.tn stoc'k, arnd they eibrace all th.e
Ierent shapes arnd styles of shoes trhat :
u.ufact ured. Genits' slippers and danch.
mse always in stock.*
My Hat Stock
complete in SprIng styles, in all the latest
lor's in so)ft and stilf bats. The assortnr eut
ready for your ltnspes'tion. You will be
ae than sat istled if you will call and see
It Is important
-'all to know that in trading here you are
yng from, a reliable house, aend that.the
ads are sold as represented. I! they do not
rte up to what they arc represented tobe
aways ready to) make It satisfac'tory with
Cow, before nraking your purchases of.
ring Clothin,' c'all and se'e what I have In
'refor you. Y wili be pleased to hav'e you
.1 and inspect the stock, as it will u.fford ma
asure In show<ng you tbrough.
M. L: KINARD,
Columbia, S. C,