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ELBERT E!. AU LL, EDITOR.
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W M. P. HOUSEAL,
NEWBERRY, S. C,
THURSDAY, J\UNE 7, 1888.
THE STATE DEBT.
The State debt falling due in July
amounts to $400,000. It is cause for
congratulation that it will be promptly
met at maturity. This has been ae
complished by issuing bonds to run for
forty years bearing 41 per cent. interest.
This debt was provided for by Act of
F the last General Assembly. Th. bonds
issued under that Act have lready
been taken, part of theni in exchange
at par, and the balance by sale at and
FWhen the matter came before the
finance committee of the Senate and
the committee on ways and means of
the House, it was thought by sonie
that the State could not float a bond
drawing a less interest than five per
cent. Those who held this position
were fortified by the views of some of
the leading financiers of this and other
States. Dr. S. Pope, of Newberry, and
Col. Brown, of Anderson, contended for
a four per cent. bond, and the matter
was finally settled on a basis of 41 per
cent. The State thus saved as between
a five per cent. and a four and one half
per cent. bond, two thousand dollars a
year for forty years. The large debt of
the State amounting to over six mil
lions of dollars, and which falls due in
a few years, will in all probability have
to be provided for at the next session
of the Legislature, or at furtherest by
the one next succeeding. It is impor
tant that there shall be as great a sav
ing of interest as possibie, and that the
bonds to be- issued to retire this debt,
shall, if possible, pass into the hands of
our own people, as the recent issue has
done, thus keeping the interest at home
instead of paying it out beyond the
Under the law it was provided that
as many of the holders as desired it
should be allowed to exchange bonds
for the new issue and $88,500 were thus
exchanged, leaving $311,500 to be pro
vided for by sale. This we learn from
a late issue of the Register, and we also
learn that bids were received for$341,500,
being more than were on hand to be
[ sold. The Register gives the following
showing the amounts of bids from the
Additional subscriptions in
Richland in case of failure
of any subscribers to com
- ply............................ 15,000
With the success attending the sale
of the bonds to meet the July debt, we
may well hope that the next issue will
not be at a higher rate of interest.
The saving to the State to place them
at 4.i per cent. as between the amount
of interest now borne, 6 per cent., will
be over ninety thousand dollars per~
It would not be a bad idea to keep
dowvn extravagant approp)riations and
reduce this debt.
A NEW PROBLEM.
The Abbeville M1edium makes the
* mathematical calculation that there are
six and one half boys to every professor
in the South Carolina College, under
the reorganization recently effected.
In view of this calculation the Green
ville News submits the following prob
"If six students and a half of higher
education require one professor at a
high salary, how many pupils can the
average country teacher in the free pub
lic schools, paid a dollar a day, be ex
pected to wrestle with successfully?"
We will not attempt to solve the
problem, but remark as a general thing
they generally have from 30 to 6.5 pu
pils enrolled and only one teacher. It
was only the other day that we at
tended the closing exercises of one of
these country schools where the attend
ance had been above sixty and only one
teacher. MIore and better common
schools, The Herald and News has
concluded for, for a long time. That is
the great need of this count'y to-day.
If we are to have a system of ;?ree conm
mon schools in this State and have
more monev to spend on education it
had best be put on improving these
schools. These schools are the onles to
reach all the children. male and female.
That is the place where our educational
system is faulty.
We need a good commnon school or
academy. with a good teacher at the
head of it in every conunuinity. Noth
ing can help build up a conununity in
every way like a good school.
The A bbeville M.edium reports a ca-se
tried before a Trial Justice in that coun
ty of the $tate vs. Ilobert Brateher for
* enticing labo~r under contract. A Mliss
Hamilton with her sister, brother and
mot her miade a contract with J. B. A sh
ley to work this year as farm laborers.
-In the. meantime the defendant
B3ratcher and .i is-s HaimilIton b eame
lovers and were married and hence the
suit agains~t Bratcher for enticing away
the 1:dw of Ashley. The jury rendered
a ver\d of "not guihty."~ Thel verdiet
was a just one'. Why the idea' Who
ever heard of the like ? The 3Medium
We are glad to see Charleston shaik
* ing off the earthquake dust and bestir
ring herself. The citizens are sub
scribing money for the erection of a
magniticent hotel. Over a hundred
thousand dollars was raised at the first
meeting held for the purpose, and the
amount has now reached two hundred
CLEVELAND AND y
The Herald and News presents to its
readers this morning full reports of the
National Democratic Convention at
St. Louis yesterday. We thought the
convention would have finished its
work yesterday and we would have
been able to give the name of the second
man on the ticket. In this we fail.
+ The second man will be named to-day.
The reports indicate that it will be
The enthusiasm for Cleveland seems
to have becn great and unanimous.
His nomilination by acelamnation is but
in response to the call that haflS g 1on up
from the democrary of the whole coun
try for some time.
Cleveland and h'lurian w, oulcd make
a strong team. The objection to Thur
man is his age. Yet MIr. Hendricks,
who was on1ly live years younger than
Mr. Thurman, did faithful :nd lrood
work four years ago. Mr. Thurman is
not yet 7.5 years old. It is true Mr.
Hendrickswasonly5 wlien nominated.
Mr. Cleveland is in his his 5241 year.
It is doubtful too whether Mr. Thur
man could carry Indiana. It is imupor
tant. to have a strong man on the
However, whoever liils the second
place, the ticket will win. This is no
timie for1 discordl within the ranks.
The W1oman Suf.ligists. seeni to desire
toget a plank in the platform, but are
not likely to be admitted.
The aioption ofta platform for all of!
the party to stand uponl will likely give
more trouble than the ntaing of the
Cleveland and )enocratic victory in
THE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION.
Scenes and Incidents at St. Louis-A Tem
porary Organization Effected.
CoNVENTION H.t, ST. Louis. June
5.-The Democratic National Conven
tion began to gather in the early hours
of the morning, although the gavel of
Chairman Barnum of the national
conmittee did not announce its open
ing until noon. The trickling stream
of humanity which began to run into
the big Exposition building as early as
8 o'clock had grown to a torrent, which
urged in and filled the great nave of the
hall to overflowing, and long before
noon 10,000 human faces gazed upon
the high desk reserved for the presiding
officer of the convention, as yet empty,
but with its gleaming white silver
gavel, the gift of the .Nevada delega
tion, full of curious interest for the ex
The noble proportions of the hall
strike one at once with admiration. It
is oblong, relieved upon either side by
balconies reaching back 200 feet, above
which, stretching entirely around the
auditorium, is a broad overhanging
gallery. The ample stage reaches from
the rear of the chairman's platform fifty
feet to the east wall of the hall, and ac
commodates 440 of the gathered leaders
and fathers of the national Democracy,
who thus are enabled to overlook the
officers, delegates and spectators.
At noon all the delegations had ar
rived'at Convention Hall except those
fromi New York and MIissouri. The
absence of the New York delegation
made a large gap in the centre of the
space reserved for delegates, and the
convention waited with mingled feel
ings of curiosity and impatience for the
appearance of the Empire State's rep
resentatives. It was fifteen minutes
before they came into the convention,
headed by Ex-Mayor G3race, of New
York eity. Conspicuous as it niarched
to its place, with the eyes of the con
vention fixed upon it, wvas the distin
guished figure of Daniiel Dougherty,
who was to place Cleveland in nomi
nation, amnd lie was cheered.
UNFURLING TilE BAND)ANA5.
At this momient a Colorado delegate
mounted a chair, and unfurling a redl
handkerchief placed it upon the banner
pole of the delegation. Thlis was the
signal for the appearance of hundreds
of the Old Roman'is standarid, and in
almost an instant the banner poles of
Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Nebraska,
West irginia, Florida, Utah, New
MIexico, Ohio. New H ampshire, New
Jersey, Delaware, Oregon and Nevada
were dcoi rat ed with redl handlkerchiefs,
and from the gallery, balconies and the
nave of the ha!l pIroier red bandanas
wvaved all over the auditorium. A
cheer burst from a thousand throats in
the galleries, which was eaught. up b.y
the convention and grew ini volume
until the blare of the hand trumnpets
and the noise of the bass drum w'as
drowned in the greater volume oif the
conivention's full-throated voice.
A NOTtCEAULE INCID)ENT
of the demonstrations oif ap)proval as
the hour of the opeing of the conven
tioni approached was the flutter of
handkerchiefs and waving of fanis by
ladlies who filled a double row of lodges
arranged along the front of the two
galleries, which have been given up
almost exclusively to women, wvhcse
bright attire and pretty faces lent addi
tional attraction to the convention
ensemble. Visiting clubs with em
blazoned banners came in late, but as
each well-known organization was re
cognizedl they were greeted with cheers.
Thue Tammany Hail braves were among
the first to appear, followed closely by
the New York County Demiocracy anid
the local St. Louis organization. The
Randall Club, with its gorgeous black
and gold banner and led by "Squire"
William McMullen, the hero of seven
National conventions, marched in
proudly and wer e generally applauded.
CALLING THlE CONVENTION TO ORD)ER.
Chairman Barnum, who had advanei
ed to the high decsk onl the platform,
waitedl for the cheers to subside.
At 12:3> the vast assemlblage was
silenced by' a stroke fronm the gavel of
Chairman Barnium, and the D)emo
ratic Convention of 1888 was formally
The chairman introduced Bishop J.
B. G3ranberry, oif St. Louis, who opened
the proceedings with pirayer. Hie ren
dered devout thanks for the miany
benefits which this country had receiv
edl from the handls of Providenice, pray
ed for the continuance of those bounties
and called downi the D)ivine blessing on
the President and all t hose in nut hority.
The chair then stated that, acting
under the authority conferredI on himii
by the nationial Demiocratic connu]iittee',
he woul present to the convention the
names of two' persons selected by thle
commiiittee to precside' over and oicer'
the temiporaryV 4rgaiat in ot the coni
venion Asthe sectary\ read the namie
ofS 31 Wite, of C'alif'orniia, as tem'
p arr chiairmana, thle conuvent ion greet
edi it 'withi cheevrs, as it alsi gre'etedi thle
namle ofI F. ( . Pine~ie, of Massachusetts,
as sertav The reading of thle list ofi
otlicer's hi:ivinig beeni cionc(luded,il the
choliec (If thle coluiittee was i'at itled by
thle ui~mu vote of the convyelion.
of \hii id. (. S. Bi've, of' (io, and1
the conmXiiittee to conui.t\3r. W''hite
to the pitfoii~rmI. .ilatvini takenl thei
chir th new. pire-1idi ufli-r;wa
anpd che. ers~. 31ri. W hite tIhenh aidh-.iIe
the convent ion. A\lou,gh hie had
reuest ed by way of p)refaee that dturing
the deliveryr of his speeih thme conivenl
tion shouild preserve silence, lhe was
frequently in terrupted b y applause,
and one'or twice was5 comn eClhed to stop>
until the applause had died away. He
sp)oke with distinctness and couild be
h.ear aleoer the hall. When he
mentioned the name of President
Cleveland the convention arose to its
feet, and, with waving hats and flutter
ing handkerchiefs, cheered for several
seconds. The mention of tariff reform
was also cheered, and at the close of his
address the speaker was generously
applauded. Curiously enough, refer
enees in the speech to Tilden failed to
arouse any marked enthusiasm, and
none of the New York delegation ap
plauded the mention of that once
REVENt'E REFORM AND ANTI-REFORM.
When the name of David Turpie, of
Inliana, was called to represent that
State upon the coniittee on resolut ions
there was a burst of aplplatse, which
was, however, eclipsed by the cheers
which greeted the selec-tion of Henry
\Watterson to the same committee by
the State of Kentucky, nor was A. 1'.
Gorman forgotten by the assemblage
and the mention of his name was
A Denmocratic Army.
Si'. Loui, June 5.-A gorgeous
parade of fully 31,I00H uniformed D)eno
erats in procession was witnessed to
night by people in such numbers that
they could he estimated onliy by hun
dreds of thousands. The proces-ionl
moved at an early hour :nd was still
iioving at 10.4'). Before the march be
gan Olive street, the thoroughfare
leading to the Convention hall, was
jaiilmed for over a mile, pavement,
si(lewalk, gutters and stairways, with
such a solid mass of luilan beings as,
perhaps, never before gathered in any
American cit v. At short intervals over
the entire distance great flaes lit up
the scr"ne and marked the long vista, a
spectacle of surpassing 1 rillianc1y. The
street was only cleared suflicintly for
the procession by pindinlg a passage
through the inob wit h trains of calelt
cars. While entlhusiasn was evoked
everywhere by the display of Tliurmtan
ila idana.s among the inarchers.
Th? Tariir 1ssue.
[Special to the News and Courier.]
ST. Louis, Junle 5.-l'he committee
oil resolutions met inl secret session at
5 o'clock this afternoon in the parlors of
the national Democratic committee,
at the Southern Hotel. The committee
was called to order by Edward Cooper,
of New York. The names of Henry
M. \\ atterson, of Kentucky, and Sen1
ator A. P.,Uorman, of Maryland, were
put in nomination for the chairman
ship and the result was the election of
the former upon the first ballot by a
vote of 22 to 20, four members not
voting. At the suggestion of Mr. Gor
man \Vatterson's nomination was made
unanimous and, upon taking the chair,
the latter remarked pleasantly that had
the committee known how nearly in
harmony were the two candidates the
election would probably not have been
The following was the vote by States
and Territories :
Watterson-Alabana, Colorado, Del
aware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts,
Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey,
Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina,
Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin, New
Gorman-Arkansas, California, Con
necticut, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine,
Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire,
New York, North Carolina, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Vermont, Virginia,
West Virginia, Arizona, District of
Columbia, Wyoming, Idaho-10.
The committeemen from Florida,
Nevada, M1ontana and Washington
Territory were not present or refrained
1 A. M.-The situation can be sumim
ed up in a few words.
The sub-committee on the platformn are
in a deadlock over the taritl plank. Mr.
W~atterson is urging an unqjualifiedl
expression on the tariff qjuestion and
Senator Gorman is arguing that a few
conservative words are sufficient.
With M1r. Watterson arc six membe*rs
of the committee while MIr. Gorman is
supportedl by the New York, New Jer
sev and Connecticut members. Mr.
Gjo>rman says that the tariff reformers
wanlt to go furt her than the P'resident
will approve. WhIile MIr. Watterson, on
the other hand, threatens if his plank
is not adoplhted to bring the tariff ques
tion before the Convention and ask a
roll-call hv States.
The sub'eoiimmittee is to report to the
full conunittee at 9 A. 31., if the plat
formu is completed. Thlis does not seem
likely now, and the struggle may be
prolonged all day. The tariff reformers,
however, are certain of ultimate vic
tory, as they represent nine-tenths of
THlE SECU$I D1DISTRICT.
A Mov-ement on Foo)t to Cnseat 3Mr. Tinlman.
[Special to the News and (Courier.]
AtsTA. .Jtune 1.-A :onlversaltionl
with a pronminenit genltlemani of Aiken
to-day leads your c'orrespon dent to
believe that Hi>n. D..S. H enidersoni will
supplant Congressmian Geo. T'illmn.
H-.e says that 31r. Henderson is ini for a
big fight and he will be backed by
Aiken County to a man andl by a
majority of the people in the district.
31r. Henderson is willing to submit his
claims for thle lnmination to D)emo
eratic primaries or to theC oldl-estalishedl
custom of a convention. He wvill attend
the meeting in Hampton on the 11ith
of June, wvhen this point wvill be de
M1y informant states thait his friends
have tried to persuade M1r. Henderson
to make the race for years, but he has
aiwavs said lie was not ready. HeI was
not able to pull away from a big law
practice, but now he has a valuable and
capable partner in a young brother, andl
feels that hIe can miake some personal
sacrifice at thIe call of hlis friends. M1r.
Henderson is very p)opular with the
people, and his gifts entitle him to due
It is regretted thlat MIr. Aldrich should
conmc out at the same time, for it is very
desirable that the opp)osition to Con
gressmnan Tilhuan should be conceni
trated. MIr. Aldrich is highly esteemed,
and is a gentleman of tine parts, bmut the
adnmirers of M1r. Henderson feel that he
should have the field.
As regards MIr. Tillmian thle opinion
is freely explressedl that he can be easily
beaten. Hie certainly does not represent
the D)emocratic party in Carolina or
elsewvhere and his constituents across
the river are feeling rather bitter in the
thought that their representative had
no0 promninence in 'Washington until he
began to give comfort to the Republi
Thi ese op)inions coming IL fromi Aiken
are heartily confirmed over this way,
andi( the de(sire to see (Congressmianl Till
1111n supplanted by a genuine tariff
reform iDemocrat is spreading. This
sntient wvill strengthen the opposing
candidates, andl' 31lr. Hlender'son is
alignedi fairly and squarely wit h Presi
dent (levelaind and the party.
Enm);V:r ., June 1.-There wimll hle
ani effort madile to snd fronm EdXgetield
to tl he(on.gressionial Convention tIwelve
detlgates wh o will suorlt a ( levelandl -
Mlills hl8l D)emiocrant to represeint the 2d
district in the next Congress.
A 5.A1 st'ICIDE1-.
31 r. .1. Rt. Hun,,te-r. a i'romi Ine-nt Citizen of
h a NI Asi- a:, .1 une 4.-T'hjailer-r.
oin'1lg aubout 4 ol'clfock,.ysotn
himsielf through tihl heand with a 44
calib're Smith aM Wessoni pisloL. Mr.
Ilunter for' a long thlil was Sheriitro!
tn'ecountv. and is thie fathe of. I thet
pesemu SIlerit. Thell :act t hatl he hiad
takeni his own life sptreadI like wildtire
on our streets and was rceived ' with
s:ldest regrets. M!r. Hunte01r has belen
almost an invalid for the pas5t tw~o
years, and it is thought that lhe toot
his life for the p)urp)ose of ending his
GREAT ENTHUSIASM CREATED BY
THE MENTION OF HIS NAME.
No Name as Yet for the Second Place,-The
Red Bandanna Enthusiastically Waved,
and Thurman Has the Lead-Woman
Suffrage Causes Much Amusement-The
Convention Adjourns :ntil To-Day.
LSpecial to The Herald and News.]
CoLUM.1.%, April 6.-Shortly after
the National Delmoeratic Convention
reassembled this norning, the conllilit
tee on perimanent (orgallization reported
n.almes of oileers of (ollvelltion, naIning
(:en. I'atiriek Collins, of Boston, for
chairman, and the report wa. adloptedl.1
Collins was enthlusia"tically greeted
and the mention of President Cleve
land's nane in his leech was greeted
with cheering and w'avinlg of cales and
WOM1A.\ st'FFnAl(ST PLANK wa NTEI.
The scretary read a omulllicllieation
from the \Washington woman's convei
tion, asking that a representative he
allowed to address the convention for
tenl minultes. Oi liotill of .Jolnl (; .
O'l)onahue, of New York, the request
MIrs. I.. A. l('rriweather. of St.
Louis, apie:llred, rep resellting the wo
nuin's c'onven''Itiion andl re<jne.stinag thet
11:cn Ve lltioln to a d o p t :1 \ na l 's s luf
frage plank in their pltform.
She was greeted with applause and
laughter, and cries of "Loider"' from
all parts of the hall. Mrs. Merriweath
er's remarks were almost inaudible.
There were frequent interruptions
and the Chairman was obliged to call
the convention to order. The band
struck up and shut off' Mrs. Merri
etLV:LAN 'S MAAGIC NAME.
Daniel Dougherty, of New York,
nominated Cleveland. Dougherty said:
"I rise to name the next President of the
Unised States. [Great excitement-the
delegates all standing and cheering.]
New York presents him to the conven
tion and pledges him her electoral
vote." LCheering renewed.]
At the mention of tariff reform by
Mr. Dougherty there was loud ap
plause. His allusion to there being an
end of sectional strife was greeted with
continued cheering and hat waving.
Mr. Dougherty concluded, "I give you
a name entwined with victory. I noni
nate Grover Cleveland."
The Kentucky delegation asked and
was granted consent to second the
James A. McKenzie was .rccognized.
Mr. McKenzie said: "Mrs. Cleveland
is the only better Democrat than Mr.
Cleveland in the country." [Laughter
McKenzie addressedl the convention
as "Gentlemen of the .Jury.'' [Laugh
ter.] "Kentucky likes Cleveland for
his splendid racing qualities. [Great
laughter and app)lause.] The Presi
dent's message had the dlirectness and
force of a Kentucky rifle, and the
executioin of a dynamite eartridge.
LRenewed applause and great hamghter.]
McKenzie mrovedl to suspend the rules
and umake the nomination unanimous.
Judge Twi ggs, Georgia, secondedl the
nomination. Morrison. of illinois, also
seconded them nminat ion, lbu t refused to
make a speech. Kanmsas seconds it,
hailing ('leveland as the "Mosesc' of the
McKenzie's moin to suspi'nd' the
rules was carried, and ('levelain was
Th'le (cheerinig for ( leveland] ocntinued
amlid the waving of hats, and the ex
eitenmnt extended to the galleries.
Bandannas were waved all over the
hall, and the delegates stood up oni
the seats. Th'ie band played '"Hail to
the chief,'' and the picture of Cleveland,
in the White House, was uncovered oni
the east wall amidst the wildest enthiu
siasnm. Cleveland's bust was placed
upon the platform crowned wvith laurel
wreaths :nnid1(st conitined cheeringand.
the thirowing (if haits inito the air anid
increased. excitement. Horns were
blown in the gallery and the delegates
waved their State banners in the air.
Tm:EsECOND M1AN Nor YET NAMEDi.
The (i\covetioni here adjourned unmt il
ten o'clock to-morrowv to allow the In
diana delegation to commiunicate with
Governor Gray of Indiana, in regard
to the second place on the ticket. It
is generally believed G ray's name wvill
be withdrawni, and that rlTurmani
will be nominated by acclamation.
THE SUMTER HOMICID)E.
Bowman and Harby Found Not Guilty.
SUMiTER, Junie 2.-In the Sessions
Court to-day, iln the trial of Bowman
and Harby for the murder of Hayns
worth, twenty-five witnesses wer~e ex
amined for the defence.
At near 12 o'c'lock the attorney
general called the attention of .Judg.'
Aldrich to the fact that it was niear Sunm
The Judge left it to thejury to dlecide
whether the ease should go on. They
determined to go on wvith the case.
At 1 o'clock Mr. Benet concluded his
np ass ioned and earnest spaeeh.
A ttorney General Earl" closed for t he
Mr. Earle finished ' is very able
speech at half past 3~ o'clock.
Judge Aldrich charged very fully andl
very linpartially, but briefly.
The jury retired at ten miniutcs to 4
o'clock, and at fifteen mlinutes past 53
returned a verdlict of not gmiilty.
Strong Opposiation to ahlone.
Ricim MOaN], VA., .Junei 5.-Thle Anti
Maone state Beplaaicanl cainlinittee
met here to-day. All dlistriets af theI a
Mtate except, the 1st wer'e repare'sf'ete,
and an organizat ion was p erfeeda. The
reiaindler of the day was splent inl coil
ferring abouant the hei.'st lan oiuf pro'a cedulre
to s(eurie recogniit ion in the~ Nat iaonal
'onvciit ban at ('hicago.
Blaine WVin T:ake thie stumup.
Blainea. man ini 2d:a.a'lbusatis received1
a letter frin t' .rm. I laine tao-day, ill
awih thle moan fron 'dai ine states thI at
he will ret urn to (a\mierilia Iv thle enda
of Junle, and will at onice palunge into
o lit ies, takinig thle stump111 fair the
Reaublei lalil cine anal doainai. all be.
em i toa ad Vanice t heI inl teriests of! his party.
I have dleinii'ad ta be a a caimliata."
said Mir. Blaine, '"but I amt still a
ptetionist, :a Repblaiica:~anal an
Americani citizen and shall do all in
my paowe~r taa helpa my1 party.
Saturdlay was Queen \ictoia's bairthi
day and was duly celebrated in hlier
NO GOBBLE AFTER ALL.
rhe Georgia, Carolina and Northern Road B1
Pnshing on for Atlanta.
From the Charlotte, N. C., Chronicle,
The talk about the collapse of the 10
3eorgia, Carolina and Northern road "
.s claimed by the Seaboard Air Line
)fiicials to be all bosh. How it origi- h
mated, or who started it, is not known,
tut thn' oIlicials of the comnpany say
hat of one thing they are certain, and el
hat is, that there is no truth in it
(ol. L. C. .<;i1nes, sulerinteldent of th
le (arolina ('entral, was in the city 3.~
resterialy, but left in his special ear in
he :ftern oi for a tour over the newly As
m()i'leted portion of the road. When
skel about the collapse of the Georgia, to
'arolinta and Northern he laughed and r<
4"cid tiat there was nothing in it, that Io
lhe G eorgi:a, Carolina and Northern to
was:1s sulid to-day as ever, and was
pushins" steadily on to Atlanta.
Gen. It. F. Hoke, who is so promi- ti
nenttly conne ted with the building of
this road was quite indignant over the e.
repirt that had beeii circulated. "There
s not one word ,f truth in it," said the
holone. lIe went oil to say that he
had only vesterday located the depot
for liis'road in Chester. The Georgia,
Carolina and Northern, lie said, is as
sound aser":r, and perfectly able to take
care of itself. Il has all the money it
wants, :mn'il does not intend to stop
short of Atlata. It will haul Chester's v
cttol this fall. It is perfectly inde- tt
ptndnlt and cannot be bought up by b
the ltiellhnold and Danville or any fr
:t her roal. W1 hen (ol. .lones and Col. ri
! !'ke botlh say that there is nothingr in I
tli report, ih'e pople miiay be assisted b
n1'4on ttt secore. It
sH E:Ill.N ti)AE A FULL GENERAL tl
OF THE ARMY. tj
The 3iauner in which the Bill was Rushed A
\WAsSIilc,ToN, June 4.-The bill
wlieh passed the Senate day before
yesterday and passed the House to-day,
reviving the rank of General of the
arm11y for Sheridan's benefit, was not
lerinittel to take the usual course, but
under the personal supervision of Senl
ator Hawley, chairman of the Senate r
c ommnittee on military affairs, was en
g~rossed within half an hour of its pass
age, and taken by the Senator in per
son to the President.
Meanwhile Senator Hawley had tel
egraphed to the President suggesting q
that the nomination was presented to
the Senate along with the notification
that the President had approved the
bill. At", o'clock Senators Hawley
and Manderson delivered Sheridan's C
new eonlniission1 to Mrs. Sheridan.
In the course of the afternoon a note
of thanks, signed by Sheridan himself, t
was telegraphed to the President, and
a note of acceptance to the secretary
was also signed by Sheridan. Sheridan
took the oath of office before night, and
issued an order announcing as his staff
Major. Michael Sheridan and Capts.
Kellogg and Blunt, (his present stat;)
with the increased rank of Colonel.
Gen. Sheridan's State.
WASHINGTON, Jnne 4.-Sheridan's
physicians have Issued the following r
bulletin. timed S.15 P. M.:
Gen. Sheridan had a hemorrage this
afiternoon which induced a recurrence i
of hleart failure. He was on the verge
of dissolution. Although he rallied, 1
his coniditioni is still mrost precarious. a
.Juune 5.-2, A. M.-Gent Sheridan isI
now lying weak and exhausted and in
a comatolse condition. He has only
rallied very feebly from the attack this
afternoon,' whic'h nearly caused his
A MANIFEST IMPRtovl-:MENT. 4
WAsh!INGTON, .Ju ne 5.-The last
bulletin of Sheridan's p)hysicians, timed
8 P. M., says that for the time being
there is manifest iimplrovemenit in the
FITZHUGH LEE IN GREENvILLE.
He will Adidress the Confederate Survivors
Dluring the Encamupmnft. 1
[Sp,ecial t,> the News and Courier.]
GIi.::syn,: June 2.-Governor
itzhugh Lee hlas accep)ted the invita
tioni to imake til address before tile Con
federate Survivors' reunlion in this city
during thle miilitary elncmpment next
monlhthl. His lette r of acceptance was
received here to-day. .
?oeismici Shakes in Columbia.
[Special to the Greenville News.]
(o.U1m.1, June 2.-Messrs. C. C.
Habenielht, .John Bauskett and others
living naear Sydney Park~ replort that
during this week the earth has trembled
nightly ill that section. Last nig~ht
shieks. Hlis family wvas aroused and
his chiildreni left the house. Nothing
of the kind has been experienced in
ot her patst of the city.
lig Cotton Fire in Columbia.
CoinnutA, S. C., Junie 5.-The cot-.
on warehouse belonging to the South
Carlinia R~aihvay comipany adjacent to
the unlioni dlepot ill this city, was burned
to-aight. The fire broke out at 7.30 p.m.
The wareihouse wa.s occupied by Jones,
Robertson & CJo., cotton dealers and fer
tilizer manufacturers, to whom most of
the cotton belonged. Fourteen hundred(
hales were in tIle warehouse. Loss
;0,00110. Insu rancee about. $50,000.
Said Misfortune to a Good Man.
[Press anld Banner.]
Mr. E. S. Hale. onle af the best busi
ness5 mnen of Niinety-Six had an attack
If paralysis Tuesday of last week. He
is recovering and no immediate danger
is applarcnt. .In his affliction the Press
and Banner, together with a host of
other frienIds and well-wishers, would
extend symapathby for his misfortune
and hope for is speedly recovery.
Uncle Sama Susixwnded.
The i~ ited Staites governmiient muight
just as well suspeind business for a few
dy.Te W\ashington corresponld
en'hts are at St. Lou1is.
NEWs IN BRIEF.
A heavy shock of earthquake was
felt at Buenos Ayres at 1:2.14 Tuesda'y
m orinig. It is iiot known whether
any iamnage was done.
()n .1 tne 4, at Rockdale, Texas, a few
miuutes b,efore 4 o'clock the Munldine
hotel, a three-story buiek building, w~as
foundi4 to b4e on tire. and, accordinig to
those who were first on tihe grounid, it
'was all oni lire at once. Eleven persons
wee buirned alive.
3l1r. Lawtoni, Unoited States minister
to Austria, arrived in New York June
:.ie said' that oine mothtl since he
died withI Mr. Ulaine ~in Romae. He
thughlt fromi the teno(r of Mr. Blaine's
reiirks. at thlat timle, that he wouhld
neep t the 140 noinait ion fo r President if
s-!..--ed h4v thle convenltion. Thle Maine
'r1am:n i wia aphlly growinlg old, all
r1prt 'to th'e cntrary notwithastanid
()im-c ofl ii h mos tei'iitie eyelonest t ha:t
hts ever visited the South passedl
near 31ilti4ln. N. C., at 4 o'cloek Sattur
da. the 2d inst. The length of tihe
taek wa;i aboutt twenity-1ve nuiles and
ive lhundred~ulvu yrdls wide. The destruel
ti 4 and devaistat ion wais immiense.
corn and tob aceco were wiped out and
l>ekets full (of hail stones large as
guinea eg-gs couild be easily gathered,
:ad the welather has since been so cold
th..t h.,l was on the ground for three.
WET AND DRY.
it Almost Entirely Wet in the Old North
CONCORD REMAINS DRY.
CONCORD, June 4.-Special: In the
cal option election to-day prohibition
on by a big majority. The total vote
as 257-dry 211; wet 46. The town
Is been dry for four years.
DRY RALEIGH BECOMES WET.
RALEIGH, June 4.-The local option
ectioll to-day in the township in
hieh Raleigh is situated resulted in a
ajority of 141 for license. Last year
t towinship went dry by a majority of
sllEviLLE": sTICKS To 3MoUNTA IN DEW.
AsIIEvi.s, June 4.-In the election
-day on the liquor qiuestion a large
)te was polled, with a majority of 261
r licen<e. There is niuci ettlhusiasl
-niglt amongir the wets.
CU.IA]LOTTE L,V;: IEK wJI1SKhY.
Ci.1ItLOTTE, Junei 4.-Anti-prohli
on w-as carried by a iajority of sev
sty. The vote was clm)e, being only
lem ajority in Ward 2.
BIRTHDAY AT BEAUVOI1.
r. Davis Completes his 50th Year in Good
Health and With a Keen Interest in
NEW 01_EANs, .June 4.--At Beau
Dir yesterday .Jeflerson Davis celebra
ad his 80th birthday. 'I'le llaiis
rought niany letters of congratulations
om old frieilds alcl nany substalltial
?mnemibrances were also received. Mr.
avis is in better health than he has
een for some tinie. le is ;greatly in
rested in current events, political and
Icial, and is )ar"ticularly ec."-erned in
le OUtceOltl of the St. Louis ('onven
Colored Woman's Trouble in a Georgia
ATLANTA, GA., .June 1.-Rhoda
railes, a colored woman and a niece of
tishop Gaines, of the A. M. E. Church,
as forcibly ejected from the East
ound Georgia train at Conyers this
iorning. She lives in Atlanta, and
tarted this morning for Madison. She
ot to the depot as the train was pull
g out, and jumped on the rear car,
rhich was the ladies car.
She did not go through, but took a
eat in the ladies car. The conductor
nd brakeman both protested, but to
o avail, as she would not move. At
tone Mountain three men approached
er and told her that she would be put
f ' at the next station, which was
Aithonia. At Lithonia she was not
aolested, but at Conyers the three m,n
nd several others forced her off the
rain and threw her bundles after her.
n her hurried departure she forgot her
inch basket, which went on to Augus
a. She boarded the fast mail for At
E iiox OF TEACHERS
F HE regular annual election of
Teachers for the Academies of
sewberry will be held on 15th June,
Principal for Male Academy, Princi
al for Femnale Academy, Two Assist
nts for Female Academy, Teacher of
)rawing and Painting for Female
lademy. A pplications can be sent to
S. P. BOOZER,
Secretairy Board Trustees.
Newiberry, S. C., June .5, 1888. 2t
JONTRACT TO LET.
)FFICE OF COUNTY CO~MMISSIONERS. )
NEwiHERY, S. C., JUNE 5, 1888.
f MEMBER of the Board of (Countv
Commissioners will lie at the
ikard Fordl on Cannon's creek, June
~3d at 11 o'clock, a. mn., to let out (con
ract for building a bridge at that place,
n the public road leading fromn Ruff's
o Prosperity. The o;nunissioners
eserve the right to reject all h)ids.
By order of the Board of County
2t G EO. B. CROMER, Clerk.
ro Prevent idling and Loafing
in the Town of Newberry.
BE~ IT ORD)AINED) by the Mavor
andi Aldertmn of the Town' of
Cewh erry, in CounicilI assenibled, and
v the authority of the samte:
That fronm and after the passage of
his ordinance it shlall be unlawful for
my person who has nto visible or
mown means of gann a fair, honest
.nd reputable livelihool, to idle and
oa on any sidewalk or in any street in
he Town of Newberry.
Any 1>erson1 violatinlg this ordinance
hall be subject to a fine of not more
han teni dollars, or imuprisonnment for
tot more than fifteen cdays.
- DONE and ratified under tile
L. S. corporate seal of the said Town,
-.i May 31, A. D., 1888.
GEO. B. CROMER,
By the Mayor.
JOHN S. FAIR,
C. &T. T. C.N. It
AAgS AXP LE TREE AT XE ENT
1We mail enotugh to convinee
S. L AUDEltBACH & CO.. 773 Broad-st Newark
pWithout any exception
~Yd1f S Wllthe easiest applied. A bso
-ot S g1 WIND RAN& FIRE
DURABLE AND ORNAMENTAL.
lustrated catalogue and price list free
gATONAL SHEET METAL ROOFING CO.,
512 East 26th St., New York City.
the popular favorite for dressing
- the bair, Bestoring color when
gray, and preventing Dandruff.
It cleanses the scalp, stops the
hair failngr, and is sure to please.
50c. and $1.00 at Druggists.
Bopsalln nuecmfortotbfh t Nve is
so cure. 11cente at Druggists. Iliscox a co., K. Y.
EXHAU STED VITALUTY
T HEsCINCEOF LIFE, the
getedclWork of the
age on Manhood, Nervous and
Physical Debinity, Premature
Declne. Errors of Youth, and
thereon, 300 pages 8vo, 125
prescriptions for aln diseases.
Cloth, full gilt, only $1.00, bya
mall, sealed. Illustrative sample free to all young
and middle-aged men. send now. The Gold and
Jewelned Medal awarded to the author by the Na
tional Medical Association. Address P. 0. box
195, Boston, Mass., or Dr. W. H. PAREER, grad
uteof Harvard Medical College,25years'~practe
In Boston, who may be consulted confidentially.
Bpecalty, Diseases of Man. Office No.4 Bulfinch st.
Wholly unlike artificial systems.
Any book learned In one reading.
ChLASSES of 10'47 at ltim9re. 1003
1at Detroit. 1500) at Philatdelphia.11 I13
t washinton, 1256 a,t iost'n. large clas.s
I Colmbia Law siudenmts. at Yale,. welle'sley,
)beriin. I'niversity o.f Penn.. .Mlichigan 1'ni
~ersity, t'hautatugua, se., &-c. Endorned by
tnAnn PUocT)ix, the scientist. Hons. w. W.
L5s-ron.. JDAlI P. iSlY.Jmtr. Judge GlaMoN,
3r Bows. E. H. CooK. Principal N. Y. State
ormal College, &c. The system Is perfectly
aught by correspondaceO. Prospectli POST
REE from PROF. L(OISETTE,
-37 Fifth A ve., New York.
URES Nervous Prostration, Nervous He
Neuralgia, Nervous Weakness, E
and Liver Diseases, Rheumatisr
pepsia, and all affections of the
BY virtue ofan order of the Probate
Court, I will oublitly sell at New
erry Court House, on the lt.th day of
f une. i he nachinery, tools, saddles,
iarne-ss, &&e., &e., belonging to the
state of J. J. Whitener, deceased.
LAURA W. WHITENER.
28 May, 1s8. Adni'ix.
ALL persons holding demands
against the estate of J. J. White
tier deceased, will present tlien, duly
probated, to mie or my attorney, O. L.
,clum1pert, Esq.. on or before the 2id
Lay of .lune, 1S8, and all persons
nwing aaiil estate will please iake pay
ielt oit or before said day.
LA URA W. WHITENER,
?S May, 1888. Adm'ix.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
COUNTY OF' NEWBERRY-IN
THE PROBATE COURT.
Langdon C. MeCrackin, plaintiff,
against 'Martha Kibler as Adniinis
tratrix of Joab Mathis, and in her
own right, and Mary C. T. Kibler,
Complaint for Relief.
THE creditors of Joab Mathis, de
ceased, are hereby required to ren
der in and establish their demands
before the Probate Court on or before
the 30th day of June, 1888, or be forever
barred-and the said creditors are here
by enjoined from collecting their de
mands in any other proceedings than
J. B. FELLERS,
May 29, 1888. J. P. N. C.
I. D. SIOCKLEY. J. D. SHOCKLEY
LUMBER, DOORS, SASH & BLINDS,
NEWBERRY, S. C.
ANUFACTURERS of Brackets, Sawed
i and Turned Balustrades, Hand Rails,
Mantles. Columns, etc. Estimates made on
buildings in town or country. Prices reason
able. Planing Mills and Shops in front of
Jail. Call and see us.
ALWAYS THE BEST.
Choice Steak 12tec; Roast 10c.
W ILL be pleased to have my former
customers share their patronage with
I have the olnest and best butcher in New
berry-thirty years' experience. Let your
eyes be your .judge.
Choice M1eats on Tuesdays, Thursdays anrd
Highest prices paid for Cattle.
E. B. BLE ASE.
TOBACCO ANTD CIGARS,
H AVING recently repainted and
refurnished my Bar and Gro
cery, I inivite my friends and custo
mers to give me a call.
With fine Cigars, Groceries d
Liquors, anid a neat and attractive
store, I will be pleased to serve you
H. C. SUMMER.
PIs:lI'OY AiR LANE R&17L0E
Richmond and Danville Railroad.
Columbia and Greenville Division.
ondensed Schedule-In Efrect A pril 22, 1888
(Trains run on 75th 31eridian time.)
tNo.:tNo. tNo. tNo.(*N<
NORTHBOUND* 3.55 21.33. 5L
P ....A M A MIP3
v Charleston ............ .......... . 7 001 6
v Columbia.........1 45; ........ 1 01 01
r Alston .............. 240..........12 0812 0
v Aiston ............... ....12 40 12' 08 12 0
t r Unon................ ....4 00 ..... 14
t r Spartanburg...... ......... 6 45 .... 33
Saluda............... .... ........ 6
Flat Rock............. ........ .... 6 :
Asheville ...................... .... 8C
Hot Springs...... ..................10 C
Poma ria...........2 58......... 12 26 ...
-Prosperity........ .3 23.... ....1 2...
Ne wberry......... 4 00 ......... 1 09....
Gold ville........ 5 11 ..................
Clinton ............ 5 35..... .... .........
Laurens ........... 6 '0.................
Ninety-Six .................... 2 20..
Green wood. .... . ........ 2...
A bbeville........ ........ .... 4 45..
Belton ........................ 4 2...
v Belton........... ....10 20'.... 4 25....
r William,ton..........11 4...... 4 .52..
Pelzer..............1 51.... 459...
Piedmont............. 11 ..... 5 17..
Greenville ....... ....12 M ... . 6 03 ......
A nderson........ ........ ....5 00..
seneca .................... .... 6 12 ......
W alhalla ........0.... ........ 55......
A tl anta........ ........ ....10 40;
SOUT IINtNfo. *No. iNo. tNo.,tN<
SOUT BON D 32 30. 22, 4. !3
A bbe ville..................
Pied montL........ ~. .......
Pelzer............. 1 . .
Wiliamxston ....10 ~......
50r.......o........ ... .. .. .
NieySx1 .... ...........P
Prosperity ........ 2 3....
Poma ria .......... 3 4-) ....
t r A ston......... 405 ....
v A ston........... 5P .\1
liot Spri~ n ....... .. ... ,5
Ash e-v i le ....... ... 9
Hend er-onille... ....11 07
Flat Roc-k........ ...11 23
Tryon................. ---- A2 3 .
Sartanburg...... .... 2 2
U nion ......... ....35
Ar Alston.............. ..... 5 )4
Coluimbia............... 5 07.1 .
viaS. R.P 1f I '.........5.0......
(vi A. LieA0 :~........
~Dailv. 1l2ail exc5pt......
wee harleston an......riis . ...... ......
;it'i v ia S. C. R.iwa 4' UiU 00)... ..... ......
Poivns Jah- L TALR c1' .P .... g....
*Da. C&DLy,cept en.Pas g
. L. Coumbia an Coarta bura Throu.
JS.L LA. TaLR, Genasse. Aet
Pa.I Z* CsEZ CoMOUNID is a serve Toole
which never fads. Containing Celery and
spee cures al nervous disorders.
Pwtz '5 CEss=YCoPVprfeth
blood- It drives out the lactic acid, which
Wcauses Rheumatism, and restores the blood.
making organs to a healthy condition. Itis
the true remedy for Itheumatism.
PArr'sC YE~Co!PO'pquickly restorrs
the liver and kidneys to perfect health. This
curative power, combined with its nerv
tonics, makes it the best remedy for all
PAM's CEZZSY COMPOUD strengthens the
stomach. and qniets the nerves of the diges
worse cases of Dyspepsia.
P.sz's CzRY CoMPouND is not a cathar.
tic. It is a laxative, giving easand natural
action to the bowels. RegultY surely fol
lows its use.
adache, Becommended by reeon dbnusinen
iomach men. bend for book.
a, Dys- Price $1.00. Sold by Druggists.
;dneys. WELLS, RICHARDSON & CO. Props
NOTICE OF FINAL SETTLEMENT
I WILL make a final settlement on the
estate of Susan Cromer, deceased, in
the Probate Court for Newberry County,
S. C. on Saturday, the 23d (lay of June,
1888, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon, and
immediately thereafter apply for a final
discharge as executor of the will of said
deceased. J. M. BOYD,
May 9, 1&. E' ecutor.
A GOOD MILL.
WE have, perhaps, as fine set of
Mill Rocks as any in the State.
We make meal equal to any Water
mill. We grind any time we get 4 or 5
bushels of corn. When the Mill is not
running, we keep Meal Chops and
Grits of our grinding to exchange for
Corn, or to sell.
$fFREE DELIVERY IN TowN.
DOMINICK & LOVELACE.
M. A. CA BLISLY, 3A)ESI. L&?,
Late .heal Estate Agent,
Attorney at Law. Philadelphia.
CARLISLE & L4.JE
Real Estate Agents.
W E have formed a partnership o
the above style and firm name
for the purpose of buying and selling
Real Estate, renting lands and collect
ing rents, and hereby solicit the patron
age of land owners.
WE HAVE FOR SALE :
4. One plantation of 605 acres,on Indian
Creek,in farming condition. Price $6000.
5. $8.50 for six room cottage and lot
in Newberry-one-third cash; balance
in three annual instalments.
6. $3,550 for 1 two story brick house
in Newberry town, Newberry, S. C.
12. $3000 for 503 acres of cotton land,
100 acres of which is original forest.
Terms: One-third cash; balance in five
Five farms, containing from 85 to 150
acres each, and a farm of 1,500 acres, all
on easy terms.
FOR RENT: One six-room dwell
ing, in town of Newberry, owned by
M. A. Carlisle.
CARLISLE & LANE.
NOW 18- O ll f6P1P RTIJNI1Y
WE ARE RECEL VIN~G DAILY
WOumb]us Gugy (h Du[6s,
and Buggies and Carriages of other
,One,.two, three and four-horse
White Hickory Wagons.
We also carry a full line of
BUGGY AND WAGON HARNESS,
WHIPS AND LAP-ROBES:
The above goods cheap for cash, or part
cash and the balance on time, wit.h
We Solicit a Call,
You will always finid John P. Fant and
M1. 31. Buford~ ready to welcome and
wait on you.
FANT & BUFORD,
Next door to Sinith's Livery Stable.
3 TS CENTERED on the Sprin and Sum
.1 mner stock of Clothing for 1en, Youths
e and Boys, in all qualities and prices.
:The Designs and Patterns
-this season are more attractive than any in
-the past. There is a decided change in the .
getting-u p of garments. the pants being cut
larger and the vests cut lower, w hich naakes
the suit more comfortable for Spring and
Summer wear. The sack coats are cut away,
and not worn str.ight, as heretofore. The
business cutaway coat is one and four but.
tos, as usunl, in cheviots of beautiful pat,
terns. also worsteds, cassimeres,whip-cord and
-I have also a full line of Single and Double
breasted frock suits.
::This Line of Garments
"is man ufactured expressly for my trade, and
-cannot be duplicated by any other house, as
I have exclusive contracts of them. I have
.them in all sizes, to fit tall men, short men.
*fat mn and lean men.
Gents' Furnishing Goods
-are now in their place, and awaiting your in
spection. The line of Underwear for uipring
U and Summer consIsts of all grades of India
Gauze, Balbriggan, Lisl.e Thread and 31erino.
5 Also. half hose in the same material, in plain
2 and fancy.
*A Beautiful Line
-of Gents' Neckwear. The largest assoiment
I have ever shown. The patterns and desig~ns
- in these novelties are entirely newv this
season, and I am olrering them at prices that
- will xake them move.
::Gents' Fine Shoes
.for Spring and Summer wa. rhave been
. place 1-in stock, and they emobrace all the
..dilfferent shiape-s and styles of shoes that :ire
.manufact ured. Gents' slI;-pers anmd dancing
.pumps always in stock.
icopeeMy hRat Stock
scopeein Spring styles, in all the latest
colors in soft and stilT hats. The assortment
is ready for your inispetion. You will be
miore thant satis;ied. if yo,u will call and See
Io .t Is Important
fo ! oknow that in tradinig here you are
buinv?g fromt a reliable house, and that the
good- aire sold as represemnted. If they do not
eome up to what they are represented to be
am aways ready to make it .satisfactory with
Now before making your pur chases o
1 pring Clot hmg. call and see what P*have ini
.'r or ~ ilb lease tohe you
pleasure in showing you through.
M. L. KINARD,
Columbin, . R0