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ESTABLISHED 1865.~. ~-. NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22,_1888. PRICE $1.50AY
THE FARMERS' CONVENTION.
A Largely Attended Meeting-President
Norris's Opening Address--He Strikes
Right and Left---Officers Elected
and Comznittees Appointed.
The Farmers' Association met at the
Agricultural Hall last night, and del
egates from twenty counties were pres
ent. The meeting, which was-a sizeable
one, was called to order by President
D. K. Norris, who greeted his associates
with the following address :
Gentlemen of the Convention : God
in His goodness has permitted you to
again assemble in the discharge of a
duty which we believe to be the in
interest of the State.
After the close of your last eonven
tion, it was confidently asserted that
the farmers' movement was dead,
that the short session denoted want of
vitality, and the Legislature, more or
less impressed with such convictions,
boldly went forward in its premedi.
tated work of enlarging the expenses
and uselessness of the agricultural an
nex of the South Carolina College,
spreading and causing it to take deeper
root, in the face of the fact that you,
representing the farming interests of
the State which is to be benefited or
hurt by such action, had twice spoken,
remonstrating with such course as an
objectionable scheme, . which did not
meet the requirements of the case, and
which could not succeed for want of
sympathy and support from those who
must patronize it to make it successful.
When your Executive Committee met
in April last, and issued its address to
the people of the State, calling atten
tion to the facts ; that the money do
nated by Congress for educational use
of the industral classes had been appro
priated to a purpose condemned by the
people for whom it was given, and that
an equally large- sum contributed by
yourselves was also voted to consum
mate this well laid political scheme,
and to the fact that there was ample
room ind crying necessity on the part
of the State, which it grieves me to say
is lagging behind her sister States in
its onward march, for retrenchment
and economy in its expenditures, there
was a general response of approval
throughout her bounds. In the can
vass for Gubernatorial honors, in no
county where delegates were elected to
the State Convention, after our prin
ciples were explained . and discussed,
save Charleston, and it will yet fall in
to line or its people into a political ser
vitude of which I believe them incapa
ble-in no county, was the present ad
ministration sustained in its quasi
endorsement of a separate agricultural
college or its hearty approval of every
liberal appropriation now sanctioned
by law. Here I would say that the
reports and charges against Governor
Richardson did not emanate from your
committee or from those who were its
exponents. I firmly believe they were
scandalously circulated by your op
ponents and charged to you for polit
ical effect. Governor Richardson is an
C honorable gentleman, and let the man
be infamia notatus who insinuates
otherwise. We never antagonized Gov
ernor RiThardsoni. It was his posi
tion on certain question in which wo
were concerned. The tricks of the
canvass in nominating delegates in
many counties before the State cam
paign was made, which was a clear
violation of the rule laid down ; the
mutual support under pressure given
by 'the State officers ; the thorough or
ganization and political experience of
the ring with whom we had to deal,
added to the anomalous position of the
candidate we agreed upon, defeated us.
'76 was not possible, as long as we tem
porized with Judge Green and Cham
berlain, nior will we-secure a fair con
sideration until the people, in their
might and power, arise as with one
effort and relegate to the rear the ring
which dominates the polities of Sout h
Carolina. Without relief is given the
people and concessions of a substantial
-nature are made, my convictions are, a
change as radical as in '76 will be made
inl'90. Nor will the abuse of the hero
Tillman, partisan newspapers, or fur
ther mystification of the politics of the
state stay it. What we want is relief
and recognition. The people are aroused
on these issues, and the Legislature
soon to meet, I believe, will be in ac
cord with the demands of the day.
Let the question be boldly met and
disposed of, and the Democracy of the
State allowed to settle down in har
mony and good feeling. The result of
the national electi-m makes it mnore-im
perative that we stand together as a
uniit, with no semblance of dissatisfac
tion in our ranks. In almost every
County where the issue was made, and
on the part of the people without spe
-eial effort, the friends of the Clemson
College and retrenchment were vic
torious. It is a contest bet,iveen the
Ipeople on the one hand and an insatiai
ble ring on the other. Who doubts the
The munificent bequest of Mr. Clem
son no longer admits the plea of pov
erty on the part of the State for not
giving us a college. The fund which
will accrue to the State, upon its ac
ceptance of that bequest, is ample, and
in the opinion of gentlemen learned in
the law and who have carefully studied
the import of the words used in con
veying that bequ-!st, this fund is avail
able for the erect ion of the necessary
buildings. With a magnificent site,
easy of aceess from all parts of the State
and with the buildings erected-tih
whole plant perfect, without cost to the
State-shall not the fund given by Con
gress and paid by you for the advanlce
ment of the agricultural interest ol
the State be given to its support ? Yes,
every dollar of it if necessary, which
now goes to the naintenauce of a sys
tem which is as unprofitable as unpop
ular. More than that, a State having
in constant view the elevation by ed
ucation of the sons of its sturdy yeo
manry should respond to this generous
gift in their beh- 'f'w contributing an
other dollar for . ery one given by
Mr. Clemson. But the State cannot
accept this bequest for the reason that
it cannot control it. Well, my friends,
the State is now contributing funds to
a school in this city, over which it has
no control. Mr. Clemson directs his ex
ecutors to deed to the State-not to his
seven trustees, but to the State-every
acre of Fort Hill and every dollar of the
money, whenever -it accepts its accep
tance within three years, and the only
condition laid is that an agricultural
college shall be maintained there. It
will pass into the ownership and abso
lute control of the State. His seven
trustees, like the six to be elected by
the Legislature will be in the hands
of the State and can do nothing with
out the authority of the Legislature I
would be just, but I very much fear'
that all of this opposition comes from
a desire to defeat your demands for a
separate, and to enrich and expend so
much on this annex, that in a little
time you will find it impossible to re
move it. The funds now being spent
should be husbanded and allowed to ac
cumulate uutil such time as the courts
will pass upon this bequest, or the Leg
islature has acceded to the voice of the
people and orders a separate college for
the teaching of the great fundamental
principles of agriculture. Under no
circumstances can the State maintain
two agricultural colleges, and if the
Clemson bequest is acce:pted, it should
receive every dollar which now goes to
the annex, and that sideshow should
be closed in Columbia, and moved to
Fort Hill, where, lost in the workings
of a grand and successful agricultural
people, and an impetus to all indus
trial pursuits which the previous his
tory of the State knew nothing of.
If the State is too rich and too proud
to accept this patriotic donation, then,
with a determination which will brook
no further delay, go forward and see to
it that politicians no longer stifle the
voices of the masses, and that an inde
pendent college, with all the support
rightfully belonging to it, is speedily
erected. This in no wise tears down to
build up, as has - been charged. It is
according to the voice of the mas:e.'
consideration. It is giving a realty for
a pretense. It is laboring in behalf of
the many instead of the favored few.
The preamble to our Constitution
says: While we shall, as much as
possible, eschew 'politics, legislation
which affects the farmers injuriously or
overlooks them entirely will be our
first care till a remedy be found. Until
our college is secured and a more econo
mical administration of the govern
ment of' the State is entered upon the
Farmers' Association of South Caro
lina cannot, will not, must not did.
[A pp lause.]
The following is a list of the delegates
eeted to the convention by counties:
A bbeville-Messrs. J. N. King, E. H-.
Hughes, J. R.'Keller, WV. R. Dunn, J.
E. Todd and WV. H. Frazier.
Aiken-A. P. Sawyer, B. Foreman,
J. Foreman, Martin Tyler and J. C
Berkelev-J. B. Morrison aind Tr. WV.
Chester-Major C. WV. McFadden,
Js. Nunnery aud T. J. Cunningham.
Anderson-J. A. Hall, .J. WV. Bow
den, WV. A. Greer, D). WV. Hiatt and J.
Darlinigton-J. 0. Byrd, T. P. King,.
S. A. Matchell, .Johni Phillips andI Sanm
Edgfield-L. D. Whlite, 1). 0. La
gne, W.-H. Timnmer:nan, WV. S. A llen
and J. T. Wiliamns.
Fairfield-T. P. Mitchell, .J. B. Turn
er and D. L. Stevenson.
Greenville-H. B. Buist, M. L. XWest,
M. L. Donaldson, Wmn. Watkins and
. P. Mills.
Kershaw-T. .J. Josey, WX. F. Rieed,
D. U. Betrine, Alex, Brown and .J. D.
Laurens-J. L. Blalock, Sams. .John
son, J. E. Adair, G. WV. Shell and WV.
Lexington-H. J. Seibels, (G. Leap
hart, XW. Q. Berly, J. U. Crine and J.
Marion-T. C. Greg, E. B. Ellerbee,
Dr. A. 0. Oliver and Dr. E. B. Smtth.
Newberry-J. T. P. *Crosson, .James
R. Davidson, S. M1. Duncan, F. Moore
and B. Odell Duncan.
Ocone-R. XW- Shelor, J1. L. Feni
nell, J. J. B3ailinger, J. P. Stribling~
and T. Bibb.
Pickens-J. A. Griftin and .J. Tr. An
Spartanburg-R. F. Bates. R. A.
Lacstr. A. P. Lancaster, J. F.
Soan ad H.L. C. Murphy.
Sumter-H. R. Thomas, Col J1. 11.
W ilson and Camieron Keels.
Union-J. XW. Gregory, (3. XV.
Peake, A. C. Lyles, Dr. .J. P. Thomas.
The Counties were represented by
the numiber of delegates given: A bbe
ville .5, Aiken 3, Anderson .5, Berkeley
1 Chester :3, Clarendoni 5, Darl,ingtonl 3,
Edgeield 2, Fairfield I, Greenville :~,
Kershaw .5, Laurens .5, Lexington 3,
Marion 2, Newberry .5, Oconee 5, Pick
ens 2, Spartanburg 4, Sumter 2, imon
3-a total attendance of 69, representa
tives from 20 counties bei.ng prese nt.
The first business of the sessionl was
the e:eetion of officers for the Associa
tion. Messrs. D. K. Norris of Ander
son, and - M. L. D)onaldsonl of Green
ville were nominated, but declined
with thanks. Mr. G. XV- Shell of
Laurens was unanimously elected
President. Captain Shell, upon tak
ing his seat, made a neat inaugural ad
dress. Messrs. T. P. King, M. L.
Donaldson and G. Leaphart were
elected as Vice Presidents.
Secretary and Treasurer-John P.
The Committee on Resolutions ap
pointed consists of the following:
Aiken, B. Foreman; Anderson, J. W.
Bowden; Berkeley, J. B. Morrison;
Chesterfield, C. V. McFadden; Claren
don, 1). J. Bradhain; Darlington, J. 0.
Byrd; Elgefield, V. H. Timnerman;
Fairfield, T. P. Mitchell; Greenville,
H. B. Buist; Kershaw, W. F. Reed;
Lexington, H. J. Seibels; Laurens,
Sam. Johnson; Marion. D. W. Mc
Larin; Newberry, J. R. Davidson;
Oconee, J. P. Stribling; Pickens, J. T.
Anthony; Spartanburg, R. F. Bates;
Sumter, C. W. Sanders; Union, A. C.
A number of resolutions were offered.
The following by Mr. J. C. Stribling of
Oconee was adopted: "Whereas the
Hon. Thomas G. Clemson, deceased,
did by his last will and testament do
nate the State of South Carolina a
large property for the purppse of estab
lishing an Agricultural College on Fort.
Hill, in said State and, whereas, we,
the farmers of South Carolina, feel the
need of agricultural education and
very much desire the said college to be
established. Be it therefore.
Resolved, That the Legislature be
urgently requested to pass a joint reso
lution at its ening session to the
effect that the State will accept the
Clemson bequest whenever the will
shall have been established.
A series of resolutions, offered by
Mr. B. 0. Duncan, were unfavorably
reported upon, the substance being em
braced in previous resolutions.
Mr. H. B. Buist offered the follow
ing resolution which was adopted:
This convention recommends, to the
Legislature that will scon meet, the
names of five gentlemen to fill the
vacancies on the Board of Agriculture,
that will soon occur by the expiration
of their ternis of office.
A resolution was adopted commend
ing to the farmers certain newspapers
-names not given-for their support
and preference, lauding these papers
for their staunch support of the Farn,
Dr. J. 0. Byrd of Darlington offered
a resolution recommending the calling
of a constitutional convention, which
was unfavorably reported by the com
mittee and the report sustained.
A resolution urging and requesting
the State Legislature to in some way
secure a reduction of the expenses of
the State government, was defeated in
The following resolution was adopt
"Rcsolvd, That the president of this
convention do appoint two of its mem
bers, who shall forthwith visit the Agri
cultural Colege of Mississippi, located
at Clarksvillein that State, and inves
tigate thoroughly and imipartially the
workings of said institution. That for
the information of the people at large
of t.his Sgte, said committee shall
make, through a leading paper in each
of thet cities of Charleston, Columbia
and Greenville, a report upon the suc
cess or failure of said institution, ac
cording to the conclusions they shall
have reached from observation. That
the two members at large of the State
Board of Agriculture are hereby respect
fully invited to .join with the two
members of this convention in making
this investigation and report herein
In accordance with the provisions of
the foregoii'; resolutions the President
appointed Messrs. D). K. Norris and J.
E. Tindale as a committee to visit the
Agricultural College of Mississippi and
The I?conIventionl voted to reccomtend
to the Legislat ure the appoiinment of
fllo.wing gentlemieni on the Board of
Agriultur-e, to till vacancies soonI to
First Circuit-W. T1. C. I ates, Ora nge
Fifth ( ircuit-B. lH. Tilhinan, Edge
Seventh ( ircuit--.). .\. Sligh, New
A t Large--D. K. N or ris, A nderson.
The Executive Coniaumttee of the
Farmers' Association, as appointed for
the next year, stands as folows: Abbe
ville, (G. N. Nichols; Andlerson, D). K.
Norris; Aikeni, J. C. Hlawiinson; Chies
ter, .J. H. Hardin: Clarendon, Ji. E.
Tidali; D)arlinigtoni, J. 0. Byrd; Edge
field. B. Rt. illmnan; Fairfield, TV. P.
M'ithell; Kershaw. W. K. Thomipson;
Greenville, HL. B. Buist: Lexington, .
M. Crnim; Laurenis, J. M. Hludgens:
Pikens. WV. T1. Field; Newberrv,
Tompson Connor; Spairt:ianbu-rg,.Mosey
R. WV. Shelor; Berkeley, J1. B. Morrn
so; Marnion, E. T1. Stack house; Union,
J. W. Gregory.
There being no further bu.siniess'. the
covention adijounelid enIc die a half
houir after midnight.
A 3r:ad 1)o' Erightful Work.
INimANAPOLis, Nov. 15.-A hunting
dog owned by Patrick Walsh went
mad yesterday and attacked tihe daughi
ten of the owner, biting b)othl her arms.
In attempinZ to rescue his daughter
Walsh was badly bitten on the hand.
The dog then started on a muad flight
through the city. The dog bit fully
fifty animals., and finally attacked a
small boy, tearing out one of the little
fellow's cheeks, destroying an eye.
Great excitement was caused, and not
until it had been chased twio miles was
the dog was killed.aqur
A BTOGRAPHY OF HARI-SON.
Bill Nye Writes an.nte-Victory Account or
the Next President.
[Fromi Collier's Once a Week.]
The candidate of the Republican par
ty for President this year is Benjamin
Harrison, of Indiana. He is a real good
man, and just as soon as he was nomi
nated at Chicago, the leaders of the
Democratic party said that nothing
would please them better than a pure
intellectual parlor campaign. He has
risen to be quite a prominent man with
out being very well known. He is a
self-made man, but has done the most
of it on the sly. Nobody ever got to be
a general in the army or an United
States Senator with so little job print
ing and colored poster work.
He has a long line of ancestry ex
tending back as far as the eye can
reach. Benjamin Harrison, who signed
the Declaration of Independence, was
born at Berkeley, Charles County, Vir
ginia, in the year 1740, between the
Eel River Road and early canale light.
He was educated at William and Mary
College, and at the age of twenty-four
took a prominent part in politics, hav
ing been at that time elected Speaker
of the House of Burgesses. Being a
burgess in Virginia in those days was
not a very good job. A burgess could
only do so a very little while each year,
and was only paid for the burgessing
which he actually did. Beside all this,
he had to board himself and get to and
fion the meeting place the best way he
could. Sometimes a burgess would be
a little late, and the Speaker would
call him-up to give account of himself.
Then he would frequently say that he
started in time for the morning session,
but had to stop in the outskirts of town
to pull tlie arrows out of himself.
Benjamin Harrison was also a mem
ber of the general Congress from 1774 to
1777, and liked it firstrate. He was al
ways a very quiet main, and so are all
the boys. He signed. the Declaration
of Independence, first looking on the
other side to see that there was no
promissory note there; and in April,
1791, he died, having, on the ninth of
February, 1773, become the father of
William Henry Harrison. This oc
curred at Berkeley, Charles County,
William Henry Harrison waw born
at the residence of his father, Governor
Harrison, of Virginia, referred to above.
He preferred to do so, rather than to
run away from home and be bor-n,
coming home and asking his parents'
That was always the way with the
Harrisons. They did not conceal any
thing whatever from their parents.
William Henry Harrison said afterward
that being born was really nothing to
be ashamed of, and he would just as
soon that his parents knew about it
first as last. Then, if they saw any
thing about his course which deserved
erWicism, they could mention it at the
Mr. Harrison was fortunate enough
to have nine counties named after him,
sonme seventy towns and villages; and
a temperance beverage in Kansas,
which pulls off the petticoats of a
man's stomach, and leaves his digester
looking like a storm-swept ballet, is
called the Harrison Still Alarm. Any
body can get it, but it takes a good man
to get over it.
There is also a patent medicine
named after him which will take a
discarded liver, that is all fr-iyed
around the edges, and make it look
almost like a new liver. It is within
the reach of all. It is a big thing. Sone
of the newspapers inidorse it in the
highest terms, and at the highest rates.
William Henry Harrison only (1rew
pay as President for one month. He
then died. He studied medicine in the
first lacze, and was familiar with thet
whole cornuceopia, as well as t he prae
tice of medicine. Physic to hinm was
perfectly familiar. He has run his
eye along the fur-trimmied tongues of
somec of the very- best families of Vir
In 1791 lhe b,ecame an ensign in the
armyn , and in 1 79:2 he was a lieutenant
on Wayne's staff. Tn the y-ear 179$ he
became a captain, and also conmmandled
the post which is now Cincinnati. Af
terward he was secretary of the north
west territory, and the governor of the
territory of Indiana, also superinten
dent of Indian affairs. His favorite
methods o,f giving the Indian every
possible opportunity for studying the
character and attributes of the Great
Spirit, was to forward his soul, suchl as
it wais, to more thoroughly spiritual
surroundings. It worked well.
HeI gained the battle of Tippecanoe
in 1811. Battle Grand is the name of
the town which occupies the site of the
conflict. It was on the 7th of Novem
ber that General Harrison met the In
dian troops of the Department of the
Wabash, under Prophet, a br-other rof
Tecumseh, General Harrison first
noticed a movement on the part of the
8th corps, under Skimmnygillions Pete,
to turn his left and knock the tar out
of his wagon trains, by a circuitous
movement around a tree . Hastily
calling to his side an aid-de-kong,
General Harrison wrote out a red mes
sage to Colonel Peek-a-boo Arlington,
who had asked to harass the Cherokee
In fantry from the rear, re<questing him
at once to repair to the front, as the
enemy's relations with him had been
strained in some way or other. Draw
ing up his forces and buckskin trousers,
into line of battle, General Harrison
took a small draught of his celebrated
Liver Refurbisher, from a dark, stiuare
bottle, and said to one of his aides:
"I have a good notion to have a bat
tIe here, which I will call the battle
of Tippecanloe." He did so.
After the war General Harrison was
at the head of Indian affairs for quite a
while, and old settlers state that there
was certainly a heavie: mortality
among the Italians at that time than
ever before or since. The.airseenied to
be filled with microbes of about 44 cali
ber, which perhaps did more to dis
courage the red man than the high
price of groceries and scarcity of work.
General Harrison held almost every
office within the gift of the people, and
gave almost universal satisfaction to
himself and family. Many of those
who ran against him and were defeat
ed, sharply criticized his official acts
and the acts of others which were
brought to him to be ground.
In 1839 he was nominated by the
Whigs for the presidency, at Harris
burg, Pennsylvania. He ran against
Van Buren, and received- 234 electoral
votes as against 60 for Van.
This canvass was noted for its pecu
liar methods and the great enthusiasm
produced by the excessive use of hard
cider, a most terrible and deadly bever
age made of apples. Windfalls and
wormy fruit are generaljy used for the
cider of commerce, and when it has be
comesolidified it produces the exuber
ance and gross exhilaration which a
man feels when he wakes up to find
hiuiselfsnugly ensconced in the Drunk
ard's Home, The log cabin was also
introduced into the campaign, as a slur,
doubtless, on the General's plain style
of living, and when a thing like that is
used against a man, he most generally
goes in by about the~ same majority
which Old Tippecanoe had in the Elec
General Harrison resides at Indiana
polis, some distance from the Union
depot; but there is a man there who will
with pleasure show visiting delegations
the way to his house. Visiting delega
tions will find thoroughly first class
hotels where they can get good victuals,
and have their brass drums and torches
checked until they areready to go home.
Musical instruments are not taken any
more at Indianapolis hotels, however,
in exchange for meals.
General Harrison is a thoroughly (up
right man, but carries his head a little
forward as he walks. He does not drink
or ask anybody else to do so. I have
not called on him yet, but most every
one else has. He believes in a high pro
teetive tariff, and-a thoroughly enjoya
ble time for a limited number of people
beyond the grave.
THAT CAVE AT BLACK'S.
Further Investigation Proves the Under
ground Cavern Story to be-no Hoax.
BrACK's, November 13.-Investiga
tion of the purposed subterranean cav
ern under the lot of Mr. M. C. Byers,
on Whit taker's Mountain, is now be
ing pushed under direction of Maj.
John F. Jones, M. R. Reese, Col. R. A.
Johnson, Maj. J. F. Hart, Col. UTrqu
hart and Dr. J. G. Black.
The well has been uncovered to the
depth of fifty-two feet, and although
the diggers are yet some twenty feet
above the point wvhere the opening was
found at the former excavation, the
peculiar roaring sound, of which mnen~
tion was made last week, can already
be distinctly heard froni the bottom of
the well. To your correspondent the
noise seems to proceed fromi an under
ground stream of considerable volume
rushing over a shoaly bted. It is im
piossible to locate the exact position of
the supp)osedl cataract, but the sound
indlicates it to be between fifty and one
hundred fe!et wvest of the point where
the shaft will strike the opening.
Thle work of investigation is being
pushedC~ as rapidly as p)ossible, but ow
ing to the fact that only one man can
work at thle shaft at a time, the pro
grs is necessarily slow. Two more
danys will p)rob)ably so,lve .the xmystery.
The negro well-digger who is working
in the. shaft thinks the walls are per
fectly safe above him, andI apprehends
not danger from below.
A~ half dozen or umore unusually bold
springs burst ouit o,f the foot of the
amountatin at dlifferent places. It is
not altogether imiprobabile that they,
form an outlet for a larger stream which
is thougrht to have a cavernous passage
thriouigh the umounitain.
Frank LesHie's Sunday Mrgazin'e for De
This number closes the twenty-fourth
senmi-annulal volume. n is filled; as
usual, with the most entertaining mat
ter in prose and p)oetry, fi(ction and
fact. The story "G;enevieve"' is con
stautly increasing in interest. Among
the more solid articles are "Grenob,le
and the .Journee dies Tuiles,"' with four
illustrations: "HIarvardl College," with
fourteen illust rationls, apealinIg to
every Hfarvardian. whether postgradu
ate or under graduate; "A Dash through
the Land o' Cakes." by Noel Ruthven,
with live beautiful illustrations of Scott
ishi scenery; "A Glimpse at Chinese
Boat Life," with five illustrations; and
"A dvent ures of a Young Explorer, with
eleven illustrations. A Christmas an
them. entitled "U nto Us a Child is
Born," composed by Mr. C. Wenham
ISmith, organist of Plymouth Church,
Brooklyn, occupies three pages, and is a
brilliant piece of music. A sermon by
Dr. Talmage, onj"The Vail of Modesty,"
alpeals stronLrly to American women.
The different editorial departments are
strong and interesting, and tne number
contains the semi-annual index, af
fording full proof of the value of the
volumie here concluded.
THAT HACKIrN& COt-OH can be so
quickly cured by Shiloh's Cure. We
THE TERMINAL AND THE SOUTH.
John H. Inmnan's Declaration of Policy.
[News and Courier.L
ATLANTA, November 14.-In a tele
graphic letter from New York, which
will appear in the Constitution of to
morrow morning, Mr. John H. Inman,
president of the West Point Terminal
Company, thus outlines the policy of
the new combination:
"Many inquiries having come from
the South relative to to the plans and
purposes of the Terminal Company, I
take the liberty of making the follow
ing statement: As soon as practicable!
we expect to establish in the State of I
Georgia a special bureau to take cogni
zauce of and deal with any new enter
prise that may be projected along the
the lines of the Terminal system, and
by every means in our power to.stimu
late and develop the industrial growth
.of the South. My honest opinion is
that by these means the country and
the railroads will receive a mutual
benefit, for nothing is truer than the
fact that whatever benefits the country
benefits the railroads, and that the
true growth of each is along parallel
"I recognize the fact that there is
reasonably much prejudice against the
unification of the different Southern
systems, the idea prevailing that they
are being compacted into a vast mono
poly which will overshadow the coun
try and drain it of its substance. This,
I think, however, is a mistaken idea,
and especially a mistaken idea as to the
management of the Terminal property,
for it is in the hands of men who have
the mutual interest of the railroads and
the country at heart. Besides the peo
ple are protected by the different States
commissions and the governmental
commission, and have their remedy
should any abuse prevail. It can be
easily demonstrated that by the closer
unity of these railroad systems a better
service can be rendered, expenses de
creased, rates cheapened and the gen
eral prosperity of the country better
NOT A CRUSHER OF NEW ROADS.
"It is not true that the Terminal
Company is endeavorin C o ush out
the building.of railroads, and it is espe
cially untrue that we have any purpose
of trying to secure, either by purchase
or lease, the con trol of the Western and
Atlantic Railroad, the property of the
State of Georgia. There is room f6r all
and the growth and development of the
country will soon justify the building
of'almost any railroad that comes into
existence. Feeling as I do in this matter,
and feeling my ability, aided by the
gentlemen with whom I am associated,
to be of important service to the South,
I think we are entitled, at the hands of
the, people, to a fair trial in carrying
out undisturbed our plans for the
development of the country, recogniz
ing their right to complain or remedy
anything that may savor of injustice or
has even the appearance of oppression.
"As I have said before, it is our pur
pose, through t he agency of the roads
controlled by the Terminal Company,
to try to build up the industrial in
terest of the South, both in agriculture
and in manufacture. I am especially
desirous, not 'only on account of my
interest in that country, but on account
of the ultimate interest of the railroad
system to build up manufacturing,
which means to build up the interest
of the railroad transporting .their pro
ducts, so that I am anxious to accomp
lish these results along the lines con
trolled by the Terminal Company.
coA L AND) IRox INDUSTRIES.
"It is intimated that the one corpora
tion of the Tennessee Coal and Iron
Conmpaniy, situated on the line of the
Louisville and Nashville systemi, with
its ten iron furnaces and its immense
ore, coal and coke business, requires
the transportation service of half as
many cars as are required to transport
the entire cotton crop of the South from
the interior shipping points to the sea
board, and this corporation is only an
example of many similar industries
springing up in Tennessee and Ala
banma. What has been done in these
States canl be (lone by building up other
and more varied industries in the States
of Virginia, North and South Carolina
and Georgia, and the field in Tennessee
and Alabama is as yet only partially
"I expect very sooni to have a consul
tation with the heads of the Richmond
and Danville, the East Tennessee, Vir
ginia and Georgia and the Central Rail
road systemis, to offer special induce
mienits in the way of side tracks, short
branch roads long terml contracts and
cheap freigh t, and to endeavor in every
way possible to stimulate tile erection
of new manufacturing plants and thbe
building up and strengthening of those
already in existence, also by lowering
inmmigranit rates and to make induce
ments for settlers to come in the Southl
anld help buila her up."
INMAN'S CHECK FOR NEARLY FoUR
MILLION Do rLARs.
NEW YORK, November 15.-The big
gest check that Wall street has seen for
a long time was to-day drawn to the
order of the Central Trust Company of
New York and signed by President
John H. Inmian, of the Richmond Ter
Iminal Company. The check was for
$3,050,000 which with $250,000 previ
ously paid makes the entire amount
$,200,000 that the Terminal Company
bargained a few weeks ago to pay for
t he Georgia Company.
Under the terms of the purchase this
payment was not required .for over
sixty days yet, but President Tnman
says that the money to make the pay
ment was in-hand, and that therefore
he and his director' saw no advantage
in exercising the option of additional
time, but preferred to plank the money
down and thereby close up the matter.
As soon as the big check was deposited
with the Trust Company that institu
tion issued its checks to the various
parties who had owned the Georgia
Company stock, and thus was closed
one of the largest transactions which
has ever been negotiated in Southern
railroad affairs, and John L. Cadwalla- '
der, the - distinguished lawyer who i
represented the Belmont contingent in
the deal, says it has been the cleanest
and best negotiation of like magnitude
he ever saw.
HOW TO BUEST THE BALLOON.
The Legislature and the West Poi Ter- 1
[From the Norfolk Virginia.]
Railroad as well as political deals b
menace the prosperity of the peopleand s,
country when they are rash and alto- u
gether.speculative, arid without actual s
financial strength. The rivalry of dif- r
ferent lines and interests must some
time find a level, and may involve e
great diasters in a financial sense. r
Whether such effects. are to flow from s
the recent movements of the West. c
Point Terminal is now purely conjec- t
tural, but it is wise to read and con- i
sider such disclosures as are made in a
the following, article, which is taken a
from the Baltimore Sun:
"The absorbing propensities of the
Richmond and West Point Terminal i:
Company are attreeting much attention e
in the railway and financial world. .t
The Atlantic Coast Line system is be- t
ing made subject of negotation just s
now by this syndicate, an. report has
it that they want, the Norfolk and f
Western, the Louisville and Nashville e
and the Cincinnati Southern systems. s
The Norfolk and Western, it is authori
tatively stated, will refuse to deal for its t
absorption, and the Seaboard Air Line i
will also mainthin.its independence. i
"Baltimore is directly interested in
these railroad movements. The Sea
board Line -has direct connection with l
this city by the Chesapeake Bay Line a
steamers .from Norfolk. The Norfolk 1
and Western, through the Shenandoah f
Valley and the Western Maryland (
roads, is also directly indentified with f
the trade of Baltimore.
"Persons who are concerned in I
watchiihg these" absorptions"inte- ene:
great concern, - either by purchase or .
lease of the Richmond and West Point E
Terminal Company, argue it out as
follows: That concern has been given
by the State of Virginia such powers as i
have never been granted to any other
corporation in this country. The Ter
minal Company has authority to ac- i
iuire control of railroads, and these are
leased to the Richmond and Danville
Railroad system. The Terminal Corn
pany look for their profits in making
these acquisitions, and there -is little
doubt that they secured for themselves
a big stake by the recent purchase of
the Georgia companies. The extraor
di nary powers held by this Terminal
Company give them the opportunity to
tietually control railroads without pay-1
ing any money for them, 'and of mak-1
ing huge profits by the transactions,
by the manipulation of stocks and
bonds. The -purpose of this syndicate
is to dominate and control the railroad
transporation of the Southern States
east of the Mississippi and south of
the Ohio rivers. The successful accom
plishment of their schemes would be to
deprive the South of railroad competi
tion, and to make a local station of
every Southern city and town. The
end of all this will be in the stagnation
of development and the going under of
the railroads, with their heavy loads of
debt piled on by the manipulations of
"The remedy for this lies with the
State of Virginia, which never con
templated such results from the powers
she grantedl to the Richmond and West1
Point Terminal Railway and Ware
House Company, with its modest title
bntt gigantic designs. The withdrawal
of these powers and a requirement for
the winding up of the affairs of this
company will save the South from the
evil eflects of this great speculative
railroad venture and will demonstrate
the hollowness at its foundation." 4
A NOBLE GIFT TO A BAPTIST INSTI- I
Fifty Thousand Dolnars for th,e Southern
Baptist Theological seminary,
LOUIsvIL:, Kr., November 13.
"A tifty thousand dollar gift for a ii
brary buildinig" was an announcement
that made our hearts glad. Mrs. J.
Lawrence Smith, a member of the
Fourth and Walnut Church, was the
douor of this princely gift. And this
is not the first donation from her.
Last summer she gave $5,000 to the
"Broadus Professorship." At another
time she gave $15,000 and several
hundred acres oj land in the suburbs of
The library building is to be fireproof
and on the same lot with our present
building the "New York Memorial
Hall" but facing Broadway street.
This lot contains three acres. The
dormitory and lecture rooms face Fifth
street and cost $85,000. The 300 feet
front on Broadway is reserved for the I
library and a brown stone front build
ing for lecture-- rooms. These three I
buildings will be an ornament to Louis
vile and an honor to the Soutbern
CLEVELAND'S C N
rhitney and Fairehild wmEReturut)
Praetice-Jadge Hawkins to Hi.
souri Farm-Mr. and Mrs.liea
will Take a European
The Attorney General "' 4
Live in.New York.
WASHLNGTONr, . C:; Nov. 1
lent Cleveland is bus ily en '
is- annual, message and reei
3llers yesterday.. : "
A prominent Washington:
ho from the nature of his eh
resumably acquainted with.the
lent's plan,, was interviewed b
,meriean Association reporter'fa g
"The President in. his -
rhich he began as soon as he
be resuit of the diee1 ode
iore vigorously summon. Coi
s duty to. reduce 'tariff taeasn
ee of th.e grnwingsurplus.
"While I .have-not read e,.u1
ortions of the forthcoming
ave been:completed, I have ev
rnr to believ', from the care
ity with which the President .
aed the work, thatit1ilbea:
" The secretary of .the tesas
eho the demand of his chef r
eform, in his, annual report.,
ame time reviewing the fine
ourse of the administration.
iry Whitney will tell what the
tration has done for the.:nw -_
nd Secretary Vilas-will:tell:the
f Its reforms in tie .Indialrei
ublic land departments ;- wlie
estmaster - general wil derer '
cnprovements in the ma
biding the new fast mails whic
be quickest service ever kao
ween the east and west and norfi
"All the annual reports llb(
rained as to give succinctlythebh
,f the first Democratic adm
inee the war."
-The President's future plans ar"
indetermined. It is believed
vill spend one or "two.years :tra
n Europe, which he has never
Mrs. Cleveland, through the
f the Folsom estate in Omaha
zeiress in her. own right, and
bly worth not -lesslhalfa.
ars, in addition to her husband'n:'
ortable fortune. Both. Mr.,-ad
3leveland would prefer a few
oreign travel asa pleasant
f their -White House xpe i
ore settling down.to
ean- trip. is regarded as ;
trong probabilities. :;;
CoL Lamont, as has alread ,
tated, will locate in locateinNew
n the employ -of a life s
>any, at a salary of at least'10
Secretaries Whitney and
vill both reiurn to New Yorkand:
~age in the practice of law. ~
Attorney General Garland is- a
onsidering a proposition to m~e~i
uture homd in New York.
Messrs. Endicott, Dickinsoar-ad
Vilas, all of whom are lawyers, wIie
~urnto their respective homes d -
same the practice of their profeean.c,
Secretary Bayard has .not ileeie
whether he will remain ini Wasg~
on or return to Wilmington an..i
~ice law, but it is believed that he wlI
Ldopt the latter course.
Judge Hawkins, the assistant ae;
ary of the interior, will retire 4
arm, near Cape Girardeau, Mo.,
pend t-he remainder of his days'm t &A
quiet and seclusion of pastoral life.
Dlemocrats Claim the House.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 14.-A sp h
2as been reeeived froni Senator'Kenna,
n which he states that there can no
onger be any question tha;th.a
D)emocrats have carried West Virginia
tnd secured legislature, Governorand *
til the Congressmen. If> this prove
rue, the prospects that the Democrats
i"ill secure control of tne organizatiora
f the House have improvied. The elec
ion of Atkinlson (Republican) in. tlie
rst Virginia district is not determined,
Lnd it may be that the final c1msifiea
ion will stand 164 Demccra" to 161
The Democrats think there can be no
oubt that they have carried the state
nfd the Congressional ticket in West ~
Cirginia, and made certain the election
f the Governor and a United States
senator. They concede to the-Repub
ieans only one Congressman and claim ~
majority in the -Legislatnre on joint.
>allot of two. Judge Montgomery, of <'
he district court, has received adis
>atch announcing the probable defeat
f Fisher, Democrat, in the Tenth
klichigan district, changing figures -
mgan to 162 Democrats and 143 Repu
icans. In the Fourth 'Connecticut -
listrict, hitherto claimed as doubtful,
seymour, Democrat, claims a pirality
f 43, which would give the Democrate~,
63 votes, or a bare majority on the~
rga~nization 01 the House.
iIX SCORE NEW wASHINGTON FAC.
WAsHINGTON, Nov. 13.-The latest
:alculation of the composition of the
iouse shows that about one hundred::
Lnd twenty members of the present
iouse are not returned.
Mr. Randan's Continued Ill Health.
WASHI.NGTON, Nov. 14.-Owinlg to
ir. Randall's continued ill-health it
s not expected he will be able to at
end the meeting of the House comn
nittee on appropriations, which had
>een called for Tuesday ;next, conse--a.
tuently all department' estimna 'o&
iext y'ear's appropriations are ing
ent to him at Philadeli2ia ,