Newspaper Page Text
ERT H. AULL, EDITOR.
LBERT H. AULL, Prorietors.
WM. P. HOUSEAs P e
NEWBERRY. S. C,
THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1889.
THE PROPER THING.
We publish this week the Act creating
a new school district in No. 2 and No.
11 Townships, to be known as the
Rutherford School District. The Act as
published to-day was amended so as to
create another school diptrict with the
similar powers and prfvileges in No.
11 Township to be known as the Broad
River School District.
These people are moving in the right
direction. What we need is more and
better schools in the rural districts. We
too often hear of men moving to town
because there are no good schools in
reach in the country. We would like
to see a first class school established in
every community, and one that would
be kept open for ten months in the
We hope every encouragement will
be given the citizens within these two
school districts and that none will be
found to oppose their laudable enter
prise in behalf of education.
It is now stated that the press will
be able to predict the Harrison cabinet
within a week, and that the prediction
will be semi-official.
THE QUORUM QUESTION.
The question of a quorum in the
Legislature on the last day is still be
ing discussed. We suggest that some
of the members who were present on
the last day of the session tell us if the
roll was called when the Legislature
convened that morning, and if a quo
rum answered to roll call. If the
requisite number was present, there
can be no harm in saying so. If it was
not, and what was done was not done
in obedience to the Constitution and
the law, the people have a right to
know it. If it makes no difference
her there is a majority of the
- members present in order to transact
business, what is the use of the Con
stitution saying there must be?
Our Legislature should meet at some
other time. The members will go home
for Christmas, and in order to get
home a great deal of hurried legislation
is always done towards the close of
the session. It would be a good idea
to meet in July and August, when the
weather is hot and the days are long,
and then plenty of time could be taken
to do things properly.
THAT SOUTHERN SITUATION.
We print elsewhere in this paper a
letter from Mr. A. B. Williams of The
Greenville News to Harper's Weekly
on the "Southern Situation.," as it .is
termed, and the comment of Harper's
Weekly. Mr. Williams' letter, as Har
per's Weekly says, "is a strong and
candid statement of the situation."
-We are in a very anomalous situa
tion. We have read Mr. Williams' let
ter with interest. We have read Dr.
*Haygood's book, " Our Brother in
Black"; we have heard speeches on the
subject. They all state the problem,
but none, as we have seen, venture to
even suggest a solution. There can be
no question of the fact that this race
que~stion is one of the biggest that con
fronts the statesmen of this day, and
one that will require careful study
and thought, and wise action.
General Harrison's policy towards
the South and his appointments in the
South will not solve the problem. Of
course, if General Harrisor will select
honest and capable men in the South
in filling his appointrients, it will be
Mr.- Williams says,"to leave the situ
ation undisturbed will not be states
manship, good morals, or good poli
tics." Well,what is to be done? Thomas
Jefferson is said to have uttered the
following words in 1821: "Nothing is
more certainly written in the book of
fate than that these people (the ne
groes) are to be free; nor is it less cer
tain that the two races, equally free,
cannot live under the same govern
It is a question that demands our se
rious consideration. The solution'. we
have no doubt, will come as the ques
tion is forced upon us.
Amalgamation is impossible. Colon
ization is hardly practicable. The
problem is still unsolved.
MORE CABINET MAKING.
President-elect Harrison has had
plenty of advice on the subject of his
*cabinet, and a number of men have
been suggested as suitable to take a
portfolio, and a number more we sup
pose woul take the position. Some
one has observed that it is almost al
ways, to the men who hold the posi
tions, certain retirement to private life.
Very few men have risen to any posi
tiir of prominence after retiring from
the Cabinet. Yet there are always
plenty of men who are willing to take
the risks and eagerly accept places in
The negroes expect to present their
claims on a cabinet place and demand
of the Republicans recognition. They
claim that they-hold the balance of
power ini a number of States and that,
without their vote. the Republican
party could not have been successful
In view of this fact they think their
demands reasonable and expect the
Republicans to recognize them. The
Repnblican party claims to be the great
frien d and custodian of the negro, and
this demand from the negroes makes
the situation interesting. They say
they have received very little in the
past. We shall see what we shall see.
The Comptroller-General has issued
an order to the County Auditors to
require all persons to appear in person.
or by their authorized agents, and
make their returns of personal property
under oath. duly administered by the
auditor oi- his authorized deputy. The
Charleston World finds fault with the
Comptroller-General for this order, and
intimates that he has gone beyond the
authority given him by law. We do
not see it that way. If an oath is to
be made to the truthfulness of the re
.~- ~. ~__
turn, it should be properly made. There
can be no doubt that the returns of
personal property are not properly
equalized, and possibly by being more
particular, and putting more stress on
the oath and its value, people will be
more particular to return their property
for its true value. The great trouble is c
to get the valuation of property equal- f
ized. It does not matter so much
whether property is valued high or
low, if it were all valued high or low. r
Only so much tax is to be raised. If
every man would return all his prop
erty and return it for its true value, the t
burdens of taxation would then bear
equally on all taxpayers. But when
some persons return their property for
its true value, and others for one-fourth t
or one-half its value, the burden is s
aot properly borne. That is the evil
which is to be remedied, if Comptrol
ler-General Verner can help this trou- I
ble, we should all assist him in his t
Now that the Newberry Cotton Mills
is paying a dividend on the stock, we
hope it will encourage our wealthy and
progressive citizens to begin work on
the building up of other manufacturing x
enterprises in Newberry. There are a
number of small manufacturing enter
prises that could be gotten up here C
which would pay good dividends on
the investment if properly managed.
We have men who have the money.
Nothing can or will help more to build t
up a town than manufacturing indus- r
tries. They will giveemployment to our i
people and bring more people to our
town. Let some enterprising man e
take the lead. c
It is said by newspapers that General t
Harrisen is studying history and will a
give the country an historical inaugural
address. It is the one hundredth an
niversary of the inauguration of Wash
The Quorum Question.
A good deal having been said about
the legality or constitutionality of the
acts of the General Assembly of this
State on the closing day of the ses
sion the writer has been induced ;to
examine the constitution and the
rules of the House of Representatives,
and has come to the conclusion that
everything done by the General Assem
bly on Monday, the 24th day of De
eember, was unconstitional.
The constitution of this State, Ar
ticle 11., Section 4, gives the number of
Representatives to be 124. Section 14
of the same article makes each House
the judge of its own members, "and a
majority of each House shall constitute
a quorum to do business."
This being the case-the quorum
being fixed by the constitution-no
rule of the House can alter or evade
it. There must be then, at least sixty
three members present before any
business can be done in the House.
Rule 1 of the House requires the clerk
to call the roll each day on the assemb
ling of the House, to ascertain whether
or not a quorum is present, and under
the rule it is plain that no business can.
be transacted unless there is a quorum
present. fl is true that Rule 79 provides
that none of the rules of the House can
be suspended without the concurrence
of two-thirds of the members present
("except Rule 1,") which, were it not
for Section 14, Article 2, of the Consti
tution, might place it in the power of
the House to suspend Rule 1 and there
by allow a smaller number than a ma
jority to constitute a quorum. It is
evidently the intent of the rule (79) to
do this very thing when Rule 1 is ex
cepted from the two-third vote. But the
Constitution is plain-there must be
sixty-three members of the House, at
least, present to constitute a quorum,
and unless there was that number pre
sent when the House met on Monday,
the 24th of December last, every act
ratified, and all other business trans
acted by the House on that day, is
unconstitutional, and is, therefore, null
Report says that there were but thir-1
ty-five members present. This, together
with the fact that the supply bill ratifi
ed was not the supply bill passed by the
two Houses, a portion of it, the Char
leston amendment, having been left
off, makes the matter a 'very serious
one. If the supply bill and the appro
priation bills are both unconstitutional,
no taxes can be collected or paid out
under them. The remedy is an imme
diate extra session of the Legislature.
January 5, 1889. x. z.
"Have We a Supply Bill?"
The act ~ which was ratified, and
which was approved by the Governor,
is not the bill which was read three
times in each house, and was amended
on the last reading in Senate, because
the Senate amendment was left off by
the committee on enrolled acts. This
is outside of the fact that only thirteen
Senators and thirty-five members of the
House were present on the last of the
By the way, how was it that when
the roll of the House was called on the
last day it did not appear that there
was not a quorum present; and if the
roll was not called, by what authority
was the call dispensed with ? X. Z.
A Rumored Railroad Change.
It is reported here on what seems to
be good authority that the main line of
the Port Royal & Western Carolina
Road, now from Augusta to Spartan
burg, is to be changed to run from
Augusta to Greenville. It is intimated
that this change is to be effected at
once; that trains are to run through, in
fact,*without change from Aug?usta to
Greenville for the first time on Monday.
The .:urxor is not, however, confirmed
by any direct statement from head
quarters, although it is said the move
has been contemplated for some time.
The news is good for Greenville peo
ple, if true. Making this city the termi
nal point of the miain line of the system
instead of one of its branches would be
of some ad vantage. It would give an
even more direct communication with
Augusta than is enjoyed at present. It
would do away. with the change of cars
at Laurens and would give passengers
from this point t be benefit of a through
sleeper to Savannah.
NEW YORK, January 4.-There is
talk of discusing the vast increase in
suicides duing the past year at the
The number of persons who commit-]
ted suiciae in the United States during
1888 is 1,487, as compared with 1,387 in
1887, 914 in 1886 and 978 in 1885. Of the
total number 1,14.5 were males and 342
females. The causes were as follows:
Despondency.....-......413 Liqu~or.......... l.0
Unknown. .............80 Disapoir.tellove.L.0
l sane.......... .....194 lii healh......... si.
Domestic infelicity..1l0 Business losses...46
Of the above cases 578 shot them
selves, 349 took poison, 228 hanged]
themselves, 131 drowned themselves,
111 cut their throats, 36 threw them
selves in front of locomotives, 25]
jumped from windows or housetops, 13 1
stabbed themselves, 8 burned them- 1
selves, 4 starved themselves, 2 blew I
themselves up with powder, 1 strangled 1
himelf and 1 salded himnselt t
THE PLANS OF THE FARMERS,
Enthusiastic Meeting of Darlington County
[Special to Charleston World.]
DARLINGTON, January 4.-The Dar
ington County Farmers' Alliance held
ts regular quarterly meeting at the
ourthouse to-day. Representatives
ron twenty-six sub-alliances were
iresent, making, the attendance over
The following resolution was unani
nously adopted: "We recommend to
.11 sub-alliances to defer the purchase
,f guanos as long as possible in order
o be able, if possible, to cooperate with
he State Alliance in any arrangement
vith other states."
The membership of the alliance in
his county numbers over 2,000.
At the last meeting of the Legisla
ure Darlington was made a graded
chool district, and in accordance with
he provisions of said act a meeting of
he trustees of St. John's Academy was
teld yesterday to co-oporate with the
Lewly appointed board of trustees of
he g~raded school.
HE SUMTER ALLIANCE MEETS WITH
SUTER, January 4.-The Farmers'
Uliance of this county met here to-day
n the courthouse with closed doors.
ery little could be ascertained as to
that was done, but The World corres
ondent managed to find out that the
nost important measure considered
as that on the subject of fertilizers.
Vhat action was taken on this subject
ould not be found out. The atten
Lance was not large.
THE ALLIANCE IN GREENVILLE.
[Greenville News, 6th.1
The delegations were very full and
here were many visitors present
aembers of the Sub-Alliances that now
reorganized in this County. Thirty
elegates answered to roll call and as
any more were present as visitors, all
omposed of the leading farmers of the
ounty. Within two months these
leven Sub-Alliances have been organ
Led and have over two hundred mem
>ers. The county organizer has as many
.pplications for new lodges as he can
ill within a week. and we are reliably
aformed that the organization will
iumbes five hundred ere the two
nonths roll by.
As the county meeting the different
>ub-Alliances reported nearly as many
nembers to initiate as are now already
The organization is composed solely
> farmers and those interested therein,
vho are not speculators, merchants,
awyers or city physicians or following
. profession in the cities or towns. The
neetings are held with closed doors
and the discussions are altogether as
ecret as any other secret society. The
bject of the Alliance is for the benefit
>f the farmers an< is not to pull down
>r destroy any other calling or profes
ion, but it is the intention of the Alli
Lnce to use every legitimate means to
>verthrow anything and defeat any
neasure that builds itself up or accu
nulates fortunes off the farmers at the
xpense of the farmer. To meet these
hings the farmers areorganizing them
elves together and endeavoring to find
means to the end.
The only matter that was discussed
At the last meeting that we are per
nitted to publish is the following reso
"Whereas, We can see no reason why
hat fertilizers should have advanced
o such a high price within the last
ree months; it is therefore.
"Resolved, That we will not pur.
~hase any of it at the present exorbitant
notations unless compelled to do so,
ndwe ask all farmers to stand by us in
his matter, and that we will purchase
ur guano from the company or com
>anies that will first sell us standard
~oods at the lowest rates."
There was considerable discussion of
~he above resolution, and t be farmers
LII seemed to talk as if they would use
rery little guano at the present prices.
iPARTAN FARMERS COMBINING FOB
[News and Courier.]
SPA RTANBURG, January 5. - Not
vithstanding the rain yesterday there
vas a large delegation in attendance on
~he county meeting of the Farmers
liance. They were in session about
our hours, and discussed several
natters of prime importance. The sub
ect of fertilizers came up as one of im
nediate concern. Many of our people
ok with some distrust on the move
nent and see no good in it. It is opposed
> some of the farmers who believe that
:e road to success is for each farmer to
oe his own roe and not to depend on
>rganizations of any sort to help him
>ut. Many of our . best farmers have
~one into the Alliance with the expec
ation that they will be benefitted in
some way. Here a nd there one may
tee the demagogue who expects politi
yal advantage. rhere is no reason why
he Alliance, in this county, should not
to much good. They have good mate
al and they generally desire to improve
heir methods of farming.
THE ALLIANCE IN KERSHAW.
CAMDEN, January 5.-The Kershaw
Farmers' Alliance met yesterday to
sonsider bids for supplies for the corin
.ng year. It was decided that each
sub-alliance should receive bids and
:nake its own arrangements. The pres
dent's (Major J. R. Magill) address
was read and ordered to be published.
he Alliance at first intended to select
ne store at whch all should trade,
making a monopoly, which the farmers
ill pretend to fight from principle.
Even now, with each Alliance select
ng its own store, it savors a little of
monopoly, though they do not think
so. The Cleveland Sub-Alliance wil.
stand security. This is a good featre.
he county Alliance, I am told is 1. rk
.ng smoothly and to the satisfactio. o
HE wORK OF THE ALLIANCE IN
UNION, January 5.-The Farm.
rs' Alliance is in session .here
:-day, aggregating 140 delegates.
hey are making extensive prepara.
:ions for the p resent year. The total
number of the membership in the
ounty is about 1,400, comprising twen
y-four separate Alliances. They pro.
ose to organize a joint stock company
tnd open a store for the benefit of the
Alliance. Whether this will ever be
arried into effect or not I am unable to
ay. They also desire and propose to
rake as the standard weight of a bale
>f cotton not to exceed 200, pounds,
3aiing thereby to save 50 cents per
ale for compressing. '1 hey intend to
wrap the cotton completely up in bag.
ng, hoping to prevent dirt and trash
7ro getting on the cotton as it does
low through handling. I was told by
i member, who is one of the leaidin~
nembers, that they "did not intend to
pay one nickel over the price they paid
'or guano last year, as it was entirely
:oo high." He also said they intended
:o try and make miore of their manures
The people of the county are watch
ng with unabated interest the move
nents of the Alliance, hoping that they
nay do something to advance their in
erest and general welfare without im
>eding the progress of the other in
Enforcing Prohibition In iowa.
BURLINGTON, IowA, January 4.-An
mportant movement for the enforce
nent of the p rohibi tory law took place
~esterday. The sheriff made a raid on
wholesale liquor establishment, and
~eized about 200) barrels of whiskey and
00 cases of wine. The Hotel Duncan
aloon was subjected to a call from the
heriff last evening. Mayor Duncan is
>roprietor of this hotel. These raids
ave caused a great sensation among
he liquor and saloon men, aInd it is
he general belief that a number of
hem contemplate remaining beyond
he limits of the Stat~
AUELIE ttIVES IN AN OX CART.
The Virginia Poetees Enjoyed the Holi
days Distributing Blankets to the Poor.
[From the New York Herald.]
COBHAM, VA., January 2.-The last
sensation in regard to Amelie Rives
Chanler has been produced by the news
that she rode through the rural district
in the vicinity of her residence, Castle
Hill, in an ox cart. Donbtless this ride
will become as famous as John Gilpin's
or that of the Lady Godiva. It bears a
likeness to the latter, in that both Godr
va and Amelie, young and beautiful,
and stirred with compassion, ride forth
to save their people in distress.
For some time past Mrs. Chaner has
been dispensing charity to the poor
around her as she heard of their need;
but recently, 'tis said, she has sent for
$200 worth of blankets and warm cloth
ing, which she presented in person at
this festive season from the body of this
Those who have seen Amelie Rives
Chanler can fancy her standing with
her fair hair in her new found car of
mercy, radiantly beautiful against the
rough outlines of the cart, like a lovely
rose blushing beside a rude hut, which
serves as a foil to its beauty.
Perhaps she was nearer -happiness, as
she looked with moist eyes into the up
turned faces around her, than she had
ever been before. She is turning from
her self-centred life to consider thelwoes
of others. Surely this is one of the points
on , hich happiness catches the light.
There are those- who -:impugn her
motives and accuse her.pfadesire for
notoriety only in this new "fad. ' But
while Thackeray teaches us to look -for
mixed motives in the actions of all, let
us give to the lady in question the bene
fit of the doubt, and admire these gene
rous deeds as done from a conpasionate
heart. Certainly these live acts are
better than the dead words of "To all
women," in which all is mere senti
mentality except what is sacrilegious.
How she endured so slo' a mode of
progression as oxen affords, or the jol
ting of a springless cart after her soft
carriage, remains to be told. But she is
very much of a child in many ways, and
would take this cart ride for the sake of
anew sensation and for an innocent,
childish "lark." She has little variety
in her quiet, studious country life. Just
before Mr. Chanler left for Paris she
sent for a number of the colored people,
and to the music of the banjo and the
violin played by two of them the others
danced, to the great entertainment of
the spectators. She paid-them liberally,
and sent them away. rejoicing. Her usu
al exercise is taken on horseback, dash
ing at breakneck speed along the roads.
She is at present absorbed in writing
a novel, and on this account declined to
accompany her husband, although to
travel in Europe has been one of the
dreams of her life.
Treasure Trove in a Grave.
ST. Louis, January 4.-The people
of Jacksonport, Arkansas, were thrown
into a flurry of excitement this morn
ing by a rumor that a largenamount of
money and valuable treasures had been
dug out of the ground near the resi
dence of Jack Hartin during the night.
A skeleton, supposed to be that of a
woman, lies on top of the ground,
having been taken out of the sepul
chre in which the treasure was also en
End of the Bagging Trust.
ST. Louis, January 6.-It transpired
here to-day that the alleged Cotton
Bagging Truist has run its day and
quietly died. It appears that the so
called trust was simply an agreement
between bagging manufacturers to
combine for certain purposes until Jan
uary 1, when the compact was to expire.
They say they made a little money,
but not as much as they hoped to.
However, they are satisfied. The price
of bagging has fallen about two cents
since New Year and- will probably still
An Honest 3aker in New Orleans. .
ATLANTA, GA., January 4.-F. E.
Block, President of the Southern Coim
pact of Cracker-makers, issued orders
to-day dissolving the compact. It was
organized last sumrmer and .included
all bakers of the South, except New
Orleans. One baker In New Orleans
refused to join the compact, and that
was the cause of the dissolution.
Knocked Fromn His Train Into the Conga
ree iRiver and Drowned.
[Special to the Greenville News.]
CoJJUMBIA, S. C., January, 5.-Tom
Brennan, a young Charlestonian, was
killed this morning by being knocked
off the freight train in passing under
the Congaree bridge at Kingsville. He
was making his second trip as a brake
man. The accident happened at 3 a.
mn. Brennan was at his post on top of
the train atnd was knocked off into the
river by a cross beam. The river has
been dragged but the body was not
-Reduced Rates for Preachers.
The Richmond & Danville Rai-lroad
Company have given notice to their
agent here, as well as to agents at all
other points on their lines, that half
fare certificates for the year 1889 will be
issued to all clergymen actively engaged
in ministerial work on the.Richmond
& Danville road.
Four Thousand Panama Workmen Dis
PANAMA, via. GALVESTON, January
'.-Four thousand men have been
thrown out of employment by the
stoppage of work by two large contrac
tors engaged in the Panama Cana
work, It is expected that the Canal
Company- will immediately continue
the work, reengaging the dispharged
woke.All is quiet. ,
A Booming New Bank. -
[Special to the Daily News.)
CHARLESTON, S. C., January 7.
The event of to-day was the. opening
of the Palmetto Dime Savings Bank,
the first banking institution that has
ever been established on King street.
In five hours over one hundred de
positors had opened an account in
sums mostly under $10. The total de
posits aggregated about $4,000. The
stock of the bank is already quoted at
110, although only 2.5 per cent. of the
capital has been called in and -the
shares are not yet issued.
Chief Arthur to Resign.
CHICAGO, January 8.-Referring to
the rumors that Chief Arthur, of the
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers,
intended to resign, Chairman Coverner,
of the committee which has just set
tled the Burlington stride, said this
morning; "I think the rumor has good
foundation. Arthur has been dissatis
fied for a long time, and the outcome
of the 'Q.' strike is an additional thoi-n
in his flesh."
Allcock's are the only genuine Po
rou's Plasters. They act quickly and
with certainty, and can be worn for
weeks without causing pain or incon
venience. They are invaluable in cases
of Spinal Weakness, Kidney and Pul
monary Difficulties, Malaria, Ague
Cake, Liver Complaint, Dyspepsia,
Strains, Rheumatism, Lumbago, Scia
tic, Heart, Spleen and Stomach Trou
bles, and all local pains.
Beware of imitations, and do not be
deceived by misrepresentation. Ask for
Allcock's and let no explanation or
solicitation induce you to accept a sub
TOWNSHIP BOND LAW.
To Be Tested and Decided at Once by the
[Special to the World.]
COLUMnIA, January 7.-The issues
arising out of the recent township bond
decision of the supreme court, and the
validating act passed by the legislature
at its recent session, are likely to be
tested and settled at once by the pro-j
eeedings begun to-day by Mayor J. F.
Hart of York, attorney of the road,
and ex-Governor Sheppard of Edge
field and R. W. Shand, Esq., of this
city, all representing the holders of the
township bonds to the Three C's. rail
road and those who have advanced
A petition was filed to-day in the
supreme court for a mandamus to comi
pel Robert W. Whitesides, chairman of
the county commissioners of York
County, and his associates, to allow the
bonds issued by Broad River township
to the railroad company. The rule is
returnable .lan. 24.
This case raises a test question, which
applies to four other townships in York
County and three in Lancaster, as well
as the one named above.
The road has been conmpleted through
these townships, but before the railroad
can obtain the bonds, now in the cus
tody of the Boston'#Safe Deposit and.
Trust Company, a certificate of the
fact of completion, signed by the chair
man and clerk of the board of county
commissioners, is necessary, and Chair
man Whitesides refuses to do this until
the court decides the bearing and effect
of the recently passed validating act.
Applications for mandamuses in
other cases, in which still other issues
may be tested, will be filed in the next
few days, and the outcome will be
anxiously awaited as it will have an
important bearing on the future of
railroad building in this state.
A. T. M' C.
A HOT FIGHT IN FLOP.ENCE.
The I*sperate Resistauce of a Negro
[Special to News and Courier.1
FLwRENCE, Jauuary 3.-A rather
serious affray occurred here to-day,
which resulted in the severe and prob
ably fatal shooting of Lewis Giles, col
ored, and the stabbing of Southall,
white, who is a detective employed by
the Wilmington, Columbia and Au
Giles is one of the negro desperadoes
who took part in the riot on board a
train of the Wilmington, Columbia and
Augusta Railroad about six or eight
weeks ago. In the riot Conductor
Hendricks was fearfully beaten and
most of the rioters escaped. Since then
Giles has been hiding out. To-day
about 1 o'clock he appeared on the
streets of Florence. Capt. Southall saw
him and requested Policeman R. J
Hinson to arrest him.
Giles resisted arrest and in the scuffle
stabbed Capt. Southall in the hand,
disabling him. He then made an as
sault upon the policeman, whose pistol
he attempted to wrest from him. The
policeman, however, clung to the pis
tol and in the melee fired off one barrel,
wounding Giles in the left groin. Giles
was then taken to the guard house,
where Dr. King was summoned to at
tend him. At this time the wonnded
man is still at the guard house. The
wound is thought to be serious, al
though the physician has not yet pro
nounced it fatal.
The Pubnlshing and Patent Oftices of the
Perhaps some of our readers have
visited the extensive offices of the
Scientifie American, at 361 Broadway,
New York, but many have not, and to
such the following account may be of
interest. A correspondent who recently
had this pleasure informs us that he
was greatly surprised at the magnitude
of the establishment. It suggested to
his mind an enormous insurance com
pany or banking house. At the main
office, which is principally devoted to
the patent business-formi~ng as it does
so important a part of the establish
ment-may be seen the members of the
firm and their able corps of examiners.
Ready access to the principals is affor
ded to every one; and here may be seen
inventors from all parts of the country
showing their models and drawings,
and explaining their inventions. Trhe
modlels left by inventors form a large
and interesting collection, and are kept
in a roomi by themselves. The large
corps of dIraulghtsmen who prepare the
patent drawving are for the most part
experiencedimechanics, electricians, or
engineers, some of them having been
connected with the U. S. Patent Office.
Most of the correspondence is carried
on by type writers, andl this necessit
ates a sep)erate departmenit, where a
number of experienced female type
writers and stenographers are constatnt
ly emplloyed. Thue dark room, where
the photographs of the patent drawings
are copied, and where the photographs
for the architectural department are
developed, is also on this floor. On the
floor above may be found the editorial
rooms, cornpositors' and subscri ption
room, and the engravers' department.
The Architectural Departmient occu
pies the top floor, and here may be
seen the manager of this department,
and also a number of draughtsmen at
work preparing the plans and general
designs for the Architect and Builder
edition of the Scientific American,
which is published monthly, and has
attained a widespread circulation. The
printing of the papers is carried on in a
separate building. At the entrance of
the main office, which alone occupies a
floor space of 60) by 16.5 feet, may be
seen one of Prof. Draper's remarkable
recording barometers, with which
instrument a complete record is kept of
the atmosphoric changes. This baro
meter wvas built specially for the Scien
tific American, and it is a remarkably
fine and sensitive as well as a very
Some idea may be had of the extent
of the b)usiness done at the office of the
Scientific American when we state that
over one hundred persons are employed
by Munn & Co., on their several publi
cations and in their extensive patent
HERALDINGs FROM NO. 6.
Health seems to be very good.
Farmers are beginning to sow spring
oats; and those who have not sown,
are sowing wheat.
Messrs. T. A. and J1. S. Floyd, Jr.,
who are making their home in Arkan
sas, returnedl here December 26th, and
thence to their father's at WValhalla,
Mr. .John S. Floyd'
Messrs. J. B. Floyd, Tommie Burton
and J. Henry Senni went to Columblia,
Monday, to try to get a position on the
Mr. Willie Wilson has been quite
sick with pneumonia. Mrs. J. B. Clary
has also been very sick.
Sociables have been plentiful for the
last fewv days or two wveek., there being
seven or eight. Most of them were
School "took up," again Wednesday
after a week and a half's vacation,
with a good attendance-about 48, on
roll and eight or ten to come in yet.
Christma~s passed off very quietly,
and had beautiful weather for part of
the time at least
Mr. Willie Davenport, of this town
ship, visited his aunt in Edgefield
during the Christmas Holidays.
Mr. Thomas H. Gary and Miss Fan
nie E. Johnstone, after spending the
Christmas Holidays at home, returned
to school last week. TELL.
B_ ucklen's Armca Salve.
TheBest Salve in the world for Cu,ls, Sores,
Bruises, Ulcers, Salt R beum,. Fever Sores, Tet
ter, Chapped Hands. Chilblains, Corns and
all Skin Eruptions, and positively cures
Piles or no pay required. It is guaranteed to
give perfect satisfaction. or money refund~ed.
Pce 25 cents per box. For sale by Cotheld &
The Leap Year Dannino Party.
"1 cannot but remember such things
And were most dear to me."
Did you go to the Leap Year Domino
Party? No ! Well you can form no
idea of its magnificence. To say that
it was a success would but feebly con
vey to you the pleasures realized by
those who were so fortunate as to at
tend. The gjrls, of course, were in
charge and proved to the boys that
though they were only allowed one
year in four, they did not do things by
halves and could wear the honors of
escorts and partners easily and grace
fully. Every minute detail had been
atiL",aded to by the 'fficient committees,
so there was nothing left to do but
dance and be nierry. The dining hall
of the Newberry Hotel shone with
effulgent splendor and seemed to invite
the gathering of Caroiina beauty and
chivalry. Promptly at 9 o'clock the
Newberry String Band with a selection
from Strauss called the dancers and
bade them "Chase the hours with fly
Here the scene changed instead of
belle and beau, lord and lady, it was
ghost and goblin, demon and fairy,
all mingling and mixing, twisting and
turning, in and out, around and around,
keeping time to the strains of sweet
music. This was kept up until near the
time for the new year to arrive when
masks were ordered off and surprises in
store for all. Picture the surprise a-nd
astonishment of a fair maiden, when to
her chagrin she found that she had
been paying devoted attention to a
married one, or the perplexed look on
the married man's face when he sud
derly realized he had been courting his
wife all the while.
Masks and dominoes were discarded,
and then to look upon the scene and do
justice with a pen, would require the
pen of a fairy, dipped in hues of the
rainbow; couples gently gliding o'er
the polished floor exemplifying the
poetry of motion, but stop, our pen is
not such as the fairies handle, so we
cannot go on, but will simply say:
"There were silks and satins, diamonds
Satin-clad feet and eyes ablaze;
.Jewels rare on maidens gleaming;
To and fro in the giddy mazes,
They softly whisper loves sweetest
While all this is going on, in an ad
joining room there were tables covered
with choice refreshments, where, when
weary with the dance, you could go at
any hour and partake; to mention all
would take too long, but the sand
wiches were too cute, tied up with bits
of all colored ribbon.
Some of the costumes were indeed
elegant, among them:
Miss James L. Kennerly, a most be
coming dressoftgiaucus velvet, en train;
cut bias, and caught up with bows of
motly ribbon, no jewels.
Miss James H. McIntosh. a partridge
brown moire silk, V neck, trimmed in
eiderdown, a most exquisite bouquet of
Miss J. Epps Brown, a charming
coinbination of tertapin medi 'on
silk and old point lac, made N a
parroda waist and trimmed with
snatches of egrette, granite ornaments.
Miss Silas J. McCaughrin, a rathei
novel costume of valrus brown satin
done over with the kensington stitch,
hair flowing, necklace of oyster shells,
Miss Ike H. Hunt, a fresh young de
butante in waves of manuve satin,walk
ing length, with moorings of sunsel
coloired bows, ornanments,spectacles and
Miss Robert D. Wright, a- splendid
rig of toadstool cashmere, V neck .be
hind, with gussets of blue steel, hair:
la pump handle, bouquet of horse radish
andl gilly flower.
Miss S. Jeff Wooten, a thoroughly de
lightful combination of sand colored
satin and pink trlt en train, hai:
powdered and done u~ in Qdeen Annii
style, jet ornaments.
Miss Claude Floyd, handsome suit oj
baby blue brocaded satin, hair done uj
in a hard knot, porcelain jewels.
Miss Lambert W. Jones, ari irresist
able toilet of hamberg edging and cop
per colored lawn, wing drapery anc
flounces of watered silk, hair negligee
fish scale ornaments.
Miss P. Gray Ellisor, a donkey gray
plush, walking length, with overskirl
of Swiss silk, slippers to match, n<
Miss Willie G. Mayes, dish water alba
tros, V neck, no'sleeves, with overskirl
of quaker gray caught up with tin:
bouquets of cinquefoils, carbuncli
Miss G. Frank Wearn, a debutante,
bewitching dress of baby blue chcese
cloth ornamented with sprays of crazy
quilt work, walking len.gth, hair caught
half way down with Vandyke browr>
' Miss Eugene A. Grifin, brick dust
colored swiss, a charming costume and
"Oni her white breast a sparkling eross
Which men might kiss arid infidel;
Miss Burr H. Johnstone, a very ricl
combination dress of zinnober green
satin and canary furniture print, erm
masse, hair negligce, coral bracelets, ns
Miss Willie McFall, a fresh and de
lightful, as well as pretty young debut
ante, done up in a profusion of yellow
buff; amildewed flounces over a charm
ing hiamnmered copper skirt, the effect
was striking, she was "the observed o1
all observers," hair powdered with
golden dust, a massive broach hid he:
lily white throat, cowhide boots, wreath
Miss Marquis L. Spearman, magents
tulle, low neck, short sleeves, slippers
to match, hair flowing, quartz orna
Miss John M. Kinard, a great belle,
most superb idea ex pressed in mnuddy
green cottonade and antwerp bagging,
looped up with chains of exquisitely
wrough t iron, hair a la bald head, orna
ments of polished brass and chewing
gum. A picture.
If there is anything prettier thari
antwerp it is egrette, so thought wt
when our eyes turned on Miss Richard
H. Wearn, surely a poet's dream, fiuted
satin, with Spanish bed tick drapery
thrown loosely over the shoulders and
caught at the frost with a l6vely
bouquet of garlie, hair done back, witi
amber comb over right ear.
Miss John WV. Chappell. a dress of
thunder-cloud mrullI, silken waistcoal
covered with gold and silver dots,
fastened withI buttons to match, haira
Ia waves of the ocean hung with farnci
ful pendants, necklace of chestnuts.
Miss Dr. Wiiiie E. Belcher, coffee
colored checked homespun, en train,
ornamiented with flutes of Danube yel
low -muslins cut om the selvage,
sprinkled with a p)rofutsion of onion
sets, dainty slippers of rawv hide, jimp
son wveed tiowers.
Miss Willie A. Fant, a dainty suit oi
bull dog brindle osnaberg, gathere(
around the neck, hanging mother hub
bardly, bell sleeves, hair a la whil
cord, no ornaments or flowers.
The cl'aperons were Col. Georg4
Johnstone, Capt. J. WV. Gary, Hon. .J
M. Johnstone, Mlaj. M. Foot, Dr. 0. B.
Mayer, Gen. .J. J. Lane, Lieut. E. M.
Evans, Gov. P. N. Crouch, and the
Duke of Holmes, all arrayed -in black
silk, hair Psyche knot, Rhi-ne ston4
Th e gentlemen present were Messrs.
Mary F. Holbrook. Mattie Lee Mc
Caughrin, Elizabeth WV. Holmes,
Maude E. Boozer, Leah Foot, Salens
Foot, Susan Mazyck, Kittie Mazyck,
Nathalie Mazyck, Eoline Merchant.
Nannie Wilson, Cornelia Coppock.
Annie Meggett, Annie Noland, Ione
Fant, Carrie Maffett, Kate S. Ruther
ford, Laura Blease, Clara Blease, Fanny
Hodges, Sibbie Evans, Mamie Holmes,
Katie Moses, all ini full dress, looking
as handsonme as is their custom withl
bouquets of lagerstraemea arnd rhodo
dendron on their cogs.
"One WHO Gn-T fHraEu.
With this weeks issue of The Heral
and News,the Teachers Column is aga
In order to make this colnmn .a su
cess, in order .to accomplish. that f
which it is intended, the hearty e
operation of all teachers is necessar
In the past few years when the colun
appeared weekly in- the paper,; the
seems to(have been a -want of interr
on the part of the teachers of the cou:
ty. Different editors appealed contiril
ally'to them but their appeals were,
am afraid, unheeded let fall to tl
I appeal to you again, my friend
you who are working in agrieat.cau,
you who have undertaken to.educa
nd develop the minds of the ehildrn
of this great country, to come forw
and help me in the task I have undi
taken. Realize the responsibility re
ing upon you and do your duty.
The editors of The Herald and Nei
have kindly consented to give us spa
in their valuable paper, and let us n
forget our opportunity.
We hope that every teacher in t
county will remember that the n
school books can be bought now chear
than they can a few months hence.
would be well then for the teachers
take advantage of exchange and int
The Teachers Association will-w(
at Prosperity.o Saturday 19th of Jan
ary. The programme for the meet*
is in another column.
Value of Teachers' Meetings.
The value of association for mutt
benefit is recognized in every branch
industry. The ministers, the docto
the farmers, and, in short, all classes
laborers, gain a new impetus by cemii
together in meetings, for the discusst
of problems that arise along the lines
their respective profession. Man con
in contract with his fellow-man, as
not only that, but man comes in cc
tact with his fellow workman; and 1
an enterchange of opinions and expe
ences, and a discussion of some of t
vital problems touching the professi,
to which he belongs, he is better pi
pared for his work, whether that
the tilling of the soil or the.education
the young in the public schools.
We frequently hear it said (and son
times with derision) that the teact
can be recognized as a teacher wherei
he may be placed, and some of c
teachers are trying to generalize ther
selves into some kind of general yt
pose machines in order to escape t
criticism. Just why a teacher-hasn'
right to act, or look like a .teacher,
more than I can answer. The lawy
as a rule, looks like a Ia*yer and a
like one; the minister. ought to be r
ognized among a thousand; and .
farmer in his shirt-sleeves and overal
or the miller in his dusty sui , is eas
identified. But no one seems to regi
this as at all remarkable. They tak4
as the natural order of things. But
a teacher expose himself to the put
gaze, and they cry out at once: "H
tanner!" "Stand up and spell," etc.
Now, the fact is just here: The farm
that can not be recognized from 1
dude is not likely to have many.po
toes to sell; and the doctor that miI
be taken for the undertaker is, in
probability, in partnership with hi
and the teacher that does not ca
with him the "air" of a teacher,
either not very- old or very success
in the profession. One thing ti
should be kept prominently before1
teachers as a body is to) dignifyv the p
fession. Do not be ashamed of y<
calling. Think about your-work; ta
about it if necessary; speak: well of y
fellow teacher.. Attend all the teachi
meetings that you possibly can ]
the world know that you belong to
Simportant and indispensable class
workers, and the-time -will'come wi
you will .not be considered narrow
cause you look or act like a "schc
teacher."-[A. R. BEACH.]
Take it in-Time
"For want of a nail, a shoe was k'
for want of a shoe, a horse was lost;
'wantof a horse; a rider was lost." Ne
neglect small things. The first sign
pneumonia and consumption canp
tively be checked by Dr. Acker's E
lish Remedy for Consumption. S<
by P. Robertson, opposite Post Of
- N ew berry, S. C.
We desire to say to our citizens, that.
years we have been selling Dr K(ing's I
Discovery for ('omsumption. Dr King's
Life Pills, Bud'r-len's Ernica Sdve and E
tric Bitters, and have never handied remned
that seLU as well, or that have selven s
universal satisf"ction. We do -not hesitart
guarantee then every time, and we sta
ready to refund the pureciase -pr'ce, If-sa
factory results do not follow their use. Ti
remedies have won their greaf popula1
purely Ont their merits. Colield & Lye
Cou-th in the morning, hurried
difficult breathing, raising phleg
tightness in the chest, quickened pu:
chilliness in the evening or sweats
night, all or any of these things are1
first stages of consumption. Dr. A
er's English Remedy for consum pt
wiu cure these fearful sy'mptoms, an<
sold under a positive guarantee by
Robertson, opposite Post Office, N<
berry, S. C.
CROU'P, WHOOPING COUGH and Bri
chitis immediately relieved by Shilc
Wright & J. W. Coppock have ge
ibg stock, and they are going to se
or give it away. Mark Mis.
Wright & J. W. Coppock's'
Gents' Neckwear is just awfull;
That is what the ladies say, i.
Lest looking ones.
"WE LOVE- IT
Is what the enlightened Son Ofi
It became the favorite 1 e of
the South from the start.
Because the educated h is
DEMOCRATIC and an
honest Governmeint; .Donn
Piatt, the editor, is aggr inde
pendent and a-true patrio .unie
country; Because its poli hat of
all honest and educa persons:
FR EE TRADE,less nmental
interference in persona era, and
good wholesome fiction use the
editor heartily welcom .UTH*
E RN W RITE RS tspgs
e. g., the best literary tionl by an
American writer since r is "Old
Man Gilbert, by a So lady, Mrs.
Elizabeth' Bellainy, in unenum
ber; because the edi ee. quality
and quantity-and no names for.
your money; *becau .- abetpr
sons of the country .Ho - -~
pages of Belford's; s a5
Carlisle, Henry Wat ,ae ht
comb Riley, David elles, Profes
sor W. G. Sumner, Hawthorne,
Edgar.-Faweet t, Ed atltus, Sarah B..
M. Piatt, Henry orge,an hun J
Florence, Rog~er the, arid hnove
dreds of others; te oth twice
in each number e wrhar, tincte
the price. "The sSuthern lady,e
January number Sothr lady,
Mrs. Clark Wari f Columlbia, S.CG.
is a charming Suibscribe now k
'only $2.50 ayea -
BELFORD, CLA ' O., Publishers,
New York, Chii d San Francisc t
o- of Smith
re lo. .
a-- AV and -cen
.L.L tralIy o ouse, formerly
I the Fallaw Hdus, have opened a
ae first-c'ass Boardig House and: will
keep~ the table s plied with the best
Is, the market afford and. I can assure all
S-that the cooking .nnot be surpassed.
te Good airy rooms.
I solicit the :gelerou% -patronage of
rd the local and trav ing Public.
MRS. BiH. LOVELACE.
s 1ORTGA(EE'S SALE.
ot WILL sell tot1 highe~ bidder, on
a&turday, the 1th day of January,
1889, at 12 M.,- Newberry- Court
House, S. C., by vitue of, authonty to
be me given in a chattl mortgage, dated
w 1st f May, 1888, byThomas M. Adair,
er One Double-seated tuggy, good as new,
it One extra sett Doulle Harness, and one
to Bay Mule, aged oi'ut eighteen or
ro- twenty months. Isvied on at the suit
of Fant & Buford.
et -J-. W$MFTH;Agent.
u -'January 4th,.1889;
g : ..
Public sch ol Notice.
I accordance witlicent Act of the
a General Assembr-of South Caro
of lina, settin apart aSerteSchool
District in - . 11a o. 1 Town
f ships, to be known at the Rutherford
School District, sitdted witWi the
pn folloing.limits, to .:- Begin ngat
of the Blair place on th enderso erry
Road and running t .nce in-a
ad line to the Dave Cros4n place on the
Calmes Road; thence-a Straiglit line
to apoint between th, -of H.
% H. Counts .and MaryCoun to the
road leading from the uucombeRoad;
thence in a.straight li to the intersec
tion of the Pomaria 'WiS Second
Cre4k; ahdtente in line"to
of the beginning point athr B ir- place:
Now, therefore all-votispa taxes,
real or personal, will net Micajah
Suber lae on 15Yanu,ry, at -12,
er m., to decide w iat' tax da evied
if any, to supplement tle school
;taxextsting. " . K
JOS. L. K
- T:W.HU N,
ta F:W. HI
it aJOHN A. E
e,T. W. KEI
ec- -STATE OF-.-SOUTH LINA,
he COUNTY OF NEW .Y. .
Tench C. Pool, Plain- giist ,Wm.
Lrd Y.,Fair, Def -
it Y virtue of an e tion in the
let . above -stated . and sundry
lie other. executions said defen
ide dant,..to me directed - -19 :s New
berry Court House, o he.first Mon
ier day in February nex Ing the fourth
;he :day of-.said month, a#bic.oatcry, to
ta- .t ehi "est bidder, the interest of
:ht -Wm. . Fair-in the wIng real es
all tate to-wit: a
n; All that tract or tel of land situ
rPr ate,.lying a d bei - the County of
's Newberry. state sad, contan g
fuil One Hundred andft'(8)Acres,
3at more or less, and le-n'ads of
bui6 D. W.Bar-re, J braU3sttS.
ro-- Merchant, est*N. es and
>ur BuhRiv~er. . i~fhsiW
lk- Also, allthe i -f hesad m
>ur .y. ~' in one tract or planta
rs'- tion lan.i iin being in
Get said Cut~
of andl Thity.l ~->A~zn or
Len less, alid bu by]id.of.E. S.
be- gpC~ esta B, McX J. P.
1 s.Wel othered
-a "-Iedon- besold as the pro
petofWm. .Fair, defendant, to
satisy said ions.
.TERMS C urchaser to~ for
of SherffsC. anry,9, 18.
-COUN . NEWBERRY-IN
STHE P E COURT
F. H. Do - a Administrator of
the Pe .5~t of:J-Frank Miller,
for. -ie -- -h i -- - - +
rew Comnpl' rnasha asset sell land
se -.to nPaf'nient ofl)bts.
-NT to ~'an%rdo r of the
uc b -herein, I will sell at public
li sete ebei-ry --Court Hos,ort
tis- the. ndy (4th-day) of Fer
es ary the folwi. real estate of
se- sesed,situate in New
he nty:- All thact or parcel
of containing Ninety-nine and
o -.(99 1-5)Ars more or less,
o,a nded qylnds of"Wm. M. Dor
mr arsey Gary, J.' MULivingston, -
~se, . Blair, -and BelaRMangt* *
at ni is situated a Grist-:and uFotr
-is: Onethild Nash, b>alance on a
ion of orie a'ida te~ years, ineua
I is 1 installments, with interest frm
P. >f sale; credit portion to be secured
wbond of the purchaser and mort
of thle premixses sold. Purchaser
ay for papers. -
ann ary 9, 1829.- . P. N. C.
. WLaL rent, or sell -to..the h
Lbidier, all the p -nat two
ialf niles west o ewber
he witers of Bush River adh
>y lads of William LangodJ
-Lory and others;,I n part
ild ~Ilr Plantation, and-con
~Thu Place-has 25 Acres ofvl
Bott#n Land and 58 Acres ofU
n citivation.- .
Fr further.ifqrmatijonap y
W. 0. GOREE,,Trse
. Kinards, S.
[n]fortant to -Taxpay
'iE following cirenlar has be
2. evedfrmthe Compole
~Tk attention of this office has
dledo the fact that in somo
. e the Auditors have been in
bib distributing loosely the
!r nal property,and a1ow-n
nd to filout the same,sedg
mr urns to the County Auitrs
ait Oath which attaches to the
bei mnistered. This practicem
be ped. and each and every
.requu-ed to appear beforeth
e County Audtors, either by
se their agents or asi-s
-administrators, &., and
- thesonty Auditors
ese questions categorically to
ery person making a return of p
property- When the.said return
the Auditor will administe
.and swear the .party makring the
each anid evryistance"
-payers will.pes make their
lasoon aposible . Lwil be in
untl he22d January-..atte
wlbeon my.rounds in thec
-. W. HOUSEA,
In Springs Water, just receive
ron, Parmacist, OPposte