Newspaper Page Text
ELBERT U. AULL, EDITOR.
LRERT H. AUL; Proprietors.
WM. P. HOUSEAL,
NEWBERRY, S. C,
THURSDAY, MAY Z, 1889.
NOT DEAD NOR ASLEEP.
Let every Democrat take courage
Things maj be bad in this State, so fa
as Federal offices are concerned, for th
next four years, but they cannot be a
bad as they were during the reign o
terror from 1868 to 1877. Keep tha
time, when ignorance and rascality
backed up by Federal bayonets, reigne<
supreme here, ever in your mind, an<
let it be resolved by all that such shal
never be the case again so far as ou
State Government is concerned. Thi
can only be accomplished by keepin=
up the touch of the elbow and prevent
ing desertion from our ranks, ostracis
any and every man who seils his birth
right for a mess of pottage. Thant
God, this is a privilege that no cour
can take away.
The probability is that we are to hav
a negro postmaster appointed for New
berry. Whether he can give bond re
mains to be seen. Surely no whit
man will be his bondsman. Four year
hence things will be changed. Thet
we will have a Democratic Presiden
occupying the chair now filled b:
President Harrison. Then we wil
have a President who will recognize th
fact that this is a white man's Govern
ment. Then we will have a Presiden
who will see to it that ignorance takes;
baci; seat, and that decency occupies it
proper place. The Democratic party c
the nation is not dead nor asleep, it i
to this party that we are to look for re
lief. We have our little differences il
the party, but we intend to settle then
ofhi the party and to accept the vet
diet of the majority. Let those wh(
are weak-kneed remember that mor
votes were polled in the last Presiden
tial election for Mr. Cleveland than fo
Mr. Harrison. Let them remembe
that the States of New York and Indi
ana were very close. Let them remem
ber that the Territories of Washingtor
and Montana are so evenly divided tha
it ishard to say to which party the;
belong. In fact, it is believed tha
both will be Democratic at the ap
Any Democrat who will think ove
the matter quietly will see nothing t<
discourage him, but on the cont-ar;
H-will be encouraged to go forward in th
good work. You have been told tha
President Harrison will do much fo
the South. We tell you that he wil
do nothing except to ofler bribes t<
our people to desert their commoi
motner. All that he does will be t<
that end and to no other. Republican
ism stinks in the nostrils of ever;
decent Southern mian, and justly so toc
-for uinder that name all that, is bad ani
mean and low has been done in th
South. Our people have been confine4
in the jails of the country; they hay
been tried before piejudiced judges wit]
:lacked juries of low - bad men; th
offices have been filled with the refus
of the land; the State has been robbed
and when no more bonds could be sol<
-to steal the proceedsxesort was had t<
so high a rate of taxation that nothini
saved our property but the high pric,
of cotton at the time. But enough o
this. You remember it all and wil
see to it that it will never again occur
The great danger which threatens th<
people of the United States is the powe
of the Trusts. Corporations owe thei
existence to Acts of the State Legisla
ture, or Congress. They derive thei
corporate existence and powers ther
from the people through their represen
tatives. This being the case, shoul<
the creature be allowed to use thos
powers to the detriment of the creator
the people? Fortunately in this State
under the Act of 1841 which was mad
a~part of the Constitution of 1868, th
state reserves the right with all corpor
ations to alter or amend their charters
so that a check is held upon thos
created here. Unfortunately, however
the corporations doing the most damn
age and which are liable to absori
everything in their line and out of it
to the detriment of the people, as is th
case with the Standard Oil Company
get their existence in States where th
same checks do not prevail. Thei
what is to be done to protect individ
uals, competing corporations, and th
general public from their rapacity an<
cormorant policy ? Aggregation c
wealth carries with it a power thati
dangerous in the extreme, a power cal
culated to depress the market wheni
sees proper, to freez~e out and destro;
campetition, and once competition i
frozen out and destroyed, then to rais
prices to an extent calculated to caus
*the general public to pay tribute to th
destroyer, so as to be a burthen unbear
able in the extreme.
We select the Standard Oil Compan;
simply because at this time it seems F
be the strongest and most dangerou
corporation, and because, too, it deal
in those articles, next to bread, mea
and clothing, most used by the publi<
and oecause, too, it is such a-cormoran
that it seems not to be satisfied that I
controls the coal oil and cotton seed oi:
but also is disposed to enter the gas an<
other fields, as is evidenced by its gel
ting control of the gas companies of S1
Louis and possibly other cities. Th
next more will no doubt be, followin;
the acquisition and control of the Ohi
oil fields, the attempt to control the oj
fields of the Indian Territory, th.e ricl:
est oil fields possibly in the Cnite
States. They attempted- a few year
ago to lease those lands from the Indi
ans, ostensibly for the purpose of gra2
ing grounds for cattle, but really to se
cure the oil. In this they were foilec
we believe, by the Interior Departmen
at Washington refusing to consent to il
We have heard that the cotton see
oil mills in this State outside of the tw
Trusts are unable to dispose of their oi
because of the control and power of th
Trusts. If this be true, it means rui
to those mills and will stop the buili
ing of others. At would not surprise t
in the end to see the Standard On Con
panry entering new fields in other ex
terprises not of a kindred character.
When they shall have controlled the
oil fields, ttey may attempt to control
the beef supply, the wheat and corn
supply, and so on adinfinitzm. Wealth
of this sort, also exerts an influence in
the politics of the country which is
dangerous to our principles of govern
ment and consequently to the rights of
the people. It seems to us that there
must be a remedy at the common law,
if not by statute, to stay their hands.
If there is it should be used and used
This being a government of the
r people by the people and for the people,
all rights must come from the people
and the people can consequently pro
tect themselves against anything and
everything calculated to subvert or des
troy their rights. Any corporate power
which becomes a monopoly and conse
1 quently a destroying agent of the rights
1 of others and a burthen to the general
r public is in conflict with the Constitu
tion of the United States and of that of
the States and should be throttled. The
general welfare of the people demands
it. In this government an individual
- or a corporation has the right to do as
he or it pleases so long as it pleases to do
right, to work no injury to the nation,
to the States, or to the people at large,
or to any individual citizen.
- The South Carolina Medical Associa
a tion met in Charleston last week. The
a attendarce was fair. It seems to us
that this body could do much more
L good if it would steer clear of legislation.
It must be remembered that there are
1 about six hundred practicing phy
a sicians in this State, and of this num
- ber about one-fifth belong to the Asso
t ciation and four-fifths do not. We
L took the position last year that the Act
3 of 1887 did not contemplate the exami
f nation of those young men from the
State who graduated at the Medical
- Colleges in or out of the State, by the
State Board, but that it was meant to
apply to citizens of other States coming
. into this State to practice medicine.
> The matter was carried to the Supreme
a Court and was decided as we thought
- that it would be. Not satisfied with
r this decision the association had the
r law amended again last winter, and
now every graduate, from the time of
. the passage of the Act, is required to
go before the State Board. It seems to
t us that this is wrong, for it is reason
able to suppose that the professors of
the Medical Colleges, who are trained
- in the business, and who are selected to
fill their chairs because of their ability,
e are better judges of the qualifications
> of the young men graduating from their
respective colleges than the State
a Board, none of whom are teachers. It
t would be well to have a Board in each
r State to examine the diplomas of those
I proposing to practice medicine, merely
> to see that they are from a reputable
icollege and that the holder is the bona
y fide holder of the same. This is as far as
- we can go in the matter.
,The South Carolina soldiers re
I eived marked attention in the inaugu
Sral procession in New York Tuesday.
I They were greeted with continued ap
Splause alogg the line. After all we hold
a great position in this nation.
3 The inauguration celebration in New
,York had good weather; it was the big
I gest thing of the kind New York hasi
>ever seen; Chauncey Depew made a
big speech, and President Harrison
Smade a little speech; one hundred thou
f sand men marched in the parade, and
it was in motion from 10.25 a. mn. to
.6.50 p. mn.; it was the grandest parade
of modern times..
Act,ive Chopping of thie Axe.
( Special Greenville News, 29t.h.]
-The government axe is now doing
some heavy chopping among the route
agents and in a very short time the
victors will surely have the spoils. E.
-X. Harper, postal clerk on the Savan
-nah Valley Railroad, has been removed
Sfrom his position. His successor is not
SR. J1. Hood, one of the popular and
,meritorious postal clerks on the Colum
Sbia and Greenville Road, has received
Snotice of his removal, and his successor
is also unknown. It is thought that the
- wholesale removal of the route agents
,h begun. Mr. WV. L. Dunnovant, who
a has been on the mail route between
Spartanburg and Augusta for a consi
'derrable time, and is an efficient officer,
- has come under the Republican guillo
) tine, and Adam Crews, of Laurens, has
been given his place. Our information
is that the record of Crews as a former
postal clerk is faulty, and that he has
little or no following even amongst
TAKING TH~E PLACES OF DEMfOCRATs.
- (Greenville News, 30th.]
SLaurence Jones, colored, the Re
I publican county chairman of Anderson
county, has received his appointment
as postal clerk on the Savannah Valley
railroad. He will succeed Route Agent
- Harper, only recently removed.
t Route Agent Fant, running between
here and Anderson, will step down and
rout to-day in favor of young Bryce, of
Walhalla, whose appointment has been
SScott Williamson, of this city, who
received his appointment last week es
postal clerk on the Columbia & Green
ville road, will on Wednesday assume
the run of Route Agent R. J. Hood,
who received notice of his removal a
few days ago.
S Mr. KnHlan Stinl Holds His Place.
t [Greenville News 26th.1
-Postal Agent Killian, who received
'notice sometime ago that his place on
the Greenville and Laurens route would
t be soon filled by a Republican, was
,much pleased a few days ago by receiv
ing a letter from Division Superinten
dent Terrell, of the Fourth Division,
~who stated that he had writ ten a letter
-to the general superintendent of the
e railway mail routes urging that Mr.
Kilian be reinstated in office, and he
felt reasonably certain that his request
would be granted. Mr. Killian's effi
1 ciency as a publhc officer and the lact
- that he was wounded in the service
Swere the reasons urged for his contin
uance in the position he now holds.
sMr. Killian received yesterday after
- noon a telegram from Supermtendent
- Terrell informing him that he had been
. reinstated by order of the General
Superintendent. The public in genera.
and the friends in particular of Mr.
t Killian will be glad of this piece of
.good news, and Superintendent Terrell
will be warmly applauded for the in
terest he has taken in the matter.
1, The North Caronina Exodus.
a RALEIGH, April 2.--Negroes from
.all parts of the State met here to-day
and organized the North Carolina
sEmigation Association. About 300
negroes were present, and nearly every
-county in the State was represented.
TILE FLIGHT FROM OKLAHOMA.
Arkansas City now as Crowded with Fngi
tives as it was a Week Ago with
CHICAGO, April 25.-An Arkansas
City, Kan. special says:
Chaos reigns, not only in Oklahoma,
but in the entire tributary country.
The railroad is prostrated. Communi
cations are entirely cut off. The Wes
tern Union with its crush of train dis
patching would not touch a message of
any other character in the Territory,
even if the earth had swallowed a town
site. Guthrie's back seems broken,
and there isa furious stampede to get
out. People there are wild from the
deprivations that the lack of shelter,
water and food imposes upon them.
To these distresses are added the mis
fortunes of temperature, heat and ab
sence of-means of flight,
When your correspondent reached
Wilcox Springs from Diamond Bar
Ranch he learned from dispatches that
neither north or south-bound passen
ger trains, shortly due, had been heard
from. An hour of waiting passed, when
a train of twenty cattle cars crept up
from the south. The ears were locked,
but upon the ro')fs, on the buffers, on
the tender, on the pilot and gangway
of the locomotive, and packed in and
upon the caboose, was a dense and
miserable throng of men. The train
from Guthrie had started with its
strange load at 6 o'clock in the evening.
It was useless to attempt to enforce the
laws restricting railroad travel. The
people were fleeing practically for their
lives. They had added to long periods
of privation the suffering of seventeen
hours without food or protection from
cold. No train had passed them and
none was in sight behind. They had
left a howling mob in Guthrie, batlhed
in its efforts to join in the flight.
The uselessness of proceeding to
Guthrie was apparent, and the corres
pondent secured a footing for one foot
and returned to this point with the
laggard train. Since dark other freight
trains have followed, having made
eighty-five miles from Guthrie in from
six to fourteen hours. The cars are
piled with fugitives, thirsty and famine
stricken, and Arkansas City is crowded
as it was before the descent. Some
experiences are pitiful.
A terrible storm last night raised the
miseries of Guthrie almost to horror. A
violent wind arose as the sun sunk and
filled the air with a stifling red alkali
dust that strews the plain. A deluge
of rain succeeded, and through the
night it beat upon thousands of shelter
The railroad is utterly incompetent
in the emergency, and is delivring
baggage ahd express too slowly to be of
any use to the unprotected. The fugi
tives cheer with joy as they alight heie,
and rush to dydrants and eating houses.
Curses are heaped upon the region; and
the Government marshals, Needletland
Jones, are excoriated without stint for
the theft of land, and the railroad is
denounced for its feebleservice. Guthrie
is without form. The original streets
have disappeared, and new sections are
being ploughed every hour, Values
have fallen to practically nothing, and
confidence is at a low ebb.
Those who are not going home an
nounced their intentions of moving up
on the Cherokee Strip, and report that
hundreds of boomers in wagons have
already done so. Scores of men sur
rounded their claims to lots in Guthrie
without effect to preserve or dispose of
them. The South bound passenger'
train arrived after time crowded with
pilgrims for Guthrie, and few could be
persuaded by the lamentations of the
fugitives. It is impossible to predict
what the next few days will develop.
FIRST NATURAL DEATH IN THE TERRI
Crkansas April 25.-A special from
ArassCity says: The first natural
death in Oklahoma occurred at Okla
homa City yesterday. Thomas O'Neill,
a young married man from Marshall,
Mssouri, died of congestive chill
brought on by exertion and exposure.
Many cases of pneumonia are reported.
OKLAHOMA's FIRsT BABY.
KANSAs CITY, Mo., April 25.-A
Times special from King Fisher says
that the tirrt baby wvas born yesterday.
It first saw the light of the world in a
wagon, and it was christened Oklahoma
Lewis. Its parents are from Texas.
31ERRITT'S FIGURES DISCREDITED.
ARKANSAS CITY, Kan., April 25.
Gen. Merritt's report of the number in
Oklahoma is incomprehensible. The
estimate here is that 15,000 people are
now in Gurhrie, and more than 50,000
in the Territory. Nearly twice.as many
as he allows for the whole Territory left
this place at one time. and are still
TO BE DRIVEN OUT OF THE STRIP.
ST. LOUIs, April 25.-The Republic
Arkansas City, Kan., special says. "The
refugees tbat left Oklahoma and took
up quarters in Cherokee are to be driven
from their present place. Orders to
that effect has been issued by Gen. Mer
ritt and Capt. Hays expects to carry
them out in a day or two.
THE FAM[INE IN GUTHREE.
KANSAs CITY, April 25.-At Guthrie
yesterday one man sold thirty barrels
of bread, five cent loaves sellhng at fif
teen cents or two for a quarter. The
supply ran out, and while people were
willing to pay exorbitant prices it could
not be had at all. Crackers found ready
sale at a dollar and a half a pound. A
grocer announced that he had given
fifty dollars for the privilege of breaking
the car which contained his stock. He
soon made it up.
LEASING FROM1 THE INDIANS.
KANsAs CITY, April 2.5.-A Times's
special from Purcell says: Thousands of
disappointed home seekers returning
from Oklahoma are obtaining leases
from the Indians in the Cherokee,Choc
taw and Creek nations. Many of the
Indians welcome the white settlers and
some are said to favor an allotment in
severalty of their entire reservation.
GTHRIE's CHIANGING CROWD.
GUTHR:E, April 25.-Despite the fact
that every train takes out a large num
her of dissatisfied settlers, every train
brings in as many more. So there is
little change in the actual number here.
LIFE IN OKLA HOMA.
[From the Arkansas Dcmocrat.]
The pop of the festive revolver and
the. bang of the long range Winchester
continue to make things lively in Okla
homa. The jack rabbitt turns his long
ears back on his side and niakes his
flight as the army of t lie invaders, thick
as the locusts o,f Egypt, pounce downi
on the land. They wrangle and quarrel
over squatter claims,. firearms aTE
brought into requisition, and the greer
grass of the prairies is crimnsoned withI
the blood of the boomer. Stay in Arkan
Mr. J. P. Jones, a large manufacturei
of cotton in Philadelphia, has contract
ed to move his plant in that city, valued
at $400,000, to Florence, Ala., and the
F. H. Foster Manufacturing Company
of Trenton, N. JT., have remnoved all
their madhinery for the manufacture o1
hardware, valued at $800,000, to the
same city. The growth of Florence has
been phenomenal within the past
twelve months. Since September 1,
188$, 2,380,000 new capital has been in
vested there in manufactures, and over
$300,000 in real estate. The population
of the city is now between 7,000 and
8,000. A year ago it was less than 2,000.
Eight hundred houses, it is said, have
been built in four months, and 500) more
are being erected.
HOW. GEN. PRYOR WAS CAPTUBEED.
An Eye-Witness of the Incident Befutes
Some False Rumors.
PETERSBURG, VA., April 24.-Mrs.
Mary Blair Payor Walker, a daughter
of Gen. Roger A. Pryor, and a resident
of Petersburg, published the following
to-day, exonerating her father from the
charge of desertion:
PETERSBURG VA., BOLLINGBROOK
HOTEL, April 23, 18.9.-Editor Index
Appeal: I am in receipt of the inclosed
afidavit voluntarily contributed by a
Federal soldier, who seems to have
judged General Pryor's honor a dearer
thing than any of his Southern brothers
May I beg, in his name, that you give
this room in to-morrow's issue, saying
to the public that, though only adaugh
ter in a land full of his kindred, I can
not silently sit and see the white purity
of his past sullied by one of the men
whose homes he gave his all to save.
MARY BLAIR PRfOR WALKER.
State of New York, city and County of
New York :
George Stanton, now a resident of
the County of Hudson, State of New
Jersey, being duly sworn, says that he
served during the late war as a private
in Company I, Thirty-ninth New Jer
sey Volunteer Infantry of the United
Ststes service; that during the fall of
the year 1864, in the mionth of Septem
ber or October, he was on duty as
picket guard on the left of the. Union
line in front of Petersburg before Pop
lar Grove Church, about 3 or 4 o'clock
on Sunday afternoon. While on picket I
saw the capture of Gen. Roger A. Pr or,
of the Confederate Army. The Gen
eral rode up to the Confederate rifle pit,
nearly opposite to where I was posted.
He dismounted from his iron-gray
horse, leaving it at the Confederate pit,
and, giving the usual signal for ex
change of papers and tobacco between
the picket line, he slowly advanced
across the internening distance towards
the Federal line. A Lieutenant of the
Seventeeth Vermont Volunteers ad
vanced to meet him. It was over an
open field, with a little valley between
the line. Gen. Pryor, dressed in gray
uniform, slouched hat and military
overcoat, with cape, had advanced
more than half way to our lines when
he met the Lieutenant. The General
had no arms visible, his pistol being
under his buttoned overcoat. Sudden
ly the Lieutenant seized the General b"
the right hand with his left hand,
holding a pistol in his own right hand,
and brought him into our lines. Re
sistance would have been useless, of
course. After reaching our picket line
a guard was detailed to take him tc
brigade headquarters. It had been
customary to exchange newspapers for
tobacco and coffee along the picket
line when there was no firing goin
on. The Divisio General of the Sec
ond Division, Nimo h Army Corps, tc
which I was :u:ached, was Robert
Potter. The ca o a ie of General Pryoi
was made in reiali:u ion for the capture
of a Union officer made the day before
by the Confederate pickets.
Sworn to before me this 22d day of
April, 1889, O. H. Sanderson, Notary
Public, New York City.
The address of the above George
Stanton is New Durham Postoffice,
Hudson County, N. J., and he is a
member of Ellsworth Post, No. 14, G.
A. R., Department of N ew Jersey.
GEN. HEMPHILL IS WILLING TO DC
To the Editor of the News and Courier:
In the Abbeville Medium, of April.4, .1
said Gen. Roger A. Pryor had no right
to speak for the South, because he had
abandoned our army in the face of the
enemy at Petersburg. I also gave the
circumstances of his leave-taking as
narrated by Lieut Reeder, or Orr-e
Rifles, at the time of the occurrence.
G.en. Pryor replies by saying that he
was treacherously made a.prisoner.
I would not do him an injustice, and
I trust that in the end he may be coim
If I have made a mistake I will
cheerfully correct it, but I beg to say
that a number of facts in my possessiol
seem to confirm the statement made b.y
me aud to demonstrate that it wa.
neither rash nor malicious. In a shorl
time I will have something more t<
say about the motter.
Ro;ERCT R. H EMPIIi LL.
Abbeville, S. C., April 27.
DUDLEY WRITES ANOTHER LETTER~
The Blocks of Five Man Mourneth-No
Influence with Brother Ben but
Hoping for Better Times.
WASH INGTON, A pril 25.-What po ur
ported to be a letter from WV. W. Dud
cy to an old friend in Indiana was pub
lished this morning here and elsewher
in the country. D udley pronounce
it a "cold forgery," and producec
his letter book, from which he permit
ted an Associated Press reporter to cop3
the genuine document. It is as fol
"WASHINGTON, April 15, 1889.-S
D. Van Pelt, Esq., Anderson, Ind.
Dear Old Sam: Your good letter of th4
26th of March got in good time, but i
found me absent.
HIS SOUTHERN TRIP A RELIEF.
"I have recently returned from a trij
to to the South, where I went on legal
business, and had a good time and
little rest from the crowds of peopli
who throng my office from morning til]
night, and from the mountains of let
ters which pile on my desk every day
Yours got into the pile where I rescued
it to-night, and I hasten to sayho
much good it has done me to hear fron
you again. There is nothing I should
like better than to do something for you
Sam, but I am afraid you greatly over
state my influence. Your old friend
IReed has placed his pension in my
hands, and I am working away at it
to get it soon.
BROTHER BEN IsUNGRATEFUL.
"Perhaps there is no one in the coun:
try who has done as much for Genera:
Harrison during the last twenty years
as I have; but because our democrati<
friends down in Indianapolis havy
started a hue and cry on me, .Brothel
Ben does not seem to feel that he car
afford to recognize me as an acquain
tance, and, consequently, I don't take
dinner at the White House, as imigh
be expected. I have not been inside th'
White House since Cleveland's inaugu
ration, little over four years ago; but]
will see if somnet.hing cannot be dont
ittle latter on, and tell you what t<
KEEP UP YOUR SPIRITS, SAM.
"If you should not hear from me
again, Sam, for the niext two months
don't be alarmed, for there will be jus
as god chan~ces two months hence, ani
a little better, as there are now. Giv
my kind regards to all the boys at An
erson and remember me always a
your friend. WV. WV. DUDLEY.
An Editor Robbed.
CH ATTA NooGA, April 28. - Mr
Adolph S. Ochs, proprietorof the Times
was held up last night by footpaids
About 8.30 o'clock, as he was on hi
way from his residence to his office
wo men stepped out of an alley, and
ach presenting a pistol, demanded hij
money. They went through his pock~
ets but offered him no violence.
F~ortunately he had nothing on his
person of any special value, and he
passed on his way. During the opera
tion of holding up his hands Mr. Ochi
dropped his cane, which, after he hat
started off, one of the robbers politel:
picked up and handed to him.
Death or President Barnard.
NEW YORK, April 2.-Presiden
Barnard, of Columbia College died thi
afternoon. He has been ill for som
WEEDING OUT DEMIOCRATS.
Yesterday Closed the Rule of the Spolsman
on the Railway Mali Service.
[From the New York Times.]
WASHINGTON, April 27.-Superin
tendent J. Laurie Bell, of the railway
mail service, has only two more work
ing days in which to run down and re
move Democratic employees, so that
Republicans may taker heir places with -
out being troubled by the civil service
law. President Harrison has been urged
to extend the time when the railway
mail service is to be placed under the
civil service rules anl regulations, so
that Mr. Bell might fiuish the work of
dismissing Democrats to make room
for Republicans, Postmaster General
Wanamaker, it is asserted, has endorsed
the proposed extension of time, and he
visited the White House to-day to plead
for a little more time. Civil Service
Commissioner Lyman was also a White
House caller, and from him the Presi
dedt learned that everything was in
readiness to apply the merit system to
the railway mail service. As the result
of the two interviews with Gen. Harri
son, Mr. Wanamaker is quoted as say
ing: "The civil service rules will shel
ter the railway mail service on and
after Wednesday next." After that
day, therefore, Superintendent Bell
must content himself with reinstating
only such Republicans as were dis
missed by the last Administration after
May 1, 1888.
The good Mr. Wancaiaker can take
hold of his Sabbath-school work to
morrow with the happy consciousness
that as Postmaster General he has this
week broken the record for making
rapid changes of postmasters. The 188
Republicans named to-day, to take
places of as many Democratic post
masters, brings the total for the week
up to 1,016. This is 61 better than last
week, when 955 changes were made.
The postmaster general is undoubtedly
proud of his success as a headsman, and
each of the removed postmasters will
fully understand what the President
meant when he said that "only th'
interests of the public service should
suggest the removal from office."
Suicide In Columbia.
[Special to News and Courier.]
COLUMBIA, April 30.-The half holi
days has proved too much for at least
one Columbian. Hugh McIntyre, a na
tive of Ireland, attempted to kill him
self to-day by cutting his throat with a
razor. He was suffering with delirium
tremens and was under the delusion
that he was to be hung. A friend gave
him a narcotic and put him to bed.
Thinking that he bad gone to sleep his
friend left him, but was notified in a
few minutes that Mcintyre had cut
his own throat. Such yas found to be
Dr. W. B. Lester was summoned and
hastened to the dying man. Dr. Lester
was soon joined by Dr. Taylor. They
found McIntyre almost pulseless, lying
in a pool of blood. When the physicians
arrived the bloo<i had about ceased to
flow. By vigorous measures he has
recovered somewhat and possibly may
When his friend returned to the room
in which he had left McIntyre he found
him lying on the floor, face downwards,
with a razor by his side. The wound
was about two and one-half inches long
across the front of the throat, the
larynx being grazed.
McIntyre has been in this country for
about ten years. He has spent most of l
that time in Union, but is at present in
the employ of Mr. D). C. Flynn in this3
McIntyre died to night at 10 o'clock
from loss of blood, the heart refusing to
[Mr. McIntyre, who had been a resi
dent of Union and New berry where
Mr. Flynn had stores, went to Colum
bia in January last and had a room in
the building next South of Wright's
His Debut in Charleston -He Will Soon
* Visit the Up-Country.
CH Ar LsToN, A pril 20.-Everybody
here is talking about the Howren new
departure. The audience at the Grand
Opera House yesterday was a phenom
enal one. It was composed largely of
ladies, but a considerable number of
men were present too. It was in many
respects a remarkable address. Opinion
seems about equally divided here as to
whether he will be able to hold out in
is new departure or not. If he does
ho.d out he will make a brilliant suc
cess in his new profession.
No one who heard his address yes
terday doubts this. A dozen news
paper men sat on the stage with him.
There were no ministers present. He
was introduced to the audience, which
numbered upwards of 1,500 persons, by
the Register correspondent who had
known him ever since he first camne to
Charleston. He spoke for over two
hours and without tiring his audience.
The man has a wonderful flow of im
agery and some of his word painting
is wonderfully touching. Before clos
ing, some of his friends took up a col
lection, which realized about $60, which
he says he intends to pay his way from
town to town on an evangelistic tour.
Mangied In a Saw Mil.
[News and Courier, 28th.]
Wmn Cumbee, a man employed at the
saw mill of Venniug & Ed monston, at
Mount Pleasant, wa terribly injured
yesterday by an accident while at work
in the mill. The accident occurred
about 6 o'clock in the afternoon, and
when at8 Cunmbee was brougnt to the
city on the ferry boat and sent up to the
City Hospital in an ambulance his left
leg~was literally hanging from his body
by a small piece of flesh, having been
b)roken, mangled and crushed by the
leathern belt used to run the machinery.
ISo great was the power of the machine
ry that after Cumbee's leg had been
crushed between the belt and the wheel
he was carried up to the ceiling by the
revolutions of the wheel and there held
Sometime after his arrival at the
Hospital Cumbee was operated upon by
Dr. Parker, aind his injured,-leg ampu
tated above the knee. So severe is the
injury and shock, however, thatserious
doubt is entertained of his'recovery.
- Trouble in Laurens.
[Laurens Ad vertiser, 1st.]
Trouble was precipitated between the
negroes and whites at Enoree on Satur
Iday last, in which three white men
Iwere shot. It seems that a little boy,
Sthe son of Dr. Toland, was, being har
-assed by a little negro, and passed near
Ia white man by the name of Brown,
who told him not to run from the negro,
ut to fight him. This aroused the ne
gros standing near and a fight ensued.
Later in the night, shots were fired by
Ithe negroes. upon a party of men who
had nothing to do with the quarrel an,d
-three were serlously wounded. One
Swas struck by a ball in the abdomen.
one on the arm, and the others on the
forehead. The white men were unarm
Sed, and only returned the fire with
-brikbats, without effect. At last ac
counts all was quiet, and an investiga
Stion will be instituted.
- Ex-Presldenlt Cleveland.
In a letter to the Manhattan Club'
Tthanks them for the honor they pay
him in naming him as a life member,
but says he would rather not be a dead
head in the organization merely on
I.account of his official standing. He
desires to become an active member and
to continue his old custom of payingI
'his own way.
to readers of
The Herald and News!
Read This Through;
It Will Surely Interest You.
will buy 14 Rolls Gold
'Paper and Border
* enough for a 12%12
room, beautiful patterns.
will buy a 0 piece bed room
suit, 12x20 glass, cane seat
,hairs and rockers; whole suit
onsists of one bureau, one
washstand, one centre table,
our cane seat chairs, one cane
In addition to the above I
have an elegant line of walnut,
)ak, mahoganized and imitation
walnut suits, wood and marble
$7.25 $8 50 $10.00
will buy elegant willow baby
arriage?s with parasols.
6 25 OLLARS $6.25
will cover your 15x15 ft. floor
with nice china matting.
will buy a carpet
15x15 ft. which will
abe made and sent
ead to put down, including
$1.00 will buy the best
shade you ever saw on spring
00 Shades on spring rol
lrs at 50c each.
or a 5 hole cooking range, 53
peces furniture. $8.00 for No.
stove with 20 pieces furni
Wheeler & Wilson
Ofor a Plush Parlor
suit 7 pieces solid
I have everything needed in
our house, no matter what it
s. Catalogue free.
L. F. PADGETT,
10 & 1112 Broad Street,
At the last session of the Legislature
special acts were passed for the forma
tion of new school districts in al
most every portion of the State. So
numerous were the petitions for these
school districts that the legislature
deemed it best to pass an omnibus bill
by which the people of any section of
any portion of the State can form a dis
In a great many of the districts formed
by special acts, a 3 mill tax was author
ized to be collected to supplement the
constitutional tax. In some districts
only, 11 mills was authorized to be col
By the omnibus bill the trustees of
any school district, upon the written
request of a majority of resident free- I
holders of the age of 21 and over shall
call a meeting of taxpayers at any time
before the first day of June of each
year, which meeting must be advertised
in a county paper two weeks previous,
or posted in three conspicuous places in
the district to be organized. At this
meeting a special tax of two mills, and
two mills only, can be levied for school
purposes. This tax must be levied
If the people of any section wish a
new school district, they have the right
to go ahead and form it.
They should seriously consider, how
ever, whether the tax is sufficient to
meet the demand. They should not
be too hasty in the matter, failing to
take everything into consideration.
It takes a considerab1e amount of
property before any great amount can
be realized from a two mill tax.
At the last legislature two new dis
tricts were formed in our county, with
the power to levy three mills to supple
ment the constitutional tax.
We are glad to know that our people
are beginning to feel more and more
the importance of educating their chil
dren. They cannot take too great an
interest in this matter.
In estimating the results of their
work, too little allowance is generally
made for the difficulties of country
school teachers. In many localities
proper classification is impossible i
consequence of the limited supply of
books, and, without classification little
progress can be expected. The short
term, too, discourages all schemes for'
advancement. Then, again, in sparely
settled communities, where the chil
dren have long distances to travel, and
sometimes over bad roads, irregularity
of attendance is almost unavoidable.
Add to this in some places, poorly
equipped and uncomfortable school
houses, and we have a picture of what
is truly teaching under diiculties.
Let us think of these thingsand give to
such teachers the sympathy they de
serve. Let us use our influence to ed
ucate public sentiment to make such a
state of things impossible.-Cor. School
Those who have attended the asso
ciation most regularly are among the
energetic,.active and progressive teach
ers of our county. They have by ex
perience learned that teachers' meet
ings are not only interesting but profi
table. They feel the need of method
in our schools; they know that system
is what we want and what we must
have, consequently they attend the
association to learn what is the best
course to pursue.
The next meeting will be held on
3rd Saturday in M'~ay, at Newberry.
Let us have a full attendance, and each
one will go away feeling. that "it was
good to be there."
The great majority of the teachers
of the county now have vacation. It
would be well for them to improve
their time during vacation so that they
will be better prepared for their work
when the fall term opens. They shoud
attend as many institutes and associa
tions as they can giduring the summer
What does the expression "He who
runs may read" wean ? -We ask.the
question because we have lately noticed
a very strange weaning given to the
GRADY VERSUs DEPEWV.
The E::pc ted sensation at the Southern
Society Dinner in New York To-Morrow
[Special to the News and Courier.]
NEw YORK, April 30-Owing to the
universal bigness of the Centennial cel
ebration it is hard to say that any fea
ture engages special attention ; but the
plans of the Southern Society officers to
banquet the 'Southern Governors and
other distinguished guests on Thurs
day night is certainly holdiing its own
in popular interest. That entertain
ment was given a new chance to-day
when the committee of arrangements
urged and succeeded in persuading
Henry W. Grady to remain in Ne
York and attend the dinner. Hisa4
ceptance of the invitation comm
him to a speech on the occasion aU
necessarily pits him against Chaunc~
These two famous orators have never
met, and everybody is wondering
whether or not Georgia's, champion
will lose any laurels or win new ones
in this chance match against New
York's most eloquent speaker. What
ever the verdict may be, the listeners
are guaranteed the.rare treat of hearing
the two distinguished talkers at their
best. Eaehl will be on his mettle to
make an effort worthy of liis rivalry.
President Harrison must necessarily
return to Washington io-merrow, and
therefore cannot possibly be present.
Vice President Morton will attend and
make the opening speech of the even
ing. Mr. Depew will follow him and
Mr. Grady will c'me after Mr. Depew.
Mr. Depew will probably speak to the
toast. "New York to Southerners who
have made this their home." Mr.
Grady will respond to the sentiment,
"The absent ones-our kindred and
friends in the South."
To Predict the Weather Two or Three
WASHINGTON, A pril 29.-Beginning
on May 1st the signal service will,
whenever practicable, make a general
prediction .showing the condition of
the weather two or three days in ad
vance. These predictiobs will -be
furnished at the same time as the regu
lar detailed indications, but. will not
appear regularly, so that their non
appearance will signify nothing more
than that tbe indications offical did
not think it judicious to make a pre
Death of a Lexingtonian.
Mr. J. E. Huffman, a well-known
citizexa of Lexington county, died yes
terday at his home there after a brief
illness. He was one of the oldest and
most progressive farmers of the count y
and was generally esteemed.
Edgenlid's Bright Future.
President McCaughrin, of the New
Berry Bank and Cotton Factory, was
one of the delegates to the Presbytery
which met at this place last week. This
gentleman expressed the opinion while
here, that Edgefield had a bright future
before her, none better in the State, and
that time and effort was all thait was
necessary to develop her natural re.
sources. We mention this because we
do not know a man in the whole State,
whose prognostications on such a mat
ter we would sooner'believe than Pres
ident McCaughrin's,-Edgefield Advei,
............-- - - - - -
Death of_ the Hon., W. H. Rsanum.
NEW YoRK, April 30.-The Hon W11
lam H. Barnum, chairman ofthe Na
tional Democratic committee, died at
Lime Rock at 9.45 this morning. Mr.
Barnum had been confined to his bed
but or three days,;but for the past forty
eight hours his death had been expected
momentarily. He was ,ut for the last
time on Friday last, when he sat on the
piazza in the atternoon for an hour. On
Saturday he was taken with a bad spell
and it was apparent from the first that
be could not recover. Hehad been very
feeble ever since his sickness during the
campaign. He was then taken sick in
New York, and for two weeks it was
thought he could not recover. He had
been able to ride out for several weeks
past up to Friday. and although he was
very feeble he was thought to be on the
road to recovery.
Can Walk Though 120 Years Old.
A communication in the New York
Tribune from a Mr. Cash, of Spartan
burg, S. C., read: An old colored wo
ran, Phoebe Collins, who'lives in this
city, was baptized recently at the
Mount Moriah Baptist Church by the
Rev. G. F. Mills, at the age 120. I am
told that she is almost blind and can
walk about a little over the floor. She
says that she can remember well the
day when George Washington was
inaugurated in 1789. Of course her age
is computed froni what her people told
her; that is, the people whom she be
longed to in slavery times."
Sund.y on the Railroads.
MoNTREAL, April 25.-General Man
ager Bickson, of the Grand Trunk Rail
road, has ordered tnat no freight trains
be run on Sunday, with the exception
of those carrying prhable goods. It
is stated that the Delaware and Hud
son is also in sympathy with the move
NO MORE SUNDAY TRAINS.
ST. Louis, Mo, April 27,-The Tion
Mountain Railway, (apart of the Mis
souri Pacific system,) has given notice
that all unnecessary Sunday train ser
vice, both passenger and freights. will
be discontinued on that road after May
1st and that only trainsrconveyinglive
stock or perishable freight will be per
mitted to run.
Jacksonville's Health Outlook.
JACKSONV.LLLE, FLA., April 26.
Surgeon General Hamilton arrived here .
at ioon and will leave for New York
in the morning. To-night he is in con
ference with the State health officers.
To a reporter of the Times-Union he
said he did not apprehend the recun-,
rence of yellow fever in Jasksonville, as,
if -there was any -virtue in fumigation -
and sanitationf the infection been
A Reported Dark Horse for the District
It is rumored around among the
knowing ones that there is a dark
horse in the race for the United States
District Attorneyship for the State. It
is also reported that he is backed by
Judges Bond and Simonton and is,
therefore, a likely dark horse. The
confidential man who whispered this
to a News reporter said it was his opin
ion that St. Julian Mitchell,. of Char
eston, was~ the alleged choice of the
two Judges. Mr. Mitchell is a good
Democrat and there may be no foundai
tion for the rumor, but it is given for
what it is worth.
(NE second-hand Cardwell Thresher
almost as good s
NOTICE is ~ 189
N accordan instruc
regulating the eneras
of New berry - of the sat
market buil for- the i
1889, at OUSEAL, :
marke ~ : Audi
with - ACT
B ~ poved Lands whi
1 n theTaX Books
1 ie Listed Without Penal
tBe it eacted by
ad House of Rpeett
sate of South Crlina,
sitting -in General Assie
ythorily of the same.
Wcases where unimproved
ieh has not been on the tax
rce the fiscal year commencing
er 1st, 1875, and which are n
orfeited list, shall at any ti
he 1st day of October, 1888,
to the County Auditor -for
*hesaid Auditor be, and
e ited to assess. the
upon the du,ia
3 TON $35.
e n aent on s opr , i g nti .
^Wh:r C UMPT.
MADE WITH B01UNG WATER.
MADE WITH SOILING MIL.
kneute,Seiatie, $hooting, 5barW.
and Muscular Pr'ins and Weaknss, Back
Ache, Uterine and Chest pains, relini
one umnte by the
Cuticura Anti-Pain Plaster. The,
and only - instantaneous pkn-kI1llg
tente1gplaster. 15 cents-.fve lor$LN
Atunlsa or of PorERz .n A8UG
33Dtaost sm na pass.
----, pnmuiing s