Newspaper Page Text
- IC 15 A0EA
NEWBERRY. S. C., THURSDAY, OCTOBER 24. 1889
g, oan bought a
prices averaged about
on bringing 10.
*as been much negoti
bie Alliance men and
the stored bales. The
t satisfied with the
trharged a combination
members finally met
sell their cotton el_e
era deny any eombi
on the contrary, that
bly competitors among
ae buyer to-day offered
4 take their entire lot on.
BOYCOTT THE MARKET.
S. C., Oct. 17.-The
hauling away their
in-obedience to the, reso
jyesterday. Some of it
go to the factories direct,
be-carried home by the
haps find its way here
utions aedopted by the
not only to the 264
but looked further to
tt of this market, and
ethat no- more cotton. be
sale. They stated the
iance that a combina
o injure the order by
the price of Alliance
.s the substance- of the
grievance seems to be
and the Alliance grader
yig 'the bales. B. B.
however, to take
here yesterday at 9.60
means 9.97k for strict
a price which no other
venture to offer, and
rvative cotton men say was
Gramling could safely pay
w of selling again. This
Eiade on their own grading.,
-says he would have had
the lot, but thinks -that on
he would- have put the
rae the dissatisfaction of their
'"-.eds is vei..much regretted
"i!3e.It is difficult to
.he re~canbe any com
the bufers, who cer
the sharpest-rivalry as a
nt conflicting interests.
io see also how the boycott
$ ilbried out, or exactly what its
eel be if carried out. The bulk
othe6tton brought here is taken by
ourocal mills, and it makes little
difference whether they buy it at their
doors1or through their buyers in Spar
ibiirg. It may save them freight.
=-The c6tton bought here for 'the, mills
don't le-avegmuch money - in town.
They keep::their buyers and oJficers
. TE ALLIANCE REsOLUTIONS.
HEADQUASiTER.S OF SPARTANBURG )~
ComeTY FARM%ERS' A LLIANCE,
W. Me/immerman, Financial Agt.)
"SPABTANBUEG, S. C., Oct. 16, '88.
"Greenville News:-I am authorized
to send you the resolution below.
Agenit Spartanburg County Alliance."
-"Wiheress we, the members of the
-Farmeds Alliance, repre-senting two
hundred and thirty-four bales of cotton,
which was properly graded by an ex
perienced:member of the Alliance long
ani the-business, and off'ered for sale in
the Spartanburg market yesterday and
to-day,:firmly believing from all we
can learn-and from all indications that
there'is a deliberate attempt amongjhe
cotton buyers and cotton mills to
cripple our orders and to defeat our co
operative plan of grading and selling
"-Therefore, be it resolved, that we
take our cotton off the market and sell
in some:other market, and recommend
that nembers of the Alliance hereafter,
as far as possible, keep their cotton
5ayfromi the Spartanburg market."
RAULING IT BACK HO3ME.
[Special-to the Greenville News.1
GBER's, S. C.. 16.-This has been a
grand gala day for Greer's. From early
morn till night the Farmers' Alliance
bega'n to "let her roll" and she did roll
until.400 bales of cotton in solid phalanx
-dresse4n -Alliance uniform and old
.jutepulled into) the public square to
await the arrival of the 2.20 p. mn. train
and Mr. Sims from Greenville to clas's
ify the Allance cotton before any was
sold. Bida before he arrived ranged
-.from 't 9.50, but no go. Mr. Sims
came. Every man sampled his cotton
where it-was classed ini bulk, with
each man's name on his sample, and
the ~buyers invited in one by one to
bid on the different grades. The high
est average bid was 9.8, which was
promply declined by the cotton comn
miittee, and a regular stampede of:
wagons ensued, moving in every di
Tection until 200 to 250 bales rolled out
of towin to be held for ten cents. A fter
tho adjournment 100 to 150 bales were
sold at 6.65 to 91 or dumped on the: old
field. Thus enided the greatest cotton
day Greer's has ever witnessed in its
history, and it is but just to say never
Wa there greater confusion and dissat
-'isfction to both buyer and seller.
Long-live the farmers, but save us from
----another day of such chaos and discord!
A perceptible emotion was on the faces
o menbans as t y-saw hundreds of
-oaa ut of town in cotton that
-them for supplies and much
just now to pay their debts.
his will end and the final re
in yet to be seen,
e'bales were brought
o-day and were offered
y the Alliance. Wr M.
Co., offered 9.683. The bid
jeeted by the committee. Forty
ee bales were sold, thirty of which
were brought by Alliance men. About
.sixty-five more bales were on hand by
samples. The cotton . not sold was
SOMETHING MORE INTERESTING TO
GAFFNEY, Oct. 16.-Monday being the
day set for the Alliance of this part of
the county to sell cotton, was a day
long to be remembered here, as one of
unusual crowd and bustle. Early in the
morning the wagons began to roll in,
and by noon the square was packed.
Up to that time no satisfactory arrange
ment had been made, and it seemed
that it was likely that no sale would be
made, but Carroll & Stacy finally took
the lot at 9.85,.and from that time until
nine o'clock at night there was a rush
of weighing and grading. About -260~
bales were disposed of, although some
was stored, and the whole amount on
the market probably 'reached three
hundred bales, two-thirds of which
vas covered with -catton.
Some Thoughts on Educatlon.
To the Editor of The Herald and
News : Perhaps the greatest and most
serious question of the day is involved
in the word education. It is a subject
that has engaged the attention of intel
ligent people for centuries, and yet,
with all the enlightenment of the
nineteenth century, there is very much
concerning this great subject that is
still to be learned.
Many definitions have been given to
the word education, and none seem to
fully convey the meaning that we gen
erally give it. }
We find it to be derived from two
latin words e, out and- ducere to lead:
hence, to lead out. We, therefore,. need
another word combined with it to fully
convey the meaning we generally ap
ply to it. I would suggest the Latin
word meus, the . mind, together with
the former words which would give us
the new word emenducation, meaning
the act of drawing or leading out the
mind or in, general terms a develop
ment of the mental faculties. We
might say that education helps to
mold and fashion, in certain definite
ways,,no less a complex being than a
human being withIs various physical,
intelleetual and moral capabilities, so
as-to fit him& tonfudl1.the-highest func
tions of his. destiny.
Now, in order to acquire this educa
tion, one thing is absolutely necessary,
and that is a teacher; not. necessarily a
being like ourselves, but nevertheless
it must be a teacher. The observing
mind is constantly surrounded by one
great teacber, namely, nature, which
is God's great store house of knowledge,
and from which we have the privilege
of "culling the purest gems of truth
and beauty from the infinite realms of
A stunted sprout never makes a
thrifty tree, neither will a d warfed in
tellect reach those rare attainments" of
which the well trained mind is capable.
The natural conclusions therefore are,
that good teaching is necessary for
Much has been said and written on
nethods of teaching, but methods as
they are generally understood, are of
minor importance to the how' to teach.
In all good teaching two things are
necessary: 1st. The subject must he
preented to the pupil's miind in such a
form that he will be able to grasp it,
anaI 2nd. The subject must be prop
erly cultivated. The presentation of a
subject is sometimes called lecturing.
If the teacher does all the talking him
self and allows his pupils to sit idle,
perhaps gazing out of the window, his
time and efforts will be unavailing.
A teacher must obtain and hold the
attenti6n of his class if he wishes to be
successful. Trhe deductive method of
teaching stands first in imiportance,
(i. e.) leading the'child's mind from the
known to t he unknown.
A Southern educator has said: "Con
stant repetition of what is taught is the
secret of success in the school room."
A teacher who goes to extremes in
either lecturing or drilling will make
almost a signal failure. While drilling
i necessary to fix in the mind princi
pes learned at some future lesson, there
must also he something new learned
to keep this knowledge acquired fresh
in the pupil's mnind. Perhaps I nwy
be misunderstood here. [ do not mean
that eerything learned must he repro
duced at each recitation, but that the
leadig principles upon which other
things depend, as in science an d mxathe
inaties. E. J. Bp.owNxE
From the Bar to the Pulpit.
Col. R. A. Child, of Pic-kens, one of
the amost talented lawyers of tipper
South Carolina, has decided to go from
the bar to the pulpit. At the Quarterly
Conference at Pickens on last Saturday
Mr. Child was recoinumended to the
Annual Conference, soon to convene,
for admission into the traveling con
nection. He has sold his valuable law
library to his partner, Janies P. Cary,
Esq., and will at once enter upon his
ministerial duties. He has been an
able local preacher in the Methodist
Church for some time, and now that lie
relinquishes the law and devotes all his
time and talent to the preaching of the
Gospel, we predict for him a career of
IS SOCIETY CORRUPT?
Ella Wheeler Wilcox on Social Defects
Immoralities of Country and City Life
It is only the rustic, the dyspeptic<
the declasse man or woman who
forever talking of the "corruption"
society: Many excellent people, who
lives have been passed entirely in run
places, imagine the society of larg
-towns to be'a hot-bed of immorality an
People who have striven vainly fc
social place and failed to find the ope
sesame, are often loud in their denui
ciations of the successful, and ar
wont to compare society to a white
sepulchre. But the cosmopolitan, of
servant being, with a good circulatior
knows that human nature is th
same the world over, and that ever3
where is the same mixture of good an
During a month I once passed in
remote and sparsely settled countr
place, I heard of more immoral action
among the quiet denizens than I hear
in. two years in the largest city c
America. Yet should one take th
-trouble to select at random, in th
most respectable part of the city, th
same number of human beings, it i
wholly probable that an equal nun
ber of equally immoral, if less vulga
actions could be recounted.
The whirl and rush of city life seem
alike unconductive to great thought
and small gossip, but the morals
people are very much the same mi.
ture of good and bad in all civilize
I think the repression of countr
life as often brings latent propensitic
for evil to the surface, as the temptt
tions of city life. One of our smalle
towns has been prolific in the produc
of adventurous Women, who rhav
achieved notoriety in the divorc
courts ; and it is a curious fact that fe
of the great adventuresses of the world
history were born or bred in larg
cities. But, whether in town or coun
try plce -he who seeks shall find tha
which he seeks.
The man or woman who sets fort:
on a quest of evil is sure to find il
Early in life I realized that there wa
more pleasure to be derived from o'
serving good than evil, and cons(
quently sought and found it existin
in abundance about me.
It is the crude idea of the yoiuthft
mind that the world is divided-int
two armies-the good and the bad
one clothed in darkness upon the lef
one in garments of light upon the righ
and in deadly opposition to each othe;
As we mix ivith the world this illusic
vanishes, for we find the two armic
clothed in the same habiliments, nib
ing together,,amicably, and the deadl
battles are fought, silently and out <
sight in each human heart- !betwee
right and wrong.
A great native virtue planted tc
generously in a human heart, and d<
prived of careful cultivation, often d<
generates into a rank vice, and ti>
world not infrequently mistakes
sterile and inactive nat.urne' for one <
great chastity and self-denial. Th
summer sunlight is beautiful and bet
eficent, but is as prone to p)roduce buy
as butterflies, wveeds as ferns, while ti:
winter sun produces neither. Yet til
summer sunlight is of more use to
than winter's chill rays, despite th
bugs .and weeds. A wise gardent
urpoots the one and kills the mischie'
There is no more godliness in neg:
tive goodness thani there is heat
witer sunlight, which does,.not pr<
duce bugs or weeds simply because
has not power enough to warni an;
thing into being. and not fromau it
herent objection to weeds jor bugs.
A bsolute virt ue is that which seeth<
with active impulses and is fcrced b
will and reason into nnselfish char
The worst man I ever knew hadr
vice. He attended church and brols
no commiandmnent and indulged inr
excesses. Yet he nagged his wife at
children to thea grave, and destroye
every f-lower of pleasure which sprau
up by his hearth-stone, and ruined ti
tender young lives about him with tI
tncasing tempers of a househo]
tyrant and petty demon.
Disagreeable tempers and unco:
trolled nervous dispositions ruin mu
homes than drink or vice. A faul
finding or sarcastic tongue in a famil
crce drives miore men and women
evil than original sin. A lady said
me once: "I demand good mnanne
before good morals from my acquai:
tances. Bad zmrals can be hiddei
bad manners cannot."
I think I would demand good mi
tives first of all, since good mora
would of necessity ensue ; and
whose motives wvere truly good mu:
too, desir-e not to give offence by b.
manners, and so all three virtu
would be his.
IWere I to select the one good quali
which is most indispensible to me
allnitimate friend, I would -witho
hesitation say sincerity. No matter
she be bright, gifted, refined, ainiab:
and witty, full of appreciation al
affection, yet an insurmountable we
stands between niy heart and. hers
she be not sincere inismall matters at
"Come and see me soon," I said tc
friend one day, who stepped off ac
as I stepped on.
"Yes; to-morrow or next day," s
In consequence I staye-d indo<
during both days, missing a drive a
a luncheon, which I declined becaus
felt that my share in the engageme
my remaining at home during t
She did not come nor did she send
an apology. She had spoken from the
- lips only, and she had supposed my in
vitation was a purely polite one, wbich
would be satisfied with a speedy prom
>r ise and a tardy fulfillment. But a tine
is code of honor in these small matters
)f permits no carelessness of invitation or
L1 If I say to a friend in passing, "Come
e around and see me to-morrow," it is
d my duty to reiain at home during
that day, or to send word if obliged to
r go out. -We have no right to say these
a things on impulse, and then waive the
- responsibility they incur.
e It savors of moral worthlessness and
.. I once knew a gentleman who was
prone to make cordial speeches to peo
e pie in whom he really felt no interest.
. In public conveyance one Saturday
d morning he encountered an acquaint
ance from a neighboring city. who was
a journeying to another State in corn
v pany with his wife. Now, my friend
had but slight acquaintance with the
d couple, and really felt no especial re
,f gard for them; but with an effusive air
e he smiled, and said: "I wish you were
e not obliged to basten on your way, we
e should be delighted to have you stay
s over Sunday with us." To his utter
. amazement the couple conferred to
.r gether and accepted his invitation with
s When he arrived home with his
s encumbrances he found that his wife
, had given- the servant holiday, and
that the presence of these almost strau
gers would utterly spoil the pleasure of
the Sunday dinner to wl'ich she had
invited a few intimate friends on the
s day before.
"What on earth made you ask those
,r people to come home with you?" cried
t the wife in despairing tones..
e "Because I never dreamed they
e would accept," explained.the husband.
v Alas, too many. invitations are given
s because the people are not expected to
e accept !
- I wish the expauding minds of chil
t dren could be inoculated with the vast
importance of sincerity in speech and
i action. I wish they could be indelibly
impressed with the idea that to make
s ever so small a promise, or to give ever
. so casual an invitation for the sake of
- creating a pleasant impression upon the
g recipient, it is as reprehensible as pass.
il Morals are matters requiring several
o generations to rectify, and human be
- ings grow more. moral in tendency
t, with every century. The passions of
t men and women are vast emotions,
r. which only the.reatpr and time can
n control and improve. The moststrictly
s educated and carefully trained men
and women sometimes become the
y most immoral in after life, and in our
)f search for good, whether in our own
n hearts or our neighbor's, we are con
stantly surprised by stumbling upon
1 hidden propensities for evil. We are
e- all working out toward something
a- higher. But as we go, we might help
e the growing generatjon by teaching it
a to be sincere above all things, and
>f strictly accurate in keeping its word.
Fair Week Attractions.
e [Columbia Register, 18th.1
1s There has been arranged a more ex
e tensive and elaborate programme of at
er tractions for this year than has ever he
-fore been attempted.
Included therein will be band con
-certs Monday evening and Tuesday
n forenoon and evening. On Wednmesday,
>- at I1 a. mn., will begin the sham battle,
it in which 10,000 rounds of ammunition
f- will be used. Some eight or ten. com
1- panies are booked to participate, and
the Giatling gun, agreat curiosity in it
s5 self, will be brought from- Charleston
y and detailed to defend the fort.
SOn Wednesday night the irrepress
ible Callithumpians will parade, and
othere will be a display of fireworks.
o On Thursday morning, at the fair
d grounds, will take place the grand sabre
dre tournament, and the prizes offered
are liberal enough to attract t he attend
ance of knights front all over the State,
e and possibly beyond its 'borders, to
On Thursday evening the grand
i- trades display will take place, and to
re aidl in illuminating the spectacle a
t- large amount of colored lights has
y been ordered.
to On Friday night all the displays will
o unite in one grand procession and the
s closing attraction of the wveek will be
r- made to equal any preceeding it.
STo do all this will require money,
Oprobably about $1,500. Columbia wants
sthousands of visitors and must see that
ethey are given inducemients in the way
of attractions to bring them. Their
dpresence will mean a boom in every
line of business, and it is tZo be hoped
s all will cdntribute liberally.
utj Deafness Can't be Cured
if by local application, as they cannot
Ireach the diseased portion of the ear.
le, There is only one way to cure deafness,
id and that is by constitutional remedies.
d Deafness is caused by an inflamed con
if dition of the mucus lining of the Eus.
tachian Tube. Whben this tube gets in
dfiamed you have a rumbling sound oi
imperfect hearing, and when it is en
atirely closed, Deafness is the resu]t, and
Sunless the inlnmation can be taker
ar out and this tube restored to its normal
-condition, hiearing will be destroyed
be forever; nine cases out of ten are causedf
by catarrh. which is nothing but at
inflamed condition of the mucus sur.
ad We will give One Hundred Dollant
I for any case of Deafness (caused b3
tcatarrh), that we cannot cure by taking
he 11all's Catarrh Cure. Send for circulars
F. . CrETEY & CO.. Toledo, 0
THE OLD RELIABLE.
Receiver Chamberlain Takes Charge of the T
South Carolina Railway.
[News and Courier, 17th.
Mr. Daniel H. Chamberlain, who e
was appointed receiver of the South c
Carolina Railway Company by Judge k
Bond, assumed charge of the road yes- h
terday. As in all such cases -there is a li
desire to know what will be the policy s
of the new administration, and espec- 1
ially with reference to the gentlemen d
who will hold the best offices in the r,
appointmient of the receiver, who stands v
for the president and directors. Mr.
Chamberlain's rema r k a yesterday c
ought to satisfy for the present not only a
the officeholders, but those who aspire s
to positions under the new manage- e
Ex-Governor Chamberlain was found I
yesterday at the office of Brawley & r
Barnwell. Although quite busy he s
agreed to undergo an interview. Mr 1.
Chamberlain, however, divined exactly a
what the reporter wanted, and gave it h
fluently and interestingly. In fact, the is
new receiver gave an account of him- is
self from the time of entering the city t
until the time of the interview. He v
"You can say that I arrived in town J
yesterday morning with Major Brawley t
and am stopping at the Charleston
Hotel. At 9 o'clock I called on Col. e
Peck at the office of the company, h
where I took formal possession of the tl
South Carolina Railway. A notice was tj
immgediately ordered to be prepared d
and posted reading as follows: a
"'South Carolina Rhilway Campany, } t,
"'CHARLESTON, S. C., Octil6,1889. f e
"'In accordance with an order of the
United States Circuit Court, for the v
district of South Carolina, I have this a
day taken possession of the South Caro- c
lina Railway Company. u
" 'All officers and employees will v
continue to discharge their duties as t,
heretofore until further orders. a
D. H. Chamberlain.' v
"That notice," continued Mr. b
Chamberlain, "was posted at the office a
and will be sent immediately to all d
the officers and employees of the road I
at the different stations, and also to the I
connecting roads; in fact, to all the a
roads in the,United States with which v
there is a probability that the South i;
Carolina Railway would have business. e
"I then visited the treasurer's depart- s
ment and had the bank account of the f
company transferred to the receiver's
account in the First National Bank. -I r
next visited the auditor's department, c
and directed that all the bonds of the f
employees, which now run to the com- a
pany, should be transferred so as to run t
to the receiver. I then had some talk .1
with Col. Pickens, the general freight t
agent, and also with Mr. DeCaradeuc, t
the engineer and land agent. That t
occupied my time until 12 o'clock, and s
I then came here to confer with Mr. r
Brawley, and with Messrs Mitchell &
Smith, and also to call at the First a
National Bank toarrange the accounts,i
disbursements, etc., as received. r
"Now it is, of course, impossible and c
it would be premature for me to express s
any opinion in reference to the affairs r
of the road. The earnings of the roadi
are certainly very large at the presenti
time. Col. Peck informs me that the I
prospect at present is that the grosse s
earnings up to the end of the present I
calendar year will be over $1,300,000. c
If that should be realized there ought c
to-be a handsome amount of net earn-i
ings for the next three monfhs. The e
company turned over to me to-day in 2
cash about $4,400.
"I have found all the officers of the f
road extremely agreeable, and evidently
willing to aid the receiver in all possible
ways. I am also much gratified to find, ~
at the company's office, quite a bundle
of letters from prominent business men
in this city, and in various parts of the C
State, expressing confidence in my a
management,' and gratification at my c
appointment as receiver. '
"I sTall remain here and give my
attention to discovering the actual con- I
dition of the company's affairs until
Saturday evening, when I shall be I
obliged to go to Washington to attend E
to some cases which are to be argued I
there on the 21st and 22nd inst. After ~
that I shall return as speedily as possi
ble to Charleston and devote myself to
the affairs of the company, as closely
and continuously as may be possible.
"I may add that I have no intention
of being in haste to make changesor
removals in the railway force nowI
employed. Whatever changes are to be
made will be made with deliberation
and merely to increase the efficiency
of the service. Numerous application
for positions reached me in New York,
and I found another large number of
applications awaiting me here for
appointment and employment."
The foregoing was all that the re-1
ceiver cared to say at present. His
office will be in the room of the trea
surer of the railway at the corner of
Ann and King streets.
REFERRED TO THE RECEIv'ER.
To the Editor of The News and]
Courier: Governor Chamberlain will, it
is hoped, secure for the South Carolina
Railway a passenger and freight depot
immediately north of the .Custom
House, obtaining from City Council the
right of way through Concord street.
Charleston could then undersell Birm
ingham in coal and must at once become
the distributing point for the South
Atlantic States. Immense grain ele
vators would surely follow the build
mng of the railroad, the cotton receipts
be increased by 100},000 bales, and Mr.
Flagler be apt to see the necessity of
having a grand hotel where Bennett's
he Pitable Death of John- T. Lyon in the'
County Jail at Abbeville.
[Special to the News and Courier.]
ABBEVILLE, October 16.-The appli
ition for a writ of babeascorpus in the
ise of John T. Lyon, charged with the
illing of D. L. Mabry, which was to
ave been made this morning, will
ever be made. The accused has been
immoned before a higher tribunal. At
o'clock this morning John T. Lyon
ied in a cell in the county jail, sur
>unded by a few friends and- his de
All the arrangements for the habeas
)rpus had been made; the affidavits,
bout fifteen in number, had been
gned; distinguished counsel had been
mployed and nothing remained but to
iake the effort to take the 'accused to
is home, where he might pass the few
imaining hours of life. A hush of
neere sympathy has come over the
irge circle of friends and'acquaintances
nd the only comment that can - be
eard, apart from the sorrowful remin
cences of the dead man and his deed,
"What a tragic end 'to the terrible
-adegy!" This seems to be the pre
ailing sentiment and is peculiar ex
ressive of the community in which
ohn T. Lyon has lived and prospered
iese sixty-two years.
It has been thought best to let the
atire matter end with the death of the
at actor in the tragic scene, and permit
ie gaping wounds of the family afflic
on to dry up. The attorneys for the
efence think this is the better line of
tiou, and I have been requested not
> publish the affidavits, as they might
scite further ill feeling.
Late yesterday afternoon, in company
ith Messrs. William C. McGowan,
homas P. Cothran and Isaac H. Ma
tuley, I visited the jail and called
pon Mr. Lyon. The purpose of the
isit was to obtain Mr. Lyou's signa
ire to his affidavit. When he was
ked to sign the document he did so
'ith great effort. He was held up in
ed by Mr. McGowan, and signed the
ffidavit with a pencil. When he had
one so he said in feeble tones: "Willie,
want you to get me out of this place.
knowyou will.do your best." It was
sad scene. The old man, whose sil
er hair and beard shone with a pecul
tr brightness, seemed to wish for the
d. His prayers were pitiful, and the
arroundings all spoke of intense suf
The cell was made as comfortable as
ossible by loving bands and boresigns
f efforts to do all that could be done
or the dying man. His wrife, herself
venerable Chiistian woman, at at his
edside and administered to his wants.
ust before we left the rays of the set
iug sun glinted through the bars of
be window in the cell and fell across
be emanciated form of the accused and
pread a beautiful light over the entire
The funeral services took place this
fternoon at Upper Long Cane Church,
the presence of a large assemblage of
elatives and friends. They were con
ucted by the Rev. WV. F. Pearson, as
isted by the J. .Lowry Wilson. The
emains were interred in the fain
y plot in the church yard. Speak
ag'of the cause of Mr. Lyon's death,
)r. Frank Harrison said to mec that it
ras due to a g eueral breaking down of
is constitution in conlsequence of his
onfinement in jail. His regular habits,
iretly necessary to his existence, were
iterrupted, and, together with the
lose confinement, caused his death.
Ir. Lyon had been a consumptive for
lany years, and was naturally of a
TWO PRACTICAL JOKEs
Vhleh Were Played on Two Dry Goods
Clerks in Savannah.
The remark made by an Augusta
arpenter in Savannah about high sal
ries paid in Nicaraigua was the cause
f a huge joke being perpetrated on a
avannah dry goods clerk.
He was kept in a state of nervous sus
ense three or four days by a telegraph
e offer from a fictitious agent of $2~>0
ier month as floor walker in a Nicara
:uan dry goods establishment. The
,oor fellow was decoyed to Charleston
.nd ordered to Macon and then home
ry a telegram from the agent (who
lidn't show up) and at last realized
hat he had been cruelly duped.
The joke got out and everybody
;uyed hinm. The unfortunate calico
>utcher then resolved on revenge, and
ie got it.
The joker w as knlocked .compllletely
>ut by the appearance of a negro con
table at his store, with a warrant for
us arrest, in which it was set forth that
iewas "guilty of malicious mischief,
using deponent loss of money and
reat distress of mind by reason of a so
lled practical jok e."
The negro officer took pains to n:arch
he ufortunate fello,w through the
rincipal streets, and then make him
talk three miles out in the country.
['here he was informed that the whole
hing was a hoax-wa rrar t, constable
He realized that he was the victim of
2s' own joke-that it was praciically a
Both victims are as mad as hornets.
The Little Seed.
i little seed lay in the carter's path
a little shoot bowed in the strong wind's
a little shrub grew, by its roots held fast:
rhen a stout tree braved all the winter's blast
a. little cough started--'twas only light:
A lttle ehml shivered the hours of nighbt:
A little palin camne and be:tan to grow..
Fhen consumption laid all his bratvestrength
low.. - .
Be wise in time. f'heck the little
ough, cure the little chill, dispel the
ittle pain, ere the little ailment be
omes the strong, unconquerable giant
f disease. Dr. Rierce's Golden Medical
Discoer, taken in tinme, is a remedy
orn, these 11%
A Battle in the Streets of an labama
Town-Two Men Killed and Several
Mortally Wounded-The Town it
a State of Terror.
MONTOOMERY, ALA., Oct. 15.-A spe
cial to the Advertiser says that in a
difficulty at Dothan yesterday seven
men were shot. Two are dead and an
other is dying. The trouble arose be
tween the town council and the dray
men of the farmers' warehouse. The
latter refused to pay a license required
by the town authorities. They were
several times arrested for violating the
ordinance and fined, and thiscaused
trouble between the farmers and the
town. Both marshals, were shot and
one will die. Two drayinen defying
the law were killed. Trouble was ex
pected last night and. the town was
well guarded. Many enraged farmers
are in town to-day but all is quiet.
ATLANTA, Ga., - Oct. 15.-At ten
o'clock last night the Constitution
started out a special engine.for Bain
bridge, in charge of Col. B. E. Russell to
investigate the rumored riot atDgrthan,
Henry County, Ala. The .engine
reached the place at one o'clock this
morning. The facts were found to be
as follows: The Farmers' Alliance of
Henry County had established a ware
house at Dorthan. The town authori
ties sought to collect a license from the
drays which they employed by other
business houses. George H. Stringer,
manager of the farmers' warehouse, to
test the law undertook to drive one of
the drays himself. Then he was arrested
and his trial set for yesterday. The
Alliance men attended the trial in force
and B. stringer, a relative of George
Stringer, the man to be tried, flourished
a knife and made for the marshal. This
started the trouble and a ftisilade of
shots took place. George M. Stringer
and Jeff Winkles, of the Alliance force
fell dead and Peter Few, Green Strin
ger and B. Stringer were seriously
wounded. Marshal J. L, Domingoes
and Deputy Marshal Park Howell and
a town man, W. B. Cadock, were
mortally wounded. The terror which
reigned the rest of the day was indes
cribable. The people were in fear all.
night of a renewal of the attack. The
farmers claim that the town people
treated them wrongfully and claim the
result was inevitable under the provo
BIBLE LESSONS FOR N4EGEOES.
A Startang Development of the Virginia
Campaign-Mahone's Device to Deceive
the Colored Peoplet
[Special to theNews. and Courier.]
RICHMOND, October 10.-The negroes
are wildly excited over Mahone's latest
secret campaign circular. Some weeks
ago the Republican candidate for Gov.
sent out private letters asking for the
names of - colored ministers. To the
addresses which he received in reply he
is sending a card and circulars. Upon
the card are printed Scriptural refer
enes calling especial attention to the
14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, and 18th chapters
of Joshua. In the 17th chapter he calls
attention to the follbwing paseage:
"But the mountains shall be thine,
for it is a wood and thou shall cut it
down, and the outgoings of it shall be
thine, for thou shalt drive out-the
Canaanites, though they have iron
chriots and though they be strong."
In the 18th chapter he calls attention
to the following passge:
"And there remained among the
children of Israel seven tribes which
Ihad not received their inheritance, and.
Joshua said unto the childreu of Isarel:
How long are ye slack to go to possess
Ithe land which the Lord God of your
fathers hath given you? And Joshdfa
cast lots for thema in Shiloh before the
Lord, and there Joshua divided the
land unto the children of Israel accord
ing to their divisions."
Mahone simply asks. the negro to
read the extracts carefully. Joshua is
the favorite prophet of the negro race
and these utterances of his, which are
now being read by thousands in c~on
necion with the election, they regard.
as a protuise of divisiou of land of the
whites among the negroes. Indeed,
some11 of their ministers do not hesitate
to tell them' that they arc one of the
seven tribes w hich have not received
Mahone also offers large prizes to the
colored mn who shall)ring out the
largest number of votes.
Mahone spoke at Hanover Court
House to-day to a Republican meeting
composed chiefly of negroes. The antics
of a performing bear, which a showman
was exhibiting onl , the Court I[ouse
green, camne very near breaking up
Mahone's meeting. He insisted that.
the Democrats had pitted th'e animnal
Iagaist him. In the debate-at times the
performances of bruin so worried the
Republican candidate - for Governor
Ithat he lost his temper and berated his
1keeper in a lively way.
Mr. R. H. Cardwell, the Democratic
peaker of the last House of Delegates,
in speaking for the Democrats, excori
ated Mabone severely. He said he would
not care to sleep all night with either
Maone or the bear, but between tIge
two he would prefer the bear every
At the invitation of the An-ti-Mahone
committee of this city Ex&Snator H.
IH. Riddleberger and Ex-Governor
Cameron, hot hi Anti-Mahonleite Repub
lican, were preent to-night to address a
eetin7g at the old market hall. An
immense crowd of Democrats and Re
pulicans was gathered to hear tirese
two well-known Republicans denounee
Naoe. It was soon obiserved though
that these gentlernen were too much
indisposed to .speak. The boys in the
crowd guyed them, and to add to the
confusio>n a brass band in the hail
played that fanmiliar refrain, "We have
all been there before, many a time
.... ...n,atil " E.PB.C.
Ten of the thirteen electoral vo est.
e cast for the first time in 1892 by the
our new States are conceded to the
i?epublican candidate for the Presi
lency in that year, the three of Monii
aua being considered doubtful, or prt 'sr
ably Democratic. This preponc
wce of Republican 'gains has".2
rithmeticians of the Republican part!
o make calculations the outeome:o(
rhich is that the next national eleo-;
ion can be decided in favor of the Re
publican candicate without the elee.
,oral vote of New York. In 1888 th_-t
Ilectoral college cast401"votes, of wich
101 were needed to elect. Mr-.
ison received 233 votes, against 1
:ast for Mr. Cleveland, having cate
New York with its. 36 electoral voce.
cnd Indiana with its 15 electora votes
n addition to the States iaualykau
wttnted surely Republicaui In
was not inecesary to his sueess,
Kew York was. The change in the
situation .produced,, it is claimed,.by.
the creation of.four new States Is t
[udiana alone, without New York.
aereafter suffice to give the presidei .
;o- the Republican party. The eleto '
,ollege in 1892, without a new appor r
ionment," which is improbable,.ziHk
iumber 414, and 208 votes will be
luired to elect. The 197 votes of,t
states, excluside of New York,
were for Mr. Harrison in 1888, with 1
rotes from the new States, makea total'
>f 207, or one-short of a maority;*
Phis one vote may ,e had, it
ieved from Montana, Connecsicut=o
West.Virginia. -With New York )U
ublican, the problem, of course,
e a vastly easier one, but~that
eing naturally Democratic and
o carry, the calculation is made
he object of showing that Mr.''
nay next time dispense with .
York. The flaw of the scheme, it
tppear, is in assuming that In
vhich is essential to its succesi
nore than New York, will go ej
ican in 1892. It is iaturally a
ratic State. Unlimited bribery
.t for Garfield in 1880 and for H
n 1888, but-that expedient will n
s believed, be 'available at :lie
presidential election. The "nit '
ion in Indiana will be held uwde=
recently passed Australian ballot
so th~ait'e devices of formet
purchasing-votes and seeing -,
Livered willin 1892 be of no
either party. The pr
fore that Xnddiiia
rai tinieg t timael -i.
date. The calculation for::
with New York may be further~
by Rhode Island, nuder its
franchise, becoming - a De
State. The prospects, therefore,
Democrats in the next natiaaaf
are certainly not sunh that tYie
to be greatly discouraged. r -
add the votes of New York- and,
ana-States naturally -IDemoera
those of the States that wrere for
land last year, they will havea
jority and eight votes t. pr
without Indiana, the Democrats~I!
ing New York safe may: win if te~
can capture RhodeAsland orCai
They cannot.win without New .
Evidently the election is going to
close and exciting one. -The result,
may be assumed, will be determinid
large part by contingencies whicib
present no one can estimate.
A Postmaster and BiLPpez'
a recent, appointee of President~%
rison, is in a very unenviable rn ot
mind. The postmaster divides-hs
time between selling stamps and .ru.
ning 'a newspaper. Now'thlsis~
paper glories in a patenit inside,
a recent issue the postmasterwa-i
rifled upon reading two colwus oF
choicest Democratic ab'ase of thela
ministration. The office cat had 4~.
dently taken a day off. The post
t.-r has forwarded alfidavitssovg4
that the matter was inserted withog
his knowledge or consent.
Senator s,nlth's Son Dangerously airt~
Henry Lee Smith, son of Senator .
M. Smith, was caught by a shaft hL&f
runs the press attached to a.cotton glad
last Saturday morning and dangcfe
ously injured. He was preparing t.
start the press when the head of a set'
screw caught in his overalls, made &4
strong cotton bagging, and wbedi.
him round once or twice. -His right<
arm was brokeni above the elbow and
he is paralyzed from the waist down.
His chances for recovery are very
-Just Hear that Chind srien!
said Mrs. Smit.h .to her sister,
Davis, as the sound of a child's
came across the en from a
bor's house. "What kind of a woma'
have ydu for a neighbor? Does
abuse her children?' "Nor
replied,Mrs. Davis. "She is ote
most tender mothers in ex'se~e~
you see, she believes in- The
fashioned styles of doctoring. When
child-needs physic, she fills a
with some nauseous dose, lays
little victim fiat on her lap, holds
nose till he is forced to openi is
for breath, when down gosthe
ful mess. Thben comesbeei
wonder," said Mrs. -III, W~
dosen't she use Dr. Pieree's
Purgative pellets? They a
without being harsh4and are
take as sugar pums. -I always
them to my child An. ap4l
said Mrs. Davis.