Newspaper Page Text
ESTABLISHED 1865. EWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, JANUARY2 1890. P
A PEN PICTURE OF HENRY W. GRADY.
The Remarkable and Brilliant Career of a
Young Man Universally Loved and
Mr. Grady was a man of striking
personal appearance. He attracted at
tention wherver he went. He was
below the average in height, and in
consequence of his shortness of stature
he appeared somewhat thick-set. His
shoulders were broad and well propor
tioned to support the thick neck and
large head that rested upon them. His
face was round and always clean
shaven. His lips were firm and gave
his face an expression of firmness and
decision. At times this expression
varied to one of intense thoughtfulness,
with even a trace of melancholy and
and anxiety. But those occasions were
rare. Usually his face beamed with
good nature and happiness.
Mr. Grady was courteous in his inter
course with others, and in his office
was even jovial and familiar in his
treatment of the men who helped him
to make the Constitution the great
newspaper of Georgia. His complexion
was clear, with the slightest suspicion
of ruddiness when in repose, looked as
if it had come from some sculptor's
Mr. Gra :y was a confirmed dyspep
tic, and was able to find very little
food that he could eat with safety. He
always paid dearly for indulgence at
dinners and banquets. He was a pro
hibitionist in practice as well as theory,
and never touched a drop of any kind
of liquor. Much of his abstracted man
ner was due to suffering from the ef
fects of his great enemy, dyspepsia.
His enemies often complained that he
did not speak to them on the streets,
or was at times short and impatient in
his answers to questions. His answer
always was that if his friends knew
how he was suffering they would be
surprised to see himi as cheerful as he
was. He was often urged to take wine
as an appetizer and stimulant, but
always declared that he had decided
that question, and never again should
intoxicating liquor. pass his lips.
Mr. Grady was very accessible to
young men. He took an interest in
them, and listened with patience and
even interest to their plans and ambi
tions. He was always ready to en
courage any struggling young man,
and all over Georgia to-day are hun
dreds of rising men who owe their
start to a line or a word from Henry
Grady. He was graduated from the
Univerity _of Geor-ia,and too_thei
liveliest interest in everything that
pertained to the interest of his alma
mater. The university students felt
toward him as if hpe re aer
brother. When they. passed through
a Atlanta they invariably called upon
him and- told him the latest jokes from
the campus. He made it a point to
* attend commencement, and it required
-more than ordinary business to keep
him from his annual pilgrimage. He
was a member of Chi Phi College Fra
ternity, and at the National Conven
tion of 1882 he was elected to the high
est office of the Fraternity. This threw
him in contact with numbers of young
men from all parts of the country, and
added scores to the host of his ardent
personal admirers. When the Chi Phi
Convention miet iU Atlanta he ten
dered a,reception to the collegians at
his Peachtree street residence, and was
as youthfully exuberant as any of his
Mr. Grady made several failures in
journalism before lhe landed on the firm
rock of assured success. It is doubt ful
if he ever would have succeeded if lhe
had been obliged to mianage a news
paper in all its detailIs. He was not a
business mani and was bored with the
details of oficee work. He had no ap
preciation of the value of money, and
seemed to regard it only as a very good
thn thae around when lhe wvanted
to buy something. He was a news
paper man by instinct and understood
*the value of news, and nothing miorti
fled him more than not to have money
enough to get the information he
wanted. But this coimmon vexation
of his earlier life passed away when he
became attached to the Constitution,
and a field was opened to him by his
mettle in the higher realms of journal
ism. His bright andi graceful style
soon attracted attention. His future
was secured, and th~e Con~stitution sooni
became known all over the country as
As a inewspaper worker, MIr. Grady
was more meteoric than methlodlical.
Everything lie didl was iln a dashiing
way. He roiled out seinteinces and full
rounded periods ais faist as the most ex
pert steniograiphier coul1d p,ut thiem Oin
Ix- paper. 'He walked up and down his
office with his great b,ig facee all covered
with frowns as he t bought anid clotheud
his thoughts in the purest English.
As soon as the work was comph-ltted h~e
was a joy,us man111. hapy in his free
doni from work. is whole imanmier
would cbange as the. inst wo rd would
drop from his lips. U is frowns wou:ld
nmelt away and sm:iles would encircle
his face. Hie would wistle as imerrily
as a school boy onl his war hiome fromn
the school roomi. ( ften lhe would rush
out of his ottlee and go home to his wife
and children, leavin:g his editorials to
the mercy ~of the priniters and the
proof-readers. A great eflort generally
tiredI him. lie woul~d at times spend
all day and night in sonme ii piece of
wvork, and then hie would reqjuire sev
-eral days for rest and recuperation.
Everything he did was done well, but
often at the expense of phy.ical comn
fort. The desire for work often seized
him at the most importune times. It
is said that often while he was engaged
in the most hiH.arious onnveratfinn wihh
the men on the Constitution he would
j,:zmp up from his seat, dash out of the
room into his private den, slam the
door, and before his stenographer could
fairly catch his breath, begin to pour
out streams of the clearest thought.
He was often seen to jump from a street
car and stop his stenographer on the'
street, and there dictate something that
had just struck his fancy. Most of his
work was done in that spasmodic way.
He loved brilliancy and originality,
but wearied of the hum-drum every
day round of the newspaper grind. He
was emotional, and was never so happy
as when at work on something that ap
pealed to his feelings. When his inter
est was aroused he would tax himself
to the full extent of his abilities.
Mr. Grady's fame is without doubt
due more to his eloquence as an orator
than to his work as a journalist. lie
was a born orator. His presence as he
faced an audience was eloquence per
sonitied. His voice was clear and mu
sical. His well rounded sentences,
coniposed. of the most euphonious
words, fell from his lips with distinct
utterance and sweet ringing sound.
While he was not a loud speaker, he
so well modulated his voice that every
person in his audience heard what he
had to say. His manner was graceful
and his gestures were most appropriate.
As he warmed up to his subject his ges
tures became frequent and his speak
ing rapid. In his most rapid speaking
he never mouthed his words. Every
word fell from his lips distinct and
strong. He was very happy in the
choice of his words. Many of his most
famous orations were delivered extem
poraneously; but in none of them could
his language be much improved upon. t
He had the right words in the right
places and the sentences most harmo
niously arranged. He said that mnanu
script hampered him. He thought
over what he intended to say and
trusted to the inspiration of the occa
;iou for the form of expression. The
speech delivered often varied very
much from the speech prepared. The
famous speech on the New South de
livered before the Southern Society in
New York was a spontaneous outburst
und many of its utterances were due to
:he excitement of the occasion.
His orations were finished with great
are and will take permanent rank in
.be literature of the South, while his t
speeches will soon pass away as tempo- t
rary sensations. The oration delivered
ast summer at the University of Vir
iuia was one of the grandest specimens
)f American eloquence. It was full of
bistorical allusion, and at the same 3
ime was underlaid with the soundest ,
mnd highest statesmanship.
not a passing oratorical meteor; but was
the utterance of a native Southerner,
who had studied the times and spoke
as if he had a message to deliver to the
p)eople. It will take rank as a State
paper. The recent speech at Boston
has deservedly added to his fame. It
is recognized as the best deliverance
yet made on the Southern question.
It has done good and will continue to
do good. It will speak on although
the eloquent lips of its author are closed
forever. It was a glorious martyrdom
to give his life to make so true and so
patriotic an appeal for his country!
His fame will rest securely upon that
grand last effort. It will be the laurel
wreath that will crown in all time the
brow of the orator, journalist anid
In his home Mr. Grady was most
happy. He wvas fond of beauty and
had collected around him many valu
able and rare specimens of art. His
library was filled with the literature of
the worild. HIis house was an ideal
home for a literary man. He was free
and easy in the family circle and was
always anxious to be with his wife and
children. He was affectionate and
generous. His friends were always I
wvelcomne at his fireside. He was proud
of his bomne and proud of the city he
had done so much to build up. On all
occasions of putblic interest he was I
called upon to lead. His house was
the head<iuarters of all visiting celeb- I
rities. Mtany were the receptions and
dinners given there. They were all
great successes and are incielibly fixed I
in the muemory of those who partici- 1
pated in thenm.
M1r. Grady was an earnest believer in]
the Christian religion. He was regu
lar in his attendance upon the services<
of his church, and was a leader in all
mo~tvemienits that he bel ievedl concerned I
thre morality of his people. HIe was a 1
miember of the 3Methodist Episcopal 1
Church Southr, and was an officer in
thec A tlanta church that lie attended.
in the great struggle severai years ago
rn the question of prohibition, Mr.
(rady was a profound advocate of pro
iiibit ioni, andl spoke nearl y every ight
whlile the contest was at its highest to
t cy to influence the people of Atlanta
to banish whiskey from their city.
H e wais bold in action after hre had de
elded what course to take. He was
just and careful of the rights of otl'ers,
but when he hadl deeidenr upon a course
of action he threw his whole soul intoi
the cause h'e espousedl.
is place in .\tlanta will he huardl to
fill. lie wa called to lead everynmove
mnt begun there. He was president
of theC Piedmont Exposition-in fact
he was the head of all the great under
takings of the city, and the people with
out dissent turned to him to leatd them.
"'Tommyi, it seems to me that your
trousers are very sliek for a nlew pair.
Is it some of volur na's work?"
"1 lid ihe do it with his slipper?"
"No he did it when he used to wear
The Brilliant Young Georgian Lai,t Hiu
Rest on Christmas Day.
ATLANTA, GA., December 2~.-N
city ever had as sad a Christmas as thi
has been for Atlanta. The holida:
decoratiops have black and white, am
sorrow has filled every heart. It i
very doubtful if ever in the history o
this people any private citizen ha
been as universally mourned as Henri
W. Grady, from all parts of the coun
:ry, and from people in all walks o
ife, have come griefbearing inessage.
mid condolence to the ones to whorr
grief is most intense. From all part
)f the South and many cities of tht
\orth came delegations to attend the
The day was 'right and beautiful
)allny as spring. At 9 o'clock the pall.
>earers and honorary escort, together
vith the committees from all organiza.
ions to which Mr. Grady belonged,
athered at the house. For half an
lour friends were permitted to look
ipon the face of the dead, and then the
>ody was borne to ihe First Methodist
hurch, where it lay in state. The
loral tributes at the church were most
For four hours people were allowed
o pass by the casket to take a last look.
)elegations from all the societies of
xeorgia were present. There was a
totably large number of colored peo
>le who manifested sincere sorrow at
he loss of a true friend. The Consti
ution employees, headed by the pro
rietors and editors of the paper, came
a a body. Then they went to the
touse to form an honorary escort from
he house to the church.
The services were the simplest possi
'le. This was the special wish of Mrs.
Irady. Dr. Morrison, General Evarts,
)r. Glenn, Dr. Lee, Dr. Bennett and
)r. Hopkins officiated. The choir
ang "Shall we Gather at the River,"
fr. Grady's favorite hymn. There
7ere no eulogies; no remarks of any
From the church to Fakland ceme
ary the body was followed by the
irgest procession even seen in Atlanta,
r Georgia, and that, too, with no dis
lay or music of any kind. Military
ompanies from all parts of the State
ad asked to be allowed in line, but
hey were refused, and no organiza
ions of any kind were there, It was a
imple funeral of a simple citizen of the
At the cemetery the body was placed
Vestiewlemetery as soon as a vault
The young men of Georgia have
tarted a movement for a monument,
nd in one day without efTort at can
'assing, have r"tised $5,000.
A MIATE FORt THE SEMINARY.
'he Presbyterians to Establis4h a Eemiale
Institute in the Preston Mansion,
[Special to News and Courier.]
COLcMIA, December 2.-There was
meeting at the Carolina National
3ank on last Saturday, the 21st instan t,
f the subscribers to the capital stock of
'The South Carolina Preslbytcrian 1n
titute for Young Ladies."
The following hoard of directors were
The Hon. W. D. Simspon, Thomas
~. MfcCreery, the Rev. W. R. A thin
on, the Rev. J. S. White,W. J1. Dumfe.
)r. Gleo. Howe and W. A. Cpark. The
>oard of directors subsequently met and
lected M1r. W. A. C!ark president, thme
ev. J. WVilliam Flinn, secretary, and
Lir. W. J. Duffie, treaaurer.
A contract has been made with the
Jrsuline Convent of the Immaculate
~ouception for the purchase of the
iroperty now occupied by them and
~amiliarly known as the Preston Man
ion. The property covers an entire
quare. The grounds are magnificent
v shaded with fine trees and are taste
ully laid out with flowers and shrub
>ery. Thle property is in all respects
nost desirable for the establishment of
uch an institution. The transfer will
e made early in January or as s'on
hereafter as practicable. Messrs. WV.
1. Clrrk. W. R?. Atkinson and George
jowe, the executive committee, will
ecure the assistance of a competent ar
hitect and commence the work of re
nodeling and enlarging the present
>uildings. The work will be completed
>y the 1st of October, next at wvhieb
ime it is intended to openm the College
The Rev. W. R. A tkiuson, nlow presi
lent of the Charlotte Female C'ollege,an
ecomplished and successful Iinst ruetor,
ias been elected presidecnt of the Col
ege. H is record is a guarantee that
he Columbia College w-ill he one of
he first institutes in the land for the
nstruction of women. He proposes to
tdd to the ordinary curriculum such
lepartnments as will afTord those who
lesire such education instruction in thec
iigher arts andl sciences.
The stock of the conmpany, which hasi
>een fixed at $30,000 as a minimum and
.5t,000 as a maximum, has been already
argely subscribed to, and suffiiein
tdditional subscriptions will doubItless
>e added to a point that wili enable the
lirectors to carry out their proposed
lans upon an extensive seale.
G;uest tto waiter)-What do vou mean:
by bringing mae such a small piece o1
meat? Have you nothing larger?
Waiter-Oh, yes. I'll go and get you1
Go to John P. Fan t's for your Bug ;ies
Waons, Whips anel L.ap Robe tf
The Work of the sdon.
[News an-I Conrier.j
The session of the (nen(ral A vt"itii\
of south Carolii1i, w hiich bms ju.
cloed, is more rc:ri:ar!e for w it
'as reftiuzed to do than for what it ha.
(e. 1he measures of ': l :r_
taneuvh 11C ich \ have t0,IlC la ws a?'t- r"I
" inl nunr',cr:
- Thn e nt Col1 tl- hii!.
> .- I The f tru the I-rwn
:. T e hill to ();i\ the laws.
4. The 1-i11 to 1)ur .'.:e a Penit iitnt:a rv
A joinlt r(.sO;uiti,,n \P\ :.lsO l':-."d
providiig for the si:t'ngi m to t
people of an oint'enth:.nt to tl tns
tituztionl dOinlg :.aay\ wIth cow-; t m.
It would occupy too miuch :1p:oe ti
enunierate all of the easrures of r-ore
or leiss eferal iiter(est wh ib fail!id of
success, but it is wo:hi wh ile to re:dli
at least a few as indienatiig the temuper
of the representatives of t he pe o plef
South Carolina on tucstions of more
than local imprtane.
First of these, in the t'xtenit of the
int erest and imlport ainee of the principle
involved was unguestionably the pro
position to abolish the two mill school
tax. The refusal to adopt this proposi
tion is a vindieation and ninictetnanie
of the position hitherto iehbl bv tle
State in favor of popular education, in
eluding the education of the negro,
Second. The refusal to instruct our
Senators and RPepresentatives in Con
gress to vote agaiinst the Blair iltl. It
is unfortunate that the resolution in
favor of such instruction was not in
troduced early enough in the session to
secure fair discussion and thus have
assured its passage. There is no doubt
that the refusal to nass the reQolution,
which was due solely to a disinclina
tion to act without full discussion, will
he used by the friends of that nefarious
measure as an endorsement of their
Third. The refusal to pass a marriage
license bill shows a determination to
stand on old South Carolina ground of
no obstruction to marriage, which i"
the compliment of the other doctrine
of no divorce.
Fourth. The refusal to pass the Act
compelling certain railroads to provide
separate aecomnmodations for the races,
when taken in connection with theo
repeal of the civil rights Act, which
was intended to prevent such discri
mination, shows a determination to
allow such matters to he determined
manier as the IiaV
. . ....-. .,gI'.'mii more coi
sistent with their own interests.
Of the measures of strictly State in
terest that failed to pass, the attempt to
sell the State's phosphate rights, the
proposition to deprive Charleston Con ii
ty of (ne of its Senators, aid that
chianginug the t ime of hiolding lihe ses
sionis of the Legislature, the nmeri ts of
ali of which have been seriously dis
cussed, were perhap~s the most impowr
tatnt, although the Ill1 looking to the.
impijrovemnt ofthelpublic roadsshonidh
not pasis without mencitiont.
The proceedingzs of the session exemup
lify the need for reform in the- nal
of private bills 1brough t hef ie thet
Legislature. More time should be given
to matters of p ullie impor'tani!e, anrd
less to private schemies. This, we think
is amply demionstrat ed by the l ist of
204 Acts rati fied, of which certainly not
a third aire in any s'nse af genieral
(CHA.TTAx OO( a. I -e. '.G.-Annao (.
.Tones, 17 years old, the daughiter of
Rev. Satm Jones. the evang~elist, el'ped
from Cartersville. Ga., to-day with
William 3M. G rahami, thle oflieial
stenographier oif thle (Cherokee j udh-ial
circuit, and( was ma:rried in this cityV.
Thie Rev. Mr. JTones and his wife
opptosed the miatch.
EVANoIstiAST Ti tIAN's soN Fio':-.
[Special to the News andt (ou ricr.]
Tilhiiaan, the song bird, son of the Rtev.
J. L I ilhnn, thie South ('arolina
revivalist, who has been hetre two
months htoldinhg poitraicted revival
meetings, ran awayv and( was married
thisafterniooni at Aikeni to) Miss Killin''s
worth, of Hiambuurg. Mr. Tillbnani was
accomipan.tied in his ilihht by his fa thier,
who performed the ceremone ii in the
Hlighiland Park Hotel, and hby several
attendants fronm Augnusia. The b;ride'a
fat her ohjeetedIIi to lhe marriage. hiene
lie eloneiet. Mr. and . rs. Tillmian
retu rnied to-. gh t ftrim Aikeni andi left
for Ellemitoo, S. C., wihere they wI!!
speit 'h1ri-lias eit b t he bidle's grandi
p)ar'ents. M ies KZillhintgsworthI mnaged~w'
to gret away this mnorni!!g to iet ler'
atilanceed lover by telling her paren!ts
she was goi ng to spend the hiolidays
with her gr:iri'parnts.
Nix Chuarged Withu Fraod.
Gi:ssva-: ,ec.. :4.-J. TI. Nix
was arrasted tthisafteriooni on a charge
of fraudi. HeI is mpain:g etrorts to se
cure bon'idsmnen. The h ot is t2I.' 0.
The Wiaby Printer.
Iijkents -en'ui"d Dioc. 2;th.j
The 8entinel oli'e now has the
chainmioti juivenile typo. Our "'devil,'
Master Joe i ich. is only six years old,
ith ree feet high. He las this week set
upl aL columnt of typoe ont this issue of the
paper, besides he~ distrib uted his own
ease. H is proof was as cleatn as a veteran
A Rising Man.
(From the Courier Journal.]
Mr. Yeast has been mad'e postmauster
might Negro Prisoners Brutally Murdered
in Harnwel-Taken from the County Jail
by a Masked Mob, Dragged a Mile Out
of Town, Tied to Trees and Shot
[Special to Register.]
iAxr ;X:r, S. C., December 28.
An armed and masked mob of about
one hundred men went to the County
jail this morning between 3 and 4
o'clock, overpowered the jailer, took
eight negro prisoners to a point about
one mile from town, tied them to trees
and shot them to death-literally rid
dling their bodies with bullets.
T wo men came to the jail and asked
t'he jailer to receive a prisoner, and as
lie opened the gate he was seized by
them and the keys taken from him.
I lie men lynched were two of the Hef
fernan murderers, Ripley Johnson and
!itchell Adams; Peter Bell, who was
he'd for the murder of young Robert
Martin on the night ofthe24th; Handy
.Johr,son and Hugh Furse, who were
held as accessories, with "Judge"
Jones, Robert Phoenix and Roper Mor
rall, who were held as witnesses.
The shelriff was notified by thejailer,
and lie summoned the town marshal
and the writer, and we three procured
a lantern at 5 a. m., and proceeded to
see if all were killed. As we walked
silently up *the road the rays of the
light fell upon the most horrible sight
we ever witnessed-eight men tied
around the waist. hands and feet, to
trees, riddled with bullets. .t seems
as if they were tied with their backs to
the trees, standing up, but some had
slipped down and some were hanging
with their feet and hands down. They
were within five feet of the road, and
the men stood in the road and fired.
From empty shells lying on the ground,
there was a number of volleys fired, all
of which were beard by many of the
citizens, but they thought it was fire
The lynchers were as quiet as lambs
and as determined as bulls. The crowd
of over one hundred men rode into
town with no more noise than if two
gentlemen had leisurely rode in. They
passed right beneath the window where
the writer was innocently slumber
The news of the lynching was not
known in town till we returned at 6
o'lok a. mt. The negro women rushed
to the jail with wild shrieks, and men
were prowling over the town with re
vengeful look. The sheriff at once
wired to Ble vig lely--A
Richardson. Things had a~6ad ap
Spearance until the train camne in with
about forty men, who formed a line
and marched straight to the sheriff,
under the command or Colonel D. L.
Copeland of Bamberg, and are utw
sulbject to his orders.
A cting Coroner Hammel summoned
a jury and held an inquest which ren
dered the usual verdict: "Came to
deathI by gunshot wounds inflicted by
parties unknown to the jury."
Tlhie lynchers came from the country,
and no one here has the slightest idea
who they were, for the aff'air was a
grnat se rprise to the town.
Samuel Lee, a barber, who is held
as an accessory to the Heffernan mur
'ltr, was takein out of jail and put back,
athe party thought him innocent.
Everyt hing is nowv quiet.
Pi'ion NENT C TTZENS TEoL TH E SToRY.
B~A R NwELL, S. C., Decem ber 28.-In
consequence of the lynching which
took place here last night, the under
signed were this morning ,requested by
the sherilT to act as an advising comi
muit tee to counsel such steps as may be
deemed best to secure order.
W'. at first p)roceeded to investigate,
and( dIem it right to put the public in
Inossession of the facts of the occurrence
and the catuses which we believe led to
.t, as far as we have gathered them.
On(~ thie30th of October last, John J.
HeItTernani, a p)romIinent young mer
ebant and brave, public-spirited citi
zen. was shot down and killed in Barn
well by negroes. Public indignation
ran very high; threats of lynching were
freely made, but diverted by cooler
At the last term of court the grand
juiry found true bills against the mur
dlerer aind his accessories, but the cases
were con tinued. The white people were
disappointed, and the negroes, it is
thought, were emboldlened by this dis
position of the matter.
On the 19th of December Mr. James
. . rown, a prominent planter and
leading citizen of Fish Pond Township,
wa,s shot to death on his own premises
by negroes, without th e slightest justi
&-eationi or excuise. The murderer has
not been arrested.
on the 18th (if December, while go
ing from his store at Martin's station
to his home, a muile away, Mr. Robert
Martin. a young man of the most ex
emplary character and of the highest
stamiling as a man and a citizen, was
f,,ltowed by a negro and shot in the
back with a gun loaded with slugs, in
the public road which passes through
his father's plantation, in hearing of
many negroes who were all around the
spot when he was shot. and who ad
miitta' that they heard the shot and
his eries when shot, and none of them
went to hisA body, although it lay in
thme roadl all night and for several hours
after dayli ght, in plain view of them
:ih!. It was satisfactorily established
that his murder was the result of acon
tsiiracy to remove him, in order that
thir license upon the plantatiou of
lis father might be greater. The negro
who tired the shot, and his accessories,
six in number, being identified by the
coroner's jury, were arrested and lodged
EI1 'o' eral brutal murders of prom
titude low tes
'ohate powder. he
i AKrt yn PawnER Co.
A CONTINENT WITH A COLD.
The Spread of the Epidemic of Influenza
Over Europe-Business and Amuse
ments of all Kinds More or Less
PARIS, December 24.-The epidemic
reigns and rages. The conference of
lawyers which was to have convened
yesterday did not, because the majority
of the speakers were ill. Reports from
Berlin are to the effect that there is no
atatemeut of the evil there.
In Brunswick it has assumed a
malignant type and there have been
many deaths. At Frankfort it is in
creasing. Tramways there have ceased
operation because the employees are
all ill. Manheim has been very severe
ly visited. At Munich cases increase
and the transaction of business is in
terfered with. Theatres announce that
the programmes of plays are not to be
depended on, as the illness of the actors
may make it necessary to change the
At Antwerp the disease is increasing,
but it is diminishing among both the
garrison and people at Amsterdam. It
has appeared at Dordericht among
soldiers and sailors and the factories.
It is very serious in the barracks at
Brussels, and half the carbineers and
grenadiers of the Corps des Guides are
THE INFLUENZA'S FATAL TLN IN
VIENNA, December 24.-A frequent
sequel to cases of influenza here is an
attack of inflammation of the lungs. A
number of persons in hospital who had
been suffering from influenza have
been stricken with inflammation of the
lungs, and several of them have died.
The influenze has made its appearance
in the Jesuit school at Kalksburg, the
pupils of which are children of conser
vative aristocrats. Sixty-eight of the
scholars have been attacked by the
SPURGEON I iL WITH GOUT.
LONDON, December 24.-A dispatch
from Metone says that the throat ail
ment of Spurgeon, the well-known
London divine, has assumed a grave
aspect. The doctors in attendance
diagonize it as gout. Spurgeon also
suffers severely with pains in his
THE DISEASE IN CHICACO.
CHICAGo, Dec. 28.-The first fatal
case of acute influenza in tha
reported to the healt1_Urnartment to-i
aged 72 years. She resided- at 63r
Wright street, on the lake, and died
December 24, after beingsick one week.
"I doubt how much of it is the Russian
disease," said Health Commissioner
Wickersham, "but we have no way of
going behind the record." Dr. S. S.
Bishop said to a reporter to-day that
the influenza had been prevalent in
the city for two weeks, though the peo
ple were not generally aware of it. It
was not, he said, the ordinary variety
of the disease, being more severe,
compelling sufferers to remain in bed.
NEW JEtSEY CONES IN FOR HER
NEW BRUNSWICI, N. J., Dec. 28.
There are 100 cases of "la grippe" here.
The doctors do not regard the disease
as dangerous, and say that it yields
readily to treatment. The disease has
also appeared at Metucken, South
River and Millstone.
IT STPKiKEs DANV.~LLE.
DANv[LLE, Va., Dec. 28.-Several
cases of supposed influenza have made
their appearance here, though the doc
tors have not yet pronounced them
such. The people are feeling very anxi
A FATAL CASE IN BOSTON.
BOSTON, Dec. 28.-Johin Templeton
Coolidge, president of the Columbian
Bank, died this morning at his resi
dence, of "la grippe." Mr. Coolidge
was 0one of the oldest bank presidents
THE EPIDEMIC IN PARIS ABATING.
PARIS, Dec. 28.-The number of
deaths from influenza is increasing,
and residents of the city are beginning
to manifest a panicky feeling. The con
dition of M. DeFreycinct, Minister of
War, who is suffering from the disease,
has changed for the worse. Drs. Bron
arded and Proust have been attacked
and their condition is serious.
Recent mortality in the city has been
as follows: Wednesday 318, Thursday
39:,, Friday 344. The sudden drop from
the figures of Thursday to those of
Friday is taken as an evidence that
the epidemic is on the wane.
The Farmer a skilled Laborer.
(P.odney Welch in the Jan. Forum.]
Viewed from the lofty standpoint of
the New York Hod-carriers' Union,
considered from the hail of the Phila
delphia Bill-posters' Protective Associa
tion, the prairie farmer is simply a
clodhopper. He is a man who decides
to have corn, wheat, and potatoes, in
stead of wild grass, grow on a certain
piece of land, and plants the seed that
will produce them. In point of fact,
more knowledge and skill are requisite
for prosecuting his craft than that of
any city artisan. It requires more skill
to handle a plow than a trowel. It is
more difficult to manage a reaping
machine than a machine that turns
out brick. Greater knowledge is needed
to sow grain than to move s witches in
a freight yard. Much more information.
experience, and skill are needed to raise
tobacco plants, to cultivate them, and
property to cure the leaves, than to
make themi into cigars. Laying drain
tile is a more difficult art than laying
brick. Properly to remove a fleece
from a sheep demands as great dexteri
ty as to shave the beard from a face.
The successful farmer is necessarily a
skilled laborer. He is master, not of
one trade, but of many, and and a
long time is required to learn each of
them. He is also a merchant, and to
be prosperous he must be ajudge of the
quality of many things, and know how
-o buy and sell them to the best advan
inent white men by negroes caused a
state of indignation and resentment
among our people that can be better
imagined than described, but cannot
be imagined by any one not in our
This morning about 2 o'clock a large
body of armed men in disguise called
at the jail, overnowered the jailer, took
out the six musderers of Martin and
the two of HeffE rnan, took them to the
limits of the corporation and shot them
JAMES A. JENiuNS,
PUBLIC OPINION CONDEMNS THE
CHARLESTON, S. C., December 28.
The explanation by the committee of
citizens of Barnwell of the causes
which led to the lyching does not, in
the opinion of law-abiding citizens, in
any way justify the atrocious murder
of eight defenseless human beings. The
greatest indignation is expressed here
at the brutality of the deed. All is quiet
at Barnwell late this evening, although
trouble has been anticipated, and may
The Farmers and Protection.
[John G. Carlisle in the Jan. Forum.]
The American farmer, although he
cultivates the most fertile soil in the
world, and ought to the most prosper
ous member of the community, is con
stantly engaged in a hard struggle to
secure a comfortable support for his
family and a moderate education for
his children, and to pay his taes and
keep out of debt. This is all he can
reasonably hope to accomplish ; in a
large majority of cases he fails even to
do this, and sooner or later is compelled
to sell or mortgage his land a.nd reduce
his expenditures to the lowest possible
figure. He has a paternal government
which has determined that certain
classes of industry ought to be main
tained at the public expense, and for
thirty years he has been taxed for
their support; and now after thsse fav
ored industries have become rich and
powerful, they combine and confeder
ate under the names of trusts, syndi
cates and pools, and dictate the terms
upon which the people may procure
the necessaries of life and carry on
their business. Under our system of
taxation, the farmer is almost with
can foresee with almost absolute cer
tainty what the quantity of their pro
duct will be upon the employment of
any given number of hands, and,
therwfore, they can combine whenever
they choose to limit production and in
crease prices ; but the farmer's crop
depends almost entirely upon the char
acter of the seasons he may have, and
he cannot decide in advance how much
he must plant in order to furnish a
supply that will not be in excess of the
Notwithstanding these and many
other disadvantages under which the
farmer labors, and which no act of Con
gress can remove, Senator Cullom
thinks protection has been more bene
ficial to him than to any one else, and
he refers to "the great improvement
in the material welfare of the farming
and country people" during the last
thirty or forty years, to justify his
opinion. "All this comfort and geni
eral inmprovement" he attributes to
protection. It would be far more reas
onable to conclude th,at if they had
been exempt frenm this heavy taxaGo'n
and permitted to expend their money
for the improvement of their children,
there would be fewer mortgages upon
their land, and a greater degree of com
fort and prosperity among the farmers
and country people.
On What You Carn Swear (1f.
You can swear off on telling your
wife that you have been detained at
the office to make out bills.
On declaring the world owes you a
living and you are waiting for it to pay
On attempting to make your neigh
bors th ink you own the earth.
On borrowing a dollar and saying
"I'll give it to you to-morrow," when
you don't intend to pay it back at all.
On leaving the snow on your side
walk when you know it is dangerous
for everyone who passes by.
On riding on a free railroad pass and
keeping your seat whenm paying passen
gers are standing.
On trying to imake your friends be
lieve that heca use you have a carriage
you hate to ride in the horse cars.
On telling every body that you once
were in better circumstanlces.
On snubbing others that do not hap
pen to own as much of the world's
goods as you do, but who have more
On marrying a wife for money and
then taunting her with her ill looks.
On pretending to be a Christian and
yet breaking all the rules that are the
fundamental principles of religion.
With groans and signs, and dlizzied
He seeks the couch and down he lies;
Nausea and faintness in him rise,
Brow-racking pains assail hirm.
Sick headache! But ere long comes
His 4tomachm settles into peace,
Within his head the throbbings cease
Pierce's Pellets never fail him!
Nor will they fail anymore in such a
dire predicament. To the dyspeptic,
the bilious, and the constipated, they
are alike "a friend in need and a friend
AN EXODUS FROM GEORGTA.
How the Negroes of Bartow and Polk
Counties were Deiuded Into Ernigrat ;
ing to Arkansas.
[From the New York Herald.]
CEDARTOWN, Ga., December 21.
Great excitement has prevailed during
the past week because of the whole
sale exodus of negroes. Hundreds have
already left their work in the fields to
go to Arkansas, lured by the extrava
gant promises made by railroad emi
gration agents. For some time there
have been rumors of a general exodus
Little attention was paid to these-re
ports until last Monday, when the
citizens of Cedartown found their depot
crowded with colored people waitingto
be transported to their new homes in
the Southwest. It was learned that
the one hundred and fifty or more
farm laborers who were collected at
the depot were only the pioneers in_.
the great exodus which will soon d
populate Bartow and Polk counties of
their farm bands.
The emigration scheme has been
worked with great skill, and has been '
kept a profound secret until matters had
gone too far for white influenceto have
any effect. Three months ago a section:
of country from above Cedartown to
Statesborough, in Bartow County, was
flooded with circulars and pamphlets.
which set forth in glowing terms the
advantages offered colored emigrants
to Arkansas. The high wages paid, 41
the good homes which were given away
and the ease wIth which a living could
be made were all luminously depicted.
After this sort of literature had been
given time to circulate and have its
effect a new element in the organized-'.
plan to obtain workingmen for Arkan
sas was introduced. Two negroes,
named Spradling, who had once lived
in Polk County, suddenly reappeared.
They stated that they had just returned
from Arkansas and knew all about the
promised land. That there were draw
backs to perfect happiness there these
two men admitted, but they claimed
that wages were high and work plenti
ful; that neither man, womau nor child
could possibly suffer want as long as
they had two arms and were willing to
use them moderately.
A month or more was given the two
Spradlings to do their share of the
work and then one of the master
sehemerseommenced playing his part.
iime the actor was
Arkansas, with immense crops that he
to garner for lack of hands.
He made most extravagant promises,
and the result was that many people
living near Cedartown were awakened -
Sunday night by the sound of wagons
passing their houses. From every diree
tion travellers commenced making
their way to the depot, and when the
sun rose between one hundred and fifty
and two hundred of them were wait
ing on the platform of the depot. ,~
Every effort to make them change
their minds failed and now many
plantations are without a single laborer
and planters can do nothing. This is
said to be but the beginning.
A Negro Mathematician.
Samr Summrers, the negro prodigy,
was in town recently, and, as usual,
entertained a large crowd, who were
testing him with all kinds of mathe
miatical problems. Summers is a negro
34 years old, without the slightest edu
cation. He cannot read or write, and
does not know one figure from another.
He is a common farm hand,' and to
look at him and watch his actions he
seems to be about half-witted, but his
quick and invariably correct answer to
any example in arithmetic, no matter
how difficult, is simply wonderful.
With the hundreds of tests that he has
submitted to, not a single time has be
failed to give the correct answ er in every
Some examples given him were as
follows: How much gold can be bought
for $792 in greenbacks if gold is worth
$1.65? Multiply 597,312 by 13(. If a
grain of wheat produces seven grains,
and these be sown the second year, ~
each yielding the same increase, how
many bushels will produced at this rate
in twelve years if 1,000 grains make a
pint? If the velocity of sound is 1,142
feet per second, the pulsation of the
heart seventy per minute, after seeing a
flash of lightning there are twenty
pulsations counted before,.you hear it
thunder, what distance is the cloud
from the earth, and what is the time
after seeing the flash of lightning until
you hear the thunder? A commission
merchant received seventy bags of
wheat, each containing three bushels,
three pecks, and three quarts. How
many bushels did lie receive" And so
Wit.h Robinson's, Ray's and other
higher arithmietics before them, those -
who have tested him as yet have been
unable to find any example that'with
a few moments' thought on his part he
is not able to correctly answer.
A sensitive Woman H
Of ten shrinks from consulting a phy-"
sician about functional derangement,4
and prefers to suffer in silence. This
may be a mistaken feeling, but it isone
which is largely prevalent. To all such
women we would say that one of the
most skillful physicians of the day, who ~~
has had a vast experience in caringp
diseases peculiar to women, has pre
pareda remedy which is of inestimable
aid to them. We refer to Dr. Pierce'a
Favorite Prescription. Thisis theonly
remedy for woman's peculiar weaknes
ses and ailments, sold by .druggists.
under a positive guarantee hom. the
manufacturers, that -it will give satis'
faction.in every case or money refunded.
See guarantee printed on bottle wrap