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ESTABLISHELD 180.NWBBY S*(qTURDYJUE1,19.PIE1.0AER
CAMPAIGN DAY IN NEWBERRY.
A Small Crowd Out to Hear the Candi
date: -The Crowd Hurrah for Till
man While Earle and Bratton
Campaign day in Newberry has coi
and gone. Last Friday was the grea
day for this "campaign of education
to make its exhibition in Newberry
The crowd was not as large as mnan
expected to see here. This is a bus,
time with the farmers and no doub
nany of them decided it would b
more profitable to them to remain a
home and attend to their own busines
and try to have their crops worked
Of course there were many here wh<
are so enthusiastic that they woul(
possibly have preferred to have lost
whole crop rather than to have failei
to hear Capt. Tillman. I hardly thini
there were hardly upwards of 400 voter
present at this speaking although
have beard the crowd estimated a
from 400 to 1,200. Not many of th,
people from the town went out.
I shall write what is published it
The Herald and News of this meet
ing over my own name. However, it
making up this report, I shall not onl
use my own notes, but shall refer to am
use the reports as published in Char
leston World, News and Courier an(
Augusta Chronicle, and this meintiot
I shall deem sufficient credit to thest
1 am sorry there were a number o:
persons in the crowd who seemed de
termined that no one should be given t
hearing but Capt. Tillman, and ever:
during his speech they could not re
press their enthusiasm so that at time<
even Capt. Tillman was annoyed by
the cheers and hurrahs. I heard sev
eral say they just could not help it.
They were full and they had to 'holler.
There were good contingents here
from Edgefield sud Laurens who were
Tillman men and they added their en
thusiasm to that of the strong Tillman
men present from Newberry.
I regret the discourtesy shown Gen.
Bratton and Gen. Earle during the de
livery of their speeches, for I had
hoped to see Newberry County do the
proper thing and give all the candi
dates a respectful and attentive hear
ing. But I suppose they just couldn't
help it. Outside of this the day passed
off very pleasantly. All the candidates
seemed tired and worn from the week!,
work. They had spoke successively
for four days beginning at Greenville
on Tuesday, Spartanburg Wednesday,
Laurens Thursday and Newberry Fri
day, and had traveled between times.
The County Executive Committee
had done exerything in thei.r power to
make the arrangements perfect, and to
give every candidate the same attention
and courtesy, and 1 think they suc
ceeded as far as it was passible for then
to do it.
ARRIVAL OF THE CAN)ID)ATES.
The speakers caie from Laurens on
the morning train. The train was
thirty minutes late and did not arrive
until 9 o'clock. Quite a number of per.
sons had assembled at the depot to see
the candidates arrive. As the train
rolled up, the Newberry band played a
There was a special escort to meet
the train under charge of marshal O. L.
Sehumpert and his assistants as pub
lished last week. The marshals were
all mounted. The chief marshal wore
a red badge and rosette and the assist
ants blue badges and rosettes. The
candidates and newspaper men were
placed in carriages and drawn to New
berry Hotel preceded by tihe Newberry
The following genltIlmen camle: Capt.
B. Rt. Tilimatn, (c n. Jno. Bratton, Gen.
J. H. Earle, candidates for Governor:
Col. E. B. Gary, candidate for Lieu
tenant G'vernor; Gen. Y. .J. Pope, can
didate for Attorney Genera:; Gen. M.
L. Bonham and Col. Hugh L. Farley,
candidates~ for Adjutant and Inspector
General; Mr. W. D. Mayfield, candi
(late for Superintendent of Education.
Tho following anewspapaper men
were in the party: Capt. J. L. Weber,
News and Courier; Col. D. A. U. Outzs,
Mr. F. J. Loudette and Mr. J. Wilson
Gibbes, Charleston WXorld; Mr. L. H.
l*atillo, Augusta Chironicle.
M ARCliING TO TH I- GRot'NDS.
After breakfast the line of march to
Jones' grove where the speaking was
had, was formed on Caldwvell street in
front of Newvberry Hotel. In the first
c-arriage wvere Capt. Tillnman, Genl.
Pope, Col. Farley and County Chair
man WV. H. Hunt.
In the second carriage were Gecn.
Earle, Gen. Bonhanm, (o1. Giary and
E. H. Aull, Secretary Executive (Comt
In the third carriage wvere (hen. Brat
ton and Messrs. J. C. Goggans azid l'. C.
Smith, members of tihe County Execu
In the fourth carriag~e were Mr. W\.
D. Mayfield, and Maj. A. J. G ihsoni
andc Mr. T. HI. Chlalhners', miemibe-rs of
The Newberry IRand miarched im
As Cpt.Tillan ameout of the(
admirers had assembled in the street
anfd a big cheer wvas sent up 1kar him.
Many congregated ar-ound( his carrian
to get a glimipse of him. Messrs. Earli
crowd also, but they were not so0d
mzonstrative. Somie pe.ISonls think tha:t
if t he Laurens and Edgetield mien wh-l
were at the speaking had been ehinn
ated from the crowdl that Capt. 'Till
man would scarcely have had a major:
tv of the crowd present. I am satisfied
hIat his majority prceent was not as
large as the noise iudicated, yet I think1
the crowd present contai ned a deeied
miajority of Tillnman uren!. I ami ats
fuliv satistied. however, that ( apt.
Tilimuan lost Ltround ini Newberry las:
Friday anid that lhe could have been
stronger if lie had not comC here ait all
The party airrivedl at theI grou ndis at
a'bout 11 ('clock, andzt thea fo llow-in
pared for the speakers: All thlie c-andi
diates for State otlices umntionedi above,
l 'otuty Chairinanl. W. HI. Hunt, lier.
J. I. Tray wick: XW. P. C alhuoun, XX.
Renet, Ge'raze .JohinstoneI :ann J. A
Slighi, candidates for Cot ngress fr-omi t b
dilstrict: I)r. -ungIl n PSli op-, 1- I'- .1
:ora~ldwll, n-:q. I I' - S- ts .l ~, o(
do ga ,adl. .(ot.ren5e.
sp.eechi called tile me(etmllg to order onI
earniest prayer for the divine lessinug
HE.N. l;n.ArtN's slE:'-:I .
Thi itIirst speLaker was (Geni. I-attonm
of Fartield,I a (-andidate for Gotverno'r
4 ;-n. lHration1 wasL greetedl with hurrah:
ftor Tlillman:o, andit t lhe interruIJt iton- ton
Sino-lli dutrinui. the de livery oft linssptegh
1,w- not f- -- ln well and' u-su ler
u-t ith1 a conI]gh ~ti and dinot sip-al
dvt herr had - entered npo th
Lpart ofi ie pc pie not to have fair an,
free discu-:siun. Ecerv citizen simul
- bec llowcd to exereise his di.cretioh a
to wh11o shouild l called to the higher
oriiee in the gift of the State. For tha
reason he Was in favor of a prilmar,
election. I t is fir y,ou to say wi w"ouli
serve as your governntental agents. I
t Was on the genteral idea that a najorit,
of the people shol say who ou
govern them that het enter-d this e:am
paign, and the only way to reach th
will of the tnajority is by priniary elet
tionl. Gen.Iiratt' n said t hat in t hi
cani paign he did not propose to trii t
ithe views of aly one. Since our las
contict wi'h the enemy we had ha<
things so nmu':h our own way tht t
some extent we had become careless
But in this agitation that We now hav
it was getting time for us to stop an<(
pause. ie (id not think the presenc
of a fully eqluippe(d class in the )enh
cratic parry was hardly consistent will
Democratie principles. To secure the
good of any it was necessary to secur
the good of all. All appeals to clas:
prejudice are wrong and cannot accru
to the benetit of theclass that organize
then, and to whoiml the appeal is made
To us hedged about by circumstance
such as we are, with the enemy jus
over the hill and scarcely out of sight
this cla.s tight amnonrgst ourselves can
not benelit us: We are having trouble
about the ex pelses of our grovernment
when as a matter of fact, excluding :
State debt that we inherited, the eos
of government is not- ~,0 cents pe
capita. The great burden that it
weighing us down ist ihe tax on iudu.s
try and labor. He had no appeal t<
make to prejudice. The only appeal hE
had to make was to their reason and
W\ hen (len. Bratton retired ther<
were cries of "Thank you" and
"IIurrab) for Tillman."
(.N. EaRLE SePEAKS.
(en. Earie, of Sumter, candidate fo:
(Governor, was the next speaker. If
said the people have a right to assenh
and to se and hear those persons who
come before them asking theirsuffrage
Those who hold office are merelv the
servants of the people, and it is right
that the people should demand of then
an account of their stewardship. Ir
this contest we are all Democrats
Capt. Tillman is a )eiuoerat, I am :
While some of you are calling loudly
for free speech it seems that you are not
willing to have it. Why not give al
the candidates a chance to be heari
whether you agree with them or not
Brave men are willing to meet brave
men and discuss public questions fai'ly
though they differ.
Gen. Earle said south Carolina was
one of the grandest States in the union
possibly not in material wealth but in
that which makes a State great-the
character of its citizens.
1er sons have al ways stood the equa
of any, whether on the battlefield ot
in the Legislative hall. The crowd
kept up such a noise and hurrah foi
Tillman that Gen. Earle stopped ani
said: "Let us all hurrah for Tillnlatn
and then stop." They hurrahed but
did not stop. Capt. Tillman. arose at
this point and begged his friends to
hear Gen. Earle, But none of it had
Gen. Earle continuing said he favored
the Agricultural College from the be
ginning and was still in favor of it.
That he also favored the Citadel ai
University. That one of the differences
between him and (apt. Tillman was
that lie was in favor of building up
while Tillman wanted to pull down
He said Tilhtnani was opposed to tha
Citadel, but lie hptihe was chtanin
his positioni. Whelzn asked ablout hii
oppolXstioni to the Citadel at Spartan
burg Tillmnti said that was two ye:mn
it now, ('apt. Tillmnan?' In reIply t<
this dlirect qutestion Tillmian said: "
anm not answering questi;ons now."'
He was ini favor of commoan schools,
and thought that every county inl tiiu
State should have just rep)resentat iot
in the Genieral Asserably. He did no1
believe, ho'iwever, as Tillm:mi didi, thai
those who hiad voted against reap)por
tionment were guilty of perjury politi
cal or oithierwise'. Thiere was 1no dis.
. tictioni between political pcrjIury 01
any other kind. Men who wer'e cor.
rup iplit10 tics wer'e co rrutpt ini pri'
vate life. Tillmnan, he said, hadl a irigh1l
to be Gouverntor, Ibult shioulId lie reacd:
the goal his ambition would be grati
lied on b lasteid repu tatioins. [ \ ices
"Let it be done."]
General Earle thieni referred to tia
ltailroal Co:nimission and spurned th<(
eharge that its mnenmbers had beer
"'tamed"'i or ''hamoboozled,"' as prmeferr'e
by 'fillmnan . In thliis con nect ion lie saint
Soiuth C arolina needed emigrationi.
At this there were cries of: "No! No
N.!" "'There are too manuIy here now.'
G;eneral Earle said there was talk o
reducing salaries, and that ('apt. T1ill
man could( well aflord to advyocate: it
for, if lhe were eteeted aiid salaiits wert
r'educed, it w.ould inot afleet the salair3
oIf Capt. TVillmtan,. because the Const itu
tion said the salary of the G overnoi
could not bie reduced durintg his termi
of ofilee. (Commenting oni this idesir(
oIf C'apt. Tillmian to red uee t lhe expen1se
oif the State govel nmenCit a indt build ul
( lemsoni College lie t urn'ed to Tillnii e
"If you are elected (Governior will v'et
lie willing to give five humid dlIol lan'
of your salarv to (Cem son ('illege am
fiv'e humilreid to the Citadel''
"'I will imake no stuch promiise', re
Thlzis raised a storni oif exci temen:t ii
which were~ the cres "You are right
iteni: that's it, Tillmnan."' ''That enmoughi
Generul Earle, sit. doiwn atiil givt
Tillmtan a chance."'
Geni. Earle said lie was in favor of
primiary election for delegates to Statt
tonventioni. He said Demoerats arn
divided.' A voice: "A in't up our way.
And1( diided withou411t cauise. Som1e 0
th e D)emnocrat s met in sepa rat c ionven
ti on and suigested a ticket, ail theic
:are reconsible f'ori this dhivisiion. Themc
have a separate F:x'cuttive ( Coiit!ec
s1 n it.L.'s Ir: imun.\ NI',
al1 Marint spe'ech was his sti:tures at
the -hl e:'ret mananifesto in whilh
thecir (oppon'1ents urging that theci
'hi' ip= of ainy~ inum:i, :ad Shl had 1i
riaht to' throw sucih a Iirmeb'rand~ in the
of.it . N iI 'rl ia Said )tn
The followin .\:i te circula eaihb:
en.t o .:tio':ind crnme~teds sonli by'him
lt' f'isent uti by '.liai. Thill aa tlba
- "'r;:il vii laTe stlefpea of olb, fo
ity.' Ast they valuet their lives. litberty
1 : ready to gu:trd zg:il t tle i uli(luc 1
1d:"vi.e o 4f t heir opponuents.
1v ''ownl:hip and nei'blul,o,rhod
t in the state .1ouhi e thorulyiV or
t Iginized into Democratie clIs. -The
0 otlicer should be trn l to al to the
I platfttrm of prineiles t"nulli:ted by
t the March ('onvent ion.
S"The hat tle cry of '/'/4d/ 1o 4'oi
I Tilmni' must be kept constant:ly inl
- view", :i l e(very" voter must he at hi,
-lpt.t 1ir-t, last and all the time to Con
- tro Vrt this hoped-for resti!t, :ind nonw
Iu=t he trlitted to pass unle:. t1hey
> re 1prop'rly vouched for.
e (Wn. Earle stated that he app)eared
as the candidate of toclas-.
Being asked to announc is plat
I form the speaker said he was in favor
of building up the Citadel, the 'niver
sity, Clemson ('ollee , reducing the
lnu~mbe"r of State oticers :in their sal
aries so far as t he public service aut lior
ized and would perinit.
C.1-T. TI LIMA N'S Slu-:(CI.
Capt. 'ilhnan, of Edgetield, candi
date for (=overnor, was the next
sueaker. He was greeted with wild
cheering and enthusiastie yells that
lasted for some ti14Ie, so long that he
had to beg the crowd to listen. le said
he was not an old stager in debate like
Gen. Earle. That he was a plain far
mer like the ones lie saw in front. That
1le had just jumllpe(d up out of the eot toni
patch a'bout live years ago, but (od hlad
given iiinl common sense, and he would
speak right without fear of conse
As Capt. Tillman continued, the far
mers surged around the reporter's circle
and hung upon the platform. Cries of
"Good (:od Almighty how he is a tell
ing it!"' "By granny, he knows what
he is talking about !" were heard all
('apt. Tillman continued: The people
had never had a voice in electing a
Governor: The aristocracy thought
common men like you couldn't govern
themselves. The people had to swallow
the ticket whether th4.y liked it or not.
If he were not the I)emocratic nominee
they should never elect him Governor.
The government was now a govern
ment of the people, by the politicians
for the oflice holders. (( ries of "Give
it to them. Hit. thern again.")
What do(Gen. Earle and Gen. Brattonl
represent? What have they be[intl
Tiilman---Good aristocrats and good
l,eferring to "the blind niice address,"
which lie read, Capt. Tillnan said Gen.
Earle and Gen. Bratton came out at
the request of that conference.
(en. Earle arose and said he did not
stand as a representative of that caucus,
though he had no objection to it.
Capt. Tillman replied: "But you
acknowledged at Greenville that you
received letters and requests to comte
out after the caucus, and not before.
lIe said this way of electing officers
had bred a race of political cowards,
inen who straddled the fence and went
about "howdy-doing" at barbecues.
(Voice: "That's correct; you are telling
He was willing to withdraw his
charge of perjury against those memii
bers who voted against reapportion
tent when it was proposed for the
State to take the census, on the ground
that it would save the State money.
He thought they should tbe excused. i)r.
Pope, of Newberry, lie said was one of
these and lie should be excused because
he did it on economical -rounds. le
voted for the conistitu tional amneid
mlett whichl piroposed to use thle census
oif 188n, andi thus save the people
inonev. But thle inie Seniators w ho
cointilied to vote againist rea'ipport ion
menit, vhat abou t theitn? (A viceb.
Ti]lmatn--"I' say it w~as dlamrnable
perjury. TIhey toik an oat to sup
port the conist itutioni and (din't do
it. If we htave coine to that point,
if we have got men who arec sworn
to support the conistitutioni, and1(
theiy doni't (do. it, mten oni thle b enchi
and. we have it, where will it all end'.
Where will it go to? If that is t
perjury then I don't know th~e meian
lmg of perjur.y. It is p)oliticaLl lepiro.s.
If lie cant be induced to break his nadh
ont three separate andi dist inct oct-a
sions, which of von will be willing to
be tried before himt, and how cani von
go before himt and expect to, get jutiec?'
IIf this medicine is too st ronig fotr
you then don't tatke it. It takes
strong reimedies for stronig dh7eaises."'
[It is proper to state lien. that the
ref~eee in the above to a .J udge tol
the btenee is to .Judge .Jas. F'. LIar who
was one of the line Senators whlo voted
againist reatpp ort ionimen t when ini the
('apt. Tlillnian contining satid: If I
am elected Governor I can get along
without the p)it iful sumi of $:.65nt or the
850u which thismnan is offering mue here
to split tip to buy the ollic I fe (oliers
you 9$5tit to eleet hiim.
O en. Earle, risinr.-Yjou a re mist aken,
sir. Are you willing for the Let.gisla
lure to reduntcyour salary'.
'apt. Tillmhian-I f the Legisbi ture
wants to reducle it, let themi ditsio, I c:mi
live without anyv of it-(ices: "Yes
you cani, and we will hlp you.''
(apt. TIillmiani saidt lie expeted ti
carn more thban r8.500O. If lie were
elected lie wyould save the fairmer's a
hunird red thousand dollars. Ini hiis very
first message he wvould recoiimenid the
ab olit ion of sonic of these use.less olhices
tha:t arie eatinig uw out of hiou-e :iuil
homte. "I f yout doni't chianZe the sys
temn t hey will 1pu1t h amid:uY o tn you~
What is the mieaning~ of the sonti*
"'tamjed''" JIlere is ani illustration: "I f
soml e a i mal. liable to be dlaiiger'ous is
(eaughl t andit hld un ti Ilte last proipen
sity' to bite and seratech has deoparteed,
it is "'tanwd(.'"
-iruom 'M to 'S; thle railr.atd con!i+s
sioners dre. : salary anti idt ii>thing:
then they gttt miore per~-, lint if t bieyv
hai:ve mtatde a redunet ion in rattes, hI've
never lieardl of it. You iiever' heard oif
thiemr bit ing or sc'ratching t he railr'oads.
31 dIistinguishted friend eni. Earle
ha 'ckhwedged that the b oard, (.f
whc e itcmemer. has not aisse-ssed
-the roa ds protperly. HeI said hie wei
fav\or' of ao-sessinig themi heavier, tilt thet
otheri .memibetrs wvouldnI't do it.
(;in Earle rose and said lie ijid not
I-t ie 'tion a bo~ ard of' iionorabl!e genll e
len. Thle board hatd de-idhed, :aiuo he
>inow endoltr"ed the decision.
apit. Tillhnan referred to i te .ard
- vrtten by t' (apt. Shell. anid w hi ich ( sen.
Earlt e hadit attac(ked. Said he, one of my
fritnd's brother lawyvers went ini ('apt.
. h .l' pivate htlliec. tunrolledl appe
- iw sa --w there, took ount tune etf tse
cardsk ami senit it oil' to t he Green villhe
News. whaLt sot of: a jb is that tet put
r ua ten a dlecenlt ma:ui Howe~-x-r, (Capt.
- Shiell didn't caore if it get inztothie news
t i T strulrgle iS btweent~ tile plCet
ti-l the pol it icians. Capt. Shelil spoke~
, eJabot ilvs antd liberties beiing at stake.
voice: "Li,ts W: Us. 1ilts it. I'tt 1/lP
get citiatedtl ou,. of their bile)la'-, a:tl
thtn their libertic- are at stakt.
Th'1at ;amei -wee"t"-setetd New" ;:tttl
Courier that ad d t "t l i t rbliin
t "ive Tle I irister a ft\w' letks, t.o.
It is ta)( pniif l it, r ceit'Ve' thy 1:'tit"t.
lii"\ talk. abol dm:ty tbar:.ts. Wetll,
satitli h', htoldiIg tip :: inibtr f'' Uatmh -
Its andl new"\Sapi!;t"rs. ler :ire" tin.'
prtoots. I will st:anidI bl e re1,cordIs, :011:
de'y any r1an to denly th-m.
11ire is the (14 ):pl tilI-r g i ti:a'- rt
port. Not in If y"V;It hiVe v it\lI -il it.
and 'uet liere is where all the publie
11101eV is acconlittiI f,tr. It' I alilt 1ed
,(ve'1or. I sha ll r('(,ninntienld that the
lcgisl:tiure plibl_is:1i 41In.non ctpit:s w\ilil
iienized statenielnt-, si>wing w!wre all
tile iloney ei,llt's frmi'u andt _'O4 t4), and
not trust it to tlitm ,-gisl:ture. YAu :IiQ
kept inl the dark purposteiy.
Conting (it (.en. E:i"'s inl tti:t
tion that. if Till man were elected his
charges wouil(1 he proven, he aid there
were reputations at risk. ((ii. -rire
rose and replied: "I am willing to risk
minel( with \"ourl'."
T1'iliiati-If yon ":11n show(\ Ii"tt ()o
minel), I ldare yoU to0d() it, sir-.
When (apt. Tillnli t ,':1nsel si'aini1
theer af.tr cheer rellt the air, and it
was s"\eI:l liilltes before qlliet wa':1S
('apt. 'ilistan iid ho "tul ttnot read
his repiy to (ol.:\. A . ;utlir, hat lis
triends iii Newhiterry" could n-ad it for
themselves in The ' Ilerahl and News
and the Ob tserver, as lhe- kiew those
papers would be fair enou1'ngi to himll tI
(OL. 1:. B. GARY.
'Tlie Ilext speaker was ('ti. F. B.
Gary, of Abijeville, candidate for Lieu
tenanlt G,oern)or. Hle anno)unce:d himn
self on the Tillmaln platform and was
loudly cheered by the Tillban ien.
lie said when the people rose up the
cry was raised "Hush, you'll split the
party." It is the subterfuge of the ring
to stay ill pIower. H1e wants a const i
tuttilal Conventi: tonil a new const i
tutiton and separate c"oathies on the raiI
roads for the races.
He wanted to mecntion onie th)ing,
sllowing the Cheek of the News :i
Courier. "'I'hat paper headed what I
said. 't wo to one it is not true.' I want
to say, when that paper nlade that
statl'nemt, either it did not know what
I stated, or if it did, it told what was
false. They dare not print that my
charge of thir having supported Dan
iel ('ia1berIaint for governor is not
m:N. Y. J. PoEc.
t tee. Y. I. IPope, of Newberry, candi
date for Attorn-:y (General spoke , 'xt.
He was receiveil with cheers, bu '-as
so hoarse lie could hardly speak. He
advocated the election of Capt. Tillnan
and advocated the platform of the
March convention. lie said taxes had
been p'leil up, oflices increased and the
constitution disregarded until it was
time for the people to demand their
rigllts. He had met an Israelite on
the train, who said there was one place
where Tillman wouldn't, get a vote, and
that was New York city. The Israelite
was right; New York was the only
(enl. M. L. tnihan, c.indidate for
re.election as Adjutant and inspector
General fo)llowed in a capital and mtant ly
spet"ch. A- he rose an old man said:
"\eil, he is the prettiest man ill the
State," and this brought forth, "Yes,
and( lhe is a good onie."' lHe at oie
11launched oult into ICani enthutsialstic andi
good IobIC-fash ionmed D emiocra tie speech.
IIe! said 0 heionsidered public oftIice a
piUbli21 tirust, anid initedlCI eachI and every
citie to121 i inIspect.2 his fle.( If tuany
tihng was wronlg withI it, ..old himn re
sponisile. if wronig had bCeenl done11,
recti fy it. 'I Te112 hlla anifestCo chiarged
cor'iptionh, but had to aY:Clonlli it.
TIhere is no corrup htioni or lepriosy in
tIts State. An attack had1 beni inade
on the algricultu11ral deparitmilen t, but
thaIt eaui tatke care ofi itse!lf. D)elicacy
fsorbiade 1his umlllertaiking thle defce(i(( oif
the railrolad cminhlissionl. i is father
was chlairmianl. Hie was siorry the geni
.lIem an wh made the1'!11( ch arge ug:0l lst
11wm11 wa.s not) onl thle sIullli. If heC
were thlere, all1 intehled by the word
"tamleid" to cai"t 00 thei clbairmanh (o11e
ii,ta oIf insinuaLtioni of wr'ong dloing, lhe
wouhtl1l denlouncle it in stronlger termIs
than11 wha1t lie noiw used(. 11n his ab
senc.e I shallticonltent nivlf' wvith say
ingi. they alre unhtruel, unltruec, unitrue"'
Le*t uis imv e a pimaryl~ tol '2le1 ctklegat es
to) the2 Stt t Conlvent1 iln. That1 1 i ighIIt,
I wanCt it.
and' asked whyV didn1't th~e State (on
ventionl give it to u1s?
truthfunllyv I :un for plrimai2ry."
I ICre thelre wa:s great (courusion01 and
an0 eilbr ilto' cry (down th e speaker.
I onham1i1 P11h1led his arms:un5aili looked
the pieole 5ilnarel'y in the face, sainilg,
"My rIs, you eann't cry 111e dlowni
or driv me away2 fromICII the stand(. I
am1t here at! the. invyitationl of yourebhair
man01, and1( 1 will exerds5e mIy rliht as a
1)em11 twrat toC speak. It is saidl that every
m:mlh don 1the 51tate ticket is olppos1ed to
thlis moICveI letnt. CoulId you ex peect
themli to1 turn1 1( lwr hleeks to their Ira
du.jsers and say, give tus another1.2 sl'
iein. Ihon;il theni c:mitralstedl the*
Ct h er States, an1tiC shoCwed 1 hat whilieh it
godt less moneily than tile miilitia oIf tide
majori)ity osf States it ranked amlong the
first ill I1)1mbers and11 in efliincy. It
wa:s popular amil wva- growVing il popu)1
arit.y daily. H e was not ashame<d of
his recor Ias1 a State ofliceer. HIe ('oubl1(
there'l is mi y wo' rk. Honam tld hen
sho:wed( the net:essity for State miiliti:a.
It was ne(Cissary to b-'a-k up anIIld suppilort.
t he civil la1w. The. she1riih has power tol
call ouit a1 posse, but ho0w d2 yIol know
they will responi~d' Sulppose they~ do(
rspoii: I b(i.y are! but a dlisorgainized
mal-, ii n hlnwrgenciie you re<uir
w~ell trainted :u11 thiorounghly organized
men101, :1111 t ha:t iS what tihe imilitia rive.s
(;en.1 1hniu's speech was wveil re
e'Vie. I: strucek a psopulalr Ichrd.
Atthe c*.iOlu-s in oIf Gzen. Bonhli:dmis
'dich <-apt. i'arley anndhounced( himti
self a5 a e:ulsiate fill Adjuhtanit :121(
r t1i. W. I). .\avIilsIidimad' a1 .sIidmia
annonneenn-nt~ii da :a to the' C5tli--s of StIpr
T rins siloced tIde 5sakingZ for the dlay.
E :veb1y 51e'1nws Iso feel giood andii
there. wa:s noi dlisturbtIanP'' eir aniythIinig
nealr it slinhg t' e tin. Nearnly all thle
for their2 hbomies. They' had2( a rest frioml
Fidlay to 'iec-iay. Tis week tile
A\niderson Wed'eihCsdlay, XWalhlalla Th'Iurs
day and Plicikens oni Fiday:t.. I ha:1ve
bsen untabile to ler no, as yet, thle efi'ect
of the mleeting lhere! onI last Friday.
Maniy peopile wVere disgustedl: somhe wer-e
enouragedl and oIthlers saiy nothing.
'te':e l -em, i.,ne.a ito t,.a Tolltn
men e claini that he lost ground here.
I do not think that lie strengthened
limuself here, but a great ninny men are
sueh enthusiastie supporters of his that
I almost believe that they would sup
lport him and believe hi:in if hie were
to charge their fathers and brothers
or even themselves with perjury,
whether he proved it or not. With
such persons it is no use to undertake
to reason or talk for they will not hear
I have endeavored to give a fair re
port of the meeting and whi!e the
speeches are not reported in full, th
reader who did not hear thcyn I hope
will be able to form sonic idea of what
they contained, and will be able to
fcrn his own conclusions.
I. 11. AULL.
TI LLMA N'S EIPLY T"'IITI.ER.
In iy speech at Anderson I made
ailusions to the failure of the agricul
tural department to punish frands in
fertilizers, and I charged in substance,
or charge now
First. That the bureau has iade no
honest effort to protect the farmers
against being swindled by buying
guanos below the guarantee.
Second, That it has not enforced the
law or its own regulations.
Third, That although the law is
known to be defective, and the punish
ment inadequate, no attempt has been
made by the board or commissioner to
have it amended, except that the mat
ter was mentioned in one of the de
part nent reports several years ago.
Commissioner Butler, in anl open
letter addressed to me, and which has
been widely published in the State
papers, says: "I challenge you to point
to one instance where farmers have
been defrauded by manufacturers of
fertilizers where such fraud was not
punished with all the power that the
department had at its command, and
that you make good your charge, or
retract it." I will cheerfully comply.
I have prepared the data and facts in1
writing, so it can go in the papers in a
correct shape. It is to be supposed,
though I have not experienced it thus
far, that a sense of fairness will take
every paper which copied Col. Butler's
letter publish my reply in full whether
it gives any other part of my speech or
As to the first count: The conimis
sioner in his letter acknowledges that
the penalty of confiscation imposed by
law against all fertilizers that are below
the guarantee cannot be enforced, for
the sufficient reason that when the
mnalvses are made the fertilizers are in
the ground, and out of reach, etc. The
distribution of fertilizers to points of
consumption commences generally in
December, and they are not all "in the
ground" till May 1, or later. During
the last ten years, at a rough estimate,
one and a quarter million tons of fer
tilizers have passed the quasi "inspec
tion" of our agricultural department,
and the amount paid by farmers for
the farcical protection has been up
wards of $3OOU0.
In the letter uuoted above the coni
missioner says: "I will say that in my
opinion, based upou official experience,
the manufacturer who deliberately at
tempts to defraud the farmers is the
exception, and further, I believe that
in every case where this has been at
tempted it has failed of success, because
of the department's supervision."
Here is an acknowledgement that
"attempts to defraud" have been made.
There have been "exceptions" to the
rule of honesty. Has he ever coitis
cated a single sack? No. Then cer
tainly "the departmient's supervision"
has not caused the failure of every at
tempilt to defraud.
Glip to eighlteeni months agvo' Com
missioner Blutler had at hiis comm iand
a State chiemiist, emptlloyved by the year
at a salary of $2,00il. Analyses of fer
ilizers could begin as soon as samples
were taken-say the umiddle of JIanunary.
In l1s5:39 per cent. of the amnmoniiated
fertilizers analyzed were below the
uarantee, and 20 per cent. of the acid
phosphtates were dlitto. In 188(i twenty
per cent of ammioniated and 9 per cent.
of acids were dleticienit, and this is
about the average of the last three
ears. Is it po)ssible to suplpose th't
none of these deficient brands of
rertilizers were ever analyzed, or could
not have beent analyzed and this
fra'ud found out ini time, so that an
eflicient and zealous otlicer could not
have found an opportunity to "'seize
and sell" some of it before "all was
in the grounmd?'' No reasonable man
in South Carolina believes it.
Suppose, as C'ol. Butler claims, that
the'"average" of mian ufact urers' guaraa
tees exceedIed t hoseguaranitees $;.t; per
toil, what satisfaction was it to a farmer
who bought and p)aidl for the (delieient
brands to know that some one more
fortunate had got a brand above the
guarantee, mand wvas being benefited at
his ex pense? TJhat lhe had paid for
what lie had not receivedl, and that
though the farmers paid $%,000 a
year for inspecting fertilizers, the
insp)ectioni was a fraud, his guano
a fraud, and nlo puniishmiient mieted
ut to the rogue except to print his
brand in italics in a report wvhich not
one farmer in fifty ever sawv or heard of.
Only 1 ,501 of t hese "'italizised'" re
ports o)f atnalyses wecre printed in 1889.
amn I doubt if twenty nmen in Greeni
villec other than dealers ever saw one.
By the way, this system of puniish
ig a rogue by printing his brand of
guano in "it alics'' oughi til t o e paten ted.
Of course it is' well knowvn that t lie
brand miay be changed niext seas 'n and
the italics rub,bed (out.
It is notorious that imanufactuiiret's
wilh fill sacks, branded ini a dozen diffrer
en ways, from the samte pile, hut
hen the cemnist. can catch the thief
and "'italicise'' him again, andI whly
sholuld wye farmers comiplaini! Ohm, my
counttrynmeni! It is this fatal laxity;
thtis con nivinig at enrime; thmis (lethronmie
menclt of law; th iis obhtuseness of moral
consciousness ; t hiis "' Iol itical lep
rosy'' that permecates ourcent ire govern
miental fabric, and. is suimnmedl u p ini
onei woird, nry/hcet of du/j, that is dle
stroying our very civilization itself.
We punish guano frauds with ''it alics,''
we punish lynch law which is the~ re
stlt of this laxity with ''italics,'" we
punish murderers wvho have money
with new trials and ''italics,'' and the
peo~l e are sick nigh un tto death of such
governimient and are dletermnined to
make a change.
But I must returin to rmy proo!s. Tlhe
lawv golverining the sale of fertilizers
b rietlyv statedl is as follows : It pr
vides tha:t aniyonte selling guano wit.h
out branding the sack, giving analyses,
maufacturer's name, &-c., shall pay a
line of ten dollars for each pack:tge.
Thatt the man who dlelivers or receives
such fertiilizers, raihIoo'd agent or other
peisoni, is~ similarly' liable. Any fer
tilizer' 51hl niot coinig upf to the guar
rntee is liable to confiscation.
The injust ice or wveakness of thec law
is that it is severe on a dealer failing to
branid the sack, but if a mani p)uts sand
in a branded sack atnd is caught, it cani
only be "confliscated.'" Aind this has
never been done! It is only "italieised!'
Now I will radn the fodlo.wing lInt te.r
s;gned by res)onsi ble gentlenien to
show thai:t thi2ecommliissam2er, or his
agents, have on several occasions know
ingly and wilfully refused to enifo)r'-e
this law and his regulati)ns based upon
it.. Here is a letter from Orangeburg,
charging that seventeeli tons of "itali
cised guano were p). .ed out to the
sampler, not "in i the ground," but in
the ware house. and n1othinlg was done
about it. The dealer who was so "il
disereit," wati boyeotte i by the manu
Ot.x':m;. -. C., June:
CA P'. B. t. 'T .LI A N, 1iopers, S. C.
I)EAR Siit-For your use and infor
mlation I will make the following state
\Ir. Robert Copes of this llace' had a
lot of guano--say 11; or 17 tons-that
was in the italicised list i$4 and s.
which he carried over frm that season.
When Mr. Butler's agent caine here
in 18S; ,March 2)) he called at Mr.
Copes' place of business, as lie had
done the season before, inquiring for
brands of fertilizers he might have for
sale, so as to get samples for analysis.
Now, the guano that was carried over
was part of a lot from which samples
had been drawn the season before by
Mr. Butler's clerk, and it was shown
to him, and the holes in the sacks were
pointed out to hini as evidence that
they were the self-same lot that he had
sarnpled and italicised the season be
fore, and was asked why the depart
ment did not make an effort to carry
out the law.
No notice, however, was taken of the
same by the department, and Mr.
Copes afterwards put the guano away,
as he was completely boycotted, and
could not continue the business.
You will clearly see that this was an
opportunity for Mr. Butler to carry
out the law.
Mr. Copes is a perfectly reliable gen
tieman, and one of the best men in
this county, and he will be ready to
substantiate this statement if called
upon. Yours respectfully,
L. P. CONNER.
Then here is a letter from one of my
neighbors, in which it is charged that
his guano lost twenty pounds per sack
or 10 per cent., showing that in addi
tion to being swindled in quality we
are also swindled by short weight. Mr.
Gardner is perfectly reliable:
MIt. (:ARDNER'S LETTER.
RoI -Rs, S. C., June S. 1S90.
DE.A BIE-I bought seventy-seven
sacks last year, only weighed four
sacks. They lost twenty pounds each.
I can prove it by B. Z. Rambo.
S. W. GARDNER, JR.
O.- F. CoN oR's Certificate.
Next I give a statement from a gen
tlenan in Lancaster, Mr. 0. F. Con
ner, as to what he heard one of Col.
Butler's clerks say, and Dr. T. J.
Streat, who sends me the certificate,
says Mr. Connor stands ready to give
This is to certify that L, U. F. eon
nor did hear a prominent and reliable
clerk in the Agricultural Department
at Columbia, S. C., say that when the
phosphate companies failed in coming
up to the analysis required by law
they would beg off.
0. F. CoNxoR.
Lancaster, S. C., Mlay :;, 1S90.
I hardly think it will be necessary
now for the third charge that the
board and commissioner have done
nothing to have the defects in ferti
lizer law amended. Col. Butler has
held the office of commissioner of agri
culture since December 1S79. His
salary has amounted to $22,nonii, and he
has spent in the Agricultural bureau,
as I have said, over $8t00, 000 in that
time. Hie has been one of the mtost in
fluenitial men in the State and the
"'Ring," ' which we are fighting, has
stoodl by hinm and his dlepartmient
through thick and thin. H-e and his
political associates had influence
enough to dlefeat the bill I p)repared by
order of the Farmers' association in
I1S8) recr4anizing the agricultural dc
p)artmient, and he was doubtless con
sulted by (Col. Younmans ini preparing
the "'substitute," wvhich was passed ini
1887 in lieu thereof, and which is
now in force. He knew of this defect
in the law, and although he and his
friend had things all their own way,
the p)rovisioni in myv bill punishing i
fraud in fertilizers by Ilie and impris
onmixent wa':s left out of the Youmianis 1
"'substitute.'" lie and his friends had<
influence enough to elect the present<
board over the men nominated by the
Farmers' convent ion, and to re-elect
them, and it stands to reason that if I
they had wanted to pass a law t.o give
protect ion to farnmers it couild have
been done. iut the agricultural bu-]
reau was ini close alliancee with the
university andl Citadel. The three had
p)ooled( their strength to defeat every
thing the commoll farniters wanted,
and to continue ini conitro(l oft the State.
The anomaly was presented of an
Agricultural Department and being
asaulted by the country p)eople it dle
fenided by the cities. T1hie Agricultural
Bureau has never i nc this agitation
began, save ini a single instance, lacked
lihe sol id support of Charleston and ( o
Inumbia, and this pol itical " 'trust,"' coum
p)osed largely of nmerehants. mianuifae
turers and lawyers, withl a few "aristo
erattic agricultunrists'' as allies have
deemed " i talies"' su flicient punishitmentr,
just as they deemed the annex a "sutli
cien t" agricl t uralI college. So muich
for the fertilizer businiess. Now wvhen
asked by a genitlenman in the audience.
at A zolerson where th mo'in ney spenlt by|
lie AgriculItural D epairt men t went. -
anisweredl, "1 do) not knowv," and I told
the simipIe triu th. I knew w here ('oh.
Bu tler's report said it went, but I have
nlot 5teeni it. paidl ouit, ando tohl hinm to
ask ('oh. Bu tler. (Coh. T. .J. Moore of
Spartanhurg, a menmber of the board,
has colle forward and' e:aimus thadt this
was a charge of ''corrup:.ioni, extrava
ganie," et c. I fail to see how or why.
Gentleimen( are not usual ly so1 touchyV
abon t their hon)lesty, ando thlxis doub le
exhitbitionl of solicitudec about the mony
spenlt is cu:rious to say tihe least. ItL is
oin a par with the iterated and reiter
ated eilwrges, that I have ''aeensed the
State otlicers of corru pt ion,"' etc., and1(
my '"conflession"' that. t here wa nne.
All this tllrry ando lunliahloo about
"'corruti on'' can have bu;t one meaun
ing. The purp ose is to create the in -
Ipression th at. I ha:ve made such ebai;rges
and( cannot prove t hem. Now all I axsk
is that sonic one, the News and C'u
ricr, Register, or other "scrapbook
keeper' will put the charges home and
show whmeni and where I have chlargedl
''corru pt ion againist State otliet rn." It is
tinme to "show up or shiut up.'' I have
imade charges enough aind anm ready to
prove themi withI out thI ese "-uttlhe fish"
trying to fool time people by* a:ening1
me; of chiara.es I niever 'aiid.
Cold. M~onre .gave the itemliz.ed e.x
pendlitures5 of the aigrieculturie depart
mteiit fo'r 1 -a,zi an i it! give t how~s of
1.-I0 fori ninie monti hs to sho how~ t his
thilg Ions gro)wn.
The "niiew broom"' dlid its work het
ter and1( for less mney. IIere is the
-!oei.nit of 'epneniittures in 1 sri
eultur.d r;-parztmernt for nine months
.1:t iuarv !2 ' s.: to Nvermlber 1, 184)
L.".i:. e .;. .rn . . rS:rin 4h4.... ... y
C.:): J.usk:. Y . ,n" rA,r.......l r.m
n y .........................
P. : r .. .... . . ..
I.. r' . tr n . '.. I.... ' . .............. :
1IJu.k,, tx!ur,:.-.r............ ............ 1*)
Yrint.i . - ri .. ;t;
F4ri>' boa,rrtl,z?r of .g.c.t .......... . 9
o y rndeo ...............
P .tcUi .......... .................. .'
Wash n han........................ ..............
ash ..t ...Treau................9,,.
C\1ENs UI%IsIOI f-tted.'F
I'zr.ra ........................................ g , ,:.'
t a t- i n .. .. . .. .................. ............ . . .
Bal;t acES int stte tfe..... ..... de.-nmn
t":xt,t"nse? board of agriculture..... 1917
rax rt"fnnded .................
Expense ti.li comllisioner batelh
ing. distributilng, cost of breeding
pond .. ............................................. y -
.e h art hand ... ........ ..................... 3 '
.ash in tate Treasury ....................9,G
f'riviie trx on commercial fertil
,Et-cei ved of J. M. MeBryde proceeds
sale from products, Spartanburg
Balance in state t.eaty dep rtment
funds... ........ . . . .................. .,9
Dep,artmentt fu'nds. . . 313 st,
.teceied of A. T Sm the the
amount disbursed by departmnent
of a;rlculture in phosphate litiga
tion, being part, of damages re
atc 15.................... 1 2,65 20
.ceived of A. T. Smythe damages
recovered in phosphate litigation.
balance after deducting amount
tu1 e5 ....................................... ......:1 961, 6 7
p)i acout ydrnt of agricltura
$$.5,l~ I i
abarie ........ s.................. 04
t. P. Butler, 12 mioutls at
a:. Chazal, chemist, wo
at i173............ ..... 73C
0Ransom, clerk, 10 mos.
. E. G 1zals, nos. at
$125 .................................. 21 20
)n account of Ag icuituri
.abratory expenses........ 2,.4 Si
Salary chemist and two a.
sista.ts 11 months at
r1>06................................... I,>s 2
kccounted for in chemist
report .. ............... 4 47
Paid by Commissioner to
P. E. Chazal for Noveni
er .. ............. .................
['rivilege tax tags..... ...1. U
?ubishing and mailing
montllly report ............ 780 410
'rinting annual report... 744 t7
"'iuting.................. .M5 77
'lericai as'istauce........ 1,:.00 aJ3
xpenses drawing guano
samples ......... ............... . 98.. 85
?rize corn con test................ 50
state weather service...... 254 >8
Etepairs olt buildings and
statione.ry and books. 170 61
telegrams x7961, express
charges $51.35....ea........ >38
state representatilvs and
Paris exposition............... 1,2609
usurtanee premiums......... 149 9
ostage . 35.... ..... ............
Lraveling and expenses of
committee of agriculture 92 80
reight and hauling $19.32
porter d'29.o5 ~......248 97
as $52.06, ice $14.2-i...fue.l
state exhibit Augusta ex
position .5...... ............ 1. 513 :
Veterinary department..312 8
)epartmnent museum. . 518 9)
tatice eixtures and sundries -0 78
'armers institutes............... 391 0.5
Elall and ottice furniture.... 1:30 6
,.ibrary cases........................ 27t 75
x perimental statio,...... .. 5,U9 98
..oard A gri cul ture.......... 67 50
ish commisstaioners.........59 6L5
a trot at Georgetown..51 65
at rol on E.dis!0.............. 200 00
a trolt .in 31airion C'oun ty... :0 00
atrol in Edgetield County 15 00
~ho phiate de partmuent............. 2,860 110
.iiary~ special assistant 12 months l,500J 00
Jice rent, travelinig expenses spe
ri.I ifl n at............................... 4500
,itigat10 ..................................... 477 5->
ninuat inspection of phosphate
terri tory by board............... 116 80
tate A gricultural and 31echanical
Society ......................... ........ 2,0) 00
?atd State Treasurer balance dam
ages recovered ini phosphate liti
gaition............................... 31,:96 79
Tota l disbu r'.een is............$1,826 13
'a.sh in e.tate Treasury October 31,
1:0 .......................................... 23.304 98
Grand total.........................*&5,i29 11
TVhe dIeImnd is made that we make
his a "camzpaign ofeducation," so I will
>lay schoolmaster a little further in
he mat ter of expetnditures in the agri
mtitral diepartmlenlt. Here are a some
1uestionis which who will or can may
First. It is seen that $12,162 have
>eten paid lawyer's fees. Why did not
heo Attorney-Genieral and Solicitors
,ho are State ollicers with big salaries
>ros2cutel. [those suits anid save that
Seid. .Jud(gmntts with cost for
~74,874 was obtained against the Pacific
SuaIl(n tim pany. W lien that company
ailed, which was probably a ruse to
;et someto legal advantage,) and its prop
~rty attached under the judg
nient, a c'omlpromlise was tmade
y~ which the Pacific Company paid
531,2i9 and cost. The amount turned
nto) the State Treasury was $31,3964,
utd the department kept $i12,162 to re
):ay cost of lawvyers fees, etc., making
44:,559. 'This is $7,4i90 less thian the
I want to ask why was the imatter
-omplromli se'd at all, and where did the
s7i,i go, and did anyhody get alny
mtontey for comipromlisinlg?
Third. In 1889) the experimtental
tationls cost $5,6)49; cost of chemist,
lThe Mtate an nually receives from the
I'uited States $15,000, known as the
Hatcht Fund, to run an experimental
!a:tioni. I cant find 1no acounit of how
that money is spent or where it goes,
either in (ol. Butler's report or in that
af the U'niversity trustees. Are we
penctding $25,ti00 a year on these sta
tions? Has the station a chemist ot
'hemtists? and I lie University a chemist
both paid by thie year, and do they
thent receive adiditiona:l pay for atnalyz
big fert ili/.ers?
Have wec dutplic.itionl of officers and
rduplicationi of salary and no work itn re
turn thecrefor ? Is not somebody mak
inl' al "g'ood thitig" out of the spending
of ihese augricultuiral funds?
F~ou rt h. The tnet expenditures of agri
-ut ural department as set forth above
; re 4:;,427. This itncludes for State
A gricultural Society $2,500, making net
Lex peni d iures E2.97
itn titce comtrtoller-G eneral's report fot
the sam fiscal year, page' 9, the atgri
eul tural deparitmwent is charged with
h::;,1t. but this does not include the
2.500 fo,r *tthe State AXgricultural Society
mi pae , d:; f sme rep)ort. The State
ITetut r charges the Agricultural Die
t!.i ii t. ,00). D)o w~e finid three State
unvr-I mnltionl (heir names with
;r,-ar andt' tremin g-miakitng this sort
ofa showing about the same matter of
public expenditures in official record.
The Treasurer charges the Bureau
wit hi $.5,742 miore than it acknowledges
to) have spenit-8.5004 more than the Comt.
1.1 ro!!er s;tvs it spen t. Thel (Comptroller
" charges it with $3.242 more than it ac
knowledges to have spent, and vet all
the books of these otlicers tally, and
they would not do so if any changes
are made. Now have these officers
made mistakes or is there "something
rotten in Denmark -." Has the Bureau
spent more than it accounts for? If
the Agricultural Department's accounts
f are correct ; and Col. Moore was par
ticular to mention "'vouchers," al
though the Bureau prior to 18S7 spent
over -20),A) without ever showing a
single voucher,, how will the Comp
trnller and Treasurer straighten their
tieir own? Is the desperate and un
serupulus warfare urged against me
made lest a thorough overhauling of
the State government might show
something wrong somewhere?
Every good farmer cleans up his
premises once a year, and especially his
barn. There may be no rats' in our
State House, and consequently no rats'
nests; but whether there arc or not, a
general overhauling and sweeping out
can do no harm, and while eou may
think that I am actuated by selfish
motives, I hope weshall have it whether
I boss the job or not.
The state Canipaign.
Walhalla. Thursdav, June 14.
Pickens, Friday, June 21.
Union, Saturday, June 21.
Columbia, Tuesday. June 24.
Lexington, Wednesday, June 25.
Edgelleld, Thursday, June 26.
Aiken, Friday, June 27.
Winnsboro, Tuesday, July, 1.
Chester, Wednesda', July 2.
Yorkville, Thursday, July 3.
Lancaster, Friday, July 4.
Camden, Tuesday, July 8.
Sumter, Wednesday, July 9.
Florence, Thursday, July 10.
Chesterfield, Friday, July 11.
Bennettsville, Tuesday, July 15.
Darlington, Wednesday, July 16.
Marion, Thursday, July 17.
Kingstree, Friday, July 18.
Georgetown, Saturday, July 19,
Conway, Tuesday, July 22.
Charleston, Thursday, July 24.
Mount Pleasant, July 2.-.
Manning, S&iturdav, July 26.
Orangeburg, Tuesday, July 29.
Barnwell, Wedcesday, July 30.
Hampton, Friday, August 1.
Beaufort, Saturday. August 2.
Walterboro, Tuesday, August 5.
THE MAN TO DO HIS DUTY.
A High Compliment to the Ability and
Popularity of Ex-Governer H. S. Thomp
[Special News and Courier.]
WASHINGTON, June 7.-There seems
to be a general movement in this vi
cinity to have Governor Thompson ap
pointed as:one of the customs apprais
ers under the new administrative ens
t8ms bill. The efforts in his behalf are
not encouraged by him, nor has- he
moved a finger in that direction, but
his universal popularity and acknow
ledged ability has brought him .for
Here is the way he is regarded by
the Critic in an editorial this after
noon : "The Hon Hugh S. Thompson,
of the civil service commission, is
spoken of as a very suitable person for
one of the new and most important
offices in the customs service. Since
the law requires that a certain portion
of the board of appraisers shall be
Democrats, Secretary Windom could
hardly secure a more competent mem
ber than Mr. Thompson would make.
Assistant secretary of the treasury
under President Cleveland and subse
quently as civil service commissioner,
M r. Thompson has exhibited all those
qualities of ability and integrity which
will be so imperatively required in the
position to which reference is here
made. He is a gentleman who can be
relied upon at all times and under all
circumstances to do his whole duty
without fear or favor.
LEE AND) CHINESE GOltD)ON.
Tme Onty Two Heroes Lnrd WVoisely Says
He Has Ever Knuown.
[Special to Baltimore American.]
RICHMOND, VA., June 3;jgovernor
McKinney to-day receivll'e follow
ing from Lord WVolsely: :
GREENwicH PARK,S. E. May 23, 1890.
Dear Sir-Mr. Frank Lawley has
forwarded me an invitation to attend
the unveiling of a monument to the
great General and patriot. Robert Lee.
I am grateful to 'l our Excellency for
this kind thought of one who takes toe
deepest interest of everything that
affects the interests and welfare of the
American people of the same stock as
ourselves, speaking the sam.e language,
governed by the same laws, and im
bued with ~the same love of fair play
and liberty. It would be unnatural if
we were not in the same spirit and in
spirationls. Without entering upon any
vexed questions, is it not, therefore, nat
ural that all Englishmen should be
1:roud of General Lee as we are proud
of General G;ordon? Those two men
were the only great patriotic heroes I
have ever known, and I honor them in
my thoughts as if they wvere twin
brothers, and both had been my own
comrades in arms. It is not possible
for me to pay America a visit just at
present. I nope to do so, however, by
and by, and to revisit Richmond, of
which I retain the most interesting
recollections. Again thanking X our
Excellency for your kind thought of
me, believe me to be, with profound
respect. Most faithfully yours,
5we Seventeenl'a Toot5ey-WoOtS.ies
[From the Omaha World-Herald.)
K EoKK UIa., May 10.-There 1s on1
exhibition ini this city the p)attern of
the insole of a pair of shoes made at
Kakoka for a girl living at Rainbow,
Mo. The girl fo,r whom these shoes
were made is only 17 years old, and is
seven feet seven inches in height, and
weighs :25 pounds. She has had many
offers to pose in a muuseum, all of which
she has reiertedl. The insole referred to
measures ~15) inches i:n length and 61
inches ini width.
Faraner4 Aainst Ingalis.
HIA nlEin, KansQas, June 4.-A con
ventioni of the Farmers' Alliance was
held here yesterday to nominate a
County tic'ket. Thirty-nine alliances
were represented by 101 delegates. The
convention was harmonious. Four
candidates were placed before the con
~ntioni for representatives and were
c 1ed on to define their status as to
Senator Ingall's candidacy.. Every one
pledged himself against him, and the
convenitionl endorsed the speeches by
enthusiastic cheers. The Hapr -Oi
ty delegates to the State o25f
will all be alliance men.