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ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, JULY 3, 1890. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
IAMPTON TO HOMIE FOLKS,
HIS FULL SPEECH DELIVEtED AT
TH COLUMBIA MEETING.
Urging Good Will Among Detnocrats-Re
senting the Insults to Bratton-The
Sub-Treasury Scheme Denounced
Vigorous Call for Unity and
INews and Courier.]
Ladies, and my fellow citizens of
Richland and of South Carolina : The
cordial greeting that you have given
me has touched my heart so that I
have hardly words in which to thank
you. I have come in obedience to the
call of the Executive Committee of
this, my own county; that county
whose people for years and years past
have given me every honor in their
power, and whom I have tried to serve
with every energy of my heart, my
arm, or my tongue; that I might come
here to speak to you to-day on the
grave issues, the gravest, I miay say,
that have ever touched our State since
1876; that I might consult with our
Democratic friends how best to pre
serve, not only the Democratic party,
but the welfare and prosperity of the
people of the South. I have come to
see those men, the survivors of 1576,
those men whose heroism, whose de
voted effort, whose courage, whose
sublime courage, redeemed the State
from a rule more disgraceful, humiliat
,ng and more ruinous than that to
which a civilized people was ever sub
jected. (Applause.) I have come to
meet them again, to look into the faces
of the men who sustained me in 1,76,
to take counsel with them and to show
them what we shall do, and to listen
to what they may have to say.
My friends, before I begin to discuss
the issues, let me say that I concur
heartily in what our chairman has
I implore you to treat every candi
date to-day in the most respectful
manner for-I am ashamed to say
that has not been done at some of the
meetings in South Carolina. (Ap
plause.) And when 1 saw in the pa
pers the other day, that hero who had
led South Carolinans into the jaws of
death, and who bears on his body the
honorable scars which show his devo
tion to South Carolina. (Hert there
was great applause before Bratton's
name was mentioned.) When I saw
that a South Carolina audience could
insult John Bratton, (tumultuous ap
plause,) I thought : Good God ! have
the memories of '61, of 65, have they
been obliterated and all that has been
done by the men who tried to serve
South (arolina -: (Applause and "No,
no! Hurrah for Bratton !") Has it all
been forgotton? Oh, my friends, let
not that be said of Richland County.
Treat all men with respect. This we
are told is a campaign of education.
May it be so, but how can itbe soun
less all the speakers are given a respect
ful and attentive audience. I ask for
every one here and for myself that you
will hear me for my cause; for my
cause is the one that has been nearest
to miy heart all my life. (Applause.)
I have conme, my friends, to discuss
measures, principles, and not men. It
would be eminently improper for me
either to advocate the claims of any
candidate, or to condemn or to criti
cise any one whose views, whose mleth
ods, whose policy I do not agree with.
It would be improper and indelicate,
and I have no idea of doing it. Every
citizen in South Carolina has a right
to seek office. It is a laudable amnbi.
tion, and if the ambition leads him, in.
spir'es him to seek it by honorable wayt
and honorable methods, I know of no
higher cause in which a man may by
But we are now confronted with the
gravest issues we have had to meet for
years past. I came here arid find divi
sion amongst the Democrats of South
Carolina. When I remember the
scenes that were witnessed here on this
very spot in 1876, when this vast space
wa packed with the men who had
gone through the campaign, of which
the last meeting was here ; when I re
member that all these galleries were
filled wIth fair, devoted women, who
had contributed so much to our suc
cs;when I remember that even the
- ittle children were enrolled in the
ranks, and prayed for the success of
the Democratic party ; when I renmem
ber that we all stood shoulder to shoul
der to meet the common enemy, I con
fess that my heart sinks when I see
this division amongst ourselves. Thlis
1s said to be only a family quarrel, hut
you know that no (luarrel can be so
b itter as a family quarrel when it is
pushed to the last issue. We are told
that both factions of the Democratic
party are D)emocr-ats, are true Demo
e rats. They doubtless are. In the
ranks of both p)arties al e brave, honest,
conscientious, patriotic ment. I recog
nlize that. I know it. I appreciate it,
and I do and give all honor to the men
wvho are following their convictions:
but, my friends, let me tell you that
we need not look far to be taught wvhat
can be the result of division in D)emo
eratic ranks. Look to our old and great
sister, the Commonwealth of Virginia.
You all remiemlber that when Hancock
was nlomlinatedl for President Mlahonle
placed in the field an electoral ticket
in opposition to the regularly consti
tuted ticket. He and thley all declared
thlat they were D)emocrats, and wvhat
was the result ? The State was lost.
[ahone became a Readjuster, aln Intde
pendent. As an Independent D)emo.
t >theL'ntedStates Seniate,ad i
that he was a better Democrat thati
Hill; and you remember that he sold to
hiiself to the Republicans and became gL
the most bitter and malignant enemy fe
of his ov-n people. (;reat applause. in
Thank (oud ! the Old Dominion has ev
redeemed herself and has consigned pa
Mahone to the infamy he deserves, and to
I pray to God that such may be the h:
fate of all such renegades and Inde- U,
pendents as he is. (Applause.) fo
Now, my friends. that is a lesson we w
should take home to ourselves. I tell n
you that if we divide we shall fall an th
easy conquest to our enemies. United pr
we can defy all attacks from without gr
and within our borders. But do you he
not see that even now on the calenders to
of Congress are election laws framed de
by the bitter enemies of the South, I
which, if enacted, will leave the elec- ol,
tions practically in the hands of the st:
United States supervisors, and our
members of Congress will be certified fo
by a Federal judge instead of by the lei
authorities of South Carolina? MIy th
friends, there is a frightful danger be- fo
fore us-a danger not alone from the us
division of the paity, but from the er:
passage of these election laws. We ov
must stand together, or we shall surely dc
Now it is said there is a great depres
sion in the farming interests of the ca
South. It is not only in the South, pi
but in the whole country. I know It
that, m,y friends. I feel it, and I need th
not say to you that I sympathize with an
the farmers, for I have been a farmer as
all my life, because it was the occupa- or
tion most congenial to me. But, tell in
me, n hat laws can be passed by a Leg- er
islature, or what can be done by a Gov- Ii
ernor, that will help that depression? p1
If any man will tell me that the Gov- sa
ernor, whose functions are only ad- m
visory, can pass a law, then he has st
more power than the president of the ti
United States. What lie can do to er
help you, passes my comprehension. dIt
We want good government. We want tl
the laws administered equally and pl
justice done to every man, and it can
only be done by the people of South a
Carolina taking the matter into their to
own hands. I have heard the people G
called serfs, slaves, but I believe that ar
every nan here is as free as the air he ga
breathes. (Applause.) So I say to you a
that if you claim that there is a ring (A
in this government or that conventions 0
are:picked, that you, the people, your- in
selves are to blame. Take the county in
convention. Who chooses the conven- (
tion ? The people choose the delegates ar
and send them there, and you can in
struct them to any convention; the
constituents direct them hat. to do.
Take the State Convention. The i
county convention elected by you
elects the 'l gates to the State Con
vention and the county convention [1
can instruct its delegates. Therefore if
the people do not choose good men in
the conventions, or in the primary, it cy
is because you do not take interest ro
enough in the elections to do your its
proper share of t he work. Now, I say i
that the convention can be conducted
in a perfectly prop1er and straight for- em
ward manner. I would be p)erfectly b
willing that every )emnocrat in the m
State could express his vote directly at i
the polls, but I say that the people of
South Carolina have been free from
rings, fronm all oligarchy, from ali aris- t
tocracy; but what is aristocracy? God e
knows, I don't know. I don't recog
nize any peole as~ a "'conmmon'' people. th
I recognize every true Democrat, and er
especially if he is a man who stood byth
me ini the war or if he is the son of a
mlan. (Aplauseand h urrahs for Hamip- D
ton.)If he is the son of a man that a
fought in the war he is thbe aristocrat. s
(Applause a::d cheers.) Talk of aris- bi
tocr-acy in South Carolina! Mfy God, w;
if there be a man here who followed m
me through the war, I appeal to him m
to say, to bear me witness that I treat
ed the man in the ragged grey jacket ii,
as well as the man with the stars on ,
his coat. (Great applausc. I regarded t
them not only as mcy equals, but they to
were mcy superiors, because the private thi
soldiers were the men who bore more ot
of the brtint of the hcat tle, and the pri
vations of war, and got less credit for it km
than the officers. b
MIy friends, you have seen that they r
Ihave proposed in Congress some mecas
ures that they call the sub-treasury, mi
the ware house system, and our dis
tinguished Senator from (California, tv
Stanford, introduced a bill the other e
dlay by which he proposed to lend
money to the farmers on a miortgage of a
one per cenit. and then he very inno
cently said.that the farmers could make to
money by lending it out at six or seven b
per ent. I hardly think that Stani
f.crd, when he was a railroad p)residenmt' tu
Iwould have coniducted his business on
that hine. I hardly thcink the schemie
is a goodl speculation. But it can not
p):1s5 because both measures are abso-SJ
lutely unconstitutionial. You wvould
hardly expect that any of your Repre
senmtatives should violate thle (Constitu- th
tion, whch they swore to obey, bcy
voting for th:ese bills. P
Isyto you tht- if thiere has beenmi
anything which hats dlepressedi the rie
f troers~ above all others it is the tarifY. Ifj
That is where the pressure is the hecav-i- b)x
est on the laboring mcan, upjoni all the Iin
indcustrial classes o~f South Carolinca. o
(Applause and cries of "P)rotection:im
protection:~ Yes, that is protection, ch~
but I am not ain advocate of free tlade-X tic
That is impracticable, but I say t hat. al
the farming interests aould receive all
thme benefits. (Here there was a greait .1
confuisioni amd ncoise caused by tihe pacss
age throughi the crowd of ihe Sumcter TI
de-legatiocn andi. at thei-~r head Colonel tb
Whieii quiiet was restore.l G overnor or
Hamcptonx continuedi: Ia
I will n': detaini you much longer.
tger I will finish, and you will be as
il as I will be, I only want to say a
w words in conclusion, and the true
otive which brought me here. In
ery canvass since 1876 1 have taken
rt, and whatever the part assigned
me by the Executive Committee I
.ye worked for the supremacy of the
nmoeratic party. It. was my good
rtune to be your stand4rd bearer
ten you placed the flag of the De
ocracy on the State House. From
at day to this I have felt- the su
emt st interest in the success of that
.trd old party and I have come down
re to appeal to the men who listened
me, who trusted me, who had confi
nee in me-I have come to them as
.ould to brothers, as I would to my
1 brigade when going into action, to
md shoulder to shoulder.
I implore you men of Carolina not to
-get the past. I implore you not to
passion or prejudice lead you, for
cy are unsafe guides, which, when
lowed, dethrone your reason. It is
eless to contend that you are Deno
its when you do anything to divide
n, the Democratic party. (Treinen
us applause.) Stand together I imrt
[ have nn personal interest in this
nvass. I can have none. The peo
of South Carolina have given to me,
ye bestowed on rme, every honor in
eir gift, and that should satisfy the
ibition of any man in this world; for
1 stand here under our genial skies
my native soil I declare to you, on
y honor, I would rather be the Gov
nor of South Carolina than to be the
esident of the United States. (Ap
ause and cheers.) This people, as I
id, have bestowed their honors on
e, and much as I prize theni, I value
11 more than all the political honors,
an all the good that has been show
ed upon me, the kindness, the confi
nee, the afl'ection -xtended to me by
e people of South Carolina. (Ap
My career must soon close. In the
tural course of events I cannot hope
be here much longer, and I hope to
>d that when the time comes, and I
.1 at rest forever under the soil that
ve me birth, iy eyes may look over
.appy, prosperous and united people.
,pplause.) I hope that a merciful
>d will continue to shower His bless
gs on this people, and I end my say
rs: "God save the old State!"
ild and long continued applause
OPPOSING VIEWS OF IT.
nw the Columbia Meeting Locked to
wo Newspaper Men Who Were There.
'rom the News and Courier, anti
CotrUiA, June 24.-Columbia's
mpaign day is over. It has been a
user. Not perfect, but excellen t of
ikind, full of hope and encourage
ent, replete with sound Democratic
letrine and confusion to the Pretend
.The weather might have been
tter, Richland's voters might have
ade greater demonstration, and Tjill
an might havye been lassoed and com
lIed to remain on the stand while
1. John C. Haskell scalped him, but
en we can't expect everything. Ev
ybody except the Tillmianites is
eased, and they have retired from
e field, so they need not be consid
ed in summing up Columbia's sensa
>ns to-night. It was a big meeting,
ry enthusiatic for the straight out
~mocracy, devoted to the spirit of '631
d '763, and from an anti-Tillman
indpoint was extremely comforting,
t its pleasantest feature was that it
is made a reunion for the best men of
any counties who are opposing Till
An effort has been made to secure a
t of prominent men who visited the
.y to-day animated by strong hostili
to the Tillman heresy, but there are
D many to name. Those crowded on
e stand are mentioned. Scores of
bers can not be. The crowd con
ined a larger percentage of well
iown Democrats than any which has
en seen in Columbia for many years.
te schedule of arrangements detailed
sterday wvas followed with exact
The stand was a big and broad one,
pical of Richland's Democratic
~ed. It was filled with chairs and
nehes, which proved all too few to
commodate the prominent men who
tre invited to it. Many of them had
stand. A drapery of red white and
Le hunting decorated the front and
les of the statnd, and the effect of the
-isted colors was pretty and bright.
It was a big Decmocratic host, with
ibrellas for shields, which faced the
eakers. The field was knobbed all
er with umbrellas, which shaded the
>Iders that many of them could not
Sdistinctly and sometimes caused
enm to applaud at the wrong moment.
Somewhere about 11.453 a roar of ap
ruse from the edges of the crowd
;alled a sensation. The cause was
realed when a delegation of some
ty Democrats from Sumter, headed
Attorney General Earle, marched
o the arena. Judge Hlaskell wvent
t to meet himi, and side by side they
.trched around the arena, the crowd(
eering wildly. The excitement cont
iued for several minutes until Gener
Earle took his seat on the stand.
'roum the Charleston World, Tillman.]
CLOLVmIA, June 24.-Tillnman again!
ie biggest v ictory of the season for
e farmers' champion!
An overwhelming rebuke to the all
-"lne policy of the so-cailled "regu
The great big, whoop-'er-up, hurrah
eampaign meetings held up to this
time. The crowd of fi,.e thousand
which was expected must have
changed its mind, for not more than
about fifteen hundred persons were
"The tide has turned" in earnest,
and it is not likely if the torrent could
not be stemmed in the home of the
"ins," that anything will succeeded in
stopping it in other portions of the
State where the sentiment is over
whelmingly in favor of a change in
the political methods which have pre
vailed in South Carolina for so many
Even in Columbia, where it was to
be supposed that the others were
strongest, and Tillman weakest, there
were constant cries for Tillman while
Bratton and Hampton were speaking,
and when Tillman was introduced,
there was a torrent of applause, which
lasted for nearly ten minutes. Till
man's remarks were interrupted every
moment or two by outbursts of ap
plause was only given at very long in
tervals, when some particularly imi
pressive climax was reached. It was
a great victory for Tillman in that the
crowd seemed to repudiate the noth
which had been so assiduously worked
up by the "Richland Democratic Club"
to which any white Democrat is eligi
ble to membership, withouit any ref
erence presumably to whether he be a
resident of Richland county or not.
Scores of persons arrived on the trains
this morning from all parts of the
State, wearing these badges, and even
little boys in the street had them pin
ned to their coats. In short, every
thing that ingenuity could devise or
necessity suggest was done to manu
facture some real old fashioned '76) en
thusiasni for this occasion, when it
was expected that Tillnan would be
"sat upon" for once at least. The moral
effect of this sitting upon, too, was
"to be felt all over South Carolina."
1. The sceine didn't work!
2. The programme was not carried
3. The enthusiasm (lid not materi:al
ize to any great extent!
4. And when it did show up, it was
in the wrong places.
In short, it was an abortive attempt
to create an impression that something
was which really was not, and it de
served to fail.
It is generally conceded here to-night
by persons who ridiculed the idea this
morning that nothing can defeat Till
man for Governor.
It surprised Columbia to discover,
after Tillman had got" the crowd work
ed up, how many there, residents of
Richland, who sympathized wifh the
The conduct of many persons, in fact
a majority of those who were present
at the fair grounds were disgraceful. It
was probably the most ill-mannered
crowd which the speakers have yet en
countered during the progress of this
camplaign. Not only did they insult
Trillman, but they were as rude as amen
can well be to Bratton and even to the
old hero of '76 himself. General Hamp
ton's presence did not produce the ef
fect that was expected, and it is pretty
safe to assert that the self-styled "Reg
ulars" have never so fully realized the
utter hopelessness of their cause as now.
Trhey knowv now wvhat up to this time
they had only feared that Tillmian will
be the next governor of South Carilina,
and their writhing and squirming
under that knowledge would be amus
ing to witness, if it were not so really
Rich Without Money.
[Clay Manufacturers' Engineer.]
Many a man is rich without money.
Thousands of men with nothing in
their pockets, and thousands without
eveni a p)ocket, are rich. A man born
with a good, sound constitution, a good
stomach, a good heart, and good limbs
and a pretty headpiece, is rich. Good
bones are better than gold ; tough mus
cles than silver ; and nerves that flash
fire and carry energy to every function
are better than houses and land. It is
better than a landed estate to have the
right kind of a father and mother.
Good breeds and had breeds exist
amiong men as really as among herds
and horses. Education may (10 much
herds and horses. Education may do
much to check evil tende'ncies or to
develop good ones ; but it is a great
thing to inherit the right p)roportion
of faculties to start with. The man is
rich who has a good disposition, wvho
is naturally kind, patient, cheerful,
hopeful, and who has a flavor of wit
andl fun in his composition.
The hardest thing to get on with in
this life is a man 's own self. A cross,
selfish fellow, a desponding and coim
plaining fellow, a timid and care-bur
dened man-these are all born de
formed on the inside. They do not
limp, but their thoughts sonmetimies
'rie Rev. Sam Jones' daughter,
Annie, and Prof. William Graham,
who eloped fronm Cartersville last
Christnmas and were married in Chat
tanooga by the Rev. Mr. Drumbell,
rector of St. Paul's Church, have sepa
rated. The couple went out to ride
Christumas day, drove to a station
above Cartersville, and took the train
for Chattanooga, where they were
married. They married in haste, and
are now repenting at leisure. It is
rumored that Prof. Graham will apply
to hwa the marrina annuller.
TILLMiAN AND HIS METHODS.
The Conservative Opinion of Robert Al
drich, of Barnwell-Tillman's Mistakes
(Fron the Charlestou World.]
Col. Robert Aldrich of Barnwell was
in the city yesterday, and was met at
the Ciarleston Hotel by a World re.
porter, whe addrested to him several
questions on the political situation in
Barnwell and the State generally.
"Four-fifths of our people," said Col.
Aldrich, "are for Tillman."
"Is there likely to be any change in
this condition between now and the
"The other fifth will be for him by
To what do you attribute the strong
support the Tillman movement is re
ceiving throughout the State?"
" 'There is a tide in the affairs of men
which, taken at the flood, ieads on tc
fortune?' There has been a wave of
popular discontent with our party
methods gathering in the State for
years. Capt. Tillnan has done a great
deal to work it up, and at the oppor
tune moment he -leaped upon its crest
and it is bearing him into the guberna
"Then you do not think it is dissatis
faction with our State government or
otticials that inspires this support of
"Certainly not. We have had since
P f76 a clean, economical government,
and our offices have been filled by good
men--I may say our best men-and
there is no ground for discontent on
that score; but our methods have been
faulty, and it is against these that dis
satisfaction has been growing for years,
and Tillman offering the occasion, the
people are responding with earnestness
and enthusiasm to secure a change.
"After all that may be said, the un
derlying principle which controls the
actions of our people is a love of liberty,
and they are not not going to submit
to the despotism of a party any more
than they will to the despotism of a
government, any longer than they can
help it. For years our elections have
been decided in Colunbia. I do not
mean by the State officials alone, or by
any ring-there is no ring that I know
of-h-ut by p)ublic men from all parts
of the State, who meet there periodical
ly, and who 'shape up' and give direc
tion to events, and under our peculiar
conditions the people have been forced
to ratify their actions. In other words
instead of 'the people 'cho6sing 'heir
own servants, they have had candi
dates in which they have had little or
no voice in the selecting, forced upon
them with the alternative, 'take these
or go to the Radicals.'
"Now, Tillman saw this conditon o:
things, and discerned the appropriat<
relief for it. He has inaugurated
policy by which the people will in fact
as well as in theory, choose their owr
servants, He offers to the people self
government, pure and simple, and the3
seized the opportunity with avidity
and hailed him as a liberator.
"Ideas, not mien nor measures, gov
ern this world, and it is this idea o:
their rights and privileges beins
brought within their own grasp that ih
that is controlling the people of the
State, and there is no power on eartL
that can shake them loose from it."
"What will he the result of it all?"
"The immediate result will be thE
election of Capt. Tillman. That is
matter of small import. Men like him
while bold and aggressive in the figh'
for power, are proverbially conserva
tive once they have gained it. He wil
administer the duties of the office as
they are prescribed by law; no more, n<
"There has been one marked goot
effect already; the people are mor<
cheerful; they are working more hope
fully; their farms and crops are in bet
ter condition than for years past, and
generally life has taken the place o
stagnation. But the ultimate resul
will be of the greatest good to the State
Hereafter, when men aspire to office
they won't go to Columbia to make in
terest for themselves by the employ
ment of the wiles and arts of the ma
chine, but they will go to the people
where the broad-guage principles o
the statesmen tell in the long run.
"Our young men will be taught t<
cultivate these, and the people will b<
elevated and educated. Look a
Georgia, where the people themselves
unaided by cliques and caucuses and
conventions, have always elected theii
officials, governors, presidential elec
tors, congressmen and State officern
after thorough canvasses under th<
leadership of gr-eat men.
Tfhe ordinary farmer in that State, al
a cross roads store, can tell you mor<
about the political history of this coun
try, and understands the theory- of thE
constitution, and the government un
dler it, better thani half the lawyers ir
South Carolina, and under the paralyz
ing influence of our system over here
hundreds of Crawfords and B3eriens
Toombs, Cobbs, Stephenses, Hershe
V. Johnsons, and Ben Hills have beer
born, lived and died without anyboda
knowing it, and without knowing it
and without knowing it themselves."
"You think, then, that hereafter al
candidates will have to get down t<
personal electioneering for the offic<
they aspire to?"
"I do not think it much of a desceni
to get on the plane of the sovereigi
people. Some men elevate themselvei
uponi an imaginary pedestal and pre
tend to look down upon the great bod
of their fellcw men. But they havE
always appeared very silly to sensibl<
"If you mean that hereafter candi
(lates will have to go out among the
people and address public meetings,
and visit the people in their homes,and
present their views, and hear the views
and opinions of the people on public
questions, (which many of our so-called
pnblic men could do, with much profit
to themselves,) in order to secure pub
lic favor, that is exactly what I mean,
and the man who questions the integ
rity of the people, or doubts that the
people will do right when left a fair
and unfetterd opportunity to do so, is
unfit to represent a free people, for he
has no confidence in free institutions.
That the people will do right is the
keystone upon which the who!e fabric
of free government rests."
"What of Capt. Tillman's charges
against the State goverment and otfi
"Capt. Tillman is an untrained man,
and, of course, he has made and will
make mistakes. The most adept poli
ticians and practiced statesmen make
them. What wonder, then, that a man
fresh from the farm should do likewise.
But I have noticed that whenever he
is convinced of his errors, he has the
manliness to acknowledge them and
make suitable reparation.
"He has made some very reckless
charges, for instance, the one against
Judge Izlar was shockingly and pain
fully and totally unjustifiable. Senator
Izlar took an oath to support the con
stitution; that means he was to sup
port it as he construed it, or understood
it, and that his construction differs
fromi Capt. Tillman's furnished ground
for the charge of perjury is absurd. But,
after all, how does that stand?
Day after day, wherever you go, you
hear men whose opportunities to know
better have been equally as good as
Capt. Tillman's, ascribing the conduct
of others who don't happen to please
them, to the vilest motives and most
criminal inducements. The only dif
ference is that they do it in a sneaking,
cowardly way, and Tillman does it
openly and above board. Hundreds,
yes, thousands of the supporters of Till
man condemn these things as positive
ly as his opponents do, but-all the same,
there he stands as the great champion
of popular 'rights, and the people are
going to receive him with open arms
in his mission of bringing to them
their own, with all his imperfections."
UNION FOR TILLMAN.
The State Delegates to Vote for Him as
Long as He Is in the Field.
Uslot, S. C., June 26.-The County
Convention met to-day to elect dele
gates to the State Convention and re
sulted in the election of Tillman dele
gates, as follows: John W. Gregory,
John R. Jefrries, G. D. Peake, R. J.
Betsill, W. T. Jeter, G. B. Fowler, T.
C. Duncan and M. B. Kelly.
A. C. Lyles was eleted County
Chairman, and a strong Tillman ex
ecutive committee. Major D. H. Town
send, of the Union bar, announced his
candidacy on the Tillman platform,
and the delegates to the State Conven
tion were instructed to vote for Till
man and Townsend as long as they
were in the field. Resolution endors
ing the March Convention and its sug
gest ion for Governor wvere passed.
Townsend will join the campaign party
New York's Growth.
By the census of 1880, the population
of the city of New York at that time
was 1,206,399. This year's census is ex
pected to show a population of 1,675,
300. There has been no increase of
geographical boundaries during the in
tervening ten years.
Putting the probable population of
Ithe city 1 hIs year at 1,675,000, there are
more people in New York than in any
one of the following States: Alabama,
Arkansas, California, Colorado, Con
necticut, Delaware, Florida,;(more than
the total population of the last four
combined), Kentucky, Kansas, Louisi
ana, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota,
Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New
Hampshire, New Jersey, Oregon,
Rhode Island, South Carolina, Ver
mont, West Virginia, or in the four
new States of North and South Dakota,
Washington and Montana.
No Longer a Man's World.
[New York Herald.]
Give a woman a chance and she'll
take the earth. Miss L. L. Reed, of the
Harvard annex, has carried oft'Har
vard's pet prize-that for the best me
trical version of an ode of Horace.
Miss Ph ilippa Fawcett, who is twen
ty-two years of age, has wrested the
highest honors from themi in the com
petitive June examinations, in Camn
bridge University, England ?
This is no longer a man's world.
L.argest Flowers in the World.
The biggest flower in the world was
recently discovered by Dr. Alexander
Schadenberg. It was found on Mount
Farag, which is situated on one of the
Southeastern Phillipine Islands. The
native who accompained Dr. Schaden
berg called the flower "bolo." The
bolo in bloom is a five petailed flower,
nearly a yard in diameter-as large as a
carriage wheel. A single flower
weighed over twenty-two pounds. The
five petals of the .immense flower are
oval and creamy white and grow
around a centre filled with countless
long violet hued stamens.
Pimples, boils and other humors, are
liale to appear when the blood gets
heated. The best remedy is Dr. Mc
THEY DEMAND PLEDGES.
The Farmers' Alliance Proposes to Have
Them in Black and White.
[New York Tribune.]
CHARLOTTE, N. C., June 1.-Col. H
C. Jones, United States District Attor
ney under Cleveland, and a candidate
for the Democratic nomination foi
Congress, to-day received a visit from
L. M. McAllister, Secretary of the
Farmer's Alliance, who handed the
Colonel a printed card with six ques.
tions to be answered and six pledges t<
be signed. The document was headed
"The demands of the National Farm
ers' Alliance and Industrial Union as
ratified by a majority of the sub-alli
ances in North Carolina."
The first demand is for the "aboli
tion of national banks and substitution
therefor of legal tender Treasury
notes." The pledge under this demand,
which like all the others must be signed
in the presence of a witness, a special
line being left for the witness to sign,
"I approve of the above demand,
and if elected to a seat in Congress will
endeavor to have it enacted into a
The second demand is for a law to
"effectually prevent the dealing in fu
tures of all agricultural and mechan
ical productions ;" the third is for free
and unlimited coinage of silver; the
fourth for a law prohibiting alien own
ership of land by persons or corpora
tions ; the fifth is that all revenue, na
tional, State or county, shall be limited
to the neceessary expenses of the Gov
ernment economically and honestly ad
ministered ; the sixth and last demand
and pledge deserve to be given in full.
They read :
"That Congress issue a sufficient
amount of fractional paper currency
to facilitate exchange through the me
dium of the United States through the
medium of the United States mail."
"I approve of the above demand, and
if elected will endeaor to have it enacted
into a law. I also approve of the bill
introduced into the United States Sen
ate by Senator Vance and known as
the Sub-Treasury bill. If it is not
shown to be unconstitutional I will
vote for it and endeavor to secure its
passage, and, in the event it is shown
to be unconstitutional then I will in
troduce and advocate a bill to abolish
bonded warehouses for whiskey, &c.,
and also a billto abolish national banks
in accordance with the first demands
on this card."
On the back of the card is this "in
formation:" "This card is prepared for
the purpose of pledging the candidates
for nomination and election to legisla
tive offices to support these demands,
which have been ratified by a large
majority of the subordinate alliances in
North Carolina. Politicians have so
often deceived us by their verbal pro
mises, which they make and then
deny having made, that we have de
cided for the future to take their
pledges in black and white."
Col. Jones refused to sign the papex
at all, saying in a letter to the Alliance
Secretary that he is a candidate for the
Democratic nomination, and proposes
to stand on the Democratic platform.
Col. Jone's competitor in this county
is Capt. S. B. Alexander, late President
of the State Alliance, who is an en
thusiast for the Sub-Treasury bill.
THlE TROUBLE COLONEL JONES.
BROUGHT ON HIMSELF.
RALEIGH, N. C., June 24.-The
Farmers' Alliance is unquestionably
the greatest factor in the North Caro
Its State Secretary sent out, a fesi
days ago, cards with certain pledges tc
be made by all Congressional candi
This matter became very promineni
by reason of the fact that Col. H. C
Jones, a Democratic candidate for the
Congressional nomination in the Sixtk:
district, refused to make the pledge.
THE FARMERS' ANSWER.
This caused much stir. The Progres
sive Farmer is the State organ of the
Alliance, and it publishes an editoria
oui Col. Jones' refusal to sign these
pledges in which it says:
"'We believe that a farmer will gc
from the Sixth district to Congress. 11
the lawyer candidates are not betteu
than the methods now being used tc
secure their nomination, their election
would be a calamity. Farmers and al]
other people in the Sixth district, now
is your time to show your hand. Ii
you want a good farmer in Congress
you can, by united action, put hirr
there. If you do not, you may expec1
toil on and grow poorer every year.
Take your choice."
The above will apply to every district
in the United:States.
ADVICE TO COL. JONES.
Now a word about Col. Jones. He
says that less than one-third of the
farmers of that district belong to the
Alliance. That is incorrect. Nearly al.
of the intelligent ones who are no1
members are in sympathy with it
Hence the Alliance represents the
wishes of a majority of the good people
of the district.
This editorial shows that the Alliance
proposes to go actively into the cami
paign and make an issue direct.
SamI Jones Tells a story.
[From one of his Richmond Sermons.]
An old man came in to breakfast and
told his young son tbat the doctor had
brought him a baby brother.
"Why didn't you bring him intc
breakfast?" asked the boy. -
"He hasn't got any teeth."
"Well, tell the doctor to take him
bhck and finish him."
LET THE PEOPLE SAY.
THE STATE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
CALLS A CONVENTION.
Democrats to Declare Whether they Want
Election by Primary or Convention
Action which Will Bring Matters
to a Focus-Provision for Distri
bution of Documenta.
The meeting of the State Democratic
Executive Committee held last night
proved as important as had been prog
The committee met in the Carolina
Bank at 8.30 last night, and when ad
journment was reached midnight was
but a half hour away.
There were present sixteen of the
twenty-two members constituting the
committee. Chairman J. A. Hoyt, of
Greenville, presided and Colonel Wilie
Jones acted as secretary, and the fol
lowing other memoers of the committee
were in attendance: R. D. Lee, ofSum
ter, W. H. Brawley, of Charleston; W.
F. Fishburne, of Walterboro; M. B.
McSweeny, of Hampton; 0. F. Cheat
ham, of Edgefield; E. B. Murray, of
Anderson; E. B. Gary, of Abbeville; J.
E. Boggs, of Pickens; N. Dial, of Laur
ens; M. J. Hough, of Lancaster; C. S.
McCall, of Bennetsville; C. A. Wood,
of Marion; J. F. Rhame, of Manning;
John C. Haskell, Columbia, ex officio.
"The following resolution was adop
ted, being proposed by R. D. Lee, of
Sumter, but amended somewhat:
"Whereas, There is a widespread de
mand by the Democrats of this State
for the election of delegates to theState.
Nominating Convention by county pri
mary elections: be it
"Resolved, That a convention of the
Democratic party of South Carolina is
hereby called to meet in the hall of the
House of Representatives-in the city of
Columbia on Wednesday, the 13th day
of August, at 12 m., for the sole and
exclusive purpose of determing whether
delegates to the State Nominating Con
vention to be held on the 10th day of
September thereafter, shall be elected
by a primary election to be held on a
certain day throughout the State, and
for no other purpose whatsoever; and
the number of delegates to be elected
by each county shall be equal to double
the number of Representatives in each
branch of the General Assembly to
which each county is entitled."
Colonel Wilie Jones offered another
resolution to the following effect, which
was.adopted:.BeoL,ed,. ..That the call
for a State Nominating Convention
heretofore ordered to meet in Columbia
on September 10th, be and, the same is
Still another resolution was adopted
as follows: Whereas it is the duty of
the Executive Committee under the
constitution to direct the policy of the
party, be it
"Resolved, That the several counties
of the State be earnestly requested not
to elect delegates to the September con
vention until the question of electing
by primary election is determined."
The committee adopted the following
resolution, offered by Mr. Lee:
"Resolved, That in order to enlighten
the people upon the condition of public
aflairs and the administration of tbe
government, that the special sub-corn
mittee be authorized to prepare and
distribute throughout the State such
printed matter as in their judgment
may be wise and proper, and that suffi
cient funds of this committee be, and
hereby are, appropriated for that pur
pose, instructing the appointment of a
The special committee referred to
consist of Colonel Hoyt, Secretary
Jones, and Messrs. C. S. McCall, John
C. Haskell and J. E. Boggs.
The state Campaign.
Win,nsboro, Tuesday, July, 1.
Chester, Wednesday, July 2.
Yorkville, Thursday, July 3.
Lancaster, Friday, July 4.
Camden, Tuesday, July 8.
Sumter, Wednesday, July 9.
Florence, Thursday, July 10.
Chesterfield, Friday, July 11.
Bennettsville, Tuesday, July 15.
Darlington, Wednesday, July 16.
Marion, Thursday, July 17.
Kingstree, Friday, July 18.
Georgetown, Saturday, July 19
Conway, Tuesda;, July 22.
Charleston, Thursday, July 24.
Mount Pleasant, July 2.5.
Manning, Saturday, July 26.
Orangeburg, Tuesday, July 29.
Barnwell, Wednesday, July 3).
Hampton, Friday, August]1.
Beaufort, Saturday. August 2.
Walterboro, Tuesday, August 5.
A pair of shoes is one of the most
typical products of modern industry.
To make them the Animal Kingdom
contributes form the herds of the WVes
tern Plains; the Vegetable, from groves
of oak and hemlock or from the great
forests still left to us; great factories
supply cloth and thread; mines, fur
naces and forges combine to furnish
nails or wire. Through scores of pro
cesses, thle forty-two pieces of a pair of
shoes require to bring them together,
the co-operation of fifty men and wo
men, whose division of labor is so
thoroughly systematized that every
thing goes with the same regularity
attributed to the works of a clock,
until as a result, you, well shod readers
who wears the W. L. Douglas' Shoe,
can buy a pair from three to five dollars,
that would have cost your forefathers
from six to twelve.
The most popular lini'ment, is the old
reliable, Dr. J. H. McLean's Volcanic *