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ESTABLISHED NEWBERRY, S. C.~ JULY 31. 1890.
1863. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
THE STATE ALLIANCE.
All Counties in the State but Three Itepre
resented at Greenville-Strength of the
Or,,er-President Stackhouse's An
nual Address-The Place of the
Alliance in Politics-The State
[Greenville News, 24.]
The Farmers' Alliance of South
Carolina was called to order in the
Opera House at ten o'clock yesterday
morning by President E. T. Stack
house, after prayer by Chaplain Doug
lass. Vice President D. P. Sojourner,
of Barnwell, Secretary J. W. Reid, of
Spartanburg, and Treasurer Taylor, of
Chesterfield, were present. Secretary
Reid has been ill for some time and
got out of bed to attend the meeting.
All the counties in the State were
represented except Kershaw, Beaufort,
Horry and Pickens. A complete sta
tistical report of the secretary was not
read, owing to his illness having pre
vented him from preparing it, but a
report is given in President Stack
house's address as to the number
of sub-Alliances and the condition of
the order. The membership on the
first of January, according to the sec
retary, was 34,000. He approximates
the membership now at 40,000, an in
crease of 6,000 in seven months.
The following committee on creden
tials was appointed : J. E. McKenzie,
W. McZimmerman and W. B. Rice.
W. N. Hinson was seated as a dele
gate from Charleston County, which
has only one sub-Alliance in it. Un
der a strict interpretation of the con
stitution the county is not entitled to a
delegate, but as Mr. Hinson was pres
enL,. it was thought fair to let him rep
resent his county.
While the Committee on Creden
tials was at work, Col. L. L. Polk, the
national president, made an address
on the condition of the Alliance
throughout the country and particu
larly in the Northwest, where he has
lately been travelling. He spoke in
glowing terms of the complete organ
ization and harmony existing in that
section and of the great benefit being
received by the farmers who belong to
it. Great enthusiasm was manifested
throughout his address and the ap
plause was frequent and strong.
On motion of W. D. Evins, of Marl
boro', the president of the South Car:
lina Alliance was instructed to wire
fraternal greetings to the Kansas Al
liance, now in session at Cambridge,
Kansas. The following telegram was
sent during the day :
"Hon. B. H. Clover, President Kansas
"The Farmers' State Alliance of
South Carolina, now in session at
Greenville, S. C., sends greeting and
extends the right hand of fraternal
friendship to our brethren of Kansas
and the entire Northwest.
"E. T. STACKHLorse, President."
The organization of the Alliance was
then effected and the delegates seated
on the report of the Committee on
Credentials. The annual message of
President Stackhouse was read, and
was received with enthusiastic ap
p)lause. The address is a strong and
conservative one, and is found in full
Brethren of the State Alliance.-In
turning over to you the high trust
which I have endeavored to execute
for you during the two years since
your organization, I congratulate you
*on the growth of the order within the
State, on the good your organization
has already accomplished and
and on the open prospect for future
accomplishment. The report of your
State organizer shows that the organi
zation has now been planted in every
county in the State. Your secretary
-reperts that we now have 1,1)52 sub
Alliances in the State, an increase of
298 since your last meeting, and an in
crease of 17,500 mlemlbers during the
year now closing.
BENEFITS OF TH E- ORDER.
The improved busi ness mxethodls in
troduced by the order have saved hun
dreds of thousands of dollars to the
farmers of the State, but important as
is this money saving to the farmlers of
the State, the gain in information and
* manhood is vastly more important.
The Alliance has not only demon
strated the practical benefits of unity,
but that it has stimulated and has
given direction to individual efforts, is
the testimony of observers. both in and
out of the order. The farmers of tile
State are more cheerful and hopeful
than they have been for many years,
and it will not be denied by those whbo
have observed and studcied the farmers'
condition, that it is mainly due to the
beneficent teachings andi operations of
of your noble organization.
In looking to and arranging tor fu
ture operations, wve must be guided by
the same declaration of noble purposes
that .has enabled us to start so wveil.
Thiey are founded on truth and equity.
Let us study them and be guided by
them. The safety and success of our
organization is dependent on our fidel
ity and dlevotion to these noble pur
The first declaration of purpose by
our order shows that it lookedl to the
education of the "Agricultural class"
thlat they might be prepared to grapple
with organized and entrenched mnonop
o'y. I respectfully recommend a careful
study of this entire first declaration of
purpose to the brotherhood ini South
Trhe education of the "Agricultural
class" is the most important work of
the Alliance, not only in South C'aro
lina, but in every State of this great
imai i I reconunend that you e >n
sider carefully the best methods for the
accornpi'liThmielt of this great educa
onopoly --- i ut renched nonopoly,
with its mighty influence and power
must be met and defeated. This is a
task worthy of the supre
niest eflirts of the toiling masscs
of the people of the IUnited States. It
is no escape if we would perpetuate
free institutions and enlightened Chris
tian government. The toiling mnasses
of the people of this great nation are
girding themselves for the accowplish
ment of this task. The agricultural
States of this Union are uniting for the
accomplishment of this grand task.
The great Northwest and the cotton
States will stand together in the coin
ing battle with the powers of monopo
ly. The assaults of the first skirmish
will be recorded in the election results
of the National elections for 1S90. But
the monster-Monopoly--is too firm
ly established for to be defeated in a
skirmish. It will require the great
battle of 1:92 to decide whether the
people or whethermonopoly shall rule
this great nation.
The charge of our opponents that
we have abandoned agriculture and
gone into polities is sufliciently an
swered by the statistical fact of in
creased area and superior condition of
the growing crops. Whence this fear
of the farmer in politics? But we must
ever remember that our politics are to
be "strictly non-partisan." Any de
parture-fatal, to the success of the re
forms sought. The Alliance is in no
sense a political party, nor does it look
to the destruction of either of the great
political parties, but it is a "strictly
non partisan'' organization for the de
fence and protection of the "agricul
tural classes" against legalized spolia
tion, and will wait for no change of ad
ministration to present its demands.
The national demands formulated by
the Supreme Council at St. Louis have
been considered and passed upon by
the Sub and County Alliances. I
recommend that these demands with
the action taken thereon by Sub and
County Alliances be referred to a
special committee on legislative de
mands and that all matters in reference
to legislation, State or national, be re
ferred to this committee. The great
consolidation effected at St. Louis since
your last meeting, and the unpre
cedented growth of the National
Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union
inspires the hope that the demands of
that grand organization, will-at no
very distant day-receive respectful
consideration by the Congress of the
THE AGRICULTURAL AND MECiANI
I congratulate the farming and in
dustrial classes of the fact, that since
your last meeting, the State has made
provision for the establishment of an
Agricultural and Mechanical College at
Fort Hill, and that the work of con
struction is now p)rogressing.
The report of your Executive Conm
nmittee shows good and safe financial
amanagemnent. They have enabled your
State organizer, State lecturer and
State president to meet, to the extent
of their ability to do so, all demands
made for their services. I recommend
that the committees continue the same
equitable and wise arrangement in ref
erence to the work of the State lecturer,
and that he be required to give his
wvhole time to the work under their
direction should it be demanded. And
I suggest further now, that the work
of organization is so nearly completed,
that the committee impose the work of
State organizer on the State lecturer.
The State Secretary, who has made
you State's constitution a sp)ecial
study, has, by request, prep)ared for sub
mission to your body a new or a revised
constitution, with the purpose to make
it more systematic in arratngement, less
doubtful of interp)retation and easier of
reference. I reconinud that you take
such action as will best secure a care
ful consideration of this new, or re
Thei plan adopted at your last meet
ing for the establishment of "anm Alli
anice Exchange" has been carried into
active and successful operation. This
rep)ort, submitted to this body as infor
mationi will sutlicien thy explain its op
erations. rts con tinmued success is di
rectly dependent on the patronage of
the Alliance brotherhood of the State.
When the business world conmes to
understand that it has "come to stay,'
that the Alliance people of the State
will: support it to the extent of their
ability, it will surely prov'e a grand(
success and benefit the Alliance miem
bership beyond their most sanguine
The Cotton Plant, your State organ,
is worthy of and should receive the
sup lport of the brotherhood throughout
the State. It should make its weekly
visits to every Alliance home in the
State. The fact that most of the State
press is opposed to the demands of the
Alliance makes it imperative that our
people should read our State and na
tional organs. The National Econo
mist, your national organ, is comiibat-.
ing with conmnendable fairness and
great ability the evils and dangers ofimo
niopoly. I reconii,nendi that the brother
hood of* South ('aro'lina give a liberal
I respectfully sugcest the proupriety
and. justice of increasinzg the salaries of
your President amid Secretary, as thme
tionh, are not fair compensation for the
servi'-es rendered by those otlicers.
I trust you wiil remain in sessiot
long enough to give careful considera
tion to all matters of interest to the
order in this State.
In conclusion, I want to say that
the effirt to serve you has been, to me
a labor of love. I have brought to the
discharge of the duties imposed, my
best eflorts for the well being of the
order. I have been conscious ofiy
inability to measure up to the respon
sibilities imposed upon me. I invoke
your indulgence to the deficiencies and
errors in my oflicial administration. I
want to record my grateful appreciation
of the prompt and generous aid given
me in their several departments, by
those wlo have been associated with
me in the discharge of my oflicial
duties, and I congratulate the brother
hood in the State on the wisdom of
E. T. STACEIOUSE.
The meeting then fixed upon the
hours for business from 9 a. mt. to 1 p.
m. and from 3.30 p. in. to ( p. m. Night
sessions will be held if necessary.
A number of minor resolutions w'-re
introduced and referred to committees.
One resolution condemning the course
of certain newspapers in attacking the
national oflicers of the Alliance at
Washington, and pledging the support
and confidence of the South Carolina
Alliance to the national of-icers; ex
pressing confidence in the honesty ant
ability of these oflicers, and thanking
President Stackhouse for his prompt
defence of them, was passed after seve
ral warm speeches,'in which the news
papers publishing these reports were
soundly denounced. Colonel Polk ex
pressed his thanks for the Alliance's
confidence in their officers, and advised
that the farmers treat such newspapers
in no lenient manner.
A plan was proposed in regard to a
mutual fire and life insurance concern
to be operated by the Alliance for its
members exclusively. It was set forth
in the proposed plan that the State
Alliances of the Northwest are operat
ing mutual fire and life concerns with
success. The plan was referred to a
special committee of live.
A committee of one from each district
was appointed on legislative demands,
This committee will consider the de
mtands as to national measures made
by the national body at St. Louis.
At the afternoon session, before going
into an election for officers, a vote of
thanks was tendered President Stack
house for the able and cons:ientious
performauce of his duties, and to the
other oflicers for their efficient work.
The secret work of the Alliance was
exemplified by State Organizer E. N.
The election for officers was the next
in order. President Stackhouse was
disqualified from serving longer, under
thte constitutiont of the Alliance. J. WNm.
Stokes, of Orangeburg, the editor of
the Cotton Plant, was the only one put
in nomination for President and he was
elected by acclamation. Thle old officers
were re-elected, as follows: D). P. So
journer, Vice President, J. WN. Reid.
Secretary; F. P. Taylor, Treasurer; WN.
J. Talbert, Lecturer.
Mr. Stokes made a brief inaugural
address thanking the Alliance for the
honor conferred upon him, and pledg
ing his earnest eff'orts for the upbuild
ing of the order. The newly elected
president is one of the youngest men in
attendance ont thte Alliance meeting,
but is one of brightest and most enthtu
siastic Alliance nmen in the State.
The following dlelegates were elected
to the Nationtal Convention: J1. WN.
Stokes, WN. .J. Tralbert, A. C. Latimer
antd Dr. J. E. .Jarnigan. Alternates
D)r. S. T. D). Lancaster and Dr. WV. B.
Spart an burg was selected as the next
place of meeting.
Col. D). K. Norris, of Pendleton, made
an interesting address arnd invited the
..lliance to visit Fort H-ill on Friday.
The in vitation was acceptted, and as
miany as possible will go.
Colonel Polk installed the oflicers
that were elected.
A committee on mileage an(l per d iem
wats appoin ted.
TIhe following telegrani w~as received
and a suitable answer will be sent:
"The Arkansas Farmers' Alliance
telegraphs fraternal greetings. They
exhort their South Carolina brethren
never to cease the fight for posterity
until victory crowns our efforts."
A tmeeting of the stockholders of the
State Exchantge was hteld yesterday
afternioon, the stock being well repre
sentted. Thte report of the Board of
D)irectors of the Exchange wats altoge
thter satisfactory and encouraging. An
itemized statement of the condition of
the Exchange was given. The old omh
cars of the board of dlirectors, as fol
lows, wvere re-elected: President, J1. C.
Coit; Secretary, WN. 0. Cain; Tfreasurer,
J. WV. Ferguson. The following board
w~as elected: From the State at Large,
J. C. Coit and J. A. Sligh; First Con
gressional Disttiet, 0. B. Riley; Second
D)istrict, WV. H. Timmnermnan; Th ird
District, H. W. Lawson; Fourth Dis
trict, .Jno. R. Harrison; Fiftht District,
A. H. White; Sixth District, .J. WN.
Ferguson; Seventh D)istrict, J1. 0.
Another meeting will be held this
mtorning at eleven o'clock.
NOTEs OF INTJREST.
A conuittee was appointed by the
Alliance to revise tho reports of a news
patper correspontdenit before allowing
hint to sendo them out to the press.
A large numtber of Alliance mnembers
in this county whot are not delegates,
attendted the meetin:. yesterday andi
listene.d witht initerest to thle p)roceed
ings. A numiber of visiting Allianet
nt wer also present.
addlress on Alliiie topic to a lar;-e
audience at the opera house last
nigit. There were ru:any intere.-ted
listeners preseti w1:( were no((t mlteulbe(rs
of the Alliance. ('oloniel Polk left la:-t
night for Greensboro, N. (., taking a
sleeper from this city.
Talks with Dlelezates.
[News and Courier.]
Giu.:Jxvui.:. Julv :.-Yu'r <((rr
pondelt initerviewed a riiii er of drle
gates as to various qlestiolis of iintpor
tance connected with the Alliance.
Mr. J. S. McKenzie, of Florence,
thought the Alliance in his eountry in
a flourishing condition. They will ue
any substitute fo(r jute that canII he ha.1d
for coveriiig theirt iton. The Allia ne
is a non-political body and t:kes no
stock in polities as an organizaliion.
Mr. J. E. Pettigrew, Exchange agiit
for the same county, thought the State
Exchange all right, as far as his c"oulity
was eoncerned. Most of the Sub-Alli
anees had subsc-ribd stm-k. lie
thought to chang its loratioin to ('har
leston a good idea if the right man
could he had to take charge of it.
)r. J. E. .Jartigan. of Ialrion,
thought the Alliance int a halthiy.
strong condition. wtork;ng in full har
mtony. His people will use herup aInl
flax bagging as a suth litilte for jnte.
In his opinion the Alliancc should not
go into politics at all, hut of course -S
citizens the mnembers had ti right to
discuss political matters that touched
their interest. His people believe in
the Exchange. He thinks the Ex
chatlge would have more advantages if
situated in Charleston, providedt Co!.
Donaldson orsome other good man had
charge. He thinks his people largely
favor the sub-treasury scheme.
'Capt. J. W. Wiley, of (olleton,
thought the Alliance was Moving oil
in his county. The people took a great
deal of interest in it. They will use
hemp and flax bagging for covering
the cotton. The Alliance is taking no
stand in politics. We do not look upon
the Alliance as a political body at all.
Our people have not taken as much in
terest in the Excliainge as they should.
We favor Charleston as its location.
Major H. A. Seihels, of Lexinigtonl,
thought the Alliance strong and in
creasing in membership. His people
will use hemp and flax bagging instead
of jute. There is no such thing as poli
ties in the Alliance. We were not or
ganized as a political party, but to
ameliorate the farmers' condition. He
favors the Exchange being moved to a
more central point.
Col. J. H. Kinsler, of Richland, said:
"We have but a few Alliances in our
county, but they are all in a flourishing
condition. Had sent their order to
Business Manager Donaldson for flax
bagging. Of course we would like the
Exchange at Columbia. but are willing
for it to be noved to the most advan
tageous p)oint. We take no part in
State politics as an Alliance at all, but
we favor the sub-treasury bill as a na
Dr. John H. Price, of Jranlgeburg,
thought the Alliance in a very hope
ful conditioni in his county. in fact, it
was outstripping expiectations. The
memibershipi wa nresn an iany
had received substantial bienefits from
a business standpoint. Our peoiple fa
vor a sub)stitute for jute, and mianiy Al
liaances hlad place(d their orders for
hemp and flax bagging. Our body, of
course, is non-political, exce'pt as to a
few nlational questions, such as the sub
treasury bill. -We favor tihe removal oIf
the Exchange to Charleston oni accoutit
of its superior freighlt anId market re
Mr. Orran B. Riley, of Orangeburg,
who is tihe Exchange director for tihe
1st district, thlinks that as Columbia is
a cenitral point it would suit the Ex
change miuch better as a locationi. H ec
says thle volume'Lof trade has been abou t
$85, 0)10 sinice estaldishedi, less thlani a
D)r. W. H. Timmnermlan, (If Edgefield,
also onle oIf tile Exchange dlirectors,
thought thle removal of the Exchange
to a central point, say Columbia, wvould
be of mluch mlenefit to tile Exchange
anld the Alliance, Hie did hot tink
the freight facilities of (Chiarleston
would do any good, as thle goods are
not ordered ini bulk.
Col. L. P. Miller, of New berry, tin lks
tihe Exchange should be mloved to Co
lumbia, a central poinIt. ThIe Newvberry
farmers are ginlg to use hemplh andi flax
bagging. 31r. Miller favors tile stub
(Col. .Jos. L. Keitt, of Newberry, says:
"Our Allianlce is ini good order. Our
Alliances are becoming better ae
quainlted with the State Excilange and
will patronize it more ini tile fulture
than in tile phast. WXe favor mlovinig
tile exchange to Columibia. We will
use iio jute bagging. Our cotinty Alli
anIce passed resol ut ions callinhg upjonI
candidates for the Legislature to ex
press their opinion as to tile measure
stuppiorted by thle National Alliance and
to sulpport none11 but those who would
vote for a U nited States Senator who
wvill support thlese demands.
Thlere is ho such thinlg as the Alli
ance going in to local issues. The
bounds of the Alliance are very wvell
defined. A few Alliances my have
acted hastily, but you will finmd no0
County Alliance endorsinig local
TIhe Rev. J. A. Sigh, of Newberry,
says: "The Alliance is ini splendid
working order. The county is thlo
rotughly organized. Our people are
unanimous inl their oppositionl to jute,
andl will use hemp and flax. TIhe Al
liance as a body will not go inIto poli
tics, that is, the Alliance is not a po
litical miaebinie. Butl, of course, poli
Order, especially national issues. We
favor moving the Exchange to Colum
bia. The general condition of the
State Exchange is good. We have
operated only six months, and six of
the worst months in the year. The
future outlook is very promising. The
business has been good, and we have
the utmost confidence in it."
Col. R. M. Smith, of Spartanburg,
says: "The Alliance is in a prosperous
condition, growing in numbers. We
will use whatever substitute for jute we
can get. The Alliance does not work
as a political body, but you cannot
separate the Alliance from polities, as
all of our people are members of the
Alliance. But we will make no nomi
nations. I am opposed to that. We
prefer having the Exchange located in
the up.country. We favor the sub
tieasury very strongly."
TIIE SIU n-TREASURY SCHEME EN
GREENVI LLE, July 24.-The Farm
c rs' Alliance of South Carolina met in
the Opera House at 9 o'clock this
morning. The proceedings during the
day were largelydevoted todiscussion on
various topics. The committee which
was appointed to prepare the reports to
be given out to the press gave out the
following: The committee on legisla
tive demands made a number of rec
ominiendations in line with the de
niands of the National Alliance. The
importance of pushing these demands
was set forth, and it was urged that
no candidate be supported who is not
in full sympathy with the demands
made. The Secretary of the State and
County Alliances were forbidden from
hereafter giving out full directory of
the county and sub-alliance officers ex
cept by permission of the president and
chairman of the executive committee.
An appeal was made to the Alliance
mtiembers in the North and Northwest
to unite with the South Carolina Alli
ance in condemning the Lodge bill, and
requesting them to come to our aid in
preventing the passage of said bill, the
intent and effect of which, we believe,
will not be to benefit any class of citi
zens, but will serve to break the force
of our united brotherhood in our de
niand for financial reform.
Several amendments to the constitu
tion were adopted.
The sub-treasury bill was endorsed,
and it is the sense of the body that no
candidate for Congress should receive
our support unless he favors that meas
The alliance was positive in its oppo
sition to national banks, and demand
ed the removal of all tax on all State
Sub and County Alliances were en
joined to take more active interest in
the schools of the coun try.
The President urged upon the County
and sub-Alliances the importance of
having their individual seal.
Trhe secretaries of sub-alliances are
urged to press the claims of papers that
have and will prees the demands of our
The Infamni, of 1890.
Trhe people of the republic are seeing
st range sights this year.
They see a Republican Speaker set
up a dictatorship in that House of
Congress which should stand nearest
the people, and upon which they
should confidently rely for the preser
v-ation of their rights.
Thley see this same Congress, in time
of universal peace and prosperity, at
tempting to place bayonets beside the
ballot boxes of the States, insulting the
manhood of the country, menacing the
freedom of the people, and inviting
bloodshed-the only purpose being to
outrage a section, to prejudice its good
name in the eyes of the world, and to
perp)etuate in power a political party.
They see, under a decision of the
Federal Court, that any State can force
upon another traffic in whiskey in de
liance of all local laws. A man sells
Alabama whiskey in the streets of
Dalton and appeals to the United
States to protect him against the
courts of an indignant and outraged
pecople, who fondly imagined that they
had local self-government enough to
say whether or not whiskey should be
sold among themi.
These are the triple infamies of 1890.
If such things can be, our boasted free
doma is but a plaything.
Let the peop)le wake up. Centrali
zation is here. Whether or not there
is p)atriotismn enough in the country to
resist it we do not kuow, but the peo
p)le of Georgia will fight it to the last.
Congre,sm,an Tilh,nan Denounces the Sub
[Special to News and Courier.]
S1eAWrasNB:RU, July 2->.-The Hon.
Geo D. Tillaman came up on the Au
gusta Road yesterday and went on to
Washington. He denounces the sub
treasury bill as the greatest htimbug in
national p)olitics, and declares it to be
both unreasonable and u nconstitu
The state Campaign.
Hampton, Friday, August 1.
Becaufort, Saturday. August 2.
Walterboro, Tuesday, August 5.
The most popular liniment, is the old
reliable, D)r. J. H. McLean's Volcanic
If you feel unable to do your work
and have that tired feeling, take Dr
J. H. McLean's Sarsaparilla: it wil
make you bright, active and vigorous
No liniment is in better repute or
more widely known thian Dr. J. H.
McLean's \ olcanic Oil Liniment. It
is a wonderful remedy.
Chicago Already Demanding Money from
the National Treasury for the Fair.
[From the Chicago Herald.]
There are intimations from Wash
ington that an effort will be made to
beat Chicago out of an appropriation
n aid of the enterprise. The fact that
:he Government assumes to take con
rol implies an obligation to assist.
chicago could get up an exhibition
without the consent of Congress. It
tsked the endorsement of the nation in
)rder that it might have the help of the
cation, as New York and Philadelphia
iad it on similar occasions. Any at
empt to deprive her of this advantage
will be as unsuccessful as it will be des
The pretext on which this protest is
>ased is the fact that New York did
iot ask for an appropriation. For that
natter, neither did Chicago. It was
iot expected that any city would ask
or an appropriation until after it had
>een chosen. But if New York had
>een selected it would have put in the
nost shameless demands for money of
mny city in the country. Its celebrated
)10,000,000 bill was an arrant humbug.
A dozen wealthy and powerful people
itood ready to enjoin the payment of
,be money, and as soon as that had
een done New York was hoping and
xpecting to wring the amount out of
he general Government.
Promises and Performances.
Captain Tillman began this cam
>aign with a good deal of large talk of
what he intended to do. He was to
;o to Sumter and tell John Dargan he
2ad come to Columbia with the kiss of
udas on his lips; he was to go to
:harleston and tell Joe Barnwell he
was a perjurer. He half expected the
:ampaign meetings as arranged by the
Executive Committee would kill him
>ut he had some thoroughbred blood
n his veins and would be with Earle
Lt the wind up if it was in his coffin,
cheers and cries of "Hurrah for Till
nan!") He was to plant the flag of
'eform on the battlements of the bat
ery and he was to do divers other re
narkable, heroic and desperate things
Earle and Bratton didn' tpromise to
lo anything. General Bratton is old
mough to be Tillman's fkther, and he
lidn't hint that the Executive Com
nittee had arranged a schedule to
>reak him down and kill him.
Earle and Bratton have gone straight
hrough this campaign talking to aud
nces generally hostile. They did not
iave a decent showing for a division of
trengt h and hearers until they got be
ow Columbia. Yet neither of them
ias weakened for an instant or given
>aek an inch. They went to Edgefield,
laptain Tiliman's home county, to
abbeville, to Marlboro, to Union where
he county chairman opened proceed
ngs with a warm Tillmnan speech.
rhey have accepted the arrangements
>f friends and foes and made no com
>laints. They have faced all kinds of
aunts, jeers and interruptions and
iave stuck to their work. They have
aken nothing back and modified nioth
ng and have said what they had to
ay in the heart of Tillman strong
iolds as clearly and emphatically as
hey said it among their own friends.
Captain Tillman retracted and apolo.
;ized for what he said of John Dargan
ong before he got to Sumter. At
Winnsboro' he sat down because part
>f the audience hooted him and had to
e persuaded to continue. At Florence
1e refused to speak because the ar
-angement of the order of speaking did
iot please him. Now he refuses to
ipeak in Charlesaton on the ground
:bat the committee there has arranged
:0 have the campaign meeting in the
3rand Opera House.
The meeting there Is held at night
>ecause city peaple are engaged with
heir business affairs during the day.
lonvenience, order and the comfort of
ipeakers and hearers alike will be pro
noted by having the meeting in a
:>uilding which will seat 3,000 people.
l'here has not been an assemblage of
:hat number at any meeting in the
State, except, perhaps, at Columbia.
At all these other meetings Tillmn
das been favored because the town
people, who generally oppose him,
yould not leave their stores and desks
to attend. Now he kicks because one
rneeting will be held under cover but
with the doors wide open and admis
iion free. He will not call Joe Barn
well a perjurer in Charleston; he will
not fight Earle into that city; he is out
of his coffin, but he will not be there to
plant the banners of reform on the bat
tlements of the battery. Earle and
Bratton went to the Tillman strong
hold without hesitation. After all his
boasts and promises, Captain Tillman
will not go to the Earle and Bratton
stronghold. It is from the Tillmnan
side that all the talk has come regard
ing the probability of their leader's
assassination, to the scandal and injury
of the State. The Northern Republi
can newspapers have taken it up and
are making much of it. If there was
any personal danger, Bratton and
Earle shared it. There are as many
desperate and lawless men on one side
as on the other. Yet nobody has heard
a word from them er any of their
friends indicating any such fear or be
Captain Tillman has acted like a
spoiled child. He began with trump
eting declarations of what he was going
to do. He has left a great deal of it
undane and he has sulked and refused
to play at a game in which everything
was in his own hands whenever he
could not have all the arrangements
and snroundings his own way.
THE FORCE BILL.
The Dangers and Injustice of the Measure
Pointed Out in a Letter by Governor
NEW YORK, July 23.-Governor Gor
don of Georgia writes the following let
ter to the Herald :
"I am in entire accord with the spirit,
tone and practical suggestions of the
Atlanta Constitution as to the use of
the boycott as a means of self-preserva
tion and commercial independence if
the useless and infamous Force bill be
comes a law. Moreover, that spirit
will possess and control approximately
every white man, woman and child in
the Southern States.
It may be permissible to make a per
sonal allusion as illustrating the effect
of such legislation upon our people. I
have labored constantly and earnestly
since April 9, 1S65, in public and priv
ate, at the South and North to allay
passion and promote unity. My high
est political ambition has been to be
instrumental in some degree in restor
ing the real brotherhood of the people
and the sisterhood of the states. Ever
since this sectional and shameful legis
lation passed the House, I have sought
to cheer our people with the hope that
some Republican senators would be
found patriotic enough, broad and
brave enough, to prefer the well being
of the country to party ascendency. I
shall hope so, and that popular demon
strations at the North will uphold their
hands, and give them courage to de
nounce this effort to destroy the free
dom of the election under the dishonest
pretence of securing an honest count.
But if this hope is not to be realized
and the force bill becomes a law, I
shall use whatever influence and abili
ty I may possess to arouse the South
ern people to the necessity of looking
out to their own exhaustles resources.
We will still welcome to our section
and homes all our countrymen of the
North who may wish to live among us
and still protect all their investments
and rights of property by impartial
laws and honest courts, but we shall
counsel the return to the old system of
election of representatives by a general
ticket if need be, or resort to any law
ful, peaceful means in order to protect
the right of choosing representatives
and to resist the wrong of having them
chosen for us by federal supervisors.
We will still endeavor to keep the
peace and promote good will between
the races and sincerely hope that the.
Southern negroes will not destroy their
own prosperity by consorting with
those whose mad policy threatens the
well being of 1!i races.
We shall still hope that after these
years of apparent reconciliation and of
restored confidence, we shall not see the
whole current of national sentiment
turned backward and downward by
sectional legislation which has no pos
sible justification nor rational excuse.
J. B. GORDON."
Gladstone and the Postal Card.
[From the Chicago News.]
Do you know why it is that the Hon.
William E. Gladstone uses the humble
postal card for the purposes of corres-1
pondence ? It is because he is the
father of the postal card in Great Brit
amn. He made a long and hard battle
in advocacy of its adoption, and now
he uses it more than any twenty other
men in public life to prove his faith in
Last month Gladstone was invited
to be present at a festival given in be
half of a charitable enterprise. He sent
his declination upon a postal card. At
the festival the postal card was put up
at auction sale and brought the goodly
sum of ?16-about $80.
The Rev. Carrie Bartlett's Pulpit Garb.
[From the Minneapolis Tribune.]
Miss Carrie J. Bartlett spent yester
day in the city visiting friends. As the
pastoi of the First Unitarian church at
Kalamazoo, Mich., she has been very
successful, .and is deeply interested in
her pastoral work. She has adopted a
peculiar and very pretty ministerial
garb of black which is very becoming
A 12-year old Murderer.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., July 23.-At
Pikeville school house, in Tuskaloosa
County, yesterday, James Hutchinson,
a crippled boy 12 years old shot and
killed George Houston, a boy nearly
grown. Hutchinson had a fight with
another boy about his own age, in
which he was victorious. Houston,
who was a cousin of the other boy
slapped Hutchison. The latter drew a
small pistol and shot Houston killing
him almost instantly. The boy-mur
derer is under arrest.
Cleveland's Unearned Increment.
[From the Philadelphia Ledger.]
Ex-president Cleveland will serve as
an "awful example" for the Henry
George clubs if, as reported, he has sold
"Oak View" f'r $149,"00, thus getting
over $100,000 of "unearned increment"
out of his speculation.
A Southern Idea of a Great Democratic
(From the Memphis Commercial.]
Among the books in (Governor Hill's
library at Albany are "The Art of
Nursing," "Tobacco and Alcohol,"
"Cotton Fluctations from 18'76 to 1883,"
and many novels, standard and other
wise. The Governor is fond of love
stories. His favorite American author
is Bret Harte, all of whose books he
has rad and rerad.
Summer Meeting of the State Agricultural
COLUMBIA, S. C., July 21st, 1890.-To
the Members of the State Agricultural
and Mechanical Society.
The usual summer meeting of your
society will be held this year at Rock
Hill, in York County, beginning Au
gust 6th. Essays will be read by gen
tlemen thoroughly familiar with the
subjects that they will treat. The meet
ing promises to be one of the most
instructive and interesting ever held in
South Carolina. The rail roads have
generously granted the usual excursion
rates to all visitors.
Each year the attendance of these
meetings, has been increasing and the
great benefits growing out of them
more apparent and more appreciated.
Rock Hill is one of the prettiest and
most progressive towns in upper Caro
lina. The people there are noted for
their warm hearted hospitality and
they have invited all farmers, and
others interested in the proceedings
who can do so, to accept their hospital
ity at this time and they promise to
make this occasion memorable in the
history of the Society. Knowing these
people as we do we have no hesitation
in saying that they will more than re
deem their pledges. No member of the
Society should be absent. They are
specially invited and expected. The
invitation, however, includes all who
desire to attend the meeting.
We therefore urgently request the
farmers of South Carolina to come and,
temporarily laying aside all business,
join with us and the citizens of Rock
Hill in the discussion of subjects that
will advance and improve our agricul
ture and elevate our calling.
The First Congressional Gem.
Col. D. K. Norris, of Anderson, ad
dresses the following answer to Col.
Jos. L. Keitt, Chairman Executive
Committee District Alliances, 3d Con
Dear Sir-Recognizing the right of
the people to my views as a candidate
for Congress in reference to the proposi
tions submitted by the Committee of
the Alliance for this District, of-which
you are Chairman, I would respectfully
state that I was a constituent member
of the Convention held in St. Louis,
Mo., in December last, where these
demands were formulated, and believ-.
ing them to be moderate, safe and just,
and that the welfare of our people de
mands their enactment into laws, I
-will on the hustings, maintain them,
and If elected, give them my earnest
- D. K. NoREIS.
Farmer Johnson's Load from the Skies.
[From the Globe-Democrat.]
VERSAILLES, Ky., July 12.-Mr.
Johnson Whittaker of near Oregon
Bend, this county, was driving home
last night, when a meteor flashed
across the heavens, and the next in
stant a huge stone, measuring about
eight feet in diameter, came through
the air, and, with terrific fcrce, crushed
into the bed of the wagon directly be
'hind him, grazing the seat he occupied
as it fell. The horses were wild with
fright, but the heavy stone pinned the
wagon to the earth, and, as they could
not break the heavy chain traces, they
were unable to run off. Mr. Whittaker
says he heard the meteor whizzing
through the air, but had no idea what
it was until he was jolted out of his
seat by the crash. A number of sight
seers visited the spot to-day and in
spected the wonderful rock.
To Fight the Force Bil1.
ATLANTA, Ga., July 22.-The Cham
bers of Commerce of New Orleans, Bir
mingham, Lynchburg, Augusta, Mont
gomery, Savannah and other Southern
cities telegraph the Constitution, favor
ing a convention of the commercial
South to consider the course to be
adopted in case the force bill passes.
Richmond telegraphs that it d<.es not
deem anything like a boycott advis
able, as does Charleston and Mobile.
Baltimore and Chattanooga say their
organizations are non-political, but
they are strongly against the force
The Snow Plant of the Sierras.
[From the San Francisco Examiner.]
One of the rarest plants known to
botanists has been brought to this city
by E, L. Swartz, and is now on exhi
bition in the windows of a down-town
florist. It is known as the snow plant,
and was found by Mr. Swartz growing
near snow banks in the Sierras, 6,500
feet above the sea level. The plant is
indigenous to high and frozen altitudes,
and is a variety. It grows to the height
of four or five inches, and when it
blooms, which is soon after the spring
thaw, it bears the appearance of a dark
reddish pine cone set upright upon the
ground. It emits an odor that is not
unlike that of the honeysuckle. The
value attached to it is on account of its
rarity, and the plant secured by Mr.
Swartz is doubtless the first ever
brought to this city.
What MfcGlnty Missed.
Had Mr. McGinty lived, nothing
wol have pleased him more than to
hear Senator Blair on education.
On the Co-operative Plan.
Boss-You run the place for a few
weeks and let me be bartender.
Bartender-Whatjer want to do that
Boes-I'd like to have a crack at the