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ESTABLISHED 18650- NEWB3ERRY9 S. C., THURSDAY, SEPTI~ME .19.-PIE~.OAYA
DEATH OF GENERAL BONHAM.
A Noble Carolnian Gone to His Reward
A Long Life Comes at Last to a Sud
den End-Found Dead in his Red
at the Haywood White Sulphur
Springs-A Brief Sketch of Gov.
[Special to News and Courier.j
ASHEvILLE, August 27.-The guests
of the Haywood White Sulphur Springs
Hotel at Waynesville, N. C., were
shocked this morning when it was
reported at 6.30 that Ex-Gqvernor
Bonham was dead. He left the parlor
last night apparently very well, but at
about 5 o'clock this morning he was
seized with a violent hemorrhage,
caused by the bursting of a blood vessel,
and died before any one knew of it,
which was not until the porter went
to his room at 6 o'clock. The night
wp.tchman went by his door at 4o'clock
and it was closed, but at 6 the body was
found lying in the room.
His remains were dressed by the
hotel authorities and friends, and at
12 o'clock, after the arrival of the Ashe
ville train, were embalmed by an under
The following escort of gentlemen
left Waynesville on the afternoon train
with the remains: Rev. Dr. J. S. Cozby,
of Newberry, Col. Clifford Lanier, of
Montgomery, Ala, Major W. W. String
fellow, of Waynesville, Mr. Theron
Earle, of Greenville, and Messrs E. K.
Palmer, W. R. Mullet, and A. M.
Mrs. Royster, Mrs. Singleton and
Mrs. Earle furnished beautiful flowers
for the casket. The remains will reach
Columbia to-morrow at 4.45 P. M.
THE NEWS IN COLUMBIA.
COLUMBIA, August 27.-It was at
10.30 o'clock this morning that Mr. W.
E. Gonzales, private secretary of th9.
Governor, received a dispatch
Governor Richardson from the p
prietor of the hotel at Waynesville, N.
C., announcing that- .Ex-Governor
Bonham had been found 'd in his
bed this morning. Mr. Gon;kes no
tifiedsMayor McMaster and Mr. M. T.
Bartlett, secretary of the railroad com
mission, who broke the news to Mrs.
Bonham. He sent a dispatch to Gover
nor Richardson at the New York Hotel,
New York, and telegraphed Adjt Gen.
Bonham, the eldest surviving son of
the deceased, who was on his way to
-Columbia, the dispatch reaching hi'm
at Greenwood. The State and Federal
flags on the State House were ordered
to be placed at half-mast.
In 'response -to, an --inquirY frAm,
Waynesville as to what must be d6ne
Mr. Gonzales sent the dispach which
hasalready been bulletined to The News
and Courier. It is very probable that
the remains of the Ex-Governor will be
brought to Colnmbia on a special train
arriving here to-morrow.
Governor Boham was 76'years old
lst Christmas Day. He had been in
-very feeble health for -years past, al
though up to the date of his departure
for the Haywood White Sulphur
Springs, at Waynesville, a few days
ago, he was able to give partial atten
- tion to the duties of his office as chair
man of the board of railroad commise
PREPARATIONS FOR THE FUNERAL.
COLUMBIA, August 27.-The remains
of Governor Bonhami will reach Co
* lumbia on the Greenville train at 4.40
to-morrow afternoon. Thefisneral ser
vices will be conducted at Trinity
Church .on Friday, at 10 a. ni., by the
R.ev. A. B. Mitchell, and the interment
will be in the Baptist Church yard by
the side of his two sons.
The following gentlemen will act as
Honorary-Col. Thomas Taylor, Col.
John T.Sloan, Sr. Col. A. D. Goodwyn,
Col. Nat Heyward, the Hon. L. F.
Youimans, Capt. J. H. Brooks, Mayor
F. W. McMaster and Col A. P. Butler.
Junior-Wade H. Manning, Col John
T. Sloan, Jr. -Col ID. Cardwell, Co]:
Wilie Jones, Mr. AlIen J. Green, Dr.
Lewis G. Wood, Capt. C. J. Iredell and
Mr. D. H. Crawford.
Adjt Gen. Bonham reached Colum
bia this afternoon. The family are
much scattered, but all will be here on
GEN. BONHAM'S FAMI1LY.
Governor Bonham had lost two sons
and a daughter. The sons, Richard G.
and James B. Bonham, were as gallant
men as ever graced South Carolina.
Mrs. Bonham and the following child
ren survive him: Mrs. Bobert Aldrich,
of Barnwell. M. L. Bonham, Jr., Miss
Annie E. Bonham, Miss Julia Bonham,:
Win. B. Bonhamn, Thomas S. Bonham,
Miss Petite Bonham and Frank P.
MR. BONH AM'S CH ARACTER. I
The news of Governor Bonhamn's
death was received in Columbia with
deep regret. Every one knew the
knightly man upon whom in his prime
South Carolina had showered her
honors so freely. All knew his courage.
his patriotism, his inflexible devotion
to principle. Nor were there any who
had not recognized in him a type of
what was best in old Carolina. Glover
nor Bonham's friends were devoted to
him. Kindly and warm, of superb
courtesy, high in mind and rich in
experience, he commanded the aflec
tion of young and old. He was a patriot
in every fibre and had an unshakable
faith in South Carolina and South
In the early days of the present poli
tical crisis he used to declare that he
knew his people and that no matter
.what the outlook might be they would
in the end hold to their old faith. Few
who knew him will doubt that he would
have chosen to die as he has done, upon
the threshold of a new era in his be
loved State, rather than cross it and
dwell in a land where old services are
deemed a reproach, where there's no
room for high aspiration or tolerance
for the lofty ideals of the olden days.
ASHEVILLE, August 27.-The remains
of Gen. Bonham were brought here this
afternoon by the committee of South
Carolinians and citizens of Waynesville
They were carried to an embalmer,
where they will stay until to-morrow
I morning. A message was wired to the
Hon. C. D. Blanton, mayor of Asheville,
by the mayor of Waynesville, inform
ing him of the death of Governor Bon
ham, and that his remains would be
sent home by way of this city.
As soon as practicable Mayor Blan
ton conferred with Major W. E. Breeze
as to the manner of paying Asheville's
tribute to the distinguish dead. Itwas
decided to appoint a committee of
prominent people to accompany the re
mains to the South Carolina line.
Mayor Blanton accordingly ap
pointed the following committee, who
will act as pallbearers: Mayor C. D.
Blanton, chairman; Gen. Theodore S.
Davidson, Major W. E. Breeze, Col.
Frank E. Cox, Col. Edward Croft,
Capt. V. E. McBee, Gen. T. L. Cling
man, Col. L. M. Hatch, H. E. Wright,
T. Rawls, Gen. Pierce M. B. Young,
Capt. E. P. McKissick, R. M. Furman,
J. P. Kerr and the Rev. Jarvis Burton.
Profound regret is manifested here at
the death of the old hero, and many
reminiscences are being related here to
night of his noble deeds in war and in
peace. E. P. M'K.
A BIOGRAPAICAL SKETCH.
The citizens of Charleston, as of all
South Carolina, were grieved to hear of
the.sudden death of Gen. Milledge L.
Bonham at Haywood, White Sulphur
Springs, yesterday morning. The
very mention of the name, to those of
piddle age, brought a flood of sad but
jorious recollections, for Gen. Bonham
played a distinguished part as citizen
and soldier in South Carolina before
her foreign or domestic reconstruction,
when she was the peer of the proudest
of the States. And outside of the State
the fame of the Bouhams does not rest
entirely on the millitary and Congres
sional services of *him whom South
Carolina now mourns, for his brother,
one of the great trio, Crockett, Travis
and Bonham, will be remembered until
the heroic defence of the Alamo is for
Milledge Luke Bonham was born in
Edgefiqld district, South Carolina, May
6, 1815. He received a classical educa
tion, graduating at the South Carolina
Co1L64&1is&h: 21 swithdhe ae
ond honors 'of his class. Singularly
enough, Charles P. Sullivan, who took
the first honor, was afterward defeated
by Gen. Bonham in an election for
Representative in the 35th Congress.
Young Bonham began the study of
law, but was interrupted in 1835 by the
Seminole war, in whieh he immediate
ly volunteered, rendering efficient ser
vice as an aide to Gen. Bull and as Ad
jutaot General of the South Carolina
brigade. The war over, he returned to
his law studies, was admitted to the
Bar in Columbia in 1837, and comn
menced practice at Edgefield Court
House. He was eminently successful
in his profession, which he prac
ticed with honor and profit until the
breaking out of the Mexican war in
1846. He served in that war with dis
tinguished gallantry, commanding.the
12th regiment of United States infan
try and having Winfield S. Hancock
as his adjutant. Resuming the practice
of law he was soon elected solicitor for
the Southern circuit, which he filled
from 1848 to 1850. Meanwhile he had
become major general of the State mili
tia, had served four years in the Legis
lature and was steadily growing in
public favor. In 1856 he was elected
Representative in the 35th Congress as
a "State's Rights Democrat," receiving
1.600 majority over Charles P. Sulli
van, and was re-elected to the 36th
Congress without opposition, serving
from December 7, 1857 until he with
drew with the other members of the
South Carolina delegation December
21, 1860. Gen. Bonham served as a
commissioner from South Carolina to
Mississippi and took a prominent part
in the secession movement.
At a mass meeting for the discussion
held at Abbeville, then one of the great
centres of political influence in the
State, Gen. Bonham made perhaps the
most eloquent and effective speech of
his life, which went far towards con
vincing those few who were still doubt
ful of the expediency, for none probably
then doubted the right, of secession.
Upon the secession of South Caroli
na, Gen. Bonham was detailed as
major general to command the South
Carolina troops. At the first call to
arms he hurried on to Virginia, and
was ordered by Governor Pickens to
report to Governor Letcher, Virginia,
who detailed him to report to Gen.
He was appointed brigadier general,
and was placed in command of the 1st
brigade, 1st corps of the then army of
the Potamac, consisting at Bull Run of
Kershaw's 2>d, Williams's 3d, Bacon's
7th and Cash's 8th regiments South
Carolina volunteers; of Shield's and
Del Kemper's batteries, and of several
companies of Virginia cavalry under
Gen. Lee writes him on May 22: "I
need not call the attention of one as ex
perienced as yourself to the necessity
of preventing the troops from all inter
ference with the rights and property of
the citizens of the State, and of entorc
ing rigid discipline and obedience to
or ders. But it is proper for me to state
to you that the policy of the State at
present is strictly defensive. * * *
Great reliance is placed on your discre
tion and judgment in the application of
Gen Bonham acted with rare judge
iment and conspicuous gallantry at thE
battles of Blackburn's Ford and Bull
Run. Gen. Lee's "great reliance" on
his "discretion" was not displaced, and
Gen. Beauregard, in his official report
of the battle of Bull Run, returm
thanks "to Brigadier Gens. Bonhan
and Ewell and to Col. Cocke and the
officers under them for the ability
shown in conducting and executing
the retrograde movementson Bull Run,
directed in my orders of the 8th of
July-movements on which hung the
fortunes of the army."
Of the conduct of his nien Gen. Bon
ham thus reports of Gen. Beauregard:
"I shall find it difficult to do justice to
the fortitude, the patriotism and the
steady courage of the officers and men
composing my command, though their
hard labors of several weeks in the
trenches at Fairfax Court House; the
falling back from that place to Bull
Run and their occupation of the trench
es for four successive days through all
changes of weather, much of the time
without food and entirely without cov
ering; their readiness to meet the foe at
any odds at Fairfax and the willingness
to encounter him at all times at Bull
Run command my highest admira
Gen. Bonham was in turn called
thence to received the highest office in
her gift-that of Governor of South
Carolina. At the expiration of his term
as Governor, in 1864, Gen. Bonham re
turned to the Confederate army, in
%%ich he was reappointed brigadier
general, and served to the end of the
Broken in fortunes but not in spirit
he resumed the practice of law after the
war, served in the Legislature in 1865
and 1866, and in 1868 was elected a dele
gate to the National Democratic Con
vention. His valuable services to the
State as railroad commissioner, which
office he held at the time of his death,
are well known and need not be dis
Among the most conspicuous figures
at the recent ceremonies at the unviel
ing of the Lee monumedt at Richmond
was the tall and soldierly form of this
.veteran so'dier and civilian of the dead
Confederacy, and very warm was the
greeting he received from his old Caro
lina comrades and his many distin
gushed associates of the Confederate
Congress and the Army of Northern
The witchery of his courtly manners,
the warmth and loyalty of his friend
ship,. his ardent patriotism, his legal
sented that type of South Carolina gen
tleman which is associated mainly with
the past, but which it Is to be hoped
will still survive elsewhere than in
man's memories and - the novelist's
page. These virtues and graces were
eminently characteristic of Gen. Bon
hamn, and endeared him to his intimate
friends, while they commanded the
respect and esteem of the multitude.
How to Place a Pin.
[The Railway Age.]
If it is a sin to steal a pin it is still
worse to cause other men to curse by
reason of getting pricked in handling
papers carelessly pinned together.
Evidently this is the opinion of Mr.
Carlton Hillyer, the well-known audi
tor of the Georgia Railroad company,
for he has the kindly thoughtfulness
to send out to his correspondents a
printed slip headed "How to pin pa
pers together in such- a manner that
any person handling them may es
cape injury from the pin," which
reads as follows :
Remember the golden rule : "Do un
to others as you would that they
should do unto you."
The point of the pin should be cov
ered. The best place for the pin is the
upper left hand corner of the papers.
The pin should point downwards to
the perpendicular at an angle of about
Take care that the point of the pin
does not come out either on the under
side of the papers or on the upper side.
The point of the pin should always be
between the papers.
Making a hold use of language ,ve
might say : Put the pin in the north
west corner, pointing to the southwest
with its point covered.
Degrees Women have Taken.
M. Bourdeau, a Paris correspondent
writes, has caused a list to be made out
of the number of women who have
taken degrees at the schools of the
different faculties since 18636. The total
is 202, and includes 35 in medicines, 69
in mathematics and other sciences, 67
in classics and belles lettres, 10 in both
classics and sciences, one in pharmacy
and one obtained the degree of L L.D.
Of these degrees 102 were obtained in
Paris and 102 in the provinces. The
first degree obtained by a woman in
France was given in 1866 to Mlle.
Daubie, who had passed the examina
tion for it in 18.50 at Lyons.
Light and Easy.
Warden : "We generally try to give
our prisoners work of the sort to which
they are used. What was your busi
Prisoner : "I was understudy for
'Hamlet' in a travelling company."
Still Weaing His Last Year's Suit.
Tomdik: "They say there is very
little change in gentlemen's clothes foi
the coming fall."
McClommy : "WVell, mine are a trifh
the worse for wear. That's all the
change there'll be in mine."
OATHS AND BLOWS.
An Ugly Scene Enacted in the Nationa
[Augusta Ch ronlcle. j
WASHINGTON, August 27.-Ther
was a genuine riot and rough and turn
ble fight in the House to-day.
Indeed, the scenes on the Republicar
side of the House were never equalle(
even in a beer garden.
It came about early. Mr. McAdoo
of New Jersey (Democrat), criticiset
Mr. John Cannon severely for his reso
lution of yesterday. Mr. Cannon re,
torted in the
VILEST, FILTIIIEST LANGUAGE
language which no decent paper would
Indeed, i; was so dirty that mer
blushed with shame and women fied
from the galleries.
Mr. Enloe asked that the language
be taken down in order that M. Can
non might be censured. Mr. Ree%l
ruled him out of order. Mr. Enloe ap
pealed and the roll call was ordered.
MASON CURSES CANNON.
At this moment Mr. Mason, an Illi
nois Republican, who has been leading
the fight against the lard bill rushed
down the aisle to Mr. Cannon and said,
sotto voice, that his family was in the
gallery, and none but a dawned dirty
tramp would have used such lan
Mr. Mason was itching for a fight,
and Mr. Cannon fearing him, retired
without a word in reply.
CONFIRMED THE EPITHET.
Mr. Wilson, of Washington, (Repub
lican), turned to Mr. Mason and told
him he should not have used such lan.
"Yes, he should," said Mr. Beck.
with, of New Jersey, another Republi
can, "Cannon is nothing but a damned
lying tramp. He put my name on his
black list and I was here."
"If you were, it was the first time
you have been in your place," retorted
"LIAR" AND BLOWS.
"You are a liar," blurted out Mr.
"You are another," cried Mr. Wil
"You are a damn lying Washington
- - -," yelled Mr. Beckwith.
With this Mr, Wilson hit out from
the shoulder and landed a blow on Mr.
Mr. Lehlback tried to *part tbem.
Mr. Williams, of Ohio, rushed down
the collar, when Mr. 13eckwith let into
him. Mr. Williams threw up his hand
and cried, "Stop, I am only a peace
DEMOCRATS ENJOY IT.
For a few moments it looked as
though the fighting would become
The Democrats were laughing and
shouting. It was fun for them, but the
Republicans were fighting and scram
bling like dogs.
Mr. Reed called out the sergeant-at
arms, who, with his mace, soon re
gained order,. and the fighters retired
from the floor.
A DEGRADING SCENE.
It was a scene of the mo'st degeadina
character all through. Mr. Reed was
sustained, and Mr. Cannon escaped
The lard bill, however, did not pass.
It is yet pending, and the Southerra
men are making a gallant fight.
They have hopes yet.
A Female Bull Fighter.
The heroine of the hour just now ii
Lisbon is a German girl, Fraulein Jo
hannah Maestrick. Fraulein Maes
trick was born near Berlin, but wen;
with her parents as a child to Portugal
When she was seventeen an imupres
sario, struck with her size and beauty
offered to train her as a female bul
fighter. The agent sent his pupil, wh<
is not yet twenty, to compete at the
show of female beauty which tool
place this spring at Lisbon, when shi
carried off the first prize. The adver
tisemnent proved an excellent one, fo:
ever since the impressario has beei
bombarded with letters from all classe
wishing to know when the beautifu
"torera" is to make her debut. Shi
has not yet appeared iD an arena, bu
last week she came out in a trial figh
at Oporto. A huge crowd coilected t<
see the unusual sight. The young lada
quickly laid two bulls in the sand an<
strode off, followed by a band of music
amid thunders of applause. Crowds
of people collected before the window:
of the hotel at which the "torera" wat
staying, and far into the night she wa:
obliged to appear on the balcony ii
response to the calls for her.
ATCHISON, Kansas, August 26.-Thi
Farmers' Alliance and Knights of La
Ibor of this city met as the people's con
vention yesterday and nominated thre
Democrats and one Republican fo
county offices and one Democrat an<
one Republican for the Legisoture
The convention unanimously adjptei
the St. Louis platform and the fo1low
ing resolution in addition:
Resolved, That it is the sense of thi
convention that nominees for the Legis
islature stand pledged not to- vote fc
the return of John J. Ingalls to th
United States Senate.
Hard Lot of the Greenback.
"It's awfully hard," said the Fiv
Dollar Bill, as lhe was borrowed for tb
hundredth time, "to go through lifeer
tir a loan."
FOOL THE PEOPLE.
I Bill Arp Says That It Is the Motto of the
Another howl from the Grand Arniv
of the Republic. They had a great
gathering in Bostou last week, and
nearly all the speakers yelled for more
pensions, and bigger ones. The speak
ers were all politicians, and the old sol
diers and all their kinfolks have got
votes and want money.
A politician will ride any hobby to
catch votes. I don't believe that the
solid people of the North. the business
men and taxpayers, favor this pension
plunder, but they can't stop it. These
annual meetings of the Grand Army of
the Republic may have a little patriot
ism, but are mainly for politics and
plunder. More than half the Grand
Army were foreign hirelings and sub
stitutes who fought for the money and
nothing else, and these are the fellows
who are drawing most of the pensions.
They were hospital rats and camp
followers and teamsters, and got sick
easy, and have played sick and dis
abled ever since. Their numbers prove
what a set they were, nearly 3,000,000
against 700,000, -and they have 600,000
pensioners still alive and kicking.
Sam Jones told them up in Missouri
that if our boys bad have known how
bad we were whipping them they
would have fought on until now. "You
fellers," said he, "are drawing all the
pensions, and that's right. You fought
for money, and you ought to have it.
Our boys fought for patriotism-for
love of their country, and they've got
that yet. You never conquered it out
of 'em, and you .never will. So it's all
right. Every soldier ought to have
what he fought for. That is very fine
sarcasm, but still I am not happy as
long as some of that pension money
comes out of me. If the war is over
how many years must the South pay
out $40,000,000 to Northern soldiers and
draw none for her own? If we could
pick out the patriots who really needed
a pension we wouldn't say a word, but
'it's a Northern outrage to continue this
business. It is an outrage on the North
as well as the South, and if the Alliance
don't stop it, it Won't be stopped.- The
Alliance can do some big things if they
will. The nation can't stand this ex-.
travagance. How can the tariff be re
formed and reduced with an empty
treasury?. Mr. Cleveland left it fu'l,
but it's empty now. Where is -te
money 'to come from to build ware
houses and advance 80 per cent. upe a
buys $100 worth of goods in a year '
sides his meat and bread. Of that $1;
he pays $40 in tariff to the governme:t
at Washington but does not pay more
that $5 in tax to his own State govern
ment. Judge Wright was once a meir
ber of Congress and told me in a whis
per that if the farmers of this co'untry
knew how much tariff they paid cui
their hats and shoes and clothing and
axes anid hoes and plates and knives
and forks and paper and pens and
lamps and kitchen ware and every
other ware they Would rise up to a man
and shoulder their muskets and sweabr
by.the eternal they wouldnt stand it.
He said it wouldn't be safe to let them
know it. Judge Wright is on the side
of the toilers-the bread winners and
the farmers. I wish it was so that he
could join the Alliance, for I know that
his heart is with them. I believe he
would join if it wan't for that oath of
secrecy. A man told me that he had
joined and was writing thunder and
lightnIng for the Alliance paper, but
I reckon he is mistaken, for I remem
ber that about 35 years ago, when the
know-knothing party wvas about to
take the country, the Judge took me
out behind the house and advised me,
as a friend, to keep out of it, for it was
contrary to the princij:les of a free gov.
ernent to have a secret, oath-bound
-politics organization. I didn't take his
advice, but like a young fool joined
themi, and was sworn in one dark night
in the top loft of Chambers' millhouse,
five miles from town, and never got
home till after midnight, and told my
wife a story about pressing business de
taining me down town, but next morn
ing she got up before I did and found
flour and cobwebs all over my clothes,
and I had to tell her the truth, and how
we were going to keep any more
foreigners from becoming citizens of
our great Republic, and our motto was
that of Washington, who, the night
before a great battle, said, "P-ut none
but Americans on guard to-night."
But Aleck Stephens and Judge
Wright took the field against our party
because it was secret, and they gave us
hail Columbia, and broke it up.
It must be some other Wright-but
not "our Gus." Our Gus is an old
I"settled" man. I like that word "set
tled." Uncle Sam says folks ain't
much account till they get "settled.'
He said he would hunt us up a settled
'oman for a cook, for these young f1y
up the creeks dident know their owr
-minds and wouldent stay anywhert
long at a time. Judge Wright is a set
But it don't matter about the secrecy
if the farmers will reform things. We
want them to turn the rascals out o.
office everywhere and begin a systen
of economy in government. Reforn
the tariff and educate the people so tha
they will know exactly what the tarif
r is, and howv much it takes out of thei
e pockets to protect the manufacturer
and maybe they will stop it withou
the shotgun. Let every schoolbo:
know how much less his pocketknif'
would have cost him and he will rais<
e a racket before he can vote.
L- The politicians are making a big fus
aoutn the monand snayn the gonvern
inent must expand the circulation.
Make money cheaper by making more
of it-sorter like we did during the war
when it took $10 to buy a bunch of
yarn and ,2ol) to buy a pair of cotton
cards. In January, 15 I paid $3,000
for a little o!d measly cow that gave
about a half a gallon of milk a day; but
that was enough for a poor little half
starved war-born baby, whose mother's
milk had dried up from anxiety, while
running from the everlasting yankees
and dodging their hirelings like a scar
ed rabbit dodges the hounds. They
say we must have more money, and
they make the people believe it will be
divided out among them whether they
earn it or not-another case of forty
acres and a mule. Fool the people
that's the idea. They are raising a big
fuss because the national banks are not
allowed to lend money on farm mort
gages and I hope they will have that
law repealed for it is of no consequence.
No bank is fool enough to lend money
on a mortgage. Will Howard is a big
banker in town-a private banker-and
he is a not prohibited but I'll bet$10 he
hasn't got a mortgage in his vault.
Banks lend money on business integri
ty with a goqd endorser or a collateral
that can be converted into money in
thirty days. It takes eighteen months
to foreclose a farni mortgage, and if the
farmer dies it takes a year longer.
George Truit, of Troup country, has
made a grand success at farming. The
State Alliance visited his farm the other
day and George said he began with
nothing since the war and has made all
that he has got at farming, and that
economy and diligence and constant
care and watchfulness will do more for
the farmer than all the legislation that
can be devised. You can pick out farm
ers here there and in every county who
have by hard work got ahead and pros
pered while their neighbors have been
waiting on the Lord or luck or on the
politicians. There isn't a country upon
earth where the farmer is so surely re
warded for his industry as he is right
here. They had a big camp meeting
up at Pine Log last week, and just such.
a spread of good things as the farmers
'took there every day was never seen
before. Such a wealth of chicksns and
chicken pies, and roast pig, and mutton,
and kid, and potatoes and pies and
cakes and jellies and pickles and wine,
and all were home-raised and home
made. Will the good Lord make us all
thankful for what we have got and in
cline our hearts to quit grumbling.
HARRISON NOT A WINE-BIBBER.
This is Called the Dryest Administratiqs
LFroin the New York World.)
CLEVELAND, 0., August 25.-There
has been some controversy among the
vari6us temperance organizations over
the question as to whether President
Harrison was a wine-bibber. Some of
the disputants have stated that the
quantity of wines censumed in the
White House was disgraceful. In order
to get at the true inwardness of the
matter Mrs. Ellen J. Phinney, of this
city, Prisident of the Non-Partisan Na
tion W. C. T. U., recently addressed a
letter to Mrs. Lydia H. Tilton, Presi
dent of the District of the of Columbia
branch of the Union, asking her to
furnish the bottom facts.
Mrs. Tilton has replied that "while
jit is true that wine has been furnished
at State dinners by the present Ad
ministration, and by every other ex
cept during this Administration fur
nished wine the example of the Har
risons, Wanamakers, Windloms, Mil
lers, Proctors, Huistons, Hepburbs,
Dorchesters, Fosters, Morgans and
many others have a restraining in
fluence. Scarcely any of the men
selected by President Harrison as his
advisers ever take wine. Blaine is now
a total abstainer. President Harrison
does not take wine at any of the recep
tions, and Mrs. Harrison never under
any circumstances anywhere takes
wine. Never since the days of Mrs.
Hayes has so little wine been taken at
public official receptions in Washing
ington during the present Administra
The New South.
[From the Railroad Record-]
The Atlanta -Southern Industrial
Record's compilation of new Southern
industries for the first six months of
1800 shows a total of 1,808 and great
activity throughout the whole South.
One hundred and eight cotton and
woolen mills were established during
the past six months, Georgia leading
with twenty-three North Carolina,
South Carolina, Alabama and Texas
followed with eighteen each.
INinety-seven flour and grist mills
Ninety-four foundries and machine
shops were established. Tennessee and
Alabama leading with eighteen each.
Thirty-five iron blast furnaces were
established: Georgia, eight; Alabama;
ten, and Tennessee, eight.
Seventy-eight mining companies, fif
teen potteries, sixty-five cottonseed oil
mills, sixteen rolling mills, three hun
dred and seventy wood-working estab
lish ments, and many other industries
Fifty-three electric light works,
Georgia leading with twenty-five; fifty
ice factories, one hundred street rail
way companies, forty-five water works,
and very many sewer and other muni
cipal improvements on a large scale
The Fartner Aroused.
The manwith the hoe is cultivating
a new field this year, the political
A COLORED CAMP MEETING.
Remarkable Narrative of the Fate of Pha
raoh and His Hosts by the Earnest
[New York Herald.]
MOUNT HOLLY, N. J., August 22.
The regular camp meeting of the col
ored people, which is held every sum
wer in the Tirmbuctoo woods, began
last night, and it promises to be a
howling success. It is one of the few
camp meetings of the original pattern
left, and this alone gives it an interest
that it would not otherwise have.
Many of the modern camp meetings
are run for revenue only, and the col
lection basket is passed around every
time a hymn is sung, but this is not of
that kind. Its object is the conver
sion of the -wicked. The collections are
a secondary matter, and as a rule but
little money is receivEd-hardly enough
to pay the preachers. But this does
not lessen their zeal a particle.
The pulpit is a rude structure built of
rough boards, and resembles an im
provised eating stand more than any
thing else. To the left is a beacon fire
of logs on a platform ten feet high.,
which throws a weird light on the
scene. The platform is covered with
earth to prevent the boards from tak
ing fire, and in this way the grounds
The feature of the camp is the sing
ing, which i- led by an elderly man
with a sonorous voice. H
under the ippitAei$g the crowd,
which is composed of hundreds of col
ored people of all ages and conditions,
who have come from miles around in
wagons and on foot to attend the-camp
meeting. Many of them remain for a
week or more, lodging with friends in
the score of cabins in the vicinity of the
THEY MAKE THE FOREST RING.
The services begin with singing, and
all participate. Refrains are always
popular, and when the time comes the
crowd join in with a vim that makes
the woods ring:- A popular one was:
Didn't old Pharaoh git lost?
Didn't old Pharaoh git lost?
In de Red Sea.
"You 'member 'bout Pharaoh broth
ering, I suppose?" said the "Presiding
Yelder," as he is called, flourishing:his
arms in-the air and looking confidently
at the audience. .He- is tall, slender
and very black, and -has a way of ex
pressing himself that pleaces his hearers
and at times stirs them upto the high
est-pitch of enthusiam "You 'mem
Hit will show you dat hit doan pay to
play smart wid de Lord. Some of you
han't converted yit. Yousitstilliasin
and misery, but you think you is all
right 'cause you feels well; but when
de sweat of wraf breads out onter you,
den look out ! Dat's de way hit was
wid -Pharaoh. He was a livin' high
down dere in Egypt land, wearin' his
bes' close on week days and loafin'
'round seegyar .stores all de time.
When Sunday come hit made no d.if
ference to Pharaoh. He jis.. geared:out
his hos add went de same ole lick. He
thought he was hot. He thought no
body couldn't head him off; but de
Lord did. Well, Pharaoh he giss run
things to suit hisself. He call.ed de
prophets by,. dar nicknames,4frowed
stones at de chillen .of Isrul, and when
dey come to wote on 'lection day he
challenged 'em cause dey, didn't have
dere papers. If anybody. wanted a bilU
changed dey had to go to Pharaoh; hE
had all de money dere was outside de
banks, and be'ownedall de open ground
and woods, and-had notices up warnin
de people from gunnin' on him. No.
body had no show. He was so strong
in politiks aat nobody could break hi:i
holt. He rode free on de kyars, and
never paid no tole on de road when ht
was dritin'. So you kin see how pow'
ful he was. When he got on -de tickel
nobody dared to run agen him. He had
everything his own way. Dis is d4
way de Lord lets sinners do sometimes
jiss so He kin make a bigger fool of 'eli
at de end.
PHARAOH'S BIG CoKTRACT.
"Well, one day Pharaoh he got di
contrast to make a big lot of bricks foi
de gov'ment for to be uzed in buildin
some big pos' offis. Pharaoh he madi
deal wid de odder bidders, and when hi
got dere figgers he done went undel
dem an' got de job. Next day he wen1
ter Moses, who was in the brick busi
ness, an' says:-'Mose, Ise got a big joi
fer you and de chillun of Isrul, an' ]
want you to give a bond dat you'l
hustle and git it done.'
"Moses said he would and afore di
werk was out him and de children was
doin' dar bes'. , Purty soon dar wai
trubble. Pharaoh found fault 'causa
dar wasn't straw 'nuf in de bricks t<
make 'em hole dar shape. .Moses saih
he was puttin' in as much straw as any
body was, but Pnaraoh wasn't satisfied
so de chillun of Israel went on a strike
Pharaoh wouldn't pay 'em no mone3
for de work dey had done and dea
couldn't git work in no odder yart
'cause dey didn't belong to de union
and dey couldn't get no trust at d4
"So Moses he got down in de mouf
He went to Pharaoh to let him off or
de contract, so he could work summeri
else, but Pharaoh wouldn't do it. Arte
awhile Moses agreed to Pharaoh-d<
bill for de work he had alreddy done
so he let him off. Next day Mose
and de chillen of Isrul packed dar kit
and started fer home. Soon as dey wa
gone Pharaoh was mad 'cos he'd beel
so easy wid dem,, so he calls out d
troops and started after dom wid:
warrant fer bein' disorderly pussons,
"Mose thought he'd be follered. sa
he hurried up to de Red Sea, where
de Lord made a road fer him ter go
through wid de chillun of Isrul. Pha
raoh followed him, and when he got
haf way 'cross de sea de dam broke and
de whole gang was drounded. Now is
der anyb<.dy here dot would like Pa
raoh? If dar is let 'em stan up."
NOBODY WISHED TO .BE LIKE PHA
After pausing a moment and seeing
that-no one arose he continued:
"Now if dar is anybody would like to
be like Moses let 'em stan' up.
Several among the audierice aroe,
whereupon the congregation sang:
Wben Moses smote de water,
De chillun all pass over,
And drown all Pharaoh's army,
In a few minutes the mourners'
bench in front of the pulpit was filled
with seekers after salvation, while the
woods resounded with:
Put on de golden stockins,
Dey's bound to fit yo feet,
You won't have no rhoomatics
When you walk up de golden street.
The sable singers shouted this unsil
they were tired. Then a fervent prayer
followed, after which an old man stand
ing besides the beacon fire started the
Ef you want to git over Jerdin
Don't fool along de way.
Ole Satan is quick and de wa
When you git near d e Dry
LoWN&aSlowed by this:
Samuel prayed in de mornin'
Samuel prayed at night;
He wasn't afraid of de quick or de dead,
Little Samuel he was right.
Den walk in Samuel's way,
Never mine what people
De time has come far usto c
And walk in Samuel's way.
I By this time the beacon fire as
burning low. It was near
and with a parting prayer the
meeting was dismissed for the afght.
Force of Habit with a Womia.
After shopping for the greater parto
a recent afternoon a well known Biao
lyn lady, with a letter in her
entered . drug store. She
and received apostage stamp.
"Anything else to-day, ma'am
"No, I think not," she
"please send it to the house
U-I beg pard&n, na"am sta
mered the clerk, "but what is IV%
wish tolave delivered?I -
"Why the-4!he- Thenis
the postage stamp and walkedet
The clerk afterward said h d
never seen a better illustration of
force of habit.
A Boston Girl'a Awfal Fght.
[From the Philadelphia Times.} ~
In the excitement ofthe moment-the e,,
two Boston girls rushed into the raging -
surf, and the amount of garmett~j
had managed to get rid of wouldhave
struck a ballet girl dumb with envy.
"Oh!" suddenly.. cried Miss Besoos- d
strete, "what have I done; what wil
become of~me? I am so ashamn tat
my blushes are beginning' to hesa the
water about me." 2
"What is it?" coldly remarkeir-~
companion, who didn't like the ideauf
the.other getting ahead ofther wheii
any modestyr business, was going on;.
"What's got loose?"
"Oh, how can I ever live to tlt~
I've come in bathing without m
Got Its Board O e of the Log.
The following is related by Frank
Wyatt of Rome, Ga., .who hasbeer
visiting relatives at Martindale,-on the
Chattanooga, Rome and Columbae4
Railroad, about thirty miles sout
Chattanooga. Frank used to attend
Sunday school regularly, and*
sidered a truthful boy, without much
naulhattonism flowing in* his veins. He
"My cousin owns a watermill, and in
removing some obstructions found an
immense log imbedded in the stream,
which must have been submerged for a
number-of years. The log had tobecuen.
in two to remove it, and much to our
surprise we found it hollow, although
it had every appearance of being solid. ~
One of the negroes while examining
the log looked into the hollow and
thought he saw something moving.
He began using his axe, and soon had
the log cut into another place.
"Imagine our amazement when we
discovered a live catfish which had
grown to an enormous size and length, -
and was so completely wedged in the
hollow as to be unable to move except ~
to open its mouth and wiggle its tail.<
The fish was very lively and apparent
ly mn the enjoyment of excellent
"The question is how did the fish.get
into the log, as the only means of Ing
ress or egress we could discover was. a
small, round hole not more than two
inches in diameter. We surmised that
he must have entered into little open
ing when no larger than a minnow and
grow great in his solitary confine- ;
Geergia's Fair Mail Carier.
Miss Mattie Hester is the United
States mail carrier over the route from
Condor, Laurens County, to Lothair, '5
Montgomery County Ga., a distance
of forty miles throug a .pseyset- t
tied region, which she 'rysstre '
times a week. her own
Smail cart, carries anevler d is
punctual as the sum aI~seasons sad
in all weathers.