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ESTABLISHED 1865 NEWBERRY S. C., THURSDAY DECEB .
A POLITICAL DRA"NA.
The Inauguration of Governor Tillman at
Columbia.-A Spectacle that Means
a Great Deal to the People of
[Special to News and Courier.]
ConUMBIA, December 4.-Capt. B.
R. Tillman was to-day sworn in as
Governor of South Carolina in the pres
ence of a large assemblage in the shad
ow of the State Capitol. There is no
need to tell anybody in South Carolina
or perhaps in the United States 'Iow
the change in this State Government
was effected. The history of it all is
too fresh in the recollection of every
man, woman and child in the State.
Whether there is any resentment in
the mind of the Chief Executive re
membering that history, can be fairly
inferred from the words of his inaugu
ral address. Whether the address will
heal or tend to heal the wide difference
or political opinion between the new
regime and the old regime will be de
veloped in much briefer time than is
generally believed; and this carries
with it the problem as to whether the
white people of this State, in divisions
relatively small or great, will again be
unfied and made politically homogen
eous. This, perhaps, is the thought
that was uppermost in the minds of the
thinking white men of the State
who were present to-day and wit
nessed the ceremonies which proclaim
ed the triumph of one party and the
downfall of another, yet both proclaim
ing to be the Democratic party.
As to the matterb of detail incident
to the inauguration, they were necessa
rily impressive and interesting. The
ceremony was in open air, the drama
being enacted on a very spacious stage
in front of the State House. The
weather was superb and although the
crowds in the city were large they
were probably not half asnumerous as
Among the faces on and around the
platform there were noted but few from
Charleston and Columbia. The very
large proportion of the gathering was
therefore from the other cities and
towns, and from the country districts
of the State. The crowd began to as
sembled at the grounds about 12 m.,
the hour fixed for the opening of the
ceremonies. Previous to that Main
street was very lively with the people
on the pavements and the large num
ber of carriages, buggies, wagons,
horses, mules. etc., which went to and
fro, and all weighted down to their
It was easy to distinguish the con
tingents from the cities and the coun
try districts. As is usual there was a
great mass of bright coloring in the
dresses from the interior, and much
more of the exactions of the modern
style in the belles from the social centers
of the State. Good humor prevailed
everywhere in the crowds, both on the
streets, at the stand and in the beauti
ful gardens of the Capitol, which,
thanks to the good taste and direction
of Ex-Secretary of State Marshall, are
now in excellent order.
HOw THE CROWVD LOOKED.
About half-post 12 there were three
or four thousand people on the street,
* around the stand and abroad in the
gardens, taking in their beauty and en
joying the exhilarating and somewhat
necessary sunshine. It was, in truth,
a very picturesque gathering, and look
ed as much like an immense gathering
on picnic grounds as anything else that
could be fancied. All around there
were groups of ladies congregated in
families and friends of families, here
standing around the~ trees, beside the
monuments, or stretched off at ease on
the grassy mounds, lunching and may
be talking about the fireside stories of
the campaign. The~re was no question
as to what the great majority of the
* men were discussing. They had very
* early congregated near the stand and
* they amused themselves just as they
used to do at the mass meetings at An
derson or Ridgeway or any other of the
first meetings of the canvais. The
crowd was filled with the friends of the
Governor-elect, who hurrahed for Till
* man, and quite frequently there was
an outburst for Irby. A case of drunk
enness was the exception. All of those
who expressed themselven were evi
dently in a most excellent social hu
mor, and it soon affected the greater
part of the crowd just in that way.
ON THE STAGE
the chairman of the Senate committee
onl arrangements, Gen. Hemphill, and
Col. John Gary Evans, of the House
committee, had their hands full in at
tending to the steady stream that came
* in by card. The constabulary was cer
tainly needed at the stage entrances,
for there was a great impulse at all
times to invade the stage with or with
out card. But the very best order was
preserved, and it was only after the
exercises had begun that the rules were
relaxed and the patient crowd of the
uninvited who could find room man
aged to stand on the platform.
THE BAND sTRIKES U*P.
Shortly after 1 p. mI. the band, which
was stationed at the rear of the plat
* form, struek up the Panola march.
While the nmarchi was being played the
procession filled in from the State
House to the platform. First came Ser
geant-at-arms Stansell and the ser
geant-at-arms of the Senate bearing
the insignia of their office. Governor
elect Tillmnan came in with Gen.
Hemphill, and1 Governor Richardson
with Senator Evaus. The other comn
* ponents of the procession have already
been given fully in the News and Cou
* When all were seated the scene was
h oth memorable and impresive. A t
the front cen tre of the stage were Lieut.
Gov. Mauldin and Speaker Irby in
their robes of offi( e. They sat at a
table which was covered with the Uni
ted States flag; on the table being a
bunch of roses. On the front railing 01
the stage were United States flags and
Palmetto flags. Back of their position
were gathered the incoming and out
going officers of the administration,
the Rev 0. A. Darby, chaplain of the
House, and the Chief Justice and Asso
ciate Justices of the Supreme Court.
The space for these was set apart.
Within this space also were Messrs.
B. R. Tillman and family, Mrs. Eugene
B. Gary, Mrs. 0. W. Buchanan, Mrs.
M. C. Gary and Mrs James M. Eason,
THE EXECUTIVE PARTY.
Before this assemblage had taken
place, however, there were interesting
incidents in front of the Grand Central
Hotel. It was from there that Capt.
Tillman and his party were expected
to take their carriages. There was
therefore a big crowd present, desirous
perhaps rather of seeing the "Gover
nor" than to take any other part in the
proceedings. After a while Governor
Tillman with Mrs. Tillman came, but
the greeting was not an outburst, being
rather cordial and sincere than effusive.
The following ladies and gentlemen
filed out and took places in the car
riages which were drawn up in front of
1. Capt. Tillman, Mrs. Tillman, Miss
Tillman, and children.
2. The Hon. George Tillman, James
R. Tillman, Miss Fannie Tillman, Miss
5. Mrs. 0. W. Buchanan, Miss Sallie
Tillman, Miss Hixon, Miss Simpson.
4. Col. D. K. Norris and family,
Prof. Strode, president of Clemson Col
5. Mr. Charles Crossland and wife,
Secretary of State Tindal.
The procession moved slowly to the
State House, and was accompanied all
along the route by the friends and ad
mirers of the Administration-ladies,
gentlemen, men, women, boys, girls,
riders, walkers, runners, and every now
and then a shout would go up for Gov
To go back to the stage: Besides the
ladies mentioned there were crowds in
almost every window of the State
House, but all beyond reach of any
thing but a telescopic pencil; and again
there was an adventurous contingent
that climbs to the verytop of the build
ing and celebrated it all there by them
selves. The Confederate monument
was fairly covered with other adventu
rers in search of high places, and the
biggest trees of the neighborhood also
groaned under the weight of curious
Owing to the length of time taken in
the assembling of the House and Senate
and the marshalling of the procession
the crowd outside had plenty of leisure
to amuse itself. Right in front of the
stage there was a dense mass, out of
which the ladies soon made their es
cape fearing possibly a crush at an in
opportune moment. They then went
out into the garden and looked at the
proceedings from a safe standpoint of
vantage. On the immediate outskirts
of the crowd of colored brethren had
gathered themselves together and were
quiet and attentive listeners and ob
servers of everybody and everything.
They thought possibly that there might
have been an open-air joint discussion
of the luxuries and comforts of the Jim
The excitement in the gathering was
at its height when Governor-elect Till
man stepped on the platform. A great
shout arose, and the crowd, knowing
that he was coming, took up the ac
claim. Capt. Tillman, after a prayer
by the Rev. Dr. Darby and the form
alities already mentioned, arese to
speak. He was pale, probably with
the excitement and emotion of the
moment. Making the proper saluta
tions, he spoke clearly and distinctly.
The address was frequently inter
rupted by applause. It consumed
about an hour and a half in delivery.
The oath of office being then admin
istered, and also to Lieutenant Gover
nor Gary, the two houses withdrew to
their respective chambers.
THE NEW GOVERNOR IN HIS OFFICE.
While Lieutent Governor Gary was
delivering his address an interesting
scene was being witnessed in another
part of the building. Governor Till
man, with his private secretary, Mr.
Bean, proceeded after the ceremonies
to occupy the Governor's office. The
enthusiasm of Governor Tillman's
friends was.s great that they followed
him through the building, hurrahing
for the new Governor. When Mr.
Tillman and his secretary entered the
room of Mr. WY. E. Gonzales, private
secretary of Governor Richardson,
so ne of the most ardent of the crowd
followed. Governor Tillman, seeing
the embarrassment that might follow,
waved back the crowd, and it was found
afterwards necessary to lock the doors
to transact the little formal business to
Mr. Gonzales turned over the records
to Mr. Bean, Governor Richardson
gave up his office to Governor Tillmnan
and the executive head of the new
party was in possession of the State
The offices of the Attorney General
and Secretary of State were turned over
respectively to Attorney General Pope
and Secretary of State Tindal. Attor
ney General Pope qualified to-day and
his bond was approved, being the first
official act of Governor Tillman.
officers have been made out and the
officers not mentioned above will qual
ify to-day or to-morrow.
After the business of the afternoon
Governor Tillman and party returned
to the hotel and passed the rest of the
day at the hotel.
AN AMUSING INCIDENT
happened after Governor Tillman had
taken his seat, having delivered his ad
dress. A warm adherent climbed on
the stage and, putting his arm on Gov
ernor Tillman's shoulder conveyed to
him his congratulations.
THEN AND NOW.
Senator R. R. Hemphill Laying Down the
Rule Against Bolters In 1890-Place
Hunter In 1870-Oflice-Holder
EDITOR RECoRD :-Please publish
the following editorial taken from the
Abbeville Medium (of which the Hon.
Robert R. Hemphill is editor) of 20th
of November, 1890, together with
copies of letters, the originals of which
are now on file in the Governor's office.
[From the Abbeville Medium, Nov.
"A good deal of talk is now going on
about the Democrats "getting to
gether." It is idle and premature. It
is idle because the man who voted
against the September nominees at the
recent election forfeited all claim to be
long to the Democratic party. He
went out of the party and can no
longer be regarded as a Democrat. He
can't get together. Bolting is an un
pardonable political sin. The rule is that
the party door should always be open
to new converts, but forever closed
against bolters. The talk is premature
because these bolters have not asked
to come back, but say they are satisfied
with their course. They have not re
pented of their evil deeds. They are
still contumacious and it would be
best to let them stay with their Repub
lican allies until they see the enormity
of their offence.
"What asurance have the people that
these men will not leave the party
again if they are restored? They may
bolt again when the majority does not
submit to their dictation, and they
might do more harm at some peculiar
"As matters stand the Republicans
don't want them and won't have them.
The Democratic party has demonstrated
that it can get along without them and
The Democratic party has demon
strated that it can get along without
them and in spite of them.
"So far as Abbeville County is con
cerned we feel sure that it will be
many years before the bolters can re
gain the confidence of the Democratic
party in the county and never again be
elevated to positions of honor and in
OFFICE OF THE ABBEVILLE MEDIUM,
HEMPHILL & Co., Proprietors,
A BBEVILLE C. H., S. C., Dec.13, 1872.
Hon. F. J. Moses, Jr., Colnmbia, S. C.
DEAR SIR : Presuming that a vacan
cy may be caused in the Judgeship of
this Circuit by the nomination of Judge
Orr as Minister to Russia, I write to
solicit your influence in my behalf in
securing that position if made vacant.
I was admitted to practice in this State
in 1866, and since that time have prac
ticed in the courts of this State and
Texas. For the last two years I have
held office under the administration as
Trial Justice, and have given general
satisfaction. In the event of an elec
tion for Judge I will stand before the
Legislature fairly and squarely upon
the Republican platform.
If you can, consistent with what you
regard just and proper, aid me in this
matter, I will consider myself placed
under many obligations and will be
happy to reciprocate the favor when
I have the honor to be
Your most obedient servant,
ROBERT R. HEMPHILL.
OFFICE OF THlE ABBEVILLE MEDIUM,
HEMPHILL & Co., Proprietors,
ABBEVILLE C. IH., S. C.,March 25,1873.
H. H. D. Byron, Esq.
DEAR SIR : The Governor's procla
mation appointing me Coroner for this
county was received same days ago.
I would have acknowledged the
receipt sooner but have been sick.
Thank His Excellency for me.
ROBERT R. HEMPHILIe
P. S.-I would accept of a nice ap
pointmnent thst would pay well.
Coimment on the above is unnecessa
ry. But the reader can determine
whether or not under the circumstan
ces, the author of the editorial and the
letters is qualified, politically, act as
doorkeeper in closing the "party door"
against even a
Life Health and Strength.
ALPACHICOLA, Fla., Feb7f~
Messrs. Lippmnan Bros., Savannah:
DEA R SIRs-I will write to you to
inform you that I was afflicted with
Blood Disease. I tried one bottle of
* * * and it gave me no relief. I was
in bed seven months. I tried prominent
physicians, and they could not do me
any good. I saw your advertisement
of P. P. P. in the A palachicola Times,
and thought I would try it. The bottle
I got to-night makes seven or eight,
and, oh, bow- good I feel. I have been
up ever since and at my business
lumber inspector. You may publish
this if you desire. I have informed my
friends that P. P. P. is life, health and
strength. M. P. BOr.n T
THE ALLIANCE IN OCAL&.
son and the ForceBill-Adopted Unani
mously land with Applause.
OCALA, December 3.--Several sen
sational features are being developed
in the Alliance council. The lobbies
are full of rumors, but it is difficult to
get delegates to talk. Livingston is
after Polk and Macune with a sharp
stick, and threatens to:, bring charges
against them. Livingston talks freely
and accuses Polk and Macune of start
ing the report that be was in the pay
of Jay;Gould and wanted to betray:the
Alliance. The report was published
several days ago and it has been traced
to Col. Polk's office. Col. Polk refuses
to talk. The Alliance is with Polk and
Livingston is trying to run Clover, of
Kansas, against Polk for President, but
his efforts meet with but poor encour
A resolution was introduced to-day
denouncing the force bill, and it went
through with a rush, the members
from the Northwest giving it cordial
The members are enthusiastic save a
few old line Republicans.
The anti-force bill resolutions were
introduced by Delegate W. S. McAllis
ter, of Mississippi, and are as follows:
Whereas, the President of the United
States in his annual message to Con
gress recommends and urges the in
mediate passage of the measure known
as the Lodge election bill; and whereas,
said biil involves a radical revolution
in the election machinery of the Union,
both State and national, and ,its pass
age will be fatal to the autonomy of
the States ahd the cherrished liberties
of the citizen; and whereas, said bill is
partisian in spirit and will be partisan
if its application, thus revitalizing the
gory ghost of sectional estrangement;
and whereas in the holy war which we
have declared against sectionalism the
firesides of the farmers of the North,
East South and West are the citadels
around which the heaviest battles are
being fought, and to the end that vic
tory may crown our crusade let frater
nity and unity reign: Therefore be it.
Resolved, by the National Farmers'
Alliance and Industrial Union of
America, in national council assem
bled, That we do most solemly protest
against the passage of the said Lodge
election bill, and we earnestly,petition
onr Senators to employ all fair and le
gal means to defeat this unpatriotic
measure, which can result in nothing
but evil to our common and beloved
Resolved, further, That a copy of
these preambles and resolutions be for
warded to each Senator.in Congress.
Mr. McAllister took the floor in sup
port of the resolutions,'and at the end
of a strong speech moved their adop
As he sat down there was a stillness
and hush in the Convention which
foreboded a storm, and everybody ex
pected it to burst from the Western or
Northwest delegations, but no storm
came. After a few moments of sus
pense delegate Deming, of Pennsylva
nia, arose and said that he regarded
the introduction of the resolutions as
untimely; that there was largely preva
lent at the North a feeling that the
Farmers' Alliance was a Southern or
ganization, its members being saturated
with Southern sentiments, and that
the passage of these resolutions would
strengthen thisiopinion, arnd check the
growth of the Alliance North and East.
His language was very temperate and
conciliatory; and a ripple of applause
greeted the close of his speech.
President McGrath, of the Kansas
State Alliance, moved the adoption of
the resolutions without refereece to any
committee and withou debate, which
A delegate from Illinois expressed
practically the same sentiments as Mr.
Deming, of Pennsylvania. He feared
that the adoption of the resolution at
this time would confirm the charge
sometimes made against the Alliance
as being of Southern sentiment. The
Alliance, he said, is fast multiplying in
the West and in localities where Re
publican sentiment is strong. :This
action of the national body would tend
to throw it into political disrepute and
stop its expansion over the States of
the West and Northwest. President
Hall, of the Missouri State Alliance,
moved that the resolution be tabled,
but after a short interval, in which
there were several short, hut temperate
speeches in favor of their passage, he
moved to table his original motion to
table, which was carried.
The question then recurred on Mr.
McAlister's motion to adopt the resolu
tions and it was carried unanimously,
amid the wildest enthusinsm.
ORGANIZING A THIRD PA RTY FOR 1892.
OCALA, FLA., Dec. 4.-The National
Alliance met at 10.30 a. m. The early
part of the session was devoted chiefly
to the discussion of inside topics, and
at 11.30 A. Gallagher, fraternal delegate
from theWorkingmen's ReformLeague
of New York City, and WV. A. A. Car
sey, of New York, from the American
Anti-Monopoly League, were invited
to address the convention.
Each spoke for half an hour or more,
their remarks being principally direct
ed in favor of a closer bond bet ween all
national organizations of the same
character,E. but against consolidation.
Both advised the National Alliance to
stand by its St. Louis platform, to take
lead in any national political move
ment which might grow out of it, and
said that the other organizations might
J. H. Rice and John Davis, of Kan
sas, in connection with one or two
others in sympathy with the recent
political movement in that State,among
them Delegate Vincent, are working
on a call for a national convention to
form a new party, the date being fixed
as February 12, 1891, and the place as
The al will 11 nvite diteleates frm
the National Farmers' Alliance and all
other national organizations in sympa
thy with it, or which endorse the St.
Louis platform, as well as the editors
of the "Reform press" throughout the
country, to take part in the convention.
The new party to be formed would
doubtless work on the same lines as
the People's party in Kansas, that is,
renounce all affiliation with other po
litical parties, and place a national
ticket of its own in the field. This
call when completed, will probably be
presented to the National Alliance for
its endorsement, although some of the
men in the movement are not convinc
ed that this course will be wise or
John J. Holland, of Jacksonville,
Fla., is here. When Powderly arrives I
this will make four members of the ,
tional executive board of the Supreme ,
Council of the Knights of Labor pres- I
ent in the city, being all of that com
mittee except one, (Devlin, of Michi
gan,) and this fact is thought to be
fraught with deep significance apropos i
of the third-party movement.
There is said to be strong feeling
among National Alliance men here in
favor of a general consolidation of all
similar national bodies. It is alleged
that they have offered in the event of
such consolidation to give all the t
national political nominations to or
ganizations outside of their own. There
is, however, a conservative element 1
which may hold the more radical
members in check.
Future Programme of the Farmers' Alli
[From The Farmers' Adocate, Kansas
We shall at once commence to mar
shal the hosts of the people for the
conflict of 1892. In this great work
there are many prejudices to be over
come. Sectional lines must be abol
ished. Interests which are identical
must be brought together, and the a
combined forces of the agrIcultural and a
laboring classes must be consolidated
against the forces of the corporations,
monopolies, trusts, syndicates and
moneyed aristocrats who have for
years feasted upon the substance of the
people. When we say these forces are '
to be marshalled against the oppressors t
of the people we do not mean that the I
injustice which has characterized the I
corporate power of America is to be re
turued in kind. The people simply
ask for justice, that alone, and that, by
the eternal, they will have. The com
ing contest, therefore, will not take
place between the Northern and
Southern sections of our country. The t
coming contest, therefore, will not take 1
place between the Northern and South
ern sections of .our country. The in
terest of the people of the West and
South are identical, and their political<
forces must be consolidated against the
power of corporate greed. We may as
well recognize this fact now, as to per
mit our prejudices to"postpone the day 1
of its recognition. The professional
politicians of both parties, both North I
and South, who have devoted their
lives "so assiduously to the promotion <
of corporate interests, recognize thatI
this union of the two sections is the 1
great danger that threatens the power
of monopoly, and they therefore con
stanstantly aim to keep alive the pre
judices that have estranged them, on
ly to prey upon them and to maintain
political supremacy by their alienation.
It has been and is the holy mission of
the Farmers' Alliance to subdue this]
sectional prejudice. It is full time for
this Nation to become united. Did the
hosts of the army in blue face shot and
shell to maintain and perpetuate a
more perfect union or to divide the1
Nation into contending sections ? If
the former let us see to it that those<
of their comrades whosurvive may live,
to see the country redeemed and its
liberties restored. Down with all sec-i
tional lines. Away with all sectional
prejudices. Let the fires of patriotism 1
that still burn in the hearts of the peo-]
pIe consume the prejudices of the past.
Let one flag float over us and one 3pirit
so perfectly pervade our hearts that
we shall be able and willing to
stand shoulder to shoulder in the
great army that must make lasting
conquest of the hosts of corporate
greed that are fattening upon the
stolen substance of the people.
WHAT THE FARMERS WANT.
They Dernand Representation and the
Control of the Railroads.
RICH MOND, Nov. 26.-The Hon. Ben.
Terrell of Texas, national lecturer of the
Farmers' Alliance, delivered an address
here to-day to farmers. He was quite
bitter against the newspapers, many of
which, he said, misrepresented the far- 1
mers' cause. He said that the farmersi
demand representation. They are
opposed to class legislation. The Alli
ance is not a party. They will never
make nominations in their order. What
is needed is that the farmers remain a
great reserve force, hold the balance of
power, and see that good men are elect
ed to office. The Alliance is opposed
to class legislation. As for himself, he ]
would just as soon vote for a lawyer as
a farmer if the lawyer represents the
interests of the people. He said the
farmers are not fighting any party, but
are opposed to the mnanner in which the
laws are administered. The farmers
demand the control of the railroads be
cause they are not properly managed
while in the hands of corporations;
and are being worked to the injury of
the masses. He said it was time for
Congressmen to stop caucusing upon
measures that the people elect them to
vote for. If the Representatives do not
do their duty, it is time for the farmers
to disregard party and send men to
make laws who will not come back and
say they made a great struggle in the
caucus, but the majority was against
A LESSON BY JUDGE LYNCH.
Lone Women in the Country must be as
Safe as if a Regiment Surrounded
[Special to News and Courier.]
GREENVILLE, Dec. 3.-Riddled with
:ullets and left in the woods to die a
ingering death is the death Judge
wynch decreed to Henry Johnson, alias
Elenry Wilsby, colored, four miles from
entral, in Pickens County, this morn
ag before daylight.
On Monday the quiet little town of
entral was excited by a brutal outrage
>erpetrated upon Mrs. Thos. Walters,
wife of a white farmer living four miles
rom Central. ThA outrage was one of
he most horrible ever known. While
>usy at work in her home Mrs. Walters,
vho is a handsome young woman, 20
,ears old, was frightened by a gun
>eing placed at her head by an unknown
legro, and the command, "Don't move,
>r I'll kill you." Throwing a rope over
ier head the negro led her from the
iouse like a cow into the woods some
listance away. She kept up a continual
cream, but her husband was a mile
way working in a saw mill, and the
iearest neighbor lived a long ways off.
Che negro pulled the terrified woman
ver bushes and through brambles un
il he reached'.a secluded spot, where,
.fter the most cruel and outrageous
reatment, he threatened to kill her,
>ut she begged piteously, and the villain
rent away and left her.
As soon as she could she hurried to a
ieighbor's house and told the terrible
tory. The entire section of country
vas aroused and parties searched every
vhere. Johnson was captured yester
ay afternoon at the Richland trestle
n the Air Line Road, and last night
vas taken before Mrs. Walters, who at
nce recognized him.
Fifty determined men .had gathered
nd notwithstanding Johnson's appeals
ie was silently marched away and four
ninutes afterward fifty or a hundred
hots rang out on the early morning
ir, and testified that a horrible crime
ad been avenged.
A reporter visited the scene of the
ynching. No one acknowledged know
ng anything of the disposition made of
obnson, but search revealed the spot
vhere he had been tied to a tree, and in
he woods the brute was found dying a
rute's death. The mob had evidently
aft him for dead, but he had recovered
ufficiently to crawl further into the
voods. He lay in a pooLof sweltering
ilood, and occasiohalfy an agonized
noan escaped his lips. The body was
erribly mangled. The left eye was
hot out, and a load of shot had en
ered the left ear. All over his body
iillet wounds were visible. No one
lared offer assistance, and the negro
vas dying when the reporter left.
No sentimental placard was placed
n the body, but it lay there an impres
ive lesson that the women of the
ountry will be protected.
Mrs. Walters still shows signs of the
errible treatment she received. Her
~yes are red and swollen, and a blue
nark shows on her neck.
Public sentiment justifies the horrible
leath meted out. Johnson has proba
)ly been guilty of similar crimes, as he
old Mrs. Walters that she was not the
irst white woman who had been his
He recently served two years in the
state Penitentiary for an attempted
Lssault on a colored girl. w. W. P.
GREENVILLE, Dec. 4.-The body of
lenry Johnson, colored, who was
iddled with bullets hear Central be
ore daylight yesterday morning fox
Lssault upon Mrs. Thomas Walters,
was cremated some time last night, and
,he coroner of Pickens County found
iothing of it to-day but a small portion
>f one foot, which was charred by fire.
rohnson recovered consciousness Wed
iesday, and it is said, begged for wa
er. Report is that.he died yesterday
Lfternoon and that several hours after
uis body was covered with brush and
ogs. A ligbhted match was applied by
inknown persons, and the blaze from
he burning wood leaped high into the
~ir and could be seen from the road
A Florida Prince.
[From The Epoch.]
Prince Murat himself lives in Florida
radition as the man who was too lazy
o wash his face. So unconquerable
wras his indolence that he often lay in
)ed for a week at a time, and was only
oused when his wife sent his negro
ralet to bathe him by force of arms.
['hroughout the operation he whined
tnd sputtered like a three-months'-old
>uppy. When it was over, and he had
o some extent pulled his amiability
ogether, he went abroad a courtly, gal
ant gentleman, ready to offer you a
>inch from his magnificent gold snufi
ox, or, the box itself, if by any chance
you had rendered himi a service. More
han one such keepsake is still cherish
dl there in memory of the royal mar
yr, who explained that the troubles of
lis life came from just two things-"de
voman and de water."
Infiammatory Reumm natism is cured
>y P. P. P. (Prickly Ash, Poke Root
mnd Potassium), Physicians have been
:onsulted, and to no purpose. As a last
esort patient takes P. P. P. anid gets
yell. Hosts of certificates to this effect
ire in possession of the manufacturers,
hnd will be shown on application.
P. p. P. is the greatest blood purifier
>f the age, the best of humor.'remedies.
~ures every disease and humor of ti
kin, scalp and blood, whether itchija
urning, scaly pimples, scrofuline
rditary, when all other res the
THE OUTS WHO WERE INS.
Business Prospects and Intentions of the
Retiring State Officers.
[Special to News and Courier.
COLUMBWA, S. C., December 3.-It
will, perhaps, be of interest to the pub
lic and certaiuly to the friends of the
retiring State officers to know what
walks of life they will glide into after
passing out from the Capitol.
Governor Richardson will resume his
planting operation in Clarendon, where
.he has a large plantation and a success
ful colony of renters.
Lieutenant-Governor Mauldin, who,
of course, has only been absent from
Greenville during the session of the
General Assembly, will pursue his
business as usual.
Secretary of the State Marshall will
practice law in Columbia in partner
ship with Mr. F. H. Weston.
Comptroller-General Verner will re
move from Oconee to Columbia perma
manently, and will proctice law here
in partnership with Col. John C. Has
Attorney-General Earle will remove
from the State to Birmingham, Ala.,
where he will practice law.
State Treasurer McIver will resume
his planting operations in Darlington
Adjutant and Inspector-General Bon
ham will represent the Central Union
Life Insurance Company, of Cincin
nati, with his headquarters at Colum
Superintendent of Education Rice
will resume his practice at the Abbe
ville County Bar, and will also conduct
his planting operations.
The new State Treasurer, Dr. Bates,
says he will make no changes in the
clerical force of his office.
The other State officers have just ar
rived in Columbia, and are not yet pre
pared to announce what changes, if
any, they will make in their offices.
AN EARTHQUAKE AN HOUR.
Seismic Sensations on an Unusual Scale
Nicaraguan City Depopulated.
The Granada earthquake is described
in a letter from Consul Newell, of
Managua, to the state department.
Granada, the scene of the disturbance,
is distant from Managua twety-seven
miles, and is situated on the;dastern
side of Lake Nicarague. Within a few
miles of the city are numbers of volca
noes, the more prominent being Mom
bacho and Pilon. The.consul writes:
"The first shock was noticed at 10
o'clock Sunday morning, August 21st.
From this time until midnight of the
same day there were twenty-two dis
tinct shocks, some -severe, the most
slight. On Monday, September 1st, at
8.30 a. in., the strongest shock was felt;
its duration was six seconds. For an
hour and a half ofter the shock on
Monday the earth was in a constant
tremor. Twenty-six shocks from Mon
day, September .1st, to Tuesday after
noon, September 2d, were recorded.
"On September 1 a panic seized the
people, and women and children went
crying and praying through the streets.
Some women marched in procession
bearing an image of the Saviour, while
others bore the statute of a saipt,
which, according to native belief, has
power to quite a disturbance of this
character. The populace fied pell-mell
to the plaza and other open spaces.
Some had the hardihood to take time
to get household effects; the major part,
however, sought a place of safety
empty-handed. Business houses all
discontinued business, which was a
serious drawback, as the people were
all shut off by this means from provi
sions, and thus ensued much distress.
Many houses were looted 'by thieves.
Rome of the saloons were broken into by
soughs and their contents carried off.
The government very wisely sent 200
soldiers to Granada, and thus in the
beginning stopped the reign of anarchy
and chaos. So terror-strieken were the
people that thousands fled to adjacent
towns. The government ordered spe
eial trains to enable those who desired
to leave the city. Many availed them
selves of the opportunity, so that now,
even this late date, Granada appears
like a deseited village.
"The earthquake still continues, and
many prophecibs are made as to the
ultimate end of the trouble. Some
agree with a noted French expert on
ear thquake that the city will sink out
of sight, or that a volcano will be
thrown.up in its midst. None of the
volcanoes in the vicinity are active, so
that it is exceedingly difficult to deter
mine the cause. It may arise from
atmospheric changes, as the season has
been hotter and drier than known here
for years. Why this should locate the
disturbance more in Granada than in
any other place in Nicaragua I know
"The extent of the damage is not
fully known. Many buildings have
their walls badly cracked, and many
roofs are uncovered by tihe tiles running
off. This government labors under a
great disadvantage in not having the
proper apparatus with which to make
earthquake observations. This, I might
say, is the land of valcanoes, for with
in a radius of 300 miles there are twen
ty-five-one to every twelve mile.
Much valuable information could be
Aurniaaed science from this point were
the.1 foper instruments here."
.,st of sirse of P. P. P. will banish all
veigh ings, and restore your health
tion, for at condition. Its curative pow
will so frvelour. If out of sorts and
canior with yourself and the
money cnoP. P. P., and become
TWO ENGINES WREC3KJW'
Three Bad Smashups on the C.
Road in as Many Days.
[Columbia Record, 5th.iJ
Bad luck seems to have fallen
the Columbia and Greenville rail
this week and the summary sh
three bad accidents, occurring in
LOCOMOTIVES JAMMED TOGET
On Wednesday evening just
dark the first and most serious aecide
occurred. The regular up passenge
train for Laurens No 56, when p
reached Swygert's mill, a point nine
miles from the city, acting under or
ders, came to a stop and kept the main
track by virtue of its right to await the
passage of the incoming freight, No 17...,
The freight was'due at 6.40 and at that
time it hove in sight.
It came on a down grade and was at
a high rate of speed. The switch-was
not opened and in -a moment both
engineers saw that. a terrible collisio
was unavoidable. The freight engin
reversed his engine and blew for brea
and the passenger engineer s
backward. The freight was hea'
loaded, however, and nothingcould
stop her. She came down with a rush
and a terrible crash followed, and the
two locomotives were so completely
jammed into each other -that they
could not be pulled apart and are totally
destroyed. Several box cars were badly
smashed and the track torn up. Be -
yond a great shock none of the passen
gers were injured. Engineer Graham,
of No. 17, was badly injured, but both
firemen and the other enginee
It seems that the accident is du
disregard of orders by the freight
ductor. He should have ordered
engineer to slow up at Swygert's
accordance with the following orde
which was sent to him further up th
"No. 17 and 24 will meet at Colun
bia and Greenville yard in Colum
No. 56 will wait at Swygert's mill
6:40 p. In., for No. 17."
The wreck is now being cleared
PASSENGER TRAIN DERAILED.
The down passenger train from
Greenville, No 52, due here yesterday.
afternoon did not come in, and abouf
dark it was learned that it attempted
to cross the scene of the wreck at Swy
gert's, and the locomotive was derailed
and considerably damaged, slightly in
juring the engineer. No one else was.
This morning the material train -of
the C. & G. road, No. 61, was coning
into the railroad yard when, without"
the slightest warning, the shifting en--]
gine, No. 76, going pietty rapidly,
came towards it on the same track, an&
collided with it. Beyond injuring the7
locomotive somewhat, no other damage
was done. How it happened cannot be
ENGINEER GRAHAM'S INJURIES.
[Columbia Register, 6th.]
Engineer Graham of the Columbia
and Greenville RailroadLwho was hurt
in the collision between the Laurens
train and a freight train, near Swygert's
on Wednesday evening, was brought
down to Columbia yesterday by Dr.
Taylor. He has received a severe scalp
wound, horseshoe shaped, and about
six inches long. The calf of his leg was
also badly bruised, and his neck and
spine sprained. He was, however,
resting well last night, and the atten
dirig physician is hopeful of his speedy
To the School Commi1ssioner.
Do you ask h9w we have spent our
vacation ? Well, certainly it is no pre-.
sumption on your part to mistake such
an inquiry. An active commissioner.
always feels interested in the teachers
and their whole work.
In reply to the question we would
say that much of our time has been
spent in studying our text books,
"The Institute," Chatauquan, &c. We
have not been able to attend any nor
mal schools, but we have had a real
feast of our own at home and feel that
we are much refreshed and better pre
pared for another year's~ work. We
have always been anxious to see the
public examination questions and find
every time that there are some we
would miss. This last examination
tion led us to think how little we knew
about our own State, her county
boundaries, rivers, navigation, &c. We
have never known much about map
drawing, but we thougbt this about
the only plan to become familiar with
our State map. Accordingly we went
to work and soon learned to draw from
memory a map of South Carolina giv
ing to each county its location.
When we resume our work we know
we will teach the geography of our
own State and of the United States
better. We have looked over several
different authors on grammar, and find
some more lucid than others. Of one
thing we are convinced, that if you
make a sentence complete by supply
ing the ellipses much of the difficulty
in diagraming and parsing is removed.
As to the classing, &c., of words we be
lieve the adverb with its many clauses
is the most difficult to dispose of.
Grammar requires study and close
plication and then frequently we get
lost in some idiomatic expressions. In
the history questions there seemed to
ds to be an anomaly. Who was South
Carolina's "Dictator" during the Revo
lutionary war. Does any body know ?
If so please tell us through the teach
ers' column, also tell the story of John
Laurens. We have looked in vain for
We have been trying the word meth
od on a private pupil and find that it
is entirely possible to teach reading
without spelling. Algebra, arithmetic
and physiology have received our at
tention, for which we feel sure we
have been strengthened. One of our
former pupils wrote to us the other
day for the signification of the word
Charybdis. We gafe an answer, but no
so full as we wished. Will some orc'
tell us all about the word 7 '..