Newspaper Page Text
ELBERT IL AULL, EDIToE.
ELBERT H. AULL, Proprietors.
WM. P. HOUSEAL, j
NEWBERRY, S. C.
THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1891.
THE QUESTION OF TAXATION.
One of the biggest questions that the
country has to deal with is the ques
tion of taxation. It is a question that
has puzzled the statesmen of all ages
and no doubt will continue to puzzle
them to the end of human government.
It is not so much the question of levy
ing the taxes and collecting it as it is a
question of how to get the property
properly returned on the Auditor's
books so that the burdens of taxation
will fall equally on all the owners of
property. What we propose to say now
does not refer to that indirect taxation
known as the tariff, but the direct tax
levied and collected on property.
In every township, we believe, there
is a board called the Township Board
of Equalization, and then there are the
County Boards and the State Board.
The duties, as we understand it, of
these several boards, are to see that
there isan equality in valuation of the
property in the various townships,
counties, and in the State. And it does
not so much matter whether the prop
erty is valued at its full value, or one
one half, or one-third its value, so that
every man's property is valued at its
full value, or one-half, or one-third its
value, for as it is valued higher or lower
e rate of taxation must necessarily
be higher or lower, fora certain amount
of money must be raised to meet the
expenses of government. But there
is no sense or justice in valuing, for the
purposes of taxation, one man's prop
erty at its full value and another man's
at one-half its value.
We notice from a recent circular from
the Comptroller General that all banks
must be required to return their stock
at its market value. That is, if bank
stock is worth $12) a share it must be
returned for taxa, ion at $120 a share.
That is all right if every man who has
a mule or a horse worth $150 a piece
would return them for taxation at $150;
and if land worth $10 an acre would be
returned for taxation at $10 an acre,
and so on with every class of property
returned for taxation. But we cannot
see the justice of singling out one class
of property and requiring that it be re
turned for taxation at its full market
value when it is a patent fact to every
body who will trouble himself to ex
amine the Auditor's books that other
property is not returned at its full
Now we are not pretending to de
fend the banks but we like to seej jus
tice in all things. It is useless to say
that we have no bank stock and that
we are not personally interested in the
matter at all.
This matter of the equalization of
property is a very important one. We
have published on a former occasion
the valuation of real estate in this
county as fixed by the Board of Equali
zation last year. All the land of a
township is fixed at so much an acre
and taxed accordingly, when every one
knows that two farms adjoining may
often be very materially different in
value. For instance in N o.1 Township
outside of two miles from the Court
House the land is valued at $6.50) per
acre; within the two miles at $12.00 an
acre; in No. 2 Township it is valued at
$4.05; in No. 3, at $3.25; in No. 4, at
$3.75; in No. 5, at $4.l15; in No. 6, at
$.5.10; in No. 7, at $4.60; in No. 8, at
$5.50; in No. 9, at $4.S0; in No. 10, at
$5.20; in No. 11, at $4.60. In some sec
tions of the county this is the full valu
ation, while in others the land is worth
-the market value--twice or three
times as much. The average value of
mules, according to thbe returns of last
year, in No. 1 Township is $71; in No.
6, $63; in No. 9, $56; in No. 10, $60; in
No. 11, $54, and so on. This is no doubt
a good market price for some mules
while others are worth twice or three
times as much.
We have no remedy to offer, but we
are constrained to the opinion that the
sevaral boards of equalization do not
always c'me up to the full measure of
their duty. If we could get the value
of property properly equalized for taxa
tion the burden of taxation would be
more justly distributed and the rate of
taxation would be much lower.
Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman
died of erysipelas and lung trouble in
New York city ozi Saturday, February
14. He passed his i1st birthday six
days before his death. MIany people in
Georgia and South Carolina still have
a distinct recollection of his warfare
twenty-six years ago this February.
On account of his movements and
actions in that campaign, waged against
a defenceless people, he is most noted.
Sherman himself estimated that he
destroyed $100,000,000 worth of property
in Georgia alone in what the sectional
historians call his "Mfarch to the Sea."
He was always very bitter against the
M1r. Win. C. Wolfe has purchased
an interest in the Cotton Plant and is
nowv associate editor. We welcome
him to the ranks.
We have received the first copy of
the Oconee News publishtd at Wal
halla, S. C. It is neatly printed and
well edited. 'We wvelcomne it to our ex
The New York Herald has taken a
poll of the various members of the
State Legislatures on their choice for
President and finds that 1,515 favor
Cleveland and 199 Hill and 276 are in
doubt. Of course this is of the Demo
cratic members. In New York only 2
favor Cleveland, 81 Hill and 47 are in
Governor Tillmnan in his appoint
ment of commissioners of registration
for Charleston did not listen to the
recommendations of the politicians of
either wing of the party but appointed
three bank presidents, who are not
politicians. The appointments give
satisfaction and Gov. Tillman acted
.fael in making them.
LIVELY TI.ES AHEAD.
The Attorney General has rendered
a very important decision in regard to
the duties of Sheriffs in the matter of
tax executions. The decision holds
that it is the duty of the Sherif when a
tax execution is placed in his hards by
the County Treasurer immediately to
make levy on the property of the de
faulting taxpayer and take possession
of the property before he advertises it.
To take the personal property first, but
if there is not enough of that to pay
the tax and all penalties to levy on the
land, and not only that, but in order to
do this the Sheriff must eject the oc
cupant, and all this must be done be
This decision is something out of the
usual course pursued heretofore and
may be good law, but we never heard
of a Sheriff ejecting the occupant of
land to be sold under execution until
after the sale and then only to put in
possession the lawful owner. But
this is a strange year and it may all be
right. At any rate if these instructions
are followed out the Sheriffs will have
some lively times before they are
Hannibal Hamlin, Vice-President of
the United States under Lincoln dur
ing his first term, is still hale and
hearty though now past 80 years old.
He was present at the New York Re
publican club dinner celebrating the
birthday of Mr. Lincoln.
We are afraid that the free coinage
bill is a scheme which will prove to be
in the interest of the silver kings of the
Northwest and of not much value to
the great mass of the people. We need
more money, but whether the present
bill is the best way to get it is very
questionable. We may find after a
while that Clevelan 3 is more of a states
man than a politician.
Pickens County now has three pa
pers-the Pickens Sentinel, the Peoples
Journal and the Easley Democrat
and they are all very loud in their pro
fessions of friendship to the dear farm
ers, and each is trying to prove itself
the true friend of the people. May
they all live long and prosper.
The Columbia Register has lately
greatly improved its news service and
now takes the full Asssociated Press
dispatches, and no longer uses plate
matter. An editorial recently appeared
in its columns outlining the kind of
paper the public wanted and should
have. Well it is right and proper to
have an ideal up to which we can
work, whether we ever reach it or not.
We wish the Register success.
The farmers of Richland and Lexing
ton are getting up a new bank to be
located in Columbia with a capita)
stock of $100,000 to be called the Farm
ers and Mechanics Mercantile and
Manufacturing Company. It is said
that Mr. P. H. Haltiwanger is to be
the general manager. He is a thorough~
business man and would be a capita:
"All is not gold that glitters" as
those men who paid $5,000 for a brick
of copper learned to their sorrow. It
is strange what an easy matter it is tc
swindle some people.
The City Council of Columbia has
served notice on the Columbia Club
that it must pay license or show cause
why it should not or be closed up. Thai
is right. If the Club is to do a retail
business in liquor it should pay a
license like other bars or be closed up.
Columbia will get alright yet.
Governor Tillman is in favor of the
free coinage of silver, and thinks that
Mr. Cleveland's position on this ques
tion removes him as a possibility for
the Democratic nomination for Presi
dent in 1892. He es not think that
the Alliance will support Cleveland.
It is a year and a half yet until the
nomination takes place, and many
changes of opinion may be brought
about in that time.
There is no mistaking Ex-P'resident
Cleveland's position on the free coin
age of silver as now proposed by a bill
pending in Congress. There seems to
be a large sentiment in the South and
West in favor of free coinage, and also
there is a strong sentiment in the
Democratic party in favor of this
scheme. Now we do nothknow enough
about this big question of money to
discuss it and: will not undertake it at
any length. It does seem, however,
that it is not the proper thing to do to
take eighty cents worth of silver and
call it one hundred cents and make it
legal to offer it in exchange for one
hundred cents worth of gold, and not
only that, but to force a man who has
one hiijdred cents in gold to give it
in exchange for eighty cents in siiver.
Why not put one hundred cents worth
of silver in a dollar and call it one
But whatever may be our views on
silver we cannot help but admire the
manly position of Mr. Cleveland. He
has his convictions and the courage to
maintain them whether they are popu
lar or not, and wherever we find such
a man we are forced to admire him.
Mr. Cleveland's position on the tariff
in 1888 defeated him for the presidency
and no doubt his position on the silver
question will lose him a nomination
for the presidency in 1892.
state Teachers' Assembly.
[Special to the World.]
CoLMBIA, Feb. 13.-The organiza
tion of the State Teachers' assembly
has been completed by the election of
the following officers : President, WV.
J. Thackston, Columbia; secretary, J.
F. Brown, Newberry ; treasurer, E. P.
McKissick, Union ; directors, Henry
P. Archer, Charleston ; D. B. Johnson,
Columbia; Patterson Wardlaw, DarI
ington ; Robert Harrison, Camden ; J.
C. Clark, Ninety-Six.
One director from each county to
look after the interest of the association
will be appointed in a few days.
Greenville and Blacksburg have al
ready offered $1,000 each, and all nec
essary land, for the location of perma
nent home for the summer meetings of
the assembly.' President Thackston
went to Charleston this evening to
visit Sullivan's island, and see what
inducements would be offered for t he
establishment of the home on the
COURAGE OF HIS CONVUITIONSU
Grover Cleveland Come4 Out Squarely
Against the Free Si;ver Coinage 1,-:i
Now Before Congress.
-NEW YoRK, February 11.-Between
.Oo and 7o0 people attended a mna-s
meeting at the Cooper Union to-night
to oppose the silver bill, in response to
the call of the Reform Club. Charles S.
Fairchild, Ex-Secretary of the Treasury,
nominated E. Ellery Anderson, prezi
dent of the Reform Club, for chairman
of the meeting, andl he was elected by
Mention of Grover Cleveland's name
was thesignal for a prolonged burst of
applause, and when the secretary had
finished reading his letter the applause
was deafeuing. The Ex-President wrote
816 MADISON A vi-:Nr E, Feb. 10, 1.S ll.
-E. Ellery Anderson--MIY Dear Sir: I
have this afternoon received your note
inviting me to attend to-morrow even
ing a meeting called for the purpose of
voicing the opposition of the business
men of our city to the free coinage of
silver in the United States. I shall not
be able to attend and address the meet
ing as you request, but I am glad that
the business interests of New York are
at last to be heard on the subject.
It surely cannot be necessary for me
to make formal expression of ihy agree
ment with those who believe that the
greatest perils would be initiated by the
adoption of the scheme embraced in
the measure now pending in Congress
for an unlimited coinage of silver at
our mints. If we have developed an
unexpected capacity for the assimila
tion of a largely increased volume of
currency, and even if we have demon
strated the usefulness of such an in
crease, these conditions fall far short of
insuring us against disaster if in the
present situation we enter upon the
dangerous and reckless experiment of
free, unlimited and independent silver
coinage. Yours very truly,
WILL HE BE HCR'T BY IAVING THE
COURAGE OF HIS CONvicrIoNS?
LSpecial to the News and Ccurier.1
WASHINGTON, February L.-The
letter of ex-President Cleveland, com
mitting himself against the free coin:
age of silver policy, was the absorbing
topic of discussion at the Capitol to
day. It was a lively day, too, for the
representatives of the press, and the
opinions of the leading men from all
sections of the country were solicited,
the intention being to telegraph these
expressions to all news centres in the
A variety of opinions were obtained,
for while many of the leading Senators
and Representativss would not talk.
the average Democrat expressed a de
cided willingness to be interviewed on
so important a subject. As a rule the
Democrats from the Eastern and Mid
dle States agreed with Mr. Cleveland
in his opposition to the free and un
limited coinage of silver. Senator Wil
son, of Maryland, one of the few Dem
ocrats who recently voted against the
free coinage bill, expressed himself
cautiously and conservatively. He said
that Mr. Cleveland had a right to his
views on the question, and called atten
tion to the fact that the Democratic
party had never yet in a national con
vention declared for free coinage.
Senators Gorman, Vest and many
others, who were prominent in putting
through the bill that recently passed
the Senate, preferred not to be quoted.
Other Southern Senators were, how
ever, not so cautious, and they freely
expressed their opinions.
Senators Pugh, Reagan, Coke, Bar
bour, Vance and others declared em
phatically that Cleveland by his course
had not only alienated miany of his
hitherto staunebest supporters, but his
views on this great question disposed of
his chances for the Presidential nomi
nation in 1892.
Quite a number, while not agreeing
with MIr. Cleveland, couid not help ad
miring his boldness in coming out
squarely against a policy that is so
generally popular in the West and
Among the memibers of the H-ouse
there was li.<ewise a wide diff'erence of
opinion. The .New York members
commended the ex-President for his
course, and so did M1r. Wilson, of Wecst
Virginia, MIr. Dargan, of South Caro
lina, and a few more from the South,
but the great body of Democratic mem
ers from the South and West ex
pressed the opinion that Mtr. Cleveland
had practically lost the nomination in
in 1892 by wvriting such a letter.
Others took a more modilied view
and seemed to regret that the ex-Presi
dent should have adopted this course
when the overwhelming sentirnent of
the party is for free coinage.
Among the prominent Democrats of
the House who do not agree with M1r.
Cleveland may be mentioned: Messrs.
Bland, Hatch, Dockery, Heard and
Tarsney, of Mlissouri; Crisp, ]}lount and
Turner, of Georgia; Wheeler and Oates,
of Alabama, Bynumi and others.
GOVERNOR TILLMAN ON FRtEE sILvER.
[tSpecial to News and Courier.]
CoLoUrBA, Feb. 13.-Governor Till
man received a telegram to-night from
the Cincinnati Enquirer asking him
for his views on President Cleveland's
letter on the free coinilge or silver,
addressed to the Reform Club, of New
York. He was also asked for,an inter
view on the subject for the N ews and
Courier. Referring to the inquiry of the
Cincinnati paper, Governor Tilliman
"I presume the Euquir-er dlesires to
know what I have to say on this pass
age in M1r. Clevelanid's letter to the
"It surely cannot be mecessary for me
to make a fornial expressioni of my
agreement with those who believe that
the greatest perils would be iit iated by
the adoption of the scheme embraced
in the measure pending in Congress r
n nhniited coinagre of silver at the
mnints. If we have developed unexpected
capacity for the assimilation of a largely
ncreased volume of currency, and even
if we have demonstrated1 the usefulness
of such an increase, these con di tions
fall far short of ensuring .us against
disaster if in the present situation we
enter on the dangerous and reckless
epemiment of free, unlinmited and inde
pendent silver coinage.
"Well, all 1 need say is that I am not
surprised by this utterance o,f ir. (leve
land, because his positioni mi regard to
silver is well known. This letter nierely
emonstrates that his opimion has
undergone no change, and it does and
oghtto take him out of the field as a
possible Democratic candidate for thme
Prresidency. The farmers and other
producing classes are to-day more in
terested in reforming the financial sys
tem of the Governnment than in the
tariff and the demand of thme masses of
the people, ineluding the Alliance, that
we shall have more money and an
equality between gold and silver, be
sides the possibility of their voting for
ny an who is so comp)letely under
the sway of Wall-strcet as MIr. Cleve
THlE WORLD DO MlOVE.
Kansa at Last hian Discovered that the
War is Ended.
TOPEKA, February 14.-The House'
wthout an opposing v-ote, passedl a bih
rem oving the political disail1ities from
all persons who volunteered their ser
vies against the Government in the
late war between the States. T he Con
stitution now debars volunteer Con
federate soldiers from the right to vote
or to hold office, and this bill is ex
peted to remove these constitutional
E The Vic-Presidenlt to Visit Carnden.
CAMDEM, Feb. 15.-Vice-President
Morton and family are expected here
next week. They have rooms engaged
.++s the okirk Tnn from the 20th.
STIII.1NG UP THE BANKS.
The Comptroller General Causes a Sensa
tion in Banking Circles.
.~oiMIIA, Feb. 13.-From some
correspoudence in the office of Comp
troller General Ellerbe there is a differ
ence of opinion on the subject of how
banks shall make their returns. The
following letter has been prepared by
Chief Clerk Norton and was wailed to
night to President W. M. Connor, of
the American Saving Bank, Charleston:
"Replying to yours of the 12th, in
reference to returns of banks for taxa
tion, I beg to state that a careful ex
amiuation of the law will show that
your idea of your duty as to the making
of that return is not exactly in accord
with the law. The law, Section 19s et
s5, requires all shares to be listed at
their true value in money. Suppose
the shares of your bank to be worth on
the markets in Charleston %20 per
share, the par value being $100, your re
turn then would he 150 shares at $:.4,
or 81,y00. From which deduct (auditor
must , the amount of real estate as as
sessed 'suppose! $.5,00, your bank
would pay taxes on $25,000. The reason
for not retaxing the surplus personal
property and real estate, a- in other
cases. is that they are already taxed in
the piemtium on the shares. This is our
co.(ttruciion of the law, and auditors
wili be instructed to soexecute it.
"It is the duty of the auditors to
ascertain the real money value of all
bank stock and where not correctly re
turned on the tatx books at the real
iarket value. While I have not at
tnipted a statement in detail of my
ind(lerstanding of the law as it stands,
I hope I am sufficiently explicit."
Ti:is letter is authorized by Comp
troller General Ellerbe and may be of
special interest to a great number of
capitalists in Charleston and else
Wi AT wLL TUE BANKS DO7
[Special to Greenville News.]
I C A ltrE.TON, February 14.-Tle let
ter from the Comptroller-General pub
lished this morning instructing county
auditors to assess the capital stock of
ba:.ks at the market value of the capi
tal stock has created a~sensation here.
There are a dozent or more savings banks
doing business here, the stock of which
is quoted all the way from par to $1,200
per share. There have been no sales of
the fancy stocks for years, and the
ligures are merely quotations. The en
forcemen t of such a regulation would
eat up all the profits of the lesser
banks and play havoc with about a
nillien dollars of capital invested in
this business, largely by small share
holders. if the attempt is made to en
force tie po icy outlined by the Conip
troller's clerk it will be strenuously re
sisted by banks, which will combine
for the purpose.
TIIE LAW TO BE CARRIED OCT.
CoL'MBIA, Feb. 15.-Comptroller
General Ellerbe was asked to-day if he
had anything to say in reply to the
comments ofsoneof the bank officials
in Charleston on the letter authorized
by him by his chief clerk, Mr. Norton,
on the subject of bauk returns, which
letter was published in the News and
ourier, Saturday, the interesting eom
nients being found this morning in the
Sunday News. Mr. Ellerbe said:
"I have read the opinion of several of
the bankers as published this morning.
It was my understanding of Mr. Con
nor's letter that he desired to be in
ormed of the manner in which bank.
stock should be returned for taxation.
His letter was referred to the attorney
general, and the answer in my office is
in accord with the law on the subject,
and it wvill be conceded that there is
only one proper way to make returns,
andI that is in accordance with the law.
It is my duty to see that the law govern
inIg myself and my department be
carried out fairly and according to its
spirit. As I take it, it is not now a
question whether the law or individual
opinion shall be the rule of action. In
a few days I propose to issue a circular
letter to~tile auditors instructing them
to secure the returns under instructions
substantially tIle same as those which
have been published in the letter from
the comptroller general's office.''
THlE PLEA OF SELF-DEFENCE.
J. I. Winliams Gives his Cause for Kill
ing Maijor Wmn. A. Willims.
[Special to News and Courier.)
StnTAsNIURo, Feb. 13.-J. B. Wil
liaIs, the slayer of W. A. Williams, of
Green ville, ari ived here to nigh t on the
freigt train from Asheville. He wvas
captured tell miles from WVaynesville,
N. C.. at Balsam Station.
A fter the shooting Marion Simmons
carried 1 Will iamis twenty miles above
Greenville aud returned, and told what
e had done. Bates carried him to
Green River, and on his return met the
Gilreath party and showed them the
Williams then proceeded by way of
a mule and wagon with a man named
Barbary. Sheritf Gilreath, Jack Fisher
and John Greer left with parties and
got on his track. A man named Reno,
f igeon River, with a party, was the
first to get hold of Williams, a short
ditace athead of Greer and Gilreath.
Wiliams was travelling under the
name of John Simmons, and offered no
He refuses to tell the particulars of
tIle shooting Self-defence is his plea.
Ie says t hat nobody was in the room
bu t h imlself, W.T A. 'Williams5 and a
He looks considerably worsted and
says he is sorry he left Greenville. .He
had I rou,,h ~time in the mountains.
He is locked in jail here and will be
taken to Greenville at 2.40 thie morn
ing. .Al1 is quiet and no trouble is
anticipated. The Waynesville people
have been satisfied, and the reward
will go to the Greenville party.
GOBBLED BY GOULD.
Two Georgia Rtailroads Fall into the
Hands of the Wizard.
[Special to Augusta Chronicle.]
SAvANNAH, Ga., Feb. 14.-From an
authentic source comes the report that
the Central railroad is to be leased to
the Richmond Terminal.
One~ report is that the Richmond
and Danville will be t he nominal les
Eight per cent. on the stock is the
price paid. For whlat time the lease
will run~ is niot stated.
It is rumored here thlat Gould,
Thomas Scott and Brice will manipulate
teir Southern railroads, and that the
Clhounus and the Inmans will not have
the voice in the mlatnagemnent they have
The resignations of t wo more Central
oficials have been asked for, it is said,
a ivel shaking up of tings is looked
Jay Gould was evidently well pleased
with the Central. He will work it for
al it is worth, of course. If the rates are
not perfectly satisfaetory though, the
Legislature will smash his schemes, so
far as Georgia is coniceriued.
TIlE C. & M. (GBIDLED Up.
ATLANTA, Ga., ech- 14.-The Rich
mnoid and WVest Point Terminal has
gobbled another Georgia railroad.
T hat is the news from the meeting of
the Macon and Covington stockholders
ii Baltimore. Ostensibly thle Central
pases into the hands of the Richmond
and Danville and the Central of Georgia
on joint four and a half interest-bear
ing gold bonds, ninety-nine years.
What obligations were assu:ned as to
the floating indebtedness which is
nearly three-quarters of a million dol
lars or as to expenditures in permanent
improvements, is not known yet.
That sour-tempered, cross, dyspeptic
individuals, should take Dr. J. H. Mc
Lean's Sarsaparilla! It will make him
feel as well and hearty as the healthiest
of us. He needs bracing up, vitalizng,
hat s all.
THE GOLD BRICK SWINDLE.
Bill Parker Run Down by His Victins
and Caught in Atlanta.
(Special to News and Courier.]
AUGcsTA, Ga. February 14.-Bill
Parker, the bunco man who defranded
Messrs J. R. Easterling and R. A.
Weathersbee. of Williston, S. C., out of
5,00 by selling them a bar of gilded
copper for puregold, has been arrested.
He is the man who was arrested in
The news cones direct from A:lanta,
from Messrs Easterling and Weathers
bee, who went to Atlanta last night to
see if they could identify the man, who
was arrested on the Richmond and
Danville train. They wired Chief
Hood, of the Augusta police force,
early this morning: "We have got Bill
Parker." Parker when arrested in At
lanta yesterday, was searched, and he
only had $50 and a Smith & Wesson
pistol on him. He was first arrested
on the Air Line train by the conductor,
and when thetrain reached thesuburbs
of Atlanta he made an attempt tojump
off. It is not known here if Messrs.
Easterling and Weathersbee had got
their $5,04)) back yet, and what they
propose to do with the bunco man. A
reward of 500 was offered by the inno
cent gentlemen of Williston, who al
lowed the fakir to play the old gold bug
game off on them, for the arrest of the
It is now aquestion, who is entitled
to the reward, the conductor who made
the arrest on the train, or the Atlanta
police who arrested the man upon the
arrival of the train in Atlanta?
Messrs. R. A. Weathersbee and J. R.
Easterling, of Williston, S. C., arrived
to-night from Atlanta with Sergt. Og
burn, of the Atlanta nolice force, who
had in charge Bill Parker. He was
identified as the right man on first
sight, but he stoutly defend his identity
until be got on the train this afternoon.
After leaving Atlanta he made a clean
sweep to Mr. Easterling. He admitted
having perpertrated the fake game
with the aid of four confederates, and
expressed his regret at having con
nected himself with the imposition. He
says at Aiken, before the money was
paid him, he hesitated whether to carry
the fake out or end it, and tossed heads
and tails to see which he should do,
and the eagle bird fell, which decided
that he should carry out his fake game.
He told Mr. Easterling that if he was
allowed to telegraph his confederates
he would have the money brought back
by one of his pals. That opportunity
has not been given Parker yet. He was
committed to jail here to night and
will remain there until Monday, or
later, until Sergt. Ogburn is paid his
$5,000 reward. Then he will be carried
to Barn well, where he will be prose
cuted. The Wit-iston gentlemen feel
greatly relieved. They are satisfied
that they will get their money back.
Parker is a man about six feet, heavy
built with curly hair, full sandy beard,
and wears a new slouch hat. He looks
like a simple farmer, unsuspecting in
appearance, but be is a consummate vil
lian, sharp as a briar, and an old hand
at the game.
HOPE TO RECOVER THEIR MONEY.
AUGUSTA, February 15.-Win Par
ker, the bunco man, is still in jail. This
morning a warrant charging him with
grand larceny and receiving money
under false pretences was issued against
him by Trial Juctice Henry Getzein, of
Aiken County, in Hamburg, and was
served on the prisoner in jail.
Messrs. Weathersbee and Kennedy,
of Williston, have not yet got their
$5,000 back, but they are greatly re
lieved at having captured the right
man, and are satisfied that they will
recover their loss. Parker is not very
communicative, He will be kept in
Augusta a day or two in hopes of
getting that $5,000 back before lie is
carries to Barnwell, where he will be
prosecuted in the Courts.
THE BUNCO MAN TAKEN TO AIKEN.
AUGUSTA, Feb. 14.-Sheriff Turner
came to Augusta to-day and carried
Win. Parker, the bunco man, who de
frauded Messrs Weathersbee and Ken
nedy, of Williston, out of $.5,000i by the
gold brick schemo, to Aiken this after
noon under arequisition. Before taking
the prisoner Sheriff Turner paiid Sergt.
Osburn, of Atlanta, the S.500 reward
offered for Parker's capture.
THE COLUMBIA CLUB.
The Instintion Charged with selling
Llquur Without a License.
[From the New York Sun.]
COLUMBIA, Feb. 15.-The Colunibia
Club, which recently attempted to
humiliate Gov. Tillnman by reftusing to
invite him to thbe State ball, and black
balling the application of his nephew,
the son of Congressman Tillmn, for
membership, is now on the hooks.
Recently the Rev. G. M. Tolson at
tacked the club on account of alleged
gambling and whiskey selling in its
rooms. The agitation resulted in an
insertion by the City Council of ant
item requiring clubs where liquors.is
isposed of to take out a regular liquor
license of $200. The time limit expired
on Feb. 1. Papers have been scrved on
the club's officers to appear be'fore the
Mayor to-morrow to answer the charge
of selling liquor without a license.
TH E CHARGE DENIED.
[Special to News and Courier.]
COLUMBIA, Feb. 16.-The Columii
club through its attorney, Mr. Allen
Green, appeared before Mayor Mc
Master to the charge of doing business
without a license. The club denies the
charge and its liability under the law.
The mayor ruled that it was liable
under the city ordinances and imposed
a fine of $20. The clu b has been given
until the 27th instan t to takle legal steps
and prepare its proceedings to, test the
law. It is likely that an injunction
will be sued out to prevent the collec
tion of the fine and any further action
by the city government.
A Newv Crop of Colonels.
[Special to News and Courier.]
CoLUMBIA, Feb. 13.-Governor ' Ill
man has authorized the puiblicati"n of
his personal staft-the Governor b.eing,
of course, commander-i n-chief, a nd
Adjutant and Inspector 'General Far
ley, as Brigadier General. The others
are as follows :
Cl. J. Gary Watts, assistant adju
tant and inspector general.
Col. WV. D. Starling, Columbia,
Col. E. A. Tindal, Summerton, com
Col. G. E. Ladshaw, Spartanburg,
Col. W. C. McCreight, Cheraw, z'ur
Col. W. A. Neil, Anderson, pay
Col. John Gary Evans, Aiken, judge
Col. John L. McLaurini, Bennetts
ville, chief of ordinance.
Aides-de-camp : D. Gaillard Dwigh t,
Winnsboro; Charles J. Purcell, New
berry ; J, 1). M1. Shaw, Lau rens ; F.
M, Mixon, Blackville ; Andrew Bates
Watson, Bates burg ; T. M. Berry, Chles
ter ; C. S. Bissell, Charlestonl ; T. C.
(From the News and Courier.]
EGEFIELD, Feb. 14.-Lieutenant
Governor Gary has ordered an election
to be held in tihis county, on the 15th
day of next A pril, to fill the vacancy
caused by the death of Senator Ready.
As yet only three candidates have been
publicly announced for the position.
These are: Col. R. B. Watson, of Rtidge
Spring, and Messrs. D. B. Purifoy and
W. S. Allen. Two of the gentle man
suggested aspossible candidates, Messr
Ernest Gary and D. A. G. Ouzts,~
nly decijwed to run. Resides i
th ee mentioned othIers ar e5 . e 3Fl
enter te ield.
A SURPRISE FOR CHARLESTON.
Governor Tillmnan's Registration Commis
sioners Nct a Politician on the List.
[Special to News and Courier.]
CoLUMBIA, February 12.-The tight
over the commissioners of registration
for Charleston was settled to-night by
Governor Tillman. The gentlemen ap
Bernard O'Neill, president of the
Hibernia Savings Bank.
George W. Williams, president of the
Carolina Savings Bank.
Jacob Small, president of the Germa
nia Savings Batik.
A VIRGINIAN OF VIRGINIA.
The lion. A. H. H. Stuart Closes His Ca
reer of U6efuInes and Honor.
STAUN-TON, VA., February 1~-The
following dispatch from the Secretary
of the Interior was received by Mayor
Fultz, of Staunton, last evening :
WASHINGTON, D. C., Feb. I3. j
The Hon. Alexander H. Fultz, May
or of Staunton, Va.: I learn with deep
regret of the death to-day of my dis
tinguished predecessor, the Hon. Alex
H. H. Stuart. In consideration of his
eminent public service appropriate
honors will be paid his momory by this
department. JOHN W. NOBLE,
Secretary of the Interior.
To this Mayor Fultz replied:
The Hon. John W. Noble, Secretary
of the Interior, Washington, D. C.:
Your kind telegram has been com
municated to the family of the late Ex
Secretary Stuart, and it is deeply ap
preciated by them. I have the honor
to inform you that the funeral will
take place on Monday next, at noon.
Secretary Noble this afternoon issued
the following order :
DEPARTMENT OTTHE INTERIOR, i
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14, 1891. j
It is my painful duty to announce
the death of Alexander Hugh Holmes
Stuart, of Staunton, Va., on the 13th
inst., in his S4th year. Having served
with distinction as Representative in
the Virginia House of Delegates and
afterwards as a menberr of Congress he,
by the appointment of President Fil
more, became Secretary of the Interior
on September 12, 1850, and served until
March 3, 1853. By his eminent ability
and industry he greatly advanced the
organization and efficiency of this de
partlment. He had the support of
President Grant in his earnest advo
cacy, after the war against the Union
of the restoration of his State to its
legitimate relations to the National
Government. His subsequent years
were devoted to the cause of education
as rector of the University of Virginia,
member of the board of trustees of the
George Peabody educational fund and
President of the Virginia Historical
Inlrespect for his memory the depart
ment will be draped in mourning for
thirty days and will be closed at noon
on the day of his funeral, Monday next.
Until after the funeral the flag will
be placed at half-mast
JOHN W. NOBLE, Secretary.
[Special to News and Courier.]
CotUMBIA, Feb. 15.--A whole volume
of rhetoric could be used at this present
juncture about Columbia. Its recent
history reads very much like the chro
nicles of a "boom" city, but there is
nothing' further from the truth than
the suspicion that tile Capital City is
being ingated for a boom. There has
not been a purely speculative transac
tionl in Columbia since the meeting of
the Legislature, except the Charleston
metropolitan police bill. It has been
hard cash and greenback bonds all the
time. It reads like a story from the
"Arabian Nights" with this exception,
that ini Columbia the plural of genius
is geniuses and not genii.
A LL PERSONS ARE HEREBY
warned not to employ one Julius
Sims, who is under contract with me
for the year 180)].
A LL PE RS ON S HOLDING
claims agaiinst the estate of John
Hayes, deceased, are bereby notified
to presut thteim to the undcersigned, dluly
attested, on or before the :20th of
L EE R. H A YES,
W. C. H AYES,
.J. H. H AYES,
A Gret Sellsatkff
Columnbia, S. C.
Over the slaughter of :;50 Sdits, for
merly sold a t $15, 516.50, SI8, $22.50 and
$23, at this season of the year. I am
determined to redluce my winter stock
at a sacrifice. I have placed these
garents, giving you a good line to
select from, for $10 in cash. This is the
greatest ofler ever made by any one,
showing I mean to dispetsc of the
goods if the price will move them.
These garments are strictly first-class
n every particular. Nothing like it
has ever been attempted before. The
public has been misled by such sales,
but my offer is genuine and no hum
bug, and if you doubt it all T ask is an
inspection of these goods, or you ma~y
write to some of your friends in the
cit for information of this great sale.
Only $10 per Suit! You will regret it
if you do not secure one of these bar
NM. L. Kinard,
CCLUM BIA, S. C.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
COUNTY OF NEWVBERRY.
John C. Wilson, P!aintifi, vs. D. P.
BY VIRTUE OF AN EN ECUTIUN
to me directed in the a bove stated
ca'e, I ill sell, before the Court House
in Neberry, S. C., on the first Moni
a in Mlarch 1-01, being the second
da~v of aid month, to) the highest bid
(de- for ea'h, the following described
One.C w ami Calf, One Cow, Two
Bul. Also, lot Ho,usehold -urniture,
Leited on ais the pro e
fendnt to stsyt e
This IMeans Val
Main Street, Newberr
TOT ONLY IN SOUTH CARO
lina, but glorious news comes
from all over the Union. Democratic
triumph means Tariff Reform and
Tariff Reform means
REDUCTION IN PRICES
Counts & Co. offer the following
goods at cost:
ENTIEE STOCK OF OLOTHING
MEN'S and BOYS HATS,
LADIES JACKETS, CLOAKS and
AWAY UNDER COST,
POCKET and TABLE CUTLERY,
BROG AN BOOTS.
We have made a
IN PRINTS AND GINGHAMS,
and in faict the entire line of
MILLINERY, DRESS GOODS,
JEANS, and SHOES.
Give us a call, and that right early,
to avail yourself of the bargans offered.
COUNTS & CO.,
PROSPBRITY, S. C.
FIRE, CYCLONES AND
WE) WOULD RESPECTFULLY
infdrm the public that we are pre
aed to insure property against loss by
1'if, Cyclones and Tornadoes.
Your patronage is solicited.
BURTON & WILSON, Agents.
Newberry, S. C.
HARRY H. BLF.AsE. COLE. L. BLEAsE.
Attorneys at Law,
Nwbery and ProSpeity, S. C.
Notice of Final Settlement
and Application for Final Discharge.
TOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
that the undersigned, as one of
the executors of thbe will of J. Walter
Stockan, deceased, will make a final
settlement of the estate of said de
eased before Hon. J. B. Fellers, Judge
f Probate for New berry County, on
l'ursday, the twelfth day of March,
1891, at ten o'clock in the forenoon,
and immediately thereafter will apply
to the said Judge of Probate for a final
discharge from all liability on account
of or in connection witb said estate.
J. BURR STOCKMAN,
Newberry, S. C., 4 Feb., 1891.
OH MY BACK!
sutlerin. Butwhyur r. ro
venr'l.c-ap-i cP rus Piaster
Rin h pen I t nto Grsvenor
learn how to remove a porous plas
.entitically-it will pay you-and
don't forget that the best porous
plaster in the world has the picture
of a b,el on the back-cloth, and is
Bell - cap - sic.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA-1
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY-N
By J. B. Fellers, Esq., Probate Judge.
\VHEREAs,Lenor V.Livin3gstone bath
made suit to me to grant him Letters
of Administration, of the Estate and
effects of John WV. Stone, deceased:
These are, therefore, To cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said John WV.
Stone, deceased, that they be and ap
pear before me, in the Court of Probate,
to be held at Newberry Court House,
on the 2.5th day of February, 1891, after
publication hereof, at 11 o'clock in the
forenoon, to show cause, if aniy they
have, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my hand this 9th day
of February, A. 1)., 1891.
.J. P. FELLERS, J. P. N. C.
STATE OF SOUTH (AROLINA-!
COUNTY OF NEWBERRY-IN
By J. B. Fellers, Esq., Probate Judge.
HEREAS, H. H. FOLK AND
Antine Buzhardt hath made
suit to me to grant them Let ters of Ad.
uinistration of the Estate and effects
of Hampton E. Buzhardt, deceased.
These are, therefore, to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said Hampton E.~
Buthardt, deceased, that they be and*
appear before me, in the Court of Pro
bate, to be held at Newberry Court
House on the 24th day of February,
1891, after publication hereof, at 11
~clock in the forenoon, to show cause,
if any they have, why the said Admin
istratio3 should not be granted.
Given under my hand this 7th day
of February, A. D., 1891.
J. B. FELLERS, J. P. N.C.
G OUT -
S A6'-'D Shoes
Must not be permitted to get rusty for
want of exercise, so
HERE'S A BLAST
Just to prove to ourselves and friends
that we haven't lost the knack.
The tune is
THE LAST ROWS
And we propose to play it for every
note there is in it.
what we propose to blow out and
and blow in.
THE LAST ROWS
That linger on our shelves must go
with the season.
Away With 'Em!
At Your Price!
The choice we offer is excellent. The
chance for you is extraordinary.
WE & YOU
MAY BUT MUST
BREAK el MAKE
The Slayer of High Prices.
DISSOLLTION OF PARTXERSH11P,
THE PARTNERSHIP HERETO
fore existing between L. W. C.
Blalock and J. R. Green, under the
style and firm name of Blalock & Green
has this day been dissolved by mutual
consent. Parties indebted to the firm -4
will please make settlement of the
same at once, as all accounts must be
closed up at once.
L. W. C. BLALOCK,
J. R. GREEN.
Newberry, S. C., 10th Feb., 1891.
The undersigned having bought the
interest of J.-R. Green, in the firm of
Blalock & Green, will continue the
Clothing and Gents' Furnishing Goods
business at the old stand of Blalock &
Green, and solicits the continuance of
the patronage given the old firm. A
first class line of goods will be kept
nd sold at reasonable prices.
February 10, 189].
Notice of Final Settlement
Application for Discharge.
. TOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN
A.L that the undersigned, as executor
of t he will of Baruch Duncan, deceased,
will make a final settlement of the es
tate of said deceased before Hon. J. B.
Fellers, Judge of probate ior 1lewberr
County, on Tuesday, the third day'o
March, 1891, at ten o'clock In the fore
oon, and immediately thereafter will
ipply to the said Judge of Probate foi
i final discharge from all liability on
account of or im con neetion with the i
said estate. T. S. DUNCAN,
Egor Blarr,eh Puuran:dec'd.
Newberry C. H., Jan. zoth, i.t.
1INDLY THANKING MY'AT,
L.rons for past favors, I solicit a
aare of their patrona;ge by sending me
>rders which I1 can fill at short niotice
nd small profits, and remnain as ever