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"MAN'S INHUMANITY TO MAN."
Man's Infamy in the Treatment of His
His Fellow Man-How Men Lie in
Wait, in the Natne of Justice, to
Strike Down Socially and
Morally Those Who
[Howard in New York Press.]
Many men have expressed a wish
that they might die suddenly, and not
be compelled to drift a mental wreck
after the faculties of their head had
ceased to work.
Obviously, because whatever might
be their hope, their wish, their feelings,
born of early education and continu
ous assertion of a future life, they rec
ognize that, as far as is known, with
the loss of reason ends desirable life.
The hanging on of the physical struc
ture for days, or weeks, or years means
So far as man is concerned, the man
is dead when the light of reason is put
out; and if it be true that when our
mental faculties are blotted from exist
ence the essential part of us is gone,
and all immortality hinges upon a
hope alone, what must be the infer
ence as to the original intent of the
Creator, derived from contemplation
of the brutality, the infamy, the cruel
ty with which man treats his fellow
The poet who sang "Man's inhuman
ity to man makes countless thousands
mourn" didn't begin to touch the core
of the trouble.
He barely placed hir foot upon the
lowest step in the figh;; which leads to
the vestibule of the Chamber of Hor
rors, into which this world has been
resolved by the wickedness, the selfish
ness, the rapacity and the unkindness
There is no need to cross the ocean
The Czar of Russia, Napoleon I, frish
landlords are not the only tyrants. We
have them right here at our hand, and
one of them is called public sentiment.
Given the control of the columns of an
influential journal, I guarantee the
dethronement of the proudest name of
our time. All that is needed is to point
with malign continuity the finger of
scorn or wag with devilish persistence
the slanderous tongue, and the noblest
man, the purest woman, can be pulled
from the pedestal of fame itself and
made to hide in the very gutter of des
Don't think I intend to rehash to
day the brutality, the infamy, the out-.
rage, the cruelty of certain of the news
paper press of this city as against every
man charged with crime. For the mo
ment let the subject drop.
ARE GUILTLESS PERSONS PUNISHED?
Innocent men are in Sing-Sing to
Why? It's but a short time since an
intelligent jury, hounded by an ignor
ant but powerful press, brought three
men in guilty of burglary, and two of
them had been lectured first, and sen
tenced next day by an impartial judge
upon the bench, when, all of a sndden,
something or another turned up which
led our police authorities, not the court
officials, to investigate a little closer,
and they found the guilty parties else
where, with proof irrefragible; where
upon intricate legal formalities were
confronted, and it was absolutely sev
erol days -before these innocent men
were released from the brand of rascal
which had been placed upon their brow
by a brutal press and a super-service
able set of officials.
Innocent men in Sing-Siug?
Yes, scores of them.
Innocent mien in -Auburn, in Con
cord, in WeathersfielId, everywhere
where iron bars and walls of stone hold
convicts in close confinement, are men
as guileless of crime as the very child
who cries to-day for his mother's
In the iron hbd of some of the social
organizations of to-day is clasped the
oaton which controls the orchestra of
-devilment along the line of torture and
iInterference with the rights of men
made in the image of their Creator.
"Msn's inhumanity to man makes
-countless thousands mourn," reads
very well as a line, but it is vague and
A CONvICT'S EXPERIENCE.
Some months ago I told the story of
a released convict.
I showed how he had been driven
from pillar to post; how he came to me
time and again until my patience wa
exhausted; until all that I could do for
him had been done, and the end had
literally come whlen I was forced to
say to him: "I can help you no more."
Of course I did help him once more,
but although that little help procured
for him a position and saved him from
a suicide's grave, it was but for a fc w
weeks, and to-day he is back again,not
only back again in crime, but back.
again in a felon's cell.
With tears that rolled with unques
tioned honesty down his worn and pal
lid cheek, he confessed to tme, as he
stood in my presence in a striped jack
et, in his convict's garb, that he had
committed the crime with which he
was charged, for which he was tried,
convicted and sentenced, but continu
ing he said:
"You know how hard I tried. You
know how thoroughly I intendcd to
be good, you know the bitter experieni
ces I underwent, and you know how
so.me secret foe followed me from point
to point, and ousted me from every lit
tIe lodgment my foot could find."
And I did know it, and I do know it,
and I say that one such case as that is
enough to make an infidel eloquent,
and to draw from the mouth of every
the Creator nave been :hioxmig oa a
this is a part and parfel f h:s forior
dainedl progr::1:i y'
A disCusision is raLpant in t;o pr.
to-day, and the text is, "Can coicts
Reader, did you ever tell a lie? Did
you ever commit a theft? Did you ever
do anything dishonorable or mean and
dirty? If so, and you long since repent
ed, don't you know the possibility of
recovery of reason? Don't you under
stand that under favoring circumstan
ces your little effort can be made stur
dy and grow up into desirable propor
tions for good among your fellow men,
and can't you therefore understand
that if, having been detected, you were
followed incessantly, exposed there,
made shameful here, pushed by un
kind hand:, from every opportunity of
recovery, how you might have said to
vourself some time in a moment's bit
terness, "What's the use?" and then
throwing up the sponge of endeavor,
plunge back again into your old time
Whiy, of course, you ca' understand
it, and if you can't, go and see the con
victs, any one of them marked and
branded as Cain is said to have been,
with his portrait printed in books and
sent from one station house to another,
with his record published to the world,
with the Superintendent of Police in
every city informed as to his name, his
appearance, his record and crime, the
date of his release, and then tell me, if
you can, how it is possible for a con
vict, unaided, to recoup himself and
stand once more a man among his fel
I can't give you the particulars, but
within ten days a story has been told
here of a man released from Sing Sing
some little while ago without clothing
of a decent make, with no money, sent
adrift upon the world.
Everybody who is adrift seeks the
great commercial center.
The moment that man passed the
boundary line of New York city he was
recognized. Being recognized he was
spotted. Being spotted he was follow
ed. Being followed he was watched.
Being watched he was suspected. Being
suspected in these days is as bad as be
ing guilty. He tried to get work. A
policeman told who he was. He tried
to get work. A detective showed his
picture in a book. He tried to get work.
Somebwly informed his would be em
ployer who and what he was. Finally,
in despair, he turned up on Fourteenth
street as a peddler of bone buttons.
Now, he couldn't get much lower
To be sure he was on the sidewalk,
and there was a gutter, and fearing that
he wouldn't get in the gutter a police
mar. walked up to him and said:
"Here, I know you; get out of here,"
and drove him away, amid the jeers
and taunts of little boys, who in time
will join that great army of malignants
concerning whom the poet sung, "Man's
inhumauity to man makes countless
A PRETTY TOUGH YARN.
The story of my Sing Sing man at
tracted very widespread attention, and
I receivbd many letters about it, one
from an esteemed correspondent in
Lynn, Mass., who very humanely ex
pressed her desire to be of practical aid
and ordered the man something to do.
Her letter came just at the time he had
secured the situation to which I refer,
and she, as others, will be interested to
know the unfortunate termination of
his endeavor. It seems that an ac
quaintance of his in a neighbo ring~
State has a brickyard, in which the
convict found employment. Being a
man of parts he was put into the oflice,
where he had charge of what they call
a delivery book. For the services ren
dered he received his board and Ma a
month. He had no relatives, and be
ame very much interested in a young
woman who lives in Williamsburg.
While he was in New York, prior to
his bricky ard employment, he was
under the surveillance of the police
continually. Having no money he
could pay nothing in the way of black
mail, and, as may be remembered,
from every position he secured he wa
driven away-. I was very glad that
good luck procured for him the posi
tion he finally got, for twvo reasons.
In the first place and more especially
it removed him from New Y\ork, and
he had, I thought and lhe thought, a
chance to recover and rebuild hin1welf
up. He met the Williamsburg woman
while in this city and corresponded
with her after lie went to work. One
day lie came down to visit her.
That brought him to New York.
He took her to a theatre, where he
was rccognized by a detective, who
pointed hinm out to a policeman at the
door. lHe was followecd to the Grand
Street Ferry, wvhere lie bade the yount
woman good night, and hurried to the
Grand (Central Depot to take the 12
o'c lock train fir his town. The detec
tive crossed the ferry in the same boat
with the young woman, foliowved her
to her house, and as she ascended the
steps spoke to her. She was frightened
at.first, but the man's manner reas
sured her, and (luring the con versatio,n
which ensued -he told her who and
what the ruan had beeni. She was very
much agitated. especially as the detect
.ve told her it would be necessary for,
him to inform the family with whom
she lived the dat ure of the man with
chonm she assoceiatedl, she being a seam
stress there. :4'0 at once put herself in
bispo~wer by beginig him and imupior
ing himx not to do hait. and he wecnt
away prom iing hor if she had nothing
more to do with the ex-convict he
would say nothing.
She wrote to her lover that night.
He received the letter the day after.
He instar.tly caeack tn the city and
rue-il to her house, where a storn
iirterview followed, and between her
apIreiension of difiiculty with her em
ployer ai'l her mortification at discov
ering she had permitted the attentions
of an ex-convict to attract the,notice of
the police the poor girl was frightened
half out of her senses.
THE SAME OLD INHIUMANTX TO MAN.
Put the man, what of hini?
Well, perhaps you might guess. But
if you are too tired I will expliin that
he lost what sporting men call his heart.
His grip on life relaxed at one unex
pected blow, every hope was shattered,
and in a half dazed condition he went
back to his place to find that his em
ployer, who, by the way, knew all
about him and had given him his po
sition in the hope of aiding him, had
been renotified that his delivery clerk
was an ex-convict, and that unless he
was discharged the fact would be made
known to his customers, upon whom
such information would obviously have
a very bad eflect.
So he discharged him.
I asked him when I saw him in
prison why he didn't come direct to
me and I blush to say he replied:
"Why, Mr. Howard, I thought I had
worn you threadbare. I feared you
would say as I certainly felt, 'Oh, there
is no use,' and I imagine myself jump
ing on you like an old man of the
mountain once more and adding to
your cares and responsibilities, so I
yielded for the first time. in six months
to a temptation to drink. Once started,
I kept on. The little money I had
went like water down a mountain
stream and in ten days I was a physi
cal wreck as I was already mentally
used up and I resorted to beggary. One
night I literally asked people for nioney
on the streets, but I got very little and
that I spent in drink. I don't think I
should have stolen if it had not been
for the absolute want of breai and
shelter. It was a keen, cold night, and
as I passed along the brightly lighted
shop windows I thought how easily I
could relieve myself, so I made a dash
for a tray of rings, ran, was followed,
was caught, and here I am for two
,ears and three months."
No use to moralize.
This is only a fact. This is only a
picture. It is only one of a thousand
instances. The authorities say that
these men not only won't reform, but
can't reform, and I dare say would cite
this very instance as a good illustration
of their assertion that ex-convicts are
certain to come back again.
It isn't so.
If that man had been content to re
main sequestered, as it were, from the
bloodhounds of New York, be might
yet have been married to the girl of his
choice and have gotten along nicely in
this world's affairs. Of course, at once
you, who remember, think of Kissane
What a dirty, dirty thing it was to
drag that man's long since forgotten
crime to the face of affairs. Who
gained anything by it? Was there
ever one extra newspaper sold by
means of that sensation? It broke a
mote's heart, it rudely ruptured
family relations, it has caused an hon
ored, a reputable citizen of San Fran
cisco to bow his head with shame as he
passed along the streets, because, al
though he is a respectable and respect
ed nian, he knows that his brother's
crime has east a blighting shadow on
a pathb hitherto all sunshine and spread
with the flower of prosperity.
"Man's inhumanity to man;" that's
Ten dollars a seat to hear Patti or see
Ten cents to a beggar, provided he
will spend it in ruin.
But not ten words of comfort for a
man, however penitent, who has once
worn the stripes of a prison.
Ugh! It makes mc very tired.
THE PENITENTIARY DIRECTORS.
They efer the Bateman Matter to the
Attorney General-An Increase in Price
At the meeting of the Penitentiary
D)iretors yesterday, the proposition for
change of specifications in the canal
work, as noted in the account of the
meeting of the Canal Trustees, was
agreed upon and forw.arded to the trus
tees for their consideration.
The hoard adopted the following res
oluion in regard to the Bateman
"WXhereas by report of R. E. Hill,
the expert employed by the Board to
examine the penitentiary books, it ap
pears that there is still an apparent deC
fieit of--; and whereas the Board
think it beyond their jurisdiction to
o further thau what is shown by the
books prop)er ; therefore be it
"lb .olved by the Board, That we
deem it advisable to refer lie matter to
the Attorney General for consideration,
ind leave the matter with him for set
Previous to the adoption of the abtove,
the Board had at first agreed to send
for Mr. Hill again and get him to ex
amine the hooks of Loriek & Lowrance
as to the item of credit claimed by Mr.
Bateman, but they reconsidered that
and adopted the resolution above
(leanse the scalp from seurf and
dand ruff; keep the hair soft and of a
natural color by the use of Hall's
Vegetable Sicilian Hair Renewer.
Miss B. Bedloe, of Burlington, Vt.,
ad a disease of t be scalp which caused
her hair to become very harsh and
dry and to fall so freely she scarcely
da~red comb it. Ayer's Hair Vigor
gave her a healthy scalp,. '
the hair beautifully thick an .
CLOSEI) I\ S)N( ---I:()S T1[l:: iFTY
FI:ST CONGRESS TERMINATEt).
Most ItcRmark:ab'e c
and Democrats Vie with Each O()wr in
Singing Son:zs, but Stop to Li-ten to
the Refrain from the Pre!s Gal
lery--The Record of the body.
WASINaTON, D. C., March 3.--The
House of Representatives of t he Fift.v
first Congress went out in a burst of
Its ending was remarkable and un
precedented, and a scene similar to
that which followed the declaration of
theSpeaker that theFifty-first Congress
was adjourned without day, it is safe
to say, never occurred before in a Con
gress of the United States.
The vocalists of the House on the
Republican side of the chamber gath
ered in a body near the front row of
desks, headed by Messrs. Cole man. of
Louisiana; Yardley, of Pennsylvaia:
Stivers, of New York. and Wade, of
Missouri; and as soon as the H-ouse was
adjourned, they started up "Marching
Through Georgia,'' which was taken
up by the great mass of Republican
Representatives, who made the hall
ring to the great delight and edification
of the galleries, packed full of people.
The Democratic chorus, headed by
Representative-elect John .J. O'Neil, of
Missouri, started with the doxology,
"Praise God from Whom all Blessings
Flow," but their voices were soon
drowned in the soperior volume of the
sound from the press gallery, the re
porters having taken up the hymn.
The Republicans and Democrats alike
ceased their singing to listen to that of
their some time critics.
Messrs. Burrows, Allen, of Michigan,
and Coleman with Yardley struck up
"Our Fatherland" as the closing notes
died away, and the Republicans join
ing in very generally the effect was
fine, as was the singing of "John
Brown's Body," which was taken up
immediately. The occupants of the
press gallery for the last numbers on
the programme rendered "Good-bye,
Congress, Good-bye, My Lover, Good
bye," and "He's a Jolly Good Fellow,"
and it was with regret on the part of
the immense throng on the floor and
galleries that the impromptu musicale
came to an end. The crowd then slowly
SOME CLOSING SCENES.
All the fore-part of the morning
there was an intermittent babel of
shouts for recognition from anxious
members who crowded around the open
space in front of the speaker's desk
and resorted to calls, vociferous re
marks and all manner of devices to at
The House was in a critical mood,
and those members who were fortunate
enough to catch the speaker's eye
found they still had a road to travel to
the presidential haven, for it was not
an easy matter to secure the necessary
two-thirds vote to have the rules sus
pend and their bills passed. The
Republicans in the House nailed their
colors to the mast, determined to go
out of power as aggressive, defiant and
as full of fight as they had been at any
time during the session.
LOYAL TO THE TYRANT.
They were loyal to the speaker, and
awaited the proper occasion to mani
fest the fact. It soon came. No Demo
crats haying prepared the usual vote of
thanks to the speaker, Mr. McKinley
arose and offered a resolution thanking
the speaker for the able and impartial
manner in which he had performed his
duties. The House, which had been in
a buzz from the many-toned whispers
of the members on the floor, lapsed
momentarily into something approach
ing quiet as the resolution was read,
and Mr. Mills arose in his place. He
disappointed those persons who hoped
for a vigorous oratorical display, as he
merely demanded the call of the yeas
andl nays. The call was proceeded with
amid great confusion due to the fact
that nearly every member had some
parting remarks for a neighbor wvhom
be perhaps might never see again.
When at last the vote was announced
the Republicans arose en masse, clap
ping vigorously, waving pap)ers and
books and making the air
RESOUND wITH CHEERS,
the volume of sound being swelled by
the applause in the galleries. The ap
plause was renewed more vigorously
than before, as Speaker Reed entered
the hall to relieve Mr. Burrows, who
was temporarily in the chair. The
Decmocrats jeered at the demonstra tion.
Mr. Bland and Mr. McCl:inmy, of
North Carolina, shouting out retorts to
the Rep)ublican applause, that were
lost in the confusion.
Mr. Cannon came in for a wiid ova
tion, as he presented the confetenice
report on the deficiency bill-"thle last
report lhe would have to make.'' His
Republican coileagues sprang to their
feet at his words, giving him cheer
after cheer and tossing whatever was
on their desks into the air in a tumiul
CYCLoNE OF CoM1MEND~AT1oN
of Mr. Cannon. Mr. Breckenridge, of
Kentucky, amid the app)lause of ids
Democratic friends, made a graceful
little speecb, eulogistic of the treat
mient the minority had received from
Mr. Cannon; but the Republicans were
a little chary of joining in the acclama
tion, being evidently of the opinion
that Mr. Breckemridge's remarks were
reflexively, in some masure, in decro
gation of the sp)eaker.
soME UNPOPULA Rt sPEA KE H.:n
Expecting that the Democrats would
make objection to the resolution ten
dering the thanks of the House to
Speaker Reed, Mr. McKinley hadl pre
pared a list of cases in which objection
was made to the vote of thanks to the
prsiin nofcr The a thi~.rteen
in nunI1.er, beaglinnIn: witl? the inl
and :ixth Corses. The last Ire
Vious OCr-5ion was in the Thirty-sixth
(ongress, when Wim. ennington. a
Whi", of New .ersey, was speaker.
A 1t con to-day the Fifty-:,rst Con
r ,ithe oiniliion of n:any veteran
lil ators the most reimarhalde Con
.,ress since the war) carme to an end bv
C'OS! itUtional iliIlitatiOl.
From the first to the last the sessions
have been interesting and eventful,
aid for no long period were they ever
characterized by the dullness which
occasionlly for days at a time narks
the proceedings of nearly every Con
gress, anld especially of those Congresses
in which the first session is unusually
prolonged. The actual working tne
of the Fifty-first Congress exceede(d
that of any of its predecessors, and the
nomlilial session and time of all except
the Fiftieth Congress, and in the num
ber of measures brought to its atten
tion, and the number, variety and im
portane of those acted on, it likewise
surpassed all previous Conngrestes.
TIIEi:E NOTAnLE MEASURES.
Three measures, any of which in in
trinsic importance and popular interest
would be sullicien;t for a national issue,
stand forth pre-emnleti among all
First, the McKinley tarilf bill, which
became a law; second, the silver bill, on
which, in the first session, a compro
lise was efiected, based on thb month
ly pturchase of 4,5:;:,000 ounces of silver.
which, in turu, was followed by a more
radical measure that failed of pa sage;
and third, the Federal election bill,
which, after a protracted, bitter, hotly
fought and intensely exciting prelimi
nary struggle, failed in the Senate to
reach a decisive vote on its merits.
in the rules of the House added inter
est to its proceedings, and tho deter
mined but fruitless efiorts to adopt the
most vital of these innovations formed
a part of the history of the last part of
the session of the Senate.
Even in its mortuary record the Con
gress was remarkable, the call of death
having summoned no fewer than
twelve of its represcntatifes and three
of its senators.
Many of the bills enacted into laws
appropriated an unusually largeamount
of money, and the expeuditures autho
rized will exceed those of any "peace"
Congress since the foundation of the
governument, the total appropriations
made by the Fiftieth Congress were,
during the iersession, 05,:1:7,516,
and during the :ecoud session Y422,(:23,
342, or an aggregate of SS17,05,S50;
wbile appropriations for the first session
of the Fifty-first Congress were 40,
627,i;i7, and those of the second session
will probably bring the total appropria
tion lor this Congress to $1,00),Ul00,U0i.
SOMETi I1NG ABOUT BILLS.
A compariso)n of the work of Congress
just closed with that of its immediate
predecssor makes the following exhi
bit: Bills introduced in the House in
the Fifty-first Congress, 14,0'23, aga ist,
in the Fiftietli Congress, 12,0534; in
crease, 1379. Joint resolutions, 271; in
crease. 10. Senate bills, 5120, against
4000, or an increase of 1129. Joint reso
lutions, 169; increase, 24.
Bills passed by the House, 1748, of
which 1513 became laws; and by the
Senate, 1;'05, of which 073 became laws,
making the total number of laws,
during the Fifty-first Congress, 2180,
against 1824, in the Fiftieth Congress;
inicrease,302. The Senate also postponed
indefinitely 010. Senate and 18 House
bills, this being equivalent to defeat.
During the Fiftieth Congress one
hundred and sixty-one bills.were vetoed
and dlurinig the Fifty-first Congress
fourteen, the most important of which
were the act establishing a record and
pension oflice of the war department
and acts providing for public buildings
at Bar Harbor, 31e., Dallas, Tex., Hud
son, N. Y., and Tuscaloosa, Ala.
CONTESTED ELECTION CASES.
Out of eighteen contested election
cases, the House seated eight of the Re
publican contestanits, and declared the
seat of Mr. Breckinridge, of Arkansas,
vacant. T wo cases, Goodrich vs. Buil
lock, from Filorida, and( MceGinnis vs.
Alderson, from WNest Virginia, in:
which the comnmittee reconnuenlded
the siating of the Repubhican contest
ants, were not disposed of; and the
elections coml!mit tee itself never acte
on the Eaton vs. Phelan, Tennessee,
ease. The Senate disposed of of its sole
conltestedl election case by seating twc
Republican senators from MIontana.
RESULT 01- CONGRESS' woIRK.
As a result of the work of Congr.-s.,
great numiber of the measures Whieb
have for years occu pied more or less ol
the atten tion of t he legislative branch
oif the governmaent. wvill be- tranisferred
to the executive and judicial depart
incens!, of the governm:ent, there, per.
haps to becomie equally faimiliar ac
quaitanices. A~nmng "old stagers'
which are now laws are the copyrigh1
bill, the p)rivate land court bill (to settki
disputes arising over Mlexicanl grants ii
Wvestern s-a'.es an;d Tlerritories), th(
postal subsid:- blii, the Indian deplreda
tin claims All. thle timber and per
emiption la' r-1epeal bill (making
general i.. vi.-ion oif the land laws)
the customs admllinistration bill. th<
general li nd forfeiture bill, the b.lIi t<
relieye thle Supreme court by the estab
lishmienct of in termecdi ate ('i rcu it ('ourt:
of Al4ipeal, the U nited States judaes
salari'-s b iil, and the direct ta%x refun<
FELL. nv THE wvavsmsr.
The Blair educational bill, thie Hi
for the apportionment of an~ aleholi:
liquor commission, and the "eigh
um.s cl.ims bill, are measures whiel
were defeated on test vot"s: w' ?e
anmoig those whir e: f:er ps,1: !'?:"
House, ajl"' of a i n i: ' e le-r.
and will donils h e wreatl w!h
succee(:ingr ('nresss, rre the l..
:tlhtoy ill, til ("ngcr laid biilani the
:irly reorgani-ation bil. The Padlolek
pure food biil, the Nicaragua canal h
the Pa:cifi: railroad fu:l i a d
the inter-state coi' erce bill I to per
mit liiited pooling of the earnings by
r'ailroad copne\ are :mong th e
measures which faile'i to :er.ch : vote
in either HIou=e.
ir:t'Jix cN(o:M:.r is
Among the ieasures oil whieh nei
ther House acted, except in some '::ses
by conunittees, were the ub-treasury
and farm mortgae bil!, the service
pension bill, the Canadian reciprocity
re-olutio:;, the bill, to c,;eourag,e the
caistructiou of an ilnter-contin:'ntal
railway, the pt.stal savings bank and
,ostal telegraph bills the Putler bill to
aid negroes to emigrate to Africa, the
woman suffrage and prohibition con
stitutional amendments. the incom
tax bill, and various other radical
financial and political iues.ures.
8l2,000,0O FORPUniLC ILUIL1;SGsr.
A statement prepared by the clerk to
the House committee on public build
ings and grounds shows that during the
past Congress 411 bills for the erection
of public buildings were introduced,
carrying a toai appropriation of '713,
G35,625. Of this number t 3 passed both
Houses, appropriating Sl2,G7G,G3t1, all of,
which became lawssave four, which
were vetoed by the President.
THE POCKET VETO.
Eleven bills passed by Congress at
this session failed to become laws by
the action of the "pocket veto." The
only one of a public character was the
act to create an Eastern division of the
Northern judicial district of Georgia.
All others were relief bills of different
CO'YV.IGaT, A LAW.
The President signed the copyright
bill shortly after his arrival at the
Capitol this morning. Friends of the
bil1 had asked Private secretary Hal
ford to request the President to place
his signature to the measure with a
quill pen of the style used in the early
days of legislation, and this was done.
The quill was plucked from the wings
of a large American eaglc, and was at
least two feet long. It was sent to the
President by Robert N. Johnson, of
New York secretary of the Interiatic
nal Copyright league. The pen was
then returned to Johnson with the
President's comolinrents. -
The Brussels treaty for the suppres
sion of the African :lave trade and
traffic in spirits and firearms was de
feated in the Senate in executive session
this morning. The opposition to its
ratification was based upon a number
of reasons, such as fears of entangling
alliances, interference with private
business enterprise, etc., and the ma
jority in the opposition to ratification
NORTH AND SOUTHI.
Southern Candidates in the Demnocratic
National Conventions-Are They
Available as Presidential
[New York Sun.]
The suggestion is heard, with what
has comne to be regarded almost as be
coming regularity in advance of every
Presidential contest, that the nomina
tion of a Southern candidate by a Dem
ocratic National Convention would no
longer be attended with the perils of
Northern opposition, irresistible atnd
insurmountable. The discussion of the
claims and qualidieations of Senator
John G. Carlisle revives the previous
controversies oni this point; and the
fact that he "lives on the wrong side of
M1ason and Dixon's line" is referred to
as important by his champions and his
In the National D)emocratie Convyen
tion of 1808, the first one after the war,
all the leading candidates, Seymour,
Pendleton, IIancock, Hendricks, Chasce
and Church, were Northern men, and
no Southern candidate conisidered.
In the Baltimore D)emocratic Con
.vention o,f 1S72 the ratification of the-I
Greeley and Brown ticket put up t wo
months p)revio)usly by the Liberal IIe
publican Convention in Cincinnali,
was a foregone conclusion; but there
was some oppositu>n to it, and a South
ern candidate for the first time was
presented in the person of Mir. Bayard.
who received the votes of 1~> delegates.
The whole number voting was 782.
In the St. Louis Convention of 17
all the leading Democratie candidates
wer Northierni men with. agin, the
exception of MIr. Bayard, who received
this time~the larger total of 21 votes
fromi Georgia, D)elaware', V'irgin.ia,
North Ca*~rolina, Louisi:ir an i~iTexas.
On the second baliot he had ilvoes.
In the Convention of l>an 31r. Bay
atrd was again tIhe oniy Southern canl
didate, and recei'.ed, on the first bal
lot, 1->3 votes, against 171 for G.eneral
Hancock. On1 the second ballot, how
ever,~ the support of Mr. 1;ayard'
.other..n fr'ienids was thrlowni to H-1
coel i ad hc was nominated.. LOin coni
In the C onvention of i '.-4at (icago,r
Ir. Blayaird one ngain', an for t e
third time, was a em''1iie and re
ceive.d I~l vote's, the' laIe umber.,
siim''. i, Ters (;nri. Te'w...uh
Ci ( ma. , V.iri.':a. hientuciky,. ea
wa're, :'mi-ouri, Mary.land, F'iorida and
we., Vr\irginila. On the second b,allot
'u ri.?yad received 15.3 votes; on the
tir;d, S1. 'ine mions after he receiv
edt this proof of confidence and popu
larity, he became assoc at ed, as Secre
.' - , . e. w:th .'. Clevelnd's ad
i r l c then he has
.:er ih on c n o: :s a Presid:iental
in (a1 (i the l.inal CO nvet.inl I
wic n im r,seremg numbers each
time i. i;:ay:rd received the support
:= u,er 'n eleates, the vote
Iriven imt . ht .a.c>ut.,- ' of the ballot
nrl wa rer than upon subsequent
iniots. T'is was due to the cireum
tane , which has pased almost into
:he realm of p1olitical traraitions, that
Southern dele-ates in a National Con
entiou, by casting compiimhentary
ote's nr cue:didate whcse prospect of
access is slight, can hold their strength
mut l the critical time, and thus make
heir uaort decisive. Although, as
lhe recor-' shows, the support of a
4outhern c:ndidate has been more
opular at each succeeding Denmocratic
,ouvention, small headway has been
hIade in eonvincing the delegates from
Northern states of the availability of
Thus, in the National Convention of
S-4, the Kentucky delegates, acting
inder instructions. favored the nomi
natien for President of M1r. Carlisle;
and Mr. McKenzie of that State, in
advocating his claims, raised the ques
iou of locality in the following words,
hich, as bearing directly upon the
tuestion still at issue, are worth repro
"It may be urged against Mr. Car
isle that he comes from the wrong side
f the Ohio River: but if the statute of
imitations ever is to run against that
lea, it ought to begin now. I belong
,o a class of men who believe that we
ave a Union in fact as well as in name,
mnd I believe that there is as much
.honor, virtue, and patriotism in the
outh as there is anywhere within the
Droad limits of our common country. I
tppeal to the sentiment of Justice and
Pairness that pervades this great Con
reution, representing, as it does,the
,ntellig :.'e of the Democracy of Ame
rica, if ; come before it with any un
atural ilea when I ask you to recog
zethat the arbitrament of the sword
as settled the war, and to present to
.ou a peace ofi'ering in the person of
olhn (4. Carlisle."
In response to this eloquent and
1mpassioned appeal,. one delegate in
:he Convention (lie was from Wiscon
>in) sunported Mr. Carlisle. The solid
ientucky delegation of 26 stood by
their favorite, but outside of the solita
rv Wisconsin man he i'eceived no other
:couragcnieut. The superior fame
and celebrity of Gen. Bragg, also of
Wisconsin, who, at the same Conven
tion,upported .,ir. Cleveland on the
singuiar ground that he was in favor
of him because of "the enemies he has
made," prevented the Wisconsin dele
-rate who-e fraternal sentiments were
stirred by -Mr. MIcKenzie's remarks,
from receiving the attention which
mgh t otherwise have miade him a hero,
as it did of Webster Flanagan four
years before. However that may be, it
is not to be cisputed that, among the'
Northern delegates in National Demo
ratic Conventions, Southern candi
date's are far less popular than those
belonging north of Miason and Dixon's
line. Whether this is due to the fact
that the prejudices and asperities en
kindled by the wvar and still latent
operate on sectional grounds to the
prejudice of such candidates, or whether
the ob.jection to the Southern candi
dates is merely one of availability, the
critical and deccisive States being in
the North and. not in the South, is 'an
interesting question, and one not easy
The Experiment on Coosaw.
The achievement of Governor Ti!!
man in stopping the work of the Coo
saw company and taking piossessio,n of
its territory in the name of the State
does not impress us as being very brave
or grand or hereic or valuable. There
was no danger in it. There were no
wheiming waves or sh.;tted cannon or
any other varieties of terrors to face,
nor was th.re anyv dan;ger that -weI
can see of persontal less or inconve
,ience to th.e governc'r. The Coasawv
'o mp:my' has n~o eutrol over hi s sala
ry. or' con ingent funl, holds no mort
geages over himr and has no political in
huece to speak of. Tlerefere all the
takabu is ."nerve'' or eurage or
gee 'st in the m:uiter is the emptti
e.st.win..e.t.and Silii, sto bosh-the
eneles totn of litleti trumpets
" und to toot shrilly the praises of Till
Th Rt takes ail the ri:aks and
cne.If anything is lost by' the ex
pIie:tnw beinug tricai the loss ruutst
i o her and. thei people-more cs
p:-al)n amn. eople'.
- :l;h' th prcingi a to dio the
:-:*::'. tob- people ge:wral:. or ihe farm
*r gelal any good. if' the (oosaw
all t'e pho-sphate territory th.re is we
cou ItI e~ -omec senuse in putting the
-irew t',i with lu the power'l of the
e Ino amooplyi. WhII?n it stops,
the' ln I ompanics,' dilig phiosphate
ro fr'om ini' . III(n(f their own land,
cotinue toL di.e 'nd produce and "hiI.
T.onyrsuit is 1o tauke away a
a p: o ni to heilp give the land
Th land. complanies must gain by
the righ in any case. If the work in
the~ Coosaw territory is suspended they
are rid of a rival and given better op
portuniity to raise lprices at their pic
nre. If n'v comp.anies go in and mi'ne
the rivers thy wili naturally pick -"l
the best. places, skim oft the cream of
the phnn: dosph !~0its. so to speak.
md leave the river beds so unprofiti-e
)le that nobody will be able to -work
:hem hereafter and the land mines w
e freed forever of the competition-o
river rock. In that case the State .
aave exchanged what promised to-be.
,ernianei+t source of large and steady
nconie for two or three years-of.n
.rease in her receipts from royalties.3
It looks much like a fight betw
he land and river phosphate mine'
vith the governor throwing all b
>ower of the State on the side of
and companies, with which thelStat
.as nothing to do and from which s he
loes not get a dollar of royalty,
he river companies, which have bee
?aying her from $150,000 to $225,000
Attorneys, friends and represent'
ives of the land companies have done
'he writing for the newspapers and the
vork in the legislature against the
osaw company. We see it stat
hat attorneys of the land companiesY
tttendcd and advised the phosphate
?ommission when it went to take~pos .
ession of the territory claimed by thf
.oosaw company; and it is broad .
iinted that those same land cowpani
tre backing the new concerns whi
iave applied for river license.
It is the plain interest of the,
?ompanies to have the river beds
?icked over that they will be ial
w-orthless in the future. That woun
cave the land mines a monopoly. and
nake their possessions far more val
tble than they now are. We -donot'
)elieve these land miners are workingji
or patriotism or because they
uddenly developed such love for th'
eople and the State as to make.tbe1t
;pend money and labor to open up
-iver mines and increase competition
n their business for the sake of thei
If Governor Tillman had intendedtoh
-elieve the farmers and break downr
nonoplies his best plan would have
>een to abolish the royalty entirely .it .
:osts about the same to mine- a ton of'I
ock from land or water. The water.
:ompanes have been paying theState;
t royalty of a dollar a ton on their.roekcR
and selling at the same price asihe
and companies. That dollar the water
-ompanies pay is added by the land
3ompanies to their prices and means"
hat much more clear profit for them.
[f the royalty can be raised to=$250
:on prices will be raised in proportion
>n land and water rock and as the Iand:
:ompanies do not have to pay it the in
-rease will be that. m"trce me4n
their profits. The land companies muga
;ain any way-whether prices arge
raised or river competitors are driienL=
Dut or the river beds are ruined. Tph
The farmer pays the phosphatesroye
alty. It is the one tax nobody sh&rse'
with him. He pays it in the hig
price of his fertilizer in which the pbe1
phate rock is used. Added royaltyoaf
phosphate rock is simply a rouad
ab-out, indirect method of adding to the
armer's taxes while fooling him. into
the belief that he is being helped. All
classes get the good of big royalty pay(
ments in lessened taxation, but the
farmers alone pay them.
The Coosaw company has made much .
money, even when burdened with thega~
dollar a ton royalty. The land compag
nies have not paid that royalty-butg
they have added it in their prices be
cause they knew the river companies&
could not undersell them and- have$
cleared enormons profits.
Governor Tillman may be innocently
allowing the hand companies to make
a fool of him for their advantage or he
may be their willing tool for purposesr
of his own. We cannot see inside of
him and do not know. After consid7
ering the statements, the facts and.
figures from both sides-and for a long
time only the side against the Coosaw
company was heard-we can not es
cape the opinion that he is doing onen
of the two things- We cannot avoid
the conclusion that the legislature of
1876 made a fair, sensible trade when
it granted the Coosaw company theerx
elusive right to mine in seven miles of
river at a dollar a ton and that the rash
meddling now being done after for
teen years is the result of officious and
bull-headed foolishness or of walking
the State into a plain trap, or is evi
dence that-to use Governor Tiliman's'
favorite cam paign expression-"some
thing is rotten in the State of Den
IT TAKES OUT THE STAIN.
How Yellow and Blue Cotton is MIade
White by an Enecnton Fartner.
[From the Augusta Herald.]
Heretofore it has seemed an impes
sibilty to get stained cotton white with
out injuring it. A process toaccom
plish th is has recently been discovered
by Sr. J. J. Williamns, a successful far
mecr at Ehlen ton. S. C. lHe packs his seed
c*otton1 in layers. Over each layer he
sprinkles water with a pine top, and
after doing this leaves it for yearly
three days. The stained and blue cot
tonl whe~n taken out is clean and white
and the staple as good as ever.
The cotton w~ hen packed in this
manner generates heat, which removes
the stains, and the farmer is saved the
diflierence in pried.betweenl dhe stained
an d white cot torn besides gaining one
pound in eight iirginning. The heat
'enerated in the packing kills the germ.
in thbe seed'. ,u t the- oil in them is not
iniuredl, and! ibey are saleable tothe
MIr. Williamnshas found this prpoeis
successful, anid l& will be glad~to an
swer any inquids 'eancerning it As
the best evidences ofits value it may be
stated that this year he sold his:edtire'z