Newspaper Page Text
".ELB3ERT H. AtLL, EnITor .J
FTLBERT H. AULL, Poprietors. T
NEWBERRY. S. C.
THURSDAY, JUNE 11, 1S91. ro
_ _ __- -- -W,
r Newberry now has a savings bank w
ready for business. Interest paid on
deposits, and deposits received as low in
as one dollar. Something we ought to gi
have bad long ago. They are good in
stitutions. Every man who desires to c
put by a small amount each week and th
yet have it in reach when the demand al
may come, can now do so and receive u
.interest on it. This ought to be the st
poor man's institution, and it ought to is
foster and encourage economy and the L
putting up of something. President
McIntosh and Cashier Wright are both ar
good business men and the bank will fo
Do not forget the meeting called for cE
to-morrow by the Survivors' Associa- m
tions of Newberry County. fo
-- has i]
Mr. R. L. McCaughrin has de
clined to accept the offer of the presi- a]
dency of the Piedmont Mills. It would fr
have necessitated his removal to Green- a
vile and his interests and associations tt
in Newberry would hardly admit of p
that. His removal would have been a n
loss to Newberry, and it is gratifying a:
news that he has determined to remain it
with us and has declined the tempting tt
offer. There is no better financier in h
the State than Mr. McCaughrin, and h
withal a pleasant gentleman to deal .c
The Herald and News has been giv
ing for some years a column to the use s
of the teachers in the county, and at c
present it is conducted by School Com- h
missioner. Kibler. Why not, let the
county board of eamiiers order the
.Azustees and teachers to subscribe for S
d and News and m - acr
on the county r the money.
Of course the idea is absurd, but there
is about as much reason in it as in the
circulars issued by the editor and pro
prietor of the Palmetto School Journal
ordering the school trustees to sub
scribe for that paper and make order
on the county treasurer for the pay.
If the State and the Register would
take up less of their editorial space in
discussing the "leased wire" and the
Associated Press and the United Press
service, the people up this way who
take the papers would be better pleased
with both. The subscription lists of
the two papers is the best way to judge
of their respective merits as newspa
T pers. The Herald and News, in all
I sin'eerity begs, to suggest to its cotem
poraries that the great majority of the
readers care nothing about these dis
cussions. - They- are going to take the
paper- that suits them and that they
want. Give us the news; that is what
I1 seems a little auet - 'tgjThe Herald
and News-th'e utter igniorance of the
existence of that circulaL about the
Palmetto School Journal, displayed by
Suprinendntof Education Mayfield.
He says he knew nothing of the matter
u nti.he saw the circulars as published
ithe State. That Eardly seems pos
sible, but this is a strange year. Mr.
Thackston is chief clerk for Mr. May
field. What action did the State Board
of Education take in the matter? Mr.
Thaekston's reply is awaited with in
terest. Let us have all the .light on
this -subject possible,. and not sit in
judgment until all the evidence is in.
The Herald and News presents its
congratulations to Capt. V. E. McBee
on his promotion. It is. an honor
worthily bestowed. Capt. McBee has
71 risen by virtue of h.rd effort and in
-trinsie worth to his present position.
His headquarters will be in Savannah.
JAMES ii. LIPSCOMB DEAD.
He Ends His Lire in a North Carolina
The State, 16th.]
Col. T. J. Lipscomb, the ex-superin
tendent of the penitentiary, yesterday
received a dispatch from Mr. E. C.
Simpkins, of Bryson City, N. C., stat
ing that his brother, ex-Sec' ''ry of
State, James N. Lipscomb. v .sying
at the point of death there, .Ang not
expected to live but a few hours.
SCol. Lipscomb will leave oui the ear
ly train this morning to attend his
brother's bedside if he be not too late.
All. South Carolinians will regret to
learn of the illness of the ex-Secretary
[The State, 17th.]
The information of the critical illness
of Col. James N. Lipscomb, the former
Secretary of State and master of the
State Grange of South Carolina, at Bry
son City, 1. C., was mentioned yester
dlay. His brother, Col. Thonmas J. ips
* tomb, was to have gone to his bedside,
on the early train yesterday, but a dis
natch arrived in the meantime an
nouncing Col. Lipscomb's demise at 4
o'clock yesterday morning.
Upon receipt of this his young son,
Milledge Lipscomb, who is residing in
Columbia, left for North Carolina. The
remains will, no doubt, be brought
back to this State, but the arrange
ments have not been announced.
Col. Lipscomib was a native of New
berry, and graduated from the douth
Carolina College. His first appearance
into public life was in the South Caro
lina Legislature several years before the
war. in the war he became a colonel
of cavalry and proved himself to be a
gallant soflier and true Southern gen
After the war he was active in his1
eflorts against the Radicals, and took
deep interest in tax unions.
In '76 he was recognized as one of the
most ardent leaders.
He was uutiring in his efaorts to doi
his State service during that noted 1
The next year he was sent from New
- berry as a representative in the Senate,<
where he at once rose to prominence. t
.He was elected Seer tary of State in
1882, under Governor Thompson, and
was re-elected in ''-: and served two
years under Govern )r Richardson. e
During Cleveland's administration a
he held a responsible position in t4~e|e
* Department of the Interior at Wash- e
ington. Later, he was chosen master t
of the State Grange, and, by virtute of
his office, w as a member o~ the State t
board of agriculture. In both of these t
* stations he served his people -well, as min
all other positions. He also took a r
- deep interest in the State Agriculturals
and Mechanical Society. I
Col Lipscomb wats a pleasant, genial,, v
lrehearted man, and possessed de- p
cideaaty. He had friends all overg
the tt,ho will be grieved to hear . u
[Hl PIDE OF NEWBERRYl
w iEiliY COLLEGE (MMENCF
e Speeches and tihe Ser:nons--The I'rizt
and the Successfol Contestants-The
Young Men and their Speeches
--A Flow of Learning.
What a relief from the everlastin
und and treadmill of politics, is a eol
,e commencement! And that, toc
2en it is our own college. Wha
)uld Newberry do without Newberr,
There is much cameness in repor1
g college commencements, but
ves us pleasure to see the bouyanc
young manhood and young womar
od on these commencement occ:
>ns, and the labor of the writing c
em has its solace and joy in the lif
id the enthusiasm and the hope i
ung men and maidens as they ste
on the threshold of real life. It is
ap that is fraught with nomentot
ues to them, but we would not mt
eir pleasure by its contemplatiol
3ther would we enter with them iul
e joys and festivities of the presen
id with them build hopes and plat
r the future.
The past session of Newberry Colle
is been in an eminent degree, a sul
ssful one. The young men hai
ade a good record and the colleg
sses have been full and the outloo
r the future is bright and encoural
The commencement exercises hac
I been up to the standard, and tb
iends of the college should be inspire
ith new zeal to begin their woi
iew, for the further advancement
te institution. It has now passed tl
,riod of experiment, and is no less
wcessity than an assured success.
This is a college issue of The Hera:
id News. We make no apologies fi
Newberry College is a home ins
tion. The Herald and News is
oae paper. All our home people th
eek have been interesteti in 0'
nine college, then let us put on z
)rd its commencement exercises, th
ir friends abroad may know what '
.e doing for the education of our sot
On the first page may be fourd
zetch of the college, together with
it of the builaings and also a portrr
f the honored president, the Rev. I
ud e sermon to the g
u las by the Rev. Dr. S.
Owen, of Hagerstown, Md.
The exercises were held in the Oj
House, and the large hall was fille+
overflowing by the citizens of the c
munity and their visiting friends.
the churches were closed,and them
bers and ministers of all denominat
participated in these exercises.
weather was hot, but the rain had
tied the dust and it was not disag
Elegant music was furnished for
occasion by a special choir under
direction of Mrs. Peter Robertson.
opening ant.em, "They that trus
the Lord," was beautifully rendere
On the ros:rum were seated the I
Dr. Owen, orator of the day, Rev.
Cozby, of the Presbyterian chu
Rev. Geo. A. Wright, of the Bal
church, Rev. W. W. Daniel, of
Methodist church, Rev. H. P. Cou
of Georgia, Revs. J. H. Wyse, Z.
Bedenbaugh, W. A. Julian. M. J.
ting and T. 0. Keister, of the cou
President Ho'.and and Revs. Dr.
and A. J. tlowers, of the college
Rev. WV. C. Sc,haeffer, of the Luth
The devotic nal exercises were<
ducted by Rev. WV. C. Schaeffer, y
prayer by Rex. T. 0. Keister.
The preacher selected -.s his t
Luke 19i: 28. "'For I say unto you 1
unto every oae which hath shal
given, and from him that bath.:
e%n that he hath shall be taken 1'
Dr. ,Owen presents a striking
rather fine appearance. His mar
is easy and graceful, and for forty.
minutes he fleld the undivided at
tion of his large audience. His w<
painting was beautiful and his mau
impressive, and at times he was tot
No synopsis of the sermon can do
preacher justice, but the main po:
may be given to outline the trend
the discourse. He said in substa
that every reader of the New Te
ment was familiar with the parabl<
the text. .The faithful servants
creased in proportion to what they:
received, while the unfaithful
gained nothing and consequently
that which he had. This is constat
occurring. Every one who faithfi
and diligently cultivates his pov
finds them becoming even more act
and finds himself growing richer in
pacity to knowv, to do and to en.
While he who does not, finds hia
ever less able to do anything use
Taking it for granted that it wc
be desirable to better our lul
greatness and usefulness, the un:
stand the things which make
preacher annonneed his theme to
"self culture." Self is the culmninal
point where manifold paradoxies m
Nothing is more esteemed and despi
fastened and forgottn, guarded
neglected than our own wondrous.
No where are the majority of r
greater strangers than at home. T
visit and view the orchards of ti
neighbors, but do not care to visit
view, to plant and to prune their o
There are worlds and fields wit
one's self that need to be conque
and cultivated, but to do so one n
be brave and courageous.
The first aim that should influe
one in tbe pursuit of an elevated:
enlightened sell culture, because
paratory and auxiliary to all oth
is self dominion. The preacher I
presented a beautiful word picture
how man was lord of creation and]i
brought all nature to his subjecti
and how the greatness of the past
material things had grown and crt
bled to ruin. These things in ruin
sent a sad picture to contemplate.J
t sadder sight still is the debasemen
he nature that once bore the imnag<
od. Now it is in view of this cor
tion of man's nature that we sho
know that true manhood not to:
real dignity consists in the attain i
xd exercise of self dominion. Un]
we reach and occupy the high sumi
f a proper and perfect self-control
ire impotent and insign iricant, un
:ored andl undignified.
"Unless above himself he cau er
aimself how mean a thing is man."
Our second aim shoul" be s
lependence. You conquer the territ<
>f self not to place it under the insp
ion and direction of a foreign prin
ut to exercise over it personal kii
;hip. Your mind is your kingdc
Eou are an autocrat. Now that bo<
od periodicals on all subjects of I
nan thought are multiplied with el
rc swiftness and extraordinary che:
tess, self dependence is a rare and
narkable virtue. Men are lost in mi
arried awvay as the barge of a flowi
tream. Our intellectual, political a
eligious notions are bequeathed I
nd built upon, a few master muin.
ost men are willing captives
stronger nature. Great mim
re for our inspiration, not for c
xtinctioH. Their thoughts and d
overies are not aIs costly- furnitt
a bedeck and beautify, but as use;
utrimn!t to strengthen and to zr
ure the mind, must, by hard applit
ton and much exertion be transmnitt
ato wisdom ere it supplies mental a;
oral force, must not lose your pi
>nality in another. In climbing a b
may be greatly aided by a giant, b
roe unto me if for this service .1 am
ay the price of nmastigation by 1
rinders. Struggle to be men, and g
pon the terra firma of a mighty and
A third aim should be self-cons,cra
liorn to a governing purpose in life.
When a man sends a vessel out to sea
.. he places a master in comnrandl, a pilw,
at the helm, who will know how
through opposing currents and cmi
tendlinig winds to make the destinmed
port. Shall a young man, thus fur
nished with all the high endownents
of a rational and moral nature commit
himself and the precious interests
of his existence to mnere con
tingies, to drift at the mercy of both
- wind and billow? Shall he place him
, self at the mercy of time and chance
t that happen unto all, with io end dis
Y tinctively set before him, no thoughtful
choice of means, no adopted plan of
effort? Every young man should start
t ".th a proper theory of life. Heshould
Y shake himself loose from the blandish
-uents of ease and pleasure and climt
some lofty mount of vision, somE
f pisgah from whose summit the wholE
e land that remains to be possessed shall
a be clearly visible to his earnest, honesl
p gaze. Scorning to be hoodwinked and
a cheated by mere illusions he will pene
s trate into the heart and reality of hi!
,r destiny doing impartial justice to the
. claims of the distant and the future, no
0 less than to the near and the present
, Having settled the purpose of life, hE
s will come down from the mount and
step grandly forth to the accomplish
,e ment of that purpose, making whateve:
sacrfices are necessary in w-der tha
e success may crown his effort.
e The man who goes to the pulpit o
k the bar or the senate and fancies tha
without hard study and rolid acquisi
tions that he shall be able to act effec
e tively and permanently on the mind
e of men is doomed to failure. He mai
d figure for a little while with flashint
k words and airs and be able to captivat
)f the superficial, but his enptiness er
1e long reveals itself, 4nd "going op like
a rocket he comes down like a stick"
d The preacher gave numerous exam
>r pies and illustrations to make plain hi
i- argument, which were apt and tellin
a in their effect.
is It is said that upon the plain c
ir Warerloo there stands a great bronz
- lion, forged from the captured guns c
t the French in 1815. The beast's moutl
re is open and seems to snare through hi
s- teeth over the battlefield. When la;
a seen by a certain traveler on one sprin
a noon-day, a bird had built its nest rigl
it in the lion's mouth twin' the twig
r. of the dewy bed re fledgtf4 nes
tied rou e very teeth of the brI
mo r and from the very jaws of
onze beast, the chirps of the swall
rad- seemed to twitter forth timidly
w I tocsin of peace. It was the audacit3
hope. So when you hear the c
)era "There are lions in the way," move
i to ward with hope and courage and
o will often find that instead of the ro
All ing monarch of the forest, some v
em- have gone in advance of you have tal
ions the weapons on the field of strife s
The forged them into a monumeut desigt
set- to inspire courage and not to prod
By way of application the preac
the said that self-cuiture was a duty
the collegel graduate owed his alma mal
The a duty imperatively due to God.
in dressing the graduates he said, be fai
ful to yourself, be faithful to your C
tev. and be faithful until death.
Dr' At the morning service Presid
rch' Holland announed that Dr. Holland
tist Charleston had been expected to
the liver the address to the students
nts night but he had been unavoidably
w' tained at home and that Rev. Dr. O
Ep: had kindly consented to fill the pl
t,and would preach at night again.
FX ADDRESS OF THE sTUDENTS.
ran A t the night service the large op
h ouse was again filled. Dr. Owen
on- nounced his text to be from Lamen
rith tions 3: 27, "It is good for a man tl
he bear the yoke in his youth."
ext, This theme was chosen as havy
hat special reference . to the young,I
be was applicable as well to the older a
20more advanced in life. Youth is1
vay promise period of human charact
the time when impulse and restrai
and when check and spur, when indoler
ner and effort are most largely influent
ive for good or evil over our future con
:en- tion and destiny.
>rd- There is no more interesting object
ner contemplation than a young man wb
ch- he is about entering active responsil
life. The world is generally favoral
the disposed toward young men.
nts The preacher spoke of the imnportai
of of the young building up for the
nee selves the proper characters in their
sta- spective communities. He said thi
of was a principle underlying the die
in- pline of the 'military life and schi
aad 'that was broader and deeper thant
one mechanical part of the drill and 1
lost march, and that was the idea a
itly principle of duty. Every young r
ily should take that for his watchword.
ers The subject was treated under th:
ive divisions. We should bear the yC
ca: of industry, of temperance and sobrit
oy. and the yoke of Christ.
self The different ideas, were enlari
ful, and illustrated by word painting ii
very interesting and instructive me
uld ner. Both the morning and nig
re sermons were very favorably receiv,
cr JUNIoR MEDAL CONTEST.
be In no exercise of the commencem
ing is there more interest manifested th
et. in that of the annual contest for1
ed, beautiful gold medal offered to ti
md Jmember of the junior class who sb
e/f. produce the best oration, regard bei
en had to composition and delhvery. T
ey contest was had on Monday night ai
eir seven young men entered for the pri
md Thbe large hall was of course filled to
~vn. utmost capacity. The young geni
bin men all did well. in fact it was one
rd the best average exhibitions ever he
ust in New berry.
The medal is the gift of A ttorn<
ne General Pope and Solicitor Schumpe
d The following gentlemen were
re- pointed to decide who was the suce
rs, ful contestant: Rev. S. W. Owen, R1
ere J. WY. Daniel, Hon. Gee. S. Mower,
of F. .J. CaId well, Esq., and Hon. G,
ad Johnstone. Mr Caldwell was absi
on, and did not serve.
in The following are the named of t
i- contestants and their sujjects. Pra'
re- was offered by Rev. E. A. Wingal
3ut and the speakers were presented
tof President Holland:
of S. J. Derrick,! Lexington,-You
di- Men: Their Intiuence and Respon:
say R.~ L. Gunter, Aiken,-Power of EF
ess S. A. Merchant, Newberry,--Supi
nit and Demand.
we J. P. Neel, Newberry,-"It Mig
t u- H ave Been."
E. B. Setzler, Pomaria,-"Dixie.'
ect J. 0. Wells, New berry,-Human I
elf- J. W. Wessinger, Lexington,-Glo
>ry of the Stars and Stripes.
ee- There was but one medal and of cour
ce, only one could receive this prize..
ig the close of thespeaking the commiitt
mn. retired and reached a decision.
ks Mr. J. 0. Wells was awarded ti
u- prize, honorable mention being mai
cc- of Mr. E. B. Setzler. The presentati<
I- was made by Di. Owen. In preser
re- ing it he said that he did not want
, appear for a prize, and little did
ng think when he came be.e that he won
ud be called upon to perform so oneroi
>y, and diflicult a duty. Would that the
Is. were a prize for all, for all deserve on
of With four or six contestants and on)
ds one prize, there must be disappoin.
ur mnent, for only one could receive it, bi
is- when he looked out upon the smjilim
re faces of the ladies he felt there was
*ul prize for all, and when the young me
a- come to claim this prize, if the goc
a- pastors of the town happened to be al
esent and he should be here he woun
idhlp them, with a great deal of pleasuri
-to claimntheir prize. But there are prize
ill which we may all attain if we run an
ut faint not, and if we are faithful v
to shall all obtain the prize. The medt
is was then p)resented to Mr. Wells, wit
et the hope that he might wear it wit
The young gentlemen all received
profusion of floral tributes from their
THE ALUM NoI 0l1\TION
Was delivered on Tuesday morning
(by Rev. J. Walter Daniel, of Chester,
S. C. lie wai fittingly introduced by
Dr. W. U. Houseal, president of the
association. Mr. Daniel spoke on the
subject "A Ramble among Surnames,"
and for nearly an hour interested and
instructed his hearers. le spoke of
the origin or surnames and gave defi
nitions of various names and how they
came to be in use. His address showed
a vast amount of study and research
and t perfect familiarity with his sub
ject. Any synopsis of the speech would
be utterly impossible. The Herald and
News will, very probably, in a short
time, publish the address. Mr. Daniel
has been a very close student since his
graduation, and now stands among the
front ranks of the ministers of the
Methodist Conference in South Caro
lina as a preacher and a scholar. He
is the author of several books and will
very probably issueav lume in the line
of the address on Tuesday.
ANNUAL MEETING ASSOCIATION.
Immediately after the address the
annual meeting of the association was
held. It was one of the largest and best
attended meetings the association has
r ever held. The following ollicers were
elected for the ensuing yvar:
President, Dr. W. D. Scnt, Newber
t Vice President, Robt. L. Tarrant,
- Secretary, Dr. J. M. Kibler, New
* Treasurer, Z. F. Wright, Newberry.
r Annual orator for 1892, W. J. Cherry,
Esq., Rock Hill, S. C., with Rev. M.
e J. Epting, Newberry, alternate.
1 The committee on the Alumni House
a submitted a report. Provision for
the payment for the building of this
- house was made except the $0ii0) paid
s by synod. The house is a nice one and
cost $1,600. The commitee was con
,f Committee to prepare suitable reso
e lutions on the death of Rev. J. E. Berly
f a member of the association -
d died since last meeting w appointet
s C. W. Welch, Geo. B. romer and
g It was decided that several reuniom
*t be held during the ummer in the it
s terest of the co1 ege. The whole matte
o ' A ging these reunions was left t
ital the officers of the association.
the ADDRESS B3EFOl.E THE LITERARY S(
r of On Tuesday night one of the large.
ry, audiences of the week greeted Senatt
on- M. C. Butler. who was to deliver t1i
rou address before the literary societies.
ar- Upon the rostrum sat a number <
ho distinguished gentlemen.
ten Senator Butler was introduced by .
snd Y. Culbreath, Esq., of the Ntewberr
ied Bar, who in presenting him ,poke
Ladies and Gentlemen: The plea:
Eer ant duty has been assigned to me o
the the part of the faculty and students <
er, the Newberry College to introduce t
,d this audience one to address the literi
th- ry' societies of Newberry College the
iod needs no introduction, orrather no it
troductory remarks on my part. Hi
nt distinguished services just as he et
, of tered upon the stage of manhood i
de- our recent late unfortunate war, tb
at eminent ability displayed by him i
de- shaping Federal legislation since b
en has been a member of the Unite
ace States Senate, and above all the ma
terly manner in which he has vind
cated the rights of bis constituents o
the floor of the United States Senat
era where they needed vindication (aj
mn- plause') are facts that are known to th
ta people of South Carolina and belong!
3at the history of this government. (aj
*n Sprung from an illustrious line of at
ucestors whose public eminent service
nd date back to the commencementc
he the revolutionary war in 1776, it ha
e.:been the remark~ of the people of Souti
nt Carolina that each generation of li
ic family since that time has furnishel
ial the btate a distinguished leader of th
di- people; and- my distinguished frient
will pardon me in saying that none
~of his distinguished predecessors has es
ecelled him in ability and true devotioi
bto the interests of his people (applause:
)yI now take great pleasure in intre
ducing to this audience thie Hon. M\
ice C. Butler. (applause)
m. As Senator Butler stepped to th
re- front of the rostrum he was greetet
re with applause. As introductory to hi
i-address proper and as somewhat ei
o .planatory he said :
he Young Genmlemen of the Literar;
e Societies: WVhen you did me the hono
nd to invite me some months ago to de
an liver t,he address to night to the tw
societies of Newberry College I prom
ree ised myself that I would select asu
ke ject ditlerent from the one upon whici
~ty I now propose to speak. I mean to b
perfectly frank with you and do nr
~ed propose to appear under false colors
a am afraid that the subject I hav
m- selected will not be interesting to th
't ladies, for upon occasions Iiae thes
ed. the speaker is expected to select somi
'subject of a purely literary characte:
I must, however, ask the ladies of New
nberry to bear with mec and renmembe
mthat the last six months of my tim
a upto the 4th March-i might sa;
heforth last twelve months-has bee.
iat so engrossed by questions relating t
almy oni1cial duties that I really hav
ng not had the time to prepare myself oi
his the subj ect I had chosen.
nd I am also afraid that I amn in th
ze-. position 'that Goy. Vance found him
is self in one occasion in North Carolina
le- He had prepared a speech for one .
of his brilliant campaigns that he in
ld tended to deliver to every audience
but some enterprising gentleman of th
7-. newspaper fraternity got the "drop oi
rt- him,'' took his speech down in lull an<
P~ it was puolished before he met hi
ss- appointment and he found himsel
-v confronted by his speech ini the news
so- Now I delivered this same speec&
nt last night at Greenville and althoug]
,e it has not appeared in full I am somet
nevhat in the position of Goy. Vane
ebut I make this statement in deferenc
dto you gentlemen who have done mi
by the honor to invite ine to address you
His speech was forcibly spoken fron
U. manuscript and was mainly directe<
si in presenting the rights of the minor
aity in a popular government like ours
-He saidl that some of the fallacie
lately promulgated by public mt
ly :ought to be exposed. Theb' doctrine o
the governmwent of the U~:Ited Statesi
ht thait the majority 'cu to rule. Hi
spoke of the inidepe.adence of con vic
tions in the time past anid of the brill
a- lant anti comnmandinig talents in thosi
rdays. Ini these days of push there is
Stoo little time to devote to study o1
public matters. The result is that snet
se of higth attainments and intellectual
t abilities seek high salaries, and popu
ee lar governmwent is endangered. Men
absorbed in business are prone to he
eled by audacious charlatans and yield
their better impulses and judgment t(
tthe opinions of those wvho have time to
tspenid in politics. Th~lere are many muen
2in public life who do not beiieve in the
Id popular govern mfenit esta blished by our
r"The next conflict," said .1 rator,
e. "will be between this class and the ad
herents of popular sovereignty. T1his
t- phrase is little udderstood. We hear
itso much of it many of us do not stop to
, consider what it rmeans. It means the
"a rule of thepol.
a"You may ask," lie said, "wvhy I re
d fer to such a common truism. I do it
Sbecause I believe i t should be under
d stood by all." The speaker then pro
ceded to speaK of the way popular gov
ernment is and should be managed,
d why absolute powver would crush liber
, ty and said that he wanted to combat
ithe idea that a mere numerical major
i ity should control. He said he did not
h deny the rule of the majority when it
asserts its power constitutionally and
a with justice.
"I ai not directing my remarks r
against this plan of popular goverai
ient, but against that of whiclo the
recent legislation in this countzy is an
instance. What I say is not governed a
by p,olitical feeling, but is said as a citi
zen for the preservation ' the true
priuciples of government."
~ Senator Butler then spoke of the ac
tions of the majority in the last house s
of congress in trampling the rights of 1
the minority and said that the brigands 4
under those rules, could transact busi
ness at least under the pretence of right. (
He asked, "was there ever such a j
travesty under constitutional govern- t
n:ent." He referred to it as one-man f
ruie, spoke of the system of counting t
the opposition, making false records
and carrying out the provisions of the i
new born doctrine of majority rule, t
which is brute force and usurpation. I
As some of the results of this rule rev
enue measures were passed which
robbed the people of SI,(80,000,000.
He referred to the cloture rule in the I
senate and said it was wanted because i
power and spoil were wanted. These
are matters of history, he said, and de
serve criticism. He said they were
violations of the letter of the constitu
tion and inimical to liberty.
The speaker said that he did not at
first like the word "filibuster," but lie
found filibustering a good thing to de
feat great wrongs. In that it was the
proper weapon of defence. He had
seen it stand like a stone wall for
months against the direst conspiracies.
If it was-asked how could the majority
rule with these tactics as stumbling
blocks he would say by not delegating
the power to any one man but let the
majority keep its majority present.
In advancing these ideas, the speaker
said, he would incur the criticism of
corruscating statesmen, but he asked
the attention of the young men of the
land to them, and pointed out the dau
gers of majority rule in the style spoken
of. Great talents will be used to up
hold these ideas.
The great parliamentary body of En
gland had been appealed
the rules T a e and house. The
aaer thought it dangerous for a free
s country to rely on the rulings of a par
l: liament of a monarchial government.
F. Even in England's parliament there
had never been such transgressions of
s power as in the last congress. Cloture
- in the house of commons was adoptec
r after a long, heated acrimonious debate
o and after many misgivings. He de
nounced the force bill as the direst bil
The rules in congress were startlin;
enough tb put the people on notice. I
t the dangerous ideas of the majorit3
r were continued, the usurpers wouk
e seize upon as much powel as would hE
allowed and the result would be beyone
The speaker closed by quoting som
r. of his remarks in the senate in whict
y he said a well defined constitutiona
Is government was being replaced by i
DR. HOLLAND'S REPORT TO THE SEJII.
n NARY BOARD.
o During the session which closed or
the 10th inst., four students were en.
rolled-2 juniors, 1 irregular, and ]
senior. \1r. W. K. Sligh, the senior
has been reading the prescribed course
1 and practically received no instructior
from the faculty. Mr. J. D. Shealy
the irregular student, recited with the
n junior class, consisting of Messrs. S. L
eNease and 0. B. Shearouse. As far a
d lay in the power of your instructors
instruction was given -to these younq
men in Sacred and Church History
SDogmatics, Exegesis of New Testa
men! in Greek, Biblical Theology
Homiletics and Pastoral theology, He
ebrew and German.
It will not be possible for your in
structors, in addition to their collegi
duties, to do even as much work i[
your Seminary another session as they
shave done the past session. Trhe labora
exacted of us in College and Seminary
have been too continuous for us to de
sOne of two things~must be done:
1. Either you must take immediate
e steps to provide a Theological Professor,
2. Or you must ask your present in
structors to confine themselves to the
junior year's course.
In the event of your being able tc
secure an acceptable Seminary Pro.
fessor, the session of 1891-2 would in
all probability open with .3 seniors,
2 middlers and 2 juniors.
In case you do not provide said Pro
Sfessor, members of the middle and
Sthe senior class must go to some othei
school of theology.
Two great difficulties are in the way
of your securing a Seminary Professor,
r (a) Finding a man who will meet the
wants of the meagre salary the church
Sis able to pay, and (b) the inability of
the Board of Trustees to sustain the
College apart from the Seminary fund.
2The synod has placed the Seminary
e fund at the disposalof the College Trus
t ees. and any action that you take rela
tive to the election of a Professor must
ebe ratified by said Board.
eThe relation of the Synod of South
eCarolina to the United Synod of the
e South, in the matter of a Theologica
.Seminary for the Church South, alsc
'presents a perplexing aspect to the
r question before you..
ePraying tht t you may be Divinely
guided in the important matters beforE
Syou, I am yours fraternally,
G. W. HOLLAND,
e METING Chm'n Faculty.
SIEIGOF THE BOARDS.
The two boards of trustees of the
e theological seminary and of the col
lege held meetings on Monday. Ot
the first page may be found the report
of Dr. Holland to the college board.
In this connection we submit his re
'port to the seminary board.
CThe seminary board elected Dr.
SHawkins, president and Rev. E. A.
Wingvard secretary. It was decided to
Select"a professor of theology and the
following committee was appointed to
secure the man and make the necessary
Sarrangements : Revs. E. A. Wingard,
T. O Keiterand J. A. Sligh. It is
understood that this professor when
selected shall also be a number of the
-The board of the college elected the
same officers Rev. J. A. Sligh, presi
dent, and Geo. B. Cromer secretary.
The board decided to make the prin.
-cipal of the preparatory department
adljunct professor of mathematics and
-to elect an assistant principal for this
department. Prof. WV. K. .Sligb was
elected t o the first position and Mr. A.
W. Fogle of the present graduating
class to the latter.
The board also passed suitable resolu
tions in regard to the bequest of the
late Col. C. H. Suber and made pro
vision for the establishment of the C.
H. Sube? scholarship.
They also decided against the ad
mission of girls to the college.
-COMM3ENCEMIENT DA Y.
The sun shone out bright on XXd
nesday morning and the day was hot
a veritable commencement day-but
the people were out in full force and
by an early hour the buggies
and carriages, bearing interested
friends, began to roll in from the
surrounding country, and likewise
tnose from the town began to wend
their way to the Opera House to wit
ness the closing exercises of comnmence
ment. Long before the appointed hour
for the opening exercises the hall was
full-aisle, pit, dress circle and gallery.
A number of prominent gentlemen
occupied seats upon the rostrum.
The exercises were not simply the
speeches of the graduating class, but
also included the awarding of prizes
and niedals and the announcement of
the honor roll. The exercises were
opened with prayer by Rev. Dr. Hall
man, Augusta, and the speakers were
presented by Dr. Holland.
The first speaker was Mr. V. Y.
Boozer, of Prosnerity, who was saluta
torien of the class, having been award
ed seond honor. He spoke of the com
mncement na being the beginning of
eal life, and of all the great men of the fir
vorld, as having starred just as the we
:raduates of to-day. All great results pe,
vere from small begin-ings. Asan ex- kri
miple of this was the beginniug of cei
cewberry College and the grand .work
t had done since and was still perform- soi
ng. He congratulated the people of en
ewberry in having n their midt th
uch an institution as Newberry 'ol
ege. Mr. Boozer is a good speaker and in
lelivered his address w ith good eflect.
The next speech was made by Mr.
). H. Duncan of Newberry. His sub
ect was "Literary fame." He recount
d the great achievements of the great co
tuthiors of the past and compared ca
hemi with those who had more milita- a
-y fame. Literary fame will stand as an la
mperisbable monument to those who be
tttain it, and who would not prefer it _
;o the fame of an A:exander? Mr.
Duncan's speech was wel spoken and
Tte third speaker was Mr. C. A. Fel- -
ers, of.Newberry, who spoke of "Hope;
ot fruition." He reccunted the ex- i
tmnples of many who had begun life full
>f hope and promise but afterwards
wvent down in disgrace and ruin, as
Nlexander for example who became a I
victim of drunkenness and Coleredge
who became addicted to the opium uI
babit. The hopes of the Confederacy s
bad been blighted. Yet in these things at
the optimist sees that to encourage.
Mlilton wrote in darkness and Paul so
preached in prison. Life is a continu- la
Dus scene of contrasted sorrow and joy,
adversity and glory. Mr. Fellers spoke fe
with good effect and in an easy and
- Mr. H. E. Rast, of Orangeburg, spoke
of "The will, a factor in character." In
his definition of character he spoke of -
its guiding influence upon the life and
and itsgreat power. Character depends
on three things, heredity, surroundings <
and the will, and the speak.r indicated
how these things help to build and
make character. The most important
and potent factor inls
..... ; ce will. With a will to
work a man can overcome almost any
and all disadvantages. A good char
acter is the first thing for youth to
learn and the last for age to for
get. Mr. Rast also delivered a good
speech, well prepared
The next speaker was Mr. W. A.
Shealy, of New bery County, who spoke
of "Reality in fiction." Have we ever
asked ourselves what effect a novel had
- upon us. It is the reality in fiction
l that gives the novelist such a hold
upon us when we read the printed
pages. The novel must show true life
and represent it if it takes this hold;
must portray noble manhood and ele
l gant womanhood and the iunocenoe of
childhood. The story tl:at lives must
I represent life as it is. We have a real
world around us and can:iot be pleased
with anything that does not represent
this real life. That story that is painted
l unreal life cannot have a good influ
Mr. Shealy's speech interested his
hearers and was delivered in an easy
and graceful manner.
Mr. D. M. Varn, of Colleton County,
next told us of the "CollegeGraduate."
He took a retrospective view of college
life and said no reflectioans brought so
many pleasant memories. And in this
backward glance we could observe no
more inspiring thought and gratifying
reflection than the aid re";eived in our
work from the able corps of professors
under whose tu'' on we have had the
good fortune to be. They would be an
honor to any college, and it should be
the aim of the graduates to bear them
selves worthy of their preceptors.
Mr. Varn made a telling and effective
AWARDING OF DIPLOMAS A N D MEDA LS.
At this juncture in the axercises came
the awarding of prizes and medals and
the reading of the honor roll.
President Holland announced the
degrees conferred upon the graduates
which may be seen from his report
submitted to the trustees, and pub
lished on the first page. He also read
the honor roll, those in the first honor
roll having made an average of above
92 out of a possible 300, amd those in
the second honor list rangirg from 86
to 92. The following are the names in
the two lists:
1st Honor Roll; S. J. Derrick, R. L
Gunter, E. B. Setzler, R. L. Jones, W
E. Black, James A. Bowers, G. D
Varn, S. J. WVheaton, C. E Wheeler, J
D. Wheeler, G. S. Andrews, D. D)
2nd Honor Roll; J. D. Kinmard, J. S.
Wheeler, R. M. Montz, J. H. Harm,
E. A. Carlisle, G. S. Beardnen, J. O.
Wells, J. W. Wessinger, S A. M< r
chant, J. H. Frick, Bi. A. McCullough,
J. L. Caughman, J. W. Black, J. G.
Setzler, E. L. Luther.
The medal for the best essay prepared
by the seniors was presented in a happy
speech by Rev. Dr. Owen. This essay
is required as a requisite to graduation.
The medal is the girt of Mr. Eduard
Scholtz, of New York. The subject for
the essay this year was, "Why not, and
Why?'' The medal was won by Mr.
D. M. Varn, of Colleton County, hon
orable mention being made of Mr. WV.
A. Shealy, of New berry Count y.
The medal given by the Professor of
mnathenmaties to that member of the
Junior Class who shall stand the best
examination in mathematics was pre
sented by Rev. Dr. R. C. Holland, to
M r. E. B. Setzler, of New berry County.
The medal to the best Soohomore
Greek was presented by Senator But
ler. The Greek contest was at. exceed
ingly interesting one and the faculty
could not decide between Mr. E. A.
Carlisle, of Newberry and Mr. J. H.
Harnms, of Savannah, so they idetermin
ed that they would give both the young
The following paper submitted by
the Professor of Greek was read by
Senator Butler. It shows a fine record
made by the two medalists and we
publish it and make it of record:
Thbe Sophomore examinat ion for the Greek
medal was as follows: 1. To be it ansiited into
English. two sections selected at random
from fi fty sections of Dem->thenes' De Coro na;
2. To be analysed, derived and parsed, fifteen
verbs selected from the two seetion 4 given;
3. To be translated in Gireek, ten English sen
tences chosen from Jones' Greek Comiposi
The class has been unnusually faithf i! in the
study of (Greek, and at the close of this term it.
was found that the lowest average daily grade
was as much as 110. amid the three hight:st .97.9(7,
98.47 and 98.69- I[But the medal, which i-i olTered
b>y Col. Thos. W. Ilolloway, of Pomaria, anul
Geo. S. Mower, Esq., of'New berry. 3. C.. is
awarded upon the merits of lhe ex
amination alone, and when the e::a.nuina
tion papers were hxamled in for criticismu tnat
of Mr. Biarnie L. Jones. of Laurenu ..ounty,
was found worthy of the high grade o. 95 per
There were two other papers. however, be
tween which neither the Professoi-s Greek nor
the President of the college was able to umake
a ditTerence in grade. and both were so nearly
perfect that each one was marked 09 pe-r cent.
It was, theretore, decided that each o:' these
two papers dleserved a menIal. They were the
papers of Edwin A. Carlisle of New berry, ahd
J.11enry liarms of Savannah. Ga,
President Holland announced that
the prizes given last year would be con
tinued next year, and that J. F. J.
Caldwell, Esq., would also give a
miedal to that member of tihe next
senior class who should stand the best
examination on a course of liistorical
reading to be announced by the open
ing of the next session.
A prize of Webster's International
Dictionary given by Revs. S. T. Hall
man and Jr. H. Wilson to that miemuber
of the senior preparatory class who
should make the best examination for
admission to the Freshmatn class, was
won by Mr. Henry C. Holloway, of
A prize of Motley's Rise of the Dutch
Republie, was given by Dr. 0.DI. Mayer,
Jr., and Rev. J. H. Wilson to that
member of the Freshman class who
should stand the best examination for
admission to the Sophomore cla.
This prize was awarded to Mr. D. .'
Wallace, of Newberry, honorable mem
tion being mace of Mr. G. D. Yarn, of
Colleton. The average made by Mr.
Walace was 97 out of a possible 100,)
and by Mr. Vane 96.33.
The valedictorian of the class, Mr.
A. WV. Fogle, of Orangeburg, delivered I
t honor mian of the class, and his
>rds of adieu and appreciat ion to the
aple of Newberry for their unitornm
idness were litly spoken, and well re
Dr. Holland gave the young men
ne w4 rds of s(tinla tlvice,. a:id spoke ifll ,
couragingly of the past sesion and iLth
E outlook for the future. l':.tton
fhus another college year has passed l'omnpat
to historv. Chanib
-:(:c'.:1'Ti \. day, Ju
This, Wediesday, iiight a rece'ptionI nuetii
11 be held at the college, and the
;itors and friends of the ec liege are
rdially invited to go over nadc sp,eld i (,A)I,.
)leasant eveting. it
Refreshments will be served by the C0
lies of the Lutherai church for the W. B.
nefit of the church. vivor
Tew Advertisements, p:
~ , T y " thr it
THE : WB:R 1.Y Vtater,
Savings Bank Mast
~S NOW OPEN FOR BUSINESS.
. Deposits in suns of one dollar and Noti
>wards received and interest paid on
me at the rate of four (4) per cent per
mum if left exceeding ninety days. N
Money loaned on easy terms on Per- wi
nal, Real E%-ate. Stocks, Bonds, Col- fore thi
terals, etc. County
Office at Wright's Bookstore for a decease
w days. apply f
JAMES M(cINTOSH, tratrix
R. H. WRIGHT,
Cashier. June 1,
x:Our Surmr Ani
Y vVOF :
SPRING AND S
AND GENTS' FURNISI
WHIGH WE WILL SELL
O UR STOCK OF THIN GOODS,
LLPi1J?, SlIC1LI1q, DIIP ll'E'I
ALL THE DIFFERENT CUTS---L
NECLICE SHIRTS II
IN ALL QUALITIES FROM 1UE PLAIN
FINEST AND MOST BEAU
Our Straw Hat Tra[B has
WE STILL HAVE A NICE VARII
T O THE LADIES WE WANT TO
ARE THE HANDSOMEST I
IN THE COU
WE HAVE THEM IN PLAIN TOES ANI
IN OPERA AND COMMON
Nig We will close out our entire st
Clothing at prime cost from now on.(
before they are all gone.
SSMITH & ~
T HIS SALE WILl
SNow is Your 0
THE BAR GAII
Oor second Spring purchase of NEW G
uLOTHING, SHOES, LA:
TIES, AND DRN
is now open and ready for inspection. 0
much better than we expected that we b
largely in all our departmuients to supply tI
and owing to the scarcity of imoney.we no
OF G;OODS at prices to suit thte hard tim<
Make the Prices Right.
Sell Good Go<
We wish to call special attention to our
CLOTHING which we will sell at cost.
JL'ST R ECE\'ED), .case of those STA
still sell at 5c.
If you need SI">es, you. know we are het~
MINTER & JA
ader of Lonw Prines. -
ad F8rtllici Ceiawi. 4N
ANNIAL MEEING OF
e Stockholdersof the Newberry
teed Oil Mill :+ind Fertilizer
iy will be held ini (ouncil
rs, Newberry,S. C'., on \Vedens
IV 1sf, 1891, at 3~ 1. M. A full
L. W. FLOYD, Secreta ry.
OF 'SOUTH (AllOLINa,
cTY OF NECEIURW -IN
ull and Sidney B. Aull, Sur
5 &c., vs James H. Aull et al.
CREDITORS OF THE
trtnership of Aull Brothers are
required to render and establish
espective demands before the
at his oficee, on or before the
yof July, 1891.1
LAS JOH NSTONE, Master.
r's Office, 10 June, 1891.
ce of Final Settel
nt and Discharge.
THE 7TH JULY NEXT I
11 make a final settlement, be
Probate Court for Newberry
on the estate of Saraht Thomas,
d,-and immediately thereafter
r a final discharge as ad+ninis
of said estate.
ECIOUS ELLEN THOMAS,
kdm'x of Sarah Thomas, dec'd.
IING GOODS .
CHEAP FOR .ASH
1E AND :EER1KER
ONG, SHORT, MEDIUM.
ST AND CHEAPEST TO THE
Ben- Immen s, Iut
TY TOSELECT FROM.
STATE THAT OUR LINE
R OS. H
OW cuT SHOES
)PATENT LEATHER TIPS
ck of Boy's and Children's
hl1l early and get your chioie
RY, S, C.
L LAST FOR
DODS, consisting of
>r Spring trade has been so -
ave been compelled to order
?e demnand. These goods were
w offer our ENTIRE STOCK
b.e People Will Buy.
line of CHILDREN'S NICE
NI)ARDI PRINTS, w hich we
dquarte-rs for them.
NEW BERRY, S. C