Newspaper Page Text
ELBERT HI AULL, EDITorr
ELBERT H. AULL, Proprietors.
WM. P. HOUSEAL
NEWBERRY. S. C.
THURSDAY, JUNE 11, 191. I
-- -- w
Newberry now has a savings bank W
ready for business. Interest paid on
deposits, and deposits received as low iQ
as one dollar. Something we ought to 9
have had long ago. They are good in- h
stitutions. Every man who desires to si
put by a small amount each week and . t
yet have it in reach when the demand a
may come, can now do so and receive
interest on it. This ought to be the s
poor man's institution, and it ought to
foster and encourage economy and the
putting up of something. President
McIntosh and Cashier Wr -ght are both
good business men and the bank will
Do not forget the meeting called for
--to-morrow by the Survivors' Associa
tions of Newberry County.
Mr. R. L. McCaughrin has de
nlined to accept the offer of the presi
dency of the Piedmont Mills. It would
have necessitated his removal to Green
vine and his interests and associations
- in Newberry would hardly admit of
that. His removal would have been a
loss to Newberry, and it is gratifying
news that he has determined to remain
with us and has declined the tempting
offer, There is no better financier in
the State than Mr. McCaughrin, and
withal a pleasant gentleman to deal
The Herald and News has been giv
ing for some years a column to the use
of the teachers in the county, and at
present it is conducted by School Con
_pisient Kibler. Why not let the
board of examiners or re
on the county treasurel ,r the money.
Of course the idea is absurd, but there
isabout as much reason in it as in the
crculars issued by the editor and pro
prietor of the Palmetto School Journal
ordering the school trustees to sub
scribe for that paper and make order
on the county treasurer for the pay.
If the State and the Register would
take up less of their editorial space in
discussing the "leased wire'? and the
Associated Press and the United Press
service, the people up this way who
take the papers would be better pleased
with both. The subscription lists of
the two papers is the best way to judge
of their respective merits as newspa
-pers. The Herald and News, in all
sincerity begs, to suggest to its cotemi
poraries that the great majority of the
readers care nothing about these dis
eussions. - They- are going to take the
-; paper that suits them and that they
want. Give us the news; that is what
It seems a little queer 'to The Herald
and News-th~e utter ignorance of the
existence of that circular about the
Palmetto School Journal, displayed by
Superintendent of Education Mayfield.
Hesy eknew nothing of the matter
until.he saw the circulars as published
in the State. That hardly seems pos
sible, but this is a strange year. Mr.
Thackston is chief clerk for Mr. May
field. WVhat action did the State Board
of Education take in the matter? Mr.
* Thackston's reply is awaited with in
terest. Let us have all the .light on
this subject possible, and not sit in
judgment until all the evidence is in.
The Herald and News presents its
congratulations to Capt. V. E. McBee
on his promotion. It is. an honor
worthily bestowed. Capt. McBee has
risen by virtue of hard effort and in
-trinsic worth to his present position.
His headquarters will be in Savannah.
JAMES N. LIPsCOMB DEAD.
He Ends His Life in a North Carolina
IThe State, 16th.]
Col. T. J. Lipscomb, the ex-superin
tendent of the penitentiary, yesterday
received a dispatch from Mr. E. C.
Simpkins, of Bryson City, N. C., stat
ing that his brother, ex-Secretary of
State, James N. Lipscomb, was lying
at the point of death there, being not
expected to live but a few hours.
Col. Lipscomib will leave on the ear-:
ly train this morning to attend his.
brother's bedside if he be not too late.
All- South Carolinians vill regret to
learn of the illness of the ex-Secretar'y
[The State, 17th.]
The information of the critical illness
of Col. James N. L ipscomb, the former
Secretary of State and master of thei
State Grange of South Carolina, at Bry-i
son City, 3. C., was mentioned yester
day. His brother, Col. Thonmas J. Lips
comb, was to have gone to his bedside:
on the early train yesterday, but a dis- r
patch arrived in the meantime an
nouncing Col. Lipscomb's demise at 4
o'clock yesterday morning.
Upon receipt of this his young son,t
Milledge Lipscomb, who is residing in (
Columbia, left for North Carolina. Thet
remains will. no doubt, be brought I
back to this State, b,ut the arrange-r
ments have not been announced.
Col. Lipscomib was a native of New
berry, and graduated from the South (
Carolina College. His first appearancea
into public life was in the South Caro-t
lina Legislature several years before the
war. In the war he became a colonel I
of cavalry and proved himself to be a
gallant soL-lier and true Southern gen- d
After the war he was active in his t
efforts against the Radicals, and took i
deep interest in tax unions. Is
in '76 he was recognized as one of the
most ardent leaders.a
He was untiring in his efforts to do n
his State service during that noted t
'rhe next'year he was sent from New-1 ni
herry as a representative ini the Senate, ce
where he at onee rose to promninence. st
He was elected Secretary of State in rn
1882, under Governor Th~ompson, and ai
was re-elected in 'S4 and served two 3
years under Governor Richards~on. a
During Cleveland's administration at
he held a responsible p)osition i tize je:
Department of the interior at Wash- e
ington. Later, he was chosen master t
of the State Grange, and, by virtue of jn
his office, w as a member of' thbe State t
board of agriculture. In both of these ti<
stations he served his people weli, as in in
all other positions. He also took a mi
deep interest in the State Agricultural so
and Mechanical Society. I2
Col Lipscomb was a~pleasant, genial,; w,
large-hearted man, and possessed de-:p
cidedabihty. He had friends all over g
the State, who will be grieved to hear.u
of is deth
%V1-L1:1V COLLEGE COM1iiN1 i h
- . 'tel
e Speechen and the Ser:ous-The 1'rizes
and the Snccessfol Contestants-The 1
Young Men and their Speeches Oi
-A Flow of Learning.
What a relief from the everlasting ti
und and treadmill of politics, isa col- w
e commenc,elent! And that, too, s(
hen it is our own college. What ti
uld Newberry do without Newberry ti
There is much cameness in report- e
g college commencements, but it %
yes us pleasure to see the bouyancy a
young manhood and young woman- r
ood on these commencement occa- s
ons, and the labor of the writing f 1
iem has its solace and joy in the .
nd the enthusiasm and the hope in I
oung men and maidens as they step
Pon the threshold of real life. It is a
tep that is fraught with momentous
isues to them, but we would not mar
heir pleasure by its contemplation.
Z,ather would we enter with them into
he joys and festivities of the present,
mnd with them build hopes and plans
or the future.
The past session of Newberry College
aas been in an eminent degree, a suc
sessful one. The young men have
made a good record and the college
elasses have been full and the outlook
for the future is bright and encourag
The commencement exercises have
all been up to the standard, and the
friends of the college should be inspired
with new zeal to begin their work
anew, for the further adv ucement of
the institution. It has now passed the
period of experiment, and is no less a
necessity than an assured success.
This is a college issue of The Herald
and News. We make no apologies for
it. Newberry College is a home insti
tution. The Herald and News is a
home paper. All our home people this
week have been intereste in our
home college, then let us put on re
cord its commencement exercises, that
our friends abroad may know what we
are doing for the education of our sons.
On the first page may be .on
sketch of the college, together with a
cut ot the buildings and also a portrait
of the honored president, the Rev. Dr
?ibhe sermon to the grad
auiba class by the Rev. Dr. hS. W.
Owen, of.lagerstown, Md.
The exercises were held in the Opera
House, and the large ball was filled to
overflowing by the citizens of the com
munity and their visiting friends. All
the churches were closed,and the mem
bers and ministers of all denominations
participated in these exercises. The
weather was hot, but the rain had set
tled the dust and it was not disagree
Elegant music was furnished for the
occasion by a special choir under the
direction of Mrs. Peter Robertson. The
opening anthem, "They that trust in
the Lord," was beautifully rendered.
On the rostrum were seated the Rev.
Dr. Owen, orator of the day, Rev. Dr.
Cozby, of the Presbyterian church,
Rev. Geo. A. Wright, of the Baptist
church, Rev. WV. W. Daniel, of the
Methodist church, Rev. H. P. Counts,
of Georgia, Revs. J. H. Wyse, Z. W.,
Bedenbaugh, WV. A. Julian, M. J. Ep
ting and T. 0. Keister, of the county,
President Holland and Revs. Dr. Fox
and A. J. Bowers. of the college and
Rev. W. C. Sebaeffer, of the Lutheran
The devotional exercises were con
ducted by Rev. XW. C. Schaeffer, with
prayer by Rev. T. 0. Keister.
The preacher selected as his text,
Luke 19: 26. "For I say unto you that
unto every one which hath shall- be
given, and from him that bath, not,
eden that he bath shall be taken t'way
Dr. sOwen presents a striking and
rather fine appearance. His manner
is easy and graceful, and for forty-five
minutes he neld the undivided atten
tion of his large audience. His word
painting was beautiful and his manner
impressive, and at times he was touch
No synopsis of the sermon can do the
preacher justice, but the main points
may be given to outline the trend of
the discourse. He said in substance
that every reader of the New Testa
ment was familiar with the parable of
the text. .The faithful servants in
creased in proportion to what they had
received, while the unfaithful one
gained nothing and consequently lost
that which he had. This is constantly
occurring. Every one who faithfully
and diligently cultivntes his powers
inds them becoming e ven more active,
and finds himself growing richer in ca
pacity to know, to do and to enjoy.
While he who does not, finds himself
ever less able to do anything useful,
Taking it for granted that it would
be desirable to better our future
greatness and usefulness, the under
stand the things wvhch make for
preacher annonneed his theme to be
"self culture." Stelf is the culminating
point where manifold paradoxies mee-.
Nothing is more esteemed and despised,
fastened and forgottmn, guarded and
neglected than our ow'n wondrous se(f.
No where are the i ajority of men
reatr strangers than t home. They
visit and view the orchards of their
neighbors, but (do not care to visit and
view, to plant and to prune their own.
There are worlds and fields within
ne's self that need to be conquered
md cultivated, but to do so one must
e brave a'd courageous.
The first aim that should influence
ne in the pursuit of . elevated and
~nlightned self culture, because pre
aratory and auxiliary to all others,
.s self dominion. The preacher here
resented a beautiful word picture of
low man was lord of creation and had
>rought all nature to his subjection,
tuid how the greatness of the past in
naterial things had grown and crunm
led to ruin. These things in ruin pre
ent a sad picture to contemplate. But
sadder sight still is the debasement of
lie nature that once bore the image of
.od. Now it is in view of this condi
ion of mian's nature that w~e should
ow that true manhood not to say
al dignity consists in the attainment
.nd exercise of self dominion. Unless.
ce reach and occupy the high summnit
'f a proper and perfect self-control we
re impotent and insig~nitcn,untu
red and undignitied.
"Unless above himself he can erect
imself how mean a thing is man."
Our second aim should be self
epedence. YIou conquer the territory<
f self not to place it under tthe inspec
ion and direction of a foreign prince, <
ut to exercise over it personal king.
hip. Your mind is your kingdom.i
ou are an autocrat. Now that books
id periodicals on all subjects of hu
an thought are multiplied with elec
-ic swiftness and extraordinary cheap
e, self dependence is a rare and re-i
arkable virtue. Men are lost in men,
irried away as the barge of a ilowving t
ream. Our intellectual, political and t
-ligious notions arc bequeathed by, c
id built upon, a few master mindsv
ost men are willing captives of I
stronger noture. Great minds o
e for our inspiration, not for our n
titctioH. Their tuoughts and dis- v
>eries are not as costly furniture ft
bedeck and beautify, but as useful j p
atriment to strengthen and to ma- c.
ire the mind, must, by hard applica- p
:ni and much exertion be transmnitted s
to widioml cre it supplies mnital and iih
oral force, must not lose your per-| t<
nality in another. In climnbing ahill
may be greatly aided by a giant, but If
e unto me if for this service .1 am to isl
:y the price of mastigation by his:"
inders. Struggle to be men, and get ti
>on the terra firma of a mighty and a hi
\ third aim) should he self-consecra- 1
ai to a governing purpose in life. 1a
ben a man sends a vessel out to sea
places a master in conmand'l, a pilot
the helmn, who will know how
rough opposing curreuts and con
iding winds to make the destimed S
rt. Shall a young man, thus fur- 1i
shed with all the high endowments a
a rational and moral nature commit t
tmself and the precious interests a
his existence to mere con- i
ngies, to drift at the mercy of both ti
itd and billow? Shall he place him- n
it at the mercy of time and chance c
xat happen unto all, with no end dis
uctively set before him, no thoughtful
joice of means, no adopted plan of
yort? Every young man should start t
-ith a proper theory of life. Heshould
bake himself loose from the blandish
.ents of ease and pleasure and climb
me lofty mount of vision, some
isgah from whose summit the whole
and that remains t) be possessed shall
e clearly visible to his earnest, honest
;ae. Scorning to be hoodwinked and
heated by mere illusions he will pene
rate into the heart and reality of his
lestiny doing impartial justice to the
laims of the distant and the future, no
ess than to the near and the present.
Having settled the purpose of life, he
will come down from the mount and
step grandly forth to the accomplish
ment of that purpose, making whatever
saerfices are necessary in --der that
success may cr.wn his eflort.
The man who goes to the pulpit or
the bar or the senate and fancies that
without hard study and solid acquisi
tions that he shall be able to act effec
tively and permanently on the minds
of men is doomed to failure. He may
figure for a little while with flashing
words and airs and be able to captivate
the superficial, but his eniptiness ere
long reveals itself, and "going ap like a
rocket he comes down like a stick" a
The preacher gave numerous exam
pies and illustrations to make plain his
argument, which were apt and tellin
in their effect.
It is said that upon the plain o
Warerloo) there stands a great bronzi
lion, forged from the captured guns
the French in 1815. The beast's mout
is open and seems to snare through hi
teeth over the battlefield. When las
seen by a certain traveler on one sprin
noon-day, a bird had built its nest rigl
in the lion's mouth t the twig
of the dew ...ere fledg a,a nes
ote de ie very teeth of the brutal
tledr and from the very jaws of the
LiAfze beast, the chirps of the swallow
seemed to twitter forth timidly the
tocsin of peace. It was the audacity of
hope. So when you hear the cry,
"There are lions in the way," move on
ward with hope and courage and you
will often find that instead of the roar
ing monarch of the forest, some who
have gone in advance of you have taken
the weapons on the field of strife and
forged them into a monument designed
to inspire courage and not to produce
By way of application the preacher
said that self-culture was a duty the
coilegel graduate owed his alma mater,
a duty imperatively due to God. Ad
dressing the graduates he said, be faith
ful to yourself, be faithful to your God
and be faithful until death.
At the morning service President
Hoiland announed that Dr. Holland, of
Charleston bad been expected to de
liver the address to the students at
night but he had been unavoidably de
tained at home and that Rev. Dr. Owen
bad kindly consented to fill the place
and would preach at night again.
ADDRESS OF THE STUDENTS. *
At the night service the large opera
house was again filled. Dr. Owen an
nouced his text to be from Lamenta
tions 3: 27, "It is good for a man that
he bear the yoke in his youth."
This theme was chosen as having
special reference . to the young, but
was applicable as well to the older and
more advanced in life. Youth is the
promise period of human character;
the time when impulse and restraint;
when check and spur, when indolence
and effort are most largely influential
for good or evil over our future condi
tion and destiny.
There is no more interesting object of
contemplation than a young man whben
he is about entering active responsible
life. The world is generally favorably
disposed toward young men.
The preacher spoke of the importance
of the young building up for them
selves the proper characters in their re
spective communities. He said there
was a principle underlying the disci
pline of the mrilitary life and school
that was broader and deeper than the
mechanical part of the drill and the
march, and that was the idea and
principle of duty. Every young man
should take that for his watchword.
The subject was treated under three
divisions. We should bear the yoke
of industry, of temperance and sobriety
and the yoke of Christ.
The different ideas,.were enlarged
and illustrated by word painting in a
very interesting and instructive man
ner. Both the morning and night
sermons were very favorably received.
JUNIOR 3MEDAL CONTEST.
In no exercise of the commencement
is there more interest manifested than
in tat of the annual contest for the
beautiful gold medal offered to that
member of the junior class who shall
produce the best oration, regard being
had to composition and delivery. This
contest was had on Monday night and
seven young men entered for the prize.
The large hall was of course filled to its
utmost capacity. The young gentle
men all did well. In fact it was one of
the best average exbibitions ever held
in New berry.
The medal is the gift of a torney
General Pope and Solicitor Schumpert.
The following gentlemen were ap
pointed to decide who was the success
ful contestant: Rev. S. W. Owen, Rev.
J. W. Daniel, Hon. Geo. S. Mower, J.
F. .J. Cald well, Esq., and Hon. Geo.
Johnstone. Mr Caldwell was absent
ud did not serve.
The following are the names of the
ontestants and their sujjects. Prayer
was ofered by Rev. E. A. Wingard,
d( the speakers were presented by
S. J. Derrick,4 Lexington,-Young
Men: Their Intiuence and Responsi
. L. Gunter, Aiken,-Power of En
S. A. Merchant, Newberry,-Supply
1. P. Neel, Newberry,-"It Might
E. B. Setzler, Pomaria,-"Dixie.''
J. . Wells, New berry,-Humzan In
J. W. Wessinger, Lexington,-Glory
>f the Stars and Stripes.
There was but one medal and of course
>nly one could receive this prize. At
he cse of the speaking the committee
etired and reached a decision.
Mr. 3. 0. Wells was awarded the
prize, honorable mention being made
f Mr. E. B. Setzler. The presentation
as made by D)r. Owen. In present
og it he said that he did not want to
pear for a p)rize, and little did he
biink when he came bere that he would
e called upon to perform so onerous
d (iicult a duty. Would that there
rere a prize for all, for all deserve one.
Vith four or six contestants and only
ne prize, there must be disappoint
xent, for only one could receive it, but
-en he looked out upon the smiling
Lees of the ladies he felt there was a
rize for all, and when the young mien
>me to claim this prize, if the good
istors of the town happened to be ab
t and lhe should be here he would
8Ip them, with a great deal of pleasure,
claim their prize. But there are prizes
ich we niay all attain if we run and
it not, and if we are faithful we
xall all obtain the prize. The medal
as then presented to Mr. Wells, with
ie hope that he might wear it with
ofusin i of floral tributes fromi their
TIlE ALUMN'- olIoN I
Wras delivered on Tuesday torning it
-er. J1. Walter Daniel, of 'hester,
I e was fittingly introduced by z
r. W. G. Ilouseal, president of the p
sociation. Mr. Daniel spoke on the t
Ibject "A Ramble among Surnames,"
rat for nearly an hour interested and o
istrueted his hearers. lie spoke of t
1 origin or surnamnes and gave defi- i
itions of various names and how they n
ame to be in use. His address showed
vast amount of study and research t
.nd a perfect familiarity with his sub- r
ec. Any synonsis of the speech would
e utterly impossible. The Herr!d and
\ews will, very probably, in a short
ime, publish the address. Mr. Daniel
ias been a very close student since his
raduation, and now stands among the
ront ranks of the miuisters of the
Methodist Conference in South Caro
lina as a preacher and a scholar. He
is the author of several books and will
very probably issue a v lume in the line
of the address on Tuesday.
ANNUAL. .EETING ASSOCIATION.
Immediately after the address the
annual meeting of the association was
held. It was one of the largest and best
attended meetings the association has
ever held. The following oflicers were
elected for the ensuimg year:
President, Dr. V. D. Sena, Newber
Vice President, Robt. L. Tarrant,
Secretary, Dr. J. M. Kibier, New
Treasurer, Z. F. Wright, Newberry.
Annual orator for 1St:, W. J. Cherry,
Esq., Rock Hill, S. C., with Rev. M.
J. Epting, Newberry, alternate.
The committee oi the Alumni House
submitted a report. Provision for
the payment for the building of thi
house was made except the S6H) paid
by synod. The house is a nice one and
cost $1,600. The commlitee was con
Co mittee to prepare suitable reso
lutions on the death of Rev. J. E. Berl:
F a member of the association La
died since last meeting w appointed:
C. W. Welch, Geo. - 'romner and J,
T It was decided thatceveral reunions
t be held during te urmer in the in
s terest of the 1ege. The whole matter
of.afging these reunions was left tc
the orficers of the association.
ADDRESS BEFOIl.E THE LITERARY So
On Tuesday night one of the largest
audiences of the week greeted Senator
M. C. Butler. who was to deliver the
address before the literary societies.
Upon the rostrum sat a number of
Senator Butler was introduced by J.
Y. Cuibreath, Esq., of the Newberry
Bar, who in presenting him spoke an
Ladies and Gentlemen: The pleas
ant duty has been assigned to me on
the part of the faculty and students of
the Newberry College to introduce tc
this audience one to address the litera
r? societies of Newberry College that
needs no introduction, or rather no in
troductory remarks on my part. -His
distinguished services just as he en
tered upon the stage of manhood in
our recent late unfortunate war, the
eminent ability displayed by him in
shaping Federal legislation since he
has -been a member of the United
States Senate, and above all the mas
terly manner in which he has vindi
cated the rights of his constituents on
the floor of the United States Senate
where they needed vindication (ap
plause') are facts that are known to the
people of South Carolina and belong to
the history of this government. (ap
Sprung from an illustrious line of an
cestors whose p)ublic eminent services
date back to the commencement of
the revolutionary war in 1776, it has
been the remark of the people of South
Carolina that each generation of his
family since that time has furnished
the htate a distinguished leader of the
people; and- my distinguished friend
will pardon me in saying that none of
his distinguished predecessors has ex
celled him in ability and true devotion
to the interests of his people (applause).
I now take great pleasure in intro
ducing to this audience the Hon. M.
C. Butler. (applause)
As Senator Butler stepped to the
front of the rostrum he was greeted
with applause. As introductory to his
address proper and as somewhat ex
planatory he said :
Young Gemilemen of the Literary
Societies: When you did me the honor
to invite me some months ago to de
liver the address to night to the two
societies of Newberry College I prom
ised myself that I would select a sub
ject different from the one upon whbich
I now propose to speak. I mean to be
perfectly frank with you and do not
propose to appear under false colors.
I am afraid that the subject I have
selected will not be interesting to tile
ladies, for upon occasions li ae these
the speaker is expected to select .some
subject of a purely literary character.
I must, however, ask the ladies of New
berry to bear with mec and 'euember
that the last six months of my time
up to the 4th March-i might say
r the last twvelve months-has been
so engrossed by questions relating to
my onlicial duties that 1 really have
not had the time to prepare myself on
the subject I had chosen.
I am also afraid that I am in the
position 'that Gov. Vance found him
self in one occasion in North Carolina.
He had prepared a speech for one of
his brilliant campaigns that he in
tended to deliver to every audience,
but some enterprising gentleman of the
newspaper fraternity got the "drop on
him," took his speech down in full and
it was puolished before he met his
appointment and he found himself
confronted by Is speech in the news
Now I delivered this same speech
last night at Greenville and although
it has not appeared in full I am some
what in the position of (;ov. Vance,
but I make this statement ill deference
to you gentlemen wvho have done mie
the honor to invite Ine to address you.
His speech wa forcibly spokenl from
man uscript and wvas nmainiily directed
in presenting the rights of the ruinor
ity in a popular governmlent like ours.
He said that some of the fallacies
lately p)romuLlgaLted by public meni
ought to be exposed. TIhe doctrine of
the governr nt of thc United States is
that the maiority ought to rule. He
spoke of the indlependence of convic
tions in the time past and ot the brill
iant andi commanding talents in those
days. In these days of push there is
too little time to devote to study of
public matters. The result is that mnen
of high attainments and intellectual
abilities seek high salaries, and popu
lar governmient is endangered. Men
absorbed in business are prone to be
led by audacious charlatans and yield
their better impulses and judgment to
the opinions of those wn~o have time to
spend in politics. There are many men
in public life who do not believe in the
popular government esta blished by our
"The next conflict," said the orator,
"will be between this class and the a(d
berents of popular sovereignlty. T1his
phrase k, little udderstood. We bear
o much of it many of us do not stop to
~onsider what it means. Jt means the
rule of the people."
"You may ask," hle said, "why I re
'er to such a common truism. I do it
ecause I believe it shlould be under
tood by all." T1hme speaker then pro
eded to speaiK of the way popular gov
~rnment is and should be managed,
vy absolute power would crush liber
.y and said that he wanted to combat
he idea that a mere numerical major
ty should control. He said he did not
leny the rule of the m3jority when it
sserts its power constitutionally and
rith justice. I
TEWS, TflUJib1)A 1
"I am' not directing my remarks r
ainst this plan of popular govern- v
ent, but against that of which the g
cent. legislation in this country is an a
stance. What 1 say is not governed
political feeling, but is said as a citi
,n for the preservation of the true
riuciples of government."
Senator Butler then spoke of the ae
ons of the majority in the last house
f congress in trampling the rights of
he minority and said that the brigands
nder those rules, could transact busi
ess at least under the pretence of right.
le .sked, "was there ever such a
ravesty under constitutional govern
nent.' He referred to it as one-man
ule, spoke of the system of counting
he opposition, making false records
Lod carrying out the pr, visions of the
: ew born doctrine of majority rule,
which is brute force and usurpation.
As some of the results of this rule rev
enue measures were passed which
robbed the people of $1,OSo,0c)0,000.
He referred to the cloture rule in the
senate and said it was wanted because
power and spoil were wanted. These
are matters of history, he said, and de
serve criticism. He said they were
violations of the letter of the constitu
tion and inimical to liberty.
The speaker said that he did not at
first like the word "filibuster," but he
found filibustering a good thing to de
feat great wrongs. In that it was the
proper weapon of defence. He had
seen it stand like a stone wall for
months against the direst conspiracies.
If it was-asked how could the majority
rule with these tactics as stumbling
blocks he would say by not delegating
the power to any one man but let the
majority keep its majority present.
In advancig these ideas, the speaker
said, he would incur the criticism o
corr'useatinig statesmen, but he askec
the attention of the yot .g men of the
land to them, and pointed out the dan
gers of majority rule in the style spokei
of. Great talents will be used to u
hold these ideas.
The great parliamentary body of E
gland had been appealed
the rules . - sustan
. e and house. Tb
.,axer thought it dangerous for a fre
country to rely on the rulings of a par
liament of a monarchial. government
Even in England's parliament ther
had never been such transgressions o
power as in the last congress. Clotur
in the house of commons was adopte
after a long, heated acrimonious debat
and after many misgivings. He de
nounced the force bill as the direst bi)
The ru.les in congress were startlinj
enough tb put the people on notice. ]
the dangerous ideas of the majorit;
were continued, the usurpers woulc
seize upon as much powei as would h
allowed and the result would be beyonc
The speaker closed by quoting son
of his remarks in the senate in whic]
he said a well defined constitutiona
government was being replaced by ;
DR. IIOLLAND'S REPORT TO TIE SEMI%
During the session which closed o1
the 10th inst., four students were er
rolled-2 juniors, 1 irregular, and
senior. Mr. W. K. Sligh, the senior
has been reading the prescribed course
and practically received no instructioi
from the faculty. Mr. J. D. Shealy
the irregular student, recited with the
junior class, consisting of Messrs. S. I
Nease and 0. B. Shearouse. As far a
lay in the power of your instructors
instruction was given to these you ni
men in Sacred and Church History
Dogmatics, Exegesis of New Testa
ment in Greek, Biblical Theology
Homiletics and Pastoral theology, He
brew and German.
It will not be possible for your in
structors, in addition to their colleg<
duties, to do even as much work ir
your Seminary anotber session as t bej
have done the past session. The laborn
exacted of us in College and Seminarj
have been too continuous for us to d<
One of two thtigs- must be done:
1. Either you must take immediat4
steps to provide a Theological Professor
2. Or you must ask your present in
structors to confine themselves to the
junior year's course.
In the event of your being able tt
secure an acceptable Seminary Pro.
fessor, the session of 1891-2 would irl
all probability open with 3 seniors,
2 imiddlers and 2 juniors.
In case you do not provide said Pro
fessor, members of the middle and
the senior class must go to some othei
school of theology.
Two great difficulties are in the way
of your securing a Seminary Professor,
(a) Finding a man who will meet the
wants of the meagre salary the chiurch
is able to pay, and (b) the inability ol
the Board of Trustees to sustain the
College apart from the Seminary fund
The synod has placed the Seminar3
fund at the disposal of the College Trus.
ees. and any action that you take rela
tive to the election of a Professor mus1
be ratified by said Board.
The relation of the Synod of Souti
Carolina to the United Synod of the
South, in the matter of a Theologica
Seminary for the Church South, als<
presents a perplexing aspect to the
question before you..
Praying the t you may be Divinel3
guided in the important matters before
you, I am yours fraternally,
G. W. HOLLAND,
MrEETING OF TIrE BOARDS.
The two boards of trustees of the
theological seminary and of the col
lege held meetings on Monday. Ort
the first page may be found the report
of Dr. Holland to the college board.
In this connection we submit his re
port to the seminary board.
The seminary board elected Dr.
Hawkins, president and Rev. E. A.
Wingard secretary. It was decided to
elect a professor of theology and the
following committee was appointed to
secure the man and make the necessary
arrangements : Revs. E. A. Wingard,
T. 0. Keister and .J. A. Sligb. It is
understood that this professor when
selected shall also be a number of the
The board of the college elected the
same otticers Rev. J. A. Sligb, presi
dent, and Geo. B3. Cromner secretary.
The board decided to make the prin
cipal of the preparatory department
adjunct professor of mathematics and
to elect an assistant principal for this
department. Prof. W. K. .Sligh was
elected t o the first position and Mr. A.
W. Fogle of the present graduating
class to the latter.
The board also passed suitable resolu
tions in regard to the bequest of the
late Col. C. H. Suber and made pro
vision for the establishment of the C.
H. Suber scholarship.
They also decided against the ad
mission of girls to the college.
COMM3IENCEM1EN T D AY.
The sun shone out bright on Wed
nsday morning and the day wvas hot
a veritable commencement day-but
the people were out in full force and
by an early hour the buggies
and carriages, bearing interested
friends, began to roll in from the
surrounding country, and likewise
tnose from the town began to wend
their way to the Opera House to wit
ness the closing exercises of comnmence
ment. Long before the appointed hour
for the opening exercises the hall was
full-aisle, pit, dress circle and gallery.
A number of prominent gentlemen
occupied seats upon the rostrum.
The exercises wvere not simply the
peeches of the graduating class, but
aso included the awarding of prizes
and med:Jls and the announcement of
the honor roll. The exercises were
pened with prayer by Rev. Dr. Hall
'an, Augusta, and the speakers were
oresented by Dr. Holland.
The first speaker was Mr. V. Y.
Boozer, of Prosperity, who was saluta
:orian of the class, having been award
second honor. He spoke of the com
nencernent as being the beginning of
!al life, and of all the great nen of the tir
rorld, as having started just as the wo
raiuates of to-day. All grat results pe
-ere from small beginnings. As an ex- kit
iple of this was the beginiug of cei
ew herry College and the grand w~ork
L had done since and wassti.a perform- sot
ug. He congratulated the people of en
Sewberry in having in their midst tb
uch an institution as Newberry Col
ege. MNr. Boozer is a good speaker and in
lelivered his address with g-(od efleet.
The next speech was mate by Mr.
D. H. Duncan of Newberry. His sub
ject was "Literary fame." he recuunt- v
ed the great achievements of the great cc
authors of the past and compared a
them with those who had more iilita
ry fame. Literary fame will tand as an -.
imperishable monument to those who
attain it, and who would not prefer it -
to the fame of an Alexander? 'Mr. -
Duncan's speech was well spoken and
The third speaker was Mr. C. A. Fel
lers, of,Newberry, who spoke of "Hope;
not fruition." He recounted the ex
amples of many who had begun life full
of hope and promise but afterwards
went down in disgrace and ruin, as -
Alexander for example who became a
victim of drunkenness and ColeredgeV
who became addicted to the opium
habit. The hopes of the Confederacy
had been blighted. Yet in these things'
the optimist sees that to encourage.
Milton wrote in darkness and Paul'
preached in prison. Life is a continu
ous scene of contrasted sorrow and joy,
adversity and glory. Mr. Fealers spoke
with good effect and in an easy and
Mr. H. E. Rast, of Orangeburg, spoke
of "The will, a factor in character. In
his definition of character he spoke of
its guiding influence upon the life and
and its great power. Charactei depends
on three things, heredity, surroundings
and the will, and the speaker indicated
I how these things help to build and
-make character. The most important
and potent factor in s
K < s cne will. Witt. a will to
I work a man can overcome a-most any
a and all disadvantages. A good char
e acter is the first thing for youth to
- learn and the last for age to for
. get. Mr. Rast also deliverei a good
a speech, well prepared
f The next speaker was Mr. W. A.
3 Shealy, of Newbery County, w ho spoke
I of "Reality in fiction." Have we ever
e asked ourselves what effect a rovel had
- upon us. It is the reality n fiction
I that gives the novelist uucz a hold
upon us when we read the printed
pages. The novel must show true life
f and represent it if it takes tois hold;
m ri,ust portray noble manhood and ele
gant womanhood and the inn(.cenoe of
childhood. The story that lives must
I represent life as it is. We ha ce a real
world around us and cannot bc pleased
with anything that does not r,,present
this real life. That story that is painted
I unreal life cannot have a gocd infiu
Mr. Shealy's speech interested his
- hearers and was delivered in an easy
and graceful manner.
1Mr. D. M. Varn, of Colleton County,
next told us of the "College Ur.iluate."
He took a retrospective view of college
life and said no reflections brought so
many pleasant memories. And in this
backward glance we could observe no
more inspiring thought and gratifying
reflection than the aid received in our
work from the able corps of professors
under whose tuition we have had the
good fortune to be. They would be an
honor to any college, and it should be
the aim of the graduates to bear thenf
selves worthy of their preceptors.
Mr. Van made a telling and efyective
AWARDING OF DIPLO3MAS AN D 3ME DA LS.
At this juncture in the oxercises camne
the awarding of prizes and medals and
the reading of the honor roll.
President Holland announced the
degrees con ferred upon thbe grad uates
which may be seen from his report
submitted to the trustees, and pub
lished on the first page. He also read
the honor roll, those in the first honor
roll having made an average of above
92 out of a possible ]100, and those in
the second honor list ranging from 86
to 92. Trhe following -are the names in
the two lists:
1st Honor Roll; S. J. Derrick, R. L
Gunter, E. B. Setzler, Rt. L. Jones. WV
E. Black, James A. Bowers, G. D)
Varn, S. J. WVheaton, C. E Wheeler, J
D. Wheeler, G. S. Andrews, D). D1
2nd Honor Roll; J. ID. Kinard, J. S.
Wheeler, R. M. Montz, J. H-. Harm,
E. A. Carlisle, G. S. Bearden, J. 0.
Wells, J. W. Wessinger, S. A. M< in
chant, J. H. Frick, H. A. McCullot.gh,
J. L. Caughmian, J. W. Black, J. Gi.
Setzler, E. L. Luther.
The medal for the best essay prepared
by the seniors was presented in a happy
speech by Rev. Dr. Owen. This essay
is required as a requisite to graduation.
The medal is the gift of Mr. Eduurd
Scholtz, of New York. The subject for
the essay this year was, "Why not, and
Why?" The medal was won by Mr.
D. M. Vain, of Colleton County, hcn
orable mention being made of Mr. W.
A. Shealy, of New bernry County.
The medal given by the Professor of
mathenmatics to that membler of the
Junior Class who shall stand the best
examination in mathematics was pre
sented by Rev. Dr. R. C. Holland, t.o
M r. E. B. Setzler, of New berry County.
The medal to the best Sophomore
Greek was presented by Senator Bu t
ler. The Greek contest was an exceedl
ingly interesting one and the faculty
could not decide between Mr. E. A.
Carlisle, of New berry and Mr. J. H.
Harnis, of Savannah, so theyideterii:
ed that they would give both the young
The following paper submitted bJ
the Professor of Greek was read by:
Senator Butler. It shows a fine record
made by the two medalists and we
publish it and rmake it of record:
The sophomore examinat ion for the Greel.
medal was as follows: 1. To be f,i anslatedi intc
English. two sectionis selected at random
from fi tLy sections of Dem'>thenes' De Coro na;
2. To be analysed, derived and parsed, lilteen
verbs selected fromi the two seetions given;
3. To be translated in Greek, ten English ~n
tences chosen from Jones' Greek Comn o,i
The class has been unusually faith ful in the
study of Greek, andl at the close of this termi it
was found that the lowest average daily grade
was as much as 90J and the three highest 97.h7,
9.47 and ie.69- IBut the medal, which is oirered
by Col. Thos. w. ilolloway. of* Pomaria, araul
Geo. S. MIower, Esq., of'Newberry. s. C., is
awarded upon the merits of the ex
amation alone. and when the exa.ninia-.
tion, papers were handed in for criticism tnat
of 31r. Blarnie L. .Jones. of Laurens Count,
was found worthy or the highi grade 1 of lper
There were two othor papers, however, be
tween which neither the Professot ,f Greek noer
the President of the college was able to ma:ke
a ditrerence in grade, and both were so nearly
perfect that each one was mnarked 0'. per ce nt.
It was, therefore, decided that each of these
two papers deserved a medal. They were the
papers of Ed win A. Carlisle of New berry. ahid
J. 11enry Ilarmis of savannah. Ga,
President Holland announced that
the prizes given last year would be con-!
tinued next year, and that J. F. J.
Cadwell, Esq., would also give a
medal to that memlber of the next
senior class who shoultd stand the best
examination on a course of historical
reading to be announiced by the open
ing of the next session.
A prize of Webster's International
Dictionary given by Revs. S. T. Hall
man and J1. H-. Wilson to that member
~f the senior preparatory class who
should make the best examination for
admission to the Freshman class, was
won by Mr. Henry C. Holloway, of
A prize of Motley's Rise of the Dutch
Repubi,was given by Dr. 0. I. Mayer,
Jr., and Rev. J. H. Wilson to that
member of the .Freshmnan class who
should stand the best examination for
adission to the Sophomiore class.
This prize was awarded to Mr. D. ...
Wallace, of Newbernry, honorable men
tion being maoe of Mr. G. D. Vain, of
Colleton. The average rnade by Mr.
Walace was 97 out of a poessible ]"m,
and by Mr. Vane 96.33.
The valedictorian of the class, Mr.
A. W. Fogle, ot Orangeburg, delivered
the clsing ade.n Mr. 1ogle is t he L
t honor man of the class, and his
rds of adieu and appreciation to the
ple of Newherry for their unifori
idness were 1itly sp okei and %% :11 re
)r. Hollmnd gave the youna men
ne words of sou1ndi adv:ic"e, an ilok '
ocuragingly of the pat se-,o;on and
outlook fur the futire. l'ut
lh us another college year has passed On
no history. (h
L ().N. ION.
T'his, Wedlesday, night a rece,ptitn1
11 be held at the college, and the
sitors and friends of the college are
rdially invited to go ov:r a.:d sptnd 1
pleasant evening. i
Rereshlents will be served byt
dies of the Luthera-n church for the W
auelit of the church.
--- - - th
S NOW OPEN FOR BUSINESS. ~
Deposits in sums of one dollar and 2
ipwards received and interest paid on
ame at the rate of four (4) per cent per
innum if left e .ceeding ninety days.
Money 1 o/:ned on easy terms on Per
;onal, RIeal Estate. Stocks, Bonds, Col- f
aterals, etc. :C
Office at Wright's Bookstore for a d
few days. JAMES McINTO:H, t
I. H. WRIG HT,
<xEn ST um&A
AND GENTS' FUR!
WHICH WE WILL SE
QUR STOCK OF THIN 000
LILPCL,SItILH\, DRIP I
ALL THE DIFFERENT CUTS
IN ALL QUALITIES FROM THE PI
FINEST AND MOST BE
Our Straw Hat Trade WH
WE STILL HAVE A NiCE VA
T O THE LADIES WE WANT
ARE THE HANDSOMES
IN THE C
WE HAVE THEM IN PLAIN TOES
IN OPERA AND COMt
2^F We will close out our entire
Clothing at prime cost from now on
before they are all gone.
SNow is Your
Our second Spring purchase of NE\
cLOTHING, SHOES, I
TIES, AND D:
s now open anid ready f,r inspection.
much better than we expected t':t w~
largely in all our departments to supp
d owing to the i.rcity of money."
:)F OODS at prices to suit the hard1
Make the Prices Right.
Sell Good C
We wish to call speciail :tttention to.
TOTHIING which we will sell at cost.
JUST RECEIVED,) a ca-e of those 5
t:ll sel at 5c.
If you need S,hoes, you kno.w we are~
R espect f
eandrs of Lonw Prinea,
III" ANN["AI, Ml:EING OF
the Stockolder.of the Newberry
ton (eL 4)il Mill :ai , Fertilizer
upany will be held in, ,ouncil
miheis, Newberry,.. C., on Wedens
July 1st, 1S91, at : 1'. M. A full
I,. W. FLO YD, Secreta ry.
'ITE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,.
OCNTY OF N 1\BEItRY-IN
B. Aull and Sidney B. Aull, Sur
ivors &c., vs James H. Aull et al.
THE CREDITORS OF THE
- partnership of Aull Brothers are
reby required to render and establish
eir respective demands before the
aster, at his office, on or before the
tli day of July, Iti91.
SILAS JOHNSTON E, Master.
Master's Office, 10 June, 1891.
otice of Final Settel
ment and Discharge.
)N THE 7TI JULY NEXT I
will make a final settlement, be
>re the Probate Court for Newberry
ounty, on the estate of Sarah Thomas,
eceased,-and immediately thereafter
pply for a final discharge as adminis
ratrix of said estate.
PRECIOU S E LLEN THOMAS,
Adm'x of Sarah Thomas, dec'd.
une 1, 1891.
A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT
LL CHEAP FOR .ASH
)S, CONSISTING OF
'ETE ND SEESU(8KElR
ENSE ! :
--LONG, 8HORT, MEDIUM.
AINEST AND CHEAPEST TO THE
Ls Been Immens, Dut
RIETY TO SELECT FROM.
TO STATE THAT OUR LINE
T LOW CUT SHOES
AND PATENT LEATHER TIPS
EON SENSE TOES.
stock of Boy's and' Children' s
.Call early and get your choice
1RY, S, C
L LAST FOR
7 GOODS. consisting of
Our Spring trade has been so
e have been compelled to order
y the demand. These goods were
low offer our ENTIRE STOCK
the People Will Buy.
>ur line of CIIILDREN'S NICE
TANARD PRINTS, whichi we
h oadjuartrs for them. -
- tNEWBERRY, S.C.
~ ~ %,.~Z