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ES RSA, U
1865. ~NEWBERRY, S. C., THURSDAY, JULY 2, 18391. ____PRICE 81.50 A YEAR
THE DUTCH FORK.
BY DR. 0. B. MAVEK, SR.
* * c at thy command,
Again the crumbled halls shall rise;
Lo! as on Evan's bank we stand,
The past returns-the present flies.
In Mrs. Crow's boo:, entitled the
"Night Side of Nature," mention is
made of an annoyance in some parts of
Germany, called the Poltergeist. Un
der its action there were produced in
various homes crashing noises which
made the inmates believe that every
piece of crockery-ware in the house
was broken into fragments. Upon
search, however, everything was found
entire and in place. I war about
thirty years old when I read this ac
count in Mrs. Crow's book, and with a
thrill of astonishment I was at once re
minded of what I heard my :other
narrate when I was a mere child. She
said that, long time ago, in the days of
her girlhood, an alarm went through
the Dutch Fork on account of large
stone5 falling to the ground without in
jury to any one, or possibility of finding
them after they had been seen and
heard to fall. Also, that in many
houses all the? crockery-ware seemed to
be dashed to the floor from the cup
boards with sounds forcing the people
to believe that mnot a whole earthen
bowl was left. Chairs and benches
were likewise apparently overturned,
but upon examination everything was
found to be whole and in order. The
muiual corroberation of these two ac
counts had an irresistabie effect upon
my mind in planting there a shame
faced belief in the supernatural which I
would not for any consideration part
with; for thereisan indescribable fasci
nation in a mild superstition, the ab
sence of which in some of my dear
friends excites my commiseration.
One of these, of whom I can say,
Since my dear soul was mistress of her choice,
And couldiof men distinguish her ele.tion,
She has sealed thee for herself,
attempted to disembarrass 'me, as he
said, of my frailty; but I answered him
with the same quotation which others,
I think, have employed to silence their
friends under similar circumstances:
There are more things in heaven and earth,
Than are dreamed of in your philoscpby.
Now, it may be that I wa.s born with
a predisposition-to such romantic weak
ness by coming into'the world in my
grandmother's house,-a house in the
uppermost part of which - ghostly
footsteps were heard from time to time.
This part of the house was just under
the shingles, and was called the garret.
During college vacations, and at other
times. i had slept in the large apart
mient -mediately under the garret,
wit .&, much dread, until the adven
ture of Carolus Kahlkopf, in connec
tion with a more palpable manifesta
tion of these footsteps, was told to me.
While a youth of not more than
eighteen years of age he was emp!oyed
by my grandmother to superintend the
labor on her farm. .He slept upstairs
in the same apartment which I myself
occupied whenever I was at home.
The little door leading from below by a
dark, narrow, cramped stairway up
into the garret had a provoking habit,
remaining to my last experience with
L it-a startling habit, of slowly opening
'ery slightly and then shutting again
very quickly though without noise. I
always had a suspicion, that if I had
not closed my eyes, I would have be
held some haggard, sepulchral face
peeping out. Persons disposedI to
rationalism endeavored to explain the
footsteps by referring them to flying
squirrels entering by two small end
windows and jumping over the uncov
Fered sleepers as they made their way to
and fro across the garret. The fright
ful experience of Kahlkopf put an end
to all such flimsy explanations. One
hot moonshiny night in July, Carolus
Kahlkopf went upstairs, immediately
after supper, to seek much-needed re
- pose; for he had done a hard day's work
in killing grass. He merely threw off
.his shoes, and laid himself down to
sleep in the same clothes he had on at
S the supper-table,-that is to say, his
shirt, his pantaloons, and his suspend
ers. About midnight a yell of horror
awoke all the inmates in the house,
and Carolus Kahlkopf was heard to
rush down stairs, out of the front door,
and up the big road towards "Granny
Summer's," screaming as though pur
sued by demons. Candles were quick
ly lighted, and the chamber up stairs
examined. They found the pillow on
which the young man's head reposed
spotted with blood, as also the floor as
far as tothe head of the stairway by
which he descended to the hall below.
A few persons went in pursuit of Caro
Ius and found him sitting in a fence
corner very much exhausted. He was
led back to the house, where the light
of the candles revealed that his shirt
front was very much smeared with
blood. Now he was sharply questioned
as to the meaning of all this. What
' was the matter? He begged for a little
time to collect his thoughts. It was
proposed to give him a tablespoonful
of Jamaica rum. He was induced to
swallow it; and soon he confessed that
he felt stronger and better. Then he
was urged to tell all that had happened.
He asked them if they had been up
stairs with a light; and who was the
man whose neck was broke? Was he
one of the neighbors? They gave him
a rough shaking by the shoulders, and
ordered him to tell a straightforward
story; whereupon they gave him an
other spoonful of rum, and he madei
known the following strange occur
rences: Well, he had thrown himself
upon the bed with his ordinary clothesi
on, except his shoes which he had
kicked off after he had laid down. He
knew not how long he had been asleep.
Somebody aroused him by slapping
him in his face with the greatest
strength. He was soon satisfied that
the blow came from himself in an at
tempt to crush a musquito that had
settled upon the point of his nose. The
blow was so violent as to set his
nose bleeding proftasely, which ac
counted for the bloodshed. He was
endeavoring to address himself to sleep
again after stanching the blood, when,
in listening to the footsteps overhead,
they seemed louder than he had ever
before heard them; and he had reason
to believe that some one was being
forced along much against his will, un
til they reached the head of the garret
stairs, when the resisting person was
pitched down the narrow stairway
with such a rattling of chains and
cursing and swearing as never has been
heard this side of the bottomless pit.
The poor man, whoever he might be,
hit head-foremost against the door and
bursted it open,-rolling over and over
near to the foot of the bed on which he,
Carolus, was sleeping,-the chains all
the time clanking, and clanking.
Through all this he made his escape in
the way known to them all.
Upon examination, they found no
thing at all wrong; and the belief was
forced upon the people that what had
happened was only another prank of
that :nodern Puck, the Poltergeist.
Before dismissing the mysterious
garret, I shall make known a slight
corroboration, drawn from my own ex
perience, of the facts just communi
cated. Five or six years ago, I met my
friend into whose possession my boy
hcod's home had passed, and said to
him that I would go with him to sleep
one more night in the dear old house
of my birth. He told me, with a hearty
grasp of the hand, that nothing would
please him better. We arrived at the
old place about sunset. At the supper
table, while regaling myself with the
crisp waffles my friend's wife is always
so successful in making, we talked
about the days which, only in the
minds of the young, never come back;
for we were already past the age when
our recent days begin to fly away
swifter than a weaver's shuttle, and are
spent without hope, while the far-back
times, as though in rapid return, shine
in continuously increasing brightness
persuading us to repent and become
as little children. It was not long
after supper when I was lighted up
stairs to bed. As I looked up at the
low ceiling, and'around atbWedlly
walls, I began to fear lest I had brought
myself into a trying situation. I
quickly threw off my clothes, and fortu
nately for me my mind was at once oc
cupied by the lulling roar of Cohees,
and by the grating noise of the katy
dids among the limbs of the ancestral
oaks-sounds that had often quieted
me to sleep in my grandmother's lap,
downstairs in the retired back-piazza.
I could not ~sleep, however; for before I
extinguished my candle I detected a
slight opening and reshutting of the
tiny door that closed the narrow, steep
stairway leading up into the garret.
The light was, of course quickly extin
guished to avoid beholding the chalky
face which I dreaded to see peep forth.
The night was hot, and I had divested
myself of my raiment down to the ut
most dishabille. This fact enabled me
to divert myself, a little while, in im
agining, if my escape from the house
became necessary like Carolus Kahi
kopf, how ridiculous I would appear
running up the big-road towards
Granny Summer's, in such paucity of
apparel as I was then clad withal. At
length I fell into a fitful nap out of
which I started for no known cause.
Before I was wearied into another doze
my trepidation was increased by be'.r
"ig a creaking noise in the seat of a
split-bottomed chair that stood at the
foot of the bed-a creaking noise like
when some one has suddenly risen
from such a chair to a standing posture.
After several other attempts to get into
a sound sleep without success, I re
solved to count a thousand in an audi
ble voice,-having heard that one
would never reach the pronunciation of
number two hundred. I began, and
soon discoveredithat I was counting
footsteps above me, and I ceased; count
ing for the steps became very loud and
dragging. Then commenced the impre
cations described by' Carolus, and the
rattling of chains as also the falling of
a human body down the narrow stair
way, and the bursting open of the little
door. I coul'd not stand more. So I
leaped out of bed to make my escape,
in bare fig-leaves, up the road, when
upon opening my eyes I saw that it
was broad day and the sun shining in
the windows. My friend was standing
in the door with a pitcher of water in
his hand and a towel over his arm.
EIis opening the door, no doubt, caused
rme to hear Tn my dreami the bursting
open of the garret door, and the clank
ing of chains was very probably sug
gested by the rattling of the plates
down stairs where they were setting
the table for breaafast. The expects.
ion of crisp waffles and the aroma of
coff'ee, with a certainty of fried chicken
and plenty of good Dutch Fork bread,
bliterated all recollection of the night's
annoyances, so effectually indeed, that
I do not believe I ever mentioned them
to my friend and his worthy wife.
The allusion to Granny Summer
brings up for description and Oiscus
sion the most conspicuous superstition
that i'as known in the Dutch Fork
namely, the art of using. It was called
superstition by many, but I shall prc.
duce evidence that there are, in regard
to it, more things in heaven and earth
than are dreamed of in the philosophy
of the worldly-wise. There were not' a
few in the Dutch Fork who were po
tent in the practice of using; but none
whose fame extended so far and wide
around as Granny Summer's. This
using was (and is yet, occasionally) a
harmless, benevolent kind of necro
mancy employed for the cure of human
ills, and not unfrequently for the re
moval of disease in the lower animals
particularly the swinny in horses. I had,
in my earliest days, some experience of
Granny Summer's skill, but I have not
sufficient space in my sixteen pages of
manuscript paper to tell about it, now.
Her great strength lay in her power to
cure sore eyes. An elite lady from
Fairfield once said to her: "I have
come a long way to you, ma'am, for
help. Can you relieve opthalmia?"
"No," replied she, "I can only cure
Granny Summer was a character well
worthy of study. She was the sister of
William Chapman, the grandfather of
the present Dr. Jas. K. Chapman, of
Pomaria. She first married Fulmer
and was through this marriage the
mother of him who was commonly
known in the Dutch Fork as "Old
Abe," whose daughter is the excellent
mother of the Swigerts, of Peak. Her
last marriage was with George Summer,
one of the sons of the "Old Pioneer."
Her manners in general were rude.
Mild was she, though, even unto tears
in sympathy for suffering; yet fierce
unto imprecations in her words of re
sentment against injustice; and again
forgiving unto excess of charity to
wards all injuries against her, when
confessed and sorrowed for. Her
dwelling stood a quarter of a mile from
my grandmother's, up the-Maybinton
road. It was a sombre house decaying
from age, squatting almost flat upon
the ground with two shed rooms in
front, and a narrow open space between
to serve for a piazza. Such was likewise
the arrangement in the rear, looking
towards Broad River. In the narrow
front piazza she sat most of her time
upon a split-bottomed chair worn low,
her spectacles lifted above her brows on
her forehead, and looking down the
short., broad lane towards the main
road-as though expecting visitors.
Sitting together in the rear, short pi
azza of my grandmother's house, as
was usual with us after our early break -
fast, we frequently saw groups of ele
gantly dressed people approaching us
through the horse-lot, from the direc
tion of the river. Some of them wore
green goggles, and others had the sig
nificant half-moon, green silk shade
over one eye. We knew at once, from
feiuency of the occurrenie, what' was
the trouble, and weuld therefore have
known without the invariable question
asked by the strangers: "Can you di
rect us to the widow Summer's?" Our
answer always was: "Oh, yes. Come
through the house, and we will conduct
you out to the big-road up which you
must proceed a quarter of a mile until
you arrive at a broad, short lane, which
will lead you to where you can see
Granny Summer sitting in her piazza."
Thus, they went. These persons came
from Fairfield, crossing Broad River in
a canoe, at the Cohees Shoals.
The relief received by these visitors
from Granny Summer was undoubted,
near by and far away. The process of
using was very simple. When this
"good old neighbor" once used for my
sore eyes in my early years, she re
quired me to kneel down before her,
not in adoration, perhaps, but merely
to facilitate her looking down upon me
-she being quite sbort and thick. She
traced the tip of her fore-finger
around my eyes, muttering the while
some words in the German language
among which I recognized my own
name, "Pennetiek," as she pronounced
it. This was done three times, a' .L>rt
intervals, and then my nurse, the Ama
zon Nancy, (of whom more, hereafter)
was ordered to caary me home, and tell
my grandmother to apply to my eyes
cold, the rottenest horse apple that
could be found. The cure was com
The belief in the efficacy of this in
nocent conjuration to cure disease was
very general, as I have just remarked;
but there were some who denounced it
as foolishness. One of these was a
physicia.n, practicing his professIon in
the Dutch Fork. His wvonderful suc
cess won for him the confidence of the
entire people. He was very free in ut
tering 'maledictions against using, not
withstanding the fact of his hearing so
many persons variously affected con
fess that they had been entirely cured
by it. A time came on when there
were many cases of whitlow (bone-fel
on, in popular language,) prevailing
throughout the Dutch Fork; and the
incredulous doctor became himself a
victim. His suffering was frightful.
His sympathizers, one after the others
advised him to go to Dr. George Koon,
whose little house stood for a long time
a few hundred yards above the Poma
ria residence, at the twenty-eighth
mile-stone. This advice for several days
only enraged the sufferer, and drove
him to seek relief in hard riding and
harder swearing. - "Och, Dogte1," said
one of his old lad? friends, "shtop dat
cussin and schwearin', and go to Koon;
he cured me shust de odder day."
Upon this the Doctor resolved to visit
the old impostor, as he called him, and
put an end to all this advice about his
applying to him for relief. So he rode
to Koon's gate and, throwing his bri
dle reins over the twenty-eighth mile
stone, walked towards the door of the
house, supposing that he was doing so
to stop an annoyance coining from his
friends, when really he was actuated
by an humble, sincere desire for allevi
ation of his agony. He, whom he had
styled an "old impostor," met him
with a dignified kindness of demeanor,
ploae his visitor in a chair, and with
out asking any question stealthily got
hold of his finger. He then began to
squeeze it with imperceptibly increas
ing pressure, ail the while iuttering
to himself some words.iti German, un
til the patient from sheer cessation of
pain fell into a sweet slumber, in
which he remained for an hour or lon
ger. When at last he awoke, he found
the old man, with the paln of his
hand hardened into rawhide, and his P
sinews toughened into whip-cords by a
labor, squaezing his finger with his ut- b
most strength without causing the
"Does it hurt you, now?" inquired
the old wizard. t
"No, indeed," cried the relieved scof
fer, "I believe, I'm entirely relieved. I
God bless you, you old rascal*"
"Shtop, shtop, you musht not git up e
yit," said Dr. Koon. "You musht a
wait a leetle." Hereupon he com
menced to relax the compression, as
gradually as he had increased it. This t
required nearly an hour, when lie re- t
peated his question :
"Does it hurt you, now?"
"Not in the slightest de- ." He a
could not trust his voice; for he was
ashamed of his obstinacy in opposing
what he now believed to ne the truth;
and his heart, always filled with gener- b
osity, now was overflowing with grati- d
I give another case in point. One of s
the wealthiest men in the Dutch Fork, c
-a man, who had underhiscontrol fif- tc
teen plough-boys, and thirty hoe- it
hands, had a terrible bone-felon in the t:
middle finger of his right hand. He '
walked up and down the road before ti
his house crying out with loud lanen- y
tations, while his hand was enveloped f:
in a'poultice as large and as heavy as a o
six month's baby. "Go to Koon, you
fool, you!" reached him from every di- y
rection. But he swore he would not; a
and stood to it for several days. Fi
nr y he did go; and was speedily re
lieved. Dr. Koon, as he was called,
cultivated a farm of about ten acres.
In the year, he was'so busy with the
whitlows(bone-felons) he had planted it
all in cotton, and on account of the wet
weather the grass completely took his a
crop. His fields looked like one contin
uous green lawn. As the rich farmer
left the Doctor's gate, entirely relieved s
of his suffering, he saw the condition of
his benefactor's crop, and resolved to
send him some help the next day. si
Calculating that the farm contained at t
least fifty acres, he sent his fifteen -
ploughs and his thirty hoes, the next
day soon after breakfast, up to Dr.
Koon's, and in~ two hors aftei'
their arrival, there was not a blade of S
grass to be found on the right hand
side of the road, coming up, within two
hundred and fifty yards of the twenty- a
eighth mile-stone. That morning Dr.
Koon had left home before sun-rise to ti
visit a patient near Ruff's Mountain.
When he returned late in the evening, ti
he simply gave utterance to an abrupt
grunt, peculiar to him, and was never
heard to ask any question as to the
cause of the extraordinary changes that
had taken place in his two cotton
patches, during his absence.
I have more to write on this topic,
but must leave off here, and defer until
my next number, an account of a su
perstition altogether different from the I
one just discassed and illustrated. f
GOOD NEWS OF THE THREE CTs.
Work of Building Will Soon be Resumed
Philadelphia Capitalists Interested-- S
Too Promising to be Abandoned.
PHILADELPHIA, June 23.-Those in
this city who are interested in the ~
Charleston, Cincinnati and Chicago
railroad, have about completed ar
rangments for the reorganization of the
road, and floating a loan as to so far
complete the road that it wiill be en- e
abled to earn the interest upon its
It is prop)osed to take the road out of y
the Lands of the receiver and complete
a large portion of it. Those directly in
terested in the road's future some time ~
ago prepared a plan of reorganization ci
and submitted it to the creditors. En
gineers.were sent to Tennessee, Georgia
and other States through which the h
road is to run, and the reports they g:
brought back were so encouraging that IX
a general agreement to the plan of re
rganization was proposed. During
the week just passed nearly every cred
itor has affixed his signature. Now 01
nly a few small ones have not signed Cl
and these are expected to come in with
in the next day or so.
As soon as this is done, application
ill be made to hand the property A
ver the stock holders.
The engineer's examination result ed t
n ascertaining that if between $000, 1001
mnd $70),000 Iare expended on the road at i
once, it can be so far completed thats
nterest may ie earned upon all bonds
hat have been issued.
"Arrangements have been made,"
aid a gentleman heavily interested in ~
he road, "to borrow the money nec
ssary to do this work, and just as soonc
s the plani of reorganization goes
trough, it will be forthcoming.
"We propose to put a large force of ii
en at work, and before the end of Cs
the year we will have several hundred gi
iles of road in operati"n and paying ki
ood returns." sh
Multumn in Parvo. tb
Because a thing is smal; in size,
Think not 'twill pay to scorni
Some insects have a larger waist, d
But lift less than the hor.. c
Some people may, perhaps, scorn, on th
acount of their diminutiveness, D)r. Tfl
ierce's Pleasant Pellets. But a trial or
f them convinces the most scornful er)
keptic, that they will cur" e.,nsti pa- w
ion, dyspepsia, sick and billions head- ot
che, quicker and surer than their large bi
aiterd conpet++rs t'he old-style pill.h
THAT SECRET CONCLAVE.
he Transactions of the R<:cent; Conference
ofTillmanites in Columbia Comes
[Columbia Record, June 25th.]
A big gun to fire editorial thunder
nd repotorial shot and counteractant
aragraphs at the daily newspapers
nd Tillmanic threnodies into the
reasts of the "people"-the dear, de
ghtful, delicious, delirious people-is
that is agitating the administration.
As the Record has already remarked,
be cry of the Dominant Element is,
Wanted-One Organ, Tuned and Re
Some time ago the;Record published
xclusively the fact that the why and
therefore of the secret administration
eeting in the dark in Comptroller
llerbe's office was a letter addressed to
.e "guests" by Gov. Tillman, stating
dat the administration wanted a
ewspaper, as the News and Courier
-as unreliable, the Register too weak,
nd the World had gone back on them.
THE WORLD'S BIG "SCOOP."
We hit the nail on the head.
To-day the Charleston World lays
are the secret meetiig in most of its
etails. That paper publishes this
iornining over three columns of a
?icily written account of the meeting,
>ntaining details heretofore unknown
the public. The World claims that
used a "kinetograph" in procuring
tis readable information. This, the
corld says, is Edison's latest inven
on-a marvelous little machine that
ou can put in a corner and which will
uithfully portray every action and rec
rd every word.
The World graphically describes
,hat the kinetograph saw anii heard
nd then says :
PERSONNEL OF TH1E MEETING.
The room' is nearly full. There must
esome thirty odd present, thin and
out, bearded and bald.
They range around the walls, and
iere are more than enough to go
"Say; some of you fellows sit in the
indows; there might -be reporters
How familiar that voice! Yet the in
nation was not all that could be de
red, or the kinetograph might be
mpted to call a name.
But the "fellows" got' into the win
)ws, and filled the ledges full
Inside were seen:
Ber.jamin R. Tillman, Governor of
James E. Tindall, Secretary of State.
Hugh L. Farley, Adjutant General.
John L. M. Irby, United States Sen
E. T. Stackhouse, Congressman from
ie Sixth District.
George W. Shell, Congressman from
ie Second District.
W. H. Ellerbe, Comptroller General.
James Norton, chief clerk of the
D. WV. Townsend, Assistant A ttor
James P. Bean, Governor's private
W. J. Talbert, Superintendent of the
Capt. T. W-~ Dagget, Representative
omi Horry County.
W. H. Timmerman, Senator-elect
om Edgefield County.
W. T. C. Bates, Treasurer of the
H. A. Meetze, Senator from Lexing
Stanyarne Wilson, member of the
John G. Williams, member of the
Dr. Sampson Pope, Clerk of Senate'
L. S. Bigham, Senator from Flor
C. WV. Kinard.
J. WV. Bowden, editor Anderson A d
R. C. Watts, one of the editors of the
aurensville Herald, and Irby's sue
ssor in the Legislature.
J. Elmore Martin, of Charleston.
There were Qthers present-possibly
ilf a dozen :nore- whom the kineto
aphi could't catch. But that don't
atter; enough has been given.
STOK ES G ETS TH E "MIULE DODG E."
But there was ')ne presenre conspicu
sly absent. Paradox, eb? True, nev
Who was it?
Dr. J. William Stokes, editor of the
tton Plant, president of the State
Iliance, defender of Alliance princi
es, and1 the sub-treasury plan in par
:ular. whichi plan is just now loom
g up as a rock upon which the "domn
ant element" may split into a thou
Why wasn't Dr. Stokes there?
Not invited! Wasn't wanted!
How does the kinetograph know he
asn't invited? Ask Dr. Stokes if he
s, and see how true an instrument
ni wor ; round a corner!
THlE GOVERNOR'S LETTER,
A "leader" in each county-which
ans a public officer of some kind
cep)t Dr. Stokes-received a stylo
aphic letter like this, which the
netograph caught over the left
oulder of a man who sat in range, as'
e read it over to see that the object of
e meeting wvas beiug stated correctly:
Cor,u>rma, S. C., May 18, '91.
DEA R S1R: At this time there is no
ily paper in South Carolina which
n be said to be in full sympathy with
e dlominant element in the State.
ie News and Courier is less bitter in
position and is coming round appar-j
tly; the Register is friendly buti
~ak-The World is opposed, and the
aers are avowedly antagonistic or
~ter partisans like the State. This
the administration ar..i its friends are
misrepresented or colored so as to mis
lead the people and educate them
against us. We need a daily paper to
counteract this state of things, and
after consultation with some of our
leaders, it has been deemed wise to
ha -e a conference of some of our best
me n to take the matter under consider
ati in to see what can be done and
what is best to be done.
This conference will meet in Colum
bia in the Agricultural ball, Wednes
day, June 3d, at S p. in., and you are
rec.uested to attend as representative
fromn your county, or to send some
good man in your place.
Please signify your acceptance and
consider this matter as strictly con
B. B. TILLMAN.
'TIE MEETING CALLED TO ORDER.
The meeting was called to orde' in
rather informal style. Representative
Daggett, of Horry, was requested to
take the chair, and did so with grace.
He then asked for a secretary.
"Oh, what's the use of a secretary?"
remarked a voice. "This is only a con
ferenee. But the chair insisted that
business was business; that the meet
ing had been called for business and
business methods must prevail. He
car.ied his point.
Stanyarne Wilson, Esq., was ap
poi:ited secretary and did the work
The Governor took a prominent seat,
which he sometimes occupied; also a
leading part in the proceedings.
The roll of counties was called, and,
as :he call proceeded Uov. Tillman
would state what replies to his circular
had been received, what each county
ought to do to "educate the people" up
to full sympathy with ' the dominant
Ten came discussions. The Gover
nor's letter furnished the text and the
pres cher's stuck to it.
THE GOVERNOR AND THE NEWS
The Dominant Element (with a big
D and a big E) spoke first. He laid
part eular stress on the idea of educat
ing ihe people; but insisted they must
be educated the right way. Of course
that way was his way; there were
stati:3tics to prove it. Now, there was
no daily paper that could be depended
on tc do this kind of - educating. The
FenceStraddler [the News and Courierl
was coming 'round. That had been
anticipated. But no dependence could
be pl:Lced in it. Besides it was losing
ground under spirited opposition.
The World was clearly opposed to
the Dominant Element. It had done
good service to the Reform movement,
but is ow was taking . the other side be
cause the News and Courier had be
come more friendly. But past blessings
do net suffice for present needs, so "the
World must go."
There was the Register; the spirit
was willing, but the flesh was weak. Is
was nLot far-reaching enough, but might
be , orked up. At present it had a
bona fide circulation of about 600; the
big pipers had that many thousands,.
or more, so the Register's efforts would
be lik e blowing beans against a gale.
All that might be improved, though,
and the Register's influence worked
DISCUSSING THE REGISTER.
There were thbree propositions offered
as to the manner in which control of
the Register could be obtained, as
First, by advancing a sufficient
amount of money to raise certain
mortgages on the plant. [The amount
was stated, but the kinetograph failed
to catch it.]
Second, the daily edition af the Reg
ister could be bought, without the ex
pense of taking the other branches of
Third, the whole business of the
R~egister was for sale, book and job
plants, and all the publication of the
It 'vas std ed that it had been ascer
tained that $3.5,000 to $40,000) could be
raised from the dominant element ;
that would be sufficient to carry out
either scheme in regard to the Reg
TALB3 RT 3MAK ES SOM1E ACCUSATIONS.
The n came a storm.
Col. Talbert, (the figure in the kiue
tograph is litIe indistinct, but it looked
like him), objected to any such busi
ness as this. It was a scheme against
the Catton Plant, the organ of the Al
liance principles, and consequently
against the Alliance itself.
Who was not Dr. Stokes here ? Why
should the Cotton Plant be ignored ?
Was i; not because Dr. Stokes and the
Cotton Plant advocated the sub-treas
ury plan, which some people wanted
to shake off Dr. Stokes, and the Cotton
Plant and the Alliance, all to'gether?
Why had friends of the past been ig
nored ? It was all very plain that per
sonal advancement was at the bottom
of this desire for a paper as an organ
for the dominant element, at the ex
pense of the Alliance.
It was a warm speech. No attempt
has b een made to reproduce the words
of thme speaker literally ; but the sub
stanmce is embodied above.
COI. WATTs FAVORS TH E ORG AN.
(ol. R. C. Watts made a talk, too.
But it was so heated. He was in favor
af an administration organ, a new
ane ; onie without a record to be pointed
it. He wanted to put on a new plant
from tme ground up, and have the attic
alt of :he Dominant E-lement savor.
His address was logical, and the
yonclus.ion deducted was that the peo
>1e de.manded to be educate~d in the
ipecial manner suggested.
DR. POPE GETS MfAD.
Dr Sermipson Pope took strong ground
n opposition to Col. Watts' proposi-I
ion.l a vored the purcase or,
POLK CAN'T BLUFF HALL.
Intereszing Alliance News.--The Missiasippi
President Given Two Alternatives
Iie Will Accept Neither-Given
a Month to Answer.
JACKSONV1LLE, FL A., June 24--A
L Jackson, Miss., special to the Time,
Union, says: During the visit here of
Polk, Livingston, McDowell and Wil
letts, alliance Iights, some interesting
developemuts came to the surface in
national alliance matters. The nation
al alliance legislative council met in
Washington last February and created
a legislative committee - consisting of
three members, of whom U. S. Hall.
president of the Mississippi alliance,
was one. The functions of this com
mittee were to formulate measures
growing out of the Ocala demands to
be presented to the fifty-second con
gress. Hall, from the inception of the
sub-treasury measure, has been one of
its strongest opponents. When he was
selected a member of the committee, it
was regarded as a victory for the anti
treasuryites, and was so proclaimed,
and as an indication of the ultimate
abandonment of the scheme. Hall,
after his election, commenced to work
with increased vigor against the scheme
and with his coadjutors had succeedel
in organizing a movement covering
the entire Southern States as is shown
from a call for a meeting of the anti
sub-treasury league at Dallas, Texas, -
July 10th, next. 'This meeting prom
ises to be largely attended, and an or
ganized i5pposition to the sub-treasury
measure, and McCuneism will be defi
On this circumstance hangs an inter
esting tale. Within -the last month
remonstraces have been sent to Hall
by members of the legislative council
and the members have also urged upon -
President Polk the necessity of taking
action agair.st Hall. Polk had consid
erable correspondence with Hall, ad
vising him to desist and very recently
submitted to him one of two alterna
tives, either to cease his opposition to
the sub-treasury bill or to tender his
resignation as a member of the legis
lative committee. In the event of his
non-compliance he was given plainly '
to understand that he would be sus
pended, and was given uutil July 25th
to make his answer. It is believed
that this is a decisive stroke of policy
to frustrate the object of the anti-sub
treasuryites at Dallas, and to influence
the less intrepid opponents of the
measure than Hall to steer clear of the
TDall,a me Th oo ..
Hall assert posithvely that he will de
cline to be coerced and give up his con
victions, but on the contrary he will
resign and fight the sub-treasury
scheme harder than ever. It is believed
by many that this will split the na
tional alliance, and an independent or
ganization will grow out of the Dallas
meeting as a result, with a more liber
al policy in many respects and espe
cially as regards membership.
WHY McELEOY WAS PAID.
Comptroller Ellerbe Answers The State's
Comptroller General Ellerbe was yes
terday asked what he had to say in
answer to the following questions
which appeared in the editorial col
umns of Tue State yesterday morn
"Did Professor and Supervisor Mc
Elroy state in the county's clerk's
office in Laurens that he had drawn
his pay as supervisor in advance, up to
October 31, 1891?
"Did he say that he had drawn it
out of the People's Bank of Laurens in
five dollar gold pieces, upon a warrant
or voucher from the proper authorities
"And, if so, bow came the proper
authorities in Columbia to authorize
the drawing of money belonging to the
State which had not been earned."
The comptroller said : "I don't ob
ject to answering any reasonable ques
tion of any tax prayer in relation to
my official acts. I did send Mr. Mc
Elroy my warrant as comptroller gen
eral on the State treasurer for his sal
ary as supervisor, and here is my an
The comptroller handed over a copy
of the acts of 1890, and pointed to sec
tion 9, page*684, which reads thus:
"For salaries of supervisors of registra
tion, $3,600, that is to say to
pay supervisors of registration for
each .county in the State except
Charleston county, the sum of $100,
for services to be rendered during
the fiscal year commencing November
1, 1780, and to the supervisor of regis
tration of.Charleston county the sum
of $200, for services to be ren lered dur
ing the same period, said amount to be
paid on the 1st day of June, 1891, out
of any money in the treasury not other
The com p' roller said he thought that
the above was a sufficient reply to the
question, and declined to say anything
It was stated, however, that before
he made the payments lie had con
suIted the attorney general and ob
tained his opinion that he would have
to pay the salaries at that time, accord
ing to the above law.
The Queen Pawned Her Jewels.
Queen Isabella of Spain, pawned her
jewels to raise money to tit out the ex
pedition that discovered the new world.
Her sacrifice was not greater than is
made by many women of America,
who denly~ the~mselves many things in
order to have money to buy Dr. Pierce's
Golden Medical Discovery for their
sick husbards or children. Th's "Dis
covery" is more important to them.
than the one made in 1492. For all
diseases of the Lungs, Liver, Throat, or
Stomach, the "Discovery" is a sov
ereign remedy. A trial conymnces, its
continued use cures. It purifies the .
blood, invigorates the liver and
strengthens and builds up the whole
sytm Guaranmteed to benefit or cnre
in every case, or money paid for it;re- .
practical subsidizing of the Register
He did not say "sabsidize," but it's al
Dr. Pope made a characteristic ad
dress, "strong" (very strong) and mon
or less to the point. But he was in f
measure "sat upon" and left Columbic
with his nose badly out of joint, anc
would not return until the next meet
ing of the Senate.
Dr. Pope was apparently very mad
but would not talk. He has, it is re
ported, lost his temper on one or tw<
occasions, so the people of State need
not be alarmed.
TO TILLMANIZE THE ENTIRE STATE.
Other discussions followed Dr Pope'.
speech. Some members advocated the
planting of an organ in every county
in the shape of a weekly paper, in ad
di.iou to the organ at headquarters in
It was argued that all the public
printing-advertisements and other
wise-could be given these papers.
Then, being made the official paper of
each county, the .public would be
obliged to subscribe in order to be in
formed as to taxes, land sales, foreclo
sures, and the like.
Another membe. vanted to know if
the assemblage had ever heard of Jose
phus Woodruff, and the Republican
printing company of immortal mem
ory. The Republican printing com
pany had an arrrngenent something
on that order, but more comprehen,ive
as to perquisites. That would never
Then the Cotton Plant came up
again. Why had not that paper been
better care of by those who professed
A BUSINESS COMMITTEE.
Finally it was decided to appoint a
committee of three to take the matter
under advisement to consider the ad
visability of establishing a paper or
papers, and the ways and means, and
report to a meeting to be called by the
The coimitte consists of B. R. Till
man, chairman ; Col. R. C. Watts and
Then the meeting adjourned.
OTHER MATTERS DISCUSSED.
After the adjournment the assem
blage became an impromptu advisory
committee to the Governor.
Coosaw and the railroads were dis
On the railroad assessment the Gov
ernor was urged to. "stand to his
guns." There had been too much
vacillating on. several -matters late,
and it had got to stop.
Exactly what that refers to is not
There was a L oticeable absence of sub
treasury talk-the-calm probably that
precedes the storm-for a storm is com
ing on that question unless Tillman
succeeds in killing the Cotton Plant
soon, which isn't likely.
The newspaper organ question was
dicussed some more in which the move
ment was again characterized as op
position to the Cotton Plant and the
Alliance, and then the conferees sep
WHAT TRIE GOVERNOR SAYS ABOUT IT.
[ The State, June 27th.J
The full expose of the Charleston
World of the recent secret meeting in
this city of the administration mag
nates giving the letter of the Governor
has been memtioned. Yesterday, the
Governor having returned to the city
was asked what he had to say about it.
"I have only one comment to make,"
said he: "It has only enough truth in
it to make it t be biggest lie of the
season." He ackuowledged writing
the letter published, but is at a comn
plete loss to understand how it got out.
He could see no way for it to have
reached the press fairly. As to the
World'a account, he said : "It is chock~
full of inacuracies and misstatements."
So saith the Governor.
No matter what may be the ills you
bear from indigestion, a dose of Ayer's
Cathartic Pills will ease you without
question. Just try them once and be
assured ; they have-much worse dys
peptics cured. You '1l find them nice
and amply worth the price.
The Ohio RepubUlcans.
William McKinley Jr., has been no
minated as the Republican candidate
for Governor of Ohio, the nomination
was unanimous and was by acclama
John B. Foraker made the nomi
The platfcrm consists of twelve
clauses. The first reaffirms the adhe
sion of the party to tbe principles of
The second demands proper laws for
the promotion and protection of agri
The third demands such protection
for the wool industry as will result in
the United States producing alF the
wool in use.
The fourth, while urging the use of
both silver and gold, commends the
amended coinage of the last Republican
The fifth demands a free. vote and a
fair count in all parts of the union.
The sixth demands restriction of
immigration so as tolkeep out undesira
The seventh is an omnibus clause, the
main feature of which is a demand for
economy in the administration of pub
The eight demands liberal pesin
to all deserving Union men.
The ninth approves and endorses the
.a nt ration of President Harrison,
especially his vigorous foreign policy.
The tenth corndsU1 the services of
Senator Sherman, and the eleventh the
appointment of Secretary Charles Fos
The twelfth and last is an arraign
ment of Governor Campbell's adiminis
tration and a denunciation of "Ripper''
If that lady at the lecture the other
night only knew how nicely Hall's
Renewer wonuld remove dandruff and
improve the hair she would buy a