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ESTAB-LISHED 11865. -N.-VERx,SC,THURSDAY, A-UGUS
SHACKLING JEFFERSON DAVIS.
The Officer Who Did It Describes How It
[From the Leavenworth Times.] t
The following letter was received by r
an ewployee of the Times from his
father, an(' is of such interest that we
give it to the public:
ROANOsE, S. D., July 4- P
My DEAR SoN: There has been much t
said and written about Jefferson Davis 9
in relation to putting fetters on him at
Fortress Monroe, Va. Some state
ments are in part true and others are
false, and some say he never was
On the morning of May 23, 1865, I
was detailed as officer of the day, and
after guard mount I reported to Gen. n
Nelson Miles for special orders in re
gard to the three State prisoners, Jef
ferson Davis, C. C. Clay, and John
Mitchell, who were confined in separate
gun-rooms or casemates, the embras
ures of which were closed with heavy b
iron bars looking out on the moat or
ditch, which is about sixty feet wide.
The first room or casemate had but g
one door and two large windows facing*
the inside of the fort. The gunroom d
had two doors leading in from the
casemate. Thesc were closed by heavy s
iron grated doors and locked with pad- t
locks, and at each door in the gun
room with the prisoner were two sen- r
tinels with loaded muskets, and in the
casemate were two more sentinels and y
officers of the guard, all of which
were under lock and key, the officer of U
the day having charge of the keys. 0
The guard was relieved every two
hours, and that could only be done in t]
the presence of the officer of the day. h
The windows of the casemate were
also grated with iron bars. The pris
oners occupied every other gunroom,
and the guards not on duty the inter
There was a special guard mounted
of eighty men for those three prisoners,
and the commandant of the fort could L
not give any orders of any kind to that E
special guard; in fact, he could not
come within its lines. There were four 15
sentinels on the parapet overhead, four r4
on the glacis beyond the ditch, and E
six in the fort in front of the casemates. 3
The above statement is just as I found e
things the day that Davis was shackled. a
I reported to Gen. Miles as the new
officer of the day. The General said "
he had special orders for me as to Jeff a
Davis. Having heard it rumored that n
morning that Davis was to be put in is
irons I sad4aUph-_General: "I thi 4
I can guess what it is, General." "Well, h
what is it, Captain ?" "To put irons on V
Davis. He said : "That is it." I said: s<
"When do you wish it done ?" He o
said: "The irons are not ready." Then a]
I said: "Had we not better put them ir
on toward evening ?" He said "Yes," P
and I could send .ny orderly to the a,
blacksmith's and have him meet me at aS
tbat time with the leg irons, and at fl
the same time he (Gen. Miles) showed te
me part of a letter he had from Secre.- 01
tary Stanton, in which he said that if W
he thought the safety of Davis required st
it, he could put irons on Davis, or B
words to that effect. The matter was T
left optional with Gen. Miles as to sc
whether Davis should be put in irons o1
Just before the sundown relief I sent fo
my orderly out for the blacksmith to
meet me with the leg ironsat casemate. re
Soon after I went down I found the SI
smith and his helper there. I then un- s
locked the door and told the guard to H
let them pass that is, smith and hel- bi
As I entered the gunroom Davis was 31
sitting on the end of his c,>t or hospital li(
bed reading his Episcopal Prayer Book, w:
and as he looked up, I said: "Mr. ch
Davis, I have an unpleasant duty to in
execute." At the same moment seeing
the blacksmith with the irons, he said!: Ci
'.You do not intend to put fetters on M1
me ?" I '.;id : "Those are my orders." ro
He said : "Those are orders for a h
slave and no man with a soul in him to
would obey such orders." I then 31
s idd: "Those are my orders." Mr. be
Davis said : "I shall never submit to th
such an indignity." He then asked m
if Gen. Miles had given that order. hI
Mv answer -:as in the affirmative. He of
said he would like to see G3en. Miles. I ce
rep)lied that the General had just left ne
the fort. Davis then asked that the to
execution of the order be postponed, St
and I should telegraph to the Presi- hc
dent in his name, I said : "Mr. Davis, Or
you are an old soldier and know what rie
orders are. It is .needless to say that "s5
an officer is bound to execute an order ele
given him." Davis said it was obvious of
that there could be no necessity for bri
such an order to make his imprison- pri
ment secure. I said : "My duty is to on
execute this order, and it is folly for ]
you to resist." Davis's answer was do
thiat he was a soldier, and he knew ref
how to die, and, pointing to a senti- bu
nel, said : "Let your men shoot me at ab
A few moments after that he placed
his foot on a stool; his ouiet manner Ma
led me to think he would not resist. I thi
then said : "Smith, do your work." hii
As the blacksmith stooped to place the
the clasp of the shackle around his the
ankle Davis struck him a violent blow th<
that threw him on the floor. He re- wr
covered and at once made for Davis tio:
with his vise and hammer, and would to I
have struck hi:n if I had not caught cor
his arm as he was in the act ofstriking. thi
A moment after that I saw Davis and hit
one of the sentineis struggling, both th:
having h.ld of the musket, Davis just to
below the shank of the bayonet. The Ifor
next instant the sentinel had wrenched beE
the musket from Davis's hands. I then at
ordered the soldier to his post and re- Iof
iw there would be trouble, so I
rdered the officer of the guard to go
ut and get four of the best men of the
uard with outside arms and have
aem reDort to me at once. A few
iinntes afterward four stalwart sol
iers made their appearance. I said:
Men, I wish you to take Mr. Davis,
-th as little force as possible, and
lace him on th-,t cot, and hold him
iere till the smith is through with his
As the men advanced Davis struck
2e first or foremost man, but all four
istantly closed on him and shoved
im on the cot. Davis showed unnat
ral strength ; it was all the four men
>uld do to hold him while the black
nith riveted the clasp around his an
le, his helper holding a.sledge ham
ier. The other clasp was locked on
ith a brass lock the same as is in use
a freight cars. I ordered the men to
ieir quarters, and as they passed out
avis lay perfectly motionless. Just
; I was going out Davis raised from
is cot and threw his feet on the floor,
ad with the clanging of the chains he
ive way. I will say here that it was
aything but a pleasant sight to me to
-e a man like Jefferson Davis shed
ing tears, but not one word had he to
Two hours after I called to relieve
ie guard and found Davis lying on his
)t. I said: "Mr.. Davis, you can't
,.t well that way ; if you will give me
our word of honor that you will give
o more trouble in this matter: I will
ilock the shackles so you can take
T your clothing." "Captain, I assure
)u thel-e will be no more trouble. I
ien unlocked the shackles, he taking
T his clothing, and locked it again
imself. JEROME TITLOW,
Late Captain Third Pennsylvania
"Civis's" Reply to )r. Macuue.
To the Editor of The Herald and
ews: I have read in the Xational
conomist, of August 1, Dr. Macune's
most ungentlemanly" (to use his own
,nguage) and vituperative reply to a
cent article of mine published in The
erald and News as well as in the
ews and Courier. The Doctor was
idently very mad when he wrote it,
d had laid aside, for the time be
ig at least, those excellent traits as a
Dhristian gentleman," which we are
5sured he possesses. At this we are
>t greatly astonished, for the criminal
apt t'.. ..ink very badly of the detec
w,yeiho hunts him-dowand rings
m to bay. Hence Doctor Macune's
ry poor opinion of U. S. Hall, of Mis
uri, of Mr. McAllister, of Mississippi,
Mr. Mcrath, of Kansas, of "Civis"
id others who have been instrumental
exposing his venal transactions with
at. Calhoun in Georgia. I would
k you to republish his article entire,
illustrative of the character of the
an who has been proved guilty of at
mpting to sell out the Alliance to one
Jay Gou 's railroad attorneys, and
hom, notwithstanding, our farmers
ill persist in following so blindly.
ut I think so respectable a paper as
de Herald and News would object to
iling its columns with such a tirade
'calumny and vulgar personal abuse:
a field in which I have no thought of
lowing him myself.
My article, be it remembered, was in
ply to an editorial of Dr. J. Win.
okes in the Cotton Plant, in which I
owed, not by the evidence of Mr.
all or other enemies of Dr. Macune,
it by the admissions of both Dr.
okes and Mr. Latimer, both Dr.
acune's defenders, and both I be
ye members of the famous Ocala
2itewashing committee, that the
arges against Dr. Macune were true
Dr. Stokes says in his editorial, "Mr.
lhoun had the money to loan; Dr.
acuine wanted to borrow, he did bor
w of MAr. fClhoun, (sic); and neither
nor Mr. Latimer, both in a position
know, and both anxious to screen
iune, pretend to deny that he did
th borrow the money and receive
e free railroad pass over the Rich
)nd Terminal system. Could we
ye str')nger or more positive evidence
Dr. Macune's guilt? Then, after re
ving these personal pecuniary favors,
did, as is notorious, all in his power
get Calhoun elected to the United
ites Senate, thus showing that Cal
un, though a young man, like old
kes Ames, of Credit Mobilier noto
ty, knew where to put his money
> it would do most good." My arti
was a mere sifting of the testimony
others, so to speak; and this was in
ef what it established. I have not
~tended to know anything of my
n_ personal knowledge.
n his very ill-na;ured reply Macunei
as not pretend to deny or attempt to
ute anything whatever in my article;
t confines himself to low vulgar
lse of "Civis," as if that wvere his
ire stock in trade.
ell, now, I would like to inform Dr.
Ecune that abuse from such a man as
s Georgia transaction has proved
n to be, does not in the least disturb
mental equanimity of "Civis." On
contrary "Civis" is rather proud of
enemy he has made, and~ enjoys the
thing and squirming and contor
1s of such a man under the exposure
>pen day-light of his venality and
ruption. It shows better than any
og lse could that "Civis" has bit
i in a vital spot. Truth hurts worse1
. fiction sometimes, and this seemis
be a case in point. Macune had
dly hioped that his conduct had
ni so deeply covered v. ith whitewash
)ala that no more w';uld be heard
t. But instead he finds that in a
- hort months the wvhitewash is all
gone; and that under the exposures
made, not only by his enemies within
the Alliance, but also by the still more
dangerous admissions made by his
friends, his inconsistency, and unrelia
bility, if not corruption, has been more
widely published all over the country
than ever. No wonder then that the
Doctor is mad.
As the natural consequence of this
exposure, together with the visionary
financial schemes of the Alliance and
its tendency to the suppression of free
dom of thought and action among its
members, we see the formidable revolt
against Macune's leadei ship in Texas,
where he is best known. We see Mis
sissippi, after an unusually thorough
canvas on both sides, carried over
whelmingly against him. We see an
officially annou-ced falling off in Alli
ance strength here in South Carolina,
where Stokes and Talbert have under
taken to "out-Herod Herod." We see
whole sub-Alliances throwing up their
charters, and abandoning the organiza
tion in disgust. We see a big Alliance
meeting at Prosperity the other day
carried overwhelmingly by Senator
Butler against that ridiculous humbug
invented by Macune-the so-called sub
treasury scheme; and that too in spite
of the efforts of both Stokes and Talbert
to sustain it. These, and many other
signs of the decadence of the Alliance,
we see all over the country as the result
of its most unfortunate control of such
tricky politicians as Macune, who have
"bamboozled" the over-credulous far;n
ers and wormed themselves into its
leadership. It will have to shake off
such leadership, or its days of useful
ness aie over. Civis.
HE DIED FOR LOVE.
The Agent of the G., C. & N. R. R. at Flshdam
Takes His Own Life.
From a gentleman who came down
on the Asheville train last night it was
learned that when the train reached
F ishdam the people were found to be
in considerable excitement by a suicide
that had just taken place. Mr. S. R.
Lewis, a young man about 25 years of
age and ageut of the Georgia, Carolina
and Northern Railroad, had been pay
ing attention to a young lady and made
her proposals of marriage. Her refusal,
couple with the jeers of some of his
young friends, so preyed on his mind
that at last, yesterday afternoon, he
went into his office and shot himself in
the head with his pistol, death result
ing almost instantly. No further par
ticulars were obtainable last'night, but
the above are no doubt the main facts
of the tragic occurrence.
A Fish Line Made of Women's Hair.
LAMBERTVILLE, August 5.-James
Thorne, the village barber, has just
completed a novel fishing line. It is
composed entirely of woman's hair of
every color and shade. Whenever a
customer with particularly long hair
came to have her hair dressed he would
beg of her a few silken threads, which
he would carefully lay away and work
up at his leisure.
This has been going on for five years
until now twenty-five sections, fifteen
inches long, have been completed. Each
section contains 100 hairs. The sections
are so nicely joined that it all appears
to be of one shade. The line is surpri
singly strong and light and will hold
as much weight as any first-class line.
Thorne exhibited the line to some
friends yesterday for the first time.
THE STATE ALLIANCE EXCHANGE.
Manager Donaldson Denies the Rumor
That It Has' Sold Out.
LSpecial to the State.]
GREENVILLE, S. C., Aug. 1.-A re
p orter to-day interviewed Hon. M. L.
Donaldson, manager of the State Alli
ance Exchange on the report published:
in the Cheraw Reporter that the ex
change had been sold out at the Spar
tanburg meeting to the Union Cordage
Company, of New York, the organiza
tIon which is trying to gobble the busi
ness of the Southern Alliance ex
changes. He said there is no truth in
the report, and that the South Carolina
exchange is in no way connected with
or obligated to the Union Cordage
Company, or any other mercantile con
cern. H e was asked about the Rev. J.
A. Sligh's recent sly visit to New York
and said that Mr. Sligh had not done
anything except what he was author
ized to do.
that would guide, unerringly, into the
hieaven of health, all that are on the,
troubled of impaired womanhood!
[t is nothing less, nor could be nothing
more, than Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre
scription-frail female's faultless friend
-time-tried and thoroughly tested.
Internal inflammations, irregularities,
isplacements, and all ill-conditions
peculiar' to woman, controlled, cor-t
ected and cured, without publicity, 1
by this safe, sterling specific. Purely
egetable. Only good can come from,
ts use. The only remedy of the kind
arranted to give satisfaction, or money r
oing North to Confer With Republicans S
CHARLESTON, S. C., August .-I i
lendrix McLane, the organizer of the i
White Republican League in this State, r
eft here for the North to-day. Be said
Le wa going on in response to an invi- e
ation to mieat some prominent white t
Rpublican leaders. He expressed him- t
elf as being much gratified with the
uccess attending the movement thusC
ar. Mr. McLane's trip is surmised to I
>e concerning the next delegation of i
south Carolina Republicans to the Na- s
ional Convention, and may mean the t
,rrangement of a combination of the
wo of the wings of the party in this ~
Mrs. Jones hasn't a gray hair in her I
iead and is over 50. She looks as younug
s her daughter. The secret of it is,
~hat she uses only Hall's Hair Re- V
THE SUB-TREASURY MODIFIED.
Col. Ellison S. Keitt Suggests that States
Borrow from the General Government
and to Loan Directly to the People.
ROSE MOUNT, GLENN SPRINGS, S.
C., July 30.-The advocates of the sub
treasury scheme have never claimed
that the bill prepared by the legisla
tive committee and introduced in the
House of Representatives by the Hon.
Mr. Pickler is perfect. All they de
mand is the principles in the bill shall
be retained. Having demonstrated in
a former article that every principle
contained in the bill is in full accord
with the Constitution of the United
States, I will now proceed to show
how the scheme can be put in full
operation without the erection of ware
houses or the appointment of agents
by the general government and leave
the States with all their rights and
I will speak alone of Soutb Caroli
na, and what I say of her will apply to
each of the other States.
The National Farmers' Alliance and
Industrial Union demand a per capita
circulation of $50. How is this money
to be had and how aro the people to
get it into their hands? The Supreme
Court of the United States has de
clared that the Government of the
United States, being a sovereign power,
can declare anything money and from
it there is no appeal. Whatever the
general government declares a legal
tender in payment of debts is money.
South Carolina basin round numbers
1,000,000 of people. Fifty dollars per
capita in circulation will put $50,000,
000 into the hands of the people. Let
the general government print $50,00),
000 of legal tender notes receivable for
all debts, both public and private, and
advance them to the State of South
Carolina, taking her obligation for
them, cbarging the State only the
cost of printing the notes, which will
be a small fraction of 1 per cent. Let
this money pass into the State treas
ury. Let one-half of it be loaned to
the people on real estate property re
stricted and secured at 2 per ct. per an
num for ten years, the interest and one
tenth of the principal to be paid back
to the government at the end of each
year; the other half to be advanced on
any )f the five staple products, cotton,
wheat, corn, oats or tobacco for one
year on terms absolutely safe. This
will give the country a currency both
inflexible and elastic and will meet all
the demands of business. As the pop
ulation increases let the amount of
money in circulation correspondingly
increase so as to make it stable. These
notes based on the credit of the nation
will be good anywhere in our borders.
The government of the United States
will be absolutely safe as the property
of the whole State will be security for
them. The State can suffer no detri
ment as the property of each individ
ual will be responsible for what he or
she borrows. On real estate no one
person should be allowed to borrow
over $3,000 or less than $100.
Fifty million dollars loaned out to
the people by the State at 2 per cent.
will yield a revenue of $1,000,000 which
will mean all the expenses of the State
government and relieve the people
from taxation. This can be operated by
the State treasurer and the county
treasurers. Make it mandatory on the
county treasurers to report at the end
of each day to the State treasurer with
penalties so heavy and certain as to
prevent any failure to do so and the
State treasurer to publish at the end of
each month the exact condition so all
the people can know what is being
done. Each State will be responsible
only for the money she receives and
loans to her people,and can keep a close
watch over it. Let us have one dis
tinctive American money, which will
be good everywhere in our borders, and
we will not be affected by any financial
disasters that may befall other nations.
I'here will be no need for government
ware houses or agents. The people of
each State will manage their own
tffairs without any interference from
>utside. If this plan is adopted the
:ights and dignity of the States will
emain unimpaired and the people will
save vast sums they now pay to banks
mud corporations in interest for money,
ond what they pay will go into the
itate treasury and save taxation. The
>resent financial system is based on the
yonds of the government. The last of
hes bonds are due in 1907. With their
>ayment the last of the national banks
vill disappear and with them the pre
ent financial system. We can not be
;in too soon to inaugurate a new sys
em, one that will benefit the whole
Associate Justice Gray, in delivering
he decree of the Supreme Court of the
Ynited States in a case involving the
'alidity of the legal tender act, said:
The court says in conclusion, congress,
s the legislative of a sovereign nation,
eing expressly empowered by the con
titution to levy and collect taxes to
ay debts and provide for the common1
.efenzse and general welfare o: the]
inited States, and to coin money and
egulate the value thereof and of for-1
ign coin, and being clearly authorized:
> coin as incidental to the exercise of:
tiose great- powers, to emit bills of
redit, to charter national banks and to
rovide a national currency for the:
thole people in the form of coin, trea
ary notes and national bank bills, andi
de power to make notes of the govern
ient a legal tender in payment ofi
rivate debts, being one of the powers<
elonging to sovereignty in other civi
zed nations, and not expressly with
eld from congress by the constitution,t
e are irresistibly impelled to the con-f
notes of the United States the quality
of being legal tender in payment of
private debts is a means conducive and
plainly adapted to execution of the un
doubted power of congress consistent
with the letter and spirit of the consti
tution; therefore within the meaning
of that instrument necessary and pro
per for carrying into execution the
powers vested by this constitution of
the government of the United States."
The above extract from the decision
of the court shaws clearly that it is the
duty of the general government to pro
vide a currency for the whole people.
The condition of the country de
mands that it be done without delay
if the financial disaster that is now
impending is to be averted.
The plan suggested is simple and
the writer believes eminently practical
and will meet every demand.
ELLISON S. KEITT.
COLONEL KEITT'S SUGGESTION.
The sub-treasury scheme seems to be
flexible enough to suit anybody and
elastic likewise. It started a few months
ago as a full fledged bill before Congress
with details, provisions and appropria
tions all complete. It has gradually
contracted and twisted until it has now
become a mere abstract principle and
that not very well defined but supposed
to be that more currency is needed in
It is stated in to-day's dispatches
that the Kansas Alliance is repudiat
ing the whole thing. We are not sur
prised by that, for we believe as cool
head, sensible men study the thing
they will be more and more convinced
of its folly and danger. Nor are we
surprised to find a thinker like Colonel
Keitt, whose letter is printed to-day,
abandoning many of the essential feat
ures of the scheme and suggesting some
widely different methods.
All of us can agree that our currency
and the manner of its distribution re
quire legislation. It can now be con
trolled by a very few hands; and, as
Colonel Keitt shows, in a few years the
retirement of the United States bonds
will make some new basis necessary.
Our financial system heretofore has
been a series of makeshifts and experi
ments, some successful and others un
successful, but all temporary. W must
have a permanent and settled system.
Work for all time can not be scram
bled through in a hurry. It can not be
done by crazy enthusiasts or vulgar po
litical schemers or noisy howlers. Nor
can it be done by excessive_caution or
timid ~oiriitin ortb Creckless-and
insolent bigotry that regards every
thing new as being destructive.
We believe the new currency system
will be a compromise, probably the
combination of the best parts of half a
dozen or more schemes and proposi
tions. Every suggestion in that line
ought to be studied closely and with
the guidance of common sense and
sound principles to see what good there
is in it, or if there is any.
The sub-treasury idea as originally
suggested appeared to us to combine all
possible bad and dangerous features,
methods and principles. It provided
for the dependence of the people direct
ly upon the central government, for de
basing the currency by establishing it
on an uncertain and fiuctuating basis,
for putting the farmer and the govern
ment together in the hands of the spec
ulator. Its every provision was full of
opportunities for fraud, favoritism,
plundering and tyranny. It could not
do what it intended to do. In princi
ple it was class legislation of the worst
kind; in actual operation it would have
ruined all classes alike.
Colonel Keitt evidently understands
some of the most glaring and serious
faults of the sub treasury scheme and
offers a plan for avoiding them. He
proposes to have the original transac
tion in currency, involving the first
removal of the currency from the gov
ernment printing house, between the
State and the central government-a
loan and borrow between two separate
and sovereign powers. That is un
doubt'edly a very great improvemeht
on the old scheme. If the citizen is to
look for financial help anywhere out
side the usual channels of commerce
he had far better look to his State than
to the general government.
The general idea of all these plans is
to shut out the middle man between
the government which manufactures
the money and the people who use it
The purpose is to make the flow direct
and easy and to have on money as lit
tle tax as possible in the way of interest
and commissions for bankers and
others who handle it in its progress
Colonel Keitt's suggestion is to make
each State the banker for its people,
receiving and using for the people what
profit is made.
Of course a host of objections to Col.
Keitt's scheme and every other based
on that principle are immediately sug
gested to the mind. One of the first is
the lack of a foreign currency-some
bhing to do our triding with other
peoples with. We can by law make
mything currency in our own coun
ry, but w'. can not force it for accept
mece by the remainder of the worid,
tnd that fact would probably give us
;wo bases of currency, the one availa
>le for foreign trade stea'iily increasing
md the other steadily! decreasing in
ralue. Beyond-this is the peril of mak
ng any government the creditor of its
eople. Again it would be practically
mpossible to adjust the ebb and flow
f currency se accurately as to prevent!
rious inequalities and disturbances
mad discriminations in favor of one see
ion or person over others. One of the,
irst results of such a measure would be:
o o rich, men to invet in lands in-j1
scead of buying securities or loaning
their money out. They would look tc
rents or to cultivation on a wholesale
plan to pay them profits on their pos
sessions and the small independent far
mer would become a thing of the
Nevertheless, Colonel Keitt's idea is
a long step away from the sub-treasury
and toward sounder and more demo
cratic principles, and we are glad to
THE HISTORY OF A POEM,
It Forms One of the Most Touching Inc
- defts of the Civ11 War.
One of the finest poems in the mod
ern literature of song is that one known
everywhere by its first pathetic line,
"I am dying, Egypt, dying,"
And which was written by Gen. Wil
liam Haines Lytle, on the eve of the
battle of Chickamauga. We are in
debted to the late Col. Realf, poet, au
thor and soldier, who shared the for
tunes of war with his friend, Gen.
Lytle, for an account of the pezuliar
circumstances under which the poem
Col. Realf shared the tent of Gen.
Lytle on the night preceding the battle.
The two friends were both given to
writing poems at such times, and each
had an unfinished poem on hand.
They read and criticised each other's
efforts humorously for some time, when
Gen. Lytle said with a grave smile:
"Realf, I shall never live to finish
"Nonsense," said his friend, "you
will live to write volumes of such stuff."
"No," said the general, solemnly,
"as I was speaking to you a feeling
came over me suddenly, which is more
startling than prophecy, that I shall be
killed in to-morrow's fight."
Col. Realf asked him to define this
feeling, and he said:
"As I was talking to you I saw the
green hills of Ohio as they looked when
I stood among them. They began to
recede from me in a weird way-and as
they disappeared the conviction f!ashed
through me like the lightning's shock
that I should never see them again."
Gen. Ly'e was a native of Ohio, and
dearly loved his birth-state.
Col. Realf laughed at his friend, and
rallied him upon his superstition, but
acknowledged afterwards that helbe
came so thrilled himself with an un.
natural fear that he begged the general
to finish the poem before be slept, that
suqchfinefork might not be lost tthe
In the small hours, Gen. Lytle awak
ened his friend from the slumber into
which he "ad fallen, to read to him
that beautimal poem, which must live
as long as our literature survives.
Imagine the scene. The two' men
united by the bonds of friendship, of
congenial tastes, both ready and wil
hing to face death on the morning in its
direst form, scanning by the light of
their tent lantern each other's features,
when the finished poem had been read
Col. Reaif said that his own eyes
filled with tears, but the general said
not a word, as he placed the manuscript
in his- pocket and lay down to hisilast
night's rest upon the earth.
Before dawn came the call to arms.
When Realf next saw his friend he~ lay
cold in death among the heaps of slain.
Then he thought of the poem, and
searching the pocket where he had seen
him place it, he drew it forth, and for
warded in to Gen. Lytle's friends with
his other effects. We give the poem in
its entirety, feeling sure all will renew
their admiration of it, when they read
rnder whait tragic circumstances i 5 was
ANTONY AND CLEOPATRA
I am dying, Egypt, dying !
E bbs the crimson life-tide fast,
And the dark Plutonian shadows
Gather on the evening blast.
Let thine arm, 0, queen, support me,
Hush thy sobs and bow thine ear,
Hearken to the great heart secrets
Thou, and thou alone, must hear.
Though my scarred and veteran legions
Fh .r their eagles high no more,
Anu my wrecked and scattered galleys
Strew dark Actium's fatal shore;
Though no glittering guards surround
Prompt to do their master's will,
I must perish like a Roman
Die the great Triumvir still!
[Let not Cesar's servile minions
Mock the lion thus laid low;
Twas no foeman's arm that felled him;
'Twas his own that dealt the blow
is, who, pillowed on thy bosom
Turned aside from glory's ray
is, who, drunk with thy caresses,
Madly threw a world away.
Should the base plebeian rabble
Dare assail my fame in Rome,
Where my noble spouse, Octavia,
Weeps within her widowed home.
Seek her! Say the gods have told me
Altars, augurs, circling wings
['hat her blood with mine commingled,
Yet shall mount the throne of kings.
s for thee, star-eyed Egyptian !
Glorious sorceress of the Nile! !
Light the path to Stygian horrors
With the splendors of thy smile.
ive to Cinsar crowns and arches,
Let his brow his laurel twine;
Ican scorn the Senate's triumphs,
Triumphing in love like thine.
Iam dying, Egypt, dying ;
Hark ! the insulting foeman's cry !
They are coming ! Quick, my faichion!
Let me front them ere I die.
th ! no more amid the battle
Shall my heart exulting swell;
sis and Osiris guard thee
-(GEN. WILLIAM H. LYTLE.
Much injury is done by the use of ir
itating, griping compounds taken as
~urgatives. In Ayer's Pills, the patient
as a mild but eff'ective cathartic, that
an be confidently recommended alike
r the mot delicate patients as well as
NE. POPE N. CROUCH SUICIDES.
He Could Not Face the Disgrace and the
Troubles Whieh Surrounded Him, So
He Took Refuge in Death-Augusta's
Gambling Hells Got His Money.
[Augusta Chronicle 4th.]
Mr. Pope N. Crouch, of Joinston, S.
C., a drummer for J. L. Friedman &
Co., vinegar dealers in Paducah, Ky.,
committed suicide at the Planters
Hotel Tuesday night some time after
The dead man was not discovered
until 1.50 o'clock yesterday, when the
startling discovery was made by the
bell boy, John Jones, who went with
the chambermaid to the room to clean
Jones saw Mr. Crouch lying in bed
with his right arm under his head. and
the sheets covering him to his waist.
He touched Mr. Crouch, and finding
that the man was cold and stiff, he
hastily informed the clerk, Mr. Lyeth,
and he, with Mr. George Green, went
up to the room. They turned Mr.
Crouch over on his back. His limbs
were rigid, and he had probably been
dead at least six hours.
In the bureau they found an empty
bottle of morphine, and two letters
sticking on the side of the glass. The
empty bottle of morphine revealed the
method of his death. There was a label
on it, but there was no name to give a
clue as to whom the bottle was pur
LETTEE TO THE DRUMMERS.
One of the two letters was addressed
"To My Dear Drummer Friends," and
the other to his wife, Mrs. P. N.
The letter to the drummers was
opened and read. It was an appeal to
them to look after his wife .and baby,
and closed by saying that troubles that
he was unable to bear was the cause of
his rash act. This letter showed that
the case was one of suicide, which up
te that time the gentlemen were not
certain about, as Mr. Crouch was
known to be afflicted with heart trouble,
he having had a severe attack at the
Arlington hotel during the Drummers'
convention, mention of which was
made in The Chronicle at the time:
The letter to his wife, which evident
ly gave the cause of his rash act, was
not then opened.
Mr. C. H. Moorman, of this city, a
brother-in-law of Mr. Crouch was sent
for, and Coroner Clarke was notified.
Mr. Moorman also sent for Mr. S. L
Crouch, a brother of the dead man,
who lives in -Harrisburg.
Crouch could throw any light on the
cause which led to the suicide. Mr.
Moorman thought that Mr. Crouh had
leftithe city Saturday,ashe (Mr Crouch)
had told Mr. Moorman he intended to
THE CORONER'S INQUEST.
At 5 o'clock Coroner Clarke held an
inquest, the only witnesses being Mr.
Lyeth, day clerk of the hotel, Mr. King
night clerk and the bellboy, Jones.
Mr. Lyeth said he had not seen Mr.
Crouch since Sunday, at which time he
had registered at the hotel. The de
ceased did not seem to be inthebest of
spirits. He then told of the finding the
body and the ietters.
Mr. King stated that when he went
on duty Sunday night he saw that Mr.
Crouch was registered. About 12 o'clock
that night Mr. Crouch came with a
"how are you," and asked what rooms
he was to goto. Mr. King told him the
same one, room 31, 'on the first floor.
Mr. Crouch then told Mr. King not to
put his room down on the register
opposite his name, as he did not wish
his brother-in-law, Mr. Moorman, to
know he was s'till in the city, as he
(Crouch) had told Mr. Moorman that
he was going out of the city Saturday.
Mr. King consented to do this, and Mr.
Crouch, requesting to be called at 6
o'clock, went up to his room. He came
down at 6 o'clock and went up the
street. Monday night he came in about
the same time, and after some conver
sation with Mr. King he went up stairs
to bed, first, however, leaving a call for
6 o'clock, as he said be wanted to get
off on the South Carolina train. Tues
day morni-g he came down as usual,
and again went up the street.
THIRD AND LAST TIME.
Nothing more was seen of him by
Mr. King, until Tuesday inight, about
1 o'clock. When he ente'ed the hotel,
he said: "How are you to night, Mr.
"I am well; thanks. How are you?"
replied Mr. King.
"I am feeling very well," said Mr.
Crouch. He then asked Mr. King for
some writing-paper and ink, stating
that he had some letters to write before
going to bed. Ordering a pitcher of ice
water, he went up stairs. When he
entered the room, he remarked to the
boy. "This room smells mighty bad."
The boy said it was the new furniture.
Mr. Crouch then closed t he door, with
out locking it. This was the last seen
of Mr. Crouch alive. He failed to leave
an order for his usual early call.
LOST MONEY GAMBLING.
The letter to his wife was then opened
by the coroner and read, It revealing
the story of his misfortune and the I
cause for which he took his life. t
The letter was nine pages long, the
substance of which is as follows:
MY DARLING WIFE AND BABY:- z
When this reaches you I will be in i
eternity. It is now past midnight. a
When I kissed you and baby last Satur
day morning and promised to return t
Saturday night, you little thought it t
would be the last time you would see s
me. If I could only see you, kiss you y
and bid you farewell before my end, I s
could die mnpeace. Iam sosorry thatl I
am leaving you in such a bad coaidition, y
but I could not stand the disgrace and p
He then stated that his downfall and 14
death were due to the gambling hellsof
He said he had lost $200 since Satu
day, and$400 besides in the past mont.
He mentioned four gaming houses i
Augusta at which he had lost money,
and advised his wife to employ alaw
yer and recover it, as the law was rigid
against such gaming houses, and she
could get back the money, which would
greatly help her in gitting along.
He had intended to be a better3M
and live right if he could have gotten
through his present trouble, but he
could see no way out of it but In death.
A PRAYER AND A WARNING.
I hope God will take care of you, and.
forgive me for this rash act. I have
asked my drummer friends to help you
to run a boarding house. I pray God to
save my soul.
The letter closed with the words: .
"Let this be a warning to all young
men, and that they never touch
The coroner's jury, after hearing0ii
evidence and the letter, returned aver
diet that the deceasedeame tohig-death
from a dose of morphine, and that it
His body was then taken to the train.
and carried to his home in Johnston
S. C., for burial.
Mr. Crouch was 33 years of age, born
and raised in Johnston, S. C., and was
well known in Augusta. Hewas adark
brunette, weighing, perhaps two h
Elephant, in N. C. Herald.]
Amid the upheavel of the political
elements Cleveland stands silent and
alone. Cold and indfierent to every
thing, base must even that partisa
and stout admiration for him. The
solitary grandeur of his firmness, his.,
calm and imperturbable integrity are a
study for friends and foes alike; and
more thought should be given to his
position by every sensible and honor
To say he is stubborn is the heightoft
folly-it is not worth notice. To :my
he is mistaken is almost an egotism
for Carlisle says he sides with thecrowd -
as against Cleveland only on accountof
Yes, 'alas, It is "political necessity"'
that by far too many prominent public'
characters will bow before; and they
will trim their sils to suitthebreezeof.
popular clamor. He has been charged 2
Dana. If.the world was
find to peerofMr. Danain sorethini6
his equal would never be found. Fn
reckless and envious assertion he Unks
foremost among the editors of thris
Time will vindicate Cleveland-and
don't you forget it It. He is the only
independent politician In America.
Women aa maebasi.
We are alws.ys glad to chron5ile
new Idea, especially when itl3aposesd
of such great merit as that whichis
no resene tosnthe num
be o emrstsFamily
which has just arrived. One ofth
leading articles is a gameof aeaa aR
played out on paper by means offid
executed illustrations with epii
descriptions of each move. Those who
have attempted to explain th of
baseball to a sister, wife,. or
know what an almost hopeless task It
was. Now here is the wholeingi
done for you, andsocleverlyandeleary,
that after reading it awoman wlba
anxious as any one ot the other sex to
see a match, and she will never
say, "Well! what is there in a
anhw?" The article will save yc
hours of explanation, an shwa
whic strives to giethe pubi
what they want. Tis August nume
is certainly very attractive. "AHap
Day at Cairo," with it. beautiful Ii~
trations, gives a splendid ldeaof home
life in Egypt; "Snmmer's Bird" is one-'
of Olive Thorne Miller's charmingd
as fascinating as tenis: there are ab
sorbing stories and beautiful poems; aRl
the numerous departments are ovm
flowing with good and soasonable
thigs;andinaddition there armover
two hndred fine Illustrations, Includ
ing a beautiful wrater-color of "Swal
lows." It Is published by W. JennIngs '
Demorest, at 15 East 14th ist., New
York. Price 20 cents; or $2per yea
glad tosupply~ ni sdt.mwlb
The Biggest Engine in the Werld.
[From the Philadelphia Press.]
It isnot strange at all that the big
gest enginein the world is exercising j
itsponderous strength in Pennsylvania.
"The President," as it is called, Is con
stantly at work pumping water from
the zinc-mines atFriedensville, Lebigh *
:ounty. Its enormous power Is that of :
5,000 horses, or as it is computed, of
15,000 men. In the same county there~
s still preserved at Hokendauqua the~
irst engine ever used In Lehigh, and
et up at Allentown by Eli Sager
'Look me in the face! My name is
am also called 'No-more,' 'Too-late,'
The poet who wrote the above, must
taye been in the last stagesofeonsump>
ion. Perhaps he had only learned, oT
he first time, that If he had taken Dr.
leree's Golden Medical Discovr in
tis earlier illness, he would never hve
eached his present hopeless conditin!
Vhat can be more A than akeen ae~
lization of what "migh: ha.e1gei
Physicians now admnt t
Lon is simply scrofbia In
ieking the lung-tissues. It '
dfe to allow the blood to
ure, and it Is especially recklues
ach a plasant, :1prmless
hr. Pierce's Golden Medicas
till drive every taintoscrlltaoihu
urity from the systemse,C
mnt of healthy, ~ c to
~Ad hog h