Newspaper Page Text
-BERT . ALL, Etr'.
1 . A-Sk:
T~USDY A.(. '27, IS,1.
WEALTH OF T11E I'EOPLL.
The Cengus 'an says It I $1,000 per
Capitz,-Sotth Caro!ina's Decrease.
Wi :No-AoN,SAug.A2.-The Census
Bureau to-day ,ssued a bulletin on the
assessed valuation of real and personal
xroperty of several States and Terri
tories. The valuations are shown for
years of 1Sz0 and 180. with the excep
tion of "Michig:i, which is for 1SS6, and
Arkansas, Delaware, Iowa, _Mississippi,
New Mexico, washington and Wyo
ming, which are for 1889.
'The bulletin shows that the assessed
value of all property has increased
from 6,902.99.3.543 in ISSi) to $24,249,
589,Pk4 in IS90, an increase during the
decade of $7,3t6,596,261. an amount
equivalent to the true value of all prop
erty as returned by the United States
census in 1859 ($7,13,78t),228.)
Should it be found upon the com
pletion of inquiry in relation to the
true value of all property in the U nited
States that the same relation exists in
1S90 between the assessed valuation
and the true valuation as existed in
1880 theabsolute wealth of the United
States ace. rdin to the eleventh census
may be estimated at $;v2,6100,000 or
neariy $1,0P0 per capita as against $5.14
per capita in Sj0, 7.S0 per cniita in
1870, and 6S.74 per capita in 1880.
The tinat returns, showing the abso
lute wealth of the country, will ne,-es
sirilv be among the last publications
-of this office. as comnlete data for the
calculation is not av~ailable until after
inquires relating to agriculture and
manufact-ures have been flnished. The
increase of assessed valuation is as fol
lows iL stat' s ued:
A labamua................. . ......... 74,213,213
Florida .,......... .................. 45,988,629
............................. 137,894,1 5:
L a ........................... 74,15S,351
- M isissipI......................... 46,800,777
-North o n ................... .56,.597,OS5
Ten nessee......... ........ 13.5,731,565
Texas ... ... ................... 375,477,SO5
Virginia . ................... 5i,967,606
Sou:h C: rc'ina Ca:rease)... 1,377,497
SOM111, NG WI,Nk IN THE CENSUS.
Special to News and Courier.1
Co.i 1;;A, A ugust 25.-There is evi
deutly a big mistake in the compara
tive assessed value for South Carolfna
as given in the olicial United States
census bulletin for 18>-l890 as given
to-day in the News and Courier. The
figures given were poited out to Comp
troller General Ellerbe, who said that
it was either a misprint or a failure to
report facts. The bul!etiu shows that
in the decade fron 1>50 to 1:90 the
assessed values for South Carolina de
As given in the report of the Comp
troller General for 19) the total value
In ISSO the values were: Real prop
erty, $59,978,998; counties not included
in report, reported on basis '79, $17,630,
668; personal property, $35,892,790:
counties not reported, $f3,892,79S; rail
road property, $18,707,400; total for 1880,
83,062,S34. The increase for the de
cade, therefore, wvas $17,539,617.
In this ca!culation the increasedC
~ar nt'arington andChs
parison ovausby counties is not ob
tainable. If the increase for these coun
ties had been given for 1S79--80 the in
crease for the ten years would probably
have taken off S1,000.000, leaving the
increase for the decade about $16,500,
The increase of all taxable values for
this year over that of the previous year
is about $14,0$0,000), (estimated.)
AGAIN AT WAlt.4
The Classy Mountain M!oonshiners Hav-e a
Bloody Battle at a Church.
LSpeial to State.7
GREENvILLE, S. C., August 24.
Glassy Mlountain township, this county,
the scene of several bloody tragedies in
recent years and of numerous fights,
was the scene yesterday of a te:rible
tragedy, in which one man was killed,
another mortally wounded and three
others severely injured, one of them
Glassy Mouna in is the home of theC
mnoonsLine anid of as desperate a lot of
men as ever livd. althboughi there are a
good aud peaceful citizens~living in the 1
Four years age Ben Ross was shot a
dead through the window of his home I
for threatenn to exp)ose the moon
*siners. Deputy Marshal Odumn and t
Deputy 3Marshal Hjightower were seri- ~
ously wounded, and a year ago "Big ~
Bill" Hio'ward wvas killed in the road '
oue Sunday afternoon by his cousin, r
George Center. Fends exist betwveen
near relatives, and islood relationship is
no proof agains the deadly bullet. t
Services wvere held Sunday at the a
Mountain Mill Baptist Church, a little
building on the summit of Glassy t
M1 untain. It was communion Sunday, l~
and the day. for "feet washing." a
More t han once before t he congregation iE
had been disturbed by lights and shoot- a
ing scrapes, but that of yesterday was at
general battle and the congregation t
~ekly dispersed to places of safety. 8
The rer.ort received here is that Joshua
Hioward and Luther Durham became
involved in a diilieulty. Howard shot
Durham in the mouth and thigh.
"Babe" Durhan, Luther D)urbami's
brother, the-n shot and nt-or ally woun
ded Joshua Howard, and, turning
sudden ly, ki lled 3iassiua Howard. The
firing be came general, an d, when over,
it was found that Richard Howard and
Sherman B3ridgman, who had aided the
Durh;ams, were severely wounded,~
Bridg:uan ha:vin;g ben shot in the
mouth. Richardi Howard disapeared,
and is thut ;o have dicei, making ~
three killed.' Lmther D)urhamt may nott
die, a.nd .Bridgaa wVil recover.
3. 'gro c-.b'i., in Mexico. ti
Cin:e :o,u Au:;ust 3.-W. H. Ellis, c
of Texas, who is actively concerued in ti
the scee to ee'lonize- a!arge number ,b
of Southern m-groes La 3Mexico, is in
Speakin of1 : n to-day,. lhe said fi
he believe thti- few negroes were P
to colonize a C: itn Mexc they a
-Wutld own it in nyve ve?.rs ;&nd be as
prseogm t.ds h protject t
is favora iv recwive by all but colored fC
Ellis thu s *L e l.ess of a large num-.t
ber of colored *aborers would do more V
than anything ei- to solve the race ai
problem in the oth The concessions S
which have been obtained from the rE
Mexican government embrace lands in w
the States of V era Cruz, Queretaro, fe
San Luis Pot'osi, andaxoca. of
In cotton, Eis~ asserts, the colonists 4
wvill have the benent of a market price ti
almost double that of the United se
States. The cotton is perennial there, p
lie says, and not planted every year as sl
'here, and hair a bale an acre more can a<
Ellis says that he already has the T
names of,000 people who desire to go 01
from vious Sonthern States. A
Tui: DAY AT DENNY'S.
Z?.rybosdy Seems to be Satfied with the
[Special to the News and Courier.]
DENNY'S August 21.-About two
thousand people assembled here to-day
to have the sub-treasury plan discussed
by Congressman Tillman, Col. Talbert
and Dr. Sampson Pope, of Newberry.
Three of the neighboring Alliances
were the hosts of the occasion. They
were very hospitable and cot rteous to
all the visitors and particularly to the
ladies, of whom a great number were
in attew!ance. There was plenty of
lemonade and a big barbecue, good
weather, good people and good humor.
Mr. J. R. Goggans, himself a pleasant
and fluent speaker, was the master of
ceremonies. He introduced the three
speakers with a good deal of adroitness
in the distribution of his compliments.
He certainly pleased the speakers as
well as the audience. It was all sorts of
a meeting, politically considered. Gov
(,rnor Tillman was there looking on in
Vienna; Editor Wallace was there
looking on just so; County Lecturer
Bean was there looking on generally;
Representative Blease was there looking
on specially perhaps, and there were a
dozen or more there looking possibly at
the direction of the wind. Of late peo
ple have got it into their heads that
Col. Taliert will run or be run for Con
gress in the 2d district against "your
Ucle George," and "your Uncle
George" is absolutely certain to run
and be run. As Col. Talbert would say,
"Dat's a fack," but he, himself, has not
said that he is a candidate-that is to
say, he has not said so publicly or priv
ately so far as the public know. The
opinion is nevertheless rife that there
will be a fight between Col. Talbert and
Col. Tillman, and there is no doubt
that a great many people went to the
bartecue to see a picnic between the
doughty Congressman and his probable
opponent. Col. Talbert said that he was
amply satisfied with the result and Con
gressman Tillman said that he was
satisfied, and so far as satisfaction is
concerned why this correspondent is
quite too chokeful of it for intelligible
expression. All the ladies seemed also
to be unutterably satisfied, and if a
cyclone and a deluge hadn't come up
in the middle of the amenities the
speaking and enjoyment might have
lasted until it was too dark to distin
guish a sub-treasury certificate from a
French assignat, a Confederate note, or
a brand new twenty dollar gold certifi
The rain came when Col. Talbert was
half through and the wind came up
about the same time and blew the mass
meeting into small pieces, up the road
and down the road and into the woods.
In about five minutes after the approach
of the storm there was nothing left on
the ground but the echoes of the thun
der of the sub-treasury debate.
It was certainly all sorts of a meeting,
politically considered. Dr. Poge, a
trong advocate of the Alliance and one
f the invited spea'Xers,
EULOGIZED GOVERNOR TILLMAN
in such terms as would make any Gov
rnor blush. Congressman Tillman
atacked the sub-treasury, which was
quivalent to attacking Col. Talbert,
U'albert replied vigorously. The audi
mee was of course highly edified by
he triangular aspect of politics at
Denny's. Col. Talbert, was, in the
lang of the day, whooped up by the
oys. He was cheered when he got up
Lnd when he sat down. He was cheered
hroughout his sp>eech. Congressman
'illman made many good points in his
amiliar style, and his friends cheered
sne applauded him enthusiastically.
ie spoke with tremendous earnestness
n nmany parts of his address. Toas
reat many in the crowd t.eredivas no
ouviction but that the sub-treasury
idse only remedy
brsa~be. bles; and is is ex
imelf ~d'ubtful if anything but an
tctual test of the bill ever satisfy that
ide of the house.
Dr. Pope's speech was received well.
Everytiaing was received well. The
>eople came to receive everything well,
ud they did it hospitably and gen
rously. There was no bad blood en
endered, and the meeting closed as it
egan, in a good humor. As before
tated, the two gentlemen most deeply
terested were satisfied, and why
hould not all of us be satisuied-ex
remely so. There was a little fracas
hat interrupted Dr. Pope's speech.
ne white man cut at a black man
vho was making hash, and a second
vhite man knocked the first white
nan man down with a stick, and at
he last acccunts all of these people
vere perfectly satisfied with the re
A NEW MOVE BY ALLIANCEMEN.
~hey Hold a Secret Meeting and Criticise
TOP'EKA, Kan., August 21.-About
ne hundred well known Alliancemen
ud ex-Republicans met this afternoon
ud took steps to bring before the ex
nion soldiers in the Alliance the
osition which the Democrats in the
outh have assumed toward the new
It was a novel gathering, controlled
y S.B. Bradford, ex-Attorney General,
rho, for the past week has been secretly
:nding marked copies of Southern
)emocratic papers to the men in the
These papers criticised the existing
ension laws and complimented the
ew party in the South on its adher
ce to Democratic principles.
Gen. Bradford kept all knowiedge of
20 meeting even from the Republican
~aders, and made the gathering as far
s possible an Alliance conference. The
ien who were assembled signed an
ddress in which they called upon all
2e ex-Republicans in the Alliance
> consider well the situation in the
GOR DON WOULDN'T FA CE T hEM.
he Georgia senator Enns Away from the
[FromQ thc. New York Suu.]
krLAN-rA, August 21.-Senator Gor
on has dodged the Alliar:ee Conven
on, and now becomes the central
gure of their agitation. Trhe resola
ou calling upon him to declare him
lf upon the Ocala platform asked J
at it should be done before the Con
mtion should adjourn. It was given I
a early this morning that Senaor
ordon wouid electrify the Conven- 2
on at its morning session. Instead t
that a motion was introduced to rc
msider the resolution introduced yes
rday asking him 1o give his view, rj
ait after considerable discussion it ~
iled. The Convention wa of~ thei
inion that since Senator Gordon was I
~uring as an opponent of Alliance t
~inipes, he ought to put himself in
cord with them- -.
Final adjournment came without
eappearance of Gen. Gordon. The
eling among the members wvas strong,
d fou' ' expression in such exclamna- ]
ons as "When he wanted our votes t
e couldn't shake him off." It was F
certained during the evening that t
inator Gordon was at the Governor's 8
sidence, where a plan of campaign
as being arranged. When the con
t ence was over, Senator Gordon gave
it for publication a short letter to the
liance at large, saying that his posi- t
m on public matters had been fully s
t forth in speeches, and he was sur
ised that any further statement ~,
tould be necessary. He intended to a
dress the people soon, and hoped to
-ove to thenm that he was their friend.
ie letter is extremely non-committal .,
i the very point upon wh. the State a
ilincewised o cossqnT~< hi.a
SENATOR K EETT'S 'OSITION.
He is not a Third Party Man, and 1:elieves
the Alliance Will Control the Demo
To the Editor of The IIerald and
News: As a synopsis of my speech
made at Fellers' barbecue has been
published in your paper, and an asser
tion made that I declared myself a
Third party man, which is not true, I
feel that the subject is of sufficient im
importance for me to make a concise
statement of my views and position.
The Alliance is a non-partisan social
and political organization. The de
mands that are now receiving the at
tention of the country are national in
their character, and are wade in the
interest of the producers and the indus
trial classes of our people. I can see no
hope of prosperity for us unless these
demands are carried to a successful
issue. Therefore, I consider it my para
mounb duty as a citizon to work for the
success of the means.
As a member of the Alliance I am
not bound to any party. As a citizen I
can act with any party I please. As a
citizen of South Carolina I have always
acted with the Democratic party, and
believe I shall continue to do so, and
not at at the expense of the Alliance
demands. While I place irinciple
higher than party, and prefer - U-:fure
party, I can see no reason of necessity or
expedience why Alliancemen of South
Carolina should withdraw from the
Democratic party. If they should, it
would carry the greater portion of the
party with them them. It is my pres
ent opinion that Alliance dermands in
South Carolina should in 1892 be made
an issue in the Democratic party. I
am fully satisfied that when the de
mands are fully understood-and the
people are now studying them with re
markable interest-those who favor the
demands will compose a very large ma
jority of the Democratic party and w:11
easily contol it.
Jos. L. KErTT.
Sondleys, S. C., August 24, 1891.
HE STICKS TO IT.
The Herald and News does not be
lieve that the correspondent desired to
misrepresent Senator Keitt. He was
in Newberry yesterday, and being in
formed of what Mr. Keitt has to say
this week, writes as follows in reply:
"In giving the synopsis of Mr. J. L.
Keitt's speech, at Fellers' barbecue on
11th instant, I used his own words
when he answered the questions as to
the Third party. He said just what
your correspondent sent, although he
may now attempt to say it is 'not true'
and define his position."
CHARGED WITH MURDER.
Crew of the Freight Train Which Caused a
[Special to Register.]
CHARLESTON, S. C., August 2.-S.
J. Herron, U. S. O'Brien, S. P. Boozer
and Alvan McDuffey, the crew of the
freight train which caused the collision
near Ridgeville on the South Carolina
Railway i uly 31, were arrested to-day
on the charge of murder. Engineer
Henry Brisenden and fireman W. J.
Browne were killed in the accident. A
warrant was issued by Trial Justice
Cummings of Colleton County, who
held the inquest. The prosecution is
instigated by J. D. Browne, father of
fireman Browne. The accused sur
rendered themselves when they heard
that a warrant was out. They were
aken before Justices Williman A
Britton in this city to-day 1m were
ailed in $SQ4). .ahW Herron and
G'riefitdi conductor and engineer of
he freight trian, have been discharged
by the railroad. The parties are held
for trial at the October term of court at
EGLIGENT TIRAINMEN DISC'HARGED.
CHARLEsTON, S. C., August 25.-The
South Carolina Railroad to-day dis
carged conductors Martin and Horri
son, Engineer He&dt and flagman Ran
all, all involved in the recent wreck at
Summerville. Engineer Conlor is sus
ended for thirty days.
A DARING ROBBERY.
hree 3Masked Mten go Through an Express
NASHVILLE, TENN., August 21.-A
pecial from G::iffin, .Ga., says: Au ex
ress car in charge of J. T. Byne was
held up by three masked men and
obbed just east of Collins station last
ight. Conductor Reid says he stopped
,t Collins to let ofi a colored woman,
nd when the train pulled out saw no
ne get on, but his engineer saw three
en standind on the side of the road,
and they got in front of the express car
ust as the train left the station.
Byne, the messenger, says one of
hem entered the car with his pistol
rawn, followed by the other two, who
rdered him to unlock his safe, which
e did, at the poin t of three murderous
ookmng pistols. The men were of
edium size and wore as masks por
ions of black hats. They :so wore
arge black aprons. Immediately after
oing through the car they rang the
ell and when the train .camne to a
tandstill ran off through a field.
Conductor Reed, who was making
is way to the smoking car, where he
upposed a row was in progress, saw
~ne of the men running, and says he
spected the fugtutive had cut somie
ne and was making his escap)e. It is
umored that the amount stolen was
~3,00, though the exp-ess officials only
eknowledge to about $2,500). It is be
eed that the passenger who got off
t Collins was a confederate.
COLD WAVE IN THE WEST.
he Most I'henomienal Te,nperat ture in
Years-A White Frost.
BURLINGTON, IA., August 24.--The
ost phenomenal cold wave f'r years is
revaling over Southwest Iowa at pres
It came unexpectedly and was so
arp that late garden truck had a nar
w escape. The mercury fell from 90O
Iegrees in the shade to :35 in less than
enty-four hours and nothing but
oudy weather and heavy winds pre
ented killinig frosts.
Corn in this setion is so far ad vanced
at the cold will have little effect on
. Crops :n Southwest Iowa and ad
ining port ions of Illinois and MIissouri
e unusually large,an d there is nothing
t long continued rains or an early
reeze that can injure them. Farmers J
e not apprehensive of either. The a
ercury now is about 400 above zero. C
A WHITE FROST.
MIARSUALLTOWN, IA., August 04.
bere was a very perceptible white 1
ost in this region both Sunday morn
g and this morning, especially in the a
wands. Corn is not injured and the y
~nderest vegetation is only siightlyi in-t
ared. The temperature reached 38S last a
FRoST IN wiSCoNSIN. a
IIwarIZEE, W\IS., August 24.
rost last night did great dxaage to
bacco and cranberrie.s. Necedah re
orts that half thle cranbierry crop in
hat district is destroyed, involving~
LITLE RoCi, Ark., August 1.-Iu 1
e circuit court of Desha county the
.it of MIrs. M[ary Sweet, widow of ii
>hn Sweet, who was killed in the
*reck of a freight train last September, h
ainst the St. Louis and Iron Mo0un
tin railroad, was decided in favor of tile
aintiff to-day. The jury returned a1
erdict for $3.5,000. This is the largest ,
ount of damages ever given against
RUSUING UP THE RAILROAD.ASSESS
Thbe New Figures Announced-Comparlson
of Las, Year's Rates with Now.
The long awaited assessments of the
railroads of the State, about which so
much has been said, and against which
the railroads made such a fight, have
at last been passed upon finally by the
State board of equalization of railroal,
and yesterday they were at last made
public. Only the bare assessments per
mile are given, and no compilations or
comparisons are announced. Therefore
it is impossible to give the exactamount
of the raise, but by a careful computa
tion from the data given, it is found
that the raise will amount to searcely
less than $21,000,000, and may be a
couple of million higher. This year
there is a much larger number of miles
of road being operated in the State, and
the total raise is in some measure due
to that, but the actual raise per mile is
very large. The total valuation of prop
erty for each road was not given out by
the comptroller, and consequently can
not be compared with the figures of
last year. Then aga,n several roads,
namely: The Augusta & Knoxville,
Greenville & Laurens, Greenville, Lau
rens & Spartanburg, Savannah Valley,
Carolina, Knoxville & Westeru, and
Spartan burg, Union & Columbia do not
appear on this year's reports at all as
such roads, for they have been absorbed
by others under one name.
The raise, however, is so great as to
cause a general belief that the railroads,
especially the big ones, will make a
fight before paying such taxes and
carry the matter into the courts.
The figures, as announced by the
comptroller general, and the compari
sons with the figures of last yeal, are
Ashley River railroad-Last year 1],
000 per mile; this year $13,000.
Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line-Last
year $13,500 per mile; this year $18,000.
Blackville, Alston & Newberry
Last year $5,000 per mile; this year
Blue Ridge railroad-Last year $4,
000 per mile; this year $5,000.
Barnwell railroad-Last year $5,000
per mile; this year $6,500.
Lishopville rail.road-Last year $500
per mile; this year $600.
Carolina, Cumberland Gap & Chica
go railroad-Last year $5,000 per mile;
this year S8,000.
Central railroad-Last year $8,000 per
mile; this year $12,000.
Charleston & Savannah railroad
Last year $12,000 per mile; this year
Asheville & Spartanburg railroad
Last year $4,000 per mile; this year $8,
Charleston, Cincinnati & Chicago
railroad-Last year $7,500 per mile; this
Cheraw & Chester railroad-Last
year $2,500 per mile; this year $4,000.
Cheraw & Salisbury railroad-Last
year $4,000 per mile; this year $8,000.
Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta rail
road-Last year $10,500 per mile; this
Sea Island Branch-3,000 per mile.
Port Royal& Western Carolina-$10,
000 per mile.
Chester & Lenoir railroad-List year 1
$2,500 per mile; this year S4,000.
Columbia & Greenville railroad- i
Last year $8,000 per mile; this year $10,
Florence railroad-Last year $6,000
per mile; this year $10,000.
Georgetown & -Western railroad
Last year $2,000 per mile; this year $4,
Laurens railroad-Last year $2,000 t
per mile; this year $5,000.
Manchester & Augusta railroad- I
ast year $4,0,00 per mile; this year $5,-i
Greenpond, Waterboro & Bxi:nch
ville railroad-Last year $5,( 30 peL imile;
his year $7,000.r
North Eastern railroad-Last yeart
14,000 per mile; this year $17,003.
Port Royal & Augusta rai.road-Lastt
ear $7,500 per mile; this year $10,000. c
Palmetto railroad-Last year $2,000i
er mile; this year $4,000.
South Carolina railway-Last year t
13,000 per mile; this year $16,000).
South Carolina Pacitic railway-Lastt
ear $5,000Oper mile; this year $G,500. 3
Wilmington, Columbia & Augusta c
ailroad-Last year $10,500 per mile; t
tis year $14,000. t
WVilmington, Chadbourne & Conway c
ailroad-Last year $3,000 per mile;
his year $5,000. t
Wilson & Summerton railroad-Last 1
yar $1,750 per mile; this year $1,798. 1:
Charleston, Sumter & Northern rail- t
oad-Last year $4.000 per mile.; this e
Colum bia, New berry & Lauirens rail- t.
oad-Last year $2,000 per mile; this s
ear $5,000. f
Georgia, Carolina & Northern rail- s
oad-Last year $.3,000 per mile; this I
ear thirty miles at $10,000, remainder
Hartsville railroad- Last year $1,004) ti
er mile; this year $2,000. si
It was remarked last night that the ri
ssessments had not been made on any a
fixed basis, but that the board hat' just si
laced the raise where they saw fit.- t<
he board, however, has done its work tL
nd the figures are here for any and all ca
SHOCKS AT ST. LOUIS. d
LIree Touch~es of Earthquake-A Thun- ti
der Storm Along With Them. tI
Sr. Lours, Mo., Aug. 21.-Three dis- tc
:inct shocks of earthquake were felt ti
st night. So far as can be learned A
be disturbance was confined to the n
~restern part of the city. TFhe shocks f~
ere preceded by thunder and light- se
ing, but no rain fell. The mercury
'elI some fifteen degrees just before the
bhoeks, the first (of which was severe Ti
~nough to rock houses and break crock
rv and windows. This was followed
y two more shocks. The time of the
isturbance was 8.30 o'clock. mn
TH E SHoCKS FELT IN ILLINoIS. D
JERSEYvILLE, ILL., Aug., 21.-This t
caty was visited by an earthquake tu
ast Tuesday which was sensibly felt W
uring the electrical storm, but it was ls
pposed to be tbe vibrations of heavy of
under, and this was followed by at
nother shock at -7 o'clock iast night. Ier
louses trembled, and some persons It~
ere frigh tened that they jumped out tr
bed. The vibrations were from east fo
Ieatq Forty Acres~ aml~ a M,ule. of
ILE(mr, N. C., August 21--dohn
. Witliamnsou, one of the leading ne
ro p)oliticia ns of this State, ex-mem ber
the legislature and editor of the
~aleigh Banner, proposes to run for re
>ngress next year on a unique p)lat- ye
rm. It contains one plank, as fol- a
ws: That Congress provide for the WX
yment, at the rate of $:300 per head, gr
the 4,4)00t,000 slaves set free by late ta
~ar-200 of this amount to be paia to as
e owner of each slave, or his heir., sti
d $100 to each freedman, or his heirs. 10<
will take $i,200,000tH0 to do this, th
d Williamson pIropo~ses to supply the in:
~nds by i+:suing 2 per cent. tlity-year 5,(
lIdS to that amount. a
Twins Ninety-one Yeara Old-i.
SAEr, Mass., August 2l.--Mrs. an
tannah Eustis and Miss Sarah Barr,
iu sisters, of Wakefield, are at present
e guests of their niece, Mrs. Mary
uts, in this city. These venerable 4
omen, who are enjoying excellent st.r
alth, wvere horn in Salem, March 31, so
No two persons were ever more alike, in~
ing of exactly the same height and in
eight, while their features, voice and
iovements are so similar that it of'
uzzles even their nearest relatity
1 one from the other.
THE REBATE TAX.
The Opinion or the Taxation or the Nxew
berry Cotton 3ills.
.Special to News and Courier.1
COLUMBIA, Augst 21.-The opinion
of Assistant Attorney General D. A.
Townsend in the Newberry Cotton
1ills case was given to the press to
day from the Comptroller General's
office. The case briefly stated is that
tlie Newberry Mills were incorporated
under the Act of 1873, whicu provided
for its exemption from taxation for a
period of ten years. By Act of the
Legislature in 1882 this Acc was re
pealed, hence all the trouble. The
opinion of Mr. Tow u.eud, which is in
favor of the mills, is full, plain and mi
nute in detail, and rehearses the statuts
of the case from the passage of the Act
of 1873 to the present disposition. It
is as follows:
COLU3MirA, August S, 1891.
The Hon. W. H. Ellerbe, Comp
troller General-Dear Sir: After a care
ful consideration of the facts contained
in the petition of the Newberry Cotton
Mills asking that the taxes of the fiscal
year ending 3d October, 1889, be re
funded, and of the law in relation
thereto, I have the honor to state to
you that the said taxes should be re
funded, except the constitutional two
mills tax set apart for educational pur
poses. My reasons fur this position are
briefly as follows:
The Act of December 20, 1673, pro
vided that the taxes paid by sue' .nan
ufacturers (except the consti.utional
2-mill tax) should be retunded for a
term of ten years from the date of the
investment, and there was no other
hange in the law in this respect until
the adoption of the General Statutes
May 1, 1882, the General Statutes
were adopted. In subdivision 23, of
Section 149 of the General Sta:utes,
were incorporated provisions some
what similar to the provisions of the
Act of 1873. The General Statutes con
Lained also the repealing clause in See
ion 2,739. It might be interesting to
inquire here whether or not Section
1,739 (General Statutes) repealed the
Act of 1873, but I think it unnecessary
ror the determination of the que.,tion
aerein involved. On December 21, 1882,
he Act incorporating the petitioner
Newberry Cotton Mills) was passed,
Section 18, Statutes, p. 649,) the 7th see
ion of which is as fdilows:
"Section 7. The said corporation shall
e entitled to all benetlts enumerated
ind contained in an Act entitled an
Actto aid and encourage manufactures,
ippr-ved December 20, 1873 for a terni
)f ten years from the date of its organi
ation, but only to the extent of the ar
icles therein named and the necessary
juildings for the machinery used in
The incorporating Act with the 7th
;ection was passed by' the Legislature,
ts already stated, on December. 21,
[882. several months after the adoption
f the General Statutes (which was
MIay 1, 1882,) and in the face of the re
ealing clause contain,d in Section
,739. Now, whether the Act of 1873
vas repealed by Section 2,739 or not,
xhat was the intention of the Legisla
.ure in said action of the incorporating
Act? Evidently to confer a special
)rivilege upon the petitioner and to
lake that special privilege a part of
In passing the incorporating Act the
,egislature did not even refer in any
vay to 23d subdivision, Section 160, of
)eneral Statutes, which we must ad
nit contained the general law on the
ubject; but, ignoring that section en
irely, referred in termis (section 7) to
he Act of 1873 evidently for the pur
ose of enumerating and ideutifying
he benefits which it intended to confer
n a special way upon the petitioner, in
ddition to such other privileges as
night be conferred by the general law.
Thus it is evident that while the
ights of the petitioner do not rest upon
he Act of 1873, except so far as it is
iecessary to use tha Act to ascertain
he benetits enumerg!ed, these rights
o rest upon the said Scction 7 of the
uorporating Act of December 21, 1882,
therein said benefits are enumerated
y its reference to the Act of 1873.
On December 28, 1885, the Legisla
ure passed an Act (19 Stat at Large,
33,) repealing subdivision 23, Sec. 169
f the General Statutes. it did profess
repeal either the Act of 1873, of Sec
ion 7, of the incorporating Act, (D)e
embe- 21, 1882,) referring to Act 1873.
Vas either these repealed by inmplica
ion? I think not. The repealing Act
85 was not intended to do more than
revent the continuance of the opera
ion. General provisions of the law
ontained subdivision 23, Section 169,
f General Statutes. It was not in
nded to destroy special privileges
ch, for instance, as had been con
rred upon the petitioner by the 7th
ction of the incorporating Act of
lecember 21, 1882.
In support of this position I cite
tate vs Stall, 17 'Wallace, .436, wvhere
me Court held that the provisions of a
ecial charter or aspecial authority de
ved from the Legislature are not
[ected by gene-ral legislation on the
bject. The two are deenmed to stand
gether; one aIs the general law and
e other as the panicular law of the
Hence, I conclude, that the Legisla
ire in referring to the Act of 1883 as it
id by the 7th section of the incor
rating Act of December 21, 1882, in
nded to confer, and did confer upon1
ie petitioner tihe especial charter
riviege with nny particular reference
the general law contained in See
n 189 General Statutes, and that the
t of 1885 referring to Section 109 had
Seffect upon the privilege then con
red. Respectfully, your obedient
rvant. D. A. TowvNSENI,
Assistanu2 Attorney General.
ans~fer of the RichtnlfOnd( and k.anville
Wasr INaToN, August 22.-This was
oving day with the Richmond and
anville Railroad Company. The en
re outfit of the headquarters, furni
re, records, books, papers and clerks
as transferred from this city to At
ta, which wvill henceforth ba the site
the general offices of the company,
th.t city is more central to the gen
al business of the company. To-night
e offiees wvere shipped in two spe-cial
ins, one for passengers and the other
r freight. These trains will reach
lanta at about 12 o'clock to-morrow
ght, in time to enable the business
the company to be conducted as
u! M.onday morning.
Up in a BaHo'on.
WraLMns(Tox, N. C. August 21.-A
:narka ble b,aSoon e.seension was made
sterday afte 1noon1 at Caro i na Beach,
sumer resort fifteen miles belowv
ilmingtou. ChIarles Williams, a nie
helper to the teronaut. became en
g!ed in the guys to the balloon just
it was ready f.r the aseent. While
'uggling to release himnself, the bal
> sudOenly shot upwards, leaving
e eronatut 01n the groulnd and cairr;
the terriuied n-ar >to a height a
mifeA. The b'a! loon' fe-il a mmile
-y, and it wag upos d tih*t Wi -
ms bad been kidetd, but just before
chig the ground he succeeded in
entangling himself fi om1 tihe r'pes
d escaped unhurt.
The Strike Collapsed.
3 A L ESTON, t&.U., Aug. N.-Th e
ike of machinEts emnployed by th' f
uth CaroigBailway.. -olia psed to f
after aweek'sdru were-All strik
"THAT FAIR MAN."
sent:or Butler Says He Has Been Treated
Unfairly by Dr. Stokes.
LSpecial to News and Courier.1
CoiLUMBIA, August 23.-Senator But
ler, arrived in the city to night from
Asheville on his way toEdgefield. He
rgrets that he was unable to accept the
invitation to the meetingat Batesburg,
which, as has been publihed, has been
postponed until September 10. He said
that his engagement with the naval
committee prevented his attendance
on the originall date, but that be will
be present on September 10. He ex
pressed himself as~bighly indignant at
the comments reported to have been
made by Dr. Stokes and others pf the
part be took at the Prosperity meeting.
He holds that if Dr. Stokes intended to
reply to anything in his speech he
should ha. , Jone so upon its close, Dr.
Stokes having half au hour reserved for
that purpose or more if he desired.
Senator Butler says that it is not true
that he evaded Col. Talbert's speech.
There could possibly have been no eva
sion, because it was expressly stipulated
between him and Mr. Hardy that Col.
Talbert was not to refer to Senator
Butler's speech. It was a fair presump
tion, therefore, that Col. Talbert would
say nothing which would demjand a
Senator Butler said that he had not
seen the Cotton Plant in which he w&a
criticised, and could only at this time
speak in general terms and only on the
unfairness of the mode of Dr. Stokes'
A Mite of a Body.
DANuR, Coxx., August 24.-A
babe born here last week weighs less
than two pounds. When born it
weighed one pound and two ounces.
Its length is that of an ordinary lead
pencil. The parents are Mr. and Mrs.
Daniel Warner, of Locust Hill. The
child is in perfect health.
Many Persons are broken
down from overwork or household cares.
Brown's Iron Bitters Rebuilds the
system, aids digestion, removes excess of bile,
and cures malaria. Get tho genuine.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.
NEW FIRM. .
cai[weii & Davis.
WE ARE PIEPARED TO DO
good work in the following
Repairing Furniture of all Kinds,
House, Sign and Ornamental Painting,
Grainng, Calsomining and Wall
Carpet, Mating and Oil Cloth Put
Dow-i with Neatness and a
Goo -. Fit.
We solicit your patronage.
Call at corner of Boyce and Nance
streets and get estimates.
ROBT. T. WALDWELL.
ROBT. W. DAVIS.
WfITH EVERYTHING COM
VO plete in my Undertaking De
ment, I1 am prepared to give'prompt
and careful attention to all orders. I
have always on hand a large selection
of Caskets, Coffins, Burial Robes, etc.
Calls answered at all hours night and
da. ROBT. T. CALD WELL.
T HE SIXTH ANNUA-L MEET
.ing of the Newberry Building and
Loan Association will be held in
Knights of Honor Hall on Monday,
September 7th, 15.91, at p. mn., zo hear
the reports of the P'resident a.nd the
Secretary and Treasurer, and tbe trans
action of such other business as way
come before the meeting.
All the stockholders are requested
to attend either in person or by proxy.
J. WV. M1. SIMMONS,
Secretary and Treasurer.
/ L L PERSONS HOLDING UN
LX paid School claim s for the year
1890-91, will please present the same
for approval as soon as possible. I
must make my annual report by Octo
ber 1. ARTHUR KIBLER,
WXE DNESDAY, SEPTE MBE R 30,
VV 1891, M1iss Lucy Bowers will
pen an Art School over MIr. J. D.
Daven port's store, Mlain street. Lessons
n Drawing, Charcoal and Painting.
For particulars address
M1ISS L UCY BOWVERS,
Newh erry, . C.
b Y VIRTUE OF AN ORDER~ OF
the Court of Probate of Newberry
jounty, I will sell in front of the Court
Rocuse, on Saturday, the 20th day of
lugust next, within the legal hours of
Sale, all the personal property of Anna
ray, decea.sedl, consisting of house
mIod andl kitchen furniture.
WALTER F. GRAY,
Executor of Anna Gray.
Ncwi'erry, S. C., August 14, 1891.
FCR TnE HEAU nC OF THE MATiONS.
Is a first-class scientific preparatlon, the
result of Dr. King's untiring. labors and
researches following after Garey, De
jgeer, Brandtlett, Pastuer..,Koch, .Miquel
and other illustrious compeers, wh.ose la
bors substantiate, as held by the French
Academy of Science, that " disease germs
may be not only attenuated until nearly f1
harmless, but may be revivified by degrees F
and given the most virulent character."
- -ROYAL GERMETUER
is an Infallible cure for numerous diseases,
such as Eheumatism, Indigestion., heart
troubles, He*.dache, Liver, Bladder, and
Kidney diseases, Chills and Fever, Ca
tarrh, Paralysis, Asthma, Bronchitis,
Coughs, Incipient Consumption, all Blood
and Skin diseases, Female troubles, etc.
It cures by purifying and correcting a dis
eased condition of the blood. It builds up
from the first dose, the patient quickly
feeling its invigorating and health-giving
influence. It increases the appetite, aids
digestion, clears the complexion, purifies
the blood, regulates the li:er, kidneys,
etc., and speedily brings bloom to the
cheek, strength to the body and joy to the
heart. For weak an d debiltated femialei.
it is without a rival or a peer.
von are suffering wIth disease, and
falIaf'enre, send stamp for printed mat
ter, certificates, etc. It is a boon to the
suffering and the wonder of the century.
For sale by King's Royal Germetuer
Company, Atlanta, Ga., and by druggists.
Price $1.50 per concentrated bottle, which -
makes one gallon of medicine erdi
rections accompanying each .. Caza
W~AE STILL HAI7E ON HAND A SPLENDID ASSORTM1ENT
OF :- - -
SPRING AND SUMM3ER
CLOTHINC, SHOES, HATS
AND GENTS' FURiISHING GOODS
WHIGH WK WILL BELL CHEAP FOR WAllE
UP STOCK OF THIN GOODS, CONSISTING OF
A~PAHI, SIiLIX bP WE. T E AiXNT SLERS UTK EIR
CO~ATS A]&TD "%TESTS
ALL THE DIFFERENT CUTS---LONG, SHORT, MEDIUM.
NECLICE SHIRTS IN PROFUSION
IN ALL QALITIES FRO T11E PLAIXEST ASD CHEAPEST TO THE
FINEST AND MOST BEAUTIFUL PATTERNS.
01li Straw Hat TRa[feIas Bol Imm8ls, Ilut
WE STILL HAVE A NICE VARIETY TO SELECT FROM.
TO THE LADIES WE WANT TO STATE THAT OUR LINE
IT or : : : : : : ; : : :
---OX M:J oR.LD T XE M ---
ARE THE HANDSOMEST LOW CUT SHOES
IN THZE C"UNTY.
WE HAVE THEM IN PLAIN TOES AND PATENT LEATHER TIPS
IN OPERA AND COMMON SENSE TOES.
27 We will close out our entire stock of Boy's and Children's
Clothing at prime cost from now on. Call early and get your choice
before they are all gone.
SMITH & WEARN.
UTIL THE ST DAY OF SEPIt.IBER
WE OFFER OUR ENTIRE STOCK OF
Glass and Crockery Ware,
AT AND BELOW
JSTEW YORKE OOST.
NOW FOR BARGAINS.
N E W BERRY, S, C
THIS SALE WILL LAST FOR
Now is Your Opportunity.
MINTER & K
*1 SPRING /9 SUMMER GOODS. Do>
Tge i . s a chance sedo offered to te pu lic t seure
w e hav e marked down to cost and some below cost.
straw Hats to be Closed Out at Any Price.
s>~sn to an >tL(rand if yo !illcal and exa ri.m our
prices y ou will be conv inced of this fact.
[HE SHOE HOUSE
SUMMER STYLES AT
usanodnlwe -hsA tJA