Newspaper Page Text
The "Famous" ~RtELV
WILL MAKE YOU SMILE Zj
LISTEN TO THEIR I I F~I~~~HGO ORI~V
GIass and Tinwaie
' ry the *m and see. Foot'sOld"tand
W. M. Sherard & Co.
DEFENCE OF THE ALLIANCE PLAN.
Any Alliance Man can Vote Accord!ng to
his Convictions. but Macune, Stokes
and Talbert Say that when the
Alliance Majority has Decided
on a Policy every Mew
ber of the Alliance is
Bound to Support
COLUMAIA, September 25.- Secretary
of the State Tindal banded the follow
ing this morning to this correspondent
for publication in the News and Cou
To the E ditor of The News and Cour
ier: Your paper and some other daily
papers have assumed an attitude to
wards the Alliance which bodes evil to
the whole State.
The people who are not eligible to
membership in the Alliance are taught
to believe that the farmers are seeking
to rule them through a secret, oath
bound political society. This is not
true. The secrets of the Alliance are
for business and social purposes. When
one enters a store to buy a piece of
goods he finds a secret mark upon it. It
is the merchants' secret. It is his right,
and no one complains of it,iIt is a very
unwise business man who parades his
business affairs before the world. And
no on2 has a right to complain of the
secrets of the Alliance.
Suppose the merchaots in their
-boards of trade should conclude, from
frequent interchange of views, that
their interests would be promoted by a
certain iaw, or by certaiu changes of
existing laws, what could they do but
go out before the whole people to advo
cate their measures? [This is all which
the Alliance has done politically.] In
their contest with the Bagging Trust,
and the cruel extortions of the credit
and lien law business, they naturally
enough inquired into the cause of the
evil and the way to remove it. They
laid their unfortunate condition before
the country, and the measures which
they think would relieve them in the
most public manner, and invited the
fullest discussion of them. They had a
right to expect that in other classes
they would find many humane people
who would consider their icase in a fair
MACUNE'S DOCTRINE DISPUTED.
No man's vote politically is bound
by any oath of the Alliance, nor can be,
for the reas:n that the Alliance has no
right under i-s constitution or laws to
ask him how he voted at the last elec
tion; and so far as politics is concerned
there is no Alliance oath nor secret. If
you can by fair argument show an
Alliance member that you have a
better remedy than his for the inade
quate supply of. money, there is no
Alliance oath to hinder him from
assenting to your proposition. The de
mand for more money and the best
way to get it is therefore as open for
public debate as any political question
which ever was before the people.
Senator Morgan, whom you quote,
says: "Before the great Democracy is
required to adopt the Ocala platform,.
it should be discussed before the people
and voted on in Democratic primaries,
and every Democrat should be heard
datiently, fairly and fraternally, who
wisbes to be heard." etc. That is pre
cisely what the Alliance proposes.
It seeks to get patient, fair and frater
nal discussion. It has failed to get it
so far, but is making very rapid pro
gress. The enemies of the Alliance
have tried to prevent fair discussion
and to denounce in advance every man
.as a demagogue who might sympathize
with the Ocala demands. Instead of
patient, fair and fraternal discussion it
has been "socialism," "paternalism,"
"undemocratic demagogueism," which
is mere abusive assertion .and not dis
When Christ restored sigbt to a ni-.n
who had been born blind it caused
great wonder &mong the people, and
they took him to their rulers, the
Pharisees, to hear an explanation of it.
They denounced Christ as an imuposter
and devil. The blind man remonstrated
that whereas he was blind he. now
could see. This argument made them
mad. They said: "Do you who .are
aloehrborn in sin undertake-to
teach us?" and cast him of the temple.
WE 3MUST NOT DJARE HIT BACK.
It will be an evil day for South Caro
linma when every man whose eyes has
been opened to understand the wrongs
existing in our business and political
conditions is turned ou,t of the Demo
cratic party, and when, as in the case
of Col. Aldrich and Geo. Jolinstone,
men are denounced as denliagogues who
venture to sympathize with them.
The liberties of this country were
established by. men like Washington
and Jeff'erson, because their talents
were guided by a spirit of humanity.
They believed that the best way to se
cure the rights of the people was to
give to them the right to rule, and to
correct whatever evils may arise. 3Men
then gained immortal honors by advo
cating the cause of the people. But has
It come to this in our day-that a man
is a "demagogue" who sympathizes
with them? When the cities and towns
are arrayed against the country by the
present attitude of the press, what must
T IIEY slOCL D sIT DOWN ON T HE FOOLS.
The Alliance may have imprudent
members, who say im pruden t things.
Every organization has the same-even
the Church. But the farmers honestly
desire to appeal to the best intelligence
and heart of the whole country-of
every class to aid them in solving their
problems. Discussion in a wise, candid*
spirit could only result in good. But if
t present (apparently predeterium)
plic of the opposition is presevered in
and most mischievious in tend,ncy. It
is to our common interest to restore
the unity of the Democratic party and
not seek further to divide it. This will
depend upon the attitude of the city
press. That has lost nearly all influence
with the people outside of towns and
cities. It can only foster prejudice in
the minds of the urban population. Is
that a natural result of candor and
fairness? What interest is or can be
promoted by such a course?
My position in the Alliance is a very
modest one-only a private member. I
know, however, that many thousands
of people have been practically bene
fited by it, which they will not forget.
SO HAVE WE, WHEN WE HAVE BOTH
For education and interest I am con
servative, but I have an abiding faith
in the good sense and capacity of the
people for self-government, and, there
fore, am and always have been a Dem
ocrat. I feel it to 'e my duty to pro
test agaipst the policy you are pursuing.
and to appeal for more fairness and
more confidence in the people. If the
people cannot be trusted at all, then
the Democraic party; and our republi
can government itself, are based upon
a false theory and are humbugs.
CERTAINLY, AND THE TRUH WILL PRE
For twenty-five years I have lived
among the plain farmers. I know
them. They are neither Communists
nor fools. They have a strong sense of
justice and are too conservative for
their own good. Iliave seen sometimes
their lien accounts and wondered to
myself that they were not in arms. I
have seen their desperate struggles
against adverse business conditions
their gloom every winter and the re
newed hope and courage of the return
ing spring. I fougtt with them dur
ing the war and in 1876. Their patriot
ism, their fortitude, their patience,
forbearance and hope should appeal for
sympathy in their effort to find a way
to rid themselves by law of their op
It is not safe to bully them. They
are too easyly persuaded by kindness
and fair argument, but don't undertake
to drive them out of the temple, because
their eyes have been opened ,to their
wrongs. Tho who tried that before got
put out themselves. -The "Oates plan"
is not pure patriotism. It is, "I am
holier than-thou and I shall control."
Unity ,Jiarmony and progress can only
be maintained by candor; by mutual
forbearance and kindness. When you
ask Col. Talbert to say whether he
would stand by the Democratic party
if his views did not prevail, he said,
xquarely, he would; but when he meas
ured you by the sarbe standard you vir
tually say, "I am the party, the master
f this Temple. Get out!" You declare
in advance there shall be two parties.
How often and how eloquently have
we been warned :in your columns
against such a calamity? But rather
than trust the people and let "free, pa
tient and fraternal dliscusEion" evolve
the truth as it would, .you close* the
dor against it. This is all wrong, and
is inconsistent with your course last
year, when you stood by the Demo
3ratic Convention. If it were right as
to the State, why not as to the National
Democracy? .J. E. TINDAL.
[From the Gaffney Courier.]
Being an old farmer of forty years
experience, having fought* many a
bard battle with General Green, and
having always gained the victory, I am
prompted to give my brother farmers
a word of cheer.
Now brother farmers, it won't do to
plant cotton to buy corn, flour, &c. It
will always keep your nose to the
grindstone. You.will be no better than
a slave for some one as long as you con
tinue this picnic. You will never be
an independent and free man as long
as you neglect grain.. Your old .bro
ther has always 4 ed cotton as a. sur
plus crop, and no..w o-da.y he owes no
man anything but lovo,except a forty
dollar note and aIlittle9store.~account;
and I have for the las~t thirty years had
morn to sell and to keep, and money to.
lend and to use.iQught I not to be
I thought I would quit here, biut
there is so much more I want to say to
mIy young brother farmers who have to
battle with General Green. You have
bad to fight hard this year to save
your crops, and you deserve a great
leal of credit in saving them. But,
h, my friends, I was in a mighty fight
in 1867 when it rained euery day from
the lith of June to the 4th of July, and
I always have believed I lost 100 bush
els of corn by two plows standing idle
en the 1ith of June, Saturday.
Now let me say that too many of
you come to Gaff'ney's on Saturday.
You don't know what a day's plowing
is worth. Never put off until Monday
what should be done on Saturday.
They Were simple Mounitaineers.
Mrs.- Brownstone (at seaside:) "I
wonder why that fisherman does not
go out to-day?".
Miss Brownstone: "Because he can't
eatch anything but mackerel to-day,
and he doesn't want them."
"Did you ask him?"
"I asked him why he didn't go out,
and he said he didn't like that mack
Professor Gauthier, of Paris, states
that certain vital processes of the body
develop putrefying substances in the
tissues, which, if not soeedily elimina
ted, produce disease. 'Ayer's Sarsapa
rilla effects the removal of. these sub
THE HOME CIRCLE.
Bill Arp Tells How it is Saddened and Con
secrated-Who Wrote the Hymn?
"The baby is dead."
That was the sad telegram that came
to us from for away where one of our
boys is living.
It saddened the household, for we
had never seen the child nor the
mother, and they were to come and
visit us next month, and expected to
be so happy. There is trouble that is
trouble-grief that is grief. The first
child, and old enough to have twined
around her mother's heart and absorbed
her very life. The father can love, too,
and caress and feel a father's pride, and
he can weep and feel desolate. Time
will temper his grief, but a mother
never ceases to lament the death of her
first born child.
It has been more than thirty years
since we lost one, but the lit' i gar
nuents that he wore are hidden away
somewhere, and sometimes I see the
mother fondling them as they lie in the
old trunk-the trunk that holds her
hearts .best treasures. It was Sterne
who said "God tempers the wind to the
shorn lamb," and so in time the young
mother's grief will be sweeter than it is
sad, and she -will rise from it with a
hope and a' trust that she never knew
before. A child in heaven is a bond
that cannot be taken-it is not lost-it
is saved. But still the pang of separa
tion' is very crushing to the parent's
heart.-How the world shrinks up; how
mean and insignificant are all its pleas
ures. I have felt that way, and been
comforted with the feeling, and so I
know has every parent who has lost a
Well, I suppose I must answer my
friend. Colonel Dawson, for he is a
friend and a Georgian, and was kind
to me when I last visited New York,
where he lives. He complains in the
last number of the Sunny South that I
had given Montgomery as the author of
that beautiful hymn:
Prayer is the soul's sincere desire,
Uttered or unexpressed. -
And writes two columns in proof that
his mother wrote it. He -says that he
published this same declaration in the
Chicago-Current in 1884. I did not see
that; nobody down south saw it. What
is "current" in Chicago is not very cur
rent here, and ro I think that is excuse
enough. The hymn has been seen set
down to Montgomery for fifty years or
more without question. It is in every
hymn book of every Christian denomi
nation. It is in every edition of Mont
gomery's poetical works that I have
ever seen. I have a copy before me,
published in Edinburgh in 1869, Which
gives eight verses to the hymn. John
Bartlett's standard work on "Familiar
Quotations" is now in the sixth edi
tion, and quotes the hymn from Mont
gomery. W. Davenport Adams, an
ther standard author of English litera
ure, gives the same authorship. And
o Colonel Dawson has no good reason
for requesting me "to be more careful
n the future about aiding and abetting
British marauders of the property of
American genius." I am sure that no
American, and certainly no southerner,
esires to champion the claim of Mont
omery, but rather would take both
pride and comfort in seeing Mrs. Daw
on's authorship established. It seems
hat Mrs. Dawson died in 1819, in Cyn
hiana, Ky., and left her poetical manu
cripts in possession of a friend. Among
hem was found the hymn of ten verses
n her own band-writing. It seems
further that in 1819 Montgomery pub
ished a volume of his own poems and
ncluded -this one, which he marked
Anon." How it got into Mr. Mont
omery's possession is not explained.
But enough of this. It is sufficient
for me to know that it is a most beau
tiful hymn and to 'elieve that Mrs.
Dwson and Mr. Montgomery are both
And now comes another friend and
gently chides me for settingdown John
WesI|y als a Methodist. -He. asserts
tat John and Chbarles Wesley main
ained to the last their connection with
ad allegiance to the Church of En
gland, and that they were never de
posed from it. No doubt that is true
ut still they were the foa.nders of
etodism. The established church of
England was closed against them.
They and their followers formed a so
iety, and it was called the Methodist
society. They appointed laymen to
preach and assigned them circuits. In
73.5 John came to Georgia as a mis
sionary with General Oglethorpe, and
returned to England in 1738 and con
ected himself with the Moravians.
He says in his autobiography that he
ever was converted until a(quarter be-.
fore 9 o'clock on Wednesday night,
24th of May, 1738. In 1744 he attempted
o preach at Taun'ton and was forbid
en by the magistrates. In 1770 he as
sumed the.office of bishop, and 1784 or
ained Rev. Thomas Coke bishop of
A merica. Coke came ever immediately
nd established the Methc.dist Episco
lal church. Mr. Wesley abridged the
Eglish liturgy-prepared his own dis-s
cipline. If, with all these departures
from church government and church
ontrol,- Mr. Wesley chon to call him
self an Episcopalian, it, was his privi
lege to do so,' but hardly anybody else
ould so classify himi. I .do not say
iis treatment by the Church of En
gland was wrong or unreasonable, con
sidering his independence and defec
tion. but nevertheless it was such that
the Episcopal church cannot now claim
him with propriety. He is the com
on property-of~ the Christian world.
Now, let me -say that thbese letters
from friends kn 'wn or unknown ar e
always welcomo. Of course I make mis
or it provokes more careful investiga
tion. Thefe is no comfort that costs
less and is worth so much as letters
from kindr'ed and friends, and yet there
is no duty so easily neglected. How
longingly do the folks look for letters
from their absent children-scattered
children. How carefully does the good
mother put them away when they do
come. Sometimes there is a long inter
val. and she asks every day, "Is there
no letter?' and her loving heart inag
ines that her boy or her girl is sick.
Children, why don't you write to the
old folks at home? Write often write
regular, write cheerfully, for they
won't be here long, and then you will
wish you had. I had a good letter to
day from an old army friend who is in
his eightieth year, and his wife the
same, and they are hale and hearty
and happy, and he quotes, "John
Anderson my Joe," and writes with
out glasses and says his love for old
friends grows purer and stron.er as the
years roll on. He writes me periodi
cally and always cheerfully and I put
his letters away among my treasures:
These letters for the home and heart
are the only compensation for absence,
for separation of kindred and friends.
Solomon felt it when he said, ''As cold
water is to a thirsty soul so is good news
from a far country." Then write to your
parents, children-write to your broth
ers and sisters-write often, write
thoughtfully. Don't write hurriedly
and carelessly like its something disa
greeable that had to be done-but take
pains both in the manner and the niat
ter--write a letter that is worth the
postage and will do to read more than
once. There is no better evidence of
good conduct and good principles than
the affectionate and carefully written
letters that a school girl or a college
boy sends home to the parents once a
week. BILL ARP.
Famous Americans Who Once Lived by
[W. H. F., in Boston Globe.]
I have no Labor day sermon to
preach, but I have oollected for you
and your readers a few simple facts,
which I know you will be glad to
print as a sentimental offering to Labor
day, and which suggests to me the
text, "All are Laborers in the Vine
Washington was once a land sur
Hamilton, a merchant's clerk.
Webster, a farmer's boy.
Grant, a farmer.
Andrew Johnson, a tailor.
Lincoln, a rail splitter.
Fillmore, a wool carder.
Franklin, a printer.
Garfield, a towboy on the candl.
Roger Sherman, a shoemaker.
Gen. Putnan, a farmer.
Gen. Henry Knox, a bookseller:
GJen. John Sullivan, a farmer.
Paul Regere, a silversmith.
Horace Greeley, a compositor.
Corn. Vanderbilt, a ferryman.
James Lick, a piano maker.
Tom Paine, a staymaker.
Theodore Parker, a farm band.
Bayard Taylor, a printer.
T. V. Powderly,. a switch -tender.
Henry Wilson, a shoetpaker.
Gen. Banks, a mill boy.
Gov. Briggs, a hatter.
Stephen A. Douglass, a cabinet
Jay Gould, a land surveyor.
Henry Clay, a mill boy.
C. P. Huntington. a pedler.
George W. Childs, a clerk in a book
Oliver Ames, a practical mechanic.
Vice-President Morton, a cleik in a
Joseph E. McDonald, a saddler.
Patrick A. Collins, an upholsterer.
Leopold Morse, a pedler.
Frank Jones, a pedler.
Gen. B. F. Butler, a chore boy on a
William Dean Howells, a printer.
Mark Twain, a cabin boy of a steam
Hugh O'Brien, a printer.
Secretary Foster, a country clerk.
Senator Gorman, a Senate page.
Robert Collier, a blacksmith.
Elihu Burritt, a blacksmith.
John G. Whittier. a shoemaker.
Walt Whitman, a printer.
Thomas A. Edison, a newsboy.
Henry B. Lovering, a shoemner.
George M. Stearns, a chore boy on a
Hannibal Hamlin, a printer.
Schuyler Colfax, a clerk in store.
B3. P. Hutchinson, a shoemaker.
Dwight L. Moody, a farm hand.
Senator PlumIb, a compositor.
John Sherman, a river boatman.
Win. D. Kelly, a jeweller's appren
Thomas Starr Kiug, a clerk in a
A Clemson for Alabama.
BIRMINGHAM, A LA., October 1.-The
will of the Hon. Merit Street, a prom
inent and wealthy citizen of Clay Coun
ty, has been probated. In it he pro
vides for founding an industrial school
for boys and girls, setting aside-for that
purpose four hundred and twenty acres
of land in Clay County, with money to
erect the necessary buildings. HeI also
provides an endowment fund to pay
feachors, and provides that all pupils
sall'work so many hours per day.
All the 1.roceeds of the farmi and
workshops are to go to the endowment
fund. It is the most important bequest
ever made to the cause of education by
a private individual in Alabama. Mr.
Street bore the general reputation of
being a close, hard man in money mat
ters, and his bequest comes in the na-i
RIOT AMONG COTTON PICKERS.
The Leaders Taken from a Sheritr"s Posse
.NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 2.-A Helena,
Ark., Special says: There has beeti con
siderable excitement here over the war
fare in the county caused by a body of
imported cotton pickers exciting ne
groes to a general strike for hi,-her
wages, which lie culminated On a riot.
Yesterday deputies Frank Mills gud
Jesse Hodges, who have been with
Sheriff Derrick the last few days, arrived
in the city and report as follows:
Wednsday afternoon they succeeded
in locating thirteen of the worst of the
rioting negroes in a cane brake near
Cat's Island and thence to Memphis.
A sheriff's posse called upon them to
surrender and give up their arms. The
negroes answered by a volley of shots
and made a dash to escape, Two were
killed, two escaped and nine were
captured. These negroes were disarmed
and given in charge of deputies Milli
and Hodges, who started with them
to Marianna County seat. A few mile
back of Hackley's landing the deputies
round themselves and prisoners sur
rounded by a crowd of masked men,
mounted and armed. They demanded
the prisoners at the hands of the dep
utics, and as they outnumbered the
deputies two to one, took charge of the
prisoners, marched them into a thicket
and hung them. It is believed that
most of the negroes were from Mem
phis. Among the killed is Ben Pat
terson, who is known as a crap shooter
and all around negro gambler, and who
Drganized the strike on behalf of the
cotto'n pickers who annually go from
Memphis to the bottoms. The balance
had nothing to do with the disturb
ances whatever. It remains tu be seen
whether the trouble is en:ire-. o-. r, al
khough the general impress:ou is that
it is. The death of Patterson settles it.
NEW ORLEANs, La., Oct. 2.-The
Picayune's Helena, Ark., special says:
It now appears -that no less than fifteen
negroes were killed of the gang of
nineteen who commenced the trouble.
Of the remaining four three are in jail
at Marianna and one in jail at Forest
City. To a millionaire merchant, J.
F. Frank, of Memphis, is laid the
charge of having incited the trouble
by saying in the presence of a hundred
negroes at his store that he would have
his cotton picked if he had to pay a
dollar per hundred for the work.
BITTEN BY A BLUE-GUMMED NEGRO.
Resulting, After Four Years' Suffering. in a
MOBILE, Ala., September 30.-Death
released from his sufferings to-day
John King, whose medical history of
the past four years will become one of
the noted book cases of the profes
Four years ag5 John King was one of
the handsomest, most atletic and most
promising men on the Mobile police
force,, twenty-seven years of age, f ull
six feet in height, intelligent, active,
alert and courageous.
February 10, 1887, King, while in the
line of.-his duty, arrested a negro named
Richard Richards, yvho resisted and
savagely bit the thumb of the police
man's left hand, but was brought in
and locked up. The next day King
was very ill from his wound. The arm
swelled, then in time the illness spread
through the system, affecting the left
side of the body chiefly, finally settling
in the left foot and leg.
He was confined to his bed from this
cause for six months. When he came
from his sick room, it was with a con
stitution entirely scattered, instead of
the stalwart young man who was
known as Policeman King. He was in
Looks and in gait an aged man.
He was, his doctors said, the victim
:>f blood poisoning. Richards, his as
sailant, was described as a "blue
gummed" negro, and such are popu
Larly believed to have poison in their
bite. King never recovered the injury.
H is lameness became more pronounced,
and he came a hopeless and helpless
nvalid, failing perceptibly until death
released him. The most skillful physi
rianis of Mobile and of New Orleans
Liave been battling with the singular
rnalady, which, in the end, baffled
Leaf by leaf the roses tall ;
*One by one our dear ones die.
0, to keep them with us.still!
Loving hearts send up the cry.
Wife and mother, 0 how dear,
Fading like a maist away.
Father, let us keep them here.
Tearfully to God we pray.
Many a wife and mother, who seems
joomed to die because she suffers fromz
liseases peculiar to women, which saps
aer life away like a vampire, and baffles
he skill of the family physician, can
e saved by employing the proper rem
~dy. This remedy is Dr. Pierce's Fav
>rite Prescription, the greatest booni
~ver conferred by man on weak, suf
ering, despairing women. It is a spe
:ific for all p)hases of female weakness,
2o matter what their name.
He Fell Into their Ways.
[From~ the New York sun.]
What the great and growing, but
somiewha t gro.', South west most needs
s contact with the refining influences
>f our more adv-anced Eastern culture,
mud it is pleasing to note where an
Eastern man has given points to our
Western brothers. Mr.. Marcos Alex
tnder, of Brooklyn, who recently moved
o Tom Green County, Texas, receives
;his tribute in a local newspaper of that
egion: "Mr. Alexander was allowed
he honor of pulling thbe badger in a
b< z nd badger fight n.atched at the
stock Exchangesaloon Sa turday night,
mnd did his duty in such a graceful
uinnner as to make many friends."
$118,548,959, FOR PENSIONS.
138,216 Names Added During the Year
There Are Still 688,649 Survivors Who
Are not Pensioned and 819,908 De
censed Soldiers Not Represented
on the Rolls.
WAsHUINTO-, Sept. 24.-The annual
report of Commissioner Raum of the
Pension Bureau, submitted to the Sec
retary of the Interior to-day, shows
that on June 30, 1891, there were 676,
160 pensioners borne upon the rolls of
the bureau, being 138,216 more than
were carried on the rolls at the close of
the last fiscal year. They are classified
as follows: Widows and daughters of
Revolutionary soldiers, 23; army inva
lid pensioners 413,597; army widows,
minor children, &c., 108,537; navy in
valid pensioners, 5,449; navy widows,
minor children, &c., 2,568; survivors of
the war of 1812, 7,590; survivors of the
Mexican war, 16,379; widows of soldiers
of the Mexican war,.6,976.
The following are the number of
pensions of the several classes granted
under the act of June 27, 1890: To
army invalid pensioners, 97,136; army
widows, minor children, &c., 12,209;
navy invalid pensioners, 3,976; navy
widows, minor children, &c., 1,436.
During the last fiscal year first pay
ments were paid upon 131,160 original
claims, requiring $31,391,538 for their
payment. This is an increase in the
number of original payments over the
year 1890 of 64,532. The aggregate cost,
however, was $1,087,302 less.
There were 222,521 first payments of
every description, requiring $38,552,274,
being $69,592 less than was required
for the 130,514 first payments made
during the year was $239.33, and the
average value of first payment on
claims allowed under the act of June
27, 1890, was $71.28. The average value
of first payments for the preceding year
was $485.71, being a reduction in the
average first payment of $246,38.
The aggregate annual value of the
676,160 pensions on the roll June 31,
1891, was $88,247,200, and the average
annual value of each pension was
$139.99. The average annual value of
each pension under the act of June 27,
1890, was $121.51.
At the close of the fiscal year there
were 38,574 pensions on the roll who
remained unpaid for the want of time,
and who were entitled to receive $4,
883,242, which will be paid out of the
appropriation for the current fiscal
year, and there remained at the close
of the fiscal year in the hands of the
several pension agents the sum of
$5,713,858.84, which has since been cov
ered into the Treasury. This amount,
added to $3,607,133.22 of the pension
appropriation not drawn from the
Treasury, aggregates $9,320,986.06 of
the appropriation which was not ex
pended. There will be a deficiency in
the appropriation for the payment of
fees and expenses of examining sur
geons of about $300,000.
The total amount disbursed on ac
count of pensions, expens~es, &c.,- dur
ing the fiscal year was $118,548,9.59.71,
as compared with $106,493,890.19 dis
bursed during the preceding fiscal year.
So that it appears that 138,216 pensions
were added to the rolls during the fis
cal year just closed, at an increased cost
to the nation of $12,0.55,069 as compared
with the expenditure includes $4,3.57,
347 paid upon vouchers remaining un
paid at the close of the year.
Of the 12,402 soldiers to whom cer
tificates were issued under the general
law from Feb. 14 to June 30,1891, 1,371
were to persons who served six months
and under, while 11,031 served for
seven months and over, and the largest
number of certificates issued to soldiers
of a particular length of service was
905 to those who served thirty-four
months and 878 to those who served
thirty-six mouths. The remarkable
fact is disclosed that fifty certificates
were issued to men who served from
161 to 476 months. It also appears that
of the 71,004 persons to whom pensions
were granted under the act of June 27,
1890, 1, 103 were issued to soldiers who
served six months and under, 26,099 to
persons who served a year or under,
and 44,905 to persons who served thir
teen months and over, and that the
largest number of certificates issued to
any class was 4,693 to men who served
thirty-six months. The age of the
greatest number of pensioners under
both the old and the new law was
"If submit" says the commissioner,
"that this date shows that the pensions
nowv being granted under the old as
well as the new law are not to persons
whose terms were short and who saw
but little service during the wvar. The
great majority of certificates now being
issued are to the veterans of the great
struggle for the Union, and many of
these men would have gone to their
graves in want but for the just, hu
mane, and timely enactment of the law
of June 27, 1890."
During the last year 20,.525 pensioners
were dropped from the rolls for various
causes, and of this number 1:3,229) were
dropped by reason of death. In 18.90
the loss to the pension rolls by the de
ease of widows and derendent moth
ers anid fathers was at the rate of 2.5
per 1,000; in 1690 .33 per 1,000, and in
191, 3 per 1,000. It is estimated that
of the olidiers whio served the country
during the late war] ,004,658 were kille<d
in battle.or died during and since the
war. On .June 80 last 124,754' of these
deceased ssldiers were represented on
the pension rolls by their widows or
There are about 1,208,707 soldiers of
the Union ng9w living, and of the sur
vivors .520,158 are now on the pension
rolls. There are, therefore, 088,649 sur
viors who are not pensioned and 879,
908 dmeae soldiers not represented
on the pension rolls. There were 154,
817 Congressiona! calls for the consid
eration of cases made during the past
fiscal year, being an average of more
than 500 per du.y.
The Commissioner renews his recom
Lnendation of last year as to the read
justment of the pension ratings under
the act of March 3, 1883, and March-4,
1890. The Commissioner says that on
an average about 30,000 certificates are
being issued each month, and that dur
ing the current year he expects that as
many as 350,00) claims will be adjudi
cated, for which he believes the present
appropriation of $133,473,085 will be
YORK TOWNSHIP BONDS.
Their Legality Acknowledged and the Peo
ple Must Pay the Taxes.
The board of county commissioners,
as agents, last Friday entered into an
agreement with W. K. Blodgett, the
holder of the bonds voted by York
township in aid of the Three C's rail
road, by which the legality of the said
bonds is acknowledged, and the suit
pending in the United States court is
to be discontinued, as in the case of
Catawba and Ebenezer townships.
The agreement is the same as that
entered into on the part of the other
townships, with one exception. Mr.
Blodgett represented that he had con
trol of the matured coupons on only
$50,000 of the $75,000 of bonds, and
could not rebate the accrued interest
on the remaining $295,000. He, how
ever, cancels the accrued interest on
the $50,000 up to January 1, 1889, and
also 20 per cent. of the whole debt of
By this arrangement York township
saves in principal and interest some.
thing over $21,500.
After signing the agreement, the
county commissioners at once made a
levy of 9.1 mills to pay the current and
accrued interest, and this fall the tax
payers of York township will pay
taxes as follows: For State purposes,
43 mills; ordinary county, 2X mills;
Narrow Gauge railroad, 11. mills; con
stitutional school, 2 mills; Three C'E
railroad, 91 mills. Total 20 mills. In
addition to this, taxpayers in the town
are assessed 2 mills for the local school
tax, which makes the total 22 mills.
Next year the Three C's railroad tax
will be about 4 mills, or a little less.
How * Spanish Nobleman Won a Hazard
[From the Boston Sunday Herald.]
CITY OF MExico, August 22.-A
wealthy gentleman of Basque descent
lived in the city of Mexico. He was a
good deal of a madcap and noted for
his dring eccentricities. The reigning
Viceroy, a Spanish nobleman, was es
peciallv objectionable to him, and one
day, when the Basque gentleman was
among some lively and congenial
friends, talk fell on the law which pro
vided that BO one other than the Vice
roy might drive about with spotted
horses. This was a privilege which
the Viceroys were very zealous in main
As a result of ',he discussion the
Basque gentleman, something of a
"calavera," as they say in Spanish-a
wild fellow, we would put it-wagered
with a Mexican inarquis that he would
himself hitoh four spotted horses into
his coach and drive through the prin
cipal streets of Mexico. Twenty thou
sand dollars was the amount of the
In a few days a handsome coach,
with font spotted horses, was driven
up the main avenue of the city past
the present Iturbide Hotel to the very
gates of the viceregal palace. The coach
was driven several times up and down
in front of the palace, while sentries
presented arms, thinking it to be the
viceregal coach. Some one ran up
stairs and informed the Viceroy him
self of the presence in the street of a
coach with spotted horses, and out
went the pormpous Spanish vice-king
to a balcony to see, with his own eyes,
the defiance of his privilege and infrac
tion of the law.
The Blasque gentlemian leaned out of
the window, saluted the Viceroy most
graciously, and then ordered the coach
manr to enter the main courtyard of the
palace. On reaching the very heart of
the viceregal authority, the Basque
alighted, passed gravely up the stair
case to the viceregal apartments, and,
to the astonished and dazed function
ary, said: "Knowing how fond you
were of horses, I have come to present
you with a coach and four as an expres
siot' of my admiration!"
The Viceroy, perforce, had to accept
the handsome gift, and could say no
The coach and horsee cost $3,000, and
the clever Basque pocketed $17,000
profit when the wager was settled.
What Shakespeare Might Have Said.
To take or not to take : that is the
Whether 'tis better for a man to suffer
The pangs and torments of indigestion,
Or something take, and, in its taking,
Shakespeare didn't say that, but
very likely he would have said some
thing similar, if he were living in this
19th century, when so many suffer un
told agonies from indigestion. Of
course he would have gone on to say
that a man must be a fool not to take
th)e "so:nething'' which would put an
end to the "pangs and torments''
spoken of, if he could get it. Now it is
a fact that weakened, impoverished
blood brings on indigestion, whics is
the cause of dyspepsia, constipation-a
poisoned condition of the whole sys
tem-and it is a fact, also, that Dr.
Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery will
so purity the blood and enrich it that
all the weakened organs are revital
ized and strengthened. It is guaran
teed to do this. If it doesn't, your
money will be returned to you.
THE CA'NAL IN COURT.
Claimant Gunn to Se Columbia's Council
-Formal Preliminary Demand for
COLUMBIA, Oct. 1.-The gun has
fired. Here is the charge:
"In re Columbia canal.
"Columbia, S. C., Oct. 1, 1891.
"To the Honorable, the Mayor, thb -
Aldermen and Common Council, of
the city of Columbia ; comprising the
following gentlemen: F. W. McMas
ter, mayor; .1. S. Dunn, W. McB.
Sloan; G. W. Ulworden; R. S. Des
portes, P. Motz, E. J. Brennen, W. C.
Fisher, Joseph R. Allen, C. C. Habe
nicht, Joseph H. Green, H. J. Hennies,
J. M. Smith, aldermen.
"Gentlemen : Having waited a suffi
cient time without acknowledgement
of the notice on our behalf on you, or
receiving any intimation of the inten
tion of y;-. -c:orporate body regarding
the sale of the anal, we hereby make a
joint demand -upon you, collectively
and individually, for the sum of $250,
000 by way of daraages sustained
through your breach of contract and
failure to complete the said agreement,
due notice having been served upon
you of -our readiness to complete the
conts act within the timespecified with
in the articles of agreement of June
"We hereby require that the amount
of damages claimed shall be placed to
our joint credit in the banking house
of Messrs. John Patton & Sons, bank
ers, William street, New York city,
within the date thereof, failing which,
immediate action for recovery thereof
will be commenced in the United
States circuit courts; and we further
hereby notify you that In our claim for
damages we conjoin with you the fol
lowing gentlemen: Messrs. F. W.
McMaster, R. S. Desportes, John T.
Rhett, W. B. Lowrance, C. J. Iredell
acting as the board of trustees of the
Columbia canal, we holding them col
lectively and individually liable for
the damages sustained by the failure
to complete their agreement.
"ALEXANDER HAMILTON GUq,
"GEORGE C. SCHOFIELD."
"Served upon the Hon. F. W. Me
Master, chairman of board of trustees
of the Columbia canal, for himself and
the other aembers of the board by
"Robert W. Shand, J. 8. Muller, so
Mayor McMaster says he shall mot
assemble the -council or trustees, and .
that Mr. Gunn can go ahead and sue.
The council for Gunn and SchofieW'
say tdis does not abandon the suit
against the city and Boston purehaem
to compel the deliverance of the prop
erty to them.
BY TORCH RILL.
What's the matter at the South?
Empty pot and hungry mouth!
Worse than pestilence and drought!
What has rubbed her to the raw?
Cruller than civil war!
Why is she a working for
Who has robbed her barn and stable?
Orchard, garden, store and table;
Second 6ain that slaughtered Abel;
Also slew the precious Grass?I
Also made a perfect ass
Of his followers in mass?
What has killed our woods so dead? I
Ravaged all our land so red?
Where'sour money, meat and bread?
What's the world a stealing at?
What's the fellow's feeling that
Broke himself a dealing at
What is it the planter lacks?Cotn
Let him go to-prayer, and "ax"
Wh' has left us but a button?
Breaches down, and fences rotten?
Cotton, Cotton, Cotton, Cotton,
Please to tell us what to do!
How to make a meal of you,
Boiled or baked, or roast, or s'tew?
Get a hydrostatic screw!
Dig a hole and drive h!m to
Well, the other side; adieu-,
Get a r >pe! and let us swing
Higher than a kite;and aing.
"Ruin's seized the rathless King"
TL ei the South shall rise indeed- -
Something better than a weed,
When her veins no longer bleed
When she finds a better feed
Than "cotton-lint," or even "seed
A man is a ''onderful creature,
though his origin is of earth, and his
end is also but dust, yet while existing
we find in many an iron heart.
It is a fact that medicine cures the
doctor more frequently than it cures
Modern love is not blind ; it finds'
wqw always to r'ah ; e .ne.