Newspaper Page Text
obiYG OUT r
The 10 Cent Store ec, C
commence to-day V or.
-~18th, and sell their entWe~V I'' l id f oin n
stock at cost, as they are
going to make a change in
their business. Come at E rd,
once and secure bmrgafl*ns.
SHERARD & MINOR.
Foot's Old Sund. _
,P;'-3TABLISI-I..D 186.5. i -NEWBEIRR, S. C-9 WEDNESDAY9 NOVEMB R2,19.P IC-15 _ E R
A VICTORY FOR THE BANKS
Comptroller General Ellerbe Overruled.
Jadge Hudson Deciden thatthe Rais
Ing of Bank Stock Tax AiseLb
nents from Par to
Market Value it
The Court of Common Pleas ad
journed sine die on Wednesday, the
18th. Judge Hudson left the same af
ternoon for his home. He rendered a
decision that day in a case that will be
of interest to the public.
A great deal has been said lately
about the assessments of banks at the
market value of their stock. The Na
tional Bank of Newberry has always
returned its stock at par, 1.50,000. The
market value is about $160 per share.
The comptroller general ordered the
auditor to list the stock for taxation at
$160 per share, thereby increasing the
total return of the bank $80,000. The
bank made application to the auditor
to reduce this assessment, and upon
his refusal application was wade to the
comptroller general, and he too refused.
On Monday, the petition was filed
before Judge Hudson asking that a
writ of mandamus issue to compel the
auditor to reduce the assessment. An
order was issued and served upon the
auditor to show cause why the writ
should not issue. The case was heard
Wednesday morning the 18th.
Tuesday afternoon, in response to a
telegram from Gen. Ellerbe, Auditor
Cromer went to Columbia. He re
turned the next morning with Assist
ant Attorney General Townsend, and
submitted, through his attorney, [is
reply to the rule to show cause.
The auditor in this case, has been
acting in response ta the orders and
commands of the comptroller genera!.
The Newberry bank is the first to take
action in this matter.
J. F. J. Caldwell, Esq., represented
the bank. The case was argued by Mr.
Townsend for the auditor, and Mr.
Caldwell for the bank.
Judge Hudson said as it was a mat
ter of some importance he would an
nounce his decision at once, and later,
that he would file it in writing, giving
his reasons therefor. He held that the
township board of assessors and the
county board of i qualization having
adopted the valuation of the personal
property of the bank fixed in the re
turn of the board-$150,000-the comp
troller general had no authority under
the law to raise that assessment. That
his order to the county auditor to add
$80,000 to the assessment was illegal
and nugatory. That the county audi
tor was therefore under no obligations
to obey that order and acted illegally
in obeying it. He held therefore that
the auditor should correct bis last tax
list and tax duplicate as they now
stand so as to restore the original valu
ation of tUe proparty and make the
correspondius- reduction in the tax
payable by the bank, and ordered that
a writ of mandamus be forth with issued
by the clerk of the court, requiring the
auditor to make these reductions.
The position by Mr. Townsend in his
argument was that the auditor could
not now make the correction or reduc
tion, as the tax du plicate had already
passed out of his hands into the hands
of the treasurer.
'The case will be taken at once to the
Supreme Court. An order was passed
in accordance with this decision direct
ing the clerk to issue forthwith thbe writ
The decision of Judge Hudson is a
victory for the banks, and it has reason
and justice on its side. Judge Hudson
remarked in renderinig h$s decision t hat
whether the return of the bank was too
high or too low was not the q1uestion
before him, and he had nothing to do
with it. He had only :o decide whether,
under the law, the auditor had the
right to raise an assessment after it had
been made by the party and passed
upon by the township board of assessors
and the county board of equalization,
the legally constituted authorities to
change or correct returns.
Late Wednesday evening, Dr. Samp
son Pope, acting for the Attorney Gen
eral, served thbe papers upon Mr. Cald
well, and they were filled with the clerk
of court. This raises another question,
upon which there is difference of opin
ion: Will this notice of intention to
appeal as a supercedeas, (we believe that
is the law term,) and stay all furth~er
proceedings until the Supreme Court
passes upon the case? The Attorney
General, of course claims that it does,
while Mr. Culdwell claims that it does
CO3MPTROLLER GENERAL ELLERIIE
THINKs JCGE HUDSON HAS
3MA] E A BIG BI-UNDER.
[The State, 20th.]
Comptroller General Ellerbe is, in or
dinary parlance, "red-hot'' about the
"check" called on him by Judge Hud
son in the Newberry National Bank
The State man called on him yester
day morning and asked him what he
had to say abou t it. With display of feel
ing he answvered: "All I have to say is
that all t he ban kers a nd railroads and
other corporations have been fighting
me. Now the circuit judges havej umped
on me. But if they make as big blunders
as that made in this Newberry hank
case it will be an easy fight."
He said the decision did not amount
to anything. Even the auditor's books
wvere changed the treasurer's duplicates,
which were made from them and
turned over early in the year. remained
unchanged, and no one could change
them. He said that if any judge, pro
hibited by the law, from interfering in
the collection of taxes, should attempt
ot touch the treaurer's books he would
make himself liable to impeachment,
and lie im--d no doubt the representa
tives of the pcop'e would impeach
Judge- are probiF ited, he said, from
interf, g by Section 269 of the Gen
eral 6taLutes. which says, "And no
writ of madamus shall be granted or
issued from any court or by the judge
of any court directing or compelling
the reception for taxes of any funds *
and no writ, order, or process of any
kind whatsoever, staying or preventing
any officer of the State, charged with a
duty in the collection of taxes, from
taking any step or proceeding in the
collection of any tax, whether such tax
is legally due or not, shall in any case
be granted by any court or the judge of
any court, etc."
The only remedy, the comptroller
says, he has is in section 268, which
provides for the payment of taxes to
the treasurer and permits the taxpayer
afterwards to bring suit in the court,
leaving there the determination of the
question as to whether the assessment
is i'legal or not.
He says that in the present case,
after the auditor had originally in
creased the return, the assessment was
$70,000 less than it should have been.
He says if the auditor does his duty
now, under section 239, he will have
the president and such other officials
as he may deem necessary, to appear
before him and swear as to the value of
the property. Then be must enter it
on his books, adding the 50 per cent.
penalty. The original return, he says,
shows that the bank is worth less than
one-half what the sworn statements of
the officials show it to be.
PREPARATIONS AT CLEMSON.
Sixty-odd Thousand Dollars More Will be
Needed to Complete the Unildings.
A pplications for Scholarships.
[The State, 20th.]
The report of the Board of trustees of
Clemson College will be one of much
interest. Last evening Governor Till
man and Secretary of State Tindal re
turned from the college, where they
attended the final meeting of the board,
and secured r.ll the data for the report.
From Governor Tillman much of
this data was obtained, and is given
As to the condition of the work, the
chemical laboratory is finished and
partly equipped; the mechanical ball
is done, as are three brick houses for
professors' residences, seven wooden
frame residences, one _' room frame
cottage and six 3-room frame cottages.
The experimental station house and
barn is finished, and the cow barn is
ready and fitted with silos and ma
chinery. It contains accommodations
for 100 animals.
The dormitory it completed, contain
ing 16 sleeping rooms 14x17 feet in
size: a dining hall 200x42 feet, and
other rooms. These rooms are yet to
be plastered, and this will be done in
the next fortnight. The main building
is ready for the roof, and work has be
gui: on two more professors' brick
The amount left over last year was
$25,813. Including this the receipts
fromr all sources were, during the year
from Nov. 1, 1830, to Nov. 1, 1891,
$419,834.61. The amount expended
during the year was $106,127.26, leav
ing a balance of $3,767.40.
In addition to the expenditures men
tioned ab,ove, S11.224 was expended
during the year in performing the
duties of the old department of agri
culture, which devolved upon the trus
tees when the department was abol
ished. This was spent for guano and
fertilizer analysis, veterinary attention,
and other matters.
MORE MiONEY NEEDED.
Gov. Tillman says the board made
careful estimates for the future, and an
amount between $65,000 arid $70,000
will yet be required to complete the
work. They expect to put up twelve
professors' houses, and so far only the
few mlentionled above have been com
pleted. Temporarily, therefore, the
few buildings ready 'will be well
He says th"y intend to bave every
thing iu readiness for the npening of
the college by the 1st of February, or,
if not at that time, by March 1, at any
APPLICATION FOR AD)MISION.
Applications for admission still con
tinue to pour in, and now they number
very nearly a th.:.sand. Here are the
figures by counties: AbbevilleS39, Aiken
16. Anderson 57, BarnwelL49, Beaufort
1, Berkeley 10, Charleston 9, Chester
23, ChesterfielId 5, Clarendon 18, Colle
toln 20, Darlington 15, Edgefield 52,
Fairfield 15, Florence .3, Georgetown 7,
Greenville 44, Hampton 22, Horry 2,
Kershaw 7, Lancaster 14, Laurens 38,
Lexington 5, Marion 14, Laurens 38:
Oconee 32, Orangeburg 73, Pickens 35,
Richland 14, Spartanburg ]5, Sumter
32, Union 9. Williamsburg 13, York 5,
J.LITING; THE NUMBER.
The board passed the following very
"Reeolved, If upon the opening day
of the session, more applicants report
than can be admitted in the dormito
ries, that the number admitted from
each county be in the proportion of
five to each memiber of the House of
Representatives from each coun ty; and
in the event that enough applicants
shall not report to fill out a county's
quota, then the vacancies shall be
given to the counties having an excess,
preference being given to those who
applied first; Provided, however, that
when applicants from a county are in
excess of its quota, the fitness of the
applicants for col'egiate work upon ex
THE FARMERS' ALLIANCE.
President Polk Formulates the Demands
of the Order-Financial Reform the
Issue-A Loss of Fifty Per
Cent in Membership.
INDIANA POLS, Ind., Nov. 1.--Five
hundred persons all told are in attend
ance at the opening session of the Na
tional Farmers' Alliance at Tomlinson
Ball. Secretary Tillman of the Alli
ance council beg-, an open war on the
Peoples' porty last night, and contin
ued it to-day. He responded to Mayor
Sullivan's vaelcome an I endeavored to
outline the policy of the convention.
He said he was not here in the interest
of any third party, nor to promote the
fortunes of any political aspirant. He
called attention to the billion dollar
congress, which expended an amount
equal to $00 a day since the birth of
Christ, and said the tariff must come
down to a reasonable basis of taxation,
and reckless expenditure must stop, or
they will change the personnel of every
congress. Two sets of three initial let
ters, T. and C., comprise the unwritten
oath of the Alliance-transportation,
tariff, trust; crush, change and con
trol-and they must crush the trusts
by a change ir, the tarriff and control
After Tillman concluded, J. F. Wil
letts, late candidate for Governor of
Kansas, responded in behalf of the
Alliance, and Jerry Simpson bnd Mrs.
Mary I-e, of Kansas, and Gen.
Weaver, of Iowa, spoke b--iefly.
In his annual address, delivered to
night, President Polk began by calling
attention to the grave responsibilities
which rest upon the members of the
supreme council, and predicting glori
ous results if the power of the Alliance
was wisely directed. The speaker,
after presenting an argument showing
discrimination against the agricultural
Cleses, proceeded to state their de
"We demand government control of
transportation; we demand the reten
tion of our public dom.ain for the use
of our own people; we demand the pro
hibition of gambling in futures of agri
cultural and mechanical produ-ts; we
demand the free coinage of silver; we
demand that no class or interest shall
be taxed to build up any other class or
interest; we demand the election of
United States Senators by the direct
vote of the people; we demand a gradu
ated tax on incomes; but, more impor
tant than all these, broader and deeper
than all these, and first of all these, is
the transcendentally paramount de
mand that our national bank system
be abolished, and that the people's mo
ney shall be issued to the people direct
by the government, at a low rate of in
terest, and in sufficient volume to meet
the requirements of our growing popu
lation and trade.
"The supreme issue before the Ameri
can people must be financial reft,..
tbe powers and function designed by
the framers of our Constitution for the
benefit of the people, and which have
been stealthily usurped and appropri
ated by corporate and monopolistic
combinations, must be restored to the
people, to whom they rightfully belong.
This can be done only through persis
tent effort, unswerving fidelity to
principle and harmonious united ac
"Not the war of twenty-five years
ago, which resulted in the emancipa
tion of chattel slavery but the gigantic
struggle of to-day, between the classes
and the masses, involving the stupen
dous issue of freedom of honest labor
from the degradation and slavery of
plutocratic power, engages the public
mInd, and is the supreme incentive
and object of this great political revo
SUB-TREASURY SC.IE A DOPTED-THE
ALLIANCE AND THE SPEAKERSH1P.
INDIANAPOLIS, IND., Nov. 18.-At
this morning's session gf the Alliance
Supreme Council a comiunication wa
received from WV. S. McAllister, chair
man of the anti-subtreasury commit
tee, asking for a conference and a
chance to enter a protest. After an
acrimonious debate, a motion, by L. F.
Livingston, of Georgia, prevailed, that
a committee of five should beannointed
to conifer with McAllister. Immedi
ately after thbe council adopted a fiat
footed resolution pledging the order to
the sub-treasury plank. The confer
ence later in the day resulted only in a
Another fight occurred in the morn
ing over a resolution introduced by I.
M. Brand, of Georgia. Thbis resolution
recited the fact that the Alliance had
at St. Louis, in December, 1889, to
gether withe Knigh ts of Labor, adopted
a resolution demanding that the means
of transportation and communication,
the railroads and telegraph, te cperated
by the United States government, and
that this resolution had been changed
at Ocala last year. It then declared
that the Knights of Labor had not con
sented to any change of the demand
for government ownership, while the
Ocala demand is for control, with con
tingent ownership, if simple control is
found impracticable. Tbhis resolutLion
went to the committee on legislative
demands, and the prospects are that it
will be favorably reported upon.
The fact developed this morning that
thbe Alliance has lost fully 40 per cent.
of its membership throughout the WVest
and Northwest. This came out through
all effort by the executive committee to
cut down the representation. When
called on for an explanation the com
mittee confessed that the return of the
per capita tax showed this loss. The
representation was cut two-fifths and
there is walling among the delegates,
for those w b re useated will proba
bly have to w.alanme
The only political actioln which tihe
Alliance is likely to take, as such. came
up this afternoon in a series of tesoli
tions offered by 1. M. Branch, of
Georgia. These resoltions declared
that a large number of men had been
elected to Congress by Alliance votes,
and demanded thst they support to
man for Speaker who would not first
declare for the Alliance platform. They
further declared it the sense of that
body that these Congressmen sioild
nominate one of their own men for the
speakership and stiek to him.
They further admonish Alliancenen
throughout the country to beware of
committing themselves to any party in
such a manner as to interfere *ith
their freedom of political action, or of
taking any position in favor of men or
parties not in sympathy with Alliance
An effort, was made to rush these
resolutions through under a suspension
of the rules, but L. F. Livingston, of
Georgia, opposed thbem in a very vehe
ment speech, and they went to the
committee on demands.
The Alliance business agents held an
all-day session to-day, discussing the
National Union scandal, which was up
in the form of a resolution endorsing
the company. After a long wrangle,
the agents declined to endorse the com
pany, but they endorsed the plan upon
which it started out, and will try to
carry it out with the capital at the com
mand of the State agencies.
A. H. Gallanue, chairman of the
Workmen's Reform League, is here,
in the interests of an amalgamation
with the third party, combining the
interests of all concerned.
THE ANTI-SI-B-TREASURY MEN WILL
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Nov. 16.-The
narional executive committee of the
People's party has formulated a propo
sition for a union with the Liliance,
which may be presented to the su
preme council at any time. The pro
posal is based upon the absolute neces
sity of political action to accomplish
the uniform purposes of all the indus
trial interests of the country; that the
Alliance, as a non-partisan body, can
not enforce its demands, and that only
by the co-operative union of all parties
and organizations can the reform legis
lation be had.
The business presented to the su
preme council this morning was the re
port of the committee which was ap
pointed to confer with the anti-sub
treasury executive committee headed
by W. S. McAllister, Dr. Yeomans and
Joseph Gates. The result of this con
ference was an agreement to hear the
protest from Dr. Yeomans to day.
This was the first matter taken up this
morning. After the report of the comi
mittee was received the supreme coun
cil excluded all not delegates, including
Jerry Simpson and other lights. Sen
tinels were placed on duty and every
precaution taken against the spirit of
the debate leaking out.
THE CONSOLIDATION P'ROPoSITION.
It developed late this afternoon that
the consolidation proposition of the
People's party executive committee
was sent to the Alliance and F. M. B.
A. meetings yesterday afternoon, and
committees of three from each were
appointed. These committees met with
a committee from the People's party
at the Hotel Eniglish at S o'clock this
morning, and an informal conference
was held, over which Representative
Taubeneck, of Illinois, presided. The
demands of three organizations were
discussed as to whethter they could be
placed on a common footing, as they
would have to be.
Taubeneck says the F. M. 1B. A. is
heartily in favor of the third party
consolidation, which, he thinks, is
bound to occur in a few days. Who
compose the committee is not known,
but Taubencek is at once representing
the radical People's party, being chair
man of the national comtmittee, and the
radical element of the F. M. B, A., of
which he is a leading member.
The ultimatum to the Alliance to the
anti-sub-treasury people is that the or
ganization will not recede from its ad
herence to the Ocala demand on this
question. The anti-sub.treasury men,
McAllister says, will at once form a
new Alliance. Another objection which
they have to the Alliance is the gov
ernment ownership of railways.
CON FED)ERATE INDUSTRIAL UNION.
This morning was held the most im
portant meeting that has occurred in
connection with the Alliance conven
tions. This was the ga therinig of the
executive committee of the Confeder
ated Industrial Union, comiposed of
the Farmers' Alliance, the F. M. R..\.,
the Knights of Labor, Citizen's Alli
ace, Workingman's League, Patrons
of T-isbandry and kindred organiza
tions, to consult abouit callinig a con
vention of these organizations on Feb
ruary 22. The committee decited that
this convention, lookinig to unity in
Isgislative demands and political ac
tion, shall be held at some point in the
The fixintg of a place of meeting was
considered at length, and it was then
decided to leave the choosing of a city
to Messrs. Trerrell, Taubeneck and
Baumgarten. The committee was in
structed to choose from tile following
Indianapolis, Louisville, St. Louis,
Chicago, Cincinnati and Springfield,
Ill. This committee will visit each of
the cities designated, and wvill select
the one that offers to do most for the
meeting. This committee is to rep)ort
its selection within the next twenty
The basis of repr::sentation decided
upon for the meeting of the Confeder
ated Industrial Union is two delegates
from each of the confederated organi
zations and one delegate from each
10,000 votes e .3t by the People's party.
This will make a delegation of about
"This gal hering will be the most im
portant than hat has ever assembled
in the United States," said Chairilan
Terrell, of the executive committee.
"There will be eighteen or twenty or
ganizations represented. It will not
be a meeting for political purposes.
The union will declare its principles,
and then the political party that adopts
a platform which conforms most near
ly to our declaration of principles will
get our votes."
Anti-Sub-Treasury Alliancemen Pulish an
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Nov. 20.-The
Alliance this morning gave the final
coup to the anti-snb-treasury people by
barring Gates of Missouri from the
meetings of the Alliance. This was
done by a resolution excluding "all
Alliancemen who are not vouched for
by the chairman of their respective
State delegations." Leonard refused
to vouch for Gates, and although he
bore credentials from his State Alliance
he was forced to retire.
The anti-sub-treasury people issued
the following call for a convention of
anti-sub-treasury Alliancemen at M-m,
phis on December 16:
"leadquartersof the Anti-Sub Treasury,
%ational Executive Conmnittee,
Indianapolis, Indiana, Noveinber 20.
CALL FOR A NATIONAL CONVENTION OF
"Whereas the national committee of
th- convention of the anti-sub-treasury
Ailiancemen held in St. Louis Septeni
ber 1.5 and 16, 1S91, appointed to pre
sent to the Supreme Council of th Sa
tional Farmers' A lianceand Ind ustrial
Union, when assembled in Indianopo
lis, a memorial and protest against the
sub-treasury and land loan schemes
and the proposed governmental control
of railroads and telegraph lines, have
in due form and respectful manner ap
pealed to present the said protest to the
Supreme Council; and whereas the Su
preme Council aforesaid has declined
to hear said protest; and whereas the
committee was empowered and in
structed by the St. Louis convention
to call another national convention to
hear and consider the report of said
"Now, tnerefore, the national execu
tive committee of the St. Louis con
vention does truly issue this call for a
national convention for all anti-sub
treasury Alliancemen to be held in the
the city of Memphis, Tenn., on Decem
ber 16, 1891, to hear and consider this
report of the committee and to take
such final action in the premises as
may seem proper and best for the gen
eral welfare. Let all local organizations
of the Farmers' Alliance and Indus
trial Union and other farmers' and in
dustrial organizations send full delega
tions, the number from each zuch local
organization to be determined., by
"(Signed) Wm. S. MCALLISTER,
ROBT. W. NICHoLs, Secretary."
The various farmers' organizations
have nearly completed .their work and
a final adjournment of the Supreme
Council of the Alliance, which is hold
ing out the longest, will probably occur
to-morrow. To-day the F. 31. B. A.
adjourned after amending its constitu
tion so as to admit to membership men
and women over 1S years of age. It
resolved not to amalgarnate with any
other organization until the February
The F. M. B. A. also re-elected Treas
rer Haines and the following board
of trustees; E. M1. Poe of Missouri, S.
WV. Wilson of Illinois, William Reed of
Illinois, J. Tr. Reed of Ohio, and I. N.
Miller of Indiana.
The delegates to the February meet
ing were instructed to vote for inde
pendent political action.
Trhe Alliance to-day changed its con
stitution to admit women. The anti
sub-treasury people, after issuing a call
for a convention at Memphis, Decem
ber 16, publiseed a two-colum card
charing Macune with wrecking the
Texas Alliance Exchange and making
big money thereby and with trying to
sell out the Alliance to the old polhtical
parties. Most of thess charges wvere
made at the Ocala meeting.
The reform Press Association threa
tens to bolt the Alliance if the State
Alliance Exchange Associatiou carries
out its purpose of miaking all purchases
through the National Union Company.
The People's party men are the best
satisfiedl of all those who gathered here.
They claim to have secured all they
came for and even more.
FARMERS' ALLIANCE NOT DEAD.
Ex-Senator Van Wyck Says its Intluence
WVil be Felt Next Year.
WASH IN(;Tox, Nove mber 1.-E-x
Senator Van Wyck, of Nebraska, who
has cut loose fronm th'e Republican par
ty and is an independent member of.
the Farnmers' Alliance is in this city.
The political situation," lhe said, ''is
an enigma to everyone. It is imipossi
ble to prediet the future. Soime folks
are saying that the Alliance has gone
all to pieces. That is not so, and they
will find it ouit niext year. I do not
knowv just what. the Alliaince will do,
but they will do something to make
themselves felt in the election of 1892
"There was a falling off of the Alli
ance vote this fall, and it w~as (Ine
largely to the fact that there were a
large number of p)eoplle who voted
with them before with the expaectaLtion
of immediate results. Like the chil
dren of Israel, they were after the flesh
pots. They did not realize that the
work they had undertaken was not the
work of a day. As soon as they had
won their first victory they thotught
they were in sight of the premised land
ad( ,vanted to enter at onice. Those
persons are su f ering momnen tarily the
effects of disapoointnment, but the great
working body of the Alliance is all
right, and the organization will be felt
at the next election.
"Whether or not they will have a
presidential candlidate in the .tield I
cannot say, lbut t hey wvill certainly be
powerful in sonic of the states."
WVhen, from any cause, the digestive
and secretary organs become disor
dered, they may be stimulated to
healthy action by the use of Ayer's
Cathartic Pills. These l'ills are pre
scribed by the best physicians. andt are
r s.a1e .at .a1l the d rug-store-.
LETTER FROM CHARLOTTE.
Sam Jones, as He is Seen by a Newberry
Lady-C]harlotte's Noble Charities
Its Beautiful Cemetery.
To the Editor of The Herald and
News:-Well, we have heard the won
derful Sam Jones, and certainly there
can be but one such in'the world. Just
imagine an audience of eight thousand
people coming day after day and night
after night to hear this man talk of
Christ. This magnetic evang-!st
sways the multitude just as lie wishes.
Some slang remark makes then
scream with laughter; or some tender
tale of wonderful pathos and beauty
makes then weep like little children.
And, when denouncing sin in all its
deformity and hideousness, he strikes
home with telling force and naked
Men wince at the ugly names he
gives them, and look as if 'shaned to
meet his piercing eyes. We aever
heard such pointed truth or such a
slangy way of putting it before an au
dience. But Sam Jones "gets there"
His last talk was to men, and the
vast tabernacle was packed with over
seven thousand of the voters of Meek
lenburg County. And as he appealed
to them to stand up for God and home,
the vast audience arose and pledged
their vow to lead a purer, better life.
Sam Jones, with streaming eyes and
voice of thrilling pathos, stretched out
his hands to heaven and exclaimed,
"My God, my God, behold this sight."
Sam Jones draws men and money, too;
a purse of twelve hundred dollars was
presented him, besides -all expenses
paid. This proves his drawing capacity
here. He is a great student of human
nature and plays upon the emotions to
suit his purpose-either for Christ or
Sweet charity must certainly have
an abiding home in Charlotte. We
have never seen such a religious ele
ment animating the lives of a wbole
community as we see iere,-each
denomination vies witL the other as
to which shall possess the finest church,
"prettiest pr rsonage," or best appoint
ed orphanage and hospital in the
We have no hesitancy in saying the
Episcopalians lead in all good works.
They have now in successful operation
a hospital and home for indigent
whites; a new one for colored, and an
orphanage of fifty poor children, be
sides now building a fine chureh. In
His name these noble Christian peo
ple work together, erch member with
the other, and all in the name of Christ.
The Presbyterians, also, are most zeal
ous in this good cause; they have an
orphanage and hospital and four hand
some churches, which would grace any
city in the world. The Lutherans
have a magnificent church, and the
Methodists, never behind anywhere,
(except in New berry), have now nearly
completed a grand edifice, facing on
two streets, with a spire which points,
like a tapering finger, "On to Heaven."
The Baptists and Associate Reformed
Presbyterians are not less active, but
ardent and alert in all Christian work,
irrespective of sectarian lines, and each
have handsome places of worship.
The cemetery is a criterion of the
character of the people of Charlotte.. It
is a beautiful resting place for their
sacred dead, and is adorned with a
magnificent monument to the Confed
erate dead, erected by the "women of
Charlotte.'' It also contains many
cenotaphs of equal fin.ish and design,
which, with the wvell-kept squares and
private lots, surrounded by graveled
walks and shaded avenues of grand old
trees, attest the love and veneration of
the living for the departed lovcd ones.
Here, "in God's Acre," amid the still
lakes and whispering breez7e and swveet
songs of birds, rep'ose in peace the
warriors and he roie sons whose name
and fame are know~ n bevond the
bounds of t he Old North State.
3M. A. E.
[Special to the State.]
Aurt'sr.A, Ga., Noveumiber is-The
trial of Louis HI. Patillo, for the killing
of (lharles P. Hludson,. wais ended to
night, when the jury. after being out
an hour alid ten millutes, returned a
verdict of not guilty. The verdict wvas
just what Mir. Patillo expected, and
what it would have been in the opin
ion of the public. M;::. Patilio thanked
the jury for acquit ting and vindicating
him, and he received congrrat ulations
from manmy friends.
New. Whatt Could she HIave Meant"
[F'>nnu the Philadeiphia Record.]
"I'll bet Santa (Claus can get more
presents into my stockings than into
yours,'' is the remark one young lady
made to another as they' tripped down
Cihesnut street yesterday.
Cons,cience, or What ?
"Conscience do0th mrake cowardls of
us all," says the poet. But it is just
so with the nerves. WXhen a man's
nerves are unstrung, through indiges
tion and torpid liver and impure
blood, that wonder that he feels de
prossed and nervons ! He starts at
every lit -unexpected sound ; is
afraid of his shadow, and feels like a
fool. Let such a man go to the drug
store and get a bottle of D)r. Pierce's
Gol,den M1edical Discovery, the great
Blood-purifier and Liver Invigorator.
This is the only blood-purifier and
lives invigorator fpmu/,/f('d to benelit
or cure, or money will be prouap// re
fundedl. It eures~ Indigestion, or DJys
pepsia, anid fromi its wonderful blood
purifyig properties, conquers all Skin
and Scal p diseases, Salt-rhmeu m, Tetter,
Eczema and kindred ailments. All
blood-poisons, no matter of what name
or nature, yield to its remedial iof u
The Vanity of Woman is the Last Thing
that Can Be Touched by Argument
Strict Censure Against Women Who
Follow that Fashion.
Two Souther-- correspondents, one a
lady, the other gentleman, have asked
me to say something about the pres
ent style of discollete (ress for dinner
and evening parties. They think that
all women writers who believe in good
morals, not to say common decency,
should lift up their voices, and scratch
with their pens until a chauge is
Notwithstauding the gravity of the
subject this is funpy, because the van
ity of woman is the last thing that can
be touched by argument. Let us take
a woman with a plain face, perhaps,
and not a particularly good figure.
If her neck is pretty and her head light
she will show more of the former than
the judicious care to see. I doubt if
such an one would hearken to the
voice of an angei or heed the words of
Our masculine correspondent declares
that "every woman who thus publicly
degrades herself is a bad woman at
heart and not to be trusted." The fem
inine protester is sure that the majority
of those who dress in this indelicate
manner are good and noble ladies, who
simply bow to the decrees of fashion.
I do not think that either conclusion is
correct, for I kdow some women, who
are most lovely and most discreet, who
who absolutely-according to my stand
ard-arpear indecent at dinner parties.
On the other hand I have seen many
women who were not in the least like
C-esar's wife," array themselves in the
same fashion. Again I have known
very bad women indeed to be extreme
ly fastidious and critical on the subject
of decollete gewns.
Personally, I despise such a fashion,
and. while always urging women to
independence of thought and action,
and believing that they should have
the right to mold their livesaccording
to the dictates of their consciences, I
will say that I never see a wife with
an indelicately exposed neck that I do
not wonder what under heave-a her
husband can be thinking of to allow
her to do such a thing. Of course I
immediately take myself to to task for
even thinking "allow," but if I were
a man with a wife who favored such a
style she would hear from me in a
way that would pretty soon build up her
bodice. If she preferred to publicly
advrtise her charms she could do it
and take the consequences. I solemnly
declare that I never would live with a
woman a single day who was so lack
ing in delicacy of feeling.
My observation has led me to the
coaclusion that every woman who
thus exhibits hereelf, no matter how
rich, how exclusive, how near the top
>f the first rank of "The Four Hun
red" she may be, is always slightly
regarded, and slightingly spoken of.
"Who is that woman ?" a gentleman
asked me one evening not long ago at
a full dress reception. The inquirer
was a man of affairs, a man who had
seen the world, but I doubt if ever in
is whole career as a diplomat he had
ever had occasion to elevate his nose to
:uite such an angle.
The woman in question was not far
fromt 60 years of age, had been married
five times, and because of her money
and the smartness of her vulgar career,
ad kept a corner of society, which
made it impossible not to meet her on
ertain oceesions. She was -painted
and powdered to the last degree of
facial embellishment, but this frescoing
ad only served to emphasize her
wrinkles and the other marks of age.
She wore a white silk gown-a Worth,
or a Felix. I do not know which-with
lace that was priceless and jewels were
fabulous. Her husband, a sensible
and fine-loooking man, accompanied
her, and appeared to be quite proud of
the' effect of the most awful decollete
gowvn that I ever saw in all my life,
and I have looked np on a good many.
"W by, t hat is Mrs-" I replied.
"Is it possible that you do not know
her ? Shall I ask one of the reception
commnittee to introduce you?'
"God forbid," said my companion.
"And may I ask,'' he added, "what
vou ladies can be thinking of to have
such a creature on yoor list of ac
"Why, we can't help it," I replied.
"Those wvho do not wish to know her
are more or less in touch with those
who see much to admire in her char
ater, and those who are under obli
gation's to her for favors received, and
as these women are among the best
that we have, what can we do? I am
not sure that her style of dress is more
prononeed than that of many of the
wives of our most distinguished men
at home and abroad. At a London
or at a Wasnington dinner party there
will be ten women to this one in a sim
"Perhaps," was the contemptuous
answer, "but this woman is vulgar to
the marrow of her bone. She is not,
she cannot be, possessed of a single
womanly quality. I loathe the fashion
under all circumstances, but it re
mained for a New York woman to
furnish the crowning instance of decol
lette dep.ravity. I wouldn't have had
my daiughter here to-night for $5,000"
Could he have said more of the worst
pla3ce in the land? And this was one
the most brilllant and high-toned re-1
ceptions. I respected that man. Five
minutes laterlI saw him take leave. B is
spiritual stomach was turned, not only
on account of this exponent of vulgari
ty, but because decent women would
be seen in her company. I belonged to
the cnmpany. but not to her coterie,
and yet I was under the ban. I could
not help recalling the story I once
heard told of Daniel Webster, who had
a deep-rooted aversion to the decollette.
A lady who was very "stylish," and
who always appeared, wherever she
could consistently do so, in a very low
necked bodice and short sleeves, once
appealed to Mr. Webster for help in
some suffrage scheme for women. The
distinguished lawyer treated her with
such scant civility that she asked a
friend-a gentleman-to try and find
out what was the matter.
"Enough's the matter," said Mr.
Webster, "when a woman who hasn't
brains enough to cover her nakedness
comes whimpering to me about the
ballot for her sex, Mrs. was a
most unfortunate representative,"
A FAMOUS BEAUTY AT NINETY.
The Wonderful Countenance and Charac
ter of the Mother of Batholdi.
[Mrs. Crawford in London Truth.1
The late Madame Bartholdi, who
died last week, was no ordinary per
son, and on her ninetieth birthday she
looked so full of life, and beamed so
with mental vigor and heartiness, that
I wonder she did not live to a hundred.
She was left a widow early, and de
voted herself to the education of her
sons and the stewardship of their pa
ternal properties, which under her
management were increased to for
tunes. Though so well endowed witz
the money making faculty, she was a
person of generous disposition and
given to hospitality.
LOVELY TO THE LAST.
In youth she was reputed to be the
handsomest girl in Alsace. As an old
woman she was more than handsome.
The pure outlines remained, and the
fire of the kindest, quickest and most
lambent eyes imaginable was never
quenched so long as life remained. The
son must have had her in his head as he
remembered her in her younger days
when he was sketching the design of
the colossal statute of "Liberty En
lightening the World."
HER IDEA OF LIBERTY.
It was her idea that Liberty should
not be en pate de guimauve, but of a
grave and severe aspect. Liberty was
the best of all conditions, she used to
aay, for those who were severe upon
themselves, and the worst for the self
Indulgent. One never saw a trace of
elf-righteous harshness in the old-lady.
She was very indulgent toward the
rring; but that grace, she:said, came
with the wide experience of old age. -
It was a source of enjoyment to her
to drive to the Isle of Swans, in the
Seine, and look at the reduced copy
which was set up there a few years
igo of the famous statue which now
stands at the entrance of New York
harbor- One of her sayings was, "Do
not repress badness; crowd it out with
The How of It.
How poor, how rich, how abject,
biow august, how complicated, how
:omplicated, how wonderful, i man'
mnd it might be added, how "more so"
s woman. With her peculiarly del
cate and intense organization, she is .
the superlative degree of man. Even
inl diseases she excels him, having -
rnany that he has not. She has, how
ever, found out a grand remedial
agent, for the cure of her diseases, in
Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription ; a
medicine suited to ner nature, made
for the express cure of those diseases
which affect her. It is especially effec
tive in all weaknesses incidental to
mnotherhood, while it is also a potent
r~estorative tonic for the feeble and de
CHIAMPION sTRONG MAN.
Louis Cyr Astonishes a London Audience
kby LIfting 2,619 Pounds.
LoYDos, Nov. 15.-An enormous
crowd gathered at the South London -
Palace last night in ord~er to witness
the attempt of the famous strong man,
Louis Cyr to break the weight lifting
record of t'ie world. Cyr was backed
up by Mr. Richai'd K. For, the pro
prietor and editor of the New York
Police Gazette who offered ?1,000 to
any man who would do the feats that
Cyr was about to perform.
The modern Goliath lifted a 104
pound dumb bell above~bis shoulder
with his right hand. Then he lifted
one weighing 242 pounds in the same
way with both hands. His third feat
consisted in elevating a barrel contain
ing 2S0 pounds of cement with his left
hand and, aided by his thigh, he raised
it to his chest and then on to his shoul
der. This evoked a tremendous degree
of excitement and drew forth cheer
after cheer from the delighted specta
Finally, putting on a harness to which
a frame was attached, he lifted a weight
of 2,619 pounds, at which everybody
became still n'ore excited, and as con
tagious was this.feeling that even Sam
son, a rival strong man, became imbued i
with it. He, however, declared that.
Cyr's right hand lifting wg not the
same as Sandow's, as the former bent
Upon this, without a moment's delay,
Mr. Fox oflered Samson ?100 to rival
either feat, but that worthy declined
the offer, saying he was obliged to go
away. And he went, accompanied by
jeers, hisses and ironical cheers of the
audience, which was convinced that
Cyr is beyond doubt the champion
strong man of the world.
The use of Ayer's Sarsaparilla puri
ties the blood, stimulates the secretions
and imparts new life and vigor to
every function of the body. For nearly
half a century, it has remained un
rivalled as the best blood' medicine
ever discovered. Be convinced by a