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AB~~ST~LISHED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 13, 1892. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
A HARBINGER OF rEACE.
The State Democratic Executive Com
mittee Recommends an Oath of Feal
ty, and that the Differences of the
Last Campaign be Ignored.
[Special toews and Courier.]
COLMMIA, Jauuary 5.-The State
Democratic executive committee met
to-night at 8 o'clock.
The temper of the most prominent
delegates before the meeting was that
the committee had no prescriptive
right to determine who could or could
not vote at an election of the Democra
tic party. The opinion was held that
the State Democratie Convention was
the political legislative department,
and that the committee is as much
bound by the laws of the Convention
as the individual voter. It was further
held that the question of the qualifica
tion of voters is a matter to be settled
by each county convention, and in the
first instance by the various Democra
*c clubs. For instance, at the coming
May conventions to elect delegates to a
convention to choose delegates to the
National Democratic Convention the
question can be settled as to whether
the delegates to such county conven
tions were elected by "white Demo
erats," this phrase being taken from
'the State Constitution. The committee
on credentials at each county conven
vention can determine from the club
rolls whether delegates were chosen in
accordance with this sole qualification
laid down in the State Constitution.
The committeemen whose opinions
are here given substantially were op
posed to the committee assuming to
make or organize laws for the exclu
sion of any class of voters. Their pre
ference was in accordance with the
views expressed by Senator Irby as
chairman of the committee, which
were published in The News and Cou
rier in December last, -and in which
this whole question was first giyen to
the public. He then stated that he
was disposed to throw no obstacle in
the way of a consolidation of all the
Democrats in the State, with special
reference to those who voted against
the Tillman ticket in 1890.
The committee assembled at 11.45.
The result of its action with reference
to voting qualifications for 1892 is con
tained in the following, resolution,
Resolved, That it is the sense of this
committee that all: white Democrats
whoehall first present themselves for
membershlp'to afy~si-Uordinate . o
cratic cihb, or who' shall offer to vote
at any primary election to be held by
the Democratic party, shall first take
the following oath: "That he is a
Democrat and will support the nomi
nee of the Democratic party nominated
at said election."
Resolved further, That all candidates
for any office in the Democratic pri
mary elections shall pledge themselves
to abide the result of the Democratic
primaries, the candidates for State offi
cers to the State executive committee,
the candidates for county~offices to the
county executive committee respective
And resolved further, That it is the
sense of this commit tee that in the in
terest of peace and a united Democracy
no Democrat shall be excluded in said
primary because of diflerences auring
the last State election.
THE SUMTER CASE BEFORE THE COM
-The Sumter contest also came up
and was settled.by the committee seat
ing Mr. H. R. -Thomas', representing
that faction of-the Demrocracy of which
Mr. D. E. Keels is county chairman,
by a vote of 20 to 5, the negative votes
being J. C. Haskell, Ira B. Jones, of
Lancaster; 0. U. Jordan, of Aiken; D.
E. Finley, of York, and D. A. J. Sul
livan, of Charleston. The question was
disposed of by a committee of . ree,
consisting of J. W. Gray,of Greenville;
Neal, of Andersm, and J. D. Mont
gomery, of Marn>n.
The report was unanimous to the
effect that prior to the September Con
vention of 1890 there was no organ iza
tion of the Democracy of Sumter Coun
ty; that subsequently thereto the State
. executive committee instructed P. P.
Gaillard to reorganize the county De
mocracy, which instructions were dis
regarded by Mr. Ingraham's faction,
and on the other hand Mr. Thomas'
faction did attem'pt to comply with
the orders of the committee in that
they held a meeting. ordered a primary,
and nominated MJr. Thomas as a mem
ber of the State committee; that in the
primary so ordered it wa.s developed
that the Thomas faction had a majority
of the voters of the county. On these
grounds the sub-cotnmiittee reported in
m argued his own case.
at the first convention
nothing was done other
elegates to the August
y;way of compromising
as' represented on that
r the election 'he Con
.The next conven
Mr. Gaillard, who
ich convention Mr.
efused to take part,
parate building and
ently, sending their
nied that Gaillard
ocall that conven
homias faction had
ave been declared
ention. Failing to
acts of the Gail
1. That he, In-1
ture of that con
n behalf of Mr.
n to the effect
Hughson committee and Keels com
zaittee should each appoint a :man,
those two to select a third, order a
primary and leave the settlement of
the question to the people. This reso
lution was referred to the above sub
committee with the resultstated. Mr.
Thomas' argument covered the whole
ground and history of the campaign of
RULES FOR THE PRIMARIES.
Messrs Ira B. Jones and Dr. Pope
were appointed a committee to draft
rules and regulations to govern the
primary elections to be recommended
to the county conventions for adoption.
The chairman was instructed to issue
a call for a State Convention to elect
delegates to the National Convention,
the Convention to be held on the 3d
Tuesday in May.
A QUESTION OF TASTE.
The question which produced most
argument in committee was an r.,- end
ment to the resolutions above offered
by Mr. Jones, of Lancaster, that in the
interest of peace and harmony all
Democrats be permitted to participate
in the Democratic primaries. Thiis
amendment. which was finally adopted
was opposed by Col. Haskell, Mr. Dun
can, Mr. Stanland and Mr. Sullivan.
Col. Haskell said that it was equiva
lent to offering a pardon to those who
opposed Tillman, and that it would be
considered as and resented as an insult.
In the course of his speech he said that
there was no man in the State more
opposed to the action of Gen. A. C.
Haskell in 1890 than he was, or who
labored harder to prsvent it. While
he considered the course of the Till
man peop.le as irregular in method, yet
when the August Convention passed
withcut a fight against them on this
ground, and when the nominations
were made in September he considered
that the time for opposition had
Col. Duncan said that, in his opinion,
the victors could be magnanimous, and
that it were best to leave out the
amendment. That a large faction of
respectable and intelligent men in
Union had voted against the nominees;
that when be took the stump he had
to fight his friends and members of his
family. He would oppose it and vote
The negative vote was four-Haskell,
Stanland, Sullivan and Duncan.
One of the last resolutions passed
was the following: That the represen
tation in the next Democratic Conven
tin be bi---the members of the
Gen.eral Asqembly, and that the repre
entation based upon the House of
Representatives be upon the apportion
ment under the Act of the last Legisla
The following committee members
were present to-night: Abbeville, A.
W. Jones; Aiken, 0. C. Jordan; Ander
son, W. A. Neal; Barnwell, N. H.
Stansell; Berkeley, T. W. Stanland;
Charleston, D. A. J. Sullivan; Claren
don, M. C. Galluchat; Darlington,
John M. Waddell; Greenville, J. WV.
Gray; Kershaw, T. J. Kirkland; Lan
easter, Ira B, Jones; Lexington, F. C.
Caughman; Laurens, J. L. M1, Irby;
Nfarion, J. D. Montgomery; Newberry,
Sampson Pope; Richland, Wilie
Jones; Union, D. P. Duncan; Williams
burg;, T. C. Willoughby; York, D. E.
Findley; State at large. John C. Has
One of the members of the commit
tee, and who is high up in the councils
4> the party, said that there would be
no further differences of opinion be
tween the Alliance and the movement,
and that the "goose was hanging
Mr. N. H. Stansell, the sergeant-at
arms of the House, gave an elegant
supper to-night to Senator Irby, Spea
ker Jones, Dr. Pope, Mr. iBates, Gen.
Gray, Mr. Neal and Mr. Caughman.
M. F. T.
INiCENDIARISM IN LAURENs.
a Diabolical Attempt to Burn a Boarding,
[Speci'al to the State.]
L AUR ENS, Jan. 8. -Incendiaries set
fire to Mrs. Richardson's boarding
bouse, near the corner of Harper and
Laurens streets, at 120o'clock last night,
but a boarder discovered the flames
before they had made much headway,
and they were extinguished without
The incendiaries went under the
ouse and saturated the timbers with
;erosene. The oil can be smelt on the
imbers now. A beer bottle contain
ng kerosene was found on the spot,
md inmates of the house say thbat the
lining roon ,under which the flames
were kindled, was filled with smoke
mnd the odor of burning oil. There
were eighteen boarders in the house,
tome of whom had not gone to bed.
In this case the evidences of incendi
trism are unmistakable, and, in con
iideration of the early hour; it was a
emarkably bold attempt.
Our people are distressed at the fra
~ue: cy of the fires, e ' a feeling of
~eeral uneasiness prev.ls.
The Milk Turned Sour.
I will not tell you her name, but one
>f the neighbors says that during her
rief visit the other day milk turned
our. Her countenance looks a yard
ong. She sighs perpetually. The
~loud on her brow is deep. If beateu
>ut thin, I believe it would cover the
ky. Her voice is doleful,
mud her eyes show no radiance. Her
vrinkles are numberless. She is a
orry picture, and ail because she is
he victim of one of those complainits
ommnon to women. Her system is
eranged. She needs a course of self
reatmient with Dr. Pierce's Favorite
Irescription. This will eradicate thor
ughly thlose exeruciati ng periodicail
ains andi functional weaknesses in
ident to her sex, and at the same
imie build up and invigorate 'rer whole
ystem by its healtb-imparting in.flu
.THE PARTY CONSTITUTION
Adopted at the September Convention
1890-The Executive Committee Elected
for Two Years.
Below we copy from from The Her
ald and News of September 18, 1890
the constitution of the Democrati<
party adopted by the September con
vention of that year, and also the Stat(
Ecutive Comiwittee elected at th(
The New Constitution.
Article 1. There shall be one or morf
Democratic clubs organized in each
township or ward, each of which clubi
shall have a distinct title-"The --
Democratic Club,"-and shall elect a
president, one or more vice presidents,
a recording and corresponding secre
tary. and a treasurer; and shall hav4
the following working committees, oJ
not less than three members each, viz
A committee on registration, an execu
tive committee, and such other com
mittees as to each club may seem ex
Article II. The meetings of the clubE
should be frequent after the opening ol
the canvass, and some member of tht
club or invited speaker deliver an ad
dress at each meeting, if practicable.
Article III. The president shall havE
power to call an extra meeting of thE
club, and one-fourth of the members ol
the club shall constitute a quorurmfor
the transaction of business.
Article IV. The clubs in each county
shall be held together and operated
under the control of a county executive
committee, which shall consist of one
member from each club to be nomi
nated by the respective clubs and
elected by the County Convention, but
these powers to the said executive com
mittee do not carry with them the
power to pass upou the election of
members to the County Convention or
their qualification to sit as members,
for this power belongs to the mambers
of the convention through the appoint
ment and action of a committee on
credentials, whose report shall be acted
upon as to the members of the conven
tion may seem proper. The executive
committee, when elected, shall appoint
its owa officers and fill all vacancies
which may arise when the convention
is not in session. The tenure of office
of the executive committee shall be
until the first Monday in May of each
election year, at which time the county
convention shall be called together to
-reorganize the party. Every Presiden
tial election year these county conven
tions in May shall elect delegates to a
State Convention called for the pur
pose of electing delegates to the Na
tional Democratic Convention and to
elect the members of the National
Democratic executive committee from
this State ; and such State Convention
shall exercise no other power. This
State Convention shall be called by
the State executive commit-ee to meet
every Presidential election year on the
third Wednesday in May, and the
State Democratic Nominating Conven
tion shall be called by thbe State Dem
ocratic executive committee to meet on
the third Wednesday i n September of
each election year.
Article V. County Democratic con
ventions shall be composed of delegates
elected- by the several local cluhs, one
delegate for every twenty-five members
and one delegate for a majority fraction
thereof, witha the right to each county
convention to enlarge or diminish the
representation according to circum
stances. The county conventions shall
be called together by the chairman of
the r-sspective executive committees
under such rules, not inconsistent with
this constitution, as each county may
adopt, and when assembled shall be
called to order by the chairman of the
executive committee, and the conven
tion shall proceed to nominate and
elect from among its members a presi
dent, one er more vice presidents, a
secretary and treasurer. The clubs re
cognized by'the respective county con
ventions which sent delegates to the
State Convention which met on the
13th day of Augtust, 1890, shall be
recognized as the only legal clubs:
Provided, however, that any county
convention may permit the formation
of a new club or clubs by a two-thirds
vote of its members: Provided further,
that in all cities with a population of
5,000 and over there may be two club.
in each ward ; they shall be organ
ized in obedience to this constitution
as are the clubs elsewhere in this State,
and in organizing said clubs they shall
have representation in the County Con
ventions respectively, as said conven
tions shall declare in accordance with
the provisions of this constitution.
Article VL. The State Nominating
Convention for the nomination of
Governor, Lieutenant Governor and
other State offices in 1892 and there
after, and for electors for President and
Vice President in the same year aud
every Presidential year thereafter, shall
be composed of delegates from each
county In the numerical proportion to
which sucb county is entitled in both
branches of the General Assembly, said
delegates are to be chosen by primary
elections to be held on the last Tues
day in August of each election year,
the delegates to be elected to receive a
majority of the votes cast. At this
electiou ontiy white Democrats shall be
allowed to vote, except that negroes
who votedl for Gen;. Hampton in 18-6
anld who voted the Democratic ticket
cotinuosly eiuee may be allowed to
voe. The club rolls of the party shall
constitute the registry list and shall be
open to inspection by any metmber of
the party, -and the election under this
elause s inlhi he held and regulated under
the Act of the General Assemnbly of the
Sate, annpoedl)ecember 22 1SSS, and
any subsequent Acts of the Legislature
of this State. Second primaries, when
necessary, shall be held two weeks
Article VII. The officers of the State
Convention shall be a president, one
vice president from each Congressional
district, two secretaries and a treasurer.
Article VIII. The State executive
committee shall be composed of one
member from each county, to be se
lected by the respebtive deleg:ttions
and elected by the convention. When
elected said executive committee shall
choose its own officers, shall rmeet at
the call of the chairman or any five
members, at such times and places as
he or they may appoint. The member
of the National Democratic executive
committee from South Carolina shall
be elected by the May State Conven
tion in 1892 and every four years there
after, and when elected shall be ex
officio a member of the State executive
committee. Vacancies on said State
executive committee by death, resigna
tion or otherwise shall be filled by
the respective county executive con
mittees. The Stateexecutive cowmittee
is charged with the execution and di
rection of the policy of the party in
the State subject to this constitution,
the principles declared in the platform
of principles and such instructions by
resolution or otherwise as the State
Convention may from time to time
adopt, and shall continue in office for
two years from the time of election or
until the assembling of the State Nom
inating Convention, which meets in
September of each election year. If
any vacancy occurs on the State ticket,
or for electors, by death, removal or
other cause, the committee shall- have
power to fill:the vacancy by a majority
vote of the whole committee.
Article IX. When the State Coiven
tion assembles it shall be called to order
by the chairman of the State executive
committee, a temporary president shall
be nominated and elected by the con
vention, and after its organization the
convention shall proceed immediately
to the election of permanent officers
and to the transaction of business.
When the business has been concluded
it shall adjourn sine die.
Article X. There shall be a primary
election in each Congresslonal district
in this State on the last Tuesday in
August, * 1892, and every two years
thereafter, to nominate candidates for
Congress, to be conducted and managed
as hereinbefore provided in the elec
tion of delegates Ln ,"vS.4 wa -
tion The vote to be received, tabulated
and announced by the State executive
committee, to the chairman, of whom
the result is to be transmitted by the
respective county chairmen by the first
Tuesday in September 1892, and every
two years thereafter. The election for
solicitors of the different circuits shall
be by primary, subject to the same rules
and regulations, and to be announced
in the same way as before set forth for
Article XI. Before the election in
1892, and each election year thereafter,
the State Democratic executive corm
mittee shalla'issue a call to all candi
dates for State offices to address the
people of the different counties, of the
State, fixing the dates. for the meet
ings and also inviting the candidates
for Congress and for solicitor in their
respective districts and circuits to be
present and address the people. At
such meetings only the candidates
abovc set forth shall be allowed to
Article XII. It shall be the duty of
each county executive committee to
appoint meetings in their respective
counties to be addressed by the candi
dates for the General Assembly, and
for the different countyl offices, all of
whom, including trial justices, shall be
elected by primary on the last Tuesday
in August of each election year under
the same rules and regulations herein
Article XIIIL Each County delega
tion to any State Convention shall have
power to fill any vacancy therein.
Article XiV. This constitution may
be amended and altered only by the
State Nominating Convention which
meets In September or each election
Article XV. Any County failing or
refusing to organize under the provi
sions of this Constitution shall not have
representation in the State Democratic
A bbeville-J. E. Todd.
Aiken-O. C. Jordan.
Barnwell-G. Duncan Bellinger.
Beaufort-James S. Reid.
Berkeley-T. WV. Stanland.
Ch arleston-D. A. J. Sullivan.
Chester-A. G. Brice.
Chesterfield-W. C. Mcf'reigh t.
Clarendon-M. C. Galluchat.
Colleton-A. E. Williams.
Darlington-T. E. Early.
Edgefield-H. H. Townes.
Fairfield-0. WV. Buchanan.
Florence-R. WV. McCown.
Georgetown-J. Harleston Reed.
Greenville-J. WV. Gray.
Hampton-A. M. Youmans.
Kershaw-J. R. Goodall.
Lancaster-Ira B. Jones.
Laurens-John L. M. Irby.
LexIngton-H. A. Meetze.
Marion-J. D. Montgomery.
Marlboro-J. B. Green.
New berry--S. Pope.
Oconee-S. Y. Stribbling.
Orangeburg-0. R. Lowman.
Pickens-J. K. Kirkley.
Spartanburg-S. T. D. Lancaster.
Surter-D. E. Keels.
Union-G. D. Pea ke.
WXilliamsburg-A. H. WVilliams.
York-R. -T. Riggins.
Immediately after its organization*
the committee held a meeting and
elected J. L. M. Irby chairman, G.
Duncan Bellinger secreta':y and Wi
ie Jones traser.r
BLOWS FOR THE BLOWER.
Colonel Keitt Begins to Review rilman
Caustlc Comment on What was Said
and What has been Done.
[From the Greenville News.]
The condition of the people is deplo
rable and is rapidly growing worse. On
one side we are threatened with finan
cial disaster. On the other demagogues
in their greed for office are "blowing"
the flames of sectional and factional
bate. Inteiligent and virtuous men
alone can save us. No heed should be
given to unclean men-they are the
lepers of society and bring disaster and
Five years ago B. R. Tillman made
his appearance before the pu6lic as the
advocate of an agricultural and me
chanical college, which was necessary
to place the farmers on an equality with
other classes and on the road to pros
perity. The farmers met in convention
in Columbia in April, 1886, under his
leadership for the purpose of taking
steps to establish such a college. Till
man declared he wanted no office-that
all he desired was to be a trustee of
such an institution. The writer was a
member of the convention and was in
full sympathy with the movement, as
be always has been and is with every
thing looking to the advancement of
the agricultural interest. The conven
tion had not adjourned thirty days
before the press of the State announced
as a fact Tillman bad sold out the
farmers' movement to Dawson.
When the State convention met in
tbe summer Tillman held a caucus of
the farmers' movement delegates and
tried to get them to vote for Sheppard,
a lawyer, Dawson's candidate against
Richardson, a farmer. As Tillman had
been taking delight in abusing lawyers
his course was conclusive with many
that what the press stated was true
that he had sold us out to Dawson.
The writer lost confidence in him and
reluctantly consented in 1890 to support
him. He did not do so until he was
assured Till'nau was an allianceman
and after he heard him speak at New
berry, where, among other things, he
made the following pledges, not one of
which he has kept. He said: "If you
elect me governor the first message I
send to the legislature I will ask them
to reduce the salaries of all the State
officers." Earle said: "But you will be
elected and they can't reduce yours."
Tillman replied: "I don't care if they
do." Did he send that message to the
igisiattre? . Wby -not" was he
He said "fellow citizens you know
nothing about your State government.
You have been ruled by aristocrats
since the days of the Lords Proprietors.
If you elect me governor, I will ask
the Legislature to print ten thousand
copies of the Comptroller-General's re
port and I will send them all over the
State, and you will then know what
is being done." Did he make this re
quest? No. What excuse has he for
failing to do so? Was he:'blowing?"
He said, "Fellow citizens, if you elect
me governor I will save you $100,000."
Was he blowing? How now stand
matters? Instead of saving the State
$100,000 he has lost the State the first
year of his administration near $1,000,
000. He has put us on the down gr-ade.
Matters are serious, and under his ad
ministration they are growing worse
very fast. By his bad management of
the phosphate interest the estimate is,
he will have lost the State $168,000 on
royalty at the end of the fiscal year,
March, '92. When he went into office
the bonds of the State were at a pre
mium of about 5 per cent. Now they
are worth only 93 cents on the dollar.
By their depreciat.ion he has lost the
State about $700,000. The public debt,
amounting to millions of dollars,is due
next year and will have to be paid or
refunded. Georgia refunded her debt
at 3 per cent. and ours ought to be re
funded for the same or less. The signs
are a Tillman administration can not
refund it except at a high interest, if at
all. Capitalists have no con fidence in
an administrat)on headed by a man
who recently said, "I did a great deal
of blowing last summer. 1 don't recol
lect all I said." Blowers never inspire
confidence in anybody.
When t'uie Legislature, realizing the
scarcity of -.noney and the straits to
which the people are reduced, ex
tended the time for the payment of
taxes to the 20th of February, Tillman
refused to approve it. He is in a soft
place. He has feathered his nest and
cares not a stiver.now for the people,
only for their votes. He saw very
differently when he had no gioves.
In the campaign of 1S90 Tillman de
nounced all who received free passes
n the railroads as bribe takers andl
said they were "tamed." He must
have been "blowing." It is alleged
that he rode on free pass No.1I and the
rail roads and express companies car
red everything free for him and he has
not denied it. By his silence he pleads
guilty. The legislature fixed him on
the free pass business. He has to pay
now like other people when he rides on
the cars ; hence his abause of the mnem
ers of the legislature in his speech a
few nights ago at.Laurens. He is mad.
He calls for a legislature of henchmen
to execute his orders. As the ex
cutive, if he can he will seize all the
powers of the o'ther departments of the
government and use them for his own
benefit. He aspires to be a Palatine.
Popuh-r government with such men
in office can not long survive. In his
speech at Laurens, opening his cam
paign for this year in villification and
abuse, he surpassed even what he said
in 1590 wl.en he swung round the circle.
Then he was plain B. R. Tillman. Now
Farmers of the State what do yot
think of our governor wbom we elected
I own I am ashamed I voted for hin
and will never do it agaia. He ha.
deceived us intentionally and badly
and has proven himself to be a fraud
Tillman, realizing he bas not mad(
good a single pledge he gave us during
the campaign of 1890, that he brought
great pecuniary loss upon the State,
that his administration has been a
failure and the people feel and kno%
it, is now trying to fasten the blame or
Farmers, merchants, business men.
citizens, all, let us come together. Le1
all of our efforts be for the commor
good and general welfare. Our once
proud old State sorely needs the servi
ces of every good and loyal citizen i1
our Christian civilization and homei
are redeemed and saved from the vile.
Let every one do his duty to God and
his couutry. Banish all personal pre
ferences. Let every community bx
closely scanned and men, clean, capa
ble and loyal to principle alone, b
selected and elected to office. Elecl
them whether they want the office oi
not, and tell them they must serve. Ij
this is done all will be well-the Stat
will be redeemed and saved, %.he peoplc
again united and happy and Tillmar
quietly laid away with eight following
his political corpse to its last resting
place-six pall bearers and two mour
ners, Irby and Shell,
ELLISON S. KEITT.
Better and Better.
"Better than grandeur, better thar
Better than rank a thousand fold,
Is a healthy body, a mind at ease,
And simple .pleasures that alway
To get and keep a healthy body, us(
Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery
a remedy designed to not only cure al
diseases of the throat, lungs and chest
but keep the body in a Lhoroughl
healthy condition. It eradicates al
impurities from the blood, and over
comes Indigestion and Dyspepsia
Blotches, Pimples. and eruptions dis
appear, under its use, and your mind
can be "at ease" a; to your health.
WILLIAMs WON'T EMIGRATE.
He Will Stick to Greenville and th
"Newe"--A Victim of "Fakes."
[Editorial in Greenville -News.]
The editor of the Greenville New,
does not know on what fact, if any
the report of bis purpose to go back t<
Virginia in a short time is based, oi
whil usative, if any; there "-s"
spreading that report. He is, however
under obligation to the author of it
The State and the Spartanburg Heral
print the rumor and add commenti
which are more than kind. The editoi
of the News has read these with muel
the same pleasant feeling that a mat
must have in re-ding a particular3
flattering obituary notice of himsel:
while he is yet alive. He takes thi
opportunity to express his cordia
thanks to his co-laborers who hay
spoken so warmly of him. * *
In justice to all concerned, it is wel
to say that neither Colonel Hoyt noi
Mr. Williams knows anything of th<
suggested arrangement. They havy
never considered or discussed anything
of the kind. Mr. Williams has had n<
proposition from any Ricnmond news
paper and has not made application t<
any and has no present purpose o
going away from Greenville. For per
sonal reas,ons he does intend at somn
time in the future to return to Virgi
nia, where he was born, and a state
ment by him to that effect may havy
been misunderstood and have caused
the story above given. He has muel
work to do, however, before he can be
gin to think of removal. It may b
ten years, or longer, even.
The next devg!opment regarding th<
editor of the News will be awaited b:
him with keen interest. Some months
ago he was announced as a candidat<
for Congress; he was next astonished
to learn that he had become a menta
and physical wreck from the use o:
liquor and opium; from way out ir
Oklahoma Territory he received in
quires concerning his experience a
Dwight, whither he was reported t<
have been sent as a chronic inebriate
now he learns that he has a job whici
he had no knowledge of and is about t<
emigrate contrary -to his own purposes
There is a good deal of fun in all this
and it does no special harm, but it i
just as well to have the facts known.
The Proper Method.
[Greenville Daily News.]
The best way in the world to makt
hard times is to sit still, say they ar4
hard, depress everybody and chit
every movement in tbe direction o:
enterprise. A good method of chasing
hard times away is to get a move or
us, cultivate confidence in our future
and keep things going.
How to Get Thin.
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Mr. Henry Perkins, 29 Union Park,
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Wmahintn Sreet, Bon,n Mass.
THE COLUMBIA CLUB WINS.
The Supreme Court Decides That no Muni
cipal License Can be Charged for the
"Distribution" of Liquor Among
The Columbia Club has won and the
city of Columbia has lost.
The Supreme Court decided the much
talked of Club case adversely to the city
yesterday, and in the future the Club
can furnish their members with liquors
of all descriptions without paying toll
to the city treasury.
Justice McGowan rendered the opin
ion, which was concurred in by Chief
Justice McIver. Justice Pope did not
hear the evidence.
The principal points in the decision
are aq follows:
"The question, whether social clubs,
which raise the money by contribu
tions and then distribute refreshments
among ite - wn members, are liable to a
license tax for retailing spirituous li
quors, has been considered by many of
the courts of the country, both in En
gland and America. The cases seem
not to be in accord. We have exam
ined many of them in the hope of be
ng able to reconcile them, but have
found it impossible to do so. We think,
however, that much of the seeming
conflict arises from two causes; When
the alleged club as a matter of fact izi
not bona fide what it purports to be,
but is a mere device to 'evade the law
against retailing without a license. In
all such cases, of course, they are lia
ble. And, second, from the difference
in the terms of the various acts upon
the subject, each court construing for
itself the laws and regulations of its
"In the case before us the difficulty
first above indicated is not in our way,
for it has been considered and formally
found that the Columbia Club is a
bona fide social organization for the
uses and purposes declared in its char
"The question then is whether under
our laws, properly construed, the City
Council of Columbia had the right to
rcquirt the Columbia Club to take out
a license of $200 for the year 1891, and
to pay a fine of $20 for not having done
"There are two kinds of licenses,"
the Judge continues, one known as a
'business license', and the other as a
'liquo 'icense.' With the first the case
has nothing to do, as it is conceded
that the club is not engaged in any
"We have only to do, then, with the
liquor license, and it seems that all the
different provisions of our law upon
the subject are collected in Chapter 4 of
the General Statutes.
"Section 1736 provides that all cities
and towns shall have power to grant
licenses for the sale of spirituous liquors
to keepers of drinking saloons and eat
ing houses, apart from taverns.
"Section 174.5 provides, among other
things, that the persons engaged in re
tailing liquors must expose their li
cense to public view, and the liquors
shall be sold in a room fronting a pub
lic street, without curtains or other de
vice to pre'vent the public from having
a full view of what is transpiring with
"Now, considering these provisions
together, what construction should be
placed on them? They are penal in
their nature and should be strictly con
strued. Is it not perfectly manifest
that, by the terma used, the Legisla
ture did not intend to embrace social
organizations, such as the Columbia
Club, but, on the contrary, the true
intent and meaning of all these provis
ions was to include only 'the keepers
of drinking saloons.'"
With reference to the city ordinance,
passed December 22, 1890, requiring
clubs to pay the regular license, the
opiLuon holds that the ordinance must
be construed in subordination to the
general law on the subject.
The court holds that distributing li
quors among its members does not con
stitute a sale by the club.
Many cases were cited in support of
THE GIRLS' COLLEGE.
Organization of Board Completed.-Btds
to be Invited for its Locations.
(Special to News and Courier.]
COLUMBIA January 6.-The trustees
of the South Carolina Industrial and
Winthrop Normal College met again
this morning and transacted a large
amount of business. Dr. A. H. Fuller
and A. H. Patterson appeared to-day
The temporary organization as
affected yesterday was continued until
a perman ent organization can be had
and rules and regulations adopted.
Mr. Mayfield, Dr. Joynes and Mr.
IBraezeale were appointed a committee
to prepare such rules and laws.
Mr. Patterson offered the fillowing
resolution, which was adopted:
Resolved, That after the visitation
and inspection of the Winthrop Nor
mal College made this day the board
desires to place on record its seens of
the efficient work and excellent condi
tion of the Winthrop Training School
under its present management, and its
acknowledgment of its valuable gift to
the State on behalf the former trustees
as an important facbor in the future of
the Industrial and Normal College.
Resolved, That a copy of this resolu
tion be communicated to the chairman
of the former board.
The committee appointed to recom.
mend measures concerning the pro
perty and temporary management of
the Woman's College reported the fol
Resolved, That the president and
other officers of the late Winthrop
Training School be, and are hereby,
requsted to act as such in their respec
tive positions and at the same salaries
as in the Winthrop Training School
until the close of the present session.
Resolved, That an executive com
mittee of two, of which the president
of the Winthrop Training School shall
act as-chairman, be appointed to super
intend the ordinary business of the
Winthrop Normal College till the close
of the present session.
Resolved, That the executive cVjn
mittee be authorized to accept and re
ceipt for all moneys and other proper
ty of the late Winthrop Training
School, as tendered by its board of
trustees and now by Act of the Legis
lature, the property of the State Indus
trial and Woman's Normal College.
Resolved, That this executive com
mittee be further authorized to employ
till the close of the present session an~
additional teacher at a -salary not to
exceed $60 a month.
Dr. Joynes and State Superintendent
Mayfield were appointed as this execu
tive committee, Prof. Johnson being
Mr. Buist offered the following,
which was adopted:
Resolved, That as soon -as practicable
after the fical selection of the College
site and the election of the additional
trustees, as provided by the Act of the
Legislature, the board do proceed to
the election of a president, whose term
of office shall begin at such time as
may then be determined by the board.
The committee on advertisement
"That in pursuance of Lhe Act of the
Legislature notice is hereby given that
the board of trustees of the South Caro
lina Industrial and Women's Normal
College will meet in the Executive
chamber on Mareh 9, 1892, at 10 A. M.
"The Act provides that the board of
trustees shall see that the bids for the
location of the institution are fully se
cured, and shall give thirty days'
notice in three newspapers published
in the State before finally iocatingsaid
"It also provides (Section 8) that for
the purposes of the Act the authorities
of any county or city or town may
appropriate from their funds money to
secure the location of this institution,
and may hold an election to take the -
sense of the qualifed *voters upon sub
scription or no subscription of a defi
nite sum to be paid in money or bonds,
and if a majority rof
vote for subescrition Orities
shall have power . nge good the sub
scription in money or bonds which
they may issue, etc.
"All bids must be sent to the chair
man of the board and be in such shape
that upon acceptance by the trustees.
they shall constiute a binding contract,
upon which the money can be realized
"B. R. Tillmlar. Chm'n Board Trus
"W. D. Mayfield, Secretary."
The terms of the trustees were deter
mined by lot at follows: Dr. Fuller and
Mr. Breazeale, two years: Dr. Joynes,
A. H. Patterson, four years; D). W.
McLaurin, W. N. Elder and Mr. Buist,
six years each.
On motion of D)r. Joynes theexistins
rules for filling vacancies in the Win
throp Training School were mainta
The board then adjourned to meet
on March 9, 1892, unless sooner con
vened by the chairman.
The trustees made a visit to the Win
throp Training School (the late) this
morning. During the course of the
inspection Governor Tillman, Mr.
Breazeale and Mr. Patterson made
short and pleasant addresses to the
teachers and yozing ladies.
BELIl W7OR RUssIANS.
President Harrison sends a Meseage to Con
gress on the Snbject.
WASHINGTON, January 5.-President
Harrison to-day sent to Congress the
following message touching the efforts
to relieve the distress of the famine
sufferers in Russia. It was referred to
the committee cn naval affairs,ifor ac
tion on the recommendation contained
To the Senate irAd House of Represeni
The famine prevailing in some of the
provinces of Rrssia is so severe a
wide -id as to have at '
sym .,.hy and interest o,f/ large nu
ber of our liberal and favored peop
In some of the great grain
States of the West mov
already bee i "zedt
and mne or the relief of t
ig Russian families, and the
has been such as to justify the\le
that a ship's cargo can very so ei
delivered at the seaboard through b
generous co-operation of the transpo~r
It is most appropriate that a people .
whose store-houses have been so lavish
ly filled with all the fruits of earth by
the gracious favor of God should mani
fest their gratitude by large gifts to Hi~
suffering children in other flids. /
The secretary of the navy ha~no-d
steam vessel at his disposal thaVcould
be used for the transportation of tl
supplies, and 1 therefore recomme9d
that he be authorized to charter a adit
able vessel to receive them, ifasuffi
cient amount should oe offered, and to
send them, under the charge of a naval
officer. to such Russian port as may b
most convenient for ready distribution
to those most in need.