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ESTABLI SHED I8.SfJ5 - NEWBJERRY, S. C., W'EDNESDAY, APRIL 6 82 ____PIE$.0AYA
TILLMAN ON TUE PRIMI:I.
Why He has Chanstd Fia Position-A
Strong Fresentativn of the Situati'n
and Reasous why a Primary is
[Columbia Register, 24th.]
In view of the fact that nunmbers of
anti-Tillman meetings, whili have
elected delegates to the convention
which meets to-ilay, have adopted
resolutions demanding a direct primary,
a reporter for the Register sought an in
terview with Governor Tillman to hear
what he had to say on the subject. The
scribe began his probing with the
question: Governor, what is your opin
ion in regard to a direct primary?
He answered: "I an surprised that
you should ask this question when the
matter was fully discussed by me dur
ing the last campaign. I amr one of the
pioneers in the agitation in advocacy
of a State primary,and in I S, on two
occasions, in both State Co: ventions, I
made speeches advocating :he nomina
tion of State officers by this method.
In both conventions the matter was
overwhelmingly defeated and after
careful analysis and study of the situa
tion I so far modified my opinion as to
advocate the plan, now in vogue, of
electing delegates by a primary. The
demand for a change was made in the
March platform, 1890, which I wrote,
and it was incorporated in tha party
constitution in September. The pres
ent hue and cry for a direct primary is
a piece of political clap-trap by which
my enemies seek to place mie in a false
position. If it were carried out they
would be the first to regret it and advo
cate a change. They don't want it.
But I desire to say right here that indi
vidually I am willing and was in 1S90
to submit my candidacy to a direct vote
of the white Democrats of the State. I
have every reason to believe that my
strength would be more clearly shown
aTd I would have a more emphatic en
dorsement under that plan than I
could under the existing one. The
counties of Georgetown, Beaufort,
Sumter, Richiand and Fairfield, which
are all debatable, and which, for the
sake of argument, I will say will go
against me, would in that event be
o.Enterbalanced by the majo~i. o
pect to obtain in either5 partanburg or
Greenville. The demand for the pri
mary arose in the white section of the
State and was designed to break up
ring rule. It was never intended to
take any advantage of the brave Demo
crats of the negro counties."
"What caused you to modify your
opinion and change from a direct pri
mary to an election of delegates by pri
"Well, the primary system looks to
obtaining the popular voice by allowing
the individual voter express his person
al preference and the present system
gives that. I am and always have been
in favor of the people selecting their
The Governor here put his hand in
his breast pocket and drew out a note
book and said: "Here is a table which
I have prepared for campaign purposes.
This is my basket of 'rocks,' " he laugh.
ingly added, "and I will chunk one
into the enemy's camp before the eamn
paign opens. It is a tabie giving the
white and colored population, with the
delegates in the State Convention, of
fourteen counties, and will show very
clearly what a disturbing factor in State
politics a direct primary wvould be."
Here is the table:
White Colored Delegates
Populat'n Populat'n State
1890 ]890 Convent'n
Aiken .....13,570 18,244 8
Anderson..25,174 18,522 12
Chesterfeld...10',90J2 7,565 6;
Florence...10,400 14,627 6j
Greenville..27,371 16,936 12
Horry .....13,629 5,(617 6
Lancaster..10.338 10,42 6
-Lexington..1705 S,475 6
Marion .... 14,434 15.54 S
Oeonee......13,641 5,04) 6
Pickens....12,194 4.9 IC) t
Spartanburg..36,729 13,652 14
Union...10,74 14,4S9 S
York ........1,3S 20,73:3 1')
231,0153 17l,027 114
The total is as follows:
Whites Colored No Deleg's
In State..45,454 692,503 32()
Deduct....231,015 175,026 1 i
227,439 51:3,479 20)4
"And we find that fourteen counties
containing only 179,026 of the colored
population would overbalance twenty
one which are compelled to control
513.477 negroes: or Spartanburg, enti
tled to fourteen votes in convention,
would overbalance Beaufort, Berkeley,
Fairtield, Georgetown and Sumter, en
titled to fifty votes in convention, and
yet have 730 votes to spare.
"By deducting the populationm of
thee fourteen counties from the total
white and c'lored population of the
State, we tiud that these fourteen coun
ties, containing on'y 179,000 of the col
ored population, would overbalance
twenty--one counmties. which are com
pelled to control 513,00)0 negroes, or
that Spar tanbutrg, entitled to fourteen
votes in the Convention, would in a
pri mary overbalance Beaufort, Berke
ley, Fairfield, Georgetown and Sum
ter, entitled tr fifty votes in the con
vention, and yet have 759 votes to
snare. You see at once that a direct
primary w:>uld utterly destroy the po
litical equilibrium of the State. It
would do more. The Democrats in the
heavy negro counties who are now
asked to aidopt this system of norninuat
ing State oflicers will be expected to
control the colored vote in their re
spective counties and send Democrats
to the Legislature, although they
would never have a chance to obtain
any of the State otlices by reason of a
small white vote. Is it either reason
able or just? I dont think so, and
"But, Governor, if one one white
man in Berkeley has as nouch political
power in the State Convention as five
white men in Spartanburg, will not
th:at breed dissatisfaction?"
"At the first blush it appears to be
wrong, but we must take things as we
f1ad themn. This same argument is
the stock in trade of the Foraker-She-r
man wing of the Radical party, which
demand that the Southern electoral
vote and representation in Congress
shall be based on the voter. cast, rather
than the population. They claim that
one white man in South Carolina has
thr.e times as much political power as
a white man in Ohio or Kansas. Now,
if we, ignoring all precedeat and law,
recoguize the justice of their argument
in our party management, how are we
to expect that they will stcp agitating
along that line, and how would we
answer their orators in Congress and
on the stump? Representation in all
political bodies is based oa the legal
representation according to population.
Where the conditions are so unequal
and the equilibrium that exists would
be so violently disturbed by a change,
I cannot believe that scch change
would add to the harmony and unity
of the party which seems so dear to
these same patriots. It is a: matter for
the party to determine, and I am ready
to submit to the verdict of the people."
AN UNPLEASANT LIKENESS.
Senator Ii by, Like Senator Hill, Pays
More Attention to State Pe"litics than
to National Legislation.
[Special to News and Courier.]
VASHINGTON, April ..-Senator
Irby, who has been absent faom his
seat in the Senate a greater number of
days than Senators Hill, has finally re
turned to Washington. There isa simi
larity between the Senators from New
York and South Carolina which is
attracting more or less comment. Both
of them are political leaders in their re
spective States, and their absence from
the Senate has been. due to important
political business at home. Senator
Hill's reasons for spending so much
time in New York is well known to
be due to the unsettled condition of
aitesthere. In South Carolina the
Democratic party is embarrassed by
two contending factions, and Senator
Irby is the chairman of the Democratic
committee which represents the Ad- 1
ministration of Tillman. There are
Cleveland and Anti-Cleveland facticus
in the Palmetto State, and Senator
Irby is having considerable trouble in
trying to harmonize these two elements.
Hence it is that Senator Irby has had
but little time to familiarize himself
with the dulies of a Senator and to be a
regular attendant upon the sessions.
For a similar reason Senator Hill has
I not played a very active part in the
legislative proceedings of the Senate
during the present session. He tells his
friends that situation in New York
State is in better shape now than ever
before, and he proposes to give his
time a nd attention to Senatorial affairs.
R.M3. L. r
IRBY'S LITTLE JToKE ON THE MARCII
[Greenv!iie News, 1st.]
Senator Irby and his private secre-I
tary, M. F. Tighe, passed through the
city yestererday on their way to Wash
ington. The Senator has been away
from Washington longer than he ex
pected because of illness in his family.s
lHe did not stop) in the city, passing
from one depot to another. He took
the vestibule train at the Air Line de-t
Whbile at the depot a News reporter
talked with him. In speaking of the
chances of election of the nominees of
the recent Columbia convention, he
said they were about the same as a
"green" individual who went into a
gambling room in the 'West. The
"green" customler sat down to play po
ker with one of the sharpers. He drew
four aces and bet heavily to win.
When the sharper "called" him he
threw down the aces and started to
rake in the money. The sharper stop
ped him and told him th.at he had
lost, that he (the sharper) held a "Lu
In" hand, three spades and two clubs.
The sharper referred the individual to a
rule on the wall, wich read: "A
'Lulu' hand wine." The ignorant in
dividual was not disposed to create a
disturbance and submitted to the rule.
After a short time the "greenie" drew
a "L ulu" hand. Supposing it could
not be beaten he again bet heavily.
The sharper again told him that he
Ihad list and poin ted to a card on the
wvall which read: "A 'Lulu' hand wins
only once i n anight."
"That is like the receut Mfarch eon
Ivention," said the Senator. "A Mfarebh
convention wins (culy once in a life:
time, and has already wvon. But talking
seriously," cont inued the Senator, "I'm
glad the Columbia convention was
held. It unites the Democratic party
for several years to comec, and prevents
an indep'endent ticket this fall. It has
doue that much good and I'm willng ,
to thank whoever is responsible for it.
Without the convention there might I
ha"ve been trouble this faL."
The Senator is in good health and ~
will remain in Washington until the x
Mlay convention mn this State, which s
Iwill elect delegates to the National
Ieoos Sold on the Bick.
F'AYETTE, MIo., 31archl 29.-A sale
under the vagraut Act took pla:-e inb
Fayette yesterday afternoon when c
three negroes were sold on the blork to
the highest bidder. One brought $2.5,a
another $5, and the third S1.10. The f
negro element is highly indiguant and a
SENATOR IRUY'S IANK STOCK.
He Se1Is It Because He is Opposed t4
Financial Schemer; and Usurv.
LHis Letter in the Lauren viile Her
,ld, March 25.1
The farmers were unsuccessful in thi
production of cotton-both in pric
iad quantity. Gratitude, at least
should have prompted a business basec
upon kindness and charity, but to ni
surprise I find that the banks of thi.
.ounty are forgetful of past patronag
tnd are now extorting the last cent
bat common decency will allow, oul
)f the farmers on the loan of money
\Ioney is as plentiful and as chea t
:hese banks now as it was iii 1 !.
rhen they charged nine per cent. in
erest. Now, when they see our peo
)le in a helpless and impoverished con
lition, they forced them to pay one
,er cent. per month discount; and ci
t as if they were conferring a great
avor upon the borrower. I have al
ways opposed such financial schemes
and usury. I am more opposed to it
iow than ever. I am a stockholder it
>ne of these banks. I condemn thc
>ractice, and will not be a party wit!
:hese Shylocks to indirectly rob thf
)eople. Two weeks ago I gave them
iotice that I would sell my bank stock,
tud asked the cashier of the bank tc
ell it. I intend to sell it, and this ex
>lanation is made lest' sonie cnemy of
nine will charge me with being a party
.o what I conceive to be a moral crime.
T IS SAID THAT HE NEVER HAD ANY
[Special to the News and Courier.]
GREENVILLE, March 'S.-A few days
Lgo Senator Irby published a card in
he Laurensville Herald stating that
ast spring he had urged the Alliance
.0 patronize the Laurens banks. T(
us surprise, he says, he finds that the
>anks are forgetful of past patronage
Ld are now extorting the last cent
.hat common decency will allow out
>f the farmers.
He concludes by saying that two
veeks ago he gave the bank notice that
ie would sell his stock, as he did not
vant to give his enemies a chance to
harge him with being a -)arty to
-what he conceivee to be a moral
This no dcubt sounds well to farmers
rho do not know everything that goes
n. It is stated here on good authority
hat Senator Irby never owned any
toek in the bank. It is said that he
ubseribed to eight shares last year,
.nd gave his note for about one thou
and dollars. He did not pay the note
vhen it fell due, and the shares were
old some time ago to pay the note,
nd are now in the hands of three dif
erent persons whose names are known.
'his is the way, it is said, he "gave no
ice" of his intention to sell the stock.
Senator Irby's card amazes those
vho know the real facts. w. w. P.
vHAT THE SENATOR AND THE CASH
IER OF THE LAURENS BANK
J-AVE TO SAY ABOUT IT.
To the Editor of the News and Cou
ier: To correct the report sent to the
lharleston News and Courier, fromr
ireenville, with reference to my own~
rship of certain bank stock, which
ias been denied, please publish the
llowing letter from the cashier of the
r( an and Exchange Bank of Laurens:
LAURENS, S. C., March 20, 1892. To
he Hon. J. L. M. Irby-Dear sir:
~our letter received. In reply would
ay that you told me some time ago tc
ell your bank stock. I have sold five
hares of the stock, but it has not been
elivered to the purchaser. The other
bree shares have been spoken for. I
:new nothing of the newspaper article
tmtl I saw it in print. I ft.llowed
-our direction as to selling your bank
tock. Yours truiy,
W. A. WATTs.
I take it for granted that you will
;ive this denial and explanation the
ame p)ublicity and prominence which2
vere accorded to the unfounded rumor.
JOHN L. YE. IREY.
31ORE LIGHT ON THE SUnJECT.
Special to News and Courier.]
L. AURENS, S. C., March 30.-With
-egard to Senator Irby's bank stock,]I
ave thbe following from reliable sources:
:n the fall of 1800 the People's Loau
md Exchange Bank increased its cap
tal, and Mr. Irby subscribed for eight
hares, giving his note in payment.
[he note was attached to the stock,
mad the bank held both. The note has
ong since matured, and no payment
2as been made upon it. A bout Christ
nas time Mr. Irby requested the bank
o sell his stock, and a sale was virtu
fly effected, though no actual transfer
vas made before the publication of Mr.
My information is that Mr. Irby did
iot suggest to the b,ank that he wvas
lisposing of the stock because he be
ieved its rate of interest to be excess
ye. The facts come to me from per
ons who are iu a position to know7.
TAND)S BY IIIS sTATE:MENT IN FE LL.
[Special to News and Courier.]
GRE~ENV1LLE, March 31.-Your cor
espondent here has nothing to apolo.
ize for or to take back of the report he
ent from here of Seuator Irby's bank
tock. Senator Irby's card does not
efute one single statement made by
be correspondent, who has not mis
epresentedh the Senator, and who was
cry careful i ascertaining~ from
iWhence the story came. w. w. r
If it is a crime for a man to be a
aniker it is equally a crime for him to
wn.r bank stock. If it is a sin pun?iha
le with political disfranebisemient for
ma'n to be president of a co.rporat ion
eedin.r hundreds of people is is equaily
sin to hold stock in such la corpora.
ion or to charter or incorpoate it.
> A Case Where .Justice wa Blind Im:leed
The court hcuse at Waldron, Ark.,
was crowded. A half surpressed mu r
aur through every crooked street in
the unpicturesque hamlet niade it
known that the jury in the case of the
I State of Arkansas vs. Abner Ray were
r ready to return their verdiet. What
i would it be? Did they believe the de
fendant the murderer of John Potts?
As if by magic the old and the young,
the busy and the idle, the curious and
the indifferent had swarmed into the
court room until every toot of spce was
Outside the languid air seemed tremu
lous with the heat, and every leaf hung
limp and motiouless. The sultry July
day was oppressive and the atmosphere
of the room so stifling that those as
sembled gasped for breath. The scant
- furniture and bare li,r, the rough,
whitewashed walls and the ricketty
lamp with tin retlector sitting upon a
little shelf behind the Judge's chair, all
told the same story of story of mnoun
taineersimplicity and primitiveness. A
hag, bent with age, was,whispering the
story of the crirrie to her plump young
neighbor, and said that two witnesses
had identified the body found in Mill
Creek. The clerk nervously upset his
inkstand, and the black stairf on the
white front' of his pine desk looked
The Judge ascended the little plat
form at the end of the and bade the
Sheriff clear an entrance for the jury
The struggling crowd was parted a
little way and twelve good and lawful
men filed in and stood facing the pris
oner, who sat exposed to the gaze of all.
His efforts to appear calm were pitiful.
Great drops of sweat rolled down his
swarthy cheeks and he clutched the
framework of the chair on which he
sat. Ten feet back of him stood his
sweetheart, the beauty of the village,
sobbing softly and leaning upon her
father for support.
In a thick, unsteady voice the fore
man read from the paper in his hand,
"We of the jury find the defendant
guilty as charged in the within indict
The condemned man rose from his
seat. His face was livid and his mus
cles rigid. He stretched out one hand
is though he would speak, and the
next moment fell forward almost at the
foreman's feet-dead! His sweetheart's
tears stopped falling and her- white
lips quivered convulsively, but she
could neither cry out nor stir from her
Half a dozen strong hands were
stretched out to lift the prostrate man,
when moved by a common impulse,
though no syllable had been uttered,
every head was in ned and every eye
fixed upon the door.
John Potts had just stopped over the
A Story or Cleveland.
[St. Louis Republic.]
"Cleveland is one of the greatest
sticklers for being exactly right and
doing exact justice I ever sawv," said
a prominent politician from Summer,
Tenn., to The Man A bout Town. "Not
long after he became President two
men were recommended to be Post
master of a town down there, one by
the people, the other by the Congress
Iman of the district. In due time wve
saw the Congressman's recommenda
tion was to be sent to the Senate on a
certain day. The people were angry.
The man recommended by theCongress
man was unpopul::r, and, though weal
thy, had let his 37-year old mother die
in a poor hours. The other was one of
the most respected men in the com
munity. It was decided to send a de
legation to ask the President to with
draw the appointment. We went first
to Dan'l Manning and provided for an
audience ".'th the President. When
we filed into his oflice Grover was hard
at work with his coat off. He shook
hands cordially and did niot apologize
for having his coat off. We stated our
mnission. IIe said: 'Gentlemen, I am
now to this place and have to rely on
the Congressmen, but this is a serious
charge and backed by a petition with
3,uon names attached must mean some
Ith ing. I will consider it at once.'
"He sent right off for that Congress
man and when he came said: 'Mr.-,
I have received all your recommenda
tions and tried to oblige you. Now here
is one in which I want you to oblige
me. This man whom you recommended
and 1 have appointed does not seem to
enjoy the confidence of his people. The
D)emocratic administration does not
want those kind of Postmasters. I
want von to ob!ige me in allowing aJ
withdrawal of that name.' It was
Womn Who Die Early.
Many oif o)ur most beautiful and ac
complished ludies die before they have
reached the p)rime of life. Of those
wvho live to middle age only one in two
hundred is sound ;the other one hun
dred anid ninety-nine are sufferers.
Wyiit? Self-neglect. The shat
tered health can be restored : the home
made happy, and( your life lengthened
if you commenee at once.
'Roise Budo-" have been used for 20
yer nthe private practice of one of
the ostemientphysicians ofParis,
and the following diseases and their
distressing sym ptomns yield to them
like magic : Ulceration, Congestion
and Falling of the Womib, Ovarian
Tumors, Dropsy of the Womb, Bear
ing Down Pains, Rupture at Child
birth and Misearriages. One package
of "Rose Buds'' will make a new
w ~oman of you.
(Leucorrhea or Whites are generally
cured by one application.) Price per
p)ackage (one month's treatment) $1.00
sent by mail pos5t paid, securely packed.
THE: LEvERETrTE SPECIFC Co., 3 9
Wachingtoan St. Bostn, Mass.
Ifow the Walhalla Republicans Stole a
March on the Democrats.
M. H. Bryce, the well-known Wal
halla Republican, stole a march on the
Democrats of that place last week and
the story will be of interest. H. A. H.
Gibson was some time ago elected in
tendant of the town. He decided to
move away and handed in his resigna
tion. It was accepted and Thursday of
last week was set as the time for an
election for his successor. On that day
the Democrats seemed to have forgot
ten the election and up to 2 o'clock in
the afternoon only about eight votes
had been cast.
Bryce saw the state of aflairs and
gathering about twenty-five of his fol
lowers he marched them to the polls
just before closing time and voted them
for himself for intendant. He had not
announced himself as a candidate and
the Democrats were not expecting to
have such an "eminent citizen" for
mayor. They were taken completely
by surprise. Bryce's vote outnumbered
those of the Democrats by a good ma
jority, and there was consternation
when it was known that hs would
be intendant unless something was
On Monday of this week the Demo
crats contested the election and showed
that three illegal votes had been cast
for Bryce. The election was according
ly declared off because of fraud and
nobody was counted as elected. A new
election has been ordered and it is safe
to say that Bryce will not get another
chance to work his game.
Bryce's followers are exultant over
his trick. It is said that he will use his
alleged election to show his popularity
to the Washington authorities. Wana
maker recently removed him as post
master at Walballa because of com
plaints that he was a bad man.
Learning to Take it Easy.
"It does not seem strange to me,"
said Ex-Congressman West to other
day, "why some business men cling
closely to business all their life-time.
You laugh? Well, business is businss,
of course, and Ben Franklin knew
what he was talking about when he
said something about saving a penny
every time you got a chance. But what
I mean to say is that a business man
needn't be everlastingly drudging away
simply because he is making lots of
money. He should take a holiday often,
and at times a jolly long one."
Mr. West stroked his big white beard
and loo.ied up at the ceiling as if trying
to count the roses in the frescoed
wreaths above the chandelier, and then
"Rich men in business, no matter
whether they began business when
they were poor as church mice or
whether they had piles of money before
they got out of their teens, are becom
ing sensible nowadays. I can count on
my fingers' ends dozens of men who
twenty-five years ago never took a
week off in summer time even, who
were rich as Croesus years and years
before that, and yet who went to their
offices as early as they had to do when
they weie clerking it; and they kept it
up until they toppled into their graves.
Why, 1 knew some New York business
men twenty-five years ago who had.
never taken an ocean bath because they
bad never seen the ocean beyond the
Battery. I know a thing or two about
Saratoga, and, would you believe it,
ast summer, I had as pleasant a die r.
[ ever spent in my life in Ballston with
a merchant of this city who hat' 't out
of town for a week for the first time
during the sixty years of his active
business life? Yet that man had al
ways made his clerks go away for a
week every summer, with a week's sal
ary paid in advance.
"Business men don't feel old now
days because their hair is gray. They
don't save up for the 'boys' by depriv
ing themselves of needed recreation.
They take their share of the jollities of
life, too, and by jollities I don't mean
jags. And though they don't work as
many hours a day as their fathers
did, they manage to accomplish much
A Story Showing Many Things.
IFrom the Youth's Companion.]
During the agrarian riots, which dis
turbed England in 1832, a mob of rick
burner3 and machine breakers ap
peared at the old mansion of two elder
ly maiden ladies. The walls of the hall
were decorated with suits of armor and
antique weapons-pikes, haiberds. bat
tIe axns and swords. The mob elamored
ror the weapons and for drink. The Ia
ies refused their demands, and when
he mob seemed reaw wesort to vio
tence MIiss Bettie, the elder of the ladies,
went up to the leader, a hideoue look
ng man, and said:
"You, too, of ali the p'eople in the
world! I'm not surprised at these poor
nisguided creatures. But that such a
ood looking, intelligent man as you
hiould attack two defenceless women
Ies astonish me! You are the man I
~hould have looked to for protection.
But you are not the man I took you
or. Never aigain will I trust to good
Theru was no standing up againsti
hat complimen:t. The man took off
his hat and said "Come, old lady, we
lin't so bad as all that; only give us
ome beer. We~ would not harm a hair
>f your head."
"No: I know that." retorted MIiss
Betty. "You can't; I wear a wig."
The rnob ro,ared wvith laughter and
' WILD WORK OF THE WIND.
A Terrible Hurricane in Kansas and Oth
States-Several Towns Wrecked and
Many Lives Lost.
KANSAS City, April 1.-Last night
tornado entirely destroyed Towandi
Kansas, killing twen:y people,wrecke
Augusta, killing four and seriously it
juring many others, did great damag
at Wellington, killing several, and de
molished several buildings at Kiowf
The particulars may be difficult to of
tain on account of the continued pro:
tration of wires.
A terrible wind-storm prevails to-da,
throughout Kansas, Missouri an
Southern Nebraska. The Wester:
Union reports it has been losing wire
every minute for the last four hour;
Only three wires are left out of thre
The storm,as far as cau be determinec
swept across the country from India:
Territory in the south west part of Bai
ber County, Kansas, taking the littl
town of Kiowa in its path. In a nortL
easterly direction it passed througl
Frazier County and through the centr
of Sumner County. Eending as a boi
it passed almost directly north throug1
the remainder of Sumner-County an<
along the western part of Butler Coun
ty. Villages and farm houses wer
carried away as it swept along.
The tornado continued in Kansa
and in the iorthwestern part of Mi
souri to-day, but was .ess destructive
At Wellington the house of a mal
named Little was dem lished and fou
little children killed. Another house
with fifteen inmates, was picked u:
and dropped and everybody in it mor,
or less hurt. The house of a mai
named Butterworth was carried bodil;
through the air three hundred yard.
Some of the family were fatally hurt.
Later reports say that; not a house o
building was left standing in "'owands
The town was asleep when the storn
swept down, ruined everything in it
path and left dead bodies lying in it
wake. Four dead bodies have been re
covered from the ruins already search
ed. Twenty persons a-e fatally hur
and forty more seriously injured, be
sides a large number more or les
At Augusta three were killed out
right. Harmon Hoskins, James Barne
a:d an infant child of Will Rhode:
who was blown out of her mother'
arms and dashed against a brick wall
Rhodes himself is fatally injured, as i
also the wife of Harmon Hoskins. Fil
teen others were hurt mc-re or less seri
ously, according to present reports, bu
all wires are down and it is impossibl
to get at any detailed account fren
. At Lawrence the w nd reached
velocity of eighty-four miles. In Kan
sas City it reached sixty-four miles, an<
a great (eal of damage was done t
signs, gas, insecure buildings, electri
The hlouse which was blown dowi
was a seven-story brick ar, the corner o
Halstead and Pearce streets. It wa
surrounded by one or two-story frami
dwellings occupied by poor families
Several of theEe were crushed and threi
children were instantly killed. Thre<
people are missing, sup posed to b
under the ruins, probably dead. Twelvi
others were injured, of whom two o:
three are likely to die.
Additions are constantly being mad<
to the storm casualties. In Kansas City
Kansas, two persons were fatally in
jured. Among the towns suffering are
MarshaU, Warrensburg, Chilicothe and
St. .Toseph, Missouri, Salin, Olathe
and Ottawa, Kansas. Eighty families
lived at Towanda, Kansas. and not on<
of them escaped injury or loss of life t<
nUTILDINGs WRECKED IN ATCHISON
A TCHsoN, Kas., A pril 1 -A tornadt
struck this city at noon to-day, unroof
ing and demolishing several large
buildings and scattering signs, awning,
and out houses in every dir ection. The
Santa Fe railway depot was unroofec
and the chapel at the Scholastic Con
vent was demolished. The ice ware
house of the Thrall Ice Company was
destroyed and the grocery ware house
of H. Taylor is in ruins. The roof o;
the city prison was carried off and n
portion of the building demolished.
A small house in the Missouri Pacifi<
yards was blown i'2to the river. Hun
dreds of chimneys have been blowr
down and a great deal of damage done.
The heavy damage in the country istc
fruit trees. The ground is very soft.
caused by recent rains, anc thousands
of trees have been torn up by the roots.
No one has been reported injured.
EFFECTS OF THlE STORMf IN NEnRASKA.
O.vAHA, Neb, April 1.--Telegraph
wires all over the State are prostrated,
and it is impossible to obtain news ol
the extent of last night's cy clone. The
Western Union reports that it has only
one wire in operation in Nebraska and
that is on the line of the Elkhiorn Road.
A special to the Bee from Norfolk, in
the northern part of the Sta.e, says th..
cyclone struck the town atont 11
o'clock last night and did ecnsiderable
damage. If this should prove to be the
same cyclone which devasted Nelsot
the destruction must have been great.
The storm traversed one hundred and
fifty miles over the richest farmina
section of the State, dotted with smnal.
cities and villages. The wiud is blow
ing a gale here and wires are~ down OL
all sides. Hundreds of telephone wiret
are still down as the result of :ast Satur.
THE STOR3f ElsEwHIERE.
W,Asn!INGTON, April .-Des Moines
Iowa, reports damage exceeding $100
000J, but no loss of life. Every sectior
of Iowa that can be heard from has
timiliar story to tell.
At St. Joseph, Missouri, the storm
began at midnight Thursday night, and
r continued with unabated furry at 9
o'clock to-night. The city was strewn
1 with wreckage, scarcely a house in it
having escaped uninjured. Several peo
ple had been hurt by flying debris.
3 Three steamboats on the Missouri
- River were swamped near St. Joseph.
e There is no indication of exaggeration
.in any of the stories. On the contrary
, there is a probability that the worst
remains to be told.
The Indelible Impression He Left on His
s Anyone who has read of General
- "Stonewall" Jackson must be an ad
e mirer of his sturdy manhood. He left
an impression on his soldiers that is
indelible. Mr. St. John, President of
3 the Mercantile bank, New York, relates
the following as in his own experience:
e "A yea. or two since he was on a busi
- ness errand in the Shenandoah Valley,
2 in company with General Thomas
a Jordan, Chief of Staff of General Beaure
I gard, and at the close of a day they
1 found themselves at the foot of the
i mountains in a wild and lonely place,
where was no village and not even a
e house, save a rough shanty for the use
of the "track-walker" on the railroad.
8 It was'rather suggestive of the suspici
cious characters that lurk in out-of the
way places; yet here they were forced
1 to pass the night, and could find no
r shelter but this solitary cabin, in which
they sat down to!uch asupperas could
be provided in this desolate spot. The
unprepossessing look of everything was
completed when the keeper of the sta
tion came in and took his seat at the
head of the tablh. A bear out of the
woods could hardly have been rougher
r than he, with his unshaven beard and
- unkempt hair. He answered to the
l type of the border ruffian, whose ap
S pearance suggests the dark deeds that
s might be done here i . secret, and hid
- den in the gloom of the forest. Ima
- gine their astonishment when this
t rough backwoods-man rapnr' on the
- table and bowed his head! And such a
s prayer! 'Never, did I h ear a petition
that more evidently came from the
- heart. It was so simple, so reverent,
s and so tender, so full of humility and
penitence, as w.:ll as thankfulnes to
S the Giver of all ,ood! We sat in silence,
- and as soon as I could recover myself, I
3 whispered to my friend, 'who can he
- be" to which he answered, I don't
- know, but he must be one of Stonewall
t Jackson's old soldiers.' And he was!
3 As we walked out into the open air, I
l accosted our new acquaintance, and,
after a few questions about the country,.
asked, 'Were you in the war?' 'Oh,
yes,' he said with a smile, 'I was out
with old Stonewall!' " Here, then, was
one of that famous "Stonewall Brig
ade,", whose valor was proved on so
many a battle field. Such were the
men, now white with years and scarred
Swith wounds, who last summer, on the
anniversary of the battle ot Bull Run,
thronged the hill top at Lexington,
and wept at the unveiling of the monu
ment which recalled their old com
Capt. M. M. Buford.
We notice in the Newberry papers
the announcement of Mr. M!. M. Bu
-ford as a candidate for Sheriff of New
berry County. Mr. Buford, as is well
Iknown by a goodly number of the peo
pIe of Laurens County, is a true and
tried man--a Democrat from away back.
He, it will be remembered, was a
"team" during the dark days of radi
calism, when men's souls were tried.
He was the only man from Newberry
County who was put on trial for being
Implicated in the much-needed work
of the noble Ku Klux Klan. Mr. Bu
ford, like an old Roman, suffered with
our own gallants, Dr. J. T. Craig, C. E.
Franklin, G. H. Davidson and Elibha
M. Young, behind the prison walls
under guard of Federal bayonets in
Columbia when life to a truie patriot
even seemed scarcely worth living.
The Right Kind of a Girl.
Let a gi rl be ever so graceful in the
dance, let her be ever so elegant of
walk across a drawingroom, ever so
bright in conversation, she must pos
sess some other qualities to convince
the great average run of young men
that she can be the manager of his
home, the pilot that steers his ship of
state, writes Edward W. Bok in the
A pril Ladies' Home Journal. Frugality,
womanly instincts of love for home, an
eye to the best interests of her husband
and the careful training of her children
-these are the traits which make the
good wife of to-day, and which young
men look for in the girls they meet.
Men may sometimes give the impres
sion that they do not care for common
sense in their sweethearts, but there is
nothing shey so unfailingly demand of
An Egyptian Curiosity.
In July, 1881, there were discovered
in the ar.:ient city of Thebes, the mum
mies Egypt's mightiest Pharaohs,
among them that of Rameses the'
Great. There were also found seals,
coins, stattuettes, preserved food, and a
few rolls sf papyrus, some of the latter
being of great value, curiously bound
together, and, notwithstanding the
mould and mildew of ages upon them,
as easily read as if written yesterday.
A queer little book entitled, "A Night
with Ramases II.," has been executed
so cleverly, that the oxydized seal, sug
gestion of mould, antique coloring, and
partially decayed and ragged-edged
papyrus carry at once to the mind the
possesion of a veritable relic from the
dawn of civilization. Mailed to any
address on receipt of 6 cents in stamps,
by .T. . Ayear Co., Lowellt Mass..
Trios. W. KEir, Editor.
Districting the County.
We were very much pleased to wit
ness the gathering of quite a number
of school trustees in the Commission
er's office on Saturday, the 19th alt. It
was a very creditable showing consid
ering the inclemency of the' weather,
and the spirit evinced was cheering.
They seemed awake to the fact that
something must be done to improve
The question of districting the county
was brought up by the commissioner,
Mr. Kibler. This question was freely
discussed, and a great deal of informa
tion regarding the location of existing
school-houses and the needs of the
different communities was obtained.
The Board of County Examiners
have before them an arduous task, and
they should be sustained by the sym
pathy and help of every believer in
education. They are men devoted to
the profession and wish to perform
their duty to the best interest of the
county from an educational standpoint.
We all, I suppose, believe that there
are too many schools in our county for
the best interests of the people. This
fact was brought out in the discussion of
the question of districting the county.
Now, some school-houses will neces
sarily be abandoned, aund the children
assigned to others; which these will be,
no one knows. Now it is earnestly
hoped that the patron.s of such schools
will give their hearty and patriotieco
operation towards carrying out the
good work of laying out districts, and
of improving our educational facilities.
We are fully convinced that many
of our teachers are mnking great pro
gress in cur profession. These are the
very ones we desire to retain, but un
less some means are devised by which
we are able to secure longer terms and
a living salary, we will certainly lose
them. We think it never surely oc
curred to those outside the profession
that a teacher who feels his responsi
bility and wishes to do the best possi
ble for those under his care, recognizes
the fact that he must subscribe to edu
cational literature; that he mus' pur
chase books treating of his profession;
that he must attend county and State
associations; that he must, in every
way, keep up the rapid strides of pro
gressive education, or be forever left in
the rear. All this takes money, and
the teacher who can solve this problem
with a salary of $25.00 per month and
a three month's term, will put the en
tire profession under lasting obliga
tions to him if he will make the pro
Now, we think by consolidating
schools, where practicable, and by dis
tricting the county a long step forward
will be taken. These districts will be
of such size that the trustees can easily
attend to their duties. Every poll in
the county will be hunted up and
placed on the books, and the school
fund will be perceptibly increased.
Then too, these districts may levy a
tax upon themselves, which will be
applied to their own use. By these
means, and others which may be de
vised, a fund can be raised sufficient to
employ good teachers at living salaries.
While we do not think that district
ing the conty will prove a panacca for
all the ills to which the public schools
are heir, we do think it will have a re
We have an object lesson upon this
subject before our eyes daily. We are
in a special district, which, before its
creation, had no school house of its own,
but had a divided school population.
Now we have two acres of land, and
have built and paid for a school house
costing about $400, are running five
months this term, and next year mean
to have at least seven months' and per
haps eight. The patrons are sympa
thetic and alive to education and al
ways stand ready to aid the school in
Can not this condition of affairs be
brought about over the entire county?
We think so. With districts laid off in
the county, and owing their own
school-house; with patrons alive to the
needs of the schools, and demanding
education for their children, and with
properly paid teachers and an eight
month's term, our dear old county will
experience such a boom in education as
she has never known.
Let every one put his shoulder to the
wheel and bring this about.
T. WV. K.
The next meeting of our Association
will be held at Johnstone's Academy,
April 9th. Be there and be ready to
"speak out in meetin'." We want the
views of all on the subjects to be dis
PROGR'A3D[E FOR APRIL 9TH.
Education-Geo. B. Cromer.
Relation of the common schools to
colleges-Dr. G. WV. Holland.
Reading in our schools-Mis Janie
Chalmers and F. W. Higgins.
Necessity of the Bible being read in
schiool-Thos. W. Keitt, Mrs. Reid,
Fractions-Messrs. Sligh, Evans and
HJggh Position for Ex-Governor Thonwpson.
[S~pecial to Greenville News.]
SPA RTANBURG, S. C., March 23.-A
special to the Herald from Columbia
says that ex-Governor Hugh S. Thomp
son, now one of the civil service com
missioners, has been tendered the posi
tion of actuary for the New York Life
Insurance company at a salary of $10,
0010 a year and that he has accepted.
This is a high compliment to the
ability of one of Greenville's sons and
will gratify Governor Thompson's
mnny friends in this State.