Newspaper Page Text
ELBERT IL AULL, EDITOR:.
ELBERT H. AULL, Propriet
WM. P. HOUSEAL Prpreors.
NEWBERRY. S. C.
WEDIESDAY, AMUST 10. 1892.
FEEE SPEECH DENIED.
Maj. Murray, as one of the candidates
for delegate on the Sheppard ticket in
Anderson County, attended a meeting
at Cedar Grove on Monday, expecting
of course to speak. When be arrived
Secretary Tindal was speaking. He
got out of his buggy and proceeded to
wards the stand, but several Tillman
ites forced him back to his buggy,
some striking him. His only hope for
his life was to leave the place, and as
be drove away they threw rocks at
him, some of them striking him, and
others his buggy.
The Register says: "Some turbulent
spirits did not act as well as they should
have, and abused Murray, and some
even struck him. A few rocks were
thrown after his buggy injuring it
somewhat. It is said Murray received
The other accounts say Maj. Murray
was struck in the back and shoulders
What has become of the freedom of
speech and action that we were to
have, and that has been denied us even
from the days of the Lord's Proprietors?
Comment is unnecessary. Surely
the people of South Carolina will not
uphold such proceedings.
Congress has adjourned after a very
long session. Adjournment was reached
last Friday. The appropriation to the
World's Fair was reduced to $2,500,000.
Every voter must remember that in
order to vote, his name :unst be on a
club list. This is important.
A full report of the teacher's insti
tute held at Newberry last week may
be found in this issue. It was a very
Interesting and instructive meeting.
The very interesting report is fur
nished by Mr. T. W. Keitt.
The Executive Committee would
not stand by its former action,
to adopt the suggestion of Governor
Tillman and Governor Sheppard for
an eqal division of managers, includ
ing the clerk.
The Herald and News agrees with
Mr. Sligh in his speech at Whitmires.
We want free speech, a free ballot and
the rule of the majority in our Demo
Let every man vote as he pleases
without any effort at drawing lines, or
requiring a candidate to say whether
he is for this man or for that man.
And every true man will vote just as
his best judgment may dictate in our
Democratic primaries. That is the
doctrine of The Herald and News.
A "Scare Head" and an Apology.
The following head was spread out
seven inches in big display type in the
Columbia Registcr of Friday, the 5th:
Tillman Gives Orr the Lie.
Exciting Times at Union Yesterday
Wheini the Corporation Candidate
for Lieutenant Governor As
sumes the Responsibility
for Gross Slander
Of a Great Governor.
The Baldozing Tactics of Orr Fail to
Work With Farmer Ben and
the Roaring Lion Be
comes But a Lamb.
Next day the Register saw it had
slippe up, and said:
*Our news editor, through mistake,
placed a "scare head" to the Union
meeting, when we intended that such
prominence should only be given to
Mr. Mayfield's able address. It is not
our desire that the Governor be made
to pose as a fighter, for while a brave
mnan Governor Tiliman is the head of
our State government, and he defends
his good name as well as upholds the
dignity of his high office."
."FALsE AND LiBELOUS."
Tomn Watson's Charges of Drunkenness in
WASHINGToN, August 5.-Represen
tative Boatner, of Louisiana, to-day
submitted to the House the report of
the committee which made an investi
gation into the charges made by Repre
sentative Watson, in effect that drunk
en members reeled and staggered
through the aisles of the House, and
drunken speakers had debated grave
questions and were heard to remark,
"Mr. Speaker, where am I at?"
The report of the committee says it
has no hesitation in declaring that the
charges contained in the sense in which
they are made are false and libelous
under the strictest legal definition of
those terms: that the charge involving
Representative Cobb was strongly con
tradicted by witnesses, and there was
nothing in the evidence to justify the
Imputation made against him. The
facts are, the report says, that three,
and psibly four, members appeared
on te floor under the influence of
liquor, but none in the condition de
The committee will report a resolu
tion which will say that the charges
made in Mr.Watson's book are not true,
and constitute an unwarranted assault
upon the House, and it has the unqual
ified disapproval of that body.
The report was agreed to by the three
-Democratic members of the commit
Representative Grout will submit an
independent report, which in substance
is th3at if Representative Watson does
not withdraw hi.e charges he will agree
with the committee on the adoption of
L.ively Camnpaign Incidenxt at Spartauburg.
LSpecial to The State.1
SPARTANBURG, August 5.-The first
difficulty arising from political diffe
rences in this city occurred to-day be
t ween Andrew E. Moore and E ber C.
Allen, county chairman.
The county chairman named the re
ception committee to meet the candi
dates to-day. Mr. Moore was sug
- gested as one of the Conservative rep
resentatives, but Mr. Allen refusedl to
appoint him, on the ground of his ex
treme bitterness towards the Tillman
-Mr. Moore resented this as an insult,
aad to-day, the men happening to
meet at Stanyarne Wilson's office, the
matter was brought up and ended in
apesnal ' lty. Mr. Moore struck'
r. Allen, king him out of the
door into the street. H~e then followed
bim n kicked him several times.
r no esisancewhat
er bfrn p the streets.
THEY RESCIND THE AGREEMENT.
The Agreement to Divide Managers Re
scinded-The County Executive Com
inittee Holds a Long Session-Man
agere for the Prinaany Election
Rules Adopted -- Arrange
ments Made for the Meet
ing at Helena.
The County Democratic Executive
Committee met in the Courthouse last
Saturday and was in session for four
The agreement to divide the man-.
agers equally was by. formal resolution
The Herald and News believes that
we will have a fair and honest election
so far as Newberry County is con
cerned, it matters not whether the
managers are for Tillman or Sheppard,
but we have no objection to giving
each side equal representation.
It was a pretty full meeting of the
committee, only three, we believe, be
ing absent-Messrs Reid, Werts and
On motion of Mr. Hunt, the privil
eges of the floor were granted to Mr.
Mr. Kibler thanked the committee
for the privilege granted him. He said
that prohibition was one of the great
issues of this campaign and he felt that
the question should be discussed before
the people. It seems that all the can
didates are willing to act under the in
-structions as contained in the result of
the vote at the primary. We would
like to have the question discussed and
ask the privilege of having one
SPEAKER FOR PROHIBITION
at each campaign meeting, who will
lay before the people this great ques
F. V. Capers: I agree with Mr. Kib
ler. The question is an important one.
The issue has been joined so far as the
box for voting is concerned. I don't
know any thing that is doing more
harm than the liquor traffic. You may
talk about your reforms but this is the
one most needed. Most all our woes
can be traced to liquor, and I therefore
move that this reasonable request be
granted and the prohibition speech be
the first-one made.
J. C. S. Brown: It is bringing in new
matter. We should look at this ques
tion. Should the speaker come first or
last? If tbre is time, alright, just so
it don't interfere with the other speak
;Mr. Hunt thought we had better
postpone-it until further on in the pro
ceea:-rs when we come to-decide who
is to spea'.
The Chairman asked if this question
could not be intelligently passed upon
without further delay.
Mr. Capers was not in favor of post
poning and thought the request should
be granted it matters not how many
others are to speak. The motion was
RULES FOR THE PRIMARY.
Chairman Blease had vacated the
chair and said that they had better
adopt the rules to govern the primary,
and he moved to reconsider the action
by which the committee adopted the
old rules, which was adopted. He then
moved that the rules as adopted by the
State Democratic Executive Commit
tee July 26 be adopted. They were
then read and adopted. He alsooffered
the following which were adopted
RULES- FOR GOVERNMEFT OF THE PRI
MARY ELECTION OF NEW
1st. Adopt the rules of the State
Democratic Executive Committee July
2. That in those offices where there
are to be more than one elected, unless
ticket voted in full, it will not be
counted. For instance, in the race for
delegates to State convention there
must be 8 different names voted for, in
same for the House of Representatives
there must be 3 different names voted
for, and in the same- for county com
missioners there must be 3 different
names voted for. And in every case
the candidate voted fornmust have com
plied with rules in signing and filing a
pledge to abide the result of the pri
mary and support the nominees of the
3. That the <candidates for Congress
shall be assessed $5.00 each, Senate
$2.50 each, House of Representatives
$2.50, Clerk $2.50, Sheriff $2.50, Auditor
$2.50, Treasurer $2.50, School Commis
each, Corner50 cents each, Trial Justice
5fl cents each. Which amount must
be paid on or before the 2.5 inst. to
Win. Johnson, treasurer of the execu
4. In the event that a second primary
is necessary it shall be held Tuesday
the 13th day of September, 1892.
.5. The clubs in Township No. 1 shall
vote at New berry C. H.
The clubs in Township No. 2.shall
vote at Gibsons.
The clubs in Township No. 3 shall
vote Maybinton at Mayinton, and
club at Mt. Pleasant at Glymphville.
The clubs in Township No. 4 stall
vole-Long Lane at Cromer's Store
and Tabor at Whitmires.
The clubs in Township No. 5 at
-The clubs in Township No. 6 at
The clubs in Township No. 7 at
The clubs in Township No. 8 at Dead
Clubs in No. 9 Township-O'Neall at
Henarix Mill, Saluda at Hendrix
Mill, St. Luke's at Prosperity, Mt. Pil
grim at Prosperity, Warehouse at Pros
perity, Mt. Tabor at Slighs.
Clubs in No. 10 Township at Jolly
Clubs in Township30. 11-Zion and
St. Philips at Pomaria, Walton at
Mr. Hunt objected to Rule 3. He was
opposed to taxing candidates to defray
the expenses of the canvass. He
thought the burden on them was great
enough already, and if the expense were
apportioned among the clubs it would
not be more than five cents per capita.
He was opposed to the principle.
Mr. Blease did not agree with Colo
nel Hunt. He thought it was cheaper
for the candidates. Heretofore the can
didates had to pay for their own tick
ets, and under the present arrangement
the tickets are furnished by the execu
Mr. Hunt moved to strike out Rule 3,
but the motion did not prevail.
Mr. Gary then moved that the com
mittee proceed to the appointment of
WH AT WAS TH E AGR EEMENT ?
Mr. C. T. Paysinger then suggested
as managers for Newberry W. W. Hod
ges, C. L. Havird and G.B. Summers.
Mr. Bunt suggested John C. Gog
gans, and said it was his understanding
that the action of the last meeting was
to let each faction suggest its own men.
Dr. McIntosh moved that each fac
tion suggest two managers, including
Mr. Koon moved that we adopt the
old plan to let each township commit
teemen suggest the managers for that
MrHuntsaid that he only wanted fair
ness. If there is anything wrong with
the agreement that we entered into at
the last meeting,we should know it,and
w hat reason there is for changing it. It
was a compact we went into at that
meeting, and the understanding was
that each faction of the party was
to suggest its managers. The reso
lution adopting the request of Tillman
and Sheppard to give equal representa
tion on the boards of managers was
gotten up by Mr. Sligh and Mr.Cad
well. But the Tillman faction isin the
majority in this committee, and you
can dosas you please-keep the compact
or rescind It.
kMr. Capers thought that by the adop
'1on of the new rules the resolution had
fir Hunt said that he didn't think
it whauld be fair for the Tillman faction
to nu==ret the Sheppard managers, nor
for the Sheppard faction to appoint the
Mr. Mills said all he wanted was a
fair and square election.
Mr. Smith wanted to know of the
Chairman if the Tillman faction had
not already held a meeting in his office
and appointed the managers?
Chairman Blease said they had not.
Mr. Capers said he clearly under
stood that each faction was to have two
managers, but there were only three to
be appointed, and he wanted to meas
ure with the same yardstick that was
used in Richland, and give the Shep
pard men one at each box.
There was a good deal more talking,
but Mr. Koon's motion was adopted.
THE AGREEMENT RESCINDED.
Mr.. Capers then moved to rescind
the motion adopted at the former meet
ing, to give equal representation to
each faction on the boards of managers,
and it was adopted on a rising vote, 9
The following managers for the pri,
mary election were then appointed:
2 vewberry-C. L. Havird, U. B.Sum
mers, John C. Goggans.
Gibsons-S. E. Kennerly, B. F. Can
non, A. Buzhardt.
Glymphvile-J. S. 3. Suber, Wim. D.
Rutherford, John Henderson.
Maybinton -Wm. V. Lyles, John
Thomas, B. Hancock.
Cromer's Store-T. D. Ramage, M. A.
Renwick, L. H. Chandler.
Whitmires-J. S. Spearman, J. C.
Abrams, L. D. Abrams.
Jalapa-Geo. C. Glasgow, W. C.
Sligh, J. M. Chalmers.
Longshore's Store-J. T. Davis, I. M.
Smith, Lemuel C. Johnson.
Wiliams' Store-Theo. Davenport,
B. W. Goodwin, Henry T. Fellers.
Dead Fall-Thos. Smith, Sr., I. H.
Boulware, Thos. S. Blair.
Prosperity-A. M. Lester, R. I. Stou
demayer, S. B. Hawkins.
Hendrix Mill-P. W. Shealy, J. E.
Monts, A. B. Mills.
Slighs-J. B. Kempson, J. W. P.
Harmon, J. M. Sease.
Jolly Street-G. M. Singley, J. W.
Werts, John A. Counts.
Pbmaria-C. B. Eargle, W. J. Ep
ting, W. W. Berly.
Walton-J. D. Crooks, J. L. Crooks,
D. P. Werts.
THIRTY MINUTES AND NO PROXIES.
Chairman Blease asked the commit
tee to approve or disapprove his action
in giving each speaker thirty minutes
and permitting no speaker to be repre
sented by proxy. At Keitt's Mr.
Sligh claimed that he was entitled to
one hour-thirty minutes as candidate
for Senate and thirty minutes as can
didate for delegate. The committee
decided that no speaker who appeared
in a dual capacity was entitled to more
than thirty minutes at a time. He
could occupy his time as candidate
and then when the delegates turn
came be could occupy thirty minutes
more if he desired.
On motion of ~Mr. Mills it was de
cided that no delegate could be repre
sented by proxy.
HELENA THE PLACE.
Chairman Blease moved that the
State campaign meeting be held In
the grove at Helena.
Dr. McIntosh moved to substitute
The merits of the two places were
discussed pro and can, and the com
mittee decided on Helena.
Chairman Blease moved that a com
mittee of six be appointed to meet the
Mr. Capers, who was in the chair, it
seems did not want to appoint the
committee, so he called Mr. Harmon
to the chair.
The following committee was ap
F. V. Capers, A. E. P. Bedenbaugh,
W. H. Hunt, Jr., C. W. Buford, J. W.
Cadwell, J. H. McIntosh.
On motion of Mr. Gary, County
chairman Blease was added to the com
TO KEEP ORDER.
The question of preserving order was
next discussed. It was decided to ap
point one chief marshal and two assist
ants, and two marshals from each
Mr. Hunt moved that Col. 0. L.
Schumpert be made chief marshal, and
it was adopted. Messrs. P. C. Smith
and J. Pierce Harmon were appointed
The newspapers were requ.ested to
urge the marshals named to meet at
Newberry early on the morning of the
18th, so as to consult with the chief and
The appointments were to have been
made in time for this week's issues of
the county papers, but several of the
clubs have not yet given their names to
the secretary. The following are the
appointments as far as we have been
able to get the names:
Carolina Club-C. J. Purcell, E. M.
Young Men's-E. Cabaniss, 3. W.
Faetory-P. F. Baxter, John Senn.
Hartford-J. T. Young, G. D. La
tJakstone Academy-John C. Neel,
Mulbery/-John Adams, S. S. Cun
Maybinton-Ben Hawkins, J. W.
Mt. Pleasant-Moorman Ruff, A. J.
Long Lane-L. H. Chandler, J. B.
Jalapa-John Willinigham, G. C.
Old M3en-Hayne Abramis, Reason
Reederville-J. R. Workman, M. Q.
Trinity-Thbos. Smith, Jr., 0. P. Sax
Club .Zo. 2- (Township 7.1-J. J.
Workman, B. W. Goodwin.
Club No. 3-(Township 7.)
Saluda-Will H. Sanders, W. B.
Chappell-R. S. Boazmnan, A. S.
Utopia-J. S. Bickley, D. G. Living
TIarehouse-J. L. Wise, W. WV. Fol
St. .Luke's-J. 5. Hair, Noah E. Tay
Mt. Pilgrim-G. F. Stockmian, 3. M.
O'Neall-J. A. Wise, J. Wilson
Jolly Street-J. W. WVerts, G. A. Liv
Mt. Tabor-J. B. Kempson, G. A.
St. latul's-J. 3. Hipp, Adam L.
Mt. Zion-T. A. Setzier, L. B. Ear
Wfalton-G. B. Sligh, J. S. Crooks.
The question of the arrangement of
speakers came up again. The prohibi
tion speaker was placed as the first
speaker after dinner.
Mr. Hunt moved that the candidates
OR the electoral tieiKet be allowed to
speak just after the candidates for the
Senate and House.
There was considerable speech mak
ing on this subject and it was finally
decided that the delegates should not
be allowed to speak until all the candi
dates had finished. The motion was
adopted by a vote of 8 to 17.
It was decided to print 5,000 tickets,
2,500 with the Tiliman delegates and
2,500 with the names of the Sheppard
delegates and the other places blank.
Messrs. A. E. P. Bedenbaugh, W. P.
Pugh and T. H. Chalmers were ap
pointed a committee to see about get
ting the tickets printed.
After a session of over four hours the
3fr. JQo. W. Smith's Beply.
If the people of this county feel any
interest in Mr. John T. Duncan's "luin
ber transaction," they will find the'
truth of the matter in this statement.
I went to town late in the evening of
February 29, with Mr. Thomas Hatton.
Soon after I reached town Mr. Duncan
asked me to authorize the Treasurer to
cash a lumber claim he held against
the county. He itemized his claim and
went before the Clerk of Court and
swore to it. The claim is as follows
NEWBERRY COUNTY, Dr.
To J. T. Duncan.
To order by J. H. Smith........2,184 feet
J. C. Duncan....................2,424 feet
N. C. Duckett................... 600 feet
at $1.50 $ 78 12
SOUTH CAROLINA, t
Personally came before me John T.
Duncan, and made oath that the within
account is correct and just, and no part
of same has been paid either by dis
count or otherwise. J. T. DUNCAN.
Sworn before me this 29th of February,
1892. Jxo. M. KINARD, C. C. C. P.
Supposing that the lumber had been
delivered, I asked the Treasurer to cash
Mr. Duncan says in his statement
that "It is the duty of the County Com
missioners to see that the. county loses
nothing by any man." And yet he
pretends that II gave, him an order for
3,024 feet of lumber, and paid for it at
the same time, although the lumber
had not even been sawed. But he in
'sinuates that I was drunk. Messrs. C.
F. Boyd, Thomas Hatton and J. C.
Wilson will testity that I was sober.
And I was sober enough to refuse to
pay the claim until it was itemized and
sworn to. But if I was drunk, does
that justify him in wrongdoing? He
was sober, I suppose. It would be
charitable to believe that he was drunk.
He states that I gave him the order
that day for 2,424 feet and 600 feet.
Even if that were true, how could he
t'wear that the county owed him $78.12,
when the lumber had not been sawed?
And if I gave him the older, why did
he not let the account show it, as in
the "order by J. H. Smith," instead of
putting it to J. C. Duncan and N. C.
I did not give him an order for the
lumber that day, or any other day. He
had come to my house in February to
ask me to give him an order, and I dis
tinctly told him that I would give $1.50
for oak lumber delivered to the over
seers, but would not pay for lumber
until it was delivered.
This claim of Duncan's came before
the Board March 10. Mr. J. H. Smith
examined it, and said he had never
given Mr. Duncan an order for 2,184
feet of lumber, but that he had given
him an order for 1,000 feet, to be deliv
ered at Mr. Bamage's. It then occurred
to me that 2,424 feet would be a large
quantity for J. C. Duncan, and these
things excited my suspicion. J. C. Dun
can was overseer on a section from
Young's brick house to Cromer's store,
3J miles long, without a drop of water
on it. The next day, March 11, I rode
over this section, and, to my surprise,
found only about 700 teet of lumber on
it. The following day I went to Mr.
J. T. Duncan's house, but he was away.
He afterwards saw me at my home;
and in April appeared before the Board.
He acknowledged that the lumber
bad not been sawed when he received
pay for it, but pretended falsely that he
told me so at the time. He gave no
satisfaction, and the Board could do
nothing, or was advised to do nothing,
but demand that he deliver the lumi
He publishes certain receipts, but
they are dated the last of July and first
or August', and do not state when the
lumber was received. I rode over the
whiole of theterritory in April, and to
my astonishment, he had delivered
very little more than enough lumber
to fill a bill of 2,023 feet that the Board
paid him for in December.
I had confidence in Mr. Duncan, and
when he swore to his claim I was satis
fled. But when he appeared before the
Board I told him his statement was
false, and I am sorry that I must say
the same now. He says he knows no
thing about "instantaneous delivery."
He certainly knows enough about in
stantanecous pay. He can itemize a
laill and swear that it is just and cor
rect, when the trees have not been cut
for the saw!
I had no desire to make these mat
ters public. -But as a public officer I
am sworn to do my duty, and when I
saw that I had been deceived I simply
tried to save the county from loss. And
that was all. Respectfully,
JOHNx W. SMITH.
For The Herald and lNews.
. Pol Tax Studies.
Mr. Editor: So much is said and
written concerning the proposed rais
ing of the poll tax to $3, I7 have been
led to investigate what will be the out
come, as it will affect the poor men of
this county when the change is made.
I refer when I say poor men to every
one who in these hard times, these
pinching times, is compelled to econo
mize "to make ends meet." Gov. Till
man I believe has proposed the increase
of this tax; it is certain he is advocating
the measure with his usaal vehemene
upon the stump at each county meet
ing. Let mue ask at the outFet. 1. Will
this increase of the poll tax work a ben
efit or injury to the poor man? 2. Will
it not prove~ a means of saving money
to the rich man and thus making him
richer? Let us thiak at. we read and
form our own conclusi ns. Don't let
feling actuate any one in deciding
these questions; let us think, and then
reach conclusions. The Governor pio
poses to call for a constitutional con
vention to bring about this change in
the law as it relates to the poll tax; it
is not to be effected by amendment to
our present constitution.. If then the
constitutional convention repeals the
2-mill tax now levied for the support
of schools, and in its stead establishes
a $3 poll tax, will the masses of the
people be benefited? Will the poor
man be saved any money? Will we
not find on the contrary that the rich
man will be saved a great deal of
money? Let us see. Under the pres
ent law-2-mill tax law-if a man
owns $1,000 of property he pays $2 to
support the schools; if $.5,000, $10; if
$10,000, $20; if $25,000, $50, and so on.
And it is right and just and proper
that he should pay these sums because
education is the basis of all industrial
prosperity, and no rman who has not a
shriveled soul objects to paying a rea
sonable tax to foster and encourage
the schools of the country. Education
is the bulwark of our liberties and of
our happiness as a people. It will be
observed then that the removal of the
2-mill tax upon taxable property will
require the enactment of the $3 poll
tax law, which in other words will be
shifting the support of the schools
from those able to support them to
those unable to do so: it is manifest
that the men who own property pay
the bulk of th.e ,t.ax to support the
schools, while the poor man pays com
Let us see what the town of New
berry is paying toward the sup
port of the schools and then see what
the town will not pay if the $3 poll tax
becomes a law. I find from the coun
ty treasurer's books that Newberry
town paid last year $2,789.38 for school
purposes, being the 2-mill tax. I find
from the books of the school commis
sioner that the schools of Newberry
County, town and country, received last
year $7,824.99. So it will be noticed by
every careful reader that the town of
Newberry paid more than one-third of
the entire amount received by the
schools! I find furthermore that the
town of. Newberry received of the
school fund only $846! In other words
be town pays over one-third of the
.ntire tax but receives only one-ninth
)f the tax. Well, then, no one can
luestion that the town is aiding
be country, for the difference between
he amount paid by the town, $2,789.36,
mnd the amount received, namely,
846, goes into the country and is
listributed among the country schools.
Phat equals $1,943.36. Remove this
i-mill tax, and then this larg? sum re
nains in the town, because not col
ected. But it is alleged that the $3
?ol tax will run the schools nine
nonths, whereas now they are only
un three months. Let us see if that
s so. The auditor reports that he col
ected $3,026, being $, a head on 3,026
people. If $3,026 is collected by $1
)olI, then $3 poll will collect $9,078.
[t is known that the schools are kept
>pen three months of the year with
7,524.99, then how much longer will
.bey be kept in operation if $9,078 be
-aised? The dif'erencein these amounts
a but $1,554, which would not run the
chools but twelve days more than the
hree months. Calculate and you will
nd this is true. I have shown (1)
:bat the rich man is paying most of
he tax to support the schools; (2) that
he poor man will have to pay the tax
f the law is changed; hence it will
work a hardship on the poor man and
nake the rich man only richer to
,hange the law by paying $3 poll in
3tead of $1. Again, many of our rich
nen are over the age for paying poll
ax, consequently the removal of the
-mill tax will actually forbid a rich
nan supporting the schools of the
sountry. The wealthiest men of New
berry County are above the poll age.
And this is.called Reform! It is a re
rorm that means poverty, a reform
hat causes hardship, a reform that is
purious. Reader, think over these
natters; don't be carried away by feel
ng. Don't vote away your rights and
four liberties! I write this not as an
>ffice-seeker, but as a citizen and a
well-wisher of every poor man, every
nan of moderate means in New#berry
Jounty. W. E. PELHAM.
County Sunday-School Convention.
NEW CHAPEL CHUBCH,
Augnst 4, 1892.
The Newberry County Sunday-school
Convention met at 10:30 a. m., and was
ead in devotional exercises by Rev. D.
In the absence of the President D. B.
Wheeler, Vice President J. T. Boozer
After enrolling delegates and calling
he roll, on motion of Prof. E. O. Counts,
he chairman appointed the following
ommittee to make nominations for
flicers for ensuing year: E. O. Counts,
Rev. J. R. Traywick, E. P. Chalmers,
1'. W. Keitt and John H. Wicker. Af
:er a short retirement the committee
returned making the following nomina
ion which was adopted by the conven
President, E. P. Cromer; First Vice
President, Prof. Frank Evans; Second
Vice President, John C. Goggans; See
retary, C. F. Boydy Treasurer, W. H.
Executive Committee, M. A. Carlisle,
[. Y. Culbreath, D. B. Wheeler, Rev.
3. A. Wright, Di. W. E. Pelham.
The programme was then taken up
nd followed. All the subjects were
ully and interestingly discussed, which
he large congregation seemed to great
y enjoy. While there were not as large
i number of delegates as were in at
;endance on some previous convention,
Fet there was a large congregation out
m-d all seemed to enjoy the proceedings
f the convention.
Rev. Walter I. Herbert, of Laurens,
istrict superintendent of Sunday
eheols, was present and added very
uch to the interest of the meeting.
is teachings on "Normal Methods"
were very impressive, and so much en
oyed by the convention that a vote
f thanks was tendered him by the
~onvention for his full and instructive
essons on the above methods.
The good people of New Chapel comn.
nunity seemed to enjoy the presence of
he convention, for they turned out en
mass, and I know the convention en
oyed their hospitality. A hearty vote
>f thanks was tendered them.
The following delegates were elected
attend the State Convention: M. A.
Carlisle, Rev. Z. WV. Bedenbaugh, J. C.
Dominick and John C. Goggans.
An invitation was extended to the
>onvention to meet next year at Smyr
sa church, which was accepted.
I will take the opportunity of urging
ll superintendents who haven't sent in
heir reports and the money asked for,
to do so at once, as I desire to
make my statistical report to the
tate Statistician. We desire to
make a full report, to have every Sab
bathschool in the county and every
scholar in the above report.
C. F. BOYD,
TR ROUGiH TRtAINS To ATLA.N rA.
rh Atlantic Coast Line Jnaugurates a
New Passenger Line-From Charleston
to Atlanta Without Change of Cars.
Yesterday the Atlantic Coast Line
pened a passenger schedule between
Dharleston and Atlanta, which from
this time on will be continued daily.
rhe route is via the Northeastern,
Columbia, Newberry and Laurens and
Lhe 4eorgia, Carolina and Northern
roads, and the distance between the
two points, three hundred and seventy
miles,. is co tered in twelve hours and
twenty minutes. This is the first
ime in the history of the city that
through coaches have been operated
from here to Atlanta, and it is a fore-.
one conlusion that the new route will
be liberally patronized.
In addition to the fact that the new
route offers such rapid and convenient
transit to the West it will attract
much attention, as it is the shortest
ine between Charleston and a number
af points in upper South Carolina and
5ortheastern Georgia. Some of these
points are Clinton, Greenwood, Abbe
ville in South Carolina, and Elberton
mud Athens in Georgia.
The train promises to open up a
most popular route between the city
md the West. The first train that
left this city to make the run carried
:en passengers for Atlanta and West
rn points.-News and Courier, 6th.
Obituary of Mrs. N. E. Tod.
Departed this life at her home in
Whitmire, S. C., July 19th, 1892, after
two week's illness, Mrs. H. E. Todd,
n the 25th year of her age. She was
Ihe youngeBt daughter of the Rev.
3eo and Adaline Phillips, of Ches
ter unty. The writer ha-s known
her intimately well from early chil
ood. She was exceedingly gentle and
affectionate as a child, as a young lady,
with the additional qualities of modes
y and dignity, M4rs. Todd was of a
ieidedly intellectual cast of .mind.
Had she enjoyed the opportunities of
unture which her capacities would
have justified, she would have made
her mark in the literary world. Mrs.
odd was very ambitious, naturally,
.d by dint of energy and preservance
she did much for the training and stor
ing her mind with information. She
ccasionally wrote short articles for the
local press. I have read myself one or
two such articles of decided merit,
both in their literary feature and plan
From early chidhood Mrs. Todd was
spiritually minded. I baptized her in
to the membership of Woodward (Bap
tist) church, in Chester County,
whither loved ones carried her re
mains to sleep among her kindred :
hear that she was esteemed by her
neighbors and that they grieved to
give her up. Calmly and sweetly did
she fall asleep in Jesus. May the Lord
comfort the bereaved ones.
HER PA-ra J. D. A.
Clnton, Aunonst 1,1892.
TEACHERS IN SESSION.
Intereitiog Meetug of the Newberry Coun
ty Teachers' Institute,
(Concluded from First Page)
We arrived in time to hear Prof.
Craighead's talk on Laugur.ge Les
sons. He said we study language (1)
to be able to express ourselves clearly,
(2) to be able to read the literature of
the nation whose language we study.
No language was ever learned by study
ing merely technical grammar. Prof.
Craighead gave quotations from Luther
to sustain him in his vievs; he also
gave an incident which occurred in
Paris: An intelligent lady and her
son were studying French. The boy
would pay but little attention to gram
mar; would write his exercises, but in
a very indifferent way. However, be
associated with the boys and talked to
them; and in this way, at the end of
twelve months, could speak and write
French. The mother stuck to the
grammar and in the same time could
neither write a letter in French nor
understand it when spoken. The
Greek language was in its meridian
before it had a grammar. Grammar
was made after language; not language
after grammar. In acquiring the abil
ity to speak a language correctly, the
ear is the best guide. Teachers should
not board in families that do not use
correct English. If such must be the
case, be very careful of your words.
Keep a good dictionary. With the
Bible and a good dictionary one can
acquire a good command of English.
In teaching English, dictation exer
cises are good things. Prof. Craighead
gave us a practical lesson in dictation.
He suggested Chas. Lamb's and De
Quincy's works as good books from
which to obtain these exercises.
Prof. Craighead was asked his opin
ion as to the best book for teaebing
English in our common schools. He
thought Tarbell's Lesson in Language
the best. (Ginn & Co., Boston).
We were much pleased to have the
above opinion expressed, as we had
introduced Tarbell in our school a year
Prof. Win. Morrison was present
and was introduced to the Association
by Prof. Craighead. Prof. Morrison
gave quite an interesting talk on "Lo
cal History." He spoke of recent vis
its to the grave of the grandfather of
Gen. Hampton and to the grave of
Gen. Sumter. He gave graphic de
scriptions of the location and condi
tion of those sacred spots. Neither
has a shaft to iecord the deeds doie in
life. He called to mind the fact that
we are too careless about commemo
rating by monuments the deeds of our
heroes. Prof. Morrison spoke for some
time to a pleased and attentive au
After Prof. Morrison, Prof. Hand
followed on History. He said that
nothing is more neglected than His
tory, (1) because the teacher fai:ed to
make it plain, (2) the teachers them.
selves failed to realize the value of a
means to an end, (3) to teach it re
quired the highest pedagogical ability.
He would speak only of the general
principles of history. It should be be
gun as soon as the child begins to read.
Let the child read historical stories
and thus unconsciously imbibe history.
Great care should be exercised in read
ing newspapers. What is news to-day
is history to-morrow. Do not toc
much consider names; teach acts and
events; names and dates naturally fall
in. You must teach history on a
broad platform. Men are the same in
all ages, nations and religious. A
library is useful to teach children te.
findl out things for themselves. Be
liberal in teaching history. Place
copies of different histories in thi
bands of children and let themr exer
cise judgment in forming their opin
After Prof. Hand's talk on history
the name of the Presbyterian chureb
in Newberry was brought up. Mr.
B. 0. Duncan and Col. Silas Johnstone
each talked on the subject. It seem!
the name was .retained when the
church was moved from the country tc
the town of Niewberry. The name was
given by Chancellor Job Johnston4
and is Eveleigh with the E changed tc
A, making Aveleigh. The history ir
the naming of the fountain just out o0
town was brought out. Col. John
stone stated 'that Chancellor Caldwell
named it for one of the odes of Horace
Mr. Chapman was now introdced
and gave the Association an instruct
ive talk on History. History should
be divided into Ancient and Modern,
dating from the birth of Christ, alI be
fore that event to be ancenut, all sue
ceeding it modern. A fter Christ a neil
principle entered into humanity; from
that time to this there has been a grad
nal uplifting of tbe human family
Mr. Chapman then began with Souti
Carolina history and brought it dowc
to the present time. He said Win
Sayles did not settle at Port Royal and
thence move to Charleston; but, that
after a month's stay at Port Roy
al, nor attempting a settlement, h4
sailed at once to near the pre.leut sit4
of Charleston and placed the first per
mnanent English settlement. For near.
ly one hundred years the settlemnent
were along tbe coast, but about T764
the middle and upper counties wer4
settled. All the gr-eat men did no'
live in the low-country. The up-coun
try had noble sons; among them h4
mentioned James Ryon and Jamnes
Butler, of Edgefield. Jealousy be
tween the sections cropped out frorm
the beginning. Secession was to pre
vent goIng into a centralized govern
ment. Instead, it .only atccelerated
that condition of affairs. South Carm
lina was right in her great questions,
in nullifieation, in secession. We were
glad to hear Mr. Chspman's talk. It
was patriotic and well received.
Dr. Lander followed with his "Home
spun Apparatus." His devices are very
simple and splendidly adapted to ac
complish his designs; they can easily
be made by any energetic teacher.
Several devices deserve especial notice,
but it would take a drawing to do thei
justice, hence we pass them over. Aftei
Dr. Lander's exhibit of apparatus, the
question box being deferred till Thurs
day, the Iristitute adjourned to meet a'
9-a. in., Thursday.
Being in attendance on the County
Sunday-school Convention on Thurs
da we lost all of that (day's wvork at
We arrived in time to hear Dr. Lan
der exp'ain the uses of more of his de
vices. His sim ple device for showing
the relations between divisor, dividend
and quotient, and between denonuina
tom, numerator and value and for show'
ing the change made when any one o'
these is changed is good, but then all
the devices are that. Dr. Lander had
simple devices for illustra ting fractions,
for teaching the seasons, tides anc
eclipses, all within the reach of any
After Dr. Lander, Miss Chapman
gave the Institute an instructive talk
on Reading. Reading, she said, ac
cording to Appleton's chart, was get
ting thtught from the printed page
There are two kinds of reading, oral
and written. One should read so as te
be heard, understood, felt. In begin
ning do not confine yourself to mono
syllables; use any word with which~
the child is familiar. In teaching
words, use objects; failing these, draw~
pictures of things. Never tell child
apple till it has said apple. Show ob
ject; write name on board, then ask:
"What did the chalk say?" You will
always have the word pronounced.
Phonics bring about clear pronuncia
tion. This talk was appreciated by all,
espeially by primary workers.
M isa Chapman was followed by Prof.
Craighead, who gave the last talk 01
the day. He spoke of Patriotism. Oui
schools should teach love of country,
Should reform the manners of oca
country. As a nation we are terribly
- ~ ~
lacking in this particular. Whoever
would be a great teacher must follow
in the footsteps of Jesus of Nazareth.
Prof. Craighead's talk on this subject
was eloquent. We were so intently
listening that we failed to take
The question box was opened and a
short, spirited discussion on the prece
dence of signs in arithmetic was bad.
Other questions were disposed of. After
Prof. Craighead had announced that
there was no -further t-usiness the fol
lowing resolutions were offered by Mr.
Thos. W. Keitt and unanimously
Resolved, 1. That the Teachers' As
sociation of Newberry County extend
their hearty thanks to Prof. Craighee.d,
director, to Dr. Lander and to Prof.
Hand for the able manner in which
our Institute has been conducted, and
for the lucid and harmonious manner
in which the subjects have been pre
2. That our thanks are due and are
hereby tendered to State Superinten
dent Mayfield, and to the Trustees of
the Peabody Fund for placing within
our reach the resources of this Insti
3. That hereby we express to the
citizens of Newberry our appreciation
of their encouragement to us in our
work, as indicated by their presence
and participation here, and also for
their - kind hospitality extended to
members of our association.
4. That we thank our School Com
missioner for his efficient aid in mak
ing this Institute a success.
5. That we express our thanks to
Prof. Frank Evans for his kindness in
the use of this commodious Assembly
6. That a copy of these resolutions
be furnished to each cocnty paper.
7. That a copy of a paper containing
these resolutions be sent to each of our
News from Silver Street.
Mr. Gibbes Goggans is at Mr. A. J.
Mr. Walter Perry has gone to Edge
Mr. G. W. Werts is visiting at Bre
vard, N. C.
Mr. Robert Kelly, of Atlanta, Ga.,
is ori a visit to relatives here.
Mr. W. W. Spearman will leave in a
few days for Glenn Springs.
Mr. Lee Neal, of Edgefield, is visit
ing his sister Mrs. Hayes,
Master Johnnie Aull is .at Mr.
Mr. Robbie Leavell has been an at
tendant at the Zion meeting.
Mr. A. L. Longshore was up Sun
day sporting his best girl.
No. 6 has two candidates for trial
Justice. Col. W. G. Peterson and Capt.
J. H. Williams.
The score between Silver Street and
Trinity was 17 to 28 instead of 37 to
16 in our last week's report.
Mr. Andrew Langford broke his
foot the other day by stepping in a
Tbe fine colt belonging to Mr. 0. P.
Saxon got tangled in a wire fence the
other day and was severely cut in sev
Next Thursday is campaign day at
Longshnres and we should all go so
we can make a good selection when we
go to vote.
Rev. W. J. Langston assisted by
Geo. A. Wright has been conducting a
protracted meeting at sit. Zion. The
meetin'g will break about Wednesday
Female Weakness Positive Cure.
To the Editor : Please inform your
readers that I have a posItIve remed3
for the thousand and one Ills wihich
arise from deranged female-organs. I
shall be glad to send two bottles of my
remedy Free to any lady if they wili
send their Express and P. 0. address,
DE. A. C. MARGHIr,
Utica, N. Y.
Better aoods ad Itower PrIces.
AND SEE FOR YOURSEINVES
at J. S. RUSSELL.'S.
Have You a
Dailghter to Educate?
Then let us send you the Catalogue of Nor
folk college for Youug La4les. The
largest, cheaps and best equipped schoolla
300 students, 23teachers. Our mottois THE
BEST ADVANTAGES FOR THE-LA~
EXPENSE. A refined, elegant homne. -with,
home comforta and training. Arts of melf
s'uport a specialty. Application should be
made early, as we were compelled to refuse 40
last fall from l:,ck of room. A ddress
J. A. L CASSEDY, B. S., Principal.
OFFICE OF COUNTY CoMMrSSIONEBS,
NEWBEREY, S. C., July 25, 1892.
ALL OVERSEEBS ARE NOT!
fled to put thei~r sections in good
condition at once. They are also.duly
notified that the County Commission
ers intend to enforce the provisions of
the law as to the manner in which
the roads. are to be workedand as to
making returns after each working.
GEO. B. CROMER, Clerk.
NTOTICE IS>MEREBY GIVEN
Ithat I will mail-ainal settlement
on the estates of Salie En Kinard and
John Mayer Kinard, in the t
Court for New berry County, on Thu
day, September 15, 1892, at 10 a. m.
GEO. S. MOWER,
Executor of Sallie E. Kinard, deceased,
and Testamentary Guardian of .John
NTEXT SBSSION BEGINS OCTOBER, 1892.
Classic and Philosophlcal Courses. Tho
Oportnit for boardin In club, will be
given. The total expense of the session will
th us be measurably reduced. It is estimated
that board for the session need not exceed
*60. Tuition *27 to *57, according to class.
Total expense per session October 3d, to June
21st, as fonlows: Board in club *1o) to *125.
Board in fa.mlles and roorring incoee
*12550 to $1 12.50 Board and room In familie
G18to$6. GW. HOLLAND. President.
WESLEYAN FEMALE INSTITiUTE,
OPENS SEPTEMBER 22, 1892. ONE OF
the most thorough Schools for Young
Ladles In the south. Twenty.aive teachers
and onicers. Conservatory Course in Music.
One hundred and fity-two boarding ppl
from twenty Slates. Climate unexeld
Special in4imnents to persoii a dilstance.
Those seeking'the best sohool frthe lowest
terms, write for Cataloge of this time-hon
ored School, to the President.
WM. A. HAERI, D). D., Stamuten. Va,
EXYHm CLASSICA ad IIIAI
~~ HAIR BAL.SAM
Tiimanism and our Corporations.
To the Editor of The Herald apd'
News : Unquestionably one of the
strangest features of the abnormal
political campaign now going on-in eur
State is the relentless warfare waged
against organized capital--"corpora
tions," by the Tillman faction. AI
most equally s'range, as it seems to
me, is the apparent indisposition or
timidity of the opposing faction in
taking up and defending our financial
institutions on their mierits', and yet
every intellignt man must admit that
more capital, greater abundance of
capital, is the great want of our own
State, and to a greater or less extent-of
the entire South. How can we possik
bly expect to obtain this capitai by
waging bitter warfare against-the.very
institutions on which we are dependent -
for supplying it?
The special spite of the Tillasanites
is poured out against the ba the
railroads, and the -factories; yet
these are the three most inipoitant
money producing and" -money distri..
buting institutions in our State; If r
you ask any intelligent man in New
berry what is the most useful, the
most absolutely necessary institution
we have in the county, he will telion
without a moment's hesitation,, - the
Newberry National Bank. We are in
formed on authority that this bank
loans to the farmers of Newberry Coun
ty annually about $375,000, and that ,
this amount constitutes about 80 'per
cent or four-fiffhs of its loans. How
in the name of common sense would
our farmers obtain the money nee
essary to run their farms, if our bank 't
were abolished or so crippled that it
could not supply it? And yet, would
it be be-ieved, these very. farmers,
many of them at least, who are re
ceiving these favors from the bank,
and are dependent on it for meas to
run their farms and feed the r fmi
lies are the very men engaged in wag
ing this bitter warfare against it, Mr.
Sligh himself among them. They re
ceive the favors, and turn and slander
the institution conferring them.
The Isecond; place in impdrtnglifor -
the well being of our connty must, 1.
presume, be assigned to our:raifroads.
They carry our cotton and other pro
ducts to distant - markets, and bring
us.in return the corn, fiour, meat and 7
other articles necessary for our use,
and all at a remarkably low-rate QWm
pared with what we would othewise
have to pay. Think of cottob i ing
carried all the way to New York, 80 to
1,000 miles for about fifty centsper
To estimate the value of-our ailroads
we would have to imagine ourselves
without them fora while. And yet
these, next to the banks,. are the ,*in
eipal object of Tillnanite d
oppression; so much so indeed -that, es -
I see it stated, there is not nowa pie
of railroad in process o'f construnidtn
the entire State. I doubt if this could
be said of another State -in- the,,aon
To such a pass has Tilluinini friht-:
ened away capital front poor" h
The third place in importancew"uld
be assigned to our cotton factory, of =
which all good Newbernans ought- to
ly proud. It furnishes renumeratve -
labor and -sustenance to several bun- d .
dred people, it consumes here at obmeon
a considerable amount of the chief r.
duct of our soil, and it puts in circuia
tion weekly a considerable .sum of
money. And yet, strange as iemay, ;
seem, next to our banks and railroads, ^W
our factories seem to be the pri'neial
object of Tillmanite spite. This soa
called special friend of the laboring
masses, wages relentless warfare against> -
the very institutions which are .farn
nishing remunerative employmeat to? -
so many thousands of -the labrn
classes in our State, and have been- the
means of introducing into it millions o
outside capitaL Efforts are made t
array even the direct beneficlaries .O'
these factories against them,as ey2
would not be the first to -suffer ijury
done the factories.
- But we are told thes
not pay taxes on-the full
property. This iwould bea
ti.on if taxes were.generally I one
the full value of property. Bu we
know that this is not the case, that on
the contrary they are generally levied~
on not exceeding one-half to tot
Its actual value, it would be i
just and unconstitutional to. ie
on the banks and railroads,a6
corporations at a higheLrat -
constitution, Art. ix, Sece .~r
"for a uniform and equal rate of ass
ment and taxation.S -:UtJjt then:o A
Legislature provides for as he ac
property at.its full value itwould be
manifestly both wr6nfaniI illegal to
ssess any part of it-sttsifut'vofe.
This attempt then of' the Tillman
government to increase the
on the banks and railro.ads l
not only wrong In pirinecljeA
unconstitutional and~the coti'rts yec
correctly so decided in the case of the
banks, and I have no doubt wiltd
eide the same way in the case'bf the
railroads. It would be jnteresting to
know just the proportionsfC tai.*epaid
in South Carolina by our farmers; and
that paid by these much abusedcor
rations. But I have not ttie figuresat
.d. Col. Sheppard L.aid at Spartan.
burg Saturday that the pole of.thsit
county pay taxes amount1gp$.
000; and that of this amoust~hiAt- -
ers pay only $29,000, wh!ie the fac
tories, railroads and other. like-en.tr
prises pay $85,000 of it. Ilsiapec
careful examination would sheertha
these hated corporations alreadyy
much more than their legitimate shr
of our taxes, while those who are at
tacking them so violently are
lesa than their share. -
But what are these co
they should be so viole
as the enemies of the
not for the most part .e they -
tions of our own m organiha
successful citizens peetable and
for instance. nNewberry .Bnk
of the leading citizens ofhar countye
two of them nrominent fare, aondy '
others largel~interested In ers, and
Does the mere fact of. having hrug f
a- bank make these men the enmes o
the people, as Tillmnan and his follow. ,
ers would have us believe? Such
idea is too ridiculous for itlie
men to think of seriously. Our factory
too Is in charge of our o 'n citizens, a
I believe are the factories in our Stat
generally. Our railroadsare,,anoks
ately for our special local Iie
the most part in the hands of ou e
But they are none the less entitd
justice at our hands, and to the equal
protection of our laws.
I have been induced to say this much.
In defence of our much abused, but
most useful corporations, becausei
has seemed to me that our ca
even those opposed- to Tillmaisore
afraid, or for some cause )(esitate to
say a word in their defefee.. I-.wn'g
add tjhat I have not one dollar opg
sonal interest ini any of these corpora~
tions. I only wish to see Jusioeg ope
Harris' Lithia Water will sv
from fever spell of sickness thii~4k
For sale by Robertson & Gilder andW
Children Cg~ for Pitcher's.Castra --