Newspaper Page Text
ELBERT H. AULL, Erron.
E~ ERT H. AUL proprietors.
NEWBERRY. S. C.
WEIESDAY, AUGUST 17. 1892.
LET US HAVE PEACE AND ORDER.
Thursday is State campaign day for
Newberry. The State car)didates will
arrive this afternoon.
The speaking will be held in the
grove of our suburban villa, Helena.
There will no doubt be a large crowd
present. We understand that several
clubs,five orsixhundred strong,are com
ing In a body from Edgefield. We will be
glad to see them. Newberry will not
object to re-enforcements from her sis
But Newberry will expect every one
who comes here to behave him elf. To
deport himself like a gentleman and
and see to it that all the speakers are
given a decent and respectful hearing.
We want peace and order. The
county campaign up to the present has
been free from anything akin to howl
ing down and we do not intend that
the example shall be set at the State
The meeting is beyond the control or
the jurisdiction of the city police. We
thin. It was a mistake but it has been
so decided, and now every man who
attends the meeting must appoint
himself a committee of one to see to it
that the Newberry meeting is a model
There is no necessity to endeavor to
7 a majority for any faction by the
useof lungpower. That does not count.
The votes on the 30th of August will
telt the tale.
The executive committee has a large
force or committee from all sections of
the county,, hose duty it is to preserve
order, and they should be on the ground
early in the day, and well organized.
-: This is next to the last meetingof the
State campaign, and we want to see it
a model one. Newberry owes it to her
self to give all candidates a good and
udmouth people can
ake a great deal oCn
does not count for very much. It is
not argument and nobody can be con
vinced by it.
Let us have peace and order. We
cannot afford less.
A . good deal has been said in this
campaign about the $3 poll tax. Gov.
Tillman advocates it, but the people
have been told that it could not become
a law unless it was first submitted to
them o be voted upon. That is true ii
it comes in the shape of an amend ment
to the constitution.
But Gov. Tillman is also advocating
a constitutional convention. An effort
was made by the last Legislature to or
der such convention, but it failed tc
pass. Dnring the discussion an amend
~-c-mentewas offered that such constitution
when made be first submitted to the
people for ratification, but this was
forthwith voted down.
Now comes Gov. Tillman in his
speech at Walhalla and admits that it
is not his purpose to let the people vote
on the constitution, if one be made.
Where is the force of the argument
that the people will be permitted tc
vote on the $3poliltax? See? "
it is a very easy matter to claim every
thing in an election. No one is hurt
by it. There is no harm in it. -Thal
seems to -be the plan adopted by the
supporters of Gov. Tillmran, especially
The votes on the 30th of August will
tell the story. The.Sheppard men need
only to stand firm and all will be well.
There will be some surprises in stor4
for those who are claiming the earth.
There should be a solid front withoun
btiterness.or strife and the battle will
be won. It is a battle of peace-a bat
tIe of ballots-and the victory will abe
greater than the achievements of war.
Let it be so fought that when the bat
tIe is over peace will reign supreme, and
we will all be friends and brothers.
Every man should exercise the right
-to vote as his best judgment may in
elin hi,witoutintefernceor dicta
man who deserves the name of freeman
will do otherwise. This is supposed tc
be a free country.
There are fifteen railroads- in South
Carolina in the hands of receivers. It
would not seem from this that they are
getting rich oppressing the people.
There is possibly no man in South
Carolina who has been as much abused,
and unjustly, as ex-Governor Richard
son has been for the past few years by
his political enemies.
Gov. Tillman has endeavored very
hard to cast aspersions upon his char.
acter and to bring his administration
into disrepute, but in every instance he
has signally failed.
When the empenditure of the fund
for the Executive Mansion by Gov.
Tillman was criticized he wvent to work
to find fault with Gov. Richardson's
expenditure of the same fund, and gave
that as an excuse for his own shortcom
In examining the records he found
several items for which there were nc
vouchers on file. That was brought
forth and the imputation was intended
to be made that the money was im
But Gov. Richardson has shown the
utter falsity of the accusatson and has
completely vindicated himself from the
aspersions that were intended to be
cast upon his good name. Read his
statement. It is a scathing rebuke, but
it was justified by the unfairness of the
charge thaat was made against him,
Gov. Tillman ought most humbly tc
apologize to Gov. Richardson.
The question now is what has become
of the vouchers. If they were placed
in the Comptroller's office, as it seems
evident they were, they ought still to
We wonder if those papers that pub
lished Gov. Tillman's charge, will like
wise do the square thing and publish
Gov. Richardson's vindication.
;z~. M ~
That was an eloquent tribute that
Geo. B. Cromer paid to Wade Hamp
ton in his speeoh at Longshores, and it
is deserved by the grand old warrior
and statesman. Those little politicians
who have been trying to detract from
the fame of Hampton must feel very,
Mr. Mayfield's speech and figures
are being used in this county, but none
of those who use them have the fair
ness to give at the same time the state
ment of Col. Lipscomb, ex-superinten
dent of the penitentiary, in which he
ihows how utterly inacurate and unre
iable Mr. Mayfield's figures are. Col.
Lipscomb shows from the two annual
reports that there has been no reduc.
tion in the expenses of the peniten
tiary, but when the average is made up
there has been an increase. Mr. May
field should try again.
To show that taxes have actually
been reduced and the people sayed
money, the Rev. Mr. Sligh, the candi
date for elector on the Tillman ticket,
reads two tax receipts on 120 acres of
land for two years. Every one knows
and admits that the levy has been re
duced and that there has been no as
sessment of real estate for three or four
years, and of course the tax on that
land is a little less. But if Mr. Ellerbe
and Gov. Tillman had their ideas car
ried out it would now be double what
it is. But even this does not prove
any economy or reform in the admin
istration of the government for Ihe low
levy brought in more money and it was
spent. Where is the economy? Try
The impression has been given out
that the Cedar Grove meeting, in An
derson County, at which Maj. Murray
was so brutally dealt with, was not i
regular meeting and that he had n<
business there. Maj. Murray is one o:
the electors on the Sheppard ticket. Thi
meeting at Cedar Grove was one of thE
regular county campaign appointment
made by the County Executive Com
mittee and should not be considered at
exclusive meeting.in any sense, no
to which Maj. Murray should not have
felt it his duty to go.
The attack on Major Murray was an
outrage on the part of those who hads
hand in it. It o whate
good people must condemn it, an(
should set to work to rid the State o
the cause wbch is resulting in sue)
All voters should remember that i:
order to- vote their names must be on
club roll at least five days before th
primary election. This is important
If you. have not enrolled do not neglec
it any longer.
Another thing to bear in mind' i
that you cannot vote just anywherE
but must vote at the precinct whex
you are enrolled..
Read the synopsis, published else
where, of Geo. B. Cromer's speech s
Longshores. It was calm, dispassionat
and to the point. No appeal to passio
there. No effort to array one clai
against another. It is cold, hard fact'
strongly.and forcibly put. It is an a;
peal to your reason and yourjudgmen!
If you will just lay aside your1prejudic
you will be~forced to admit that thez
is good sense in what he says.
The Tillman cause must be gettin
*weak in Newberry County in the est
mation of the Saluda Democratic cl
Else why do they think it' necessa
to call a spiecial club meeting and pas
.resolutions pledging their support. DOE
it ineed such bolstering up? It is
scheme to "whip"-"the boys" in .lin
S*or it looks that way. The.Herald an
News believes that the free white me
of Newberry County~are capable of~voI
ing for the men of their choice, and wi
do so without being told by resolutior
who are fitted to represent them.
An old ex-Confederate soldier said.t
us the other day that he felt he ha
lived too long. He is as true metal a
ever trod the earth. He left a leg upo:
the battle fields of Virginia while in th
service of his State. He had hope
never to see theday when the esentet~
eon of such men as Hampton would b
smeared by every "'tle speaker upa
the political rostrua., unless there wa
just cause for it.
Well, it is enough to-make the patric
bow his head in sadness and ask hina
self truly "if these be notstrange times.
But we would say to our friend, re
member the crab nibbling at the heel<c
Hampton may have made mistakei
but no one can deny that in his defea
by the last Legislature, he showed th
true man that he is. He retired to pr:
vate life and not a murmer came frox
him. His letter that is being criticize
was brought forth by an uncalled fo
and unjustifiable attack upon him b;
Gov. Tillman. The Herald and New
does not approve all of his letter, bc
when we criticize his letter we ough
also to remember the provocation an'
give it and let the people decide.
IMAORTANT TO CANDIDATES.
No candidate who has been ax
nounced for any office wants to be rule
out on a technicality. All candidate
are required by the rules of the party t
sign a pledge to abide the result c
the primary, by the 20th-next Satui
day. Chairman Blease on Tuesda;
told that only three candidates had a
that time complied.
Rule 8 of the State Democratic Exec
utive Committee reads as follows:
Rule 8. Candidates for the Genera
Assembly and for county offices shal)
ten days previous to the primary elec
tion, file with the chairman of th
County Executive Commiitteea pledge
in writing, to abide the result of tb
primary and support the nominees c
the party. Candidates for other office
shall file such pledge with the Chaiz
man of the State Democratic Exeen
tive Committee. No vote for any can
didate who has not complied with thi
rule shall be counted.-Rulei Stat
Democratic Executive Committee.
Mr. T. F. Ray, who was clerk in th
Alliance store, at Laurens, cowse ou
in a card over his own name uiaag
he was told his services were jio longe
needed. He is a Sheppard Bian.
Who is it that is bringing politic
Qualified Suffrage-What is it?
Of course you vote; but the questio
is timely: Do you enjoy the privileg(
Is the elective franchise one of th
dearest or appreciated rights-of citizei
ship with you?
These questions are prompted b
good motives, for I witness with alari
the attempt to disfranchise no sma
ber of our people because of the
lack of educational and property qua]
fications. Who is it that proposes thi
test of citizenship? I answer, Govern<
Tillman. Who is it that is makin
strong speeches for the calling of a Coi
stitutional Convention, so that th
right to vote may be restricted to thos
only who have property and are edt
cated? i answer, Governor Tillmar
Who is it that said at Chester, S. C
July 30, 1892; "1 si.and here to say th
unless we have property and educ
tianal quali1ications we will be undt
negro rule. It would be better to los
a few white votes than to put it und(
negro rule?" I answer, Governor Til
In other words, our management <
the negro vote since 1876 has not bee
satisfactory; hence we will disqualif
white men (that is, deprive them of th
right to vote), in order to manage ti
negro vote more satifactorily! Pra;
what difficulties have we encoul
tered since 1876 in controlling electior
in South Carolina? Governor Tillma
must be troubled with nightiare, f<
universal opinion is that we have "gi
along" very nicely since 1876 with tb
colored people, who have been we
content to leave the problems of Sta
government solely with the white pe
pie to solve.
If a Constitutional Convention
called, a new constitution, of cours
will be framed, and the acts of th:
body will never come before the peop
to be ratified, because the body itse
will be supreme, and its decisions cai
not be reversed.
Besides, 'Governor Tillman said <
this subject to Governor - Sheppar
"How in God's name can these que
tions be submitted to the people, whe
we have 40,000 negro majority to vo
against them?" Governor Tillma
means by this language to convey th
thought: What we will do in the Co
stitutional Convention will be fim
We will have the wisdom to kno
what will be your best interests bett
than you know yourselves. We w
pass the educational and property tes
for voting, and the law will be irrev
cable. A clause or provision will be ii
serted in the new constitution requiri
a man to have a certain degree of ed
cation, and to be possessed or a certa
amount of property, to cast his ball
as an American citizen.
Was there ever a more deeply-la
scheme to abridge the privileges o
poor man, or more co
culate him iea1 factor?
-rot words, (1) If you will vol
you must be educatied. (2) If you w
vote, you must not be poor. Let us s
how this will work in South Carolir
Against whom will these new requil
f ments operate? Manifestly they ca
not affect the educated man, nor t
wealthy; but the poor man and them
who, unfortunately, cannot read ai
write will be debarred forever from t
exercise of the ballot. It behooves i
i of us, as good citizens, rich and pa
alike, to consider these questions cali
ly, to deliberate upon .them, and n
allow ourselves to be led astray by wi
t harangues, by plausible sophistries,
passionate appeals. The point to pc
der over is, Will the masses of the pI
ple be benefited by depriving wh
men of the right to vote?
BIs- it right to eneroaeh upon I
rights of the .poor? .Is it right to <
prive the poor of their liberties? Roi
poor man of~his political rights, a1
-you wilt rob him of his own selfs
spect and make him but an object
pity, possibly of scorn, to most men.
In Proverbs we find this: "He th
Ioppresseth the poor reproacheth
*Maker; but he that honoreth Hiin sb
have mercy on the poor" ,.I will vi
Sagainst any man who favors restricti
the rights and libertiesof. the poor ml
Poverty is no crime. Some of theb<
ecitizens 1we have, the most law-abidir
e pormen. 'He is nd friend of t
poormnwowud ot him o1
He is no friend who. believes.int taxi
a man and depriving him at the sai
time of his voice in the government.
Sis the friendship of a Brutus, w]
while speaking honeyed:-words, wot
*pln ge the deadly dagger. WVe.ws
~no proscfiption.; iwe want to contir
what we now have, equal rights as
Stween poor and rieb. .It is amazing
sknow that there are-as many as 14,(
Swhite voters in .South Carolina wi
cannot read or write. A law sfiould
always just, and based upon3 right pri
ciples, but an educational and proper
iqualification upon our: people-would
anything but kind or considerate. .
there are so many negroes wno can re
and write, and -have property, it woi
5be equi.valent to granting: special pri
leges to the negro, to the, exclusion
the poor white man from like privi
ges. Voters! beware, lest you be dra1
ointo a snare, from which -you cant
~ extricate yourselves. Sound policy
not to entrust too much power to a:
one mnan, for if that power be harsl
Semployed, you who grant it mnust-b
SPersonal responsibility . cannot
avoided. Are you ready .to give
your vested rights because you are pc
8or because,. unfortunately, having hi
no advantage of schools, you are wil
sout "book-learning?" It remains wi
you to sy.
As a Vel-wisher of every poor me
SI beg you to consider. PLA
A Card From J. T. Duncan.
-To the Public: County Commnissic
ter John Smith makes several deni
and assertions in last week's issue.J
denies the order of lumber ,vhich
Smade of me. Why? Because forsoC
tit was in two parcels and the recei
Bnamed the two parties. Why hed
not deny the order when I came befi
the Board is mysterious. -: -
SHe speaks of 3} miles of road "~wit
Iout a drop of water on it." Does
rmean to say that only running wai
should be bridge? He found "or
Babout 700 ft. oflumber" on this roi
I understand he can't measure ai
tcalculate lumber. Did he guess at t]
tamount? Then -as there was "not
jdrop of water" on this road why d
he not order the lumber he found
use there taken up and used elsewhe:
Mr. Smith contrasts the amounts
the two orders and intimates that J.
Duncan's order was too large. He w~
-doubtless be candid enough to adn,
that the road needing the smnaI
Bamount has- used sawed lumberf
several years and did not need all
its bridges new. The other road,
which . C. Duncan is overseer, b
-heretofore used pine poles, and all
Sbridges were to renew, and other ne
enes needed, to prevent mud holes as
washes in the road.
He says: "And I was sober enous
-to refuse to pay the claim until it wi
itemized and sworn to." After)
agee topym I asked himto wri
mea rer. Hesaid that was n
necessary, and just told Mr. Boyd, t1
Treasurer, to pay me, and left. S:
he says he refused until the claim w~
itemized and sworn to. Mr. Jno. E
nard will testify that he drew ther
~'ceipt for me and Smith was not pre
ent, and the annexed certificate fro
Mr. Boyd will show that the recei
followed Smith's order. Smith's co
fusion is chronic. J. T. DuscAN.
'This is to certify that Mr. John T
Smith, accompanied by Mr. John
Duncan, came into my office and N
Smith ordered me to pay Mr. Dunes
for a bill of lumber. I asked for tl
bill and they said there was none ma<
out. I told Mr. Duncan he would ha'
to make out his bill and go l:efore son
officer qualified and make oath that
was correct. He left the office andr
turning in a short while with the bi
Properly made out and I paid the sam:
Aug. 15th, 1892. . C. F. Boyd.
SPEECH BY GEO. B. CR04IER.
, Delivered at Lonashores-A Cahn, Daspa
sionate and Logical Argnment Against
y The -following is a synopsis of the
n E speech of Geo. B. Cromer, delivered at
11 Longhore's on the 11th instant:
ir My time is short, and you have just
i- heard so many things that, to say the
is least, are full of misstatements, that I
>r hardly know where to begin. "These
g be strange times, good masters."
a- While the General Government is
ie appropriating millions of money for the
e Federal soldiers, you are told to-day
t- that the time has come for Hampton
i. and those who shouldered their guns
, for the bonny blue-flag to move to the
t rear. -1 intend two things with refe
t- rence to my children. If any Yankee
r book is put into their hands that teaches
e that their ancestors were traitors I will
r burn it. And they shall be taught to
1- revere the name of Wade Hampton.
Astronomers show us a constellation of
f bright stars, called Hercules. after the
n Greek hero. At the foot of Hercules,
y they point out a constellation of tiny
te stars, called Cancer, the crab. The crab
te got among the stars by nibbling at the
v, heel of Hercules. And so a crawfish
- may expect to draw attention, by nib
is bling at the heel of Hampton. When
.n the true historian comes to write the
)r annals of thisgrand old State and looks
>t back across the waste of years, he will
e see, rising above the dead level of
1 mediocrity, the majestic figure of
te Wade Hampton. But he will find not
0- even a ripple to mark the place where
Hampton's detractors have sunk a thou
is sand fathoms out of sight.
e, THE CCNSERVATIVES NOT HASKEL
If It is pretended here that the Conser
a- vatives represent the Haskell move
ment. The truth is that Sheppard and
n Orr did every thing in their power to
d: prevent the movement. And Tillman
s- has acknowledged publicly that Shep
n pard supported him and voted for him
te at the last general election. I respect
.n the honest convictions of those who
is disagree with me. But the supporters
n- of Sheppard have as much intelligence,
il. as much integrity, as much patriotism
,w and as much of the spirit of pure De
er mocracy as those who follow Tillman.
ill Farther than that I do not go.
ts AGRICULTURAL HALL.
The charge has been made that the
conservatives are responsible for the
a fight over the Agricultural Hall, and
n that they are trying to foist upon the
ot State a large amount of fraudulent
bonds. The Tillman speakers in the
id State canvass have admitted that this
d is a private law suit with which the
v qve no connection. But
you see the utter absurdity of the
f, charge when I remind you that Shep
ipard was a member of the Legislature
that declared these very bonds fradu
ee lent and refused to pay them. Again,
a. you are told that the conservatives are
e- intolerant and abusive. Who called
John J. Dargan a Judas Iscariot? Who
b said your Senators had perjured ~them
a selves and. had sold their votes for a
h howdy do? Who said that your repre
ll sentatives had been bamboozled and
wl debauched? Who now charges that the
or conservatives are Republicans at heart?
o Tillman set the example in abuse two
years ago and he has followed his own
by example ever since.
n- WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE BIT
ite I acknowledge that there has been
too much bitterness. And the news
he papers on both sides have gone too far.
le- But the charge that the newspapers
ia have injured the. crelif, 'of Ihe State is
ad rank nonsense. N~o* listen. You have
re- capital to invest and ydh are looking
of out for a new home. Yt06' b'ave your
eyesin New Jersey. You begin to in
Lat vestigate. You find that the Governor
s of.New:Jersey charges publicly , that
al there is incipient~ rottedness iris the
>te government-that the Sheriff's do not
og discharge their duty-that the Juidges
in. are partisan in their decisions-and
est that. the Legislature is cornposed of
ig, rotten driftwood and isxnot fit- to elect
he anybody? Will you then.seek a home
ut for yourself and aimuv.ment for your
og capital in'New Jerssyt And yet every
ne 'one of those charges has been imade
It -against our offi -ials by Governor Till
io, man. These gentlemen do not pretend
ld to deny it.
nt Governor Tillman promised toiabolish
ne useless offices-to cut down sa!aries and
to reduce your taxes. They created the
to -office of phosphate Inspector. What
)00 offices did they abolish? And I chal
ho~ lenge them to name a single salary that
be was redu ced.
x- ,TAxES!1 TAXES:
SYou are told that your. taxes have
As been reduced. I deny it. True the levy,
ad the number of mills on the dollar, has
rd been reduced. And where the assess
vi. ment of your property is the same, your
og taxes are lower. The taxes on land are
e- less, because the levy is lower and the
e assessment of land stands for live years.
mot But the Comptroller General says, and
is I; read from his last report, the taxable
y property shows an increased assessment
ily of $17,640,218 over last year. And if
ar you will go to your County Treasurer
he will tell you that while the tax .levy
be is lower, the total amount of taxes is
y larger than under Richardson's admnin
ad Look at the State levy. Take the
h-. year 1888-'89 under Richardson, when
th the levy was 51 mills, and the year
1890-'91 under Tillman, with a levy of
m only 45 mills, and.yow-haie..
' .: 888-'89 -5t $763,4.->
'The reduced leyyields a total
almost $36,000 more than the high
als These gentlemen have been getting
le their figures fromi Mayfield's speech.
e Mr. Duncan handed me the Register
th yesterday, that contains that speech.
pt I asked him if he had seen Col. Lip
lid scomb's reply which showed that May
re field's figures concerning the Peniten
tiary are utterly unreliable. He replied
.h- that he had. I then suggested the pro-,
he priety of distributing the two together.
:r But they prefer to circulate the error
dy and let the correction take care of it
D.d ATTENTION L ANDOwNERS!I
as Now I want the attention of you
id landowners who think Itis the purpose
in of this 'administration to reduce your
e9 taxes. I read from the last report of the
o' Comptroller General: "Tbis Legisla
C ture, in my judgment, should ordler a
il reassessment of real estate in South
t Carolina, as it is known that the aver
er age assessment of this class of taxable
or property is not much above50 per cent.
of of its real money value."
of Governor Tillman says, and I read
as from his message to the Inst Legisla
i ture, "I join the Comptroller in asking
that provision be made for a reassess
2d ment.of land next year." This shows
a deliberate intentio,m to double the
gh average assessment of your land.
as Now if the assessment on your land
be is doubled, the State and county levies
te can be reduced. But Governor Tiilmain
'ot says he intends that the 2 mills school
be tax shall stand. Therefore, if the assess
ll ment on your land is doubled, you will
as pay a school tax oD it equivalent to 4
5. mills on the present assessment.
-e- THAT POLL TAX?
s- Talk about.reducing taxes? Tillman
m is in favor of a poll tax of $3. Wher
pt ever he speaks he takes a "hand prima
n- ry" on ti e subject. They say they
want to make the negro contribute his
V share to the school fund. But let us see.
I- They are shooting at the negro. What
.r becomes of the poor white man that
n stands between them and the negro.
ie He has a local habitation. You can find
3e him, and usually he has a little pro
re perty out of which you can squeeze the'
e $3. What about the negro. lHe is here
it to-day. Where will you find him to
- morrow. And if you find him, how
1l will you get the $3? The last grand jury
0. reported that there were 4 or 5 able
bodied men in jail for failure to pay the
sl poll tax. One has been put in jail
siuce. Six negroes in jail for 30 days.
That means that out of the taxes paid
by you, the county pays $60 to support
3ix negroes who failed to pay si3; dollars.
And if the poll tax were $3 the case
would be three times as bad.
Besides, a bead tax of $1 is enough.=
After that, property should pay thea
But it is said that Tillmanr has ne
power to levy a.poll tax; that the con
stitution would have to be altered, and
ubmitted to the people for ratification.
Lets see about that. There was a joint
resolution before the last Legislature to
provide for the calling of a constitutio
nal convention. Mr. Abney proposed
an amendment, which I have here on
page "?9 of the House Journal, provid
ing that no constitution formed by.
such convention should go into effect
until it had been submitted to the peo
ple and ratified by a majority vote.
Mr. Tillman's Legislature voted that
amendment down. They want the
people to send delegates to a convention
to form a new Constitution. Tillman
wants to place the poll tax at $3 and
wants to fix educational and property
qualitications, for suffrage, that will
disfranchise thousands of white voters.
But if it is the purpose to submit the
new Constitution to the people for rati
fication, why did they vote down the
The charge is made that we repre
sent the corporations. Those who
make it know that they are simply
trying to arouse your prejudices. If
Sheppard were the candidate of corpo
rations I would not vote for him.- But
I do not believe that the banks and
railroads mean to oppress the peo
ple. The people can't do without them.
In his last message Governor Tillman
informed the Legislature that' the
Phosphate Commission had to borrow
$2,800, and he says, "This money was
kindly loaned us by the Carolina Na
tional Bank of Columbia, without in
A few years ago when your bridges
were swept away and the County Com
missioners were authorized to borrow
$3,500, the Newberry Bank let the
county have . the money at 7 per cent.
And this same Bank consented to take
at their face value the 7 per cent. bonds
that we issued to build the Newberry
As to Bank taxation. I think that
the Bank ought to pay taxes on the
full value of its property, provided that
you tax other property in the same
way. The constitution requires taxa
tion to be equal and uniform. It is not
just to single out the banks and rail
roads and to make an example of them.
Take the Ne.. berry Bank case that has
been so m iuch talked about. The Bank
returned its property at $150,000. The
Comptroller General thought it ought
to be assessed at $230,000.
The return was submitted t the
Board of Equalization, comprised of
H. H. Folk, A. .1. Gibson, E. S. Keitt,
R. C. Carlisle, D. V. Barre, P. C.
Smith, G. F. Long. A. F. Langford, J.
N. Fengle and P. M. Derrick. Presi
dent McCaughrin was summoned be
fore the Board. And, after being fully
informed as to the value of the proper
ty, the Board decided unanimously to
let the return stand. The matter then
went into the Courts. The Courts did
not decide that any property of the
Bank ought to escape- taxation. They
simply decided that after the Board of
Equalization has passed upon-a tax re
t.urn, no one has the power to change
Trhis year the Bank again returtned
the property at $150,000. The B>ard of
Equalizat ion, comnposed oftL. M. Speers,
Thos. W. Keitt, J. NM. -Wicker, M. A.
Rtenwiek, T. H- Chalmers, Jno- Ri.
Spearman, Wmn. -Wertz, I. H. Boul.
ware, R. T. C. Hunter, L. Q. Fellers
and Dr. E. 0. Hentz, after a full inves
tigat ion, decided to acceptihe return at
My undertanding is that they came
to the conclusion that the property of
the Bank was assessed as high.as other
property. The point is this:: On-the
1st January I have $230. -You have a
blooded horse that would bring $230 on
the rmarket. If you return your horse
at $150, you must not demand that]I
returtn my money at $230. Taxation
must be equal and uniform.
ABOUT CRITICIZING JUDGES.
.You have been told that the Judges
are not above criticism. I admit tihat
they are not above just criticism. But
Gov. Tillman has no right to. charge
them with partizanship simply .beotuse
they do not accept his opinions as-law.
If Judge Wallace and Judge Hudson
were -corrupt they would have decided
the Cantwell es:se and the Bank cases
in favor of the State. Instead of de
ciding according to the law, under
their oaths of office, they would have
made themselves safe for re-election by
taking the side of the majority.
WJMO IS SHEPPARD?7
The desire has been expressed to-hear
something about Sheppard. In 1876,
when he was little more- than a boy.
he was a member of the famous Wal
lace House, that stood for white su
premacy and the integrity ofoui-State.
He and Orr were at the bead of the
column when, in spite of negroesand
Federal bayonets, our representatives
forced tbeir way into the State House.
He rendered distinguished services as
Speaker of the House, as Lieutenant
Governor, and for a number of months,
as Governor. He would have received
but for a runior-that F.W. Dawsonamd
B. Rt. Tillman had met in Augustasand
undertaken to control the conven'ion.
Tillmnan seconded Sheppard's nomina
tion in the convention, and this is a re
port of his speech:
In rising to second the nomination of
Gov. Sheppard, Mr. B. R. Tiliman
said that "he feit that he was meeing
the wishes of a large majority of the
people of Edgetield. The county of
Edgefield, in a Democratic Conven
tion, had unanimously placed him in
nomination for the office he now fills.
He was too well known, however, to
need any encomi.ums from the hands
of the speaker, who felt his inability,
and had no desire to attempt to gild re
fined gold or paint the lily. If this
convention accepts Edgefield's .son it
might be assured that the duties of the
igh oficee to which he would be elect
ed would be discharged, not only to the
satisfaction of the people of his native
county, but to that of the whole
- Tillman has known hIm all hie life,
Sheppard is as good a man now as he
was in 1886, and has more experience.
And Tillman never uttered a word
against him until John C. Sheppard
stodl between him and the Governor's
TIE EFFECT OF YIELDING TO TILLXAN.
I sometimes wonder if Tillman'ssup
porters have seriously considered tbe
possible effects of yielding to all his de
mands. Brooding like a nightmare
over this State is the constant menace
of negro domination. No one will deny
hat there is at least the possibility of
Radical rule in this State. Tillman
cannot be Governor always. It would
be sad enough to return to Republican
rule. But how would you like to see a
Republican Governor with the power
to control county officers, to remove
sheriffs, to dictate to the Legislature
and to override the courts-the power
that Governor Tillman demands? We
had better stand upon the genius and
spirit of Anglo-Saxon rule. The rights
of the people are safest when the gov
ernment is in their own hands.
.i have never asked you for an office.
I want no office now. But in the in
terest of the general good I urge youz to
consider these matters candidly, with
out offense and without bitterness.
A splendid line Children's Suits sell
ing at cost, at Jamieson's. Suits for
$3.50 to $4.53; regular price $5.00 to
OUR PROSPERITY LETTER.
Reunion of Company "G," 13th iegiment
Address by J. F. J. Caldwell-The Canr
ning Factory-The Good Work It Is
Fron Our Regular Correspondent.I
PasPrimi'r, ;.. August 15.
Last week you were entirely forgotten
until too late. Sorry, but 'tis true..
The drouth is severe, doing much in
jury to the cotton and young corn crop.
The old corn is made and is good; the
fodder is now being gathered.
Bobby Whites and "Bub" Kibler,
journeymen printers in the office of
the State, are spending a few weeks at
'Misse:Mamie and Hattie Wells, of
Newberry, are spending a. few weeks
in our midst.
The Survivors of";o. "G," 13th Reg
iment, S. C. V., will have their annual
meeting at Young's Grove, on Friday,
the 26th instant. J. F. J. Caldwell haf
been invited to address the survivori
on this occasion. All persons whc
earnestly desire a rest and refuge from
the-dirty political simoon are cordiall3
invited to be present on this joyous oc
casion. The old soldiers and their son:
and other friends can fight their olc
battles over and over: they can givi
the Confederate yell, and charge witt
bayonets fixed,-and shout and cheei
just as much as they please; but poli
ties-the hateful thing-will have n<
abiding place at Young's Grov; or
Rev. T. O. Keister will begin a serie
of meetings in Grace church on Fridai
before the fourth Sunday, which wil
be continued for ten days or longer
On the fourth Sunday the sacramen
of the Holy Communion will be ad
Our people just now are not altogeth
er as happy and serene as they ough
to be. They have been torn and -rivei
by partisans and demagogues unti
they are in a state of absolute unrest
The people in the country are beinf
made to believe that the towns, th,
railroads, manufacturers and ever:
other interest are opposing and op
pressing the farmer. Never was ther
a more designing and unfounded accu
sation made, and yet 'it is passinj
strange to say that many people be
lieve- these partisan accusations ii
which there is not a syllable of truth
This state of affairs causes unrest; at
rays man against man, brother agains
brother, class against class; prostrate
and depresses all business. This stat
of af'airs is exceedingly unfortunate t
all branches of industry and business
and every person must sooner or late
suffer from these unhappy condition
In the face of all this, Governor Till
man boldly tells his followers. tha
"possession is better than peace." Tha
Is, he is willing that the whole ~peopl
of .South Carolina shall be torn an
riven by internal strife; that the busi
ness and prosperity of our once happ
and united people shall be prostrate
and paralyzed in order that he and hi
shall have possessian of office.. "Pot
session is better than peace," says Till
man. What does it mean? It ca
only - mean one thing, and it is thi:
That he would be quite willing if ne<
essary to plunge the people of Soul
Carolina into an internecine war i
order that he might be in possession <
the gubernatorial chair. "Possessio
is better-than.'peace." Already- he'hi
sounded the tocsin of war. and b
forces have attacked the citadel of rai
roads, the strongholds of banks'and ti
bulwarks of manufactures, and gaine
a partial victory; for to.dy' there is ne
a single mile of railroad -being builti
South Carolhna, not one dollar of fo
eign capital being invested in bankit
E)r manufacturing enterprises. Rai
roads, banks and manutactures are ti:
three great floodgatea-Jhrough whic
flow torrents of prosperity to any cont
try, State or county which may be fc
tunate enough to have these great. mi
nifidetnt industries within Tier b)ordei
Yet these thirigs In-ust be. crippTIed' I
as to entail ruin;'not only upnu the:
selves, but upon all our people; becaus
if one -relass of people in:our goveri
ment suffers, allasuffer correspondingl:
"Possession is better than peace.'' Ti
devil himself cannot conceive a mc
hellish idea. Bet ter disfranchise 14,01
poor white meni in South Carolina-w-i
cannot read and. write than not
reach..tbe poor ignorant .negro with.
qualificatiorial- elause in' 'the constit1
tion. Bdtter send a~'few white men1
jail in every countydhban not 'to reae
the negro with.a Si poll tax.., "Posse
sion is better than peace." What.
delusion. We cannot be 'happy -at
serene tmader such unhappy and pr
posterous conditions. But let us tur
from this siekening scene.tosomIeth3it
We have in our miidst:two busy an
enlivening scenes which are not ye
under. the ban of dictatoriat:inflnun
and. where there.is peae; gen.tle,,quit
peace. The Efrst is the brickyard of tia
Prospe'ri'ty ginning and rnianufacturirz
company. This' company has -bee
employing fifteen or t,wentyT:eolore
laborers, who have turned out abot
20,000 bricks per day. This mornin
the~ecompany fired an imrcl4nse kitk
which is grand to behold.
We next,turu.to the.-factory .of Lh
Prosperity canning company, whei
we find Suyerintendent 'Asker at tb
head of 'twenty-five or Thirty litti
boys,-big boysand men, all of who,
are just as. h'usy as they can be, an
who are full of life and good cheer, a
they eaohtAlLbia-plade. It is very. in
teresti~ng to observebie-process througl
which the tomiato andepeach pass unti
ready for, market. First4 boy .seald;
the tomato by placing a wire-b'ket ii
a vessel of boiling wvater,
steam. The tomato Is carried to t
pealing table; a second boy peals- it;
third one carries it to the packing ta
ble; a fourth one packs it in the.cau;
fifth wipes the can clea and place
the cap on the can; a sixth ear'ries it ti
the sealer; the sealer turns it over tL
L.he processors, the. processors to the Is
beller and the ean is ready f a marke
after passing through' 'nine dif!eren
hands. The peach go%es through thb
same identical process :except- th<
scalding. The factory consumes abon
150 bushels of fruit.per day and put
up more than 20,000 cans per week
The company have ready sale 'for main
than they can possibly put up. Whil<
this little factosy may seem an insig
nificant thing to some, yet it is the
source of many blessings to the bdy
anid to the farmers. Hundreds of bush
els of pea6hes, which otherwise wool
rot on the ground, are being. t.urned
into 5, 10 and 20 dollar bills. Thes
boys and men are happy and serene
and they don't believe in the hellisl
doctrine of "possession is better thai
Pants for 50 cents, at. JAMn:soN's.
A big lot of work Pants for 5 cents
worth 7.5 cents, at '3AMIESoN's.
Better Goodz ud~ Lower Prices
AND SEE FOR YOURSELVES
at J. S. RUSSELL'S
OFFICE OF COUNTY COMMISsIONERS
NEWBEEEY, S. C., July 2$, 1892.
A LL OVERSEERS ARE NOT]
fied to put their sections in gooi
condition at once. They are also dul;
notified that the County Commission
era intend to enforce t he provisions c
the law as to the manner in whic]
the roads are to be worked, and as t
making returns after each working.
Misses Annie Leeze and Mamie Day,
of Chappells, spent a% day or two in the
j villag, the guests of Mrs. B. E. Ju
Prf. Jno. Buzbard after a-pleasant
sojoumin our villagea returned Tues
day-to his field of labor, at Mullins,
M and Mrc. Geo._ ognelly, of the
county, were on * ~Visit Tastr week to
The section house occupied by Mr.
William Pitts, has been repaired and
much improved in appearance.
We are needing rain for the crops in
many sections and the summer is pass
ing. It is well-pleasing to the Almighty
for a providence-believing and grateful
people to ask special favors of Him. He
has promised to open the windows of
heaven and pour out blessings upon
The District Alliance,
Of the Third Congressional District,
met at Seneca City on the night of the
The following named gentlemen
were elected officers for the ensuing
President, J. R. Blake, Jr.. Abbe
ville; vice-president, Dr. W. E. Lake,
Newberry; secretary and tieasurer, J.
C. Watkins, Anderson; district lee
turer. Jos. L. Keitt, Newberry..
J. P. Cook and W. E. Lake attended
as delegates from Newberry. . J. - F.
Banks was also in attendance as Coun
There was a good attendance and
harmonious discussions-politics not
Reports from all the counties in the
. Congressional District showed that
the order was in better condition than
. The. next meeting -will be held at
t Newberry on the .second Friday in
THE FIRST BALE.
Col. Mike Brown Carries Ofr the Honors,
- as Usual.
(Special to The State.1
CHARLESTON, August 12.-The first
bale of new cotton marketed in South
Carolina- was shipped to-day by Col.
Mike Brown, of:Barnwell County, to
F. W. Wagener & Co., cotton factors
of this city. The bale weighs 420-pounds
e and was lassed as low middling. The
first bale-last season was raised by him
and was consigned to the same parties
. August 8th. -
e - EXT SESSION BEGINS OCTOBER, 1802.
- - Classic aed Philosophical Coarses. Tho
L rough Preparatory department.
Opportunity for boarding in clubs will be
given. The total expense of the session wiln
d thus be measurably reduced. It is estimated
s that board.for the session need not exceed
$60. Tuition 27 to $57, aecording to class.
Total expense per session October 3d, to June
21st, as follows: Board in-club $10. to $125.
Board in families and roon tng in college
. -12550 to $14.50 Board and room in families
*$148 to 8165. Address -
G. W. HOLLAND. President.
-ekoat.e" A. =.
feoh ra am.i snfns an
e. -- -
of THEjIS BPar
LoolhterS ' thei
0 : .
Notes from Ezeelsior.
At this writing our little village is
3ryand dusty and crops suffering. A
good season of rain would bea welcome
School Commissioner Kibler visited
our fiourishing school last week.
Mr. and Mr.s. Long, of Johnstone
somnunity, paid us a visit last week.
Iet's not talk politics so much, but
slect good, substantial men to of8ce
mid then all be happy and cheerful.
Aren't we right? - v
Misses Ada and Frances Miller, of
Sit. Pilgrim section, visited relatives in
Dur little village last week.
The farmers are now busily engaged
in the fodder fields, hence- polities is -
getting a little rest. -
Idon't make any use of stroegtdi ,
but I am in favor of prohibition.
The Herald and-News .is fair,spd
square in politics, and' why shouldnt&
verybody else .deal on the same prin
elpie. That's right and fair.
A protracted meeting .was. on=
menced at Mt. Pilgrlmahurch.onSgM
day. Rev. W,A. Julian,.pastor....
Revs. T. O. Keister and W. A. Ju
lian, of Prosperity, paid us a brief visit
on Satur<tay morning.
Mr. Marion Miller Informs us that be
killed a large crane a few days ago near
his residence that -measured six feel
from tip to tip of wings. Mr. MlAx..
says this was the largest crane he ever
saw and as clear of polities too.
We notice a few open bolls of the
fleecy staple on our little village farm.
We are not running a race any
one for the first bale, but onl waat a.
good yield, a fair price, and then, we
can enjoy some more pleasant. games
of croquet with our pretty illage girls.
We enjoy a game of croquet much bet-;
ter than we.do a.gameof politics. -
Rev. M. M Kinard, after spe g
several days with relatives a Hnends,?
here, leftonSaturday for Hril' Lithia
Springs, at which place he will remain'
for some time with the4and -hope of 4
improving from a severe'\attack of
rheumatism. Mr. Jas D. Kinatac
companied his brotherand returned d
The lightning rods placed on Pref.
J. S. Wheeler's beautiful eottage :ae
eently, present a nice appearanoes. -:
On Sunday afternoon -nearsan-Asn
Mrs. J. S. Werts, of our little,;village
went to the well to draw a fWeih " '
of water and while the- beket 'wr -s -
nearing the top of the well MraW. s
beard a roaring:that was .veryi
mon and at that time she
walling of the well'wasfallingid
Werts le the chain loose anFawtw l -'
as ik as possible,.and-at. that :tl tt
the box on top-of the groun4bad>ow
ered below the surface of thie'ert.
Mr. Werts' well, as is common: n thi .r.
co:nmuulty, bas two- buctefe-' ad
draws ' with a chain. by--hand.-9r.
Werts' residence being 6n- Bighiki =
and the earth dry it see aer
strange that the well would baveNtd
in without the-cause lay in the wMIIdg
It is luck and a blesslag too thatXrs.
Werts did not get -injured. So eftit
auldrea Cry -for ed Pitcher's .lior
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