Newspaper Page Text
ESTABLISHED 1865. NEWBERRY, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 3, 1893. PRICE $1.50 A YEAR
THE CHANGING YEARS.
Drawn Out are the Fibres Fine and the
Threads of Life are Spun.
Lines addressed to Susanna Pearson
on the completion of her seventy
seventh year's residence at the Big
Spring* in Union Township, MiaTi
County, Ohio. She, (being very small)
had been brought from Newberry,
South Carolina, in 1808, and after three
years'. renting, her father Robert
(whom I've beard tell of Tarleton's
operationson Bush River in 1781. when
en route to the Cowpens,) bought the
land containing the Big Spring, and
settled there in the depth of winter.
Thy hair is gray with length of years,
Thy walk is bent and slow;
Caused by unnumbered toils and cares,
Endured since long ago.
'Twas in the cent'ry's 'leventh year,
When then a Southern child,
Was brought, in winter, cold and drear,
To live in this-then wild
Where Nature her unchallenged sway,
Unnumbered years had held;
Nor had her untamed deniz-us
Been, from her woods expelled.
But thy dear parents, brave and true,
Whom fear could not o'ercome,
By the Big Spring a log house built,
And m ade that place your home.
A home! a home! how very dear,
- That home to thee has been,
Which seventy years, with seven more,
Thy residence takes in.
Can one who's ljved so long as this,
In one place now be found ?
Should we throughout this country
Unto its utmost bound.
There 'midst surrounding furests tall,
With toil and danger rife,
Thou didst in childhood's days begin,
Thy pioneering life.
Not women, men, nor children then,
From labor sought to shirk,
For 'twas apparent unto all,
- That they must starve or work.
To those who for best living sought,
This fact was soon revealed;
One luxury, unknown there yet;
Trees might be made to yield.
These gen'rous trees,t each early spring
Were by the wimble bored;
And guiding tubes in troughs or pans,
Their streams Nectareous poured.
For more than half a century,
While that short season reigned
Thou helpedst those sweets to gather in,
And boil Itil most were grained.
Obtaining thus a bev'rage rich,
No salesman could control;
Molasses in the crystal can,
And sugar in the bowl.
No stores for raiweit in those years,
Nor factories were nigh,
So garmentio6 those pioneers,
Their own iands must supply. .
They raised their native fibrous flax,
Then broke and scutched with care;
The first and coarsest labor done
In making summer wear.
'Twas thine, then, seated by the whee!,
* To make it swiftly run,
A nd to draw out the fibres fine
'Til they to threads were spun.
Trwas thine next with the ready loom,
The last act to achieve:
With batin, shuttle, harness, thread
The flexile web to weave.
WVhich being bleached without much
Was into garments wrought;
That wearers were withb righ t good will
And not of pr'.de o'erthou~ght.
.The ga1ments wore through winter's
. Were wrought by diff'rent rule;
Then snow-white wool displaced the
*As did the broach the spool.
The spinner who before could sit,
With treadle oscillating,
Must now continuously walk
With movements alternating.
While the big wheel, witii the, right
Was turned with hummwing sound,
The other drew the twisted thread,
Then on the spindle wound.
'Twas thine again, with ready loom,
The warp and woof t' unite,,
A nd linsey, woolsey, fiannel, make,
All pleasant to the sight.
Nor did plain common weaving them,
Alone thy skill command;
For many a complex coverlet
Was woven by thy band.
And patrons who had not thy skill,
Materials often brought,
Which by thy hands and servant loom
In wished-for styles were wrought.
Year in, year out, from youth to age,
Thy labors thus did run;
'TdI now with eyes bedimmed thou
Life's low descending sun.
r is pleasant to me now to know,
Thy life's hard toils are o'er;
That kumming wheels, and looms and
By thee'Il be rur, no more.
That thou, now in thy long loved
Free from care, toil and strife,
Caust forwvard look, with Christian
And back on well-spent life.
But looking back, on life's long track,
How solemn 'tis to know
That thy ecmrpeers o'f youthful years
Are few now here below.
C'Big Spring. the largest in 31iam i County.
tThe Sugar Maple. from which is obtained
tbw bes sugar and rnolasses.
Those two-fo)ld 'leousius, children of
Aunt Ruth and Uncle John;
Who grew up right within thy sight
Where are they now?- they're gone.
And three-score other ejusins, too,
Who lived i,i thy own age;
Alas! alas! but very few
Now walk upon life's stage.
Thy comrades of the log-hoise schools,
Who Murray's Readers read,
And studied Webster's Spelling.Book,
Are nearly all now deld.
Now looking back to childhood's days,
(While resting at thy ease),
Thou canst the wondrous diff'rence
Betwixt those days and these.
Of changes thou mayest some approve,
And blessings deem; but still,
Some others thoE, perhaps, mayest
Have less of good than ill.
The Big Spring, from its creviced.rock,
Flows as in days of youth;
Fit type of the unchanging state
Of Righteousness and Truth.
Through long life, up its sloping bank,
'Till age did thee assail,
Thou borest its crystal treasures up,
In bucket or in pail.
Thou now canst view its waters flow
Beneath that beechen tree,
W hich in thy youth was but a shrub,
But now can shelter thee:
Reminding thee that people soon
Grow up, mature and die,
While long-lived trees still grow and
And spread their branches high.
A Prophetess,t as we are told,
Lived in the days of yore,.
Who near the Holy Temple dwelt
At four-score years and four.
Whose piety most fervent was,
In keeping of the Law;
Who prayed and fasted night and day,
And the young Saviour saw.
Inspired by the Holy One,
She did to friends avow:
Redemption in Jerusalem
Was come unto them now.
Though long her life was there, it was
Not longer much than thine;
And that she died a happy death,
We surely may opine.
Should thy age4 be as great as hers,
When life's weak cords are riven,
I'll hope thy future dwelling-place
May be, like hers, in Heaven.
From thy cousin,
*Their fathers , were brothers and their
tAnna-Luke 2: 36. 37, 3S.
:Since writing the above, she died.
A COsTLY WRECK.
The Rt & D. Obtain a Cornpromise of the
Btian Bridge Case.
[From N. C. Paper.]
All the suits against the Richmond
and Danville Railroad ,growing out of
the wreck at Bostian bridge, near
Statesville, on the 27th of August, 1891,
in which 31 persons were killed and
30 wounded, have been compromised.
The Statesville Landmark says there
were 13 of these cases in Iredell Supe
rior Court and the following a.mounts
allowed in each case:
Death claims-J. C. Brodie, $5.000;
WV. M. Houston, $.5,000; Chas. G.Web
er, $.5,000; Miss Ophelia Polk Moore,
2,000; Mrs. Susan Pool, $2,000; Hugh
K. Linster, $2,500; A. Davis, $1,200;
Rev. J. M. Sikes, $1,000.
Claims for irnjuries-J. F. Holler,
$2,000; Mrs. Naomi Hayes Moore,
S1.5300; Miss Louallie Pool, $1,500; 0.
WV. Lawson, $:,000; G. WV. Bowley,
There were a number of suits entered
at Asheville,Salisbury and other places.
We understand that all of these have
The Lexington Dispatch understands
that A. L. Sink and wife have been al
lowed $5,000. The case was in David
son Superiour Court. We have not
learned what amounts were allowed in
the other cases, but it is safe to say that1
the wreck, first and last, cost the Rich-'
mond and Dativille Railroad at least
How to Pronounce Iowa.
[From the Dubuque Herald.1
Why do the effete customs thus pre
vail in mispronouncing the name of
this State as I-o-wah, accenting the
second syllable? No resident of thestate
pronounces it in that heathenish way
but correctly I-o-way, the first syllable
accented. In fact, the name was some
times spelled "Ioway" on old maps,
noticeably one accompanying a report
of Lewis and Clarke's expedition, pub
lished in 1814. In the body of the re
port the name is also spelled Ayau way,
a French spelling of the same sounds.
In order to secure a firm establishment
of our rights as to the pronunciation of
the name of the Hawkeye State, per
haps the legislature will have to do as
was done in Arkansas, pass a law fix
Died on the Installment Plan.
"You don't offer any inducements to
an editor in this town ?"
"'We don't ?Jerusale-n Why, we've
buried six of 'em an' let their widders
pay for their funerals in installments!"
A revivifying of natures latent forces
occurs every spring. At this time,
better than at any other, the blood may
Ibe cleansed from the humors which in
Ifest it. The best and most popular
revedy to use for this purpose is Ayer's
j Cmpndn Extract of Sars,aparilla.
THE DE3HARK LYNCHING.
What Induced the Governor to Let Peter
son go-Those Present at the Inter
view (Ave an Acoonnt of What
[Special to Register, 27th.1
Governor Tillman while feeling per
fectly confident that everytbing he did
in connection with the Peterson case
was right, yet he evinces every desire
to let the public know why he acted as
he did, as he has been so severely criti
Much interest has been taken in what
Peterson had to say to the Governor,
and with a view of imaking it all public
the Governor yesterday addressed the
"COLMBIA, April 26th, 1893.
"Messrs. W. A. Neal and A. W.
"GENTLEMEN: Please give meastate
ment of what you know in regard to
my conversation with John Peterson
at the Executive Mansion on Saturday
"I ask it for publication, to give the
public the whole truth and leave peo
ple at home and abroad to judge the
case fairly. Respectfully,
"B. R. TILLMAN, Governor."
In response to the above Mr. Clayton,
who is a reporter for the Journal, makes
the following statement:
John Peterson, accompanied by an
other negro, Wade Wylie, approached
me on last Saturday afternoon to know
where Mr. Tillman (meaning the Gov
ernor) was. A few questions elecited
the fact that I was being addressed by
John Peterson, whom I knew to be
wanted at Denmark as a suspect of the
outrage upon Miss Marnie Baxter. I
accompanied him to the Executive
Mansion and told the Governor who
he was and what he wanted.
Governor Tillman, addressing Peter
son, asked him if he was John Peter
son, and he replied that he was, and
that he wanted to surrender himself to
him for protection, as he had heard
that they were hunting him for the
crime committed upon Miss Baxter,
and he feared that if he was caught he
would be lynched.
The Governor: "Are you guilty?"
Peterson: "No; sir."
The Governor: '.'Where were you on
Friday a week ago?"
Peterson: "I was at North's."
The Governor: "Can you prove that
and by white-people?"
The Governor:. "Are you willing to
go back there and let the young lady
Peterson: "Yes, sir.'
The Governor then turned to me and
said Chat he had no*right to hold a man
who was simply suspected of a crime,
but that if he, Peterson, wanted protec
tion I had better take him to the Chief
of Police and get him to investigate the
case. This I did.. After having him
locked up by his own request, I started
out to find Mr. L. B. Jenkins and Con
stable Lambert, the latter of whom I
knew, was then looking for Peterson
with a warrant for his arrest, to see if
they would identify him, as he did not
appear to suitAthe description given mec
of him. .-- -
They were f9und and Mr. Jenkins
began ~the questioning of Peterson,
which has already been mentioned, be
lieving at the start that Peterson was.
guilty of the crime, but at the finish
that he was innocent. Peterson was
then locked up, and after being re
turned to his cell, Mig. Jenkins asked
him if he would be willing to return to
Denmark and let the' young lady look
at him. He replied promptly that he
would. .He said that he was innocent
and did not fear any recognition by
Upon leaving the guard house Mr.
Jenkins and I determined that there
was at least grave doubt of his guilt
and that if he was taken back there by
Mr. Lambert on Sunday morning be
lieving as we did that he would be
lynched, ive determined to go to Gov
eror Tillmnan and ask him to have him
held here until lie could get his wit
nesses together to prove his alibi,
wich he confidently claimed that he
could do. We went, and after hearing
*us Governor Tillman agreed to hold
him under condition that I would go
and try to get his witnesses together
for him, which I did. He then wrote
an order to Sher iff Cathcart, which I
delivered to him, ordering him to take
Peterson from the guard house and
lodge him in jail until further orders.
I went to North's the next day and
workod all day hunting up his wvit
nesses for himn. That- evening I wired
the Governor that they would all be
on hand on Monday, and that they
corroborated his statement.
A. W. CLAYTON.
"I .heard the conversation between
Governor Tillmnan and John Peterson'
at the Governor's Mansion last Satur
day afternoon as stated above.
W. A. NEA L.
It will thus be seen that the negro
expressed perfect confidence in being
able to prove his innocence and that
under the circumstances there is no
blame to be attached to the Governor.
The blame, if any, rests with the cro,vd
t4t lynched him.
The advertising of Hood's Sarsapa
rilla appeals to the sober, commnon
sense of thbinking people, because it is
true and it is always fully substanti
ated by endorsements which in the
financal world would tbe accepted
without a moment's hesitation. Thbey
tell the story-H OOD'S CUR ES.
HOO'S PILLS cure liver ills, jaun -
dice, billiousness, sick headache, con
HOW OFFICERS ARE APPOINTED.
Timely Description of an Interesting Pro
cess-The Stages Through Which
Applications Travel and How
They are Acted on.
LWashington Letter to Mllimore
The president has not yet attacked
that vast number of collectors, both of
customs and internal revenues, survey
ors of ports, etc., because Mr. Carlisle
prefers that, so far as possible, they
Aball make out the reports of the pres
ent quarter of the fiscal year. This
quarter ends on April 30th, so that it
will be probably tne middle of May be
fore the great work of removal bf-ins.
The method is interesting.
If the position is an important one,
there is much red tape in the making
of an appointment, for it must pass
through the bands of the cabinet offi
cer under whom the appointee is to
labor, the 'president, often the entire
cabinet, then the senate, again the pri
mary cabinet officer, and again and
finally the president. It doesn't make
any difference what the position is that
is sought, the papers are always re
ferred to the cabinet officer who has
direct supervision over the office, even
though the papersare first presented to
When the cabinet officer or president
concludes that it is time to make the
appointment, or some politician so ii
presses either of them by his persistent
efforts, the papers are all called for and
laid upon the cabinet officer's desk.
They are packed together, each appli
cant's papers under a separate jacket.
The cabinet off-er generally knows
before he sees the papers which one of
the applicants he wants-some one he
knows and feels an interest in, or the
friend of his friend, whom ae desires to
accommodate. Occasionally, where
there are many applications, or there
are some who stand upon the same
ground of merit, the cabinet officer
dictates a brief of the charactfr and
life of the applicants and their en
dorsers, and these he sends or takes to
the president with his own recommen
dation as to which one should be ap
pointed. The president doesn't always
follow the recommendations of his
secretary. He frequently wants to
appoint another man than the one
recommended, and he selects his own
man without respect to the recommen
dations of his cabinet officer.
If there is doubt in the mind of the
president as to what he should do, or
the position is.one of great political or
other importance, like the selections of
one of the five first class ministers, he
lays the question, with the papers, be
fore the cabinet at its meeting, and
the appointment and applicants are
discussed in all their bearings. This
course is frequently pursued.
When the president reaches a con
clusion as to an appointment, he di
rets his executive clerk or secretary
to make out the appointment of a cer
tain man. There are blanks for this
purpose, in which the name of the per
son, the office, etc., are-filled in and
this is signed, so that it announces to
the senate that the president nomni
nates John Smith, of Indiana, to be
consul to Halifax. The nomination Is
sent at once to the senate, which goes
into executive session to receive it and
refer -it to the proper committee for
consideration. The committee on com
merce considers allinominations of con
sular officers, because they are commer
cial ltepresentatives; the committee on
foreign relations, diplomatic nomina
tions; the finance committee, all col
lectors of customs, internal revenue,
The Truth-Tell It Again.
These sensible views, quoted from an
anonymous paper, we give as our own
most decided sentiments and hereby
beseech the public to bear them in
"A local newspaper is often accused
of bias in regard to giving personal no
tices, commenting on the coming and
going of some and omitting others.
The accusation is very wrong and ur.
just. It is with the people and not the
editor. He is always willing and even
anxious to tell who comes and goes, if
he can find out; but a country paper
cannot afford to have a score of sala
ried reporters. If you have visitors, let
us know who they are and where they
came from; if anything happens in
your community, let us know all about
it; if you know anything tell us all
about it. You will find us as ready to
notice one as another, patron or other
wise, friend or foe."
Fine Books Fabulously Cheap.
Many of the choicest books of the
world are now being issued in styles
and at prices to delight book-lovers
with limited purses. John B. Alden,
Publisher, 57 Rose St., New York, who
was the pioneer, and is still the leader
in the "Literary Revolution," sends us
a copy of Bayard Taylor's famous and
delightful "Views Afoot, or Europe
Seen with Knapsack and Staff," as a
sample or his half-morocco gilt top
style, in which he publishes some of
tbe world's most famous books at prices
ranging from 30 cents to 60 cents each,
the same books being issued also in
neat cloth binding at prices ranging
from 15 cents up. These books are al
ways in large type, printed on fine
paper, the cloth binding being of ex
cellent quality, and the half-morocco,
gilt top-style lit to adorn any library.
A 32-page descriptive pamphlet may be
had free, or a 128-page catalogue, a veri
tble feast for book-lovers, may be had
for a :2-cent stamp. Address .Tohn B.
Alden, Publisher, 57 Rose Street, New
It Was Complete.
"G3oin' on a fishin' excursion?"
"What's your outfit ?"
COL THOS. W. HOLLOWAY.
Secretary of the South Carolina Agricul
tural and 3lechanical Society.
[Anieri.an Farmer, March 1.1
Col. Thos. W. Holloway was born in
the county in which he now resides
(Newberry, S. C.) March 28, 1829. His
school advantages were limited, but by
wise and careful self-culture he has ac
quired a ready and accurate knowledge
of the English language, and accumu
lated a large fund of useful informa
tioron general subjects.
At the age of 15 years he was bereft
of father and mother, and was com
pelled to rely upon his own efforts to
support himself and to prepare for life's
In 1846 he went to Columbia, the
Capital of the State, and engaged him
self as a clerk in a grocery store, until
the Columbia and Greenville Railroad
was built, 25 miles from Columbia,
where he was placed in charge of the
freight department. The road being
continued to Newberry, he was trans
ferred to this place as agent, but at that
time he was too young to give a bond.
In 1852 Mr. Holloway was elected
cashier of the Bank of Newberry,which
position be held until he purchased a
farm at Pomaria in 18.55, engaging at
the same time in merchandizing and
farming. The former business he con
tinued until 1890, while also giving his
attention to the supervision of his farm,
of which he is very fond.
He still resiaes at Pomaria, devoting
his time entirely to his favorite occu
pation, at the same time employing
his unwearying energies in performing
the pressing duties of Secretary of the
State Agricultural and Mechanical So
ciety of South Carolina.
Col. Holloway was a member of Po
maria Grange, No. 27, P. of H., at its
organization,and the first Worthy Mas
ter. The State Grange was organized
in 1873, and he was the Worthy Stew
ard until 1877, when he was elected
Secretary, which position he held until
that order was superseded by the Al
Col. Holloway became a member of
the State Agricultural and Mechanical
Society of South Carolina at its organi
zation in 18.58, and was head clerk
under the late Secretary, A. G. Sum
mner, andI also under Robert G. Gage,
who succeeded Col. Summer, until the
war between the States.
In .1869 the society was reorganized
with Gen. Johnson Hagood as Presi
dent and the late D. Wyatt Aiken as
Secretary. Under this organization Mr.
Holloway held' the pIosition of head
clerk until 1874, when Col. Aiken de
clined re-election, and Mr. Holloway
succeeded him as Secretary and Treas
urer. Owing to the increased work of
the two positions the two offices wvere
divided a few years ago, and he has for
many years been secretary alone. He
has been secretary, altogether, for 17
Under his judicious management,
wisely assisted by the President and
the Executive Comm rittee, the State
fairs have been a series of progressive
successes, until they are unequaled in
the South. Col. Holloway has repeirt
edly received the nierited distinction of
being the most aggressive and best
qualified secretary in any of the States.
Col. Holloway has been twice mar
ried. By his first union he has three
children and fourteen grandchildren.
His second wife is stil living, and they
are the happy parents of two children,
a son and daughter, aged, respectively,
18 and 10.
His faith is in connection with the
Lutheran Church, and he has been a
member of the Board of Trustees of
Newberry College for many years. By
his active interest in this institution,
and in other ways, he has shown him
self the friend and patront of higher
His course in life has, in a large
measure, been directed by the advice
and example of the learned and pious
Chief Justice, John Belton O'Neall, of
whom he was a prolo.c
DEATH OF A GREAT.DIVINE.
The Rev. Dr. Whitefoord Smith, of Spartan
burg, Dies Funl of Years and Honors.
[Special to News and Courier.]
ford Smith quietly passed away this
morning at 4 o'clock. He has been
declining in health for several months,
and for the last two or three weeks he
failed rapidly. He was conscious to
the last and was as serene and com
posed as if he was only retiring for the
night. To his last hours he manifested
his usual interest in his family and
friends, his church and the condition
of his country.
Mrs. Charles F. Smith, of Nashville,
died last night. She was a sister of
Prof. D. A. DuPre, of Wofford College.
He, with several other members of the
family, went on to Nashville yesterday
afternoon. Dr. Smith is a professor in
Vanderbilt University, and has been
t hre several yars
A PRODIGIOUS MEMORY.
An Incident or the Remarkable Ability of
The prodigious memory of Librarian
Ainsworth Spofford, of the Congres
sional Library, his remarkable ability
to locate any book among the hun
dreds of thousands under his charge
and his familiarity with the contents
of most of them, is well known. In a
chat with The Star representative, As
sistant Postmaster General H. Clay
Evans related an interesting instance
of Mr. Spofford's ability.
"General Lew Wallace, while dining
with me some time ago," said General
Evans, "told me how he got some of
the material for the chapter which
deals with the chariot race between
Ben Hur and Messala. He doubted if
there existed a book in the United
States that contained what he wanted
and referred to his particular matter
and at the period-29 B. C.-but con
cluded that if it was not in the Congres
sional library Mr. Spofford could aid
"He came to Washington and saw
Mr. Spofford, explaining what he
wanted. No book was on the shelves
of the Congressional Library that would
aid him, he was informed, that there
was but one book in the United States
that had any bearing upon the sub
" 'Yo'i will find it,' said Mr. Spofford
'in the Athenaeum Library in Boston.
I don't remember its title; in fact it has
none. It is an old plainly bound volume.
The librarian will probably tell you he
hasn't it, but he has, because I have
seen it and it contains the material you
want. I'll draw a diagram of the
library so you can go to the book.'
"He drew the diagram and explained
how General Wallace was to go down
this aisle and into that alcove and that
the book would be found upon a cer
tain shelf so many books from the end.
Armed with the diagram, General
Wallace proceeded to the Athenaum
librAry and was informed that they
knew of no volume that contained the
material he sought.
"He received permission to inspect
the library, and consulting his diagram,
soon placed his hand upon an old musty
volume that contained just the material
as to the customs, chariots and races of
the people of whom he wrote, that he
"I recall another instance. It was
during the debate in congress over the
rules, Speaker Reed presiding. At
torney-General John Ruhm, of Nash
ville, reading of the question in the
newspapers, recalled a like question
having come up in the English House
of Lords. He telegraphed me that some
where in the parliament report the de
bate and its result could be found. I
hurried with the telegram to Mr. Spof
ford. He contracted his brows, thought
a moment, and pulled out a volume of
the English reports, thumbed over the
pages and said, 'There's what you
want.' I ran with it to Tom Bayne,
who was speaking and used it in his
argument. Speaker Reed afterward
using it in an article in one of the
I observed a locomotive in the railroad
yard one day;
It was waiting in the roundhouse,
where the locomotives stay;
It was panting for a journey, it was
coaled and fully manned,
AOd it had a box the fireman was fill
ing full of sand.
It appears that locomotives cannot al
ways get a grip
On their slender iron pavement, 'cause
the wheels are apt to slip;
And when they reach a slippery spot
their tactics they command,
And to get a grip upon the rail they
sprinkle it with sand.
It's about the way with travel along
life's slippery track,
If your load is rather heavy, and you're
always sliding back;
So, if a common locomotive you com
You'll provide yourself in eitarting with
a good supply of sand.
If your track is steep and hilly and
you have a heavy grade,
If those who've gone before you have
the rails quite slippery made,
If you ever reach the summit of the
You'll find you'll have to do it with a
liberal use of sand.
If you strike some frigid weathe~r, and
discover to your cost
That you are liable to slip on a heavy
coat of frost,
Then some prompt, decisive action will
be called into demand,
And you'll slip 'way to the bottom if
you haven't any sand.
You can get to any station that is on
life's schedule seen
If there's fire beneath the boiler of am
bition's strong machine:
And you'll reach a place called Flush
town at a rate of speed that's grand,
If for all the slippery places you've a
good supply of sand.
The Good Time ComIing.
It may be quite a way off
An' the boys are badly drilled,
But the country'll take a day off
When the offices are filled.
Buckingham's Dye for the Whiskers
is a popular preparation in one bottle,
and colors evenly a brown or bla. k.
An e rson can asily apply it at home.
OUR FIRST LOCOMOTIVE.
Fnd irputable Evidence that it was Run on
the South Carolina Railway.
The claim of the New York news
papers that the old engine "John Bull,"
built in England in 1831, now on its
way to the Chicago Exposition, is the
first loomotive, engine ever used in
America, is successfully controverted
by W. G. Mazyck, of Charleston, who
writes to the New York World as fol
In 1830 the South Carolina Railroad
Company contracted with Mr. E. M.
Miller, of this city, to build a locomo
tive for the company. This engine,
which was called the "Best Friend,"
was put into service in November, 1830,
and was the first locomotive ever built
or used in America for active service
upon a railroad. (See "Sketch of
Roger's L. & M. Works," New York,
1886, p. 7.)
By entries in the minute book of the
board of directors of the South Caro
lina Railroad and Canal Company, it
is shown that the "Best Friend," after
due trial in service, was formally "ac
cepted" December 20, 1830: that at the
meeting of the board held January 3,
1831, rates of speed and number of pas
Bengers to be carried were fixed, and
that on April 4,1831, a rule was adopted
that "no person be allowed to go on
the engines" (mark the plural, please.)
On Friday, June 17, 1831, owing to
the ignorance of a negro fireman, the
"Best Friend" exploded. She was
afterwards repaired and called the
In the Charleston Courier of June30,
1830, we find this extremely interesting
"We find the following account of a
locomotive steam engine ordered by
our railroad in the New York Journal
of Commerce of 18th inst:
"A new steam locomotive engine
has just been completed Litalics minel
at West Point Foundry, of this city.
In its external contour it bears some
resemblance to the celebrated London
engine, the Novelty, but it is totally
different in its arrangements and de
tails. [Here follows a description too
long for quotation here.] It has been
got up by the enterprIse and under the
particular direction of Mr. E. L. Miller,
of Charleston, S. Cl, and constructed
by Mr. Hall, engineer of the West Point
establishment. The exact maximum
of speed it can attain has not been
ascertained, there being no railroads in
this vicinity upon whicfi it could be
Dr. Bishop, in his "History of Ameri
can Manufactures," vol. ii., p. 346, says
that the locomotive "Phenix" was
built in 1830, and adds that a second
one, the West Point was built by the
same foundry for our road in the same
year, and a third, the De Witt Clinton,
in the following spring for the Mohawk
and Hudson Railroad, which road,
"about the same time," spring of 1831,
imported the Stephenson locomotive
John Bull. Dr. Bishop's statement
regarding the WVest Point probably ex
plains the use of the plural "engines,"
"A locomotive called the South Caro
lina, designed by Horatio Allen, was
built for the South Carolina Railroad
by the West Point Foundry Associa
tion in the year 1831." (Sketch Rodgers
L. & M. Works, p. 7.)
The York, built by Davis & Gartner,
of York, Pa., for the Baltimore and
Ohio Railroad, was placed on the road
between Baltimore and Ellicott's Mills
August 30,1830, and in the same month
the John Bull "was received in Phila
delphia for the Camden and Amboy
Railroad and Transportation Compa
ny." (M. N. Forney, Scribner's Mag
azine, August, 1888, p. 175.) So that,
you see, the John Bull had at least
four, and probably five, predecessors,
which were in actual service whben she
was "received in Philadelphia," three
of them built in your city for the
South Carolina Railroad Company,
and one of these, the "Best Friend,"
completed before June 18, 1830-(her
shipment South, as shown by Mr. Mil
ler's letters, was unavoidably delayed
on account of the sickliness of the sea
son)-antedating the John Bull's "re
ception" by fourteen months.
What it Cost to Discover Us.
An exchange find.i time to do some
thing with, these iacts: "Some one
has figured ip the cost of the expedi
tion i'i which Columbus discovered
Ameica. Queen Isabella gave 1,140,
000 mnaravedis, equal to about $7,296.
It must be remembered, however,Ithat
she had to sacrifice her jewels to ob
tain even that sum. This, we suggest,
was perhaps due to the fact that at
that period the church, and the Ro
mans church dominated Christendom,
forbade the lending of money on in
terest, and funds could not be borrowed
then as now. Hence to raise even a
small amount of cash was a great
undertaking. Even as late as the
Great Armada, after Raieigh had set
tIed Roanoke Island, Queen Eliza
beth had but ~a dozen small vessels,
te British fleet that destroyed the
Armada being furnished by the trad
ing towns of the kingdom.merely for
that occasion. But to return to Col
umbus' expedition, his pay was $320 a
year. His three captains had an an
nual salary of $192; his polots $120 to
$150. The doctor $38.50. While the
sailors got two dollars and a half a
month and their keep. Such was the
compensation of the daring mariners
who made the perilous voyage.
The man who calls Sarsaparilla a
fraud, had good reason; for he got hold
of a worthless mixture at "reduced
rates." He changed his opinion; how
ever, when he began to take Ayer's
Sarsaparilla. It pays to be careful,
when buying- medlicne.
Five Cyclones In Sevbn Hours-Fifty Killed
and Over a Hundred Seriously Inured.
GLTHEIE, ONT., April'27.-The very 9
latest and most authentic information
obtainable from the cyclone devastated
section of the territory is to the effect
that from fifty to sixty human lives
were lost: twenty-five people fatally
injured, and a hundred more with in-,:
juries more or less serious. "Five dis
tinct cyclones visited different parts of
the Territory between 2 to 9 o'clock
Tuesday evening, and it will be a day
before the full amount of the damage
will be known.
The list of fatalities by the cyclone of
Tuesday night grows larger each hour.
In the devastated district -near Nor
man thirty-four bodies have been pre
pared for burial. Several more were
found this morning and half a score of
people are still missing.. A hundred
and fifty people were injured, six or
eight of whom will die. Near Purcell
eleven people, all members of one Cath
olic congregation, are dead.
At the town of Case the storm-swept
away nearly every building, and eight
people are killed. At Langston two
are dead. At Cimarron City four are
dead and two dying, and twelve in
jured. East of there two families, hum
bering five and six, respectively, per
ished, and in the extreme eastern part
of Payne County it is believed that
nearly a score were killed.
The list of dead will surely aggregite
one hundred, and that of the injured
five times that many.
THE TORNADO IN TEXAS.
GAINEsVILLE, TEYAS, April 27.-A
death-dealing cyclone swept down
Montague County, thirty miles west of
here, Tuesday night. The storm struck
two miles east of Bonita, a small rail
road town, and utterly destroyed every
thing in its path, demolishing houses,
twisting down trees and snapping 9ff
The house of a farmer a few miles
from Bonita was strewn for a mile
around and a man killed outright.
Three of his children were- blown into
a wel and all of them, it is thought,
will die. St. Jo. Town, eight miles from
Bonita, also suffered, but no loss of life
JIM CROW CAR CASE.
This Time the Verdict was in Favor of the
NEW OELEANS, LA., April7.-.Tudg6
Theard, in the Civil District Court, de
livered a decision yesterday in a Jim
Crow car case. Sheriff Brousard of
Lafayette Parish sued the Illinois Cen
tral Railroad for $10,000 damages for
ejection from one- of the trains of that
company. The court decided against
him. He bought two first class tickets
for the purpose of taking a crazy negro
prisoner to the negro asylum at Jack
son, La. He placed his prisoner 1i
the smoking section of the white- car,
and the sheriff, who was ill, went- into
the non-smoking section. The con
ductor told him he would have to take
his prisoner into the colored car or else
sit with him in the smoking section,
common to both races. Brousard ob- I
jected and he and his prisoher were
ejected. The court held, with the con
ductor, that the law did- not discrimi
nate, except in favor Qf colored nurses
violated the law, the conductor's ato
was justifiable. The question of con
venience was one for the Legislature,
and the suit was dismissed.
Ladies' Summer Styles are Nearly Fac
similles of Those of Our GrandmotherS.
Leading designers of fashions are al
ready discussing the revival of the styles
of the Louis XIII period, and believe
also that Elizabethan ruffles and stoma
chers will come into fashion for the
summer casino toiletts. In mag "
the new skirts dressmakers perform a
real stroke of magic. For while the
amateur modiste finds herself st a loss
to reproduce one of these new models,
the experienced professional knows I
how to fit the hips in front gore or
pleat and cause the skirt to suddenly
expand and flare outward at the feet,
where it measures many yards in cir
cumference. And this simply because -
she wisely takes her knowledge from
the Fashion Magazines published both
in Paris and New York, by A. Mc
Dowell & Co. These illustrated mag
azines are an invaluable guide to any
one who seeks information in the latest -
fashions. "La Mod'e do Paris" and
"Paris Album of Fashion" each cost
$3.50 a year, or 35 cents a copy, and -
contain a cyclopredia of knowledgeOil
this subject. "The French Dress
maker," which costs only $3.00 per
annum, or 30 cents a copy, is without a
peer for practical dressmaking. They
also contain lessons on current styles
which alone place them above competi
tion. "La Mode," with its low sub
scription price of $1.50 a year,_ or 15 :
cents a copy, is the Home Journal
"par excellence." If unable to fmnd
any of these magazines at your news
dealers do not accept any substitute,
but apply directly to Messrs. A. Mc
Dowell & Co., 4 West 14th Street,
Electric Care for Charleston.
CHAELESTON, April 25.-The city
council of Charleston to-night by a.
unanimous vote granted a franchise to
the Enterprise Street Railway Comn- -
pany to construct an electric railway
system throughout the city. The En- *s
terprise Railroad has been bought by *
the Great Western Manifacturing
Company of Chicago.