Newspaper Page Text
IEST"BLISHID 1865. NEWBERRY.,___S._C_,__WED-NESDAY,__JUI
=RB'S REPLY TO YARLEY.
Somebody has been Telling what Is not
se-Who to it that has bee Prevareat
Sag tbeasae , the Adjutant Gen
eral, or James f. Tillman ?-Let
the PubUe Decide.
[From the News and Courier.]
* A few days ago acommDunication was
pubUshed in the several daily papers
from Gen. Farley, abusing me for sup
posed wrongs I had done him. I can
not engage in a personal abusive con
troversy with Gen. Farley or anybody
else. The public are not interested in
such literature, and therefore do not
expect mein this reply to engage in
any such blackuardism. The public,
however, havea right to be informed
as to the truth tor falsity of any. state
ment at alleged fact that may be con
tained in Gen. Farley's article.
There are only two statements of
moment in the letter as I read it.
First, that I dictated to my private
secretary anarticle which appeared the
iecoad week of March in the Augusta
Chroniele; signed "Craddock," without
the consent or knowledge of the person
who uses that nom de plume.
Second, that I inspired an editorial
which was written by Mr. W. T. Crews
in the Laurensville Herald.
The first charge is as ridiculous as it
is false. The idea of a personwith a
thimble full of sense forging the name
of a newspaper man is laughable in the
extreme: but I am willing that the
public should know the whole truth
about that "4Craddock" letter:
Mr. James H. Tillman, son of Con
gressman Tillman, was, about the date
of the "Ciaddock" letter, the corres
pondent of the Augusta Chrouicle in
Washington, and "Craddock" was his
nom de plume. On Saturday, just one
week atter the inauguration of the
fresdent, Major William T. Gary, of
Augusta, and Mr. James H. Tillman
came into my sitting room at the Na
tUoa Hotel. Major Gary said to Till
man that what he had told him a few
moments before ought to be repeated to
Irby. I asked what it was, and told
the foHowing tale:
That he had just left the Metropol
ita& Hotel, where he had a long con
,evation with Gen. H. L. Farley, who.
had remained in Washington since in
auguration. He said that Farley had
red him a long abusive communica
tion addressed to the Reformers of
South Carolina, showing that Tillman
and Irby were unsafe, unwise, extreme,
dangerous leaders, and that the Reform
movement could not be perpetuated
.itho=t throwing them ov.erboaid and
K. putting more conservative leaders in
friont. H~asked Tilman to publish it
in the. Augusta Chronicle with his
(Farley's) nom de plume, saying that
the plecewould attract much attention,
create a great sensation and at that,
at the-proper time, he would come out
and assume its authorship. Tillman
said that he refused to publish it unless
be would allow the editor of his paper
to know thie author. He told Tiliman
that that was the opening gun in the
campaign next year against Tillman's
and Irby's leadership of the Reform
-mnovement. - He- further said that the
following slate bad been arranged and
r greed upon : That Gen. Butler was
run for re-election to the Senate ; Shell
was to be supported by the Conserv
atives, or Antis and milder Reformers
for Governor ; and that he (Gen. Far
le- iy) was to run for Congress in Shell's
-*district. He said they would like to
get Talbert into the combination, but
that it could not be arranged unless
TmIman would agree to let up on and
support Talbert, and, in that way get
the Conservatives to support Talbert
for re-election. Farley offered Tillman
a place on the ticket as Adjutant and
Inspector General if he would go to his
father and make the arraggements by
which he would not oppose but sup
port Talbert's re-election. (As this
time everyone in Washington knew
that the Governor and Col. Tiilman
were not on speaking terms.) I asked
Mri TiUman.what his reply to Farle)
was,-and he amid that he told Farley
that blood was thicker than water, and
C he would be d-d if he would go back
onhis uncte for Butler or anybody else.
I asked him if this was a newspaper
fake or the truth, and hereplied: "To
show you that mean business, ill pub
lish It ini full." There and then he
wrote the piece signed "Craddock."
I did not have anything further to do
with it ; did not see it any more until
It appeared in the papers; thought
- nothing of it until the following week,
when I heard him read a certificate
from some one to the effect that he
(Jim Tmlman) had written' and was
the author of the "Craddock" letter.
That night in my room between 9 and
10 o'clock, while Dr. Pope and I were
-talking, Jim Tillman came in, and I
asked him to rehearse the whole tale to
Dr. Pope, which he did, exhibiting the
"Craddock" letter, and saying that it
would go off by telegraph in a few
As to the piece referred to from the
Laurensville Herald I can only say that
I1 knew nothing of it until I saw it in
print. The subjoined letter from Mr.
Crews on that subject will explain it
In conclusion I will ask the public
to think of thing only : Why did not
Gen. Farley ask me for an explanation,
if he believed what he pretends, to be
lieve of the assumed wrong I did him ?
The evident reason to me why he
sought no explanation is that, if he
had done so, he would not have had
the opportunity to abuse me for politi
cal purposes ; for he knew had he called
-on mea satisfactory answer would have
been given him, his excuse for de
nouncing me and his chance for ingra
tiating himself with the Conservative
element would have been lost.
I leave it to the public to say wheth
er events subsequent to the 4th of last
March have not proved that Jim Till
man told the truth when he came to
me with the report of this conversation
between him and Gen. Farley. I need
not give the argument why I believe
Jim Tillman told the truth, for I am
satisfied that everyone who reads the
newspapers and who has watched the
turns in polities will see tbat there was
truth and lots of it in what Tiliman
I submit herewith letters from Dr.
Pope, Mr. Tighe, Mr. W. T. Crewsand
Major W. T. Gary,'of Augusta, which
will prove conclusively that the charges
made by Gen. Farley are false. This
ph11ppie against mne is but the fulfil
mient of the scheme as concocted last
March. The scheme, however, was
amended by leaving out Governor Till
man for rdasons which must be appa.
rent to every sensible person. Gen.
Farley reasons thus: I will abuse Irby
and thereby please every Conservative
in the State and will threaten Tilman
and sew his mouth up, and by praising
Shell will get enough Tillmanites to
beat Stanyarne Wilson for Congress.
With this explanation I have done
with the newspapers as a means of ad
justing differences. I am very respect
fully, JOHN L. -M. IBBY.
NEWBERRY, S. C., July 11, 1893.
The Hon. J. L. M. -Irby, Laurens, S.
C.-My Dear Sir: In reading the card
of Gen. H. L. Farley in reference to
the publication of a letter signed
"Craddock" in the Augusta Chronicle,
I am reminded that during my stay in
Washington the author of that piece
came into your room (where I stayed
also) with a communication in his
hand, some time during Saturday
night a week after the Inauguration of
Grover Cleveland. When he entered
the room you asked him to rehearse as
nearly as possible the conversation be
tween him and Gen. Farley at the Met
ropolitan Hotel that day. He unhesi
tatingly and promptly told the follow
That Gen. Farley had read to him a
communication addressed to the Re
formers of South Carolina, rather de
nunciatory than otherwise of Tillman
and Irby as leaders of the party, and
asked Tillman to have it published in
the Atlanta Constitution under a nom
de plume, taying that as a newspaper
man he could have it done under a
nom de plume and, would not have to
expose his identity. He told Tillman
that if the articles took well with the
Reformers he would come out and
avow himself as Its author. He also
said that he would give Jim Tillman a
place on a State ticket to be made up
as Adjutant General. He (Tillman)
further emphasized the fact of his au
thorship of the "Craddock" letter by
reading it to me and by saying that he
was on his way to the telegraph office
in 14th street to send It tqthe Augusta
Chronicle. He also said that whenever
he had communications of this charac
ter' to publish he used the nom de
plume "Craddock" instead of his ini
tials "J. H. T."
This information not only surprised
me, but I was horrified to think that
such things were going on among the
Reformers, and especially among the
leaders. Senator Irby was also indig
nant at it, and asked me, whb intended
to return home by way of Columbia in
a few days, to see Governor Tillman
and tell him what Jim Tillman had
said, for the reason that Senator Irby
was afraid the Governor would not see
the Sunday edition of the Chronicle.
In passing through Columibia I went
to Governor Tiliman's hous,e and gave
him the Information we had received
from Jim Tillman in Washington.
I make this statement to you volun
tarily because you must have forgotten~
that I knew anything about it, or you
would have written to me, and because
it is due to you and to truth that the
public should know the truth and the
authorship of this whole matter..
Your friend, SAMSON POPE.
This is to certify that Senator Irby
did rnot dictate to me any article signed
"Craddock," published in the Augusta
Chronicle or elsewhere, and that I
knew nothing whatever of itsecomposi
tion. Mr. Jas. H. Tillman, to my
knowledge, never disavowed the au
thorship of the Craddock letter. It has
been stated that Mr. Tillman denied
responsibility for a part of the letter re
flecting upon Mr. F. C. Caughman, but
Mr. Tillman, to disprove that be had
repudiated any part of it, showed me,
and others I presume, a note In the na
ture of a certificate, in which Mr.
Caughman stated that Mr. Tillman
declared himself the author of the ar
ticle signed "Craddock."
M. F. TIOE.
On last Friday, June 30, Gen. Parley
came into the Herald office, and after
being seated the following conversation
took place between myself and Mr.
Mr. Parley : "Mr. Crews, didn't you
publish an article in the Herald the
other week in which you stated that I
attended an Alliance caucus in Spar
tanburg, and wasn't something said
about sharpening Brutus daggers for
Tillman, etc ? Was the article an edi
torial or communication ?"
Mr. Crews: "There was an article of
that nature published In the Herald a
week or two ago, but the Parley men
tioned was not Intended to apply to
you-it was Lid Parley. There was
something said about 'Brutus daggers,'
and was an editorial written by my
Mr. Farley: "Where did you get
you Information from ? Didn't some
one here give you the information ?"
Mr. Crews: "No, sir. I got my in
formation from some one of the daily
papers. I am not sure, but I think it
was the Qreenville News, and the edi
torial was based on the information
contained in a dispatch sent from Spar
Mr.*Farley : "I think you are mis
taken about getting your information
from the Greenville News, as I have
never seen anything of that kind in the
Mr. Crews: "Possibly I may be mis
taken about getting my information
from the News, but I am positive that
I got it from some one of the daily pa
pers. No individual gave it to me verb
ally or otherwise."
Mr. Farley questioning me in regard
to the source of my information in re
gard to the editorial in question im
pressed me at the time that he was en
deavoring to extort from me a virtual
admission that some one in Laurens
had given me the said information, and
when he afterwards alluded to the fact
that he had a personal enemy here who
was trying to injure him, and other
such expressions, without directly
naming any one, I could plainly see
that his references were Senator Irby.
I then told Mr. Farley distinctly and
positivEly that neither Senator Irby nor
any one else had ever mentioned the
subject to me, and that I was respon
sible for the editorial and the reference
to "Brutus daggers," etc.
The above is the conversation which
took place between Mr. Farley and
myself, as well as I can remember, and
the substance of what I have written
and what was said by as on the occa
sion referred to can be substantiated by
three other employees in. the Herald
office, who heard the conversation.
W. T. CREWS.
OFFICE U. S. ATTORNEY,
SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF GEORGIA,
MACON, GA., July 10, 1893.
Sir: Your letter dated July 8, 1893, in
which you enclose a card published by
the Hon. H. L. Farley, is received.
You request me to furnish you for pub
lication a statement of facts which
came within my knowledge in refer
ence to the article published in the
Augusta Chronicle over the signature
I have no intention to espouse the
cause of any of the parties interested
in this controversy, with all of whom
my relations are friendly. I yield to
what I conceive to be my duty and do
an act of simple justice to you in mak
Ing the following statement:
The article signed "Craddock" was
not dictated by you to your private
secretary, nor was it sent to the Chron
icle for -publication either by you or
your private secretary. During my
stay in Washington I was present in
your rooms at the Nationaal Hotel when
a conversation was had in reference to
it, and the article was read over to you
in my presence by the author before it
was sent to the Chronicle for publica
tion. Very respectfully,
W. T. GARY.
Hon. J. L. M. Irby, United States
Senator, Laurens, S. C.
TIM TILLMAN WILL HAVE SOMETHING
[Columbia Journal, 15th.]
The Journal representative called on
Capt. James H. TilIman this morning
and asked if he had anything to say in
reply to Senator Irby's statement pub
lished in varions State papers yester
day. He replied:
"I have been drawn into this affair
very much to my regret, but I do not
propose that Senator Irby or any one
else shall me as an instrument to per
petrate a political amassination."
"Then you will reply ?"
"Of what character will your answer
be?" was asked.
"Wait and see ; you may say, how
ever,- that it will prove that Senator
Irby has acted the deliberate scoundrel
in mixing a certain amount of truth
with error in order to give his defence
an air of plausibility and throw the
whole blame on me. It will divulge
some racy and yet unwritten history
that will be mighty interesting reading
for devout Reformers."
"When will your article appear.''
"Just as soon as possible. Please do
not ask me any other questions."
Sunday Fairs at an End.
CHIcAGO, July 14.-The World's
Fair is to be closed on Sunday and
after July 16th it will not be open to
the public on the first day of the week.
The admissions of next Sunday have
already been donated for the relief of
the families of the firemen who lost
their lives in the recent fire on the
grounds and but for this fact the fair
would probably have bee n closed next
Sunday. The vote of the local direc
tory rescinding its former action was
overwhelmingly in favor of closing, it
standing 24 to 4.
Something to Bemember,
if you're a weak or ailing woman :
that there's only one medicine so sure
to help you that It can be guaranteed.
It's Dr. Pierce's Fa"orite Prescription.
In building up over-worked,feeble, deli
cate women, or any "female com
plaint" or weakness, if It ever fails to
benefit or cure, you have your money
back. It's an invigoratmng, restorative
tonic, a soothing and strengthening
nervine, and a safe and certain remedy
for woman's ills and ailments. It regu
lates and promotes all the proper fjinc
tions, improves digestion, enriches the
blood, dispels aches and pains, brings
refreshing sleep, and restores health
Nothing else can be as cheap. With
Ithis, you only for the good you get.
THE MOUNTAIN CITY IS DRY.
Judge Norton Grant4 a Temporary rIi une
tion Against the Greenviile
LSpecial to News and Courier.]
GREENVILLE, July 13.-Greenville is
dry the first time in the hiMtoy of the
city. This morning at a (piarter be
fore 10 o'clock Capt. Mooney, armed
with an order from Judge Nortou, ap
peared at the dispen-ary and served
the order on Dispenser Hill, and in a
few minutes the doors of the State bar
were closed and locked and will remain
closed unt:l Monday, the 17th, when
the case will De heard on a motion for
a permanent injunction prohibiting
the dispenser from selling liquor lence
forth and forever in Greenville.
The action of Judge Norton seems to
meet the approval of the great majority
of our citizens, white and colored.
When the bar closed the-re was a gen
eral hand-shaking and slap-on-the
shoulder all along Main street.
TILLMAN'S BOTTLES ONE OUNCE SHORT.
A reporter of the News obtained to
day a pint and a half pint bottle of the
genuine palmetto stamp dispensary
whiskey and submitted each to a reli
able druggist for measurement. The
liquor was measured by a druggist's
graduator and resulted in each being
one ounce short, which is a loss of 16
per cent on pints and 12 per cent on
half pints to buyers. This is fillaian's
all-wool and thirty-six inches to the
THE BLIND TIGER.
CHARLESTON, S. C., July 14.-The
city is in a fever ofexpictation overt be
arrests for the illegal sale of liquor. The
trap may be sprung any momen t, but
no one is positive when the fireworks
are to begin. The ball may be set in
motion this afternoon.
Assistant Attorney-General Buchan
an has been in the city for some time
and is known to have been in secret
conclave with many of the constables
yesterday. He was seen on the street
with a batch of blank warrants in his
pockets. There is no question that the
papers are being made out, but the
impression prevails that all the arrests
will r e made in one day and that the
trap will not be prematurely sprung.
Spies have made themselvesso officious
ly mysterious that numbers of them
have become known by sight. More
than one has been put out of a saloon
while trying to ply his trade.
It is stated that more than thirty
cases have been made out against pro
minent saloon keepers. One of the
spies is the authority for this state
THE STATE SPIES AT WORK.
CHARLESTON, S. C., July 15.-Spies
and constables have been very hard at
work in Charleston to-day. Upon the
application of Assistant Attorney Gen
eral Buchanan, Judge Izlar, of the
First Judicial Circuit, granted tempo.
rary injunctions against a number of
ex-liquor dealers of this city, restrain
ing them from continuing thbe sales of
beer and other intoxicating liquors, ss
charged in the complaint of Buchanan.
in violation of the dispensary law.
Upon the order of Judge Izlar, the con
stables were instructed to take charge
of the suspected places, and to dili
gently search the premises, inventory
all goods found, seize personal property
and place it in the custody of the
The first place raided this morning
was a house in Market street, .where
Vincent Chicco, an Italian, carried on a
liquor business, and where, since the
dispensary law went into operation, he
has been making out by selling "soft
drinks" and maccaroni. Chicco was
arrested on a waarant based upon the
affidavit of R. H. Pepper, one of the
spies, who swore he had bought beer
from Chicco several days ago, in viola
tion of law. Two drays were driven
up in front of Chicco's door, under the
direction of Theodore S Gaillard, chief
constable. Seventeen constables
searched the place from bottom to top,
and everything movable .was seized
and loaded on the drays.
The spies forced their way into the
private apartments of Chicco's family,
over the store, and invaded the room
occupied by Chicco's sick wife, threat
ening that if she did not open the door
they would burst it in and take her to
jail. Boxes of maccaroni and otheri
goods on which no one could possibly
become intoxicated, were placed on
the drays, but were afterwards returned
to the house. But a small quantity of
liquors, probably $100 worth, which
was found in the private part of the
house, were confiscated.
Chicco was taken before Trial Justice
Milan and released on S600 bond for
his appearance at trial. There was a
great crowd and much confusion. Chticcc
cursed the spies roundly and came near
having a fight with Spy Pepper, whbo,
drew his pistol and attempted to shoot
the enraged Italian.
The whole community was indignan t
at the extraordinary proceedings of the
constabulary. Chicco states to-night
that his wife is expecting to be confined
this month, and that he fears tbe out
rage to-day will have a serious effect on
her. He has had a warrant issued for
Pepper for assault and battery with in
tent to kill.
Afrar the atffair at Chicco's, the con
stables raided :4ol1anhauer's restauratnt
in King street, Fred McCabe's salooi
in market rstreet and Anspach's restau
rant in Meeting street. No contraband
goods were found at these places, al
though, on the affidavits of the spies,
all the men were bound over for trial it
$500 bond, the spies having sworn that
they had bought intoxicating liquors al
these placs -
About twenty more cases have been
prepared, and the work of arresting
will be resumed on Monday. Lawyers
Iryan and Bisell have been retained
t. repre.et the defendants. Some
lively developments are awaited.
A Plain Talk.
The Wilmington Messenger states
the leading causes Southern poverty as
1. The great war, its losses, its de
vastations. It bankrupted the rich
south, deprived it of tens of thousanus
of its best citizens and robbed it of its
entire basis of credit. The South had
to start afresh in the business of ,ife.
Everything was a waste and povvrty
2. Then came the savage, oppressive,
ruinious reconstruction trA, with al of
its stealings, mountain debts, fooish
o. The high tariff tax laws of the re
publican party that made the rich
North richer, and robbed the poor for
the benefit of plutocracy. The money
devil has had a vast deal to do with
the poverty and prostration of the
4. Then there is the wicked and un
fortunate demonetization of silver in
5. Now come other agents of injury.
First in the long continued policy of
growing one market crop and buying
everythiug. The South has clung to
cotton and tobacco and bought hay
and corn and wheat and bacon and
lard and vegetatles and fruits. It has
acted like an overgrown simpleton in
this matter. It has played the part of
a gambler, risking all on one doubtful
card. The world is over-stocked with
cotton and still the South has tried to
over-do the business of cotton produc
tion and has made a splendid suc
cess. It. has literally, in the language
of the scriptures of inspiration, been a
bewer of wood and a drawer of water
for the rich, dominant, progressive
North. So long as the foolishness is I
persisted - in there will be a scarcity of
money in the South.
Then our sensible contemporary pro
ceeds to give its readers a plain talk.
It says that the South buys nearly
everything it consumes of the north
utensils, machinery, furniture, musical
instruments. medicines-all that is
made in workshops--all that is produced I
by the loom or anvil, or even in the
fields. All the money we get for our C
farm products must go north to pay
for merchandise. All this is so noto- I
rious that a New York paper recently
said that the South always has a
money famine because she has so little
to sell. She needs more shops and t
more pay rolls. If a million gold dol- 2
lars were scattered right and left in
this region to-day they would all start
northward by the end of the week. 1
Admitting the full force of this state
ment, The Messenger says:
Where is the cure ? Not in simply 1
making more cotton and tobacco ? It 1
is in diversifying the crops-in multi- t
plying the smaller industries-in rais
ing all consumed at home-in manu
facturing everything used in the South
-in keeping the money at home.
But there is still another factor of re
cuperation, independence and safety
not to be overlooked in this hurried re
view of causes. It is this. The South
must be more industrious. Fact. There
must be less idling. Men must work
more. Let us illustrate. We use one
In the great war between the Stat as
the South had upon an average 400,000
Iof its chief white laborers and man
ogers in the armies. The negroes, the
white boys and old men at hofte made
ample supplies for those at home and <
fed their own armies, also often the
yankee armies, and that, too, after large
sections had been over:txm and ravaged
by ruthless invaders. Now, if this could
be done in 38165, and in great abund
ance, why is it with peace for twenty
eight years, and all the men at home,
the South cannot raise all it consumes
-all it eats, wears, etc? The one an
swer is-it does not try to do it-it does
not work enough to do it. More in-<
dustry-more well directed industry isi
what is chiefly needed. Think on
There is nothing new in this view of
the situation. Thousands of thought
ful southerners have been writing and
talking on this line for the past forty
years, but our people are slow to make
the needed change in their individual
conditions. It is a change, however,
that must be made if we would enjoy
genuine progress and prosperity. We
mxus't revive the energy and enterprise
of the war p)eriod and diversify our in-1
dustries so that this will become a self
supporting section, selling a great deal
and buying very little. Our watch
word should be : M.>re products, more
shops and more pay rolls !
How Manners Deteriorate.
"In the absence of my wife," says a
friend of mine, "my manners deterior
ate rapidly. I eat at chop houses, and
the man who habitually eats at chop
houses unconsciously becomes a sort
of a human pig. He can't help it. He
becomes selfish. He grows slovenly
in dress and rude of manners. I can
tell a chop house man as soon as I see
him at the table. I tell you, man is
naturally a brute, and shorn of the
conventional restraints of society his
veneer of civilization quickly rubs off."
"I was prostrated with a severe bil
ious complaint," writes Erastus South
worth, of Bath, Maine. After vainly
trying a number of remedies, I was
finally induced to take Ayer's Pills. II
had scarcely taken two boxes when II
wasn ompletely cnrld. j'
DOWNFALL OF DAVENPORT.
Che Laurens County Official Resigns His
Office and Leaves the County.
[Special to The State. I
LAURENS, July 13.-S hool Commis
ioner L. P. Davenport, on account of
is escapade, sent his resignation to
he Governor aud took the train for
he West. The county legislative dele
,atiou met promptly to-day, and have
,ecominended for the coming vacancy
ir. Thomas J. Duckett.
It is stated that Oakvillp Alliance
ent a committee to J. D. M. Shaw and
senator J. L. M. Irby to inquire why
hey shielded Davenport.
Irby's name is supposed to have been
:onnected with the affair in this way:
When Davenport made the improper
Ldvances, or attempted the assault
in Mrs. Fuller, she struggled and
creamed. Davenport became alarmed,
umped on his horse and galloped to
rby's house. He has long been on in
imate terms with Irby. He ex
-used to Irby and Shaw. his ad
tdvances to the woman on the ground
.bat she had been a former pupil of
2is, and did not admit having intended
When Irby, with Shaw, who is Da
venport's nephew, went to Fuller's
3ouse in the hope of getting the matter
suppressed, Irby is said to have advised
;he Fullers, if they settled at ail, not to
Lecept any money, that it would put
;hem in a bad light; but the Fullers
lecided otherwise. Then Irby and
3baw paid down a part of Fuller's de
nands in cash and endorsed a note for
he remainder. Afterwards the story
vas whispered about, Fuller's neigh
>ors became incensed and the exposure
ollowed. This is about the substance
>f the rumors current.
A New School Commissioner.
[Columbia Evening Journal.]
Governor Tillman to-day appointed
fr. T. J. Duckett school commissioner
if Laurens county, vice L. P. Daven
)ort, the man who made insulting pro
>osals to Mrs. Fuller, resigned, and
kipped the country, going West.
Alexander Hamilton's Thirteen Trees.
From The Philadelphia Ledger.]
It is an odd fact that the thirteen
rees which Alexander Hamilton
)lanted near his country house, the
Yrange, to symbolize the original states
if the union, and are still standing
iear the old manor house on Covent
6venue, between One hundred and
Forty-second and One Hundred and
Forty-third streets, have kept pace
with the growth of the states which
hey represent. For instance, New York
tate is represented by the largest tree,
tanding in the center of the group.
31ose to it stands the next largest, re
resenting the state of Pennsylvania.
Thode Island is represented by the
mallest tree, which is a mere baby by
he side of the others, and the crooked
,ree is called South Carolina. It has
aken an abrupt turn and grown per
:eptibly out of the grove, then it turned
gain just as suddenly and grew up
straight. South Carolina was the first
state to secede from the union. Since,
>eace has been restored, however, she
ias been one of the most thrifty and
lourishing of the southern states. The
iouse is now used as a Sunday-school
oem. It was Hamilton's residence at
he time of his duel with Aaron Burr,
n Weehawken, in 1S04.
Of Course You Read
The testimonials frequently published
in this paper relating to Hood's Sarsa
yarilla. They are from reliable people,
tate simple facts, and show beyond a
ioubt that HOOD'S CUEs. Why don't
you try this medicine ? Be sure to get
The highest praise has been won by
R0ons PILLS. Unequalled as a din
A Day at Niagara for Twenty Cents'
Niagara, "the crown jewel of our
~ontinent," centuries old, but ever new
.n its infinite variety, is the one spot
hlat every American should see; and
every reader of Demorest's Family
Magazine for August may see Niagara
in all its different aspects, at every sea
ion of the year, without the fatigue and
expense of the jouIrney. Through the
3harmingly written and superbly illu
trated article "A Day at Niagara,"
>ne may become familiar with every
point of interest in the vicinity of the
areat Falls; while those who propose
stopping there on their way to or from
the Exposition, may learn how they
mnay see all the best advantage, and
with the least expenditure of time and
money. "Life at White Sulphur
Springs" is another "outing" article.
This is also an example of stay-at-home
travel; for after reading the article and
seeing the many illustrations one feels
is familiar with the place as if it were
"The Diary of An Athletic Girl,"
-Miss Canarsie's Crinoline," "The
Story of the Millennium," and "The
Madness of LaFarge" will be read with
pleasure by all lovers of good fiction;
'A Feast of Umbrellas" describes a
most charmingsummerfete; "Vacation
Pleasures" furnishes some excellent
bints for entertaining; "Society Fads"
describes all the latest foibles of the
butterfies of fashion; and all the depart
ments for which this Magazine is noted
are full to overflowing with good things.
There is something in it of interest to
eve'ry member of the family. This
number is is a fair sample of what is
given twelve times a year for $2. Pub
lished by W. Jennings Demorest, 15
East 14th St. New York.
BLOOD AT A DINNER PARTY.
A Shocking Homicide at a Family Gath
ering In Greenvile County.
[Special to the News,and Courier.]
GREENVILLE, S. C., July 14.-An
other killing was rec rded to-day in
Greenville County, abouty, about two
and a half miles beyond Chick Springs
-the victim, James Cox ; the man who
did the the killing, W. T. Toney, all
well-to-do farmers, neighbors, until
Toney's son Henry was 21 years old
to-day and Cox gave a dinner in honor
of the event. Of course there was
whiskey on hand and the young men
had been drinking. Henry Toney and,
James Cox were in the yard and got
into a playful struggle, which resulted
in one or both getting angry and a
regular fight followed. John and Mrs
Cox took a hand in the fight and the
three, it is claimed, attacked young
Toney with fists, a hoe and a broom
Mr. W. T. Toney was sitting in the
house pleasantly talking with his eld
erly friends, when seeing the.attack on
his son, he rushed into the yard with
his open pocket knife and drove the
blade into the right side of James Cox's
neck. Cox walked to the piazza, lay
down, and in half an hour was dead,
bleeding to death. The cutting took
place about 12 o'clock. Toney and his
son surrendered to the sheriff and were
lodged in jail to-night.
TO BE BURIED ALIVE.
Mind Reader Seymour to Spend Over Three
Months Under Ground.
TOLEDO, Ohio, July 5.-Seymour,
the mind reader, accompanied by his
son, is on his way to Chicago, where he
is to attempt a test that will, if suc
cessful, make him famous the world
He performed some wonderful feats
in the streets of Toledo a few months
ago. For example, he found a medal
hidden in the library building by a
local newspaper committee, driving to
the building blindfolded.
At Chicago he is to be buried alive,
after the alleged manner of the East
Indians, who say they can suspend
animation for any period by swallow
ing their tongues and controlling the
heart and mind.
"My coffin has gone on ahead,
said Mr. Seymour to-day. "It was
made in Syracuse and is a fac-simile of
the one in which Gen. Grant's re
mains now lie. It cost. $3,000.. It is
made in three sections, one fitting in
side the other.
"I will be buried six feet deep in the
coffin. Signals will be arranged, so
that if things don't go right I can com
municate with the soldiers on the out
side who will guard the grave.
"Directly afer I am buried a crop of
barley will be sowed over the grave. I
will remain buried until the germs
sprout, grow, ripen, and are harvested.i
Then the disinterment will take place.
"I will not come back to earth until
September 24. I am positive that I
can do it, and the scientific men who
are assisting mie to conduct the expe
riment are beginning to think so too."
[Popular Science Monthly.]
A key-board similar to that of a type
writer fronts the machine; there is a
key for each letter of the alphabet.
The operator sits in front of the key
board. Let us suppose that he wishes
to set the word "new." He touches the
key n. The touch on the key releases -.,
from a magazine in the rear of the ma
chine mould, technically called a ma
trix, made of brass, that slides down
into a receiver near the key-bo,ard.
Next the operator touches the key e.
A matrix for the letter e is released, -
and slides down alongside the letter n.
A matrix for w comes down and ranges
itself alongside e. Now, in the receiver
we have, what?-the word new in type?
No, nothing of the kind. We have
three little brass moulds standing side
by side, from which, if we poured mol
ten metal into them, we would set the
word new in a solid cast. But there is
no type. The machine knows nothing
of type whatever, though, for con
venience sake. we are calling it a type
casting machine. But the time has
not come to put molten metal into the
three little moulds or "matrices." An
entire line should be set, not merely a
word. Suppose the line is to be, "new
things come to pass." The operator
proceeds to touch key after key for the
successive letters until the matrices for
the whole line are ranged side by side.
When by reason of a cold or from
other cause, the stomach, liver, and
kidneys become disordered, no time
should be lost in stimulating them to
action. Ayer's Pills act quickly, safely,
and surely. Sold by druggists and
dealers in medicines.
Hoke smith, LL.D.
LAKE CITY, FLA., July 13.-The
Florida Agricultural College has con
fhrred the degree of I..D. on Hoke
Smith, Secretary of t:.e Interior.
Only a Trimaig Difrerence.
The American constitution make
few distinctions on the ground of sex
In conferring privileges upon citizens.
For instance, to men it guar'antees the
right to bear arms, and to women
Dandruff is an exudation from the
pores of the scalk that spreads and
dries, forming scurf and causing the
hair to fall out. Hall's Hair Renewer
THE INCOME TAX.
It is Said to be One Means of Lifting the
Burdens of the Poor Man.
The income tax continues to grow
As the tax is constitutional and equi
table, and as it is plain that there will
be a deficit in our revenues when we
reduce the customs duties, it is natural
that public attention should center
upon this mode of raising money for
the expenses of the government. The
masses are not able to stand a direct
tax levied on everybody, and the bur
den will have to fall upon the wealthy
classes who are able to bear it.
The opposition to the measure comes
mainly from the capitalists of the east
who have grown rich under the favor
itism of the government. They declare
that it would be very expensive to col
lect such a tax and that it would tempt
men to commit perjury. On the other
hand experts in the revenue service
say that the system would not make it
necessary to employ many extra offi
cials, and the matter of perjury is only
a fanciful objectiob. Rich men in En
gland do not perjure themselves to es
cape the income tax and there is no
good reason for supposing that they
would do it here and risk the peniten
When we consider the tremendous
drain upon the people for a generation
in the shape of a 60 per cent. tariff, fed
eral pensions and other ex'penses, it
will be seen that the income tax would
afford a greater degree of relief than
any other one thing could give. The
tax should be a graded one, as Thomas
Jefferson suggested. It should begin
with $10,000 incomes and the per cent
age of the tax should increase with
each additional $10,000 of income.
This is the way to lift the burden from
the masses who are unable to bear it,
and cause the expenses of the govern
ment to be paid by the men who enjoy
most of its benefits, and who are able
to pay a tax without feeling it.
It is oppressive and unjust to tax the
poor man's little $1,000 cottage and ex
empt the $10,000 income of his mil
FOUR YEARS TO PRINT A BIBLE.
One Just Issued in the Syriac Language at
the Bible House.
[New York Herald.1
The new Syriah Bible was printed at
the-Bible House during the past week.
The book has been in the printers
hands for four years.
Paul Behman and David Ismael,
natives of Oroomiab, Persia, set the
type. Behman is an accomplished
typesetter and worked at his trade in
Persia. Ismael learned his trade from
Behman in this country and they av
eraged a page a day. The Rev. Benja
min Labaree, D. D., the translator,
supervised the work. Mr. Labaree is
an American, but has spent many
years in Persia as a missionary. Joel
Abraham, a native scholar of Oroc
miah, assisted him.
This is the first whole Syrian Bible
issued by the Arnerican Bible Society.
A number of years ago they printed
the New Testament in the Syriac
According to Caleb T. Rowe, the
general agent of the society, the Bible
has now been issued in 350 languages
and dialects. No new translations are
at hand, so the Bible House printing
office is out of work.
TLae midsummer Cosmopoilan, the
first at the new price of 12k cents per
copy, though unchanged in size, excels
any other issue of that magazine in the
num~.ber of. its distinguished contribu
tors, in the interest of its contents and
in its overflowing illustrations by fa
mous artists. Francois Coppee, Wil
liami Dean Howells, Camille Flamma
rion, Andrew Lang, Frank Dempster
Sherman, H. H. Boyesen, Charles De
Kay, Thomas A. Janvier, Colonel Till
man, Agnes Repplier, and Gilbert Par
ker are a few of the names which ap
pear on its title page. Three frontis
pieces, all by famous artists, furnish
an unusual feature, and among the ar
tists who contribute to the 119 illustra
tions adorning it:t pages, are Laurens,
Reinhart, Fenn, Teussaint, Stevens,
Saunier, Fitler, Meaulle and Franzen.
The midsummer number is intended
to set the place for the magazine at its
new price at 12k cents a copy, or $1.50 a
year. The magazine remains un
changed in si'ze and each issue will be
an advance upon its predecessors. Lit
erally, every known country is being
ransacked for material in the hope to
~bring the Cosmpolitan forward as the
leading magazine in the world.
Gould's Posthumous Piety.
(From the New York World.j
The family of the late Jay Gould is
about to erect at Roxbury, in this
state, a Memorial church, to cost a
quarter of a million dollars.' On its
corner-stone will be this inscription:
"To the Glory of God and in Memory
of Jay Gould." This posthumousjux
taposition of two names that were not
conspicuously associated during the
life of the late Jay Gould must be ac
cepted by the public chronicler as a
private arrangement of the family in
which the public has no hand and no
special interest. It would be very
unjust even to hint that the late Jay
Gould did not in divers ways, that we
know nothing about, attempt to glo
rify both God and Gould, but it can
not be said that he succeeded in con
vincing a very large circle outside of
his own heirs of the fact.